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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d
: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliograﬁ: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...
Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. dicetak. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Namun. pada tahun 2008. dapat diunduh (down load).Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. Pemerintah. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Oleh karena itu. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. digandakan. dalam hal ini. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta. dialihmediakan. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. Kami berharap.
especially the editors and team.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. support and encouragement. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. Last but not least. reﬂection and language use. These activities explore your creativity. Bandung. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. collaboration. convention. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various ﬁelds of science to prepare you to go to university. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. Hopefully. cultural knowledge. for facilitating us to publish our work. acting out dialogues. July 2008 Writers iv . problem solving.
Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 7. 17. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. 5. Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. 6. i. 16. Reading and Writing. 8. 12. 18. 3. 10.e. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. Each chapter consists four language skills. 2. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. Speaking.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. Learning Reﬂection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. Listening. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. 15. v . Englishclub. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. 11. 4. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. 9. 14. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. 13.
and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing diary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 1 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ iii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing.
accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 102 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii .
Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________ 115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 128 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 128
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 152
Review 2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178
Source: Publisher's Documentation
Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n
It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.
Look at the picture and answer the following questions.
Source: Publisher's Documentation
1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?
Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
b. For example: You will hear: Hello. right. 5. Hi. a. Nice to meet you. Hello. a. Pay attention to the responses of greeting. b. Nice to see you. The correct response is (b) Hi. a. b. . It's Nice to See You 3 . Englishclub. My name is Edo. Rudi. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class.com. Cut Nia. parties. I'm Cut Nia. 3. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Anyway. Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. Dian : Really? Good. I'm Deni. She meets Rian.3 . Cut Nia. dinners and other social situations. What's your name? The correct response for the expression is . Bye. ivillage. My name is Edo. Rian : Oh. b. I'm your neighbour. Glad to meet you. a. Good morning. Rian : Yeah. 8 . Good bye. How are you? I'm just ﬁne. . You can ﬁnd how to make proper introductions at business functions. Dian : 1 ..2 . 2. How do you do? Hi. a. Nice to meet you. What's your name? Good morning. Then. 9 10 Rian : . they introduce each other. Nice to meet you. Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. . 1. Dian : 7 ..Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. By the way. What's your name? Hi. My name is Risa. 4. Nice to meet you.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. Desi.. Mari Memasak Sendiri. Good morning. 4 5 6 Rian : . introducing and parting expressions. Cut Nia. b. We are in the same class. so I have a friend to share with. b. a. too.
4. You can add any information related to the questions. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it brieﬂy. 5. 6. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. 3. Introduce yourself to him/ her. 3. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. 7. When you are going shopping with your father. Activity 7 Answer these questions. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at ﬁrst? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. 4. you meet your father's friend. hometown and address. 2. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. 4. Introduce yourself to them. 1. You meet a new classmate at school. Ask his/her name. 1. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. 5. 1. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house.
2. Mirna : Hi. b. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. c. Mirna. I bought shirts. 7. 5.. 9. I had a great vacation there. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. shorts. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . How do you do Mr. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. This is Mr. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. sit down. It sounds great. 10. 8. I swam and surfed on the beach. Mirna : Wow. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Mitha a. Then practise it with your friend. Toni : Hello. Mr. d.. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. I went to Bali. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. 6. and also traditional clothes.. Toni. Johny. I also played football and sand with my brother. Johny? Mr. 4. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. I see. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. 1. Johny : . What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach.. it's nice to hear your story. Harry : Good morning Mit. Mirna : Anyway. d. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. 3. Mirna : Well. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. Mitha : Oh. Sir. nice to meet you too.
Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). but no tourists. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. The people are friendly. It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. but he was afraid to open his mouth. Yogyakarta April. I (swim) two or three times a day. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. Love to your parents. so I was the one who talked to people. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island.Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. I (hope). Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and ﬁll in the following form based on the text you heard. but it was fun to try. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. It was a really great place. See you soon. the food's great. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi.
make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. my new friend. Sri : Hi. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a speciﬁc relationship to you. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. 2.com Study the following dialogues. Source: www. say greetings and partings. perform a monologue of recount texts.Speaking In this section. My name is Ali. Let's go to the crowd. Asep. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. let me introduce myself. I can spend my whole day for cooking. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. this is Denias. Denias : Hi. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. It's Nice to See You 7 . How are you? Asep : I'm ﬁne. 3. I'm from Papua. Nice to meet you. Denias : Hi. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others.ivillage. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. Denias : By the way. Act them out with your friends'. Asep : Nice to meet you too. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. How about you? Sri : I'm ﬁne too. Thank you. Asep : Elvi. 1. I'm Denias. Asep : Hello.
Andi : OK. We can talk about cooking later. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. Read the dialogues once again. Andi : How do you do. Nice to meet you. Cipto : Great. his new colleague at the airport. Andi : Excuse me. Don wants to meet you c. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. How's the trip? Yani : Well. You must be tired. too. Andi : Not at all. Don : Pleased to meet you too.. Cipto : Pleased to meet you. let's talk about cooking later. . Cipto : That's very kind of you. great. a. thanks. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. Asep : Alright my friends. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. Rita : Pleased to meet you. I'm Cipto Susanto. Cipto. Nice to see you. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. I'll take you to the Hotel ﬁrst. It's nice and exciting. Don't you know Don is my friend d. Don is my friend b. Cipto. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta.. My hobby is cooking too.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . It was ﬁne. Andi : Nice to meet you. Denias and Sri : Let's go. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. Cipto this is Yani. then. too. Cipto : How do you do. Yani : Hello. Cipto. Thanks. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . introducing. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them..
Peter–Jeny... Hi! I'm . Let me introduce you to . Bye. Good morning. I'm .... How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night. Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to ..What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings. Excuse me my name's . I'd like you to meet .. Hello! My name is . Allow me to introduce ... Good evening. How do you do? My name is .. meeting and parting... Good afternoon... it's been so nice.... My name's . Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning. Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning.. It's Nice to See You 9 . introducing... This . Goodbye. Do you know . thanks. See you.. Hello.... My name is . See you later. Goodbye.. here's Peter. How nice to see you Hello. Bye.. Allow me to introduce my self. Yes. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself. Fine.. Hi! Responses • • • • Good night. How do you do? Not bad. Oh look. Good afternoon.. Good evening...
You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. Reni. Rendi : See you then. He introduces Sofyan. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. Sorry. Wayan is your friend. Budi : Anyway. 2. your English teacher. 4. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. her sister. 4 .v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. 3. . In the classroom. I have to get going. Rendi : 3 Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • ﬂag-ﬂags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. Then practise it with your partner. Budi : That's great. Haven't we met before? Budi : 1 Rendi : I don't think so. At a meeting. your friend. to you. Dewi. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. 1. Budi : 5 . you introduce Mr Lubis. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on ﬁfth Avenue. Rendi : Mine's on tenth ﬂoor. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. Goodbye. I also stay there on eleventh ﬂoor. 2 Budi. to your father. introduces you to Tini. his brother.
Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. I had a lovely time. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. 3. so we built a ﬁre camp. The next day. Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. It was getting darker and colder. 1. my friends and I went camping. read poetry. Look at the following example. we held a ﬁre camp night. Study the events. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some ﬁsh for supper. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. played magic tricks. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. 4. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. Last weekend. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. At night. we packed our bags and got ready to go home. 5. danced. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. On Monday. We built the camp next to a small river. We sang. For example: 1. 2. 2. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . Then complete the following table with different names. I didn't do anything special. It was great. No.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend.
m p.m p.m p. 2. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time.m p. Saturday Sunday 6. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a ﬁre camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities. 4.m pm p.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the ﬂowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8.m a. 5. 3.30 3.m p.m a. 1.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12.30 6 a.
you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. I thought it was money. but he really wanted me to have it. 3. 1. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. I found the record store and listened to a few records. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. 2. 5. 4. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30.Reading In this section. 6. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. I decided to buy it. It was a photo. He thanked me and tried to give me something. I said 'no' at ﬁrst. I was walking down Sunda Street. and his face looked so familiar. looking for a record store. 3. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he ﬁnd in his wallet? Explain. read and understand recount texts. He was very friendly. so I took it. 7. 8. 2. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. 1. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there.
He got a terrible day. Next.edu. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast.au. but of course I missed it. He walked for three miles. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed.use action words eg helped.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) .write in the past tense eg had. 1. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. Because his alarm clock didn't go off. crutched. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. d. Taken from Ready to Write. He walked for two miles. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Then.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. What did he do after having breakfast? a. I or we . b. b. b. d.lmpc. d. First. He had a terrible day. Because he didn't see alarm clock. He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. After breakfast. but I didn't have enough money. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. I wanted to take a taxi. 3. Source: www. He walked for four miles. c. b. How far did the writer walk? a. c. 4. visited . Because his alarm clock didn't work. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday. He gets a terrible day. He has a terrible day. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . What happened to the writer yesterday? a. 2. Finally. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. d. He walked for ﬁve miles. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. Because he didn't set alarm clock. c.focus on individual people ie use the words. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. c.
1. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. I had a terrible day yesterday. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. What does the writer hope? a. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. First. The writer hopes to take a taxi. I wanted to take a taxi.5. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. in what sequence. Events: tell what happened. missed /mɪsd/ 6. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. d. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. b. but of course I missed it. c. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and ﬁnd their synonyms. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. It's Nice to See You 15 . woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4.
• • • • • • Use at with speciﬁc times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon." After driven her home I went back to my house. She smiled. After praying and taking a bath. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. So. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. Taken from New Horizons in English. we had a romantic dinner. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. I remembered all my lines. because I was about to propose a girl. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. At one o'clock. Study the prepositions of time and the example. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. I met her at four o'clock. Then she said "Yes. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her ﬁnger. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. Finally. It wasn't a regular day. I was a little bit crazy. Yes. At seven. Work in pairs. I had my early breakfast. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. took a little walk and went to a movie. it was three o'clock.
Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 1. She takes the train Saturday 9. 3.edu. Only after my mother was totally satisﬁed would I be allowed to rush out of the front door.00 the morning and arrives in Singapore 10:45. 4.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with speciﬁc dates: on June 30 on April 21.lmpc. She was born October 31. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. I lived in Jakarta Linda was born 1952. 4:00 the afternoon. Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school. Adapted from www. 2. 5. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position.au It's Nice to See You 17 . I'll meet you for lunch Tuesday noon. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. 1995 1998.
Write it in your diary.Writing In this section. 3. write recount texts. 2. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 1 Answer the following questions. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. Happy. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. 1. I was surprised. 4. This morning Andika called me. Answer the questions that follow. 3.00 p. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. 5. 4. Speechless. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes. 5. 28th 2008 08. Confuse. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. 1.m. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. 2. March.
Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule..00 1.30. It's Nice to See You 19 . I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia.30 10. I came in to the class and greeted the students. I went to south America and ﬁnally back home to Indonesia.30 11.. After through Asia.. .00-10.00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class.30-11. I spent a week in New York and then ﬂew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe.00 12.30-9. Tuesday 08.30-12.00-3.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order. He wrote his journey in his diary. Remember to begin with topic sentences. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph. Activity 4 Study the following schedule.00 9. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order. When I had seen the sights in Europe. First. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world. I ﬂew from his home in Mexico City to New York City. At 08.00-1.
20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. decide the conclusion at each stage. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. He telephoned me and invited me to see a ﬁlm and I accepted. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. His story Maya is a friend of Galih. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. Write it in your workbook. her father was rmaa.peperonity. kartini. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. nowadays indonesian women progress is inﬂuenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. Rewrite it using your own words. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself. he started talking about himself. but after giving birth to a son. then she moved to rembang. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. She wouldn't say a word. everyone knows who kartini is. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son.com Activity 6 Read this story. her condition was getting worse and she ﬁnally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. her mother. and there was no stopping him. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. his name was singgih. so I rang her and asked her for a date.recount. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. the head of rembang regency. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difﬁcult talking to her. As you read the text.
His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. One date with her was more than enough. I was getting ready. I almost died of embarrassment. but she kept muttering throughout. She explained that she was still full from lunch. I didn't know where to look. The ﬁlm was very funny. His story I would never call her again. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. I explained that I was Maya's date. I think she was impressed by my suit. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. She's a real snob. His story I got there on time. I wasn't even hungry. She behaved terribly. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . He was so insensitive.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. and you should have seen Maya's face when she ﬁrst came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. and never apologized. It was awful. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. I wanted to crawl into a hole. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outﬁt he was wearing. I never want to see him again. Then he suggested that we took a bus. His story She was a real bore. She refused everything that I offered her. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking.
e. d. b. Although the passengers were safe. nobody knew where the plane had crashed. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch ﬁsh from the sea to eat. c. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. After a few weeks. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 It was an interesting ﬁlm about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Paciﬁc Ocean. a. the passengers were eating raw ﬁsh and meat.
k. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . But my sister and I enjoyed the ﬁlm. She made a list of things she had to do before the party. My sister and I went to see a ﬁlm last night. The ﬁlm ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. She put the things on her list in time order. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. i. But their boat sank and they were drowned. h.f. 3. Activity 8 Yesterday. 2. j. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to ﬁnd help. Consider the following. 1. g. 4. After they had been on the island for two months. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience.
consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. How do you introduce yourself? 2. • Good morning. 7. b. introduce yourself and others. respond to oral instructions. • Good night. • See you later. say greetings and goodbye. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . What do you say to greet people? 3. identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. • Good evening. 2. I am Deri. Introducing • Hi. Greeting • Hi! • Hello. meeting and parting. 3. respond to the expressions of introducing. Parting • Goodbye.Events : . If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties.Orientation : . my name is Dewi.Chapter Summary 1. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4. 8.Re-orientation : 2. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Now. answer the questions: 1. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Language Functions a. 6. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. write a recount text. you are expected to be able to: 1. identify the structure of recount texts. 5. perform a monologue of recount texts. • Hello. c. 4.
Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .
What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6.Listening In this section. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . respond to narrative texts. 1. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness.
It gives me satisfaction. b. b. 6. a. that's good news. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 . Oh. 5. I'm delighted to hear that. a. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. 1. repeat the words and expressions. No. b. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. a. 8.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. a. 3. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. that's bad news. 4. 7. How poor she is. I'm sorry to hear that. 2. b. b. 2. Oh. Then. 5. 4. b. The best response is …. Oh really? That's too bad. Is that right? That's too bad. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. 3. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. Oh really? That's great. a. I'm so happy. How terrible! I'm delighted to hear that. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. a. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. 1.
Source: www. Hani : Thanks for your praise. sympathy and affection. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 . experiences. Andi : He wasn't. our history. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. experiences. Mother: My dear daughter. he was such in pain. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. She is very happy. Andi. Andi : I'll 6 in the hospital right away. He couldn't 4 . Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. was he? Deni : He was. Hani : Thanks Mom. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. Andi : Oh 3 .g.about. Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. experiences.g. When do we go there. priorities and values). Was he badly injured? Deni : Sure. Deni : Hi. your father said that he would take you to the department store. his friend. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. has just got an accident. Rudi. 5 Andi : . 1 that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? 2 ! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. He must have skidded in the rain. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Mom. New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. their history. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. experiences.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . priorities and values). Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. He broke his legs.
4. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. on the TV news. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. 5. 2. 5. I heard that Budi was in jail. Yesterday. Well done. Then make the best response for each expression. 100. I've lost my wallet somewhere. Did you hear that Mr. 3. Number one has been done for you. 1. 4.000 credit bonus. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . He was arrested for trafﬁc violence. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. Rendi was knocked down by a car. 7. Many people died and got serious injured. 8. 3. 3. You are excellent and brilliant. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No. 4. You get Rp 10. 2. 8. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard.000. Congratulations.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. 1. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table. 2.on it. You get a free ticket for this holiday. 6. 7. It's got Rp. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1.
time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conﬂict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he 4 into the woods. When the little girl 5 the door of her grandmother's house. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying 2 to her grandmother. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than 8 lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. Then. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead.Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. Different writers organise their stories in different ways. Finally. The little girl said yes she was. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and 6 . She had approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve feet from the bed when she 7 it was not her grandmother but the wolf. However. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. Taken from Readings to Remember.
I'm delighted to hear that. 10. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. He looks sad. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. 3. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. what are the expressions? 4. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. What a shame. 7. 1. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. I'm so happy. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 8. 6. perform a monologue of narrative texts.Speaking In this section. 2. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. 5. 9. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. One of your friends had an accident. Your brother has a problem. Are you ﬁne? Oh dear. It gives me a great pleasure. I know how it feels. It makes me happy. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. It's really great. 4. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . 1. What a nice news.
Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. Basri : Of course. poor John. The italicised sentence is used to express . Retno : Yes. Ali. e.. Go tell your daddy. She was badly hurt because of a car accident. d. What's up? Retno : Mom. Mother : Yes. where is mom? Father : She is back there. Mommy…. Pay attention to your expressions. this week has been so terrible for me. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. Basri : Hi. However. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mother : I'm right here. Then act them out in front of the class. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. I can't still believe that she's gone. you know. Retno : Dad. c. I hope so. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. I will. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. It's always hard to lose someone you love. no. that's wonderful. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. Ali : Thanks. Come on. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. Retno : Mommy... UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. You don't look very happy. She is very happy. I hope he'll be better soon. Ivan. It's lovely. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. b. : Oh. I'm so happy right now. I am going to work.
I'm so happy. Oh that's awful. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be ﬁne. It gives me a great pleasure. sympathy and affection. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great. What a terrible situation for you. sorry to hear that. Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy. Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 . I know how it feels Oh what a shame . Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. Oh dear.. I'm extremely sorry to hear that.What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness.. I do sympathise (I assure you). I'm delighted to hear that. I'm with you.. Hooray! It's lovely.
Eka? Eka : Well. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. Wandi : Mommy.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. Express your sympathy in the dialogue. Your friend's father has passed away. Sir. You have my sincere . Mr Andrew : Are you serious? We need to ﬁnish this project right away. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. 1. Sir. I'll take . Don't worry about this project. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. make dialogues based on the following situations. Take all the time you need. you know what. Mother : Oh really. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. Then act them out with your friends'. He is very happy. Sir. Mother : I'm right here. Use the expressions you have learned. I'm for you. Eka : Excuse me. Mr Andrew : Oh. Activity 5 Now. that's excellent. Eka : I know that Sir. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What's up? Ranti : Mom. 2. I'm afraid I cannot ﬁnish my job at the moment. Ranti : Thanks Mom. I'm so now. I'm . Eka : Thank you. mommy…. Then practise them with your friends'.
he started drumming and dancing. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. In the final event. Then. When he returned home.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. Taken from English Bestseller 12. again to be chased away. Do a storytelling to your friends. the people there would have bought salt from him. Rushing to the place. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. 1. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. only to be thrown out by the people. He stepped in to stop the ﬁght and was gored to death by angry bulls. a couple were ﬁghting with each other. the man saw two bulls ﬁghting with each other. 4. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. He ﬁrst went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. he went to a village where there happened to be a ﬁre. in which case they would have bought salt from him. This made the people angry and they chased him away. 3. they would have bought his salt. There he dug a huge hole. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. When he returned home. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. In the next place he went to. 2. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. if he wanted to sell salt there. His father told him that he should have poured water on the ﬁre instead.
. Example: Let me tell you something. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. Identify the setting.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Retell it in front of the class. Well.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. 1. events and outcome of the story.. Make sure that you fully understand the story. death /deθ/ 8. dug /dʌg/ 2. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. Can't you imagine that . As their sons were no longer children. 1. characters. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. Use the following steps as your guide. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. 2. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung. It could be a folk tale or a legend. There was a rich man having three sons. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5.. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. pour /pɔ:/ 4. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan. he gave them much money. 3.
grimmfairytales. 1. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. 2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. fable b. by Sue Robinson. Choose one of your favourites. and retell it in front of your class. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. read and understand narrative texts. science-ﬁction f. Decide the types of them. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. a Englishclub. Use your dictionary to check new words.Reading In this section. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . Activity 1 Answer these questions. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'. May 10. superhero c. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. Source: Publishers Weekly. folk tale d. a. Bear in the Barnyard. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. And so he experiments considerably. 2. fantasy g. illustrated by Tony Morris 3. adventure e.com Visit www. At once curious and conﬁdent.
these monsters ﬂee the bedroom when they discover the child. spiney red.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . May 10. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true.b Under the Bed. warty and winged.5% 7. What type of ﬁction do you like most? Others Adventure 10% Science-ﬁction 15% 25% 10 5% Superhero 12. It shows you types of ﬁction read by students in a class. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly. Hairy green. by Paul Bright.
Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. he killed his father. They had spent all their money uselessly. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. he said to his sons. 2. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. The eldest son met a hunter. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. He thought that hunting would be ﬁne so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. The second son met a basketmaker. Instead. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . "You are no longer children. What type of ﬁction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite ﬁction? Can you ﬁll in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of ﬁction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. One day. "What stupid sons I have!" He said. When I die. You must do something to earn your own living. 3. he was very angry. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. here is two hundred dollars for each of you.1. You must do the same. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. 4. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets. One day. You can use it to start your own business. I am not going to leave you very much money. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. the eldest son tried to shoot a ﬂy on his father's forehead. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. Now.
"You are really very honest. Several years later. It was full of small gold bars. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. Because of this." He looked inside." he said. What would you do with your money? 2. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. The young man thanked him. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. they were very unhappy. He put his bag on the ﬂoor near his table. That evening. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. "You must send your son away. Sau Ling was very honest. "It feels so heavy. in its place." he said. "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. they found a baby boy outside their door. 1. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure. After ﬁnishing his meal. They loved him very much." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. He returned the bag to him. When Sau Ling was a young man. a young man came to the inn. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. "That's strange!" he thought. One day. a fortune-teller came to the house. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. They had no children. They believed what the fortune-teller said. he picked up his bag. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
The fortune-teller did not know what to say. 2000 Every text has its own structure. and resolution." he said. 5." The young man's father was a rich merchant. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. complication. Sau Ling told them what had happened. "and take a holiday. He gave Sau Ling a good job. 4. 2. 7. 3. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. 8. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. He left the house without saying a word. 10. "But go home ﬁrst. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . 6.resolution father to give you a job." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. The fortune-teller was also present. Then ﬁnd their synonyms. 1. 9.
"Rosaura! There you are. But Rosaura was already through the gate. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. forgetting all about her hiding game. But it was nowhere to be seen. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . His eyes scanned the ﬁelds for Rosaura's red ribbon. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. In her tangled black hair. Suddenly. and heading for the fields." It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. a bright yellow butterﬂy darted by. It was her favourite game." said her mother. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. where are you going?" called her mother. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. "Rosaura." called her mother. "I'm sure she'll be back soon. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterﬂy. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. her red ribbon ﬂuttered. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the ﬁelds. She crouched quietly. "It's time for lunch. As soon as she had ﬁnished her food she slipped down from her chair. "Not yet. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. As the sun reached the far side of the ﬁeld. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass.
" said her mother. is how the red poppy came to be. Now the sun had set. 4. 3. casting a red glow over the ﬁelds. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. It was ﬁlled with red ﬂowers swaying and ﬂuttering in the tall grass. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the ﬁeld." said Rosaura's father. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. staring over the ﬁeld. Her father looked away in disappointment." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. "She was always happier in the ﬁelds. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. But it was another red ﬂower. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. As night fell. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. looking for the red ribbon. And that. but the red petals of a ﬂower. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a ﬂower before. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father ﬁnd her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. "I see her!" he cried. say the Indians. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. As the sun came up bright and strong. 1. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. But they could ﬁnd no red ribbon. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. 2. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the ﬁeld. 5.But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. In the dawn. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the ﬁelds and watched the red ﬂowers dancing under the sun. "They will stay with us!" Every year. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all.
What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. Negative 1. 2. What do Indians say about the story? 10.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. 2. Afﬁrmative 1. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. Her father did not look away in disappointment. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the ﬂower were her ribbon? 7.6. What did Rosaura's father say about the red ﬂowers ﬁlled the ﬁeld? 9. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. and Indian culture. Source: www. We can change the sentences into negative and question form. 1. Most of the humanities involve stories. ancient Greek. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Chinese. 2.wikipedia. Her father looked away in disappointment. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. Stories are of ancient origin. existing in ancient Egypt. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In afﬁrmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use inﬁnitive.
Roy is taking a nap on the couch. On one side of the room. already) full of students. 5. Use simple past tense form. I (ﬁnd. busily) to each other in Spanish. just) my car by about an inch. 3 4. just) quietly by themselves. The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. Other students (speak) Japanese. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. I (have. 1. (sit. however. 2 It was my ﬁrst day of class. It (come) right at my car. The room (be. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. 2. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. students (talk. They do not know each other. Rosaura runs away from her house. 6. Some of the students. ﬁnally) the right room. 8. In a few minutes. almost) a car accident last night. I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . 7.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. The other car (miss. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual conversation (stop) . It sounded like the United Nations. I (drive) down Washington Avenue when suddenly I (see) a car in my lane. I (step) on the brakes and (swerve) to the right. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. She cries in front of me. 10. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. I (choose) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. 9. and some (converse) in Arabic.
write main ideas and its supporting ideas. a young man watched the practice. Have you ever written a story? Is it difﬁcult or not? What makes you feel difﬁcult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. The result was astonishing. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. 3. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. Adapted from www.Writing In this section. Durna's favourite student. 4.joglosemar. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. write narrative texts. Ekalaya ﬁnally encountered Arjuna. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa. 1. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. 2. From far away. Angry and disappoin ted. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. He was Ekalaya. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated.co. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. When he met Ekalaya. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. Innocently. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. who was hunting in the forest. Arjuna was surprised to ﬁnd that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student.
I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 . It will guide you in writing a story.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom. Look at the following example. • There was a young man who watched the practice. The ideas above are developed into the ﬁrst paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas. In English. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery.
Activity 4 Study the following stories. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. And he poured water into the hat. In the end. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by ﬁlling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. The sword broke instantly. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. He tried to ﬁt the bowl onto his head. breaking the bowl in the process. Then." The blacksmith was very furious. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. destroying it. One day. He was not the best blacksmith. Worried that he would be cheated. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . You can use Story B as an example.
• Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. Then. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. especially hunters. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. Here are some ideas to inspire you. develop them into a short story. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. • He was very angry with human beings. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. A Greedy Child 2. 1. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline.
Language Functions a. • You have my sincere condolences. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. 3. write a recount text. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. answer the questions: 1. identify the structure of a narrative text. What will you say when you are happy? 2. b. express happiness. 4. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text.Complication : a crisis arises. sympathy. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that. .Resolution : the crisis is resolved. 7. If you find some difficulties. 8. you are expected to be able to: 1. 6. Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. sympathy and affection.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. Generic Structure . respond to expressions for showing happiness. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. 2. perform a monologue of narrative texts. and affection.Chapter Summary 1. 2. respond to narrative texts. Identify the structure of the text. . consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Now. • It's really a great pleasure. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends. for better or for worse.
accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 .
