[Read links about Chinese culture] [Go to main index] [Go to linguistic index] [Contact the author] [Back to the introduction

] [Tillbaka till introduktionen] © 2003 – 2009 Patrick Hassel Zein This page was last updated 12.05.2009

The most common Chinese characters in order of frequency
If you wonder why there are less than 3000 characters in the list, or have other questions, please read the introduction!

 

All characters are presented in falling statistical order with the most commonly used characters first. Alternative forms of the characters are specified within parentheses – in which case "F" marks full (or traditional) forms, "S" marks simplified (or modern) forms and "A" marks alternative forms (mostly special numerals).

  

 

Pronunciations are specified according to Pinyin and written within brackets "[...]". After each given pronunciation, a number of possible translations are listed. If a character corresponds closely to a somewhat longer word (usually a word that contains the character in question), the longer word is given in the list of translations marked with parentheses and a "=". After the translation of each character, example words containing the character are often listed – these words are separated by semi commas. No guarantee is given that all the most common words are listed or that the given examples are very common. Some of the listed pronunciations are less used than others, and in those cases translations and examples may lack. Grammatical particles, classifiers and other special translations are marked with hooks "<...>". Curly brackets "{...}" are mostly used when giving references to characters that are similar to the listed ones either in shape. This is to help you avoid miswriting/misreading. The same marking is also used for references to characters with similar meaning but different pronunciation. Additional information of other sorts is sometimes given. If the characters are not displayed correctly, verify that the encoding is set to GB2312.

Seq.num. Character

Pronunciations and explanations [de] <grammatical particle marking genitive as well as simple and composed adjectives>; 我的 wǒde my; 高的 gāode high, tall; 是的 shìde that's it, that's right; 是...的 shì...de one who...; 他是说汉语的. Tā shì shuō Hànyǔde. He is one who speaks Chinese. [dì] 目的 mùdì goal [dí] true, real; 的确 díquè certainly

1

2

[yī] one, a little; 第一 dì-yī first, primary; 看一看 kànyīkàn have a (quick) look at [yí] (used before tone #4); 一个人 yí gè rén one person; 一定 yídìng 一(A 壹) certain; 一样 yíyàng same; 一月 yíyuè January [yì] (used before tones #2 and #3); 一点儿 yìdiǎnr a little; 一些 yìxiē some {Compare with 幺(F 么) yāo, which also means "one"}

3 4

是 不

[shì] to be, 是不是? shìbushì? is (it) or is (it) not?; 是否 shìfǒu whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not? [bù] not [bú] (used before tone #4); 不是 bú shì isn't [le] <verb particle marking a new situation or a completed action>; 你来 了! Nǐ láile! You have come! 我累了! Wǒ lèile! I've gotten tired! 那好 了! Nà hǎole! That's OK (now)! 我只请了一位客人. Wǒ zhǐ qǐngle yí wèi kèren. I invited only one guest. [liǎo] end, finish, settle, dispose of, know clearly, to be able, (=了解 liǎojiě) understand, comprehend; 了了 liǎoliaǒ clearly understand, settle (a debt/etc.), to be intelligent; 了了 liǎole to be over/ended/finnish/settled; 你卖不了! Nǐ mài bùliǎo! You will not be able to sell (it)! [liào] (=瞭 liaò) to survey/watch {Compare with 子 zǐ child} [rén] person; 人类 rénlèi humankind; 有人吗? yǒu rén ma? Is there anybody here? {Compare with 入 rù enter} [wǒ] I, me, my; 我们 wǒmen we, us {Compare with 找 zhǎo seek} [zài] at; 现在 xiànzài now; 存在 cúnzài exist [yǒu] have, there is; 没有 méiyǒu haven't, there isn't; 有没有? Yǒuméiyǒu? Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)?; 有的 yǒude some [yòu] (=又 yòu) again, both... and...

5

6

人 我 在 有

7 8

9

10 11 12

他 这(F 這) 中 大

[tā] he, him, his, (she, her, it, its), (=其他 qítā) other [tuō] (in classical texts) someone else, something else [zhè] this; 这儿 zhèr here [zhèi] this (before classifier) [zhōng] middle, in; 中国 Zhōngguó China [zhòng] hit (a target) [dà] big; 多大? duōdà? how large?; 大小 dàxiǎo size; 大家 dàjiā everybody [dài] 大夫 dàifu doctor {Compare with 太 tài very and 木 mù tree}

13

14

[lái] come; 原来 yuánlái originally, as a matter of fact; 来年 láinián 来(F 來) coming/next year(s) [lai] (when used as a verb complement); 起来 qǐlai get up

15

上 国(F 國) 个(F 個, 箇) 到

[shàng] above, on, over, top, (go) up, last, previous [shǎng] 上声 shǎngshēng 3rd tone in Mandarin [shang] (when used as a verb complement) {Compare with 下 xià under} [guó] (=国家 guójiā) country, state, nation, <family name>; 中国 Zhōngguó China; 美国 Měiguó USA [gè] <general and non-specific classifier>; 个人 gèrén personal; 个人主 页 gèrénzhùyè personal homepage [gě] 自个 zìgě oneself [dào] to, towards, until, arrive, reach

16

17 18 19

[shuō] explain, scold, refer to, (=说话 shuōhuà) speak, say; 游说 说(F 說) yóushuō persuade [shuì] try to persuade; 游说 yóushuì lobbying

20

们(F 們)

[men] <pluralizing suffix for pronouns and nouns referring to persons>; 我们 wǒmen we; 人们 rénmen people, persons

21

[wèi] for, for the sake of, in order to, in this connection [wéi] do, act, act as, be, become; 认为 rènwéi think or believe that...; 以 为(F 為) 为 yǐwéi think or believe erroneously that... {Compare with 办 bàn do}

22

子 和

[zǐ] child, son; 子女 zǐnǚ sons and daughters; 儿子 érzi son [zi] (noun suffix); 桌子 zhuōzi table {Compare with 了 le <particle>} [hé] together, with, (F 龢) harmony, gentle, mild, kind, <family name>; 和平 hépíng peace [Hé] Japan

23

[huo] 暖和 nuǎnhuo nice and warm [hè] join in singing, compose a poem in reply [huó] mix with water [huò] mix, blend [hú] complete a set in Mahjong 24

你 地 出 道 也 时(F 時) 年 得 就

[nǐ] (Alternative feminine form: 妳 nǐ) you, your; 你们 nǐmen you (plural) [dì] earth, ground, soil, place, position, distance; 地支 dìzhī the Twelve Terrestrial Branches [de] <adverbial particle: descripion + 地 + verb>, ~ly; 快地走 kuàide zǒu walk quickly [chū] go out, come out, in direction out from something, emit, issue, prouce; 出现 chūxiàn appear, emerge, (F 齣) <classifier for operas and plays> [dào] way, path, channel, way, say, a streak (of light), doctrine, <classifier for rivers, topics, etc.>, (=道教 Dàojiào) Taoism; 知道 zhīdao know [dǎo] (=导 dǎo) lead; 领道 = 领导 lǐngdǎo leader [yě] also, as well; 也许 yěxǔ perhaps [shí] period, season, (=时间 shíjiān, =时候 shíhou) time, (=小时 xiǎoshí) hour [nián] year, <family name>; 今年 jīnnián this year; 明年 míngnián next year; 去年 qùnián last year; 中年 zhōngnián middle age [de] <adverbial particle: verb + 得 + descripion>; 走得快 zǒude kuài walk quickly [dé] get, reach, achieve [děi] should [jiù] just, simply, right away; 就要 jiùyào about to (do something); 这就 是我! Zhè jiùshì wǒ! This is simply me!; 他就要去. Tā jiùyào qù. He is about to leave. [nà] that [nèi] that (before classifier) [nuó] 禅那 chánnuó deep meditation [nuò] 无那 wúnuò helpless, unfortunately [nǎ] (=哪 nǎ) what? [něi] (=哪 něi before classifier) which? [yào] want, will, shall, need, important, essential; 主要 zhǔyào main, fundamental [yāo] 要求 yāoqiú demand

25

26

27

28 29 30

31

32

33

34

35 36 37 38

下 以 生

[xià] below, under, (go) down, next (as opposed to previous/last) {Compare with 上 shàng above} [yǐ] use, take, according to, because of, in order to; 可以 kěyǐ OK, may; 所以 suǒyǐ so, therefore, as a result; 以外 yǐwài beyond, except [shēng] give birth, life; 先生 xiānsheng mister, gentleman, Sir

[huì] can, able, meet, meeting, society, union, party 会(F 會) [kuài] 会计 kuàijì accounting [huǐ] 会儿 huìr moment

39

[zì] from, since, (=自己 zìjǐ) self; 自然 zìrán nature {Compare with 目 mù eye and 白 bái white}

40

[zhe] <verb particle marking a continuing progress/state> [zháo] touch 着(F 著) [zhuó] wear clothes, dress, touch [zhāo] put in, add, (F 招) make move in chess, trick, decieve

41 42

去 之

[qù] go, leave, depart (opposite of 来 lái) [zhī] <subordinator similar to 的 de>, it (in classical texts)

43

[guò] pass, cross, go by, exceed, <verb particle marking that someone has had the experience of doing something, that it has happened at least 过(F 過) once>; 过马路 guò mǎlù cross the street; 我去过中国两次. wǒ qùguo Zhōngguó liǎng cì. I have gone to China twice.

44

家 学(F 學) 对(F 對) 可 她 里 后

[jiā] home, house, family; 国家 guójiā nation; 大家 dàjiā everybody [jie] 整天家 zhěngtiānjie all day long; 家里 jiālǐ (at) home, (in the) family [xué] study, learn; 学校 xuéxiào school; 学生 xuésheng student {Compare with 字 zì written character} [duì] correct, answer, treat, agree, mutual, pair; 对不起 duìbuqǐ excuse me [kě] ~able, (=可以 kěyǐ) may, can, (=可是 kěshì) but, however; 可爱 kě'ài loveable, cute; 可能 kě'néng possible, probable, maybe; 可口可乐 kěkǒukělè Coca Cola [kè] 可汗 kèhán khan [tā] she, her [lǐ] neighbourhood, half kilometer, <family name>, (F 裏,裡) in, inside, lining; 哪里? nǎli? where?; 那里 nàli there; 这里 zhèli here [hòu] queen, (F 後) after, behind, <family name>; 后天 hòutiān the day after tomorrow

45 46

47

48 49 50

51

小 么 心 多 天 而 能 好 都 然

[xiǎo] small; 大小 dàxiǎo size [me/mo] (F 麼,末) (interrogative suffix) 什么? shénme? what?; 为什么? wèishénme? why? 没什么! méi shénme! It doesn't matter!, Never mind!; 怎么? zěnme? how? [yāo] (S 幺) youngest, one (e.g. in bus/house/phone numbers) [xīn] heart; 小心 xiǎoxīn be careful; 心理 xīnlǐ psychology, mentality; 中 心 zhōngxīn center [duō] many, much, more; 多大 duōdà how large?; 多少 duōshǎo how many/much? [tiān] sky, heaven, god, day, (=天空 tiānkōng) sky; 天气 tiānqì weather {天 干 tiāngān the Ten Heavenly Stems: 甲乙丙丁戊己庚辛壬癸 jiǎ-yǐbǐng-dīng-wù-jǐ-gēng-xīn-rén-guǐ (these characters are sometimes used as ordinal numbers} {Compare with 夫 fū man and 无 wú without} [ér] (=而且 érqiě) and, furthermore, (=然而 rán'ér) yet, even so [néng] can, be able; 能够 nénggòu be capable of; 可能 kě'néng maybe [hǎo] good, good to..., easy to...; 你好! Nǐhǎo! Hello! [hào] to like [hāo] 好好儿 hǎohāor in perfectly good condition [dōu] all [dū] (=首都 shǒudū) capital city [rán] right, correct, so, like that; 虽然 suīrán although; 忽然 hūrán suddenly; 当然 dāngrán of course; 自然 zìrán nature

52

53 54

55

56 57 58

59 60

61

[méi] (=没有 méiyǒu) haven't, there isn't; 有没有? Yǒuméiyǒu? Is there 没(F 沒) or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)? [mò] sink, overflow, disappear, confiscate

62 63 64 65 66

日 于 起 还(F 還) 发

[rì] sun, (=日子 rìzi) day; 日记 rìjì diary; 日光 rìguāng sunlight {Compare with 曰 yuē say, 目 mù eye and 甘 gān sweet} [yú] <family name>, (F 於) in, at, for, to, from, by, than {Compare with 千 qiān thousand and 干 gān stem} [qǐ] rise, start; 起来 qǐlai get up; 对不起 duìbuqǐ excuse me [qi] (when used as a verb complement) [hái] still, yet [huán] return, give back [fā] (F 發) deliver, utter, express, shoot, emit, develop, expand [fà] (F 髮) hair

[fa] (F 髮) 头发 tóufa hair 67

成 事

[chéng] (=成为 chéngwéi, =变成 biànchéng) become, <family name>; 成 功 chénggōng succeed; 完成 wánchéng accomplish, complete, fulfill; 成 语 chéngyǔ idiom [shì] matter, affair, thing, event, accident, job, responsibility; 事情 shìqing situation

68

69

[zhǐ] only, just, merely, <classifier implying "one of a pair", animals, vessels, utensils, etc.>; 一只猫 yì zhǐ māo a cat 只(F 祇) [zhī] (F 隻) single, one, only {Compare with 兄 xiōng brother}

70

作 当 想 看 文

[zuò] do, make; 工作 gōngzuò work; 作业 zuòyè homework [zuó] 作践 zuójian spoil, waste, humiliate, insult [zuō] do [dāng] (F 當) serve as, (F 噹) ding-dong [dàng] (F 當) proper, right, equal, (=当作 dàngzuò) treat as, regard as [xiǎng] think, feel, consider, want, remember [kàn] see, look at, read, think, consider [kān] look after, tend; 看守 kānshǒu guard [wén] language, literature, <family name>; 文化 wénhuà culture; 中文 Zhōngwén Chinese (written) language

71 72 73 74

75

[wú] without, nothingness, have not 无(F 無) [mó] 南无 nánmó <Sanskrit> to give oneself totally to {Compare with 天 tiān heaven} [kāi] open; 开始 kāishǐ begin 打开 dǎkāi open, unfold 开(F 開) [kai] (when used as a verb complement) {Compare with 并 bìng combine}

76

77 78 79

[shǒu] hand, a person skilled in something; 挥手 huīshǒu wave; 拍手 pāishǒu clap; 握手 wòshǒu shake/clasp hands {Compare with 毛 máo hair}

十(A 拾) [shí] ten; 十三 shísān thirteen; 五十 wǔshí fifty; 十月 shíyuè October 用 主
[yòng] use; 好用 hǎoyòng useful; 不用 búyòng there's no need; 使用 shǐyòng use, apply {Compare with 甩 shuǎi swing} [zhǔ] lord, master, host, god, (=主要 zhǔyào) main, primary; 主义 zhǔyì doctrine, ~ism; 主页 zhùyè homepage {Compare with 王 wáng king}

80

81

行 方 又 如 前 所 本

[xíng] go, OK; 行动 xíngdòng action, operation, move, get about, act [háng] line; 银行 yínháng bank; 行业 hángyè profession [hàng] 树行子 shùhàngzi rows of trees [héng] (phonetic radical) [fāng] side, square; 地方 dìfang place; 方面 fāngmiàn aspect {Compare with 万 wàn ten thousand} [yòu] again, both... and... [rú] like, as, as if, (=如果 rúguǒ) if; 如此 rúcǐ like this [qián] in front, previous, ago, former, first; 前天 the day before yesterday [suǒ] place; 所以 suǒyǐ so, therefore; 所有 suǒyǒu all; 厕所 cèsuǒ toilet [běn] basis, origin, edition, <classifier for books, periodicals, files, etc.>; 本人 běnrén I, me, myself; 日本 Rìběn Japan {Compare with 木 mù tree}

82 83 84 85 86 87

88

[jiàn] appear to be, meet with, call on, (=看见 kànjian) see; 意见 yìjian 见(F 見) idea, view, opinion; 听见 tīngjiàn hear [xiàn] show, appear, become visible {Compare with 贝 bèi shellfish} [jīng] longitude (both geographic and in Chinese medecin), scripture, constant, regular, <family name>, deal with, (=经纪 jīngjì) manage (a 经(F 經) business); 已经 yǐjing already; 经过 jīngguò pass, go through; 经验 jīngyàn experience; 经由 jīngyóu via, by way of; 经常 jīngcháng frequent, daily; 易经 Yìjīng Book of Changes; [tóu] head, top, first, <classifier for livestock, garlic, etc.>; 头发 tóufa 头(F 頭) hair [tou] 石头 shítou stone

89

90

91

面 公 同

[miàn] face, surface, <classifier for mirrors, flags, etc.>, (F 麵) wheat flour, (=面条 miàntiáo) noodle; 面包 miànbāo bread [gōng] public, official; 公里 gōnglǐ kilometer; 办公室 bànggōngshì office; 公司 gōngsī company; 公共 gōnggòng public, communal, common; 公共汽车 gōnggòngqìchē (public) bus; 李公 Lǐgōng (honorable and old) Mr Li [tóng] same, with; 同志 tóngzhì comrade [tòng] (F 衕) 胡同 hútòng lane

92

93 94

三(A 叁) [sān] three; 第三世界 dì-sān shìjiè 3rd World; 三月 sānyuè March

95 96 97 98 99 100

已 老 从(F 從) 动(F 動) 两(F 兩) 长(F 長) 知 民 样(F 樣) 现(F 現) 分 将(F 將) 外 但 身 些

[yǐ] stop, cease, end, (=已经 yǐjīng) already {Compare with 己 jǐ self, which is "open" on the left side} [lǎo] old, venerable, outdated; 老师 lǎoshī teacher; 老虎 lǎohǔ tiger; 老 张 lǎo Zhāng old Zhang = dear (friend) Mr Zhang [cóng] from, through, join, follower, secondary [cōng] 黑从从 hēicōngcōng murky [dòng] move, change, arouce; 动物 dòngwù animal; 活动 huódòng activity; 运动 yùndòng sports [liǎng] two (before classifier), 50 grams [cháng] long, lasting, length [zhǎng] grow up, chief, head, older, elder [zhī] realize, sense, inform, tell, (=知道 zhīdao) know; 知识 zhīshi knowledge [zhì] (=智 zhì) wit, (=智慧 zhìhuì) wisdom, (=智力 zhìlì) intellect [mín] (=人民 rénmín) people, <family name>; 民主 mǐnzhǔ democracy [yàng] appearance, shape, form, manner; 这样 zhèyàng like this; 怎么样 zěnmeyàng how? in what way? [xiàn] show, appear, current; 现在 xiànzài now; 发现 fāxiàn discover; 现 代 xiàndài modern [fēn] divide, fraction, minute, cent; 百分之五 bǎifēnzhīwǔ = 5/100 = 5% [fèn] limits of rights or duty [jiāng] shall; 将来 jiānglái future [jiàng] general, a piece in Chinese chess 麻将 májiàng mahjongg [wài] outside, outer, other, foreign, beyond, relative on ones mother's/sisters/wife's side; 外孙 wàisūn daugthers son; 外国人 wàiguórén foreigner; 意外 yìwài unexpected {Compare with 处 chù place} [dàn] (=但是 dànshì) but, still, nevertheless, however, yet [shēn] life, incarnation, <classifier for suits of clothing>, (=身体 shēntǐ) body; 亲身 qīnshēn in person, personally [xiē] some, <classifier for plural or indefinite/small amount>; 一些 yìxiē a number of, some; 这些人 zhèxiē rén these people

101 102 103 104 105 106

107

108 109 110

111

[yǔ] give, offer, help, support, and 与(F 與) [yù] 参与 cānyù participate in [yú] 欤 <interrogative/esclamative particle>

{Compare with 写 xiě write} 112 113 114 115 116 117 118

高 意 进(F 進) 把 法 此 实(F 實) 回

[gāo] high, tall, loud, <polite> your, <family name>; 提高 tígāo improve; 高兴 gāoxìng happy; 高见 gāojiàn <polite> your opinion/idea [yì] (=意思 yìsi, =意义 yìyì) meaning, idea, (=愿意 yuànyi) wish, desire; 意图 yìtú intention; 意见 yìjian opinion; 意大利 Yìdàlì Italy [jìn] enter, go forward, recieve, drink, eat, submit; 进步 jìnbù progress [bǎ] grasp, hold, handle, <classifier for things with handles, handfuls, chairs, etc.> [bà] 把子 bàzi, 把儿 bàr handle [fǎ] (=法律 fǎlǜ) law, (=办法 bànfǎ) method; 法国 Fǎguó France [cǐ] this; 如此 rúcǐ (=这样 zhèyàng) like this; 此地 cǐdì (=这里 zhèlǐ) here, at this place [shí] solid, true, real; 事实 shìshí fact; 实际上 shíjìshang actually; 实在 shízài really [huí] circle, return, reply, turns, times, chapter, Muslim, Hui (ethnic minority), <classifier for chapters, times, etc.>; 回来 huílái come back; 回去 huíqù go back; 回答 huídá answer

119 120 121

二(A 贰) [èr] two; 二月 èryuè February 理 美
[lǐ] principle; 理论 lǐlùn theory; 管理 guǎnlǐ manage; 心理 xīnlǐ psychology, mentality [měi] (=美丽 meilì) beautiful, (=好 hǎo) good, (=美德 měidé) virtue, <family name>; 美国 Měiguó USA; 美元 měiyuán US$ 美家 měijiā artist

122

123 124 125 126 127 128

[diǎn] a drop (of liquid), dot, decimal point, a little, a bit, appoint time, 点(F 點) select, choose, order food/drink, <classifier for small amounts>, (=点火 diǎnhuǒ) light a fire; 一点儿 yìdiǎnr a little; 点头 diǎntóu nod one's head

月 明 其 种(F 種) 声(F 聲)

[yuè] month, (=月亮 yuèliang, =月球 yuèqiú) moon [míng] bright, clear, distinct, next (day or year), <family name>; 明白 míngbai clear, understand; 明天 míngtiān tomorrow [qí] its, that, such, they, them; 其他 qítā other; 尤其 yóuqí especially [jī] anniversary [zhǒng] kind, sort, breed, race [zhòng] to plant, cultivate [shēng] voice, declaration, (=声音 shēngyīn) sound, <classifier for sounds>; 声名 shēngmíng reputation, fame, statement, declaration

129 130 131 132

全 工 己 话(F 話)

[quán] whole, entire, total, complete, <family name>; 完全 wánquán completely; 安全 ānquán safety [gōng] (=工作 gōngzuò) work, job; 工人 gōngrén worker [jǐ] (=自己 zìjǐ) self {Compare with 已 yǐ already, which is "closed" on the left side} [huà] speech, word, language, dialect, (=说话 shuōhuà) talk, speak [huo] 白话 báihuo = báihuà vernacular, empty talk

133

[ér] child; 儿子 érzi son; 女儿 nǚ'ér daughter here; 那儿 儿(F 兒) [r] (noun suffix); 这儿 zhèr radical) nàr there [rén] (when referring to the {Compare with 兄 xiōng brother, 几 jǐ table, 臾 yú moment}

134 135 136 137

者 向 情 部 正 名 定 女 问(F 問) 力 机(F 機) 给(F 給)

[zhě] one who...; 作者 zuòzhě author; 和平主义者 hépíngzhǔyìzhě pacifist [xiàng] take somebody's part, to, towards, all along, allways, <family name>, (F 嚮) direction, towards, (F 曏) formerly, previously; 向者 xiàngzhě formerly, once upon a time [qíng] sensibility, (=感情 gǎnqíng) feeling, emotion; 爱情 àiqíng love [bù] (=部分 bùfen) part, section, unit, <classifier for film, large books, machines, etc.>, (=部队 bùduì) troops, army; 西部 xībù western part; 全 部 quánbù entire [zhèng] right, straight, upright, correct [zhēng] 正月 zhēngyuè, 新正 xīnzhēng the 1st month of lunar year [míng] (=名字 míngzi) name, personal name, reputation, famous, <classifier for persons with professional or prominent social identities, e.g. students, doctors, soldiers, workers>; 著名 zhùmíng famous; 名词 míngcí noun [dìng] fix, settle, calm, stable, subscribe, (=决定 juédìng) decide; 一定 yídìng definite [nǚ] female, (=女人 nǚrén, =妇女 fùnǚ) woman [wèn] ask, examine; 问题 wèntí question, problem; 访问 fǎngwèn visit [lì] (=活力 nénglì) energy, vitality, <family name>, (=力量 lìliang) strength, force [jī] (=机器 jīqi) machine; 收音机 shōuyīnjī radio; 飞机 fēijī aircraft [gěi] give, give to, for, for the benefit of; 送给 sònggěi send/present to [jǐ] give, supply, provide, (=供给 gōngjǐ) provide

138

139

140 141 142 143 144 145

146 147

等 几 很

[děng] equal, class, wait, and so on, etc. [jī] small table, (F 幾) 几乎 jīhū almost [jǐ] (F 幾) how many?, a few, (used in numerals) {Compare with 儿 ér child} [hěn] very, quite; 很好 hěnhǎo very good; 很不错! hěn búcuò! not bad at all!

148

149

[yè] line of business, trade, occupation, profession, course of study, 业(F 業) engage in, <family name>; 商业 shāngyè commerce; 工业 gōngyè industry; 作业 zuòyè homework

150

[zuì] most, marking for superlative; 最近 zuìjìn recently/soon; 最喜欢 zuì xǐhuan favorite

151

[jiān] room, between, locality, within given time or space, <classifier for rooms> 间(F 間) [jiàn] gap, interval [gān] 半间不界 bàn'gānbùgà neither this nor that, inexplicit, equivocal, mediocre

152 153

新 什(F 甚) 打 便 位 因 重 被 走 电(F 電)

[xīn] new, renew; 重新 chóngxīn again; 新闻 xīnwén news [shén] 什么 shénme what? [shí] (=十 shí) ten [dǎ] strike, hit, get, play, (generalized verb with specific meaning determined by its object); 打算 dǎsuan plan, intend; 打开 dǎkāi open, unfold; 打击 dǎjī strike, hitt, attack, assault [dá] dozen [biàn] (=方便 fāngbiàn) convenient [pián] 便宜 piányi cheap {Compare with 使 shǐ send and 更 gèng more} [wèi] place, location, position, <polite classifier for people> [yīn] cause, (=因为 yīnwèi) because, (=原因 yuányīn) reason [zhòng] weight, considerable in amount/value, (=沉重 chénzhòng) heavy, weighty, (=重要 zhòngyào) important [chóng] again [bèi] quilt, cover (with), by (indicates passive voice) [pī] 被服 pīfú = bèifú bedding and clothing, something one hangs on to [zǒu] go, walk, leave [diàn] (=闪电 shǎndiàn) (flash of) lightning, (=电气 diànqì) electricity;

154

155 156 157 158

159 160 161

电话 diànhuà phone; 电脑 diànnǎo computer 162 163

四(A 肆) [sì] four; 四周 sìzhōu all around; 四月 sìyuè April 第
[dì] indicating ordinal number, ~th; 第三世界 dì-sān shìjiè 3rd World; 第 一次 dì-yī cì 1st time

164 165 166

[mén] door, gate, family, house, valve, switch, <family name>, 门(F 門) <classifier for courses, braches of science, etc.>; 门口 ménkǒu doorway; 部门 bùmén department; 门铃 ménlíng doorbell

相 次

[xiāng] each other, mutual, mode, phase, <family name> [xiàng] look at, appearance, photo [cì] occurence, time, second, inferior, number of times; 两次 liǎng cì twice

167

[dōng] master, owner, <family name> (=东方 dōngfāng) east; 东北 东(F 東) dōngběi northeast; 东西 dōngxi thing, creature {Compare with 车 chē vehicle}

168 169 170 171

政 海 口 使 教 西 再 平 真 听(F 聽)

[zhèng] (=政治 zhèngzhì) politics, political affairs, (=政府 zhèngfǔ) government [hǎi] sea, big lake, <family name>, (=海洋 hǎiyáng, =大海 dàhǎi) sea, ocean [kǒu] mouth, opening, entrance, hole, cut, <classifier for mouthfuls, people, wells, etc.>; 门口 ménkǒu doorway; 人口 rénkǒu population [shǐ] make, cause to (do), send (as envoy), (=使用 shǐyòng) use, apply {Compare with 吏 lì and 便 biàn official} [jiāo] teach; 王老师教数学. Wáng lǎoshī jiāo shùxué. Teacher Wang teaches math. [jiào] cause, ask to, teach; 教师 jiàoshī teacher, instructor; 教育 jiàoyù education [xī] west, western; 东西 dōngxi thing; 西北 xīběi northwest [zài] again, once more; 再见 zàijiàn goodbye [píng] flat, level, even; 水平 shuǐpíng level; 和平 hépíng peace; 平常 píngcháng ordinary, common, usually {Compare with 半 bàn half} [zhēn] true, genuine, really {There are two ways of writing this character!} [tīng] listen; 听见 tīngjiàn hear; 听不懂 tīngbudǒng don't understand (by listening)

172

173 174 175 176 177

178 179 180 181 182 183

世 气(F 氣) 信 北 少 关(F 關) 并 内(F 內) 加 化 由 却(F 卻) 代 军(F 軍) 产(F 產) 入 先

[shì] generation, <family name>, (=世界 shìjiè) world; 世纪 shìjì century [qì] air, gas, vapor, spirit, vital energy; 天气 tiānqi weather [xìn] letter, message, information, (=相信 xiāngxìn) belive in; 信封 xìnfēng envelope [běi] north; 东北 dōngběi northeast; 北京 Běijīng [shǎo] few, little, less, lack [shào] young; 少年 shàonián juvenile [guān] shut, close, turn off, close down, concern, key part; 关系 guānxi connection; 关于 guānyú concerning [bìng] (F 併) combine, merge, (F 並) and, equally, truly [bīng] 并州 Bìng Zhōu (Taiyuan in Shanxi) {Compare with 开 kāi open} [nèi] inside; 内容 nèiróng content {Compare with 肉 ròu meat and 丙 bǐng third} [jiā] add, plus, append, (=增加 zēngjiā) increase; 参加 cānjiā join [huà] convert, melt, dissolve, digest, incinerate, (=变化 biànhuà) change, transform [huā] (=花 huā) spend [yóu] from, let, (=由于 yóuyú) due to, (=理由 lǐyóu) cause, reason; 自由 zìyóu freedom {Compare with 甲 jiǎ helmet and 申 shēn explain} [què] however, but, yet [dài] (=代表 dàibiǎo) represent, (=时代 shídài) generation, period, epoch, <classifier for periods>; 现代 xiàndài modern (times); 上代 shàngdài previous generation [jūn] army, military, troops [chǎn] give birth to, (=产生 chǎnshēng) produce, (=产品 chǎnpǐn) product [rù] (=进入 jìnrù) enter, get into; 收入 shōurù income {Compare with 人 rén person} [xiān] first, before, earlier; 先生 xiānsheng mister, gentleman, Sir; 祖先 zǔxiān = 先辈 xiānbèi ancestor {Compare with 失 shī lose}

184

185 186 187

188 189 190 191 192 193

194

195 196 197

山 太 水

[shān] hill, mountain, <family name>; 火山 huǒshān volcano; 山脉 shānmài mountain range

五(A 伍) [wǔ] five; 五月 wǔyuè May
[tài] great, very, too; 太太 tàitai Madame; 太阳 tàiyáng sun, sunshine {Compare with 大 dà big} [shuǐ] water, liquid, <family name>; 水平 shuǐpíng level; 水果 shuǐguǒ fruit; 药水 yàoshuǐ liquid medecine {Compare with 永 yǒng forever}

198

199 200 201 202

[wàn] ten thousand, myriad, <family name>; 万岁 wànsuì long live 万(F 萬) [Mò] 万俟 Mòqí <family name> {Compare with 方 fāng square}

市 眼

[shì] (=市场 shìchǎng) market, (=城市 chéngshì) city, town [yǎn] (=眼睛 yǎnjing) eye; 眼镜 yǎnjìng glasses

[tǐ] substance, (=身体 shēntǐ) body; 具体 jùtǐ concrete, specific; 体字 tǐzì 体(F 體) style of written Chinese, typface, font [tī] 体己 tīji (or tǐjǐ) intimate, confidential

203

别(F 別, 彆)

[bié] separate, other, don't, leave, differentiate, <family name> [biè] 别扭 bièniu awkward

204

[chù] place, part, point, department, office 处(F 處) [chǔ] deal with, get along with somebody {Compare with 外 wài outside}

