Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d

: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm

DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliografi: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul

Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...

Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. Pemerintah. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. pada tahun 2008. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. dialihmediakan. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Kami berharap. dicetak. Jakarta. digandakan. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. Oleh karena itu. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Namun. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. dapat diunduh (down load). dalam hal ini. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah.

collaboration. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. July 2008 Writers iv . Last but not least. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. cultural knowledge. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. for facilitating us to publish our work. support and encouragement. convention. especially the editors and team. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. These activities explore your creativity. reflection and language use. Hopefully. Bandung. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. acting out dialogues.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. problem solving. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various fields of science to prepare you to go to university.

2. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 15. 16.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. 5. Reading and Writing. Listening. 14. 18. 6. Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. 3. Speaking. 9. Each chapter consists four language skills. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. 13. 7. 4. 11. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. 10. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. 17.e. 12. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. Englishclub. i. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. v . 8. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. Learning Reflection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly.

Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ iii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing. and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing diary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 1 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .

Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 102 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii .

Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________ 115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 128 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 128

Chapter 6
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 152

Review 2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178

Source: Publisher's Documentation

viii

Chapter

1
Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n

It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
Listening:
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries

Speaking:

Reading:

Writing:

1

Listening
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.

Activity 1

Look at the picture and answer the following questions.

Source: Publisher's Documentation

1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?

Activity 2

Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later

2

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

a. Nice to meet you.com. b. What's your name? Good morning.2 . Pay attention to the responses of greeting. Glad to meet you. Rian : Yeah. Good bye. I'm your neighbour.. ivillage. 8 . 4. Cut Nia. Dian : 7 . Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. Today is the first day at school for Dian. 4 5 6 Rian : . a. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Then. introducing and parting expressions. 5. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. 2. . My name is Edo. By the way. a. Hello. a. We are in the same class. Cut Nia. Nice to see you. too.. . It's Nice to See You 3 .Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. My name is Risa. How do you do? Hi. 9 10 Rian : . She meets Rian.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. Englishclub. a. Nice to meet you. My name is Edo. Dian : 1 . Anyway. so I have a friend to share with. I'm Deni. Good morning. I'm Cut Nia. . Rudi. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. What's your name? The correct response for the expression is . b. parties. Rian : Oh. a. The correct response is (b) Hi. b. Bye.. 1. right.3 . b. 3. Hi. Nice to meet you. Dian : Really? Good. Cut Nia. Nice to meet you. they introduce each other. Mari Memasak Sendiri. dinners and other social situations. b. For example: You will hear: Hello. Desi. b. Good morning. You can find how to make proper introductions at business functions. What's your name? Hi. How are you? I'm just fine.

5. 6. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. 4. hometown and address. 1. 4. You can add any information related to the questions. 7. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it briefly. 2. 3. Ask his/her name. Introduce yourself to them. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. 1. you meet your father's friend. You meet a new classmate at school. 5. 1. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. Introduce yourself to him/ her. 2. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. When you are going shopping with your father. 3. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at first? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. Activity 7 Answer these questions. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom.

How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 .. and also traditional clothes. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. b. It sounds great. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. 4. Sir. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. Then practise it with your friend. c. Mirna : Anyway. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Mirna : Hi. Toni : Hello. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. 9. I had a great vacation there. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Mitha : Oh. I bought shirts. Mitha a.. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. 10. I also played football and sand with my brother. This is Mr. Mirna. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. I see. Johny? Mr. 5. Toni.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. 7. sit down. nice to meet you too. I swam and surfed on the beach. 6. it's nice to hear your story. Johny : . 3. 1. d. Harry : Good morning Mit. 8. shorts.. 2. Mr. Mirna : Well. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive.. Mirna : Wow. I went to Bali. How do you do Mr. d. Johny.

It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). I (swim) two or three times a day. The people are friendly. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. so I was the one who talked to people. I (hope). Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. See you soon. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. the food's great. but it was fun to try. Yogyakarta April. Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and fill in the following form based on the text you heard. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Love to your parents. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. but no tourists.Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. but he was afraid to open his mouth. It was a really great place.

1. I'm Denias. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. my new friend. this is Denias. Denias : By the way. 3. say greetings and partings. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others. Sri : Hi. Nice to meet you.Speaking In this section. 2. Asep : Hello. perform a monologue of recount texts. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. I can spend my whole day for cooking. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. My name is Ali.ivillage. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. Thank you. Act them out with your friends'. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a specific relationship to you. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. How are you? Asep : I'm fine.com Study the following dialogues. let me introduce myself. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Source: www. Asep. Asep : Elvi. It's Nice to See You 7 . Denias : Hi. Asep : Nice to meet you too. I'm from Papua. Let's go to the crowd. How about you? Sri : I'm fine too. Denias : Hi. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung.

Can you identify the expressions of greetings. My hobby is cooking too.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. his new colleague at the airport. Thanks. too. too. It was fine. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. Don : Pleased to meet you too. Cipto : How do you do. Nice to see you. Andi : Nice to meet you. Cipto. Asep : Alright my friends. Denias and Sri : Let's go.. I'll take you to the Hotel first. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. let's talk about cooking later. then. great. Cipto. Andi : OK. thanks. Cipto : Great. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. Cipto. Andi : Not at all.. You must be tired. Don wants to meet you c. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. Cipto this is Yani. Don is my friend b. It's nice and exciting. Don't you know Don is my friend d. Nice to meet you. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. I'm Cipto Susanto. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. . meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Rita : Pleased to meet you. Andi : How do you do. a. Yani : Hello.. Cipto : Pleased to meet you. We can talk about cooking later. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. introducing. Read the dialogues once again. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. How's the trip? Yani : Well. Andi : Excuse me. Cipto : That's very kind of you.

Goodbye... See you later.. Bye. Hi! I'm ..What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself... Goodbye.... Oh look. Allow me to introduce my self.. I'm .... Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning. How do you do? My name is . introducing. It's Nice to See You 9 . How do you do? Not bad. Excuse me my name's . My name is ... Yes. Bye. Fine. Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to . I'd like you to meet .. thanks. Let me introduce you to . See you. Hello! My name is ... here's Peter. Peter–Jeny. Hi! Responses • • • • Good night... Hello.. Good afternoon. meeting and parting.. This . Allow me to introduce . it's been so nice. Do you know .. Good afternoon. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning. How nice to see you Hello.... Good morning.... Good evening. My name's . Good evening.. How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night.

Rendi : See you then. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. I have to get going. 1. to your father. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • flag-flags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on fifth Avenue. Reni. He introduces Sofyan. 4 . 2 Budi. Rendi : Mine's on tenth floor. In the classroom. . Then practise it with your partner. Goodbye. Budi : That's great. your English teacher. to you. I also stay there on eleventh floor. Sorry. your friend.v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Budi : 5 . Wayan is your friend. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. you introduce Mr Lubis. Haven't we met before? Budi : 1 Rendi : I don't think so. Budi : Anyway. 3. Rendi : 3 Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. his brother. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. introduces you to Tini. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. At a meeting. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. Dewi. her sister. 2.

I didn't do anything special. 3. For example: 1. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. 4. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some fish for supper. We built the camp next to a small river. At night. danced. We sang. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. we held a fire camp night. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. Study the events. Last weekend. Look at the following example. It was great. my friends and I went camping. 2. Then complete the following table with different names. On Monday. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. I had a lovely time. 2. 5. played magic tricks. so we built a fire camp. It was getting darker and colder.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. 1. read poetry. No. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. The next day. we packed our bags and got ready to go home.

m p.m p. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class.30 3.m p.30 6 a.m a. 1.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the flowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10.m pm p.m a.m p.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a fire camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities. Saturday Sunday 6.m p. 4. 5. 3. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time.

Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he find in his wallet? Explain. I said 'no' at first. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. I found the record store and listened to a few records. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. I thought it was money. 7. 1. 6. but he really wanted me to have it. He was very friendly. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. and his face looked so familiar. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. 1. I was walking down Sunda Street. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . 2. 2. 3. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. 5. you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. read and understand recount texts. It was a photo. 8.Reading In this section. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. so I took it. 4. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. looking for a record store. I decided to buy it. He thanked me and tried to give me something. 3.

2. Source: www. He got a terrible day. c. 1. visited . He walked for three miles. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) . Finally. b. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast. d. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday. b. c. Next.focus on individual people ie use the words. What happened to the writer yesterday? a. d. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed.edu. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. I wanted to take a taxi. After breakfast. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Taken from Ready to Write. He gets a terrible day. c. b. Because his alarm clock didn't go off. d. He walked for five miles. c. 4. crutched. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. b.write in the past tense eg had. d. but of course I missed it. 3.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . He had a terrible day. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus.au. He walked for four miles. First. He walked for two miles.lmpc. but I didn't have enough money. I or we . He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. He has a terrible day. Because he didn't see alarm clock.use action words eg helped. Because he didn't set alarm clock. Because his alarm clock didn't work. What did he do after having breakfast? a. How far did the writer walk? a. Then.

d. I wanted to take a taxi. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. 1. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. It's Nice to See You 15 . but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. in what sequence. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. First. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. The writer hopes to take a taxi. c. Events: tell what happened. I had a terrible day yesterday. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and find their synonyms. b. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. missed /mɪsd/ 6. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. What does the writer hope? a. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. but of course I missed it. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8.5.

Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. So. Taken from New Horizons in English. I remembered all my lines. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. I met her at four o'clock. Then she said "Yes. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her finger. • • • • • • Use at with specific times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . At seven. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. Work in pairs. Study the prepositions of time and the example." After driven her home I went back to my house. After praying and taking a bath. It wasn't a regular day. At one o'clock. She smiled. it was three o'clock. took a little walk and went to a movie. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. because I was about to propose a girl. Finally. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. we had a romantic dinner. Yes. I was a little bit crazy. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. I had my early breakfast.

I'll meet you for lunch Tuesday noon. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school. Adapted from www. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. 3. Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text.00 the morning and arrives in Singapore 10:45.au It's Nice to See You 17 . She was born October 31. I lived in Jakarta Linda was born 1952. 5. 1. Only after my mother was totally satisfied would I be allowed to rush out of the front door. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went.lmpc.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with specific dates: on June 30 on April 21. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 1995 1998. She takes the train Saturday 9. 4.edu. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane. 4:00 the afternoon. 2. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions.

2. 4. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. Confuse. I was surprised. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. write recount texts.Writing In this section. 3. Speechless. 5.m. 2. March. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Happy. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. Answer the questions that follow. 4. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes. 5. This morning Andika called me. Write it in your diary. 28th 2008 08.00 p. 1. 1. 3.

00 12.00 1. I came in to the class and greeted the students. At 08. I went to south America and finally back home to Indonesia.00-1.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order. I spent a week in New York and then flew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order.30. When I had seen the sights in Europe. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia. Activity 4 Study the following schedule. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph.00-10.00 9.30-9. I flew from his home in Mexico City to New York City. He wrote his journey in his diary.30-12.. Remember to begin with topic sentences. First. It's Nice to See You 19 .30-11. After through Asia.30 11.. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world.. Tuesday 08.00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class. Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule.00-3.30 10. .

her condition was getting worse and she finally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. decide the conclusion at each stage. then she moved to rembang. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong.peperonity.recount. the head of rembang regency. so I rang her and asked her for a date. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. everyone knows who kartini is. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. She wouldn't say a word. but after giving birth to a son. As you read the text. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. nowadays indonesian women progress is influenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. her father was rmaa. His story Maya is a friend of Galih. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice.com Activity 6 Read this story. kartini. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. Rewrite it using your own words. her mother. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difficult talking to her. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. and there was no stopping him.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. He telephoned me and invited me to see a film and I accepted. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. he started talking about himself. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself. Write it in your workbook. in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. his name was singgih.

I think she was impressed by my suit. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. I didn't know where to look. I was getting ready. She refused everything that I offered her. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outfit he was wearing. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. and you should have seen Maya's face when she first came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. I explained that I was Maya's date. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. His story I would never call her again. but she kept muttering throughout. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. His story She was a real bore. She's a real snob. She explained that she was still full from lunch. and never apologized. Then he suggested that we took a bus. She behaved terribly. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. I wasn't even hungry. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. One date with her was more than enough.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. The film was very funny. He was so insensitive. His story I got there on time. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. I wanted to crawl into a hole. It was awful. I almost died of embarrassment. I never want to see him again.

d. After a few weeks. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 It was an interesting film about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Pacific Ocean.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. b. e. the passengers were eating raw fish and meat. a. nobody knew where the plane had crashed. Although the passengers were safe. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch fish from the sea to eat. c. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

But their boat sank and they were drowned. h. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. 3. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . 1. j. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to find help. She made a list of things she had to do before the party.f. g. She put the things on her list in time order. Consider the following. Activity 8 Yesterday. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. k. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. 4. After they had been on the island for two months. The film ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. My sister and I went to see a film last night. i. 2. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. But my sister and I enjoyed the film.

Now. write a recount text. my name is Dewi. 2. How do you introduce yourself? 2. introduce yourself and others. If you find some difficulties. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. 5. say greetings and goodbye. respond to oral instructions. What do you say to greet people? 3. 3. Introducing • Hi. you are expected to be able to: 1. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. Parting • Goodbye. Greeting • Hi! • Hello.Events : . c.Re-orientation : 2. • Good night. perform a monologue of recount texts. 8. 4. identify the structure of recount texts. • Good evening.Chapter Summary 1. respond to the expressions of introducing. b. • Good morning. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. meeting and parting.Orientation : . • Hello. identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4. 6. 7. I am Deri. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . Language Functions a. answer the questions: 1. • See you later.

Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .

1. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. respond to narrative texts.Listening In this section.

a. Oh. repeat the words and expressions. I'm sorry to hear that. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 . a. 2. that's good news. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. 3. a. The best response is …. I'm so happy. b. 1. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. Oh. 4. It gives me satisfaction. 5. How poor she is. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. that's bad news. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. 5. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. a. 1. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. Is that right? That's too bad. b. b. 8. Oh really? That's too bad.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. 4. a. Then. How terrible! I'm delighted to hear that. 3. No. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. b. 7. a. Oh really? That's great. 2. 6. b. I'm delighted to hear that. b.

our history. your father said that he would take you to the department store. Mom. 1 that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? 2 ! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. He broke his legs. 5 Andi : . Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. Deni : Hi. Rudi. Source: www. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. experiences.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. has just got an accident. New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital.g. he was such in pain. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 . He must have skidded in the rain. Andi : He wasn't. was he? Deni : He was. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. Andi : Oh 3 . Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness.g. Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. Hani : Thanks for your praise. his friend. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. He couldn't 4 . Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. Was he badly injured? Deni : Sure. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. When do we go there. Hani : Thanks Mom. experiences. priorities and values). Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Andi. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. experiences.about. priorities and values). experiences. sympathy and affection. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. Mother: My dear daughter. She is very happy.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . their history. Andi : I'll 6 in the hospital right away.

7. I've lost my wallet somewhere. 1. on the TV news.000 credit bonus. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No. You get Rp 10. Then make the best response for each expression. 2. Rendi was knocked down by a car. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1. 5. 100. 3. Did you hear that Mr. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . 4. You are excellent and brilliant. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. You get a free ticket for this holiday. He was in hospital for five weeks. Well done. 4. 2. 7. Yesterday. 1.000. 3. 3. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. Congratulations. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard. 8. Many people died and got serious injured. You got a great mark for the final test. 4.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. 8. Number one has been done for you. I heard that Budi was in jail. He was arrested for traffic violence. 6.on it. It's got Rp. 2. 5.

for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than 8 lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. However. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. Finally. Different writers organise their stories in different ways. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he 4 into the woods. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. The little girl said yes she was. Then. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she 7 it was not her grandmother but the wolf.Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. When the little girl 5 the door of her grandmother's house. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. Taken from Readings to Remember. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying 2 to her grandmother. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and 6 . time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conflict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation.

1. perform a monologue of narrative texts. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . One of your friends had an accident. Your brother has a problem. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. 1. 4. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 5. It's really great. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. It gives me a great pleasure. What a nice news. I'm so happy. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. 6. 8. what are the expressions? 4. 3. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. 10. I'm delighted to hear that. 9. It makes me happy. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. 7. Are you fine? Oh dear. What a shame.Speaking In this section. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. 2. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. He looks sad. I know how it feels.

It's always hard to lose someone you love. What's up? Retno : Mom. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. You don't look very happy. Mother : Yes. Come on. Retno : Dad.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. I am going to work. She is very happy. Pay attention to your expressions. It's lovely. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. c. Ali. b. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. that's wonderful.. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. Retno : Yes. d. However. Retno : Mommy. Mother : I'm right here. I'm so happy right now. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. this week has been so terrible for me. Ali : Thanks.. e. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. you know. Go tell your daddy. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness. Mommy…. where is mom? Father : She is back there. I hope so. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. Basri : Hi. no. poor John. I hope he'll be better soon. Then act them out in front of the class. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. I will.. : Oh. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. I can't still believe that she's gone. She was badly hurt because of a car accident. The italicised sentence is used to express . Ivan. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. Basri : Of course.

Oh that's awful. I know how it feels Oh what a shame .What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness. I'm extremely sorry to hear that. sympathy and affection. sorry to hear that.. Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry. I'm with you. Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 . What a terrible situation for you.. I do sympathise (I assure you). I'm so happy. Oh dear. It gives me a great pleasure. Hooray! It's lovely. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be fine. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great.. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. I'm delighted to hear that.

Then act them out with your friends'. Sir. Mr Andrew : Oh. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He is very happy. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. 1. I'm for you. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. mommy…. Don't worry about this project. You have my sincere . Mr Andrew : Are you serious? We need to finish this project right away. Activity 5 Now. Mother : I'm right here. you know what. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Express your sympathy in the dialogue. that's excellent. I'm . Eka : Excuse me. Eka : Thank you. Sir. Sir. Ranti : Thanks Mom. 2. I'm so now.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. Use the expressions you have learned. What's up? Ranti : Mom. make dialogues based on the following situations. Eka? Eka : Well. Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. Wandi : Mommy. I'll take . Eka : I know that Sir. Take all the time you need. Then practise them with your friends'. Your friend's father has passed away. I'm afraid I cannot finish my job at the moment. Mother : Oh really. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you.

He stepped in to stop the fight and was gored to death by angry bulls. 4. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. 1. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. This made the people angry and they chased him away. There he dug a huge hole. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. they would have bought his salt. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. the man saw two bulls fighting with each other. he went to a village where there happened to be a fire. if he wanted to sell salt there. 2. Do a storytelling to your friends. Taken from English Bestseller 12. Then. When he returned home. only to be thrown out by the people. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. In the next place he went to. a couple were fighting with each other. in which case they would have bought salt from him. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. 3. Rushing to the place. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. His father told him that he should have poured water on the fire instead. he started drumming and dancing. He first went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. When he returned home.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . again to be chased away. In the final event. the people there would have bought salt from him. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt.

It could be a folk tale or a legend. death /deθ/ 8. Retell it in front of the class. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. 3.. dug /dʌg/ 2.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Identify the setting. events and outcome of the story. Example: Let me tell you something. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. 1. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung. pour /pɔ:/ 4. There was a rich man having three sons. Use the following steps as your guide. (Continue your storytelling using your own words.. Make sure that you fully understand the story. As their sons were no longer children. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible.. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. 1. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. Well. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. Can't you imagine that . characters. 2. he gave them much money.

2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. At once curious and confident. a. Use your dictionary to check new words. And so he experiments considerably. folk tale d. fable b. Activity 1 Answer these questions. adventure e. superhero c.com Visit www. by Sue Robinson. 2. 1. Decide the types of them. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. Bear in the Barnyard. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child.Reading In this section. and retell it in front of your class. Source: Publishers Weekly. Choose one of your favourites. May 10. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. identify meanings and information in narrative texts.grimmfairytales. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . a Englishclub. read and understand narrative texts. science-fiction f. fantasy g. illustrated by Tony Morris 3.

May 10. What type of fiction do you like most? Others Adventure 10% Science-fiction 15% 25% 10 5% Superhero 12. Hairy green.5% 7. these monsters flee the bedroom when they discover the child. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow. spiney red. by Paul Bright.b Under the Bed. warty and winged. It shows you types of fiction read by students in a class. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true.

3. One day.1. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. "You are no longer children. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. he said to his sons. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. I am not going to leave you very much money. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. The second son met a basketmaker. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. You can use it to start your own business. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. You must do something to earn your own living. One day. He thought that hunting would be fine so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish. Instead. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. "What stupid sons I have!" He said. he killed his father. 4. When I die. The eldest son met a hunter. They had spent all their money uselessly. Now." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . he was very angry. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. You must do the same. 2. the eldest son tried to shoot a fly on his father's forehead. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets. What type of fiction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite fiction? Can you fill in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of fiction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text.

They loved him very much. in its place. a fortune-teller came to the house. they were very unhappy. "It feels so heavy. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. When Sau Ling was a young man. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. They had no children. 1. What would you do with your money? 2. It was full of small gold bars. "You must send your son away. That evening. Several years later. The young man thanked him. "That's strange!" he thought. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. Sau Ling was very honest. a young man came to the inn. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. "You are really very honest. They believed what the fortune-teller said. After finishing his meal. he picked up his bag. there lived a man called Lin and his wife." He looked inside. He returned the bag to him. He put his bag on the floor near his table. they found a baby boy outside their door." he said. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. Because of this." he said. One day. "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble.

Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. 1. 9. "and take a holiday. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. He left the house without saying a word. 6. 4. 3. complication. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution.resolution father to give you a job. 5. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. Sau Ling told them what had happened. "But go home first. Then find their synonyms. and resolution." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. 7. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . He gave Sau Ling a good job. The fortune-teller did not know what to say. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. 10." The young man's father was a rich merchant. 2. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. 8. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. 2000 Every text has its own structure. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text." he said. The fortune-teller was also present. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story.

" It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. She crouched quietly. It was her favourite game. As the sun reached the far side of the field. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. "It's time for lunch. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. "Rosaura. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice." called her mother. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure. where are you going?" called her mother. Suddenly. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. But it was nowhere to be seen. forgetting all about her hiding game. His eyes scanned the fields for Rosaura's red ribbon. a bright yellow butterfly darted by. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the fields. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage. "Not yet." said her mother. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. "I'm sure she'll be back soon." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. As soon as she had finished her food she slipped down from her chair. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. and heading for the fields. But Rosaura was already through the gate. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterfly.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. In her tangled black hair. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. "Rosaura! There you are. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . her red ribbon fluttered.

Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now. As night fell." said Rosaura's father. staring over the field." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. say the Indians. Her father looked away in disappointment. "She was always happier in the fields. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. Now the sun had set. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a flower before." said her mother. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the field. 3. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. 5. But it was another red flower. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father find her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. And that. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. but the red petals of a flower. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. As the sun came up bright and strong. 2. "I see her!" he cried. But they could find no red ribbon. looking for the red ribbon. 1. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly.But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. 4. It was filled with red flowers swaying and fluttering in the tall grass. "They will stay with us!" Every year. is how the red poppy came to be. In the dawn. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the fields and watched the red flowers dancing under the sun. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the field. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. casting a red glow over the fields. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces.

Her father did not look away in disappointment. existing in ancient Egypt. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. and Indian culture. 2. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. 2. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly.6. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the flower were her ribbon? 7. 1. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. What did Rosaura's father say about the red flowers filled the field? 9. Most of the humanities involve stories. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. Affirmative 1. What do Indians say about the story? 10. Chinese. We can change the sentences into negative and question form. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. Negative 1. Source: www. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture.wikipedia. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. 2. Her father looked away in disappointment. ancient Greek. Stories are of ancient origin. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In affirmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use infinitive.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences.

already) full of students. Roy is taking a nap on the couch. I (have. 8. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. 2 It was my first day of class. however. 5. I (choose) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. It sounded like the United Nations. The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. 7. 3 4. and some (converse) in Arabic. just) quietly by themselves. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. almost) a car accident last night. I (find. 10. On one side of the room. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. 9. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual conversation (stop) . I (step) on the brakes and (swerve) to the right. Use simple past tense form. I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . I (drive) down Washington Avenue when suddenly I (see) a car in my lane. It (come) right at my car. Rosaura runs away from her house. just) my car by about an inch. (sit. They do not know each other. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. 2. The other car (miss. Some of the students. In a few minutes. finally) the right room.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. busily) to each other in Spanish. 6. The room (be. 1. students (talk. She cries in front of me. Other students (speak) Japanese.

Ekalaya said he was Durna's student. 1. Innocently. write narrative texts.Writing In this section. Ekalaya finally encountered Arjuna.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa.joglosemar. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Have you ever written a story? Is it difficult or not? What makes you feel difficult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. 4. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. write main ideas and its supporting ideas. From far away. a young man watched the practice. The result was astonishing. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya. When he met Ekalaya. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. 2. who was hunting in the forest. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. 3. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. Adapted from www.co. Arjuna was surprised to find that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated. He was Ekalaya. Durna's favourite student. Angry and disappoin ted.

I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 . It will guide you in writing a story. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. • There was a young man who watched the practice. main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. The ideas above are developed into the first paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. In English. Look at the following example. A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas. Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom.

He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. In the end. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by filling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. And he poured water into the hat. destroying it. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. He tried to fit the bowl onto his head.Activity 4 Study the following stories. He was not the best blacksmith. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. Worried that he would be cheated. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. breaking the bowl in the process. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. The sword broke instantly. Then. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. One day. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. You can use Story B as an example. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword." The blacksmith was very furious.

• The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. 1. Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . especially hunters. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm. Here are some ideas to inspire you. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. • He was very angry with human beings. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. Then. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. A Greedy Child 2. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. develop them into a short story.

Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. sympathy. and affection. 2. Now. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Complication : a crisis arises. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text.Chapter Summary 1. 8. What will you say when you are happy? 2. respond to expressions for showing happiness. identify the structure of a narrative text. respond to narrative texts. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. 4. express happiness. sympathy and affection. Language Functions a. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends. . If you find some difficulties. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. • It's really a great pleasure. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that.Resolution : the crisis is resolved. b. perform a monologue of narrative texts. Identify the structure of the text. • You have my sincere condolences. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. for better or for worse. Generic Structure . write a recount text. answer the questions: 1. 2. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. you are expected to be able to: 1. 3. 6. 7. . Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse.

Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 . accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making.

2. 7. Where or when would you find this situation? 2. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. Then. 5. Source: CD Images 1. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. What does Doni say to Susi? 3. 1. answer the questions. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. respond to oral instructions.Listening In this section. accepting and declining an invitation. 8. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 6. 4. 3.

write. decide. I'll be at your house at 8. On the way home. please. Arief and Rita have a chat.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. Then. great. 7. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. who always sees him for general check up. but you should express the details clearly. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. For further tips visit to invite someone www.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. I don't think I can come to your party. 4. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. but I've got an exam tomorrow. I have nothing to do. 2 ? 3 Rita : .00 in the morning. 8. 1. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me. Thank you very much.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. it won't surprise you. 10. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. 3. Then find any possible responses to each expression. I'll decide to come or not. They enjoy reading stories. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. 2. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. Clever phrasing. I'd love to. 6. and watching drama. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. novels.express. Dialogue 2 Dr. I'd like to. Now. 9. but I can't come. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. Would You Like to Come? 53 . He had a friend. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. One day. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation. Mr Andre Posuma. Rita : Wow. his friend calls him. I'm very sorry. 5.

Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . : . I will attend a meeting. 3. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. : Bye. . It's me. 4 . Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. We can meet next time. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Rudi : . : Alright. 6 .Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. See you. Bye. : See you. Work in pairs. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. : 5 . Fauzi. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. : OK. Ten minutes later. Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. : . Then. Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. Fauzi. Andrea. It has been two months since my last visit to you. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a.m. 1. : What's wrong? : Hmm. Kambing guling is my favourite food. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7 : Well . . Thus is about our appointment. actually. This is Andre. 2. : Hi Andre.

Fany. Fany : That's OK. The girl : I'm Fanny. Nice to meet you too.) It's very delicious. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. cut cheese into slices. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blank spaces. Then. Santi : Hi. Lina is reading a book in the city park.Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. put the other piece 7 . Lina : It's very simple. I think . Lina : No. Lina continues her reading. 8 I'm late. After a long silence. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Compare your answers to your friends'. 5. A girl : Excuse me. 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. 2. By the way. . 6 .. Spread butter on each piece. She interrupts them.. 4. 3. my name is Lina. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. place the slices on one piece of the bread. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. 1 . There is someone approaching her. Finally. (Lina takes the sandwich. Would You Like to Come? 55 . the girl offers something. take two pieces of bread. 1. 3 .

Then. fold over each point .... Next. cut inwards . push the drawing pin . First. Match the following titles with the correct steps.. you can now blow . draw two lines .. 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ... Finally.. You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do.. 5.. 3. 2. After that. 1996 Instructions: 1.. 4.. Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel... 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials..Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something.

a ruler. Then. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . 1. 2.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. 4. 5. After listening. 1. you will make a whale. Things You Do 1. and scissors. 4. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. answer the questions. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. 5. Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. 3. 3. 2. a pencil. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. By seeing the pictures below. list the stages involved in making the coffee. 2. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook.

Let's go jogging sometime. Hey. 5. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. 1. I'll be free at that time. 2. 4. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. 3. 2. 1. 4. accepting and declining an invitation. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. What about tomorrow tonight. perform a monologue of procedure texts.Speaking In this section. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . we're having a party on Friday. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. It's my birthday on Friday. Just wait for me. 3.

can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. a. invite someone to go d. Ira : Hi. decline an invitation b. Say. that's great. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot : Hi. I can't. It's about Nasreddin. Rin. how've you been? Ari : Alright. Ari : Well. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7.. I'd love to. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme. Ari : Well. Then act them out with your friends. accept an invitation c. thanks. ask for permission e. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) X Activity 4 59 .Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment.30. Sandra. Robi : Hi. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. But you have to come to the clinic. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. I have many matters to settle down. Sandra : OK. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not. Ira! This is Ari. The italicised sentence is used to . would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. Read and practise another dialogue.. Be ready. I'd love to. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course.. There will be a great film tonight.

.. You will ... OK! I'd like to love to come.... I can't..? Dr.. I'm afraid I've already promised ... Shall we come to . I don't think I can... You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p. Would you care to . Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry. Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you. Mrs Lina Sugiarto..... I'd love to. That would be very nice.. won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you. I'd very much like you to ... What a delightful idea.. but . but . declining an invitation and an appointment. What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting. accepting.. Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme.... Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry. Come and . Thank you for asking me. We should be pleased/delighted if you could . Bye..m. I can't .. but . • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will . Thank you very much for inviting me. Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there.... With the greatest pleasure. We'd very much like to .. but .. 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. Unfortunately..m. I'd like to.. Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto.. You must come to . Like to come to ..... Receptionist : You're welcome. I wish I could...... Bye... • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to .. All right (then). Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to ..Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p. Receptionist : Alright. L-I-T-A.... I don't think I can..

You accept. You're welcome. Oh. Would You Like to Come? 61 . as he doesn't know anybody. He doesn't want to accept. She/he promises that she/he will come. I'll be there. See you then. He/She accepts. Wendy. Invite this people to your party. Thank you very much Wendy. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at .. Then act it out in front of the class. I don't have any plans at this moment. He declines because he is busy. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. You'll have a graduation party this evening. good. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. o'clock. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. Bye. 2. I'm so sorry I can't make it. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. You are at school. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : Hi. I'll help you. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. 6. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. I'll promise I'll be there. 1. this weekend is my special day. . Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. ? Well. OK. The headmaster. ? Sure. Persuade him to come. 4. 5. for a little party at my house this weekend. I don't think I can make it. 3. By the way. He accepts it.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise.. The senior teacher. You refuse. You invite a new student to join the party. See you.

4. 2. 3. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you.Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1.

Activity 8 Read the following recipes. Cut the chicken into small pieces. Yudi : Good. pepper and spices. a cup of rice. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. salt and a pan with a lid. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. onions and green peppers into quarters. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. Fry with vegetables for five minutes. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. Use the following model. Yudi : All right. Sally : And what do you do after that? Emily : . what do you do? Emily : . Then. Sally : How do you . make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. Emily : . Sally : Then. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. Sprinkle it with salt. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. Cut up the tomatoes.

Then. fry them in a pan for five minutes. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. salt and pepper. 5. 5. ¼ teaspoon of butter. Add water. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes. Mix together egg and lemon juice. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . spices. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. 1 small onion. Be careful with the knife. cut tomatoes. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. 8 cups of water. Then. and garlic into small pieces. 6. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. When it has boiled. Add rice and cook on low heat for fifteen minutes. 3.Ismail : First. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. spices. first of all. 4. Cook gently for three minutes. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. wash the rice in cold water. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. onions. Add a little of salt and pepper. 2. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. 7. 2. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. turn down the heat. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. onions. 4. Next. (Continue with your own words. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. put the lid on and cook it for about fifteen minutes. and garlic into small pieces. Tell the class about it. 3. Cook gently for one hour. small clove garlic. ½ teaspoon of salt. Heat until the water boils. Well.

1. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they find a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . identify the structure of a procedure text. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts. 4. read a monologue in the form of procedure text. 2. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 3. 4. 3. 2. Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual 26 Ask a friend 28 Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1.Reading In this section. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow.

push the pin on top of the motor. In a how–to–text. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kaffir lime leaves 1 tablespoon flour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How to operate a fan 1. To change the speed of the fan. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. What do we do first to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. then press the tilt adjustment knob. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. materials needed and methods or steps. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. first pull up the oscillating pin. namely goal. 3. 4. 2. 1. 4. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. Pay attention to the structure of the text. 2. To move the fan up or down. press one of the switches at the bottom.

The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. Source: www. fried shallots and lime leaves. followed by the egg. 6. 2. When the oil is hot.english. 4. unitecnology. 5. 12.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. 6. 13. 8. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and flatten a little with a fork. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. 5. Fry until golden brown on both sides. 14. May 2. 3. 10. 3. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium flame. Pay attention to your pronunciation. five or six at a time. 2. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. 7. 1. 11. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and find their meaning. Taken from The Jakarta Post. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . These texts are usually written in the present tense. Stir in the flour. 4. drop the fritters into the oil. 15.

giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. Look for gifts wherever you find yourself. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. d. costume makeovers. Give a welcome service. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. Visit art supply stores. a unique furniture d. So. Anywhere. c. Track down items such as rare prints. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . it is suggested that we give … first a. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. craft shops. Adapted www. In the internet. The word well-known in the first line means ….Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. a day at the spa. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. special d. great b. b.howabout. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. A massage. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts.com 1. weird c. Before give an unusual gifts. 2. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. Use the Internet. a. Moreover. Follow links until you find what you want. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. a photo frame c. In an auction. In the craft shop. 3. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. a rare print b. especially when you were on a trip.

• Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request. It functions as prohibition. b.g. For further Information visit www.g." asked the mother.english. Would You Like to Come? 69 . 3. The word in the text that means not too many is …. e. a. unique d." said the teacher. make us unusual b. important Giving gifts may be important to …. the photocopier. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs. e." said father. celebrate special moments Englishclub.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. unitecnology. Dian told Andi. 5. a. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. a. e. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. "Don't hurry. road safety rules. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. the fax. The word "do" could be persuasive. "Make sure the car is in neutral. recipes. Do be quiet." said David.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e.g. how to succeed. "Press the stop button.g." said mother. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet. (command) "Help me." the teacher told the pupils. a. sweet c. You make sure the car is in neutral. but could also express irritation. complete our collections c. a. b.4. b. science experiments. 1. the computer. You press the stop button. get the recipient attention d. rules for games.g. "Stand up. the tape recorder." 2. "Don't be noisy. how to use the video. Do come on time. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. rare b.

The volume of the television is too loud. 4. Your uncle is writing a novel. magazine or in the internet. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. 5. 6. 3. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. He always late although his wife often warns him. 7.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given.m. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. 5. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. 1. Report it to the class. He cannot concentrate his mind well. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. What will your father say? It is 6 a. 2. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. 9. 10. 3. 4. 1. 8.

Writing In this section. write procedure texts. 1. arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. • • • • • • • • next butter roast first pour finally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese flour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors first Would You Like to Come? 71 . you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. 3. 4. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table. 2.

• To make fried rice. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. meat and eggs. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. vegetables. Do it in pairs. • Then. The pictures will help you to arrange it. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . pepper and other spices. • Finally. • At the same time. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. you will need some rice. • The best vegetables to use are onions. • Now. garlic.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. if you like. tomatoes and cucumber. cook the rice in another pan. • Stir the mixture and add salt. • First. add it to the meat and the vegetables. you can break in two or three eggs.

use your fingers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. Then you can begin to record it. Find the errors and correct them. After that. Finally. Rewrite it using your own words. After these twisted off. You must also twist off the flippers at end of tail section. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. remove the black vein. b. Next. Work individually. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. And then tested the voice level recorder. d.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. It contains nine mistakes. a. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . It is not difficult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. first you have to plug in the cord. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. First. e. From the tail meat. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. before you sit down to enjoy your meal. Well. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. c.

Goal. Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise. identify the structure of procedural texts. 4. answer the questions: 1..Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. respond to expressions for an appointment. perform a monologue of procedural texts. invite someone. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3. you are expected to be able to: 1.Chapter Summary 1.Materials (not required for all procedural texts) .. If you find some difficulties. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. 8. • Will you come with . I don't think I can make it. Generic structure . • I'm sorry I can't make it. make and cancel an appointment. respond to invitation.. 7. 2.. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. • I'll be there. Write the method or steps clearly. Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. Write a recipe of your favourite food. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . Declining an appointment • Sorry. . • Join me.. write an instruction or procedural text. respond to oral instructions. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2. Now. 6. 3.