Source: CD Images 1. respond to oral instructions. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. accepting and declining an invitation. answer the questions. 2. Then. 3. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. Where or when would you ﬁnd this situation? 2.Listening In this section. 7. What does Doni say to Susi? 3. 8. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. 5. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. 4. 1. 6.
I'll be at your house at 8. Mr Andre Posuma. I'd like to. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. and watching drama. Thank you very much.00 in the morning. but I've got an exam tomorrow. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. write. 2. 10. it won't surprise you. his friend calls him. 9. please. decide. 5. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. On the way home. Then. I'm very sorry. who always sees him for general check up. I'll decide to come or not. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. great. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. Dialogue 2 Dr. I have nothing to do. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. 2 ? 3 Rita : . Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. For further tips visit to invite someone www. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. 3. but you should express the details clearly. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. Would You Like to Come? 53 . but I can't come.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions. He had a friend. novels. One day.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation. I'd love to. Arief and Rita have a chat. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me.express. Then ﬁnd any possible responses to each expression. 7. 1. They enjoy reading stories. 8.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. Clever phrasing. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Rita : Wow. Now. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. I don't think I can come to your party. 6. 4.
2. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. : Hi Andre. Kambing guling is my favourite food. It's me. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Fauzi. We can meet next time. 4 . I will attend a meeting. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a. . : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. Andrea. This is Andre. 1. Work in pairs. Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. . Rudi : . : What's wrong? : Hmm. Fauzi. : See you. Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. : 5 . : Bye. 6 . : .Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. 7 : Well . : . See you. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . Then. : OK. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. Thus is about our appointment. Bye. It has been two months since my last visit to you. actually. 3.m. : Alright. Ten minutes later.
She interrupts them. I think . A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Lina continues her reading. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and ﬁll in the blank spaces. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. By the way.Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. cut cheese into slices. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. 1 . 8 I'm late. place the slices on one piece of the bread. Spread butter on each piece.) It's very delicious. Compare your answers to your friends'. 6 . Fany. Lina is reading a book in the city park. 3 . Santi : Hi. 5. 3. put the other piece 7 . 1. Lina : No. (Lina takes the sandwich. Finally. After a long silence. the girl offers something. Nice to meet you too. Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them.. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. Then. A girl : Excuse me. There is someone approaching her. Fany : That's OK. Would You Like to Come? 55 . my name is Lina. Lina : It's very simple. The girl : I'm Fanny. 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. 2. 4.. take two pieces of bread. .
3. After that.. 2. draw two lines .... 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something.. Then. You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do. Match the following titles with the correct steps.... Finally. you can now blow . fold over each point . cut inwards .. 4. 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials.... Next. Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel. push the drawing pin . 1996 Instructions: 1... First. 5..
a pencil. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Then. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. 4. 5. After listening.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. 2. 5. 3. By seeing the pictures below. list the stages involved in making the coffee. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. 1. 3. Things You Do 1. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. answer the questions. 2. 1. 2. you will make a whale. a ruler. and scissors. 4. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction.
It's my birthday on Friday.Speaking In this section. 2. Hey. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. accepting and declining an invitation. I'll be free at that time. What about tomorrow tonight. Just wait for me. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. 4. Let's go jogging sometime. 3. 1. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. perform a monologue of procedure texts. 4. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. 5. we're having a party on Friday. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. 2. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. 1.
Then act them out with your friends.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. Be ready.. Ari : Well. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) X Activity 4 59 . I'd love to. But you have to come to the clinic.. Sandra : OK. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. Rin.30. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment. that's great. I can't. Ari : Well. how've you been? Ari : Alright. Ira! This is Ari. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme. decline an invitation b. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot : Hi. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. I have many matters to settle down. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. ask for permission e. It's about Nasreddin. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. The italicised sentence is used to . a. Robi : Hi. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry. There will be a great ﬁlm tonight. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7. Sandra. accept an invitation c. Say. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. thanks. Ira : Hi. Read and practise another dialogue. invite someone to go d. I'd love to.. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment.
.. Mrs Lina Sugiarto. I don't think I can. I can't . Receptionist : You're welcome. Like to come to .... • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will .. Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry. but ...m.? Dr. L-I-T-A...m.. We'd very much like to . Bye.. I can't...Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p... but . Shall we come to . What a delightful idea.. I'd love to.. Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto. You will . Bye..... I don't think I can. Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme. Thank you for asking me.. Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry......... Receptionist : Alright.. but ..... We should be pleased/delighted if you could . I'd like to. That would be very nice. OK! I'd like to love to come. declining an invitation and an appointment. I wish I could. You must come to .... Thank you very much for inviting me. I'm afraid I've already promised . but . Would you care to .. Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there. Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to .. Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you. won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you.... With the greatest pleasure.. All right (then). Come and . You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p..... • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to . What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting.. I'd very much like you to .... 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Unfortunately. accepting.
this weekend is my special day. OK. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. He accepts it. Wendy. He doesn't want to accept. as he doesn't know anybody. Thank you very much Wendy. You accept. The headmaster. You refuse.. . I don't think I can make it. o'clock. You are at school. She/he promises that she/he will come. 5. Then act it out in front of the class. 6. I'll be there. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. I don't have any plans at this moment. I'm so sorry I can't make it.. You'll have a graduation party this evening. 4. good. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. Oh. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : Hi. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. The senior teacher. See you. You're welcome. ? Sure. Would You Like to Come? 61 . You invite a new student to join the party. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. ? Well. 1. He/She accepts. See you then. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. Bye. He declines because he is busy. 3. I'll promise I'll be there.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. By the way. I'll help you. for a little party at my house this weekend. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. Invite this people to your party. 2. Persuade him to come.
3. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. 1. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 4.Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you. Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound.
Emily : . And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. salt and a pan with a lid. Yudi : Good. Sally : Then. How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. Sally : And what do you do after that? Emily : . Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. pepper and spices. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. Use the following model. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Cut the chicken into small pieces. a cup of rice. Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. Then.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. Fry with vegetables for ﬁve minutes. Sally : How do you . Sprinkle it with salt. Cut up the tomatoes. Yudi : All right. make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. onions and green peppers into quarters. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. what do you do? Emily : . How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes.
well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. wash the rice in cold water. put the lid on and cook it for about ﬁfteen minutes. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. 4.Ismail : First. spices. ﬁrst of all. Heat until the water boils. Add a little of salt and pepper. 2. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. When it has boiled. Cook gently for three minutes. spices. 2. Add rice and cook on low heat for ﬁfteen minutes. (Continue with your own words. fry them in a pan for ﬁve minutes. onions. and garlic into small pieces. 1 small onion. 3. Well. small clove garlic. Mix together egg and lemon juice. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. 7. 6. turn down the heat. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. Add water. Next. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. Then. 5. onions. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. ¼ teaspoon of butter. cut tomatoes. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. salt and pepper. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. Fry them in a pan with butter for ﬁve minutes. and garlic into small pieces. ½ teaspoon of salt. Then. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. 4.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8 cups of water. Tell the class about it. Cook gently for one hour. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. 3. Be careful with the knife. 5.
read a monologue in the form of procedure text. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. 2. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 1. 4. 2. Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual 26 Ask a friend 28 Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. 3. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they ﬁnd a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . 4. identify the structure of a procedure text. 3.Reading In this section. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts.
What do we do ﬁrst to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3. materials needed and methods or steps. Pay attention to the structure of the text. 4.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. To move the fan up or down. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. push the pin on top of the motor. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. 3. 4. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. 1. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. 2. press one of the switches at the bottom. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. In a how–to–text. 2. namely goal. then press the tilt adjustment knob. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. To change the speed of the fan. How to operate a fan 1. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kafﬁr lime leaves 1 tablespoon ﬂour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways.
instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. 8. 2. 13. When the oil is hot. 11. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium ﬂame. Stir in the ﬂour. 10. 6. ﬁve or six at a time. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . 14. 2. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste.english. These texts are usually written in the present tense. 15. 6. 5. 4. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. 4. unitecnology. Source: www. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. drop the fritters into the oil. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and ﬂatten a little with a fork. Fry until golden brown on both sides. 3. 7. followed by the egg. 3. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. May 2.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and ﬁnd their meaning. 5. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. 1. Pay attention to your pronunciation. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 12. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. fried shallots and lime leaves.
From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. So. great b. Give a welcome service. c. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. a. In the craft shop. The word well-known in the ﬁrst line means …. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. d. a day at the spa.howabout. Before give an unusual gifts.com 1. In an auction. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. Track down items such as rare prints. Visit art supply stores. 3. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. Adapted www. A massage. especially when you were on a trip. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. craft shops. special d. 2.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. b. Use the Internet. In the internet. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. it is suggested that we give … ﬁrst a. Look for gifts wherever you ﬁnd yourself. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. weird c. a unique furniture d. Moreover. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. a photo frame c. costume makeovers. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. Anywhere. a rare print b. Follow links until you ﬁnd what you want. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts.
3. make us unusual b. road safety rules. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. sweet c. a. rare b. a.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. how to use the video. Dian told Andi. unitecnology. b. "Stand up. but could also express irritation. The word "do" could be persuasive. the tape recorder. important Giving gifts may be important to …. You make sure the car is in neutral.g. You press the stop button. The word in the text that means not too many is …. the photocopier.g. 1. Do come on time." said mother.english. "Make sure the car is in neutral. a. e. 5. e.4.g." the teacher told the pupils. the fax. recipes. b. get the recipient attention d. (command) "Help me. unique d. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form." said the teacher.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e. "Press the stop button. a.g. b. celebrate special moments Englishclub. science experiments." said David. a.g. It functions as prohibition. how to succeed. e. "Don't hurry. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request. "Don't be noisy. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs. Would You Like to Come? 69 ." 2. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. rules for games. complete our collections c. the computer." said father. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. For further Information visit www." asked the mother. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. Do be quiet. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet.
Your uncle is writing a novel. 4. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper.m. 1. 2. magazine or in the internet. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. The volume of the television is too loud. He always late although his wife often warns him. What will your father say? It is 6 a. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. 1. 9. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. 5. 6. 3. 5. 4. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. Report it to the class. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. He cannot concentrate his mind well. 7. 3. 10. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking.
arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. • • • • • • • • next butter roast ﬁrst pour ﬁnally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese ﬂour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors ﬁrst Would You Like to Come? 71 . 2. 1. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table. 4. 3. you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction.Writing In this section. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. write procedure texts.
garlic. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. • Stir the mixture and add salt. vegetables. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. • Finally. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . if you like. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. cook the rice in another pan. • Then. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. Do it in pairs. • The best vegetables to use are onions. pepper and other spices. • At the same time. add it to the meat and the vegetables. you can break in two or three eggs. you will need some rice. • Now. The pictures will help you to arrange it. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. • To make fried rice. meat and eggs. tomatoes and cucumber.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. • First.
before you sit down to enjoy your meal. Finally. remove the black vein. e. Work individually. First. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . Rewrite it using your own words. From the tail meat. Next. It is not difﬁcult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. c. Then you can begin to record it. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. After these twisted off. After that. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. ﬁrst you have to plug in the cord. You must also twist off the ﬂippers at end of tail section. Find the errors and correct them. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. d. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. And then tested the voice level recorder. use your ﬁngers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. It contains nine mistakes. a. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. Well.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. b.
Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise.. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. make and cancel an appointment. answer the questions: 1. 7. write an instruction or procedural text. Declining an appointment • Sorry. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends... Now.. • Will you come with . . Write the method or steps clearly. I don't think I can make it. 4. perform a monologue of procedural texts. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . 2.Goal. 3. invite someone. 6. respond to expressions for an appointment. respond to invitation. Generic structure . Write a recipe of your favourite food.Materials (not required for all procedural texts) . Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8. Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. • I'm sorry I can't make it. respond to oral instructions. • I'll be there.. identify the structure of procedural texts. you are expected to be able to: 1.Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2.Chapter Summary 1.. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. • Join me. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2.
b. Here it is. Inside the waitress' room. 2. b. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. The manager could call the police. thank you. Where was the landowner from? a. Where did the girl ﬁnd the money? a. £15. d. c. d. d. Three steps. d. b. Then. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. b. d. 7. The landowner. Inside the gentleman's room. The man losing his money. c. Tokyo. The farmer's youngest son. I'm ﬁne. Hotel lobby. c. £50. b. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. Who was shouting? a. c. Good night. £5. What could the manager do? a. a. 6. Good afternoon. The landowner's youngest son. d. Two tins. b. The girl. c. The manager could help the man who lost his money. Here is it. Five tins. c. I'd love to. a. Sorry I can't. Countryside. Where does the story take place? a. a. c. The farmer's oldest son. d. Here they are. A. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. c. a. c. Restaurant manager's ofﬁce. £150. gratitude c. Three tins. 8. 9. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. Outside the gentleman's room. Seoul. b. Inside the manager's room. Five steps. Thanks anyway. 13. b. The hotel owner. It is here. c. 11. I won't say no. offering b. d. c. a. 1. The manager could do nothing. d. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. How nice to see you. Bank manager's ofﬁce. b. d. b. Good morning. c. 4. 3. b. d. b. 10. d. c. invitation d. Good evening. Four steps. 12. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. b. Four tins. 5. Beijing. You are going to hear several short dialogues. The manager. Hotel manager's ofﬁce. 14. Nice to meet you. How do you do. choose the best answer.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. 75 . Two steps. How much money that the character "I" lost? a.
