STATE OF ISRAEL

WRRC 2011 Yuma, Arizona

The Master Plan for Desalination in Israel , 2020
Abraham Tenne
Head of Desalination Division and Water Technologies Chairman of the WDA (Water Desalination Administration)

STATE OF ISRAEL

The overall goal of the Israeli Water Authority
Assure that water will be sustainable, available, reliable, in the required quantities, locations and qualities.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Water demand forecast (MCM/Year)
Year Agriculture Industry Urban Aquifer rehabilitation Neighbors Nature Total demand 2008 430 85 730 0 130 7 1,382 2013 530 95 840 120 130 50 1,765 2015 530 100 880 130 150 50 1,840 2020 530 110 980 150 150 50 1,970

These figures do not include effluents, storm water and brackish water for irrigation in the amount of 500 MCM/Year.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Water resources including desalination (MCM/Year)
Year Natural resources Brackish water desalination Sea water desalination 2008 675 30 140 845 1,382 537 2013 1,170 50 545 1,765 ,1765 0 2015 1,170 70 600 1,840 ,1840 0 2020 1,170 70 750 1,990 1,970 -20

Total resources Total demand Gap

These figures do not include effluents, storm water and brackish water for irrigation in the amount of 500 MCM/Year.

 Water wells purification and aquifers water quality improvement.STATE OF ISRAEL CLOSING THE GAP  Water saving and efficient use of water.  Desalination. .  Increasing capacity of waste water treatment and upgrading effluent quality.

Teaching activities in schools in all levels. . Water leakage in piping (developing new technologies). Using water saving plantation (including new developments). • Increasing water price .STATE OF ISRAEL REDUCING WATER DEMAND Water saving and efficient use of water • • • • Media publications. • Advanced irrigation systems (including new developments and improvements).

. • Operating wells on the eastern and western parts of the shore aquifer. • Assisting in developing technologies for purifying wells • Funding well purification projects.STATE OF ISRAEL Resources for increasing water supply (cont’) Water wells purification and aquifers water quality improvement.

• Increasing construction of new water reuse systems. • Encouraging more farmers to irrigate with effluent instead of fresh water.STATE OF ISRAEL Resources for increasing water supply (cont’) Increasing capacity of waste water treatment and upgrading effluent quality. • Increasing effluent upgrading to a level of unlimited irrigation. .

• Encouraging technology improvements for BWRO plants. • Encouraging construction of new BWRO plants.STATE OF ISRAEL Resources for increasing water supply (cont’) Brackish water Desalination • Increasing existing BWRO plants. .

• Encouraging construction of new SWRO plants. . • Encouraging Energy Saving Technology improvements for SWRO plants. • Encouraging technology improvements for SWRO plants in Pretreatment and Post Treatment.STATE OF ISRAEL Resources for increasing water supply (cont’) Sea water Desalination • Increasing existing SWRO plants.

6495 80 70 60 ‫מות במלמ"ק‬ 52. תוספת למאזן‬ Water quality increase ‫כמות מצטברת.225 years ‫שנים‬ 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2015 .9495 65.0195 65.2765 34.0195 MCM/Y 50 40 30 20 10 0 1990 1994 2003 2005 2006 19.825 38.אינה תוספת למאזן‬ total ‫סה"כ‬ 71.175 13.7965 35.3365 13.9495 52.6 33.STATE OF ISRAEL Resources for increasing water supply Brackish Water Desalination ‫כמויות התפלת מליחים‬ Additional capacity ‫כמות מצטברת.

STATE OF ISRAEL Resources for increasing water supply (cont’) Sea Water Desalination (SWRO) Sea ‫התפלגות אספקת מי ים‬ ‫ מותפלים‬Water Desalination Supply Ashkelon ‫אשקלון‬ Palmachim ‫פלמחים‬ ‫חדרה‬ Hadera ‫אשדוד‬ Ashdod ‫שורק‬ Sorek ‫גליל מערבי‬ Shomrat Total ‫סה"כ‬ 700 595 545 600 500 385 295 400 300 200 100 0 271 166 112 34 114 42 115 120 130 120 130 60 30 120 45 150 130 100 120 150 130 100 45 50 45 45 20 2009 2010 2011 ‫שנים‬ Years 2012 2013 2015 ‫מות במלמ"ק‬ CM/Y .

STATE OF ISRAEL National Plan 34/b/2 For desalination of 755 MCM/Year Shomrat Haifa Bay Capacity MCM/Year Project Location Shomrat Haifa Bay Hadera Power plant Sorek Palmachim Asdod Industrial zone Ashdod power plant Ashkelon Eilat 30 30 Hadera 100 200 Shafdan Ashdod ind. Zone Ashdod Power Plant Ashkelon Palmachim 100 150 45 100 20 .

SWRO Process Diagram .

The Membrane .

Agreements with Desalination Companies • BOT • BOO • TK .

7 0.65 0.4 0.45 0.3 0.35 0.27 0.25 0.4 0.52 .8 0.25 0.STATE OF ISRAEL Water Desalination Prices ($) Per CM (VAT not included) Project name Fixed price Variable price Total price Ashkelon Palmachim Hadera Sorek 0.

2003 6.2002 12.04 ~ 0.2006 Cost per CM ($) 0.3 .15 0.STATE OF ISRAEL Connection to the National Grid Investment and Cost Per CM ($) Project name Ashkelon Palmachim Hadera Investment ($) 30 M 8M 85 M date 1.

