A Stringy Proposal for Early Time The Cosmological Cosmology: Slingshot

Scenario

Germani, NEG, Kehagias, hepth/0611246 Germani, NEG, Kehagias, arXiv:0706.0023 Germani, Ligouri, arXiv:0706.0025

Standard cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous 4d metric It is nearly isotropic

The vacuum energy density is very small

What do we know about the universe?

The space is almost flat

It is expanding

It is accelerating

The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat (slightly red) spectrum

WMAP collaboration astro-ph/0603449

Standard cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous 4d metric It is nearly isotropic

The vacuum energy density is very small

Einstein equation Hubble equations

The space is almost flat

It is expanding

Energy Curvature density term

It is accelerating

The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat (slightly red) spectrum

Standard cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous

ρ Plank
The vacuum energy density is very small Big Bang

Solution 4d metric a Hubble equation

It is nearly isotropic

The space is almost flat

It is expanding

ρ
tPlank The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat (slightly red) spectrum to t

It is accelerating

Standard cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous It is nearly isotropic

The vacuum energy density is very small

ρ is constant in the observable region of 1028 cm

The space is almost flat

It is expanding

Causally disconnected regions are in equilibrium! tPlank The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat (slightly red) spectrum to t

It is accelerating

Standard cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous It is nearly isotropic

The vacuum energy density is very small

Isotropic solutions form a subset of measure zero on the set of all Bianchi solutions Perturbations around isotropy dominate at early time, like a -6 , giving rise to chaotic behavior!

The space is almost flat

It is expanding

It is accelerating

Belinsky, Khalatnikov, Lifshitz, Adv. Phys. 19, 525

The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat (slightly red) spectrum

Collins, Hawking Astr.Jour.180, (1973)

Standard cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous It is nearly isotropic

The vacuum energy density is very small It is a growing function It is expanding

(10-8 at Nuc.) The space is almost flat

Since it is small today, it was even smaller at earlier time!

It is accelerating

The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat (slightly red) spectrum

Standard cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous What created perturbations? The vacuum energy density is very small If they were created by primordial quantum fluctuations, its resulting spectrum for normal matter is not flat Their existence is necessary for the formation of structure (clusters, galaxies) It is nearly isotropic

The space is almost flat

It is expanding

It is accelerating

The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat (slightly red) spectrum

Standard cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous Inflation Solving to the problems

Guth, PRD 23, 347 (1981) Linde, PLB 108, 389 (1982)

It is nearly isotropic a The space is almost flat

ρ Plank
The vacuum energy density is very small Big Bang

It is expanding

ρ
tPlank tearlier < tNuc to t

It is accelerating

The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat (slightly red) spectrum

Standard cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous Bounce It is nearly isotropic a
Quantum regime

ρ Plank
The vacuum energy density is very small

The space is almost flat

It is expanding

ρ
tearlier< tNuc to t

It is accelerating

The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat (slightly red) spectrum

Standard cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous Bounce Inflation It is nearly isotropic a The space is almost flat

ρ Plank
The vacuum energy density is very small

CanQuantum regime the bounce be classical?

It is expanding

ρ
tearlier< tNuc to t

It is accelerating

The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat (slightly red) spectrum

Mirage cosmology
ρ Plank

Kehagias, Kiritsis hepth/9910174

a

ρ
Cosmological evolution

tearlier

to

t

r t lB f-a 3 4d

ee lic sn a

Higher dimensional bulk Warping factor

M

te at

r

i Un

v

s er

e

Mirage cosmology
Increasin g warping Monotonous motion

ρ Plank

a

Big Bang

Expanding Universe

ρ
tearlier to t

tPlank How can we obtain a bounce?

A turning point in the motion
Solve equations of

A minimum in the warping Solve factor
Einstein equations

Slingshot cosmology
ρ Plank

Germani, NEG, Kehagias hep-th/0611246

a

ρ
xµ||
te lan S fr d BP -B 3 D4 ice sl

10d bulk IIB SUGRA solution

Cosmological expansion

tearlier

to

t

Warping factor

Xaü

Slingshot cosmology
RR field

ρ Plank

a

Dilaton field

Induced metric

ρ
X
a ü

xµ||

Bounce Turning point

tearlier

to

t

Burgess, Quevedo, Rabadan, Tasinato, Zavala, hep-th/0310122

Xaü

Slingshot cosmology
Transverse metric 6d flat euclidean metric Free particle AdS5xS5 space

ρ Plank

a

ρ
X
a ü

Turning point

Bounce

tearlier

to

t

Non-vanishing Non-vanishing impact angular momentum parameter

Warping factor

l
Xaü

Heavy source Stack of branes

Burgess, Martineau , Quevedo, Rabadan, hepth/0303170 Burgess, NEG, F. Quevedo,

Slingshot cosmology
space curvature
AdS5xS5 space 6d flat Euclidean metric There is no Free particle

ρ Plank

a

ρ
X
a ü

tearlier

to

t

Non-vanishing angular momentum

l
Xaü

Heavy source Stack of branes

Slingshot cosmology
ρ Plank
There is no space curvature a

ρ
Flatness Can we solve problem the flatness problem? is solved tearlier to t

Constraint in parameter space

Slingshot cosmology
All the higher orders in r´

ρ Plank

a

What about Isotropy isotropy? problem is solved

ρ
tearlier to t

Dominates at early time, avoiding chaotic behaviour

Slingshot cosmology
ρ Plank
a

And about perturbations? tearlier to

ρ
t

Slingshot cosmology
ρ Plank

Germani, NEG, Kehagias arXiv:0706.0023  Boehm, Steer, hep-th/0206147

a

Induced scalar Scalaroscillator Bardeen And field Harmonic about potential perturbations? Growing modes Frozen modes Decaying modes Oscilating modes

ρ
tearlier to t

Frozen modes survive up to late times Decaying modes do not survive

Slingshot cosmology
ρ Plank
a

ρ
Frozen modes

tearlier

to

t

Power spectrum

Created by quantum perturbations

η*

=<

>

Slingshot cosmology
λ > lc λ < lc
mode Classical mode Quantum Creation of the mode

ρ Plank

a

λ = c r ∗= lkL / lc

ρ

λ = k /a = kL / r
We get a flat spectrum

tearlier

to

t

Power spectrum

η*

Hollands, Wald grqc/0205058

Slingshot cosmology
ρ Plank
Compactificatio Gravity is ten n dimensional AdS Late time a CY throat in cosmology space Formation of structure Kepler laws Local gravity domination in Real life! the top

a

Mirage domination in the throat

ρ
tearlier to t

The transition is out of our control

Local 4d Mirage gravity dominate dominated era d era backreaction

AdS throat

Top of the CY

Slingshot cosmology
It is nearly homogeneous

Nice Results Open Points
Klevanov-Strassler geometry The price we paid is an gives a slightly red spectral unknown transition region between local and mirage index, in agreement with gravityWMAP (reheating) Problems with Hollands and There is no effective 4D theory Wald proposal are avoided in the Slingshot scenario Back-reaction effects should be studied An effective 4D action can be found

It is nearly isotropic

The vacuum energy density is very small

The space is almost flat

It is expanding

It is accelerating

The perturbations around homogeneity have a flat spectrum

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