We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. tin or enamel. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. not the whisk. c. our fryingpan is getting hot. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. when hot. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. in the middle. Angrily. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. This takes half a minute. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. taking care always to move towards the middle. d. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. letting the liquid ﬂow into the empty spaces. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. This takes about two minutes. break them into a bowl. we take six eggs. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. not of aluminium. Harshly. c. The ﬂame is now turned down a little. Politely. 16. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. b. b. b." a. His stomach couldn't take any more food.15. to the size of the omelette. Meanwhile. d. over a quick ﬂame for a minute or two. keeping as calm as we possibly can. For three portions. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. All this is a swift business. 17. d. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. B. He was not hungry. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. we fold it. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. Rudely. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. not too hot. once or twice. it is fatal to beat too long. He wanted the table to be cleaned. until large bubbles form on the top. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. c. in other words. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. The fryingpan must be made of iron. and add a good teaspoonful of water. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. or butter and best lard. with salt and tissue–paper. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. Then. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden.
One made of aluminium and enamel. I'll introduce b. It doesn't matter. a. c. Washing with salt and paper. One made of iron. No. a. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. b. we feel tired b. Then. How are you? c. c. It should never be a small one. The shape of an omelette. a. b. It's very interesting. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. You are introduced c. Dedy. The size of an omelette. What is important about the frying– pan? a. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. b. . c. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. b. The states of an omelette. Yes. 19. When the ﬂame gives no more froth.com 18. Review 1 77 . as the classical French term says. b. 22. A soon as the flame is light golden. Rubbing with salt and paper. we feel relaxed d. here are they Eka : to my friend. It is better than beating it for too short a time. we feel impatient c. When the butter is a different shade. Rubbing with hot water. here it is b. 27. When the frying-pan is getting hot. d. 21.of the omelette along one side. It should never be a very ﬂat one. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. It should be the same size as the omelette. This last touch makes all the difference. Ferry : I am Ferry. c. d. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. One made of tin 20. One made of aluminium. b. d. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes. here they are c. b. here is it d. d. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. Let me introduce myself. How do you do? d. 24. d. c. 23. 25. We may well feel a few extra heart– beats because . c. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. An omelette made in France.recipetips. Won't you introduce d. Good morning. 26. Taken from www. d.
45. Sure. Why? a. Hanny. 41. Thanks. Look out of 36 window of 37 house you are in now you see such 38 beautiful view. Thanks a lot. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. how awful! I'm so sorry. I'd be unhappy to accept it. d. b. Yes. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. Sorry. himself c. c. themselves b. I . b. c. Use substitution form to ﬁll in the blank spaces. he 33. they 34. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. Evi : Alright. d. That's very kind of you. she books all day along. I think . (shave) this morning 44. Yesterday. 39. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . Too bad it didn't work. Who are ? a. a. Student : . a. I went to the cinema c. that would be very nice. Don't worry about it. You are entirely welcome. 29. I did not because I was in a hurry. but some other time. (read) the 42. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. or the. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . I'll fetch you at 8 p. Did come on time. gave c. Dudi does his homework by a. The underlined sentence expresses a. Do you come on time? d. 40. 30. 43. Do come on time. compliment. him b. give d. them c. a. an. d. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. but I'm very busy. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. happiness.28. it didn't work out. I go to the cinema b. : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. given b. I was going to the cinema 31. C. maybe. 35. Randy : Oh. gratitude. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. (put) the books in their previous place. their d. I her a bunch of roses this morning. a. b. giving 32. b. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . c. sympathy. Teacher : Thanks for your help. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. Complete the following sentences using a.m. You did come on time. c. hisself d. I have gone to the cinema d.
Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .
Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 6. 6. 4. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 3. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . respond to narrative texts. 8. 5. great charming fantastic congratulate terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc. Repeat after him/her. 8.Listening In this section. 3. 1. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 7. No. 2. 4. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. 7. 1. 5. 2.
I got the highest score for the test. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. Andi. 2 today! I love your new hair style. Congratulations! That's amazing. Never mind. I've got it. Congratulations on your success. his friend. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . b. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. thanks. 1. too. 4 right now. 4. 1 ? Andi : I am ﬁne. ! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God.. Desi. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. b. Andi : 3 . a. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment.. a. Andi. For example: You will hear : a. It is nice to hear you. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. a. Andi. You look great. By the way. b. 5 Desi : That's great. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. b. Thank you very much a. b. 5. Congratulations. That's awful! Thanks anyway. I can't believe it! That's terriﬁc. Desi : Hi.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. b. The best response is . he meets Desi. 2. a. Desi : Thanks. You know what? I have passed for the ﬁnal test. 3. On the way home..
What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. You will hear "You're terriﬁc/fantastic. You are so kind. . Mention where they are from. For example: 1.." 2. I guess it's just my luck. Then. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. I don't like it e. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It's so difﬁcult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. I dont' think so c. 6 ! 7 : your compliment. I know you are very smart. Now." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore.. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. discuss the following questions with your friends'. Joko : It's a 4 . Riska : 3 ! We're happy for you. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. Andi : Oh. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : 1 what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. : Never mind Andi. a. Ina : I think so. It goes with my shoes. Andi. no.. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. Andi. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. The next day. 1. Desi." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. 2. b. It's my pleasure. Eta : Thank you. that's amazing. You will hear "Well done. You look beautiful on it. 2 .UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisﬁed with it. Sorry to hear that d.
8. 5. One morning. I have to repaint it. "Broom. and in ten minutes all job was done.Activity 8 Now. and she worked very carefully. In the afternoon she 7 the lower part of her house." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and 3 . "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. After lunch she 6 to paint. When she looked around the room. My house is 2 than yours. 7. "my friend was right. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. Then she 5 the shop and bought a can of paint. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and 10 to paint the upper walls. That she got an idea. 4. the Witch her house and she said to herself. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom ﬁnish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . 2. listen to the tape once again and complete the story. one of the Witch's friends 1 to visit. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. 1. 6. she said "Your house is ugly. The Witch was very happy. It worked very fast. and the walls are bigger. 3. When she wanted to start the upper part she 8 that she couldn't reach it. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed.
To show how cunning the Greeks were. They destroyed the city gate e. e. What was the purpose of the text? a. They scared the Romans c. mysteries. c. c. e. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. unitechnology. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. With help from a wooden horse. b. d. A Greek King. A Roman Soldier. 2. ballads. factual or a combination of both. Defenseless e. 5. They can be imaginary. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. romances. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. All of the above. A horse. 4. Really happy d.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. They may include fairy stories. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . science ﬁction. Source: www. fables. e. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. 1. slice of life.ac 3. No Information. d. A Greek Soldier. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. They made the Romans drink b. historical narratives. Really sad b. myths and legends. With the help of alcohol. None of the above. Drunk c. b. New Horizon There are many types of narrative.english. d. horror stories. adventure stories. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. personal experience. c. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. b.
Your brother have got an award. Your friend has just passed an important exam. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. Activity 2 Expressions 1. g. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement.Speaking In this section. 3. 6. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. 2. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. You compliment someone on their appearance. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. Situations a. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . d. 5. c. Congratulations! Well. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation. b. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. perform a monologue of narrative texts. What are they doing? 3. What do you see in the picture? 2. 4. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. f.
Let's go celebrate it. I f I may so. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. Pandu. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. I like your hair style! You're terriﬁc/fantastic. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. it's not necessary. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. Good idea. Great job! Thanks.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. I just finished modifying it. Thank you. My compliments on your beautiful. Harsya. it is. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. No. What did you do to it? Not much. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. It looks a lot different. You are looking good. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. Oh. Ussy. 1. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . thanks. it's a must. you are quite charming. I really must express my admiration for your party. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories.
Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. I'd like to be the ﬁrst to congratulate you on …. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. Well done! Fantastic/terriﬁc! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. I've found a new job. Congratulations on your …. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . 5 : : I just won ﬁrst prize from a quiz. 1. May I congratulate you on …. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. 2. 4. Your brother has done excellent job. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. 4. 2. 3. I must congratulate you. Your relative is going abroad for studying.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. 1. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. Discuss with your partner. It was great to hear …. 3. I won the race.
Dad. story telling 4. playing tennis 3. 1. I'm very proud of you. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. 3. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. Activity 8 With your partner. playing the piano 2. Your friend is elected as one of the ﬁnalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. 2. Your partner got a scholarship. playing chess 5. Dony : Thank you. Don. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. 1. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. For example: Donny has passed his exams with ﬂying colour and get the best ranking at his school. Mom. 2. didn't you? Dony : That's right. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Use the expressions of complimenting. create a short dialogue based on the situations given.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. Dony's father : Well done. Don. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. Boby : Hi. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. 4. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. Use the expressions of congratulating. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. Your friend is good at: 1.
" she said. All the animals of the jungle joined in. but it didn't seem to mean anything." said the tiger." said the aardvark. Taken from Readings to Remember." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender. When the moon rose." "Oh sure. "We need a change. long live the king!" Inside the den. "The king is here to see you. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den. and some did not knot know which they were ﬁghting for. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion. "The creatures are crying for a change." she said. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra." said the tigress as she went to look after her young. sleepily. "What king?" he inquired. "I am the king of beasts. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. fevered and gibbous.Activity 9 Work in group. a male. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts." he roared. the lion. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. and some fought for both. very like his father. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. All the beasts were dead except the tiger. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw. screaming in horror. in my honour. It was a terrible ﬁght and it lasted until the setting of the sun." she said. is king of beasts. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. He was monarch of all he surveyed." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead." said the tiger. the lioness woke her mate. "The king of beasts. except that of her cubs. "What are we ﬁghting for?" someone asked the aardvark. "Come out. "Leo. "The new order. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away." said the zebra. one of whom. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of ﬁghting. "The old order.
She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. "Oh. "I am sorry to hear that. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. Are you with me?" asked Budi. What do you think if I stop studying. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Sir. . you may not stop studying here. her classmate. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his ofﬁce. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the ﬁght? 7. who is the cleverest student in the class. Then act it out in front of the class. "No ." told Evi. If so. "Okay." "Thank you very much. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. "Our teachers asked me where you were. At school they meet the headmaster in his ofﬁce." said Budi. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company. That's kind of you. . "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi." continued Budi. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. doesn't go to school anymore. Taken from English for SMA 2. the tiger or the lion? 9. it is not a good solution. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three. "Excuse me. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. 2. I think it is not a serious problem. Change the following text into dialogue. Budi. Who won the ﬁght. "You are a very smart student. "I am sorry. I'm glad you still want to study in this school. came to see her at home." told Evi.1. not to me. The Cleverest Student Evi. Were there any beasts survive the ﬁght? 10." asked Evi." said Evi happily. Did the tiger and the lion ﬁght for the crown? 6. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5. Where did the story take place? 3. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4.
7. 3. identify the structure of narrative texts. 2. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. 6. 4. reading and understanding narrative texts.Reading In this section. read and study the following words and ﬁnd their meanings. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 . 1. 8. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. 2. 4. 5. 5. Activity 2 Before reading the story. 3. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. 1.
He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. Beowulf went to the lake. That night. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. He lived in Denmark. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. It lived in a cave with treasure. When he came back. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. he went to the King's castle. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. What did Grendel's mother do when she ﬁnd out about her son's death? 7. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. One day. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. a dragon came to his country. The dragon was very big and breathed ﬁre.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. In the morning. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. 1. He was half-man and half-monster. But one day. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How long did Beowulf become king? 9. He was king for ﬁfty years. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. The knights were afraid and they did not want to ﬁght the dragon. and it attacked people.
and began to tell about himself. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. as the shortest distance between two points. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped." And with this he trotted away into the woods. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. I wear black and I am unique. as the most famed and talented of all birds." he said. c.aesopfables. "Bars may come and bars may go. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. geometricians. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak." said the crow quickly." said the fox. "I recognize you." said the crow. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight." The fox had read somewhere. but crow bars last forever. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing." said the fox. and scholar. "but you must be nearsighted as well. every two points. 12. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot. Last. The Fox and the Crow A crow. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 ." "Tarry awhile. but I am hungry and must go. I am the pioneer of ﬂight. "and share my lunch with me." said the fox. Taken from www. and somewhere else. I am sure.11. "Oh. Any two points. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. my ﬂight is known to scientists and engineers. and somewhere. now that I look more closely. "I am sure you are. but sly. I am the map maker. his appetite appeased. but never least." he concluded arrogantly. attracted the eye and nose of a fox. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. b. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. and they are a dollar a hundred.
4. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. retell it in front at the class. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. 8. Then. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. The crow's appetite appeased. 5. 6. 1. 8.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. There are two main characters in the story. 3. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. 7. 2. 6. 3. 5. 2. 1. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. 7. You can do mini research in the library. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The story probably took place in the jungle. 4. He is the map maker. The fox is really arrogant. Ask your parents or grand parents.
org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-ﬁrst" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments.canauthorsniagara. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the ﬁnalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement. We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be ofﬁcially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday.m. We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www. September 29 from 2 to 5 p.
The play was written by Shakespeare. 2. The cameraman takes the President's several times. The form of passive is: be + past participle. 4. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. 1. belived d. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. 3. etc. A ﬁre melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. The sentences above use passive voice. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. to belive c. sleep..Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. 5. come. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats. The ﬁreﬁghters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. oils. a. UN Shot Komodo . and sweets at the top of the pyramid. My brother buys me this new computer game. In passive voice. to belived e. 1. they belive b. 3. 4. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. 5. are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. to be descendant from dinosaurs. The pipe was replaced by the plumber..
