Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d

: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm

DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliografi: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul

Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...

dicetak. dalam hal ini. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. dialihmediakan. Namun. pada tahun 2008. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . dapat diunduh (down load). saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. Pemerintah. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Oleh karena itu. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. Kami berharap. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. digandakan. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT.

constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. Hopefully. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. July 2008 Writers iv . especially the editors and team. support and encouragement. acting out dialogues. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. Last but not least. Bandung. collaboration. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. convention.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. reflection and language use. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various fields of science to prepare you to go to university. cultural knowledge. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. for facilitating us to publish our work. These activities explore your creativity. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. problem solving. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves.

Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. 16. 14.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. 4. 15. 17. Each chapter consists four language skills. 10.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. v . Speaking. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. Reading and Writing. 3. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. Listening. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 6. Englishclub. 12. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. 5. 2. 11. Learning Reflection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. 9. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. 13. 7. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter.e. 8. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. 18. i.

Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ iii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing. and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing diary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 1 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .

accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 102 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii .Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.

Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________ 115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 128 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 128

Chapter 6
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 152

Review 2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178

Source: Publisher's Documentation

viii

Chapter

1
Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n

It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
Listening:
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries

Speaking:

Reading:

Writing:

1

Listening
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.

Activity 1

Look at the picture and answer the following questions.

Source: Publisher's Documentation

1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?

Activity 2

Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later

2

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

What's your name? Good morning. Nice to meet you. Then. ivillage. . Dian : 1 . Nice to meet you. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Mari Memasak Sendiri. Rudi. By the way. Good bye. 5. 4 5 6 Rian : . What's your name? The correct response for the expression is . I'm Deni. The correct response is (b) Hi. Dian : Really? Good. Cut Nia. . Today is the first day at school for Dian. You can find how to make proper introductions at business functions. Hello. b. dinners and other social situations. Nice to see you. 9 10 Rian : . too. Rian : Oh. b.. a. Pay attention to the responses of greeting. parties. Bye.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. My name is Edo. b. right. . introducing and parting expressions. Anyway. Cut Nia. How do you do? Hi.. Nice to meet you. My name is Risa. Dian : 7 . b.com. Englishclub. It's Nice to See You 3 . 4. they introduce each other. I'm your neighbour. Glad to meet you. She meets Rian. Nice to meet you. a. How are you? I'm just fine. We are in the same class. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. I'm Cut Nia. a. My name is Edo. Hi. Rian : Yeah. a. Desi. For example: You will hear: Hello. What's your name? Hi.3 . Cut Nia. a. 1. 2. Good morning. b. b.2 . Good morning. so I have a friend to share with.. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. 3.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. a. 8 .

4. Introduce yourself to them. 4. 1. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. 6. hometown and address. You meet a new classmate at school. 5. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom. 7. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. 1. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at first? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. 2. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. 3. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. 5. Activity 7 Answer these questions. Ask his/her name. 1. 2. You can add any information related to the questions. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. When you are going shopping with your father. you meet your father's friend. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it briefly. 4. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. Introduce yourself to him/ her. 3.

d. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. Harry : Good morning Mit. and also traditional clothes. This is Mr. I bought shirts. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. Johny? Mr. sit down. 2. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Sir. 9. Mirna : Well. 5.. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . I went to Bali. Mitha : Oh. nice to meet you too. it's nice to hear your story. Mr. I had a great vacation there. 8. c. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. d. Toni : Hello. Then practise it with your friend. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day.. I also played football and sand with my brother. 7. 4. I see. Toni. 6. Mitha a. 10. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. 3. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. Mirna : Anyway. I swam and surfed on the beach. Johny. How do you do Mr.. Mirna : Wow. b. nice to meet you again after long holiday.. shorts.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. 1. Mirna : Hi. It sounds great. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. Mirna. Johny : . Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive.

Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. Love to your parents. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. It was a really great place. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. Yogyakarta April. See you soon. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. The people are friendly. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . but he was afraid to open his mouth. so I was the one who talked to people. Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and fill in the following form based on the text you heard. It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. but it was fun to try. I (hope). the food's great. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. I (swim) two or three times a day. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). but no tourists.

Source: www. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. 1. Denias : Hi. I can spend my whole day for cooking. perform a monologue of recount texts. say greetings and partings. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. How about you? Sri : I'm fine too. 2. Asep : Nice to meet you too. my new friend. this is Denias. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. Denias : By the way. It's Nice to See You 7 . Sri : Hi. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. Let's go to the crowd. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta.ivillage.Speaking In this section. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Asep : Hello.com Study the following dialogues. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. Act them out with your friends'. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. let me introduce myself. How are you? Asep : I'm fine. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a specific relationship to you. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. My name is Ali. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. Asep : Elvi. Denias : Hi. 3. I'm Denias. I'm from Papua. Nice to meet you. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. Asep. Thank you.

Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani.. introducing. . Andi : Excuse me. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. his new colleague at the airport. You must be tired. Cipto. Cipto : That's very kind of you. great. too. thanks. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. Rita : Pleased to meet you. Don't you know Don is my friend d. Read the dialogues once again. Cipto : Great. Denias and Sri : Let's go. It was fine. We can talk about cooking later. Cipto : Pleased to meet you. too. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Nice to see you. Andi : OK.. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. Don is my friend b. Don : Pleased to meet you too. Don wants to meet you c. My hobby is cooking too. Andi : Nice to meet you. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. Cipto : How do you do. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. Cipto. Cipto. let's talk about cooking later. a. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. Andi : How do you do. I'll take you to the Hotel first. Cipto this is Yani. Andi : Not at all. Yani : Hello. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes.. Asep : Alright my friends. Thanks. I'm Cipto Susanto. How's the trip? Yani : Well.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. Nice to meet you. It's nice and exciting. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. then.

Hi! I'm ... I'm . Allow me to introduce .. Excuse me my name's . thanks.. Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning..... Good morning. Fine. This . introducing.. Goodbye. My name's . Peter–Jeny. meeting and parting. See you later... Good afternoon. it's been so nice. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning. Hello. Bye... Good evening. Let me introduce you to . Good afternoon.... I'd like you to meet .. Good evening. It's Nice to See You 9 ... How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night.. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself... How do you do? Not bad.. Yes.. Do you know .. Bye.. How nice to see you Hello. Oh look. See you. How do you do? My name is .What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings. Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to . Hi! Responses • • • • Good night.. Allow me to introduce my self. Goodbye.. My name is .. Hello! My name is .. here's Peter.

v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. your English teacher. his brother. her sister. Goodbye. Reni. to you. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. Rendi : Mine's on tenth floor. Budi : That's great. Sorry. . 2. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. He introduces Sofyan. I also stay there on eleventh floor. 2 Budi. 3. Budi : Anyway. you introduce Mr Lubis. your friend. Then practise it with your partner. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • flag-flags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. Budi : 5 . 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Rendi : 3 Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. to your father. introduces you to Tini. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. I have to get going. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on fifth Avenue. Haven't we met before? Budi : 1 Rendi : I don't think so. 4. At a meeting. Dewi. 1. Wayan is your friend. Rendi : See you then. In the classroom. 4 .

I had a lovely time. played magic tricks. Study the events. 5. The next day. we held a fire camp night. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. danced. 4.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. 3. I didn't do anything special. Then complete the following table with different names. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. At night. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some fish for supper. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. we packed our bags and got ready to go home. No. For example: 1. 2. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. Look at the following example. my friends and I went camping. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. Last weekend. We built the camp next to a small river. 2. It was getting darker and colder. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. It was great. We sang. On Monday. so we built a fire camp. read poetry. 1.

Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a fire camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the flowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10.m a. Saturday Sunday 6.m p.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8. 1.m a. 4.m p. 5.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12.m p.m pm p. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .30 3. 2. 3.m p.m p.30 6 a. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time.

I was walking down Sunda Street. I found the record store and listened to a few records. you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. 2. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. It was a photo. I decided to buy it. 6. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he find in his wallet? Explain. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . 8. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel.Reading In this section. looking for a record store. I thought it was money. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. 3. read and understand recount texts. 4. 5. He thanked me and tried to give me something. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. He was very friendly. but he really wanted me to have it. 3. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. 2. 1. 1. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. and his face looked so familiar. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. 7. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. I said 'no' at first. so I took it.

but I didn't have enough money. First. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday. 2. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed. He got a terrible day. Next. b. What did he do after having breakfast? a. Because he didn't see alarm clock. He walked for three miles. 4. c. He walked for five miles. Source: www. c. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. How far did the writer walk? a. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast. Because his alarm clock didn't go off. crutched. Because he didn't set alarm clock. visited .edu. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. 3. He has a terrible day. d. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . d. but of course I missed it. I wanted to take a taxi. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . b. Taken from Ready to Write. b. c.write in the past tense eg had. After breakfast. I or we . 1. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. What happened to the writer yesterday? a. Then. Finally.use action words eg helped. c.lmpc. He walked for four miles. He gets a terrible day.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. He walked for two miles. d. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) . b. He had a terrible day. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. Because his alarm clock didn't work.au. d.focus on individual people ie use the words. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus.

First. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. but of course I missed it. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. I wanted to take a taxi. d. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. Events: tell what happened. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. It's Nice to See You 15 .5. I had a terrible day yesterday. The writer hopes to take a taxi. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. c. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and find their synonyms. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. b. 1. missed /mɪsd/ 6. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. What does the writer hope? a. in what sequence. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday.

At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. Yes. At one o'clock. • • • • • • Use at with specific times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. Then she said "Yes. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. I remembered all my lines. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. I met her at four o'clock. took a little walk and went to a movie. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. After praying and taking a bath. Study the prepositions of time and the example. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her finger. At seven. we had a romantic dinner. it was three o'clock. Finally. So. I was a little bit crazy." After driven her home I went back to my house. I had my early breakfast. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. She smiled. It wasn't a regular day. Taken from New Horizons in English. because I was about to propose a girl. Work in pairs. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife.

4. 3. I lived in Jakarta Linda was born 1952. 1. She takes the train Saturday 9. Only after my mother was totally satisfied would I be allowed to rush out of the front door.au It's Nice to See You 17 . After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school. 1995 1998. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with specific dates: on June 30 on April 21. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 5.edu. 4:00 the afternoon. Adapted from www. Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text.00 the morning and arrives in Singapore 10:45. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. 2.lmpc. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position. She was born October 31. I'll meet you for lunch Tuesday noon.

3. March. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes.m. 5.Writing In this section.00 p. Confuse. 28th 2008 08. Answer the questions that follow. Speechless. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. 2. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. 2. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. 1. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. I was surprised. write recount texts. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. This morning Andika called me. Write it in your diary. 4. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. 3. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. Happy. 4. 1. 5.

Activity 4 Study the following schedule.30-9. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world. First. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia. At 08.30 11. When I had seen the sights in Europe.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order...00-1. I came in to the class and greeted the students.30-12.00-10.30. Remember to begin with topic sentences.30-11..00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class. I spent a week in New York and then flew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe. Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule. I went to south America and finally back home to Indonesia. It's Nice to See You 19 . Tuesday 08. I flew from his home in Mexico City to New York City. .00 1.00 12.00-3. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order. He wrote his journey in his diary.30 10.00 9. After through Asia.

but after giving birth to a son. nowadays indonesian women progress is influenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. Rewrite it using your own words. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara.com Activity 6 Read this story. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. her father was rmaa. He telephoned me and invited me to see a film and I accepted. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. everyone knows who kartini is. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family.recount. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. he started talking about himself. His story Maya is a friend of Galih. then she moved to rembang. As you read the text. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. her mother. decide the conclusion at each stage. She wouldn't say a word.peperonity. and there was no stopping him. his name was singgih. so I rang her and asked her for a date. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difficult talking to her. the head of rembang regency. her condition was getting worse and she finally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. kartini. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. Write it in your workbook.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality.

The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. and never apologized. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. The film was very funny. and you should have seen Maya's face when she first came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. She refused everything that I offered her. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. It was awful. I never want to see him again. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. His story I would never call her again. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. His story I got there on time. Then he suggested that we took a bus. I think she was impressed by my suit. I explained that I was Maya's date.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. I wasn't even hungry. I almost died of embarrassment. but she kept muttering throughout. I didn't know where to look. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. She behaved terribly. I was getting ready. She explained that she was still full from lunch. One date with her was more than enough. She's a real snob. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outfit he was wearing. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . He was so insensitive. His story She was a real bore. I wanted to crawl into a hole.

b. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. After a few weeks. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch fish from the sea to eat. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 It was an interesting film about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Pacific Ocean. nobody knew where the plane had crashed. the passengers were eating raw fish and meat. a. d. e.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. Although the passengers were safe. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . c.

2. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . g. 3. i. But my sister and I enjoyed the film. My sister and I went to see a film last night. She put the things on her list in time order. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to find help. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. h. 4. The film ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. Activity 8 Yesterday. Consider the following.f. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. k. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. She made a list of things she had to do before the party. But their boat sank and they were drowned. 1. j. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. After they had been on the island for two months.

