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CATS Science Matter Review Mixtures, Elements and Compounds DIRECTIONS: There are many different types of questions

in this review. Correctly answer each question as completely as possible. Blanks may call for a word or a phrase as the answer. This review will help to prepare you for the test that you will have next week. If you have any questions, ask; but dont expect me to give you all the answers. The more you dig for the answers, the more likely you are to remember them when you need them on the test. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. What is matter? What are the four classes of matter, according to makeup? Why isnt matter classified by its phase? What is a mixture? Name 3 properties of a mixture. Are any new substances formed when a mixture is made? The substances in a mixture are not _____. How are the substances separated in a mixture? The methods used to separate substances in a mixture are based on the ______. How are mixtures classified? What is a heterogeneous mixture? Are all heterogeneous mixtures made up of solids? Name 2 mixtures that are heterogeneous. What is a homogeneous mixture? What is three differences between a heterogeneous mixture and a homogeneous mixture? What is another name for a homogeneous mixture? Give three examples for a homogeneous mixture? What makes a colloid look cloudy when a light is shown through it? Name three types of colloids. Give an example of each and name the ingredients in the example. What is a solution? Give 3 differences between a colloid and a solution. What is the parts of a solution? Name 3 solutions and their solvents and solutes. Every part of a solution _______. How many types of solutions are there? Give an example of each. Name three properties of a solution. What type of mixture is stainless steel? What is it made up of? What makes a substance pure? Name two pure substances that are essential for life? What is the simplest pure substance? Why is the substance in #30 the simplest pure substance? What is the smallest particle of an element?

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Compare the atoms in the same elements to the atoms in different elements. What is a chemical symbol? Give 2 examples. How do elements get their symbols? Give the Latin name for each of the following elements: a. iron b. mercury c. gold d. silver Have the symbols for elements always been the same? Give 3 examples. Are all pure substances elements? What is the difference between an element and a compound? What happens to the properties of elements when they are combined into compounds? What are the two ways that a compound can be broken down? Give an example of how the properties of substances change as they combine into compounds. What is a molecule? If a molecule of water was broken down into the atoms of its elements, would the atoms have the same properties as the molecule? Why are compounds pure substances? _______ are a shorthand way of representing chemical substances. Give an example of a chemical formula. What is a diatomic molecule? Name all of them. What is a subscript? What does it describe in a formula? When is a subscript not given? What is a chemical equation? Is this a better way to write scientific information? Why? What does the arrow in a chemical equation mean? A chemical equation must be _______. What is a coefficient? What does it describe in a formula? Determine the number of atoms in each of the following formulae: (a) Cu2O (b) CaCO3 (c) H2SO4 (d) 2Al(OH)3 (e) Zn(NO3)2 What type of reaction is depicted by each of the following chemical equations? (a) Ni + 2HCl NiCl2 + H2 (b) 2H2O2 H2O + 2O2 (c) NH3 + HCl NH4Cl (d) 2HgO 2Hg + O2 (e) AgNO3 + KBr AgBr + KNO3