Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d

: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm

DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliografi: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul

Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...

Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. Oleh karena itu. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. dicetak. digandakan. Kami berharap. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. Jakarta. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Pemerintah. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. dalam hal ini. dialihmediakan. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. dapat diunduh (down load). pada tahun 2008. Namun.

this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. July 2008 Writers iv . Bandung. reflection and language use. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. collaboration. especially the editors and team. for facilitating us to publish our work. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various fields of science to prepare you to go to university. Hopefully. support and encouragement. Last but not least. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. acting out dialogues. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. These activities explore your creativity.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. problem solving. convention. cultural knowledge. students of senior high school (SMA/MA).

v . Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. Speaking. 6. 14. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. Learning Reflection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to. Reading and Writing. 3. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. 9. 13. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. 18. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. i. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. 7. 12.e. 4. 2. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. Listening.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. 17. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. 11. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. Englishclub. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. 10. 8. Each chapter consists four language skills. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. 16. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. 15. 5.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more.

and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing diary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 1 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ iii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing.

Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 102 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii . accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.

Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________ 115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 128 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 128

Chapter 6
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 152

Review 2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178

Source: Publisher's Documentation

viii

Chapter

1
Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n

It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
Listening:
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries

Speaking:

Reading:

Writing:

1

Listening
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.

Activity 1

Look at the picture and answer the following questions.

Source: Publisher's Documentation

1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?

Activity 2

Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later

2

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

The correct response is (b) Hi. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. . right. Good morning.3 . Cut Nia. b. 1.. Today is the first day at school for Dian.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. Desi. 5. Nice to meet you. . so I have a friend to share with. 2. they introduce each other. Rian : Oh. Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. It's Nice to See You 3 .. Mari Memasak Sendiri.com. My name is Risa. By the way. introducing and parting expressions. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. 8 . I'm your neighbour. a. Hi. I'm Deni. 4 5 6 Rian : . Dian : Really? Good. a. ivillage. How do you do? Hi. Nice to meet you. 3. Cut Nia. You can find how to make proper introductions at business functions. a. Hello.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. For example: You will hear: Hello. a. Nice to see you. Cut Nia. 4. Pay attention to the responses of greeting. Rian : Yeah. a. Then. What's your name? Hi. Dian : 1 . parties. too. b. Nice to meet you. What's your name? Good morning. Good bye. b. What's your name? The correct response for the expression is .. My name is Edo. b. I'm Cut Nia. Glad to meet you. Rudi. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Dian : 7 . She meets Rian. Englishclub. Nice to meet you. b. My name is Edo. Anyway. Bye. a. Good morning. . dinners and other social situations.2 . We are in the same class. How are you? I'm just fine. b. 9 10 Rian : .

4. 2.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. 1. 3. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom. hometown and address. You can add any information related to the questions. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at first? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. 5. Activity 7 Answer these questions. Introduce yourself to him/ her. Introduce yourself to them. 3. 5. you meet your father's friend. 2. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it briefly. Ask his/her name. 1. You meet a new classmate at school. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. 6. 1. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. When you are going shopping with your father. 7. 4.

Mirna : Wow. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there.. Mirna : Well.. 10. Johny : . 2. Mitha a. 6. Then practise it with your friend. This is Mr. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . Mr. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. b. Mirna : Hi. 8.. 4. Sir. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. How do you do Mr. Mirna. nice to meet you too. 3. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. 9.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. Johny? Mr. I had a great vacation there. sit down. nice to meet you again after long holiday. I also played football and sand with my brother. I see. Johny. 1. Harry : Good morning Mit. c. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. I swam and surfed on the beach. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. It sounds great. it's nice to hear your story. Mirna : Anyway. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday.. I bought shirts. 7. Mitha : Oh. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. d. d. I went to Bali. 5. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. shorts. Toni. Toni : Hello. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. and also traditional clothes.

It was a really great place. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. The people are friendly. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. but it was fun to try. Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). Yogyakarta April. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. but no tourists. Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and fill in the following form based on the text you heard. I (hope). the food's great. See you soon. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. so I was the one who talked to people. It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. Love to your parents. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali.Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. I (swim) two or three times a day. but he was afraid to open his mouth.

this is Denias. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. Asep : Elvi. I'm from Papua. Act them out with your friends'. Nice to meet you. How about you? Sri : I'm fine too. Asep : Nice to meet you too. Denias : Hi. 3. my new friend. I can spend my whole day for cooking.com Study the following dialogues. Sri : Hi. Source: www. Let's go to the crowd. Denias : Hi. Asep. I'm Denias. say greetings and partings. Asep : Hello. Denias : By the way. 1. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others. How are you? Asep : I'm fine. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. It's Nice to See You 7 . What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a specific relationship to you. Thank you. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much.Speaking In this section. 2. perform a monologue of recount texts. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. My name is Ali.ivillage. let me introduce myself.

Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. I'm Cipto Susanto. Don : Pleased to meet you too. Cipto : Great. Thanks. Andi : Not at all. Andi : OK. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. Don is my friend b. then. Cipto.. too. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. Andi : How do you do. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. Cipto : How do you do. Nice to meet you. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. . Cipto : Pleased to meet you.. too. Cipto : That's very kind of you. Cipto this is Yani. Denias and Sri : Let's go. Andi : Excuse me. introducing. Cipto. Andi : Nice to meet you. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. It's nice and exciting. his new colleague at the airport. Rita : Pleased to meet you. Nice to see you. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. It was fine. Don wants to meet you c. We can talk about cooking later.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . a. let's talk about cooking later. Don't you know Don is my friend d. I'll take you to the Hotel first. Read the dialogues once again. My hobby is cooking too. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. How's the trip? Yani : Well.. Cipto. great. Yani : Hello. Asep : Alright my friends. thanks. You must be tired.

. Goodbye. Good morning. Do you know . How do you do? Not bad... It's Nice to See You 9 . How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night.... Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself.... Good afternoon... Allow me to introduce ...What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings. Hello. Hi! Responses • • • • Good night. Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning. How do you do? My name is . here's Peter. Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to . Allow me to introduce my self. it's been so nice. Good evening... I'm . My name is ... Yes.. Excuse me my name's . I'd like you to meet . My name's ... Good evening. See you. Peter–Jeny.. How nice to see you Hello. Bye. Good afternoon... This .. Bye.. Let me introduce you to . Oh look.. meeting and parting. See you later.. Goodbye.. thanks.. Fine. Hi! I'm . introducing. Hello! My name is .. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning.

your English teacher. your friend. Budi : That's great. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. Rendi : 3 Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. Wayan is your friend. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. his brother. Goodbye. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . to your father. 4 . her sister. Rendi : See you then. Budi : 5 . 2 Budi. Reni. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. 1. At a meeting. In the classroom. 3. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. Then practise it with your partner. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • flag-flags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. I have to get going. Haven't we met before? Budi : 1 Rendi : I don't think so. He introduces Sofyan. Rendi : Mine's on tenth floor. you introduce Mr Lubis. 4. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on fifth Avenue.v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. introduces you to Tini. Sorry. . 2. I also stay there on eleventh floor. to you. Dewi. Budi : Anyway. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound.

At night. I had a lovely time. For example: 1. 1. No. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some fish for supper. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. On Monday. 2. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. The next day. 4. 2. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. my friends and I went camping. Last weekend. Study the events. played magic tricks. We sang. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. danced. We built the camp next to a small river. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. so we built a fire camp.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. we held a fire camp night. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. 3. read poetry. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. we packed our bags and got ready to go home. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . I didn't do anything special. Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. Then complete the following table with different names. It was great. Look at the following example. It was getting darker and colder. 5.

3.30 3.m p. 1. 4. 2.30 6 a. Saturday Sunday 6.m p.m pm p. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class.m p. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time.m p.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the flowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10.m p. 5. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a fire camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8.m a.m a.

and his face looked so familiar. 7. 6. He was very friendly. It was a photo. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. I decided to buy it. I found the record store and listened to a few records. 3. 8. I was walking down Sunda Street. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. looking for a record store. read and understand recount texts. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. 2. 4. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. 3.Reading In this section. but he really wanted me to have it. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. I said 'no' at first. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . 1. so I took it. 2. 1. 5. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he find in his wallet? Explain. you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. I thought it was money. He thanked me and tried to give me something. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4.

Because he didn't see alarm clock. 4. He gets a terrible day.write in the past tense eg had. What did he do after having breakfast? a. He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. What happened to the writer yesterday? a. First. He walked for two miles.use action words eg helped. How far did the writer walk? a. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. He walked for five miles. Taken from Ready to Write. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed. He had a terrible day. b. but I didn't have enough money. d. He got a terrible day. c. Finally. c. Source: www. After breakfast. Next. d. I wanted to take a taxi. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .focus on individual people ie use the words. I or we . 1. Because his alarm clock didn't go off.au. but of course I missed it. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . Then. He has a terrible day. Because his alarm clock didn't work. b. d.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) .edu. He walked for three miles.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday. 2. b. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. c. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast. c. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. d. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. visited . I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus.lmpc. He walked for four miles. Because he didn't set alarm clock. 3. crutched. b.

I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events.5. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. First. b. missed /mɪsd/ 6. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and find their synonyms. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. Events: tell what happened. c. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. What does the writer hope? a. but of course I missed it. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. d. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. 1. I wanted to take a taxi. It's Nice to See You 15 . I had a terrible day yesterday. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. The writer hopes to take a taxi. in what sequence.

I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. So. • • • • • • Use at with specific times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. Taken from New Horizons in English. Study the prepositions of time and the example. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. took a little walk and went to a movie. Finally." After driven her home I went back to my house. I met her at four o'clock. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. She smiled. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. I was a little bit crazy. Yes. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. because I was about to propose a girl. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. I had my early breakfast. it was three o'clock. After praying and taking a bath. I remembered all my lines. Work in pairs. Then she said "Yes. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her finger. It wasn't a regular day. At seven. At one o'clock. we had a romantic dinner.

Adapted from www. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane.00 the morning and arrives in Singapore 10:45. 2. 4:00 the afternoon. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. 1.lmpc. Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text. I lived in Jakarta Linda was born 1952. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with specific dates: on June 30 on April 21. 5. She takes the train Saturday 9.edu. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. 3. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went. 4. I'll meet you for lunch Tuesday noon. She was born October 31. 1995 1998. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position.au It's Nice to See You 17 . Only after my mother was totally satisfied would I be allowed to rush out of the front door.

Answer the questions that follow. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes.00 p. 3. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. write recount texts. Write it in your diary. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. 3. March. 5. 2. Speechless. 5. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. Confuse. Happy.m.Writing In this section. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. 1. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. I was surprised. 4. 4. 2. This morning Andika called me. 28th 2008 08.

He wrote his journey in his diary.30-12. Activity 4 Study the following schedule. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order. I spent a week in New York and then flew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order.30-9. .30 11. When I had seen the sights in Europe.. I flew from his home in Mexico City to New York City.00-3. After through Asia.00-1. At 08. I came in to the class and greeted the students..00 12.30-11. I went to south America and finally back home to Indonesia.00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class. Remember to begin with topic sentences.30. First.30 10.. Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule. Tuesday 08.00 9.00-10. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia. It's Nice to See You 19 .00 1. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph.

I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. nowadays indonesian women progress is influenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . everyone knows who kartini is. As you read the text. her mother. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. His story Maya is a friend of Galih. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra.recount. but after giving birth to a son. then she moved to rembang. kartini.peperonity. her father was rmaa.com Activity 6 Read this story. her condition was getting worse and she finally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. He telephoned me and invited me to see a film and I accepted. Rewrite it using your own words. She wouldn't say a word. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difficult talking to her. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. so I rang her and asked her for a date. he started talking about himself. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself. the head of rembang regency. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. his name was singgih. and there was no stopping him. decide the conclusion at each stage. Write it in your workbook. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband.

I explained that I was Maya's date. She refused everything that I offered her. I never want to see him again. The film was very funny. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. She's a real snob. I didn't know where to look. His story I got there on time. but she kept muttering throughout. His story She was a real bore. I think she was impressed by my suit. His story I would never call her again. I wasn't even hungry. I wanted to crawl into a hole. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. She behaved terribly. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outfit he was wearing. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. I almost died of embarrassment. He was so insensitive. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. It was awful. and never apologized. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. I was getting ready. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . She explained that she was still full from lunch. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. and you should have seen Maya's face when she first came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. Then he suggested that we took a bus. One date with her was more than enough.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up.

Although the passengers were safe. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch fish from the sea to eat. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 It was an interesting film about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Pacific Ocean. e. d. nobody knew where the plane had crashed. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. c.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. a. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . b. the passengers were eating raw fish and meat. After a few weeks.

What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . 2. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to find help. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. Activity 8 Yesterday. 4. My sister and I went to see a film last night.f. i. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. She made a list of things she had to do before the party. 3. She put the things on her list in time order. g. k. But my sister and I enjoyed the film. h. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. The film ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. After they had been on the island for two months. Consider the following. j. But their boat sank and they were drowned. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. 1. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle.

