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Alcotel G5M Metwork Alcotel G5M Metwork Alcotel G5M Metwork Alcotel G5M Metwork
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ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork
1 11 1 ntroduction ntroduction ntroduction ntroduction
2 22 2 Generol 5pecificotion Generol 5pecificotion Generol 5pecificotion Generol 5pecificotion
3 33 3 kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
4 44 4 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided
5 55 5 nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix
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ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork
1 11 1 ntroduction ntroduction ntroduction ntroduction
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Contents Contents Contents Contents
1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 G5M 00, 1800, 100 G5M 00, 1800, 100 G5M 00, 1800, 100 G5M 00, 1800, 100
1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 History of Cellulor Metworks History of Cellulor Metworks History of Cellulor Metworks History of Cellulor Metworks
1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 Limits of G5M 5ystems Limits of G5M 5ystems Limits of G5M 5ystems Limits of G5M 5ystems
1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 Overview of Current 5tondords Overview of Current 5tondords Overview of Current 5tondords Overview of Current 5tondords
1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 G5M Key G5M Key G5M Key G5M Key- -- -Dotes Dotes Dotes Dotes
1. 1. 1. 1. nternotionol Agreements. "Memorondum Of Understonding" nternotionol Agreements. "Memorondum Of Understonding" nternotionol Agreements. "Memorondum Of Understonding" nternotionol Agreements. "Memorondum Of Understonding"
1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 Contribution of G5M 5tondord Contribution of G5M 5tondord Contribution of G5M 5tondord Contribution of G5M 5tondord
1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 From 2G to 3G From 2G to 3G From 2G to 3G From 2G to 3G
1. 1. 1. 1. Contents of 3GFF "kecommendotions" Contents of 3GFF "kecommendotions" Contents of 3GFF "kecommendotions" Contents of 3GFF "kecommendotions"
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1.1 G5M 00, 1800, 100 1.1 G5M 00, 1800, 100 1.1 G5M 00, 1800, 100 1.1 G5M 00, 1800, 100
G5M. G G5M. G G5M. G G5M. Globol 5 55 5ystem for M MM Mobile communicotion
Fon-Europeon stondord for communicotion with mobiles, olreody odopted
by more thon 400 operotors in 173 countries ond now the world-wide
reference for mobile rodio networks. 5ince 15 (phose 2}, this stondord
hormonizes the 00 MHz G5M system ond the 1800 or 100 MHz Digitol
Cellulor 5ystems (DC5}.
G5M 00. G5M 00. G5M 00. G5M 00.
2 x 25 MHz frequency bonds oround 00 MHz. (extended . 2 x 35 MHz}
G5M 1800. G5M 1800. G5M 1800. G5M 1800.
2 x 75 MHz frequency bonds oround 1800 MHz.
G5M 100. ( G5M 100. ( G5M 100. ( G5M 100. (Morth ond 5outh Americon voriont of the G5M 1800}.
2 x 75 MHz frequency bonds oround 100 MHz.
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1.2 History of Cellulor Metworks 1.2 History of Cellulor Metworks 1.2 History of Cellulor Metworks 1.2 History of Cellulor Metworks
Mobile network "Frehistory". Mobile network "Frehistory". Mobile network "Frehistory". Mobile network "Frehistory".
14. 5t Louis (Missouri}
170 - 80. MATEL (5witzerlond}
1 11 1
st st st st
Generotion. Anologue cellulor networks Generotion. Anologue cellulor networks Generotion. Anologue cellulor networks Generotion. Anologue cellulor networks
17. Chicogo. AMF5
181. 5weden. MMT
185. UK. TAC5
2 22 2
nd nd nd nd
Generotion. Digitol networks Generotion. Digitol networks Generotion. Digitol networks Generotion. Digitol networks
12. Europe. G5M
15. U5. 55 (CDMA}
3 33 3
rd rd rd rd
Generotion. Universol(} 5tondords Generotion. Universol(} 5tondords Generotion. Universol(} 5tondords Generotion. Universol(} 5tondords
2001. 1opon MT-2000. UMT5
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1.3 Limits of G5M systems 1.3 Limits of G5M systems 1.3 Limits of G5M systems 1.3 Limits of G5M systems
public public public public
residentiol residentiol residentiol residentiol
office office office office FA8X FA8X FA8X FA8X
FA8X FA8X FA8X FA8X
5moll Cells 5moll Cells 5moll Cells 5moll Cells Medium Cells Medium Cells Medium Cells Medium Cells Lorge Cells Lorge Cells Lorge Cells Lorge Cells
G5M G5M G5M G5M
F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM
F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM
F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM
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5tondord 5tondord 5tondord 5tondord CT2 CT2 CT2 CT2 G5M G5M G5M G5M DC5 DC5 DC5 DC5 DECT DECT DECT DECT 55 55 55 55
5ystem type 5ystem type 5ystem type 5ystem type cordless cellulor cellulor cordless sotellite
Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency
bond (MHz} bond (MHz} bond (MHz} bond (MHz} 84 - 88 80 - 15 (} 1710 -1785 (} 1880 -100 110 -12.5 (}
35 - 0 (} 1805 -1880 (} 2483.5 -2500 (}
Commerciol Commerciol Commerciol Commerciol Fointel Oronge 8ouygues Digitol Globolstor
nomes nomes nomes nomes 8i-bop 5Fk Telecom domestic
cordless
telephones
Compony
mobiles
ntroduction ntroduction ntroduction ntroduction
1.4 Overview of current stondords 1.4 Overview of current stondords 1.4 Overview of current stondords 1.4 Overview of current stondords
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1.5 G5M key dotes 1.5 G5M key dotes 1.5 G5M key dotes 1.5 G5M key dotes
17 17 17 17 World Administrotive kodiocommunicotions Conference
(WAkC} . 00 MHz bond reserved
182 182 182 182 5tockholm - Creotion of the "Groupe 5pciol Mobile" within
CEFT (Fost & Telecom Europeon Conference}
18 18 18 18 Creotion of o G5M " 5tonding Committee
CMET Foris . Comporotive triols of 8 prototypes
187 187 187 187 "8rood Avenue" . Choice of moin techniques.
Medium 8ond - Digitol Tronsmission < 1 kbit/s - 8 x Time-
division multiplexing, subsequent development to 1 x - 5low frequency
hopping
188 188 188 188- -- -8 8 8 8 G5M token over by ET5
First publicotion of the (Droft} "recommendotions"
10 10 10 10 8eginning of studies for odoptotion to 1800 MHz (ot UK's request}
10 10 10 10- -- -1 1 1 1 "Fhose 1" recommendotions fixed (G5M, then DC5}
First G5M prototypes in service (Tlcom'1 Genevo}
12 12 12 12 First commerciol G5M networks ploced in service
15 15 15 15 "Fhose 2" recommendotions issued (upword compotibility}
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G5M G5M G5M G5M - -- - MoU MoU MoU MoU. Memorondum of understonding . Memorondum of understonding . Memorondum of understonding . Memorondum of understonding
signed in 187 between signed in 187 between signed in 187 between signed in 187 between europeon europeon europeon europeon
operotors operotors operotors operotors
11. occeptotion of non 11. occeptotion of non 11. occeptotion of non 11. occeptotion of non- -- -europeon europeon europeon europeon
signotories (UAE, Hong Kong, signotories (UAE, Hong Kong, signotories (UAE, Hong Kong, signotories (UAE, Hong Kong,
Mew Zeolond, Austrolio} Mew Zeolond, Austrolio} Mew Zeolond, Austrolio} Mew Zeolond, Austrolio}
5cope. 5cope. 5cope. 5cope.
. 5ystem deployment schedule 5ystem deployment schedule 5ystem deployment schedule 5ystem deployment schedule
. kouting ond numbering plon kouting ond numbering plon kouting ond numbering plon kouting ond numbering plon
compotibility compotibility compotibility compotibility
. 1oint introduction of new services 1oint introduction of new services 1oint introduction of new services 1oint introduction of new services
. Hormonizotion Hormonizotion Hormonizotion Hormonizotion of toriff setting principles of toriff setting principles of toriff setting principles of toriff setting principles
. Definition of billing procedures Definition of billing procedures Definition of billing procedures Definition of billing procedures
ntroduction ntroduction ntroduction ntroduction
1. nternotionol ogreements 1. nternotionol ogreements 1. nternotionol ogreements 1. nternotionol ogreements
Europeon G5M Europeon G5M Europeon G5M Europeon G5M- -- -MoU signotories (operotors} in 1 MoU signotories (operotors} in 1 MoU signotories (operotors} in 1 MoU signotories (operotors} in 1
3 33 3
2
3
4
3 33 3
4 44 4
2 22 2
3 33 3
3 33 3
2 22 2
4 44 4
3 33 3
3 33 3
4 44 4
5 55 5
2 22 2
3 33 3
3 33 3
4 44 4
2 22 2
3 33 3
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1.7 Contribution of G5M stondord 1.7 Contribution of G5M stondord 1.7 Contribution of G5M stondord 1.7 Contribution of G5M stondord
Fon Fon Fon Fon- -- -Europeon stondord + Europeon stondord + Europeon stondord + Europeon stondord + MoU MoU MoU MoU
GLO8AL system ( GLO8AL system ( GLO8AL system ( GLO8AL system (stondordized stondordized stondordized stondordized infrostructure} infrostructure} infrostructure} infrostructure}
Mew concept. 5M cord Mew concept. 5M cord Mew concept. 5M cord Mew concept. 5M cord ("5M-rooming"}
Digitol tronsmission, speech encoding Digitol tronsmission, speech encoding Digitol tronsmission, speech encoding Digitol tronsmission, speech encoding
ntroduction of stote of the ort techniques ntroduction of stote of the ort techniques ntroduction of stote of the ort techniques ntroduction of stote of the ort techniques
ntegroted security procedures ntegroted security procedures ntegroted security procedures ntegroted security procedures
Consideroble potentiol morket Consideroble potentiol morket Consideroble potentiol morket Consideroble potentiol morket
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1.8 From 2G to 3G 1.8 From 2G to 3G 1.8 From 2G to 3G 1.8 From 2G to 3G
2G services
3G services
GFk5 GFk5 GFk5 GFk5
Up to 10Kbps
nternet services
k7/8/ (G5M}
EGFk5 EGFk5 EGFk5 EGFk5
Up to 384Kbps
nternet services
k (G5M}
UMT5 UMT5 UMT5 UMT5
Up to 2Mbps
Multimedio
VoiF
k5 (3GFF}
G5M
GEkAM GEkAM GEkAM GEkAM
Multimedio
VoiF
k4/k5 (3GFF}
UMT5 UMT5 UMT5 UMT5
Up to 2Mbps
nternet
services
k (3GFF}
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1. Contents of 3GFF kecommendotions (5eries Mumber} 1. Contents of 3GFF kecommendotions (5eries Mumber} 1. Contents of 3GFF kecommendotions (5eries Mumber} 1. Contents of 3GFF kecommendotions (5eries Mumber}
5ub|ect of 5pecificotion 5eries 5ub|ect of 5pecificotion 5eries 5ub|ect of 5pecificotion 5eries 5ub|ect of 5pecificotion 5eries G5M only (before G5M only (before G5M only (before G5M only (before kel kel kel kel- -- -4} G5M only ( 4} G5M only ( 4} G5M only ( 4} G5M only (kel kel kel kel- -- -4 & loter} 4 & loter} 4 & loter} 4 & loter} 3G/G5M k & loter 3G/G5M k & loter 3G/G5M k & loter 3G/G5M k & loter
kequirements 01 41 21
5ervice ospects 02 42 22
Technicol reolizotion 03 43 23
5ignolling protocols (UE-Metwork} 04 44 24
kodio ospects 05 45 25
CODECs 0 4 2
Doto 07 47 27
5ignolling protocols (k55-CM} 08 48 28
5ignolling protocols
(intro-fixed-network} 0 4 2
Frogromme monogement 10 50 30
User dentity Module (5M/U5M} 11 51 31
O&M 12 52 32
Access requirements
& test specificotions 13 (1} 13 (1}
5ecurity ospects 33
Test specificotions 11 34
5ecurity olgorithms 35
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Exercises Exercises Exercises Exercises
Give o smoll definition of o cell.
Whot is the moximum size (rodius} of o G5M cell
Give 3 bonds of frequencies used by the G5M
Whot is the role of the MoU
Whot is the meoning of rooming of 5M rooming
Whot is the possible evolution of G5M (from 2G to 3G}
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2 22 2 Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
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Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
Contents Contents Contents Contents
2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 Generol Concepts in Cellulor Metworks Generol Concepts in Cellulor Metworks Generol Concepts in Cellulor Metworks Generol Concepts in Cellulor Metworks
2.1.1 FLMM ond Mobile 5totions
2.1.2 Cellulor Coveroge
2.1.3 Doto Tronsmission
2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 G5M Architecture G5M Architecture G5M Architecture G5M Architecture
2.2.1 Types of Mobile 5totions
2.2.2 FLMM Elements
2.2.3 8ose 5totion 5ystem
2.2.4 Metwork ond 5witching 5ystem
2.2.5 GFk5
2.2. Operotion ond Mointenonce
2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 G5M nterfoces ond Frotocols G5M nterfoces ond Frotocols G5M nterfoces ond Frotocols G5M nterfoces ond Frotocols
2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 Fosition of Fosition of Fosition of Fosition of Tronscoding Tronscoding Tronscoding Tronscoding Unit (TkAU} Unit (TkAU} Unit (TkAU} Unit (TkAU}
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PLMM
FLMM FLMM FLMM FLMM = == = Fublic Lond Mobile Metwork Fublic Lond Mobile Metwork Fublic Lond Mobile Metwork Fublic Lond Mobile Metwork
F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM = == = Fublic 5witched Telephone Metwork Fublic 5witched Telephone Metwork Fublic 5witched Telephone Metwork Fublic 5witched Telephone Metwork
5DM 5DM 5DM 5DM = == = ntegroted 5ervices Digitol Metwork ntegroted 5ervices Digitol Metwork ntegroted 5ervices Digitol Metwork ntegroted 5ervices Digitol Metwork
FDM FDM FDM FDM = == = Focket Doto Metwork Focket Doto Metwork Focket Doto Metwork Focket Doto Metwork
Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.1.1 Generol Concepts. FLMM ond Mobile 5totions 2.1.1 Generol Concepts. FLMM ond Mobile 5totions 2.1.1 Generol Concepts. FLMM ond Mobile 5totions 2.1.1 Generol Concepts. FLMM ond Mobile 5totions
ISDM
PSTM
...
.
.
...
PDM
...
.
.
...
...
.
.
...
...
.
.
...
...
.
.
...
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Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge
Omni Omni Omni Omni- -- -directionol directionol directionol directionol
Unidirectionol Unidirectionol Unidirectionol Unidirectionol
5ectored 5ectored 5ectored 5ectored
Hondover
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Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge
Exomple of o 12-Cell Three-sector Fottern
Frequency keuse Fottern Frequency keuse Fottern Frequency keuse Fottern Frequency keuse Fottern
12
3 10
1 4 7 8
6 9 2
5
11
12
3 10
1 4 7 8
6 9 2
5
11
12
3 10
1 4 7 8
6 9 2
5
11
12
3 10
1 4 7 8
6 9 2
5
11
12
1 4 7 8
6 9 2
5
11
D
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Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge
0 or 4
1 or 5
2 or
3 or 7
NCC
Metwork Colour Codes Metwork Colour Codes Metwork Colour Codes Metwork Colour Codes
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Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge 2.1.2 Generol Concepts. Cellulor Coveroge
kodio kesources ore limited limited limited limited .
To increose 5pectrum Efficiency 5pectrum Efficiency 5pectrum Efficiency 5pectrum Efficiency, specific techniques ore introduced .
Fower Control
Hondover
Frequency Hopping
Discontinuous Tronsmission (DTX}
downlink
uplink
...
.
.
...
...
.
.
...
...
.
.
...
...
.
.
...
?
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Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.2 G5M orchitecture 2.2 G5M orchitecture 2.2 G5M orchitecture 2.2 G5M orchitecture
Operotors Operotors Operotors Operotors
Users Users Users Users
Externol Externol Externol Externol
Metworks Metworks Metworks Metworks
M5 M5 M5 M5
855 855 855 855 M55 M55 M55 M55
O55 O55 O55 O55
G5M G5M G5M G5M
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Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.2.1 G5M orchitecture. types of Mobile 5totions 2.2.1 G5M orchitecture. types of Mobile 5totions 2.2.1 G5M orchitecture. types of Mobile 5totions 2.2.1 G5M orchitecture. types of Mobile 5totions
5M cord 5M cord 5M cord 5M cord
(including (including (including (including
TAF} TAF} TAF} TAF}
TA TA TA TA
k kk k
5 55 5
MT1 MT1 MT1 MT1
MT0 MT0 MT0 MT0
MT2 MT2 MT2 MT2
TE2 TE2 TE2 TE2
TE2 TE2 TE2 TE2
TE1 TE1 TE1 TE1
Um Um Um Um
"plug "plug "plug "plug- -- -in" 5M in" 5M in" 5M in" 5M
5DM 5DM 5DM 5DM
5DM concepts G5M concepts
MT MT MT MT = Mobile Terminotion = Mobile Terminotion = Mobile Terminotion = Mobile Terminotion
TE TE TE TE = Terminol Equipment = Terminol Equipment = Terminol Equipment = Terminol Equipment
TE1 = 5DM TE1 = 5DM TE1 = 5DM TE1 = 5DM
TE2 = V or X type TE2 = V or X type TE2 = V or X type TE2 = V or X type
TA(F} TA(F} TA(F} TA(F} = Terminol = Terminol = Terminol = Terminol Adoptor Adoptor Adoptor Adoptor (Function} (Function} (Function} (Function}
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Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. 8ose 5totion 5ystem 2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. 8ose 5totion 5ystem 2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. 8ose 5totion 5ystem 2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. 8ose 5totion 5ystem
PSTM/
ISDM
TS
NSS
SC
TS
CC
Other
SC's
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NSS
?
AuC
HLR
VLR
Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. Metwork ond 5witching 5ystem 2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. Metwork ond 5witching 5ystem 2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. Metwork ond 5witching 5ystem 2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. Metwork ond 5witching 5ystem
PSTM/
ISDM
MSC
SS
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VLR
Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. Metwork ond 5witching 5ystem 2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. Metwork ond 5witching 5ystem 2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. Metwork ond 5witching 5ystem 2.2.4 G5M orchitecture. Metwork ond 5witching 5ystem
PSTM/
ISDM
MSC
SS
AuC
HLR
SMS-C
EIR
SCR
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Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.2.5 G5M orchitecture. GFk5 2.2.5 G5M orchitecture. GFk5 2.2.5 G5M orchitecture. GFk5 2.2.5 G5M orchitecture. GFk5
Pockef Swifching
MSC/VLR
SSM+SPRS
SS with
PCU
PSTM/
ISDM
0PPS
8ockbone
SSSN
Infernef
SSSN
SPRS
MobiIe
Circuif Swifching
SS
HLR
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Mediotion Mediotion Mediotion Mediotion
Device Device Device Device
(MD} (MD} (MD} (MD}
Configurotion Configurotion Configurotion Configurotion
Foult Foult Foult Foult
Ferformonce Ferformonce Ferformonce Ferformonce
5ecurity 5ecurity 5ecurity 5ecurity
Accounting Accounting Accounting Accounting
Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.2. G5M orchitecture. Operotion ond Mointenonce 2.2. G5M orchitecture. Operotion ond Mointenonce 2.2. G5M orchitecture. Operotion ond Mointenonce 2.2. G5M orchitecture. Operotion ond Mointenonce
(MD} (MD} (MD} (MD}
Operotion Operotion Operotion Operotion
5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
(O5} (O5} (O5} (O5}
Doto Communicotions Metwork
(DCM}
MSC/VLR
SSSN
SSSN
SS
HLR
Metwork Metwork Metwork Metwork
Elements Elements Elements Elements
(ME} . (ME} . (ME} . (ME} .
TMM
Doto Communicotions Metwork
(DCM}
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HLk HLk HLk HLk GCk GCk GCk GCk
Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.3 G5M interfoces ond protocols 2.3 G5M interfoces ond protocols 2.3 G5M interfoces ond protocols 2.3 G5M interfoces ond protocols
AuC AuC AuC AuC
E EE E
8 88 8 C CC C
D DD D
F FF F
G GG G
H HH H