How nice to see you. b. b. The manager. choose the best answer. a. Countryside. c. Inside the gentleman's room. 4. I won't say no. b. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Bank manager's office. Outside the gentleman's room. c. c. Thanks anyway. Where does the story take place? a. A. Five steps. c. How do you do. The manager could do nothing. Three tins. 8. d. Two steps. The girl. 13. Sorry I can't. The farmer's youngest son. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. d. b. The landowner's youngest son. Good evening. I'd love to. d. c. Here they are. Four steps. The farmer's oldest son. The hotel owner. 11. a. b. 1. £5. c. £15. The landowner. Who was shouting? a. What could the manager do? a. Five tins. offering b. £150. 5. b. c. 7. Beijing. c. £50.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. 14. gratitude c. Where was the landowner from? a. 9. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. c. Here is it. b. a. Nice to meet you. d. Where did the girl find the money? a. The manager could call the police. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. 6. d. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. a. Three steps. Hotel manager's office. d. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. b. 2. 3. b. invitation d. a. b. Good night. c. The manager could help the man who lost his money. d. b. Seoul. d. You are going to hear several short dialogues. c. Then. It is here. Good afternoon. 10. I'm fine. b. Inside the manager's room. 75 . Tokyo. Two tins. thank you. d. Good morning. c. b. d. Restaurant manager's office. d. The man losing his money. d. Inside the waitress' room. Here it is. Four tins. Hotel lobby. c. 12.

namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. He wanted the table to be cleaned. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . All this is a swift business. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. 17. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. keeping as calm as we possibly can. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. Meanwhile. over a quick flame for a minute or two. d. not of aluminium. we take six eggs. until large bubbles form on the top. tin or enamel. He was not hungry. b. Then. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. 16.15. in the middle. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. we fold it. Rudely. with salt and tissue–paper. not the whisk. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. not too hot. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. Angrily. For three portions. to the size of the omelette. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. in other words. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. or butter and best lard. letting the liquid flow into the empty spaces. c. when hot. c. our fryingpan is getting hot. Politely. break them into a bowl. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. it is fatal to beat too long. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. d. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. This takes half a minute. b. d. B. This takes about two minutes. and add a good teaspoonful of water. once or twice. taking care always to move towards the middle. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made." a. b. Harshly. His stomach couldn't take any more food. The fryingpan must be made of iron. The flame is now turned down a little. c. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken.

it is quite easy to roll it into shape. here are they Eka : to my friend. It should be the same size as the omelette. One made of aluminium and enamel. 19. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. 26. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. c. Review 1 77 . Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. here it is b. You are introduced c. It doesn't matter. d. A soon as the flame is light golden. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. d. It should never be a small one. Then. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. It's very interesting. b. The states of an omelette. Ferry : I am Ferry. b. we feel tired b. b. I'll introduce b. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. b. When the frying-pan is getting hot. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. The size of an omelette. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. It should never be a very flat one. How do you do? d. d. How are you? c. Rubbing with salt and paper. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. c. When the butter is a different shade. c. a. b. We may well feel a few extra heart– beats because .recipetips. Dedy. 21. Won't you introduce d. One made of iron. It is better than beating it for too short a time. b. 22. we feel relaxed d. Washing with salt and paper. d. as the classical French term says. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. a. No. d. c. Rubbing with hot water. 24. 27. d. Let me introduce myself. 23. here is it d. The shape of an omelette. b.of the omelette along one side. Yes. we feel impatient c. What is important about the frying– pan? a. One made of aluminium. here they are c. . Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes. One made of tin 20. An omelette made in France. 25.com 18. Taken from www. c. a. When the flame gives no more froth. This last touch makes all the difference. c. Good morning.

he 33. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . Did come on time. Use substitution form to fill in the blank spaces. c. I was going to the cinema 31. Do come on time. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. I her a bunch of roses this morning. 35. Yes. b. C. gave c. they 34.28. Sure. 40. I have gone to the cinema d. d. Thanks. I think . You did come on time. 41. Too bad it didn't work. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. a. hisself d.m. b. I'll fetch you at 8 p. b. giving 32. Sorry. Who are ? a. c. happiness. I went to the cinema c. (shave) this morning 44. compliment. You are entirely welcome. c. sympathy. Complete the following sentences using a. : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. b. them c. (read) the 42. she books all day along. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. I . c. him b. a. Hanny. give d. an. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. Don't worry about it. 45. That's very kind of you. Student : . but some other time. Do you come on time? d. d. a. Randy : Oh. themselves b. Evi : Alright. given b. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. or the. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. their d. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 39. Yesterday. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. a. Dudi does his homework by a. The underlined sentence expresses a. (put) the books in their previous place. but I'm very busy. I did not because I was in a hurry. I'd be unhappy to accept it. that would be very nice. himself c. Look out of 36 window of 37 house you are in now you see such 38 beautiful view. Teacher : Thanks for your help. Thanks a lot. 29. gratitude. Why? a. d. I go to the cinema b. how awful! I'm so sorry. 30. 43. it didn't work out. maybe.

Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .

7. 6. Repeat after him/her. 3. 3. 8. respond to narrative texts. 2. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. 2. 5. great charming fantastic congratulate terrific farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 4. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 6. 8. 4. 1. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. No.Listening In this section. 1. 5.

Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . 2. I can't believe it! That's terrific. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. 1 ? Andi : I am fine. That's awful! Thanks anyway. too. Never mind. ! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. 5. Congratulations on your success. 5 Desi : That's great. Andi : 3 . b. 4. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here.. Congratulations! That's amazing. Thank you very much a. b. Andi. I've got it. Desi : Hi. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment. Andi. She congratulates and compliments Andi. his friend. b. The best response is . 2 today! I love your new hair style. 1. 3. a.. b. Desi. Andi. 4 right now. b. It is nice to hear you.. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. Congratulations. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. You know what? I have passed for the final test. he meets Desi. By the way. a. thanks. b. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. For example: You will hear : a. I got the highest score for the test. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. On the way home. a. a.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. You look great. Desi : Thanks.

Riska : 3 ! We're happy for you.. I guess it's just my luck. 2 . Desi. 6 ! 7 : your compliment. It goes with my shoes. Now. Andi. . I dont' think so c." 2. You will hear "Well done. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. You will hear "You're terrific/fantastic. Ina : I think so. Mention where they are from. Sorry to hear that d. The next day. You are so kind. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah.. Andi : Oh." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. Eta : Thank you.UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisfied with it. b. no.. Andi. You look beautiful on it. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. that's amazing. Then. Joko : It's a 4 . I don't like it e. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. : Never mind Andi. It's my pleasure. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : 1 what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. discuss the following questions with your friends'. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. I know you are very smart." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. For example: 1. 1. a. It's so difficult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow.

My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. and she worked very carefully. 5. 7. 2. 6. When she looked around the room." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and 3 . Then she 5 the shop and bought a can of paint. and in ten minutes all job was done. one of the Witch's friends 1 to visit.Activity 8 Now. After lunch she 6 to paint. It worked very fast. she said "Your house is ugly. One morning. listen to the tape once again and complete the story. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and 10 to paint the upper walls. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. 1. That she got an idea. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. 3. My house is 2 than yours. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. 8. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. the Witch her house and she said to herself. The Witch was very happy. "my friend was right. In the afternoon she 7 the lower part of her house. I have to repaint it. When she wanted to start the upper part she 8 that she couldn't reach it. and the walls are bigger. 4. "Broom. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom finish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 .

ballads. 4. b. adventure stories. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. d. 2. e. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. 5. To show how cunning the Greeks were. They made the Romans drink b. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. slice of life. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. No Information. b. With help from a wooden horse. d. c. science fiction. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. A Greek King. b. A Roman Soldier. e. e. Drunk c. They can be imaginary. None of the above. Source: www. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. unitechnology. 1. All of the above. historical narratives. They may include fairy stories. c. romances. d. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . fables. A horse. personal experience. myths and legends. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. factual or a combination of both.ac 3. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. Really sad b. They destroyed the city gate e. Defenseless e. mysteries. What was the purpose of the text? a. c. horror stories.english. Really happy d. With the help of alcohol. A Greek Soldier.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. They scared the Romans c.

perform a monologue of narrative texts. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. Situations a. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. Your brother have got an award. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. f. What do you see in the picture? 2. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. d. Activity 2 Expressions 1. 6. c. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. Congratulations! Well. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . You compliment someone on their appearance. 5. b. 2. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5.Speaking In this section. g. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. 4. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. 3. Your friend has just passed an important exam. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation. What are they doing? 3.

1. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I really must express my admiration for your party. Pandu. You are looking good. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. Good idea. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. My compliments on your beautiful. Let's go celebrate it. it's a must. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. thanks. What did you do to it? Not much. Thank you. it is. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. it's not necessary. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. I just finished modifying it. Oh. I f I may so. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. Harsya.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. you are quite charming. It looks a lot different. Great job! Thanks. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. No. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. Ussy. I like your hair style! You're terrific/fantastic. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course.

Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. 4. I've found a new job. I must congratulate you. Discuss with your partner. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. 3. May I congratulate you on …. Congratulations on your …. I'd like to be the first to congratulate you on …. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. Well done! Fantastic/terrific! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. Your brother has done excellent job. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . 3. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. 2. 2. 1. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. It was great to hear …. Your relative is going abroad for studying. 4. I won the race. 1. 5 : : I just won first prize from a quiz.

Your friend is elected as one of the finalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. Mom. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. Dad. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. Your partner got a scholarship. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. playing tennis 3. I'm very proud of you. 2. Dony's father : Well done.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. Use the expressions of complimenting. story telling 4. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. 4. didn't you? Dony : That's right. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. playing the piano 2. Use the expressions of congratulating. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Dony : Thank you. create a short dialogue based on the situations given. 1. 2. 1. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. Your friend is good at: 1. Don. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. Don. Activity 8 With your partner. playing chess 5. 3. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. Boby : Hi. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. For example: Donny has passed his exams with flying colour and get the best ranking at his school.

"The king of beasts. very like his father. except that of her cubs. "What king?" he inquired." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying. When the moon rose. the lioness woke her mate. "The creatures are crying for a change. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw. in my honour." said the aardvark. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. and some did not knot know which they were fighting for." said the tiger. "The old order.Activity 9 Work in group. screaming in horror. sleepily." she said. the lion. It was a terrible fight and it lasted until the setting of the sun. He was monarch of all he surveyed. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. is king of beasts." said the tigress as she went to look after her young. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of fighting. "What are we fighting for?" someone asked the aardvark. "The king is here to see you. All the beasts were dead except the tiger. long live the king!" Inside the den." she said. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts. one of whom." he roared. fevered and gibbous. "I am the king of beasts. Taken from Readings to Remember." she said. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away. "Leo." said the tiger. "The new order." "Oh sure. and some fought for both. but it didn't seem to mean anything." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender. "Come out. All the animals of the jungle joined in. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion. a male." said the zebra. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . "We need a change.

"Oh. What do you think if I stop studying. not to me. I'm glad you still want to study in this school. Were there any beasts survive the fight? 10. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. I think it is not a serious problem. Taken from English for SMA 2. If so. Did the tiger and the lion fight for the crown? 6. Where did the story take place? 3. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. it is not a good solution. her classmate. Budi. came to see her at home. doesn't go to school anymore. At school they meet the headmaster in his office. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three. "You are a very smart student. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5. . Then act it out in front of the class." continued Budi. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the fight? 7. "Our teachers asked me where you were. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them." asked Evi. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. "No . The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his office. Sir. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. 2. the tiger or the lion? 9. who is the cleverest student in the class. . "Excuse me. "I am sorry to hear that. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company. Change the following text into dialogue. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi." "Thank you very much. "Okay." told Evi. That's kind of you. Who won the fight. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. "I am sorry." said Evi happily. The Cleverest Student Evi. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster." said Budi." told Evi.1. Are you with me?" asked Budi. you may not stop studying here.

Reading In this section. 5. 4. 2. reading and understanding narrative texts. 1. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 . Activity 2 Before reading the story. 3. 8. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. identify the structure of narrative texts. 6. 2. 3. 4. read and study the following words and find their meanings. 7. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. 5. 1.

The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. Beowulf went to the lake. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. How long did Beowulf become king? 9. and it attacked people. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight. The knights were afraid and they did not want to fight the dragon. he went to the King's castle. That night. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . In the morning. The dragon was very big and breathed fire.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. What did Grendel's mother do when she find out about her son's death? 7. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. One day. When he came back. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. He lived in Denmark. He was king for fifty years. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. He was half-man and half-monster. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. But one day. It lived in a cave with treasure. 1. a dragon came to his country.

12. I am sure. The Fox and the Crow A crow. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. "but you must be nearsighted as well. and somewhere else." said the crow. "I recognize you.11. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. my flight is known to scientists and engineers." said the crow quickly. "I am sure you are. now that I look more closely." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. I wear black and I am unique. as the shortest distance between two points. as the most famed and talented of all birds.aesopfables. I am the map maker. every two points." said the fox. attracted the eye and nose of a fox. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died. but I am hungry and must go." said the fox. and they are a dollar a hundred. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak. geometricians." he said." And with this he trotted away into the woods. Taken from www. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. but crow bars last forever. and scholar. c. Any two points. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure." he concluded arrogantly. and began to tell about himself." said the fox." The fox had read somewhere. b. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight. I am the pioneer of flight. Last. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot. but sly. his appetite appeased.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 . "Bars may come and bars may go. "and share my lunch with me. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. "Oh. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped. and somewhere. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. but never least." "Tarry awhile. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom.

He is the map maker. 4. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. 8. 2. Ask your parents or grand parents. 6. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The story probably took place in the jungle. 8. 6. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. 1. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. 7. retell it in front at the class. 7. 3. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. 1. 5.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. 2. 4. The fox is really arrogant. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. The crow's appetite appeased. 3. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. There are two main characters in the story. Then. You can do mini research in the library. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. 5. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree.

The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition.m.canauthorsniagara. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments. We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-first" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the finalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be officially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday. September 29 from 2 to 5 p. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 .

Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. 5. 4. they belive b. oils.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. 3. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. 4. A fire melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. 1. 5. sleep. The cameraman takes the President's several times. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. 1. The play was written by Shakespeare.. In passive voice. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. The firefighters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. to be descendant from dinosaurs. 2. are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. UN Shot Komodo . My brother buys me this new computer game. and sweets at the top of the pyramid. The form of passive is: be + past participle. come. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. to belived e. belived d. to belive c. 2. a. 3. etc. The sentences above use passive voice. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats.

the dog felt sorry for him and said. Finally. But. As he lay beneath a large tree. he asked the dog about it." After saying this. "I work regularly and I eat regularly.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of finding food. don't worry about that." the wolf said. as they were walking. well-fed. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. I hardly think about it anymore. With hardly enough energy to walk. I think I will surely die. He was curious about this. the wolf turned and ran away. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you." "You're right. I'm more free than you are." "But." answered the dog.aesopfables. the wolf had little hope of finding food. "If I come to live with you. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was. saying. but I'm healthy. You could do the same. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger. a dog out for a walk noticed him." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else. I will arrange it.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 . "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. You'll get used to it soon enough. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin. "Oh. It's a good deal for both of us. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep." Taken from www. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more." said the wolf. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life. In that way. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. and I have a warm place to sleep. "The dog called after the wolf. I won't be free anymore. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences. if I am chained up. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night." said the dog." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. "But. He was very thin.