I am Deri. Now. perform a monologue of recount texts. my name is Dewi. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4.Orientation : . write a recount text. introduce yourself and others. identify the structure of recount texts.Events : . 3. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. you are expected to be able to: 1. 7. respond to the expressions of introducing.Re-orientation : 2. How do you introduce yourself? 2. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. 5. Introducing • Hi. say greetings and goodbye. If you find some difficulties. answer the questions: 1. • Good night. 4. Language Functions a. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . • See you later. 6. b. • Good evening. meeting and parting. identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. respond to oral instructions. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. Greeting • Hi! • Hello.Chapter Summary 1. c. • Good morning. What do you say to greet people? 3. • Hello. 8. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Parting • Goodbye. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. 2.

Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .

Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4.Listening In this section. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. respond to narrative texts. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Your friend hurt himself when playing football. 1. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection.

The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. b. 7. 5. It gives me satisfaction. b. Oh. 4. Oh really? That's too bad. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. 3. 1. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. I'm delighted to hear that. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. b. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. a. 2. a. a. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. Is that right? That's too bad. 3. b. 4. I'm sorry to hear that. b.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. How poor she is. a. I'm so happy. 5. The best response is …. that's good news. How terrible! I'm delighted to hear that. Oh really? That's great. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 . repeat the words and expressions. 2. b. 1. a. 8. a. Oh. Then. No. 6. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. that's bad news.

Hani : Hooray! That's 1 . Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. When do we go there. experiences. Hani : Thanks Mom. Andi : Oh 3 . Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. our history.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . experiences. Rudi. New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. 1 that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? 2 ! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. Deni : Hi. Andi. has just got an accident. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. Mom. Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. priorities and values). Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. Hani : Thanks for your praise. experiences. experiences. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. your father said that he would take you to the department store. priorities and values). their history. he was such in pain. Andi : I'll 6 in the hospital right away. sympathy and affection. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. Was he badly injured? Deni : Sure. was he? Deni : He was. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. He broke his legs. his friend.g.g. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. She is very happy. He couldn't 4 . Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. Andi : He wasn't. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. Mother: My dear daughter.about. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. 5 Andi : .Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. Source: www. He must have skidded in the rain.

on it. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . 4.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. Then make the best response for each expression. You are excellent and brilliant. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table.000. You get Rp 10. I heard that Budi was in jail. 6. 3. Did you hear that Mr. Congratulations. Well done.000 credit bonus. 5. Number one has been done for you. It's got Rp. 7. Rendi was knocked down by a car. I've lost my wallet somewhere. 100. Yesterday. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. 8. 3. on the TV news. You got a great mark for the final test. He was in hospital for five weeks. You get a free ticket for this holiday. Many people died and got serious injured. 1. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard. 2. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No. 3. 1. 2. 2. He was arrested for traffic violence. 8. 4. 5. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. 7. 4.

However. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. Different writers organise their stories in different ways. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. Finally. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than 8 lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she 7 it was not her grandmother but the wolf. The little girl said yes she was. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. When the little girl 5 the door of her grandmother's house. Then. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead.Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying 2 to her grandmother. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and 6 . "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conflict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Taken from Readings to Remember. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he 4 into the woods. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table.

1. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally.Speaking In this section. He looks sad. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. 7. 4. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. 6. I'm so happy. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. 5. Are you fine? Oh dear. 2. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. perform a monologue of narrative texts. What a nice news. I'm delighted to hear that. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. It gives me a great pleasure. 10. what are the expressions? 4. It's really great. 3. One of your friends had an accident. Your brother has a problem. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. 8. 1. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. It makes me happy. 9. What a shame. I know how it feels. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 .

Is everything alright? Ali : Well. c. However. Go tell your daddy. Ivan.. : Oh. you know. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness. Retno : Mommy. poor John. Ali.. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. where is mom? Father : She is back there. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. Come on. Ali : Thanks. You don't look very happy. The italicised sentence is used to express . e. Mother : I'm right here. Mommy…. Then act them out in front of the class. I'm so happy right now. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. that's wonderful. I can't still believe that she's gone. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Basri : Of course. Pay attention to your expressions. Retno : Dad. Retno : Yes. I hope so. I am going to work. this week has been so terrible for me. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. I will. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. Basri : Hi. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. Mother : Yes. It's always hard to lose someone you love. I hope he'll be better soon. b. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. no. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. She was badly hurt because of a car accident.. d. What's up? Retno : Mom. It's lovely. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. She is very happy.

. I'm with you. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 .. Hooray! It's lovely.What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness. I'm so happy. Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy. Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry. sympathy and affection. I'm delighted to hear that. Oh dear. It gives me a great pleasure.. I know how it feels Oh what a shame . I'm extremely sorry to hear that. I do sympathise (I assure you). sorry to hear that. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great. Oh that's awful. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be fine. What a terrible situation for you.

Mother : Oh really. Wandi : Mommy. 2. Eka : Thank you. Activity 5 Now. Mr Andrew : Oh. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. make dialogues based on the following situations. Ranti : Thanks Mom. Use the expressions you have learned. 1.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. that's excellent. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. What's up? Ranti : Mom. Mother : I'm right here. I'm afraid I cannot finish my job at the moment. Mr Andrew : Are you serious? We need to finish this project right away. I'm for you. Take all the time you need. Eka : Excuse me. Then practise them with your friends'. I'll take . You have my sincere . Then act them out with your friends'. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. mommy…. I'm . Sir. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Eka? Eka : Well. Eka : I know that Sir. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. He is very happy. Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. Sir. Express your sympathy in the dialogue. Sir. Don't worry about this project. you know what. I'm so now. Your friend's father has passed away.

what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. He stepped in to stop the fight and was gored to death by angry bulls. When he returned home. His father told him that he should have poured water on the fire instead. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . a couple were fighting with each other. in which case they would have bought salt from him. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. he went to a village where there happened to be a fire. In the next place he went to. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. only to be thrown out by the people. 1. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. When he returned home. This made the people angry and they chased him away. Rushing to the place. he started drumming and dancing. There he dug a huge hole. if he wanted to sell salt there. 4. 3. again to be chased away. Taken from English Bestseller 12. Do a storytelling to your friends.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. He first went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. Then. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. 2. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. the man saw two bulls fighting with each other. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. they would have bought his salt. In the final event. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. the people there would have bought salt from him.

salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. Can't you imagine that . Retell it in front of the class.. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. 3. 1. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. he gave them much money.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. death /deθ/ 8. There was a rich man having three sons.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 1. characters. It could be a folk tale or a legend.. Make sure that you fully understand the story. Use the following steps as your guide. events and outcome of the story. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung. dug /dʌg/ 2. As their sons were no longer children. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. Identify the setting. Example: Let me tell you something. Well. pour /pɔ:/ 4.. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan.

2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. a. Decide the types of them. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . identify meanings and information in narrative texts. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. Use your dictionary to check new words. and retell it in front of your class. fantasy g. Source: Publishers Weekly. a Englishclub.grimmfairytales. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'. by Sue Robinson. At once curious and confident. read and understand narrative texts.com Visit www. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. Bear in the Barnyard. 2. superhero c.Reading In this section. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. May 10. folk tale d. 1. illustrated by Tony Morris 3. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. Activity 1 Answer these questions. Choose one of your favourites. And so he experiments considerably. fable b. science-fiction f. adventure e.

Hairy green. by Paul Bright. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow. May 10.5% 7. It shows you types of fiction read by students in a class.b Under the Bed.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . these monsters flee the bedroom when they discover the child. warty and winged. spiney red. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly. What type of fiction do you like most? Others Adventure 10% Science-fiction 15% 25% 10 5% Superhero 12.

he said to his sons. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. Instead. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets. One day. he killed his father. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. he was very angry. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. the eldest son tried to shoot a fly on his father's forehead. You must do the same. 3. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. What type of fiction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite fiction? Can you fill in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of fiction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. He thought that hunting would be fine so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. The second son met a basketmaker. You can use it to start your own business. "You are no longer children. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. They had spent all their money uselessly.1. Now. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. When I die. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . The eldest son met a hunter. I am not going to leave you very much money. One day. 4. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. "What stupid sons I have!" He said. You must do something to earn your own living. 2. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately.

That evening. One day. Because of this. He returned the bag to him. a young man came to the inn. What would you do with your money? 2. "You are really very honest. He put his bag on the floor near his table. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei." he said. "That's strange!" he thought. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag. they found a baby boy outside their door. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. in its place. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. The young man thanked him. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. a fortune-teller came to the house. When Sau Ling was a young man. 1. They believed what the fortune-teller said. They had no children. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. they were very unhappy." he said. Sau Ling was very honest. "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. he picked up his bag. They loved him very much. Several years later. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . "It feels so heavy. It was full of small gold bars. After finishing his meal. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. "You must send your son away." He looked inside.

Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. "But go home first. He left the house without saying a word. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story. He gave Sau Ling a good job. Sau Ling told them what had happened. 10. 2." he said.resolution father to give you a job. 7. 2000 Every text has its own structure. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. 8. 9. complication. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. and resolution. 3. The fortune-teller was also present. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 ." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. 6. 1. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. Then find their synonyms. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. "and take a holiday. 5. The fortune-teller did not know what to say. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. 4." The young man's father was a rich merchant.

All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. forgetting all about her hiding game.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. It was her favourite game. "I'm sure she'll be back soon. where are you going?" called her mother. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks." It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. her red ribbon fluttered. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. "Rosaura. But it was nowhere to be seen. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterfly. As soon as she had finished her food she slipped down from her chair. Suddenly. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the fields." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. "Rosaura! There you are. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. "It's time for lunch. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. In her tangled black hair. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. and heading for the fields." called her mother. "Not yet. a bright yellow butterfly darted by. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass. As the sun reached the far side of the field. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. She crouched quietly. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. But Rosaura was already through the gate. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling." said her mother. His eyes scanned the fields for Rosaura's red ribbon. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage.

"She was always happier in the fields. but the red petals of a flower. Now the sun had set. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. It was filled with red flowers swaying and fluttering in the tall grass. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. As night fell. "I see her!" he cried." said her mother." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. 2. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a flower before. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the field. "They will stay with us!" Every year. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. But they could find no red ribbon. As the sun came up bright and strong. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. 1." said Rosaura's father. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the fields and watched the red flowers dancing under the sun. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. In the dawn. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard.But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. 3. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. And that. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the field. staring over the field. 4. But it was another red flower. looking for the red ribbon. is how the red poppy came to be. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. say the Indians. casting a red glow over the fields. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father find her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . Her father looked away in disappointment. 5. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now.

2. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the flower were her ribbon? 7. We can change the sentences into negative and question form. and Indian culture. Stories are of ancient origin. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. What do Indians say about the story? 10.wikipedia. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. Her father looked away in disappointment. Source: www. Negative 1. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In affirmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use infinitive. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. Chinese. ancient Greek. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. Her father did not look away in disappointment. Affirmative 1.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. Most of the humanities involve stories. existing in ancient Egypt. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 2. 1. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. Rosaura ate her meal quickly.6. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture. What did Rosaura's father say about the red flowers filled the field? 9. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication.

finally) the right room. 8. almost) a car accident last night. just) my car by about an inch. 3 4. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. I (step) on the brakes and (swerve) to the right. (sit. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. 1. I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . just) quietly by themselves. I (find. Roy is taking a nap on the couch. She cries in front of me. 7. 6. On one side of the room. The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. It (come) right at my car. In a few minutes. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. 10. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual conversation (stop) . 2. I (drive) down Washington Avenue when suddenly I (see) a car in my lane. busily) to each other in Spanish. students (talk. I (choose) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. Use simple past tense form. Other students (speak) Japanese. 5. 2 It was my first day of class. They do not know each other. already) full of students. 9. Rosaura runs away from her house. and some (converse) in Arabic. The room (be.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. The other car (miss. however. Some of the students. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. It sounded like the United Nations. I (have.

When he met Ekalaya. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts.joglosemar. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. 4. The result was astonishing. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. Adapted from www. 3. a young man watched the practice. Innocently. Angry and disappoin ted. 2. write main ideas and its supporting ideas. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Writing In this section. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa. write narrative texts. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. He was Ekalaya. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. who was hunting in the forest. 1. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated. Arjuna was surprised to find that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. Have you ever written a story? Is it difficult or not? What makes you feel difficult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. From far away.co. Ekalaya finally encountered Arjuna. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. Durna's favourite student. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself.

It will guide you in writing a story. Look at the following example.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 . A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas. main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. • There was a young man who watched the practice. The ideas above are developed into the first paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. In English. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery. Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom.

"I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. The sword broke instantly. And he poured water into the hat. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. breaking the bowl in the process. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable.Activity 4 Study the following stories." The blacksmith was very furious. One day. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. You can use Story B as an example. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. destroying it. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. Then. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. He tried to fit the bowl onto his head. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by filling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. He was not the best blacksmith. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . In the end. Worried that he would be cheated.

You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. Here are some ideas to inspire you.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. A Greedy Child 2. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. • He was very angry with human beings. Then. Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. especially hunters. develop them into a short story. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. 1. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 .

for better or for worse. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Complication : a crisis arises. answer the questions: 1. express happiness. Identify the structure of the text. 3. . What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. . identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. sympathy. Generic Structure . Language Functions a. and affection. • It's really a great pleasure. What will you say when you are happy? 2. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that. • You have my sincere condolences. Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. 7. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. 4. Now. sympathy and affection. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends.Resolution : the crisis is resolved. b. If you find some difficulties. 2. perform a monologue of narrative texts. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. you are expected to be able to: 1. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. respond to narrative texts. 8. 2. respond to expressions for showing happiness. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. 6. identify the structure of a narrative text. write a recount text.Chapter Summary 1.

accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 . accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making.

2. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. 4. 8. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. 7. 6. Where or when would you find this situation? 2. Then. answer the questions. 3. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. respond to oral instructions. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. What does Doni say to Susi? 3. 1. accepting and declining an invitation. Source: CD Images 1.Listening In this section.

Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. and watching drama. 2. his friend calls him. 4. 5. novels. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation.00 in the morning. Clever phrasing. I'd like to. Arief and Rita have a chat. I'd love to. For further tips visit to invite someone www. Rita : Wow. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. 1.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. I'll decide to come or not. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. Then find any possible responses to each expression. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. I'll be at your house at 8. 7. On the way home. Would You Like to Come? 53 . Mr Andre Posuma. but I've got an exam tomorrow. 9. it won't surprise you. I'm very sorry. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. One day. but you should express the details clearly. but I can't come. Thank you very much. 3. I don't think I can come to your party. 10.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. 6.express. 8. They enjoy reading stories. 2 ? 3 Rita : . Now. write. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. Then. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. Dialogue 2 Dr. He had a friend. decide. please. great. I have nothing to do. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. who always sees him for general check up.

Ten minutes later. 1. It's me. Work in pairs. : What's wrong? : Hmm. . 7 : Well . See you. 4 . Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. 3. . : Hi Andre. Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. : See you. This is Andre. Thus is about our appointment. : . Fauzi. Rudi : . Fauzi. : 5 . Kambing guling is my favourite food. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . We can meet next time. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a.m. actually. 6 . Bye. : OK. : . 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. : Bye. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Then. : Alright. Andrea. Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. I will attend a meeting. 2. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. It has been two months since my last visit to you.Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello.

Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. After a long silence. She interrupts them. There is someone approaching her. cut cheese into slices.) It's very delicious. 6 . take two pieces of bread. 2. 4. 5. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. Lina is reading a book in the city park. 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. put the other piece 7 . The girl : I'm Fanny. Finally. Santi : Hi. A girl : Excuse me. 3 . Would You Like to Come? 55 . . Nice to meet you too. Fany. By the way. Lina : No. Lina continues her reading. Compare your answers to your friends'.. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blank spaces. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. place the slices on one piece of the bread. (Lina takes the sandwich. 8 I'm late.. Fany : That's OK. I think . 3. Spread butter on each piece. Then. my name is Lina. the girl offers something. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. 1. Lina : It's very simple. 1 .

.. 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials. 1996 Instructions: 1. Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel. you can now blow .Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something. 3. You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do.. 5.. 2. Next.. Finally. fold over each point ... cut inwards ..... draw two lines .. Then. After that.. 4. Match the following titles with the correct steps. push the drawing pin ... First. 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

1. 4. 2. 1. 2. After listening. 3. list the stages involved in making the coffee. and scissors. you will make a whale. Then. 4. answer the questions. By seeing the pictures below. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. a pencil. 5. 3. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction. Things You Do 1. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . 2. 5. a ruler. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee.

Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. Hey. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. 3. accepting and declining an invitation. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. It's my birthday on Friday. I'll be free at that time. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. 4. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. 4. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. 2. 1. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Let's go jogging sometime. What about tomorrow tonight. 5. Just wait for me. perform a monologue of procedure texts. 2. we're having a party on Friday. 3.Speaking In this section. 1.

I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. Robi : Hi. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. The italicised sentence is used to . When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7. Be ready. Sandra : OK. Sandra.. ask for permission e. Ira! This is Ari. invite someone to go d.. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. It's about Nasreddin. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot : Hi. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. Ira : Hi. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. There will be a great film tonight. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then.. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. But you have to come to the clinic. Say. Then act them out with your friends. Ari : Well. Ari : Well. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme. Read and practise another dialogue. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. I have many matters to settle down. I can't. that's great. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. thanks. Rin.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. accept an invitation c. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. I'd love to. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) X Activity 4 59 . I'd love to. how've you been? Ari : Alright.30. decline an invitation b. a. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment.

Unfortunately..... 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. Would you care to .... Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you. Come and .. won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you. but . Thank you for asking me. What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting.? Dr. declining an invitation and an appointment...... I wish I could.. I don't think I can.m... accepting...... I'm afraid I've already promised . All right (then). With the greatest pleasure.. That would be very nice.. You will .. Bye.... Receptionist : You're welcome. I can't. I'd love to.. I'd very much like you to ..... We should be pleased/delighted if you could . Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry. Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme.m.. Like to come to . I don't think I can.. You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p. • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will .. • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to . I'd like to. OK! I'd like to love to come. Shall we come to .. Mrs Lina Sugiarto. Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to ...... You must come to . but . Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto.. Bye. Thank you very much for inviting me. Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there.....Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p.. We'd very much like to . L-I-T-A. but .. I can't . What a delightful idea.. but .. Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry... Receptionist : Alright.

Oh. good. She/he promises that she/he will come. The headmaster. Invite this people to your party. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . ? Well.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. See you. I'll be there. Would You Like to Come? 61 . By the way. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. Persuade him to come. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. I don't think I can make it.. OK. I'll promise I'll be there. 5. You're welcome. . He accepts it. 1. o'clock. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. I don't have any plans at this moment. He doesn't want to accept. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. He/She accepts. Bye. Thank you very much Wendy. 6. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. See you then. You accept. for a little party at my house this weekend. 4. I'll help you.. He declines because he is busy. You invite a new student to join the party. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. 3. You'll have a graduation party this evening. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. 2. as he doesn't know anybody. You refuse. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : Hi. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. Then act it out in front of the class. ? Sure. this weekend is my special day. The senior teacher. You are at school. I'm so sorry I can't make it. Wendy.

Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. 4. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you. 1. 2. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher.

Then. what do you do? Emily : . Fry with vegetables for five minutes. Cut up the tomatoes. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. Yudi : Good. Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. Cut the chicken into small pieces. Yudi : All right. Emily : . a cup of rice. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. onions and green peppers into quarters. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. Sally : Then. How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. Sally : How do you . Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. salt and a pan with a lid. Use the following model. Sally : And what do you do after that? Emily : . Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. Sprinkle it with salt. make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. pepper and spices. How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 .

wash the rice in cold water. 5. Then. Well. put the lid on and cook it for about fifteen minutes. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. spices. Add rice and cook on low heat for fifteen minutes. cut tomatoes. 2. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. 4. spices. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. Add a little of salt and pepper. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. 8 cups of water. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. 3. turn down the heat. onions. small clove garlic. When it has boiled. 2. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. Mix together egg and lemon juice. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. Cook gently for three minutes. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. ½ teaspoon of salt. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. 4. 1 small onion. 6. salt and pepper. Tell the class about it. 3.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. and garlic into small pieces. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. and garlic into small pieces. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. Heat until the water boils. (Continue with your own words. ¼ teaspoon of butter. onions. fry them in a pan for five minutes. first of all.Ismail : First. Cook gently for one hour. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes. Then. Be careful with the knife. Add water. 5. 7. Next. ¼ teaspoon of pepper.

How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they find a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. 4.Reading In this section. identify the structure of a procedure text. 2. read a monologue in the form of procedure text. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 3. Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual 26 Ask a friend 28 Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts. 1. 4. 2. 3.

materials needed and methods or steps. 4. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kaffir lime leaves 1 tablespoon flour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. then press the tilt adjustment knob. 2. To change the speed of the fan. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. How to operate a fan 1. 1. Pay attention to the structure of the text. namely goal. In a how–to–text. first pull up the oscillating pin. To move the fan up or down. What do we do first to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3. 3. press one of the switches at the bottom. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. push the pin on top of the motor. 2.

2. 3. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and find their meaning.english. 10. Pay attention to your pronunciation. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. followed by the egg. 14. 5. 2. Source: www. fried shallots and lime leaves. 1. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. Stir in the flour. 15. 4. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium flame. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. 5. drop the fritters into the oil. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. 11. 6. 6. When the oil is hot. 8. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. 3. May 2.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. 13. Fry until golden brown on both sides. unitecnology. 7. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. 4. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. These texts are usually written in the present tense. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and flatten a little with a fork. five or six at a time. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 12. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1.

Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. Use the Internet. Follow links until you find what you want. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. A massage. Give a welcome service. a day at the spa. a rare print b. Visit art supply stores.com 1. 3. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. The word well-known in the first line means …. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. special d. In an auction. b. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. Track down items such as rare prints. a photo frame c. In the craft shop. Before give an unusual gifts. Look for gifts wherever you find yourself. especially when you were on a trip. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. 2.howabout. weird c. costume makeovers. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. a unique furniture d. In the internet. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. Anywhere. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. a. d. it is suggested that we give … first a. Adapted www. Moreover. great b. So. c. craft shops.

a.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e.4. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. b. Dian told Andi. unitecnology. the fax.english. unique d. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request. You make sure the car is in neutral. but could also express irritation. make us unusual b. recipes. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs." said David. The word "do" could be persuasive.g. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. complete our collections c. road safety rules. how to use the video. 5." asked the mother. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. For further Information visit www. a. (command) "Help me. It functions as prohibition. Would You Like to Come? 69 . rare b. e. 1." said father. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet. a. science experiments. e.g. The word in the text that means not too many is …. a. You press the stop button. how to succeed." 2. Do come on time. the photocopier. "Stand up. "Press the stop button.g." the teacher told the pupils. the tape recorder. b. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. the computer. a. sweet c.g. rules for games. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. important Giving gifts may be important to …." said the teacher." said mother. 3. "Make sure the car is in neutral.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. "Don't hurry. Do be quiet. celebrate special moments Englishclub. "Don't be noisy.g. e. get the recipient attention d. b.

Your uncle is writing a novel. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 6. 4. 1. 10. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. 2. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. magazine or in the internet. 9. 7. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. He cannot concentrate his mind well. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. He always late although his wife often warns him. 8. Report it to the class. The volume of the television is too loud. 3.m. What will your father say? It is 6 a. 1. What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. 4. 3. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. 5. 5.

arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. 4. you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. 3.Writing In this section. 2. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table. write procedure texts. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. • • • • • • • • next butter roast first pour finally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese flour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors first Would You Like to Come? 71 . 1.

1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. vegetables. • At the same time. tomatoes and cucumber. you can break in two or three eggs. • To make fried rice. garlic. you will need some rice. • Stir the mixture and add salt. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. cook the rice in another pan. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. pepper and other spices. • First.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. if you like. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. • Finally. • The best vegetables to use are onions. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • Then. • Now. add it to the meat and the vegetables. The pictures will help you to arrange it. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. Do it in pairs. meat and eggs.

d. a. b. Then you can begin to record it. After that.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. It is not difficult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. You must also twist off the flippers at end of tail section. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. And then tested the voice level recorder. Next. Work individually. After these twisted off. before you sit down to enjoy your meal. Find the errors and correct them. It contains nine mistakes. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. Well. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. use your fingers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. e. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. First. Rewrite it using your own words. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. remove the black vein. c. first you have to plug in the cord. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . From the tail meat. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. Finally.

Chapter Summary 1. 8. perform a monologue of procedural texts. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2. 3. respond to oral instructions. 7. I don't think I can make it.Materials (not required for all procedural texts) .. make and cancel an appointment. Now. . invite someone..Goal. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3. you are expected to be able to: 1. respond to expressions for an appointment. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends.. answer the questions: 1. • I'm sorry I can't make it. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Write a recipe of your favourite food. Declining an appointment • Sorry. 6. • Join me. Write the method or steps clearly. write an instruction or procedural text. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . respond to invitation. • I'll be there. Generic structure . Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. identify the structure of procedural texts. • Will you come with . Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise.. If you find some difficulties. 2.Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2.. 4.. What should be included in a procedural text? 4.

Nice to meet you. I'd love to. b. A. b. 11. b. choose the best answer. Tokyo. Two tins. invitation d. a. Good evening. Inside the waitress' room. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. d. How nice to see you. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. The farmer's oldest son. The farmer's youngest son. Here is it. The manager could do nothing. The landowner. c. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. The man losing his money. £150. Hotel lobby. Where does the story take place? a. Bank manager's office. How do you do. 3. b. c. The girl. You are going to hear several short dialogues. Beijing. I won't say no. offering b. Where did the girl find the money? a. Restaurant manager's office. c. b. b. b. Then. d. I'm fine. 8. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. 14. The manager could help the man who lost his money. c. Three steps. d. c. c. Good afternoon. 7. Good night. Countryside. d. Outside the gentleman's room. Here it is. d. b. a. d. Four steps. c. Two steps. Five tins. d. c.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. Inside the manager's room. c. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. a. 75 . 6. Five steps. Hotel manager's office. £5. £50. 2. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. 4. It is here. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. c. Who was shouting? a. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. a. Four tins. The landowner's youngest son. The hotel owner. 10. b. Here they are. £15. d. 12. Inside the gentleman's room. thank you. b. d. c. d. Where was the landowner from? a. d. Good morning. The manager. 5. What could the manager do? a. Sorry I can't. a. c. Seoul. b. b. c. The manager could call the police. gratitude c. 13. Three tins. 1. Thanks anyway. 9. d. b.