205 206 207 208 209 210 211

总(F 總) 才(F 纔) 场(F 場) 师(F 師) 书(F 書) 比 住

[zǒng] general, overall, always, (=总数 zǒngshù) sum, total; 总统 zǒngtǒng president (of a republic) [cái] talent, only then; 刚才 gāngcái just now [chǎng] field, place where people gather, stage, level open ground, country fair, market, <classifier for games, performances etc.> [cháng] <classifier for happenings> [shī] (=老师 lǎoshī) teacher; 师傅 shīfu master [shū] book, style of calligraphy; 书记 shūji clerk; 图书馆 túshūguǎn library [bǐ] compare, contrast; 比较 bǐjiào relatively; 比如 bǐrú efor example [zhù] live (in a place)

212 213 214 215

员(F 員) 笑 性 通

[yuán] member. ~ist, ~er; 委员会 wěiyuánhuì committee; 人员 rényuán personnel

九(A 玖) [jiǔ] nine; 九月 jiǔyuè September
[xiào] laugh [xìng] sex, gender, nature, disposission, ~ness; 可能性 kěnéngxìng possibility [tōng] communicate, notify, connect, join, know very well, authority, expert, (=通过 tōngguò) go through, <classifier for telegrams>, <family name>; 交通 jiāotōng traffic; 普通话 Pǔtōnghù Common Speach = Mandarin [tòng] <classifier for actions> [mù] eye; 目前 mùqián in front of ones eyes, at present; 目的 mùdì goal, purpose, aim; 目录 mùlù catalogue, list, list of contents {Compare with 自 zì self and 日 rì sun} [huá] glory, splendor, magnificent, (=中华 Zhōnghuá) China [Huà] <family name>; 华山 Huà Shān (mountain in Shaanxi) [bào] (=报告 bàogào) report, (=报纸 bàozhǐ) newspaper, (=电报 diànbào) telegram [lì] stand, erect, vertical; 建立 jiànlì establish; 立刻 lìkè right away; 立方 体 lìfāngtǐ cube

216

217

目 华(F 華) 报(F 報) 立

218 219 220

221

[mǎ] horse; 马上 mǎshàng right away 马马虎虎 mǎmahūhū careless, 马(F 馬) casual {Compare with 乌 wū crow}

222 223 224 225 226 227

命 张(F 張) 活 难(F 難) 神

[mìng] (=生命 shēngmìng) life, fate, destiny; 命令 mìnglìng command; 革命 gémìng revolution [zhāng] spread, sheet of paper, <classifier for surfaces, tables, postcards, etc.>; 紧张 jǐnzhāng tense, nervous [huó] live, alive, living, vivid, save someone's life; 生活 shēnghuó life; 活动 huódòng activity [nán] difficult [nàn] disaster [shén] spirit, god; 精神 jīngshén spirit, mind, consciousness, essence

[shù] number, number, figure, fate, plan; 数学 shùxué math 数(F 數) [shǔ] count, enumerate, list [shuò] frequently, repeatedly

228 229 230 231

件 安 表 原

[jiàn] item, correspondence, document, <classifier for articles and items>; 条件 tiáojiàn term, condition [ān] still, quiet; 安全 ānquán safe, secure; 安排 ānpái arrange, plan, fix up [biǎo] show, list, table, form, meter, (F 錶) (wrist-)watch [yuán] originally, simple, <family name>; 原来 yuánlái original, formerly, as a matter of fact; 原因 yuányīn cause, reason

232

[chē] car, vehicle with wheels, <family name> 车(F 車) [jū] (a piece in Chinese chess) {Compare with 东 dōng east}

233

[bái] white; 明白 míngbai understand, realize, clear, obvious; 白天 báitiān daytime; 白菜 báicài cabbage [bó] 李白 Lǐ Bó = Lǐ Bái {Compare with 自 zì self and 百 bǎi hundred}

234

[yīng] promise, answer, respond, <family name>, (=应该 yīnggāi) 应(F 應) should, ought to [yìng] 应用 yìngyòng apply

235

路 期 叫 死 常 提 感 金 何 更

[lù] path, way, journey, distance, means, sequence, logic, sort, grade, class, <family name>, (=道路 dàolù) road [qī] phase, stage, <classifier for issues of periodicals>, (=时期 shíqī) time period; 班期 bānqī schedule, time table; 星期 xīngqī week; 长期 chángqī long term [jī] anniversary [jiào] cry out, call; 叫做 jiàozuò be called, be known as [sǐ] die, death [cháng] often, constant, ordinary, <family name>; 非常 fēicháng extremely [tí] lift, raise, pick up, carry; 提高 tígāo improve; 提供 tígōng provide [dī] 提防 dīfang take precautions or be on guard against [gǎn] (=感觉 gǎnjué) feel, (=感情 gǎnqíng) emotion [jīn] (=金子 jīnzi) gold, (=金属 jīnshǔ) metals in general [hé] what?, where?, how?, <family name>; 任何 rènhé any; 如何 rúhé how?; 几何 jǐhé geometry [gèng] more, still/even more, furthermore [gēng] replace, transform, night watch; (=更改 gēnggǎi) change, alter

236

237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244

{Compare with 吏 lì official and 便 biàn convenient}

245

反 合 放 做 系 计(F 計) 或 司 利 受 光 王 果

[fǎn] turn over, return, revolt, (=反对 fǎnduì) oppose, combat; 反映 fǎnyìng reflect [bǎn] 反反 bǎnbǎn proper, fitting {Compare with 友 yǒu friend} [hé] close, shut, accord with, conform to, be equal to, together, jointly, <classifier for rounds>, (=结合 jiéhé) combine; 合作 hézuò cooperate [gě] decilitre [fàng] put, release, set free, give out, expand, blossom, bloom, lend (money) at interest; 解放 jiěfàng liberate, emancipate [zuò] do, act, make, produce, write, compose, <slang> to have sex; 叫做 jiàozuò be called, be known as; 做法 zuòfǎ method, way of doing {Sometimes replaceable with 作 zuò do} [xì] series, department, faculty, (=系统 xìtǒng) system, (F 係) (=联系 liánxì) integrate, relate to; 关系 guānxi concern, affect, matter, (F 繫) tie, fasten, feel anxious, be concerned [jì] (F 繫) tie, bind [jì] (=计算 jìsuàn) count, calculate, plot, plan, <family name>; 统计 tǒngjì statistics [huò] (=或者 huòzhě) or, (=或许 huòxǔ) perhaps, mayby, (=可能 kěnéng) probably {Compare with 國=国 guó country} [sī] 公司 gōngsī company, corporation; 司令 sīlìng commander [lì] (=利益 lìyì) interest, benefit, profit, <family name>; 利用 lìyòng utilize; 胜利 shènglì triumph; 意大利 Yìdàlì Italy [shòu] receive, endure, (=接受 jiēshòu) accept; 难受 nánshòu unhappy [guāng] light, merely; 阳光 yángguāng sunlight; 光荣 guāngróng glory [wáng] king; 王国 wángguó kingdom, realm, domain [wàng] (rare) rule {Compare with 主 zhǔ lord and 玉 yù jade} [guǒ] fruit, surely, truly, as expected, (=结果 jiéguǒ) result, consequence, outcome; 如果 rúguǒ if

246

247

248

249

250

251 252 253 254 255 256

257

258

[qīn] close relative, kiss; 母亲 mùqin mother; 父亲 fùqin father; 亲自 亲(F 親) qīnzì in person [qìng] 亲家 qìngjia relatives by marriage

259

界 及 今 京 务(F 務) 制 解 各 任 至 清 物 台 象

[jiè] (=界限 jièxiàn) boundary, limit; 世界 shìjiè world [gā] 不搭界 bù dāgā have no relation, have nothing to do with [gà] 半间不界 bàn'gānbùgà neither this nor that, inexplicit, equivocal, mediocre [jí] reach, come up to, and, in, on, to; 以及 yǐjí as well as; 及时 jíshí promptly [jīn] now, this; 今天 jīntiān today [jīng] capital city, (=北京 Běijīng) short for Beijing; 南京 Nánjīng; 东京 Dōngjīng Tokyo (or other eastern capital in previous dynasties!) [wù] affair, business; 任务 rènwu assignment, task; 服务 fúwù service, serve [zhì] work out, (=制度 zhìdù) system, institution, (=控制 kòngzhì) control, dominate, (F 製) (=制造 zhìzào) manufacture [jiě] separate, explain, untie, undo, take off, dissolve, <mathematic> solution [Xiè] <family name> [jiè] 解送 jièsòng send under guard [gè] each, every, different, separately; 各有千秋 gèyǒuqiānqiū each has his merits [gě] 自各 zìgě oneself, by oneself [rèn] appoint, no matter, serve a position, allow, trust, official post, <classifier for terms of office>; 任务 rènwu task; 任何 rènhé any [Rén] <family name> [zhì] to, until, extremely, most, arrive, reach; 甚至 shènzhì even (to the point of), so much so that; 至少 zhìshǎo at least [qīng] (=清楚 qīngchu) clear; 清洁 qīngjié clean [wù] thing, matter; 动物 dòngwù animal; 植物 zhíwù plant; 物理 wùlǐ physics [tái] <polite> you, (F 臺) platform, <classifier for performances, engines, computers, TV-sets, etc.>, (=台湾 Táiwān) short for Taiwan, (F 檯) desk, table, (F 颱) 台风 táifēng typhoon [tāi] 天台 Tiāntāi (in eastern Zhejiang) [xiàng] appearance, likeness, (=大象 dàxiàng) elephant

260 261 262 263 264

265

266

267

268 269 270

271

272 273

[jì] (=记得 jìde) remember, (=记录 jìlù) record 记(F 記) {Compare with the "open" radical 己 jǐ self and not the close 已 yǐ already}

274 275 276 277

边(F 邊) 共 风(F 風) 战(F 戰) 干

[biān] on the side of something, margin, limit, <family name>, (=旁边 pángbiān) side; 这边 zhèbiān over here [gòng] share; 一共 yígòng in all; 共产 gòngchǎn communist; 公共 gōnggòng public; 共和 gònghé republic [fēng] wind [zhàn] (=战争 zhànzhēng) war [gān] stem; 干涉 gānshè interfere, intervene, (F 乾) dry [gàn] (F 幹) do {天 干 tiāngān the Ten Heavenly Stems: 甲乙丙丁戊己庚辛壬癸 jiǎ-yǐbǐng-dīng-wù-jǐ-gēng-xīn-rén-guǐ (these characters are sometimes used as ordinal numbers} {Compare with 千 qiān thousand and 于 yú at} [jiē] connect, (=接受 jiēshòu) accept; 接着 jiēzhe catch, next; 直接 zhíjiē direct [tā] it, its

278

279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291

接 它

[xǔ] allow, somewhat, <family name>, (=也许 yěxǔ) perhaps; 许多 许(F 許) xǔduō a lot [hǔ] 邪许 yéhǔ yell in unison, yo-ho-ho

八(A 捌) [bā] eight; 八月 Bāyuè August 特 觉(F 覺) 望 直 服 毛 林 题(F 題) 建
[tè] (=特别 tèbié) special, particular; 特点 tèdiǎn characteristic [jué] perceive [jiào] (=睡觉 shuìjiào) sleep; 午觉 wǔjiào siesta, afternoon nap [wàng] look, full moon; 希望 xīwàng hope, wish [zhí] straight, directly {Compare with 真 zhēn true} [fú] (=服务 fúwù) serve, (=衣服 yīfu) clothes [fù] dose [máo] hair {Compare with 手 shǒu hand} [lín] (=森林 sēnlín) forest, <family name>; 桂林 Guìlín (city in Guangxi) [tí] topic, problem, inscribe; 问题 wèntí question, problem; 题目 tímù title [jiàn] construct, establish; 建议 jiànyì suggest

292

南 度 统(F 統) 色 字 请(F 請) 交 爱(F 愛) 让(F 讓) 认(F 認) 算 论(F 論)

[nán] south; 西南 xīnán southwest [nā] 南无 nāmó 〈Sanskrit〉 to give oneself totally to [dù] degree, extent, unit (kWh, angle, temperature, etc.), <classifier for units of measurement, occasions, times, etc.>; 制度 zhìdù system, institution [duó] 猜度 cāiduó surmise [tǒng] order, unite, (=系统 xìtǒng) system; 统治 tǒngzhì rule, dominate; 统一 tǒngyī together, unify, unite, integrate [sè] (=颜色 yánsè) colour; 脸色 liǎnsè complexion, look, facial expression [shǎi] colour [zì] written character; 汉字 Hànzì Chinese character; 名字 míngzi name; 体字 tǐzì style of written Chinese, typface, font {Compare qith 学 xué study} [qǐng] please, request, invite; 请求 qǐngqiú ask, request [jiāo] join; 交通 jiāotōng traffic; 交换 jiāohuàn exchange [ài] (=爱情 àiqíng) love; 爱人 àirén spouse, lover [ràng] let, allow [rèn] (=认为 rènwéi) consider, (=认识 rènshi) recognize [suàn] (=计算 jìsuàn) count, calculate, compute; 算了 suànle forget it, never mind [lùn] theory [Lún] 论语 Lúnyǔ The Confucian Analects

293

294

295

296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303

304

[bǎi] hundred 百(F 佰) [bò] 抄总 chāobòzǒng express/cover everything {Compare with 白 bái white}

305 306 307 308 309

吃 义(F 義) 科 怎 元

[chī] eat [qī] 吃吃 qīqī <the sound of giggling> [yì] justice, (=意义 yìyì) meaning; 主义 zhǔyì ~ism [kē] department; 科学 kēxué science; 外科 wàikē surgery [zěn] (=怎么 zěnme) how? [yuán] first, primary, dollar

310 311 312

社 术(F 術) 结(F 結)

[shè] club, organized body, (=社会 shèhuì) society [shù] skill, (=艺术 yìshù) art; 技术 jìshù technique [zhú] 术酒 zhújiǔ medicinal wine [jié] tie; 结果 jiéguǒ result; 结婚 jiéhūn marry [jiē] bear fruit

313

六(A 陆, [liù] six; 六月 liùyuè June 陸) {Compare with 兴 xìng prosper} 功 指 思 非 流 每 青 管 夫 连(F 連) 远(F 遠) 资(F 資) 队(F 隊) 跟
[gōng] achievement; 成功 chénggōng succeed; 功夫 gōngfu time (duration), time (when), skill, art, work [zhǐ] point, (=指头 zhǐtou) finger, toe; 指甲 zhǐjia finger nail [sī] (=思想 sīxiǎng) thought [si] 意思 yìsi meaning [sāi] 于思 yúsāi richly bearded [fēi] not, non-; 非常 fēicháng unusually, extraordinary, special, very, extremely [liú] to flow, stream; 电流 diànliú electric current; 交流 jiāoliú to exchange, alternate [měi] every, each; 每天 měitiān every day [qīng] nature's colour blue/green/black...; 青年 qīngnián youth; 青蛙 qīngwā frog [guǎn] tube, (=管理 guǎnlǐ) manage, supervise; 不管 bùguǎn no matter, regardless of [fū] man, (=丈夫 zhàngfu) husband; 工夫 gōngfu time, duration, skill; 大 夫 dàifu doctor [fú] (formal) this/that (person) {Compare with 天 tiān heaven and 失 shī lose} [lián] connect, including; 连忙 liánmáng right away; 连续 liánxù continuous [yuǎn] far [zī] money, expenses; 资本主义 zīběnzhǔyì capitalism; 投资 tóuzī invest [duì] team, (=部队 bùduì) army, (=队伍 duìwǔ) troops [gēn] heel, follow, with, and

314 315 316

317 318 319 320 321

322

323 324 325 326 327

328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347

带(F 帶) 花 快 条(F 條) 院 变(F 變) 联(F 聯) 言 权(F 權) 往 展 该(F 該) 领(F 領) 传(F 傳) 近 留 红(F 紅) 治 决(F 決) 周

[dài] belt, zone, carry, bring, take [huā] flower, spend; 花生 huāshēng peanut [kuài] fast, sharp, (=快乐 kuàilè, =愉快 yúkuài) happy [tiáo] twig, strip, item, <classifier for dogs, snakes, dragons, etc.>; 条件 tiáojiàn condition, term [yuàn] courtyard; 学院 xuéyuàn college; 医院 yīyuàn hospital; 法院 fǎyuàn court [biàn] change; 变成 biànchéng become; 变化 biànhuà variation; 改变 gǎibiàn alter [lián] unite, join; 联系 liánxì integrate, relate, link, get in touch with [yán] words; 语言 yǔyán language, speech, word [quán] right, power [wǎng] to, toward; 往往 wǎngwǎng often [zhǎn] expand, spread out, <family name>; 发展 fāzhǎn develop, expand, grow; 展览 zhǎnlǎn exhibit, show, display [gāi] (=应该 yīnggāi) should [lǐng] to lead, collar; 领导 lǐngdǎo, 领袖 lǐngxiù leader; 本领 běnlǐng ability [chuán] pass, pass on; 传统 chuántǒng tradition [zhuàn] Confucian classic [jìn] near; 附近 fùjìn vicinity; 最近 zuìjìn recently, lately, soon [liú] remain, stay, (=保留 bǎoliú) keep, reserve; 留学 liúxé to study abroad; 遗留 yíliú hand down; 拘留 jūliú arrest [hóng] (=红色 hóngsè) red; 东方红 Dōngfānghóng The East is Red [gōng] 女红 nǚgōng needlework [zhì] govern, cure, punish; 政治 zhèngzhì government [jué] 解决 jiějué solve, resolve, settle; 决定 juédìng decide, resolve, make up one's mind [zhōu] circuit, circumference, cycle, week; 周围 zhōuwéi vicinity, surroundings, entirely; 周身 zhōushēn whole vody

348 349

[bǎo] (=保护 bǎohù) protect; 保证 bǎozhèng ensure, guarantee

[dá] reach, arrive 达(F 達) [dā] <referring to sounds of clocks or footsteps> [tà] 挑达 tāotà walk casually to and fro

350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358

办(F 辦) 运(F 運) 武 半 候 必 城 父 强(F 強, 彊) 步 完 革 深 区(F 區) 即 求 品

[bàn] do; 办法 bànfǎ method; 办公室 bàngōngshì office {Compare with 为 wèi for} [yùn] carry, transport, (运气 yùnqi) fortune, luck; 运动 yùndòng move, turn around, sports [wǔ] military; 武器 wǔqì weapon; 武术 wǔshù martial arts [bàn] half, semi~ {Compare with 平 píng even} [hòu] (=时候 shíhou) time, wait, situation

七(A 柒) [qī] seven; 七月 qīyuè July
[bì] (=必须 bìxū) must; 不必 búbì needn't [chéng] (=城市 chéngshì) city, wall; 长城 chángchéng Great Wall [fù] (=父亲 fùqin) father; 父母 fùmǔ parents [fǔ] old man [qiáng] strong [qiǎng] strive [jiàng] 倔强 juéjiàng stubborn, unbending [bù] step; 进步 jìnbù progress, improve; 散步 sànbù take a walk [wán] finished, complete [gé] leather; 革命 gémìng revolution; 改革 gǎigé reform [jí] 病革 bìngjí about to die of illness [shēn] deep; 深刻 shēnkè deep, profound; 深夜 shēnyè deep in the night [qū] (=地区 dìqū) area; 区别 qùbié difference [ōu] <family name> [jí] namely, that is, even if, (=立即 lìjí) immediately, at once [qiú] seek, ask; 要求 yāoqiú demand, request, requirement [pǐn] (=产品 chǎnpǐn) product; 商品 shāngpǐn merchandise, goods

359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367

368

[shì] scholar; 博士 bóshì Ph.D; 女士 nǚshì lady, Ms.; 战士 zhànshì soldier {Compare with 土 tǔ earth}

369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379

[zhuǎn] turn, transfer 转(F 轉) [zhuàn] rotate [zhuǎi] 转文 zhuǎiwén to flaunt one's speach

量 空 甚 众(F 眾) 技 轻(F 輕) 程 告 江

[liàng] amount; 量词 liàngcí classifier, measure word [liáng] to measure [kōng] empty, sky [kòng] leave empty, free time [shèn] very; 甚至 shènzhì even, go so far as to [shén] (=什 shén) what?; 甚么 = 什么 shénme what? [zhòng] crowd, many; 群众 qúnzhòng the masses; 听众 tīngzhòng audience [jì] 技术 jìshù technology, technique; 科技 kējì science and technology [qīng] light (compare with 重 zhòng heavy) [chéng] 过程 guòchéng process; 工程 gōngchéng engineering project; 程 度 chéngdu level, degree, extent [gào] (=告诉 gàosu) tell; 报告 bàogào report, make known [gù] 告朔 gùshuò distributing feudal calendar [jiāng] river; 长江 Cháng Jiāng Yangtze River; 江山 jiāngshān landscape

[yǔ] (=语言 yǔyán) language; 汉语 Hànyǔ Chinese; 语法 yǔfǎ grammar; 语(F 語) 成语 chéngyǔ idiom [yù] tell

380 381 382 383 384 385

英 基 派 满(F 滿) 式 李

[yīng] brave, outstanding person, (=英雄 yīngxióng) hero; 英国 Yīngguó England [jī] 基础 jīchǔ base, foundation; 基本 jīběn basic, fundamental, essential [pài] faction, send; 党派 dǎngpài political parties [pā] 派司 pāsi passport, identification [mǎn] full; 满足 mǎnzú satisfied, contented [shì] (=形式 xíngshì) form; 方式 fāngshì way, pattern; 正式 zhèngshì formal, official [lǐ] (=李子 lǐzi) plum, <family name>

386

[xī] breath, stop [xi] 消息 xiāoxi news; 休息 xiūxi rest

387

[xiě] write; 描写 miáoxiě describe, depict 写(F 寫) [xiè] 写意 xiěyǐ freehand brushwork, sketch {Compare with 与 yǔ and}

388 389 390

呢 识(F 識) 极(F 極) 令 黄(F 黃) 德 收 脸(F 臉) 钱(F 錢) 党(F 黨) 倒 未 持 取 设(F 設) 始

[ne] <sentence final particle> [ní] woolen cloth [shí] know; 认识 rènshi know, recognize; 识别 shíbié tell apart [zhì] (formal) remember, commit to memory, mark, sign [jí] extreme, pole; 太极 Tài Jí the Supreme Ultimate (in Chinese cosmology); 太极拳 tǎijíquán shadowboxing [lìng] make, cause; 命令 mìnglìng command [lǐng] ream, <classifier for paper> [líng] 脊令 jílíng (=鹡鸰 jílíng) wagtail (a symbol of brotherly friendship) [huáng] (=黄色 huángsè) yellow [dé] virtue; 道德 dàodé ethics; 德国 Déguó Germany [shōu] gather, (=收到 shōudào) recieve, (=收获 shōuhuò) harvest; 收拾 shōushi put in order; 收音机 shōuyīnjī radio [liǎn] face [qián] money, copper coin [dǎng] (political) party, clique; 共产党 Gòngchǎndǎng Communist Party; 国民党 Guómíndǎng Nationalist Party [dǎo] fall down, topple [dào] invert, (move) backwards, pour, contrary to expectations [dáo] follow up [wèi] have not, did not; 未来 wèilái future {Compare with 末 mò end} [chí] hold; 坚持 jiānchí persist in, insist on; 保持 bǎochí keep, maintain, preserve [qǔ] take, get, fetch [shè] set up; 建设 jiànshè build, construct; 设计 shèjì design, plan; 设备 shèbèi equipment, facilities [shǐ] (=开始 kāishǐ) begin, start; 始终 shǐzhōng all along

391

392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403

404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423

版 双(F 雙) 历 越 史 商 千(F 仟) 片 容 研 像 找 友 孩 站 广(F 廣) 改 议(F 議) 形 委

[bǎn] printing plate, edition; 出版 chūbǎn publish [shuāng] pair, twin, double; 双方 shuāngfāng both sides [lì] (F 歷) 历史 lìshǐ history; 经历 jīnglì experience, (F 曆) 日历 rìlì calendar {Compare with 厉 lì severe} [yuè] 越…越… the more... the more... [shǐ] (=历史 lìshǐ) history, <family name>; 外史 wàishǐ unofficial history {Compare with 吏 lì official and 更 gèng more} [shāng] discuss, business [qiān] thousand {Compare with 干 gān stem and 于 yú at} [piàn] slice; 照片 zhàopiàn photo; 片刻 piànkè moment; 卡片 kǎpiàn card [piān] film [róng] contain; 容易 róngyì easy; 内容 nèiróng content [yán] grind, (=研究 yánjiū) study, research [xiàng] resemble, (=肖像 xiàoxiàng) portrait, image [zhǎo] look for, seek {Compare with 我 wǒ me} [yǒu] (=朋友 péngyǒu) friend; 友好 yǒuhǎo friendship {Compare with 反 fǎn turn over} [hái] (=孩子 háizi, =小孩儿 xiǎoháir) child; 女孩儿 nǚháir girl [zhàn] stand; 火车站 huǒchēzhàn train station [guǎng] wide, extensive [yǎn] (when referring to the radical) [gǎi] (=改变 gǎibiàn) change; 改革 gǎigé reform [yì] (=议论 yìlùn) discuss, confer; 会议 huìyì meeting, conference; 建议 jiànyì suggest, propose [xíng] (=形式 xíngshì) form, shape; 形成 xíngchéng to form, take shape [wěi] 委员会 wěiyuánhuì committee; 委托 wěituō entrust [wēi] 虚与委蛇 xūyǔwēiyí to pretend interest and sympathy

424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431

早 房 音 火 际(F 際) 则(F 則) 首

[zǎo] early; 早饭 zǎofàn breakfast; 早晨 zǎochen morning [fáng] (=房间 fángjiān) room, (=房子 fángzi) building [yīn] (=声音 shēngyīn) sound; 音乐 yīnyuè music [huǒ] fire; 火车 huǒchē train; 火柴 huǒchái match; 火焰 huǒyàn flame [jì] (=边际 biānjì) boundary; 实际 shíjì reality; 国际 guójì international [zé] (conjunction); 原则 yuánzé principle; 否则 fǒuzé or else [shǒu] head; 首先 shǒuxiān first of all; 首都 shǒudū capital (of a country)

[dān] alone, single, sheet 单(F 單) [chán] 单于 chányú <hist.> chief of the Xiongnu [Shàn] <family name>

432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440

据(F 據) 导(F 導) 影 失 拿 网(F 網) 香 似 斯 专(F 專, 耑) 石

[jù] seize, depend on, (=根据 gēnjù) according to [jū] 拮据 jiéjū short of money, hard up [dǎo] lead; 领导 lǐngdǎo leader [yǐng] shadow, image; 电影 diànyǐng movie [shī] lose; 失败 shībài be defeated {Compare with 先 xiān first} [ná] hold; 拿来 nálái bring; 拿去 náqù take; 拿给 nágěi hand over [wǎng] net; 网球 wǎngqiú tennis; 因特网 yīntèwáng Internet [xiāng] perfume, fragrant; 香港 Xiānggǎng Hong Kong [sì] similar; 似乎 sìhu it seems [shì] 似的 shìde alike [sī] thus (nowadays used mostly as a phonem in foreign names); 法西斯 fǎxīsī Fascist [zhuān] (=专门 zhuānmén) special, (=专家 zhuānjiā) expert; 专政 zhuānzhèng dictatorship [shí] (=石头 shítou) stone, rock [dàn] unit of grain {Compare with 右 yòu right}

441

442

443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456

若 兵 弟 谁(F 誰) 校 读(F 讀) 志 飞(F 飛) 观(F 觀) 争(F 爭) 究 包 组(F 組) 造 落 视(F 視) 济(F 濟) 喜

[ruò] seem, as if; 假若 jiǎruò if; 若干 ruògān how much? [rě] 般若 bōrě buddhist widom, prajna [bīng] (=士兵 shìbīng) soldier; 兵力 bīnglì military strength {Compare with 宾 bīn guest} [dì] (=弟弟 dìdi) younger brother [tì] (=悌) [shuí] who? [shéi] who? [xiào] (=学校 xuéxiào) school [jiào] (=校对 jiàoduì, 校正 jiàozhèng) proofread [dú] read [dòu] pause in reading [zhì] (=意志 yìzhì) will, (=标志 biāozhì) mark; 同志 tóngzhì comrade, (F 誌) 杂志 zázhì magazine [fēi] fly; 飞机 fēijī airplane [guān] view, contemplation [guàn] 道观 Dàoguàn Daoist temple [zhēng] contend, dispute; 战争 zhànzhēng war, warfare; 斗争 dòuzhēng fight, struggle [jiū] 研究 yánjiū study, research; 究竟 jiūjìng after all [bāo] bag, wrap [zǔ] organize, group; 组织 zǔzhī organization, organize, form [zào] (=制造 zhìzào) manufacture, (=创造 chuàngzào) create [luò] fall [là] be missing [lào] 落色 làoshǎi fade (in colour) [luō] 空落落 kōngluōluō absolutely nothing left, open/spacious and desolate [shì] look; 电视 diànshì television [jì] 经济 jīngjì economy; 救济 jiùjì help disaster victims [jǐ] 济济 jǐjǐ multitudinous, numerous, magnificent [xǐ] happiness; 喜欢 xǐhuān like

457

458 459 460

461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468

离(F 離) 虽(F 雖) 坐 集 编(F 編) 宝(F 寶) 谈(F 談) 府 拉 黑 且 随(F 隨) 格 尽 剑(F 劍) 讲(F 講) 布 杀(F 殺) 微 怕

[lí] (=离开 líkāi) leave, from [suī] (=虽然 suīrán) although [zuò] seat, sit, travel by (car/plane/etc.), put a kettle (or similar) on the fire, <classifier for bridges, buildings, etc.>; 请坐 qǐngzuò please have a seat; 坐公共汽车 zuò gōngòng qìchē ride a bus [jí] (=收集 shōují) collect; 集中 jízhōng centralize [biān] weave, organize, (=编辑 biānjí) edit [bǎo] treasure [tán] talk [fǔ] 政府 zhèngfǔ government [lā] pull, drag, haul [lǎ] 半拉 bànlǎ half [lá] slit [là] 拉拉蛄 làlagù mole cricket [hēi] (=黑色 hēisè) black; 黑暗 hēi'àn dark [qiě] for the time being; 而且 érqiě furthermore [jū] (only used some personal names) [suí] follow; 随便 suíbiàn as you like [gé] check, pattern, standard; 格外 géwài especially [gē] <the sound of laughter, clicking of a hen>, chuckel [jìn] (F 盡) use up [jǐn] (F 儘) to max extent; 尽管 jǐnguǎn even though [jiàn] sword; 宝剑 bǎojiàn double-edged sword [jiǎng] speak, explain, discuss, stress [bù] cloth, spread [shā] kill, fight, weaken, reduce, burn (of medicine) [wēi] tiny, micro; 微笑 wēixiào smile [pà] (=害怕 hàipà) to fear; 可怕 kěpà horrible

469

470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480

481 482 483 484 485

母 调(F 調) 局 根 曾 准 团(F 團) 段 终(F 終) 乐(F 樂) 切 级(F 級) 克 精 哪 官 示 冲 竟

[mǔ] (=母亲 mǔqin) mother; 父母 fùmǔ parents; 字母 zìmǔ letters of an alpabet [diào] shift, tone [tiáo] adjust [jú] department, situation; 邮局 yóujú post office [gēn] root; 根本 gēnběn essence, foundation, basic, utterly, (not) at all [céng] (=曾经 céngjīng) in the past [zēng] great- (grandmother) [cēng] 挨曾儿 āicēngr 〈colloquial〉 to get a scolding [zhǔn] allow, (F 準) certainly, precise; 准备 zhǔnbèi prepare; 标准 biāozhǔn standard [tuán] ball, lump, group; 团结 tuánjié unite, rally [duàn] section, paragraph; 手段 shǒuduàn method, means (to an end), strategy [zhōng] end; 终于 zhōngyú finally; 始终 shǐzhōng all along; 终身 zhōngshēn life-long [lè] enjoy, be glad, pleasure, (=快乐 kuàilè) happy [yuè] (=音乐 yīnyuè) music [qiē] to cut [qiè] correspond to; 一切 yíqiè all [jí] grade, level; 阶级 jiējí (social) class, steps, stairs, rank [kè] (=克服 kèfú) overcome, gram, (F 剋) 克期 kèqī set time limit [kēi] (=剋) scold [jīng] perfect; 精神 jīngshén spirit, essence; 酒精 jiǔjīng alcohol [nǎ] what? 哪儿 nǎr where? [něi] (before classifier) which? [na] (used in orders and exclamations) [Né] (in foreign names) [guān] official; 官僚 guānliáo bureaucrat [shì] (=表示 biǎoshì) show, indicate; 指示 zhǐshì point out [chōng] (F 沖) rinse, rush, (F 衝) rush [chòng] (F 衝) towards [jìng] finish, (=竟然 jìngrán) unexpectedly; 究竟 jiūjìng actually, exactly,

486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494

495

496 497 498 499

in the end, after all 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517

乎 男 举(F 舉) 客 证(F 證, 証) 苦 照 注 费(F 費) 足 尔(F 爾) 招 群 热(F 熱) 推 晚 响(F 響) 称(F 稱)

[hū] 似乎 sìhu it seems; 几乎 jīhū almost [nán] male, (=男人 nánrén) man [jǔ] raise; 举行 jǔxíng hold (a meeting); 选举 xuǎnjǔ election; 举例 jǔlì give an example [kè] (=客人 kèrén) guest; 客观 kèguān objective; 客气 kèqi polite [zhèng] prove; 图书证 túshūzhèng library card; 签证 qiānzhèng visa [kǔ] bitter; 艰苦 jiānkǔ arduous; 痛苦 tòngkǔ suffering [zhào] shine; 照相 zhàoxiàng photo [zhù] pour, (F 註) notes; 注意 zhùyì pay attention; 注视 zhùshì gaze [fèi] cost; 学费 xuéfèi tuition [zú] foot, (=足够 zúgòu) enough; 满足 mǎnzú satisfy [ěr] <archaic> you; 尔后 ěrhòu thereafter; 高尔夫 gāo'ěrfū golf [zhāo] beckon, recruit, attract; 招待 entertain (guests) [qún] crowd, group; 群众 qúnzhòng The Masses [rè] hot [tuī] push [wǎn] late; 晚上 wǎnshang evening; 夜晚 yèwǎn night; 晚饭 wǎnfàn dinner [xiǎng] sound; 影响 yǐngxiǎng influence [chēng] weigh, name [chèn] 对称 duìchèn symmetric

518 519

[xìng] 高兴 gāoxìng glad 兴(F 興) [xīng] 兴奋 xīngfèn excited {Compare with 六 liù six}

[dài] treat, entertain, wait for

[dāi] (=呆 dāi) stay 520 521 522 523 524

约(F 約) 阳(F 陽) 哥 惊(F 驚)

[yuē] approximately, arrange, appointment [yāo] weigh [yáng] opposite of 阴 yīn; 太阳 tàiyáng the sun [gē] (=哥哥 gēge) older brother [jīng] surprise

[ma] <interrogative particle> 吗(F 嗎) [má] what; 干吗? gàn má? What's up? [mǎ] 吗啡 mǎfēi morphine

525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533

整 支 古 汉(F 漢) 突 号(F 號) 绝(F 絕) 选(F 選) 吧

[zhěng] (=整个 zhěnggè) whole; 调整 tiáozhěng adjust; 整齐 zhěngqí neat [zhī] branch, support; 支持 zhīchí sustain; 地支 dìzhī the Twelve Terrestrial Branches [gǔ] (=古代 gǔdài) ancient {Compare with 舌 shé tongue} [hàn] Chinese ethnicity; 汉语 hànyu Chinese; 汉字 hànzi Chinese character; 老汉 lǎohàn old man [tū] charge forward, stick out; 突然 tūrán suddenly [hào] name, number, mark [háo] yell [jué] cut off, absolute [xuǎn] (=选择 xuǎnzé) choose, select; 选举 xuǎnjǔ election [ba] at end of sentence, indicates suggestion [bā] snap!