• Good evening. Language Functions a. 4. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4. respond to oral instructions. 6. c. answer the questions: 1. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. • Hello.Chapter Summary 1. I am Deri. introduce yourself and others.Orientation : . identify the structure of recount texts. If you find some difficulties. identify ideational meaning in the recount texts.Re-orientation : 2. Greeting • Hi! • Hello. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter.Events : . b. write a recount text. • See you later. you are expected to be able to: 1. Now. 2. How do you introduce yourself? 2. 7. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. • Good night. 8. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. perform a monologue of recount texts. respond to the expressions of introducing. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. Introducing • Hi. say greetings and goodbye. Parting • Goodbye. my name is Dewi. • Good morning. meeting and parting. What do you say to greet people? 3. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . 3.

Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .

Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain.Listening In this section. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. 1. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. respond to narrative texts. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection.

2. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. The best response is …. No. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. that's good news. 1. b. I'm so happy. 3. It gives me satisfaction. Is that right? That's too bad. b. 7. that's bad news. Oh. a. 2. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. b. 3. b. 6. 5. a. a. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. I'm delighted to hear that. I'm sorry to hear that. 8. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. 4. Oh. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. 4. How poor she is. repeat the words and expressions. b. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 . a.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. Then. a. How terrible! I'm delighted to hear that. Oh really? That's great. Oh really? That's too bad. 5. a. b. 1.

has just got an accident. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. He must have skidded in the rain. priorities and values). 5 Andi : . sympathy and affection. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 . his friend. Hani : Thanks for your praise. priorities and values). your father said that he would take you to the department store. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. experiences. their history.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. 1 that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? 2 ! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. He broke his legs. Deni : Hi. was he? Deni : He was. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. Mother: My dear daughter. New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts.about. Rudi. our history. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. When do we go there. She is very happy. Was he badly injured? Deni : Sure. Andi : Oh 3 . Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. experiences. Source: www. experiences. Mom. Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. Hani : Thanks Mom. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. he was such in pain.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Andi : I'll 6 in the hospital right away. Andi.g. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. He couldn't 4 . experiences.g. Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. Andi : He wasn't.

2. You got a great mark for the final test. Well done. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. You get Rp 10. Then make the best response for each expression. 7. 7. 5. 100. 5. I've lost my wallet somewhere. 3. I heard that Budi was in jail. Yesterday. 4. 4. 2. 6. You are excellent and brilliant. 3. 3. 8. It's got Rp. Did you hear that Mr. He was in hospital for five weeks. 1. 8. Number one has been done for you. I saw a bad thunder storm in California.000. Congratulations. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No. on the TV news. 4. 1. 2.000 credit bonus.on it. Rendi was knocked down by a car. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table. Many people died and got serious injured. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. You get a free ticket for this holiday. He was arrested for traffic violence.

The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. When the little girl 5 the door of her grandmother's house. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she 7 it was not her grandmother but the wolf. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying 2 to her grandmother. Taken from Readings to Remember. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than 8 lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. Different writers organise their stories in different ways. time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conflict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. The little girl said yes she was. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and 6 . So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he 4 into the woods. Finally. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. However. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. Then.

you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. I know how it feels. What a shame. 3. perform a monologue of narrative texts. It's really great. 10. 1. I'm so happy. It gives me a great pleasure. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 4. 5. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. 1. what are the expressions? 4. One of your friends had an accident. It makes me happy. 8. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. He looks sad. 9. What a nice news. Your brother has a problem. 2. 7.Speaking In this section. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. 6. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. I'm delighted to hear that. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. Are you fine? Oh dear.

Retno : Yes. However. d. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. Retno : Dad. Then act them out in front of the class. I will. It's always hard to lose someone you love. Pay attention to your expressions. Mommy…. that's wonderful. Ali : Thanks. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. you know. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . e. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. no. You don't look very happy. Ali. She is very happy. poor John. I'm so happy right now. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. where is mom? Father : She is back there. I hope so. I am going to work. What's up? Retno : Mom.. Basri : Of course. I can't still believe that she's gone. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. Basri : Hi. The italicised sentence is used to express . She was badly hurt because of a car accident. b. Mother : Yes. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. Come on. Go tell your daddy.. I hope he'll be better soon. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. : Oh.. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. c. It's lovely. Retno : Mommy. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. Ivan. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. Mother : I'm right here. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. this week has been so terrible for me.

Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great.. Hooray! It's lovely. I'm extremely sorry to hear that. I'm so happy. Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy. I'm delighted to hear that.What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness. What a terrible situation for you. I know how it feels Oh what a shame . I do sympathise (I assure you).. sympathy and affection. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be fine. sorry to hear that. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 . Oh dear. It gives me a great pleasure.. Oh that's awful. I'm with you.

Express your sympathy in the dialogue. He is very happy. Eka : I know that Sir. Wandi : Mommy. that's excellent. you know what. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. Sir. 1. Mr Andrew : Are you serious? We need to finish this project right away. I'm afraid I cannot finish my job at the moment. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Take all the time you need. Sir. What's up? Ranti : Mom. Sir. Eka : Excuse me. Use the expressions you have learned. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. make dialogues based on the following situations. Eka : Thank you. Eka? Eka : Well. Don't worry about this project. 2. Then practise them with your friends'. I'm for you. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Then act them out with your friends'. Mother : I'm right here. Your friend's father has passed away. You have my sincere . mommy…. Mother : Oh really. Activity 5 Now. I'll take . Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. I'm so now.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. Ranti : Thanks Mom. Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. I'm . Mr Andrew : Oh.

he started drumming and dancing. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. This made the people angry and they chased him away. 1. a couple were fighting with each other. 4. His father told him that he should have poured water on the fire instead. Taken from English Bestseller 12. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. Then. if he wanted to sell salt there. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. again to be chased away. only to be thrown out by the people. Rushing to the place. 2. 3. He first went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. the people there would have bought salt from him. In the final event. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. in which case they would have bought salt from him. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. He stepped in to stop the fight and was gored to death by angry bulls. Do a storytelling to your friends. When he returned home. There he dug a huge hole. In the next place he went to. they would have bought his salt. he went to a village where there happened to be a fire. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. When he returned home. the man saw two bulls fighting with each other.

stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. As their sons were no longer children. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. There was a rich man having three sons. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. 3. Can't you imagine that . throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. dug /dʌg/ 2.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. It could be a folk tale or a legend. characters. Make sure that you fully understand the story.. death /deθ/ 8.. Well. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan. Use the following steps as your guide. events and outcome of the story. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Example: Let me tell you something. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. Identify the setting.. he gave them much money. 1. Retell it in front of the class. 1. 2. pour /pɔ:/ 4.

2.grimmfairytales. At once curious and confident. a. fantasy g. Bear in the Barnyard. fable b.Reading In this section. folk tale d.com Visit www. Use your dictionary to check new words. and retell it in front of your class. 1. Source: Publishers Weekly. 2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. adventure e. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. a Englishclub. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. May 10. read and understand narrative texts. Choose one of your favourites. And so he experiments considerably. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'. science-fiction f. Activity 1 Answer these questions. illustrated by Tony Morris 3. Decide the types of them. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . by Sue Robinson. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. superhero c.

illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly. by Paul Bright. warty and winged.b Under the Bed. spiney red. these monsters flee the bedroom when they discover the child.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true.5% 7. What type of fiction do you like most? Others Adventure 10% Science-fiction 15% 25% 10 5% Superhero 12. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow. Hairy green. It shows you types of fiction read by students in a class. May 10.

he was very angry. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. 3.1. I am not going to leave you very much money. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. You can use it to start your own business. he said to his sons. What type of fiction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite fiction? Can you fill in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of fiction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. Instead. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . One day. "What stupid sons I have!" He said. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. 2. When I die. The second son met a basketmaker. He thought that hunting would be fine so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. "You are no longer children. One day. They had spent all their money uselessly. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. 4. the eldest son tried to shoot a fly on his father's forehead. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. You must do the same. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. You must do something to earn your own living. he killed his father. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. The eldest son met a hunter. Now. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets.

"One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. They loved him very much. That evening. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. a young man came to the inn." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. Several years later. He put his bag on the floor near his table. "It feels so heavy. Because of this. The young man thanked him. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. 1. What would you do with your money? 2. in its place. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. "You must send your son away. They had no children. They believed what the fortune-teller said. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons." he said.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. "You are really very honest. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. a fortune-teller came to the house. He returned the bag to him." He looked inside. It was full of small gold bars. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure. they found a baby boy outside their door." he said. they were very unhappy. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. One day. After finishing his meal. he picked up his bag. "That's strange!" he thought. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Sau Ling was very honest. When Sau Ling was a young man.

The fortune-teller did not know what to say. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story." The young man's father was a rich merchant. Then find their synonyms. Sau Ling told them what had happened. "and take a holiday. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. 4. complication. 8. 1. 3. 2000 Every text has its own structure. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. 5. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan." Sau Ling returned to Taipei.resolution father to give you a job. 7. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. 9." he said. 10. The fortune-teller was also present. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. 2. 6. He left the house without saying a word. He gave Sau Ling a good job. "But go home first. and resolution. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that.

As the sun reached the far side of the field. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. "Rosaura. As soon as she had finished her food she slipped down from her chair. "Not yet. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. where are you going?" called her mother. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun." It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. and heading for the fields. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . His eyes scanned the fields for Rosaura's red ribbon. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. It was her favourite game. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. In her tangled black hair. But it was nowhere to be seen." called her mother. "I'm sure she'll be back soon. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass. "It's time for lunch." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. her red ribbon fluttered. She crouched quietly. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. "Rosaura! There you are. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the fields. forgetting all about her hiding game. a bright yellow butterfly darted by. But Rosaura was already through the gate. Suddenly. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterfly." said her mother. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage.

Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the field. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the field. staring over the field. Her father looked away in disappointment. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. but the red petals of a flower. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. "I see her!" he cried. "They will stay with us!" Every year. As the sun came up bright and strong. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. As night fell. But they could find no red ribbon. Now the sun had set. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father find her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the fields and watched the red flowers dancing under the sun. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. In the dawn. is how the red poppy came to be." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. 5. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. casting a red glow over the fields. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a flower before. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. 2. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. It was filled with red flowers swaying and fluttering in the tall grass." said Rosaura's father. "She was always happier in the fields. 4. And that." said her mother. 3. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. looking for the red ribbon. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7.But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. But it was another red flower. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. say the Indians. 1.

6. Her father did not look away in disappointment. What do Indians say about the story? 10. 2. 2. Affirmative 1. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In affirmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use infinitive. ancient Greek. Negative 1. We can change the sentences into negative and question form.wikipedia. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the flower were her ribbon? 7. Her father looked away in disappointment. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. existing in ancient Egypt. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Chinese. Most of the humanities involve stories. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture. 1. Source: www. 2. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. What did Rosaura's father say about the red flowers filled the field? 9. Stories are of ancient origin. and Indian culture.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences.

Roy is taking a nap on the couch. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. already) full of students. 9. Some of the students. (sit. 10. In a few minutes. 2. She cries in front of me. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. however. I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . 5. The room (be. Use simple past tense form. I (step) on the brakes and (swerve) to the right. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. On one side of the room. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual conversation (stop) . Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. 1. just) quietly by themselves. Rosaura runs away from her house. It (come) right at my car. Other students (speak) Japanese. almost) a car accident last night. 2 It was my first day of class. The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. just) my car by about an inch.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. 8. finally) the right room. The other car (miss. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. They do not know each other. busily) to each other in Spanish. I (have. 3 4. I (find. I (choose) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. students (talk. It sounded like the United Nations. 7. 6. and some (converse) in Arabic. I (drive) down Washington Avenue when suddenly I (see) a car in my lane.

Innocently. Have you ever written a story? Is it difficult or not? What makes you feel difficult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. a young man watched the practice. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts.Writing In this section. Angry and disappoin ted. write main ideas and its supporting ideas. write narrative texts. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. Arjuna was surprised to find that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. 4. 1.co. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. Durna's favourite student.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. He was Ekalaya. Ekalaya finally encountered Arjuna. The result was astonishing. 2. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated.joglosemar. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. who was hunting in the forest. When he met Ekalaya. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. Adapted from www. From far away. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya.

In English. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 . Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. It will guide you in writing a story. main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery. A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas. • There was a young man who watched the practice. The ideas above are developed into the first paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. Look at the following example.

But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. You can use Story B as an example. One day. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable. The sword broke instantly. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. He tried to fit the bowl onto his head. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. He was not the best blacksmith. In the end. And he poured water into the hat. Worried that he would be cheated. Then. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows.Activity 4 Study the following stories. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. destroying it. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by filling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people." The blacksmith was very furious. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. breaking the bowl in the process.

1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. Then. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm. A Greedy Child 2. • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . 1. • He was very angry with human beings. especially hunters. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. develop them into a short story. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. Here are some ideas to inspire you. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage.