4 7.STATE OF ISRAEL Desalination Water Quality Quality parameter units Contractual Demands Ashkelon Palmachim 80 0.4 7-8 -0.8 80-120 <0.5 0 to 0.3 8-8.5 to 0.3 10-15 0.3 8-8.5 -0.5 Ashkelon Actual Palmachim Actual Hadera Actual Chloride Boron pH LSI Alkalinity Hardness Turbidity ppm ppm ppm 20 0.15-0.38 8-8.5 0 to 0.2-0.5 ppm* ppm* NTU * As CaCO3 .5 > 80 80-120 0.5 0 to 0.5 >75 <0.2 to 0.15-0.5 Hadera 20 0.5-8.5 45-50 90-110 0.3 7.2-0.5 0-0.5 40-45 85-95 0.3-0.5 10-15 0.5 >80 >60 <0.2 30-40 0.5-8.2-0.

water supply 2013 Ashdod (100) (120) Ashkelon Operation stage 8. water supply 2013 (150) Operation stage 5.2009 Construction stage.מקורות‬TK BOT Capacity MCM/Year 100 30 150 Location Ashkelon Palmachim Sorek Ashdod Hadera expansions Total 100 100 160 650 Operation stage 12.2007 sorek 750 650 400 36 130 145 160 100 280 295 300 (45) Palmachim ‫אשקלון‬ Tendering stage.Index •Operation stage •Construction stage •Pre tender stage •Pre contract stage Water supply August 2005 May 2007 2013 2013 December 2009 2010-2013Hadera (130) Agreement method BOT BOO BOT ‫.2005 0 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 0 00 200 200 200 200 200 201 201 201 201 291 202 2 .

length section Eshkol reservoir Tel Aviv 108” Sea of Galilee .Main Water Supply System Haifa Saphir station Sea of Galilee (Kinneret) National carrier 108” Jerusalem Eshkol reservoir National carrier .

SWRO facilities connection a revolution in National system operation .

South Sharon Elishema St.Barkai Reservoir Hadera Res. . Horashim Res. St. St. + Pump. Western Line Raanana St. Connection Pipe 80” Barkai Pump.

St.Western Line Sorek Pump. Cule Res. The 5th Line To Jerusalem Hafetz Haiim Neora . West Yarkon Line Ashdod Pump. St. and Res. and Res.

.

.More Water Technologies  Advanced Filtration Systems. Developing water saving plantation. Storm water treatment and collection.      Advanced water leakage detection systems. Water saving and efficient use of water. Water security.

• Assisting to build pilot plants for technical improvements. • The Katamon Program to encourage water technologies developments. • The Governmental Newtech program to promote water technologies.Assisting the research for water technologies development • Funding research on water technologies. • Funding a new research center for water technologies at Sde Boker. . • Funding water technologies conferences in Israel and abroad.

• Scholarship program for students in water studies for the second and third degree.Promoting water studies in the educational systems • Promoting and developing water studies and educational programs in elementary and high schools. • Encourage conferences and lectures in schools in water issues. • Encourage professional educational programs of water technologies for professional technicians and engineers. • Participating in water study centers in the existing desalination plants. .

5 Kw/CM •Every Desalination Plant will have its own IPP NG.STATE OF ISRAEL Energy in Desalination Plants •Reduced Specific Energy to 3. •Solar Panels at the new Desalination plants. .

NG IPP Solar Energy Wind energy Pumped storage 2500-3000 MW 250-500 MW 250-400 MW 1000-1100 MW .STATE OF ISRAEL New Resources and Renewable Energy The Israeli Infrastructure ministry had decided to have independent private power plants of a total capacity of 4000-5000 MW in the next 10 years.

The PQ was published at 2009 and the tender will be published in few month. The plants will start its production at 2014.STATE OF ISRAEL Solar Energy.The Israeli Government decided to build two solar power Plants in tow technologies: Renewable Energy •Solar thermal plants for 80-110 MW •Photo voltaic plant of 15-30 MW. .

STATE OF ISRAEL Solar thermal plants Renewable Energy Photo voltaic plants .

.STATE OF ISRAEL Renewable Energy Wind Energy.at present we have in Israel a wind turbine farm of 6 MW. The potential is 600 MW.

There are already three approved projects of a total capacity of 700MW.STATE OF ISRAEL Renewable Energy Pumped Storage Energy. .

STATE OF ISRAEL Concentrate to the sea: •Advanced defuses •Monitoring plan Environmental Aspects Coagulants Lend Removal Using NG instead coal power plants: •Impurities reduction of 80% Green Chapter in the Desalination Tenders: •Using local recycled material •Environmental friendly design .

STATE OF ISRAEL Ashkelon Desalination plant Construction started on January 2003 Beginning of operation August 2005 Production today 110 MCM/Y Production in 2010 120 MCM/Y .

STATE OF ISRAEL Palmachim Desalination plant Construction started on January 2005 Beginning of operation June 2007 Production today 30 MCM/Y Production in 2010 45 MCM/Y .

STATE OF ISRAEL Hadera Desalination Plantl Construction started on June 2007 Beginning of operation December 2009 Production in 2009 100 MCM/Y Production in 2010 130 MCM/Y .

150 MCM/Y . 70 MCM/Y Production in 2014.STATE OF ISRAEL Sorek Desalination Plant-Model Construction will start on July 2010 Beginning of operation July 2013 production on 2013.

STATE OF ISRAEL Thank you Drought 2010-2011 .

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