534

[cān] 参加 cānjiā participate 参(F 參) [shēn] 人参 rénshēn ginseng [cēn] 参差 cēncī uneven, irregular

535 536 537

刊 亚(F 亞) 复

[kān] periodical, publication; 报刊 bǎokān periodical publications, the press [yà] inferior, second; 亚洲 Yàzhōu Asia [fù] (F 復) 恢复 huīfù recover, (F 複) 复杂 fùzá complicated, complex, (F 覆) cover

538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551

伤(F 傷) 类(F 類) 备(F 備) 欢(F 歡) 另 港 势(F 勢) 刻 星 断(F 斷) 陈(F 陳) 掌 农(F 農) 夜 般 念(F 唸) 价 脑(F 腦) 规(F 規) 底 故

[shāng] wound, injury, injure; 创伤 chuāngshāng trauma [lèi] category, kind, type; 类似 lèisì similar [bèi] (=准备 zhǔnbèi) get ready, prepare; 设备 shèbèi equipment [huān] (=欢乐 huānlè) happy, joyous; 喜欢 xǐhuan like [lìng] other; 另外 lìngwài other, besides [gǎng] harbor; 香港 Xiānggǎng Hong Kong [shì] power; 形势 xíngshì circumstances; 姿势 zīshì posture [kè] carve, quarter hour, moment [xīng] star; 火星 huǒxīng Mars; 星期 xīngqī week [duàn] cut off; 不断 búduàn unceasing; 判断 pànduàn judge [chén] display, explain, stale, (dynasty 557-589) [zhǎng] palm of the hand; 掌握 zhǎngwò grasp [nóng] (=农民 nóngmín) farmer, peasant; 农业 nóngyè agriculture [yè] (=夜晚 yèwǎn) night; 半夜 bànyè, 午夜 wǔyè midnight; 夜里 yèlǐ at night [bān] sort, kind; 一般 yìbān ordinary [pán] happy [bō] 般若 bōrě buddhist wisdom, prajna [niàn] miss, read aloud; 观念 guānniàn concept; 念书 niànshū study [jià] (F 價) (=价值 jiàzhí) value, (=价钱 jiàqian) price [jie] (F 價) [jiè] servant [nǎo] (=脑子 nǎozi) brain; 脑袋 nǎodai head; 脑壳 nǎoké skull; 电脑 diànnǎo computer [guī] 规律 guīlǜ regular pattern; 规定 guīdìng regulations [dǐ] bottom; 彻底 chèdǐ thorough; 到底 dàodǐ after all [gù] cause, therefore; 故事 gùshi story; 故意 gùyì on purpose

552 553 554

555 556 557 558

559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579

省 妈(F 媽) 刚(F 剛) 句 显(F 顯) 消 衣 陆(F 陸) 器 确(F 確) 破 具 居 批 送 泽(F 澤) 紧(F 緊) 帮(F 幫) 线(F 線) 存 愿(F 願)

[shěng] province, economize, omit [xǐng] 反省 fǎnxǐng introspection [mā] mother, mom; 妈妈 māma mama [gāng] firm, (=刚才 gāngcái) just (a moment ago) [jù] sentence [xiǎn] appear; 显然 xiǎnrán obvious [xiāo] disappear; 消息 xiāoxi news; 消灭 xiāomiè perish [yī] (=衣服 yīfu) clothing [yì] wear (clothing), give (clothing) to others to wear [lù] land; 大陆 continent [liù] six (= 六 liù) [qì] utensil, (=机器 jīqi) machine; 武器 wǔqì weapon [què] true; 正确 zhèngquè correct; 确实 quèshí indeed; 明确 míngquè explicit [pò] smash; 破坏 pòhuài ruin; 破烂 pòlàn worn out [jù] 工具 gōngjù tool; 具有 jùyǒu possess; 具体 jùtǐ concrete; 玩具 wánjù toy [jū] (=居住 jūzhù) live, reside; 居民 jūmín resident; 居然 jūrán unexpectedly [pī] <classifier for a batch/lot>, comment, criticize, refute; 批评 pīpíng criticize [sòng] see somebody off, deliver, give [zé] 沼泽 zhǎozé marsh, swamp; 色泽 sèzé colour and lustre; 毛泽东 Máo Zédōng CCP leader and founder of the PRC [jǐn] tight; 紧张 jǐnzhāng tense; 要紧 yàojǐn important [bāng] (=帮助 bāngzhù, 帮忙 bāngmáng) help, gang [xiàn] line, thread; 光线 guāngxiàn light ray; 电线 diànxiàn (electric) wire [cún] (=存在 cúnzài) exist; 保存 bǎocún preserve [yuàn] wish

580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589

奇 害 增 杨(F 楊) 料 州 节(F 節) 左 装(F 裝) 易 著 急 久 低 岁(F 歲) 需 酒 河 初 游

[qí] marvellous, (=希奇 xīqí) rare, strange [jī] odd (not even) [hài] harmful; 害虫 hàichóng destructive insect; 厉害 lìhai fierce [zēng] (=增加 zēngjiā, =增长 zēngzhǎng) increase [yáng] poplar tree; 三角叶杨 sānjiǎoyèyáng cottonwood [liào] (=材料 cáiliào) material, expect, anticipate; 资料 zīliào means, data, material [zhōu] prefecture; 广州 Guǎngzhōu Canton [jié] joint, section, festival, holiday, (=节日 jiérì) holiday [jiē] knot, link; 节子 jiēzi gnarl, knot (in wood) [zuǒ] left; 左边 zuǒbiān left side [zhuāng] dress up, load, install, (=假装 jiǎzhuāng) pretend [yì] (=容易 róngyì) easy, change; 易经 Yìjīng Book of Changes [zhù] write, book [zhe] (S 着) [zháo] (S 着) [zhuó] (S 着) [zhāo] (S 着) [jí] urgent; 着急 zháojí anxious; 急忙 jímáng in a hurry [jiǔ] (for a) long time [dī] low; 降低 jiàngdī reduce; 低级 dījí elementary; 高低 gāodī height [suì] years old; 岁数 suìshu age; 万岁 wànsuì long life, Your/His Majesty, "Banzai" [xū] (=需要 xūyào) need; 必需 bìxū essential [jiǔ] wine; 啤酒 píjiǔ beer; 喝酒 hējiǔ drink wine [hé] river; 河南省 Hénán shěng Henan Province; 运河 yùnhé canal [chū] beginning, first (in order); 初步 chūbù preliminary; 起初 qǐchū at first [yóu] (=游泳 yóuyǒng) swim, (=旅游 lǚyóu) travel

590

591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599

600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612

严(F 嚴) 铁(F 鐵) 族 除 份 敢 胡 血 企 仍 投 闻(F 聞) 斗 纪(F 紀) 脚(F 腳) 右 苏(F 蘇) 标(F 標) 饭(F 飯) 云

[yán] severe, stern [tiě] iron; 地铁 dìtiě underground, subway [zú] (=民族 mínzú) people, nationality, (=种族 zhǒngzú) race [chú] get rid of, divide, (=除了 chúle) except [fèn] portion, share, copy, <classifier for portion, share, copies of newspapers etc.>, college degree [gǎn] dare; 勇敢 yǒnggǎn brave [hú] recklessly; 胡说 nonsense (F 鬍) (=胡子 húzi) beard (F 衚) 胡同 hútòng lane [xuè] blood [xiě] blood [qǐ] stand on tiptoe, hope for, look forward to; 企业 qǐyè enterprise; 企图 qǐtú attempt; 企鹅 penguin [réng] (=仍然 réngrán, =仍旧 réngjiù) still, yet, as before [tóu] throw; 投票 tóupiào vote [wén] smell, hear; 新闻 xīnwén news [dǒu] 10 liters; 烟斗 yāndǒu tobacco/opium pipe; 北斗星 Běidǒuxīng The Big Dipper, The Plow [dòu] (F 鬥) fight [jì] 世纪 shìjì century; 纪念 jìniàn memento; 纪律 jìlǜ discipline [Jǐ] <family name> [jiǎo] foot; 赤脚 chìjiǎo barefoot; 脚趾 jiǎozhǐ toe [jué] (=角 jiǎo) role, part, character, actor, actress [yòu] right; 右边 yòubiān right side; 左右 zuǒyòu around, nearby, more or less {Compare with 石 shí stone} [sū] 苏醒 sūxǐng revive; 苏州 Sūzhōu; 苏联 Sūlián USSR [biāo] mark; 标准 biāozhǔn standard [fàn] rice, food [yún] say, (F 雲) (=云彩 yúncai) cloud

613 614

615 616 617 618 619

620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640

病 医(F 醫) 阿 答 土 况(F 況) 境 软(F 軟) 考 娘 村 刀 击(F 擊) 仅(F 僅) 查 引 朝 育 续(F 續) 独(F 獨) 罗(F 羅)

[bìng] sick; 毛病 máobing malfunction [yī] (=医学 yīxué) medical science; 医生 yīshēng doctor; 医院 yīyuàn hospital [ā] 阿拉伯 ālābó Arab [ē] 阿弥陀佛 ēmítuógó Amitabha = Buddha preserve us [dá] (=回答 huídá) answer [dā] 答应 dāying respond, promise [tǔ] earth, (=土地 tǔdì) land, (=土壤 tǔrǎng) soil {Compare with 士 shì scholar} [kuàng] 情况 qíngkuàng circumstances; 况且 kuàngqiě moreover [jìng] border, territory; 环境 huánjìng environment [ruǎn] soft; 软件 ruǎnjiàn software [kǎo] (=考虑 kǎolǜ) consider, (=考试 kǎoshì) exam [niáng] mother, aunt [niang] 姑娘 gūniang girl [cūn] village, rustic; 农村 nóngcūn countryside, village [dāo] knife [jī] beat, strike, knock; 打击 dǎjī strike, hitt, attack, assault [jǐn] (=仅仅 jǐnjǐn) only, barely [chá] examine, investigate; 检查 jiǎnchá inspect [Zhā] <family name> [yǐn] draw, stretch, (=引起 yǐnqǐ) cause, (=吸引 xīyǐn) attract [cháo] towards, dynasty; 朝鲜 Cháoxiān Korea [zhāo] (morning) [yù] raise, educate; 教育 jiàoyù education [yō] 杭育 hángyō heave-ho, yo-ho [xù] (=继续 jìxù) continue; 连续 liánxù continuous [dú] only, alone; 独立 dúlì independent [luó] (=罗网 luówǎng) birdnet; 罗马 Luómǎ Rome; 罗盘 luópán

compass [luō] 罗嗦 luōsuo wordy, troublesome; 哩哩罗罗 līliluōluō the sound of boiling/rumbling/etc. 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660

买(F 買) 户(F 戶) 护(F 護) 喝 朋 供 责(F 責) 项(F 項) 背 余 希 卫(F 衛) 列 图(F 圖) 室 乱(F 亂) 刘(F 劉) 爷(F 爺) 龙(F 龍) 咱

[mǎi] buy [hù] door, household; 窗户 chuānghù window [hù] (=保护 bǎohù) guard, protect; 护士 hùshi nurse [hē] drink [hè] shout [péng] 朋友 péngyǒu friend {Compare with 丽 lì beautiul and 册 cè book} [gōng] supply [gòng] confess [zé] duty; 责任 zérèn responsibility [xiàng] (=项目 xiàngmù) item [bèi] back [bēi] carry on the back [yú] I, me, (F 餘) left-over, extra; 其余 the rest; 余弦 cosine [xī] sparse, scattered, watery, this; 希望 xīwàng hope; 希奇 xīqí rare, strange; 希腊 Xīlà Greece [wèi] 保卫 defend; 卫生 sanitary; 卫星 satellite [liè] column, line up; 列车 lièchē train; 排列 páiliè arrange [tú] picture; 地图 dìtú map; 图书馆 túshūguǎn library [shì] room; 教室 jiàoshì classroom; 卧室 wòshì bedroom; 办公室 bàngōngshì office [luàn] chaotic, disorderly, messy; 混乱 hùnluàn chaos [Liú] <family name> [yé] father; 爷爷 yéye grandpa [lóng] dragon; 恐龙 kǒnglóng dinosaur [zán] (=咱们 zánmen) we = you and I

[zan] (abbreviation for 早晚 zǎowǎn) all the time, morning and evening, sooner or later 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676

章 席 错(F 錯) 兄 暗 创(F 創) 排 春 须 承 案 忙 呼 树(F 樹) 痛 沉

[zhāng] chapter, seal, stamp, medal, badge, rules [xí] mat, seat, banquet; 主席 zhǔxí chairperson [cuò] (=错误 cuòwù) mistake; 不错 búcuò not bad, pretty good; 一点儿 不错! yìdiǎnr búcuò! perfectly correct! [xiōng] (elder) brother; 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers {Compare with 儿(F 兄) ér child and 只 zhǐ only} [àn] (=黑暗 hēi'àn) dark; 暗暗 secretly; 阴暗 gloomy; 暗示 hint [chuàng] 创造 chuàngzào create [chuāng] 创伤 chuāngshāng trauma [pái] arrange, row, line [pǎi] 排子车 pǎizìchē handcart [chūn] (=春天 chūntiān, =春季 chūnjì) spring; 春卷 chūnjuǎn spring roll; 春夏秋冬 chūnxiàqiūdōng the four seasons [xū] (F 須) (=必须 bìxū) must, (F 鬚) (=胡须 húxū) beard [chéng] 承认 chéngrèn admit; 继承 jìchéng inherit [àn] desk, (law) case; 答案 dá'àn answer or solution to a problem [máng] hurry, busy; 帮忙 help; 连忙 right away [hū] shout, exhale; 呼吸 hūxī breathe; 欢呼 huānhū cheer [shù] tree; 树林 shùlín woods; 树木 shùmù trees; 树干 shùgàn trunk [tòng] painful; 痛苦 tòngkǔ suffering; 痛快 tòngkuai delighted [chén] to sink; 沉重 chénzhòng heavy [chēn] 黑沉沉 hēichēnchēn pitch-black [a] (used as phrase suffix, indicating obviousness/impatience) [ā] (indicating elation); 啊!我又赢了! ā! Wǒ yòu yíngle! Ha! I've won again! [á] (indicating doubt or questioning), huh?; 啊?你说什么? ?? Nǐ shuō shenme? Huh? What are you saying? [ǎ] (indicating puzzled surprise) [à] (indicating agreement/approval); 啊,好吧! ?, hǎoba! Well, OK!

677

678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688

灵(F 靈) 职(F 職) 乡(F 鄉) 细(F 細) 诉(F 訴) 态(F 態) 停 印 笔(F 筆) 夏 助 福 块(F 塊) 冷 球 姑 划 既 质(F 質) 巴

[líng] clever, spirit, soul, elf; 灵活 línghuó nimble, easy [zhí] duty; 职工 zhígōng staff; 职业 zhíyè occupation [xiāng] countryside, home town [xì] thin; 仔细 zǐxì careful; 细胞 xìbāo cell; 详细 xiángxì detailed [sù] 告诉 gàosu tell; 诉讼 sùsòng lawsuit [tài] form; 态度 tàidu manner; 状态 zhuàngtài state [tíng] (=停止 tíngzhǐ) stop; 停车场 tíngchēchǎng parking lot [yìn] (=印刷 yìnshuā) print, (=印章 yìnzhāng) seal [bǐ] writing implement; 毛笔 brush; 钢笔 pen; 铅笔 pencil [xià] (=夏天 xiàtiān) summer; 春夏秋冬 chūnxiàqiūdōng the four seasons [zhù] (=帮助 bāngzhù) help [fú] blessing, good fortune, (=幸福 xìngfú) happiness, happy; 祝福 zhùfú invoke/wish a blessing; 福建 Fújiàn {It is common to hang calligraphy of this character up-side-down on doors, in order to get people to note that 福倒了 fú dàole = "The 'Fu' is up-side-down", which is pronounced just as 福到了 = "Fortune/happiness has come"} [kuài] piece, lump, chunk, (=元 yuán) Chinese dollar [lěng] cold; 冷静 lěngjìng calm [qiú] ball; 足球 zúqiú football (soccer); 地球 dìqiú the Earth [gū] 姑娘 gūniang girl [huá] row (a boat) (F 劃) scratch [huà] (F 劃) (=计划 jìhuà) plan (F 畫) [jì] since, already; 既然 jìrán since, now that [zhì] (=物质 wùzhì) matter, substance; 质量 zhìliàng quality, mass [bā] 尾巴 wěiba tail; 嘴巴 zuǐbā mouth; 巴西 Bāxī Brazil

689

690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697

[bà] 嘴巴子 zuǐbàzi mouth, a slap in the face 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717

致 湾(F 灣) 演 木 韦(F 韋) 怪 围(F 圍) 静(F 靜) 旁 园(F 園) 否 副 辑(F 輯) 采 食 登 够(F 夠) 赛(F 賽) 米 假

[zhì] send, convey; 一致 yízhì identical, (F 緻) 细致 xìzhì careful [wān] harbor; 台湾 Táiwān [yǎn] (=表演 biǎoyǎn) perform, act, performance [mù] tree, (=木头 mùtou) wood; {Compare with 本 běn root and 大 dà big} [wéi] soft leather, <family name> [guài] blame, (=奇怪 qíguài) strange; 怪物 guàiwu monster [wéi] surround; 围棋 wéiqí Japanese "go" [jìng] still, quiet; 静电 jìngdiàn static electricity [páng] (=旁边 pángbiān) side [bàng] (=傍) [yuán] (=花园 huāyuán) garden, (=公园 gōngyuán) park [fǒu] not; 是否 shìfǒu whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not? [pǐ] bad, inferior; 臧否 zāngpǐ pass judgment (on people) [fù] assist, vice-; 副词 fùcí adverb [jí] 编辑 biānjí edit; 逻辑 luójí <loan> logic [cǎi] pick, gather (F 採) [cài] (F 埰) 采地 càidì fief [shí] eat, (=食物 shíwù, =食品 shípǐn) food [sì] feed [dēng] climb [gòu] enough; 能够 nénggòu be capable of [sài] contest; 比赛 match, race [mǐ] (=米饭 mǐfàn) rice, meter; 玉米 yùmǐ corn [jiǎ] false [jià] (=假期 jiàqī) vacation

718 719 720 721

较(F 較) 姐 楼(F 樓) 获

[jiào] relatively, quite; 比较 bǐjiào compare, relatively [jiǎo] (bǐjiǎo = bǐjiào) [jiě] (=姐姐 jiějie) older sister; 小姐 xiǎojie young lady [lóu] story, building; 大楼 mansion; 楼梯 lóutī stairs [huò] (F 獲) (=获得 huòdé) get, obtain, (F 穫) 收获 shōuhuò harvest

722

[sūn] grandchild; 子孙 zǐsūn children and grandchildren, descendants; 孙 Wùkōng monkey with supernatural powers in 孙(F 孫) 悟空 Sūnto the West"; 孙中山 Sūn Zhōngshān = 孙逸仙the nobel = "Journey Sūn Yixiān Sun Yat-sen, leader of the Republican Revolution and the KMT

723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738

宣 穿 诗(F 詩) 歌 速 忽 堂 敌(F 敵) 试(F 試) 谢(F 謝) 央 怀(F 懷) 顾(F 顧) 验(F 驗) 营(F 營) 止

[xuān] (=宣布 xuānbù) declare; 宣传 propaganda [chuān] penetrate, wear [shī] poem; 诗人 shīrén poet [gē] song; 唱歌 chànggē to sing [sù] fast; 速度 sùdù speed [hū] disregard, (=忽然 hūrán) suddenly, (=忽而 hū'ér) now... [táng] hall; 食堂 shítáng dining hall, canteen; 课堂 kètáng classroom [tāng] 亮堂堂 liàngtāngtāng brightly lit, brilliant [dí] (敌人 dírén) enemy; 敌军 enemy troops [shì] try, test; 考试 kǎoshì test, quiz [xiè] thank; 谢谢 xièxie thanks; 非常感谢 [yāng] entreat, center; 中央 central; 央求 beg, plead [huái] bosom, cherish; 怀疑 huáiyí suspect; 怀念 huáiniàn cherish memory [gù] (=照顾 zhàogu) look after; 顾客 gùkè customer [yàn] (=经验 jīngyàn) experience [yíng] camp; 营火 campfire; 营业 do business [zhǐ] (=停止 tíngzhǐ) stop

739 740 741

姓 养(F 養)

[xìng] family name; 姓名 xìngmíng full name (family name and personal name); 您贵姓 Nín guìxìng? (May I ask for) your family name, Sir/Madame? [yǎng] raise, nourish; 营养 yíngyǎng nutrition

[lì] 美丽 měilì beautiful; 壮丽 majestic 丽(F 麗) [Lí] Korea {Compare with 朋 péng friend and 册 cè book} [shǔ] belong to, be subordinate to, born in a specific year acoording to the 属(F 屬) Chinese calendar [zhǔ] enjoin

742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757

景 郭 依 威 按

[jǐng] scene, scenery; 风景 fēngjǐng scenery, landscape [guō] outer wall of city, <family name> [yī] (=依靠 yīkào) depend on, comply with, according to; 依然 yīrán still [wēi] 威胁 wēixié threaten, imperil; 示威 shìwēi demonstrate; 挪威 Nuówēi Norway [àn] press, (=按照 ànzhào) according to; 按摩 ànmó massage

[è] evil 恶(F 惡) [wù] (厌恶) hate [ě] (恶心) nauseous

慢 座 罪 维(F 維) 渐(F 漸) 胜(F 勝) 藏 皇 街

[màn] slow [zuò] (=座位 zuòwèi) seat, place, stand, pedestal, base, <classifier for mountains, bridges etc.> [zuì] crime, guilt [wéi] 纤维 xiānwéi fiber; 维护 wéihù safeguard; 思维 síwéi think [jiàn] (=渐渐 jiànjiàn, =逐渐 zhújiàn) gradually [jiān] dip/soak in liquid [shèng] (=胜利 shènglì) victory, triumph, win [cáng] store; conceal, hide [zàng] (=西藏 Xīzàng) Tibet [huáng] 皇帝 huángdì emperor; 皇后 huánghòu empress [jiē] street; 街道 street, neighborhood; 街头 street-corner

758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774

激 异(F 異) 摘 角 瞧 负(F 負) 施 模 草 某 银(F 銀) 露 阵(F 陣) 值 班 层(F 層) 修 差 味 织(F 織)

[jī] surge, dash, (=激动 jīdòng) excite; 激烈 jīliè intense [yì] different; 异常 yìcháng unusual [zhāi] pick, take off, select [jiǎo] horn, corner, dime [jué] actor, role [qiáo] look [fù] carry on shoulder, suffer, negative [shī] carry out; 措施 cuòshī to measure, step; 施工 construction [mó] 模范 mófàn model; 模仿 mófǎng imitate [mú] 模样 múyàng appearance; 模子 múzi mold, pattern, die [cǎo] grass; 草莓 cǎoméi strawberry [mǒu] certain, some; 某人 mǒurén somebody [yín] silver; 银行 yínháng bank [lù] (=露水 lùshui) dew, show, reveal, betray [lòu] reveal [zhèn] battle array, <classifier for phases, spells etc.>; 一阵风 yí zhèn fēng a short period of time [zhí] (=值得 zhíde) be worth, (=价值 jiàzhí) value [bān] class, work; 上班 shàngbān go to work; 值班 zhíbān be on duty [céng] layer, level, storey [xiū] repair, decorate; 修改 xiūgǎi revise [chà] differ, wrong [chā] 差别 difference [chāi] 出差 [cī] rank [cuō] stumble [wèi] (=味道 wèidao) flavor, taste [zhī] weave, knit; 组织 zǔshī organize; 纺织 fǎngzhī spin and weave

775

776 777

778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799

药(F 藥) 馆(F 館) 密 亮 律 习(F 習) 田 简(F 簡) 免 毒 归(F 歸) 波 型 屋 换(F 換) 救 寄 帝 退 洋 丝(F 絲) 湖

[yào] medicine, drug [guǎn] building; 饭馆 restaurant [mì] thick, dense [liàng] bright, light, shine, loud and clear; 漂亮 piàoliang handsome, beautiful, remarkable, brilliant, smart [lǜ] 法律 fǎlǜ law; 律师 lǜshū lawyer; 纪律 jìlǜ discipline; 旋律 xuánlǜ tune, melody [xí] 练习 liànxí practice; 学习 xuéxí study; 习惯 xíguàn habit [tián] field; 田野 tiányě open country [jiǎn] 简单 jiǎndān simple; 简体字 jiǎntǐzì simple form character [miǎn] exempt; 避免 bìmiǎn avoid; 免费 miǎnfèi free [dú] (毒物) poison; (毒品) drug; 病毒 virus [guī] return [bō] (=波浪 bōlàng) wave; 波长 bīchánga wavelength [xíng] mould, type; 典型 diǎnxíng typical [wū] (屋子 wūzi) room, (=房屋 fángwū) building; 屋顶 roof [huàn] change, exchange [jiù] help, rescue; 救命 jiùmìng! Help! Save me! [jì] to mail; 寄生虫 jìshēngchóng parasite [dì] emperor; 帝国 dìguó empire; 上帝 Shàngdì God [tuì] go backwards, (=后退 hòutuì) retreat; 撤退 chètuì withdraw [yáng] (=海洋 hǎiyáng) ocean; 太平洋 Tàipíng Yáng Pacific Ocean [yāng] 暖洋洋 nuǎnyāngyāng warm [sī] silk, thread [hú] lake; 湖泊 húpō lakes; 湖南 Húnán; 湖北 Húběi

800 801 802

睡 劳(F 勞) 妇(F 婦) 伯 尼 皮 祖 雄 婚 康 评(F 評) 追 哈 络(F 絡) 店 翻 环(F 環) 礼(F 禮) 跑

[shuì] (=睡觉 shuìjiào) sleep [láo] (=劳动 láodòng) labor [lào] encourage, console [fù] (=妇女 fùnǚ) woman; 夫妇 fūfù married couple [bó] eldest brother, uncle [bǎi] 大伯子 dàbǎizi eldest brother of one's husband [bai] 叔伯 shūbai cousinship on father's side [bà] (=霸) {Compare with 佰 bǎi hundred} [ní] 尼姑 Buddhist nun; 尼加拉瓜 Níjiālāguā Nicaragua; 尼龙 nílóng nylon [pí] (=皮肤 pífū) skin [zǔ] (祖先 zǔxiān) ancestor; 祖母 zǔmǔ grandmother [xióng] powerful, male; 英雄 yīngxióng hero; 雄伟 xióngwěi grand; 雄 鸡 xióngjī rooster [hūn] (=结婚 jíehūn) marry; 婚礼 hūnlǐ wedding; 婚姻 hūnyīn marriage [kāng] 健康 jiànkāng health; 康熙字典 Kāngxī Zìdiǎn dictionary compiled in the Kangzi period [píng] criticize, comment, review [zhuī] pursue [hā] exhale, sip, aha!, <the sound of laughter, etc.> [hǎ] <family name> [hà] 哈撒 hàsa shake, swing; 哈什蚂 hàshimǎ Chinese forest frog [luò] net, twine [lào] 挂络 guàlào involvement, implication [diàn] (=商店 shāngdiàn) store, shop; 饭店 fàndiàn restaurant [fān] turn over; 翻译 fānyì translate [huán] ring; 环境 huánjìng environment, surroundings [lǐ] ceremony; 婚礼 hūnlǐ wedding; 礼貌 lǐmào polite [pǎo] run [páo] paw the earth

803

804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818

819 820 821

超 叶

[chāo] (=超过 chāoguò) go past, exceed, (=超级 chāojí) super [yè] (F 葉) leaf (of a plant) [xié] harmonize

[yā] press, pressure 压(F 壓) [yà] 压根 yàgēn from the start, in the first place, altogether, entirely, totally, at all, simply

822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839

占 均 永 烈 奖(F 獎) 婆 赶(F 趕) 富 兰(F 蘭) 录(F 錄) 画(F 畫) 遇 顿(F 頓) 艺(F 藝) 普 判 源 亿(F 億)

[zhān] fortune telling [zhàn] occupy; 占领 zhànlǐng capture [jūn] even; 平均 píngjūn average [yǒng] (=永远 yǒngyuǎn) always, forever, eternal {Compare with 水 shuǐ water} [liè] (=强烈 qiángliè) intense; 热烈 ardent; 烈士 martyr [jiǎng] prize, award; 奖金 bonus; 奖学金 scholarship [pó] old lady; 老婆 lǎopo wife [gǎn] catch up [fù] (=富有 fùyǒu) rich; 丰富 fēngfù abundant; 财富 cáifù wealth [lán] 兰花 lánhuā orchid [lù] record; 记录 jìlù take notes; 录音机 tape recorder [huà] draw, picture [yù] meet; 遇到 yùdào encounter [dùn] to pause, meal [yì] skill, (=艺术 yìshù) art; 文艺 wényì literature and art [pǔ] 普通 pǔtōng common; 普通话 Pǔtōnghuà Common Speach = Mandarin; 普遍 pǔbiàn universal [pàn] judge; 批判 pīpàn criticize [yuán] (=来源 láiyuán) source, origin; 资源 zīyuán resources [yì] 100 million