2. • It's really a great pleasure. for better or for worse. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends.Complication : a crisis arises. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text. Language Functions a. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . and affection. sympathy. . express happiness. Generic Structure . entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Now. 7. If you find some difficulties.Chapter Summary 1. write a recount text. perform a monologue of narrative texts. 3.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. respond to expressions for showing happiness. 6. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. identify the structure of a narrative text. . respond to narrative texts. you are expected to be able to: 1. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. Identify the structure of the text.Resolution : the crisis is resolved. answer the questions: 1. 8. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. 2. b. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. What will you say when you are happy? 2. • You have my sincere condolences. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. sympathy and affection. 4. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that.

accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 . accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making.

accepting and declining an invitation. 3.Listening In this section. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. 6. Where or when would you find this situation? 2. Then. Source: CD Images 1. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. 8. 5. 4. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. What does Doni say to Susi? 3. answer the questions. respond to oral instructions. 2. 7.

write. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. great. They enjoy reading stories. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. it won't surprise you. 6. please. Arief and Rita have a chat.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions. Clever phrasing. I'll be at your house at 8. Thank you very much.00 in the morning.express. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. Mr Andre Posuma. who always sees him for general check up. I don't think I can come to your party. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. I'd love to. On the way home. Now. 4. He had a friend. Then find any possible responses to each expression. and watching drama. novels. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. One day. 9. his friend calls him. Would You Like to Come? 53 . decide.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. 10. For further tips visit to invite someone www. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. I'm very sorry. I'd like to. 1. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me. Rita : Wow. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. but you should express the details clearly. I have nothing to do. 2 ? 3 Rita : . Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. Then. but I've got an exam tomorrow. Dialogue 2 Dr. 5. but I can't come. 3. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. I'll decide to come or not. 7. 8. 2.

Kambing guling is my favourite food. Fauzi. Thus is about our appointment. : Hi Andre. I will attend a meeting. actually. 3. Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. This is Andre. : See you. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a. Ten minutes later. 6 . 1. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. It has been two months since my last visit to you. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .m. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. : . Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . . Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. : Alright. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. 4 . : 5 . 7 : Well . : OK. 2. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Bye. Andrea. Then. See you. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. We can meet next time. : What's wrong? : Hmm. Fauzi.Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Work in pairs. Rudi : . : . : Bye. . It's me.

take two pieces of bread.. (Lina takes the sandwich. . Would You Like to Come? 55 . 1 . By the way. place the slices on one piece of the bread. cut cheese into slices.. put the other piece 7 . 6 . Lina continues her reading. Fany. my name is Lina. 3 . Spread butter on each piece.Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. Lina is reading a book in the city park. Lina : It's very simple. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. 1. Santi : Hi. A girl : Excuse me. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. Then. After a long silence.) It's very delicious. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blank spaces. Finally. I think . 5. 3. The girl : I'm Fanny. Lina : No. the girl offers something. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. Fany : That's OK. 4. 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. 8 I'm late. Nice to meet you too. 2. She interrupts them. Compare your answers to your friends'. There is someone approaching her.

cut inwards . First... 3.. Then. 2.. 5.... draw two lines ... 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials..Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something. 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. 1996 Instructions: 1.. you can now blow . Finally. Match the following titles with the correct steps. 4. push the drawing pin .. fold over each point . You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do. Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel. After that.. Next..

Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. a ruler. 4. After listening. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. 2. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction. Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. 5. you will make a whale. list the stages involved in making the coffee. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . answer the questions. 1. 2. 3. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. 5. a pencil. 1. 4. Then.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. 3. and scissors. 2. By seeing the pictures below. Things You Do 1. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step.

Just wait for me. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. 4. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. perform a monologue of procedure texts. Hey. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. 3. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions.Speaking In this section. 2. 1. 5. I'll be free at that time. 1. What about tomorrow tonight. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. 2. we're having a party on Friday. 3. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. accepting and declining an invitation. It's my birthday on Friday. 4. Let's go jogging sometime.

Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme.. Sandra : OK. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. Be ready. Say. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. I'd love to. decline an invitation b. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. I'd love to. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot : Hi. I can't. accept an invitation c. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. Then act them out with your friends. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. Rin. Ari : Well. It's about Nasreddin. ask for permission e. invite someone to go d. how've you been? Ari : Alright.30. Read and practise another dialogue. Ira! This is Ari. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) X Activity 4 59 .Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues.. The italicised sentence is used to . Robi : Hi.. I have many matters to settle down. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. Ari : Well. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not. But you have to come to the clinic. There will be a great film tonight. thanks. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry. Sandra. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. Ira : Hi. a. that's great.

Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto......... Bye. I'd very much like you to . but .. Bye. accepting. I don't think I can. All right (then). I can't . What a delightful idea.. won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you.. Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there.. Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to ........ Like to come to .. I don't think I can.. OK! I'd like to love to come. Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry. but .... I can't. I'd love to.. Receptionist : You're welcome.. We'd very much like to . That would be very nice.m. Receptionist : Alright.m.. Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry... • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will . Would you care to .. Come and ... With the greatest pleasure. You must come to ..... L-I-T-A. but .. Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you. I'd like to... I'm afraid I've already promised . You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p.... but . Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme. You will . Unfortunately. • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to .. Mrs Lina Sugiarto...Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p. Thank you very much for inviting me..? Dr.... 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. Thank you for asking me. declining an invitation and an appointment... We should be pleased/delighted if you could . I wish I could.. What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting. Shall we come to .

OK. 2. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. Oh. Would You Like to Come? 61 . Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : Hi. 6. this weekend is my special day. 4. You refuse. 1. ? Well. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. The senior teacher.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. 5. She/he promises that she/he will come. Invite this people to your party. You're welcome. You are at school.. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . By the way. See you then. Thank you very much Wendy. He accepts it. Wendy. He/She accepts. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. o'clock. 3. I don't have any plans at this moment. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. You accept. I don't think I can make it. Bye. You'll have a graduation party this evening. You invite a new student to join the party. He declines because he is busy. as he doesn't know anybody. for a little party at my house this weekend. . I'm so sorry I can't make it. He doesn't want to accept. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. Then act it out in front of the class. good. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. The headmaster. I'll be there. See you. Persuade him to come. I'll help you. I'll promise I'll be there. ? Sure..

3. 4. 1. Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you. 2. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher.Activity 7 Answer the questions orally.

What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. onions and green peppers into quarters. make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. Then. Yudi : All right. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . Fry with vegetables for five minutes.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. Yudi : Good. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. Cut the chicken into small pieces. what do you do? Emily : . Cut up the tomatoes. Sally : How do you . Sprinkle it with salt. How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. Emily : . Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Use the following model. a cup of rice. Sally : Then. Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. Sally : And what do you do after that? Emily : . salt and a pan with a lid. How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. pepper and spices. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb.

Ismail : First. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. Add a little of salt and pepper. ½ teaspoon of salt. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. 5. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. onions. Heat until the water boils. spices. cut tomatoes. and garlic into small pieces. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. Cook gently for three minutes. wash the rice in cold water. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. Tell the class about it. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. turn down the heat. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. 1 small onion. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. Well. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. 6. Add rice and cook on low heat for fifteen minutes. Add water. onions. 4. fry them in a pan for five minutes. salt and pepper. When it has boiled. 2. and garlic into small pieces. put the lid on and cook it for about fifteen minutes. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. ¼ teaspoon of butter. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. Then. Be careful with the knife. 3. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. 4. Next. (Continue with your own words. Mix together egg and lemon juice. small clove garlic.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. 7. spices. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. first of all. 2. Cook gently for one hour. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. 5. 8 cups of water. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. 3. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes. Then.

3. 2. 4. identify the structure of a procedure text. 1. Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual 26 Ask a friend 28 Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts. 4. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. 2. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they find a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . read a monologue in the form of procedure text. 3.Reading In this section. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally.

1. 3. 2. materials needed and methods or steps. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. press one of the switches at the bottom. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kaffir lime leaves 1 tablespoon flour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. 2. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. What do we do first to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. In a how–to–text. first pull up the oscillating pin. 4. How to operate a fan 1. To move the fan up or down. To change the speed of the fan. push the pin on top of the motor. then press the tilt adjustment knob. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. 4. namely goal. Pay attention to the structure of the text. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe.

english. 4. unitecnology. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and flatten a little with a fork. five or six at a time. 4. 2. followed by the egg. May 2. 12. 7. 13. These texts are usually written in the present tense. 3. 10. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium flame. 5. drop the fritters into the oil. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. 1.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. 2. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and find their meaning. 15.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. Pay attention to your pronunciation. When the oil is hot. Fry until golden brown on both sides. 3. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. fried shallots and lime leaves. Source: www. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . 6. 14. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. 6. 11. 5. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. Stir in the flour. 8. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9.

a. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. 3. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. Follow links until you find what you want. great b. In the internet. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction.com 1. a photo frame c. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. it is suggested that we give … first a. c. Track down items such as rare prints. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. d. a rare print b. weird c. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. costume makeovers. b. especially when you were on a trip. 2. Moreover. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . special d.howabout. Anywhere. a unique furniture d. A massage. Visit art supply stores. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. Give a welcome service. So. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. Before give an unusual gifts. craft shops.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. The word well-known in the first line means …. In an auction. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. Use the Internet. Look for gifts wherever you find yourself. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. a day at the spa. In the craft shop. Adapted www.

You make sure the car is in neutral. "Stand up. "Don't hurry. the computer." asked the mother. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily." said mother. but could also express irritation. rules for games. road safety rules." said the teacher. how to use the video. The word in the text that means not too many is …. a." the teacher told the pupils. a. 1. the tape recorder. It functions as prohibition. a. e. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet. unique d. Dian told Andi. The word "do" could be persuasive. 3. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form.g. unitecnology. "Don't be noisy. "Make sure the car is in neutral. rare b.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e. Would You Like to Come? 69 . (command) "Help me. b.english. "Press the stop button. get the recipient attention d. Do come on time. e. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request. e. the photocopier. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. important Giving gifts may be important to …. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. b. the fax. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs. make us unusual b.g. For further Information visit www.g. b. 5.g. recipes.g." 2." said David. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet.4. how to succeed. celebrate special moments Englishclub. You press the stop button. a. Do be quiet." said father. complete our collections c. sweet c.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. a. science experiments.

You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. The volume of the television is too loud. Report it to the class. 7. 4. 1. 4. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8. magazine or in the internet. Your uncle is writing a novel. 2. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. 5.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. 3. 9. 10. What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. He always late although his wife often warns him. 5. 3. What will your father say? It is 6 a. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. 1. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. 6. He cannot concentrate his mind well.m.

you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. 2. arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table. • • • • • • • • next butter roast first pour finally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese flour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors first Would You Like to Come? 71 . Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 4. 1. 3.Writing In this section. write procedure texts.

meat and eggs. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. add it to the meat and the vegetables. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. • First. tomatoes and cucumber.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. vegetables. if you like. • Now. Do it in pairs. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • The best vegetables to use are onions. you will need some rice. • Finally. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. pepper and other spices. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. garlic. • Then. • To make fried rice. • At the same time. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. The pictures will help you to arrange it. • Stir the mixture and add salt. you can break in two or three eggs. cook the rice in another pan.

How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . before you sit down to enjoy your meal. b. Work individually. After these twisted off. e. c. Then you can begin to record it. And then tested the voice level recorder. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. a. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. Rewrite it using your own words. It contains nine mistakes. remove the black vein. first you have to plug in the cord. Finally. Find the errors and correct them. use your fingers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. Next. d. You must also twist off the flippers at end of tail section. First. From the tail meat. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. Well. After that.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. It is not difficult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step.

Write the method or steps clearly. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Generic structure . 4. .Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . If you find some difficulties. respond to expressions for an appointment. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. Write a recipe of your favourite food.. answer the questions: 1. I don't think I can make it. respond to invitation.. invite someone. • I'll be there. 6. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3. write an instruction or procedural text. 7. Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise. Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. 8. • I'm sorry I can't make it. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2.Goal. 3.Chapter Summary 1. • Will you come with . respond to oral instructions. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. • Join me. make and cancel an appointment. 2.. Now. you are expected to be able to: 1. Declining an appointment • Sorry. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ..Materials (not required for all procedural texts) ... perform a monologue of procedural texts. identify the structure of procedural texts.

The landowner's youngest son. d. b. The manager. I won't say no. a. c. I'd love to. b. 11. The farmer's oldest son. d. b. a. b. c. c. You are going to hear several short dialogues. Good night. £50. Good evening. d. The manager could help the man who lost his money. c. 8. 12. 3. b. Inside the manager's room. Hotel lobby. a. Hotel manager's office. 1. b. b. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Five tins. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. Inside the waitress' room. 13. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. Sorry I can't. Outside the gentleman's room. 14. d. gratitude c. Countryside. The manager could do nothing. Nice to meet you. What could the manager do? a. 2. c. 7. thank you. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. Good morning. Where was the landowner from? a. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. I'm fine. Beijing. d. 9. b. choose the best answer. 4. c. £5. d. c. Seoul. c. d. d. Four steps. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. A. 75 . Two steps. b. The hotel owner. £15. b. c. d. The girl. offering b. Inside the gentleman's room. c. Where does the story take place? a. How nice to see you. b. invitation d. Then. a. Here it is. How do you do. 6. c. Five steps. Good afternoon. It is here. Four tins. Bank manager's office. Restaurant manager's office. Here they are. £150. d. Who was shouting? a. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. Tokyo. a. c. Where did the girl find the money? a. b. The manager could call the police. 10. d. Two tins. c. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. d. Here is it. The farmer's youngest son. The landowner. The man losing his money. Thanks anyway. 5. b. Three steps. Three tins.