2. 4. 1. Activity 1 Answer these questions.aesopfables. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www. Have you ever written a story? What do you do first when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back.Writing In this section. writing narrative texts.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3.

The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point. In the final paragraph. 1 2 Englishclub. visit www.com 3 4 5 6 a. c. they are not in the correct order. the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully.infoplease. For further steps in writing narrative. then read the sentence given below. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture. He was very angry and threw a stone at them. d. So has sat down under the tree to sleep. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 .

but go and take a stone. you had it not. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. Activity 4 Study these stories and fill in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. leading the Lamb a little apart.co. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily. h. g. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. Taken from www. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been flayed and thrown aside. for when the gold was there. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. j.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. So. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree.e. and place it in the hole. he felt very tired.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Pak Aman sells hat in the village. One day. said. and digging down. k. f. came to the lump of gold. as you did not make the slightest use of it. A neighbor." Taken from www. It will do you quite the same service. and fancy that the gold is still lying there. "Pray do not grieve so. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. Appearances are deceptive. i. while he was going from one village to another.co.short-stories.short-stories. on his next visit. he soon made a meal off her . and stole it. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause. The Miser. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep. and enjoying hearty meals. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations.

Choose from the following categories. 2. make your own narrative story. 1.Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conflict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . 3.

If you find some difficulties.. the crisis is resolved. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3.. optional. for better or for worse. : to amuse. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Complimenting • You look great. • You look terrific. Write and tell your favourite folklore. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. a crisis arises. 5. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment.. b. identify factual meaning in the texts. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. I must say that you are . Now. congratulate and compliment others. identify the structure of narrative texts. you are expected to be able to: 1. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. a stepping back to evaluate the plight.Chapter Summary 1. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2.. 2. Pay attention to the structure of the text. answer the questions: 1. write narrative texts.. 7. 4. 3. 6. Language Functions a. 2. performing a monologue of narrative texts.. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter.

Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub li shers' s Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .

Here it is and 4 . Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 2. 2. sure. Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. Yuni. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. respond to descriptive texts. 1. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . please. respond to invitation. It's all right. By the way. Please come in and have a seat.Listening In this section. Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. How are you this morning? Hi. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. And you? 2 I'm just fine. . would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. I'll tell him. Here it is. 1 . Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. Great. Henry. Fine. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. 3 . 6 . 8 . 5 . 3.

Yes. b. I'm very grateful to you. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. I won't. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. I'd love to. 2002 1. You're great. 2. 5. b. 1. b. a.4. a. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. 5. 3. b. 5. You will hear some expressions. I'm sorry. 3. a. 4. 4. No. I can't. 2. What picture is it? Where do you usually find that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . b. a. Thank you so much. Choose the best response for the expressions. a. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue.

2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear.central-java-tourism. It is a famous 6 in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. It is named 2 which means 3 . it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. Besides its thousand doors.Activity 5 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand. 1 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta. Adapted from www.

When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue. After visiting the museum. 5. 2. 1. 2. Be ready at 7. 3. 1. 4. OK? All right.Speaking In this section. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. on the way home. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. 6. I'll be there. perform a monologue of descriptive text. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. Will you pick me up? Sure. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. I won't say no.

. Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before.. I'm sure my parents won't mind. I won’t say no .. Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too. I’d love to.. Would you like to ..? Will you join . Yes.... Wow. Let me express my gratitude . Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The temple is extravagant.. Then. What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come... Thank you. Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for . make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class.... Thanks.. What is it like? It's very beautiful. I’d like to very much..What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to . Actually. I wish I can see it for myself. Activity 4 Study the following dialogue.? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to .? Do you want to come with . Great.... my parents are taking me there again this vacation..

Activity 5 Work in pairs. 2. 6. 1. There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. 2. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. writing hand c. 1. 1. 8. 3. 9. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. Tini has lent you a magazine.. 3. a. 4. 4. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 3. 10. Create dialogues based on the following situations. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. 2. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . that is hand-written e. Tini has lent you a magazine. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. 3. 5. 2. 7. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. Give suitable responses. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. hand-written d.. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . written by hand b. 4.

On the island. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Pacific. Why did they build the tower? We don't know. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. all the way from Peru. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. 3. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch. believed that they were built by people from South America. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts. We don't really know why they are there.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. a German. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. On top of a hill. he made a simple raft and sailed there. Thor Heyerdahl. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. and no doors. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools.2 metres thick. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. Africa. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. no windows.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. there are 600 large statues.000 years ago. To prove this. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa.

Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. doors and roofs. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. 3.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. They used stone for the walls and wood for the floors. How did they move the trees? We don't know. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. Easter Island 1. 2000 One thousand years ago. 2. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops.

There. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. They are not as high as the American Falls. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America.S. 4. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. 5. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. but they are 2. The American Falls are about 1. and the U.000 feet (305 metres) wide. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. 2. At Niagara Falls.5 mile (0. state of New York is on the other side. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. Ontario. 3. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. At night.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0.8 kilometre). at the falls. Canada is on one side of the river. and the American Falls are in the United States. It is on the Niagara River.

after lunch time.11. while searching for Davis or David's island. Example: • I stand in front of the class. before June. while she was at the bank. in the United States. • For the sake of God. in 2005. 3. in the park. in Canada. during the night. at lunch. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. for ages. for the sake of. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. after reading. Isla de Pascua. Soka no. at midnight. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. Off is used with verbs: get off. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. 7. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. before asking.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. on June 18. 1. 6. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. after me. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen.[2] The island's official Spanish name. put off. 8. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. take off. before him. in the Middle Ages. of making. at Jln. is Spanish for "Easter Island". after summer. on the wall. 4. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. at the corner of. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor. 2. After/before is used with period of times. for a week. on Monday. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. 5. glance of eye. 9. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 .

was probably built 14 Khafre. T/F 1. called the Great Sphinx. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. Giza is located near the Nile River. 2. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. 5. and the third 12 King Menkaure. The largest was 10 built King Khufu. A huge statue 13 a sphinx. 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. Then. The second was built 11 King Khafre. decide whether the following statements are true or false. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B. There is only one pyramid at Giza. 15 It stands his pyramid. including 5 three the largest and best preserved 6 all Egyptian pyramids. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Cairo. 4. 3.C. Pyramids are built for king's servants. There are 10 pyramids Giza.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

d.wikimedia. 2. 3. 5. read and understand descriptive texts. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”.Reading In this section. 3. 6.org 1. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . 2. Can you find a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you find this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. b. learn these words. c. 5. e. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. Source: www. 4. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. you will learn how to: • • • find specific information from descriptive texts. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. Meanings or Synonyms a. identify the structure of descriptive texts. 4.upload.

What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. g. who often sings in the cave. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. Pay attention to the structure of the text. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. 10. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. i. 9. coconutpalms and birds. Nyi Kamiyem. h. j. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. 11. 12. Somehow. People sell agates on the cave terraces. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice fields. identification description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Many tourists go to this cave. does not doubt anything. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. in Tabuhan. The visitors dance. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. 13. 8. it is like a fair. The route is easy. k. forgetting all problems. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum.6. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. Wareng village. m. 7. l.

However. It normally uses simple present tense. The identification part is the part where writers of descriptive text identifies phenomenon to be described. have a nice journey. in the east corner. which can only be seen outside. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. 3. The cave is dark. a beach nearby. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identification and description. It was believed to be a sacred place. Besides the cave. Watukarang. it can be heard from inside. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. 1. Taken from Hello English Magazine. 4. went to the cave to find out what was wrong. do you want different souvenirs? You can find them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. The description part describes parts. is good to visit. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you find peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . The people chased the spirits away. and a local guide will lead the way. Some people now use the place for meditation. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. January. No one dared go inside. qualities. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. However. There is a stream in the cave. village elder. 2. According to Kartowiryo (90). Description text focuses on specific participants. and characteristics. so people need lights. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. So.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. By the way.

9. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. 5. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. 4. 8. People who are in the cave can hear the stream. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. 8. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . You find the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave.What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo find out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. T/F 1. Activity 5 In pairs. 2. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. 7. 9. 7. The cave is used for meditation. 6. 3. 6. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. 10.

travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. Oahu. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. Midwest. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. from colourful shirts. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Included in the price is full board. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. At breakfast. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". the third-largest cruise operator in the world.000 aboard have their homes in the U. "Fine". The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. consuming 9. "Aloha. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on five vowels and just seven consonants. Kauai. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Pacific cruise route and is the first cruise ship to fly the U. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. The simple response. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise.S. Big Island and Maui. and this is the pattern throughout the day. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. where the cruise starts. suffices as answer. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . flag in some time.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea. Honolulu on Oahu.S.Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. Most of the almost 2. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. has a population of 900. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Pacific feels immediately that he has one foot firmly anchored in the American Way of Life.

2. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can find the following information. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. February 13. There is a reason for the crowds. Information Paragraph 1.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. 4. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. 3. 2005 1. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Definition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. 5. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8.

rises to about 11 metres high. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. and it was erected entirely by hand. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. without nails. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. Its length is about 6.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. Temple of the Jade Buddha. This section is about 7. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade.460 kilometres long.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. on Mount Badaling. The main part of the wall is about 3. the most famous temple in China. has two statues of Buddha. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. near Beijing. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. and huge stone walls and gates. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . Source: Microsoft Encarta. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and office buildings. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. constructed entirely of wood. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre.400 kilometres. crowded with worshippers. temples.

In your opinion. 2. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. Beijing is China's largest city. 4. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 8. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. 6. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. you will learn how to: • • write a short description. Shanghai is the most modern city in China. 4. write descriptive texts. 3. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base. 5. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. Writing In this section. 3. 2. 1. 5. which one is the most amazing.T/F 1.

v Bali Action sailing and parasailing.wordpress.files. Lovina. Australia. September 2000 Source: www. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. hurtle down frothing rapids. diving. Taken from Hello Bali. For snorkelling and diving. For the more experienced.228 metres) on the world's flattest and smallest continent. Candidasa. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . Then answer the questions. swimming with dolphins. snorkelling. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. Medewi is also good for beginners.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts. cruises. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. Canggu. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes.masham3d. Further afield. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. Tulamben and Amed in the east. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches. Padang Bai. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. which regularly attract the pros. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur.

Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. Australia does have 1. Mt. some interesting mountainous terrain. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. Activity 4 Study the following text well. Actually. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. 2000 the tower of london was first built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . including areas of the Blue Mountains. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Taken from Kang Guru. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's finest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. and even Mt. the crags of Tasmania. 2.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. Townshend.

Can you explain the function of period (. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper. Write down the conclusion of your discussion.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the first paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. 2 Source: True Colors. 3. comma (.). Compare it to your friend's.Activity 5 Answer these questions. 1. 2. Study the following announcements. Discuss what they are about. 1998. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . Take Off.

8. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. For this reason. 3. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. Paris is often called the City of Light. draws many visitors. e. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort.Activity 7 With your friend. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Then write your own sentences based on these words. one of the world's largest art museums. Choose one of them and then describe it. 7. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. camping. 9. 4. The Louvre. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. 5. millions of people visit Paris. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. At night. dense beautiful annually very large attract 6. 2. a famous church. is another favourite place to visit. 1. 10. singing contest. hiking. etc. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . study tour. many palaces and statues are lit up. Every year.g.

2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 . 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. just visit www.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.1 Englishclub.nationalgeographic. To find out about them. new7wonders.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history.com The Wall of China Source: www3.

. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you find some difficulties. I'd love to b. find specific information from descriptive texts.Chapter Summary 1. Now. 5. I'm very grateful to you for. c. I really appreciate your . express gratitude. That sounds a nice idea. respond to gratitude 2. characters. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. read a descriptive text aloud. respond to invitation 3. d. Generic Structure a.. 10. 7... place or thing. Identification : identifies phenomenon to be described. b. c. write a form of announcement. 8. answer the questions: 1. What will you say to express gratitude? 2. you are expected to be able to: 1. b. Description : describes parts. 2. Accepting an invitation a. sentences into paragraphs. perform a monologue of descriptive. 6. Thanks a lot. Thank you very much. qualities. write accurately words phrases. 9. d. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. I'd be delighted to. respond to report texts 4.. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. guess meaning in context.

Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w .com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .photo bucke t.

130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Iwan's father reads the newspaper. 3. What kind of expressions are they? 1.Listening In this section. 1. Iwan : Dad. Many people became homeless.) Iwan : Yeah. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 3. I find that very surprising. 6. 2. 2. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. Compare your answer with your friends'. 4 Father : . Good heavens! No. 5. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. 7. 3 Father : . It's very tragic. Thousands of people were killed. I can't imagine that. respond to news item texts. 4. Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. I don't believe it. Another disaster? (Then. 1 ! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. 4. 2 . Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country.