Rudely. with salt and tissue–paper. c. This takes half a minute. He wanted the table to be cleaned. For three portions. not too hot. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. d. break them into a bowl. d. Politely. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. to the size of the omelette. Angrily. Meanwhile. The flame is now turned down a little. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . it is fatal to beat too long. Harshly. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. b. and add a good teaspoonful of water. when hot. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. 17. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. His stomach couldn't take any more food. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. taking care always to move towards the middle. until large bubbles form on the top. The fryingpan must be made of iron. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. not the whisk. or butter and best lard. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. c. we fold it. letting the liquid flow into the empty spaces. keeping as calm as we possibly can. our fryingpan is getting hot. tin or enamel. in the middle. d. B. in other words. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter." a. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. over a quick flame for a minute or two. All this is a swift business. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. b. c. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan.15. once or twice. not of aluminium. we take six eggs. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. b. He was not hungry. 16. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. Then. This takes about two minutes.

it is quite easy to roll it into shape. We may well feel a few extra heart– beats because . An omelette made in France.of the omelette along one side. b. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. It should be the same size as the omelette. we feel tired b. 21. 27. c. c. b. When the butter is a different shade. The size of an omelette. d. Let me introduce myself. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. I'll introduce b. Washing with salt and paper. How are you? c. Rubbing with hot water. This last touch makes all the difference. Rubbing with salt and paper. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. c. 23. Dedy. The states of an omelette. 26. 22. Then. Good morning. It should never be a small one. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. as the classical French term says. d. One made of aluminium. Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. d. It should never be a very flat one. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. Review 1 77 . Won't you introduce d. 19. It's very interesting. b. here are they Eka : to my friend.recipetips. c. here it is b. 24. When the flame gives no more froth. a. d. Ferry : I am Ferry. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes. Taken from www. Yes. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. When the frying-pan is getting hot. d. How do you do? d. d. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. The shape of an omelette. a. . One made of iron. What is important about the frying– pan? a. A soon as the flame is light golden. 25.com 18. b. we feel impatient c. It doesn't matter. b. we feel relaxed d. b. One made of aluminium and enamel. One made of tin 20. here is it d. a. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. No. c. b. You are introduced c. here they are c. c. It is better than beating it for too short a time.

c. himself c. him b. happiness. it didn't work out. 29. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. Thanks. gave c. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. I did not because I was in a hurry. Student : . 39. Did come on time. giving 32. I go to the cinema b. a. I'll fetch you at 8 p. Don't worry about it. I went to the cinema c. or the. Teacher : Thanks for your help. how awful! I'm so sorry. b. (shave) this morning 44. I'd be unhappy to accept it. : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. compliment.28. gratitude. that would be very nice. an. Yes. Thanks a lot. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. 45. I her a bunch of roses this morning. That's very kind of you. sympathy. d. You did come on time. Who are ? a. them c.m. Sure. Randy : Oh. d. Hanny. c. The underlined sentence expresses a. Complete the following sentences using a. c. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . Look out of 36 window of 37 house you are in now you see such 38 beautiful view. Dudi does his homework by a. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. C. I . 35. give d. he 33. Sorry. You are entirely welcome. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. 43. their d. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Too bad it didn't work. (put) the books in their previous place. given b. Evi : Alright. a. c. Do come on time. she books all day along. they 34. (read) the 42. 40. hisself d. maybe. I was going to the cinema 31. but some other time. 30. a. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. themselves b. I have gone to the cinema d. d. b. b. I think . The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. Yesterday. 41. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. but I'm very busy. b. Use substitution form to fill in the blank spaces. a. Why? a. Do you come on time? d.

Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .

1. 7. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 1. 2. 6. 4. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. respond to narrative texts. 7. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 3. 3. 8. Repeat after him/her. 5. 5. great charming fantastic congratulate terrific farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. No. 4.Listening In this section. 6. 2. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8.

b. 4 right now. You know what? I have passed for the final test. Congratulations.. b. I've got it. The best response is . a. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. a. That's awful! Thanks anyway. For example: You will hear : a. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . 1 ? Andi : I am fine. On the way home. Andi. Desi : Hi. Thank you very much a. Congratulations! That's amazing. a. 5. 3. By the way. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. 2 today! I love your new hair style. he meets Desi. She congratulates and compliments Andi.. b. Andi : 3 . Andi. Congratulations on your success. I can't believe it! That's terrific. Desi. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. his friend.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear.. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. too. b. 2. 5 Desi : That's great. b. thanks. I got the highest score for the test. It is nice to hear you. You look great. b. 4. Never mind. Desi : Thanks. Andi. 1. a. ! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God.

You will hear "You're terrific/fantastic. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : 1 what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. For example: 1. 2. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. I guess it's just my luck. Mention where they are from. I dont' think so c. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. b. You look beautiful on it. It's so difficult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. It goes with my shoes. You are so kind." 2. I know you are very smart. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. 2 . 1. Sorry to hear that d. . I don't like it e." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. Joko : It's a 4 . that's amazing.. discuss the following questions with your friends'. Eta : Thank you. a. Desi. It's my pleasure. : Never mind Andi. 6 ! 7 : your compliment. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. The next day. Now. Riska : 3 ! We're happy for you. Andi : Oh. Andi.UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisfied with it. Then.. Andi. no. Ina : I think so.. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. You will hear "Well done.

One morning. In the afternoon she 7 the lower part of her house. and the walls are bigger. listen to the tape once again and complete the story. I have to repaint it. the Witch her house and she said to herself. Then she 5 the shop and bought a can of paint. 8. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed.Activity 8 Now. and she worked very carefully. one of the Witch's friends 1 to visit. "my friend was right. My house is 2 than yours. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. After lunch she 6 to paint. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and 10 to paint the upper walls. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and 3 . 6. 4. When she looked around the room. she said "Your house is ugly. 7. "Broom. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom finish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . The Witch was very happy. When she wanted to start the upper part she 8 that she couldn't reach it. It worked very fast. 5. and in ten minutes all job was done. 3. 1. 2. That she got an idea. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded.

To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. d. c. d. horror stories. Defenseless e. Really happy d. fables. They may include fairy stories. 5. A Roman Soldier. 4. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. adventure stories. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. All of the above. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy.ac 3. b.english. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. romances. c. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. historical narratives. Source: www. What was the purpose of the text? a. b. unitechnology. None of the above. Really sad b. b. They destroyed the city gate e. c. To show how cunning the Greeks were. 1. d. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . No Information. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. slice of life. 2. mysteries. They scared the Romans c. They made the Romans drink b. A Greek King. personal experience. With the help of alcohol. Drunk c. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. They can be imaginary. ballads. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. myths and legends. science fiction. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. A horse. e. A Greek Soldier. factual or a combination of both. With help from a wooden horse. e. e.

Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. What do you see in the picture? 2. g. Congratulations! Well.Speaking In this section. Your brother have got an award. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. You compliment someone on their appearance. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . perform a monologue of narrative texts. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. b. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. 2. 4. Activity 2 Expressions 1. Your friend has just passed an important exam. c. 6. f. What are they doing? 3. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. 5. 3. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. Situations a. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. d. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation.

Oh.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. It looks a lot different. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. Ussy. I just finished modifying it. My compliments on your beautiful. you are quite charming. I f I may so. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. Let's go celebrate it. No. I really must express my admiration for your party. thanks. Good idea. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. it is. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. What did you do to it? Not much. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. Great job! Thanks. I like your hair style! You're terrific/fantastic. Pandu. Harsya. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. it's not necessary. it's a must. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. Thank you. You are looking good. 1. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

Discuss with your partner. 1. Well done! Fantastic/terrific! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. 4.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. 1. It was great to hear …. I won the race. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. 3. I must congratulate you. I've found a new job. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. 2. May I congratulate you on …. 4. I'd like to be the first to congratulate you on …. 2. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . 5 : : I just won first prize from a quiz. Your relative is going abroad for studying. 3. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. Congratulations on your …. Your brother has done excellent job. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married.

Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. Your friend is elected as one of the finalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. Dad. Don. Mom. 2. Your friend is good at: 1. Use the expressions of congratulating. Your partner got a scholarship. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. playing chess 5. Activity 8 With your partner. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. Boby : Hi. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. 1. playing tennis 3. playing the piano 2. For example: Donny has passed his exams with flying colour and get the best ranking at his school. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. 3. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. 1. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. didn't you? Dony : That's right. story telling 4. Don. Use the expressions of complimenting. 2. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. Dony : Thank you. Dony's father : Well done. I'm very proud of you. create a short dialogue based on the situations given. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class.

"It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. in my honour. "Leo. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . the lioness woke her mate." she said. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of fighting. and some fought for both. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away. except that of her cubs. All the beasts were dead except the tiger. "What are we fighting for?" someone asked the aardvark. "The creatures are crying for a change. long live the king!" Inside the den. one of whom. It was a terrible fight and it lasted until the setting of the sun." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead." said the tiger." she said. very like his father. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. and some did not knot know which they were fighting for." "Oh sure. fevered and gibbous." said the zebra." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. sleepily.Activity 9 Work in group. screaming in horror." said the tigress as she went to look after her young." said the aardvark. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts. "Come out." she said. a male." said the tiger. "The new order. "I am the king of beasts. Taken from Readings to Remember. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den. When the moon rose. He was monarch of all he surveyed. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. but it didn't seem to mean anything." he roared. "The king is here to see you. is king of beasts. the lion. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra. "What king?" he inquired. "The old order. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw. "The king of beasts. All the animals of the jungle joined in. "We need a change.

"Okay. I think it is not a serious problem. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the fight? 7. Were there any beasts survive the fight? 10. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi. who is the cleverest student in the class. you may not stop studying here. I'm glad you still want to study in this school." asked Evi. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three. Where did the story take place? 3. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his office. Are you with me?" asked Budi. Who won the fight. her classmate. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. "No . "I am sorry. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster. "Oh. "You are a very smart student. Change the following text into dialogue. The Cleverest Student Evi. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5.1. doesn't go to school anymore. Budi. "Our teachers asked me where you were. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. Taken from English for SMA 2." "Thank you very much. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . came to see her at home. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. it is not a good solution. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. What do you think if I stop studying." continued Budi." told Evi. Sir." said Budi. . Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. not to me. "Excuse me. "I am sorry to hear that. . If so. Did the tiger and the lion fight for the crown? 6." said Evi happily. 2. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company. At school they meet the headmaster in his office. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. Then act it out in front of the class. That's kind of you." told Evi. the tiger or the lion? 9.

identify the structure of narrative texts. 7. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. 3. read and study the following words and find their meanings. reading and understanding narrative texts. 8. 3. 1. 5. 2. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 . 6. 5. 4. 4. 1. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. Activity 2 Before reading the story. 2.Reading In this section.

The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. a dragon came to his country. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. That night. He lived in Denmark. One day. He was half-man and half-monster. The dragon was very big and breathed fire. Beowulf went to the lake. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. 1. It lived in a cave with treasure. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. The knights were afraid and they did not want to fight the dragon. In the morning. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. When he came back. and it attacked people. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight. He was king for fifty years. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How long did Beowulf become king? 9. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. What did Grendel's mother do when she find out about her son's death? 7. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. But one day. he went to the King's castle.

"but you must be nearsighted as well. Any two points." "Tarry awhile. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. Last." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. I am the pioneer of flight. and they are a dollar a hundred. my flight is known to scientists and engineers." said the fox. The Fox and the Crow A crow. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing." And with this he trotted away into the woods. I wear black and I am unique. "Bars may come and bars may go. and somewhere else. attracted the eye and nose of a fox. as the most famed and talented of all birds.aesopfables. now that I look more closely. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died. but sly." he concluded arrogantly. as the shortest distance between two points. but crow bars last forever. c. b." said the fox." said the crow. his appetite appeased. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom. and began to tell about himself. "I recognize you.11. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped. every two points. and somewhere. "Oh." he said. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight. Taken from www. but I am hungry and must go. 12. "I am sure you are. and scholar. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. "and share my lunch with me. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. but never least. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case." said the crow quickly." The fox had read somewhere. I am sure. geometricians.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 . Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure. I am the map maker. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak." said the fox.

4. 1. 7. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. 3. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. You can do mini research in the library. There are two main characters in the story. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. 8. 2. The story probably took place in the jungle. retell it in front at the class. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. 6. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. The crow's appetite appeased. 4. 2. 5. 8. 7. The fox is really arrogant. He is the map maker. 3. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. Ask your parents or grand parents. Then. 6. 1.

Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement.canauthorsniagara. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments.m. September 29 from 2 to 5 p. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www. We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be officially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-first" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the finalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition.

A fire melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . and sweets at the top of the pyramid.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. etc. 1. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. to be descendant from dinosaurs. oils. The firefighters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. The cameraman takes the President's several times. The form of passive is: be + past participle. 4. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. UN Shot Komodo . Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. The sentences above use passive voice. 3. 5. 3. 5. 1. to belive c.. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle.. My brother buys me this new computer game. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. belived d. 2. they belive b. In passive voice. a. 4. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. 2. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. to belived e. The play was written by Shakespeare. sleep. come. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats.

for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else." said the wolf. the wolf had little hope of finding food.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values. well-fed. a dog out for a walk noticed him. I won't be free anymore." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. He was curious about this. It's a good deal for both of us. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. "The dog called after the wolf. saying. "But. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger. "If I come to live with you. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived. With hardly enough energy to walk. You could do the same. I think I will surely die. As he lay beneath a large tree. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was." said the dog. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run." the wolf said. In that way. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. he asked the dog about it. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of finding food. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences. if I am chained up. I will arrange it." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right." Taken from www. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 .aesopfables. don't worry about that." "You're right. the dog felt sorry for him and said. I'm more free than you are. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life. He was very thin. But." answered the dog. and I have a warm place to sleep. "Oh. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep. I hardly think about it anymore." After saying this. the wolf turned and ran away. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. You'll get used to it soon enough. as they were walking. Finally. "I work regularly and I eat regularly. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more." "But. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep. but I'm healthy.