Abis Abis Abis Abis
8 88 8
C CC C
D DD D
E EE E
F FF F
G GG G
H HH H

F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM
5DM 5DM 5DM 5DM
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5 - -- - 85C 85C 85C 85C
M5C M5C M5C M5C- -- -VLk VLk VLk VLk
(5M (5M (5M (5M- -- -G}M5C G}M5C G}M5C G}M5C- -- -HLk HLk HLk HLk
HLk HLk HLk HLk- -- -VLk VLk VLk VLk
(5M (5M (5M (5M- -- -G}M5C G}M5C G}M5C G}M5C- -- -M5C M5C M5C M5C
(557 bosic} + MAF (557 bosic} + MAF (557 bosic} + MAF (557 bosic} + MAF
M5C M5C M5C M5C- -- -Ek Ek Ek Ek
VLk VLk VLk VLk- -- -VLk VLk VLk VLk
HLk HLk HLk HLk- -- -AuC AuC AuC AuC
M5C M5C M5C M5C- -- -GCk GCk GCk GCk
M5C M5C M5C M5C- -- -F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM
(557 bosic} + TUF or 5UF (557 bosic} + TUF or 5UF (557 bosic} + TUF or 5UF (557 bosic} + TUF or 5UF
M5C M5C M5C M5C- -- -5DM 5DM 5DM 5DM
LAFD LAFD LAFD LAFD
(5DM type}
G5M Circuit G5M Circuit G5M Circuit G5M Circuit- -- -switching. switching. switching. switching.
(855AF = 855MAF + DTAF}
A AA A 85C 85C 85C 85C - -- - M5C M5C M5C M5C (557 bosic} + 855AF (557 bosic} + 855AF (557 bosic} + 855AF (557 bosic} + 855AF
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
LAFDm LAFDm LAFDm LAFDm
(G5M specific}
Um (kodio} Um (kodio} Um (kodio} Um (kodio} M5 M5 M5 M5 - -- - 8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
85C 85C 85C 85C 85C 85C 85C 85C
M5C M5C M5C M5C M5C M5C M5C M5C
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
F5TM / F5TM / F5TM / F5TM /
5DM 5DM 5DM 5DM
M5 M5 M5 M5
VLk VLk VLk VLk VLk VLk VLk VLk Ek Ek Ek Ek
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 30
Gc Gc Gc Gc GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M- -- -HLk HLk HLk HLk F/557 F/557 F/557 F/557
LAFDm LAFDm LAFDm LAFDm
(G5M specific}
Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.3 G5M interfoces ond protocols 2.3 G5M interfoces ond protocols 2.3 G5M interfoces ond protocols 2.3 G5M interfoces ond protocols
Gs Gs Gs Gs
Gb Gb Gb Gb
Um (kodio} Um (kodio} Um (kodio} Um (kodio}
Gi Gi Gi Gi GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M- -- -Doto Metwork Doto Metwork Doto Metwork Doto Metwork F F F F
M5 M5 M5 M5
855 855 855 855 - -- - 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M
Gr Gr Gr Gr 557 557 557 557 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M- -- -HLk HLk HLk HLk
Gf Gf Gf Gf 557 557 557 557 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M- -- -Ek Ek Ek Ek
5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M- -- -M5C/VLk M5C/VLk M5C/VLk M5C/VLk
Gn Gn Gn Gn
5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M- -- -GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M F F F F
F F F F 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M- -- -5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M
M5 M5 M5 M5 - -- - 8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
Gs Gs Gs Gs
Gf Gf Gf Gf Gr Gr Gr Gr
Gn Gn Gn Gn
Gn Gn Gn Gn
Gc Gc Gc Gc
557 557 557 557
G5M Focket G5M Focket G5M Focket G5M Focket- -- -switching (GFk5}. switching (GFk5}. switching (GFk5}. switching (GFk5}.
855GF 855GF 855GF 855GF
855 with 855 with 855 with 855 with
FCU FCU FCU FCU
855 with 855 with 855 with 855 with
FCU FCU FCU FCU
HLk HLk HLk HLk Ek Ek Ek Ek
Doto Doto Doto Doto
Metwork Metwork Metwork Metwork
5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M
GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M
5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M
M5C M5C M5C M5C
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 31
Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
2.4 Fosition of 2.4 Fosition of 2.4 Fosition of 2.4 Fosition of Tronscoding Tronscoding Tronscoding Tronscoding Unit (TkAU} Unit (TkAU} Unit (TkAU} Unit (TkAU}
Abis interfoce Abis interfoce Abis interfoce Abis interfoce A interfoce A interfoce A interfoce A interfoce
2Mb link, eoch chonnel = 1 2Mb link, eoch chonnel = 1 2Mb link, eoch chonnel = 1 2Mb link, eoch chonnel = 1 Kbps Kbps Kbps Kbps
2Mb link, eoch chonnel = 4 2Mb link, eoch chonnel = 4 2Mb link, eoch chonnel = 4 2Mb link, eoch chonnel = 4 Kbps Kbps Kbps Kbps
M5C 5ite
MSC/VLP 8SC
MSC/VLP
MSC/VLP
TPAU 8TS
TPAU
8TS
8TS TPAU
8SC
8SC
85C 5ite 8T5 5ite
8T5 5ite
8T5 5ite
85C 5ite
85C 5ite
M5C 5ite
M5C 5ite
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 32
Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions Generol 5pecificotions
Exercises Exercises Exercises Exercises
2 cells in the some (cell re-use} pottern moy use
the some frequency but never the some color. true or folse
Give o smoll definition of o hondover procedure
Whot ore the possible couses
Whot is the oim of the DTX function
Give 3 types of informotion stored in o 5M cord, in o VLk, in on HLk.
Give the 3 types of functions thot hove to be odded to o G5M network in
order to build o GFk5 network.
Whot is the nome of the 2 moin opplicotion ports used in o G5M
network. 1} in the M55; 2} between M55 ond 855.
Whot is the role of the tronscoder Give 2 possible volues of speech rote
used in G5M
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 33
ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork
3 33 3 kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 34
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
Contents (1} Contents (1} Contents (1} Contents (1}
3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 ntroduction ntroduction ntroduction ntroduction
3.1.1 mportonce of the kodio nterfoce
3.1.2 GM5K modulotion
3.1.3 8F5K modulotion
3.1.4 Troffic ond 5ignolling
3.1.5 Mobile 5totion 5totus (Circuit ond Focket 5witched Mode}
3.1. kodio kesources
3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 Fhysicol Chonnels . Multiple Access Diogrom Fhysicol Chonnels . Multiple Access Diogrom Fhysicol Chonnels . Multiple Access Diogrom Fhysicol Chonnels . Multiple Access Diogrom
3.2.1 Frequencies
3.2.2 TDMA Frome
3.2.3 Mormol 8urst
3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 Logicol Chonnels Logicol Chonnels Logicol Chonnels Logicol Chonnels
3.3.1 Frinciple of mopping with the Fhysicol Chonnels
3.3.2 Time-Division Multiplexing on o Fhysicol Chonnel
3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping
3.3.4 Timing Advonce
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 35
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
Contents (2} Contents (2} Contents (2} Contents (2}
3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 Logicol Chonnels (continued} Logicol Chonnels (continued} Logicol Chonnels (continued} Logicol Chonnels (continued}
3.3.5 Foging
3.3. Access to the Metwork
3.3.7 Logicol Chonnel 5ummory
3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 5peech Frocessing 5peech Frocessing 5peech Frocessing 5peech Frocessing
3.4.1 kodio Chonnel Generotion
3.4.2 Discontinuous Tronsmission
3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 kodio Techniques kodio Techniques kodio Techniques kodio Techniques
3.5.1 koleigh Foding
3.5.2 Frequency Hopping
3.5.3 Fower Control
3.5.4 5poce Diversity
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 36
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.1.1 mportonce of the rodio interfoce 3.1.1 mportonce of the rodio interfoce 3.1.1 mportonce of the rodio interfoce 3.1.1 mportonce of the rodio interfoce
kADO MTEkFACE . essentiol port of G5M specificotions becouse o kADO MTEkFACE . essentiol port of G5M specificotions becouse o kADO MTEkFACE . essentiol port of G5M specificotions becouse o kADO MTEkFACE . essentiol port of G5M specificotions becouse of. f. f. f.
nter-FLMM COMFAT8LTY ==> Complete 5pecificotion
(to the neorest bit}
Very eloborote 5FECTkUM EFFCEMCY optimizotion techniques.
keduction of MTEkFEkEMCE to Monoge o lorge number of Mobiles per km
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 37
GM5K = GM5K = GM5K = GM5K = Goussion Goussion Goussion Goussion Minimum 5hift Keying. Minimum 5hift Keying. Minimum 5hift Keying. Minimum 5hift Keying.
convolution of on M5K romp ( convolution of on M5K romp ( convolution of on M5K romp ( convolution of on M5K romp ( /2 /2 /2 /2 - -- - width. 1 bit}, width. 1 bit}, width. 1 bit}, width. 1 bit},
by o by o by o by o Goussion Goussion Goussion Goussion function. function. function. function.
0 00 0- -- -1 or 1 1 or 1 1 or 1 1 or 1- -- -0 bit tronsitions => smooth" tronsitions of r 0 bit tronsitions => smooth" tronsitions of r 0 bit tronsitions => smooth" tronsitions of r 0 bit tronsitions => smooth" tronsitions of r /2 . /2 . /2 . /2 .
FkOFEkTE5 . FkOFEkTE5 . FkOFEkTE5 . FkOFEkTE5 .
Groduol tronsitions ovoid the need Groduol tronsitions ovoid the need Groduol tronsitions ovoid the need Groduol tronsitions ovoid the need
to filter signol hormonics which ore very weok to filter signol hormonics which ore very weok to filter signol hormonics which ore very weok to filter signol hormonics which ore very weok
5pectrum efficiency - 1 bit/Hertz 5pectrum efficiency - 1 bit/Hertz 5pectrum efficiency - 1 bit/Hertz 5pectrum efficiency - 1 bit/Hertz
(270.8 (270.8 (270.8 (270.8 kbits kbits kbits kbits/200 kHz} /200 kHz} /200 kHz} /200 kHz}
Modulotion spectrum. Modulotion spectrum. Modulotion spectrum. Modulotion spectrum.
==> To prevent ==> To prevent ==> To prevent ==> To prevent cotostophic cotostophic cotostophic cotostophic interference, interference, interference, interference,
it is essentiol to ovoid using it is essentiol to ovoid using it is essentiol to ovoid using it is essentiol to ovoid using
od|ocent frequencies in od|ocent cells. od|ocent frequencies in od|ocent cells. od|ocent frequencies in od|ocent cells. od|ocent frequencies in od|ocent cells.
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.1.2 GM5K Modulotion 3.1.2 GM5K Modulotion 3.1.2 GM5K Modulotion 3.1.2 GM5K Modulotion
/2 /2 /2 /2
t tt t
0 00 0 - -- -T TT T
b bb b
(t} (t} (t} (t}
T TT T
b bb b
M5K M5K M5K M5K
T TT T
b bb b
/2 /2 /2 /2 - -- -T TT T
b bb b
/2 /2 /2 /2
GM5K GM5K GM5K GM5K
d8 d8 d8 d8
0
-10
-20
-30
-70
0 100 200 300 400 -100 -200
kHz kHz kHz kHz
200
KHz
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 38
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.1.3 8F5K Modulotion 3.1.3 8F5K Modulotion 3.1.3 8F5K Modulotion 3.1.3 8F5K Modulotion
A new moduIation Scheme : 8PSK
200 KHz ChanneI spacing : unchanged
SymboI rate unchanged
- 270.8k symboI/s
BUT
- 3 bits/symboI
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 39
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.1.4 Troffic ond 5ignolling 3.1.4 Troffic ond 5ignolling 3.1.4 Troffic ond 5ignolling 3.1.4 Troffic ond 5ignolling
TkAFFC . TkAFFC . TkAFFC . TkAFFC .
MFOkMATOM interchonged from U5Ek-TO-U5Ek, ofter setting up the
coll, requiring dedicoted rodio resource ollocotion.
n G5M, TkAFFC con be on interchonge of 5FEECH or DATA
5GMALLMG . 5GMALLMG . 5GMALLMG . 5GMALLMG .
MFOkMATOM interchonges (in some coses, without the user's
knowledge} between the MO8LE EQUFMEMT ond METWOkK
MACHME5
Out of Coll . Out of Coll . Out of Coll . Out of Coll . required for monoging mobiles, required for monoging mobiles, required for monoging mobiles, required for monoging mobiles, eg eg eg eg. . locotion updote . . locotion updote . . locotion updote . . locotion updote
During o Coll . During o Coll . During o Coll . During o Coll . required for vorious reosons, required for vorious reosons, required for vorious reosons, required for vorious reosons, eg eg eg eg. . . . . . . . hondover hondover hondover hondover, ,, ,
occess to o supplementory service, coll releose occess to o supplementory service, coll releose occess to o supplementory service, coll releose occess to o supplementory service, coll releose
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 40
5
w
i
t
c
h
-
o
f
f
5
w
i
t
c
h
-
o
n
"Connected"
"Fower Off"
"dle"
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.1.5 M5 stotus 3.1.5 M5 stotus 3.1.5 M5 stotus 3.1.5 M5 stotus
E
n
d

o
f
t
r
o
n
s
o
c
t
i
o
n
M
e
t
w
o
r
k

A
c
c
e
s
s
Circuit 5witching Mode (G5M} Circuit 5witching Mode (G5M} Circuit 5witching Mode (G5M} Circuit 5witching Mode (G5M}
M5 not M5 not M5 not M5 not
reochoble reochoble reochoble reochoble
M5 M5 M5 M5
reochoble reochoble reochoble reochoble
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 41
"dle"
A
t
t
o
c
h
m
e
n
t

t
o

n
e
t
w
o
r
k
D
e
t
o
c
h
m
e
n
t
Out of Time
Focket Tx or kx
D
e
t
o
c
h
m
e
n
t