840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 857 859 860

素 船 继(F 繼) 尚 嘴 察 雨 优(F 優) 您 险(F 險) 烟 阶(F 階) 担(F 擔) 散 板 钟 访(F 訪) 妹 伸 佛 限

[sù] plain, white, vegetarian; 因素 yīnsù factor, element [chuán] boat, ship; 渡船 dùchuán ferry; 宇宙飞船 yǔzhòu fēichuán "cosmic flying boat" = spaceship [jì] (=继续 jìxù) continue; 继承 jìchéng inherit [shàng] esteem; 高尚 gāoshàng noble, lofty [shang] 和尚 héshang monk [zuǐ] (嘴巴 zuǐba) mouth; 嘴唇 zuǐchún lip [chá] 观察 guānchá observe; 警察 jǐngchá police [yǔ] rain; 雨水 rainwater; 暴风雨 bàofēngyǔ rainstorm [yōu] excellent; 优良 fine; 优秀 outstanding; 优越 yōuyuè superior [nín] <polite> you; 您贵姓 Nín guìxìng? (May I ask for) your family name, Sir/Madame? [xiǎn] (危险 wēixiǎn) danger; 保险 bǎoxiǎn insurance [yān] (F 煙) smoke, cigarette, mist [yīn] (=氤) [jiē] (=台阶) steps; 阶级 class; 军阶 rank; 阶段 phase [dān] carry on a shoulder pole [dàn] two buckets full, 50 kg. [sàn] break up, distribute, dispel [sǎn] fall apart, scattered [bǎn] board, hard, (F 闆) 老板 lǎobǎn shopkeeper, proprietor, boss [zhōng] (F 鐘) bell, clock; 三点钟 3 o'clock, (F 鍾) 钟爱 zhōng'ài dote on, <family name> [fǎng] (=访问 fǎngwèn) visit; 采访 gather material [mèi] (妹妹 mèimei) little sister; 姐妹 jiěmèi sisters {Compare with 妺 mò = wife of the last ruler of the Xia dynasty} [shēn] stretch [Fó] Buddha; 佛教 Fójiào Buddhism [fú] 仿佛 fǎngfú seem [xiàn] limit, bounds; 有限 limited; 限制 restrict

861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881

[tǎo] (=讨论 tǎolùn) discuss; 讨厌 tǎoyàn digusting 讨(F 討) {讨口彩 tǎokǒucǎi = 讨个吉利(话) tǎo ge jílì(huà) to ask for something as a token of good omen}

临(F 臨) 吴(F 吳) 摇(F 搖) 跳 曲 练(F 練) 构(F 構) 玩 玉 犯 厂(F 廠) 肯 协(F 協) 幸 挥(F 揮) 效

[lín] overlook, be adjacent to; 临时 temporary [Wú] <family name>, Wu Kingdom (222-280 A.D.) [yáo] shake [tiào] jump; 跳伞 tiàosǎn parachute; 跳舞 tiàowǔ dance [qū] (=弯曲 wānqū) curved [qǔ] melody [liàn] white silk, (=练习 liànxí) practice [gòu] 结构 jiégòu structure; 构成 constitute; 构造 [wán] play; 玩具 wánjù toy; 好玩儿 hǎowánr fun [yù] (玉石 yùshí) jade; 玉米 yùmǐ corn {Compare with 王 wáng king} [fàn] violate; 犯罪 fànzuì commit a crime; 罪犯 criminal [chǎng] (=工厂 gōngchǎng) factory [kěn] be willing to, consent; 肯定 kěndìng definitely [xié] 协作 xiézuò cooperate [xìng] good fortune, luck; 幸福 xìngfú happy [huī] wave, wield; command an army; 挥手 wave (one's hand) [xiào] (=效果 xiàoguǒ) effect, result; 有效 yǒuxiào effective

[qí] 整齐 zhěngqí neat; 一齐 yìqí together 齐(F 齊) [zhāi] (=斋) [zī] (=粢)

封 温(F 溫) 疑

[fēng] to seal; 封建 feudal; 信封 envelope [wēn] (=温暖 wēnnuǎn) warm; 温度 wēndù temperature [yí] (怀疑 huáiyí) doubt, suspect; 迟疑 chíyí hesitate

882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902

肉 攻 纸(F 紙) 策 充 顶(F 頂) 寻(F 尋) 宁(F 寧) 沙 防 抓 例 股 卖(F 賣) 顺(F 順) 警 梦(F 夢) 剧(F 劇) 善 蒙 票

[ròu] flesh, meat; 肌肉 jīròu muscle {Compare with 内 nèi inside} [gōng] (=进攻 jìngōng, =攻击 gōngjī) attack; 专攻 specialize in studying [zhǐ] paper; 报纸 bàozhǐ newspaper [cè] plan; 政策 zhèngcè policy [chōng] fill; 充分 chōngfèn full, ample; 充满 chōngmǎn full of [dǐng] top, <classifier for hats etc.>; 一顶帽子 yì dǐng màozi a hat [xún] (=寻找 xúnzhǎo) seek [xín] 寻思 xínsi [nìng] (=宁愿 nìngyuàn, 宁可 jìngkě) prefer, rather [níng] 宁静 tranquil [shā] sand; 沙漠 shāmò desert; 沙丘 shāqiū dune; 沙发 shāfā <loan> sofa [fáng] embankment, guard, protect, anti[zhuā] grab, seize, arrest, attract, scratch [lì] (=例子 lìzi) example; 例如 lìrú for instance [gǔ] thigh, section [mài] sell; 苹果怎么卖? Píngguǒ zěnme mài? How much are the apples? [shùn] along, in the same direction as, obey, suitable [jǐng] 警察 jǐngchá police; 警告 jǐnggào warn [mèng] dream [jù] drama, play, opera; 剧烈 jùliè severe [shàn] good; 改善 gǎishàn improve; 善于 be good at [méng] to cover, ignorant [mēng] cheat [Měng] 蒙古 Měnggǔ Mongolia [piào] ticket

903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915

良 范 坚(F 堅) 端 靠 杂(F 雜) 贵(F 貴) 怒 稿 拍 率 旧(F 舊) 掉 啦 莫 授 守 油 恩 积(F 積)

[liáng] (优良 yōuliáng, 良好) good; 良心 liángxīn conscience [fàn] <family name>; (F 範) 范围 fànwéi scope, range; 模范 mófàn model, fine example [jiān] hard, solid, firmly; 坚持 persist; 坚定 firm [duān] hold sth. level with both hands, extremity, end [kào] lean on, rely on, keep close to, come up to, near [zá] mixed; 复杂 fùzá complicated; 杂志 zázhì magazine [zā] 拉里拉杂 lālilāzā rambling [guì] expensive, valuable [nù] anger, rage [gǎo] stalk of grain, draft, sketch, manuscript [pāi] clap, paddle; 乒乓拍 pīngpāngpāi ping-pong paddle [lǜ] rate, proportion; 频率 pínlǜ frequency [shuài] 率领 shuàilǐng lead, command [jiù] old (not new) (compare with 老 lǎo old, not young; 新 xīn new) [diào] drop, fall [la] corresponding to 了 le plus 啊 a, <interjection indicating excitement/doubt> [lā] 呼啦啦 hūlālā flapping sound [lá] 啦啦 lálá chat, gossip, jaw; 啦呱 láguā chat, gossip [mò] nothing; not; 莫大 mòdà greatest; 莫名其妙 mòmíngqímiào baffling, inexplicable [shòu] award, give; teach; 教授 jiàoshòu professor [shǒu] guard; 保守 bǎoshǒu conservative [yóu] oil; 汽油 qìyóu gasoline; 酱油 jiàngyóu soy sauce [yōu] 绿油油 lǜyōuyōu bright/fresh green; 碧油油 bìyōuyōu bluish green [ēn] kindness; 周恩来 Zhōu ēnlái [jī] accumulate; 积极 jījí positive; 面积 area

916

917 918 919 920 921 922

923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942

益 县(F 縣) 哭 罢(F 罷) 庭 窗 扬(F 揚) 忘 午 卡 雪 菜 牌 牛 脱(F 脫) 博 丈 弹(F 彈) 洲 松

[yì] (=利益 lìyì) advantage, profìt [xiàn] county; 县长 xiànzhǎng county magistrate [kū] cry, weep [bà] stop; 罢工 strike; 罢了 bàle that's all [pí] (=疲) tired, weary, exhausted [tíng] 家庭 jiātíng family; 法庭 court; 庭院 courtyard [chuāng] (=窗户 chuānghu, =窗口 chuāngkǒu) window; 窗帘 curtain [yáng] raise; 发扬 fāyáng develop, promote [wàng] (=忘记 wàngjì) forget [wáng] 忘八 [wǔ] 中午 noon; 上午 morning; 下午 afternoon; 午饭 lunch {Compare with 牛 niú cow} [kǎ] block, calory, card [qiǎ] checkpoint [xuě] snow; 雪花 xuěhuā snowflake; 滑雪 huáxuě to ski [cài] vegetable, dish [pái] tablet, brand, cards, dominoes; 牌子 páizi sign, label, logo [niú] ox, cow, bull; 牛奶 niúnǎi milk {Compare with 午 wǔ noon} [tuō] take off; 脱离 tuōlí break away [bó] abundant, plentiful; 博士 Ph.D.; 博爱 universal love; 博物馆 bóqùguǎn museum [zhàng] 10 chǐ = 3 1/3 meters, to measure land, male elder relative/person; 丈夫 zhàngfu husband [dàn] 炸弹 bomb; 子弹 bullet [tán] 弹吉他 play guitar [zhōu] continent; 亚洲 Yàzhōu Asia; 欧洲 ōuzhōu Europe; 非洲 Fēizhōu Africa [sōng] pine tree; 松鼠 squirrel, (F 鬆) loose

943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963

坏 邓(F 鄧) 鲜(F 鮮) 短 毕(F 畢) 置 楚 欧(F 歐) 略 智 岛(F 島) 抗 妻 抱 载(F 載) 败(F 敗) 枪(F 槍) 适(F 適) 虚(F 虛) 预(F 預) 睛

[huài] (F 壞) bad [pī] (=坯) [Dèng] <family name> [xiān] fresh [xiǎn] few, rare; 朝鲜 Korea [duǎn] short (opposite of 长 cháng) [bì] 毕业 bìyè graduate; 毕竟 bìjìng after all [zhì] put, place; 位置 wèizhi position [chu] 清楚 qīngchu clear [chǔ] 苦楚 kǔchǔ misery [ōu] 欧洲 ōuzhōu Europe; 欧姆 ōumǔ ohm [lüè] brief, slight; 略微 lüèwēi slightly [zhì] 智慧 zhìhuì wisdom; 智力 zhìlì intellegence [dǎo] island [kàng] (=抵抗 dǐkàng) resist; 反抗 revolt; 抗议 protest [qī] (=妻子 qīzi) wife [bào] hug, embrace [zài] carry, be loaded with [zǎi] 记载 put down in writing [bài] (失败 shībài) lose, be defeated; 腐败 fǔbài corrupt [qiāng] gun [chēng] 欃枪 chánchēng comet [shì] 合适 héshì suitable, appropriate [dí] 适从 dícóng follow, go to [xū] empty, void; 谦虚 qiānxū modest; 虚心 xūxīn open-minded; 空虚 kōngxū hollow [yù] 预备 prepare; 预先 beforehand; 预报 forecast [jīng] eye [jing] 眼睛 yǎnjing eye

964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985

刺 爹 纷(F 紛) 介 括 销(F 銷) 降 鱼(F 魚) 奔 忍 宗 盘(F 盤) 耳 野 讯(F 訊) 配 禁 索 赵(F 趙) 默 徒 架

[cì] thorn, prick, stab, irritate, (=刺杀 cìshā) assassinate [cī] wham [diē] dad; 爹爹 diēdie daddy; 爹地 diēdì daddy [fēn] 纷纷 one after another; 纠纷 jiūfēn dispute; 纷乱 [jiè] 介绍 jièshào introduce; 介词 preposition [kuò] 包括 bāokuò include; 概括 gàikuò generalize [xiāo] melt (metal), remove, sell; 脱销 sold out [jiàng] fall, descend [xiáng] 投降 tóuxiáng surrender [yú] fish; 金鱼 jīnyú goldfish; 鲨鱼 shāyú shark [bēn] run fast, flee [bèn] go straight towards [rěn] endure, tolerate; 忍不住 rénbuzhù can't bear, can't resist [zōng] ancestor, clan, faction; 宗教 religion; 祖宗 ancestry [pán] disk, tray; 算盘 suànpán abacus; 棋盘 chessboard [ěr] (=耳朵 ěrduo) ear; 耳机 earphone, headphones [yě] wild [xùn] interrogate; 通讯 tōngxùn news report [pèi] match, deserve; 分配 distribute; 配合 pèihé cooperate [jìn] (禁止 jìnzhǐ) prohibit [jīn] endure; 不禁 bùjīn can't resist (doing something) [suǒ] rope; 思索 sīsuǒ think deeply; 索性 suǒxìng simply, just [Zhào] <family name> [mò] silent; 默默 mòmò silently; 沉默 chénmò reticent; 幽默 yōumò humor [tú] on foot, follower; 徒弟 túdi apprentice; 匪徒 fěitú gangster [jià] frame, rack, shelf, put up, <classifier for planes, radios etc.>; 一架飞

机 yí jià fēijī an aeroplane; 书架 shūjià bookshelf 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006

灯(F 燈) 峰 状(F 狀) 款 移 爸 托 洪 升 伙 订(F 訂) 毫 狐 镇(F 鎮) 床 互 套 旅 逃 骂(F 罵) 输(F 輸)

[dēng] lamp [fēng] mountain peak [zhuàng] (=状态 zhuàngtài, =状况 zhuàngkuàng) condition, state of affairs [kuǎn] fund [yí] (=移动 yídòng) move; 转移 shift, transform; 移植 transplant [bà] dad; 爸爸 bàba daddy [tuō] hold in the palm, rely on; 委托 wěituō entrust [hóng] (=洪水 hóngshuǐ) flood, vast, <family name>; 洪亮 hóngliàng loud and clear, magnanimity [shēng] liter, rise, ascend [huǒ] <classifier for groups, crowds, bands etc.>, group of people. (=伙 伴 huǒbàn) partner; 家伙 jiāhuo fellow [dìng] conclude (compare with 定 dìng decide) [háo] long fine hair, milli-; 毫不 háobù not at all [hú] 狐狸 húli fox [zhèn] town, press down, calm, cool [chuáng] bed; 床单 chuángdān sheet; 河床 river bed [hù] 互相 hùxiāng each other; 相互 xiānghù mutually, reciprocal [tào] set, cover; 手套 glove; 一套衣服 yí tào yīfu a (full) suit (of clothing) [lǚ] (=旅行 lǚxíng) travel; 旅馆 lǚguǎn inn; 旅行社 lǚxíngshè travel agency [táo] (逃跑 táopǎo) escape, flee [mà] curse; 妈妈骂马吗? Māma mà mǎ ma? Does mama curse the horse? [shū] transport, lose (compare with 赢 yíng win)

1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027

唱 靖 秘 词(F 詞) 困 泪(F 淚) 熟 财(F 財) 鬼 骨 申 欲 征 私 舞 秋 巨 迎 秀 搞 丁

[chàng] sing; 唱歌 [jìng] 绥靖 suíjìng pacify, appease [mì] 秘密 mìmì secret; 秘书 secretary [bì] 秘鲁 Peru [cí] word; 词典 cídiǎn dictionary; 动词 dòngxí verb; 词汇 cíhuì vocabulary [kùn] (=困难 kùnnán) difficult, (F 睏) tired [lèi] (眼泪, 泪水) tear; 泪珠 teardrop [shú] cooked, ripe, familiar; 熟悉 shúxī know well [shóu] <colloquial variant> [cái] wealth; 发财 fācài get rich [guǐ] ghost; (魔鬼 móguǐ) devil; 鬼子 guǐzi foreign devil [gǔ] (骨头 gǔtou) bone [gū] 骨碌 gūlu roll [shēn] explain {Compare with 甲 jiǎ helmet and 由 yóu from} [yù] desire, wish; 欲望 yùwàng desire, lust [zhēng] journey; 长征 The Long March, attack, (F 徵) evidence, levy [sī] (私人) personal, (=私有 sīyǒu) privately owned, be private, (=自私 zìsī) selfish [wǔ] (跳舞 tiàowǔ) dance [qiū] autumn, fall; 春夏秋冬 chūnxiàiūdōng the four seasons [jù] (=巨大 jùdà) huge, gigantic [yíng] (欢迎 huānyíng) welcome [xiù] 优秀 yōuxiù excellent; 秀才 xiùcai scholar [gǎo] do [dīng] 4th in a series, cubes (in food preparation), <family name> [zhēng] 丁丁 zhēngzhēng clang, clank

1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049

吸 审(F 審) 遍 墙(F 牆) 朱 圣(F 聖) 避 跃(F 躍) 忌 桌 执(F 執) 悲 域 晓(F 曉) 弄 亡 桥(F 橋) 辈(F 輩) 闪(F 閃) 隐(F 隱) 劲(F 勁) 闹(F 鬧)

[xī] inhale; 呼吸 hūxī breathe; 吸收 xīshōu absorb; 吸引 xīyǐn attract [shěn] 审判 shěnpàn bring to trial; 审问 interrogate [biàn] all over, everywhere; 普遍 universal, <classifier for repetitive times/occurrences>; 再说一遍! Zài shuō yí biàn! Say (it) once more! [qiáng] (=墙壁 qiángbì) wall [zhū] vermilion, bright red [shèng] holy; 圣人 sage, saint; 圣诞节 Shèngdànjié Christmas [bì] (避免 bìmiǎn) avoid; 逃避 táobì escape, evade [yuè] leap [jì] envy, avoid, quit; 忌讳 jìhui taboo [zhuō] table; 一张桌子 yì zhāng zhuōzi one table [zhí] hold in hand; 执行 zhíxíng carry out [bēi] 悲哀 grieved; 悲观 pessimistic; 悲剧 tragedy [yù] (math:) field; 领域 territory; 流域 valley; 区域 region [xiǎo] dawn; (晓得 xiǎode) know [nòng] do; 弄臣 nòngchén court jester [lòng] 里弄 alley [wáng] flee, lose, die [qiáo] bridge [bèi] generation; 先辈 older generation, ancestors [shǎn] (闪开) get out of the way, flash; 闪电 lightning [yǐn] hidden; 隐约 yǐnyuē faint, indistinct [jìn] strength, energy, spirit [jìng] 强劲 [nào] (热闹) noisy; 闹钟 alarm clock

1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071

恐 呀 付 敬 监(F 監) 厅(F 廳) 库(F 庫) 震 材 冰 醒 庆(F 慶) 绿(F 綠) 腿 述 徐 尊 硬 额(F 額) 误(F 誤) 借 纳(F 納)

[kǒng] (=恐怕 kǒngpà) I'm afraid; 恐怖 kǒngbù terror [ya] <sentence final particle like 啊 a> [yā] ah, oh [fù] pay [jìng] (尊敬 zūnjìng) respect [jiān] 监狱 prison; 监督 supervise [jiàn] eunuch [tīng] hall; 餐厅 cāntīng dining room [kù] warehouse; 数据库 shùjùkù database [zhèn] shake, shock; 地震 earthquake [cái] (=材料 cáiliào) material; 教材 jiàocái teaching material [bīng] ice; 冰箱 bīngxiāng refrigerator; 冰凉 bīngliáng ice-cold; 冰岛 Bīngdǎo Iceland; 冰淇淋 bīngqilín icecream [xǐng] become sober, wake up; 提醒 remind [qìng] 庆祝 qìngzhù celebrate; 庆贺 qìnghè congratulate; 庆幸 qìngxìng rejoice [lǜ] (绿色 lǜsè) green [lù] (in some place names) [tuǐ] leg; 腿脚 ability to walk; 腿腕子 ankle; 大腿 thigh [shù] state, narrate; 描述 describe; 上述 above-mentioned [xú] slowly, gently, <family name> [zūn] (尊重, 尊敬) respect [yìng] hard; 硬件 yìngjiàn hardware [é] (前额) forehead; 定额 quota [wù] (=错误 cuòwù) mistake [jiè] borrow, lend [nà] receive, accept, enjoy, pay, sew

1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092

折 售 遗(F 遺) 暴 缺 迷 鲁(F 魯) 探 货(F 貨) 童 缓(F 緩) 伟(F 偉) 君 庄(F 莊) 凡 危 烧(F 燒) 彩 抢(F 搶) 控 胸

[zhé] fold; break; change direction [shé] break [zhē] turn over [shòu] sell; 售货 sell goods [yí] 遗传 yíchuán inherit; 遗憾 yíhàn regret [wèi] give [bào] violent, sudden; 暴露 expose [pù] (=曝) [quē] (缺乏 quēfá) lack, be short of; 缺点 quēdiǎn shortcoming [mí] be lost; 我迷了路 Wǒ míle lù I am lost; 迷信 míxìn superstition, blind faith/worship [lǔ] <family name>; (鲁莽 lǔmǎng) rude; dull [tàn] (=探索 tànsuǒ) explore [huò] (=货物 huòwù) goods; 货币 huòbì money, currency [tóng] 儿童 értóng children [huǎn] (缓慢 huǎnmàn) slow [wěi] (伟大) great, mighty; 宏伟 hóngwěi, 雄伟 xióngwěi grand [jūn] (=君主 jīnzhǔ) monarch, sovereign, (=君子 jūnzǐ) gentleman; 暴君 tyrant [zhuāng] village; 庄稼 zhuāngjia crops; 庄严 solemn [fán] ordinary; (凡是 fánshì) every; 非凡 extraordinary [wēi] 危险 dangerous; 危机 crisis; 危害 endanger [shāo] roast, cook, burn (compare with 炒 chǎo stir-fry) [cǎi] (色彩 sècǎi) colour; 彩色 cǎisè multicolour [qiǎng] rob; snatch; scrape [qiāng] 呼天抢地 [kòng] (控诉 kòngsù) accuse, (=控制 kòngzhì) control [xiōng] (胸膛, 胸脯) chest; (胸怀) heart, mind

1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114

戏(F 戲) 篇 趣 束 谓(F 謂) 概 射 课(F 課) 洞 麻 杯 透 邮(F 郵) 荣(F 榮) 懂 拥(F 擁) 献(F 獻) 洗 休 迫 叹(F 嘆) 狗

[xì] (戏剧 xìjù) drama, play; 游戏 yóuxì game [piān] sheet of paper, piece of writing [qù] interest, fun; 兴趣 interest; 趣味 interest, taste [shù] bundle; 束缚 shùfù tie up; 结束 jiéshù finish [wèi] call; 所谓 so-called [gài] 大概 roughly, most likely; 概念 concept; 气概 spirit [shè] shoot, fire, send out; 注射 inject; 射箭 archery [kè] lesson; 课本 kèběn textbook [dòng] hole, cave [má] hemp, (=芝麻 zhīma) sesame; 麻烦 máfan bother [mā] 麻麻黑 māmahēi dusk; 乱麻麻 luànmāmā messy, disorderly [bēi] cup; 干杯 gānbēi cheers [tòu] penetrate, thorough; 透镜 tòujìng lens; 透明 transparent [yóu] 邮局 yóujú post office; 邮票 yóupiào stamp [róng] (=光荣 guāngróng, =荣誉 róngyù) glory, honor [dǒng] understand [yōng] embrace, crowd; 拥护 yōnghù support; 拥挤 yōngjǐ crowded [xiàn] donate; 贡献 gòngxiàn contribution [xǐ] wash; 洗澡 xǐzǎo bath, shower [Xiǎn] <family name> [xiū] stop, (=休息 xiūxi) rest; 退休 retire; 休养所 rest home [pò] compel; 压迫 yāpò oppress; 被迫 bèipò be compelled [pǎi] 迫击炮 pǎijīpào mortar [tàn] sigh [gǒu] dog; 猎狗 liègǒu hound; 疯狗 fēnggǒu mad dog

1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135

偷 阴(F 陰) 汽 拜 横(F 橫) 鼓 健 厚 签(F 簽) 丹 洛 喊 蓉 轮(F 輪) 岸 奶 淡 潮 训(F 訓) 圆(F 圓) 卷

[tōu] steal; 小偷 xiǎotōu thief [yīn] opposite of 阳 yáng; 阴沉, 阴天 cloudy; 阴暗 gloomy [qì] vapor, steam; 汽由 qìyóu gasoline; 汽车 qìchē car [bài] honor, worship; 礼拜 lǐbài week [bái] 拜拜 báibai bye-bye [héng] horizontal [hèng] perverse [gǔ] beat, play, drum, arouse [gū] 胖鼓鼓 pànggūgū fat, plump, full, bulging [jiàn] 健康 jiànkāng health [hòu] thick, deep, kind, rich (food) (compare with 薄 báo thin) [qiān] 签订 qiāndìng conclude and sign (treaty, etc); 签名 qiānmíng signature [dān] cinnabar, red; 丹田 dāntián pubic region; 丹麦 Dānmài Denmark [Luò] name of a river in 河南 Hénán and 陕西 Shǎnxī [hǎn] (=喊叫 hǎnjiào, 呼喊 hūhǎn, 叫喊 jiàohǎn) shout, cry out [róng] (=城都 Chéngdū); 芙蓉 fúróng lotus, cottonrose hibiscus [lún] wheel [àn] shore [nǎi] breasts, milk [dàn] thin, light; 淡蓝 dànlán (= 浅蓝 qiǎnlán) light blue [cháo] tide; (=潮湿 cháoshī) moist; 高潮 gāocháo climax [xùn] lesson [yuán] round, circle; (sometimes used for 元 yuán dollar) [juǎn] roll; 春卷 spring roll (F 捲) [juàn] volume, book, exam paper [quán] (=鬈 quán) curly hair

1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157

释(F 釋) 诸(F 諸) 妙 唯 夺(F 奪) 逐 燕 呆 测(F 測) 浪 抽 盖(F 蓋) 偏 阅(F 閱) 购(F 購) 途 纵(F 縱) 耶 摸 挂(F 掛) 航 择(F 擇)

[shì] 解释 jiěshì explain; 释放 shìfàng release [zhū] all, various, <family name> [miào] wonderful, subtle; 莫名其妙 mòmíngqímiào be baffled [wéi] 唯物主义 wéiwùzhǔyì materialism [wěi] <expressing acceptance of a request/command> [duó] force one's way; 夺取 seize, capture; 争夺 fight for [zhú] expel, pursue, one by one; 逐渐 gradually; 逐步 step by step [yàn] (=燕子 yànzi) swallow (bird) [Yān] <family name> [dāi] stupid, silly, foolish, stay; 呆板 dāibǎn stiff [ái] 呆板 áibǎn stiff [cè] (测量 cèliáng) survey, measure; 观测 guāncè observe [làng] (=波浪 bōlàng) wave (of water); 浪费 waste [chōu] take out; shrink; whip; 抽烟 smoke tobacco [gài] cover, shell; 盖子 lid [piān] slanting, leaning; stubbornly; unfortunately [yuè] experience, pass through, review; (阅读 yuèdú) read [gòu] (购买 gòumǎi) purchase [tú] way, route; 前途 prospect; 途经 via [zòng] longitudinally; 操纵 cāozòng operate; 纵对 zòngduì column, file [yé] <archaic interrogative particle>, (=爷 yé) grandfather [Yē] 耶稣 Yēsū Jesus [mō] feel, stroke; 摸索 mōsuo grope; 捉摸 zhuōmō fathom [guà] hang, put up [háng] sail, fly; 航行 hángxíng navigate; 航空 aviation [zé] (=选择 xuǎnzé) choose

[zhái] choose 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177

恨 舍 拳 竹 唐 誉(F 譽) 乘 弱 检(F 檢) 宫(F 宮) 仪(F 儀) 旗 含 袁 址 摆(F 擺) 奥(F 奧) 番 混 灭(F 滅)

[hèn] hate [shè] 宿舍 sùshè dormitory [shě] (F 捨) give up, abandon; 舍不得 shěbùdé be loathe to leave at home [quán] box (with fists); 太极拳 tàijíquán Taiji shadowboxing [zhú] bamboo [táng] <family name>, Tang Dynasty, boastfull, exaggerated; (唐突 tángtū) rude [yù] praise; 荣誉 róngyù honor; 名誉 míngyù fame [chéng] ride (a vehicle); multiply [shèng] chariot [ruò] weak; 微弱 wēiruò faint; 软弱 ruǎnruò feeble [jiǎn] (=检查 jiǎnchá) inspect [gōng] palace, temple, <family name>; 子宫 zǐgōng womb [yí] ceremony, rite, gift, (=仪表 yíbiǎo) appearance, bearing, (=仪器 yíqì) instrument, apparatus [qí] flag [hán] keep in mouth, contain [Yuán] <family name> [zhǐ] foundation of a building; 地址 dìzhǐ address [bǎi] put, arrange, sway, wave; 摇摆舞 yáobǎiwǔ "shake-sway-dance", waggle dance (of bees), rock 'n' roll [ào] 奥秘 àomì secret, mystery; 奥妙 àomiào profound, secret [fān] <classifier for kinds, times, occurrences etc.>; 番茄 fānqié tomato [Pān] 番禺 Pānyú county in Guǎngdōng [hùn] mix up; 混乱 hùnluàn chaos [hún] muddy, muddled [miè] extinguish; 消灭 eliminate; perish; 歼灭 annihilate

1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198

握 牙 虑(F 慮) 召 猛 宽(F 寬) 盛 核 袋 绍(F 紹) 补(F 補) 典 圈 丰 雅 吉 赞(F 贊) 茶 亦 谷 稳(F 穩)

[wò] hold, grasp; 掌握 comprehend [yá] (=牙齿 yáchǐ) tooth [lǜ] (考虑 kǎolǜ) consider; 忧虑 yōulǜ worry about [zhào] 召开 zhàokāi convene [měng] fierce [kuān] wide, broad, extend, relax [chéng] fill; contain [shèng] flourishing; 茂盛 luxuriant [hé] pit, nucleus; 核桃 hétao walnut [hú] 核儿 húr <colloquial> pit [dài] bag, pocket [shào] 介绍 jièshào introduce [bǔ] mend [diǎn] 典型 diǎnxíng typical; 古典 classical; 词典 dictionary [quān] circle [juàn] pen, sty [juān] shut up in a pen [fēng] good-looking (F 豐) 丰富 fēngfù abundant [yǎ] 文雅 wényǎ cultured, refined; 雅致 yǎzhi elegant [yā] 鸦片 yāpiàn opium [jí] lucky, auspicious [zàn] 赞成 approve of; 称赞 praise [chá] tea; 茶叶 cháyè tea leaves; 红茶 hóngchá "red tea" = black tea [yì] also; 反之亦然 fǎnzhīyìrán and vice-versa [gǔ] (山谷) valley; (F 穀) (=谷物 gǔwù) grain; 谷子 gǔzi millet [wěn] (稳定 wěndìng) stable, steady; 稳当 wěndang reliable

1199

[huì] (F 彙) gather together; 汇报 guìbào to report; 词汇 cíhuì vocabulary; (F 匯) converge, remit

1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218

[lì] 厉害 lìhai terrible, formidable, <family name> 厉(F 厲) [lài] name of an ancient country {Compare with 历 lì experience}

届(F 屆) 迹(F 跡) 雷 序 寒 附 鸡(F 雞) 遭 挑 肩 忆(F 憶) 柔 戴 惜 隔 豪 诚(F 誠) 瑞

[jiè] to fall due, <classifier for year of graduation, regular sessions, meetings, etc.> [jì] (=痕迹 hénjì) mark, trace, vestige; 奇迹 qíjì miracle [léi] thunder; 雷雨 thunderstorm; 雷达 radar [xù] 秩序 zhìxu order; 程序 procedure; 次序 order [hán] (寒冷) cold [fù] enclose, attach; 附近 fùjìn vicinity, nearby [jī] chicken; 宫保鸡丁 gōngbǎo jīdīng spicy diced chicken [zāo] meet with disaster [tiāo] (挑选) choose [tiǎo] poke; 挑战 challenge [tāo] 挑达 tāotà walk casually to and fro [jiān] (肩膀 jiānbǎng) shoulder; (肩负 jiānfù) take on [yì] (记忆 jìyì, 回忆 huíyì) remember, recall; memory [róu] yielding; 柔软 róuruǎn soft; 柔和 róuhe gentle [dài] put on; 戴眼镜 dài yǎnjìng wear glasses; 戴上帽子 dàishang màozi put on a hat [xī] (珍惜) cherish; 可惜 kěxī it's too bad; 不惜 bùxī not hesitate [gé] separate, stand between; 隔壁 next door [háo] (=毫不 hǎobù, =好不 hǎobù) not at all [chéng] (诚实) honest [ruì] auspicious, good omen; 瑞雪 timely snow