OK my friends. He told me about our holiday. Respond to each news that your friends tell you. Report your answers in front of the class. Feny : Really? Why are you 3 ? Bad news? Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. I tell you the truth. Andi : I'm serious. Andi : Keep calm guys. Activity 6 In groups of four.. That's very disappointing. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. Headline News 131 . no. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class.. 1 Andi : . 1. 5. It seems that he brings 2 for us. Aldi : Shh. 3. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. Feny : What! 4 ? Aldi : Oh. 6 Indah : . What a shocking. guys. 2.. be quiet. 5 . Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. please! I have something to tell you. Please. answer these questions. pay attention to our leader. We will have a holiday someday. 4.

Your response: I think it's good news. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park.Activity 7 Listen to tape. then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in floods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear. I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta.

Taken from The Jakarta Post. "My office is still drafting 2 on study time. Elementary and high school students will have 4 from 6 p. game consoles. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality administration 1 students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. he said." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. "The study time must be effective. visiting shopping malls or going to 5 will be allowed. no TV. in time for National Education Day. to 7:30 p. com on Monday. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation.m. He failed to mention what punishments 6 on students who did not comply. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine.. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood.m. April 15. Headline News 133 ." Mochtar said. would be on May 2. During study time.

on the TV news. 4. Romi was knocked down by a car. 4. He was in hospital for five weeks. Ask five questions about it. Yesterday. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. Many people died and got serious injured. I heard that Rian was in jail. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. 2. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. perform a dialogue of news item texts. 3. 3. He was arrested for traffic violence. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. 5.Speaking In this section. Source: Earthquakes. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. 2006 1.

Mrs. I don't have time to think about love right now. It was in mid air. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. did he? Dina : No. that's terrible.. b. He's not the only guy in the world. at the school canteen. did it? Dina : Yes. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. Hadi : really? . d. : Good heavens! Look at this. Yesterday. Sandi : I don't understand. c. e. Dina UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. : That's too bad. : You're right.. come on. : Listen. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. The window didn't break. Besides. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . : It doesn't mean that he loves you. he gave me a bar of chocolate. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23.Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. : Yeah. Ria. Oh. Let's go to the class. you're right. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. a. The bell is ringing.000 feet in the air. I got the news from his best friend. actually. Sandy : Oh. Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. ! I've been waiting for it so long. Frans. it did. Act them out with your friends. Take it easy.

You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. Give respond to the news. Express your amazement.. 3. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief. Mr Anwar was very ill. He wasn't. 4. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. Act them out with your friends. Express your sympathy. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Well. that's very surprising.. I'm on strike now.. I find that very surprising. 5. I find it astonishing/extraordinary. Your friend's father has passed away. How very surprising/amazing. 1. 1. 2. You aren't. surprises me. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. Respond to the news appropriately.What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . Tell your classmates about it. are you? 2. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world.

The robbers took their cameras. Pretend you are a news reader. Read the news in front of the class. 2008 Headline News 137 . Time. November 23-29. Source: Tempo. March 8. 2. 3. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen. is on the verge of extinction. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18.indonesiaheadline. The Jakarta Post. Pay attention to your intonation. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. as the protected species. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you find the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. 2003/January 5. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. 2004. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition.Activity 5 Englishclub. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. an official said Saturday. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. 2004 1. 4. cellular phones.com/ english Answer these questions orally. just visit www. 2005. December 29.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. one of many at the reserve.

Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27. B : Really? I don't believe it. make a dialogue. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island. Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her first claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15.000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. Sarah McCaffrey was fined 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003.

Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was . expert opinions. and the place where the event happened. people involved. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. Headline News 139 .Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4. 2. Background consists of event elaboration. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. Find out the main event of the news. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read. Use the following guidance. or the authority. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11. bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14.. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. 1.) 3. 4. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10.. news /nju:z/ 2." (Continue with your own words. 1. Find out the information sources. Identify its background. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5.. They include witnesses. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3.

you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. 4. 7. 5. 6. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Activity 2 v No 1. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2.Reading In this section. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. 3. identify the structure of news item texts. Activities Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin Name Kind of news 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Ask your classmates and fill in the name of those doing the following activities. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures.

Activity 3
newsworthy event

Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than five people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com

background event

source

The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The first part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.

Activity 4

State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. (T/F) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan.

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Activity 5

Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.

Source: www.football-wallpapers.com

The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their

"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's infidelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com

1.

2.

The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick

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3.

New Horizon
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006

4.

5.

The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. fight b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise

Activity 6

Read the following words taken from text and find the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise

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but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held." Taken from English Form. 1. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Then. Taken from English Form." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. identify the structure of the text. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare. Do it individually. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. However. 4. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were confirmed last night. 3. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. 2. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power.

Activity 8

Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the first news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours confirmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?

Grammar Review
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."

Your Project
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.

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Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before

Activity 9

Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the office.

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Activity 10

Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."

Activity 11

Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.

Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008

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when and where. The … of the newspaper is usually short. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box. • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. If the newspaper talks about more than one event. simple and catchy. Source: Microsoft Encarta. what. 2. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Writing In this section. write news item text. 2008 1. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. 2. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph.

Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth.my-indonesia. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4.3. 5. 8. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. Source: www. They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco.info Headline News 149 . there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. Sometimes. Along the way. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite fishing that can smash coral reefs. 6. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news.

he said. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. there was a kerosene demand hike. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deficit. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume. however. At first.tempointeraktif. Source: www. Do it individually. he said. the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. meet the people's demand he said. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi. he said.9 million kiloliter. According to him. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. kerosene extra supply. "because. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. Additional supply. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. According to him. To prevent abuse. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. after the fasting month. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter.

debate. groups. The guest was badly injured in the fire. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the fire started on the third floor. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette. You can choose one of the following topics. but all the other guests escaped safely. The hotel manager. 6. Mr Sugiarto said the fire had caused over US$70. last night. Fire in City Hotel There was a fire at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. 2. etc) contest (speech.m. said the fire had started in a guest bedroom. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. Rewrite them in your workbook. the fire had spread to the 4th and 5th floors of the hotel. By the time the fire department arrived. Then present it to the class. Source: www.000 worth of damage to the hotel. May. etc) technology education. 1. 4. 3.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. Then find a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. etc Headline News 151 . 7. Mr Iwan Sugiarto. 5. 2008 Source: Tempo. January 23. Source: Kompas.tempointeraktif.

and amazement. perform a monologue of news item texts.Chapter Summary 1. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function 2. How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. . write news item texts. What should be included in a news item text? If you find some difficulties. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. 5.Sources : Comments.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. in what curriculum stances. and amazement. answer the questions: 1. . : to inform readers. to whom. respond to surprise.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. identify factual information in news item texts. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. express surprise. you are expected to be able to: 1. 2. 6. Generic structure . 4. listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. 3. respond to news item texts. Now. by participants.

No. d. d. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. It keeps the body healthy. I don’t think I can make it. Not at all. Of course. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. b. d. Thanks. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. d. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. b. Of course. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. 4. thank you. Of course. c. Milk contains nothing. b. c. 1. 8. The travelling cost doubled. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. Fantastic. b. b. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation office in Sungai Penuh? a. Tsunami. Thank you. a. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. b. What does milk do to the body? a. yeah. Incessant rain. There was no effect to the travelling cost. b. A tidal wave. a. d. d. b. You must be kidding. c. I’m sorry to hear that. Are you kidding? No. A. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. A mount eruption. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. It keeps the body big. c. a. Oh. 5. 6. a. d. The travelling cost was still the same. c. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Thank you. Yeah. a. b. What a surprise! It's nothing. d. c. 9. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. c.Review 2 7. 3. 2. thank you. d. An earthquake. You’re joking. It keeps the body strong and healthy. Well done. A landslide. c. Dirt. Rock. b. 10. c. d. 153 . c. It keeps the body strong.

11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.

12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.

B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's first experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I find any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason

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for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork

from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com

13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. Hydrophobia . a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difficult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.

17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.

Review 2

155

Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior officials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004

21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.

a. b. c.

Less than five houses. More than five houses. Five houses. .

d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening

d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?

d. at midnight

156

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

This is when parents pick a school that parallel their educational beliefs. Dayat. and the schools is established. his wife and senior officials. d. d. In today's world. b. d. The Tembalang District head. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. b. d. Achyani. c. The kitchen. These are some important factors that should be considered. c. The residents and neighbours. Sukawi Sutarip. Their goal is to send their children to good schools as well as to choose extracurricular activities that improve their children's skills and abilities. 27. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. The guest rooms. A villager of Sendangguwo. b. when children begin preschools and kindergarten. The mayor of Semarang. students who develop skill in two or more languages will find further studies easier. however. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. c. The mayor of Semarang. a. The question then becomes what should parents consider in choosing the best education for their children? When should the process begin? The answer is. b. English is considered Review 2 157 . Tohirin's neighbour. The guest and bedrooms. c. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children academically competitive. Success will be based on how well the "team" works. The synonym of the italicised word is . The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. A joint effort between parents. 25. The residents. The bedrooms. calamity 26. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. Parents need to look for a school that will be a "second home" for their children. b. fortune whirlwind storm d. Children learn what is important through their school year. the schools become part of the process. It is very important that students have good reading comprehension. writing and speaking skills. c.24. 28. A resident of the District of Tembalang. from the time of birth. Sukawi Sutarip. students.

Therefore. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. What is meant by the "team"? 32. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. Language acquisition needs to be active. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. The earlier a second language is learned. 29. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. Why is Mandarin important? 35. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. the less problem a child will have with improper word use. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. or is too expensive. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. Taken from The Jakarta Post. The more active in each language students become the more proficient and confident they will be. If a dual language programmes isn't available. When a child learn two languages in parallel. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her first language. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Success will be based on how well the "team" work. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. When do children start the process of learning? 31.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30.

He buys a ruler on the way home. 54. The teacher gave the students a new book. The national museum is visited by the students. "I don't know anything about the robbery. that. who else can children rely on to protect them. Review 2 159 . Yeah. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. or or so to connect the sentences below. She said. before. 43. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. Just pick me up at seven. I'm really I work in the 48. Match them with their headlines." 42. after or nor to connect the sentences below. but. 41. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. anytime. I sleep in the class sleepy. Use for. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. I have to inform you. A B 53. 45.C. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. B : I'd love to. 40. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a scholarship. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. ! B 51. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions. those or these to complete the sentences. . In the end. books are mine. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. 47. A B : : : : : : : 44. A : . Put this. My uncle has had an accident. 50. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. Use and. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. . I know her same place with her. A B 52. please. 49. 46.

The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. has caused the Awash river to overflow its banks. Her illness is now at an advanced stage. Bogor and Tangerang. We pray hard. We laugh hard. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. e. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. Take her home and make her happy. 56. Torrential rain since August 19. 57. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . b. The Headlines a. 58.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. Floods Displace More than 7.55. According to the parents of the victim. c. As if that had not been our intention all along. We work hard.

New York: Pearson Education. 1990. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. Second Edition. 2003. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. 2000. Function in English. 1999. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Ibrahim. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. al. 161 . 1988. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. English for SMA Volume 2. Opportunities Elementary. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. Hock. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. Bandung: Grafindo Media Pratama. Favourite Stories from Singapore. 1981. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. Jon et al. Comber. 2002. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. 2003.). Pamela and James Mentel. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. 2002.Bibliography Books Alexander. L. Cambridge English for School. Tan Soon et al. Andrew and Diana Hicks. Hill. Michael et al. 2000. Kirn. Elaine (ed. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. Elaine and Darcy Jack. Standar Isi. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. English Form 4. Ready to Write. 1994. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Little John. 2000. Doddy. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. L. 2006. Hartmann. Harris. Mellgren. 2003. Balanchard Karen. 1990. Lars and Michael Walker. Blundell. A. London: Oxford University Press. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1990.G. English Form 3. Achmad et. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. Root Christine. Israel. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. Monteiro. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

wikipedia.joglosemar. 2006.com http://www. Fourth Edition. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2005 The Jakarta Post.uk http://www.com http://www. January 18. The World Book Encyclopedia. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. Brown. 1983.english. Readings to Remember.org http://www.canauthorsniagara. 2002.files.unitechnology. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly.thejakartapost. 2008 The Jakarta Post. 366 and More Fairy Tales.com http://www. London: Oxford University Press. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. 2007.com http://www. Oshima.co.com http://www. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book. World Book. Judith et al. Practical English Usage. May 2. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Tanka.indonesiaheadline.photobucket.wordpress. New York: Macmillan.com http://www. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking. 1993.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . May 10. Alice and Ann Hogue.about.write.ac http://www. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Inc. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27.info http://www. Solomon (ed. Singapore: Oxford University Press. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2005 Time.com/english http://www. Michael. 2004.). March 8. December 29. Swan.aesopfables. 2006 The Jakarta Post.breakingnewsenglish.com http://www.short-stories. 1997. 2008 Websites http://www. Schlakman.masham3d.Nolasco. 2005.org http://www. Watson. April 15. Inc. Rob.my-indonesia.express. 2004. Reading. 2004 The Jakarta Post. USA: World Book.com http://www.grimmfairytales.