Meanwhile. to the size of the omelette. over a quick flame for a minute or two.15. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. tin or enamel. b. For three portions. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. The flame is now turned down a little. Harshly. Angrily. in other words. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. when hot. The fryingpan must be made of iron. c. 16. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. Politely. B. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. Rudely. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. b. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. until large bubbles form on the top. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. break them into a bowl. taking care always to move towards the middle. keeping as calm as we possibly can. 17. not the whisk. it is fatal to beat too long. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. b. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. not of aluminium. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made." a. c. He wanted the table to be cleaned. d. This takes about two minutes. All this is a swift business. we fold it. not too hot. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. we take six eggs. c. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . with salt and tissue–paper. letting the liquid flow into the empty spaces. or butter and best lard. d. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. and add a good teaspoonful of water. our fryingpan is getting hot. d. His stomach couldn't take any more food. This takes half a minute. Then. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. He was not hungry. in the middle. once or twice.

How do you do? d. 19. The size of an omelette.com 18. we feel tired b. c.of the omelette along one side. 21. b. c. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. 25. a. It doesn't matter. How are you? c. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. d. Let me introduce myself. here is it d. No. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. here are they Eka : to my friend. 23. d. Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. 26. Review 1 77 . Washing with salt and paper. b. c. d. When the frying-pan is getting hot. An omelette made in France. A soon as the flame is light golden. b. b. It should be the same size as the omelette. c. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. Won't you introduce d. Good morning. One made of iron.recipetips. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. We may well feel a few extra heart– beats because . 22. The states of an omelette. It is better than beating it for too short a time. When the flame gives no more froth. b. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. d. Dedy. here they are c. Then. You are introduced c. a. Ferry : I am Ferry. What is important about the frying– pan? a. Taken from www. d. Rubbing with hot water. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. Rubbing with salt and paper. I'll introduce b. It should never be a very flat one. When the butter is a different shade. b. we feel relaxed d. as the classical French term says. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. b. 24. a. The shape of an omelette. Yes. we feel impatient c. It's very interesting. d. . c. c. One made of aluminium. 27. One made of tin 20. It should never be a small one. This last touch makes all the difference. here it is b. One made of aluminium and enamel. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper.

I . (put) the books in their previous place. I think . a. Thanks. Thanks a lot. he 33. compliment. c. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . That's very kind of you. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . You are entirely welcome. b. sympathy. c. 45. b. Sorry. I went to the cinema c. given b. I'd be unhappy to accept it. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. I did not because I was in a hurry. d. their d. but I'm very busy. 29. Why? a. 39. a. I her a bunch of roses this morning. You did come on time. (shave) this morning 44. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. Hanny. giving 32. Who are ? a. Look out of 36 window of 37 house you are in now you see such 38 beautiful view. themselves b. Yesterday. a. himself c. Use substitution form to fill in the blank spaces. happiness. an. gave c. that would be very nice. Complete the following sentences using a. 30. gratitude. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. I have gone to the cinema d. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . it didn't work out. Do you come on time? d.28. Sure. b. Dudi does his homework by a.m. d. 40. them c. how awful! I'm so sorry. Did come on time. Yes. Student : . : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. give d. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. 41. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. they 34. c. 43. d. or the. Teacher : Thanks for your help. 35. I go to the cinema b. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. Do come on time. b. maybe. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. hisself d. she books all day along. Too bad it didn't work. him b. Don't worry about it. C. Randy : Oh. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. but some other time. c. I'll fetch you at 8 p. I was going to the cinema 31. The underlined sentence expresses a. a. Evi : Alright. (read) the 42.

Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .

great charming fantastic congratulate terrific farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. 7. 3. 1.Listening In this section. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. 6. 4. 7. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 2. Repeat after him/her. 5. respond to narrative texts. 5. 8. 8. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 4. 2. 6. 3. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. No.

2.. You know what? I have passed for the final test. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. his friend. b. too.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. b. Andi. Desi : Hi. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. 3. b. It is nice to hear you. 1 ? Andi : I am fine. Andi. 1. 5. That's awful! Thanks anyway. Congratulations! That's amazing. By the way. a. Congratulations on your success. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . Desi : Thanks. Andi : 3 . 2 today! I love your new hair style. You look great. I got the highest score for the test. Thank you very much a. a.. thanks. Congratulations. he meets Desi. b. Andi.. b. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. a. 4 right now. 4. Never mind. ! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. b. The best response is . how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. Desi. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. For example: You will hear : a. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. I've got it. a. On the way home. 5 Desi : That's great. I can't believe it! That's terrific. She congratulates and compliments Andi. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment.

discuss the following questions with your friends'. 1. I know you are very smart." 2. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : 1 what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. Then. Andi : Thanks a lot guys." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. Sorry to hear that d. . 2. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. Desi. You are so kind. 2 . Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. that's amazing. b. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. Eta : Thank you. The next day. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Riska : 3 ! We're happy for you. I guess it's just my luck. I don't like it e. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. Joko : It's a 4 . : Never mind Andi. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. a. It's my pleasure. Andi : Oh." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. I dont' think so c. Ina : I think so. It's so difficult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. For example: 1.UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisfied with it. You look beautiful on it. It goes with my shoes. You will hear "You're terrific/fantastic. Andi. 6 ! 7 : your compliment. Now.. Andi. You will hear "Well done... Mention where they are from. no.

"my friend was right. I have to repaint it. 2. 4. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. "Broom. The Witch was very happy.Activity 8 Now. 8. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. and the walls are bigger. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom finish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . she said "Your house is ugly. the Witch her house and she said to herself. One morning. and she worked very carefully. When she looked around the room. 5. 1. Then she 5 the shop and bought a can of paint. 7. After lunch she 6 to paint. That she got an idea. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and 10 to paint the upper walls. and in ten minutes all job was done. It worked very fast. 3. My house is 2 than yours. listen to the tape once again and complete the story. In the afternoon she 7 the lower part of her house. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. When she wanted to start the upper part she 8 that she couldn't reach it." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and 3 . one of the Witch's friends 1 to visit. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. 6. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded.

e. c. They scared the Romans c. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. They destroyed the city gate e. ballads. Drunk c. e. d. Source: www. With the help of alcohol. Defenseless e. They may include fairy stories. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. adventure stories. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. personal experience. A Greek Soldier. They can be imaginary. To show how cunning the Greeks were. A horse. What was the purpose of the text? a. unitechnology. A Greek King. myths and legends. science fiction. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. 5. They made the Romans drink b. With help from a wooden horse. All of the above. A Roman Soldier. d. No Information.english. slice of life. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. b. b. None of the above. 1. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. c. Really happy d. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . horror stories. c.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. d. Really sad b. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. b. 4.ac 3. 2. e. fables. historical narratives. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. mysteries. factual or a combination of both. romances.

3. 5. Activity 2 Expressions 1. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation. What are they doing? 3. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. You compliment someone on their appearance. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. f. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. Your brother have got an award. d. perform a monologue of narrative texts. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. c. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. 4. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. 6. g.Speaking In this section. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. What do you see in the picture? 2. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. b. Situations a. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. 2. Congratulations! Well. Your friend has just passed an important exam.

Oh. it's not necessary. Harsya. you are quite charming. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. What did you do to it? Not much. it's a must. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. Ussy. No.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I just finished modifying it. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. I f I may so. Good idea. My compliments on your beautiful. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. thanks. I really must express my admiration for your party. it is. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. I like your hair style! You're terrific/fantastic. Great job! Thanks. Let's go celebrate it. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. 1. Thank you. It looks a lot different. You are looking good. Pandu. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2.

: Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. It was great to hear …. 1. I'd like to be the first to congratulate you on …. 4. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. 4. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. 1. Discuss with your partner. Congratulations on your …. May I congratulate you on …. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. I've found a new job. I must congratulate you. 3. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. 5 : : I just won first prize from a quiz. Your relative is going abroad for studying. Well done! Fantastic/terrific! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . 2. Your brother has done excellent job. 3. 2. I won the race.

Activity 8 With your partner. 2. playing chess 5. Dony's father : Well done. Use the expressions of complimenting. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Boby : Hi. Dad. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. 1. 4. didn't you? Dony : That's right. Dony : Thank you. Use the expressions of congratulating. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. story telling 4. For example: Donny has passed his exams with flying colour and get the best ranking at his school. 3. create a short dialogue based on the situations given. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. Mom. playing tennis 3. Your partner got a scholarship. Your friend is elected as one of the finalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. Don. Don. playing the piano 2. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. 1. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. Your friend is good at: 1. 2. I'm very proud of you.

" said the tigress as she went to look after her young. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 ." "Oh sure." she said. All the beasts were dead except the tiger. a male. very like his father. screaming in horror. but it didn't seem to mean anything. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den." said the tiger. "We need a change." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of fighting. "The creatures are crying for a change. Taken from Readings to Remember." she said. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra. "The old order. is king of beasts. and some did not knot know which they were fighting for." said the tiger. "The new order. It was a terrible fight and it lasted until the setting of the sun. "The king of beasts. in my honour." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender." he roared. All the animals of the jungle joined in. "The king is here to see you. He was monarch of all he surveyed. "Come out. one of whom. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts. long live the king!" Inside the den. "What king?" he inquired." said the zebra." she said. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion." said the aardvark. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. "What are we fighting for?" someone asked the aardvark. the lioness woke her mate. the lion. sleepily. and some fought for both. When the moon rose.Activity 9 Work in group. fevered and gibbous. "I am the king of beasts. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. "Leo. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. except that of her cubs." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead.

The Cleverest Student Evi. doesn't go to school anymore. Sir. Are you with me?" asked Budi. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the fight? 7. "I am sorry to hear that. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. came to see her at home. "Our teachers asked me where you were. "You are a very smart student. "No ." told Evi. . "Excuse me. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. Change the following text into dialogue. her classmate. "Oh. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. . "I am sorry. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster. Were there any beasts survive the fight? 10. 2. That's kind of you. the tiger or the lion? 9." told Evi. Where did the story take place? 3. "Okay. Taken from English for SMA 2. What do you think if I stop studying. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company." continued Budi." asked Evi. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his office. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. Who won the fight.1. If so. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three." said Budi. Then act it out in front of the class. I'm glad you still want to study in this school." said Evi happily. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How many characters are there in the story? Mention them. Did the tiger and the lion fight for the crown? 6. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. Budi. I think it is not a serious problem. it is not a good solution. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. you may not stop studying here. not to me." "Thank you very much. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5. At school they meet the headmaster in his office. who is the cleverest student in the class.

6. 1. 1. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. Activity 2 Before reading the story. identify the structure of narrative texts. 2. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 .Reading In this section. 2. 5. 3. 3. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. 4. read and study the following words and find their meanings. 4. reading and understanding narrative texts. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. 7. 5. 8.

How long did Beowulf become king? 9. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. 1. Beowulf went to the lake. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. he went to the King's castle. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. What did Grendel's mother do when she find out about her son's death? 7. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. It lived in a cave with treasure. One day. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. When he came back. The dragon was very big and breathed fire. The knights were afraid and they did not want to fight the dragon. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. But one day. He lived in Denmark. He was half-man and half-monster. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. That night. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. and it attacked people. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. a dragon came to his country.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He was king for fifty years. In the morning. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3.

" And with this he trotted away into the woods. but sly." said the crow quickly. as the most famed and talented of all birds." said the fox. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom." he concluded arrogantly. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. every two points. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. "and share my lunch with me.aesopfables." said the crow. and somewhere. I wear black and I am unique. but never least. "but you must be nearsighted as well. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. and began to tell about himself.11. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. but I am hungry and must go. Any two points. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree." he said. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. and they are a dollar a hundred." said the fox. "I am sure you are." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. I am the pioneer of flight.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 . geometricians. "Bars may come and bars may go. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. 12. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak. now that I look more closely. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. Last. and somewhere else. and scholar. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure. The Fox and the Crow A crow. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot." The fox had read somewhere. b. his appetite appeased. but crow bars last forever. I am sure. c. "I recognize you. Taken from www. I am the map maker. as the shortest distance between two points. "Oh. attracted the eye and nose of a fox. my flight is known to scientists and engineers." "Tarry awhile. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit." said the fox.

2. 3. There are two main characters in the story. The fox is really arrogant.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. 6. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. 7. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. You can do mini research in the library. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. 5. The story probably took place in the jungle. He is the map maker. 1. 2. 6. The crow's appetite appeased. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. 5. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. 3. 8. 7. Then. 4. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. 1. retell it in front at the class. Ask your parents or grand parents. 4.

Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments. September 29 from 2 to 5 p. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-first" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be officially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday.m. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www.canauthorsniagara. We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the finalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition.

Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. The play was written by Shakespeare. 4.. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. The form of passive is: be + past participle. 1. belived d. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats. to belive c. The cameraman takes the President's several times. In passive voice. they belive b. sleep. The sentences above use passive voice. The firefighters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. 3. 4. a. 5. to belived e. are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. to be descendant from dinosaurs. 5. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. come. etc. 2. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. and sweets at the top of the pyramid. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. 3. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. 2. 1. My brother buys me this new computer game. A fire melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. UN Shot Komodo .. oils.