1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239

减(F 減) 播 麼 针(F 針) 棋 竞(F 競) 臂 挺 操 腰 狂 替 梅 固 伦(F 倫) 宋 钢(F 鋼) 诺(F 諾) 残(F 殘) 延 虎

[jiǎn] subtract; 减少 jiǎnshǎo decrease [bō] sow, seed; 广播 broadcast; 传播 disseminate [me] (S 么) [mó] 麽(F 麼) 幺麽 yāomó petty, insignificant [zhēn] needle; 方针 policy; 针刺 zhēncì acupuncture [qí] board game; 象棋 chess; 围棋 Go; 跳棋 Checkers [jìng] 竞争 jìngzhēng compete; 竞赛 contest [bì] (手臂 shǒubì) arm [bei] 胳臂 gēbei arm [tǐng] quite, very; endure, stand; 挺立 stand upright [cāo] conduct, grasp; 操纵 cāozòng operate [cào] make trouble [yāo] waist [kuáng] (疯狂 fēngkuáng) crazy [tì] in place of; (代替 dàitì) replace, substitute [méi] plum, prune; 梅花 plum blossom; 梅林 plum grove [gù] 巩固 gǒnggù consolidate; 固定 gùdìng fixed [lún] 伦理 lúnlǐ ethics [Sòng] the Song dynasty (960-1279); 宋体字 Sòng tǐzì "Song"-typeface [gāng] steel; 钢笔 fountain pen; 钢琴 piano [gàng] sharpen [nuò] 诺言 nuòyán a promise [cán] injure, barbarous, incomplete, remnant [yán] (延长 yáncháng) prolong [hǔ] (老虎 lǎohǔ) tiger [hū] 马马虎虎 mǎmahūhū [hù] 虎不拉 hùbulǎ <zool.> shrike

1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261

迅 灾(F 災) 悄 岳 乔(F 喬) 川 仇 季 吹 粮(F 糧) 聚 译(F 譯) 珠 叔 谋(F 謀) 础(F 礎) 仁 损(F 損) 融 辆(F 輛) 净(F 凈) 敏

[xùn] 迅速 xùnsù rapid, swift [zāi] (灾难 zāinàn, 灾害 zāihài) disaster [qiāo] 悄悄 qiāoqiāo quietly [qiǎo] 悄声 qiǎoshēng quietly [yuè] high mountain, wife's parents, <family name> [qiáo] <family name>; 乔木 qiáomù arbor [chuān] river; 四川省 Sìchānshěng Sichuan Province; 冰川 bīngchuān glacier [chóu] revenge, hatered, <family name>; 报仇 bàochóu get revenge [qiú] mate, <family name> [jì] (=季节 jìjié) season; 冬季 dōngjì winter; 四季 sìjì four seasons [chuī] blow [liáng] (粮食 liángshi) grain, food [jù] gather, get together; 核聚变 héjùbiàn nuclear fusion [yì] (翻译 fānyì) translate [zhū] (珠子 zhūzi) pearl, bead; 眼珠子 eyeball; 泪珠 teardrop [shū] (=叔叔 shūshu) uncle, father's younger brother [móu] scheme; 阴谋 conspiracy [chǔ] 基础 jīchǔ foundation, base, basis; 础石 chǔshí plinth [rén] benevolence, humanity [sǔn] decrease; damage; 损失 sǔnshī lose, loss [róng] (融化) melt (ice or snow; cf 熔 róng) [liàng] 车辆 car; 两辆车 liǎng liàng chē two cars [jìng] clean, complete; only; 干净 gānjìng clean [mǐn] 敏捷 mǐnjié agile; 敏感 mǐngǎn sensitive; 敏锐 mǐnruì acute

1262 1263 1264 1265

伊 仙 巧 零 累 享 伴 荡(F 蕩) 珍 勇 末 奋(F 奮) 胆(F 膽) 弃(F 棄) 烦(F 煩) 糊 犹(F 猶) 税(F 稅) 培 抵

[yī] <family name>, he or she; 伊斯兰 Yīsīlán Islam [xiān] fairy, saint, immortal celestial being; 仙女 fairy maiden [qiǎo] clever, coincidentally; 巧妙 qiǎomiào ingenious [líng] zero; 零件 língjiàn spare part; 零钱 spare change [līng] 孤零零 gūlīnglīng solitary, all alone; 丁零零 dīnglīnglīng tinkle, jingle [lèi] tired; work hard [lěi] 积累 accumulate [léi] (F 纍) [xiǎng] (=享受 xiǎngshòu) enjoy (compare with 亨 hēng) [bàn] accompany; 伙伴, 同伴 companion [dàng] swing, sway; loaf about; 扫荡 wipe out; 震荡 shake [zhēn] (珍宝) treasure: 珍珠 pearl; 珍贵 precious [yǒng] 勇敢 yǒnggǎn brave; 勇气 courage; 勇士 brave warrior [mò] end, minor details; 末儿 mòr powder; 周末 zhōumò weekend [me] (=么 me); 什末 shénme what? {Compare with 未 wèi haven't} [fèn] 奋斗 fèndòu struggle; 兴奋 xīngfèn excited [dǎn] gallbladder, guts, bravery, internal parts [qì] (放弃 fàngqì, 抛弃 pāoqì) abandon, give up [fán] be vexed; 麻烦 máfan trouble, bother; 不耐烦 bú nàifán impatient [hú] paste; 糊涂 hútu muddled [hū] plaster [hù] paste [yóu] still, yet; 犹豫 yóuyù hesitate; 犹如 yóurú as if [shuì] tax [péi] 培养 foster, train, develop; 培育 cultivate, breed [dǐ] support; (抵抗 dǐkàng) resist

1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281

1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301

僧 锋(F 鋒) 乃 遥(F 遙) 摩 坦 後(S 后) 眉 餐 惯(F 慣) 凭(F 憑) 冠 抬 碰 币(F 幣) 启(F 啟)

[sēng] monk [fēng] 锋利 sharp; 冲锋 charge, assault; 先锋 vanguard [nǎi] be, so, only then, you [yáo] distant, remote; long [mó] 按摩 ànmó massage; 摩擦 mócā rub; friction [mā] 摩挲 māsa gently stroke, smooth rub, massage [tǎn] 平坦 level; 坦然 calm; 坦克 tank [hòu] after [méi] eyelash; 眉头 brows; 眉毛 eyebrow; 眉目 looks [cān] meal [guàn] be used to; 习惯 xíguàn be used to, habit, custom [píng] lean on, based on, (= 不论 búlùn) no matter [guān] hat, crown [guàn] first place; 冠军 guànjūn champion [tái] lift, raise, carry [pèng] bump into; 碰见 happen to meet [bì] money, currency; 硬币 coin; 人民币 rénmínbì RMB. [qǐ] open; start; enlighten; 启发 arouse, inspire

[mǎ] <classifier for cloth, happenings, etc.>; 两码事 liǎng mǎ shì two 码(F 碼) entirely differeint things/matters; 码头 mǎtou wharf, dock; 号码 hàomǎ (serial) number, code

冒 汗 俗

[mào] emit, risk, pretend to be, <family name>; 感冒 catch a cold [hàn] (汗水 hànshuǐ) sweat, perspiration [hán] 可汗 kèhán [sú] common, rustic, vulgar, custom; 俗话 proverb, saying

1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323

灰 督 穷(F 窮) 颇(F 頗) 倾(F 傾) 尖 韩(F 韓) 贸(F 貿) 仿 孤 飘(F 飄) 漫 予 紫 侧(F 側) 沿 拔 袖 梁 赏(F 賞) 幕 壁

[huī] ash, dust, grey, disheartened [dū] 监督 jiāndū supervise [qióng] poor; 无穷 wúqióng infinite [pō] quite, rather [qīng] lean; 倾向 tendency, prefer; 倾斜 slant [jiān] point, tip; 尖锐 jiānruì sharp [Hán] <family name>; (old name for Korea) [mào] 贸易 màoyì trade [fǎng] resemble, be like, (=模仿 mófǎng) imitate, copy; 仿佛 seem; 仿造 copy [gū] alone; 孤儿 orphan; 孤立 isolated; 孤独 lonely [piāo] float in the air, flutter; 飘扬 flutter, wave [màn] overflow; 漫长 endless; 浪漫 làngmàn <loan> romantic [yǔ] (=予以 yǔyǐ, =给予 jǐyǔ) give, grant [yú] <archaic> (=吾 wú) I, me [zǐ] purple, violet [cè] side [zhāi] 侧歪 zhāiwai slant [yán] along; 沿海 yánhǎi coastal; 沿儿 yánr water's edge [bá] raise, pull; 提拔 promote; 海拔 elevation [xiù] (袖子) sleeve; 领袖 leader; 袖珍 pocket-sized; 短袖 duǎnxiù Tshirt [liáng] bridge, roof beam; 桥梁 bridge; 脊梁骨 backbone [shǎng] reward, admire; 欣赏 xīnshǎng enjoy, appreciate [mù] curtain; act (of play); 屏幕 píngmù screen [bì] wall, cliff; 墙壁 qiángbì wall (la pared)

1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344

旦 晨 纯(F 純) 闭(F 閉) 凉(F 涼) 扫(F 掃) 尤 炮 碗 贴(F 貼) 插 滚(F 滾) 缘(F 緣) 寺 贝(F 貝) 润(F 潤) 氏 冬 扩(F 擴) 栏(F 欄) 荒

[dàn] <archaic> dawn; 一旦 in one day; once; 元旦 New Year's Day [chén] (早晨 zǎochen) morning [chún] (纯洁 chúnjié) pure; (单纯 dānchún) simple [bì] shut [liáng] cool, cold [liàng] make cool [sǎo] sweep; 打扫 dǎsǎo clean up [sào] 扫帚 sàozhou broom [yóu] fault; outstanding; 尤其 yóuqí especially [pào] cannon; 炮弹 shell [bāo] quick-fry [páo] 炮制 concoct [wǎn] bowl [tiē] stick, paste, glue, stay close to [chā] insert, stick in; 插头 plug [gǔn] roll, boil [yuán] 缘故 cause, reason; 边缘 edge; 绝缘 insulate [sì] temple, Buddhist monastery [bèi] shellfish; cowrie; (money); 贝壳 bèiké shell {Compare with 见 jiàn see} [rùn] 湿润 shīrùn moist; 利润 lìrùn profit; 润滑 rùnhuá lubricate [shì] surname, family name, (=氏族 shìzú) clan [zhī] 月氏 Yuèzhī Indo-Scyths (nomadic people in Central Asia) [dōng] (=冬天 dōngtiān, =冬季 dōngjì) winter; 冬眠 dōngmián hibernation; 春夏秋冬 chūnxiàqiūdōng the four seasons [kuò] 扩大 kuòdà enlarge, expand [lán] fence, railing [huāng] desolate, wasteland, famine; 荒谬 huāngmiù absurd

1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365

哲 逼 吓(F 嚇) 堆 撞 郎 俩(F 倆) 蓝(F 藍) 闲(F 閑) 辛 镜(F 鏡) 陪 骑(F 騎) 蛋 促 羊 宜 嘛 颜(F 顏) 贫(F 貧) 幅

[zhé] 哲学 zhéxué philosophy [bī] force, compel; close in on [xià] frighten, scare [hè] (=恐吓 kǒnghè) threaten, <interj.> [duī] pile, heap [zuī] 归里包堆 guīlibāozuī altogether, all in all [zhuàng] collide, run into [láng] young man; 新郎 bridegroom. <family name> [làng] 屎壳郎 [liǎ] two, both; 我们俩 wǒmen liǎ the two of us [liǎng] 伎俩 jìliǎng trick, intrigue, maneuver, skill, dexterity, craft [lán] (蓝色) blue [xián] idle, free time; 闲话 digression, complaint [xīn] suffering; 辛苦 xīnkǔ work hard [jìng] (=镜子 jìngzi) mirror, lens; 眼镜 yǎnjìng glasses [péi] (=陪同 péitóng) accompany; 陪嫁 péijià dowry [qí] ride (horse/bike) [jì] 乘骑 chéngjì saddle horse; rider [dàn] egg; 鸡蛋 chicken egg; 蛋白质 protein [cù] urge; urgent; 促进 cùjìn promote; 促使 cùshǐ impel, urge [yáng] sheep; 山羊 shānyáng goat; 羊年 yángnián year of the Sheep = 8th year [yí] (=适宜 shìyí) suitable [yi] 便宜 piányi cheap [ma] <particle for persuation> [má] <interrogative particle> (=吗 ma) [yán] 颜色 yánsè colour; 颜面 yánmiàn face [pín] (=贫苦 pínkù, =贫穷 píngqióng) poor [fú] width of cloth, size, <classifier for cloth, paintings etc.>; 一幅画 a picture

1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386

驻(F 駐) 萍 污 杰(F 傑) 扑(F 撲) 壮(F 壯) 萨(F 薩) 刑 忧(F 憂) 貌 狱(F 獄) 塞 凤(F 鳳) 孔 触(F 觸) 恋(F 戀) 岂(F 豈) 森 繁 碎 津

[zhù] stay, halt, be stationed [píng] (=浮萍 fúpíng) duckweed [wū] foul; 污染 wūrǎn pollution [jié] 杰出 outstanding; 杰作 masterpiece [pū] pounce on; flap wings; 扑灭 pūmiè extinguish; 扑克 pūkè <loan> Poker [zhuàng] robust, magnificent; 壮丽 majestic; 壮族 [sà] 菩萨 púsà bodhisattva, benevolent being, <family name> [xíng] punishment [yōu] worry, grieve; 忧郁 yōuyù sad; 忧虑 worry about [mào] (面貌) appearance; 礼貌 polite [yù] lawsuit; (监狱 jiānyù) prison, jail [sāi] fill in, stuff, cork [sè] (=堵塞 dǔsè) block up, obstruct [sài] place of strategic importance, border pass [fèng] male phoenix (fabulous bird of good omen) [kǒng] hole; 孔子 Kǒngzǐ Confucius; 面孔 miànkǒng face [chù] touch; 接触 jiēchù get in touch; 触角 antenna [liàn] 恋爱 love (as in love affair) [qǐ] (rhetorical adverb); 岂有此理 qǐyǒucǐlǐ What kind of reasoning is that?, Nonsence! [sēn] (=森林 sēnlín) forest [fán] numerous; 繁殖 fánzhí breed; 繁荣 flourishing; 繁体字 fán tǐzì full forms of simplified characters [suì] smash to pieces [jīn] ferry crossing, ford, saliva, sweat, moist, damp; 津津有味 jīnjīnyǒuwèi (to do someting) with pleasure, to be appetizing

1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408

侠(F 俠) 隆 迟(F 遲) 辉(F 輝) 狠 析 缩(F 縮) 穴 萧(F 蕭) 怨 磨 伏 辞(F 辭) 泥 龄(F 齡) 径(F 徑) 鼻 赖(F 賴) 仰 愤(F 憤) 慕 俄

[xiá] 侠客 xiákè chivalrous warrior; 侠义 chivalrous [lóng] 隆重 lóngzhòng grand; 隆起 lóngqǐ swell [lōng] 轰隆隆 hōnglōnglōng tumble, roll [chí] tardy; 迟到 arrive late; 迟疑 hesitate; 推迟 put off [zhì] 迟旦 zhìdàn dawn, daybreak [huī] shine; 光辉 radiance, glory; 辉煌 huīhuáng brilliant [hěn] ruthless [xī] 分析 fēnxī analyse [suō] shrink [xué] cave, hole, den, grave, acupuncture point [xiāo] desolate [yuàn] resentment, complain [mó] rub, wear down [mò] mill, grind(stone) [fú] bend over, subside; 伏天 hot summer days; 起伏 rise and fall [cí] take leave; diction, poetry, language [ní] mud; 泥土 soil [nì] putty [líng] (年龄) age; duration [jìng] path, way; (直径 zhíjìng) diameter; 途径 tújìng channel, way, through [bí] (=鼻子 bízi) nose; 鼻孔 bíkǒng nostril [lài] rely; hang around; blame falsely; deny error [yǎng] face upward; 信仰 xìnyǎng (religious) faith [fèn] (=气愤 qìfèn, =愤怒 fènnù) angry [mù] 羡慕 xiànmù envy; admire; 爱慕 àimù adore [é] very soon, suddenly; 俄国 ?guó Russia

1409 1410 1411 1412

映 询(F 詢) 惨(F 慘) 麦(F 麥) 宿 倍 粗 腾(F 騰) 稍 截 染 乌(F 烏) 愈

[yìng] shine [xún] 询问 xúnwèn ask about, inquire [cǎn] tragic; savage [mài] wheat, etc; 麦片 màipiàn oatmeal; 麦克风 màikèfēng <loan> microphone [sù] stay overnight, <family name> [xiǔ] <classifier for nights>; 住一宿 zhù yì xiǔ stay one night [xiù] constellation in Chinese astronomy [bèi] times; 三倍 three times (as much) [cū] thick, rough, coarse [téng] jump, gallop, vacate; 沸腾 boiling [tēng] thump [shāo] (稍稍, 稍微) a little, a bit, slightly [shào] 稍息 [jié] cut, stop; section, length; 半截 half a section [rǎn] to dye; catch (disease); 染料 dye; 污染 pollution [wū] (=乌鸦 wūyā) crow, (=乌黑 wūhēi) black; 乌龟 wūguī tortoise {Compare with 马 mǎ horse and 鸟 niǎo bird} [yù] heal, get better; 愈…愈… (like 越 yuè)

1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428

[gǎng] mound, sentry 岗(F 崗) [gāng] 花岗石 huāgāngshí granite [gàng] 岗口 gànkǒu delicious sweet

柳 铺(F 鋪) 涉 疾 挡(F 擋) 奉

[liǔ] willow [pū] spread, unfold; pave [pù] shop, store; plank bed; 卧铺 [shè] wade, ford, go through, involve; 干涉 gānshè interfere [jí] (=疾病 jíbìng) illness; 疾苦 jíkǔ hardship [dǎng] ward off, block, gear (of car) [dàng] 摒挡 bìngdàng arrange, get ready [fèng] accept, offer; 奉命 receive orders; 奉承 flatter

1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449

踏 忠 伍 躲 籍 努 朗 箱 裁 帐(F 帳) 兼 彼 霞 猪(F 豬) 悉 扎 劝(F 勸) 薄 筑(F 築) 俊 鞋

[tà] step on; 糟蹋 (=糟蹋 zāota) zāota ruin, waste, insult, affront [tā] (=塌 tā) collapse, sink, calm down [zhōng] faithful [wǔ] (=五 wǔ) five, <family name>; 队伍 duìwǔ troops [duǒ] hide (oneself), avoid, dodge [jí] book, registry, native place, membership; 国籍 guójí nationality [nǔ] 努力 nǔlì try hard [lǎng] 爽朗 shuǎnglǎng, 明朗 bright and clear; 朗讼 recite [xiāng] box [cái] cut cloth or paper; reduce; decide; sanction [zhàng] curtain; 蚊帐 mosquito net; 帐篷 tent; account [jiān] double; simultaneously: 兼容 compatible [bǐ] 彼此 bǐcǐ each other [xiá] rosy clouds [zhū] pig; 猪年 zhūnián the year of the pig = the 12th year [xī] 熟悉 shúxī know well, be familiar with [zhā] prick [zhá] 挣扎 zhēngzhá struggle [zā] 包扎 [quàn] advise [báo] thin [bó] slight; 薄弱 weak [bò] 薄荷 bòhe peppermint [zhù] build, construct; 建筑学 architecture [jùn] handsome, pretty; 英俊 brilliant, talented [xié] shoe

1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470

距 侵 欣 挤(F 擠) 媒 吐 魂 洁(F 潔) 枝 盈 阻 陷 甲 郑(F 鄭) 鸣(F 鳴) 倘 剩 颗(F 顆) 拖 舒 惠

[jù] (距离 jùlí) distance [qīn] (=侵略 qīnlüè, =侵入 qīnrù) invade, intrude into [xīn] 欣赏 xīnshǎng enjoy [jǐ] squeeze; crowd; push, jostle; 拥挤 yōngjǐ crowded [méi] go-between, matchmaker; 媒介 medium, intermediary [tǔ] spit [tù] (呕吐 ǒutù) vomit [hún] (灵魂 línghún) soul, spirit, mood [jié] (=纯洁 chúnjié) pure, (=清洁 qīngjié) clean, sanitay; 洁白 jiébái pure white, spotless [zhī] branch [qí] (=歧 qí) fork, brach, divergent [yíng] full; 盈利 yínglì profit, have a surplus [zǔ] block; 阻止 zǔzhǐ prevent; 电阻 diànzǔ resistance [xiàn] pit, trap; cave in; 陷入 sink/fall into [jiǎ] helmet; 指甲 zhījia fingernail; 甲虫 beetle {Compare with 申 shēn explain and 由 yóu from} [zhèng] <family name>; 郑重 zhèngzhòng serious, solemn [míng] cry of birds, animals, insects; ring, sound; express [tǎng] (=倘若 tǎngruò) if, supposing [shèng] be left over, remain, (=剩余 shèngyú) surplus, left over, remain [kē] grain, small round object, <classifier for small round things>; 一颗 珠子 yì kē zhūzi one pearl [tuō] pull, drag; procrastinate [shū] stretch; 舒服 shūfu comfortable; 舒畅 shūchàng carefree [huì] 恩惠 ēnhuì favor, kindness; 贤惠 xiánhuì virtuous (女)

1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479

昏 振 戒 丧(F 喪) 焦 爬 凌 慧 偶 晃 桃 赤 烂(F 爛) 骗(F 騙) 措 页(F 頁) 凶 泰 尸(F 屍) 坡 勒

[hūn] dusk, dark, to faint [zhèn] shake, stimulate; 振动 vibration; 振奋 inspire [jiè] forbid; 戒严 jièyán enforce martial law; 戒指 jièzhi ring [sàng] lose (by death), lose (sth. important); 丧失 sàngshī forfeit [sāng] mourning; 丧事 sāngshì funeral arrangements [jiāo] burnt; (焦炭) coke; 焦急 jiāojí anxious; 焦点 focus [pá] crawl, climb [pā] 矮爬爬 ǎipāpā squat, short [líng] insult; encroach; draw near; 凌晨 língchén before dawn [huì] 智慧 zhìhuì wisdom [ǒu] (偶然 ǒurán) by chance, even number {Compare with 奇 jī odd} [huàng] (摇晃 yáohuang) shake, sway [huǎng] dazzle [huāng] [táo] (桃子) peach; 桃花 peach blossom; 樱桃 yīngtáo cherry [chì] red, bare; 赤道 chìdào equator; 赤脚 chìjiǎo barefoot [làn] messy; 灿烂 cànlàn splendid [lān] [piàn] (欺骗) deceive; cheat, swindle; 骗局 hoax; 骗子 swindler [cuò] arrange; 措施 cuòshī measure, step [yè] page [xiōng] terrible; 凶恶 xiōng'è fiendish; 凶猛 xiōngměng ferocious [tài] peace, quiet; 泰国 Thailand; 泰山 Tàishān Mount Tai, something of great importance [shī] corpse, 尸体 shītǐ dead body [pō] slope, hillside; 坡度 pōdù slope, gradient [lēi] tie or strap tightly [lè] 勒索 lèsuǒ

1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491

1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512

疗(F 療) 塔 尘(F 塵) 躺 殊 慰 坛 甘 咬 拒 彪 炸 井 崇 饮(F 飲) 祝 汪 牢 桂 尾 漂

[liáo] treat, cure; 疗法 therapy [tǎ] pagoda, tower [da] 泥圪塔; 树圪塔 [chén] (灰尘 huīchén) dust [tǎng] lie down [shū] 特殊 tèshū special, particular [wèi] 安慰 comfort, console; 慰问 express sympathy for [tán] (F 壇) altar, raised plot of ground; (F 罈) jar, jug [gān] sweet; 甘蔗 gānzhe sugarcane; 甘肃 Gānsù {Compare with 日 rì sun} [yǎo] bite; bark; pronounce [jù] resist; (拒绝 jùjué) refuse [biāo] young tiger [zhà] (爆炸 bàozhà) explode, blow up [zhá] deep fry [jǐng] (water) well, <family name> [chóng] worship, high, sublime [yǐn] drink [yìn] give animals water to drink [zhù] express good wishes; 庆祝 qìngzhù celebrate; 祝贺 zhùhè congratulate; 祝福 zhùfú invoke/give blessing [wāng] 汪汪 wāngwāng tearful, bow-wow; 汪洋 boundless (ocean) [láo] firm, durable; (牢房 láofáng) prison; 牢固 láogù sturdy [guì] laurel (bay) tree; 桂林 Guìlín [wěi] (=尾巴 wěiba) tail [yǐ] 后尾 hòuyǐ <colloquial> end, behind [piāo] float [piào] 漂亮 paiòliang beautiful

[piǎo] 漂白 piǎobái bleach 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518

聊 撒 恰 凝 矛 於 宾(F 賓) 绪(F 緒) 彭 肚 匆 描 粉 贼(F 賊) 乏 盾 愁 斜 裂 滑

[liáo] just, slightly; 无聊 wúliáo bored, silly; 聊天儿 liáotiānr chat, gossip [sā] cast, let go [sǎ] scatter, sprinkle [qià] (恰当 qiàdàng) appropriate, suitable; 恰好 qiàhǎo just right [níng] 混凝土 hùnníngtǔ concrete; 凝视 níngshì stare; 凝固 nínggù solidify [máo] spear; 矛盾 máodùn "spear-shield" = contradiction [Yū] <family name> [wū] <archaic> sigh and exclaim [yú] (S 于) in, at, to, from, by, than [bīn] guest; 宾馆 bīnguǎn hotel {Compare with 兵 bīng soldier} [xù] 情绪 qíngxù mood, depression; 头绪 tóuxù lead, clue [Péng] <family name> [dù] (肚子 dùzi) stomach [dǔ] tripe [cōng] urgent, rushed; 匆匆 cōngcōng hurriedly, obviously, apparently; 匆忙 cōngmáng in a hurry [miáo] trace, touch up; 描写 miáoxiě describe [fěn] powder; 洗衣粉 xǐyīfěn laundry detergent; 粉红色 fěnhóngsè pink [zéi] thief [fá] (=缺乏 quēfá) lack; 疲乏 pífá tired; 贫乏 pínfá poor [dùn] shield; 矛盾 máodùn "spear-shield" = contradiction [chóu] worry [xié] slanting; 斜边 xiébiān hypoteneuse; 斜率 xiélǜ slope [liè] split, crack: 分裂 fēnliè split, divide, break up, fission [liě] crack open [huá] slip, slide, smooth, slippery; 滑冰 huábīng ice-skate

1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532

1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 1538 1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547 1548

斐 废(F 廢) 寂 涌 详(F 詳) 汤(F 湯) 彻(F 徹) 玄 斤 轰(F 轟) 奸 怜(F 憐) 朵 佳 皆

[fěi] to possess literary talent; 斐然 fěirán brilliant (of literature); 斐济 Fěijì Fiji [fèi] waste [jì] 寂寞 jìmò lonely; 寂静 jìjìng quiet (place); 沉寂 chénjì quiet [yǒng] gush, pour, rise, surge; 汹涌 xiōngyǒng turbulent [xiáng] 详细 xiángxì detailed; 端详 duānxiáng details; 安详 ānxiáng serene [tāng] hot water, soup [shāng] 汤汤 shāngshāng to flow turbulently [chè] 彻底 chèdǐ thorough; 贯彻 guànchè carry out, implement [xuán] black, dark, profound, abstruse; 玄学 xuánxué metaphysics [jīn] half a kilogram; 公斤 gōngjīn kilogram [hōng] bang, boom, rumble, bomb, attack, drive out; 轰轰烈烈 hōnghōnglièliè grand, spectacular [jiān] treacherous, traitor; (F 姦) adultery; 强奸 qiángjiān rape [lián] 可怜 kělián poor, pitiful [duǒ] (=朵儿 duǒr) flower, <classifier for flowers, clouds etc.>; 一朵花 yì duǒ huā; 一朵云 [duo] 耳朵 ěrduo ear [jiā] good, beautiful [jiē] <slightly archaic> all, everyone

[niǎo] bird 鸟(F 鳥) [diǎo] (=屌) {Compare with 乌 wu crow}

1549 1550 1551 1552

邦 扶 毁(F 毀) 聪(F 聰)

[bāng] nation, state, country; 城邦 chéngbāng city-state; 乌托邦 wūtuōbāng utopia [fú] support with the hand, help [huǐ] destroy; 毁灭 huǐmiè exterminate [cōng] 聪明 cōngming clever, intelligent, bright

1553 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 1561 1562 1563 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571 1572 1573

辩(F 辯) 瓶 饿(F 餓) 蛇 捕 搬 沈 枫(F 楓) 舅 幽 魔 琴 挣(F 掙) 聘 弯(F 彎) 墓 欺 悟 蒋(F 蔣) 臣 返

[biàn] (辩论 biànlùn) debate, argue; 辩证 diagnosis [píng] (=瓶子 píngzi) bottle [è] hungry [shé] snake [yí] 虚与委蛇 xūyǔwēiyí pretended interest and sympathy [bǔ] catch; 逮捕 dàibǔ arrest [bān] move; 搬家 move house [Shěn] <family name>, liquid essence; (F 瀋) 沈阳 Shěnyáng; 墨沈未干 mòshěnwèigān "before the ink is dry" [chén] (=沉) to sink [fēng] Chinese sweet gum (tree); maple [jiù] 舅舅 jiùjiu uncle, mother's brother [yōu] 幽静 secluded; 幽默 humor; 幽暗 gloomy; 幽灵 ghost [mó] evil spirit, (=恶魔 èmó, =魔鬼 móguǐ) demon; 魔术 móshù magic [qín] zither-like instrument; 钢琴 piano; 小提琴 violin [zhèng] struggle; earn [zhēng] 挣扎 zhēngzhá struggle [pìn] engage; 聘请 pìnqǐng engage, invite [wān] curve, bend [mù] (=坟墓 fénmù) grave, tomb [qī] (=欺骗 qīpiàn) cheat, deceive, (=欺负 qīfu) bully [wù] realize; 觉悟 consciousness; 孙悟空 [Jiǎng] <family name> [chén] high official, overseer, (=大臣 dàchén) minister [fǎn] (=返回 fǎnhuí) return, go back

1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592 1593

违(F 違) 亏(F 虧) 丢(F 丟) 援 赫 魏 耐 佩 酸 盟 胖 傻 绕(F 繞) 哼 秦 屈 辱 昨 瘦 暂(F 暫)

[wéi] disobey, (=违反 wéifǎn, =违背 wéibèi) violate; 违法 wéifǎ break the law [kuī] lose (money); 吃亏 chīkuī suffer a loss, come to grief, treat unfairly; 幸亏 xìngkuī fortunately, luckily [diū] lose, misplace [yuán] hold, help; 支援 zhīyuán support; 援助 yuánzhù help [Hè] <family name>, hertz [Wèi] one of the Three Kingdoms, name of several dynasties, <family name> [nài] be able to endure; 有耐心 yǒubàixīn patient; 不耐烦 bú nàifán impatient [pèi] wear (at the waist), admire, pendant waist ornament; 佩服 pèifu admire; 敬佩 jìngpèi esteem [suān] sour, acid [méng] (联盟 liánméng) alliance, pact [míng] 盟誓 míngshì oath of alliance [pàng] fat, plump [pán] <archaic> easy and comfortable [shǎ] stupid, idiotic; 傻子 shǎzi, 傻瓜 shǎguā idiot [rào] wind, coil, move around; 围绕 wéirào surround [hēng] groan, snort, hum [hng] humph [Qín] the Qin Dynasty 221-207 B.C., <family name> [qū] bend, submit, injustice; 屈服 qūfú surrender, yield; 委屈 wěiqu feel wronged, srong somebody [rǔ] 侮辱 wǔrǔ insult, humiliate; 耻辱 chǐrǔ shame [zuó] (=昨天 zuótiān) yesterday; 昨晚 zuówǎn yesterday evening {Compare with 咋 zǎ how} [shòu] thin, lean, frail, skinny [zàn] (=暂时 zànshí) temporary

