Presentación EL PdP | Potato | Biodiversity

Sampi Workshop September 2011 Presented by Mar Soler Masgrau – ANDES Asociación de Comunidades del Parque de la Papa.

Local Assessment in Cusco, Perú: Native Potato, Indigenous Resilience and Sumaq Kausay in the Potato Park
Total population: 5.600 inhabitants approximately Total area: 9.280 ha Number of potatoes varieties: 1345 varieties

Quechua Communities Participants: Pampallacta Saccacca Amaru Paru Paru Chawaytire

Economic Collectives on the Potato Park: Medicinal Plants Gastronomy Local tourist guidance Handicraft

General Objective
Based on the conceptual and methodological framework IPCCA, inquire about the consequences of climate change impacts on agricultural biodiversity of the Potato Park, particularly on the diversity of native potato and on the way of life and community organization based on Sumaq Kausay.

Specific Objectives
 Make an assessment of climate change by indigenous Quechua communities from their perspective and through indigenous methodologies and traditional knowledge within their Biocutural Territory.  Develop a Strategic Plan of Adaptation to Climate Change for the communities of the Potato Park  Enhance the resilience of the Potato Park communities.  Generate and provide critical information and recommendations to the local, regional and national authorities, to take better responses to Climate Change challenges and opportunities, taking account the indigenous knowledge on clime and biodiversity.

Phase 1. Steering Committee
Based on the local governance system Representants of the Communities Association of the Potato Park, that are each one of the communal authorities

Support by other focus and working groups Gender group Elder group and traditional authorities Local technicians Potato Guardians

Phase 2. Line base information
Methods: -GIS workshops - Participatory mapping -Meteorological station -Focus groups -Interviews

Outcomes: -Scientific data -Local perceptions -Indigenous names and meanings -Local and participatory maps -Potato Park Calendar

Example 1. Climatic Characterization

Local perceptions on the Temperature variation

Scientific data on the Temperature variation from meteorological station

Building epistemological bridges

Example 2. Participatory maps of wild native potatoes varieties

Phase 3. Conceptual Framework

Local conceptual framework based on the conceptual graph Indigenous Altar of the Temple of Sun, an ancient document of the Quechua worldview.

Adaptation of the IPCCA conceptual framework by doing workshops in the communities guided by the local technicians

Local Conceptual Framework

SUMAQ KAUSAY Balance – Reciprocity to and among all ayllus that meet together in the Biocultural territory of the Potato Park. - Auki Ayllu -Salka Ayllu -Runa Ayllu

INDIRECT DRIVERS -International treaties DD PI – ONU, CBD, OIT -Free Trade Treaties -Greenhouse gases emissions to the atmosphere -Economic processes (low product prices) -Agricultural and territory policies -Religious Sects

KALLPANCHAKKAUY (Resilience) -Good and traditional Governance (Principles: Ayni, Minka, Mita, Qonakuy) Customary Laws -Culture and Identity -Traditional Knowledge and practices -Earth, Water, and Energy -Wild animals and plants -Native crops -Respect to Pachamama and local rights -Ecological floors -Long collective memory

DIRECT DRIVERS -Extreme Climatic Events -Soil erosion -Transgenic -Agricultural production decrease -Knowledge erosion -New pests and diseases -Land parceling -Potatoes repatriation -Agro ecotourism project -Intercommunal agreement -Municipal works -Earth pollution

Phase 4. Define Biocultural System and methodologies
Proposal of adaptation of methodological tools
mixed methods table for each stage
IPCCA Method ological Steps ANDES/ PDP Adapted Method ological Steps PdP Enquiry's Combined Methodology's Tools and Strategy Emancipatory tools Participatory tools Indigenous tools Actors, socio ecological network Process/ Format Commu nication Indicator strategy s

Where are we now? Phase 5. Conditions and trends assessment
Actions planned
• Strengthen work groups and institutional articulations,

involve other communities stakeholders (schools) • Plan and develop the conditions and trends assessment work based on the line base information and outcomes:
• Traditional Calendar shifts

• Changes in growth potatoes altitudes
• Temperature increases • Changes in rainfall patterns • Biocultural indicators

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