2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly.com Microsoft Encarta. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. 2008 Tempo Kompas. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. May. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Time. May 10. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.football-walpapers. The Jakarta Post. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. May 10.photobucket. 2006 Microsoft Encarta. 2007 Bibliography 163 . 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. December 29. 2008 Kompas January. 2006 www. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000. November 23-29. 2006 Cambridge for Schools. 2004. 23. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. 2004 Publishers Weekly. 1992 Tempo.com Earthquakes. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2005. March 8.

or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of fluid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. relating to.Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. specifically: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. rudimentary tails. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. relating to. caricature. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on flesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing flowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire. used in. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. intricacy.

desirability. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deficiency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deficient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. loss. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . or destruction. especially: to increase or improve in value.countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difficulties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. increase. malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. soundness. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a fleeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. quality. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. timeless. or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: first-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous.

group. an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past. or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake. or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished. occurring. specifically: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinum crispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not verifiable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a fluid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a definite volume and does not expand indefinitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magnificent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for profit: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain.horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting.

a compressed abdomen. treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly. make tight. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. destroyed. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 . and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow flexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terrific /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances. jewels.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular definite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conflict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a filling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-fiction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): fiction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientific factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. especially: rumour wildfire /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. or sacrificed under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering.

166 N narrative 14. 3. 101. 174 congratulate 79. 90. 171. 149. 128. 135. 177. L. 16. 55. 34 appointment 54. 101. 60. 100. 10. 10 passive voice 96. 122. 174. 50. 139. 73 R recipe 66. 84. 80. 68. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 75. 98. 93. 184 L legend 36. 24. 98. 50. 43. 117. 177. 71. 8. 169. 107. 162. 108. 142. 164 complication 41. 82. 159 S story 75. 101. 109. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 89. 41. 63. 85. 31.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 4. 184 greeting 2. 41. 30. 134. 116. 25. 80. 148. 8. 111. 147. 83. 98. 4. 94. 184 I instruction 2. 40. 15. 10 H happiness 25. 146 E events 11. 140. 179. 67. 86 D description 106. 27. 7. 101. 46. 78. 4. 148. 147. 131. 24. 72.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 85. 173. 158 introduce 3. 9. 37. 102 compliment 78. 152. 80. 102. 31. Michael 92 Little John. T text structure 15. 8. 10. 9. 171. 129. 115. 59. 143. 100. 129. Agus 11 Mellgren. 26. 82. 93. 165. 33. 50. 166. 175. 165. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 117. 91. 22. 82. 3. 135. 112. 37. 104. 184. 84. 145. 134. 78. 99. 116. 96. 26. 115. 141. 66. 181 surprise 53. 70. 91. 166 P parting 2. 97. 9. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 169. 159 pleasure 81. 81. 125 direct speech 145. 130. 112. 74. 136. 138. 170 headline 82. 139. 42. 153. 16 Balanchard Karen. 61 C character 13. 122. 170. 167 recount 141. 4. 31. 88. 176 sympathy 78. 130. 178 invitation 53. 28. 137. 179 G gratitude 75. 167 reported speech 145. 79. Brown 83 Schlakman. 142. 41 Watson. 166 news item 151. 92. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 125 descriptive 107. 102. 29. 135. 152 O orientation 15. 172. 152 F fable 37. 3. 85. 94. 40. 99. 81. 132. 103. 174 procedure 57. 102.

See you later. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. Mirna : Well. Rian : Bye. See you later. Hello. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. too. Santi. Rian : Oh. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. Dian : Nice to meet you too. Hi. 5. By the way. 4.. Rian : Yeah. Lina. Santi : Hi.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Wina. Bye. this Lina. Toni. How are you? My name is . I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. A girl : Excuse me. Lina : No. 1. I swam and surfed on the beach. so I have a friend to share with. How do you do? 4. 6. Mari Memasak Sendiri. Good morning. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. Fany : Well. My name is Lina. 3. Fany. Santi : Hi. We are in the same class. Lina : See you. 3. How do you do? Nice to meet you. I'm Dian. There is someone approaching her. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. Let me introduce myself. 2.K. Then. Let me introduce you to Lina. 5. it's nice to hear your story. Santi and I have to go right now. I had a great vacation there. Fany : That's O. Nice to see you. My name is Rian. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. Activity 4 1. Dian : Really? Good. Lina. and also traditional clothes. shorts. I'm Fany. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Activity 3 Today is the first day at school for Dian. Andi. She interrupts them. Take care. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. I went to Bali. I must go now. It sounds great. Nice to meet you. Mirna : Anyway. nice to meet you again after long holiday. right. I'm Rendi. Mirna : Wow.. I'm sorry I'm late. Allow me to introduce myself. 169 . A girl : Hi. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Anyway. My name is Rudi. Santi. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. She meets Rian. I bought shirts. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Toni : Hello. this is Santi. Mirna. It's OK.. Lina : Hi. they introduce each other. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. nice to meet you too. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. Rian : Good morning. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. 2. My name's Desi. I also played football and sand with my brother. Dian : Good morning.

the food's great. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. I'm so happy. 5. He must have skidded in the rain. well. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. and the weather's a lot better than at home. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. Dear Evi and Andi. surfed 9. I am also happy to have parents like you both. 5. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. Love to your parents. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 No. went 5. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. When do we go there. You know what. Andi. but it was fun to try. Our teacher's father just passed away. At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Hani : Thanks for your praise. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. I'm delighted to hear that. bought 8. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. Hani : Hooray! That's great. 3. My father bought me a motorcycle. It gives me satisfaction. The people are friendly. You win a free ticket to Bali. 3. 7. had 4. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. I'm so happy. swam 7. your father said that he would take you to the department store. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. so I was the one who talked to people. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. Activity 3 1. 4. I'm so blessed to be your Mom.Activity 9 1. I swam two or three times a day. good news 2. but no tourists. there wasn't much left. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. Words 1. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . April. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. Hani : Thanks Mom. was 2. See you soon. 8. as I said. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. When I got back to town. My brother got an accident last night. 4. It was a really great place. left 6. Mom. 2. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. played 10. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. I hope. but he was afraid to open his mouth. did 3.

Panji. But i don't know where to find them. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6. You get a free ticket for this holiday. "Well done. The story and the adventure is interesting. He wasn't. I need some books about folk tale. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. Bon. He couldn't even stand up. 2 3.. so he decided to teach them a lesson. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. The little girl said yes she was. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods.its a bout superhero. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. It's got Rp.. He was arrested for traffic violence" 7. was he? He was. he was such in pain. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on. on the TV news. "Congratulations. Boni : Don't mention it. Taken from Readings to Remember. He was in hospital for five weeks. I like Sangkuriang story. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. "My sons. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. Boni : Let me help you. I like to read fable. My name is Putra I like reading comics. That's terrible. "I heard that Budi was in jail. "You are excellent and brilliant." 4. My name's Fitra. you will be like these sticks together. 2004 Activity 5 1. You got a great mark for the final test. 4.on it." Tapescripts 171 ..000 credit bonus. Panji : Thank you. Was he badly injured? Sure. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. I am Lita. Panji : Thank you very much. I am Ridwan. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. hmmm . What I don't know where to find them. Activity 7 1.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad." 3. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. The title is Uzumaki Naruto. Many people died and got serious injured. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. and unite to assist each other. Boni : Folk tale books . Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. "Yesterday. "Rendi was knocked down by a car. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. You get Rp 10.000. He broke his legs. Finally. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always fighting. "Did you hear that Mr.) These are the books that you need. All of them are folk tale books.. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf. That's very kind of you. 100." 5. I'm reading Aesop's fables. they are on the corner shelves. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. The father said. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them." 8. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. Now.. I'll see him in the hospital right away. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. but if you are divided among yourselves. I'm interested in reading legends. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. if you are of one mind." 2.

Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. Let's meet at five. Arief and Rita have a chat. Finally. Bye. that's OK. Doni : Great. Now. cut cheese into slices. How about tomorrow morning? 8. First. Lina : It's very simple. Activity 8 1. Dr Fauzi : Well. I'd like to. Mr Posuma : Alright. It has been two months since my last visit to you. Fauzi. He had a friend. Nice to meet you too.. I'll decide to come or not. Fany. novels. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. I have nothing to do.00 in the morning.) It's very delicious. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. They enjoy reading stories. his friend calls him. Mr Andre Posuma. Dr Fauzi : OK. place the slices on one piece of the bread. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. We can meet next time. There is someone approaching her. Rita : Wow. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . decide. See you there. 10. One day. 9. take two pieces of bread. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. I'm sorry I can't make it. I don't think I can come to your party. See you. Dr Fauzi : See you. 4. Nice to meet you. Dr Fauzi : Bye. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. After a long silence. • Cut some cheese into slices. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. After that. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. I'd love to come. Thank you very much. Mr Posuma : Hello. I'd love to. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. It's me.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. Andre. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. This is Andre. 7. I'll be at your house at 8. Lina continues her reading. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. Then. Spread butter on each piece. I'm sorry I'm late. I will attend a meeting. it won't surprise you. the girl offers something. who always sees him for general check up. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. • Put a slice of butter on each slice. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. Fany : That's OK.. It's OK. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. I think . Mr Posuma : Hello. You will come to my birthday. Thank you for asking me. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. please. (Lina takes the sandwich. Fauzi. great. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. but I can't come. This is about our appointment. Then. Then. I'm very sorry. • Take two slices of bread. On the way home. Susi. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. She interrupts them. Santi : Hi. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Ten minutes later. Activity 3 1. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. and watching drama. 6. A girl : Excuse me. The girl : I'm Fanny. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. By the way. I'll promise I'll be there. Lina : No. but I've got an exam tomorrow. my name is Lina. won't you? 3. put the other piece on the top.

So. Santi : Din. Now. Jim. Add boiling water. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. Jim : Don't mention it. Jim. 3. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. thanks a lot. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease. What you have should look like a kite. 4. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. Boil the water for three minutes. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. See? OK? Andre : Yes. Put some water in a pot. or else it'll overflow and make a terrible mess. 8. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. I'm fine. James : Thanks for your help. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. I'm Smith. say you want to make four cups of coffee. then unfold it. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. Here it is. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. 6. you take it off the stove. thanks. "and it's not there now. OK? You put four cups of cold water. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot.' he said. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. Add some sugar or milk. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. Place the paper on a flat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond.' I said to the manager. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. "Well. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's office and sat down. 3. 5. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. Then. but he could do nothing. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. Heat the water. 4. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Take out the egg and let it cool. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. Draw a face on your whale. 2. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. When it starts to boil. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. Make your folds as sharp as possible. Alex : Good morning. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. 2. ‘Everyone's losing money these days.' she said.2. 3. You will have a crease in the centre. 1. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. Put an egg into the water. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. Leave it for three minutes. Then you light the gas. 7. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. and stir it.' The manager was sympathetic. It contained £50. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. 5. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. Activity 11 1. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black.' I said. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. Pour it into a glass or cup. and when it reaches the top. "I left the money in my room.

Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. 3. You know what? I have passed for the final test. Desi : Thanks. 6. the farmer's youngest son ran in. Andi. 2. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. You look great today! I love your new hair style. Andi : Oh. Desi. I guess it's just my luck. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. Tie the ends together. • May I congratulate you on …. I've got it.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. Joko : It's a terrific job. How are you doing? Andi : I am fine. • I like your hair style! • You're terrific/fantastic. Your performance is amazing. You look great. 7. 5. thanks.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table. Desi : Never mind Andi. Andi. Andi : Thank you very much. My brother won a national singing contest. Desi : Wow. Desi : That's great. • Well done! • Fantastic/terrific! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. The next day. I got the highest score for the test. 8. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. that's amazing. 2.' Just then. It's my pleasure. Activity 3 1. too. 6. 8. "Oh. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. 4. this is really delicious. On the way home. 3. 2. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. politely saying. By the way. I got a scholarship to study abroad. Desi : Hi.The following text is for questions 11 and 12. he meets Desi. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. Taken from English Bestseller 12. She congratulates and compliments Andi. saying at the same time. You know what. "This is enough for me. 1. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. 7. Andi. It is me. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. 3. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. My stomach can't take any more food. shouting. 4. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. I'm so happy right now. I know you are very smart. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. In the course of the meal. his friend. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Desi. Andi. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. You are so kind. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. I passed my final exam 5. terrific farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. no. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. Andi. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17.

Where do they originally come from? 1. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. 4. It worked very fast. It's all right. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. Yuni. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. Great. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. The Romans. Thanks. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. sure. The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. I'll tell him. This man has saved y our daughter's life. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to infiltrate the strong roman defense. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. The police have found your missing purse. thanks. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . When she looked around the room. Please come in and have a seat. That she got an idea. And you? I'm just fine. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. Sangkuriang 4. she said "Your house is ugly. B. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. Henry. Thanks. The Witch was very happy. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. How kind of you. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. By the way. My house is more beautiful than yours. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. please. In the afternoon she finished the lower part of her house. and the walls are bigger. Here it is and thanks. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. Activity 5 A. in southwestern England. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. I have kept the package for you. Here it is. Malin Kundang 2. How are you this morning? Hi. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. The Red and White Onions 3. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry : : : : : : : : : : : : Hello Yuni. Activity 3 1. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. and she worked very carefully. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. one on top of the other. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. "Broom. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. After lunch she started to paint. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. Thanks. "my friend was right. 5. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. 3. thank you. and in ten minutes all job was done. Fine. C. I have to repaint it.