Have you ever written a story? What do you do first when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story. writing narrative texts.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. Activity 1 Answer these questions.aesopfables. 1. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts. 3.Writing In this section. 2. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www. 4.

Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture. For further steps in writing narrative. then read the sentence given below.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully. He was very angry and threw a stone at them. In the final paragraph. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described. So has sat down under the tree to sleep. The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point.com 3 4 5 6 a.infoplease. they are not in the correct order. visit www.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. c. 1 2 Englishclub. d.

co. Taken from www.short-stories.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. So." Taken from www. Activity 4 Study these stories and fill in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story. The Miser. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. said. for when the gold was there. and stole it. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep.co. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .e. k. he soon made a meal off her . and fancy that the gold is still lying there. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been flayed and thrown aside. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. came to the lump of gold. he felt very tired. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. and place it in the hole.short-stories.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. leading the Lamb a little apart. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. "Pray do not grieve so. h. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. but go and take a stone. j. and digging down. i. f. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. on his next visit. while he was going from one village to another. you had it not. g. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily. and enjoying hearty meals. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. Appearances are deceptive. It will do you quite the same service. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing. One day. A neighbor. as you did not make the slightest use of it.

Choose from the following categories. 1. Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . 3.Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conflict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. make your own narrative story. 2.

for better or for worse.. the crisis is resolved. 6. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. 2. write narrative texts. congratulate and compliment others. optional.. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways.. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. performing a monologue of narrative texts. b. 2. Pay attention to the structure of the text. 3. 7. • You look terrific. Complimenting • You look great.. a crisis arises.. you are expected to be able to: 1. I must say that you are . Write and tell your favourite folklore. identify the structure of narrative texts. If you find some difficulties. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants.Chapter Summary 1. : to amuse. Now. identify factual meaning in the texts.. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Language Functions a. 5. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. answer the questions: 1. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on. a stepping back to evaluate the plight.

Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub li shers' s Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .

I'll tell him. 8 . respond to invitation. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. 2. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Here it is. Fine. Henry. 1. sure. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. 2. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. Great. And you? 2 I'm just fine. How are you this morning? Hi. Yuni. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. It's all right. . Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. 1 . By the way.Listening In this section. 5 . 6 . please. 3 . Here it is and 4 . Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. 3. respond to descriptive texts. Please come in and have a seat. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes.

a. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. a. 4. b. I'm very grateful to you. b. I can't. What picture is it? Where do you usually find that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . 5. 2. 5. 5. 2. a. a. You're great. You will hear some expressions. I'd love to. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. 3. Thank you so much. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. b. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. Yes. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. I won't. Choose the best response for the expressions. 4.4. b. 2002 1. 1. b. I'm sorry. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. 3. No. a.

Activity 5 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures.central-java-tourism. Adapted from www. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear. 1 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta. Besides its thousand doors.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. It is named 2 which means 3 . The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. It is a famous 6 in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand. 2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu.

I'll be there. After visiting the museum. When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue. 5. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . I won't say no. 4. OK? All right. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. 2. 6. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. 1. 1. perform a monologue of descriptive text. Be ready at 7. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together. on the way home. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. 3. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Will you pick me up? Sure. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house.Speaking In this section. 2. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to.

Great. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class. Yes.. I’d like to very much.? Do you want to come with . Actually.. Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for . my parents are taking me there again this vacation.. I won’t say no . Thank you... Wow. Would you like to ... The temple is extravagant. I'm sure my parents won't mind..What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to ..... Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before..? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to ... Then. I wish I can see it for myself.... Let me express my gratitude . Thanks. What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come. What is it like? It's very beautiful..? Will you join . I’d love to. Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too. Activity 4 Study the following dialogue..

Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 1. Give suitable responses. 1. that is hand-written e. Tini has lent you a magazine. 1. 3. 3. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 2. 3. Create dialogues based on the following situations. writing hand c. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. 2. 2. 6. 2.. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. Tini has lent you a magazine. hand-written d. 10. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . 8. 9. 5. 4. 3. 7. 4. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. written by hand b. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. 4. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station.Activity 5 Work in pairs. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. a..

passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. he made a simple raft and sailed there.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. On the island. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. On top of a hill. and no doors. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. no windows. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. We don't really know why they are there. Why did they build the tower? We don't know. there are 600 large statues. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500.2 metres thick. Thor Heyerdahl.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island. To prove this. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Pacific. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch. a German. 3. all the way from Peru. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. Africa. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. believed that they were built by people from South America.000 years ago.

Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. 3. How did they move the trees? We don't know.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . Easter Island 1. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. They used stone for the walls and wood for the floors. They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places. 2. Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. 2000 One thousand years ago. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops. doors and roofs.

2. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. at the falls.000 feet (305 metres) wide. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . and the U. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally. They are not as high as the American Falls.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. At night. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. Ontario. Canada is on one side of the river. The American Falls are about 1. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. state of New York is on the other side. but they are 2.8 kilometre). At Niagara Falls. 4. It is on the Niagara River. 5. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. There. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America.5 mile (0. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. 3. and the American Falls are in the United States. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada.S. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.

In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. 7. Example: • I stand in front of the class. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor. in the United States.[2] The island's official Spanish name. Off is used with verbs: get off. 5. at lunch. in the Middle Ages. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. 3. for the sake of. before asking. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. 1. before him. after lunch time. 4. while searching for Davis or David's island. at the corner of. 8. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . on the wall. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. for a week. while she was at the bank. after me. 2. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. Soka no. glance of eye. before June. • For the sake of God. 9. after summer. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. after reading. in Canada. put off. at midnight. take off. during the night. of making. on June 18. Isla de Pascua. is Spanish for "Easter Island". After/before is used with period of times. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. for ages.11. on Monday. 6. in the park. at Jln.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. in 2005.

15 It stands his pyramid. There is only one pyramid at Giza. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Cairo. Pyramids are built for king's servants. called the Great Sphinx. 4. The largest was 10 built King Khufu. Giza is located near the Nile River. 2. T/F 1. Then. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. A huge statue 13 a sphinx. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. There are 10 pyramids Giza. 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. was probably built 14 Khafre.C. and the third 12 King Menkaure. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. The second was built 11 King Khafre. decide whether the following statements are true or false.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. including 5 three the largest and best preserved 6 all Egyptian pyramids. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. 5.

4. learn these words. 5. d. b. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. read and understand descriptive texts. 3. Can you find a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you find this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them.upload. 4. 6. 3.wikimedia.org 1. e.Reading In this section. 5. 2. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”. Source: www. 2. Meanings or Synonyms a. identify the structure of descriptive texts. c. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . you will learn how to: • • • find specific information from descriptive texts.

l. i. Somehow. j.6. Wareng village. The visitors dance. forgetting all problems. 12. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. The route is easy. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice fields. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. 13. it is like a fair. does not doubt anything. Nyi Kamiyem. h. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. identification description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. g. 9. k. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. coconutpalms and birds. Pay attention to the structure of the text. Many tourists go to this cave. who often sings in the cave. People sell agates on the cave terraces. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. 7. 10. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. 8. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. 11. in Tabuhan. m.

went to the cave to find out what was wrong. By the way. and a local guide will lead the way. 2. January.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. No one dared go inside. There is a stream in the cave. Watukarang. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. However. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. The description part describes parts. According to Kartowiryo (90). The identification part is the part where writers of descriptive text identifies phenomenon to be described. and characteristics. However. do you want different souvenirs? You can find them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. a beach nearby. Description text focuses on specific participants. Besides the cave. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. it can be heard from inside. 1. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identification and description. The people chased the spirits away. is good to visit. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. Taken from Hello English Magazine. have a nice journey. qualities. Some people now use the place for meditation. It normally uses simple present tense. 4. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you find peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . So. in the east corner. village elder. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. 3. The cave is dark. which can only be seen outside. It was believed to be a sacred place. so people need lights.

2. The cave is used for meditation. 10.What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo find out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. 4. You find the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave. 8. 3. 5. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. 7. People who are in the cave can hear the stream. 7. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. 8. T/F 1. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. 6. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. 6. 9. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 9. Activity 5 In pairs.

How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. consuming 9. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on five vowels and just seven consonants. and this is the pattern throughout the day. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. The simple response. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Pacific feels immediately that he has one foot firmly anchored in the American Way of Life. Honolulu on Oahu. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Pacific cruise route and is the first cruise ship to fly the U. "Fine". Most of the almost 2. Oahu. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell. The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. suffices as answer. Included in the price is full board. from colourful shirts.000 aboard have their homes in the U. has a population of 900.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea. "Aloha. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". where the cruise starts.S. travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. Kauai. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship.S. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. flag in some time. At breakfast. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise. The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. Big Island and Maui. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1.Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow. the third-largest cruise operator in the world. Midwest.

February 13. Definition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. 5. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. 3. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. 2.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. Information Paragraph 1. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can find the following information. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 4. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. 2005 1. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. There is a reason for the crowds. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8.

each carved from a single huge piece of white jade.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. on Mount Badaling. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. and huge stone walls and gates. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall. Its length is about 6. the most famous temple in China. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . rises to about 11 metres high. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. Source: Microsoft Encarta. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and office buildings. and it was erected entirely by hand. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. crowded with worshippers. The main part of the wall is about 3.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. Temple of the Jade Buddha. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. without nails. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. temples.460 kilometres long. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. near Beijing.400 kilometres. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. constructed entirely of wood. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. This section is about 7. has two statues of Buddha. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre.

2. 5. 4.T/F 1. In your opinion. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. 1. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. 8. Beijing is China's largest city. Writing In this section. 6. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 3. Shanghai is the most modern city in China. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. 2. which one is the most amazing. you will learn how to: • • write a short description. 4. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. 3. write descriptive texts. 5. 7.

Australia. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. cruises. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. Medewi is also good for beginners.masham3d.files. September 2000 Source: www. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. Padang Bai. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . Tulamben and Amed in the east. which regularly attract the pros. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. Candidasa. swimming with dolphins. diving. Lovina.228 metres) on the world's flattest and smallest continent. Then answer the questions. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches. hurtle down frothing rapids. For the more experienced. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. Taken from Hello Bali. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur. Further afield.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers.wordpress. For snorkelling and diving. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. snorkelling. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. Canggu.

the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's finest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. Mt. Townshend. Taken from Kang Guru. 2. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. 2000 the tower of london was first built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Australia does have 1. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. the crags of Tasmania. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. and even Mt.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. Activity 4 Study the following text well. some interesting mountainous terrain. Actually. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. including areas of the Blue Mountains.

Discuss what they are about.Activity 5 Answer these questions. Write down the conclusion of your discussion. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . Take Off. 2 Source: True Colors. Study the following announcements. 1. Compare it to your friend's. 1998. 2. 3.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the first paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper. Can you explain the function of period (. comma (.).

Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. etc. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. a famous church. hiking. 5. e. dense beautiful annually very large attract 6. millions of people visit Paris. 1. one of the world's largest art museums. For this reason. The Louvre. many palaces and statues are lit up. Paris is often called the City of Light. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. singing contest. 3. Choose one of them and then describe it. 4. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. At night. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. 10. draws many visitors. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris.Activity 7 With your friend. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. is another favourite place to visit. 2. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. study tour. 8. Then write your own sentences based on these words. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. 9. camping. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower.g. 7. Every year.

com The Wall of China Source: www3.nationalgeographic. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 . 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. just visit www.1 Englishclub. To find out about them.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history. new7wonders.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.

qualities. place or thing. c.Chapter Summary 1. Thanks a lot.. Accepting an invitation a. guess meaning in context. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. Now. b. I'd be delighted to. I'd love to b. read a descriptive text aloud. Thank you very much. find specific information from descriptive texts. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. perform a monologue of descriptive. sentences into paragraphs. you are expected to be able to: 1. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What will you say to accept an invitation? If you find some difficulties. b. characters. respond to gratitude 2... Generic Structure a. 10. write a form of announcement. I really appreciate your . write accurately words phrases. answer the questions: 1. 5. respond to invitation 3. That sounds a nice idea. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter.. 8. Identification : identifies phenomenon to be described.. d. d. respond to report texts 4. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. 7. c. 6. 2. What will you say to express gratitude? 2. 9. Description : describes parts. express gratitude. I'm very grateful to you for.

photo bucke t.com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w .

130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Good heavens! No. 2. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. I don't believe it. 1 ! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. Many people became homeless. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. Another disaster? (Then.) Iwan : Yeah. 3 Father : . Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. It's very tragic. Iwan : Dad. respond to news item texts. 4 Father : . 3. 4. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. Thousands of people were killed. 2 . What kind of expressions are they? 1. 1. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. I can't imagine that.Listening In this section. 5. 2. 7. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. I find that very surprising. 3. 4. Compare your answer with your friends'. 6. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions.