"I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values.aesopfables. In that way." "You're right. well-fed. He was very thin. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. "Oh. I'm more free than you are. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin. the dog felt sorry for him and said. "I work regularly and I eat regularly." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep. I think I will surely die.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 ." Taken from www. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. As he lay beneath a large tree." "But. "If I come to live with you. a dog out for a walk noticed him. the wolf turned and ran away. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life. but I'm healthy. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived. With hardly enough energy to walk. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences." answered the dog. don't worry about that. as they were walking." said the dog. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. the wolf had little hope of finding food. But. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair. I will arrange it. Finally. He was curious about this. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was. if I am chained up. I hardly think about it anymore. You'll get used to it soon enough. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. You could do the same. I won't be free anymore. "The dog called after the wolf. It's a good deal for both of us." said the wolf." After saying this. saying. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of finding food." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. and I have a warm place to sleep. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger. he asked the dog about it. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right. "But." the wolf said. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night.

then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www. 1. 2. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. 3.aesopfables.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. Activity 1 Answer these questions. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts. writing narrative texts. Have you ever written a story? What do you do first when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story.Writing In this section.

The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully.infoplease. So has sat down under the tree to sleep.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. In the final paragraph. visit www. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described. c.com 3 4 5 6 a. He was very angry and threw a stone at them. they are not in the correct order. then read the sentence given below. For further steps in writing narrative. 1 2 Englishclub. d. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture.

on his next visit. as you did not make the slightest use of it. k. came to the lump of gold. leading the Lamb a little apart. he soon made a meal off her . he felt very tired.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. and place it in the hole.short-stories. said. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. The Miser.co." Taken from www.short-stories.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .co. "Pray do not grieve so. f. and fancy that the gold is still lying there. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been flayed and thrown aside. and stole it. j. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. h. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. you had it not. Activity 4 Study these stories and fill in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story. while he was going from one village to another. g. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure. i. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep. for when the gold was there. Appearances are deceptive. and enjoying hearty meals. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold.e. and digging down. One day. Taken from www. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. A neighbor.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing. So. It will do you quite the same service. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. but go and take a stone. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause.

Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conflict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. 1. make your own narrative story. Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . 3. 2. Choose from the following categories.

.Chapter Summary 1. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. • You look terrific. 7. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. I must say that you are . 2.. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. 5. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. b. If you find some difficulties. a crisis arises. for better or for worse. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you are expected to be able to: 1. identify the structure of narrative texts. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3. respond to a monologue of a narrative text.. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Write and tell your favourite folklore. optional.. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Pay attention to the structure of the text. Complimenting • You look great. performing a monologue of narrative texts. 6. the crisis is resolved. 2. Now. write narrative texts. 3. congratulate and compliment others. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. : to amuse. a stepping back to evaluate the plight. answer the questions: 1. identify factual meaning in the texts.. 4.. Language Functions a.

Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub li shers' s Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .

would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. 2. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude.Listening In this section. 6 . please. 8 . Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Great. Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. 2. . Here it is and 4 . How are you this morning? Hi. Please come in and have a seat. It's all right. Henry. 3 . Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. 3. respond to descriptive texts. 5 . Fine. By the way. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. sure. respond to invitation. Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. And you? 2 I'm just fine. 1. 1 . Here it is. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. I'll tell him. Yuni.

a. Choose the best response for the expressions. What picture is it? Where do you usually find that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . 3. 1. Yes. 4. 2. I won't. a. a. 5. a. b. b. No. 5. 5. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally.4. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. b. I can't. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. You're great. I'm very grateful to you. b. b. I'd love to. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. 2. 2002 1. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. 3. You will hear some expressions. I'm sorry. 4. a. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. Thank you so much.

2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu.Activity 5 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. It is a famous 6 in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. Besides its thousand doors.central-java-tourism. 1 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand. Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. It is named 2 which means 3 . Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear. Adapted from www. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family.

on the way home. Be ready at 7. OK? All right. Will you pick me up? Sure. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together.Speaking In this section. When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. 3. 2. 6. 2. After visiting the museum. 1. 1. I'll be there. 4. 5. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. I won't say no. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. perform a monologue of descriptive text.

Thank you. Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before. Then. Thanks. Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for ....? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to .... Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too. Great. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class.? Do you want to come with ..... What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come. I wish I can see it for myself. Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ... What is it like? It's very beautiful... Let me express my gratitude . I’d love to.. Yes. The temple is extravagant. Activity 4 Study the following dialogue... I'm sure my parents won't mind. my parents are taking me there again this vacation. Wow.What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to . I’d like to very much. Actually.? Will you join . Would you like to .... I won’t say no .

writing hand c. 4. that is hand-written e. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. 8. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . Tini has lent you a magazine. 10. 4. 3. written by hand b. 1. Create dialogues based on the following situations. 2. 3. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 3. 5. hand-written d. 2. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 4. 2. Use them to express your gratitude for the following..Activity 5 Work in pairs. 1. 1. 9. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. a. 2.. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. Tini has lent you a magazine. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . 7. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. 6. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 3. Give suitable responses.

There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. We don't really know why they are there. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. Why did they build the tower? We don't know. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500. Thor Heyerdahl. On the island. all the way from Peru. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts. there are 600 large statues. believed that they were built by people from South America. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. a German. To prove this. and no doors. he made a simple raft and sailed there. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools.000 years ago.2 metres thick. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. 3. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Pacific. no windows.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. Africa. On top of a hill.

They used stone for the walls and wood for the floors. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. 2. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. 3. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know. Easter Island 1. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. doors and roofs. How did they move the trees? We don't know. 2000 One thousand years ago.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses.

5 mile (0. 4. The American Falls are about 1.000 feet (305 metres) wide. There. 2. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. 3. and the American Falls are in the United States.8 kilometre). state of New York is on the other side. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. at the falls. Canada is on one side of the river. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. 1. and the U. At Niagara Falls. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. At night. but they are 2. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America.S. They are not as high as the American Falls. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. 5. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. Ontario. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. It is on the Niagara River. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls.

After/before is used with period of times. in the United States. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. Isla de Pascua. Soka no. in the Middle Ages. at Jln. after lunch time. in 2005. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. 9. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. of making. before June.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. during the night. before asking. after summer. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River.[2] The island's official Spanish name. on Monday. 1. in the park. 7. at midnight. at lunch. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. put off. in Canada. after reading. on the wall. 3. after me.11. Example: • I stand in front of the class. for ages. at the corner of. take off. 4. 6. for a week. before him. glance of eye. 2. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. • For the sake of God. on June 18. while searching for Davis or David's island. is Spanish for "Easter Island". with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. 8. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. for the sake of. 5. Off is used with verbs: get off. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . while she was at the bank. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. For is used with a period of time: for one hour.

• of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The largest was 10 built King Khufu. Then. was probably built 14 Khafre.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. The second was built 11 King Khafre. There is only one pyramid at Giza. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. T/F 1. 4. 15 It stands his pyramid. 5. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Cairo. Pyramids are built for king's servants. decide whether the following statements are true or false. including 5 three the largest and best preserved 6 all Egyptian pyramids.C. 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. There are 10 pyramids Giza. 2. A huge statue 13 a sphinx. Giza is located near the Nile River. and the third 12 King Menkaure. called the Great Sphinx. 3.

org 1. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. 5. 6. learn these words. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. 4. b.wikimedia. 2. identify the structure of descriptive texts. e. Can you find a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you find this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. 2. 3. Source: www. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . 5. read and understand descriptive texts.upload. Meanings or Synonyms a. 4. d. c.Reading In this section. 3. you will learn how to: • • • find specific information from descriptive texts.

Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice fields. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. 7. Pay attention to the structure of the text. The route is easy. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. forgetting all problems. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. coconutpalms and birds. it is like a fair. m. h. 11. l. g. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan.6. People sell agates on the cave terraces. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. 8. 12. Somehow. Wareng village. identification description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 10. in Tabuhan. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. Many tourists go to this cave. i. 9. The visitors dance. j. who often sings in the cave. does not doubt anything. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. k. Nyi Kamiyem. 13. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone.

The description part describes parts. is good to visit. went to the cave to find out what was wrong. it can be heard from inside. Some people now use the place for meditation. The people chased the spirits away. However. have a nice journey. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. It was believed to be a sacred place. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you find peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . and characteristics. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. and a local guide will lead the way. Watukarang. 3.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. No one dared go inside. in the east corner. The identification part is the part where writers of descriptive text identifies phenomenon to be described. It normally uses simple present tense. However. a beach nearby. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. There is a stream in the cave. Description text focuses on specific participants. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. do you want different souvenirs? You can find them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. 1. According to Kartowiryo (90). January. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. The cave is dark. By the way. 4. which can only be seen outside. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. village elder. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. qualities. so people need lights. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identification and description. Besides the cave. 2. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. So. Taken from Hello English Magazine.

To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. Activity 5 In pairs.What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo find out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. 7. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. 7. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. T/F 1. People who are in the cave can hear the stream. 2. The cave is used for meditation. 4. 5. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. 8. 6. 9. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. 9. 6. 10. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. You find the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave. 8.

Oahu. In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Pacific cruise route and is the first cruise ship to fly the U. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Most of the almost 2. The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999.S. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. The simple response. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". "Fine". Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. Included in the price is full board. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. where the cruise starts. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. "Aloha. Big Island and Maui. the third-largest cruise operator in the world. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis.Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow. and this is the pattern throughout the day. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on five vowels and just seven consonants.S. flag in some time. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Pacific feels immediately that he has one foot firmly anchored in the American Way of Life. Kauai. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise.000 aboard have their homes in the U. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea. At breakfast. consuming 9. Honolulu on Oahu. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. suffices as answer. Midwest. has a population of 900. from colourful shirts.

2. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can find the following information. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. Information Paragraph 1. Definition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2005 1. 3. February 13. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. 5. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. 4. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7. Taken from The Jakarta Post. There is a reason for the crowds.

You must visit the Temple of Heaven. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. crowded with worshippers. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. Its length is about 6. the most famous temple in China. without nails. constructed entirely of wood. temples. and it was erected entirely by hand. Temple of the Jade Buddha. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. near Beijing. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. on Mount Badaling. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. has two statues of Buddha. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. and huge stone walls and gates. The main part of the wall is about 3. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. Source: Microsoft Encarta. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and office buildings.400 kilometres. rises to about 11 metres high. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 .5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top.460 kilometres long. This section is about 7.

1. 5. 4. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. 7. which one is the most amazing. 4. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base. 3. In your opinion. you will learn how to: • • write a short description.T/F 1. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. 8. Shanghai is the most modern city in China. 6. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. 2. Writing In this section. write descriptive texts. Beijing is China's largest city. 5. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 2. 3.

cruises. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2.wordpress. Tulamben and Amed in the east. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. Lovina. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. diving. Australia. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . Taken from Hello Bali. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. which regularly attract the pros.masham3d.files. swimming with dolphins. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes. For the more experienced. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts. Medewi is also good for beginners. hurtle down frothing rapids. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers. Canggu. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. For snorkelling and diving. Candidasa.228 metres) on the world's flattest and smallest continent. snorkelling.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. Then answer the questions. Further afield. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. September 2000 Source: www. Padang Bai. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world.

Mt. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. 2. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. the crags of Tasmania. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Activity 4 Study the following text well. Actually. 2000 the tower of london was first built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. and even Mt. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's finest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. Townshend. Australia does have 1. including areas of the Blue Mountains. Taken from Kang Guru. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. some interesting mountainous terrain.

) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the first paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. comma (. 1. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper. Write down the conclusion of your discussion. 1998. Discuss what they are about. Can you explain the function of period (. Compare it to your friend's.). 2. 2 Source: True Colors. Study the following announcements. Take Off. 3. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 .Activity 5 Answer these questions.

It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. singing contest.g. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. The Louvre. e. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. 2. 3. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. millions of people visit Paris. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. At night. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. hiking. one of the world's largest art museums. is another favourite place to visit. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. 8. For this reason. 4. 1. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. etc. Every year. Then write your own sentences based on these words. 7. Paris is often called the City of Light. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. dense beautiful annually very large attract 6. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. many palaces and statues are lit up. Choose one of them and then describe it. 9. camping. 10. a famous church.Activity 7 With your friend. 5. draws many visitors. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. study tour. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

1 Englishclub.nationalgeographic. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 .com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. new7wonders.com The Wall of China Source: www3. To find out about them. just visit www.

write a form of announcement. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. guess meaning in context. characters. I'm very grateful to you for. b. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. 6. express gratitude. Description : describes parts. place or thing. 7.. I really appreciate your . I'd be delighted to. Identification : identifies phenomenon to be described. c. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. respond to report texts 4.. 2. you are expected to be able to: 1. sentences into paragraphs. perform a monologue of descriptive. 9.Chapter Summary 1.. Thanks a lot. Now. c. 5. b. qualities. 10. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. find specific information from descriptive texts. read a descriptive text aloud. I'd love to b. That sounds a nice idea. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you find some difficulties. Generic Structure a. d. d.. Accepting an invitation a. write accurately words phrases.. respond to gratitude 2. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8. Thank you very much. respond to invitation 3. What will you say to express gratitude? 2. answer the questions: 1.

photo bucke t.com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w .

I can't imagine that. 2 . 4. 1 ! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. 4 Father : . 3. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. 7. 2. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. 3. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. Many people became homeless.) Iwan : Yeah. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. Good heavens! No.Listening In this section. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 3 Father : . respond to news item texts. 1. 2. Iwan : Dad. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Another disaster? (Then. Compare your answer with your friends'. What kind of expressions are they? 1. 6. I don't believe it. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. I find that very surprising. 5. It's very tragic. 4. Thousands of people were killed. Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper.