Aldi : Shh. in July. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron. Thousands of people were killed.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. Are you serious? 4. Good heavens! 6. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). He told me about our holiday. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. What a surprise! 2." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. Are you serious? 6. Iwan : Dad. Besides its thousand doors. 3. News 3 Lately. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. no. Andi : Attention. Many people became homeless. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes.OK my friends. The tender process for the project is expected to finish by the end of June. 7. Father : Oh. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. My goodness! 5. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. that's very surprising. That's very disappointing. : Keep calm guys. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. please! I have something to tell you. Oh really? Is it true? 3. " The design of the park is under way. It's very tragic. no! Another disaster? (Then. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. This is terrible. I find that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper.. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. I don't believe it.. dear. Many roads are flooded. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. I can't imagine that. South Jakarta. How very surprising/amazing. 2. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. : Oh.. Really? 4. 5. be quiet. You must be kidding. Well. No. What a shocking. Father : We know how it feels. : I'm serious. I don't believe it. Please. South Jakarta. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan.) Iwan : Yeah. It seems that he brings bad news for us. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. pay attention to our leader. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. We will have a holiday someday. from April 18 to 20. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. I tell you the truth. guys. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador.

. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday. Rani : Thanks." Mochtar said. The traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. 2004 Tapescripts 177 . Kristin : I can't come to your party. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. Rita : Thank you. Since early 2007. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. paralysing traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh.000. five hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. In addition. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare.00. The regulation. he said.000. 1. : Let's meet at 8. Herman. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. the regency's capital. A staff of the local transportation office in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road.com on Monday. : I'm busy. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. instead of the regular fare of Rp50. During study time. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. Taken from The Jakarta Post. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. no TV. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. would be issued on May 2. Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood.m. He is in the hospital now. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route. in time for National Education Day. I don't think I can make it.m. with four Premier League games to go. Tanti : Hey. game consoles. You deserve to get that award. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. "My office is still drafting the regulation on study time. "The study time must be effective." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? The following text is for questions 8 to 12. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. My brother is ill. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. Agus : Well done. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. November 18. to 7:30 p. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. 1996 3. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea. when cereal prices began rising.

00 p. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. He was so surprised. 4. this is Santi. saw 6. swam 11. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. 4. He was very friendly. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. She also introduces herself. a Activity 8 1. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. Nice to see you. too. Allow me to introduce myself 3. this Lina. 2. Activity 2 1. 5. 3. A piece of paper that the man gave. 6. Activity 5 1. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Yes. had 7. (b) Hi. I must go now 9.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. Santi. spent 12. believe 9. Activity 4 1. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. Yes he did. No. She was so surprised. as I said. 10. read poetry. We sang. (b) Glad to meet you. 3. Activity 10 1. 4. Take care. He was looking for a record store. Desi. well. She was born in October 31. Bye. 3.m. My name is Rian 6. It takes place in the city park. Let me introduce you to Lina. get 3. b 5. My name is Lina. she didn't. We went camping. Hi. 5. Nice to meet you. 8. How are you? 3. Activity 8 1. I'm Deni. Lina. 28th 2008 at 8. lazy 10. 6. got 2. In March. 2. Linda was born in 1952. I'm Dian. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. 3. 4. 7.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. Event 3 : When I got back to town. 5. c 3. 4. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 2. danced. 5. 2. happy. there wasn't much left. 7. At noon when it was getting darker. b 2. It took for about one and a half hour. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. 4. 5. (a) I'm just fine. played magic tricks. she does. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. Activity 3 1. Rudi. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. went 5. than 8. He was walking down Sunda Street. 2. Good morning 2. Andika did. 4. at 4:00 in the afternoon. 5. Activity 3 1. speechless. Activity 4 1. 2. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. 3. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. She says see you. She talks to Lina. Nice to meet you too 8. (b) Good morning. c 4. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. quiet 4. She confuse. Good morning 5. (b) Hi. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary.

He is looking for some books for his assignments. Rosaura. 4. I'm so sorry to hear that. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. I'm so glad right now. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. 5. You have my sincere condolences. 3. Harry Potter 3. Boni and Panji. 3.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the fields. Activity 4 1. Answers may vary. superhero comics. that's too bad 6. Activity 7 1. It's about finding the story books. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. Sally was listening to music in her room. 3. That's terrible 3. adventure novel. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. (a) How terrible! 3. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. a basket of food 6. Activity 9 1. Answer Key 179 . she didn't. 4. No. 10. Activity 2 1. Answer may vary. I'm so happy for you. Superhero fiction. How awful! 5. Six peoples. Answer may vary. 6. No. Activity 4 Answers may vary. 2. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. happy 2. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. Ridwan. Putra. 10. Activity 8 1. nightgown on 3. Activity 3 1. even stand up 2. saw that 4. Legends. 7. 2. 8. 2. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. 7. blessed Dialogue 2 1. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Sangkuriang 4. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. 5. I'll take care of it. Answer may vary. (b) Oh really? That's great. legends. 9. 7. they couldn't. The red flowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. 2. 5. 8. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. 4. Answer may vary. Rosaura ran away from her house. Hiding from her mother and father. Fitra. Did you hear 4. disappeared 8. waited 5. 8. They didn't not know each other. proud 4. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. asked 7. (a) Oh. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 6. 2. 3. 4. A folk tale. 2. 9. great 3. 4. Folk tales books 5. that's good news. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. opened 2. Because the colour of the petals of the flowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. fable. Activity 6 1. She cried in front of me. Metro-Goldwyn 4.

How to Boil an Egg. Certainly. • Then. Activity 10 1.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Review 1 A. Activity 2 1. Activity 3 1. • Finally. 2. 3. Being friendly. Do you want some? 3. To make the fan move sideways. first pull up the oscillating pin. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. I'm sorry I can't make it. 5. 3. Activity 2 1. Twenty eight. b a c c b 16. Activity 2 1. Let's meet at five. 8. 14. garlic. tomatoes and cucumber. 10. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. I'll be there 6. a 5. To change the speed of the fan. 4. 4. It's OK. How to Make a Cup of Tea. 2. then press the tilt adjustment knob. b d a c a Listening 6. Answers may vary 3. Activity 7 1. Activity 8 1. press one of the switches at the bottom. 4. 2. • Stir the mixture and add salt. Invitation. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. Being friendly. c b a b d 11. 2. 2. 12. 2. 3. Ask a friend. 4. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. I'm sorry. 7. push the pin on top of the motor 4. Invitation. Answer may vary. 4. 2. • Now. Activity 4 1. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. I'd love to. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. Activity 6 1. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. on the top. • The best vegetables to use are onions. Could you tell me 5. that's OK. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 15. if you like. a 3. I'd love to come. After that 7. 8. 13. To move the fan up or down. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese flour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector first then next finally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. pepper and other spices. First. Eighty six percents. Would you like to come to my house? 2. Turkish coffee. 9. d 17. d 4. 7. 5. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. d 2. you can break in two or three eggs. • First. meat and eggs. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. Thirty students. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. Nice to meet you. 6. 2. 3. vegetables. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables.

6. b 5. 4. 24. a paint brush 10. 29. 25. started to 7. False 3. 5. d a a d c 28. bought read Put shave killed. True 2. 30. A dragon. he felt very tired 3. Activity 6 1. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. 9. Reading 18. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. I'm so happy 5. 5. 5. 8. How are you doing 2. No. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. The wax statue is melted by a fire at the House of Wax. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. come over 2. True 5. c d b a a 41. I do. You look great today 3. a 4. False 8. e 3. (k) One day. looked around 5. He died. 7. 2. a c c b c C. a 3. 6. 3. 22. Fifty years. 19. Activity 3 1. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. b 2. the the a Yes. 5. they didin't. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. A special sword. True Activity 9 1. c Activity 2 1. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. b 35. 37. She went to the castle and killed a knight. ran away. 3. b 5. 2. Answer Key 181 . 44. Well done! 7. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. while he was going from one village to another. 4. 27. 40. A family is helped by the firefighters from being trapped in a ruin.B. 3. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. 4. Activity 8 1. 4. 42. 6. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. True 7. True 6. Yes. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. Grendel 2. 31. It is me terrific job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. I think so. finished 8. 45. Activity 4 1. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. it started Activity 10 1. False 4. d 34. Thank you very much 4. 43. Writing 23. 33. 36. more beautiful 3. 26. Activity 3 1. a 2. Is it true 2. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. 21. a 3. went to the shop 6. found out 9. 39. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. 38. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. 32. 7. Congratulations 6. 20. b 4. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. shouted 4. c 4. 10.

3. Returning sport magazine he lent. 3.5 mile (0. he is. b 10. historical buildings 2. Yes. landmark Location: in the South Pacific. b 4. Canada and the United States. stained glass windows 5. of 11. of 8. thanks 2. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. 2. 6. j 2.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. m 11. 7. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. Activity 3 1. a 8. East of the cave. 11. i 9. F 4. he can. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. near Activity 13 1. a thousand doors 4. in Tabuhan. Thanks. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. for 5.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. 2. f 3. Activity 12 1. Activity 2 1. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). thanks 4. Yes. T 2. Picture 3 C. T 5. for 12. 3.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. doors. on 7. I won't say no. h Activity 4 1. of 4. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. 10. Lawang Sewu 3. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. 6. 8. thanks 1. 4. b 5. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-ricefields. 5. in a lime hill called Tapan. 4. 4. thank you 3. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. And so on. Activity 2 1. Activity 10 1. d 5. It's all right. for 3.8 kilometre). 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Wareng village. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 7 Answers may vary. 3. 8. 5. Wiyogo. to 14. coconut-palms and birds.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. how grateful I am. F 3. of 6. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. g 7. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 7. for 15. It is on Niagara River. how kind of you. Activity 8 1. long winding corridors 6. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. 9. On Sunday morning. at 9. for 2. c 12. Activity 3 1. The wall is from stone and the floors. e 6. of 10. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. a 3. A steep gorge. 6. and roofs are from wood. Ardi does. 5. 90 years old. 2. 4. 2. Picture 2 B. Africa Time of building: 1. 5. She'd love to.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. Easter Island Answers may vary. 2. Activity 5 A. l 13. 3. k 4. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. in 13. 5. 3. a 2.

They contain a description of places. T Activity 6 1. execution. phrases. look! 2. 3. 5. As little as 1. no! 4. Oh. A plain big stone. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. Activity 7 1. No. F 3. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. draw 3. F 5. Oahu. F 7. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Activity 7 1. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. will force 2. we can't. 2. regulation 3. huge 2. 9. T 2. News 3 2. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. F 9. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. and years of imprisonments. showing nine centuries of British history. 4. Paragraph 14 2. News 1 5. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. Answer Key 183 . T 4. a palace. issued 4. In 1999. Yes. News 6 3. Paragraph 7 5.700 kilograms. F 10. and a prison-the scene of murder.'s finest castles. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. 3. News 4 6. Full board. is the home of the Crown Jewels. 7. Are you serious? 2. Activity 5 1. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. 10. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. Since then it has been a fortress. Paragraph 17 3. they do. lovely 5.8. Activity 5 1. and. Activity 4 The Tower of London was first built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls.250 euros per person for seven nights.K. to study 5. so gloomy 6. entertainment centers 6. crowded 4. 9. Attention 4. Lights. 2. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. F 6. Oh. Activity 2 1. News 2 4. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. The Tower is one of the U. Big Island and Maui. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. This is terrible. "Fine". News 5 Activity 9 1. How the Tower of London is now. Paragraph 3 4. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. ceremonies. 8. T 8. 3. I don't believe it. Paragraph 10–12 2. from colourful shirts. It also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays. 6. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. bad news 5. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. Kauai. 3. How the Tower of London was.

The man said. 41. b c c a 9. 11. Yes. d b 28. The students were given a new book by the teacher. 29. Activity 4 1. photograph 6. b 57. Activity 9 1. 32. a Activity 7 1.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 33. headline 2. Review 2 A." said Mrs Zakia. quotes 8. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. students. F 6. b 4. 36. Between the age of two and six. 10. and schools. but 48." said Mr Ardi. Ministry of Defence. a 3. 42. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. 52. These 47. d b 25. b c 27. "Please return my books that you borrowed. caption 7. a 56. Those 46. The students visit the national museum. 17. 8. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. 3. b a d c Listening 5. c c 23. 3. 38. 40." asked Nia. c 58. 18. 51. b 2. but 44. T 5. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. 4." 5. T 2. a 5. a d a c 39. F 4. c 21. 2. Activity 2 1. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. for 45. 53. 2. d d 26. 15. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. In the room where top scientists meet 4. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. 14. b c 24. 37. 3. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. ending statements Activity 3 1. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions." 2. 35. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. 20. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. 13. B. Answers may vary. 31. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. introductory paragraph 3. 30. before 49. 34. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. Hamdan asked. "Would you like to participate in school workshop. From the time of birth. date 5. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. 1. the events 4. "Meet me in my office. T 3. 4. 7. "The team' means parents. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. 16. b a 22. 50. Alya said. T Activity 5 1. 12. 6. Jazz forecast All weekend. 54. they have. Reading C. 19. d 55.

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