1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1612 1613 1614

箭 署 赴 递(F 遞) 猜 潜(F 潛) 鸿(F 鴻) 绩(F 績) 耀

[jiàn] arrow; 火箭 huǒjiàn rocket; 箭头 jiàntóu arrowhead [shǔ] (=署名 shǔmíng, =签署 qiānshǔ) sign one's name; 部署 bùshǔ deploy [fù] go to, attend [dì] hand over, pass, give; 递交 dìjiāo deliver, hand on, present, submit [cāi] guess; 猜想 cāixiǎng suppose [qián] 潜水艇 qiánshuǐtǐng submarine; 潜力 qiánlì latent ability [hóng] (鸿雁 hóngyàn) swan, wild goose, vast [jì] 成绩 grade, achievement; 功绩 merits and achievements [yào] shine, dazzle

[tú] spread on; 涂料 túliào coating 涂(F 塗) [tu] 糊涂 hútu muddled [tū] 糊里八涂 húlibātū confused, muddle-headed

割 豆 闷(F 悶) 亭 祥 励(F 勵) 宇 泛 狼 悔 搭

[gē] cut; 收割 shōugē to harvest [dòu] bean; 豆腐 dòufu tofu; 大豆 dàdòu soybean; 豌豆 wāndòu pea [mēn] muffled (of sound), stuffy, cut off from air circulation [mèn] bored, depressed [tíng] (=亭子 tíngzi) pavilion, kiosk [xiáng] (=吉祥 jíxiáng) auspicious; 慈祥 cíxiáng kindly, mercy [lì] 鼓励 gǔlì, 激励 jīlì encourage; 奖励 jiǎnglì reward [yǔ] eaves, universe; 宇宙 yǔzhòu cosmos; 庙宇 miàoyǔ temple [fàn] flood; 广泛 guǎngfàn wide, extensive; 泛滥 fànlàn overflow [láng] wolf, greedy and cruel person; 狼狈 lángbèi in a difficult position [huǐ] (=后悔 hòuhuǐ) regret, repent [dā] put up, hang over, lift together [dá] 搭茬儿 dáchár pursue another's utterance; 哪搭 nǎdá where, wherever

1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635

舰(F 艦) 浮 牵(F 牽) 符 肃(F 肅) 奴 爆 姊 幼

[jiàn] (=军舰 jūnjiàn) warship; 航空母舰 hángkōngmǔjiàn aircraft carrier [fú] float [qiān] lead along (by hand, halter, etc.); 牵牛下地 qiānniú xià dì [fú] 符合 fúhé conform to; 符号 fúhào mark, symbol [sù] 严肃 yánsù serious, solemn; 肃清 sùqīng eliminate [nú] (=奴隶 núlì) slave [bào] (=爆炸 bàozhà) explode, (=爆发 bàofā) erupt, burst; 爆竹 bàozhú firecracker [zǐ] elder sister; 姊妹 zǐmèi sisters [yòu] young, children; 幼稚 yòuzhì childish; 幼儿 child

[jiā] press, squeeze, clip 夹(F 夾) [jiá] lined (clothing) [gā] 夹肢窝 gāzhiwō armpit

邀 疯(F 瘋) 允 恼(F 惱) 租 椅 尺 侍 腐 颤(F 顫) 扭

[yāo] (邀请 yāoqǐng) invite [fēng] crazy [yǔn] 允许 yǔnxǔ permit, allow [nǎo] 恼火 nǎohuǒ angry, annoyed [zū] rent; 出租汽车 chūzūqìchē taxi [yǐ] (椅子 yǐzi) chair [chǐ] ruler, one-third of a meter; 英尺 yīngchǐ (English) foot [chě] 工尺 gōngchě traditional Chinese musical notation [shì] 侍候 shìhòu wait upon, look after [fǔ] rotten; 豆腐 tofu; 腐蚀 corrode; 腐败 corrupt [chàn] quiver; 颤抖 chàndǒu tremble; 颤动 chàndòng vibrate [zhàn] tremble, shudder [niǔ] twist, turn around, seize; 别扭 bièniu awkward [niū] 吱扭 zīniū squeak

1636

菲 瓦 擦 辣 奏 殷 埋 摔 盼 吟 渡 衫 跨 醉 艰(F 艱) 掩 荷 苍(F 蒼) 旋 揭

[fěi] 菲薄 fēibó humble [fēi] luxuriant; 菲律宾 Fěilǜbīn Philippines [wǎ] tile; (瓦特 wǎtè) Watt [wà] to tile a roof [wā] 蓝瓦瓦 lánwāwā dazzling blue [cā] rub, wipe, scrape [là] spicy; 辣椒 làjiāo hot pepper; 毒辣 dúlà sinister [lā] 热辣辣 rèlālā burning hot, impassioned, passionate [zòu] play music; 演奏 yǎnzòu perform music; 节奏 jiézòu rhythm [yīn] rich, <family name> [yān] (=殷红 yānhóng) blackish red, dark red [mái] bury, cover up [mán] 埋怨 mányuàn blame, complain [shuāi] fall down; 摔交 shuāijiāo wrestling [pàn] look, (=盼望 pànwàng) hope for, look forward to [yín] chant, recite [yīn] 笑吟吟 xiàoyīnyīn smilingly [dù] cross a river/sea/etc., tide over, ferry across; 渡船 dùchuán ferry [shān] (=衬衫 chènshān) shirt [kuà] step, stride, straddle, go beyond [zuì] drunk [jiān] (=艰难 jiānnán) difficult, (=艰苦 jiānkǔ) arduous [yǎn] hide, sneak attack; 掩护 yǎnhù to shield; 掩盖 yǎngài conceal [hé] lotus; 荷花 héhuā lotus flower [hè] carry, load [cāng] dark green or blue; 苍天 blue sky; 苍松 green pine; 苍蝇 cāngying fly, mosquito; 苍白 cāngbái pale, lifeless, grayish [xuán] spin; 旋转 xuánzhuǎn rotate [xuàn] whirl, lathe [jiē] uncover

1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655

1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676

桑 仗 莲(F 蓮) 钻(F 鑽) 宏 幻 刃 峡(F 峽) 辽(F 遼) 娃 凯(F 凱) 患 障 丐 衡 猫(F 貓) 丑 涛(F 濤) 暖 溜 锅(F 鍋)

[sāng] mulberry tree; 桑蚕 sāngcán silkworm; 桑叶 sāngyè mulberry leaves [zhàng] battle, war; 打仗 dǎzhàng wage a war, fight a battle [lián] lotus, water lilly [zuān] drill, get into, study [zuàn] drill, auger, diamond, watch jewel [hóng] 宏伟 hóngwěi magnificient; 宏大 hóngdà great; 宏观 hóngguān macroscopic [huàn] unreal, imaginary, magical; 科幻小说 kēhuàn xiàoshuō science fiction novel [rèn] (=刀刃 dāorèn) sharp edge of knife or sword, kill with knife or sword [xiá] (=峡谷 xiágǔ) gorge, canyon; 海峡 hǎixiá strait, channel; 三峡 Sān Xiá the Three Gorges of the Yangtze river [liáo] 辽阔 liáokuò vast, extensive; 辽宁 Liáoníng (a province) [wá] (娃娃 wáwa) baby [kǎi] 凯歌 kǎigē song of triumph [huàn] worry, anxiety, disaster; 患病 huànbìng fall ill [zhàng] barrier, obstacle, (=障碍 zhàng'ài) obstruct; 保障 bǎozhàng ensure [gài] (=乞丐 qǐgài) beggar [héng] weighing equipment, (=衡量 héngliang) weigh, measure, judge [māo] cat; 熊猫 xióngmāo panda; 猫头鹰 māotóuyīng owl [máo] 猫腰 máoyāo stoop, crouch [chǒu] second Earthly Branch, a clown in an opera, <faily name>; (F 醜) 丑陋 chǒulòu ugly, disgraceful, scandalous [tāo] great waves [nuǎn] warm up, (=温暖 wēnnuǎn) warm; 暖和 nuǎnhuo nice and warm [liū] slide, sneak away [liù] swift current of water [guō] pot, wok, frying pan; 锅贴 guōtiē pot sticker

1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698

奈 罚(F 罰) 拾 浓(F 濃) 键(F 鍵) 脉(F 脈) 锁(F 鎖) 邻(F 鄰) 臭 芳 垂 捉 恢 姆 砍 驾(F 駕) 恭 挨 祸(F 禍) 曹 慈 抖

[nài] what?, how?; 无可奈何 wúkěnàihé have no alternative [fá] (=惩罚 chéngfá) punish, (=罚款 fákuǎn) penalty [shí] pick up from the ground, ten (=十 shí); 收拾 shōushi put in order [shè] 拾级 shèjí climb stairs [nóng] dense, thick, concentrated; 浓度 nóngdù consistency [jiàn] key; 键盘 jiànpán keyboard (piano or typewriter) [mài] vein, pulse; 山脉 shānmài mountain range [mò] 脉脉 mòmò lovingly [suǒ] lock [lín] (=邻居 línjū) neighbor [chòu] stinking [xiù] sniff, smell [fāng] perfume, (=芳香 fāngxiāng) fragrant; 芳龄 fānglíng age (when speaking of a young woman) [chuí] hang down, droop; 垂直 chúizhí vertical, perpendicular [zhuō] clutch, grasp, catch; 捉迷藏 zhuō mícáng to play "hide-and-seek" [huī] 恢复 huīfù recover, restore [mǔ] nurse [kǎn] cut, chop, hack; 砍柴 kǎnchái cut firewood [jià] (驾驶 jiàshǐ) drive, fly, sail; 劳驾 láojià excuse me... [gōng] respect; 恭贺新禧 gōnghèxīnxǐ Happy New Year [āi] get close to, be next to, in sequence [ái] suffer [huò] misfortune [Cáo] <family name> [cí] 慈祥 cíxiáng kindly; 慈爱 cí'ài love, kindness; 慈悲 cíbēi mercy [dǒu] (=发抖 fādǒu, =颤抖 chàndǒu) shiver, tremble

1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1708 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719

泉 览(F 覽) 澳 脏 疼 铜(F 銅) 羞

[quán] spring, (=喷泉 pēnquán) fountain; 源泉 yuánquán source [lǎn] 展览 zhǎnlǎn exhibition; 游览 yóulǎn go sightseeing [ào] bay, inlet (used in place names); 澳门 Aomen; 澳大利亚 [zāng] (F 髒) dirty [zàng] (F 臟) 心脏 xīnzàng heart [téng] sore, painful [tóng] copper (Cu); 青铜 qīngtóng bronze [xiū] (=羞耻 xiūchǐ) shame, shy; 羞愧 xiūkuì feel ashamed

[dàng] shelves; 档案 dàng'àn files, archives 档(F 檔) [dǎng] 骂档子 mà dǎngzi target of scolding; 逻辑档 luójidǎng logical data files

抛(F 拋) 苗 惑 肥 驱(F 驅) 窝(F 窩) 裤(F 褲) 估 胞 柄 阔(F 闊) 杜 勤

[pāo] throw; 抛弃 pāoqì abandon; 抛锚 pāomáo drop anchor [miáo] seedling, young plant, vaccination; 火苗 huǒmiáo flame [huò] 疑惑 yíhuò uncertain [huo] 迷惑 míhuo perplex [féi] (=肥胖) fat, fertile, (=肥料) fertilizer; 肥皂 féizào soap [qū] 驱逐 qūzhú drive out, expel [wō] nest; 窝棚 wōpeng shack [kù] (=裤子) pants [gū] 估计 gūjì estimate, guess [gù] 估衣 gùyi secondhand clothes [bāo] womb, placenta; 细胞 xìbāo cell [bǐng] handle [kuò] wide; 广阔 guǎngkuò vast; 宽阔 kuānkuò broad; 辽阔 liáokuò extensive [dù] <family name>; 杜鹃 dùjuān cuckoo, azalea; 杜绝 dùjué stop, cut off [qín] (勤劳 qínláo) diligent, hardworking

1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741

舟 帽 玛(F 瑪) 撤 频(F 頻) 禅(F 禪) 柯 莱(F 萊) 堪 寸 哀 熊 腹 尝(F 嘗) 敲 勃 巡 盗(F 盜) 筹(F 籌) 扣 池 浅(F 淺)

[zhōu] boat, ship [mào] (=帽子 màozi) hat, headgear, cap [mǎ] 玛瑙 mǎnǎo agate; 玛雅 Mǎyǎ Maya [chè] remove, take away, withdraw, evacuate [pín] frequently; 频率 pínlǜ frequency [chán] meditation, Zen, Dhyana [shàn] 禅让 shànràng abdicate [kē] <archaic> stalk, branch, <family name> [lái] 莱菔 láifú radish; 文莱 Wénlái Brunei [kān] may, endure; 不堪 bùkān can't stand; 难堪 nánkān intolerable [cùn] inch [āi] grief; 悲哀 sorrowful; 哀求 āiqiú entreat, implore [xióng] bear, <family name>; 熊猫 xióngmāo panda [fù] belly, stomach, abdomen; 腹地 hinterland [cháng] taste [qiāo] knock, strike; 敲门 qiāo mén knock on a door; 敲锣 qiāo luó beat a gong [bó] suddenly; 勃勃 bóbó vigorous [xún] patrol; 巡视 xúnshì make a tour of inspection [dào] (=盗窃 dàoqiè) steal; 强盗 qiángdào robber [chóu] chip, counter, prepare, plan [kòu] button up; 纽扣儿 niǔkòur button; 扣子 kòuzi knot, button [chí] pond, <family name>, (=池塘 chítáng) pool; 游泳池 yóuyǒngchí swimming pool; 电池 diànchí battery [qiǎn] shallow, light

1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755

柴 埃 嫁 枚 稀 雕 厌(F 厭) 瓜 寿(F 壽) 跌 扯 董 锦(F 錦)

[chái] firewood; 火柴 huǒchái match; 柴油 cháiyóu diesel oil [āi] dust, angstrom; 埃及 Aījí Egypt [jià] marry (referring to a woman) [méi] <classifier for small objects, coins, etc.> [xī] scarce, watery; 稀饭 xīfàn rice porridge, rice soup [diāo] vulture, (=雕刻 diāokè) carve, engrave; 浮雕 fúdiāo relief sculpture [yàn] (=讨厌 tǎoyàn, =厌恶 yànwù) detest; 厌烦 yànfán boring [yān] (=恹 yān) 恹恹 yānyān weak and weary thrugh illness [guā] melon, gourd; 西瓜 xīguā watermelon; 傻瓜 shǎguā idiot; 黄瓜 huánggua cucumber [shòu] longevity; 寿命 shòumìng life-span [diē] fall, tumble [chě] pull, tear, chat [dǒng] director; 古董 gǔdǒng antique [jǐn] brocade; 什锦 shíjǐn fancy; 素什锦 sùshíjǐn assorted vegetables

[jiàn] reflect, mirror, inspect, examine, take as a lesson, ancient bronze 鉴(F 鑒) mirror, warning, object lesson; 鉴定 jiàndìng appraise; 借鉴 jièjiàn draw lessons from

1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761

刷 趋(F 趨) 捐 傲 贯(F 貫) 殿

[shuā] brush, to brush, to paint, swish [shuà] 刷选 shuàxuǎn choose, pick, select; 刷白 shuàbái white, pale, brush over [qū] walk fast, hurry, (=趋向 qūxiàng) tend, incline to; 趋势 qūshì tendency [juān] contribute, relinquish, tax [ào] (骄傲 jiāo'ào) proud, arrogant [guàn] 贯彻 guànchè carry out; 一贯 yíguàn consistent [diàn] hall, palace

1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783

拨(F 撥) 逊(F 遜) 踢 赔(F 賠) 姿 迁(F 遷) 黎 祭 滴 袭(F 襲) 慌 鞭 茫 逢 屠 昆 柏 驶(F 駛) 咐 植 惧(F 懼) 纽(F 紐)

[bō] poke, turn, stir; 拨钟 bōzhōng set a clock; 拨电话 bō diànhuà dial a phone [xùn] 谦逊 qiānxùn modest [tī] kick; 踢足球 tī zúqiú play football [péi] compensate, pay for, lose money; 赔不是 péi bùshi apologize [zī] appearance, gesture, (=姿势 zīshì, =姿态 zītài) posture [qiān] move, change; 变迁 biànqiān changes; 迁就 qiānjiù yield to [lí] mulititude, <family name>; 黎明 límíng daybreak [jì] sacrifice; 祭器 jìqì sacrificial utensil [dī] drip, drop [xí] make a surprise attack, carry on as before [huāng] flustered, confused; 慌忙 huāngmáng in a flurry [biān] whip [máng] 茫茫 mángmáng vast, boundless and indistinct [féng] meet [tú] butcher, kill [kūn] 昆虫 kūnchóng insect; 昆明 Kūnmíng [bǎi] (=柏树 bǎishù) cypress [Bó] 柏林 Bólín Berlin [bò] (=檗) 黄柏 huángbò the bark of a cork tree, golden cypress [shǐ] sail, move along quickly (speaking fo vehicles), (=驾驶 jiàshǐ) drive [fù] 吩咐 fēnfù tell, instruct; 嘱咐 zhǔfu enjoin, tell [zhí] to plant; 植物 zhíwù plant [jù] fear, dread [niǔ] 纽扣儿 niǔkòur button, knob, handle, tie

1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791

捷 圳 牲 踪(F 蹤) 丛(F 叢) 漠 锐(F 銳) 喇 乾 霍 湿(F 濕) 睁(F 睜) 仔 吵 悠 沟(F 溝) 墨 串 俱

[jié] 敏捷 mǐnjié quick, agile; 轻捷 qīngjié nimble, spry [zhèn] irrigation ditch; 深圳 Shēnzhèn (place name) [shēng] 牺牲 xīshēng sacrifice; 牲口 shēngkou beasts of burden [zōng] 跟踪 gēnzōng follow closely; 失踪 shīzōng be missing; 踪迹 zōngjì trace [cóng] crowd; 丛书 cóngshū series of books; 丛林 cónglín jungle [mò] 沙漠 shāmò desert; 漠然 mòrán apathetically [ruì] 尖锐 jiānruì sharp pointed, acute; 锐利 ruìlì sharp, keen [lǎ] 喇叭 lǎba musical wind instrument; 喇嘛 lǎma lama [lā] 喇喇 lāla drip (water/etc.); 哗啦 huālā sound of rustling/crashing/etc. [lá] 哈喇子 hālázi saliva; 咋喇 zhālá harangue, shoot off the mouth [qián] heaven; 乾道 qiándào ways of heaven, natural law; 乾坤 qiánkūn heaven and earth, the universe [gān] (S 干) dry, hollow [huò] suddenly [shī] moist [zhēng] open the eyes [zǐ] 仔细 zǐxì careful [zǎi] young animal [zī] 仔肩 zījiān burdens, responsibility [chǎo] make noise [chāo] 吵吵 chāochao make noise [yōu] long, drawn-out, leisurely; 悠久 yōujiǔ age-old [gōu] gulley, trench [mò] ink stick, (=墨水 mòshuǐ) ink; 墨子 Mòzǐ (a philosopher) [chuàn] string together, bunch, cluster; 羊肉串 yángròuchuàn sheep meat kebab [jù] all; 俱乐部 jùlèbù club [jū] together

1792 1793 1794 1795 1796

1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802

1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823

陶 贡(F 貢) 浑(F 渾) 赢(F 贏) 屁 驰(F 馳) 棒 匹 拼 恒(F 恆) 邪 脆 糟 扮 贤(F 賢) 饰(F 飾) 偿(F 償) 拆 缠(F 纏) 摄(F 攝) 拟(F 擬)

[táo] pottery; 陶瓷 táocí ceramics [gòng] 贡献 gòngxiàn contribute [hún] 浑身 húnshēn from head to foot, all over [yíng] win [pì] flatulence, fart, nonsence, rubbish, (=屁股 pìgu) buttocks [chí] gallop, speed, spread; 驰名 chímíng well-known [bàng] stick, bat, excellent; 棒球 bàngqiú baseball [pǐ] <classifier for horses, mules, bolts of cloth, etc.>; 三匹马 sān pǐ mǎ three horses [pīn] (拼凑 pīncòu) piece together; 拼音 pīnyīn; 拼写 pǐnxiě spell, transliterate [héng] permanent [xié] evil, <interrogative sentence final particle> [yé] (=耶 yé) <interrogative particle> [cuì] brittle, crisp; 干脆 gāncuì simply; 清脆 qīngcuì clear; 脆弱 cuìruò fragile [zāo] rotten; 糟糕 zāogāo bad luck! 糟踏 zāota waste, spoil [bàn] dress up as, disguise as; put on an expression [xián] 贤惠 xiánhuì virtuous and dutiful (woman); 贤人 xiánrén virtuous person [shì] decoration, dress up, impersonate [cháng] repay, (=赔偿 péicháng) compensate, pay for [chāi] take apart, dismantle [cā] 〈collquial〉 excrete [chán] to wind, tie up, tangle, bother [shè] absorb, photograph; 拍摄 pāishè take a picture [nǐ] (=拟定 nǐdìng) draft; 比拟 bǐnǐ comparison; 模拟 mónǐ imitate

1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845

滋 嘿 旨 闯(F 闖) 贺(F 賀) 翠 缝(F 縫) 饱(F 飽) 劫 抚(F 撫) 挖 册(F 冊) 叛 肖 熙 炼(F 煉) 宪(F 憲) 庙(F 廟) 碧 盒 谊(F 誼) 储(F 儲)

[zī] 滋味 zīwèi flavor; 滋长 zīzhǎng grow [hēi] hey [zhǐ] 意旨 yìzhǐ intention [chuǎng] rush, charge [hè] 祝贺 zhùhè congratulate; 庆贺 qìnghè celebrate [cuì] emerald green; 翠鸟 cuìniǎo kingfisher [féng] sew [fèng] seam, crack [bǎo] full (after meal) [jié] rob, disaster [fǔ] pat, soothe, foster; 抚摸 fǔmō stroke [wā] dig, excavate [cè] book; 手册 shǒucè handbook; 地图册 dìtúcè atlas {Compare with 丽 lì beautiful and 朋 péng friend} [pàn] 叛徒 pàntú traitor [xiào] 肖像 xiàoxiàng portrait [Xiāo] <family name> [xī] splendid, (=缉熙 jīxī) bright, brilliand; 康熙字典 Kāngxī Zìdiǎn Kangxi dictionary (1716 A.D.) [liàn] smelt, refine, temper metal; 锻炼 duànliàn exercise [xiàn] 宪法 xiànfǎ constitution; 宪兵 xiànbīng military police [miào] temple [bì] green jade, bluish green; 碧绿 dark green; 碧蓝 dark blue; 雪碧 Xuěbì "7up", "Sprite" [hé] (=盒子 hézi) box [yì] 友谊 yǒuyì friendship [chǔ] 储量 chǔliàng reserves; 存储 cúnchǔ memory

1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857

冯(F 馮) 唤(F 喚) 贪(F 貪) 卧(F 臥) 翼 扰(F 擾) 胁(F 脅) 跪 碑 呵 甜 洒 谱(F 譜) 莎 娜 阁(F 閣) 庸 鹏(F 鵬) 覆 玲 侯

[píng] swift-running horse [Féng] <family name> [huàn] (=叫唤 jiàohuan) call out [tān] corrupt; 贪心 tānxīn greedy [wò] lie down; 卧室 wòshì bedroom [yì] wing [rǎo] harass, bother, trouble; 扰乱 rǎoluàn disturb [xié] upper part of side of person's body, coerce [guì] kneel [bēi] upright stone tablet (monument, etc); 墓碑 mùbēi tombstone [hē] breathe out (mouth open), scold; 呵欠 hēqiàn yawn [tián] sweet; 甜菜 tiáncài beet [sǎ] (F 灑) sprinkle [xiǎn] 洒如 xiǎnrú respectful, deferential; (F 灑) 洒然 xiǎnrán alarmed, surprised, shocked, frightened, cold [pǔ] table, chart, manual, music score, (=谱写 pǔxiě) compose (music etc.) [shā] (used in names) [suō] 摩莎 mósuō stroke, caress [nuó] 婀娜 ēnuó graceful (woman) [gé] pavilion, cabinet [yōng] usual, ordinary; 中庸 Zhōngōng Doctrine of the Golden Mean [péng] roc (a giant mythical bird) [fù] (=覆盖 fùgài) cover; 顛覆 diānfù subvert; (S 复) 反覆 fǎnfù repeatedly, again and again [líng] 玲珑 línglóng clever and nimble [hóu] marquis, <family name>

1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866

1867

抹 卢(F 盧) 碍(F 礙) 综(F 綜) 丘 晕(F 暈) 拦(F 攔) 燃 昌 吞 嫌 狄 押 舌 琳 雾(F 霧) 曼 耻(F 恥) 柜

[mā] slip something off, 〈colloquial〉 wipe [mǒ] apply, smear, brush/wipe off, exclude, play (cards/etc.); 抹布 mǒbù cloth, rag; 抹杀 mǒshā obliterate [mò] daub, plaster, skirt, bypass [Lú] <family name>; 觚卢 gūlú calabash [ài] 障碍 zhàng'ài get in the way; 妨碍 fáng'ài hinder [zōng] 综合 zōnghé synthesize [zèng] heddle [qiū] mound, grave; 丘陵 qiūlíng hills; 沙丘 shāqiū dune [yūn] faint, swoon; 头晕 tóuyūn dizzy [yùn] dizzy, faint, halo; 红晕 hóngyùn blush [lán] block the way [rán] (燃烧 ránshāo) burn; 燃料 ránliào fuel [chāng] prosperous [tūn] swallow, gulp down, annex; 吞没 tūnmò embezzle [xián] suspicion, dislike [Dí] <family name> [yā] pawn, detain; 押送 yāsòng send under escort; 押韵 yāyùn rhyme [shé] (=舌头 shétou) tongue {Compare with 古 gǔ ancient} [lín] <archaic> beautiful jade [wù] fog; 烟雾 yānwù smoke, mist [màn] prolonged, graceful [chǐ] (=耻辱 chǐrǔ) shame, humiliation; 可耻 kěchǐ shameful; 无耻 wǔchǐ shameless [guì] (F 櫃) (=柜子 guìzi) cabinet; 柜台 guìtái counter; 掌柜 zhǎngguì shopkeeper [jǔ] 柜柳 jǔliǔ tree of the willow family,large tree good for making furniture/etc.

1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884

1885

1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906

摊(F 攤) 削 戚 杆 岩 喂 扔 逝 诞(F 誕) 悬(F 懸) 爽 崔 廷 凑(F 湊) 痴 盆 御 酷 艾 唉 姥

[tān] spread out, unfold, take a share in, vendor's stall [xuē] 剥削 bōxuē to exploit [xiāo] 切削 qiēxiāo cut [qī] 亲戚 qīnqī relative; 休戚 xiū-qī joy and sorrow [gān] pole [gǎn] (F 桿) shaft [yán] rock, cliff; 岩石 yánshí rock; 砂岩 shāyán sandstone; 熔岩 róngyán melted rock = lava [wèi] hey, hello, (=喂养 wèiyǎng) feed, raise [rēng] throw, toss; 扔球 rēngqiú throw a ball (compare with 接球 jiēqiu catch a ball) [shì] 逝世 shìshì pass away, die; 消逝 xiāoshì fade away, elapse [dàn] 诞生 dànshēng be born; 圣诞节 Shèngdànjié Christmas [xuán] hang, unresolved, worry; 悬崖 xuányá cliff [shuǎng] 爽朗 shuǎnglǎng bright, clear, frank; 凉爽 liángshuǎng pleasantly cool [cuī] <family name>; 崔嵬 cuīwéi rocky mound, otwering; 崔巍 cuīwēi lofty, towering [tíng] royal court [còu] gather together, happen by chance [chī] idiotic; 痴心 infatuation [pén] basin, tub, pot; 盆地 péndì basin (of land) [yù] imperial; (F 禦) 防御 fángyù defense; 抵御 dǐyù resist [kù] (=残酷 cánkù) cruel, <slang> cool [ài] Chinese mugwort; 艾绒 àiróng moxa [yì] 怨艾 yuànyì resentment [ài] <interjection indicating sentiment/sympathy/disappointment> oh! [āi] yes? [lǎo] 姥姥 lǎolao <colloquial> maternal grandmother [mǔ] <archaic> old lady

1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927

笼(F 籠) 颠(F 顛) 姻 携(F 攜) 愧 芬 穆 扇 郁 掷(F 擲) 怔 芯 鼠 纠(F 糾) 疆 曰 傅 袍 唇 稣(F 穌) 捧

[lóng] (=笼子 lóngzi) cage, coop [lǒng] 笼罩 lǒngzhào shroud, envelop [diān] jolt, fall, summit; 颠倒 diāndǎo turn upside down [yīn] marriage; 婚姻 hūnyīn marriage, realated by marriage [xié] (携带 xiédài) carry, take along; 携手 xiéshǒu hand in hand [kuì] (惭愧 cánkuì) ashamed [fēn] fragrance; 芬芳 fēnfāng fragrant; 芬兰 Fēnlán Finland [mù] 静穆 jīngmù solemn and quiet, <family name>; 穆罕默德 Mǔhǎnmòdé Mohammed [shàn] a fan, slap, <classifier for doors etc.>; 一扇门 yí shàn mén [shān] to fan, slap, incite [yù] <family name>; fragrant; elegant; (F 鬱) luxuriant; 忧郁 yōuyù melancholy [zhì] throw, cast [zhēng] terrified, panic-stricken [zhèng] 發怔 fāzhèng stare blankly [xīn] rush pith [xìn] 岩芯 yánxìn core [shǔ] (=老鼠 lǎoshǔ) mouse, rat; 鼠年 shūnián year of Rat = 1st year [jiū] 纠正 jiūzhèng rectify; 纠缠 jiūchán get entangled [jiāng] 边疆 biānjiāng border region; 新疆 Xīnjiāng [yuē] say {Compare with 日 rì sun} [fù] 师傅 shīfu master (term of respect) [páo] (=袍子 páozi) robe, gown [chún] (=嘴唇 zuǐchún) lip; 唇膏 chúngāo lipstick [sū] revive, come to; 耶稣 Yēsū Jesus [pěng] hold, carry in both hands; 捧着一个西瓜 pěngzhe yí gè xīguā carrying a watermelon

1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934

勾 牧 儒 慨 筋 柱 卑 咽 吨(F 噸) 虫(F 蟲) 绳(F 繩) 厨(F 廚) 冤 涨(F 漲) 皱(F 皺) 疲 赌(F 賭) 饶(F 饒) 矿(F 礦) 畅(F 暢)

[gōu] cross out, evoke, gang up with [gòu] 勾当 gòudang shady deal/business [mù] herd, tend; 牧场 mùchǎng grazing land, pasture; 牧民 mùmín herdsman, govern the people [rú] Confucianism, scholar; 儒家 Rújiā Confucianists; 儒林 Rúlín (Confucian) scholars [kǎi] 慷慨 kāngkǎi generous, vehement [jīn] tendon, muscle, fiber; 脑筋 nǎojīn brains, mind, head; 橡皮筋 xiàngpíjīn rubber band [zhù] pillar, post, cylinder [bēi] low, inferior, modest, humble; 卑鄙 bēibǐ base, despicable, vulgar; 卑劣 bēiliè despicable [yàn] to swallow [yān] pharynx [yè] 呜咽 wūyè sob, whimper [dūn] <loan> ton, 〈slang〉 one thousand yuan (RMB) [chóng] worm, insect; 爬虫 páchóng reptile; 书虫 shūchóng bookworm [shéng] (=绳子 shéngzi, =绳索 shéngsuǒ) rope, cord [chú] 厨房 chúfáng kitchen [yuān] injustice; 冤枉 yuānwang do wrong, treat unjustly [zhǎng] rise, go up [zhàng] swell [zhòu] to wrinkle; 皱纹 zhòuwén wrinkles [pí] 疲劳 píláo exhausted, fatigued; 疲倦 píjuàn tired [dǔ] gamble, bet [ráo] rich, plentiful, have mercy, give extra [kuàng] (=矿石 kuàngshí) ore; (矿山 kuàngshān) mine; 矿物 kuàngwù mineral [chàng] smooth, free; 舒畅 shūchàng happy, worry-free; 畅快 chàngkuài cheerfull, carefree; 畅通 chàngtōng unimpeded, unblocked