What a shocking. I tell you the truth. It seems that he brings 2 for us. 3. guys. We will have a holiday someday. Report your answers in front of the class. That's very disappointing. be quiet. Feny : Really? Why are you 3 ? Bad news? Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. Andi : I'm serious.. Activity 6 In groups of four. please! I have something to tell you.. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. 6 Indah : . 1 Andi : . 5 . He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. 1. Please. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. Feny : What! 4 ? Aldi : Oh. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. Headline News 131 . He told me about our holiday.. Andi : Keep calm guys. Aldi : Shh. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. no. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. Respond to each news that your friends tell you. 5. answer these questions. 4.OK my friends. pay attention to our leader. 2.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class.

132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park.Activity 7 Listen to tape. Your response: I think it's good news. 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in floods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear.

Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it." Mochtar said. During study time. He failed to mention what punishments 6 on students who did not comply. com on Monday. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. would be on May 2. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. visiting shopping malls or going to 5 will be allowed. "The study time must be effective.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening.m. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Elementary and high school students will have 4 from 6 p. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality administration 1 students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. to 7:30 p. game consoles. "My office is still drafting 2 on study time. he said. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine.m." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. no TV. in time for National Education Day. Headline News 133 . April 15..

What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. Yesterday.Speaking In this section. on the TV news. 2. 3. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. Many people died and got serious injured. Source: Earthquakes. I heard that Rian was in jail. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. Ask five questions about it. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. 4. Romi was knocked down by a car. 4. 3. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2006 1. 5. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. He was in hospital for five weeks. He was arrested for traffic violence. perform a dialogue of news item texts.

Hadi : really? . The bell is ringing. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . Oh. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. Yesterday. I don't have time to think about love right now. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. : Listen. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. : You're right. Mrs. b. The window didn't break. Frans.. e. Sandy : Oh. you're right. Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. Sandi : I don't understand. I got the news from his best friend. did he? Dina : No. It was in mid air. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. Ria. : Good heavens! Look at this. Dina UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month.. did it? Dina : Yes. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. that's terrible. actually. Act them out with your friends. Besides. ! I've been waiting for it so long. c. come on. it did. Pay attention to the italicised expressions.000 feet in the air. : Yeah. Let's go to the class. a. d. : That's too bad. Take it easy. at the school canteen. He's not the only guy in the world. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. he gave me a bar of chocolate.Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues.

3. 1.. Express your sympathy. Express your amazement. Well.. I find it astonishing/extraordinary. You aren't. How very surprising/amazing. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief.. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. surprises me. Respond to the news appropriately. 4. Your friend's father has passed away. He wasn't. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. Act them out with your friends. 5. Tell your classmates about it. Mr Anwar was very ill. I find that very surprising. I'm on strike now. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. 2. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. are you? 2. Give respond to the news. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. 1. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . that's very surprising.

2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. The robbers took their cameras.indonesiaheadline. November 23-29. The Jakarta Post. is on the verge of extinction. 3. 2008 Headline News 137 .Activity 5 Englishclub. Pay attention to your intonation. December 29. Pretend you are a news reader. 2003/January 5. cellular phones. March 8. 2. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you find the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. just visit www. Time. Source: Tempo. Read the news in front of the class. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. as the protected species. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia.com/ english Answer these questions orally. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. 2005. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition. 2004. one of many at the reserve. 2004 1. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. an official said Saturday. 4.

Sarah McCaffrey was fined 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27. 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her first claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island.000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . make a dialogue. B : Really? I don't believe it.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10.

reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. or the authority. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. and the place where the event happened. bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15." (Continue with your own words. Identify its background. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. expert opinions. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read.. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. 2. Use the following guidance. 4. news /nju:z/ 2. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. people involved. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3.. entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. Headline News 139 .) 3. They include witnesses. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8. 1. Find out the information sources. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was . 1. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. Background consists of event elaboration. Find out the main event of the news.. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11.

6. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Ask your classmates and fill in the name of those doing the following activities. 7. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. 2. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Activity 2 v No 1. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. 3.Reading In this section. 5. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures. identify the structure of news item texts. Activities Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin Name Kind of news 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. 4. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts.

Activity 3
newsworthy event

Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than five people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com

background event

source

The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The first part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.

Activity 4

State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. (T/F) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan.

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Activity 5

Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.

Source: www.football-wallpapers.com

The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their

"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's infidelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com

1.

2.

The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick

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3.

New Horizon
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006

4.

5.

The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. fight b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise

Activity 6

Read the following words taken from text and find the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise

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Taken from English Form. 2. 1. Do it individually. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare. 3. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were confirmed last night." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed." Taken from English Form. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. Then. identify the structure of the text. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. 4. However.

Activity 8

Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the first news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours confirmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?

Grammar Review
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."

Your Project
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.

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Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before

Activity 9

Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the office.

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Activity 10

Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."

Activity 11

Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.

Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008

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If the newspaper talks about more than one event. 2. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . simple and catchy. The … of the newspaper is usually short. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. when and where. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 2008 1. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. Source: Microsoft Encarta. • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box.Writing In this section. write news item text. 2. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. what.

The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news.3. Along the way. Sometimes. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected.my-indonesia. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. 6. Source: www. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite fishing that can smash coral reefs. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta.info Headline News 149 . There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. 8. 5.

com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Do it individually. According to him. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. Additional supply. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. there was a kerosene demand hike. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deficit. "because. however. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police.tempointeraktif. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. To prevent abuse. the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. meet the people's demand he said. he said.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. At first. kerosene extra supply. According to him. Source: www. after the fasting month. he said. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter.9 million kiloliter. he said.

Fire in City Hotel There was a fire at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. By the time the fire department arrived. etc Headline News 151 . 6. etc) technology education. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class.tempointeraktif. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette. 5. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text. Mr Iwan Sugiarto. 3.000 worth of damage to the hotel. 1. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. etc) contest (speech. You can choose one of the following topics. Source: www. said the fire had started in a guest bedroom. the fire had spread to the 4th and 5th floors of the hotel.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. 7. 2008 Source: Tempo. groups. The guest was badly injured in the fire. Then find a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. Rewrite them in your workbook. January 23. 2. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the fire started on the third floor. Source: Kompas. 4.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. last night. May. The hotel manager. but all the other guests escaped safely.m. Mr Sugiarto said the fire had caused over US$70. debate. Then present it to the class.

2. perform a monologue of news item texts. and amazement. Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function 2. and amazement. write news item texts. : to inform readers. you are expected to be able to: 1. answer the questions: 1. Generic structure .Chapter Summary 1. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. What should be included in a news item text? If you find some difficulties. 5. respond to surprise. Now. . How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. express surprise. 4. respond to news item texts.Sources : Comments. in what curriculum stances. 6.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. to whom. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. 3. identify factual information in news item texts. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. . by participants.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened.

b. d. yeah. c. thank you. A landslide. 6. Milk contains nothing. c. c. b. Yeah. Thank you. It keeps the body big. d. 1. What does milk do to the body? a. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. b. No. b. 5. Of course. A mount eruption. thank you. Well done. You must be kidding. Fantastic. 9. d. c. b. A tidal wave. b. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. You’re joking. b. Oh. Thank you. d. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. a. Rock. b. a. Are you kidding? No. b. c. a. d. Incessant rain. 10. I’m sorry to hear that. 4. d. Tsunami. 153 . The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. It keeps the body strong. Dirt. d. c. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. 8. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. An earthquake. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. c. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation office in Sungai Penuh? a. a. Thanks. c. 2. a. Of course. c. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. Of course. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. 3. The travelling cost doubled. d. The travelling cost was still the same. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. I don’t think I can make it. Not at all. What a surprise! It's nothing. There was no effect to the travelling cost. It keeps the body strong and healthy. d.Review 2 7. b. c. It keeps the body healthy. A. d.

11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.

12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.

B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's first experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I find any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason

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for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork

from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com

13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. Hydrophobia . a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difficult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.

17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.

Review 2

155

Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior officials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004

21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.

a. b. c.

Less than five houses. More than five houses. Five houses. .

d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening

d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?

d. at midnight

156

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

c. The mayor of Semarang. Parents need to look for a school that will be a "second home" for their children. b. students who develop skill in two or more languages will find further studies easier. In today's world. 25. Sukawi Sutarip. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. The bedrooms. c. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children academically competitive. A resident of the District of Tembalang. b. calamity 26. Children learn what is important through their school year. Dayat. English is considered Review 2 157 . A villager of Sendangguwo. d. c. The residents and neighbours.24. The synonym of the italicised word is . d. This is when parents pick a school that parallel their educational beliefs. A joint effort between parents. b. Their goal is to send their children to good schools as well as to choose extracurricular activities that improve their children's skills and abilities. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. however. These are some important factors that should be considered. Sukawi Sutarip. students. The mayor of Semarang. The residents. The Tembalang District head. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. The guest rooms. Achyani. 27. from the time of birth. writing and speaking skills. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. and the schools is established. 28. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. Success will be based on how well the "team" works. when children begin preschools and kindergarten. fortune whirlwind storm d. The guest and bedrooms. d. It is very important that students have good reading comprehension. The kitchen. c. Tohirin's neighbour. a. c. d. The question then becomes what should parents consider in choosing the best education for their children? When should the process begin? The answer is. b. the schools become part of the process. his wife and senior officials. b. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a.

Why is Mandarin important? 35. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. What is meant by the "team"? 32. Taken from The Jakarta Post. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. Language acquisition needs to be active. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. or is too expensive. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. When do children start the process of learning? 31. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. When a child learn two languages in parallel. the less problem a child will have with improper word use. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. Therefore. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. The earlier a second language is learned. Success will be based on how well the "team" work. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. The more active in each language students become the more proficient and confident they will be. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her first language. If a dual language programmes isn't available. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. 29.

A : Congratulations on your success of getting a scholarship. please. The national museum is visited by the students. The teacher gave the students a new book. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. I sleep in the class sleepy. after or nor to connect the sentences below. anytime. I have to inform you. She said. before. . Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. Use and. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions. books are mine. A B 53. 40. 43. 54." 42. who else can children rely on to protect them. My uncle has had an accident. I'm really I work in the 48. 41. A : . 49. I know her same place with her. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. Review 2 159 . Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. Just pick me up at seven. "I don't know anything about the robbery. 45. that. 50. Use for. In the end. Yeah. Put this. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. A B 52. ! B 51. Match them with their headlines. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39.C. those or these to complete the sentences. 47. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. 46. or or so to connect the sentences below. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. A B : : : : : : : 44. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. He buys a ruler on the way home. . They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. B : I'd love to. but.

According to the parents of the victim. Take her home and make her happy. The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. The Headlines a. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . We work hard. We pray hard. We laugh hard. b. c. A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. As if that had not been our intention all along. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. Her illness is now at an advanced stage. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. Bogor and Tangerang. has caused the Awash river to overflow its banks. 57. 58. e. 56.55. Torrential rain since August 19. Floods Displace More than 7.

2003. al. Kirn. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. Opportunities Elementary. Blundell. 2006. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. Balanchard Karen. A. Comber. 2003. Hartmann. New York: Pearson Education. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. Tan Soon et al. English Form 4. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu.G. Michael et al. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. Little John. Monteiro. English for SMA Volume 2. 1981. Standar Isi. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. 2000. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 1990. Ready to Write. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Bandung: Grafindo Media Pratama. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. 2002. Lars and Michael Walker. Elaine and Darcy Jack. Doddy. 1990. Function in English. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. Andrew and Diana Hicks. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. L. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.). Cambridge English for School. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. 2000. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Hock. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Mellgren. English Form 3. 2000. 1999. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. 1990. Achmad et. L. 161 . London: Oxford University Press. Hill. 2003. Jon et al. Harris. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. Favourite Stories from Singapore. Elaine (ed. Second Edition. Root Christine. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. Pamela and James Mentel. 1994. 1988. Israel. 2002.Bibliography Books Alexander. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Ibrahim. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing.

org http://www.com http://www. Inc. December 29. Inc.short-stories. 2004.express. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Swan. April 15.unitechnology. 2007.breakingnewsenglish. 1983.my-indonesia. The World Book Encyclopedia. 2006. World Book. Judith et al. May 10.canauthorsniagara.ac http://www.indonesiaheadline.com/english http://www.com http://www.thejakartapost.org http://www. Brown. 2006 The Jakarta Post. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students. January 18. Michael.joglosemar. New York: Macmillan. 1993. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book. Rob. 2004.uk http://www. 2005 Time.com http://www. Practical English Usage.english. USA: World Book. March 8. 1997.com http://www.). 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly. 2008 The Jakarta Post.photobucket.co. 366 and More Fairy Tales.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Tanka. Reading.com http://www.write. Watson. 2004 The Jakarta Post.com http://www. 2005 The Jakarta Post. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Oshima.aesopfables. May 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Readings to Remember.masham3d. Singapore: Oxford University Press.wordpress.files. 2002. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27. Alice and Ann Hogue. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2005.Nolasco. London: Oxford University Press. 2008 Websites http://www. Solomon (ed.com http://www. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking.wikipedia. Schlakman. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library.about.info http://www. Fourth Edition.grimmfairytales.com http://www.