I hardly think about it anymore. I will arrange it." said the dog. a dog out for a walk noticed him. as they were walking. he asked the dog about it. "The dog called after the wolf. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin. I'm more free than you are." answered the dog. and I have a warm place to sleep." "You're right. He was curious about this.aesopfables. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived. I won't be free anymore. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. It's a good deal for both of us. With hardly enough energy to walk. You could do the same. But.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 . the wolf had little hope of ﬁnding food. I think I will surely die." After saying this.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values. Finally. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night. but I'm healthy." Taken from www. don't worry about that. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of ﬁnding food. "Oh. He was very thin. the wolf turned and ran away. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else. well-fed. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep. "But. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair. "If I come to live with you." "But. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life." the wolf said." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. "I work regularly and I eat regularly. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was." said the wolf." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences. In that way. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run. the dog felt sorry for him and said. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right. As he lay beneath a large tree. saying. You'll get used to it soon enough. if I am chained up. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep.
com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. Activity 1 Answer these questions.aesopfables. 2. 1. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www. writing narrative texts. 4. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts.Writing In this section. Have you ever written a story? What do you do ﬁrst when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story.
In the final paragraph.com 3 4 5 6 a. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully. d. For further steps in writing narrative. the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described. c. they are not in the correct order. He was very angry and threw a stone at them. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . visit www. So has sat down under the tree to sleep. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture.infoplease. then read the sentence given below. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. 1 2 Englishclub.
came to the lump of gold. but go and take a stone. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. It will do you quite the same service. f. g. and digging down. So.short-stories. A neighbor. you had it not. for when the gold was there. "Pray do not grieve so. The Miser.short-stories.e. he soon made a meal off her . seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause. while he was going from one village to another. said. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. k.co. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been ﬂayed and thrown aside. i.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure. Taken from www. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. and fancy that the gold is still lying there. he felt very tired. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. on his next visit. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. Activity 4 Study these stories and ﬁll in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story. and stole it.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. h. j. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily. One day. leading the Lamb a little apart." Taken from www. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing. as you did not make the slightest use of it. and place it in the hole. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep.co. Appearances are deceptive. and enjoying hearty meals.
1. 2.Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conﬂict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. Choose from the following categories. Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . make your own narrative story. 3.
you are expected to be able to: 1. optional. Pay attention to the structure of the text.. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. 5. Complimenting • You look great. identify the structure of narrative texts. Now. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. a crisis arises. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. 3. 7. 2. performing a monologue of narrative texts. identify factual meaning in the texts. Write and tell your favourite folklore. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. congratulate and compliment others.Chapter Summary 1. : to amuse. 4.. Language Functions a. I must say that you are . entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. b. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . for better or for worse. write narrative texts... • You look terriﬁc. a stepping back to evaluate the plight. answer the questions: 1. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3.. the crisis is resolved. 6. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. 2..
Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub li shers' s Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .
please. 1. 2. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 3 . Henry. sure. respond to invitation. Fine. And you? 2 I'm just ﬁne. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It's all right. 6 . . Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. 1 . 8 . Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. 2.Listening In this section. Here it is. Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Here it is and 4 . I'll tell him. 3. Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. respond to descriptive texts. Please come in and have a seat. 5 . Yuni. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. How are you this morning? Hi. By the way. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. Great.
2. a. 2002 1. a. 4. b. b. What picture is it? Where do you usually ﬁnd that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . You're great. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. 5. Choose the best response for the expressions. No. b. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. a. I'm very grateful to you. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. 2. I won't. a. I'm sorry.4. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. 5. 3. I can't. You will hear some expressions. Thank you so much. 3. 5. b. Yes. 1. 4. a. b. I'd love to. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue.
The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. Adapted from www. Besides its thousand doors. 2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It is a famous 6 in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. It is named 2 which means 3 . The building has numerous 5 which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand.central-java-tourism.Activity 5 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear. 1 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta.
Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. 2. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . 3. When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue. Be ready at 7. 5. Will you pick me up? Sure. 1. 6. perform a monologue of descriptive text. on the way home. 1. After visiting the museum. 2. I'll be there. I won't say no. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together.Speaking In this section. OK? All right. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. 4. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house.
I’d like to very much. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class.... Wow.. Thanks...? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to . Yes. I’d love to. Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too. The temple is extravagant.? Will you join .. Actually.. Let me express my gratitude . Thank you...What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to . What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come. I wish I can see it for myself. Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before.. my parents are taking me there again this vacation.. Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I'm sure my parents won't mind. What is it like? It's very beautiful. Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for .. Activity 4 Study the following dialogue.. I won’t say no . Then..? Do you want to come with .... Great. Would you like to ...
Activity 5 Work in pairs. 4. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. 2. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks.. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 4. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. Create dialogues based on the following situations. writing hand c. 4. 2. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 .. hand-written d. 3. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. 1. 10. 5. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. 3. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. 6. 2. 3. 9. 2. written by hand b. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. that is hand-written e. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. a. Give suitable responses. Tini has lent you a magazine. 1. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. 1. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 3. Tini has lent you a magazine. 8. 7.
Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. 3. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. To prove this. he made a simple raft and sailed there. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Africa. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. Thor Heyerdahl. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Paciﬁc. believed that they were built by people from South America. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe.000 years ago. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts. On top of a hill. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools.2 metres thick. a German. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. no windows. there are 600 large statues. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. On the island. all the way from Peru. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. and no doors.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. We don't really know why they are there. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. Why did they build the tower? We don't know.
Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know. They used stone for the walls and wood for the ﬂoors.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. 2000 One thousand years ago. doors and roofs. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. 2. 3. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. Easter Island 1.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away. How did they move the trees? We don't know. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places.
2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.000 feet (305 metres) wide. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. and the U.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. Ontario. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. state of New York is on the other side. There. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. 4.5 mile (0. but they are 2. At Niagara Falls. It is on the Niagara River. at the falls. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls.8 kilometre). 3. At night. Canada is on one side of the river. 5. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally.S. They are not as high as the American Falls. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. The American Falls are about 1. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. and the American Falls are in the United States. 1. 2. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls.
For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. After/before is used with period of times. Isla de Pascua. on the wall. on Monday. The island's ofﬁcial Spanish name. after lunch time. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. for ages. for a week. after me.11. while she was at the bank. while searching for Davis or David's island. after reading. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. put off. at Jln.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. in the Middle Ages. 4. 1. in the United States. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. 7. • For the sake of God. before June. after summer. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's ﬁrst recorded European visitor. take off. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. Example: • I stand in front of the class. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. 8. for the sake of. at midnight. glance of eye. 9. at lunch. 3. 5. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. Off is used with verbs: get off. of making. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. in 2005. 6. Soka no. before him. is Spanish for "Easter Island". in the park. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. on June 18. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. in Canada. 2. before asking. during the night. at the corner of. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls.
Then. Pyramids are built for king's servants.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B. including 5 three the largest and best preserved 6 all Egyptian pyramids. 5. was probably built 14 Khafre. 4. There are 10 pyramids Giza. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. 3. T/F 1. Giza is located near the Nile River. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Cairo. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. The largest was 10 built King Khufu. 2. called the Great Sphinx. A huge statue 13 a sphinx. 15 It stands his pyramid. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. decide whether the following statements are true or false. There is only one pyramid at Giza. The second was built 11 King Khafre. and the third 12 King Menkaure.C. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . 6.upload. Can you ﬁnd a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you ﬁnd this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. Meanings or Synonyms a. Source: www. 5. 5. d. 4.org 1. 3. learn these words. read and understand descriptive texts. b.Reading In this section. identify the structure of descriptive texts.wikimedia. 3. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”. 2. you will learn how to: • • • ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. 2. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. 4. c. e.
12. i. who often sings in the cave. it is like a fair. does not doubt anything.6. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. The visitors dance. 7. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice ﬁelds. j. Somehow. g. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. l. Wareng village. 10. in Tabuhan. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. m. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. forgetting all problems. 9. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. People sell agates on the cave terraces. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. 13. coconutpalms and birds. The route is easy. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. Many tourists go to this cave. 8. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. h. Nyi Kamiyem. 11. identiﬁcation description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. k. Pay attention to the structure of the text.
The people chased the spirits away. have a nice journey. and characteristics.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. it can be heard from inside. 1. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you ﬁnd peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . However. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. 2. 4. and a local guide will lead the way. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. village elder. so people need lights. No one dared go inside. Taken from Hello English Magazine. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. is good to visit. It was believed to be a sacred place. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. The cave is dark. Watukarang. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. It normally uses simple present tense. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. There is a stream in the cave. which can only be seen outside. 3. January. in the east corner. So. went to the cave to ﬁnd out what was wrong. However. By the way. The identiﬁcation part is the part where writers of descriptive text identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. According to Kartowiryo (90). Description text focuses on speciﬁc participants. qualities. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identiﬁcation and description. Some people now use the place for meditation. Besides the cave. do you want different souvenirs? You can ﬁnd them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. The description part describes parts. a beach nearby.
What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo ﬁnd out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. 6. Activity 5 In pairs. 6. 7. 4. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. The cave is used for meditation. 9. T/F 1. 8. People who are in the cave can hear the stream. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. 10. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. 9. 8. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. You ﬁnd the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave. 7. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. 5. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. 2. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in.
In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Paciﬁc cruise route and is the ﬁrst cruise ship to ﬂy the U. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii.S. travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999. Most of the almost 2. Big Island and Maui. Oahu. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". or Mahalo in Hawaiian. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Paciﬁc feels immediately that he has one foot ﬁrmly anchored in the American Way of Life. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. Kauai. Honolulu on Oahu. Included in the price is full board. the third-largest cruise operator in the world. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". Midwest. from colourful shirts. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on ﬁve vowels and just seven consonants. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . consuming 9. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. "Aloha. The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. The simple response.S.000 aboard have their homes in the U. "Fine".000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea. where the cruise starts.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. sufﬁces as answer. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. and this is the pattern throughout the day. At breakfast. ﬂag in some time. has a population of 900.Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow.
Information Paragraph 1. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. 2005 1. February 13. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. 2. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. 4. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can ﬁnd the following information. 5. Deﬁnition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. There is a reason for the crowds. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful.
and it was erected entirely by hand. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. rises to about 11 metres high. and huge stone walls and gates. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . One of the highest sections of the Great Wall. the most famous temple in China. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. Source: Microsoft Encarta. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. temples. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products.400 kilometres. near Beijing. The main part of the wall is about 3. without nails. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade. This section is about 7. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and ofﬁce buildings. on Mount Badaling. Temple of the Jade Buddha. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. crowded with worshippers. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city.460 kilometres long. has two statues of Buddha. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. Its length is about 6. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. constructed entirely of wood. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre.
4. 3. 1. write descriptive texts. 7. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. 4. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. 8. which one is the most amazing. 5. Writing In this section. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. Beijing is China's largest city. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. Shanghai is the most modern city in China.T/F 1. In your opinion. 5. 3. 2. you will learn how to: • • write a short description. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. 6. 2. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base.
September 2000 Source: www. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. For snorkelling and diving. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. Taken from Hello Bali. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. Candidasa.wordpress. cruises. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains.ﬁles. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. hurtle down frothing rapids. For the more experienced. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. which regularly attract the pros. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers. diving. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world. Lovina. Then answer the questions. Medewi is also good for beginners. Padang Bai. Canggu.228 metres) on the world's ﬂattest and smallest continent. Further aﬁeld. Tulamben and Amed in the east. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. snorkelling. Australia.masham3d. swimming with dolphins. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts.
the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's ﬁnest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. Mt. Activity 4 Study the following text well.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. Australia does have 1. some interesting mountainous terrain. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. Townshend. Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. including areas of the Blue Mountains. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. the crags of Tasmania. Taken from Kang Guru. and even Mt. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. 2. Actually. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2000 the tower of london was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
Write down the conclusion of your discussion.Activity 5 Answer these questions. comma (. Can you explain the function of period (. Study the following announcements. 1. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . Discuss what they are about. 2. 3.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the ﬁrst paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. 1998. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper. Compare it to your friend's. Take Off. 2 Source: True Colors.).
9. At night. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. camping. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world.Activity 7 With your friend. many palaces and statues are lit up. 8. draws many visitors. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. Paris is often called the City of Light. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. singing contest. etc. 4. Choose one of them and then describe it. a famous church. 10. 1. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. hiking. is another favourite place to visit. one of the world's largest art museums. study tour. 2. dense beautiful annually very large attract 6. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 7.g. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. e. The Louvre. millions of people visit Paris. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. Then write your own sentences based on these words. For this reason. Every year. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. 5. 3. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text.
To ﬁnd out about them. 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. just visit www. new7wonders. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 .1 Englishclub.com The Wall of China Source: www3.nationalgeographic.