1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947

1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956

煤 腕 喷(F 噴) 遣 浩 翁 咨 镖(F 鏢) 屏 仲 嘻 吩 棉 孟 撑(F 撐) 炉(F 爐) 泄 葬 搜 添 遵

[méi] coal; 煤油 méiyóu kerosene [wàn] (=手腕 shǒuwàn) wrist; 腿腕子 tuǐwànzi ankle [pēn] spurt, spray; 打喷嚏 dǎ pēntì sneeze [pèn] crop, in season, high season [qiǎn] 派遣 pàiqiǎn send, dispatch; 先遣 xiānqiǎn sent in advance [hào] 浩荡 hàodàng vast, mighty; 浩大 hàodà huge [wēng] old man, <family name> [zī] 咨询 zīxún consult, seek advice from [biāo] dartlike weapon; 保镖 bǎobiāo bodyguard [píng] 屏幕 píngmù screen [bǐng] 屏息 bǐngxī hold breath [bīng] 屏营 bīngyíng with fear and trepidation [zhòng] second, middle (of 3 months or brothers); 仲春 zhòngchūn 2nd month of spring, middle of spring; 仲兄 zhòngxiōng 2nd eldest brother [xī] exclamation of surprise, Alas!, My! (=嘻嘻 xīxī) sound of giggling [fēn] 吩咐 fēnfù tell, instruct [mián] cotton [mèng] eldest son, first month of season, <family name> [chēng] prop up, support, keep up, fill to bursting [lú] (=炉子 lúzi) stove, oven, furnace [xiè] leak, drain, divulge, release [yì] 泄沓 yìtà garrulous and disorderly, easygoing [zàng] (=埋葬 máizàng) bury (the dead); 葬礼 zànglǐ funeral [sōu] search; 搜集 sōují collect; 搜查 sōuchá search; 搜索 sōusuǒ look for [tiān] add, increase [zūn] obey; 遵守 zūnshǒu comply with; 遵照 zūnzhào obey, conform to

1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968

1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

迪 伪(F 偽) 兆 欠 谅(F 諒) 炎 氛 杖 瞎 钓(F 釣) 肠(F 腸) 披 剥(F 剝) 誓 赚(F 賺) 役 泡 逆 矮 吊 填

[dí] <archaic> enlighten, guide [wěi] false, fake; 虚伪 xūwěi false, hypocritical; 伪币 wěibì counterfeit money [zhào] omen, million, mega [qiàn] owe, lack, lean forward; 哈欠 hāqiàn yawn [liàng] (=原谅 yuánliàng) forgive [yán] (=炎热 yánrè) burning hot, (=发炎 fāyán) inflammation [fēn] 气氛 qìfēn atmosphere [zhàng] cane, caning, flogging, (=手杖 shǒuzhàng) staff, walking stick [xiā] become blind, pointlessly; 瞎子 xiāzi blind person [diào] (=钓鱼 diàoyú) to fish; 钓钩 diàogōu fishing hook [cháng] intestine [pī] drape over one's shoulders, open [bāo] shell, peel [bō] 剥削 bōxuē exploitation [shì] (=发誓 fāshì) swear; 誓言 shìyán oath [zhuàn] gain, profit [zuàn] cheat [yì] labor, required service, (=战役 zhànyì) battle; 兵役 bīngyì military service; 奴役 núyì enslave [pào] soak, bubble; 泡菜 pàocài pickle; 泡沫 pàomò foam [pāo] spongy [nì] go against, disobey, be contrary to; 汉英逆引词典 Hanyǔ nì yǐn cídiǎn Reverse Chinese-English dictionary [ǎi] short (not tall), low; 矮子 ǎizi dwarf [diào] hang, lift up, let down with rope, crane, mourn, revoke [tián] fill, stuff, fill in (form)

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

嘉 烛(F 燭) 厦(F 廈) 夕 衰 液 薛 仆 迈(F 邁) 齿(F 齒) 谨(F 謹) 呈 昂 抄 弥(F 彌) 渴 梯 疏 耗 瞪 斥

[jiā] good, fine, praise [zhú] 蜡烛 làzhú candle [shà] 大厦 dàshà tall building, mansion [Xià] 厦门 Xiàmén Amoy [xī] evening, sunset; 夕阳 xīyáng the setting sun [shuāi] 衰弱 shuāiruò weak, feeble; 衰老 shuāilǎo decrepit; 衰退 shuāituì fail, decline [cuī] 等衰 děngcuī rank, grade [yè] fluid, (=液体 yètǐ) liquid [Xuē] <family name> [pū] fall forward; 颠仆 diānpū fall (down), fall into disgrace [pú] (F 僕) 仆人 púrén servant [mài] step, stride, old [chǐ] (=牙齿 yáchǐ) tooth [jǐn] (=谨慎 jǐnshèn) cautious, sincerely [chéng] to present; 呈现 chéngxiàn appear; 呈报 chéngbào submit a report [áng] (=昂首 ángshǒu) hold one's head high, high, soaring [chāo] copy search and confiscate; 抄写 chāoxiě transcribe [mí] 弥漫 mímiàn fill the air; 弥补 míbǔ make up for, remedy [kě] (=口渴 kǒukě) thirsty; 渴望 kěwàng thirst for, long for [tī] (=梯子 tīzi) ladder, (=楼梯 lóutī) stairs [shū] sparse, scanty; 疏忽 shūhu carelessness [hào] (=消耗 xiāohào, =耗费 hàofèi) consume; 耗子 hàozi mouse, rat [dèng] open (one's eyes) wide, stare, glare; 瞪眼 dèngyǎn stare, stare down [chì] 排斥 páichì reject; 驳斥 bóchì refute, denounce, reject, 斥责 chìzé denounce

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031

夸(F 誇) 蒂 剪 娶 痕 弗 姚 债(F 債) 妥 璃 掏 刹(F 剎) 晶 衷 肤(F 膚) 鹿 拓 卓 症(F 癥) 糖 钦(F 欽)

[kuā] brag; 夸大 kuādà exaggerate [dì] stem of a fruid; 烟蒂 yāndì cigarette butt; 阴蒂 yīndì clitoris [jiǎn] (=剪刀 jiǎndāo) scissors [qǔ] marry (a woman), take a wife, get married [hén] 痕迹 hénjì mark, trace, vestige; 伤痕 shānghén scar [fú] <archaic> not [Yáo] <family name> [zhài] debt [tuǒ] appropriate, ready [lí] 玻璃 bōli glass; 琉璃 liúlí coloured glaze [tāo] pull out, fish out (from pocket, etc.), dig [shā] (=刹车) brake, stop [chà] 刹那 chànà instant, split second [jīng] bright; 水晶 shuǐjīng (rock) crystal; 晶体管 jīngtǐguǎn transistor; 晶营 jīngyíng sparkling [zhōng] inner feelings, middle; 衷心 zhōngxīn wholehearted; 无动于衷 wú dòng yú zhōng indifferent, unconcerned [fū] (=皮肤 pífu) skin; 肤色 fūsè color of skin [lù] deer [tà] make rubbings from stone/bronze [tuò] open up, develop [zhuó] tall, <family name>, (=卓越 zhuóyuè) outstanding [zhèng] disease; 健忘症 jiànwàngzhèng amnesia [zhēng] 症结 zhēngjié crucial reason, obstruction of the bowels [táng] sugar, (=糖果 tángguǒ) candy; 糖醋 tángcù sweet and sour [qīn] by the emperor himself, respect, (=钦佩 qīnpèi) admire; 钦差 qīnchāi imperial envoy

2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043

绵(F 綿) 哩 诱(F 誘) 枯 歇 塑 妨 豫 抑 珊 棍 晋(F 晉) 淋 悦(F 悅) 敦 艳(F 艷) 玻 砸 嚷 盲

[mián] 连绵 unbroken; 海绵 sponge [miān] 软绵绵 soft [lī] <used as for sound value> [lǐ] (=英里 Yīnglǐ) Britittish mile [yòu] guide, lead, lure [kū] withered, dried up, dull [xiē] have a rest; 间歇 jiànxiē intermission [sù] model, mould; 塑料 sùliào plastic; 塑像 sùxiàng statue [fáng] (=妨碍 fáng'ài) hinder, impede, harm; 不妨 bùfáng might as well, no harm in... [yù] short name for Henan; 犹豫 yóuyù hesitate [yì] press down, restrain; 抑制 yìzhì restrain, inhibition [shān] 珊瑚 shānhú coral; 珊瑚礁 shānhújiāo coral reef [gùn] (棍子) rod, stick; 拐棍 guǎigùn walking stick [jìn] enter, advance, promote, a dynasty (265-420), <family name>, short name for Shanxi province [lín] pour, drench; 冰淇淋 bīngqilín ice cream [lìn] strain, filter [līn] 湿淋淋 shīlīnlīn drenched [yuè] (=喜悦 xǐyuè) happy, joyful, delighted [dūn] 敦厚 dūnhòu honest, sincere; 敦煌 Dūnhuáng (in Gansu) [duì] ancient vessel [yàn] beauteous, amorous, (=艳丽 yànlì) gorgeous, respendent; 鲜艳 xiānyàn bright (color) [bō] 玻璃 bōli glass [zá] strike, smash, break [rǎng] shout, yell [rāng] 嚷嚷 rāngrang shout [máng] (=盲目 mángmù) blind, unable to distinguish; 盲动 mángdòng act blindly

2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051

2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071

辨 葛 罕 矩 泳 宅 贷(F 貸) 膀 捏 颈(F 頸) 践(F 踐) 脖 贾(F 賈) 轿(F 轎) 脾 堡 娇(F 嬌) 浙 劣 潇(F 瀟)

[biàn] distinguish, differentiate [gé] kudzu vine, grass-cloth [Gě] <family name> [hǎn] rarely, seldom [han] 希罕 xīhan rare, cherish [jǔ] (carpenter's square); 矩阵 jǔzhèn matrix [yǒng] 游泳 yóuyǒng swim [zhái] residence, house [dài] borrow, (=贷款 dàikuǎn) lend, loan [bǎng] upper arm, (=肩膀 jiānbǎng) shoulder; 翅膀 chìbǎng wing; [pāng] swell [páng] 膀胱 pángguāng urinary bladder [niē] hold between the fingers, knead, fabricate [jǐng] (=颈项 jǐngxiàng) neck [gěng] 脖颈儿 bógěngr nape [jiàn] 实践 put into practice; 践踏 trample [bó] (=脖子 bózi) neck [gǔ] merchant [Jiǎ] <family name> [jiào] sedan chair; 轿车 jiàochē car [pí] spleen; 脾气 píqi (bad-) temper [bǎo] (=堡垒 bǎolěi), fort, fortress; 城堡 chéngbǎo castle [bǔ] (=堡子 bǔzi) walled town/village (used mostly in place names) [pù] walled town/village (used mostly in place names) [jiāo] graceful, delicate; 娇嫩 jiāonèn tender and lovely [Zhè] 浙江省 Zhèjiāngshěng Zhejiang Province [liè] bad, inferior, minor [xiāo] deep and clear water; 潇洒 xiāosǎ natural & unrestrained

2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093

赐(F 賜) 陀 蓄 坟(F 墳) 颂(F 頌) 漏 杭 茅 砖(F 磚) 瞬 鹤(F 鶴) 辟 渔(F 漁) 乖 霸 襄 炒 哑(F 啞) 浦 饼(F 餅) 牺(F 犧) 滩(F 灘)

[cì] give, grant, gift (from superior to inferior) [tuó] 陀螺 tuóluó top (spiraling toy); 陀螺仪 tuóluóyí gyroscope [xù] store, save, grow; 积蓄 jīxù save; 储蓄 chǔxù deposit [fén] grave, tomb [sòng] praise, song, ode; 歌颂 gēsòng sing the praises of [lòu] (=漏水 lòushuǐ) leak out [Háng] 杭州 Hángzhōu [máo] straw, thatch; (茅草 máocǎo) grass for thatching; 白茅 báimáo edible wild grass [zhuān] brick [shùn] wink; 瞬间 shùnjiān a moment, in the twinkling of an eye [hè] crane (emblem of longevity) [bì] monarch; 复辟 fùbì restore a dethored monarch or old order [pì] 开辟 kāipì open up, start [yú] to fish; 渔民 yúmín fisherfolk; 渔业 yúyè fishery [guāi] clever, (=乖乖 guāiguāi) obedient, well-behaved [bà] overlord, tyrant, dominate; 霸占 bàzhàn sieze [xiāng] (=襄助 xiāngzhù) assist, help [chǎo] stir fry, saute; 炒饭 chǎofàn fried rice; 炒面 chǎomiàn "chow mein", fried noodles [yǎ] mute, dumb, hoarse [yā] <interjection indicating surprice, same as 呀>, ah, oh [pǔ] riverside, river mouth (mostly used in place names), <family name> [bǐng] cake; 饼干 bǐnggān cracker, cookie [xī] sacrificial animal; 牺牲 xīshēng sacrifice [tān] (=海滩 hǎitān) beach, sands

2094

钉(F 釘) 吁 锡(F 錫) 赠(F 贈) 哄 铃(F 鈴) 顽(F 頑) 殖 鹰(F 鷹) 蔡 催 芙 彬 拚 轨(F 軌)

[dīng] a nail, to follow closely [dìng] to nail [yù] plead, (=呼吁 hūyù) appeal [xū] 吁吁 xūxū panting, puffing hard [yū] <interjection "Whoa!"> [xī] tin (Sn) [zèng] (=赠送 zèngsòng) give as a present [hōng] hubbub [hǒng] fool, coax [hòng] horseplay [líng] bell [wán] stupid, stubborn, naughty; 顽强 wánqiáng indomitable; 顽固 wángù obstinate [zhí] propagate, (=繁殖 fánzhí) breed, reproduce, colonize; 殖民地 zhímíndì colony [shi] 骨殖 gǔshi skeleton [yīng] hawk, eagle [Cài] <family name>, sacrificial tortoise [cuī] urge, hurry, hasten [fú] 芙蓉 fúróng cottonrose hibiscus, lotus [bīn] 彬彬 bīnbīn <archaic> refined, urbane [pīn] (= 拼) put/piece together, spell, risk life [pàn] abandon and ignore [guǐ] track, rail, course, path; 轨道 guǐdào orbit

2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100

2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112

[yō] Oh! 哟(F 喲) [yo] <interjection indicating exhortation> [yāo] ouch

歉 盯 硕(F 碩)

[qiàn] apology; 道歉 dàoqiàn apologize; 抱歉 bàoqiàn regret, be sorry [dīng] stare at [shuò] very large; 硕士学位 shuòshìxuéwèi Master's degree

2113 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 2123 2124 2125 2126 2127 2128 2129 2130 2131 2132 2133 2134

惹 契 愚 帅(F 帥) 惶 憾 懒(F 懶) 姨 喘 兽(F 獸) 陌 罩 猎(F 獵) 嵩 盐(F 鹽) 饥(F 飢) 凄 喉 宴 腔 翰 膝

[rě] offend, ask for (trouble); 惹麻烦 rě máfán excite or invite trouble [qì] (=契约 qìyuē) contract, legal agreement [qiè] 契阔 qièkuò long separation, to be separated from one another [yú] make a fool of, dupe, (=愚蠢 yúchǔn) foolish, stupid [shuài] commander in chief, graceful [huáng] afraid, fearful, (=惶恐 huángkǒng) alarmed, anxious, uneasy, (= 忧惶 yōuhuáng, (= 惶惑 huánghuò) apprehensive; 惊惶 scared, alarmed [hàn] (=遗憾 yíhàn) regret, sorry [lǎn] lazy, sluggish; 伸懒腰 shēn lǎnyāo stretch oneself [yí] aunt (mother's sister), sister-in-law (wife's sister) [chuǎn] (=喘气 chuǎnqì) pant, gasp for breath; 气喘 qìchuǎn asthma [shòu] beast, wild animal, (=野兽 yěshòu) beastly, crude, uncivilized [mò] path between fields, (=陌生 mòshēng) strange; 陌生人 mòshēngrén stranger [zhào] cover, hood, overalls, cage [liè] (=打猎 dǎliè) hunt, chase; 猎人 lièren hunter; 猎狗 liègǒu hound [sōng] lofty (mountain); 嵩山 Sōngshān mountain in Hénán [yán] salt [jī] starve, be hungry, famine; 饥饿 jī'è hunger, starvation [qī] cold, chilly, sad; 凄凉 qīliáng desolate; 凄惨 qīcǎn wretched [hóu] (=喉咙 hóulóng) throat, larynx [yàn] (=宴会 yànhuì) banquet [qiāng] cavity, tune, pitch, accent, speech [hàn] writing brush, writing [xī] (=膝盖 xīgài) knee

2135 2136 2137 2138 2139 2140 2141 2142 2143 2144 2145 2146 2147 2148 2149 2150 2151 2152 2153 2154 2155

陵 蜂 逻(F 邏) 劈 廉 裹 骄(F 驕) 贩(F 販) 绘(F 繪) 崖 辰 涯 戈 坑 遮 擒 蛮(F 蠻) 芷 堵 雇 挽

[líng] hill, mound, tomb; 十三陵 Shísānlíng the 13 Ming tombs [fēng] bee, wasp; 蜜蜂 mìfēng honeybee; 蜂房 fēngfáng beehive [luó] patrol; 逻辑 luóji <loan> logic [pī] chop, split [pǐ] divide, split [lián] honest, clean, low-priced [guǒ] bind, wrap; 包裹 bāoguǒ bundle, package [jiāo] severe, (=骄傲 jiāo'ào) arrogant, proud [fàn] 贩子 fànzi dealer; 贩卖 fànmài deal in, traffic, peddle [huì] paint, draw; 绘画 huìhuà drawing, painting [yá] (=崖壁 yábì) precipice, cliff [chén] time, day, occasion, celestial bodies, 2-hr period; 星辰 xīngchén star [yá] 天涯 tiānyá edge of world; 生涯 shēngyá career, profession [gē] ancient Chinese weapon similar to dagger axe or halberd [kēng] hole, pit [zhē] cover, hide, block [qín] capture, catch, seize [mán] quite, very, fierce, (=野蛮 yěmán) barbaric; 蛮横 mánhèng unreasonable [zhǐ] 白芷 báizhǐ <Chinese medicine> root of Dahurian Angelica [dǔ] stop up, block, <classifier for walls>, <family name>; 一堵墙 yì dǔ qiáng a wall [gù] (=雇佣 gùyōng) hire, employ; 雇主 gùzhǔ employer; 雇员 gùyuán employee [wǎn] draw, pull, roll up; 挽救 wǎnjiù rescue; (F 輓) pull (cart/carriage); lament

2156 2157 2158 2159 2160 2161 2162 2163 2164 2165 2166 2167 2168

眠 吻 孝 泊 撕 虹 叙(F 敘) 粹 勉 竭 歪 慎 棵 朴 械 溪 莉 斑 磕 寡

[mián] (睡眠 shuìmián) sleep; 冬眠 dōngmián hibernate [wěn] kiss, animal's mouth, muzzle, lips [xiào] filial, filial piety, mourning [bó] at anchor, moor, berth [pō] 湖泊 húpō lakes [sī] rip, tear; 撕毁 sīhuǐ tear apart [xī] 提撕 tíxī arouse attention, help and guide [hóng] (=彩虹 cǎihóng) rainbow [jiàng] <colloquial> rainbow [xù] chat, (=叙述 xùshù, =叙事 xùshì) narrate, relate [cuì] (=纯粹 chúncuì) pure, unadulterated [miǎn] make an effort; 勉强 miǎnqiǎng force; with difficulty [jié] (=竭力 jiélì) do one's utmost, (=竭尽 jiéjìn) use up, exhaust [wāi] crooked, askew, inclined, devious [shèn] cautious, careful [kē] <classifier for trees, cabbages, etc.>; 一棵树 yí kè shù a tree [pǔ] (F 樸) (=朴素 pǔsù) simple [Piáo] <family name> [pò] 朴树 pòshù Chinese hackberry [pō] 朴刀 pōdāo a type of long knife [xiè] machinery, (=机械 jīxiè) mechanical; 器械 qìxiè apparatus [xī] (=溪流 xīliú) brook, small stream [lì] 茉莉 mòli jasmine; 茉莉花茶 mòli huāchá jasmine tea [bān] spot, speck, stripe; 斑马 bānmǎ zebra [kē] knock against; 磕头 kētóu kowtow; 磕碰 kēpèng collide with [guǎ] few, scant, tasteless; 寡妇 guǎfu widow; 沉默寡言 chénmòguǎyán habitually silent

2169

2170 2171 2172 2173 2174 2175

2176 2177 2178 2179 2180 2181 2182 2183 2184 2185 2186 2187 2188 2189 2190 2191 2192 2193 2194 2195

循 斩(F 斬) 掠 吕(F 呂) 昔 郊 爵 徽 磁 俯 谭(F 譚) 鼎 拂 俺 嫂 帕 嗯 冻(F 凍) 婉 桐

[xún] follow, abide by; 循环 xúnhuán circulate, cycle [zhǎn] chop [lüè] take by force, (=掠夺 lüèduó) pillage, plunder; (掠过 lüèguò) sweep past [lüě] sweep/brush past, snatch away [Lǚ] <family name> [xī] (=昔日 xīrì) former times, the past; 往昔 wǎngxī in the past [jiāo] (=郊区 jiāoqū, =郊外 jiaowài) suburbs, outskirts [jué] rank of nobility, peerage; 爵士 juéshì knight; 爵士音乐 juéshì yīnyuè jazz [huī] emblem, badge, insignia; 安徽省 ānhuī shěng Anhui Province [cí] magnetism; 磁铁 cítiě magnet; 磁带 cídài (magnetic) tape [fǔ] bow (one's head), bend down; 俯冲 fǔchōng dive; 俯瞰 fǔkàn look down at, overlook [tán] talk, <family name>; 天方夜谭 tiānfāngyètán the story of Arabian Nights [dǐng] ancient cooking vessel, tripod [fú] stroke, touch lightly, whisk, flick, go against (somebody's wishes); 拂晓 fúxiǎo before daybreak [bì] (=弼) assist [ǎn] I, we; 俺们 ǎnmen we (refers to speakers only) [sǎo] (=大嫂 dàsǎo) elder brother's wife, sister-in-law [pà] kerchies, (=手帕 shǒupà) handkerchief [ńg] What?, Huh? [ňg] How come?, Why? [?g] O.K., Agreed! [dòng] freeze [wǎn] gentle, (=婉转 wǎnzhuǎn) tactful, agreeable [tóng] parasol tree; 桐油 tóngyóu tung oil

2196 2197 2198 2199 2200 2201 2202 2203 2204 2205 2206 2207 2208 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217

骆(F 駱) 泼(F 潑) 匠 艇 谦(F 謙) 妓 菩 厕(F 廁) 俘 毅 岭(F 嶺) 丫 畏 湘 桶 嗓 煌 鲍(F 鮑) 粒 巷 帘 秃(F 禿)

[luò] (=骆驼 luòtuo) camel [pō] splash, spoll, sprinkle; rude and unreasonable; 活泼 huópo lively [jiàng] artisan [jiang] 木匠 mùjiang carpenter; 铁匠 tiějiàng blacksmith [tǐng] light boat [qiān] 谦虚 qiānxū, 谦逊 qiānxùn modest [jì] (=娼妓 chāngjì) prostitute, <traditional> female performer [pú] 菩萨 púsà bodhisattva, benevolent being [cè] (=厕所 cèsuǒ) toilet [si] (=茅厕 máosi) latrine [fú] capture, (=俘虏 fúlǔ) prisoner, captive [yì] resolute; 毅力 yìlì willpower; 坚毅 jiānyì determined [lǐng] mountain, (=山岭 shānlǐng) mountain range, ridge; 峻岭 jùnlǐng high mountains [yā] fork, bifurcation; 丫头 yātou girl, maid, servant, salve girl [wèi] fear, respect; 畏惧 wèijù dread; 畏缩 wèisuō flinch [Xiāng] short name for 湖南 Húnán; 湘江 Xiāng Jiāng a river in Hunan [tǒng] bucket [sǎng] (=嗓子 sǎngzi) throat, (=嗓音 sǎngyīn) voice, (=嗓门儿 sǎngménr) larynx, voice [huáng] bright, brilliant; 敦煌石窟 Dūnhuáng Shíkū Gansu Caves [bào] <family name>, (=鲍鱼 bàoyú) abalone [lì] grain, granule; 粒子 lìzǐ <terminology in physics> particle [xiàng] lane, alley [hàng] 巷道 hàngdào tunnel (in a mine) [lián] flag as shop sign; (F 簾) curtain [tū] bald, bare, blunt, incomplete

2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239

腊 仓(F 倉) 拐 绑(F 綁) 啥 荐(F 薦) 倪 瑟 廊 鸭(F 鴨) 蜜 诊(F 診) 棚 掀 筒 媳 纹(F 紋) 秒 沾 庞(F 龐) 蹲 骚(F 騷)

[là] (F 臘) (=腊月 làyuè) 12th lunar month, cured (fish/meat/etc.); 腊肠 làcháng sausage; 希腊 Xīlà Greece [xī] dried meat [cāng] warehouse [guǎi] (=拐弯 guǎiwān) turn, change direction, limp, swindle, abduct; 拐 棍 guǎigùn walking stick [bǎng] bind, tie; 绑架 bǎngjià kidnap [shá] (=啥子 sházi) what? (= 什么 shénme) [jiàn] recommend, <archaic> grass, straw [ní] <family name>, (=端倪 duānní) clue [sè] musical instrument with 25 strings [láng] hall [yā] (=鸭子 yāzi) duck; 唐老鸭 Táng lǎoyā Donald Duck [mì] (=蜂蜜 fēngmì) honey; 蜜蜂 mìfēng honeybee [zhěn] 诊断 zhěnduàn diagnose; 诊所 zhěnsuǒ clinic [péng] shed, shack, canopy; 窝棚 wōpeng shack [xiān] lift (a cover, etc.), surge [tǒng] tube; 电筒 diàntǒng flashlight [xí] (=媳妇 xífù) daughter-in-law; 童养媳 tóngyǎngxí child bride [wén] lines, veins, (wood) grain [miǎo] second (1/60 of a 分 minute) [zhān] moisten, soak, touch [páng] (=庞大 pángdà) colossal, huge [dūn] squat on the heels, stay [sāo] (=骚动 sāodòng, =骚乱 sāoluàn) disturb, harass

2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256

歧 艘 芝 哗(F 嘩) 亩(F 畝) 券 趟 巾 淫 谎(F 謊) 寞 灌 篮(F 籃) 妄 搁(F 擱) 侄 厢(F 廂) 叉 俞

[qí] (of roads:) fork, branch, divergent; 歧视 qíshì discriminate [sōu] <classifier for boats, vessels, etc.>; 两艘油船 liǎng sōu yóuchuán two oil tankers [zhī] <traditional> iris; 哗芝麻 zhīma sesame [huá] clamor, hubbub, (=喧哗 xuānhuá) noise, clamor [huā] <the sound of clanging, gurgling, etc.> [mǔ] sixth of an acre (0.0667 hectares) [quàn] ticket, certificate; 入场券 rùchǎngquàn admission ticket [xuàn] 拱券 gǒngxuàn span of an arch [tàng] <classifier for trips, times, rows, etc.> [tāng] (=蹚 tāng) ford, wade [jīn] piece of cloth; 毛巾 máojīn towel; 餐巾 cānjīn napkin; 围巾 wéijīn scarf [yín] excessive, over, wanton, lewd, licentious [huǎng] lie, prevaricate [mò] quiet; 寂寞 jìmò lonely [guàn] pour; 灌溉 guàngài irrigate; 灌木 guànmù bush [lán] basket; 篮球 lánqiú basketball [wàng] absurd, rash; 妄想狂 wàngxiǎngkuáng paranoia [gē] put [gé] endure [zhí] brother's son, nephew; 侄女 zhúnǚ brother's daughter, neice [xiāng] wing of a house, side, railway carriage [chā] (=叉子 chāzi) fork, intersection, (=交叉 jiāochā) intersect [chá] obstruct, jam up [chǎ] the distance between thumb and middle minger on an outstretched hand [chà] fork, diverge; 叉路 chàlù crossroad [Yú] <family name>, small boat [shù] (=腧)

2257

2258

2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280

伐 宰 瞒(F 瞞) 宙 肿(F 腫) 漆 怖 吾 吼 侨(F 僑) 叠(F 疊) 啸(F 嘯) 罐 肆 裙 泣 胀(F 脹) 赋(F 賦) 熬 趁 咳 愉

[fá] fell, cut down, attack [zǎi] slaughter, butcher, govern; 宰割 zǎigē invade and oppress [mán] hide the truth from [zhòu] 宇宙 yǔzhòu cosmos [zhǒng] swollen; 肿瘤 zhǒngliú tumor; 红肿 red and swollen [qī] lacquer, paint; 油漆 yóuqī paint; 漆黑 qīhēi pitch-black [bù] fear, frightening; 恐怖 kǒngbù terror [wú] (=予 yǔ) <archaic> I, me [hǒu] roar, howl [qiáo] 华侨 Huáqiáo overseas Chinese; 侨胞 compatriots abroad [dié] pile up, repeat; (折叠 zhédié) fold [xiào] 呼啸 hūxiào whistle, scream, whizz [guàn] (罐头 guàntou) can; jar [sì] (=四 sì) four, (=肆意 sìyì) wantonly, <archaic> shop [qún] (裙子 qúnzi) skirt [qì] (=哭泣 kūqì) cry, weep, (=抽泣 chōuqì) sob [zhàng] (=膨胀 péngzhàng) swell, expand [fù] (赋于) bestow on; compose; 赋税 taxes [áo] boil, stew; endure [āo] boil, cook in water [chèn] take advantage of; while; 趁机会 chèn jīhuì take advantage of an opportunity [hāi] hey [ké] 咳嗽 késou cough [yú] 愉快 yúkuài delighted

2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302

恳(F 懇) 辜 肌 婴(F 嬰) 羽 躬 毙(F 斃) 拘 叮 哇 晴 谜(F 謎) 淮 旺 逸 琼(F 瓊) 姜 呜(F 嗚) 窜(F 竄) 颁(F 頒) 薪 寨

[kěn] 诚恳 chéngkěn, 恳切 kěnqiè sincere; 恳求 plead [gū] 辜负 gūfù let down, disappoint [jī] 肌肉 jīròu muscle [yīng] (=婴儿 yīng'ér) baby, infant [yǔ] (=羽毛 yǔmáo) feather; 羽毛球 yúmáoqiú badminton [gōng] <archaic> personally; bend at the waist [bì] execute (kill); 枪毙 qiāngbì execute by shooting [jū] (=拘留 jūliú) arrest, detain; 拘束 jūshù restrict; 拘谨 jūjiň overcautious [dīng] sting, bite; say/ask again, verify [wa] <sentence final particle like 啊 a> [wā] wah! (sound of crying) [qíng] (晴朗 qínglǎng) fine, sunny; 晴天霹雳 qíngtiānpīlì a bolt from the blue [mí] (谜语 míyǔ) riddle [mèi] 谜儿 riddle [Huái] a river in 河南 and 安徽 [wàng] prosperous, flourishing; 旺盛 vigorous, exuberant [yì] leisure, escape; 安逸 ānyì comfortable, leisurely [qióng] beautiful jade; 琼脂 agar [jiāng] ginger [wū] (sound of whistling, zooming); 呜咽 wūyè sob, whimper [cuàn] flee, scurry; exile; change wording [bān] proclaim, (=颁发 bānfā) promulgate, issue [xīn] firewood, fuel, (=薪水 xīnshui) salary [zhài] stockade, camp

2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323

尿 颊(F 頰) 逮 卜 昭 浸 刮 宛 嘱(F 囑) 囊 寓 驳(F 駁) 倡 浴 咕 挪 搏 蓬 晌 渠 兜

[niào] [suī] urine, urinate [jiá] jaw; cheek [dài] 逮捕 dàibǔ arrest [dǎi] catch; 猫逮老鼠 māo dǎi lǎoshǔ a cat catching a mouse [bǔ] fortune telling [bo] 胡萝卜 húluóbo carrot [zhāo] clear, obvious; 昭雪 zhāoxuě rehabilitate [jìn] soak [guā] scrape; 刮胡子 guā húzi shave; (F 颳) (wind) blow [kā] 刮吃 kāchi 〈colloquial〉 scrape, sponge on [wǎn] 宛如 wǎnrú just like; 宛然 wǎnrán as if; [yuān] 大宛 [zhǔ] (=嘱咐 zhǔfu) advise, enjoin, urge, exhort [náng] bag; 鼓鼓囊囊 gǔgunāngnāng bulging [nāng] 囊膪 nāngchuài pork near the pig's nipples [yù] reside, live; 寓所 yùsuǒ residence; 寓言 fable, allegory [bó] contradict; 驳斥 bóchì denounce; 反驳 fǎnbó refute [chàng] 倡议 chàngyì propose [chāng] 倡优 chāngyōu entertainer [yù] (=沐浴 mùyù) take a bath; 浴室 yùshì bath/shower room [gū] coo, cluck (bird sounds) [nuó] (挪动 nuódong) move; remove [bó] 搏斗 bódòu fight, wrestle; 脉搏 màibó pulse [péng] bitter fleabane, (=蓬松 péngsōng) fluffy, <classifier for clumps of bamboo, grass, etc.>; 蓬勃 péngbó vigorous [shǎng] part of the day; noon [qú] canal, ditch, channel; 渠道 irrigation ditch [dōu] pocket, bag