2006 Cambridge for Schools. 2005. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. 2007 Bibliography 163 . The Jakarta Post. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www. May 10. 1992 Tempo. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 www. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com Earthquakes. 2004. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. May.photobucket. December 29. Time. 2008 Tempo Kompas. 2004 Publishers Weekly. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly. 2006 Microsoft Encarta. March 8. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. 23. May 10.com Microsoft Encarta.football-walpapers. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000. 2008 Kompas January. November 23-29. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber.

especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of fluid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. relating to. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. rudimentary tails.Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. specifically: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. used in. intricacy. caricature. relating to. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on flesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing flowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire.

timeless. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. quality. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a fleeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. or destruction. or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: first-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. desirability.countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difficulties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deficiency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deficient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. increase. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. especially: to increase or improve in value. loss. soundness.

or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished. group. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake. specifically: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinum crispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . occurring. or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels.horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting. especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not verifiable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a fluid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a definite volume and does not expand indefinitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magnificent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for profit: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain. an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past.

especially: rumour wildfire /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular definite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conflict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a filling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-fiction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): fiction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientific factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. jewels. destroyed. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 . and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow flexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terrific /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances. or sacrificed under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. a compressed abdomen. make tight.

42. 164 complication 41. 25. 26. 159 pleasure 81. 9. 181 surprise 53. 138. 70. 33. 101. 131. Michael 92 Little John. 102. 30. 3. 40. 91. 31. 139. 142. 22. 152. 167 recount 141. 9. 172. 147. 116. 98. 139. 82. 8. 4. 41. 171. 166 N narrative 14. 46. 117. 176 sympathy 78. 4. 129. 63. 41. 28. 91. 147. 141. 125 descriptive 107.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 117. 8. 16. 148. 153. 59. 178 invitation 53. 174 congratulate 79. 152 O orientation 15. 90. 177. 159 S story 75. Agus 11 Mellgren. 24. 74. 122. 93. 82. 78. 68. 122. 128. 15. 100. 66. 112. 135. 170 headline 82. 94.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 81. 184 I instruction 2. 97. 8. 184. 165. 102. 103. 149. 165. 50. 84. 135. 174 procedure 57. 152 F fable 37. 72. 100. 41 Watson. 86 D description 106. 78. 174. 167 reported speech 145. 177. 116. 80. 94. 98. 101. 89. 148. 10 passive voice 96. 137. 166. 27. 80. 60. 88. 37. 85. 7. 169. 134. 101. 50. 170. 112. 140. 162. 34 appointment 54. 81. 145. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 50. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 175. 82. 84. 40. 129. 104. 184 L legend 36. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 98. 171. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 31. 143. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 102. 102 compliment 78. 24. 173. 101. 73 R recipe 66. 79. 142. 9. 80. 109. 158 introduce 3. T text structure 15. 108. 96. 184 greeting 2. L. 4. 85. 135. Brown 83 Schlakman. 134. 43. 10. 169. 16 Balanchard Karen. 99. 130. 111. 179. 10. 166 news item 151. 10 H happiness 25. 75. 31. 166 P parting 2. 115. 3. 99. 26. 85. 67. 125 direct speech 145. 132. 4. 92. 130. 61 C character 13. 55. 146 E events 11. 107. 115. 93. 3. 29. 136. 83. 37. 179 G gratitude 75. 71.

2. How do you do? Pleased to meet you.. this Lina. Lina : See you. My name is Rian. Fany. Hello. Lina. Nice to see you. It sounds great. Andi. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. I must go now. Mirna : Anyway. right. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. By the way. Rian : Oh. 1. 2. I'm Dian. Fany : That's O. Santi. My name is Rudi. I had a great vacation there. Nice to meet you. Toni : Hello. See you later. it's nice to hear your story. Rian : Yeah. My name is Lina. Mari Memasak Sendiri. 5. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. She meets Rian. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Dian : Good morning. shorts. so I have a friend to share with. My name's Desi. 169 . Santi. Let me introduce you to Lina. Allow me to introduce myself.. Take care. Dian : Nice to meet you too. Mirna : Wow. Then. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Rian : Bye. Anyway. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. Toni. 4. 6. this is Santi. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. How are you? My name is . nice to meet you too.. Santi : Hi. I bought shirts. Activity 4 1. Lina. There is someone approaching her. Bye. Dian : Really? Good. A girl : Hi. A girl : Excuse me. Lina : No. She interrupts them. I went to Bali. Santi : Hi. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. I'm Fany. Wina. Let me introduce myself. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. Hi. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. 5. Mirna. 3. It's OK. Santi and I have to go right now. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. I swam and surfed on the beach. Mirna : Well. I also played football and sand with my brother. they introduce each other.K. Lina : Hi. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. and also traditional clothes. Good morning. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. How do you do? 4. Fany : Well. I'm sorry I'm late. too. Activity 3 Today is the first day at school for Dian. 3. How do you do? Nice to meet you. I'm Rendi. See you later. Rian : Good morning. We are in the same class.

good news 2. Hani : Thanks for your praise. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. Mom. It gives me satisfaction. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. 8. I'm so happy. My brother got an accident last night. I hope. I am also happy to have parents like you both. When do we go there. 3. April. Hani : Hooray! That's great. 3. 4. bought 8. At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. My father bought me a motorcycle. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. had 4. 5. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. Hani : Thanks Mom. went 5. 5. Activity 3 1. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. did 3. as I said. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. 7. but no tourists. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. Love to your parents. was 2. there wasn't much left. well. The people are friendly. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 No. 2. and the weather's a lot better than at home. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. Our teacher's father just passed away. 4.Activity 9 1. Andi. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. When I got back to town. It was a really great place. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. but it was fun to try. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. your father said that he would take you to the department store. Dear Evi and Andi. surfed 9. You know what. Words 1. but he was afraid to open his mouth. I swam two or three times a day. left 6. I'm so happy. the food's great. He must have skidded in the rain. played 10. See you soon. so I was the one who talked to people. You win a free ticket to Bali. I'm delighted to hear that. swam 7.

Boni : Folk tale books . Now. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf." 8.. That's very kind of you. The little girl said yes she was. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. "Yesterday. so he decided to teach them a lesson. My name is Putra I like reading comics. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house. Bon. He couldn't even stand up. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. he was such in pain. hmmm . So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. I am Lita. "Well done. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. Boni : Let me help you." 4. The father said. You get a free ticket for this holiday. "My sons. Boni : Don't mention it. You get Rp 10. Panji : Thank you very much.its a bout superhero. 2 3. Panji. you will be like these sticks together. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. Many people died and got serious injured. 100.. My name's Fitra. All of them are folk tale books. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. I'm reading Aesop's fables. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them." Tapescripts 171 . the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. I like to read fable. 2004 Activity 5 1.. "I heard that Budi was in jail. "Rendi was knocked down by a car. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. Finally. I saw a bad thunder storm in California.) These are the books that you need. I am Ridwan." 3. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. Activity 7 1. on the TV news. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. "Congratulations. That's terrible.. I like Sangkuriang story.. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. He was arrested for traffic violence" 7. I need some books about folk tale. I'll see him in the hospital right away. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. What I don't know where to find them." 2. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. The title is Uzumaki Naruto. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. It's got Rp. Taken from Readings to Remember. if you are of one mind. I'm interested in reading legends. and unite to assist each other. "You are excellent and brilliant.000 credit bonus. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on. 4. But i don't know where to find them. He wasn't. Was he badly injured? Sure.on it. they are on the corner shelves. "Did you hear that Mr. The story and the adventure is interesting. but if you are divided among yourselves. was he? He was. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. He broke his legs. Panji : Thank you. You got a great mark for the final test. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. He was in hospital for five weeks. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always fighting." 5.000.

Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. She interrupts them. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. Dr Fauzi : Well. Nice to meet you. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. novels. and watching drama. • Take two slices of bread. won't you? 3. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. A girl : Excuse me. After that. Nice to meet you too. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Arief and Rita have a chat. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. 4. Then. Fauzi. First. See you. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. I don't think I can come to your party. I'll promise I'll be there. but I've got an exam tomorrow. He had a friend. it won't surprise you. On the way home. I think . Lina : No. 6. Doni : Great. Fany : That's OK. Lina continues her reading. that's OK. There is someone approaching her. Santi : Hi. Susi. Dr Fauzi : Bye. his friend calls him. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. Dr Fauzi : See you.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mr Posuma : Hello. Bye.) It's very delicious. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. After a long silence. cut cheese into slices. • Cut some cheese into slices. I'm sorry I can't make it. I'm sorry I'm late. You will come to my birthday. 7. Finally. Then. who always sees him for general check up. great. Lina : It's very simple. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. See you there. Now. Dr Fauzi : OK. I'd like to. Fany. Ten minutes later.00 in the morning. place the slices on one piece of the bread. Andre. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. Mr Posuma : Alright. decide.. Then. I have nothing to do. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Spread butter on each piece. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. Fauzi. I'd love to. 10. Thank you very much. It's me. I will attend a meeting. I'm very sorry. I'll decide to come or not. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. The girl : I'm Fanny. It has been two months since my last visit to you. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. This is Andre. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. Activity 8 1. How about tomorrow morning? 8. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. They enjoy reading stories. Thank you for asking me. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. take two pieces of bread. Mr Posuma : Hello. I'd love to come. • Put a slice of butter on each slice. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. (Lina takes the sandwich. Let's meet at five. but I can't come. please.. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. By the way. Activity 3 1. put the other piece on the top. I'll be at your house at 8. the girl offers something. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. This is about our appointment. my name is Lina. Rita : Wow. One day. We can meet next time. Mr Andre Posuma. It's OK. 9. The girl : I brought some sandwiches.

Activity 11 1. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. Jim. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. I'm Smith. but he could do nothing. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10.2. Alex : Good morning. or else it'll overflow and make a terrible mess. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. and stir it. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. Make your folds as sharp as possible. Leave it for three minutes. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. It contained £50. Jim : Don't mention it. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. Heat the water. 6. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset.' she said. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. 4. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. 8. OK? Before you pour the coffee out.' I said. Draw a face on your whale. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. "I left the money in my room. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . Put an egg into the water. 1. Boil the water for three minutes. 3. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. Pour it into a glass or cup. 2. 3. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's office and sat down. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. Now. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease. 2. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. then unfold it. 7. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. What you have should look like a kite. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. Santi : Din. Place the paper on a flat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond.' The manager was sympathetic. Add boiling water.' I said to the manager. 5. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. James : Thanks for your help. thanks a lot. thanks.' he said. 3. Here it is. I'm fine. "Well. say you want to make four cups of coffee. So. Then you light the gas. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. "and it's not there now. and when it reaches the top. you take it off the stove. When it starts to boil. Then. You will have a crease in the centre. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. Take out the egg and let it cool. 5. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. See? OK? Andre : Yes. OK? You put four cups of cold water. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. 4. Add some sugar or milk. Put some water in a pot. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. Jim.

shouting. In the course of the meal. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. 3. Desi : Wow. Desi : Never mind Andi. thanks. I got a scholarship to study abroad. politely saying. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 7. 7. Taken from English Bestseller 12. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Desi. On the way home. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. You look great today! I love your new hair style. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. that's amazing. I passed my final exam 5. Desi : Thanks. • May I congratulate you on …. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. You are so kind. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. Andi. the farmer's youngest son ran in. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. 4.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. I've got it. this is really delicious. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. You look great. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. It's my pleasure. It is me. Andi. 2.The following text is for questions 11 and 12. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. he meets Desi. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table. How are you doing? Andi : I am fine. 4. terrific farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. You know what? I have passed for the final test. Desi : Hi. his friend. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. By the way. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Desi : That's great. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. Andi. Tie the ends together. 3. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. My brother won a national singing contest. 3. Andi. Desi. 8. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. "This is enough for me. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. You look charming Andi I like your style 4.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. I'm so happy right now. 2. Your performance is amazing. Joko : It's a terrific job. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. 1. Andi. Andi : Oh. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. saying at the same time. You know what. The next day. I guess it's just my luck. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. • I like your hair style! • You're terrific/fantastic. too. 6. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. 8. no. My stomach can't take any more food.' Just then. "Oh. 6. 5. Andi : Thank you very much. I know you are very smart. Activity 3 1. • Well done! • Fantastic/terrific! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. 2. I got the highest score for the test.

C. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. I have to repaint it. Activity 5 A. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. Thanks. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. Sangkuriang 4. B. After lunch she started to paint. in southwestern England. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. one on top of the other. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. Malin Kundang 2. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry : : : : : : : : : : : : Hello Yuni. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. By the way. This man has saved y our daughter's life. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. When she looked around the room. Where do they originally come from? 1. And you? I'm just fine. Great." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. 3. I'll tell him. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. thanks. In the afternoon she finished the lower part of her house. she said "Your house is ugly. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. How kind of you. Thanks. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. The Red and White Onions 3. The Romans. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. Please come in and have a seat. Here it is and thanks. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. and the walls are bigger. Henry. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. "Broom. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to infiltrate the strong roman defense. How are you this morning? Hi. It's all right. "my friend was right. Fine.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. 4. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. The police have found your missing purse. thank you. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. Thanks. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. Activity 3 1. That she got an idea. sure. It worked very fast. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. please. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. Here it is. Yuni. and in ten minutes all job was done. The Witch was very happy. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. I have kept the package for you. and she worked very carefully. The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. My house is more beautiful than yours. 5.