5. perform a monologue of descriptive. I really appreciate your . you are expected to be able to: 1. 7. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . read a descriptive text aloud.. respond to invitation 3. c. write accurately words phrases. Accepting an invitation a. sentences into paragraphs. answer the questions: 1.. I'm very grateful to you for. express gratitude. b. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. I'd be delighted to. d. qualities. What will you say to express gratitude? 2. respond to report texts 4. 10. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Now... 2. That sounds a nice idea. I'd love to b. Thanks a lot. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. Description : describes parts. write a form of announcement. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. b. 8. 9. characters. respond to gratitude 2.Chapter Summary 1. d. Identiﬁcation : identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. Generic Structure a. Thank you very much. 6. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. place or thing. c. guess meaning in context..
photo bucke t.com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w .
respond to news item texts. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. I don't believe it.) Iwan : Yeah. 3. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. Iwan : Dad. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. 7. 3 Father : . 2. Good heavens! No. 4 Father : . I ﬁnd that very surprising. 1 ! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. 3. What kind of expressions are they? 1. 1. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. Compare your answer with your friends'. It's very tragic. 2 . Many people became homeless. Another disaster? (Then. 6. 4. 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. I can't imagine that. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. 2. 5.Listening In this section. Thousands of people were killed. Iwan's father reads the newspaper.
pay attention to our leader. please! I have something to tell you. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. He told me about our holiday.OK my friends. Andi : I'm serious. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. Feny : What! 4 ? Aldi : Oh. 2. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. Respond to each news that your friends tell you. 5. Andi : Keep calm guys.. 6 Indah : . Activity 6 In groups of four. Headline News 131 . listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. guys. I tell you the truth. It seems that he brings 2 for us. be quiet. 1. Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. That's very disappointing.. 3. Report your answers in front of the class. 1 Andi : . Please. 5 . Aldi : Shh. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. Feny : Really? Why are you 3 ? Bad news? Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday.. answer these questions. We will have a holiday someday. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. 4. What a shocking. no. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room.
Activity 7 Listen to tape. Your response: I think it's good news. 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in ﬂoods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta.
as quoted by Tempointeraktif. game consoles..m.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening.m. Elementary and high school students will have 4 from 6 p. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. visiting shopping malls or going to 5 will be allowed. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. April 15. "The study time must be effective. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. Headline News 133 . no TV. com on Monday." Mochtar said. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality administration 1 students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. He failed to mention what punishments 6 on students who did not comply. During study time. in time for National Education Day. "My ofﬁce is still drafting 2 on study time. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine. he said. to 7:30 p. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it. would be on May 2.
Many people died and got serious injured. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. I heard that Rian was in jail.Speaking In this section. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence. 4. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . on the TV news. 2006 1. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. Ask ﬁve questions about it. Romi was knocked down by a car. 2. Source: Earthquakes. Yesterday. 3. perform a dialogue of news item texts. 4. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. 3. 5.
Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. Besides. Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. The bell is ringing. you're right. actually. Take it easy. Sandy : Oh. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. I got the news from his best friend. a. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. did it? Dina : Yes. ! I've been waiting for it so long. : Listen. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. Mrs. that's terrible. Yesterday. Sandi : I don't understand.Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. Act them out with your friends. I don't have time to think about love right now. b. e. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. Frans. it did. : Good heavens! Look at this. did he? Dina : No.. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. at the school canteen. Dina UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. come on. He's not the only guy in the world. he gave me a bar of chocolate. d. : You're right. Hadi : really? . it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. Oh. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. The window didn't break. Let's go to the class. : Yeah. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . c.000 feet in the air.. : That's too bad. It was in mid air. Ria.
You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. Mr Anwar was very ill. You aren't.. Express your amazement. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . Well.. 4. are you? 2. Act them out with your friends. I ﬁnd it astonishing/extraordinary. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. 3. Tell your classmates about it. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief.. I'm on strike now. 1. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. Give respond to the news. He wasn't. I ﬁnd that very surprising. that's very surprising. 5. Respond to the news appropriately. 1. How very surprising/amazing. Your friend's father has passed away. Express your sympathy. surprises me. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. 2.
The Jakarta Post. Source: Tempo. one of many at the reserve. as the protected species. 2008 Headline News 137 . Pretend you are a news reader. 2005. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. November 23-29. is on the verge of extinction. 2004 1. an ofﬁcial said Saturday. cellular phones. Time. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. just visit www. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18.Activity 5 Englishclub.indonesiaheadline. 2003/January 5. 2004. 2. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you ﬁnd the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. Read the news in front of the class. 4.com/ english Answer these questions orally. The robbers took their cameras. 3.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition. December 29. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. March 8. Pay attention to your intonation.
000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving. 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her ﬁrst claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27. Sarah McCaffrey was ﬁned 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . B : Really? I don't believe it.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. make a dialogue. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island.
and the place where the event happened." (Continue with your own words. 1. Identify its background. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. Background consists of event elaboration.. 2. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. Find out the main event of the news. 4. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. people involved. 1.. or the authority. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4.. Headline News 139 . expert opinions. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was . entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. news /nju:z/ 2. They include witnesses. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. Use the following guidance. bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8. Find out the information sources.) 3.
you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. 4. Ask your classmates and ﬁll in the name of those doing the following activities. 5. 7. 2. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures.Reading In this section. Activities Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin Name Kind of news 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. 3. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. identify the structure of news item texts. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Activity 2 v No 1. 6. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2.
Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than ﬁve people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com
The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The ﬁrst part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.
State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. (T/F) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan.
Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.
The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their
"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's inﬁdelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com
The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006
The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. ﬁght b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise
Read the following words taken from text and ﬁnd the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise
Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. Taken from English Form. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press." Taken from English Form." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare. 3. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. Then. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were conﬁrmed last night. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. However. Do it individually. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. 2. 1. identify the structure of the text. 4. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power.
Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the ﬁrst news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours conﬁrmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.
Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before
Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the ofﬁce.
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."
Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.
Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008
3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box. 2008 1. simple and catchy. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text.Writing In this section. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. write news item text. If the newspaper talks about more than one event. The … of the newspaper is usually short. when and where. 2. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. what. 2. Source: Microsoft Encarta.
The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite ﬁshing that can smash coral reefs. They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected.my-indonesia. 6. Source: www. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. Sometimes. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers.info Headline News 149 . several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. Along the way. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco.3. 8. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. 5. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4.
kerosene extra supply. after the fasting month. he said. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. there was a kerosene demand hike.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. he said. To prevent abuse. "because. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia.tempointeraktif. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police.9 million kiloliter. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deﬁcit. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. At ﬁrst. however. Source: www. meet the people's demand he said. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. he said. Do it individually. According to him. According to him. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. Additional supply. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume.
January 23. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. 3. 7. Rewrite them in your workbook. Then present it to the class. etc) technology education. 4.tempointeraktif. etc Headline News 151 . 2.m. Mr Iwan Sugiarto. the ﬁre had spread to the 4th and 5th ﬂoors of the hotel. Source: Kompas. but all the other guests escaped safely. May. Fire in City Hotel There was a ﬁre at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. 6. By the time the ﬁre department arrived. You can choose one of the following topics. groups. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. The guest was badly injured in the ﬁre. Mr Sugiarto said the ﬁre had caused over US$70. Then ﬁnd a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. 1. said the ﬁre had started in a guest bedroom. 2008 Source: Tempo. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the ﬁre started on the third ﬂoor.000 worth of damage to the hotel. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class. debate. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. last night. etc) contest (speech. 5. The hotel manager. Source: www.
What should be included in a news item text? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties.Chapter Summary 1. Generic structure . express surprise. respond to news item texts. listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. you are expected to be able to: 1. by participants. and amazement. Now.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. and amazement. . 5. in what curriculum stances. perform a monologue of news item texts. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. : to inform readers. . 4.Sources : Comments. write news item texts.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. to whom. identify factual information in news item texts. answer the questions: 1. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function 2. 2. 3. respond to surprise. 6.
d. c. Tsunami. c. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh? a. Milk contains nothing. d. d. c. a. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. I don’t think I can make it. d. b. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. d. b. b. b. c. thank you. A. c. You’re joking. d. I’m sorry to hear that. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. 2. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. It keeps the body strong. What does milk do to the body? a. There was no effect to the travelling cost. b. 6. A mount eruption. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. Incessant rain. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. c. Of course. What a surprise! It's nothing. 1. The travelling cost doubled. Fantastic. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. A landslide. d. An earthquake. A tidal wave. b. It keeps the body big. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Not at all.Review 2 7. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. The travelling cost was still the same. c. Thank you. a. a. 5. yeah. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. It keeps the body healthy. Oh. 153 . Yeah. Thanks. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. a. 8. b. b. 9. Well done. c. d. c. b. thank you. You must be kidding. 3. It keeps the body strong and healthy. Rock. Of course. Of course. 10. Are you kidding? No. a. Thank you. No. 4. d. d. Dirt. c. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. b.
11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.
12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.
B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's ﬁrst experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I ﬁnd any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork
from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com
13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. Hydrophobia . a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difﬁcult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.
17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.
Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior ofﬁcials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004
21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.
a. b. c.
Less than ﬁve houses. More than ﬁve houses. Five houses. .
d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening
d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?
d. at midnight
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
27. c. Tohirin's neighbour. b. The mayor of Semarang. d. Children learn what is important through their school year. Dayat. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children academically competitive. students who develop skill in two or more languages will ﬁnd further studies easier. The Tembalang District head. when children begin preschools and kindergarten. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. b. The guest and bedrooms. English is considered Review 2 157 . the schools become part of the process. c. The mayor of Semarang. students. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. The residents and neighbours. The bedrooms. 25. b. b. The kitchen. A villager of Sendangguwo. Parents need to look for a school that will be a "second home" for their children. c. c. In today's world. his wife and senior ofﬁcials. writing and speaking skills. It is very important that students have good reading comprehension. A resident of the District of Tembalang. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. The residents. however. These are some important factors that should be considered. a. A joint effort between parents. 28. d. The guest rooms. Their goal is to send their children to good schools as well as to choose extracurricular activities that improve their children's skills and abilities. c. fortune whirlwind storm d. The question then becomes what should parents consider in choosing the best education for their children? When should the process begin? The answer is. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. Sukawi Sutarip. from the time of birth. b. This is when parents pick a school that parallel their educational beliefs. Success will be based on how well the "team" works. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. The synonym of the italicised word is .24. and the schools is established. d. Sukawi Sutarip. d. Achyani. calamity 26. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a.
In what age should the children study a second language? 36. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. Therefore. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. When do children start the process of learning? 31. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her ﬁrst language. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The more active in each language students become the more proﬁcient and conﬁdent they will be. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. When a child learn two languages in parallel. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. What is meant by the "team"? 32. Why is Mandarin important? 35. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. or is too expensive. If a dual language programmes isn't available. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. Language acquisition needs to be active. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. 29. the less problem a child will have with improper word use.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. Success will be based on how well the "team" work. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. The earlier a second language is learned.
those or these to complete the sentences. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. 46. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. B : I'd love to. 43." 42. 54. The national museum is visited by the students. Just pick me up at seven. Use and. that. 40. I have to inform you. anytime. ! B 51.C. I'm really I work in the 48. He buys a ruler on the way home. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. In the end. My uncle has had an accident. but. please. 47. 50. books are mine. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a scholarship. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. 41. I sleep in the class sleepy. . 49. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. A B 52. Put this. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. Match them with their headlines. "I don't know anything about the robbery. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. before. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39. after or nor to connect the sentences below. She said. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. 45. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. or or so to connect the sentences below. Yeah. . who else can children rely on to protect them. I know her same place with her. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. A B : : : : : : : 44. Review 2 159 . A B 53. Use for. The teacher gave the students a new book. A : .
Take her home and make her happy. According to the parents of the victim. We work hard. Floods Displace More than 7. Her illness is now at an advanced stage.55. 57. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. b. 56.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. 58. Bogor and Tangerang. The Headlines a. We laugh hard. has caused the Awash river to overﬂow its banks. Torrential rain since August 19. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. As if that had not been our intention all along. e. c. The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. We pray hard.
Root Christine. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. Function in English. Kirn. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. Balanchard Karen. 1990. London: Oxford University Press. 2000. Ibrahim. Comber. Ready to Write. English for SMA Volume 2. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. Opportunities Elementary.G. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. 2000. English Form 3. Cambridge English for School. Hartmann. 1981. Pamela and James Mentel. 2000. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Andrew and Diana Hicks. Second Edition. A. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. Lars and Michael Walker.Bibliography Books Alexander. 1990. 1990. L. Harris. 161 . Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. Mellgren. 2003. Standar Isi. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. 2003. 2002. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. New York: Pearson Education. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. al. Achmad et. 2002. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Elaine and Darcy Jack. Little John. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. L. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Hock. Blundell. Michael et al. Doddy. Elaine (ed. Bandung: Graﬁndo Media Pratama. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. Monteiro. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah.). Jon et al. 2006. Tan Soon et al. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. 2003. 1988. Favourite Stories from Singapore. Israel. English Form 4. Hill. 1999. 1994. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan.
1993. World Book.com http://www. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.Nolasco. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly. January 18. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book. Oxford: Oxford University Press.com http://www.).uk http://www. 1997.info http://www. 2004. Swan.joglosemar. Rob.indonesiaheadline.unitechnology. Michael. 2005 Time. Schlakman.wordpress. 2004.com/english http://www.masham3d.express.grimmfairytales. 366 and More Fairy Tales. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. May 10. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library.com http://www. 2008 The Jakarta Post.my-indonesia.breakingnewsenglish. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. Brown. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27. USA: World Book. 2006 The Jakarta Post. Fourth Edition.com http://www. 2008 Websites http://www. 1983.com http://www.com http://www.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Tanka. 2002.ﬁles. The World Book Encyclopedia. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students. Solomon (ed. Singapore: Oxford University Press.org http://www.com http://www. New York: Macmillan.english. Inc. Reading. 2005 The Jakarta Post.about.write. March 8. Oshima. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking. Inc. Readings to Remember.thejakartapost.photobucket.canauthorsniagara.ac http://www. Practical English Usage. December 29. Watson.org http://www. April 15. 2005. May 2.wikipedia. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.aesopfables. 2007.co. Alice and Ann Hogue. 2006. London: Oxford University Press.short-stories. 2004 The Jakarta Post. Judith et al.com http://www.
football-walpapers.photobucket. The Jakarta Post. 2006 www. 2007 Bibliography 163 . 2004. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. 2006 Cambridge for Schools. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000. 2008 Tempo Kompas. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. May 10. 2005. December 29. May.com Earthquakes. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do.com Microsoft Encarta. November 23-29. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. May 10. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 23. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www. March 8. Time. 2006 Microsoft Encarta. 2008 Kompas January.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1992 Tempo. 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2004 Publishers Weekly.
Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. relating to. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. rudimentary tails. intricacy. caricature. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. relating to. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of ﬂuid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. speciﬁcally: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. used in. or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on ﬂesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing ﬂowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire.
or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: ﬁrst-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. especially: to increase or improve in value. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . desirability. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deﬁciency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deﬁcient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. loss. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. or destruction. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a ﬂeeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. soundness. quality. increase. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. timeless.countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difﬁculties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health.
or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished.horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake. group. occurring. an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past. especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not veriﬁable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a ﬂuid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a deﬁnite volume and does not expand indeﬁnitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magniﬁcent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for proﬁt: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain. speciﬁcally: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinum crispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels.
treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. a compressed abdomen. make tight. jewels. destroyed. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly. or sacriﬁced under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow ﬂexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terriﬁc /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances. especially: rumour wildﬁre /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular deﬁnite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conﬂict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a ﬁlling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-ﬁction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): ﬁction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientiﬁc factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 .
72. Brown 83 Schlakman. 135. 107. 141. 174. 142. 10. 98. 142. 60. 104. 10 passive voice 96. 22. 177. 93. 4. 78. 85. 41 Watson. 135. 165. 100. 10. 85. 100. 40. 181 surprise 53. 172. 148. 91. 179. 184 I instruction 2. 81. 162. 92. 82. L. 125 direct speech 145. 71. 37. 143. 117. 147. 115. 152. 184. 170 headline 82. 101. 102. 43. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 81. 73 R recipe 66. 159 S story 75. 145. 9. 31. 169. 8. 78. 134. 3. 16 Balanchard Karen. 50. 50. 149. 86 D description 106. 122. 9. 139. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 8. 80. 138. 94. 84. 3. 130. 33. 132. 24. 82. 152 O orientation 15. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 59. 90. 128. 83. 61 C character 13. 88. 9. 178 invitation 53. 74. 153. 68. 50. 99. 41. 15. 179 G gratitude 75. 129. 174 procedure 57. 112. 130. 109. 98. 4. 166 news item 151. 166 N narrative 14. 125 descriptive 107. 94. 42. 137. 27. 24. 177. T text structure 15. 102. 34 appointment 54. 70. 84. 171. 93. 25. 131. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 167 recount 141. 159 pleasure 81. 79. 174 congratulate 79. 112. 152 F fable 37. 98. 184 greeting 2. 91. 173. 166. Agus 11 Mellgren. 139. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 101. 26. 129. 136. 7.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 111. 171. 89. 66. 116. 147. 46. 134. 10 H happiness 25. 75. 67. 175. 102 compliment 78. 80. Michael 92 Little John. 146 E events 11. 28. 99.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 176 sympathy 78. 63. 97. 30. 122. 4. 26. 166 P parting 2. 37. 165. 158 introduce 3. 29. 31. 103. 135. 101. 116. 80. 169. 40. 170. 82. 115. 102. 96. 31. 140. 16. 148. 4. 41. 55. 85. 108. 3. 117. 101. 8. 164 complication 41. 184 L legend 36. 167 reported speech 145.
they introduce each other. 5. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. She meets Rian. Good morning. Lina : Hi. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. By the way. nice to meet you too. Hi. Dian : Good morning. Let me introduce myself. Lina : See you. Dian : Nice to meet you too. I'm Fany.. it's nice to hear your story. We are in the same class. I also played football and sand with my brother. 169 . How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Mirna : Wow. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. 6. I had a great vacation there. It's OK. 1.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. Santi and I have to go right now. I went to Bali. and also traditional clothes. My name's Desi. Santi : Hi. this Lina.. too. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Bye. There is someone approaching her. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Fany : That's O. I'm Rendi. See you later. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. 2. Mirna : Well. My name is Rudi. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. I bought shirts. Activity 4 1. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Rian : Good morning.. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. Dian : Really? Good. Then. My name is Rian. I'm Dian. Anyway. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. shorts. How do you do? 4. 4. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. Fany : Well. Fany. Santi : Hi. Mari Memasak Sendiri. Rian : Oh. A girl : Excuse me. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Hello. Santi. Nice to see you. 5. Let me introduce you to Lina. Toni. Lina. Rian : Bye. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. Nice to meet you. I must go now. Santi. 3. She interrupts them. Wina. Andi. right. I'm sorry I'm late. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. My name is Lina. this is Santi. Mirna. Toni : Hello. See you later. I swam and surfed on the beach. so I have a friend to share with. It sounds great. Rian : Yeah. Mirna : Anyway. Take care. Allow me to introduce myself. Lina : No. A girl : Hi. 2.K. nice to meet you again after long holiday. 3. How do you do? Nice to meet you. Activity 3 Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. How are you? My name is . Lina. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach.
the food's great. It gives me satisfaction. Hani : Thanks for your praise. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. He must have skidded in the rain. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. It was a really great place. Hani : Hooray! That's great. did 3. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. 7. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. 3. 5. so I was the one who talked to people. Andi. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. was 2. When I got back to town. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. My brother got an accident last night. You know what. and the weather's a lot better than at home. but it was fun to try. The people are friendly. I'm so happy. Love to your parents. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. Hani : Thanks Mom. April. 3. played 10. went 5. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. I'm delighted to hear that. 2. good news 2. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. well. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 No. I am also happy to have parents like you both. When do we go there. as I said. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. You win a free ticket to Bali. bought 8. Mom. 4. I'm so happy. swam 7. See you soon. Activity 3 1. but no tourists. there wasn't much left. but he was afraid to open his mouth. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. 4. Dear Evi and Andi. 8. left 6. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. your father said that he would take you to the department store. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. had 4.Activity 9 1. I hope. Our teacher's father just passed away. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. I swam two or three times a day. My father bought me a motorcycle. surfed 9. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. Words 1. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. 5.
It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. Taken from Readings to Remember. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. Boni : Don't mention it. he was such in pain. I'm looking for some books for my assignments." 8. He couldn't even stand up.) These are the books that you need. "You are excellent and brilliant. you will be like these sticks together. He broke his legs.. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. I'm interested in reading legends. The title is Uzumaki Naruto.. The father said. "Congratulations. Bon.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad." 5. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. "Did you hear that Mr. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. "Rendi was knocked down by a car. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. I am Ridwan. so he decided to teach them a lesson." 4. 100. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. That's terrible. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. You get Rp 10. 2004 Activity 5 1. Activity 7 1. was he? He was. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. I like Sangkuriang story. The story and the adventure is interesting. It's got Rp. on the TV news. I'll see him in the hospital right away. I'm reading Aesop's fables. What I don't know where to ﬁnd them.its a bout superhero. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them. they are on the corner shelves.. "I heard that Budi was in jail. "Well done. 4. 2 3. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. She had approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. but if you are divided among yourselves. I like to read fable." 2. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on.. I need some books about folk tale. Many people died and got serious injured.000 credit bonus. My name is Putra I like reading comics. and unite to assist each other. hmmm .. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always ﬁghting. That's very kind of you. "Yesterday.000. Now. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods. The little girl said yes she was. Boni : Folk tale books . Was he badly injured? Sure. "My sons. He wasn't. But i don't know where to ﬁnd them. I am Lita. You get a free ticket for this holiday. if you are of one mind. Finally. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test." 3. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence" 7. Panji : Thank you very much. All of them are folk tale books. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. My name's Fitra. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house. Panji : Thank you. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. Panji. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital." Tapescripts 171 . Boni : Let me help you.on it. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food.
Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. Let's meet at ﬁve. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. Doni : Great. cut cheese into slices.. After that. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. They enjoy reading stories. but I can't come. Now. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. It's OK. • Put a slice of butter on each slice. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. Then. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. 4. The girl : I'm Fanny. On the way home. Dr Fauzi : OK. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. who always sees him for general check up. Mr Posuma : Hello. 7. I think . 6. Thank you very much. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Activity 3 1.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. Dr Fauzi : Well. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. This is Andre. She interrupts them. my name is Lina. 9. the girl offers something. that's OK. 10. his friend calls him. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. By the way. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. I'd like to. I'll promise I'll be there. See you. place the slices on one piece of the bread. it won't surprise you. I'd love to come. Mr Andre Posuma. I will attend a meeting. Lina : It's very simple. Fany. You will come to my birthday. It's me. Ten minutes later. First. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. Dr Fauzi : See you. won't you? 3. Dr Fauzi : Bye. A girl : Excuse me. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. Fany : That's OK. I'll decide to come or not. I'm sorry I'm late. Andre.. Santi : Hi. (Lina takes the sandwich. Susi. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. It has been two months since my last visit to you. After a long silence. One day. I have nothing to do. Bye. He had a friend. See you there. Lina : No. Mr Posuma : Alright. Lina continues her reading. Then. Then. I'm very sorry. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. I'm sorry I can't make it. Nice to meet you. Mr Posuma : Hello. decide. Activity 8 1. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. take two pieces of bread. The girl : I brought some sandwiches.00 in the morning. put the other piece on the top. There is someone approaching her. Nice to meet you too. Arief and Rita have a chat. Rita : Wow. Finally. Fauzi. Fauzi. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. • Take two slices of bread. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. but I've got an exam tomorrow. Thank you for asking me. please. • Cut some cheese into slices. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. I don't think I can come to your party. We can meet next time.) It's very delicious. Spread butter on each piece. I'd love to. This is about our appointment. and watching drama. novels. great. I'll be at your house at 8. How about tomorrow morning? 8.
3. say you want to make four cups of coffee. 4. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. then unfold it. 4. Put some water in a pot. Jim. I'm ﬁne. 5.' The manager was sympathetic. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. Draw a face on your whale. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. James : Thanks for your help. "I left the money in my room. Add some sugar or milk. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. Jim : Don't mention it.' he said. So. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. but he could do nothing. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. Heat the water. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door.' I said. Then. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. 3. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. When it starts to boil. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. Place the paper on a ﬂat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. Take out the egg and let it cool. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. Make your folds as sharp as possible. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. 2. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . 5. and stir it. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. you take it off the stove. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. or else it'll overﬂow and make a terrible mess. Put an egg into the water. OK? You put four cups of cold water. Here it is. Now. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. Pour it into a glass or cup. 1. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. Activity 11 1. I'm Smith.' I said to the manager. thanks. Jim. Then you light the gas. What you have should look like a kite. 6. Leave it for three minutes. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. Alex : Good morning. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. Add boiling water. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. "and it's not there now. See? OK? Andre : Yes.2. 3. thanks a lot. You will have a crease in the centre. "Well. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. It contained £50. Santi : Din. 8. 2. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's ofﬁce and sat down.' she said. 7. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease. Boil the water for three minutes. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. and when it reaches the top. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk.
Andi. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .The following text is for questions 11 and 12. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. In the course of the meal. By the way. I passed my ﬁnal exam 5. Andi.' Just then. 6. the farmer's youngest son ran in. Andi : Thank you very much. You look great today! I love your new hair style. How are you doing? Andi : I am ﬁne. 7. Andi. 2. You know what. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. • May I congratulate you on …. 7. Activity 3 1. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. I got a scholarship to study abroad. Taken from English Bestseller 12. too. My brother won a national singing contest. shouting. The next day. • Well done! • Fantastic/terriﬁc! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc. "This is enough for me. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. Desi : That's great. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. Tie the ends together. 6. he meets Desi. It's my pleasure. thanks. that's amazing. Desi : Thanks. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. My stomach can't take any more food. I got the highest score for the test. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. Desi. terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. You are so kind. Desi : Wow. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. Desi.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. "Oh. 8. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. his friend. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. I've got it. You know what? I have passed for the ﬁnal test. no. On the way home.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 3. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table. 4. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. 2. politely saying. 5. Andi : Oh. You look great. 8. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. Joko : It's a terriﬁc job. I know you are very smart. Desi : Never mind Andi. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. this is really delicious. I'm so happy right now. I guess it's just my luck. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Your performance is amazing. • I like your hair style! • You're terriﬁc/fantastic. 3. Andi. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. Andi. 1. Desi : Hi. saying at the same time. 2. It is me. 4. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. 3.
I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. B. When she looked around the room. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. Where do they originally come from? 1. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to inﬁltrate the strong roman defense. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry : : : : : : : : : : : : Hello Yuni. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. That she got an idea. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. Here it is. Great. in southwestern England. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. please. "my friend was right. Thanks. sure. 5. After lunch she started to paint. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. It worked very fast. The Red and White Onions 3. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. Henry. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. Malin Kundang 2. thank you. Activity 5 A. Here it is and thanks. How are you this morning? Hi. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. and in ten minutes all job was done. "Broom. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. It's all right. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. Thanks. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. Sangkuriang 4. C. This man has saved y our daughter's life. I have to repaint it. and she worked very carefully. I'll tell him. The Witch was very happy. one on top of the other. and the walls are bigger. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. In the afternoon she ﬁnished the lower part of her house. Thanks. My house is more beautiful than yours. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. Yuni. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. The police have found your missing purse. By the way. The entire ediﬁce is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. she said "Your house is ugly. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. 4. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. Activity 3 1. The Romans. thanks. 3. Please come in and have a seat. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. I have kept the package for you. Fine. How kind of you. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. And you? I'm just ﬁne. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint.Activity 6 Here are some folklores.