We will have a holiday someday. It seems that he brings 2 for us. I tell you the truth. Andi : I'm serious. pay attention to our leader. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. 4. 6 Indah : . He told me about our holiday. no. guys. 1 Andi : . Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. 5. 1. Andi : Keep calm guys. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news.. Feny : Really? Why are you 3 ? Bad news? Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. be quiet. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. Respond to each news that your friends tell you. 5 .. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. Headline News 131 . Activity 6 In groups of four. answer these questions. Aldi : Shh. What a shocking.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. Please. Report your answers in front of the class.. Feny : What! 4 ? Aldi : Oh. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. That's very disappointing. 3.OK my friends. 2. please! I have something to tell you.

I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta.Activity 7 Listen to tape. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. Your response: I think it's good news. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park. 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in floods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear.

He failed to mention what punishments 6 on students who did not comply. "My office is still drafting 2 on study time. visiting shopping malls or going to 5 will be allowed. game consoles. Elementary and high school students will have 4 from 6 p. April 15. in time for National Education Day. During study time. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine. would be on May 2.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. com on Monday. no TV. he said.. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. Headline News 133 . as quoted by Tempointeraktif." Mochtar said.m. to 7:30 p. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality administration 1 students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation.m. "The study time must be effective.

5. perform a dialogue of news item texts. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. Ask five questions about it. Romi was knocked down by a car. Many people died and got serious injured. 2006 1. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. 3. Yesterday. I heard that Rian was in jail. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. 4.Speaking In this section. Source: Earthquakes. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . on the TV news. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. He was arrested for traffic violence. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. 3. 4. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. 2. He was in hospital for five weeks.

It was in mid air. ! I've been waiting for it so long. did he? Dina : No. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. you're right. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. : Listen. Sandy : Oh. Hadi : really? . Sandi : Really? He didn't die. : You're right. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. The window didn't break. that's terrible. I got the news from his best friend.000 feet in the air. Sandi : I don't understand. Besides. at the school canteen. Yesterday. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. e. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. Let's go to the class. come on..Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. He's not the only guy in the world. Ria. a. : Good heavens! Look at this. : That's too bad. actually. Frans. c.. he gave me a bar of chocolate. it did. The bell is ringing. d. Dina UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. : Yeah. Act them out with your friends. b. did it? Dina : Yes. Mrs. I don't have time to think about love right now. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . Take it easy. Oh.

are you? 2. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. 1. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. that's very surprising.. I'm on strike now. 2. I find it astonishing/extraordinary. 5. He wasn't. Tell your classmates about it.. Act them out with your friends. How very surprising/amazing. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. Your friend's father has passed away. I find that very surprising. Respond to the news appropriately. Well. Mr Anwar was very ill. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. Give respond to the news. 4.What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . Express your sympathy. 3. You aren't. surprises me.. Express your amazement.

cellular phones.com/ english Answer these questions orally. 3. 2. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you find the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items.indonesiaheadline. just visit www. 4. Source: Tempo. Pretend you are a news reader. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. Time. an official said Saturday. The robbers took their cameras. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. 2008 Headline News 137 .Activity 5 Englishclub. Pay attention to your intonation. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen. The Jakarta Post. 2003/January 5. one of many at the reserve. March 8. as the protected species. 2004. 2004 1. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. is on the verge of extinction. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. December 29. November 23-29. Read the news in front of the class. 2005.

Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. make a dialogue. Sarah McCaffrey was fined 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15.000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving. B : Really? I don't believe it. 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island. 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her first claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 .

media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11.. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4. Background consists of event elaboration.) 3. Find out the information sources. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. 1. 1. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3. or the authority. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. expert opinions. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8. Identify its background. Find out the main event of the news. people involved.. They include witnesses. Headline News 139 . features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. 2. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. news /nju:z/ 2. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was . bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. 4. Use the following guidance. and the place where the event happened." (Continue with your own words..

Reading In this section. 2. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Activity 2 v No 1. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures. 4. Activities Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin Name Kind of news 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Ask your classmates and fill in the name of those doing the following activities. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 3. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. 5. 6. identify the structure of news item texts. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. 7. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1.

Activity 3
newsworthy event

Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than five people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com

background event

source

The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The first part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.

Activity 4

State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. (T/F) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan.

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Activity 5

Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.

Source: www.football-wallpapers.com

The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their

"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's infidelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com

1.

2.

The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick

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3.

New Horizon
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006

4.

5.

The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. fight b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise

Activity 6

Read the following words taken from text and find the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise

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A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were confirmed last night. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. 3. 2. 4. Do it individually. Taken from English Form. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. 1. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press." Taken from English Form. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. Then. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare. identify the structure of the text. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. However.

Activity 8

Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the first news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours confirmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?

Grammar Review
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."

Your Project
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.

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Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before

Activity 9

Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the office.

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Activity 10

Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."

Activity 11

Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.

Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008

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• • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . write news item text. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. The … of the newspaper is usually short. what. 2. 2. 2008 1. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. Source: Microsoft Encarta. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'.Writing In this section. simple and catchy. If the newspaper talks about more than one event. when and where. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box.

They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected. 6. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. Sometimes. 5. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7.my-indonesia. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event.info Headline News 149 . 8. Along the way. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco. Source: www. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite fishing that can smash coral reefs. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta.3. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news.

after the fasting month.tempointeraktif. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. Do it individually.9 million kiloliter. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police. he said. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. According to him.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi. Source: www. the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. Additional supply. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. "because. At first. however. According to him. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. he said. To prevent abuse. there was a kerosene demand hike. meet the people's demand he said. kerosene extra supply. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter. he said. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deficit. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume.

Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the fire started on the third floor. the fire had spread to the 4th and 5th floors of the hotel.000 worth of damage to the hotel. Rewrite them in your workbook.tempointeraktif. etc Headline News 151 . sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class. May.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. 3. 2. Source: Kompas. By the time the fire department arrived. etc) contest (speech. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text. 1. 2008 Source: Tempo. but all the other guests escaped safely.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. January 23. The guest was badly injured in the fire. Mr Iwan Sugiarto. 4. Then present it to the class. The hotel manager. debate. Then find a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. 6. Source: www. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette. last night. etc) technology education. 7. Mr Sugiarto said the fire had caused over US$70. 5. Fire in City Hotel There was a fire at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. groups. said the fire had started in a guest bedroom. You can choose one of the following topics.m.

listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. . perform a monologue of news item texts. write news item texts. 3. you are expected to be able to: 1. identify factual information in news item texts. : to inform readers. Generic structure . 6. 5. and amazement. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. . and amazement. 4. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. answer the questions: 1. to whom. What should be included in a news item text? If you find some difficulties. respond to surprise. respond to news item texts.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. 2. in what curriculum stances. How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. by participants.Sources : Comments. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function 2. Now.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form.Chapter Summary 1. express surprise.

d. You’re joking. a. c. d. Milk contains nothing. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. b. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. There was no effect to the travelling cost. You must be kidding. thank you. d. What a surprise! It's nothing. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation office in Sungai Penuh? a. I don’t think I can make it. a. c. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. Thank you. c. a. 4. 10. c. Thanks. d. yeah. c. I’m sorry to hear that. Rock. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. It keeps the body big. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. Dirt. c. Of course. b. a. A mount eruption. c. c. d. d. Incessant rain. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. A tidal wave. 6. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. A landslide. b. It keeps the body healthy. Thank you. c. Are you kidding? No. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. b. b. Of course. b. d. Of course. A. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. 3. b. d. The travelling cost was still the same. Fantastic. The travelling cost doubled. 9. b. 1. Not at all. a. An earthquake. d. Tsunami. It keeps the body strong. thank you. 153 . b. 2. 5. c. 8. d. Well done. Yeah. b. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. Oh.Review 2 7. It keeps the body strong and healthy. What does milk do to the body? a. No.

11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.

12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.

B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's first experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I find any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason

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for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork

from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com

13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. Hydrophobia . a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difficult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.

17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.

Review 2

155

Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior officials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004

21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.

a. b. c.

Less than five houses. More than five houses. Five houses. .

d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening

d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?

d. at midnight

156

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

calamity 26. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. students. Success will be based on how well the "team" works. A resident of the District of Tembalang. b. Sukawi Sutarip. The residents and neighbours. Achyani. The residents. A villager of Sendangguwo. In today's world. Tohirin's neighbour. his wife and senior officials. however. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. c. d. when children begin preschools and kindergarten. students who develop skill in two or more languages will find further studies easier. It is very important that students have good reading comprehension.24. Their goal is to send their children to good schools as well as to choose extracurricular activities that improve their children's skills and abilities. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. Parents need to look for a school that will be a "second home" for their children. d. The Tembalang District head. This is when parents pick a school that parallel their educational beliefs. the schools become part of the process. Sukawi Sutarip. The question then becomes what should parents consider in choosing the best education for their children? When should the process begin? The answer is. Children learn what is important through their school year. writing and speaking skills. The synonym of the italicised word is . Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. d. English is considered Review 2 157 . b. 28. from the time of birth. A joint effort between parents. The mayor of Semarang. c. d. b. Dayat. 27. c. 25. c. The guest rooms. a. These are some important factors that should be considered. fortune whirlwind storm d. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children academically competitive. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. b. b. c. The mayor of Semarang. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. The guest and bedrooms. The kitchen. and the schools is established. The bedrooms.

If a dual language programmes isn't available. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. What is meant by the "team"? 32. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. When do children start the process of learning? 31. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. the less problem a child will have with improper word use. Success will be based on how well the "team" work. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Language acquisition needs to be active.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her first language. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. When a child learn two languages in parallel. The earlier a second language is learned. or is too expensive. Taken from The Jakarta Post. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. The more active in each language students become the more proficient and confident they will be. Therefore. Why is Mandarin important? 35. 29. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction.

those or these to complete the sentences. 40. anytime. 47. Use for. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a scholarship. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. but. I sleep in the class sleepy. She said. He buys a ruler on the way home. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. Use and. The national museum is visited by the students. In the end. Put this. . Review 2 159 . Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. that. 41. who else can children rely on to protect them. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. B : I'd love to." 42. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children.C. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. 45. I'm really I work in the 48. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. A B : : : : : : : 44. Match them with their headlines. My uncle has had an accident. books are mine. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. A : . The teacher gave the students a new book. I have to inform you. I know her same place with her. please. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39. or or so to connect the sentences below. 49. after or nor to connect the sentences below. A B 52. A B 53. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. . ! B 51. 43. "I don't know anything about the robbery. before. Just pick me up at seven. Yeah. 46. 54. 50. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post.

Floods Displace More than 7. Bogor and Tangerang. The Headlines a. Take her home and make her happy. c.55. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. Her illness is now at an advanced stage. As if that had not been our intention all along. b.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. 58. We laugh hard. 57. has caused the Awash river to overflow its banks. The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. According to the parents of the victim. We work hard. We pray hard. e. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. 56. Torrential rain since August 19.

Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Israel. Root Christine. 161 . 2000. Michael et al. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Ibrahim. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. 2006. London: Oxford University Press. Elaine and Darcy Jack. English Form 3.G. Function in English. Jon et al. Achmad et. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Second Edition. 2002. 2003. 1990. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. Monteiro. Bandung: Grafindo Media Pratama. Comber. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. Cambridge English for School. 2003. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. L. Mellgren. 2000. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. L. 1981. Lars and Michael Walker. 1994. 1988. Blundell. Ready to Write. 1990. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. Opportunities Elementary. 2002. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.Bibliography Books Alexander. Little John. Doddy. 1999. Hock. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Pamela and James Mentel. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. Favourite Stories from Singapore. English for SMA Volume 2. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Harris. 2003. English Form 4. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. New York: Pearson Education. Standar Isi. Andrew and Diana Hicks. Kirn. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. Balanchard Karen. Elaine (ed. Hartmann. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. al. 1990. 2000. Hill. Favourite Stories from Taiwan.). Tan Soon et al. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. A.

1997.masham3d. Alice and Ann Hogue.canauthorsniagara. May 10. Reading. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2004.express.write. 366 and More Fairy Tales. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Solomon (ed. 2004. 2002. Schlakman.aesopfables. World Book. Watson.org http://www. Tanka.indonesiaheadline.Nolasco. Fourth Edition. 2007. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students. 2005 The Jakarta Post. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2005. Oshima. Readings to Remember.wikipedia. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library.breakingnewsenglish.com http://www. 2006.com http://www. Brown.com http://www. 2008 Websites http://www. March 8. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book. The World Book Encyclopedia. Swan.org http://www.grimmfairytales. 1993.com/english http://www.com http://www. New York: Macmillan.joglosemar.).unitechnology. May 2. December 29.english. January 18.about.wordpress.com http://www.photobucket. Rob. Michael. April 15.files. Inc.ac http://www. London: Oxford University Press.info http://www. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary.thejakartapost. 2004 The Jakarta Post. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27.com http://www.co.uk http://www.com http://www. 1983.short-stories.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Inc.my-indonesia.com http://www. USA: World Book. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Judith et al. 2006 The Jakarta Post. 2005 Time. Practical English Usage. Singapore: Oxford University Press. 2008 The Jakarta Post. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary.