o
r

O
u
t

o
f

T
i
m
e
"keody" "5tond-by"
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.1.5 M5 stotus 3.1.5 M5 stotus 3.1.5 M5 stotus 3.1.5 M5 stotus
Focket 5witching Mode (GFk5} Focket 5witching Mode (GFk5} Focket 5witching Mode (GFk5} Focket 5witching Mode (GFk5}
M5 not M5 not M5 not M5 not
reochoble reochoble reochoble reochoble
M5 M5 M5 M5
reochoble reochoble reochoble reochoble
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 42
Dedicoted Dedicoted Dedicoted Dedicoted
5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling
Chonnels Chonnels Chonnels Chonnels
Common Common Common Common
Access Access Access Access
Chonnels Chonnels Chonnels Chonnels
Common Common Common Common
8roodcost 8roodcost 8roodcost 8roodcost
Chonnels Chonnels Chonnels Chonnels
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.1. kodio kesources 3.1. kodio kesources 3.1. kodio kesources 3.1. kodio kesources
Typicol Mobile Typicol Mobile Typicol Mobile Typicol Mobile - -- - Metwork Tronsoction (G5M} . Metwork Tronsoction (G5M} . Metwork Tronsoction (G5M} . Metwork Tronsoction (G5M} .
Mobile Mobile Mobile Mobile
pre pre pre pre- -- -synchronizotion synchronizotion synchronizotion synchronizotion
"dle" 5totus "dle" 5totus "dle" 5totus "dle" 5totus "Connected" 5totus "Connected" 5totus "Connected" 5totus "Connected" 5totus
Metwork Access Metwork Access Metwork Access Metwork Access
Out of coll Out of coll Out of coll Out of coll
signolling signolling signolling signolling phose phose phose phose
TkAFFC phose TkAFFC phose TkAFFC phose TkAFFC phose
Access
procedure
(Optionol} (Optionol} (Optionol} (Optionol}
Chonnels Chonnels Chonnels Chonnels
to be used to be used to be used to be used
Dedicoted Dedicoted Dedicoted Dedicoted
Troffic Troffic Troffic Troffic
Chonnels Chonnels Chonnels Chonnels
Moin Moin Moin Moin
Tosks Tosks Tosks Tosks
& && &
Types of Types of Types of Types of
nter nter nter nter- -- -
chonge chonge chonge chonge
Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency
seorch seorch seorch seorch
Timing Timing Timing Timing
5ynchro 5ynchro 5ynchro 5ynchro
5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
Forometer Forometer Forometer Forometer
Anolysis Anolysis Anolysis Anolysis
(Foging} (Foging} (Foging} (Foging}
Access Access Access Access
kequest kequest kequest kequest
Dedicoted Dedicoted Dedicoted Dedicoted
Chonnel Chonnel Chonnel Chonnel
Assignment Assignment Assignment Assignment
5ome dedicoted 5ome dedicoted 5ome dedicoted 5ome dedicoted
chonnel used for. chonnel used for. chonnel used for. chonnel used for.
- -- - Authenticotion Authenticotion Authenticotion Authenticotion
- -- - 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling. .. .
. . . . Locotion Updoting Locotion Updoting Locotion Updoting Locotion Updoting
. 5hort Messoges . 5hort Messoges . 5hort Messoges . 5hort Messoges
. (Troffic Chonnel . (Troffic Chonnel . (Troffic Chonnel . (Troffic Chonnel
Assignment} Assignment} Assignment} Assignment}
Troffic Troffic Troffic Troffic
5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling
Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency
Monitoring Monitoring Monitoring Monitoring
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 43
Frequency
oxis
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.2.1 Fhysicol Chonnels . the frequencies 3.2.1 Fhysicol Chonnels . the frequencies 3.2.1 Fhysicol Chonnels . the frequencies 3.2.1 Fhysicol Chonnels . the frequencies
UFLMK
8ond
M5 -> 8T5
DOWMLMK
8ond
(8T5 ->M5}
00 bonds
possible extension of G5M bonds
(2 x 25 MHz . 124 corriers}
(2 x 35 MHz . 174 corriers}
1800 bonds
(2 x 75 MHz . 374 corriers}
MHz
MHz
200 kHz
80
35
0
15
880 1710
1785
1805
1880
15
0
25
AkFCM AkFCM AkFCM AkFCM
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 44
UFLMK
8ond
M5 -> 8T5
DOWMLMK
8ond
(8T5 ->M5}
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.2.2 Fhysicol Chonnels . the TDMA Frome 3.2.2 Fhysicol Chonnels . the TDMA Frome 3.2.2 Fhysicol Chonnels . the TDMA Frome 3.2.2 Fhysicol Chonnels . the TDMA Frome
1 8T5 (eg. 3 corriers}
Frequency spocing
45 MHz in 00,
5 MHz in 1800,
22
17
7
Cell
"beocon
frequency
22
17
7
ARFCN
Frequency
oxis
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 45
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.2.2 Fhysicol Chonnels . the TDMA frome 3.2.2 Fhysicol Chonnels . the TDMA frome 3.2.2 Fhysicol Chonnels . the TDMA frome 3.2.2 Fhysicol Chonnels . the TDMA frome
1 8T5 (eg. 3 corriers}
TDMA frome = 4.15 ms
1 "CHAMMEL" (in 1 direction}
5ome "CHAMMEL" (if bidirectionol}
time oxis
Time slot (or burst window} Time slot (or burst window} Time slot (or burst window} Time slot (or burst window}
1 2 3 4 5 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 0
1 2 3 4 5 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 0
22
17
7
22
17
7
Time shift between
tronsmit ond receive . 3 T5
Frequency
oxis
UFLMK
8ond
M5 -> 8T5
DOWMLMK
8ond
(8T5 ->M5}
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 46
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.2.3 Fhysicol Chonnels . the Mormol 8urst 3.2.3 Fhysicol Chonnels . the Mormol 8urst 3.2.3 Fhysicol Chonnels . the Mormol 8urst 3.2.3 Fhysicol Chonnels . the Mormol 8urst
TDMA frome = 4.15 ms
CHAMMEL CHAMMEL CHAMMEL CHAMMEL
time oxis
guord time
Troining sequence
577 s
Time 5lot (T5} or 8urst Feriod (8F} Time 5lot (T5} or 8urst Feriod (8F} Time 5lot (T5} or 8urst Feriod (8F} Time 5lot (T5} or 8urst Feriod (8F}
1 2 3 4 5 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 0
22
17
7
8urst 8urst 8urst 8urst
Doto (114 symb}
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 47
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.2.3 Fhysicol Chonnels . the Mormol 8urst 3.2.3 Fhysicol Chonnels . the Mormol 8urst 3.2.3 Fhysicol Chonnels . the Mormol 8urst 3.2.3 Fhysicol Chonnels . the Mormol 8urst
Troining 5equences . Troining 5equences . Troining 5equences . Troining 5equences .
8 different bit potterns, chosen so thot. 8 different bit potterns, chosen so thot. 8 different bit potterns, chosen so thot. 8 different bit potterns, chosen so thot.
They ore eosily They ore eosily They ore eosily They ore eosily recognizoble recognizoble recognizoble recognizoble (very occurote outo (very occurote outo (very occurote outo (very occurote outo- -- -correlotion function} correlotion function} correlotion function} correlotion function}
They ore eosily distinguishoble from one onother (little correlo They ore eosily distinguishoble from one onother (little correlo They ore eosily distinguishoble from one onother (little correlo They ore eosily distinguishoble from one onother (little correlotion between tion between tion between tion between
eoch pottern} eoch pottern} eoch pottern} eoch pottern}
5teoling Flogs 5teoling Flogs 5teoling Flogs 5teoling Flogs . .. .
2 symb
"5teoling Flogs GM5K OMLY "5teoling Flogs GM5K OMLY "5teoling Flogs GM5K OMLY "5teoling Flogs GM5K OMLY
5 = 0
5 = 1
57 symb 57 symb +
+
Troffic (or Troffic (or Troffic (or Troffic (or 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling out of coll} out of coll} out of coll} out of coll}
5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling during coll during coll during coll during coll
Troining sequence
57 symb 57 symb
GM5K . 1 bit / symbol GM5K . 1 bit / symbol GM5K . 1 bit / symbol GM5K . 1 bit / symbol
8F5K . 3 bits / symbol 8F5K . 3 bits / symbol 8F5K . 3 bits / symbol 8F5K . 3 bits / symbol
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kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.3.1 Logicol Chonnels. Frinciple of Mopping with Fhysicol Cho 3.3.1 Logicol Chonnels. Frinciple of Mopping with Fhysicol Cho 3.3.1 Logicol Chonnels. Frinciple of Mopping with Fhysicol Cho 3.3.1 Logicol Chonnels. Frinciple of Mopping with Fhysicol Chonnels nnels nnels nnels
1 2 3 5 7 T5
Frequency Correction
Timing synchronizotion
5ystem informotion
5ubscriber poging
kesponse to occess request
Out of coll signolling -> M5i
Fower Control -> M5i
Troffic somples -> M5|
n coll signolling -> M5|
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
M5 M5 M5 M5
exomple . "8eocon" frequency, downlink. exomple . "8eocon" frequency, downlink. exomple . "8eocon" frequency, downlink. exomple . "8eocon" frequency, downlink.
FCCH FCCH FCCH FCCH
5CH 5CH 5CH 5CH
8CCH 8CCH 8CCH 8CCH
FCH FCH FCH FCH
AGCH AGCH AGCH AGCH
5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH
5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH
TCH TCH TCH TCH
FACCH FACCH FACCH FACCH
0 4
FCCH FCCH FCCH FCCH
8CCH 8CCH 8CCH 8CCH
FCH FCH FCH FCH
AGCH AGCH AGCH AGCH
5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH
5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH
TCH TCH TCH TCH
FACCH FACCH FACCH FACCH
5CH 5CH 5CH 5CH 1 11 1
2 22 2
3 33 3
4 44 4
Troffic somple decoding
n coll signolling receipt
Fower Control
Out of coll signolling receipt
Mobile presynchronizotion
5ubscriber poging
kesponse to occess request
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 49
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.3.1 Logicol Chonnels 3.3.1 Logicol Chonnels 3.3.1 Logicol Chonnels 3.3.1 Logicol Chonnels
Use of Logicol Chonnels Use of Logicol Chonnels Use of Logicol Chonnels Use of Logicol Chonnels
during tronsoctions between Metwork ond M5 during tronsoctions between Metwork ond M5 during tronsoctions between Metwork ond M5 during tronsoctions between Metwork ond M5
1 f Terminoting Coll (TC}, M5 must be poged F= Foging
2 M5 occesses the FLMM network kA = kondom Access
3 Metwork ollocotes (or gronts}
o dedicoted chonnel to M5 for signolling AG = Access Gront
4 5ignolling interchonge (5DCCH ond 5ACCH}.
f necessory, Metwork ollocotes o Troffic chonnel to M5
5 Troffic interchonge (speech or doto} on TCH,
with ossocioted signolling in 5ACCH (bockground tosks} ond FACCH if required
5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH FACCH FACCH FACCH FACCH
FCH FCH FCH FCH kACH kACH kACH kACH 5DCCH + 5ACCH 5DCCH + 5ACCH 5DCCH + 5ACCH 5DCCH + 5ACCH AGCH AGCH AGCH AGCH TCH / FACCH + 5ACCH TCH / FACCH + 5ACCH TCH / FACCH + 5ACCH TCH / FACCH + 5ACCH
1 2 3 4 5
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing 3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing 3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing 3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing
0 1 2 3 4 5 7 T5
1 2 3 4 5 7 8 10 20 30 40 50 0 1
1 2 3 4 5 7 8 10 20 232425
Multifrome . 51 fromes (= 235 ms opprox.} Multifrome . 51 fromes (= 235 ms opprox.} Multifrome . 51 fromes (= 235 ms opprox.} Multifrome . 51 fromes (= 235 ms opprox.}
"TkAFFC" type Multifrome . "TkAFFC" type Multifrome . "TkAFFC" type Multifrome . "TkAFFC" type Multifrome .
"5GMALLMG" type Multifrome . "5GMALLMG" type Multifrome . "5GMALLMG" type Multifrome . "5GMALLMG" type Multifrome .
1 TDMA frome = 120/2 # 4.15 ms 1 TDMA frome = 120/2 # 4.15 ms 1 TDMA frome = 120/2 # 4.15 ms 1 TDMA frome = 120/2 # 4.15 ms
1 2 3 4 5 7 8 10 20 232425 0
Multifrome . 2 fromes = 120 ms Multifrome . 2 fromes = 120 ms Multifrome . 2 fromes = 120 ms Multifrome . 2 fromes = 120 ms
G5M (Circuit 5witching} G5M (Circuit 5witching} G5M (Circuit 5witching} G5M (Circuit 5witching}
0
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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1 2 3 4 5 7 8 10 20 30 40 5051 0
Multifrome . 52 fromes (= 240 ms.} Multifrome . 52 fromes (= 240 ms.} Multifrome . 52 fromes (= 240 ms.} Multifrome . 52 fromes (= 240 ms.}
52 Frome 52 Frome 52 Frome 52 Frome - -- - Multifrome on pdch. Multifrome on pdch. Multifrome on pdch. Multifrome on pdch.
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing 3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing 3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing 3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing
0 1 2 3 4 5 7 T5
1 TDMA frome = 120/2 # 4.15 ms 1 TDMA frome = 120/2 # 4.15 ms 1 TDMA frome = 120/2 # 4.15 ms 1 TDMA frome = 120/2 # 4.15 ms
GFk5 (Focket 5witching} (1} GFk5 (Focket 5witching} (1} GFk5 (Focket 5witching} (1} GFk5 (Focket 5witching} (1}
BIock 0 BIock 1 BIock 2 BIock 3 BIock 4 BIock 5 BIock 6 BIock 7 BIock 8 BIock 9 BIock 10 BIock 11
0
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 52
1 2 3 4 5 7 8 10 20 30 40 5051 0
Multifrome . 52 fromes (= 240 ms.} Multifrome . 52 fromes (= 240 ms.} Multifrome . 52 fromes (= 240 ms.} Multifrome . 52 fromes (= 240 ms.}
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing 3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing 3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing 3.3.2 Time Division Multiplexing
GFk5 (Focket 5witching} (2} GFk5 (Focket 5witching} (2} GFk5 (Focket 5witching} (2} GFk5 (Focket 5witching} (2}
BIock 0 BIock 1 BIock 2 BIock 3 BIock 4 BIock 5 BIock 6 BIock 7 BIock 8 BIock 9 BIock 10 BIock 11
TF. Temporory Flow dentifier. TF. Temporory Flow dentifier. TF. Temporory Flow dentifier. TF. Temporory Flow dentifier.
creoted when doto hos to be tronsmitted ond until oll doto hove creoted when doto hos to be tronsmitted ond until oll doto hove creoted when doto hos to be tronsmitted ond until oll doto hove creoted when doto hos to be tronsmitted ond until oll doto hove been tronsmitted been tronsmitted been tronsmitted been tronsmitted
85M. 8lock 5equence Mumber 85M. 8lock 5equence Mumber 85M. 8lock 5equence Mumber 85M. 8lock 5equence Mumber
Doto Flow to User 8 Doto Flow to User 8 Doto Flow to User 8 Doto Flow to User 8 Doto Flow to User A Doto Flow to User A Doto Flow to User A Doto Flow to User A Doto Flow to User C Doto Flow to User C Doto Flow to User C Doto Flow to User C
TF 28 TF 28 TF 28 TF 28 TF 2 TF 2 TF 2 TF 2 TF 1 TF 1 TF 1 TF 1
TFI =28
Doto Doto Doto Doto
BSN =21
TFI =28
Doto Doto Doto Doto
TFI =28
Doto Doto Doto Doto
BSN =22BSN =23
TFI =28
Doto Doto Doto Doto
BSN =24
TFI =28
Doto Doto Doto Doto
TFI = 2
Doto Doto Doto Doto
BSN =25BSN =12
TFI = 2
Doto Doto Doto Doto
BSN =13
TFI = 2
Doto Doto Doto Doto
TFI = 2
Doto Doto Doto Doto
BSN =14BSN =15
TFI = 19
Doto Doto Doto Doto
BSN =75
TFI = 19
Doto Doto Doto Doto
TFI = 19
Doto Doto Doto Doto
BSN =76BSN =77
0
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping
5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Downlink chonnel} 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Downlink chonnel} 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Downlink chonnel} 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Downlink chonnel}
F FF F 5 55 5 8 88 8 8 88 8 8 88 8 8 88 8 c c c c
31
-
51 1
Multifrome . 51 fromes (= 235 ms opprox.} Multifrome . 51 fromes (= 235 ms opprox.} Multifrome . 51 fromes (= 235 ms opprox.} Multifrome . 51 fromes (= 235 ms opprox.}
F FF F 5 55 5 F FF F 5 55 5 F FF F 5 55 5 F FF F 5 55 5 F FF F 5 55 5 c c c c
21
c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c
1 2 3 4 5 7 8 10 20 41
F = FCCH 5 = 5CH 8 = 8CCH C = Common Control
LOGCAL LOGCAL LOGCAL LOGCAL
CHAMMEL CHAMMEL CHAMMEL CHAMMEL
FCCH FCCH FCCH FCCH
Frequency
Correction
1 every 10 fromes
(4 ms}
OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE
ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE
os FCCH (4 ms}, 8 T5
ofter
5CH 5CH 5CH 5CH
5ynchro
8CCH 8CCH 8CCH 8CCH
8roodcost
Control
1 T5 every 4 44 4 consec. fromes
every 51 51 51 51 fromes,
giving 45 usoble bits
every 235 ms
- Generol informotion (system} concerning the stotion.
- dentity of operotor, occess outhorized or not,
- Orgonizotion of logicol chonnels in the cell (poging...},
- Frequencies used, Frequency hopping...,
- Time-Outs opplicoble...
- Locking the mobile locol oscillotor on the exoct frequency
- koughly estimoting the position of the receive window
- Exoct synchronizotion of receive window
- Decoding the Frome Mumber Frome Mumber Frome Mumber Frome Mumber (from 0 to 2,715,47}
kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping
5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Mon 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Mon 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Mon 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Mon- -- -combined 8CCH} combined 8CCH} combined 8CCH} combined 8CCH}
LOGCAL LOGCAL LOGCAL LOGCAL
CHAMMEL CHAMMEL CHAMMEL CHAMMEL
kACH kACH kACH kACH
kondom
Access
Only Only Only Only uplink uplink uplink uplink
OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE
ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE
These 2 sub-chonnels
shore the "CCCH"
chonnel bosed
on vorioble rules
occording to cell ond
operotor
AGCH AGCH AGCH AGCH
Access
Gront
FCH FCH FCH FCH
Foging
- used by the network to signol o coll to o mobile.
5hort formot identity, unombiguous in the cell
- used by the mobile mobile mobile mobile to request occess request occess request occess request occess to the network
("Chonnel kequest" messoge with mobile short formot identity}
- used by the network to ocknowledge the occess request
ond ossign o dedicoted chonnel to the mobile ("immediote
ossignment" messoge with identity echo}
kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED
-
k = kACH
DOWMLMK DOWMLMK DOWMLMK DOWMLMK
f s b b b b C C C C
31 51 1 21 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 41
f s f s f s f s C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C -
(Multiframes : 51 frames)
f = FCCH s = 5CH b = 8CCH
f s
C C C C = CCCH (FCH or AGCH}
UFLMK UFLMK UFLMK UFLMK
R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 55
- Out of coll signolling, such os locotion updote,
outhenticotion, tronsition to encrypted mode, ossignment of
o troffic chonnel...
5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH
5low
Associoted
Control
5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH
5tondolone
Dedicoted
Control
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping
5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 1 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 1 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 1 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 1
LOGCAL LOGCAL LOGCAL LOGCAL
CHAMMEL CHAMMEL CHAMMEL CHAMMEL
8 T5s every 2x51 fromes,
giving 45 bits / 235 ms
---> 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 kbit kbit kbit kbit/s /s /s /s
OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE
ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE
4 T5s every 2x51 fromes,
giving 45 bits / 470 ms
---> 50 bit/s 50 bit/s 50 bit/s 50 bit/s
- Mon-urgent procedures (bockground}, occurrence -0.5
sec.meosurement reports, power monitoring, timing
odvonce, + 5hort Messoge 5ervice (5M5}
kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED
DOWMLMK DOWMLMK DOWMLMK DOWMLMK
(Multifromes . 51 fromes} (Multifromes . 51 fromes} (Multifromes . 51 fromes} (Multifromes . 51 fromes}
D = 5DCCH A = 5ACCH
UFLMK UFLMK UFLMK UFLMK
-
- - -
- -
D0 D0 D0 D0 D1 D1 D1 D1 D2 D2 D2 D2 D3 D3 D3 D3 D4 D4 D4 D4 D5 D5 D5 D5 D D D D D7 D7 D7 D7
D0 D0 D0 D0 D1 D1 D1 D1 D2 D2 D2 D2 D3 D3 D3 D3 D4 D4 D4 D4 D5 D5 D5 D5 D D D D D7 D7 D7 D7
A0 A0 A0 A0
A4 A4 A4 A4
A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 A2 A3 A3 A3 A3
A5 A5 A5 A5 A A A A A7 A7 A7 A7
D0 D0 D0 D0 D1 D1 D1 D1 D2 D2 D2 D2 D3 D3 D3 D3 D4 D4 D4 D4 D5 D5 D5 D5 D D D D D7 D7 D7 D7
D0 D0 D0 D0 D1 D1 D1 D1 D2 D2 D2 D2 D3 D3 D3 D3 D4 D4 D4 D4 D5 D5 D5 D5 D D D D D7 D7 D7 D7 A0 A0 A0 A0
A4 A4 A4 A4
A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 A2 A3 A3 A3 A3
A5 A5 A5 A5 A A A A A7 A7 A7 A7
-
- - -
- -
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Page 56
5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH
5low
Associoted
Control
TCH/F TCH/F TCH/F TCH/F
TCH/H TCH/H TCH/H TCH/H
Troffic
Full & Holf kote
- Mon-urgent procedures (bockground}, occurrence - 0.5
sec. (os 5ACCH ossocioted with o 5DCCH}
- 5ignolling ofter TCH set-up. end of coll processing, "high
speed" signolling
- Troffic ot mox rote 13 kbit/s
(5peech encoded ot 13 kbit/s or Doto ot up to 00 bit/s}
- Troffic ot mox rote 5. kbit/s
(5peech encoded ot 5. kbit/s or Doto ot up to 4800 bit/s}
4 T5 every 480 ms --->
- 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 kbit kbit kbit kbit/s /s /s /s
TCH cycle steoling .--->
mox 11.4 or 22.8 mox 11.4 or 22.8 mox 11.4 or 22.8 mox 11.4 or 22.8 kbit kbit kbit kbit/s /s /s /s
24 T5s every 120 ms
---> 22.8 22.8 22.8 22.8 kbit kbit kbit kbit/s /s /s /s
12 T5s every 120 ms
---> 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 kbit kbit kbit kbit/s /s /s /s
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping
Troffic Chonnels + Associoted 5ignolling Chonnels Troffic Chonnels + Associoted 5ignolling Chonnels Troffic Chonnels + Associoted 5ignolling Chonnels Troffic Chonnels + Associoted 5ignolling Chonnels
LOGCAL LOGCAL LOGCAL LOGCAL
CHAMMEL CHAMMEL CHAMMEL CHAMMEL
OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE OCCUkkEMCE
ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE ond/or U5A8LE 8T kATE
kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED kOLE5 ond U5E5 of MFOkMATOM CAkkED
1 2 3 4 5 0
T T T T T T
1 2 3 4 5 0
T T T T T T
Multifrome . 2 fromes (= 120 ms} Multifrome . 2 fromes (= 120 ms} Multifrome . 2 fromes (= 120 ms} Multifrome . 2 fromes (= 120 ms}
A AA A
-
1 2 3 4 5 7 8 1011 0 13141511718120212223 12
A AA A -
T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T
T i = 5omple i, TCH/F chonnel A = Associoted 5ACCH
11 7 8 10 11
T T T T T T
7 8 10
T T T T T T
1 11 1
A AA A
1 11 1
A AA A
2 22 2
A AA A
2 22 2
A AA A
= 5omple i, chonnel TCH/H n2
= 5ACCH ossocioted with TCH 2 = 5ACCH ossocioted with TCH 2 = 5ACCH ossocioted with TCH 2 = 5ACCH ossocioted with TCH 2
Ti = 5omple i, chonnel TCH/H n1
A1 = 5ACCH ossocioted with TCH 1 A1 = 5ACCH ossocioted with TCH 1 A1 = 5ACCH ossocioted with TCH 1 A1 = 5ACCH ossocioted with TCH 1 A2 A2 A2 A2
Ti
2 "HALF 2 "HALF 2 "HALF 2 "HALF- -- -kATE" + 2 5ACCHs . kATE" + 2 5ACCHs . kATE" + 2 5ACCHs . kATE" + 2 5ACCHs .
T T T T T T
T T T T T T T T T T T T
T T T T T T
1 "FULL 1 "FULL 1 "FULL 1 "FULL- -- -kATE" + 1 5ACCH . kATE" + 1 5ACCH . kATE" + 1 5ACCH . kATE" + 1 5ACCH .
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3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping
0 1 2 3 4 5 7
T5
0 1 2 3 4 5 7
0 1 2 3 4 5 7
0 1 2 3 4 5 7
"8eocon" frequency
Other
frequencies
FCCH + 5CH + 8CCH + FCH + AGCH
uplink direction
downlink direction
kACH
T5 0 . T5 0 . T5 0 . T5 0 .
T5 1 . T5 1 . T5 1 . T5 1 . 8 5DCCH/8 + 8 5ACCH/8 in eoch direction
other T5s. other T5s. other T5s. other T5s. TCH (+ 5ACCH / FACCH}
in eoch direction
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
Exomples . Exomples . Exomples . Exomples . Mumber of Frequencies Mumber of Frequencies Mumber of Frequencies Mumber of Frequencies Mumber of TCH Chonnels Mumber of TCH Chonnels Mumber of TCH Chonnels Mumber of TCH Chonnels EkLAMG5 EkLAMG5 EkLAMG5 EkLAMG5 (formulo 8, blocking 2% (formulo 8, blocking 2% (formulo 8, blocking 2% (formulo 8, blocking 2%} }} }
3 22 15
4 30 22
5 38 29
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3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping 3.3.3 Chonnel Mopping
0 1 2 3 4 5 7
T5
0 1 2 3 4 5 7
8eocon
frequency
Other
frequency
(FCCH + 5CH + 8CCH} + (FCH + AGCH + kACH} + (4 5DCCH/4 + 4 5ACCH/4}
T5 0 of beocon T5 0 of beocon T5 0 of beocon T5 0 of beocon
frequency. frequency. frequency. frequency.
other T5s. other T5s. other T5s. other T5s.
TCH + 5ACCH (+ FACCH}}
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Config. n 1. comb 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Config. n 1. comb 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Config. n 1. comb 5tructure of the Multifrome in "Time 5lot" 0 (Config. n 1. combined 8CCH} . ined 8CCH} . ined 8CCH} . ined 8CCH} .
DOWMLMK DOWMLMK DOWMLMK DOWMLMK (Multifromes of 51 fromes} (Multifromes of 51 fromes} (Multifromes of 51 fromes} (Multifromes of 51 fromes}
F = FCCH 5 = 5CH 8 = 8CCH C = CCCH (FCH or A F = FCCH 5 = 5CH 8 = 8CCH C = CCCH (FCH or A F = FCCH 5 = 5CH 8 = 8CCH C = CCCH (FCH or A F = FCCH 5 = 5CH 8 = 8CCH C = CCCH (FCH or AGCH} k = kACH Dn/An = 5DCCH / 5ACCH/4 GCH} k = kACH Dn/An = 5DCCH / 5ACCH/4 GCH} k = kACH Dn/An = 5DCCH / 5ACCH/4 GCH} k = kACH Dn/An = 5DCCH / 5ACCH/4
UFLMK UFLMK UFLMK UFLMK
F 5 8 C CC C F 5 F 5
F 5 - F 5 C CC C C CC C D0 D0 D0 D0 D1 D1 D1 D1 D2 D2 D2 D2 D3 D3 D3 D3 A0 A0 A0 A0 A1 A1 A1 A1
F 5 8 C CC C F 5 F 5
F 5 -
F 5 C CC C C CC C D0 D0 D0 D0 D1 D1 D1 D1 D2 D2 D2 D2 D3 D3 D3 D3 A2 A2 A2 A2 A3 A3 A3 A3
k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k
D3 D3 D3 D3 A2 A2 A2 A2 A3 A3 A3 A3 D0 D0 D0 D0 D1 D1 D1 D1 D2 D2 D2 D2
k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k k kk k
D3 D3 D3 D3 A0 A0 A0 A0 A1 A1 A1 A1 D0 D0 D0 D0 D1 D1 D1 D1 D2 D2 D2 D2
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3.3.4 Timing Advonce 3.3.4 Timing Advonce 3.3.4 Timing Advonce 3.3.4 Timing Advonce
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
M5 M5 M5 M5
Fresynchronized Fresynchronized Fresynchronized Fresynchronized
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
Tx
kx
Tx
kx
M51 M51 M51 M51
T5 i T5 i T5 i T5 i
T5 i T5 i T5 i T5 i
T.A. meosured by 8T5
Access 8urst
forword propogotion time
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
Tx
kx
Tx
kx
M51 M51 M51 M51
T5 i T5 i T5 i T5 i
T5 i T5 i T5 i T5 i
(ofter TA} (ofter TA} (ofter TA} (ofter TA}
- -- - TA TA TA TA
forword propogotion time
return propogotion time
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3.3.5 5ubscriber Foging 3.3.5 5ubscriber Foging 3.3.5 5ubscriber Foging 3.3.5 5ubscriber Foging
The Metwork knows the LOCATOM AkEA (LA} in which the mobile is The Metwork knows the LOCATOM AkEA (LA} in which the mobile is The Metwork knows the LOCATOM AkEA (LA} in which the mobile is The Metwork knows the LOCATOM AkEA (LA} in which the mobile is trovelling. trovelling. trovelling. trovelling.
An LA con cover more thon one cell. An LA con cover more thon one cell. An LA con cover more thon one cell. An LA con cover more thon one cell.
The FCH chonnel is used to signol o Coll to o mobile. The FCH chonnel is used to signol o Coll to o mobile. The FCH chonnel is used to signol o Coll to o mobile. The FCH chonnel is used to signol o Coll to o mobile.
The some "Foging" messoge is tronsmitted to oll cells in the ore The some "Foging" messoge is tronsmitted to oll cells in the ore The some "Foging" messoge is tronsmitted to oll cells in the ore The some "Foging" messoge is tronsmitted to oll cells in the oreo (shoded oreos o (shoded oreos o (shoded oreos o (shoded oreos
obove}. obove}. obove}. obove}.
Only o mobile in "DLE" stote (pre Only o mobile in "DLE" stote (pre Only o mobile in "DLE" stote (pre Only o mobile in "DLE" stote (pre- -- -synchronized synchronized synchronized synchronized} con respond to poging. } con respond to poging. } con respond to poging. } con respond to poging.
85C 85C 85C 85C
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3.3. Access to the Metwork 3.3. Access to the Metwork 3.3. Access to the Metwork 3.3. Access to the Metwork
An occess request is An occess request is An occess request is An occess request is olwoys olwoys olwoys olwoys initioted by the initioted by the initioted by the initioted by the M5 M5 M5 M5
(when on M5 is colled, the "poging" procedure is used}. (when on M5 is colled, the "poging" procedure is used}. (when on M5 is colled, the "poging" procedure is used}. (when on M5 is colled, the "poging" procedure is used}.
The kACH chonnel is used to tronsmit the "CHAMMEL kEQUE5T" messo The kACH chonnel is used to tronsmit the "CHAMMEL kEQUE5T" messo The kACH chonnel is used to tronsmit the "CHAMMEL kEQUE5T" messo The kACH chonnel is used to tronsmit the "CHAMMEL kEQUE5T" messoge. ge. ge. ge.
The chonnel is colled "rondom" since the mobile chooses the coll The chonnel is colled "rondom" since the mobile chooses the coll The chonnel is colled "rondom" since the mobile chooses the coll The chonnel is colled "rondom" since the mobile chooses the coll T5 rondomly. T5 rondomly. T5 rondomly. T5 rondomly.
This meons thot there is o risk of collision. This meons thot there is o risk of collision. This meons thot there is o risk of collision. This meons thot there is o risk of collision.
Collisions ore resolved by retronsmission ofter pseudo-rondom deloys.
M51 M51 M51 M51
M55 M55 M55 M55
M52 M52 M52 M52 M53 M53 M53 M53 M54 M54 M54 M54 M54 M54 M54 M54
M55 M55 M55 M55
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3.3.7 Logicol Chonnel 5ummory 3.3.7 Logicol Chonnel 5ummory 3.3.7 Logicol Chonnel 5ummory 3.3.7 Logicol Chonnel 5ummory
Abbreviotion Abbreviotion Abbreviotion Abbreviotion Mome Mome Mome Mome Type Type Type Type kole/nfo corried kole/nfo corried kole/nfo corried kole/nfo corried 8urst formot 8urst formot 8urst formot 8urst formot
Frequency Correction CHonnel MF --> M5 Frequency for synthesizer olignment Frequency
5ynchronizotion CHonnel MF --> M5 Timing sync - Frome M 5ync
8roodcost Common CHonnel MF --> M5 8roodcost system informotion Mormol
kondom Access CHonnel FF <-- M5 Metwork occess (Chonnel request} Access
Foging CHonnel FF --> M5 5ubscriber poging (poging} Mormol
Access Gront CHonnel FF --> M5 5DCCH chonnel ossignment (mm.Ass} Mormol
Cell 8roodcost Control CHonnel MF --> M5 8roodcost short messoges (5M5/C8} Mormol
Motificotion CHonnel MF --> M5 Accessibility notificotion (VGC5/V85} Mormol
Dedicoted Dedicoted Dedicoted Dedicoted
5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling
(out of coll}
5tondolone Dedicoted Ctrl CH. FF <----> Out of coll signolling Mormol
5low Associoted Control CH. FF <----> Meosurements - F Contr. - Timing odv. Mormol
Troffic / Full kote CHonnel FF <----> 13 kbit/s troffic Mormol
Troffic / Holf kote CHonnel FF <----> 5. kbit/s troffic (phose 2} Mormol
5low Associoted Control CH. FF <----> Meosurements - F Contr. - Timing odv. Mormol
Fost Associoted Control CH. FF <----> n coll signolling (cycle steoling} Mormol
Fomily Fomily Fomily Fomily
FCCH FCCH FCCH FCCH
5CH 5CH 5CH 5CH
8CCH 8CCH 8CCH 8CCH
8roodcost 8roodcost 8roodcost 8roodcost
Common Common Common Common
Control Control Control Control
Dedicoted Dedicoted Dedicoted Dedicoted
Troffic + Troffic + Troffic + Troffic +
5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling
(during coll}
kACH kACH kACH kACH
FCH FCH FCH FCH
AGCH AGCH AGCH AGCH
C8CH C8CH C8CH C8CH
MCH MCH MCH MCH
5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH
5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH
TCH/F TCH/F TCH/F TCH/F
TCH/H TCH/H TCH/H TCH/H
5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH
FACCH FACCH FACCH FACCH
G5M (circuit switching} G5M (circuit switching} G5M (circuit switching} G5M (circuit switching}
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3.3.7 Logicol Chonnel 5ummory 3.3.7 Logicol Chonnel 5ummory 3.3.7 Logicol Chonnel 5ummory 3.3.7 Logicol Chonnel 5ummory
MCH MCH MCH MCH
Abbreviotion Abbreviotion Abbreviotion Abbreviotion Mome Mome Mome Mome Type Type Type Type kole/nfo corried kole/nfo corried kole/nfo corried kole/nfo corried 8urst formot 8urst formot 8urst formot 8urst formot
Focket 8roodcost Common CH. MF --> M5 8roodcost system informotion Mormol
kondom Access CHonnel FF <-- M5 Metwork occess (Chonnel request} Access
Focket Foging CHonnel FF --> M5 5ubscriber poging (poging} Mormol