OK my friends. We will have a holiday someday. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. Many people became homeless. It seems that he brings bad news for us. I find that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. please! I have something to tell you. Besides its thousand doors. You must be kidding. : Keep calm guys. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. Father : Oh. : Oh. Oh really? Is it true? 3. I tell you the truth. Please.. Are you serious? 6. Thousands of people were killed. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. My goodness! 5. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. 7. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). be quiet. I don't believe it. " The design of the park is under way. 2. pay attention to our leader. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. He told me about our holiday. Are you serious? 4. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. I can't imagine that. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. dear. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. no! Another disaster? (Then.. South Jakarta. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. No. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. Father : We know how it feels. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. Many roads are flooded. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand. 5.. that's very surprising. South Jakarta. 3. no. : I'm serious. Iwan : Dad. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. Aldi : Shh. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. Andi : Attention. Really? 4. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. guys. I don't believe it. in July. It's very tragic. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father.) Iwan : Yeah. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. from April 18 to 20. What a surprise! 2. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. What a shocking. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. The tender process for the project is expected to finish by the end of June. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. Good heavens! 6. Well. News 3 Lately. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How very surprising/amazing. That's very disappointing. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. This is terrible.

Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. He is in the hospital now. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY.00.000. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. Since early 2007. 1. Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. he said. I don't think I can make it. You deserve to get that award. instead of the regular fare of Rp50. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. in time for National Education Day. : Let's meet at 8. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. Rita : Thank you. would be issued on May 2." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad.. Tanti : Hey. : I'm busy. "My office is still drafting the regulation on study time. Taken from The Jakarta Post. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4.000. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. A staff of the local transportation office in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. five hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. "The study time must be effective. Herman. Kristin : I can't come to your party. My brother is ill. paralysing traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. with four Premier League games to go. 1996 3. 2004 Tapescripts 177 . milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. During study time. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. no TV. to 7:30 p. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. Agus : Well done. The traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare.com on Monday. The regulation. November 18. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route. when cereal prices began rising.m. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip." Mochtar said.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. the regency's capital. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? The following text is for questions 8 to 12. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. In addition.m. game consoles. Rani : Thanks. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday.

Linda was born in 1952. c 4. 3. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. How are you? 3. 4. I'm Deni. she didn't. 5. 5. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. I must go now 9. well. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. c 3. 6. Yes. Activity 2 1. 2. Santi. lazy 10. It took for about one and a half hour. danced. 6. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . My name is Rian 6. happy. went 5. than 8.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 4 1. b 2. a Activity 8 1. b 5. We went camping. this is Santi. She was born in October 31. She talks to Lina. We sang. (b) Glad to meet you. had 7. Good morning 5. Good morning 2. 2. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. there wasn't much left. 7. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. 4. she does. She was so surprised.m. She also introduces herself. Lina. 5. got 2. Activity 3 1. (b) Hi. 28th 2008 at 8. 10. She says see you. No. Rudi. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. (b) Hi. He was looking for a record store. Take care. 2. At noon when it was getting darker. (a) I'm just fine. this Lina. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. Event 3 : When I got back to town. Nice to meet you. swam 11. 3.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. 4. Activity 5 1. read poetry. Nice to see you. get 3. saw 6. 5. believe 9. Let me introduce you to Lina. Bye. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. A piece of paper that the man gave. 7. 2. Nice to meet you too 8. Activity 10 1. played magic tricks. 5. 3. Desi. He was so surprised. 2. Activity 3 1. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. at 4:00 in the afternoon. 3. It takes place in the city park. Hi. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. He was very friendly. 3. I'm Dian. Activity 4 1. He was walking down Sunda Street. 4. quiet 4. 4.00 p. Yes he did. In March. 7. (b) Good morning. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. She confuse. Andika did. too. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 8 1. 2. speechless. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. spent 12. 4. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 4. as I said. 5. My name is Lina. 8. Allow me to introduce myself 3.

opened 2. She cried in front of me. It's about finding the story books. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 4. Sally was listening to music in her room. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the fields. they couldn't. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. great 3. Answer may vary. 4. 7. 2. They didn't not know each other. 6. Answer Key 179 . You have my sincere condolences. superhero comics. Fitra. that's too bad 6. Metro-Goldwyn 4. Rosaura. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. The red flowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. 4. 3. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Six peoples. 2. 2. Ridwan. 7. Hiding from her mother and father. 5. Legends.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. a basket of food 6. 5. Harry Potter 3. 3. I'll take care of it. blessed Dialogue 2 1. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. nightgown on 3. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. 3. Activity 4 1. 3. Activity 7 1. 7. No. 10. adventure novel. Putra. Activity 9 1. Answer may vary. waited 5. happy 2. 6. asked 7. that's good news. Because the colour of the petals of the flowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. Sangkuriang 4. Answer may vary. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. legends. Activity 2 1. 4. saw that 4. Answers may vary. 2. Folk tales books 5. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. 10. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. Activity 4 Answers may vary. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. 4. A folk tale. 8. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 8 1. even stand up 2. (a) How terrible! 3. 2. Answer may vary. That's terrible 3. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. (b) Oh really? That's great. 8. Activity 3 1. Rosaura ran away from her house. I'm so happy for you. fable. disappeared 8. How awful! 5. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. (a) Oh. Activity 6 1. Boni and Panji. I'm so glad right now. Did you hear 4. He is looking for some books for his assignments. 9. 8. Superhero fiction. 5. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. proud 4. I'm so sorry to hear that. 2. No. she didn't. 9.

push the pin on top of the motor 4. 13. d 17. • Now. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. 4. Activity 3 1. To change the speed of the fan. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese flour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector first then next finally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. 5. press one of the switches at the bottom. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. • Stir the mixture and add salt. Ask a friend. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. 2. 8. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. Activity 7 1. a 3. Certainly. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. that's OK. 7. To make the fan move sideways. on the top. Invitation. 2. 10. 3. 1. b a c c b 16. Answer may vary. It's OK. Activity 6 1. 9. 4. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 2 1. Invitation. Nice to meet you. 2. 2. 4. I'll be there 6. Could you tell me 5. • First. How to Boil an Egg. tomatoes and cucumber. I'm sorry. d 2. Being friendly.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. a 5. then press the tilt adjustment knob. 2. 3. first pull up the oscillating pin. Review 1 A. After that 7. 7. 15. Twenty eight. Activity 2 1. garlic. pepper and other spices. 3. How to Make a Cup of Tea. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • Finally. Turkish coffee. d 4. 5. 6. b d a c a Listening 6. Answers may vary 3. Thirty students. 4. c b a b d 11. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. Eighty six percents. Would you like to come to my house? 2. Activity 2 1. 2. 2. I'm sorry I can't make it. To move the fan up or down. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. 3. you can break in two or three eggs. 2. • The best vegetables to use are onions. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. if you like. First. 4. I'd love to come. vegetables. Activity 8 1. 14. Activity 4 1. I'd love to. Let's meet at five. 12. meat and eggs. Activity 10 1. • Then. Do you want some? 3. Being friendly. 8.

19. 8. She went to the castle and killed a knight. a 3. True 2. 6. How are you doing 2. 6. finished 8. it started Activity 10 1. more beautiful 3. You look great today 3. looked around 5. 5. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. 38. 3. 2.B. 39. b 2. Reading 18. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. he felt very tired 3. 40. 25. 42. c d b a a 41. Activity 6 1. 4. c Activity 2 1. False 8. I'm so happy 5. I do. 43. Grendel 2. b 5. went to the shop 6. Yes. The wax statue is melted by a fire at the House of Wax. 45. Activity 3 1. 6. 37. A special sword. 4. I think so. A dragon. Fifty years. e 3. 24. 32. started to 7. (k) One day. a 3. shouted 4. Activity 4 1. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. found out 9. True 6. 4. 33. a paint brush 10. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. Activity 3 1. 20. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. b 4. False 3. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. 2. 21. A family is helped by the firefighters from being trapped in a ruin. 3. 5. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. 27. 30. False 4. b 5. 10. d 34. ran away. Thank you very much 4. 36. c 4. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. True 7. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. 22. Activity 8 1. 29. 5. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. Answer Key 181 . a c c b c C. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. 4. 26. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. No. He died. they didin't. while he was going from one village to another. a 4. the the a Yes. 7. Well done! 7. 31. b 35. 7. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. a 2. d a a d c 28. 9. bought read Put shave killed. True Activity 9 1. Congratulations 6. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. 44. 5. Is it true 2. come over 2. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. It is me terrific job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. True 5. 3. Writing 23. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1.

he is. She'd love to. The wall is from stone and the floors. Wareng village. long winding corridors 6. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. It's all right. Africa Time of building: 1. in 13. 7. thank you 3. g 7.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. Activity 12 1. j 2. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. 2. to 14. Returning sport magazine he lent. 90 years old. stained glass windows 5. F 3. b 10. Activity 2 1. I won't say no. F 4. near Activity 13 1. 6. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. in a lime hill called Tapan. 8. 4. of 8. Activity 10 1. for 2. of 11. a 3. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-ricefields. e 6.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. 7. 4. On Sunday morning. coconut-palms and birds. 5. on 7. b 5. thanks 4. a 8. how grateful I am. Activity 2 1. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. thanks 1. 3.8 kilometre).5 mile (0. 9. c 12.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. in Tabuhan. 3. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). And so on. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. and roofs are from wood.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. of 4. 3. doors. Easter Island Answers may vary. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . d 5. k 4. thanks 2. A steep gorge. f 3. 4. Yes. Yes. for 5. m 11. 5. 11. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Ardi does. of 10. landmark Location: in the South Pacific. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. 4. T 2. 2. historical buildings 2. 2. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. 3. Thanks. Wiyogo. i 9. It is on Niagara River. 3. Picture 2 B. T 5. Activity 7 Answers may vary. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. 2. he can. Activity 3 1. 6. at 9. 8. 5. Canada and the United States. b 4. a 2. h Activity 4 1. 2. 6. how kind of you. Lawang Sewu 3. East of the cave. of 6. for 15. 5. a thousand doors 4. Activity 5 A. 3. 10. Activity 8 1. Activity 3 1. Picture 3 C. l 13. for 12. 5. for 3.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'.

T Activity 6 1. issued 4. look! 2. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. How the Tower of London is now. News 2 4.700 kilograms. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. Paragraph 17 3. 3. Oahu. Paragraph 10–12 2. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. draw 3. F 10. 3. Attention 4. so gloomy 6. News 6 3. bad news 5. Paragraph 7 5.8. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. showing nine centuries of British history. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. entertainment centers 6. Yes. a palace. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. regulation 3. 10. 7. to study 5. lovely 5.250 euros per person for seven nights. 8. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. huge 2. How the Tower of London was. we can't.K. and years of imprisonments. Kauai. Paragraph 14 2. phrases. Oh. Lights. 5. A plain big stone. News 3 2. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. Since then it has been a fortress. 3. Are you serious? 2. T 8. 3. and. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. F 3. News 1 5. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. Activity 4 The Tower of London was first built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls.'s finest castles. Activity 5 1. from colourful shirts. will force 2. News 5 Activity 9 1. They contain a description of places. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. F 6. Activity 7 1. 4. T 4. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. This is terrible. The Tower is one of the U. F 5. 9. Oh. Answer Key 183 . Paragraph 3 4. It also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays. Activity 7 1. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. Big Island and Maui. 2. F 7. 6. Activity 2 1. no! 4. 2. "Fine". In 1999. T 2. crowded 4. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Activity 5 1. execution. is the home of the Crown Jewels. ceremonies. No. they do. 9. I don't believe it. As little as 1. and a prison-the scene of murder. F 9. News 4 6. Full board. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1.

30. 3. Answers may vary. Review 2 A. but 44. 8. b a 22. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. T 5. 10. but 48. the events 4. Activity 2 1. Yes. 52. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. b a d c Listening 5. "The team' means parents. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. b c 24. date 5. 54. "Please return my books that you borrowed. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. Between the age of two and six. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. 3. The students were given a new book by the teacher. 38. 7. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions. 1. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. 41. T Activity 5 1. T 2. Reading C. 36. Activity 9 1. These 47. d b 28. caption 7. 2.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 18. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. photograph 6. and schools. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. 31. 11." said Mrs Zakia. T 3. From the time of birth. 17. "Would you like to participate in school workshop. 6." said Mr Ardi. 37. F 4. F 6. a 5. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . d d 26. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. 16. 2. before 49. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. c c 23. for 45. students. a Activity 7 1. 15. 29. b c c a 9. 42. Hamdan asked. b 2. 51. d b 25. 13. In the room where top scientists meet 4. 12." 5. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. they have. 20." 2. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. "Meet me in my office. 50. 53. headline 2. 19. Ministry of Defence. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. 35. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. 3. b 57. 32. 33. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. 34. The students visit the national museum. a d a c 39. Those 46. The man said. 14. 4. a 56. d 55. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. c 58. B. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. Activity 4 1. Jazz forecast All weekend. ending statements Activity 3 1. a 3. 40. quotes 8." asked Nia. c 21. 4. Alya said. introductory paragraph 3. b c 27. b 4.

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