5. It's very tragic.) Iwan : Yeah. : Oh. That's very disappointing. Many people became homeless. He ﬁnds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. Oh really? Is it true? 3. no. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. How very surprising/amazing. : Keep calm guys.. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand. dear. I don't believe it. I don't believe it. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. that's very surprising. Aldi : Shh. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. No. please! I have something to tell you. I can't imagine that.. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. Father : We know how it feels. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. Are you serious? 6. I tell you the truth. pay attention to our leader. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. Besides its thousand doors. You must be kidding. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito.OK my friends. It seems that he brings bad news for us. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. Are you serious? 4. Many roads are ﬂooded. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. 3." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). Good heavens! 6. I ﬁnd that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. " The design of the park is under way. What a surprise! 2.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. South Jakarta. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. 7.. This is terrible. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. guys. South Jakarta. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . We will have a holiday someday. Thousands of people were killed. The tender process for the project is expected to ﬁnish by the end of June. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron. Well. What a shocking. News 3 Lately. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. from April 18 to 20. Father : Oh. He told me about our holiday. Please. : I'm serious. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. My goodness! 5. Iwan : Dad. in July. Really? 4. be quiet. no! Another disaster? (Then. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. Andi : Attention. 2.
when cereal prices began rising. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? The following text is for questions 8 to 12.com on Monday. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4. Kristin : I can't come to your party.. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. A staff of the local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road. The regulation." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. November 18. Tanti : Hey. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. he said. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route. instead of the regular fare of Rp50. no TV. 2004 Tapescripts 177 . Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. would be issued on May 2. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7." Mochtar said. You deserve to get that award. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. paralysing trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. During study time. I don't think I can make it. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that.000. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday. the regency's capital. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. : Let's meet at 8. game consoles. In addition. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY.00. The trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare. Since early 2007. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. Rani : Thanks. My brother is ill.m. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. Agus : Well done. with four Premier League games to go. in time for National Education Day.m. "My ofﬁce is still drafting the regulation on study time. ﬁve hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125. to 7:30 p. He is in the hospital now. Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. Herman. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of ﬁnish homework. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. 1996 3. 1. "The study time must be effective. : I'm busy.000. Rita : Thank you.
happy. She confuse. c 4. (b) Hi. Activity 10 1. b 2. Nice to meet you too 8. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He was very friendly. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. she does. Let me introduce you to Lina. 5. We sang. Take care. 3. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. Yes. 4. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. quiet 4. Activity 4 1. He was looking for a record store. No. 5. 8. 7. well. (b) Hi. Lina. 5. Activity 5 1. too. Santi. 2. I must go now 9. went 5. played magic tricks. 28th 2008 at 8. I'm Dian. In March. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. b 5. 3. Andika did. saw 6. there wasn't much left. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. 6. She was so surprised. At noon when it was getting darker. Activity 4 1. Good morning 2. Activity 8 1. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. 4. 2. Allow me to introduce myself 3. 4. get 3. (a) I'm just ﬁne. Activity 2 1. He was walking down Sunda Street. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. 6. 3. read poetry. a Activity 8 1. She talks to Lina. 4. lazy 10. 2. Rudi. 3. Yes he did. 7. Hi. My name is Lina. 4. got 2. Nice to meet you. 5. Bye. 3. 2. Activity 3 1. (b) Glad to meet you. Nice to see you. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. this Lina. Good morning 5. she didn't. 4. at 4:00 in the afternoon. (b) Good morning. Activity 3 1. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. He was so surprised. 5. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. speechless. 2. 4. 10. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. Desi. It took for about one and a half hour. We went camping. believe 9. She also introduces herself. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. swam 11.00 p. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 7. as I said. this is Santi. My name is Rian 6. It takes place in the city park. Linda was born in 1952. than 8. How are you? 3. I'm Deni. had 7. She says see you. A piece of paper that the man gave. Event 3 : When I got back to town. She was born in October 31.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 5. c 3.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary.m. spent 12. 2. danced.
3. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. asked 7. Activity 4 Answers may vary. waited 5. 6. Answer Key 179 . opened 2. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. (b) Oh really? That's great. Rosaura. great 3. Metro-Goldwyn 4. 5. (a) How terrible! 3. Six peoples. No. He is looking for some books for his assignments. I'll take care of it. That's terrible 3. 2. 7. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. Activity 7 1. Activity 4 1. Superhero ﬁction. happy 2. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. disappeared 8. nightgown on 3. 4. Answers may vary. Boni and Panji. A folk tale. Did you hear 4. She cried in front of me. I'm so happy for you. they couldn't. Activity 8 1. Activity 3 1. Answer may vary. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. You have my sincere condolences. 7. 3. Harry Potter 3. Legends. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. 5. that's too bad 6. The red ﬂowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. 4. Activity 2 1. even stand up 2. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. 3. Folk tales books 5. It's about ﬁnding the story books. 10. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. 2. Because the colour of the petals of the ﬂowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. Activity 9 1. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. They didn't not know each other. fable. I'm so glad right now. Answer may vary. Activity 6 1. 10. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. 4. Sangkuriang 4. How awful! 5. blessed Dialogue 2 1. Putra. 8. proud 4.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. superhero comics. I'm so sorry to hear that. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the ﬁelds. 2. 8. Ridwan. 5. (a) Oh. 3. 2. 4. legends. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. Answer may vary. 8. Rosaura ran away from her house. No. Answer may vary. she didn't. 6. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. Hiding from her mother and father. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. that's good news. 9. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. 4. 7. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. adventure novel. Fitra. Sally was listening to music in her room. a basket of food 6. 9. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. 2. saw that 4.
meat and eggs. To make the fan move sideways. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese ﬂour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector ﬁrst then next ﬁnally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. 2. Activity 4 1. • The best vegetables to use are onions. 2. 14. Activity 2 1. 8. 2. Answer may vary. 10. Activity 2 1. you can break in two or three eggs. 8. a 3. Would you like to come to my house? 2. 4. 4. Being friendly. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. Thirty students. d 4. on the top. Activity 8 1. tomatoes and cucumber. First. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. Invitation. 2. To change the speed of the fan. Activity 10 1. 5. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. 4. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. Certainly. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. Twenty eight. Invitation. • First. vegetables. How to Make a Cup of Tea. Being friendly. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. It's OK. 2. After that 7. Let's meet at ﬁve. I'll be there 6. c b a b d 11. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. d 17. I'm sorry. a 5. pepper and other spices. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. To move the fan up or down. 3. 3. 5. Do you want some? 3. 2. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. • Stir the mixture and add salt. How to Boil an Egg. 2. Could you tell me 5. 1. 15. Answers may vary 3. 4. 3. • Then. 7. then press the tilt adjustment knob. 12. Turkish coffee. I'm sorry I can't make it.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. b d a c a Listening 6. 4. press one of the switches at the bottom. Eighty six percents. d 2. if you like. Activity 3 1. push the pin on top of the motor 4. 7. 2. Nice to meet you. Review 1 A. Ask a friend. 3. I'd love to. Activity 7 1. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. Activity 6 1. that's OK. • Finally. garlic. b a c c b 16. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. Activity 2 1. 9. 13. • Now. 6. I'd love to come.
b 5. 6. True 7. 31. b 5. False 8. Reading 18. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. a paint brush 10. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. a 2. Writing 23. 7. 4. Activity 6 1. False 3. d 34. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. She went to the castle and killed a knight. come over 2. 33. they didin't. 5. A special sword. True 6. a 3. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. Is it true 2. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. 4. It is me terriﬁc job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. 38. Activity 4 1. the the a Yes. it started Activity 10 1. Activity 3 1. I'm so happy 5. 40. a 3. True 2. 2. False 4. Congratulations 6. Activity 3 1. 3. 36. 32. He died. looked around 5. ﬁnished 8. Fifty years. 2. 45. Answer Key 181 . 37. Well done! 7. 43. 3. Activity 8 1. b 2. 24. 44. Grendel 2. 5. b 35. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. more beautiful 3. How are you doing 2. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 22. 39. 9. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. bought read Put shave killed. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. The wax statue is melted by a ﬁre at the House of Wax. found out 9.B. while he was going from one village to another. I think so. 3. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. Thank you very much 4. 6. (k) One day. True Activity 9 1. 21. 26. 5. b 4. A family is helped by the ﬁreﬁghters from being trapped in a ruin. Yes. 5. ran away. a 4. 10. True 5. e 3. 27. a c c b c C. 30. 19. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. c d b a a 41. shouted 4. 4. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. No. 8. he felt very tired 3. 7. c 4. went to the shop 6. d a a d c 28. 29. 4. 6. 42. started to 7. 20. 25. I do. c Activity 2 1. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. You look great today 3. A dragon. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree.
T 5. Activity 5 A. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 10. Easter Island Answers may vary. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. for 12.8 kilometre). he is. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. 5. a 3. of 10. how grateful I am. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. 4. j 2. at 9. 5. a 2. g 7. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. 3. 9. T 2. I won't say no. d 5. Canada and the United States. 2. 4. Yes. 2. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). It's all right. 2. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-riceﬁelds. On Sunday morning. of 11. Activity 12 1. Wareng village. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. a 8. Activity 3 1. 3. She'd love to. b 5. k 4. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. Activity 7 Answers may vary. The wall is from stone and the ﬂoors. Picture 2 B. A steep gorge. l 13. 4. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. for 15. Wiyogo. 5. 3.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. coconut-palms and birds. 6. landmark Location: in the South Paciﬁc. 5. h Activity 4 1. of 8. historical buildings 2. for 5. 7. doors. 5. And so on. Activity 3 1. thanks 4. for 2. Activity 10 1. East of the cave.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. 11. e 6. Yes. 6. and roofs are from wood. 8. 3. 3. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. on 7.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. a thousand doors 4. Thanks. Returning sport magazine he lent. 4. thanks 1. c 12. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. 7. near Activity 13 1. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. m 11. f 3. Lawang Sewu 3. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. F 3.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. F 4. thanks 2. Activity 2 1. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. b 10. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. in a lime hill called Tapan. he can. Africa Time of building: 1. i 9. 8. 3. long winding corridors 6. Picture 3 C. It is on Niagara River.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. Activity 8 1. Ardi does. of 6. how kind of you. Activity 2 1. b 4. to 14. 2.5 mile (0. in 13. for 3. 6. in Tabuhan. stained glass windows 5. of 4. 90 years old. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. thank you 3.
execution. Activity 2 1.700 kilograms. The Tower is one of the U. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. Yes. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. Paragraph 14 2. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. In 1999. Paragraph 17 3. lovely 5. from colourful shirts. Activity 7 1. and years of imprisonments. bad news 5. 4. they do. News 3 2. 8. we can't. phrases. and a prison-the scene of murder. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. 3. so gloomy 6. 9. Big Island and Maui. Paragraph 10–12 2. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. entertainment centers 6. 6. regulation 3. 3. T Activity 6 1. Are you serious? 2. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. huge 2. to study 5. Answer Key 183 . Attention 4. through ﬂower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. "Fine". look! 2. 7. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. 3. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. They contain a description of places. How the Tower of London is now. News 6 3.'s ﬁnest castles. News 5 Activity 9 1. Paragraph 3 4. is the home of the Crown Jewels. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 5 1. Oh. No. News 2 4. T 8. 2. 2. crowded 4. Full board.8. F 3. Kauai. News 4 6. Activity 7 1. F 7. T 4. Activity 4 The Tower of London was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls. Oh. As little as 1.K. F 9. Oahu. Paragraph 7 5.250 euros per person for seven nights. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. Since then it has been a fortress. A plain big stone. It also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. How the Tower of London was. Activity 5 1. no! 4. F 10. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. News 1 5. 10. F 6. 5. issued 4. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 9. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. draw 3. a palace. Lights. T 2. 3. I don't believe it. showing nine centuries of British history. ceremonies. This is terrible. and. F 5. will force 2.
20. 18. 12. Activity 2 1. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. c 21." said Mr Ardi. b 4. ending statements Activity 3 1. d 55. F 4. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. Yes. Activity 4 1. d d 26. a d a c 39. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. 33. 53. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. b 2. 41. 31. 7. T 5. In the room where top scientists meet 4. c 58. The students were given a new book by the teacher. Answer may vary using surprised expressions." said Mrs Zakia. T 3. introductory paragraph 3. 14. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. T 2. a 56. quotes 8. 3. 40. 35. students. Alya said. b a 22.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. they have. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. 3. Ministry of Defence. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. but 44. 50. 11. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. The man said. 54. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 37. 32. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 52. 4. Review 2 A. b a d c Listening 5. 51. The students visit the national museum. 19. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. Answers may vary. 42. 38. 13. photograph 6. 6. but 48."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. 30. d b 28. 36. 16. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5." asked Nia. 1. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions. date 5. the events 4. "The team' means parents. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. b c 24. 17. c c 23. 34. 4. "Please return my books that you borrowed." 5. b c c a 9. 8. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. and schools. Reading C. Hamdan asked. Activity 9 1. caption 7. 2. T Activity 5 1. Those 46. a Activity 7 1. "Meet me in my ofﬁce. 10. 2. before 49. "Would you like to participate in school workshop. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. These 47. Jazz forecast All weekend. F 6. a 5. 3." 2. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. From the time of birth. headline 2. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. 29. b c 27. d b 25. 15. a 3. Between the age of two and six. for 45. B. b 57. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4.
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