Access Gront CHonnel FF --> M5 5DCCH chonnel ossignment (mm.Ass} Mormol
Motificotion CHonnel MF --> M5 Accessibility notificotion (VGC5/V85} Mormol
Focket Doto Tronsfer Chonnel FF <----> Mormol
Focket Associoted Control Ch. FF <----> Mormol
Focket Timing Control Ch. FF <----> Timing odvonce Mormol
Fomily Fomily Fomily Fomily
F8CCH F8CCH F8CCH F8CCH
8roodcost 8roodcost 8roodcost 8roodcost
FCCCH FCCCH FCCCH FCCCH
pdch
FkACH FkACH FkACH FkACH
FFCH FFCH FFCH FFCH
FAGCH FAGCH FAGCH FAGCH
FDTCH FDTCH FDTCH FDTCH
FACCH FACCH FACCH FACCH
FTCCH FTCCH FTCCH FTCCH
Acknowledge - Fower Control
User Doto
GFk5 GFk5 GFk5 GFk5
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Chonnel Chonnel Chonnel Chonnel
Encoding Encoding Encoding Encoding
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion
5peech 5peech 5peech 5peech
Digitizotion Digitizotion Digitizotion Digitizotion
ond ond ond ond
Encoding Encoding Encoding Encoding
nterleoving nterleoving nterleoving nterleoving
8urst 8urst 8urst 8urst
Formotting Formotting Formotting Formotting
Encryption Encryption Encryption Encryption Modulotion Modulotion Modulotion Modulotion Tronsmission Tronsmission Tronsmission Tronsmission
keception keception keception keception
Demodulotion Demodulotion Demodulotion Demodulotion
Decryption Decryption Decryption Decryption
8urst 8urst 8urst 8urst
Deformotting Deformotting Deformotting Deformotting
De De De De- -- -
interleoving interleoving interleoving interleoving
Chonnel Chonnel Chonnel Chonnel
Decoding Decoding Decoding Decoding
5peech 5peech 5peech 5peech
Decoding Decoding Decoding Decoding
FOWEk COMTkOL FOWEk COMTkOL FOWEk COMTkOL FOWEk COMTkOL
20 bits / 20 ms .13 kbit/s 20 bits / 20 ms .13 kbit/s 20 bits / 20 ms .13 kbit/s 20 bits / 20 ms .13 kbit/s
22.8 kbit/s 22.8 kbit/s 22.8 kbit/s 22.8 kbit/s
(per chonnel} (per chonnel} (per chonnel} (per chonnel}
270.8 kbit/s 270.8 kbit/s 270.8 kbit/s 270.8 kbit/s
Fk 5peech fromes . Fk 5peech fromes . Fk 5peech fromes . Fk 5peech fromes .
(moduloted} (moduloted} (moduloted} (moduloted}
...
.
.
...
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3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion
8it kote on Um interfoce 8it kote on Um interfoce 8it kote on Um interfoce 8it kote on Um interfoce
G5M circuit G5M circuit G5M circuit G5M circuit- -- -switched switched switched switched
Full kote (Fk} / Enhonced Full rote (EFk} speech. 13 Kbps / 12.2 Kbps
Holf rote (Hk} speech. 5. Kbps
Adoptive Multi-kote (AMk}. vorioble speech coding rote from 4.75 to 12.2
Doto tronsmission. moximum 14.4 Kbps
G5M pocket G5M pocket G5M pocket G5M pocket- -- -switched (GFk5} . 4 Coding 5chemes (C5} switched (GFk5} . 4 Coding 5chemes (C5} switched (GFk5} . 4 Coding 5chemes (C5} switched (GFk5} . 4 Coding 5chemes (C5}
Rate Code
Rate
CS1 9.05kb/s 0.5
CS2 13.4kb/s 0.66
CS3 15.6kb/s 0.75
CS4 21.4kb/s 1.0
GMSK (1 bit/s/symbol)
GPRS
GMSK
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EGFk5 . Modulotion ond Coding 5chemes (MC5} EGFk5 . Modulotion ond Coding 5chemes (MC5} EGFk5 . Modulotion ond Coding 5chemes (MC5} EGFk5 . Modulotion ond Coding 5chemes (MC5}
8PSK
8-PSK (3 bit/s/symbol)
Rate Code
MCS5 22.4 kb/s 0.37
MCS6 29.6 kb/s 0.49
MCS7 44.8 kb/s 0.76
MCS8 54.4 kb/s 0.92
MCS9 59.2 kb/s 1.00
GMSK (1 bit/s/symbol)
Rate Code
Rate
MCS1 8.8 kb/s 0.53
MCS2 11.2 kb/s 0.66
MCS3 14.8 kb/s 0.80
MCS4 17.6 kb/s 1.00
EGPRS
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion
GMSK
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3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion 3.4.1 kodio Chonnel generotion
5peech coding. Adoptive Multi 5peech coding. Adoptive Multi 5peech coding. Adoptive Multi 5peech coding. Adoptive Multi- -- -kote (AMk} kote (AMk} kote (AMk} kote (AMk}
Voice quolity benefits.
provides the best voice quolity occording to rodio conditions
increoses in the some time the offered copocity due to the provision of holf-
rote chonnels
2 extensive sets of codec modes.
~ possible rotes in Hk chonnels. 4.75, 5.15, 5., .7, 7.4, 7.5 Kbps
~ 8 possible rotes in Fk chonnels. 4.75, 5.15, 5., .7, 7.4, 7.5, 10.2,12.2 Kbps
Chonnel coding = speech protection 5peech coding = speech informotion
Medium rodio
conditions
8od rodio
conditions
Good rodio
conditions
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3.4.2 Discontinuous Tronsmission 3.4.2 Discontinuous Tronsmission 3.4.2 Discontinuous Tronsmission 3.4.2 Discontinuous Tronsmission
Frinciples (Mondotory in the mobile ond on the 8T5 Frinciples (Mondotory in the mobile ond on the 8T5 Frinciples (Mondotory in the mobile ond on the 8T5 Frinciples (Mondotory in the mobile ond on the 8T5 uplink uplink uplink uplink poth} . poth} . poth} . poth} .
DTX DTX DTX DTX (Discontinuous Tronsmission} . reduced rote tronsmission (- 500 bit/s}
during silences
VAD VAD VAD VAD (Voice Activity Detection}. Meosurement of signol strength for detecting
moments of "silence (neither speech nor tone} - odoptive-threshold FLTEk
Comfort Moise Comfort Moise Comfort Moise Comfort Moise Generotion.
n receive mode, reconstitution of bockground noise bosed on the
chorocteristics received in 5ilence Descriptor (5D} fromes, to ovoid giving
the receiving user the impression thot the line hos been cut off
5 55 5
5 55 5 5 55 5 5 55 5 5 55 5 5 55 5 5 55 5 5 55 5 5 55 5 5 55 5
480 ms
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
TkAU TkAU TkAU TkAU -- -- -- --> 8T5 > 8T5 > 8T5 > 8T5
M5 < M5 < M5 < M5 <-- -- -- --> 8T5 > 8T5 > 8T5 > 8T5
5peech 5peech 5peech 5peech
5ilence 5ilence 5ilence 5ilence
5D Frome 5D Frome 5D Frome 5D Frome
TkAU TkAU TkAU TkAU
M5 M5 M5 M5
...
.
.
...
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3.5.1 koleigh Foding 3.5.1 koleigh Foding 3.5.1 koleigh Foding 3.5.1 koleigh Foding
" f " " f " " f " " f "
"GAF" in frequency " f " reception "GAF" in frequency " f " reception "GAF" in frequency " f " reception "GAF" in frequency " f " reception
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3.5.2 Frequency Hopping 3.5.2 Frequency Hopping 3.5.2 Frequency Hopping 3.5.2 Frequency Hopping
M MM M- -- -frequency hopping groups con be defined frequency hopping groups con be defined frequency hopping groups con be defined frequency hopping groups con be defined for eoch T5 for eoch T5 for eoch T5 for eoch T5 (M>=4} (M>=4} (M>=4} (M>=4}
The overoll system copocity remoins unchonged ( The overoll system copocity remoins unchonged ( The overoll system copocity remoins unchonged ( The overoll system copocity remoins unchonged (eg eg eg eg. . 32 mobiles on 4 . . 32 mobiles on 4 . . 32 mobiles on 4 . . 32 mobiles on 4
frequencies} frequencies} frequencies} frequencies}
0 1 2 3 4 5 7
T5
"8eocon" frequency "8eocon" frequency "8eocon" frequency "8eocon" frequency
Other Other Other Other
frequencies frequencies frequencies frequencies
FCCH/ 5CH/ 8CCH/ CCCH
5DCCH Mo Hopping
T50 . Hopping over 4 frequencies T50 . Hopping over 4 frequencies T50 . Hopping over 4 frequencies T50 . Hopping over 4 frequencies T53 . Hopping over 5 frequencies T53 . Hopping over 5 frequencies T53 . Hopping over 5 frequencies T53 . Hopping over 5 frequencies
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3.5.3 Fower Control 3.5.3 Fower Control 3.5.3 Fower Control 3.5.3 Fower Control
Fower Control (FC} is used to minimize Fower Control (FC} is used to minimize Fower Control (FC} is used to minimize Fower Control (FC} is used to minimize interferences interferences interferences interferences
FC olgorithm in 85C (processing ond decision} FC olgorithm in 85C (processing ond decision} FC olgorithm in 85C (processing ond decision} FC olgorithm in 85C (processing ond decision}
FC Mondotory for M5. FC Mondotory for M5. FC Mondotory for M5. FC Mondotory for M5. steps of 2d8 every 0 steps of 2d8 every 0 steps of 2d8 every 0 steps of 2d8 every 0 msec msec msec msec , option for 8T5. , option for 8T5. , option for 8T5. , option for 8T5. 15 steps of 2 d8 15 steps of 2 d8 15 steps of 2 d8 15 steps of 2 d8
8 W 8 W 8 W 8 W
- 3 mW - 3 mW - 3 mW - 3 mW
2 22 2 15 15 15 15
28 d8 28 d8 28 d8 28 d8
5 55 5
13 13 13 13
3 3 3 3
FC FC FC FC
steps steps steps steps
1 1 1 1 17 17 17 17
31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31
2 d8m 2 d8m 2 d8m 2 d8m
time time time time
= 0 ms = 0 ms = 0 ms = 0 ms
(commonds} (commonds} (commonds} (commonds}
Fossible volues of Output Fower Fossible volues of Output Fower Fossible volues of Output Fower Fossible volues of Output Fower
(G5M 00 M5} (G5M 00 M5} (G5M 00 M5} (G5M 00 M5}
2 W 2 W 2 W 2 W
33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33
F mox M5 2W
1 1 1 1
Output Output Output Output
Fower Fower Fower Fower
(d8m} (d8m} (d8m} (d8m}
FC Level FC Level FC Level FC Level
Exomple of FC Commonds Exomple of FC Commonds Exomple of FC Commonds Exomple of FC Commonds
(G5M 00 M5} (G5M 00 M5} (G5M 00 M5} (G5M 00 M5}
Output Output Output Output
Fower Fower Fower Fower
(d8m} (d8m} (d8m} (d8m}
1 1 1 1
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...
.
.
...
kx kx kx kx
Choin 1 Choin 1 Choin 1 Choin 1
kx kx kx kx
Choin 2 Choin 2 Choin 2 Choin 2
kE5ULT kE5ULT kE5ULT kE5ULT
kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
3.5.4 5poce Diversity 3.5.4 5poce Diversity 3.5.4 5poce Diversity 3.5.4 5poce Diversity
5poce Diversity is used ogoinst foding in the uplink direction
The some signol with different multi-poths is received in the 8ose 5totion
where it is processed within 2 independent choins .
o Discriminotor then identifies the best signol.
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kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce kodio nterfoce
Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise
At o precise time, o snopshot of one cell is the following. At o precise time, o snopshot of one cell is the following. At o precise time, o snopshot of one cell is the following. At o precise time, o snopshot of one cell is the following.
14 M5 ore in communicotion with subscribers in the fixed network 14 M5 ore in communicotion with subscribers in the fixed network 14 M5 ore in communicotion with subscribers in the fixed network 14 M5 ore in communicotion with subscribers in the fixed network
7 M5 hove storted o locotion updoting procedure ond ore woiting 7 M5 hove storted o locotion updoting procedure ond ore woiting 7 M5 hove storted o locotion updoting procedure ond ore woiting 7 M5 hove storted o locotion updoting procedure ond ore woiting for the for the for the for the
onswer of the VLk onswer of the VLk onswer of the VLk onswer of the VLk
2 M5 ore receiving on 5M5 2 M5 ore receiving on 5M5 2 M5 ore receiving on 5M5 2 M5 ore receiving on 5M5
(but they hove not estoblished o speech coll} (but they hove not estoblished o speech coll} (but they hove not estoblished o speech coll} (but they hove not estoblished o speech coll}
4 M5 hove storted o coll estoblishment procedure 4 M5 hove storted o coll estoblishment procedure 4 M5 hove storted o coll estoblishment procedure 4 M5 hove storted o coll estoblishment procedure
(colled porty number olreody sent} (colled porty number olreody sent} (colled porty number olreody sent} (colled porty number olreody sent}
but the coll is not estoblished but the coll is not estoblished but the coll is not estoblished but the coll is not estoblished
(troffic resource not yet ollocoted}. (troffic resource not yet ollocoted}. (troffic resource not yet ollocoted}. (troffic resource not yet ollocoted}.
Could you give . Could you give . Could you give . Could you give .
the minimum number of corriers used in the cell the minimum number of corriers used in the cell the minimum number of corriers used in the cell the minimum number of corriers used in the cell
the minimum number of dedicoted the minimum number of dedicoted the minimum number of dedicoted the minimum number of dedicoted signolling signolling signolling signolling resources in the cell resources in the cell resources in the cell resources in the cell
( (( (signolling signolling signolling signolling out of the coll} out of the coll} out of the coll} out of the coll}
the minimum number of troffic chonnels in the cell the minimum number of troffic chonnels in the cell the minimum number of troffic chonnels in the cell the minimum number of troffic chonnels in the cell
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ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork
4 44 4 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided
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5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided
Contents Contents Contents Contents
4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices
4.1.1 Teleservices ond 8eorer 5ervices
4.1.2 Cotegories of Teleservices
4.1.3 Frinciple
4.1.4 Doto tronsmission in circuit mode
4.1.5 Doto tronsmission in pocket mode
4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 Locotion service (LC5} Locotion service (LC5} Locotion service (LC5} Locotion service (LC5}
4.2.1 Meeds
4.2.2 Cell D + TA
4.2.3 Uplink Time Of Arrivol
4.2.4 EOTD
4.2.5 GF5 Fositionning methods
4.2. GF5 . M5 bosed
4.2.7 GF5 . M5 ossisted
4.2.8 5ummory
4.2. Metwork Architecture
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 76
5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided
4.1.1 4.1.1 4.1.1 4.1.1 Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices ond 8eorer 5ervices ond 8eorer 5ervices ond 8eorer 5ervices ond 8eorer 5ervices
Teleservice Teleservice Teleservice Teleservice. . . . Tronsmission copobility including terminols ond opplicotions
8eorer 5ervice. 8eorer 5ervice. 8eorer 5ervice. 8eorer 5ervice. Tronsmission copobility between defined user nterfoces nterfoces nterfoces nterfoces
Tronsporent ond Mon Tronsporent ond Mon Tronsporent ond Mon Tronsporent ond Mon- -- -Tronsporent 5ervices ond 8eorer 5ervices Tronsporent 5ervices ond 8eorer 5ervices Tronsporent 5ervices ond 8eorer 5ervices Tronsporent 5ervices ond 8eorer 5ervices
Tronsporent . Tronsporent . Tronsporent . Tronsporent . Fixed rote, no flow control. fost but high error rotio
Mon Mon Mon Mon- -- -Tronsporent . Tronsporent . Tronsporent . Tronsporent . kLF odded. low error rotio, slower tronsmission
G5M
PLMN
lWF
lWF
Ironsil
nelwork,
il ony
Ierminoling
nelwork
IE = Ierminol Equipmenl lWF = lnlerWorking Funclion
Ieleservices
Beorer services
IE
IE
...
.
.
...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided
4.1.2. Cotegories of 4.1.2. Cotegories of 4.1.2. Cotegories of 4.1.2. Cotegories of Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices
Voice 5ervices. Voice 5ervices. Voice 5ervices. Voice 5ervices.
Telephony
Emergency Colls
Voice Coll Groups (Groups of mobiles shoring limited rodio resources}
(Voice Messoging. not identified by the G5M os o specific service}
5hort Messoge 5ervices (5M5}. 5hort Messoge 5ervices (5M5}. 5hort Messoge 5ervices (5M5}. 5hort Messoge 5ervices (5M5}.
FOMT-TO-FOMT, Metwork to Mobile (5M5 (5M5 (5M5 (5M5 - -- - MT/FF} MT/FF} MT/FF} MT/FF}
FOMT-TO-FOMT, Mobile to Metwork (5M5 (5M5 (5M5 (5M5 - -- - MO/FF} MO/FF} MO/FF} MO/FF}
8kOADCA5T, Metwork to Mobile (5M5 (5M5 (5M5 (5M5 - -- - C8} C8} C8} C8}
Other Mon Other Mon Other Mon Other Mon- -- -Voice 5ervices Voice 5ervices Voice 5ervices Voice 5ervices
Unstructured 5upplementory 5ervices Doto (U55D} Unstructured 5upplementory 5ervices Doto (U55D} Unstructured 5upplementory 5ervices Doto (U55D} Unstructured 5upplementory 5ervices Doto (U55D}
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided
4.1.3 4.1.3 4.1.3 4.1.3 Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices. principles . principles . principles . principles
F5TM user F5TM user F5TM user F5TM user F5TM user F5TM user F5TM user F5TM user
Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem
Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem
3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line
F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM
Doto Tronsmission between 2 F5TM users
G5M user G5M user G5M user G5M user
Audio Audio Audio Audio
modem modem modem modem
3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line
F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM
Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem
F5TM user F5TM user F5TM user F5TM user
Doto Tronsmission between one G5M user ond one F5TM user
5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce
5tondordized tronsmission 5tondordized tronsmission 5tondordized tronsmission 5tondordized tronsmission
5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce
G5M tronsmission G5M tronsmission G5M tronsmission G5M tronsmission 5tondordized tronsmission 5tondordized tronsmission 5tondordized tronsmission 5tondordized tronsmission
(DCE} (DCE} (DTE} (DTE}
5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce 5tondord interfoce
G5M G5M G5M G5M
Metwork Metwork Metwork Metwork
WF WF WF WF
(DCE} (DCE} (DTE} (DTE}
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided
41.4 41.4 41.4 41.4 Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices. Doto tronsmission in circuit mode . Doto tronsmission in circuit mode . Doto tronsmission in circuit mode . Doto tronsmission in circuit mode
DGTAL rodio tronsmission ==> FAX odopter function (including o DGTAL rodio tronsmission ==> FAX odopter function (including o DGTAL rodio tronsmission ==> FAX odopter function (including o DGTAL rodio tronsmission ==> FAX odopter function (including oudio modem + T30 functions} udio modem + T30 functions} udio modem + T30 functions} udio modem + T30 functions}
5tondord TAF. synchronous informotion beorer (os for doto tronsm 5tondord TAF. synchronous informotion beorer (os for doto tronsm 5tondord TAF. synchronous informotion beorer (os for doto tronsm 5tondord TAF. synchronous informotion beorer (os for doto tronsmission services} ission services} ission services} ission services}
Audio MODEM. includes V21 Audio MODEM. includes V21 Audio MODEM. includes V21 Audio MODEM. includes V21 - -- - V27 ter ond V2 protocols essentiol for diologue between FAX mo V27 ter ond V2 protocols essentiol for diologue between FAX mo V27 ter ond V2 protocols essentiol for diologue between FAX mo V27 ter ond V2 protocols essentiol for diologue between FAX mochines chines chines chines
3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line
F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM
Conventionol connection F5TM user < Conventionol connection F5TM user < Conventionol connection F5TM user < Conventionol connection F5TM user < -- -- -- -- > F5TM user > F5TM user > F5TM user > F5TM user
3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line 3.1 kHz oudio line
F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM
Connection G5M user < Connection G5M user < Connection G5M user < Connection G5M user < -- -- -- -- > F5TM user > F5TM user > F5TM user > F5TM user
5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine
Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem
5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine
Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem
5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine
Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem
5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine 5tondord FAX mochine
Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem Audio modem
Audio Audio Audio Audio
modem modem modem modem
TAF TAF TAF TAF
FAX FAX FAX FAX
Adopter Adopter Adopter Adopter
G5M user G5M user G5M user G5M user
G5M G5M G5M G5M Metwork Metwork Metwork Metwork
Audio Audio Audio Audio
modem modem modem modem
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided 5ervices Frovided
4.1.5 4.1.5 4.1.5 4.1.5 Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices Teleservices. Doto tronsmission in pocket mode . Doto tronsmission in pocket mode . Doto tronsmission in pocket mode . Doto tronsmission in pocket mode
5ervices provided. 5ervices provided. 5ervices provided. 5ervices provided.
All Fersonol mobility
opplicotion
nternet Access
Cor Troffic monogement .
G5M/GFk5 Metwork
User 1 User 1 User 1 User 1
User 2 User 2 User 2 User 2
User 3 User 3 User 3 User 3
With Quolity Of 5ervice profiles. With Quolity Of 5ervice profiles. With Quolity Of 5ervice profiles. With Quolity Of 5ervice profiles.
5ervice Frecedence (Friority}
keliobility
(Tronsfer} Deloy
User Doto Throughput
Connection
Oriented
(Virtuol Circuit}
Connectionless
Oriented
(Dotogrom}
GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M
GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M
5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M
X25
F
Focket Doto Frotocol Metwork
...
.
.
...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 81
Nood or locul
lnormulion
Comfort Comfort Comfort Comfort
Necessty Necessty Necessty Necessty
Nood or Holp Nood lo munugo
Gtoups, ioJiviJuo|s,
l|oo|, occiJoo|s. lot
socuti|y mooos,
6usiooss ptoJuc|ivi|y
ooJ ollicioocy
putposos
Whoto oto |ho oootos|
|outis| p|ocos, .
Who| oto |ho ptoximi|y
iolotmo|ioo (Yo||ow
Pogosj...
l om |os|l
Whoto om l
Ttollic jom
How |o go |hoto
Who| is |ho 6o||ot
|toospot| mooos
LC5 LC5 LC5 LC5
4.2.1 Meeds 4.2.1 Meeds 4.2.1 Meeds 4.2.1 Meeds
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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8osed on cell identity of serving cell
Uncertointy reduced by TA volue
Mo M5 dependency
Low occurocy
Omnidirectional Sectored
LC5 LC5 LC5 LC5
4.2.2 Cell D + TA 4.2.2 Cell D + TA 4.2.2 Cell D + TA 4.2.2 Cell D + TA
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 83
M5 scons the serving cell signol strenght
M5 scons 8CCH5 of surroundings 8T5s
Locotion is bosed on Metwork Meosurements keports (MMk} provided
by the M5
Mot used onymore
Neighbour
Base Station
Neighbour
Base Station
Signal
strength
Serving Cell-D
TA range
Serving
Base Station
LC5 LC5 LC5 LC5
4.2.3 4.2.3 4.2.3 4.2.3 Uplink Uplink Uplink Uplink Time of Arrivol Time of Arrivol Time of Arrivol Time of Arrivol
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 84
To eoch observed Geogrophicol Time
Difference (GTD} (d1 - d2 = Constont}
corresponds on hyperbolo
M5 con be locoted in the intersection of 2
hyperbolos obtoined with 2 GTD (3 8T5}
Fossible enhoncement using severol GTD ond
TA
8ose 5totion
8ose 5totion
8ose 5totion
TA circle
LC5 LC5 LC5 LC5
4.2.4 EOTD 4.2.4 EOTD 4.2.4 EOTD 4.2.4 EOTD
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A AA A- -- -GF5, M5 A555TED GF5, M5 A555TED GF5, M5 A555TED GF5, M5 A555TED
M5 computes its locotion M5 computes its locotion M5 computes its locotion M5 computes its locotion
without ony ossistonce without ony ossistonce without ony ossistonce without ony ossistonce
COMVEMTOMAL GF5 COMVEMTOMAL GF5 COMVEMTOMAL GF5 COMVEMTOMAL GF5
A AA A- -- -GF5, M5 8A5ED GF5, M5 8A5ED GF5, M5 8A5ED GF5, M5 8A5ED
M5 computes its locotion M5 computes its locotion M5 computes its locotion M5 computes its locotion
with ossistonce doto with ossistonce doto with ossistonce doto with ossistonce doto
M5 reports GF5 meosurements to the M5 reports GF5 meosurements to the M5 reports GF5 meosurements to the M5 reports GF5 meosurements to the
network with ossistonce doto network with ossistonce doto network with ossistonce doto network with ossistonce doto
The network computes the M5 locotion The network computes the M5 locotion The network computes the M5 locotion The network computes the M5 locotion
Advonloge ol GP5 melhods
\ory high uccurucy
Drowbock
GPS rocoivor roquirod in lho MS
LC5 LC5 LC5 LC5
4.2.4 Fositioning GF5 methods 4.2.4 Fositioning GF5 methods 4.2.4 Fositioning GF5 methods 4.2.4 Fositioning GF5 methods
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 86
M5-bosed = Computotion of position
by the Mobile 5totion
Wireless
Nelwork
1- GP5 inlormolion is
collecled by lhe nelwork
on o regulor bosis
2- On requesl GP5 inlormolion
is lronsmilled lo lhe hondsel
4- GP5 posilion inlormolion is lronsmilled lo lhe nelwork
3- GP5 posilion lix is
delermined by lhe
Mobile
(wilh nelwork
ossislonce}
GP5 conslellolion
CP3 receivers
LMU
LMU
hub
A-CP8
8erver
LC5 LC5 LC5 LC5
4.2.5 GF5 . M5 bosed 4.2.5 GF5 . M5 bosed 4.2.5 GF5 . M5 bosed 4.2.5 GF5 . M5 bosed
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 87
M5-ossisted = Computotion of
position by the Metwork
2- On requesl porl ol GP5
inlormolion is lronsmilled lo lhe
hondsel
4- GP5 posilion lix is
compuled by lhe
nelwork
5- ll needed, GP5 posilion lix is
lronsmilled lo lhe hondsel
3- GP5 ronging signols
ore ocquired by lhe
Mobile ond direclly
lronsmilled lo lhe
nelwork
1- GP5 inlormolion is
collecled by lhe nelwork
on o regulor bosis
Wireless
Nelwork
GP5 conslellolion
CP3 receivers
LMU
LMU
hub
A-CP8
8erver
LC5 LC5 LC5 LC5
4.2. GF5 . M5 ossisted 4.2. GF5 . M5 ossisted 4.2. GF5 . M5 ossisted 4.2. GF5 . M5 ossisted
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 88
Cell-Id based E-OTD GPS A-GPS
Accuracy
Poor
500 m depends on cell
size
Average
150 m
Very good
5 m 50 m
Very good
5 m 50 m
LCS related
cost
Low Very high (introduction
oI LMUs **)
Medium High (A-GPS server,
reIerence network)
Handset
modification
No Yes Yes Yes
Service support
Low accuracy services Medium accuracy
services
High accuracy
services
High accuracy
services
Time to first fix
Very good
below 5 s
Good
Range oI 5 s
Poor
30 s 20 m (depends
on receiver)
Very good
5 s 10 s
Margin result
(benefit / effort)
Good Poor Medium Very good
** ** ** ** Locotion Meosurement Unit (LMU} required for EOTD . Locotion Meosurement Unit (LMU} required for EOTD . Locotion Meosurement Unit (LMU} required for EOTD . Locotion Meosurement Unit (LMU} required for EOTD . to meosure to meosure to meosure to meosure
keol Time Difference between unsynchronized 8T5 keol Time Difference between unsynchronized 8T5 keol Time Difference between unsynchronized 8T5 keol Time Difference between unsynchronized 8T5
LC5 LC5 LC5 LC5
4.2.7 5ummory 4.2.7 5ummory 4.2.7 5ummory 4.2.7 5ummory
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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SMLC
BTS
BTS
MS
BSC
MSC
HLR
GMLC
CSP
Lg
Lh
Exlornul
LCS clionl
Le
A
A-0PS server
(coIIed SAS in
30)
Mof sfondordi;ed inferfoce
0PS Peference
Mefwork
Abis
Abis
Lb
LMU
Abis
LC5 LC5 LC5 LC5
4.2.8 Metwork orchitecture 4.2.8 Metwork orchitecture 4.2.8 Metwork orchitecture 4.2.8 Metwork orchitecture
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
Page 90
ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork
5 55 5 nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
Contents Contents Contents Contents
5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 G5M Mumbers ond dentities G5M Mumbers ond dentities G5M Mumbers ond dentities G5M Mumbers ond dentities
5.1.1 G5M 5ubscribers. moin types of identificotion
5.1.2 Mobile Equipment identificotion
5.1.3 Geogrophic identificotion
5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules
5.2.1 Generol
5.2.2 kodio nterfoce (Um} . Loyer 3 . "kL 3" protocol
5.2.3 GFk5 protocols
5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 Typicol 5equence for on Originoting Coll Typicol 5equence for on Originoting Coll Typicol 5equence for on Originoting Coll Typicol 5equence for on Originoting Coll
5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 Level 3 G5M Frocedures Level 3 G5M Frocedures Level 3 G5M Frocedures Level 3 G5M Frocedures
5.4.1 5etting up the rodio connection
5.4.2 5ecurity Functions
5.4.3 Mobile Originoting Coll (MO}
5.4.4 Mobile Terminoting Coll (MT}
5.4.5 Exomple of on nternotionol Coll
5.4. Locotion Updoting
5.4.7 Chonge of Cell during the Coll ("Hondover"}
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.1.1 G5M number ond identities. 5ubscriber identificotions 5.1.1 G5M number ond identities. 5ubscriber identificotions 5.1.1 G5M number ond identities. 5ubscriber identificotions 5.1.1 G5M number ond identities. 5ubscriber identificotions
M5 M5 M5 M5 M5 M5 M5 M5 - -- - 5DM 5DM 5DM 5DM
( nternotionol Mobile 5ubscriber dentity } ( nternotionol Mobile 5ubscriber dentity } ( nternotionol Mobile 5ubscriber dentity } ( nternotionol Mobile 5ubscriber dentity }
nternotionol dentity nternotionol dentity nternotionol dentity nternotionol dentity E212 compliont E212 compliont E212 compliont E212 compliont
Moture Moture Moture Moture
( ( ( ( Mobile 5totion Mobile 5totion Mobile 5totion Mobile 5totion - -- - ntegroted 5ervice Digitol Metwork n } ntegroted 5ervice Digitol Metwork n } ntegroted 5ervice Digitol Metwork n } ntegroted 5ervice Digitol Metwork n }
Directory Mumber Directory Mumber Directory Mumber Directory Mumber 5DM type, E.14/E.213 compliont 5DM type, E.14/E.213 compliont 5DM type, E.14/E.213 compliont 5DM type, E.14/E.213 compliont
MCC MCC MCC MCC MMC MMC MMC MMC
M5M M5M M5M M5M
H1 H2 H1 H2 H1 H2 H1 H2 x x x ........ x x x x x x ........ x x x x x x ........ x x x x x x ........ x x x
Mobile Mobile Mobile Mobile
Country Country Country Country
Code Code Code Code
Mobile Mobile Mobile Mobile
Motionol Motionol Motionol Motionol
Code Code Code Code
Mobile 5ubscriber dentity Mumber Mobile 5ubscriber dentity Mumber Mobile 5ubscriber dentity Mumber Mobile 5ubscriber dentity Mumber
including H1 H2 identifying the HLk including H1 H2 identifying the HLk including H1 H2 identifying the HLk including H1 H2 identifying the HLk
Formot Formot Formot Formot
Meoning Meoning Meoning Meoning
M of digits M of digits M of digits M of digits
Exomples Exomples Exomples Exomples
Chorocteristics Chorocteristics Chorocteristics Chorocteristics
3 33 3 2 22 2 mox 10 mox 10 mox 10 mox 10
234 234 234 234
208 208 208 208 01 01 01 01
10 10 10 10
5tored in 5M module ond AuC 5tored in 5M module ond AuC 5tored in 5M module ond AuC 5tored in 5M module ond AuC
CC CC CC CC MDC MDC MDC MDC
5M 5M 5M 5M
M1 M2 M1 M2 M1 M2 M1 M2 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Country Country Country Country
Code Code Code Code
Motionol Motionol Motionol Motionol
Code* Code* Code* Code*
Destinotion Destinotion Destinotion Destinotion
5ubscriber Mumber 5ubscriber Mumber 5ubscriber Mumber 5ubscriber Mumber
( notionol identity } ( notionol identity } ( notionol identity } ( notionol identity }
including M1 M2 identifying the HLk including M1 M2 identifying the HLk including M1 M2 identifying the HLk including M1 M2 identifying the HLk
1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 2 to 4 2 to 4 2 to 4 2 to 4
44 802 Cellnet G5M 44 802 Cellnet G5M 44 802 Cellnet G5M 44 802 Cellnet G5M
44 385 Vodofone G5M 44 385 Vodofone G5M 44 385 Vodofone G5M 44 385 Vodofone G5M
44 5 Mercury DC5 44 5 Mercury DC5 44 5 Mercury DC5 44 5 Mercury DC5
44 73 Hutchinson DC5 44 73 Hutchinson DC5 44 73 Hutchinson DC5 44 73 Hutchinson DC5
33 33 33 33
33 33 33 33
07/8 07/8 07/8 07/8
0 0 0 0
1 MC DU to MC DU LYOM 1 MC DU to MC DU LYOM 1 MC DU to MC DU LYOM 1 MC DU to MC DU LYOM
01 MC DU to 0 MC DU MA55EMA 01 MC DU to 0 MC DU MA55EMA 01 MC DU to 0 MC DU MA55EMA 01 MC DU to 0 MC DU MA55EMA
11 xxxx to 3x xxxx LA FOUkCHE 11 xxxx to 3x xxxx LA FOUkCHE 11 xxxx to 3x xxxx LA FOUkCHE 11 xxxx to 3x xxxx LA FOUkCHE
Allocoted to on M5 (by MMC} in the HLk Allocoted to on M5 (by MMC} in the HLk Allocoted to on M5 (by MMC} in the HLk Allocoted to on M5 (by MMC} in the HLk
xx xx xx xx LYOM xx xx xx xx LYOM xx xx xx xx LYOM xx xx xx xx LYOM
4 xx xx xx xx MA55EMA 4 xx xx xx xx MA55EMA 4 xx xx xx xx MA55EMA 4 xx xx xx xx MA55EMA

Fronce Fronce Fronce Fronce
U.K. U.K. U.K. U.K.
Oronge Oronge Oronge Oronge
Cegetel Cegetel Cegetel Cegetel
totol up to 15 totol up to 15 totol up to 15 totol up to 15
* insteod of identifying o geogrophic oreo, the MDC identifies on OFEkATOk.
( notionol identity } ( notionol identity } ( notionol identity } ( notionol identity } MM5 MM5 MM5 MM5
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nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.1.2 G5M number ond identities. Mobile Equipment identificotio 5.1.2 G5M number ond identities. Mobile Equipment identificotio 5.1.2 G5M number ond identities. Mobile Equipment identificotio 5.1.2 G5M number ond identities. Mobile Equipment identificotion nn n
ME / ME5V ME / ME5V ME / ME5V ME / ME5V
( nternotionol Mobile Equipment dentity } ( nternotionol Mobile Equipment dentity } ( nternotionol Mobile Equipment dentity } ( nternotionol Mobile Equipment dentity }
TAC TAC TAC TAC FAC FAC FAC FAC 5Mk 5Mk 5Mk 5Mk 5F 5F 5F 5F
Type Approvol Code Type Approvol Code Type Approvol Code Type Approvol Code
Finol Assembly Code Finol Assembly Code Finol Assembly Code Finol Assembly Code
5eriol Mumbek 5eriol Mumbek 5eriol Mumbek 5eriol Mumbek
(5Fore} (5Fore} (5Fore} (5Fore}
5tored in the Equipment (Terminol}
Used to reploce the M5 or TM5 if they connot be used
(exomple . emergency colls with no 5M cord} or ot the network's request
(mointenonce}
Con be used to updote the Ek dotobose (if there is one}
( nternotionol Mobile Equipment dentity ond 5oftwore Version n ( nternotionol Mobile Equipment dentity ond 5oftwore Version n ( nternotionol Mobile Equipment dentity ond 5oftwore Version n ( nternotionol Mobile Equipment dentity ond 5oftwore Version number} (Fhose 2+} umber} (Fhose 2+} umber} (Fhose 2+} umber} (Fhose 2+}
TAC TAC TAC TAC FAC FAC FAC FAC 5Mk 5Mk 5Mk 5Mk 5VM 5VM 5VM 5VM
5oftwore Version Mumber 5oftwore Version Mumber 5oftwore Version Mumber 5oftwore Version Mumber
ME. ME. ME. ME.
ME5V. ME5V. ME5V. ME5V.
...
.
.
...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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LA. LA. LA. LA. Locotion Areo dentificotion Locotion Areo dentificotion Locotion Areo dentificotion Locotion Areo dentificotion
MCC MCC MCC MCC = Mobile Country Code = Mobile Country Code = Mobile Country Code = Mobile Country Code
MMC MMC MMC MMC = Mobile Metwork Code = Mobile Metwork Code = Mobile Metwork Code = Mobile Metwork Code
LAC LAC LAC LAC = Locotion Areo Code = Locotion Areo Code = Locotion Areo Code = Locotion Areo Code
Use of LA. Use of LA. Use of LA. Use of LA.
Foging Foging Foging Foging
Locotion Areo Updoting Locotion Areo Updoting Locotion Areo Updoting Locotion Areo Updoting
5ecurity 5ecurity 5ecurity 5ecurity
CG CG CG CG Cell Globol dentificotion Cell Globol dentificotion Cell Globol dentificotion Cell Globol dentificotion
C C C C = Cell dentifier = Cell dentifier = Cell dentifier = Cell dentifier
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.1.3 G5M number ond identities. Geogrophic identificotion 5.1.3 G5M number ond identities. Geogrophic identificotion 5.1.3 G5M number ond identities. Geogrophic identificotion 5.1.3 G5M number ond identities. Geogrophic identificotion
MCC MCC MCC MCC MMC MMC MMC MMC LAC LAC LAC LAC C C C C
LA LA LA LA
CG CG CG CG
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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kA. kA. kA. kA. kouting Areo dentificotion kouting Areo dentificotion kouting Areo dentificotion kouting Areo dentificotion
MCC MCC MCC MCC = Mobile Country Code = Mobile Country Code = Mobile Country Code = Mobile Country Code
MMC MMC MMC MMC = Mobile Metwork Code = Mobile Metwork Code = Mobile Metwork Code = Mobile Metwork Code
LAC LAC LAC LAC = Locotion Areo Code = Locotion Areo Code = Locotion Areo Code = Locotion Areo Code
kAC kAC kAC kAC = = = = kouting kouting kouting kouting Areo Code Areo Code Areo Code Areo Code
Use of kA. Use of kA. Use of kA. Use of kA.
Foging Foging Foging Foging
kouting Areo Updoting kouting Areo Updoting kouting Areo Updoting kouting Areo Updoting
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.1.3 G5M number ond identities. Geogrophic identificotion 5.1.3 G5M number ond identities. Geogrophic identificotion 5.1.3 G5M number ond identities. Geogrophic identificotion 5.1.3 G5M number ond identities. Geogrophic identificotion
MCC MCC MCC MCC MMC MMC MMC MMC LAC LAC LAC LAC kAC kAC kAC kAC
kA kA kA kA
For GFk5. For GFk5. For GFk5. For GFk5.
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.2.1 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. generol 5.2.1 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. generol 5.2.1 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. generol 5.2.1 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. generol
5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1
5CCF 5CCF 5CCF 5CCF
MTF 3 MTF 3 MTF 3 MTF 3
MTF 2 MTF 2 MTF 2 MTF 2
5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1
5CCF 5CCF 5CCF 5CCF
MTF 3 MTF 3 MTF 3 MTF 3
MTF 2 MTF 2 MTF 2 MTF 2
5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1
TCAF TCAF TCAF TCAF
MAF MAF MAF MAF
TCAF TCAF TCAF TCAF
MAF MAF MAF MAF
5CCF 5CCF 5CCF 5CCF
MTF 3 MTF 3 MTF 3 MTF 3
MTF 2 MTF 2 MTF 2 MTF 2
5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1
DTAF DTAF DTAF DTAF
5CCF 5CCF 5CCF 5CCF
MTF 3 MTF 3 MTF 3 MTF 3
MTF 2 MTF 2 MTF 2 MTF 2
5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1 5.C.1
DTAF DTAF DTAF DTAF
LAFD LAFD LAFD LAFD LAFDm LAFDm LAFDm LAFDm LAFD LAFD LAFD LAFD
55 (5M5} 55 (5M5} 55 (5M5} 55 (5M5} 55 (5M5} 55 (5M5} 55 (5M5} 55 (5M5}
855 855 855 855
MAF MAF MAF MAF
MM MM MM MM
CC CC CC CC
855 855 855 855
MAF MAF MAF MAF
kk kk kk kk
kk kk kk kk
kk' kk' kk' kk' 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
LAFDm LAFDm LAFDm LAFDm
(5M5} (5M5} (5M5} (5M5}
55 55 55 55
CC CC CC CC
MM MM MM MM
(keloys} (keloys} (keloys} (keloys}
M5 M5 M5 M5 8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5 85C 85C 85C 85C M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk
M55 M55 M55 M55
(eg. . HLk} (eg. . HLk} (eg. . HLk} (eg. . HLk}
Um Um Um Um A bis A bis A bis A bis A AA A (D} (D} (D} (D}
1 11 1
2 22 2
3 33 3
(keloys} (keloys} (keloys} (keloys}
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- Coll hondling ond routing
- DTMF focilities
- Access to 5upplementory 5ervices
- 5hort Messoge 5ervice
- Foging monogement
- Ciphering mode monogement
- Frequency redefinition
- Dedicoted chonnel ossignment
- Hondover monogement
- Meosurements ond power control
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.2.2 5.2.2 5.2.2 5.2.2 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. kodio nterfoce 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. kodio nterfoce 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. kodio nterfoce 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. kodio nterfoce
kodio nterfoce Loyer 3 protocol
Frotocol Frotocol Frotocol Frotocol
Discriminotor Discriminotor Discriminotor Discriminotor
kk kk kk kk kodio kesource kodio kesource kodio kesource kodio kesource
Monogement Monogement Monogement Monogement
Meoning Meoning Meoning Meoning
MM MM MM MM Mobility Monogement Mobility Monogement Mobility Monogement Mobility Monogement
- Locotion Updoting
- Ciphering mode monogement
- Frequency redefinition
- Dedicoted chonnel ossignment
Function Function Function Function
Coll Control Coll Control Coll Control Coll Control
5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices
5hort Messoge 5ervice 5hort Messoge 5ervice 5hort Messoge 5ervice 5hort Messoge 5ervice
CC CC CC CC
55 55 55 55
5M5 5M5 5M5 5M5
Entities Entities Entities Entities
M5 M5 M5 M5 - -- - 85C 85C 85C 85C
(ond 8T5} (ond 8T5} (ond 8T5} (ond 8T5}
M5 M5 M5 M5 - -- -
M5C M5C M5C M5C / VLk / VLk / VLk / VLk
M5 M5 M5 M5 - -- - M5C M5C M5C M5C
(+ HLk} (+ HLk} (+ HLk} (+ HLk}
(+ 5M5 (+ 5M5 (+ 5M5 (+ 5M5- -- -C} C} C} C}
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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F Metwork
855
5G5M
M5
1
GG5M1
GG5M2
FDM1
FDM2
LLC
TLL
1
Attochment
TD
2
= M5 + session
2
GTF
TD
1
= M5 + session
1
Opening
5ession(s}
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols
GFk5 operotion. bosic procedures
TLL = Temporary Logical Link dentity
TD = Tunnel dentity
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ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip ip
http http http http http http http http ftp ftp ftp ftp ftp ftp ftp ftp smtp smtp smtp smtp smtp smtp smtp smtp gtp gtp gtp gtp gtp gtp gtp gtp
GG5M
5G5M
1
tcp
1 tcp
wop wop wop wop wop wop wop wop
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols
F overview
kouters kouters kouters kouters
F network F network F network F network
Client Client Client Client 5erver 5erver 5erver 5erver
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GTF GTF GTF GTF 5MDCF 5MDCF 5MDCF 5MDCF
5MDCF 5MDCF 5MDCF 5MDCF
855GF 855GF 855GF 855GF
LLC LLC LLC LLC
M5 855 5G5M GG5M
Um
Gn
Loyer Model for Tronsmission plon (GFk5}
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 Frotocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 Frotocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 Frotocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 Frotocols
reloy
L1 bis L1 bis L1 bis L1 bis
Frome Frome Frome Frome
keloy keloy keloy keloy
L1 L1 L1 L1
L2 L2 L2 L2
L1 L1 L1 L1
L2 L2 L2 L2
Fhysicol Fhysicol Fhysicol Fhysicol
Loyer Loyer Loyer Loyer
MAC MAC MAC MAC
L1 bis L1 bis L1 bis L1 bis
Frome Frome Frome Frome
keloy keloy keloy keloy
Fhysicol Fhysicol Fhysicol Fhysicol
Loyer Loyer Loyer Loyer
MAC MAC MAC MAC
kLC kLC kLC kLC
LLC LLC LLC LLC
Gb
GTF GTF GTF GTF
F F F F
UDF & UDF & UDF & UDF &
TCF TCF TCF TCF
F / X25 F / X25 F / X25 F / X25
Appli Appli Appli Appli
855GF
kLC
F F F F
UDF & UDF & UDF & UDF &
TCF TCF TCF TCF
F / X25 F / X25 F / X25 F / X25
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Loyer Model for Tronsmission plon (GFk5} (2}
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols
Heoder Heoder Heoder Heoder Doto Doto Doto Doto
Heoder Heoder Heoder Heoder
Doto Doto Doto Doto
LLC LLC LLC LLC
FHY5CAL FHY5CAL FHY5CAL FHY5CAL
CkC CkC CkC CkC CkC CkC CkC CkC CkC CkC CkC CkC
kLC MAC kLC MAC kLC MAC kLC MAC
F/X25 F/X25 F/X25 F/X25
5MDCF 5MDCF 5MDCF 5MDCF
Division of the 5DU in 2 blocks Division of the 5DU in 2 blocks Division of the 5DU in 2 blocks Division of the 5DU in 2 blocks
Compression of eoch port Compression of eoch port Compression of eoch port Compression of eoch port
Lobel odded for eoch block Lobel odded for eoch block Lobel odded for eoch block Lobel odded for eoch block
LLC Encopsulotion LLC Encopsulotion LLC Encopsulotion LLC Encopsulotion
CkC CkC CkC CkC
kLC Encopsulotion kLC Encopsulotion kLC Encopsulotion kLC Encopsulotion
LLC frome LLC frome LLC frome LLC frome splitted splitted splitted splitted
into blocks into blocks into blocks into blocks
Heoder Heoder Heoder Heoder
= < 1520 8ytes = < 1520 8ytes = < 1520 8ytes = < 1520 8ytes Heoder Heoder Heoder Heoder
Chonnel Coding C51 to C54 Chonnel Coding C51 to C54 Chonnel Coding C51 to C54 Chonnel Coding C51 to C54
8lock 1 8lock 1 8lock 1 8lock 18lock 2 8lock 2 8lock 2 8lock 28lock 3 8lock 3 8lock 3 8lock 38lock 4 8lock 4 8lock 4 8lock 48lock 5 8lock 5 8lock 5 8lock 58lock 8lock 8lock 8lock 8lock 7 8lock 7 8lock 7 8lock 78lock 8 8lock 8 8lock 8 8lock 8
8lock 1 8lock 1 8lock 1 8lock 1 8lock 2 8lock 2 8lock 2 8lock 2 8lock 3 8lock 3 8lock 3 8lock 3 8lock 8 8lock 8 8lock 8 8lock 8
CkC CkC CkC CkC Heoder Heoder Heoder Heoder
Heoder Heoder Heoder Heoder
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GTF GTF GTF GTF GMM GMM GMM GMM
855GF 855GF 855GF 855GF
LLC LLC LLC LLC
M5 855 5G5M G5M
Um
Gn
Loyer Model for 5ignolling plon (GFk5}
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols 5.2.3 855 / M55 Frotocols ond 5oftwore Modules. GFk5 protocols
reloy
L1 bis L1 bis L1 bis L1 bis
Frome Frome Frome Frome
keloy keloy keloy keloy
L1 L1 L1 L1
L2 L2 L2 L2
L1 L1 L1 L1
L2 L2 L2 L2
L1 kF L1 kF L1 kF L1 kF
MAC MAC MAC MAC
L1 bis L1 bis L1 bis L1 bis
Frome Frome Frome Frome
keloy keloy keloy keloy
L1 kF L1 kF L1 kF L1 kF
MAC MAC MAC MAC
kLC kLC kLC kLC
LLC LLC LLC LLC
Gb
F F F F
UDF UDF UDF UDF
5M 5M 5M 5M
855GF
kLC
F F F F
G GG G
5M5 5M5 5M5 5M5
UDF UDF UDF UDF
GMM GMM GMM GMM
5M 5M 5M 5M
G GG G
5M5 5M5 5M5 5M5
GTF GTF GTF GTF
G5M
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nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.3 Typicol 5equence for on Originoting Coll 5.3 Typicol 5equence for on Originoting Coll 5.3 Typicol 5equence for on Originoting Coll 5.3 Typicol 5equence for on Originoting Coll
MO8LE MO8LE MO8LE MO8LE
CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T
MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT
CM 5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM 5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM 5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM 5EkVCE kEQUE5T
AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T
AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E
CFHEkMG MODE CMD CFHEkMG MODE CMD CFHEkMG MODE CMD CFHEkMG MODE CMD
CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE
5ET UF 5ET UF 5ET UF 5ET UF
CALL FkOCEEDMG CALL FkOCEEDMG CALL FkOCEEDMG CALL FkOCEEDMG
A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD
A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM
ALEkTMG ALEkTMG ALEkTMG ALEkTMG
COMMECT COMMECT COMMECT COMMECT
COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK
5ET 5ET 5ET 5ET- -- -UF of on UF of on UF of on UF of on
kk COMMECTOM (MO} kk COMMECTOM (MO} kk COMMECTOM (MO} kk COMMECTOM (MO}
5EkVCE MDCATOM 5EkVCE MDCATOM 5EkVCE MDCATOM 5EkVCE MDCATOM
AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM
TkAM5TOM to CFHEkMG MODE TkAM5TOM to CFHEkMG MODE TkAM5TOM to CFHEkMG MODE TkAM5TOM to CFHEkMG MODE
5TAkT of CALL 5TAkT of CALL 5TAkT of CALL 5TAkT of CALL
TkAFFC CHAMMEL TkAFFC CHAMMEL TkAFFC CHAMMEL TkAFFC CHAMMEL
CALL COMFkMATOM CALL COMFkMATOM CALL COMFkMATOM CALL COMFkMATOM
CALL ACCEFTED CALL ACCEFTED CALL ACCEFTED CALL ACCEFTED
A55GMMEMT A55GMMEMT A55GMMEMT A55GMMEMT
...
.
.
...
G5M G5M G5M G5M
Metwork Metwork Metwork Metwork
F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM
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5DCCH M 5DCCH M 5DCCH M 5DCCH M
MM MM MM MM CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T
5DCCH M 5DCCH M 5DCCH M 5DCCH M
kACH kACH kACH kACH
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.4.1 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5etting up the rodio connection 5.4.1 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5etting up the rodio connection 5.4.1 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5etting up the rodio connection 5.4.1 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5etting up the rodio connection
M5 M5 M5 M5
CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T
MMEDATE A55GM. MMEDATE A55GM. MMEDATE A55GM. MMEDATE A55GM.
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
85C 85C 85C 85C M5C M5C M5C M5C
Um Um Um Um
A bis A bis A bis A bis A AA A
CHAMMEL kEQUkED CHAMMEL kEQUkED CHAMMEL kEQUkED CHAMMEL kEQUkED
A55GMMEMT of on A55GMMEMT of on A55GMMEMT of on A55GMMEMT of on
5DCCH Chonnel 5DCCH Chonnel 5DCCH Chonnel 5DCCH Chonnel
CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV.
ACTVATOM of ACTVATOM of ACTVATOM of ACTVATOM of
Chonnel indicoted Chonnel indicoted Chonnel indicoted Chonnel indicoted
CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK
AGCH AGCH AGCH AGCH
COMMECTOM to the COMMECTOM to the COMMECTOM to the COMMECTOM to the
5DCCH Chonnel 5DCCH Chonnel 5DCCH Chonnel 5DCCH Chonnel
5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH
5A8M 5A8M 5A8M 5A8M
E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC.
5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T 5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T 5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T 5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T
5CCF COMMECT COMFkM 5CCF COMMECT COMFkM 5CCF COMMECT COMFkM 5CCF COMMECT COMFkM
T3101
T105
MM. A55GM. CMD MM. A55GM. CMD MM. A55GM. CMD MM. A55GM. CMD
kk kk kk kk
kk kk kk kk
MM MM MM MM CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T
kk kk kk kk
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH
UA UA UA UA
MM MM MM MM CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T
MM MM MM MM CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM_5EkVCE kEQUE5T
...
.
.
...
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nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions 5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions 5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions 5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions
Authenticotion Authenticotion Authenticotion Authenticotion
Checks thot the Mobile 5totion is the required stotion ond not on intruder
Ciphering Ciphering Ciphering Ciphering
All nformotion (5ignolling, 5peech ond Doto} is sent in ciphered mode, to
ovoid monitoring ond intruders (who could onolyze signolling doto}
Temporory dentificotion (TM5} Temporory dentificotion (TM5} Temporory dentificotion (TM5} Temporory dentificotion (TM5}
used insteod of M5 for sofety reoson. trocing of M5 not so eosy on oir
interfoce
Allocoted ot leost when M5 is registered in o new VLk
(but moy be ollocoted ot eoch tronsoction}
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nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions 5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions 5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions 5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions
5M cord 5M cord 5M cord 5M cord
A3 A3 A3 A3
AuC AuC AuC AuC
kodio Chonnel kodio Chonnel kodio Chonnel kodio Chonnel
A8 A8 A8 A8
Ki Ki Ki Ki Ki Ki Ki Ki
kondom number selection kondom number selection kondom number selection kondom number selection
A3 A3 A3 A3
A8 A8 A8 A8
A3 A3 A3 A3 A3 A3 A3 A3
A8 A8 A8 A8 A8 A8 A8 A8
A5 A5 A5 A5 A5 A5 A5 A5
= = = =
dentificotion key (128 bits} dentificotion key (128 bits} dentificotion key (128 bits} dentificotion key (128 bits}
kAMD (128 bits} kAMD (128 bits} kAMD (128 bits} kAMD (128 bits}
kAMD kAMD kAMD kAMD
5igned ref. (32 bits} 5igned ref. (32 bits} 5igned ref. (32 bits} 5igned ref. (32 bits}
5kE5 5kE5 5kE5 5kE5 5kE5 5kE5 5kE5 5kE5
Cipher commond Cipher commond Cipher commond Cipher commond
OK OK OK OK
Kc . Cipher key Kc . Cipher key Kc . Cipher key Kc . Cipher key
for the coll (4 bits} for the coll (4 bits} for the coll (4 bits} for the coll (4 bits}
Kc Kc Kc Kc
5peech 5peech 5peech 5peech - -- - Doto Doto Doto Doto - -- - 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling 5peech 5peech 5peech 5peech - -- - Doto Doto Doto Doto - -- - 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling 5ignolling
Ciphered doto Ciphered doto Ciphered doto Ciphered doto
Ciphering/Deciphering Ciphering/Deciphering Ciphering/Deciphering Ciphering/Deciphering
Ciphering/Deciphering Ciphering/Deciphering Ciphering/Deciphering Ciphering/Deciphering
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
A5 A5 A5 A5 A5 A5 A5 A5
...
.
.
...
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5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions 5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions 5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions 5.4.2 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5ecurity Functions
MS BTS HLR MSC / VLR AuC
SIM card
IMSI
Ki
A3
A8
RAND
SRES
Kc
Ciphering
Function
A5
Ciphering
Function
RAND
SRES
Kc
RAND
SRES
Kc
Kc
= ?
Triplets
TripIet
Generation
RAND
Ki
Ki
IMSI
A4
Ki
IMSI
(ciphered)
A4
A2
Speech
Data
Sign
Speech
Data
Sign
(ciphered)
RAND
SRES
A8
A3
Ki
IMSI
IMSI
A8
A3
Ki
IMSI
IMSI
TMSI
A5
Kc
TMSI
A5
Kc
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5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll 5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll 5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll 5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll
MO8LE MO8LE MO8LE MO8LE
CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T
MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT
CM 5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM 5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM 5EkVCE kEQUE5T CM 5EkVCE kEQUE5T
AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM
CFHEkMG CFHEkMG CFHEkMG CFHEkMG
5ET UF 5ET UF 5ET UF 5ET UF
A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD
A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM
ALEkTMG ALEkTMG ALEkTMG ALEkTMG
COMMECT COMMECT COMMECT COMMECT
COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK
VEA . Very Eorly Assignment . VEA . Very Eorly Assignment . VEA . Very Eorly Assignment . VEA . Very Eorly Assignment .
CALL COMFkMATOM CALL COMFkMATOM CALL COMFkMATOM CALL COMFkMATOM
CALL ACCEFTED CALL ACCEFTED CALL ACCEFTED CALL ACCEFTED
or 5ET UF if VEA or 5ET UF if VEA or 5ET UF if VEA or 5ET UF if VEA
A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD
A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM
1/2 OAC5U . 1/2 OAC5U . 1/2 OAC5U . 1/2 OAC5U .
A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD
A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM
OAC5U complete OAC5U complete OAC5U complete OAC5U complete
mmediote ossignment of o TCH . mmediote ossignment of o TCH . mmediote ossignment of o TCH . mmediote ossignment of o TCH .
Mo outhenticotion or ciphering Mo outhenticotion or ciphering Mo outhenticotion or ciphering Mo outhenticotion or ciphering
(5ignolling corried on FACCH} (5ignolling corried on FACCH} (5ignolling corried on FACCH} (5ignolling corried on FACCH}
EA . Eorly Assignment . EA . Eorly Assignment . EA . Eorly Assignment . EA . Eorly Assignment .
TCH ollocoted 8EFOkE coll confirmotion TCH ollocoted 8EFOkE coll confirmotion TCH ollocoted 8EFOkE coll confirmotion TCH ollocoted 8EFOkE coll confirmotion
omitted if VEA
TCH ollocoted ofter colled porty ringing TCH ollocoted ofter colled porty ringing TCH ollocoted ofter colled porty ringing TCH ollocoted ofter colled porty ringing
TCH ollocoted ofter colled porty onswer TCH ollocoted ofter colled porty onswer TCH ollocoted ofter colled porty onswer TCH ollocoted ofter colled porty onswer
...
.
.
...
G5M G5M G5M G5M
Metwork Metwork Metwork Metwork
F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM
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TCH ollocotion TCH ollocotion TCH ollocotion TCH ollocotion
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll 5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll 5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll 5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll
CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV.
DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T
M5 M5 M5 M5 8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
85C 85C 85C 85C M5C/VLk M5C/VLk M5C/VLk M5C/VLk
A bis A bis A bis A bis A AA A
CALL FkOCEEDMG CALL FkOCEEDMG CALL FkOCEEDMG CALL FkOCEEDMG
DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM
5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA
5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA
5ET 5ET 5ET 5ET - -- - UF UF UF UF
A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD
FHY5. CTX kEQ. FHY5. CTX kEQ. FHY5. CTX kEQ. FHY5. CTX kEQ.
5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA
CC selection CC selection CC selection CC selection
AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM
CFHEkMG CFHEkMG CFHEkMG CFHEkMG
CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T
MMEDATE A55GM. MMEDATE A55GM. MMEDATE A55GM. MMEDATE A55GM.
kACH kACH kACH kACH
AGCH AGCH AGCH AGCH
5DCCH M 5DCCH M 5DCCH M 5DCCH M
5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH
Ciphered Ciphered Ciphered Ciphered
5A8M 5A8M 5A8M 5A8M
UA UA UA UA
E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC.
5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T 5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T 5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T 5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T
5CCF COMMECT COMFkM 5CCF COMMECT COMFkM 5CCF COMMECT COMFkM 5CCF COMMECT COMFkM
5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH
FHY5. CTX COMF. FHY5. CTX COMF. FHY5. CTX COMF. FHY5. CTX COMF.
TCH TCH TCH TCH
CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK
DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T
Assignment Cmd Assignment Cmd Assignment Cmd Assignment Cmd
TCH TCH TCH TCH
T3107
kELEA5E kEQ * kELEA5E kEQ * kELEA5E kEQ * kELEA5E kEQ *
Locol End Locol End Locol End Locol End
Um Um Um Um
kk kk kk kk
kk kk kk kk
CM 5erv. keq. CM 5erv. keq. CM 5erv. keq. CM 5erv. keq. MM MM MM MM
CM 5erv. keq. CM 5erv. keq. CM 5erv. keq. CM 5erv. keq. MM MM MM MM
CM 5erv. keq. CM 5erv. keq. CM 5erv. keq. CM 5erv. keq. MM MM MM MM
CC CC CC CC
CC CC CC CC
5et 5et 5et 5et - -- - Up Up Up Up CC CC CC CC
Coll Froceeding. Coll Froceeding. Coll Froceeding. Coll Froceeding. CC CC CC CC Coll Froceeding. Coll Froceeding. Coll Froceeding. Coll Froceeding. CC CC CC CC
5et 5et 5et 5et - -- - Up Up Up Up CC CC CC CC
Assignment kequest Assignment kequest Assignment kequest Assignment kequest 855MAF 855MAF 855MAF 855MAF
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
kk kk kk kk
kk kk kk kk
* . if no onswer from M5 * . if no onswer from M5 * . if no onswer from M5 * . if no onswer from M5
AM AM AM AM 5UF 5UF 5UF 5UF
...
.
.
...
F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM
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Off Off Off Off- -- -hooking hooking hooking hooking
Colled F. ringing Colled F. ringing Colled F. ringing Colled F. ringing
Connect Connect Connect Connect
Connect Connect Connect Connect
Alerting Alerting Alerting Alerting
Assign. compl. Assign. compl. Assign. compl. Assign. compl.
Assign. compl. Assign. compl. Assign. compl. Assign. compl.
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll 5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll 5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll 5.4.3 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Originoting Coll
DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T
M5 M5 M5 M5
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5 85C 85C 85C 85C M5C/VLk M5C/VLk M5C/VLk M5C/VLk
Um Um Um Um
A bis A bis A bis A bis A AA A
ALEkTMG ALEkTMG ALEkTMG ALEkTMG
DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM
5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA
5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA
A55GMMEMT COMFL. A55GMMEMT COMFL. A55GMMEMT COMFL. A55GMMEMT COMFL.
kF CHAMMEL kEL. kF CHAMMEL kEL. kF CHAMMEL kEL. kF CHAMMEL kEL.
5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA
FACCH FACCH FACCH FACCH
5A8M 5A8M 5A8M 5A8M
UA UA UA UA
E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC.
kF CHAMMEL kEL. ACK kF CHAMMEL kEL. ACK kF CHAMMEL kEL. ACK kF CHAMMEL kEL. ACK
DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T
COMMECT COMMECT COMMECT COMMECT
5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA
ACM ACM ACM ACM
AMM AMM AMM AMM
DATA MD. DATA MD. DATA MD. DATA MD.
COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK Connect Ack Connect Ack Connect Ack Connect Ack
COMVEk5ATOM FHA5E COMVEk5ATOM FHA5E COMVEk5ATOM FHA5E COMVEk5ATOM FHA5E
Alerting Alerting Alerting Alerting
Connect Ack Connect Ack Connect Ack Connect Ack
...
.
.
...
F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM
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5.4.4 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Terminoting Coll 5.4.4 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Terminoting Coll 5.4.4 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Terminoting Coll 5.4.4 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Terminoting Coll
GM5C GM5C GM5C GM5C
VM5C VM5C VM5C VM5C
VLk VLk VLk VLk
HLk HLk HLk HLk
T
3
4
5

7
8
2
...
.
.
...
PSTM
PLMM

SignaIIing
Traffic
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5.4.4 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Terminoting Coll 5.4.4 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Terminoting Coll 5.4.4 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Terminoting Coll 5.4.4 Level 3 G5M procedures. Mobile Terminoting Coll
MO8LE MO8LE MO8LE MO8LE
CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T
MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT
FAGMG kE5ULT FAGMG kE5ULT FAGMG kE5ULT FAGMG kE5ULT
AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T
AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E
CFHEkMG MODE CMD CFHEkMG MODE CMD CFHEkMG MODE CMD CFHEkMG MODE CMD
CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE
5ET UF 5ET UF 5ET UF 5ET UF
CALL COMFkMED CALL COMFkMED CALL COMFkMED CALL COMFkMED
A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD A55GMMEMT CMD
A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM A55GMMEMT COM
ALEkTMG ALEkTMG ALEkTMG ALEkTMG
COMMECT COMMECT COMMECT COMMECT
COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK COMMECT ACK
5ET 5ET 5ET 5ET- -- -UF of on UF of on UF of on UF of on
kk COMMECTOM (MT} kk COMMECTOM (MT} kk COMMECTOM (MT} kk COMMECTOM (MT}
5EkVCE MDCATOM 5EkVCE MDCATOM 5EkVCE MDCATOM 5EkVCE MDCATOM
AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM AUTHEMTCATOM
TkAM5TOM to CFHEkMG mode TkAM5TOM to CFHEkMG mode TkAM5TOM to CFHEkMG mode TkAM5TOM to CFHEkMG mode
5TAkT OF CALL 5TAkT OF CALL 5TAkT OF CALL 5TAkT OF CALL
TkAFFC CHAMMEL TkAFFC CHAMMEL TkAFFC CHAMMEL TkAFFC CHAMMEL
CALL COMFkMATOM CALL COMFkMATOM CALL COMFkMATOM CALL COMFkMATOM
CALL ACCEFTED CALL ACCEFTED CALL ACCEFTED CALL ACCEFTED
A55GMMEMT A55GMMEMT A55GMMEMT A55GMMEMT
F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM
FAGMG kEQUE5T FAGMG kEQUE5T FAGMG kEQUE5T FAGMG kEQUE5T
...
.
.
...
G5M G5M G5M G5M
Metwork Metwork Metwork Metwork
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5.4.5 Level 3 G5M procedures. nternotionol Coll 5.4.5 Level 3 G5M procedures. nternotionol Coll 5.4.5 Level 3 G5M procedures. nternotionol Coll 5.4.5 Level 3 G5M procedures. nternotionol Coll
GM5C GM5C GM5C GM5C
F5TM F5TM F5TM F5TM
VM5C VM5C VM5C VM5C
VLk VLk VLk VLk
HLk HLk HLk HLk
Visited FLMM Visited FLMM Visited FLMM Visited FLMM
interrogotion interrogotion interrogotion interrogotion
Home FLMM Home FLMM Home FLMM Home FLMM
COUMTkY 1 COUMTkY 1 COUMTkY 1 COUMTkY 1
COUMTkY 2 COUMTkY 2 COUMTkY 2 COUMTkY 2
COUMTkY 3 COUMTkY 3 COUMTkY 3 COUMTkY 3
ncoming ncoming ncoming ncoming
ncoming ncoming ncoming ncoming
Outgoing Outgoing Outgoing Outgoing
Outgoing Outgoing Outgoing Outgoing
nternotionol 5CCF nternotionol 5CCF nternotionol 5CCF nternotionol 5CCF
Gotewoys Gotewoys Gotewoys Gotewoys ...
.
.
...
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5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting
Generol Generol Generol Generol
This procedure is olwoys initioted by the Mobile 5totion ond involves providing the VLk
(ond HLk if required} with its current position,
The visited VLk stores the Locotion Areo (LA},
The LA n (LA} received is updoted dynomicolly in 5M non-volotile memory.
Mormol Locotion Updote Mormol Locotion Updote Mormol Locotion Updote Mormol Locotion Updote
When the mobile is switched on without hoving stored the LA (eg.. initiol use of 5M},
When the mobile is switched on in o different LA from the LA stored in the 5M,
When the pre-synchronized mobile moves from one LA to onother (some or different
VLk}.
Feriodic Locotion Updote Feriodic Locotion Updote Feriodic Locotion Updote Feriodic Locotion Updote
When the 5M internol counter overflows
(This counter is outomoticolly incremented by the mobile when it is switched on}
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5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting
MO8LE MO8LE MO8LE MO8LE
CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T
MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT MMEDATE A55GMMEMT
LOCATOM UFDATMG kEQUE5T old LOCATOM UFDATMG kEQUE5T old LOCATOM UFDATMG kEQUE5T old LOCATOM UFDATMG kEQUE5T old TM5 TM5 TM5 TM5 or or or or M5 M5 M5 M5
AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T AUTHEMTCATOM kEQUE5T
AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E AUTHEMTCATOM kE5FOM5E
CFHEkMG MODE CMD CFHEkMG MODE CMD CFHEkMG MODE CMD CFHEkMG MODE CMD
CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE CFHEkMG MODE COMFLETE
LOCATOM UFDATMG ACCEFT new LOCATOM UFDATMG ACCEFT new LOCATOM UFDATMG ACCEFT new LOCATOM UFDATMG ACCEFT new
TM5 kEALLOCATOM COMFLETE TM5 kEALLOCATOM COMFLETE TM5 kEALLOCATOM COMFLETE TM5 kEALLOCATOM COMFLETE
CHAMMEL kELEA5E CHAMMEL kELEA5E CHAMMEL kELEA5E CHAMMEL kELEA5E
5et 5et 5et 5et- -- -up of on up of on up of on up of on
kk Connection (MO} kk Connection (MO} kk Connection (MO} kk Connection (MO}
5ervice ndicotion 5ervice ndicotion 5ervice ndicotion 5ervice ndicotion
Authenticotion (*} Authenticotion (*} Authenticotion (*} Authenticotion (*}
Tronsition to Tronsition to Tronsition to Tronsition to
Ciphering Mode (*} Ciphering Mode (*} Ciphering Mode (*} Ciphering Mode (*}
Allocotion of o new Allocotion of o new Allocotion of o new Allocotion of o new
Temporory dentificotion Temporory dentificotion Temporory dentificotion Temporory dentificotion
kk Connection releose kk Connection releose kk Connection releose kk Connection releose
TM5 TM5 TM5 TM5
...
.
.
...
G5M G5M G5M G5M
Metwork Metwork Metwork Metwork
(*} option
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kACH kACH kACH kACH
AGCH AGCH AGCH AGCH
5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH 5DCCH
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. Locotion Updoting
CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T CHAMMEL kEQUE5T
MMEDATE A55GM. MMEDATE A55GM. MMEDATE A55GM. MMEDATE A55GM.
CHAMMEL kEQUkED CHAMMEL kEQUkED CHAMMEL kEQUkED CHAMMEL kEQUkED
CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV.
CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK
5A8M 5A8M 5A8M 5A8M
UA UA UA UA
E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC.
5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T 5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T 5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T 5CCF COMMECT kEQUE5T
5CCF COMMECT COMFkM 5CCF COMMECT COMFkM 5CCF COMMECT COMFkM 5CCF COMMECT COMFkM
MM. A55GM. CMD MM. A55GM. CMD MM. A55GM. CMD MM. A55GM. CMD
M5 M5 M5 M5 8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
85C 85C 85C 85C M5C M5C M5C M5C
Um Um Um Um A bis A bis A bis A bis A AA A
VLk VLk VLk VLk
5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA
DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T
LOCATOM UFDATMG LOCATOM UFDATMG LOCATOM UFDATMG LOCATOM UFDATMG
ACCEFT ACCEFT ACCEFT ACCEFT
TM5 TM5 TM5 TM5
TM5 kEALLOC COMFLETE TM5 kEALLOC COMFLETE TM5 kEALLOC COMFLETE TM5 kEALLOC COMFLETE
DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM
5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA
HLk HLk HLk HLk
UFDATE LOCATOM AkEA UFDATE LOCATOM AkEA UFDATE LOCATOM AkEA UFDATE LOCATOM AkEA
UFDATE LOCATOM UFDATE LOCATOM UFDATE LOCATOM UFDATE LOCATOM
UFDATE LOCATOM ACC UFDATE LOCATOM ACC UFDATE LOCATOM ACC UFDATE LOCATOM ACC
M5EkT 5U85Ck. DATA M5EkT 5U85Ck. DATA M5EkT 5U85Ck. DATA M5EkT 5U85Ck. DATA
LOC. AkEA UFD. ACC. LOC. AkEA UFD. ACC. LOC. AkEA UFD. ACC. LOC. AkEA UFD. ACC.
M5EkT 5U8. DATA ACK M5EkT 5U8. DATA ACK M5EkT 5U8. DATA ACK M5EkT 5U8. DATA ACK
TM5 Alloc. TM5 Alloc. TM5 Alloc. TM5 Alloc.
kk kk kk kk
kk kk kk kk
MM MM MM MM
Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. MM MM MM MM
kk kk kk kk
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
MAF MAF MAF MAF
MAF MAF MAF MAF
MAF MAF MAF MAF
MAF MAF MAF MAF
MAF MAF MAF MAF
MAF MAF MAF MAF
MM MM MM MM
TM5 keolloc. compl. TM5 keolloc. compl. TM5 keolloc. compl. TM5 keolloc. compl. MM MM MM MM
TM5 keolloc. compl. TM5 keolloc. compl. TM5 keolloc. compl. TM5 keolloc. compl. MM MM MM MM
Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. MM MM MM MM Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. MM MM MM MM
Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. Loc. Upd. keq. MM MM MM MM
Loc. Upd. Acc. Loc. Upd. Acc. Loc. Upd. Acc. Loc. Upd. Acc. MM MM MM MM
Loc. Upd. Acc. Loc. Upd. Acc. Loc. Upd. Acc. Loc. Upd. Acc. MM MM MM MM
...
.
.
...
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5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. Hondover Hondover Hondover Hondover
3 Fhoses . 3 Fhoses . 3 Fhoses . 3 Fhoses .
dentificotion of requirement, 5election of o new cell, Execution
Mobile 5totion. Mobile 5totion. Mobile 5totion. Mobile 5totion.
Continuous Quolity ond keceived Fower Control
Continuous od|ocent cell Fower monitoring
Tronsmission of meosurement reports to the 8T5 (every 0.5s}
Metwork. Metwork. Metwork. Metwork.
The 8T5 meosures the Quolity ond the received Fower from the mobile
The 85C runs the Fower Control ond Hondover centrol olgorithm
The 85C controls the hondover operotion
Hondover Hondover Hondover Hondover Types. Types. Types. Types.
ntro-85C / nter - 85C, ntro - M5C / nter - M5C (first ond subsequent}
nternol (within the some 8T5} if there is uplink or downlink interference
5ynchronized / non-synchronized
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5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. Hondover Hondover Hondover Hondover
85C 85C 85C 85C
85C 85C 85C 85C
85C 85C 85C 85C
85C 85C 85C 85C
8T5 1 8T5 1 8T5 1 8T5 1
8T5 2 8T5 2 8T5 2 8T5 2
M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk
M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk
M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk
PSTM
(ntro 85C}
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F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM F5TM or 5DM
FACCH FACCH FACCH FACCH
keleose of old chonnel keleose of old chonnel keleose of old chonnel keleose of old chonnel
Chongeover to new chonnel Chongeover to new chonnel Chongeover to new chonnel Chongeover to new chonnel
nternol Hondover decision nternol Hondover decision nternol Hondover decision nternol Hondover decision
nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork nterchonges over the Metwork
5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. Hondover Hondover Hondover Hondover
MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT
HAMDOVEk COMMAMD HAMDOVEk COMMAMD HAMDOVEk COMMAMD HAMDOVEk COMMAMD
CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV. CHAMMEL ACTV.
CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK CHAMMEL ACTV. ACK
5A8M 5A8M 5A8M 5A8M
UA UA UA UA
E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC. E5TA8L5H MDC.
M5 M5 M5 M5 8T5 1 8T5 1 8T5 1 8T5 1 85C 85C 85C 85C M5C M5C M5C M5C
Um
A bis
A
5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA 5CCF DATA
DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T DATA kEQUE5T
DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM DATA MDCATOM
Hondover Cmd Hondover Cmd Hondover Cmd Hondover Cmd
H.O. Ferformed H.O. Ferformed H.O. Ferformed H.O. Ferformed
Hondover. compl. Hondover. compl. Hondover. compl. Hondover. compl.
8T5 2 8T5 2 8T5 2 8T5 2
(kELEA5E kEQUE5T} (kELEA5E kEQUE5T} (kELEA5E kEQUE5T} (kELEA5E kEQUE5T}
Locol End Locol End Locol End Locol End
HAMDOVEk ACCE55 HAMDOVEk ACCE55 HAMDOVEk ACCE55 HAMDOVEk ACCE55
(occess burst} (occess burst} (occess burst} (occess burst}
HAMDOVEk DETECTOM HAMDOVEk DETECTOM HAMDOVEk DETECTOM HAMDOVEk DETECTOM
FHY5CAL MFO FHY5CAL MFO FHY5CAL MFO FHY5CAL MFO
HAMDOVEk COMFLETE HAMDOVEk COMFLETE HAMDOVEk COMFLETE HAMDOVEk COMFLETE
T8
kF CHAMMEL kELEA5E kF CHAMMEL kELEA5E kF CHAMMEL kELEA5E kF CHAMMEL kELEA5E
kF CHAMMEL kELEA5E ACK kF CHAMMEL kELEA5E ACK kF CHAMMEL kELEA5E ACK kF CHAMMEL kELEA5E ACK
kk kk kk kk
MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT
MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT
MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT MEA5UkEMEMT kEFOkT kk kk kk kk
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
kk kk kk kk
kk kk kk kk
kk kk kk kk
kk kk kk kk
kk kk kk kk
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
8T5M 8T5M 8T5M 8T5M
855MAF 855MAF 855MAF 855MAF
kk kk kk kk
FACCH FACCH FACCH FACCH
5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH
5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH 5ACCH
FACCH FACCH FACCH FACCH
(old} (old} (old} (old}
(new} (new} (new} (new}
...
.
.
...
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5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. Hondover Hondover Hondover Hondover
8T5 2 8T5 2 8T5 2 8T5 2
8T5 1 8T5 1 8T5 1 8T5 1
M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk
M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk
M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk
PSTM 85C 1 85C 1 85C 1 85C 1
85C 2 85C 2 85C 2 85C 2
85C 85C 85C 85C
85C 85C 85C 85C
(nter 85C}
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5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. Hondover Hondover Hondover Hondover
8T5 2 8T5 2 8T5 2 8T5 2
8T5 1 8T5 1 8T5 1 8T5 1
M5C / VLk1 M5C / VLk1 M5C / VLk1 M5C / VLk1
M5C / VLk2 M5C / VLk2 M5C / VLk2 M5C / VLk2
M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk M5C / VLk
PSTM 85C 85C 85C 85C
85C 1 85C 1 85C 1 85C 1
85C 2 85C 2 85C 2 85C 2
85C 85C 85C 85C
(nter M5C}
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5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. 5.4.7 Level 3 G5M procedures. Hondover Hondover Hondover Hondover
8T5 1 8T5 1 8T5 1 8T5 1
8T5 2 8T5 2 8T5 2 8T5 2
M5C / VLk1 M5C / VLk1 M5C / VLk1 M5C / VLk1
M5C / VLk2 M5C / VLk2 M5C / VLk2 M5C / VLk2
M5C / VLk3 M5C / VLk3 M5C / VLk3 M5C / VLk3
PSTM 85C 85C 85C 85C
85C 85C 85C 85C
85C 1 85C 1 85C 1 85C 1
85C 2 85C 2 85C 2 85C 2
(nter M5C
subsequent}
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5.4.8 Level 3 G5M procedures. Attoch procedure in GFk5 5.4.8 Level 3 G5M procedures. Attoch procedure in GFk5 5.4.8 Level 3 G5M procedures. Attoch procedure in GFk5 5.4.8 Level 3 G5M procedures. Attoch procedure in GFk5
(simple cose.
- GFk5 ottoch only
- one 5G5M involved}
Attoch kequest Attoch kequest Attoch kequest Attoch kequest
Updote Locotion Updote Locotion Updote Locotion Updote Locotion
5ecurity functions 5ecurity functions 5ecurity functions 5ecurity functions
Attoch Accept Attoch Accept Attoch Accept Attoch Accept
M5 ottoched to the GFk5 Metwork M5 ottoched to the GFk5 Metwork M5 ottoched to the GFk5 Metwork M5 ottoched to the GFk5 Metwork
(oble to be poged} (oble to be poged} (oble to be poged} (oble to be poged}
M5 M5 M5 M5 855 855 855 855 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M HLk HLk HLk HLk GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M
5ecurity functions 5ecurity functions 5ecurity functions 5ecurity functions
Updote Locotion Updote Locotion Updote Locotion Updote Locotion Ack Ack Ack Ack
nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto
(M5, 5ubscriber doto} (M5, 5ubscriber doto} (M5, 5ubscriber doto} (M5, 5ubscriber doto}
nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto Ack Ack Ack Ack
1 11 1
2 22 2
3 33 3
5 55 5

Attoch Complete Attoch Complete Attoch Complete Attoch Complete
4 44 4
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5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. FDF Context Activotion in GFk5 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. FDF Context Activotion in GFk5 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. FDF Context Activotion in GFk5 5.4. Level 3 G5M procedures. FDF Context Activotion in GFk5
5end kouting nfo 5end kouting nfo 5end kouting nfo 5end kouting nfo
for GFk5 for GFk5 for GFk5 for GFk5
Activote FDF Context kequest Activote FDF Context kequest Activote FDF Context kequest Activote FDF Context kequest
FDU Motificotion kequest FDU Motificotion kequest FDU Motificotion kequest FDU Motificotion kequest
5ecurity Functions 5ecurity Functions 5ecurity Functions 5ecurity Functions
Activote FDF context Accept Activote FDF context Accept Activote FDF context Accept Activote FDF context Accept
M5 M5 M5 M5 855 855 855 855 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M HLk HLk HLk HLk GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M
Creote FDF Context kequest Creote FDF Context kequest Creote FDF Context kequest Creote FDF Context kequest
Creote FDF Context kesponse Creote FDF Context kesponse Creote FDF Context kesponse Creote FDF Context kesponse
FDF FDU FDF FDU FDF FDU FDF FDU
5end kouting nfo 5end kouting nfo 5end kouting nfo 5end kouting nfo
for GFk5 for GFk5 for GFk5 for GFk5 Ack Ack Ack Ack
FDU Motificotion kesponse FDU Motificotion kesponse FDU Motificotion kesponse FDU Motificotion kesponse
kequest FDF Context Activotion kequest FDF Context Activotion kequest FDF Context Activotion kequest FDF Context Activotion
FDF Context Activotion Frocedure FDF Context Activotion Frocedure FDF Context Activotion Frocedure FDF Context Activotion Frocedure
M5 M5 M5 M5
request request request request
GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M
request request request request
PDP
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5.4.10 Level 3 G5M procedures. kA updote in GFk5 5.4.10 Level 3 G5M procedures. kA updote in GFk5 5.4.10 Level 3 G5M procedures. kA updote in GFk5 5.4.10 Level 3 G5M procedures. kA updote in GFk5
Updote FDF Context kequest Updote FDF Context kequest Updote FDF Context kequest Updote FDF Context kequest
( dentity old kA} ( dentity old kA} ( dentity old kA} ( dentity old kA}
kouting Areo Updote kequest kouting Areo Updote kequest kouting Areo Updote kequest kouting Areo Updote kequest
(Old} (Old} (Old} (Old} (Mew} (Mew} (Mew} (Mew}
Concel Locotion Concel Locotion Concel Locotion Concel Locotion
Concel Locotion Concel Locotion Concel Locotion Concel Locotion Ack Ack Ack Ack
Updote Locotion Updote Locotion Updote Locotion Updote Locotion Ack Ack Ack Ack
kouting Areo updote Accept kouting Areo updote Accept kouting Areo updote Accept kouting Areo updote Accept
kouting Areo updote Complete kouting Areo updote Complete kouting Areo updote Complete kouting Areo updote Complete
GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M M5 M5 M5 M5 855 855 855 855 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M HLk HLk HLk HLk
5G5M Context kequest 5G5M Context kequest 5G5M Context kequest 5G5M Context kequest
5G5M Context kesponse 5G5M Context kesponse 5G5M Context kesponse 5G5M Context kesponse
5ecurity functions 5ecurity functions 5ecurity functions 5ecurity functions
5G5M Context 5G5M Context 5G5M Context 5G5M Context Ack Ack Ack Ack
Updote FDF Context kesponse Updote FDF Context kesponse Updote FDF Context kesponse Updote FDF Context kesponse
Updote Locotion Updote Locotion Updote Locotion Updote Locotion
nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto
nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto nsert 5ubscriber Doto Ack Ack Ack Ack
1 11 1
2 22 2
3 33 3
4 44 4
5 55 5

7 77 7
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Exercise 1 . nternotionol Coll Exercise 1 . nternotionol Coll Exercise 1 . nternotionol Coll Exercise 1 . nternotionol Coll
Colling Forty = fixed subscriber / Colled Forty = M5 rooming in Colling Forty = fixed subscriber / Colled Forty = M5 rooming in Colling Forty = fixed subscriber / Colled Forty = M5 rooming in Colling Forty = fixed subscriber / Colled Forty = M5 rooming in o VFLMM o VFLMM o VFLMM o VFLMM
n which country is the GM5C locoted n which country is the GM5C locoted n which country is the GM5C locoted n which country is the GM5C locoted
colling porty country colling porty country colling porty country colling porty country colled porty country colled porty country colled porty country colled porty country visited country visited country visited country visited country
n which country ore the security triplets used during the outhe n which country ore the security triplets used during the outhe n which country ore the security triplets used during the outhe n which country ore the security triplets used during the outhenticotion nticotion nticotion nticotion
of on internotionol coll generoted of on internotionol coll generoted of on internotionol coll generoted of on internotionol coll generoted
colling porty country colling porty country colling porty country colling porty country colled porty country colled porty country colled porty country colled porty country visited country visited country visited country visited country
f the ciphering mode is possible, the M5 will use the ciphering f the ciphering mode is possible, the M5 will use the ciphering f the ciphering mode is possible, the M5 will use the ciphering f the ciphering mode is possible, the M5 will use the ciphering olgorithm olgorithm olgorithm olgorithm
of the . of the . of the . of the .
colling porty country colling porty country colling porty country colling porty country colled porty country colled porty country colled porty country colled porty country visited country visited country visited country visited country
n which country is the kooming Mumber (M5kM} ollocoted n which country is the kooming Mumber (M5kM} ollocoted n which country is the kooming Mumber (M5kM} ollocoted n which country is the kooming Mumber (M5kM} ollocoted
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Exercise 2 . Exercise 2 . Exercise 2 . Exercise 2 . Hondover Hondover Hondover Hondover Frocedure Frocedure Frocedure Frocedure
Hondover Hondover Hondover Hondover Frocedure Frocedure Frocedure Frocedure
For eoch phose of the For eoch phose of the For eoch phose of the For eoch phose of the hondover hondover hondover hondover procedure, procedure, procedure, procedure,
select the concerned unit(s}. select the concerned unit(s}. select the concerned unit(s}. select the concerned unit(s}.
M5 M5 M5 M5 8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5 85C 85C 85C 85C M5C M5C M5C M5C VLk VLk VLk VLk HLk HLk HLk HLk
Collecting the meosurements . Collecting the meosurements . Collecting the meosurements . Collecting the meosurements .
Frocessing the meosurements . Frocessing the meosurements . Frocessing the meosurements . Frocessing the meosurements .
Condidote Cell Evoluotion . Condidote Cell Evoluotion . Condidote Cell Evoluotion . Condidote Cell Evoluotion .
Decision to hond the M5 Decision to hond the M5 Decision to hond the M5 Decision to hond the M5
over the new cell. over the new cell. over the new cell. over the new cell.
Hondover Hondover Hondover Hondover Execution . Execution . Execution . Execution .
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Exercise 3 . Locotion Updoting Frocedure Exercise 3 . Locotion Updoting Frocedure Exercise 3 . Locotion Updoting Frocedure Exercise 3 . Locotion Updoting Frocedure
Locotion Updoting Frocedure Locotion Updoting Frocedure Locotion Updoting Frocedure Locotion Updoting Frocedure
Which entity decides to stort o Locotion Updoting Frocedure Which entity decides to stort o Locotion Updoting Frocedure Which entity decides to stort o Locotion Updoting Frocedure Which entity decides to stort o Locotion Updoting Frocedure
M5 M5 M5 M5 8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5 85C 85C 85C 85C M5C M5C M5C M5C VLk VLk VLk VLk HLk HLk HLk HLk
Which event triggers o Locotion Updoting procedure Which event triggers o Locotion Updoting procedure Which event triggers o Locotion Updoting procedure Which event triggers o Locotion Updoting procedure
(1 or severol onswers} (1 or severol onswers} (1 or severol onswers} (1 or severol onswers}
Eoch time when the cell chonges during o communicotion. Eoch time when the cell chonges during o communicotion. Eoch time when the cell chonges during o communicotion. Eoch time when the cell chonges during o communicotion.
When the M5 is in idle stote, eoch time it synchronizes on o new When the M5 is in idle stote, eoch time it synchronizes on o new When the M5 is in idle stote, eoch time it synchronizes on o new When the M5 is in idle stote, eoch time it synchronizes on o new cell. cell. cell. cell.
When the M5 synchronizes on o new cell ond the Locotion Areo Cod When the M5 synchronizes on o new cell ond the Locotion Areo Cod When the M5 synchronizes on o new cell ond the Locotion Areo Cod When the M5 synchronizes on o new cell ond the Locotion Areo Code e e e
broodcost by this new cell is different from the previous one. broodcost by this new cell is different from the previous one. broodcost by this new cell is different from the previous one. broodcost by this new cell is different from the previous one.
A A A A hondover hondover hondover hondover procedure hos succeeded, the new cell belongs to o new procedure hos succeeded, the new cell belongs to o new procedure hos succeeded, the new cell belongs to o new procedure hos succeeded, the new cell belongs to o new
Locotion Areo ond the coll hos |ust been releosed. Locotion Areo ond the coll hos |ust been releosed. Locotion Areo ond the coll hos |ust been releosed. Locotion Areo ond the coll hos |ust been releosed.
During o Locotion Updoting procedure the M5 is identified with During o Locotion Updoting procedure the M5 is identified with During o Locotion Updoting procedure the M5 is identified with During o Locotion Updoting procedure the M5 is identified with . .. .
TM5 (olwoys} M5 (olwoys} TM5 or M5 TM5 (olwoys} M5 (olwoys} TM5 or M5 TM5 (olwoys} M5 (olwoys} TM5 or M5 TM5 (olwoys} M5 (olwoys} TM5 or M5
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ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork
Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
Contents Contents Contents Contents
.1 .1 .1 .1 8ose 5totion 5ub 8ose 5totion 5ub 8ose 5totion 5ub 8ose 5totion 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
.2 .2 .2 .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub Metwork ond 5witching 5ub Metwork ond 5witching 5ub Metwork ond 5witching 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
.3 .3 .3 .3 Generol Focket kodio 5ervice Generol Focket kodio 5ervice Generol Focket kodio 5ervice Generol Focket kodio 5ervice
.4 .4 .4 .4 Operotion ond Mointenonce Operotion ond Mointenonce Operotion ond Mointenonce Operotion ond Mointenonce
.5 .5 .5 .5 Volue Volue Volue Volue- -- -odded 5ervices odded 5ervices odded 5ervices odded 5ervices
. . . . ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices
.7 .7 .7 .7 Overoll infrostructure Overoll infrostructure Overoll infrostructure Overoll infrostructure
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
85C 85C 85C 85C
OMC OMC OMC OMC
MF5 MF5 MF5 MF5
the GFk5 box the GFk5 box the GFk5 box the GFk5 box
GFk5 into 855 sites vio
softwore downlood only
Mew stondord TkX
G5M / GFk5 plug-in
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MBI 5
(5 subracks)
12 TRE capacity
Dummy panel
Fan stage
Air inlet
Stand
6U
1U
6U
1U
1U
50 mm
Connection area 120 mm
19" (# 48 cm) internal
Subrack
Subrack
Fan stage
Air inlet
6U
1U
1U
Subrack
Top fan 1U
Fan stage
Air inlet
Dummy panel
Fan stage
Air inlet
Dummy panel
Fan stage
Air inlet
Stand
50 mm
6U
1U
1U
6U
1U
6U
1U
1U
6U
1U
6U
1U
1U
50 mm
Connection area 120 mm
Subrack
Subrack
Subrack
Subrack
Subrack
Top fan
1U
MBI 3
(3 subracks)
8 TRE capacity
Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
Evolium Evolium Evolium Evolium 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 100 . M8 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 100 . M8 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 100 . M8 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 100 . M8
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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B
A
T
T
B
A
T
T
B
A
T
T
B
A
T
T
Trans-
mission
Fan Stage
Air InIet
Dummy paneI
Fan Stage
Air InIet
Dummy paneI
Fan Stage
Air InIet
AC/DC
P
I
D
U
P
I
D
U
Dummy paneI
Fan Stage
Air InIet
T
R
X
1
T
R
X
2
T
R
X
3
T
R
X
4
T
R
X
1
T
R
X
2
A
N
C
3
(S 3)
A
N
C
2
( S 2)
A
N
C
1
(S 1)
S
U
M
A
Dummy paneI
Trans-mission
T
R
X
3
T
R
X
4
T
R
X
3
T
R
X
4
T
R
X
1
T
R
X
2
AMCU
4 / 4 / 4 GSM
Transmission
Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
Evolium Evolium Evolium Evolium 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 100 . M8O 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 100 . M8O 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 100 . M8O 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 100 . M8O
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
Evolium Evolium Evolium Evolium Micro 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 110 Micro 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 110 Micro 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 110 Micro 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 110
Moin rodio feotures.
G5M 00 ond/or G5M 1800
5ingle-ontenno or low-loss version
Omni, sectored
Duolbond configurotions
( including Duolbond cell in 8 }
Options
Complete cover (for oesthetics or protection}
ntegroted fon for hot environmentol conditions
ntegroted ontenno
V5Wk (Voltoge 5tonding Wove kotio} detector
5ite 5upport Cobinet for 8ottery 8ockup Unit (up to 270 minutes
for 2 TkX} ond tronsmission equipment (HD5L, Microwove, MTL}.
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EGFk5 compotible TkX ~ Up to A110-E 8T5 connected together
Fully bockword TkX provides the EGFk5 copobility
(8-F5K ond GM5K modulotion schemes}
TkX con be configured with or w/o EGFk5 functionolity on o time-slot bosis.
Depending on the EGFk5/ MOM EGFk5 functionolity choice,
the kF performonces for the time-slot ore .
A110 A110 A110 A110 A110 A110 A110 A110- -- -E EE E
1 ontenno GM5K 33.0d8m/2W 35.1d8m / 3.2W (G5M00}
34.8d8m / 3.0W (G5M1800}
1 ontenno 8F5K ---- 33.d8m / 2.3W (G5M00}
32.d8m / 1.8W (G5M1800}
2 ontenno GM5K 3.5d8m/4.5W 38.5d8m / 7.0W (G5M00}
38.2d8m / .W (G5M1800}
2 ontenno 8F5K ---- 37.0d8m / 5.0W (G5M00}
3.0d8m / 4.0W (G5M1800}
Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
Evolium Evolium Evolium Evolium Micro 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 110 Micro 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 110 Micro 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 110 Micro 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion. Alcotel 110- -- -E EE E
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
Evolium Evolium Evolium Evolium 8ose 5totion Controller. Alcotel 120 85C 8ose 5totion Controller. Alcotel 120 85C 8ose 5totion Controller. Alcotel 120 85C 8ose 5totion Controller. Alcotel 120 85C
Configurotions
5moll configurotions in 1 85C cobinet (32 or 128 TkXs}
Medium configurotions in 2 85C cobinets (12 or 288 TkXs}
Lorge configurotions in 3 85C cobinets (up to 448 TkXs}
5colobility
85C configurotions from 32 TkXs up to 448 TkXs
~ On-line extension possible to minimise
network impoct
Up to 24 cells or 255 8T5s in the lorgest configurotion
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
Evolium Evolium Evolium Evolium Multi Multi Multi Multi- -- -855 Fost pocket 5erver. Alcotel 135 MF5 855 Fost pocket 5erver. Alcotel 135 MF5 855 Fost pocket 5erver. Alcotel 135 MF5 855 Fost pocket 5erver. Alcotel 135 MF5
Typicolly one MF5 per M5C site
Up to 32 FCU boords per MF5 cobinet
Up to FCU por 85C
Up to 8 FCM lines towords eoch 85C
Up to 240 simultoneously octive rodio
chonnels (FDCH} per 85C
GFU hordwore prepored for
0 octive FDCH per 855
Up to 5.2 kbit/s per rodio chonnel
MC5 row doto rote
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub .1 8ose 5totion 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
HLk HLk HLk HLk
Externol
LC5 client
Le Le Le Le
Lg Lg Lg Lg
Lh Lh Lh Lh
Abis Abis Abis Abis
5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M
M5C M5C M5C M5C
- -- -
GMLC GMLC GMLC GMLC
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
85C 85C 85C 85C
5MLC 5MLC 5MLC 5MLC
TC TC TC TC
FCU FCU FCU FCU
(GFk5} (GFk5} (GFk5} (GFk5}
keference network keference network keference network keference network
keference doto keference doto keference doto keference doto
server server server server
MF5 MF5 MF5 MF5
Lb Lb Lb Lb
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
A
Alcotel
1000 E10
55F
M
M5C
VLk
kCF
Alcotel 1421
kCF
VLk
G5M function G5M function G5M function G5M function
Alcotel Alcotel Alcotel Alcotel
equipment equipment equipment equipment
TS
SC
PSTM/
SS7
AIcuteI 14ZZ
HLR/AuC
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
kodio Control Foint . Alcotel 1421 kCF kodio Control Foint . Alcotel 1421 kCF kodio Control Foint . Alcotel 1421 kCF kodio Control Foint . Alcotel 1421 kCF
5erver hondling G5M 00 / 1800 functions
(security, rooming, hondover}
Connected to the Alcotel 1000 E10 vio the M interfoce
Copocity . 500 000 subscribers (14 CFUs}
(depending on troffic ond subscriber mobility}
Modulority . 1 kCFs with the some Alcotel 1000 E10
8osed on the Alcotel 830 . duplex orchitecture, reol time opplicotion, ...
ncorporotes the VLk function
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
Home Locotion kegister . Alcotel 1422 HLk Home Locotion kegister . Alcotel 1422 HLk Home Locotion kegister . Alcotel 1422 HLk Home Locotion kegister . Alcotel 1422 HLk
Diologue with the M5C vio the 557 network ond MAF protocol
Copocity . 1 000 000 subscribers (14 CFUs}
8osed on the Alcotel 830 .
duplex orchitecture, reol time opplicotion
ncorporotes the AUC function
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub .2 Metwork ond 5witching 5ub- -- -5ystem 5ystem 5ystem 5ystem
Function Function Function Function 55F 55F 55F 55F kCF/VLk kCF/VLk kCF/VLk kCF/VLk HLk/ HLk/ HLk/ HLk/AuC AuC AuC AuC
Authenticotion X X X
Foging X X
kegistrotion X X X
Hondover .
- control X X
- connection X
Coll processing .
- switching X
- chorging X
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5
855 855 855 855
Alcotel Alcotel Alcotel Alcotel
135 MF5 135 MF5 135 MF5 135 MF5
55F + kCF 55F + kCF 55F + kCF 55F + kCF
85C 85C 85C 85C
5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M
OMC OMC OMC OMC- -- -k kk k
M5 M5 M5 M5
A AA A bis bis bis bis
A AA A ter ter ter ter
TC TC TC TC
Gb Gb Gb Gb
A AA A
GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M
Gn Gn Gn Gn
OMC OMC OMC OMC- -- -F5 F5 F5 F5
C5 CM (M55} C5 CM (M55} C5 CM (M55} C5 CM (M55}
F5 CM F5 CM F5 CM F5 CM
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
8T5 8T5 8T5 8T5
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5
5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M
SGSN server
(Compaq Unix servers)
SS7 MAP interfaces
SGSN VLR data base
Service HandIer : GMM, SM
High LeveI Packet HandIer : LLC SNDCP, R,
GTP
Low LeveI Packet HandIer : NS BSSGP
O&M / Accounting
SGSN router
Gn Iow Iayers
IP router
O&M
HLR, MSC / VLR
OMC-PS, CG, GIN
OMC- PS
Gb
Gn
Gb Front-End
(GPU boards)
Gb on FR
E1 / T1 links
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5
Mominol Copocity with Alcotel Troffic Model
Up to 300 000 dynomic MM (Mobility Monogement} contexts (= M5
ottoched} ond FDF contexts octivoted
Configurotion E con be 5W-blocked to 5,10, 15, 20, 25, 50 or 75 kilo MM
contexts
5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M
E
50
100,000
F
100
200,000
G
150
300,000
Moximum number
ol PDP conlexls
Peok Ihroughpul
Copocily (Mb/s}
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5
GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M
All functions hondled by o stondord router (Cisco 7200 routers} with o
specific softwore
Up to 180000 octivoted FDF contexts per GG5M (72xx VXk plotform}
5witching Copocity. 50 Mbps (with 720 VXk plotform}
Fhysicol interfoces
physicol slots to be shored between Gn ond Gi
ATM, Ethernet, Fost Ethernet, 5DM, WAM E1 interfoces, ...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5
Chorging Gotewoy Chorging Gotewoy Chorging Gotewoy Chorging Gotewoy
8illing
5ystem
5totistics,
Troffic
Ferformonce
Chorging Gotewoy
Alcotel Alcotel Alcotel Alcotel 1338 1338 1338 1338
CDk Collector CDk Collector CDk Collector CDk Collector
5G5M
VLk VLk VLk VLk O&M O&M O&M O&M
kouter kouter kouter kouter
GG5M
Hot 8illing
5ystem
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Alcotel OMC Alcotel OMC Alcotel OMC Alcotel OMC- -- -F5 F5 F5 F5
SSSN SSSN
0b
order Sutewuy DNS/DHCP
OMC-PS
0n
0PPS
8ockbone 0i
0p
Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5 .3 GFk5
Monogement of GFk5 5ervice Modes Monogement of GFk5 5ervice Modes Monogement of GFk5 5ervice Modes Monogement of GFk5 5ervice Modes
5G5M, GG5M, 8G, DM5/DHCF, GFk5 bockbone, GFk5 interfoces
Accesses to the MEs vio o common monogement F bockbone Accesses to the MEs vio o common monogement F bockbone Accesses to the MEs vio o common monogement F bockbone Accesses to the MEs vio o common monogement F bockbone
This bockbone con be the GFk5 F bockbone
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.4 Operotion ond Mointenonce .4 Operotion ond Mointenonce .4 Operotion ond Mointenonce .4 Operotion ond Mointenonce
5G5M
GG5M
CMC-G
CMC-S
M5C/VLk
HLk
NMC
Q3
MF5
855
CMC-P
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.5 Volue .5 Volue .5 Volue .5 Volue- -- -odded 5ervices odded 5ervices odded 5ervices odded 5ervices
Voice Messoging service (VM}
5hort Messoge service (5M-5C + 5M5-C8C}
Equipment dentity kegister (Ek}
5oles odministrotion centre
8illing
5M cord monogement
5ubscriber odministrotion

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MSC
PSTM /
ISDM
Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.5 Volue .5 Volue .5 Volue .5 Volue- -- -odded 5ervices odded 5ervices odded 5ervices odded 5ervices
5UF 5UF 5UF 5UF
5M 5M 5M 5M- -- - 5C 5C 5C 5C
X.25 X.25 X.25 X.25
MAF MAF MAF MAF MAF MAF MAF MAF
MAF MAF MAF MAF
5UF 5UF 5UF 5UF
5hort Messoge 5ervice Center ond Voice Moil server 5hort Messoge 5ervice Center ond Voice Moil server 5hort Messoge 5ervice Center ond Voice Moil server 5hort Messoge 5ervice Center ond Voice Moil server
X.25 X.25 X.25 X.25
SS7
8SC 8TS
SMS - C8C
SMS - SC
Voice MoiI
HLP
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
. ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices . ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices . ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices . ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices
Architecture for ntelligent Metwork services Architecture for ntelligent Metwork services Architecture for ntelligent Metwork services Architecture for ntelligent Metwork services
kCF kCF kCF kCF
M5C M5C M5C M5C
MAF MAF MAF MAF
Metwork Metwork Metwork Metwork
Monogement Monogement Monogement Monogement
5CF 5CF 5CF 5CF
5MF 5MF 5MF 5MF
5ervice Frovider 5ervice Frovider 5ervice Frovider 5ervice Frovider
5ervice subscriber 5ervice subscriber 5ervice subscriber 5ervice subscriber
55F 55F 55F 55F
855 855 855 855
VLk VLk VLk VLk
kCF kCF kCF kCF
"M" 5erver
"M" 5ervice Monogement
PSTM /
ISDM
HLk HLk HLk HLk
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
. ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices . ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices . ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices . ntelligent Metwork / CAMEL 5ervices
kCF kCF kCF kCF
M5C M5C M5C M5C
CAF CAF CAF CAF
Metwork Metwork Metwork Metwork
Monogement Monogement Monogement Monogement
5CF 5CF 5CF 5CF
CAMEL CAMEL CAMEL CAMEL
5MF 5MF 5MF 5MF
CAMEL CAMEL CAMEL CAMEL
5ervice Frovider 5ervice Frovider 5ervice Frovider 5ervice Frovider
5ervice subscriber 5ervice subscriber 5ervice subscriber 5ervice subscriber
5kF 5kF 5kF 5kF
HFLMM HFLMM HFLMM HFLMM
55F 55F 55F 55F
VFLMM VFLMM VFLMM VFLMM
VLk VLk VLk VLk
kCF kCF kCF kCF
Architecture for CAMEL services Architecture for CAMEL services Architecture for CAMEL services Architecture for CAMEL services
PSTM /
ISDM
855 855 855 855
HLk HLk HLk HLk
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.7 Overoll nfrostructure (G5M} .7 Overoll nfrostructure (G5M} .7 Overoll nfrostructure (G5M} .7 Overoll nfrostructure (G5M}
8T5
85C
TC
"A" nterfoce "A" nterfoce "A" nterfoce "A" nterfoce
5/Mux 5/Mux 5/Mux 5/Mux
Alcotel 1000 E10
55F
Coll
processing
Echo
conceller
WF WF WF WF
F5TM/
5DM
Voice
Moilbox
5M5
Ek
HLk
AUC
Metwork
557
VLk
kCF
OMC-k OMC-M55
Terminols
Operotor terminols Operotor terminols Operotor terminols Operotor terminols
Mobile rodio
functions
5oles 5oles 5oles 5oles
Monogement Monogement Monogement Monogement
8illing
centre
5ubscriber
odministrotion
system
A AA A- -- -bis bis bis bis
nterfoce nterfoce nterfoce nterfoce
Air Air Air Air
nterfoce nterfoce nterfoce nterfoce
M5 M5 M5 M5
...
.
.
...
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels Alcotels 5olution 5olution 5olution 5olution
.7 Overoll nfrostructure (GFk5} .7 Overoll nfrostructure (GFk5} .7 Overoll nfrostructure (GFk5} .7 Overoll nfrostructure (GFk5}
Circuit
Focket
GG5M GG5M GG5M GG5M
5G5M 5G5M 5G5M 5G5M
GFk5
8ockbone
Gb
Gr, Gc
Chorging Chorging Chorging Chorging
Gotewoy Gotewoy Gotewoy Gotewoy
GFk5 GFk5 GFk5 GFk5
nterception nterception nterception nterception
Mode Mode Mode Mode
W@F W@F W@F W@F
M5C/VLk M5C/VLk M5C/VLk M5C/VLk
G5M+GFk5 G5M+GFk5 G5M+GFk5 G5M+GFk5
HLk HLk HLk HLk
A
D
Gi
nternet
855 with 855 with 855 with 855 with
FCU FCU FCU FCU
DM5/DHCF DM5/DHCF DM5/DHCF DM5/DHCF
5DM
Gn
OMC OMC OMC OMC- -- -G GG G
8order
Gotewoy
Gs, Gd
M5 M5 M5 M5
...
.
.
...
nter FLMM
bockbone
Gp
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ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork ntroduction to the Alcotel G5M Metwork
7 77 7 Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix
5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided - -- - 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices
Mumber dentificotion 5upplementory 5ervices Mumber dentificotion 5upplementory 5ervices Mumber dentificotion 5upplementory 5ervices Mumber dentificotion 5upplementory 5ervices
CLF CLF CLF CLF Colling Line dentificotion Fresentotion Colling Line dentificotion Fresentotion Colling Line dentificotion Fresentotion Colling Line dentificotion Fresentotion (terminoting coll}
Lets the colled porty receive the coller's identity (opplicoble to oll
services except 5M5}
CLk CLk CLk CLk Colling Line dentificotion kestriction Colling Line dentificotion kestriction Colling Line dentificotion kestriction Colling Line dentificotion kestriction (originoting coll}
Lets the coller withhold his number from the colled porty
(either permonently or on o per-coll bosis}
CoLF CoLF CoLF CoLF Connected Line dentificotion Fresentotion Connected Line dentificotion Fresentotion Connected Line dentificotion Fresentotion Connected Line dentificotion Fresentotion (originoting coll}
ndicotes the porty's number when the coll hos been set up
CoLk CoLk CoLk CoLk Connected Line dentificotion kestriction Connected Line dentificotion kestriction Connected Line dentificotion kestriction Connected Line dentificotion kestriction (terminoting coll}
Lets the colled porty withhold his number from the coller
(either permonently or on o per-coll bosis}
Alcatel University - 8AS 90200 1394 VT ZZA Ed.01
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Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix
5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided - -- - 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices
Coll Forwording 5upplementory 5ervices Coll Forwording 5upplementory 5ervices Coll Forwording 5upplementory 5ervices Coll Forwording 5upplementory 5ervices
4 services used to forword colls to the HFLMM or to onother FLMM.
CFU CFU CFU CFU Coll Forwording Unconditionol Coll Forwording Unconditionol Coll Forwording Unconditionol Coll Forwording Unconditionol
CF8 CF8 CF8 CF8 Coll Forwording on mobile subscriber 8usy Coll Forwording on mobile subscriber 8usy Coll Forwording on mobile subscriber 8usy Coll Forwording on mobile subscriber 8usy
CFMky CFMky CFMky CFMky Coll Forwording on Mo keply Coll Forwording on Mo keply Coll Forwording on Mo keply Coll Forwording on Mo keply
CFMkc CFMkc CFMkc CFMkc Coll Forwording on mobile subscriber Mot keochoble Coll Forwording on mobile subscriber Mot keochoble Coll Forwording on mobile subscriber Mot keochoble Coll Forwording on mobile subscriber Mot keochoble
number of successive forwording connections limited to o volue
between 1 ond 5
Coll Deflection 5upplementory 5ervices Coll Deflection 5upplementory 5ervices Coll Deflection 5upplementory 5ervices Coll Deflection 5upplementory 5ervices
CD CD CD CD Coll Deflection Coll Deflection Coll Deflection Coll Deflection
Lets the mobile colled porty forword the coll to o third porty before the
connection is estoblished.
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Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix
5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided - -- - 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices
Coll Completion 5upplementory 5ervices Coll Completion 5upplementory 5ervices Coll Completion 5upplementory 5ervices Coll Completion 5upplementory 5ervices
CW CW CW CW Coll Woiting Coll Woiting Coll Woiting Coll Woiting
Answering deloy from 30 seconds to three minutes
Chonnel indicotion if the two colls ore telephone colls
First coll con be ploced on hold when woiting coll occepted
HOLD HOLD HOLD HOLD Coll Holding Coll Holding Coll Holding Coll Holding
Coll retrievol possible
CC85 CC85 CC85 CC85 Completion of Colls to 8usy 5ubscriber Completion of Colls to 8usy 5ubscriber Completion of Colls to 8usy 5ubscriber Completion of Colls to 8usy 5ubscriber
Coll is completed when the busy destinotion becomes idle
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5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided - -- - 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices
Coll Tronsfer 5upplementory 5ervice Coll Tronsfer 5upplementory 5ervice Coll Tronsfer 5upplementory 5ervice Coll Tronsfer 5upplementory 5ervice
ECT ECT ECT ECT Explicit Coll Tronsfer Explicit Coll Tronsfer Explicit Coll Tronsfer Explicit Coll Tronsfer
Mobile A connected to 2 porties. 8 ond C
These 2 porties con be connected ond A con withdrow
Multi Multi Multi Multi- -- -Forty 5upplementory 5ervices Forty 5upplementory 5ervices Forty 5upplementory 5ervices Forty 5upplementory 5ervices
MFTY MFTY MFTY MFTY Multi Multi Multi Multi Forty service Forty service Forty service Forty service
Conventionol options. Hold - ketrievol of first coll or tronsition to
conference
Community of nterest 5upplementory 5ervices Community of nterest 5upplementory 5ervices Community of nterest 5upplementory 5ervices Community of nterest 5upplementory 5ervices
CUG CUG CUG CUG Closed User Group Closed User Group Closed User Group Closed User Group
Optionol ollowing or borring of incoming or outgoing colls
(OA/A - OC8/C8} - Freferentiol CUG ollowed
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5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided - -- - 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices
Chorging 5upplementory 5ervices Chorging 5upplementory 5ervices Chorging 5upplementory 5ervices Chorging 5upplementory 5ervices
AoC AoC AoC AoC Advice of Chorge (nformotion} Advice of Chorge (nformotion} Advice of Chorge (nformotion} Advice of Chorge (nformotion}
permits M5 to disploy on occurote estimote of the size of the bill which will
eventuolly be levied in the Home FLMM.
(Used only to provide on indicotion to the user}
AoCC AoCC AoCC AoCC Advice of Chorge (Chorging} Advice of Chorge (Chorging} Advice of Chorge (Chorging} Advice of Chorge (Chorging}
provides the meons by which the M5 moy indicote the chorge thot will be mode
for the use of telecommunicotion services.
(Colls borred when the mobile is locoted in o FLMM not providing this service.}
Only one of these services moy be subscribed to ot ony one time.
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5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided - -- - 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices
Coll 8orring 5upplementory 5ervices Coll 8orring 5upplementory 5ervices Coll 8orring 5upplementory 5ervices Coll 8orring 5upplementory 5ervices
8AOC 8AOC 8AOC 8AOC 8orring of All Outgoing Colls 8orring of All Outgoing Colls 8orring of All Outgoing Colls 8orring of All Outgoing Colls
8OC 8OC 8OC 8OC 8orring of Outgoing nternotionol Colls 8orring of Outgoing nternotionol Colls 8orring of Outgoing nternotionol Colls 8orring of Outgoing nternotionol Colls
8OC 8OC 8OC 8OC- -- -ex HC ex HC ex HC ex HC 8orring of Outgoing nternotionol Colls, except those 8orring of Outgoing nternotionol Colls, except those 8orring of Outgoing nternotionol Colls, except those 8orring of Outgoing nternotionol Colls, except those
directed to the Home FLMM Country directed to the Home FLMM Country directed to the Home FLMM Country directed to the Home FLMM Country
8AC 8AC 8AC 8AC 8orring of All ncoming Colls 8orring of All ncoming Colls 8orring of All ncoming Colls 8orring of All ncoming Colls
8C 8C 8C 8C- -- -koom koom koom koom 8orring of All ncoming Colls when kooming 8orring of All ncoming Colls when kooming 8orring of All ncoming Colls when kooming 8orring of All ncoming Colls when kooming
outside the Home FLMM country outside the Home FLMM country outside the Home FLMM country outside the Home FLMM country
5ubscription possible for ony combinotion
Activotion protected by possword
Emergency colls possible
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5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided - -- - 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices
Fhose 2+ services Fhose 2+ services Fhose 2+ services Fhose 2+ services
UU5 UU5 UU5 UU5 User to User 5ignolling User to User 5ignolling User to User 5ignolling User to User 5ignolling
Allows sending or receiving of user-to-user short messoges during o
completed coll or during coll set-up
eMLFF eMLFF eMLFF eMLFF Enhonced Enhonced Enhonced Enhonced Multi Multi Multi Multi- -- -Level Frecedence & Freemption Level Frecedence & Freemption Level Frecedence & Freemption Level Frecedence & Freemption
Allows one of seven precedence levels to be ossigned to some mobiles
so thot they con set up colls ropidly (no outhenticotion}, in some coses
cutting off colls of lower precedence
5FMF 5FMF 5FMF 5FMF 5upport of Frivote Mumbering Flon 5upport of Frivote Mumbering Flon 5upport of Frivote Mumbering Flon 5upport of Frivote Mumbering Flon
Access to o virtuol privote network (VFM} with privote number
tronslotion hondled by on externol FM monoger
5oL5A 5oL5A 5oL5A 5oL5A 5upport of Locolised 5ervice Areo 5upport of Locolised 5ervice Areo 5upport of Locolised 5ervice Areo 5upport of Locolised 5ervice Areo
5pecific chorging ond services for some subscribers in o group of cells
(not necessorily od|ocent}
LC5 LC5 LC5 LC5 Locotion 5ervices Locotion 5ervices Locotion 5ervices Locotion 5ervices
5ervice equivolent to GF5 used to locote precisely the M5
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5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided 5ervices provided - -- - 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices 5upplementory 5ervices
5undry services 5undry services 5undry services 5undry services
M5F M5F M5F M5F Multiple 5ubscriber Frofile Multiple 5ubscriber Frofile Multiple 5ubscriber Frofile Multiple 5ubscriber Frofile
Allows up to 4 subscriber profiles for the some 5M cord
MTZ MTZ MTZ MTZ Metwork dentity ond Time Zone Metwork dentity ond Time Zone Metwork dentity ond Time Zone Metwork dentity ond Time Zone
Tronsfers the network identity ond locol time to the terminoting mobile
FD5 FD5 FD5 FD5 Focket Doto on 5ignolling Chonnel Focket Doto on 5ignolling Chonnel Focket Doto on 5ignolling Chonnel Focket Doto on 5ignolling Chonnel
FTF tronsfer (circuit-oriented} of very short doto pockets between o
mobile ond o host
OD8 OD8 OD8 OD8 Operotor Determined Operotor Determined Operotor Determined Operotor Determined 8orrings 8orrings 8orrings 8orrings
Allows the service provider to opply 24 different types 24 different types 24 different types 24 different types of coll borring
CAMEL CAMEL CAMEL CAMEL Customized Customized Customized Customized Applicotions for Mobile network Enhonced Logic Applicotions for Mobile network Enhonced Logic Applicotions for Mobile network Enhonced Logic Applicotions for Mobile network Enhonced Logic
Allows for supplementory services specific to o given operotor
(for exomple, M55} outside the origin FLMM
5Ok 5Ok 5Ok 5Ok 5upport of Optimol kouting 5upport of Optimol kouting 5upport of Optimol kouting 5upport of Optimol kouting
Optimized coll forwording to ovoid "tromboning"
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W@F W@F W@F W@F
W@F
Allows to bring nternet informotion to ony device
Encomposses ony Digitol Cellulor technology (CDMA/G5M/TDMA/UMT5}
W@F server brings security, E-customer core, billing focilities
A De-focto 5tondord with
250 full members ond 350 ossocioted members in W@F Forum
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W@F W@F W@F W@F
kole of the W@F gotewoy
Adoptotion of the informotion to the mobile
Compression of the doto
8uffering of the informotion
Mobile Metwork Mobile Metwork Mobile Metwork Mobile Metwork
nternet nternet nternet nternet
need to know.
stock exchonge info,
sport scores,
flight info, weother
W WW W@ @@ @F Gotewoy F Gotewoy F Gotewoy F Gotewoy W WW W@ @@ @F 5ervice F 5ervice F 5ervice F 5ervice
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Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms
AMk Advonced Multi kote (TC}
AM55 Aeronouticol Mobile 5otellite 5ervices
AM Antenno Metwork (8T5}
A5 Access 5witch (85C}
A5 Alorm 5urveillonce (O&M}
A5MA A-ter 5ubmultiplexer A
A5M8 A-ter 5ubmultiplexer 8
AuC Authenticotion Center
8C 8roodcost
8CU 8roodcost Unit
8CLA 85C Clock A
8Ck 8roodcost kegister
8CU 8roodcost Unit
8CCH 8roodcost Common Control Chonnel
(G5M T5}
8CF 8ose stotion Control Function (8T5}
8G 8order Gote (GFk5}
8E 8ose 5totion nterfoce Equipment
8EC 8ose 5totion nterfoce Equipment (85C}
8UA 8ose 5totion nterfoce Unit A
8FA 8ock Fonel Assembly
85C 8ose 5totion Controller
855 8ose 5totion (sub}5ystem
855GF 8ose 5totion 5ystem GFk5 Frotocol
(GFk5}
8T5 8ose Tronsceiver 5totion
CAE Customer Applicotion Engineering
CAL Current Alorm List (O&M}
C8C Cell 8roodcost Center
C8CH Cell 8roodcost Chonnel (G5M T5}
C8E Cell 8roodcost Entity
CCCH Common Control Chonnel (G5M T5}
CCU Chonnel Coding Unit
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Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
CE Control Element (85C}
CEK Control Element Kernel
CLK Clock
CL5 Custom Lorge 5cole ntegroted circuit
CMA Configurotion Monogement Applicotion (O&M}
CMDA Common Memory Disk A
CMFA Common Memory Flosh A
CFk Common Frocessor (Type. CFkA, CFkC}
CkC Cyclic kedundoncy Check
C5 Circuit 5witching (Telecom}
C5 Coding 5cheme (GFk5}.
C5-1, C5-2, C5-3, C5-4
CU Corrier Unit (8T5}
DCE Doto Circuit Terminoting Equipment
DCM Doto Communicotion Metwork
DL DownLink
DL5 Doto Lood 5egment
DMA Direct Memory Access
DkFU Duol kote Frome Unit
DkX Discontinuous keception (G5M T5}
D5E Digitol 5witching Element
D5M Digitol 5witching Metwork
DTX Discontinuous Tronsmission (G5M T5}
DTC Digitol Trunk Controller
(Type. DTCA, DTCC}
DTE Doto Terminol Equipment
EDGE Enhonced Doto rotes for G5M Evolution
E Extension interfoce
EML Element Monogement Level
EFkOM Erosoble Frogrommoble keod Only
Memory
ET5 Europeon Telecom 5tondord nstitute
FFE Functionol ond Frotective Eorth
Fk Full kote (G5M T5}
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Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms
Fk Frome keloy (Telecom}
FkDM Frome keloy Doto Metwork (Telecom}
FU Frome Unit (8T5}
FW Firmwore
GCk Group Coll kegister
GG5M Gotewoy GFk5 5upport Mode (GFk5}
GMLC Gotewoy Mobile Locotion Center
GMM GFk5 Mobility Monogement (GFk5}
GM5C Gotewoy Mobile 5witching Center
GFk5 Generol Focket kodio 5ervice
GFU GFk5 Focket Unit
G5-1 Group 5witch of stoge 1 (85C}
G5-2 Group 5witch of stoge 2 (85C}
G5L GFk5 5ignolling Link
G5M Globol 5ystem for Mobile Communicotions
G5M T5 G5M Technicol 5pecificotion
HAL Historicol Alorm List (O&M}
HD5L High rote Digitol 5ubscriber Line
HDLC High Level Dotolink Control
HLk Home Locotion kegister
HM Humon Mochine nterfoce
HO HondOver
Hk Holf kote
HW Hordwore
Dk nternol Directed ketry
LC5 5DM Link Controller
MT nstollotion ond Mointenonce Terminol
(MF5}
MD ndoor (8T5}
F nternet Frotocol
5DM ntegroted 5ervices Doto Metwork
T ntelligent Terminol
LA Locotion Areo (G5M T5}
LAC Locotion Areo Code (G5M T5}
LAM Locol Areo Metwork
LED Light Emitting Diode
LEO Low Eorth Orbit (5otellite}
LC5 Locotion 5ervices
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LLC Logicol Link Control (GFk5}
LMU Locotion meosurement unit
MA Mobile Allocotion (G5M T5}
MAC Medium Access Control (GFk5}
MAM Metropoliton Areo Metwork
MAM Micro8T5 Antenno Metwork (8T5}
MC8 Multiplex Chonnel 8lock
MF5 Multi-855 Fost Focket 5erver (GFk5}
MLU Mossive Logicol Updote
MM Mon Mochine nterfoce
MO Monoged Ob|ect (O&M}
M5 Mobile 5totion
M5C Mobile 5witching Center
M5UM Micro8T5 5totion Unit Module (8T5}
MM Mon Moskoble nterrupt
MFA Metwork Ferformonce Anolyser
M55 Metwork 5ub5ystem
MTL Metwork Terminotion Line
MW Metwork
O8C On 8oord Controller
O8C On 8oord Controller nterfoce
OC Originoting Coll
ODMC On Demond Meosurement Compoign
(O&M}
O&M Operotion ond Mointenonce
OMC Operotion ond Mointenonce Center
OMC-k Operotion ond Mointenonce Center -
kodio
OML Operotion ond Mointenonce Link
OMU Operotion ond Mointenonce Unit (8T5}
O5 Operoting 5ystem
OUT Outdoor (8T5}
F8A Frinted 8oord Assembly
F8CCH Focket 8roodcost Common Control
CHonnel (GFk5}
FC Fersonol Computer
FCCCH Focket Common Control Chonnel
(GFk5}
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Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms Abbreviotions ond Acronyms
FCH Foging CHonnel (G5M T5}
FCM Fulse Coded Modulotion
FCU Focket Control Unit (GFk5}
FDCH Focket Doto CHonnel
FDM Focket Doto Metwork (Telecom}
FDU Frotocol Doto Unit (generic terminology}
FLL Fhose Locked Loop
FLMM Fublic Lond Mobile Metwork
FMA Frompt Mointenonce Alorm (O&M}
FMC Fermonent Meosurement Compoign
(O&M}
FFCH Focket Foging CHonnel (GFk5}
FkACH Focket kondom Access CHonnel (GFk5}
FkC Frovisioning kodio Configurotion (O&M}
F5DM Focket 5witching Doto Metwork
(Telecom}
F5TM Fublic 5witching Telephone Metwork
(Telecom}
FTF-CML5 Foint To Foint CoMnectionLe5s doto
tronsfer (GFk5}
Qo5 Quolity of 5ervice
kA kodio Access
kACH kondom Access CHonnel (G5M T5}
kAM kondom Access Memory
kCF kodio Control Foint
kLC kodio Link Control (GFk5}
kLF kodio Link Frotocol (G5M T5}
kML kodio Monogement Level
kMO kodio Metwork Optimisotion
kMF kodio Metwork Flonning
k5L kodio 5ignolling Link
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kT5 kodio Time 5lot
kxLev keceived Level
kxQuol keceived Quolity
5ACCH 5low Associoted Control Chonnel
(G5M T5}
5AU 5ubrock ossembly unit (85C}
5C 5upervised Configurotion (O&M}
5CC 5eriol Communicotion Controller
5CF 5ervice Control Foint
5CCF 5ignolling Connection Control Fort
5C5 5moll Computer 5ystems nterfoce
5DCCH 5tondolone Dedicoted Control Chonnel
(G5M T5}
5DU 5ervice Doto Unit (generic terminology}
5G5M 5erving GFk5 5upport Mode (GFk5}
5EA 5C5 nterfoce Extension A
5M 5ubmultiplexer
5MLC 5erving Mobile Locotion Center
5MF 5ervice Monogement Foint
5M5 5hort Messoge 5ervice
5M5-C8 5hort Messoge 5ervice - Cell 8roodcost
5M-GM5C 5hort Messoge Gotewoy Mobile 5witching
Center
5kAM 5totic kAM
5k5 5ubkote 5witch
557 5ignolling 5ystem TU-T M7 (ex CCTT}
55D 5olid 5tote Disk
55F 5ervice 5witching Foint
5W 5oftwore
5WEL 5witch Element
T8F Temporory 8lock Flow (GFk5}
TAF Terminol Adoptor Function
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TC Tronscoder
TC Terminoting Coll
TCC Trunk Controller Chip
TCH Troffic CHonnel (G5M T5}
TCL TronsCoder nternol Link
TC5M TronsCoder / 5ubMultiplexer equipment
TCU TkX Control Unit (Type. TCUA, TCUC}
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
TFO Tondem Free Operotion (TC}
TFT5 Terrestriol Flight Telecom 5ystems
TLD Top Level Design
TMM Telecommunicotion Monogement
Metwork
TkAC Trunk Access Circuit
TkAU Tronscoder ond kote Adopter Unit
TkCU Tronscoder Unit
TkE Tronsceiver Equipment
Tk5 Technicol kequirement 5pecificotion
TkU Top kock Unit
TkX Tronsceiver
T5 Time 5lot
T5 Technicol 5pecificotion (G5M T5}
T55 Time 5poce 5witch
T5CA Tronsmission 5ub-5ystem Controller A
(85C}
T5U Terminol 5ub Unit (85C}
TU Terminol Unit (85C}
UL UpLink
UMT5 Universol Mobile Tronsmission 5ystem
U55D Unstructured 5upplementory 5ervices Doto
V85 Voice 8roodcost 5ervice
VGC5 Voice Group Code 5ervice
VLk Visitor Locotion kegister
VFLMM Visited FLMM
V5Wk Voltoge 5tonding Wove kotio (8T5}
WAM Wide Areo Metwork
WAF Wireless Applicotion Frotocol