2006 Microsoft Encarta. The Jakarta Post. 2005. May 10.photobucket. March 8.football-walpapers. 2006 Cambridge for Schools. 2006 www. December 29. May 10. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly.com Microsoft Encarta. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www. 2004 Publishers Weekly. Time.com Earthquakes. November 23-29. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. 23. May. 1992 Tempo. 2004. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2007 Bibliography 163 . 2008 Tempo Kompas. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. 2008 Kompas January.

or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. rudimentary tails. intricacy. relating to.Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . used in. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on flesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing flowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire. caricature. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of fluid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. specifically: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. relating to. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of.

countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difficulties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. or destruction. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deficiency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deficient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. loss. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. increase. timeless. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. quality. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a fleeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. soundness. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: first-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. especially: to increase or improve in value. desirability.

or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished. or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake. occurring. especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not verifiable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a fluid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a definite volume and does not expand indefinitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magnificent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for profit: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain. group. specifically: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinum crispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting.

treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. a compressed abdomen. make tight. destroyed. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly. especially: rumour wildfire /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular definite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conflict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a filling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-fiction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): fiction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientific factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 . jewels. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow flexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terrific /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances. or sacrificed under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering.

141. 4. 184 L legend 36. 101. 103. 184 greeting 2. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 93. 68. 102 compliment 78. 93. 134. 101. 7. 50. 67. 84. 61 C character 13. 94. 41. 135. 9. 43. Agus 11 Mellgren. 174. 27. 122. 41 Watson. 116. 78. 4. 98. 55. 86 D description 106. 148. 31. 111. Michael 92 Little John. 162. 96. 131. 149. 117. 101. 169. 112. 116. 63. 9. 108. 117. 46. 4. 129. 3. 29. 72. 97. 169. 184 I instruction 2. 125 descriptive 107.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 145. 177. 50. 147. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 176 sympathy 78. 85. 8. 167 reported speech 145. 137. 37. 159 S story 75. 8. 178 invitation 53. 70. 184. 159 pleasure 81. 166 news item 151. 91. 10 H happiness 25. 99. 82. 115. 34 appointment 54. 91. 41. 130. 109. 88. 146 E events 11. 170 headline 82. 31. 79. 135. 167 recount 141. 80. 132. 135. T text structure 15. 80. 30. 74. 84. 136. 139. 10. 26. 134. 40. 81. 8. 153. 98. 147. 10 passive voice 96. Brown 83 Schlakman. 102. 94. 28. 16. 24. 59. 4. 31. 152 O orientation 15. 26. 10. 82. 102. 177. 142. 98. 130. 166. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 92. 100. 99. 100. 90. 148. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 179 G gratitude 75. 24. 107. 25. 75. 143.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 40. 33. 125 direct speech 145. 66. 73 R recipe 66. 164 complication 41. 139. 50. 152 F fable 37. 85. 3. 172. 142. 71. 174 procedure 57. 42. 179. 112. 60. 170. 101. 128. 22. 83. 158 introduce 3. 104. L. 37. 140. 80. 165. 166 P parting 2. 9. 122. 78. 129. 173. 15. 181 surprise 53. 102. 3. 138. 85. 152. 81. 89. 115. 174 congratulate 79. 165. 166 N narrative 14. 175. 16 Balanchard Karen. 171. 82. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 171.

I'm Dian. It sounds great. I'm Fany. I'm sorry I'm late. so I have a friend to share with. this is Santi. Hi. 4. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. Lina : Hi. Activity 4 1.. 169 .Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. Mirna. Nice to see you. 3. There is someone approaching her. it's nice to hear your story. Bye. We are in the same class. Fany : That's O. I had a great vacation there. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. Toni : Hello. I must go now. 5. Santi : Hi. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. I bought shirts. 5. I also played football and sand with my brother. How are you? My name is . Nice to meet you. A girl : Excuse me. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. Let me introduce you to Lina. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Rian : Good morning. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. Lina. 2. nice to meet you too. Rian : Oh. 6. My name is Rudi. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Mirna : Wow. Hello. My name is Rian. Toni. this Lina. It's OK. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Mari Memasak Sendiri. She interrupts them. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Take care. Lina. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. Lina : No. I went to Bali. How do you do? Nice to meet you. She meets Rian. How do you do? 4. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. Fany. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. Dian : Nice to meet you too. By the way. Santi. A girl : Hi. My name is Lina. Mirna : Well. Then. Anyway. Wina. My name's Desi. Santi and I have to go right now. Fany : Well. right. Allow me to introduce myself. Dian : Really? Good. shorts. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive.K. Mirna : Anyway. too. they introduce each other. See you later. Activity 3 Today is the first day at school for Dian. Santi. Andi. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Santi : Hi. and also traditional clothes. Lina : See you. 2. Good morning.. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. Rian : Bye. 3. Dian : Good morning. I swam and surfed on the beach. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. Rian : Yeah. Let me introduce myself. See you later.. 1. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. I'm Rendi. nice to meet you again after long holiday.

170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I am also happy to have parents like you both. When I got back to town. 4. It was a really great place. surfed 9. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. had 4. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. but it was fun to try. good news 2. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 No. I hope.Activity 9 1. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. Hani : Hooray! That's great. did 3. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. your father said that he would take you to the department store. Love to your parents. I'm delighted to hear that. I'm so happy. It gives me satisfaction. the food's great. but he was afraid to open his mouth. Dear Evi and Andi. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Words 1. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. I'm so happy. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. 7. bought 8. left 6. was 2. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. Mom. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. My father bought me a motorcycle. See you soon. April. 5. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. there wasn't much left. as I said. I swam two or three times a day. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. You know what. went 5. Andi. 8. but no tourists. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. and the weather's a lot better than at home. Hani : Thanks for your praise. The people are friendly. When do we go there. Hani : Thanks Mom. Our teacher's father just passed away. played 10. swam 7. You win a free ticket to Bali. 5. He must have skidded in the rain. 2. Activity 3 1. 4. well. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. My brother got an accident last night. 3. so I was the one who talked to people. 3.

but if you are divided among yourselves. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf.) These are the books that you need. Bon. It's got Rp." 3.. "Yesterday. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. 2004 Activity 5 1. they are on the corner shelves. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods. He was arrested for traffic violence" 7. you will be like these sticks together. "You are excellent and brilliant. hmmm . But i don't know where to find them. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on." 2. My name is Putra I like reading comics. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always fighting. The title is Uzumaki Naruto.on it. All of them are folk tale books.. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. Now. He couldn't even stand up. so he decided to teach them a lesson.000. The little girl said yes she was. Finally. I am Ridwan. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. I am Lita. He wasn't.. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. "Well done. and unite to assist each other. I'll see him in the hospital right away.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon.. What I don't know where to find them. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. Was he badly injured? Sure. I like Sangkuriang story. if you are of one mind.000 credit bonus. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. Panji.its a bout superhero. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. He was in hospital for five weeks. The father said." Tapescripts 171 . Boni : Let me help you. "I heard that Budi was in jail. on the TV news. 2 3. The story and the adventure is interesting. "My sons. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. My name's Fitra. You get a free ticket for this holiday. I'm interested in reading legends.." 4. Activity 7 1. That's very kind of you." 8. I need some books about folk tale. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them. he was such in pain. I'm reading Aesop's fables. Taken from Readings to Remember. was he? He was. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. "Did you hear that Mr. Boni : Don't mention it. "Rendi was knocked down by a car. Boni : Folk tale books ." 5. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. You get Rp 10. That's terrible. Many people died and got serious injured. "Congratulations. I like to read fable. Panji : Thank you very much. Panji : Thank you. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. He broke his legs. You got a great mark for the final test. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house. 100. 4.

Mr Posuma : I'll be there. One day. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Thank you for asking me. It's me. I'd love to. Mr Andre Posuma. Nice to meet you. cut cheese into slices. Andre. Then. that's OK. • Cut some cheese into slices. and watching drama. This is about our appointment. I'd love to come. (Lina takes the sandwich. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. my name is Lina. Doni : Great. They enjoy reading stories. put the other piece on the top. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. I don't think I can come to your party. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. 4. I'm sorry I can't make it. Mr Posuma : Hello. decide. Bye. On the way home. Mr Posuma : Alright. Activity 3 1. Ten minutes later. See you. • Put a slice of butter on each slice. take two pieces of bread. Fany : That's OK. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Susi. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. First. Fauzi. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. Rita : Wow. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. I'm very sorry. She interrupts them. but I can't come. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. Then. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. won't you? 3. 10. Spread butter on each piece. Fauzi. I'd like to. Lina : It's very simple. I have nothing to do. I think . Thank you very much. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. his friend calls him. Mr Posuma : Hello. Lina : No. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. Fany. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. the girl offers something. I'll be at your house at 8. Arief and Rita have a chat. 6. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. 7.. it won't surprise you. He had a friend. There is someone approaching her. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. After a long silence. 9. Then. who always sees him for general check up. I'm sorry I'm late. See you there.00 in the morning. Let's meet at five. The girl : I'm Fanny. This is Andre. You will come to my birthday. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. A girl : Excuse me. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. Now. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. • Take two slices of bread. Dr Fauzi : Bye. We can meet next time.. How about tomorrow morning? 8. After that. I will attend a meeting. Dr Fauzi : Well. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. By the way. Nice to meet you too. novels.) It's very delicious. I'll promise I'll be there. but I've got an exam tomorrow. Activity 8 1. great. Dr Fauzi : OK. I'll decide to come or not. It's OK. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . please. Dr Fauzi : See you. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. It has been two months since my last visit to you. Lina continues her reading. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. Finally. Santi : Hi. place the slices on one piece of the bread. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5.

Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. "Well. but he could do nothing. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now.' The manager was sympathetic. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. 2. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. 4. I'm Smith. or else it'll overflow and make a terrible mess. Place the paper on a flat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. Make your folds as sharp as possible. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's office and sat down. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. See? OK? Andre : Yes. 8. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Put an egg into the water.' he said. Add boiling water. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. you take it off the stove. James : Thanks for your help. thanks a lot. 6. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. Then you light the gas. What you have should look like a kite. Activity 11 1. Put some water in a pot. say you want to make four cups of coffee. Boil the water for three minutes. 5. 2. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. "I left the money in my room. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. Heat the water. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. Then. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease.' she said. thanks. then unfold it. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. Jim. and when it reaches the top. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. Add some sugar or milk.' I said. 7. 3. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. So. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. Pour it into a glass or cup. Alex : Good morning. OK? You put four cups of cold water. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. 1. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. 3. Santi : Din. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. Draw a face on your whale.' I said to the manager.2. Jim. 3. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. When it starts to boil. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. "and it's not there now. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. Now. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. It contained £50. I'm fine. Take out the egg and let it cool. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. You will have a crease in the centre. 4. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. 5. Here it is. and stir it. Jim : Don't mention it. Leave it for three minutes.

Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. 5.' Just then. the farmer's youngest son ran in. Desi : Never mind Andi. no. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. Desi. 7. 3. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. How are you doing? Andi : I am fine. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. You look great today! I love your new hair style. I got the highest score for the test. In the course of the meal. "Oh. 4. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. I guess it's just my luck. Taken from English Bestseller 12. Tie the ends together. You look great. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Desi : Hi. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. Andi. Desi : Thanks. Andi. terrific farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. 8. Andi. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. 2. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. You are so kind. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. On the way home. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. She congratulates and compliments Andi. 4. Desi. this is really delicious. his friend. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. politely saying. Desi : That's great. You know what? I have passed for the final test. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. 2. 6. Andi. It's my pleasure. I'm so happy right now. The next day. 6. I passed my final exam 5. thanks. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. shouting. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. By the way. I got a scholarship to study abroad. You know what. My brother won a national singing contest. Activity 3 1. that's amazing. Desi : Wow. Andi : Thank you very much. he meets Desi. Your performance is amazing. I've got it. I know you are very smart. 7. saying at the same time. Andi : Oh. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. 1. • May I congratulate you on …. It is me. My stomach can't take any more food. 3. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table. 8. 3. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. 2. "This is enough for me. Andi. • Well done! • Fantastic/terrific! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. Joko : It's a terrific job.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. • I like your hair style! • You're terrific/fantastic. too.The following text is for questions 11 and 12.

The Witch was very happy. How are you this morning? Hi. I have kept the package for you. and in ten minutes all job was done. thank you. It's all right. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. one on top of the other. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. That she got an idea. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. 4. Great. Thanks. Activity 5 A. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. The Romans. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. How kind of you. Sangkuriang 4. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. After lunch she started to paint. C. And you? I'm just fine. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry : : : : : : : : : : : : Hello Yuni. The police have found your missing purse. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . Fine. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. "Broom. thanks. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. 3. I have to repaint it. Malin Kundang 2. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. Where do they originally come from? 1. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. I'll tell him. and the walls are bigger. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. Here it is. In the afternoon she finished the lower part of her house. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. The Red and White Onions 3. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. This man has saved y our daughter's life. 5. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. Yuni. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. in southwestern England. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. Thanks. B. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. and she worked very carefully. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. Here it is and thanks. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. Please come in and have a seat. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. "my friend was right. When she looked around the room. Activity 3 1. Thanks. please. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to infiltrate the strong roman defense. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. My house is more beautiful than yours. By the way. It worked very fast. she said "Your house is ugly. sure. Henry.

. I can't imagine that. Many roads are flooded. : Oh. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. Good heavens! 6. dear. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. 2. I don't believe it. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. Besides its thousand doors. Iwan : Dad. Oh really? Is it true? 3. Well. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. no! Another disaster? (Then. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). That's very disappointing. " The design of the park is under way. Really? 4. Are you serious? 6. I tell you the truth. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. My goodness! 5. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. Father : We know how it feels. Father : Oh. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron.. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. Thousands of people were killed. from April 18 to 20. Andi : Attention. : I'm serious. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . This is terrible. I find that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. You must be kidding. How very surprising/amazing. 3. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. It seems that he brings bad news for us. Please. What a surprise! 2. please! I have something to tell you. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. He told me about our holiday. in July. be quiet. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. Many people became homeless. It's very tragic. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. : Keep calm guys. guys. Aldi : Shh. that's very surprising. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. News 3 Lately. no. What a shocking. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1.. pay attention to our leader. No. Are you serious? 4. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. We will have a holiday someday." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. South Jakarta. South Jakarta. 7. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. 5. The tender process for the project is expected to finish by the end of June.) Iwan : Yeah. I don't believe it.OK my friends.

visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. The traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. The regulation. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. You deserve to get that award.m. would be issued on May 2. Since early 2007. Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. During study time. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. Herman.com on Monday. with four Premier League games to go. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route. five hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125. Rani : Thanks.000. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. : I'm busy. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. Tanti : Hey. he said. no TV. Taken from The Jakarta Post. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. Rita : Thank you." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. In addition. in time for National Education Day. Kristin : I can't come to your party. A staff of the local transportation office in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road. November 18. the regency's capital.000. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday. game consoles. 2004 Tapescripts 177 . My brother is ill. 1. when cereal prices began rising.m. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea." Mochtar said. paralysing traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. instead of the regular fare of Rp50. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. I don't think I can make it. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? The following text is for questions 8 to 12. Agus : Well done. 1996 3. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. : Let's meet at 8. "The study time must be effective. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. "My office is still drafting the regulation on study time. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare. to 7:30 p. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal.. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4.00. He is in the hospital now.

He was very friendly. 5. Event 3 : When I got back to town. b 5. She says see you. I'm Deni. 4. 2. swam 11. Desi. than 8. she didn't. as I said. 2. No. Yes. Activity 2 1. Good morning 2. too. went 5. spent 12. 3. get 3. at 4:00 in the afternoon. 6. 4. believe 9. He was so surprised. speechless. I'm Dian. quiet 4. Activity 4 1. had 7. a Activity 8 1. In March. 3. We went camping. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. We sang. (b) Glad to meet you. 6.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Nice to meet you. 3. She also introduces herself. Take care. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. It took for about one and a half hour. Santi. happy. 5. Linda was born in 1952. He was walking down Sunda Street. 2. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. Nice to meet you too 8. 2. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. Activity 8 1. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. 28th 2008 at 8. c 4. well. 7. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. She was so surprised. 4. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. Good morning 5. Bye. 4. (b) Hi. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. He was looking for a record store.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. c 3. played magic tricks. 7. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. Allow me to introduce myself 3. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Activity 3 1. (b) Good morning. Activity 5 1. 2. 3. She confuse. Rudi. I must go now 9. b 2. Activity 4 1. Activity 3 1. read poetry. It takes place in the city park. lazy 10. this is Santi. got 2. 8. Yes he did. My name is Rian 6. 5.m. 4. A piece of paper that the man gave. this Lina. there wasn't much left. Hi. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice.00 p. 7. 3. My name is Lina. 5. saw 6. Activity 10 1. danced. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. Andika did. 10. She was born in October 31. (a) I'm just fine. 5. 2. 5. 4. How are you? 3. 4. Lina. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. she does. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. At noon when it was getting darker. Let me introduce you to Lina. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Nice to see you. She talks to Lina. (b) Hi.

10. 2. Boni and Panji. even stand up 2. legends. 4. nightgown on 3. they couldn't. Answer Key 179 . They didn't not know each other. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. she didn't. (a) Oh. Rosaura ran away from her house. (b) Oh really? That's great. asked 7. Answer may vary. Legends. It's about finding the story books. She cried in front of me. I'll take care of it. a basket of food 6. 4. Folk tales books 5. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. disappeared 8. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. 3. 6. 2. waited 5. 6. That's terrible 3. You have my sincere condolences. 8. adventure novel. (a) How terrible! 3. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. The red flowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. Sangkuriang 4. Activity 3 1. 2. 5. I'm so glad right now. Did you hear 4. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. Six peoples. 4. Ridwan.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Hiding from her mother and father. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. Activity 8 1. that's good news. 3. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. Harry Potter 3. How awful! 5. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. Sally was listening to music in her room. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. 7. 7. No. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 7. proud 4. Activity 4 Answers may vary. 2. happy 2. I'm so happy for you. Activity 9 1. Answer may vary. blessed Dialogue 2 1. Answers may vary. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the fields. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 7 1. 5. 10. opened 2. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. He is looking for some books for his assignments. Putra. Answer may vary. 9. 2. saw that 4. 3. Activity 6 1. fable. Activity 2 1. Answer may vary. No. Fitra. that's too bad 6. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. 2. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. 9. I'm so sorry to hear that. Superhero fiction. 8. Rosaura. 4. Because the colour of the petals of the flowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. 3. great 3. 8. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Metro-Goldwyn 4. A folk tale. 4. superhero comics. 5. Activity 4 1.

a 3. 5. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 6 1. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. 2. Invitation. I'd love to come. d 2. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Let's meet at five. • Now. Thirty students. How to Boil an Egg. on the top. press one of the switches at the bottom. if you like. 2. Twenty eight. Review 1 A. 4. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 13. Ask a friend. pepper and other spices. Do you want some? 3. 1. It's OK. 4. To make the fan move sideways. Activity 8 1. Activity 2 1. 2. Being friendly. vegetables. push the pin on top of the motor 4. 3. you can break in two or three eggs. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese flour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector first then next finally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. 2. • Finally. 2. 4. 8. 2. I'm sorry I can't make it. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. First. I'd love to. c b a b d 11. 7. • First. 4. 6. b d a c a Listening 6. To move the fan up or down. 3. Activity 2 1. Being friendly. that's OK. then press the tilt adjustment knob. Would you like to come to my house? 2. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. 2. Turkish coffee. Activity 4 1. 3. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. 8. d 17. After that 7. 7. Could you tell me 5. Activity 10 1. • Stir the mixture and add salt. • Then. 3. Activity 3 1. a 5. 12. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. 4. I'm sorry. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. • The best vegetables to use are onions. Invitation. 10. Activity 2 1. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. 15. 5. Certainly. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Answers may vary 3. To change the speed of the fan. b a c c b 16. first pull up the oscillating pin. tomatoes and cucumber. 9. 14. Eighty six percents. How to Make a Cup of Tea. Answer may vary. d 4. garlic. I'll be there 6. meat and eggs. Nice to meet you. Activity 7 1. 2.

shouted 4. Activity 3 1. bought read Put shave killed. 4. How are you doing 2. True 5. 4. False 4. You look great today 3. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 5. 26. 7. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. 5. 7. 5. b 2. True Activity 9 1. It is me terrific job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 3. ran away. while he was going from one village to another. 3. found out 9. Activity 8 1. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. e 3. a 3. 44. 33. 9. Activity 3 1. A special sword. b 4. True 2. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 36. finished 8. False 3. 4. Writing 23. 37. A dragon. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. 10. b 35. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. Yes. 2. 30. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. True 6. 40. 25. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. d a a d c 28. 5. Activity 6 1. the the a Yes. 43. She went to the castle and killed a knight. True 7. 19. I do. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 27. it started Activity 10 1. a 4. a 2. a c c b c C. Congratulations 6. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. Activity 4 1. 8. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. 4. looked around 5.B. Answer Key 181 . Is it true 2. 6. 6. b 5. 22. Reading 18. 38. he felt very tired 3. come over 2. Well done! 7. (k) One day. A family is helped by the firefighters from being trapped in a ruin. The wax statue is melted by a fire at the House of Wax. Grendel 2. 42. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. I think so. c 4. a paint brush 10. 3. d 34. I'm so happy 5. c d b a a 41. Thank you very much 4. Fifty years. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. 31. 2. a 3. c Activity 2 1. started to 7. 6. 32. more beautiful 3. they didin't. 21. 24. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. went to the shop 6. 39. b 5. No. 29. False 8. 45. 20. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. He died.

Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. Activity 3 1. of 10. 2. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. how grateful I am. b 5. for 3. 9. f 3. 6. Lawang Sewu 3. It is located near Pacitan in East Java.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. 4. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Canada and the United States. at 9. 4. near Activity 13 1. for 2. how kind of you. long winding corridors 6. 3.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. 11. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. 3. stained glass windows 5. Thanks. Activity 3 1. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 12 1. of 11. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). 2. 3. b 4. I won't say no. 8. Activity 2 1. a thousand doors 4. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-ricefields. d 5. he is.8 kilometre). Picture 2 B.5 mile (0. e 6. 2. Africa Time of building: 1. i 9. T 5. 3. Activity 2 1. historical buildings 2. g 7. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. of 4. Activity 5 A. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 6. thanks 1.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. in a lime hill called Tapan. m 11. k 4. a 2. for 15. T 2. 4. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. c 12. Returning sport magazine he lent. thanks 4. Activity 7 Answers may vary. coconut-palms and birds. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. landmark Location: in the South Pacific. 90 years old. Activity 10 1. he can. l 13. Ardi does. F 4. j 2. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 5. 4. F 3. Yes. Yes. It is on Niagara River. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. East of the cave. Picture 3 C. h Activity 4 1. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. in Tabuhan. thank you 3. 8. 3. Activity 8 1. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. 5. and roofs are from wood. 6. On Sunday morning. of 6. Wiyogo. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. for 5. thanks 2. 10. The wall is from stone and the floors. b 10. on 7.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. 2. She'd love to. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. doors. 3. a 8. And so on. in 13. 5. 5. 2. It's all right. a 3. A steep gorge. to 14. 7. of 8. Easter Island Answers may vary. Wareng village. for 12. 5. 7.

Big Island and Maui. I don't believe it. 3. Paragraph 10–12 2. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 5 1. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. 8. Paragraph 7 5. How the Tower of London was. T Activity 6 1. Activity 7 1. so gloomy 6. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. no! 4. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. 2. Full board. Are you serious? 2.700 kilograms. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. 4. As little as 1.K. F 5. News 6 3. F 6. F 9. How the Tower of London is now. Since then it has been a fortress. 3. huge 2. 5. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. They contain a description of places. T 8.250 euros per person for seven nights. Answer Key 183 . to study 5. News 2 4. showing nine centuries of British history. Paragraph 14 2.8. 10. News 5 Activity 9 1. Oahu. regulation 3. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. News 1 5. and years of imprisonments. T 4. from colourful shirts. draw 3. we can't. phrases. In 1999. T 2. A plain big stone. F 7. Lights. is the home of the Crown Jewels. Yes. Paragraph 3 4. 9. News 4 6. This is terrible. entertainment centers 6. Activity 4 The Tower of London was first built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls. and a prison-the scene of murder. 9. look! 2. they do. crowded 4. F 10. Oh. Activity 7 1. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. 7. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. Kauai. "Fine". lovely 5. ceremonies. News 3 2. a palace. 3. and. Attention 4. Activity 5 1.'s finest castles. 2. The Tower is one of the U. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. Paragraph 17 3. issued 4. F 3. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. bad news 5. 6. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. 3. Activity 2 1. execution. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. will force 2. Oh. No. It also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii.

17. photograph 6. the events 4. a Activity 7 1. 37. 31. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. 11. "Would you like to participate in school workshop. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. Between the age of two and six. but 48. The man said. 12. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. 3." asked Nia. 1. 41. a 56. for 45. Review 2 A. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. T 5. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . T 2. The students visit the national museum. b c 24. 4. These 47. 32. date 5. 19. F 6. they have. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. b a d c Listening 5. Jazz forecast All weekend. 15. 7. 8. Activity 9 1. 42. "Please return my books that you borrowed. b c c a 9. a 3. d 55. Activity 4 1. 18. but 44. ending statements Activity 3 1. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. c 58. d d 26. c c 23. 38. F 4. 35. 30. 3. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. 40. 2. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. From the time of birth. b 4."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. quotes 8. a 5. d b 25." 5." said Mrs Zakia. 29. c 21. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. 34. Ministry of Defence. We should look at different ways to get the needed language." said Mr Ardi. introductory paragraph 3. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. 33. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. Activity 2 1. 16. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. 50. b 2. 36. 14. Answers may vary. 51. 3. before 49. 10." 2. caption 7. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. b a 22. Reading C. d b 28. 53. a d a c 39. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions. Alya said. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. 20. B. 13. In the room where top scientists meet 4. T 3. "The team' means parents. Yes.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. and schools. Those 46. students. 4. b c 27. b 57. The students were given a new book by the teacher. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. T Activity 5 1. headline 2. Hamdan asked. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. 52. 54. 2. "Meet me in my office. 6. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4.

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