2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345

喃 夷 沪(F 滬) 贱(F 賤) 魄 舵 晰 僵 糕 裔 秩 倚 塌 恍 钩(F 鉤) 嘲 傍 裕 煮 乳 勿 竖(F 豎)

[nán] 喃喃 nánnán mutter [yí] <archaic> smooth; wipe out, raze [Hù] name for 上海 Shanghai [jiàn] inexpensive, cheap, lowly, humble, worthless [pò] 气魄 qìpò boldness [bó] 落魄 [tuò] 落魄 [duò] rudder; helm; 舵手 steersman, helmsman [xī] 清晰 qīngxī clear, distinct [jiāng] stiff; numb; deadlocked; 僵硬 stiff, rigid [gāo] pudding, (=蛋糕 dàngāo) cake [yì] <archaic> descendents, posterity; borderland [zhì] 秩序 zhìxù order, sequence [yǐ] (倚靠 yǐkào) lean on; rest against; rely on [tā] collapse; sink; calm down [huǎng] suddenly, as if [gōu] (钩子 gōuzi) hook [cháo] 嘲笑 cháoxiào ridicule, laugh at; 嘲讽 cháofěng sneer at, taunt, mock; 嘲弄 cháonòng mock, deride [bàng] be close to; 傍晚 bàngwǎn toward evening, at nightfall [yù] abundant, affluent; 富裕 fùyù rich, wealthy, opulent [zhǔ] boil, cook [rǔ] milk, breast; 哺乳 bǔrǔ breast-feed; 乳酪 rǔlào cheese [wù] do not! [shù] vertical, perpendicular; vertical stroke "丨"

2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 2367

惩(F 懲) 睹 株 绣(F 繡) 妖 讶(F 訝) 咖 纲(F 綱) 胎 滨(F 濱) 耕 嗤 舱(F 艙) 娱(F 娛) 匪 鸦(F 鴉) 胃 躁 狮(F 獅) 砰 妮 凛(F 凜)

[chéng] chastise, punish, correct, repress; restrain oneself [dǔ] look at, observe; 目睹 mùdǔ see with one's own eyes [zhū] tree-trunk; 守株待兔 shǒuzhūdàitù guarding a tree-trunk to wait for a rabbit [xiù] embroider; 绣像 embroidered portrait [yāo] (妖魔 yāomó) demon; 妖娆 yāoráo charming, enchanting [yà] 惊讶 amazed [kā] (used in transliterations) 咖啡 kāfēi coffee [gā] 咖喱 gālí curry [gāng] fishing net rope; guiding principle; 纲领 program [tāi] foetus, birth, (=轮胎 lúntāi) tire (of a wheel) [bīn] 海滨 seashore; 滨临 bīnlín to be close to (a body of water) [gēng] to plough, till [chī] sneer [cāng] (ship) cabin [yú] 娱乐 yúlè amuse, amusement, recreation [fěi] (=土匪 tǔfěi) bandit, brigand, robber; 匪徒 fěitú gangster [yā] 乌鸦 wūyā crow; 鸦片 yāpiàn opium [wèi] stomach; 胃口 wèikǒu appetite [zào] rash, impetuous [shī] (=狮子 shīzi) lion [pēng] bang (sound) [nī] 妮儿 nīr girl [lǐn] cold; strict; afraid; shiver, tremble with cold or fear

2368

[guī] (乌龟) tortoise; 海龟 turtle earth) 龟(F 龜) [jūn] 龟裂 jūnlì fissure (of parched town at the northern rim of the [Qiū] 龟兹 Qiūcí Kucha, a historic Taklamakan Desert

2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 2376 2377 2378 2379 2380 2381 2382 2383 2384 2385 2386 2387 2388

裸 嫣 甫 窑(F 窯) 塘 纤(F 纖) 宠(F 寵) 链(F 鏈) 拱 尹 掘 坝(F 壩) 狭(F 狹) 铭(F 銘) 淳 沐 馨 潘 甩 榜

[luǒ] 裸体 luǒtǐ nude; 赤裸裸 stark-naked; 裸露 exposed [yān] handsome, beautiful; 嫣红 bright red [fǔ] <archaic> only, curtesy name [yáo] kiln; (窑洞) cave dwelling [táng] dike, (=池塘 chítáng, =水塘 shuǐtáng) pool [xiān] 纤维 fiber [qiàn] rope for towing boat [chǒng] love, bestow favor on [liàn] (链子 liànzi) chain; 拉链 zipper; 铰链 hinge [gǒng] arch, cup one hand in other before chest, push with no hands [yǐn] ancient title for government official; (surname) [jué] dig, excavate [bà] dam; dyke, embankment [xiá] (=狭窄 xiázhǎi, =狭隘 xiá'ài) narrow [míng] engrave, carve; 铭刻 míngkè inscription, engrave on one's mind 头 [chún] 淳朴 chúnpǔ honest, simple, unsophisticated [mù] wash one's hair; 沐浴 mùyù bathe [xīn] pervasive fragrance [Pān] <family name> [shuǎi] swing back and forth, toss, get rid of, leave behind {Compare with 用 yòng use} [bǎng] posted list of names, announcement, notice; 榜样 example, model

[bàng] (=搒) oar, whip, rod 2389 2390 2391 2392 2393 2394 2395 2396 2397 2398 2399 2400 2401 2402 2403 2404 2405 2406 2407 2408 2410 2411

渊(F 淵) 羡 侮 卿 兀 喧 履 猴 枉 衬(F 襯) 畔 凳 缅(F 緬) 弦 畜 粞 溢 搂(F 摟) 乞 旬 缚(F 縛) 灿(F 燦)

[yuān] 深渊 shēnyuān abyss [xiàn] 羡慕 xiànmù envy, admire [wǔ] 侮辱 wǔrǔ insult, humiliate [qīng] minister or high official in ancient times [wù] (书) towering; bald [xuān] 喧闹 make noise; 喧呼 xuānhū shout loudly [lǚ] shoes [hóu] (=猴子 hóuzi) monkey [wǎng] crooked; pervert; 冤枉 yuānwang do wrong, treat unjustly [chèn] line, to place underneath, lining; 衬衫 chènshān shirt [pàn] border of a field; shore, side, bank [dèng] stool, bench; 板凳 [miǎn] remote, long ago; 缅甸 Miǎndiàn Burma [xián] string of musical instrument [xù] (=畜牧 xùmù) raise (domestiv animals) [chù] 畜生 chùsheng beast [xī] smashed rice [yì] overflow; 洋溢 yángyì be permeated with [lǒu] hug; drag, pull [lōu] hold in the arms [qǐ] 乞丐 qǐgài beggar; 乞讨 qǐtǎo beg [xún] a period of ten days; 上旬 shàngxún first ten days of a month [fù] tie up, bind [càn] 灿烂 cànlàn splendid, magnificent

2412 2413 2414 2415 2416 2417 2418 2419 2420 2423 2425

舆(F 輿) 雁 倦 酬 韵(F 韻) 媚 堤 攀 窃(F 竊) 嫩 遂 澄 侦(F 偵) 陕(F 陝) 陋 笨 匙 沫 耸(F 聳) 踩 酱(F 醬)

[yú] chariot; area; 舆论 yúlùn public opinion [yàn] 大雁 dàyàn wild goose [juàn] (=疲倦 píjuàn) tired, weary [chóu] reward, payment; 酬谢 chóuxiè thank with a gift; 报酬 bàochou reward [yùn] tone, charm, appeal, (=押韵 yāyùn) rhyme; 韵文 yùnwén verse [mèi] 妩媚 wǔmèi lovely; 明媚 radiant and enchanting [dī] dyke; (堤岸 dī'àn) embankment [pān] climb; pull down; 攀登 pāndēng clamber up [qiè] 窃听 qiètīng eavesdrop; 盗窃 dàoqiè steal [nèn] tender, delicate, light, inexperienced [suì] satisy, fulfil, succeed; 遂心 suìxīn fulfill one's desire [suí] 半身不遂 bànshēnbùsuí parlysis in half the body [chéng] 澄清 transparent, clear [dèng] settle [dēng] 黄澄澄 huángdēngdēng glistening yellow, golden [zhēn] 侦察 scout, reconnoitre; 侦探 detective [Shǎn] 陕西省 Shǎnxīshěng Shaanxi Province [lòu] 丑陋 chǒulòu ugly [bèn] stupid; clumsy; cumbersome; 笨重 heavy, cumbersome [shi] 钥匙 yàoshi key [chí] spoon [mò] (=沫儿 mòr) foam, froth; 泡沫 pàomò foam, froth; 唾沫 tuòmo saliva [sǒng] towering, lofty; alarm, shock; 高耸 gāosǒng stand tall [cǎi] step [jiàng] sauce, paste, jam; 酱油 jiàngyóu soy sauce; 花生酱 huāshēngjiàng peanut butter

2428 2429 2430 2431 2432 2433 2434 2435 2436 2437

2438 2439 2441 2443 2444 2445 2447 2449 2451 2452

壶(F 壺) 啡 碌 痒(F 癢) 鄙 壳(F 殼) 贞(F 貞) 霉 蠢 芦(F 蘆) 胳 矣 焰 脊 囚 辅(F 輔) 账(F 賬) 佐 僚 雀

[hú] kettle, pot, bottle [fēi] 咖啡 kāfēi coffee [lù] 骨碌 roll; 忙碌 busy; 碌碌 mediocre [liù] 碌碡 [lū] [yǎng] itch [bǐ] I, me, my, vulgar; 鄙视 bǐshì despise, disdain [ké] shell, case [qiào] shell, hard surface [zhēn] (坚贞, 忠贞) loyal; virgin; ancient fortune-telling [méi] mold, mildew; 倒霉 dǎoméi have bad luck [chǔn] (愚蠢 yúchǔn) stupid [lú] 芦苇 lúwěi reed; 葫芦 húlu gourd [lǔ] [gē] 胳膊 gēbo arm; 胳臂 gēbei arm [gé] 胳肢 tickle [gā] [yǐ] <grammatical particle similar to "了"> [yàn] 火焰 huǒyàn flame [jí] 脊梁骨 jílianggǔ backbone [jǐ] 屋脊 wūjǐ ridge of roof [qiú] 囚禁 qiújìn imprison; 囚犯 qiúfàn prisoner [fǔ] assist, complement; 辅导 fǔdǎo coach, tutor; 辅助 fǔzhù assist, auxiliary; 辅音 fǔyīn consonant [zhàng] account, credit, debt [zuǒ] assist [liáo] (=官僚 guānliáo) official, (=同僚 tóngliáo) colleague [què] sparrow [qiāo] 雀子 qiāozi freckle

2453 2455 2456 2457 2459 2460 2462 2463 2464 2465

[qiǎo] 雀盲眼 qiǎomangyǎn night blindness 2467 2468 2469 2470 2472 2473 2475 2477 2480 2481 2482 2483 2486 2487 2488 2489 2490 2491 2492 2494 2495

撰 耍 枕 捡(F 撿) 涵 逗 粪(F 糞) 朦 肝 蒸 滥(F 濫) 筷 溃(F 潰) 隶(F 隸) 烤 缸 弓 潭 旷(F 曠) 哎 峻

[zhuàn] write, compose [shuǎ] play (role/tricks/etc.), play with, gamle, make fun of, <family name> [zhěn] (枕头) pillow [jiǎn] pick up, gather, collect [hán] (涵洞) culvert; 涵养 hányǎng self-control; conserve [dòu] stop, pause, tease, play with [fèn] excrement, manure [méng] 朦胧 ménglóng dim moonlight, obscure [gān] liver [zhēng] evaporate, (=蒸汽 zhēngqì) steam [làn] (=泛滥 fànlàn) overflow, flood; 滥用 lànyòng abuse [kuài] (筷子) chopsticks [kuì] (dam) burst; break through; 崩溃 collapse; 溃疡 ulcer [huì] [lì] 奴隶 núlì slave; 隶书 lìshū official script [kǎo] bake, roast, toast [gāng] jar, vat [gōng] bow; bend; 弓箭 gōngjiàn bow and arrow [tán] deep pool, pond [kuàng] vast; to waste time; 旷野 wilderness [āi] (interjection:) hey; 哎呀 āiyā; 哎哟 āiyō [ēi] [jùn] 严峻 yánjùn stern; 峻岭 jùnlǐng high mountains

2497 2498 2499 2500 2501 2503 2504 2505 2506 2510 2511 2512 2513 2515 2516 2518 2519 2520 2521 2523 2524 2525

爪 怯 茂 芒 肢 稻 兔 圾 喻 框 缴(F 繳) 蹈 哨 颖(F 穎) 菊 喀 妆(F 妝) 淹 瓷 淀 蜡(F 蠟) 嚼

[zhǎo] claw, talon [zhuǎ] 爪子 claw, paw, talon [qiè] (胆怯 dǎnqiè) timid; cowardly; 羞怯 xiūqiè shy [mào] profuse, (=茂盛 màoshèng) luxuriant; 茂密 màomì dense [máng] awn, beard, arista, spike, sharp point [wáng] 麦芒 màiwáng awn of wheat [zhī] 肢体 zhītǐ limbs; 四肢 the Four Limbs; 前肢 forelimb [dào] growing rice, paddy [tù] (兔子 tùzi) rabbit [jī] 垃圾 lājī refuse, garbage [sè] 垃圾 lèsè refuse, garbage [yù] 比喻 bǐyù analogy; 隐喻 yǐnyù metaphor [kuàng] frame; case; circle [jiǎo] hand in, pay [zhuó] silk string attached to an arrow for shooting birds [dǎo] skip; step; 舞蹈 wǔdǎo dance [shào] whistle; chirp; sentry post [yǐng] 新颖 xīnyǐng new and original, novel [jú] chrysanthemum [kā] (sound of coughing or vomiting) [zhuāng] adorn oneself; 妆奁 bride's trousseau [yān] flood; 淹死 drown [cí] porcelain, china; 陶瓷 táocí ceramics [diàn] shallow water; (F 澱) form sediment; settle; precipitate; 淀粉 diànfěn starch [là] wax, polish, yellowish, (=蜡烛 làzhú) candle [jué] 咀嚼 jǔjué chew

[jiáo] chew [jiào] 倒嚼 2526 2527 2529 2530 2531 2534 2536 2539 2540 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2550 2551 2552 2553 2555 2557 2558

剂(F 劑) 逛 骤(F 驟) 暑 襟 庐(F 廬) 苹(F 蘋) 晒(F 曬) 悼 昧 拢(F 攏) 函 胧(F 朧) 胶(F 膠) 抒 乒 讽(F 諷) 歹 旱 葡 惟

[jì] dose [guàng] stroll, ramble, roam [zhòu] gallop; 步骤 bùzhòu procedure; 骤然 zhòurán suddenly [shǔ] hot weather; 暑假 (shǔjià) summer vacation [jīn] front of garment, bros. in law; 衣襟 yījīn front of Chinese jacket [lú] hut, cottage [píng] 苹果 píngguǒ apple [shài] roast in sun [dào] 追悼, 悼念, 哀悼 mourn, grieve [mèi] no sun; dark; obscure; hidden; to feign [lǒng] approach; hold together; comb (hair) [hán] letter; 函件 hánjiàn correspondence; 函数 fánshù (math) function [lóng] 朦胧 ménglóng dim moonlight; obscure [lōng] [jiāo] glue, gum, rubber, stick, sticky [shū] express, convey; 各抒己见 [pīng] pīng on. crack (of rifle/etc.); 乒乓 pīngpāng pingpong {Compare with 兵 bīng soldier} [fěng] 讽刺 satirize, mock [dǎi] bad, evil, vicious [hàn] dry land; drought [pú] 葡萄 pútao grape; 葡萄酒 pútaojiǔ grape wine [wéi] only, alone, think, ponder, 惟一 wéiyī only, sole

2559 2560 2561 2563 2564 2565 2567 2568 2569 2570 2571 2572 2573 2575 2576 2577 2578 2581 2583 2584 2586 2587

拣(F 揀) 耿 廿 桩(F 樁) 乙 谣(F 謠) 坠(F 墜) 滞(F 滯) 孕 诵(F 誦) 梳 冈(F 岡) 肺 丸 霜 汁 纱(F 紗) 衔(F 銜) 腻(F 膩) 甸 啤 坎

[jiǎn] choose, select, pick out [gěng] 耿耿 gěnggěng brilliant; dedicated; 耿直 gěngzhí upright [niàn] twenty (same as 二十 èrshí) [zhuāng] stake, pile; (量): 一桩大事 [yǐ] 2nd in sequence [yáo] ballad; 谣言 yáoyán rumor, hearsay [zhuì] fall; weigh down; 坠子 zhuìzi weight; ear pendant; ballad [zhì] stagnant, sluggish [yùn] 怀孕 pregnant; 受孕 conceive; 避孕 contraception [sòng] 背诵 recite from memory [shū] (梳子) comb; to comb [gāng] ridge of a hill [fèi] (=肺脏 fèizàng) lung [wán] pill, pellet, ball [shuāng] (=霜冻 shuāngdòng) frost [zhī] (=汁液 zhīyè) juice; 果汁 guǒzhī fruit juice [shā] yarn; 绵纱 miánshā cotton yarn [xián] hold in mouth; hold inside; rank; 军衔 military rank [nì] greasy, oily; smooth; (腻烦 nìfan) disgusted, fed up [diàn] (ancient) suburb; pasture [diān] 沉甸甸 chéndiāndiān heavy [pí] 啤酒 píjiǔ beer [kǎn] bank, ridge

2588 2589 2590 2591 2592 2593 2594 2596 2597 2598 2599 2600 2601 2602 2603 2607 2609 2611 2612 2614 2616 2617

稼 禾 愣 脂 萄 捞(F 撈) 搅(F 攪) 屑 伞(F 傘) 蝶 铸(F 鑄) 躯(F 軀) 稚 腥 藤 陡 烫(F 燙) 梨 哦 浆(F 漿) 僻 坊

[jià] to plant, (=庄稼 zhuāngjia) crops [hé] grain; 禾苗 hémiáo seedlings [lèng] distracted, stupified [lēng] [zhī] (=油脂 yóuzhī) oil, grease; 脂肪 zhīfáng fat, grease [táo] 葡萄 pútao grape [lāo] dredge for, fish for, scoop up out of water [jiǎo] disturb, annoy, (=搅拌) stir, mix, agitate, [xiè] fragments, bits and pieces; minute; trivial [sǎn] (雨伞) umbrella; 跳伞, 降落伞 parachute [dié] 蝴蝶 húdié butterfly; 蝶蛹 diéyǒng chrysalis [zhù] (铸造) casting, founding [qū] 身躯 body, stature; 躯体 body [zhì] young, immature, childish; 稚气 zhìqì childishness [xīng] flesh; fishy; 腥臭 xīngchòu rancid, stinking [téng] cane, rattan; vine [dǒu] steep; suddenly; 陡峭 dǒuqiào precipitous [tàng] hot (burning hot to the touch, cf. 热 rè) [lí] pear; 凤梨 pineapple [ó] [ò] Oh! [é] softly chant [jiāng] syrup, starch [jiàng] (=糨 jiàng) thick (of porridge etc.) [pì] 僻静 pìjìng secluded; 偏僻 piānpì out-of-the way [fāng] lane [fáng] workshop, mill

2619 2620 2621 2622 2624 2627 2628 2629 2631 2634 2636 2637 2638 2640 2642 2643 2645 2648 2649 2650 2654 2657

焉 隙 淘 垮 滔 酿(F 釀) 鹅(F 鵝) 兹(F 茲) 捣(F 搗) 栋(F 棟) 瑰 敞 癌 缆(F 纜) 烁(F 爍) 玫 诈(F 詐) 煞 膜 焚 粘 摧

[yān] 心不在焉 absent-minded [xì] gap; crack; rift; loophole [táo] wash, clean; 淘气 táoqì naughty; 淘汰 táotài eliminate [kuǎ] collapse, break down [tāo] 滔滔 tāotāo torrential; 滔滔不绝 talk on and on [niàng] brew, ferment, wine, (=酿成 niàngchéng) result in, breed [é] goose; 企鹅 qǐ'é penguin [zī] <archaic> this; now; year [cí] 龟兹 [dǎo] pound, beat; harass; 捣乱 dǎoluàn make a disturbance [dòng] ridgepole [guī] [gui] 玫瑰 méigui rose [chǎng] spacious; open [ái] (=癌症 áizhèng) cancer [lǎn] cable; 缆车 cable car [shuò] shining; 闪烁 glimmer, twinkle [méi] 玫瑰 méigui rose; 黄刺玫 yellow rose [zhà] cheat, swindle; pretend, feign [shà] evil spirit; 煞白 shàbái deathly pale [shā] stop, (= 刹 shā, =杀 shā) kill [mó] membrane, film; 角膜 jiǎomó cornea (of eye) [fén] (焚烧 fénshāo) burn, set on fire [zhān] to glue, to paste [nián] (=黏 nián) sticky [cuī] break, (=摧毁 cuīhuǐ, =摧残 cuīcán) destroy

2658 2659 2660 2662 2664 2667 2668 2671 2673 2675 2683 2684 2686 2687 2688 2689 2690 2694 2696 2698 2700 2701

疫 幢 汝 毯 挫 纺(F 紡) 朽 锤(F 錘) 兑(F 兌) 辫(F 辮) 堕(F 墮) 笛 觅(F 覓) 蔽 谐(F 諧) 氓 蔑 沸 藉 卸 熄 扁

[yì] 免疫 miǎnyì immunity; 瘟疫 wēnyì pestilence [zhuàng] (量) (for buildings) [chuáng] pennant; Buddhist pillar [rǔ] you, thou [tǎn] (毯子 tǎnzi) blanket; (地毯 dìtǎn) carpet, rug [cuò] setback, (=挫折 cuòzhé) frustrate, defeat [fǎng] spin yarn; 纺织 fǎngzhī spin and weave; 纺车 fǎngchē spinning wheel [xiǔ] 腐朽 fǔxiǔ decayed, rotten [chuí] hammer [duì] exchange, convert, add (water etc.); 兑换 duìhuàn convert, exchange [biàn] braid [duò] fall, sink; 堕落 duòluò degenerate, sink low [dí] bamboo flute, whistle [mì] seek; look for; demand [bì] cover, shelter, hide; 隐蔽 yǐnbì conceal oneself; covert [xié] in harmony [máng] 流氓 liúmáng hoodlum [méng] common people [miè] 轻蔑 qīngmiè scornful [fèi] 沸腾 fèiténg boiling; 沸点 boiling point [jí] 狼藉 lángjí <archaic> in disorder [jiè] (=借 jiè) borrow, lend [xiè] unload, discharge; remove; shirk [xī] extinguish, put out, go out; 熄灭 xīmiè go out, die out [biǎn] flat; inscription; 扁担 biǎndan carrying pole

[piān] 扁舟 2702 2703 2704 2706 2709 2711 2712 2713 2714 2716 2719 2724 2725 2726 2732 2733 2738 2740 2742 2743 2746

炭 慷 篷 眨 譬 叨 蔬 绸(F 綢) 婿 寥 浇(F 澆) 乓 膏 膛 琢 啪 淑 叭 弊 灶 醋

[tàn] charcoal [kāng] high-spirited; 慷慨 kāngkǎi fervent; liberal, generous [péng] sail; 帐篷 zhàngpéng tent [zhǎ] wink, blink [pì] 譬如 pìrú for instance, for example [dāo] 叨叨 dāodao chatter [tāo] 叨光 tāoguāng much obliged [shū] 蔬菜 shūcài vegetable [chóu] (丝绸 sīchóu) silk [xù] son-in-law [liáo] few, empty, vacant, lonely [jiāo] irrigate, water; pour liquid on; 浇花 [pāng] bang; 乒乓 pīngpāng pingpong {Compare with 兵 bīng soldier} [gāo] 牙膏 yágāo toothpaste; 油膏 ointment [gào] lubricate [táng] (胸膛) chest; chamber [zuó] 琢磨 zuómo ponder [zhuó] 琢磨 zhuómó polish [pā] (sound:) bang [shū] <archaic> kind and gentle [bā] (=吧) <used for sound value> [bì] 弊病 bìbìng malady, evil; drawback; 利弊 pros and cons [zào] stove; kitchen [cù] vinegar; 吃醋 be jealous (in love affair)

2747 2754 2755 2760 2761 2762 2763 2765 2766 2767 2769 2772 2773 2776 2780 2783 2786 2787 2790 2791 2793 2794

斌 奠 屯 膨 沦(F 淪) 缕(F 縷) 壤 冶 暇 揉 萝(F 蘿) 翔 蛛 栗 荫(F 蔭) 讥(F 譏) 葱(F 蔥) 巩(F 鞏) 粥 斋(F 齋) 迄 帜(F 幟)

[bīn] (variant of 彬 bīn) [diàn] establish; give offerings to the dead [tún] (屯子) village; collect [péng] expand, inflate; 膨胀 péngzhàng expand, swell [lún] sink; 沦陷 lúnxiàn fall (to enemy); 沦为 be reduced to [lǚ] thread; strand; 蓝缕 lánlǚ shabby, ragged [rǎng] (=土壤 tǔrǎng) soil [yě] smelt (metal) [xiá] leisure; 空暇 kòngxiá spare time; 不暇 bùxiá be too busy [róu] rub, knead [luó] vine; 萝卜 luóbo radish; 胡萝卜 húluóbo carrot; 菠萝 bōluó pineapple [xiáng] circle in the air [zhū] 蜘蛛 zhīzhū spider [lì] (栗子 lìzi) chestnut; (F 慄) tremble [yìn] shady [yīn] (=阴) [jī] 讥笑 jīxiào mock; 讥讽 jīfěng ridicule [cōng] green, (=葱头) onion, scallion [gǒng] 巩固 gǒnggù consolidate [zhōu] porridge, gruel, congee [yù] (=鬻) sell, vend [zhāi] vegetarian religious diet, give alms, room or building [qì] 迄今 qìjīn hitherto, up to now, so far [zhì] 旗帜 qízhì banner, flag, stand, position

2796 2800 2801 2802 2803 2805 2806 2809 2810 2813 2815 2824 2825 2827 2828 2833 2835 2842 2846 2848 2849 2851

菌 铅(F 鉛) 贿(F 賄) 绒(F 絨) 侣(F 侶) 锻(F 鍛) 谴(F 譴) 汹(F 洶) 敷 宵 讳(F 諱) 锣(F 鑼) 撼 亨 淌 扛 杉 燥 匀(F 勻) 渺 碟 嵌

[jūn] fungus, bacterium; 细菌, 病菌 germ [jùn] mushroom [qiān] lead (Pb); 铅笔 qiānbǐ pencil [huì] (贿赂 huìlù) bribe; 行贿 give a bribe [róng] down; velvet; floss [lǚ] companion, associate [duàn] forge; 锻炼 duànliàn exercise [qiǎn] 谴责 qiǎnzé condemn [xiōng] 汹涌 xiōngyǒng turbulent [fū] apply (powder, ointment, etc.); spread; 敷眼 to elaborate [xiāo] night; 通宵 tōngxiāo throughout the night; 元宵节 Yuánxiāojié Lantern Festival [huì] hide; avoid; name of deceased person [luó] gong [hàn] 震撼 shake, shock, vibrate [hēng] successful, go smoothly, <electrical terminology> henry [tǎng] drip (water or blood), shed (tears), trickle (sweat) [káng] carry on the shoulder [gāng] lift with both hands [shān] China fir [shā] 杉篙 shāgāo fir scaffold-pole [zào] dry; 干燥 gānzào dry, dull; 枯燥 kūzào boring [yún] to divide evenly; to spare; even [miǎo] 渺小 tiny, negligible; 渺茫 miǎománg distant and indistinct [dié] small plate or dish; 茶碟 saucer; 飞碟 frisbee, UFO [qiàn] 镶嵌 xiāngqiàn inlay, set, mount

2853 2854 2858 2861 2864 2865 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871

沃 剖 姬 绰(F 綽) 嗦 绞(F 絞) 轴(F 軸) 垒(F 壘) 噪 蕴(F 蘊) 邵 咋 坪 佣(F 傭) 卵 昼(F 晝) 憋 奎 捂

[wò] irrigate; (肥沃 féiwò) fertile; 沃野 wòyě fertile land [pōu] cut/slit open, (=解剖 jiěpōu) dissect; 剖面 pōumiàn cross section, sectional view; 剖析 pōuxī analyse, dissect [jī] <archaic> honorable woman, concubine, <family name> [chuò] 绰号 chuòhào nickname [chāo] grab; take up [suō] 哆嗦 duōsuo tremble, shiver [jiǎo] twist; 绞杀 strangle; 绞刑 death by hanging [zhóu] axle; axis; spool [zhòu] [lěi] build by piling up stones etc.; 垒求 softball [zào] 噪声 zàoshēng noise [yùn] 蕴藏 yùncáng contain, hold in store [Shào] <family name> [zǎ] <local> (=怎么 zěnme) how [zé] <archaic> bite [zhā] how?, what?, why?; 咋呼 zhāhu bluster, show off [zhà] bite; 咋舌 zhàshé cluck with the tongue (in surrprice/etc.), to be left speechless {Compare with 昨 zuó yesterday} [píng] level ground; 草坪 cǎopíng lawn [yōng] hire, (=佣人 yōngrén) servant; 雇佣 gùyōng hire [yòng] (=佣金 yòngjīn) commission [luǎn] (卵子) egg, ovum; 卵巢 luǎncháo ovary [zhòu] daytime [biē] check, restrain, suppress; suffocate, feel depressed [kuí] (used in transliterations) 奎宁 kuíníng quinine [wǔ] seal, cover, muffle [wú] 枝捂

2874

2880 2886 2888 2890 2893 2895 2899

2900 2903 2904 2907 2908 2911 2914 2923 2925 2928 2929 2932 2935 2936 2937 2960 2967 2968 2970 2972 2973

煎 瞅 蚀(F 蝕) 熔 虾(F 蝦) 谬(F 謬) 绅(F 紳) 镶(F 鑲) 聋(F 聾) 募 垄(F 壟) 彦(F 彥)

[jiān] to fry [chǒu] see, look at [qiu] 溜瞅 [shí] lose; erode, corrode [róng] fuse, smelt, (熔化 rónghuà) melt; 熔岩 róngyán lava [xiā] shrimp; 龙虾 lóngxiā lobster; 虾炒饭 xiāchǎofàn shrimp fried rice [há] (=蛤); 虾蟆 háma frog, toad [miù] 荒谬 huāngmiù absurd; 谬论 miùlùn fallacy [shēn] 绅士 shēnshì gentleman, gentry [xiāng] inlay; edge [lóng] (耳聋 ěrlóng) deaf [mù] raise, recruit [lǒng] ridge or raised path in field; 垄断 monopolize [yàn] man of virtue and ability

[qiào] hold up; 翘尾巴 qiào wěiba "to hold up the tail" = to be/get cocky, 翘(F 翹) to be snobbish and self-important [qiáo] raise one's head; become warped

趴 杏 彰 阐(F 闡) 讼(F 訟) 枢(F 樞) 崭(F 嶄) 蒲

[pā] lie prone; lean over [xìng] apricot; 杏仁 almond [zhāng] obvious, apparant; showy; 表彰 biǎozhāng commend, cite [chǎn] 阐明 chǎnmíng clarify; 阐述 chǎnshù expound [sòng] 诉讼 sùsòng lawsuit [shū] 枢纽 shūniǔ pivot, axis [zhǎn] <archaic> towering; 崭新 zhǎnxīn brand-new, completely new [pú] cattail, <family name>

2974 2978 2982 2983 2994 2997 3000

泻(F 瀉) 俭(F 儉) 橡 溶 瀑 扒 琛

[xiè] 倾泻 come down in torrents; 泻药 laxative [jiǎn] economical, (=俭朴 jiǎnpǔ) frugal; 勤俭 qínjiǎn industrious and thrifty [xiàng] (=橡树 xiàngshù) oak, rubber tree; 橡胶 xiàngjiāo rubber; 橡皮 xiàngpí eraser, rubber [róng] (=溶化 rónghuà) dissolve; 溶液 (chemical) solution [pù] 瀑布 pùbù waterfall [bā] hold on to; dig up; rake; strip [pá] rake up; stew, braise [chēn] <archaic> treasure

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful