This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I
VOL-II SECTION 3.4
REV.1 SHEET 1 of 51
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA (PART-I)
OIL AND NATURAL GAS CORPORATION LTD. INDIA
JSM JSM PREP. BY
RMK VNM REV. BY
VKK VKK APPD BY
ISSUED FOR BID ISSUED FOR BID REMARKS
51 51 NO OF PAGES
10.3.06 29.6.05 DATE
1 0 REV
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I
VOL-II SECTION 3.4
REV.1 SHEET 2 of 51
CONTENTS UNDER DESIGN CRITERIA –PART I
3.4.1 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 3.4.2 3.4.3 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 3.4.4 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 3.4.5 3.4.6 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 3.4.7 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 INTRODUCTION Scope /general Definition CODES & STANDARDS General System of Units Sea Bed Features Platform Configuration Chart datum level Platform location & Orientation Water depth Marine Growth Geometrical constraints Deck Heights Pre Engineering Survey DESIGN PHILOSOPHY Load combinations Load contingencies MATERIAL ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA Seismic Data Corrosion Protection DESIGN LOADS In- service condition Structure Dead Load Equipment Load Crane load Live Loads Open Area Live Loads Wind Loads Wave Loads Earth Quake loads Equipment support Barge Bumper
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I
VOL-II SECTION 3.4
REV.1 SHEET 3 of 51
22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 3.4.8 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 3.4.9 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 3.4.10 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124
Boat landing Riser & Conductors Special Loads Heli Deck Pre-Service conditions Load Out Transportation Wave slam Lift Operations Other Installation Loads Stab-in Guide & Installation Aids Fabrication Loads JACKET FATIGUE DESIGN General Fatigue Life Loading Analysis procedure SCF SN Curve Marking Joints FOUNDATION DESIGN Soil Data Foundation type Scour Under drive & Over Drive Pile Group Effect Shear Keys Pile Installation Soil disturbance DESIGN PROCEDURE General Connections Deflections Structural Analysis Deck Plate & Grating Beam & Plate Girder Handrails, Walkways, Stairways, and Landings Access platforms Crane Fire walls Skid shoe Design
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I
VOL-II SECTION 3.4
REV.1 SHEET 4 of 51
126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 3.4.11 3.4.12 3.4.13 3.4.14 3.4.15 3.4.16
Sea Fastenings Stab-in Guides & Installation Jacket Launch Hydrostatic collapse Jacket floatation and upending Jacket On-bottom stability Jacket & Top side Installation Aids Boat landing Barge Bumper Riser protector/ Conductor protectors Conductor Guide Framing Conductors Design of I /J tube Design Temporary Member/ Props Bridge Design Helideck Miscellaneous Accessories Modification of Platforms Weight Control Review of Structural Analysis Final Documentation
CONTENTS UNDER DESIGN CRITERIA –PART II
APPENDICES APPENDIX - I. APPENDIX - IA. APPENDIX - II. APPENDIX - III. TABLE-1 TABLE-2 TABLE-3 TABLE-4 TABLE-5 TABLE-6 TABLE-7 TABLE-8 TABLE-9 : : : : : : : : : STANDARDS AND CODES LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS LOAD CONTINGENCY PROJECT SPECIFICATIONS DESIGN LIFE PLATFORM LOCATION AND WATER DEPTH MARINE GROWTH PROFILE CORROSION ZONES EXTREME STORM PARAMETERS OPERATING STORM PARAMETERS ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS FOR INSTALLATION CONDITIONS ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS FOR FATIGUE ANALYSIS 25 YEARS WAVE DATA
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I
VOL-II SECTION 3.4
REV.1 SHEET 5 of 51
TABLE-10 TABLE- 11 TABLE-12 TABLE-13 TABLE-14 TABLE-15 TABLE-16 TABLE-17 TABLE-18 TABLE-19 TABLE-20 TABLE-21 TABLE-22 APPENDIX - IV.
: : : : : : : : : : : : :
LIVE LOADS OPEN DECK AREA LIVE LOADS DESIGN WIND FORCES LOAD COMBINATIONS INCREASE IN PERMISSIBLE STRESSES DELETED. GEOTECHNICAL DATA PARAMETERS FOR PILE DRIVEABLITY ANALYSIS JACK-UP RIG PENETRATION LIST & DETAILS OF PILE DRIVING HAMMERS PROPOSED TO BE MOBILIZED LIST OF MAJOR LIFTS AS ENVISAGED BY THE BIDDER HELI DECK ANALYSIS STATIC HELICOPTER DATA PROJECT SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
1 INTRODUCTION Scope/General Structural design criteria described herein establishes the minimum requirements of design of fixed offshore platform as per the codes and standards listed in Appendix I. Patented design. The design service life of the platform shall be as per Table-1.4. shall have to be certified and established to have strength and durability for the intended design life. III & IV. shall be as per Appendix IV. 7. The design methods described herein shall be followed in addition to Contractor’s design methods. The design criteria those relate to functional requirements of components. magnitude and complexities Major assumptions/considerations for the bidder’s proposed design in accordance with the Appendix II. Table -20. Conceptual design of platform with proposed structural scheme including In-place analysis. The bidders shall furnish following details as a minimum in their bid proposal: 1. Detailed track record of the proposed design for similar application. 5.1.4. Philosophy of Lift/ Launch. This Design Criteria has been prepared as a guide during Detailed Engineering for the Platform Project. The conceptual design shall not restrict the Company to seek up-gradation/modification to meet the Scope of Work of project. etc. . Sizes and strength of major components. The facility shall be designed in accordance with the requirements specified in this section. 2. 4. Drawings of topsides and substructure including appurtenances. if any.4 REV.1 SHEET 6 of 51 3. 6.1 3. if proposed. principles of design and those directly applicable to bidder’s design /concept shall be followed as a mandatory requirement. contract specification and code requirements during detailed engineering. Loadout. Details of major lifts with proposed crane vessel as per Appendix III.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Appendix-III. 3. Project specific requirements and exclusions. The basic input information furnished in Project specification at Appendix III and IV is to be complied with.
1 SHEET 7 of 51 The functional specifications of the related activities/items shall be as per Appendix. The term substructure in this Specification applies to the supporting structure from the wave zone to the foundation and typically includes the jacket and piles. Fixed offshore platforms (Platform in short) include pile-founded steel structures for offshore drilling. inaccuracies. which pertain to the postinstallation phase of the platform life.2 Definitions The following definitions shall apply. Datum weight of a structure equals the nominal weight increased to allow for mill tolerances. accommodation. appurtenances and other individual members as applicable.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. module support frames and skids. the CONTRACTOR shall also ensure that the Work is executed in accordance with all mandatory Indian Statutory and Regulatory requirements. Pre-service design conditions are those that occur prior to platform operation and shall generally include transportation and installation considerations. however. Global load conditions are those considered in the analysis and design of the substructure. 3. 3. contingencies and tolerances due to weight growth. helideck etc. buildings module.1 CODES AND STANDARDS Mandatory Indian Statutory Requirements This document has been prepared to the International Standards detailed in Appendix-1. . earthquake and fatigue considerations. processing. Platform in-service design conditions are those. Nominal weight of structure excludes mill tolerances.4.4 REV. The term superstructure applies to the structural parts of the topside facilities including decks. etc.2.. grating.1. contingencies and tolerances for weight growth. gas flaring. beams. inaccuracies.IA. superstructure trusses and legs and module frames.2 3. Local load conditions are those considered in the analysis and design of plating.4.4. and typically include in-place.
. recommended practices. If the seabed slope is such as to tilt the Jacket by an angle exceeding 25 minutes.2 Seabed Feature The Jackets should be designed for seabed slope and to meet the installation tolerances.3 Platform Configuration The platform shall be sized and designed in accordance with the approved equipment layout and arrangement. Specifications and standards given shall be met.4. All dimensions shall be shown in millimeters and all levels shall be shown in metres. before or at the early stage of Detailed Engineering.3.4.4. 3. space provision for future facilities. If the slope in seabed is such as to tilt the structure.3 3. 3. shall be established by means of a grid survey of bathymetry of a region covering an area 250 meters beyond the footprint of sub-structure at mud-line using a grid line spacing of 25 meters.3. For the determination of platform size and equipment arrangement Contractor shall consider the equipment weights. 3.3. if any. Company's decision in this regard shall be final and binding on the Contractor. Any conflict between the applicable codes and these Design criteria shall be referred to the Company for resolution. the detail design shall take into account the slope in seabed in the form of adjustment in framing and/or mud-mat elevations. space requirements for personnel movement and maintenance purposes and keep necessary provision in the layout. if any. sizes. Design of the Jacket should also consider mudslide.1 SHEET 8 of 51 3. All other relevant and related Codes concerning the specific job under consideration and/or referred in the above-mentioned Codes shall be followed wherever applicable.4 REV. The slope in seabed. the slope shall be considered in design.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.4.1 GENERAL System of Units The SI system of units shall be used throughout the project.2 Codes Standards & Regulations The requirements of the latest published versions of the listed codes.2. clearances.
6 Water Depth The approximate water depths with respect to chart datum at platform locations are as given in Table-2.4. Appendix-III below Mean Sea Level (MSL). For this purpose still water level shall be considered as CD+ (LAT) + (75% of Astronomical Tide) + (Storm Surge). 1 3.4 REV.3.4 Chart Datum Level All elevations shall be referenced to chart datum (0.0M).4. etc.3.5 Platform Location and Orientation The location and orientation of the platforms shall be as given in Table-2. Appendix-III. 3. 3. . The design of platforms shall include full allowance for marine growth on all members of the jackets. well conductors. Water Depth at the site of the works may be taken as indicative for preliminary work but the actual water depth shall be determined by Contractor before the commencement of Detailed Engineering.8 Geometrical Constraints The top horizontal framing of the substructure shall be at minimum (+) 6.1 SHEET 9 of 51 3.3. appurtenances including risers. Refer Appendix IV for geometrical constraints from Jack-Up Rig operational point of view.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Chart Datum for Indian waters at platforms location shall be as given in Table-2.4.4. Appendix-III. Appendix-III.70 M elevation above chart datum level.7 Marine Growth All the framing members including jacket legs and well conductors between the jacket top level and first under water level of jacket framing shall be fitted with an ocean powered Marine Growth Prevention (MGP) system. a provision for the variation of ±1. so as not to be in wave splash zone as defined in Table-4. .0m in the actual water depth shall be allowed.3. The design basis shall assume that marine growth is not removed or cleaned off by any means. Minimum air gap requirement shall be as per API RP 2A. Appendix-III. For the design of substructure appurtenances. The value of Marine Growth thickness to be followed is given in the Table Table-3.4. 1 3.3. caissons. attached drawings and Appendix IV.
skirt sleeves. barge bumper and load bearing installation aids. identification of space facilities under modification scope of exiting platforms and space for bridge landing. crane pedestal and deck legs.4 REV. 3.4 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY Primary and major secondary steelwork for the Topsides modules and Jacket (including foundation) shall be proportioned to ensure adequate strength and serviceability throughout all facets of installation and in service conditions a) The Jacket and Topside shall be designed to withstand the extreme storm and operating storms that occur in the Mumbai High and other field(s) of the Arabian Sea as indicated in Appendix-III. found for installation of facilities under scope of work shall also be recorded in preengineering survey and to be resolved with technically feasible solution. existing platform location and orientation. c) Primary steel members shall include.3. grating.1 SHEET 10 of 51 3. piles. utility systems and piping and provide adequate access for operations and maintenance.3. tubular sizes on existing jacket for riser clamp installation. .4.4. and hand rails. walkways. deck rider/secondary beams. • Topsides – All truss members. if any. deck beams/girders. Contractor shall prepare AFC drawings based on pre-engineering survey and detailed design analysis. b) Structure Analysis and design shall be in accordance with the requirements of API RP 2A and AISC using working stress design methods. lifting pad eyes. • Jacket. vertical/inclined/ horizontal bracing. d) Topsides secondary steel members shall include deck plate. Obstructions. stringers.4.10 Pre-engineering Survey Prior to proceeding with Detailed Engineering Contractor shall perform a preengineering survey to confirm water depth. stairs. Helideck plating. 3.All legs. equipment support beams. to ascertain seabed feature.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. launch truss (if required).9 Deck Heights Space between the deck levels shall be sufficient to contain the process.
PRE-SERVICE CONDITION • Fabrication • Lift Analysis (During fabrication) • Load out • Transportation & Sea fastening design • Installation • Substructure o Jacket structures (launch OR lift. appurtenances and their supports and mud mats. but not limited to:IN-SERVICE CONDITION • • • • • In-place operating and extreme storm Foundation Design. The extent of the analyses shall be to demonstrate the adequacy of the structures under all envisaged phases and anticipated loading. installation aids.1 Load Combinations The minimum load combinations as indicated at Table 13.1 SHEET 11 of 51 e) Jacket secondary steel members shall include boat landing.4. .4 REV. All structural analyses shall be performed using a suite of computer programmer applicable to the design of offshore structures. casings/caissons. walkways. flotation and up-ending) o On Bottom stability o Pile installation analysis o Design of Installation aids for substructure • Superstructure o Lifting Analysis o Design of Installation aids for superstructure 3.Pile Analysis & Design Fatigue Seismic Accidental loads. Appendix –III shall be considered in the Analysis and Design of the Platform structures.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Analyses shall include. For other analyses the CONTRACTOR shall develop the necessary basic load cases and load combinations appropriate to the structure.4.
A minimum of 3% weight allowance to account for mill tolerance and weld metal shall be applied for all analyses.4.2 Load Contingencies.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. utilities and any other loads to which the system will be subjected during fabrication. This allowance shall be added to the estimated substructure and superstructure dead weight. Material. 3. 6001F.1. fabrication & installation of structure and Specs.4.4.7 and 3. 6002F Specification for Design. shall include contingencies as defined in Appendix-II.1.4 REV.4. Fabrication and Installation of Composite Material for Secondary Structures. piping and equipment loads (empty and operating). applied either globally or locally. topside modules. transportation.5 MATERIAL All materials shall conform to respective specification given in accordance with Spec.1 Permissible Stresses and Factors of Safety Unless otherwise noted in this Specification permissible stresses and factors of safety shall be as recommended in API RP 2A and AISC. The response spectrum data for this analysis shall follow the guidelines for Zone-IV earthquake area as given in Indian Standard .4. over and above the estimated loads.14 consisting of dead loads.2 Increase in Permissible Stresses A one-third in permissible stresses shall be allowed according to Table-14.4.4. Appendix-III 3. etc. Mill tolerance and Weld Metal The Contractor shall accurately calculate the pre-service and in-service design loads as described in Sections 3. 3.6. General Specification for materials.4. installation and operation.4. 3. 3. In the preliminary analysis stage and till the accurate estimation of loads is arrived.1 SHEET 12 of 51 220.127.116.11 Seismic Data The earthquake loading on the combined jacket and super structure shall be calculated using the response spectrum method and in accordance with the provision of API RP 2A. the platform in-service and pre-service design loads.6 ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA For all environmental data refer Appendix-III.
including conductors.6. The corrosion allowance shall apply to the barge bumper and boatlanding main structural members.3 splash All structure. .2. The design conditions pertaining to cathodic protection system are given in Spec. pumps casings. etc. All equipment.4 REV. and conductors at splash zone. Still Water Level shall be taken as CD+(LAT) + (50% of Astronomical Tide) 3. Corrosion Allowance Thickness (mm) Refer Para 3.2.4. stairways and appurtenances such as barge bumpers.4. 2005 “Protective Coatings”. Contractor shall submit the design/ analysis of anode and anode location drawings to the company for approval 3.2. No. riser protectors. FS 4001.6.2 Corrosion Protection All structures shall be designed to resist corrosion in different zones defined in the Table 4. Appendix. including their stabbing guides shall be painted irrespective of the applicable zone.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.6. 2.2 6. riser protectors. caissons.2. shall be painted in accordance with Spec. For the earthquake condition.1 SHEET 13 of 51 IS-1893. 3.2.III following manner for the design life of the structures: 3.6. etc.4.0 Refer Para 3.6.1 Corrosion Allowance Additional material thickness shall be provided as corrosion allowance for structural members and other components in the splash zone as follows:Location Submerged Zone Splash Zone : Barge Bumper2 Boat Landing2 Other members in zone1 Atmospheric Zone Note: 1.4.3 Painting All steel surfaces in the splash zone and atmospheric zone. boat landings.6.0 6.0 13.2 Cathodic protection All Steel surfaces in the submerged zone and splash zone shall be protected against corrosion by a sacrificial anode system.4.
grating.7. etc.SERVICE CONDITION 3. architectural items.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. 3. The dynamic crane load cases shall consider a range or boom directions to ensure all possible lifting scenarios are adequately checked.4 REV. A minimum of eight boom directions shall be considered.7. timber. etc.4 Structural Detailing Areas and joints. piping.4. etc. 3. shall be suitably sealed by methods such as boxing with plates.7.2 Equipment Loads Equipment loads shall include the weight of all equipments. bulk material.1 SHEET 14 of 51 3. rubber. where applicable.4.3 Crane Loads The CONTRACTOR shall determine the static and dynamic crane loads and use data provided by the crane manufacturer. IN. These are: • Equipment & Piping Dead Weight • Equipment & Piping with Operating Contents Weight • Load due to coil tubing unit (CTU) on main deck For local design. For global .4. which are inaccessible for maintenance and thereby susceptible to corrosion.7 DESIGN LOADS The loads described in the following section shall apply to the Jacket and Topsides unless specified otherwise. Other specific equipment loads are as specified at Appendix. anodes. hydrostatic test weights shall be considered.6.4 Live Loads for Local and Global Design: The magnitudes of local and global live loads to be used in the in-service analysis and design shall be as defined in Table-10. Two basic load conditions shall be considered for global design.2. 3. hand rails.III.4.1 Structure Dead Loads The structure dead loads shall include the weight of all structural members including deck plate.7.4. bridge. These loads are to be developed based on equipment layouts. Appendix-III. 3.4.
Equipment weight as indicated in weight control report or as provided by the Equipment Vendor shall be taken.1 SHEET 15 of 51 analysis and design appropriate percentages of the live loads given for local beam design in Table-10-III & IV. shall be considered for each load case for the extreme storm and operating storm conditions. Appendix-III. shall be used as specified in respective load combination tables given at Table 13. Open Area Live Loads should be combined with equipment weight data. Wind area(s) shall also include the equipments located other than above enclosed deck area.4.6 Wind Loads Wind loads shall be calculated according to the requirements of API RP 2A.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. as applicable.4. The Open Area live loads shall be used in conjunction with equipment and crane loads for the design of primary and major secondary steel members.4 REV. the more severe of the environmental parameters of directions adjacent to it shall be selected from Table 5 & Table 6. 3.4.7. 3.5 Open Area live Load Open Area live Load as indicated at Table 10 and Table 11. Appendix-III. shall be used as specified in respective load combination tables given at Table 13.7. For each direction of approach.7. c) Wind speeds should be adjusted for elevation and gust duration. The wind area for global design of the Topsides shall be calculated assuming that the area between the decks is fully enclosed. Design wind speeds are as detailed at Table 5 & 6. Appendix-III. depending on the configuration of jacket structure. a) A minimum of eight or twelve storm directions. shall be considered for each .7 Wave & Current Loads Environmental parameters as defined in Table-5 & 6. Appendix-III. A minimum of eight or twelve storm directions. depending on the configuration of jacket structure. 3. in accordance with API RP 2A or as listed at Table 12. Appendix III. Appendix-III. The Open Area Live Loads which shall be applied to all clear unoccupied areas of deck and internal areas of the Utility and Equipment rooms. Appendix-III shall be applied to maximize loading on all structural components. b) Wind shall be assumed to act simultaneously and collinearly with wave and current forces. Analysis shall be performed for wave approach along grid directions and selected diagonal directions.
Earthquake Forces. Wave kinematics factor as given in Table-5 & Table 6.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. . the velocities shall be calculated based on linear stretching of the current profile. The wave particle kinematics multiplied by the wave kinematics factor and the current velocities adjusted for blockage. using apparent wave period computed as per API RP 2A. The importance factor shall be taken as 2. 3. Morison's equation applied to only the normal components of velocity and acceleration shall be used to compute normal wave forces on the individual members. The response spectrum data for this analysis shall follow the guidelines for Zone-IV earthquake area as given in Indian Standards IS-1893. Contribution of the marine growth in the added mass shall be considered in the analysis. 'Stokes' Fifth Order theory’ shall be used to compute water particle kinematics. Waves and current shall be considered concurrent with wind.8 Earthquake Loads The earthquake loading on the combined Jacket and super structure shall be calculated using the response spectrum method and in accordance with the provisions of API RP 2A.1 SHEET 16 of 51 load case for the extreme storm and operating storm conditions. For building /equipment/ modules an equivalent static analysis shall be carried out with a horizontal seismic coefficient of 0. The coefficients of drag and mass (inertia) Cd and Cm values shall be considered as per API RP 2A.4.0 and response spectra Type III to be considered to account for the soil foundation system. shall be added vectorially to obtain total velocity vector at any point.4. Conductor shielding factors shall be considered as per API RP 2A. The current speed in the vicinity of the platform shall be reduced by the current blockage factors. wherever applicable.7.9 Equipment Supports All equipment supports. The given current profile shall be treated as applicable to water depth equal to still water level.12.4 REV.7. pipe supports and other supports steelwork shall be designed to withstand the operating and hydro-test loads specified on the vendor data/ documents. The design wave shall be treated as a regular wave. 3. For any other water level at different points along the wave. shall be taken as occurring in both horizontal directions and 50% in the vertical direction. Appendix-III shall be used to account for wave directional spreading or irregularity in wave profile shape.
.7.13 Special Loads: Loads as indicated in Appendix-IV shall also be considered. The analysis and Design of Heli Deck integrating the super structure module shall be carried out as per the data and load combinations given at Table 21 & Table 22. Energy to be The energy to be absorbed in the system from vessel impact shall be 3.4 REV.11 Boat Landing The Boat landing and its associated connections and local framing shall be designed for the following load combinations:a) b) c) d) Dead load + Live Load of 5.0 tonne -metre. Appendix-III.4. absorbed in the system shall be 11. 3.1 SHEET 17 of 51 3.7.4. the requirements of the section 3.4.0 KPa on each landing Dead Load + Boat impact load at different points on the berthing face Dead Load + Extreme environmental load.14 Heli Deck.0 tonne metre.7. 3.10 Barge Bumpers The Barge Bumpers and their associated connections to the Jacket shall be designed for the following loading: a) Vessel impact directly in the middle 1/3 height of post.4.4. Energy to be absorbed in the system shall be 30.7.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.4 tonne-metre. 3. b) Vessel impact lateral in the middle 1/3 height of post.12 Risers & Conductors Contractor shall consider the provisions of conductors and risers as per the details indicated at Appendix IV under Project Specific Requirement 3. Installation Loads.4.10 shall also be considered. Where the boat landing is to act integral with a Barge Bumper system.7.7.
7. and two ends of the launch trusses supported (barge moves upward). loose ship items. continuous or discrete skids.4. For structures loaded out on discrete skids or wheeled dollies. The loads should be based on the Weight Control Report. and wheeled dollies.4 REV. a separate analysis shall be performed with appropriate support conditions to ensure adequacy of the structure during weighing operations. The structures shall be checked for adequacy for the proposed load out operation and for the effects of the localized loadings resulting from change in slope of launch ways/tracks and the change in draft of the transportation barge as the structure moves on to it.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. etc should be considered. Lift Analyses.1 SHEET 18 of 51 PRE-SERVICE CONDITIONS 3. c) Skidded or trolleyed load out: Structures shall be loaded out onto the transportation barge by means of launch ways. including three point support conditions. wheel trolleys or by direct lifting.7.out The proposed method of load out shall be determined by the CONTRACTOR and could be by means of continuous or discrete skids. the analysis shall cover cases due to loss of support of one or more supports. refer to the criteria described in section 3. If the support conditions envisaged during weighting of the deck/module are different from those considered for load out analysis. b) For lifted Load out. The following should be considered.4. For other means of load out the analysis shall be based on the support conditions likely to be experienced.18. The analysis for substructure to be loaded out on launch cradle shall cover the front end of launch cradle unsupported for various distances (barge moves downward). a) All dead and equipments loads together with weights for all preinstalled lifting gear. sea-fastenings. .15 Load.
a) Dead and equipments loads should be considered together with weights for all preinstalled lifting gear. The computer analysis shall be performed in accordance with the ABS or any other International Certification Agency rules along with the provisions given therein. Consideration shall be given to the support points used for sea fastening. For the preliminary transportation condition. d) B. Preliminary transportation Analysis:All structures shall be checked for the inertia loads during sea transportation. The effect of wind load in addition to the above need not be considered.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. loose ship items. The following should be considered. The final transportation analysis shall consist of the following: I.2g b) 20º 12.16 Transportation ` A. the following inertia loads in addition to gravity load shall be considered. Period) Roll Pitch Heave 25º 15º + 0.1 SHEET 19 of 51 3.4 REV. Static Stability of barge/structure system: a) Intact condition . The loads should be based on the Weight Control Report.2g c) The transportation inertia loads shall be combined as roll + heave and pitch + heave. Barge Type Small cargo barge (76 m LOA or 23m beam) Large barges Single Amplitude (in 10 Sec. pending a detailed transportation and barge motions analysis.4. Detailed Transportation Analysis The design of all structures shall accommodate the forces imposed during transportation.7. etc. sea fastening.5º +0.
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.E. Sustained wind speeds of 148 kmph and 93 kmph shall be considered for calculating the wind forces on the barge freeboard and cargo’s surface area for Intact and Damaged conditions respectively. II. Heave. The righting energy available to resists capsizing shall be at least 1. Dynamic motion response analysis for barge/structure system: In order to determine the maximum loads imposed on the structure and sea fastenings during the course of voyage from fabrication yard to offshore site an analysis of the dynamic motion response for the structure/barge system shall be performed. Head and Quartering Seas.: Ocean Wave Statistics” by N.4 times the energy required by the designed wind to heel the vessel to the same critical angle. Wind forces shall be calculated as per ABS Rules. Hogben and P. Surge and Sway motions.4 REV. .1 SHEET 20 of 51 b) Damaged condition with at least any one compartment of barge flooded. Lumb) The following shall be considered for the route specific dynamic motion analysis: i) ii) Wave direction: Beam. The following barge stability criteria shall be satisfied. Pitch. Yaw. Response of the system for various sea states. This analysis shall include the following phases: a) b) Determination of fundamental periods of Roll. (i) (ii) The positive range of stability (ignoring strength or down flooding consideration) shall be in the range of 300-400. iii) In order to obtain the maximum acceleration response. (Ref. The maximum sea state to be considered shall depend upon route of tow and season of tow. at least three sets of periods shall be chosen for the maximum sea state for each direction of approach depending upon the dynamic characteristics of the barge/structure system and the towing speed of barge. The environmental conditions to be considered shall be based on an average recurrence period of not less than ten years for the season of year when the tow will take place.
b) . the structure shall be again analyzed for the corresponding maximum inertia/gravity forces.17 Wave Slam Horizontal members in the wave zone shall be designed for wave slam forces in accordance with API RP 2A. 3. sea-fastenings.5. pad/lifting eyes and adjacent members supporting the pad/lifting eyes. One-third increase in permissible stress shall be allowed. The following shall be considered.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.1 SHEET 21 of 51 iv) A reduced wave height (less than the maximum)/period combination.4. if that is likely to result in near resonant response conditions. the Contractor shall be responsible for the design of sea fastening and the preparation of detailed sea fastening drawings. a) Dead and equipments loads should be considered together with weights for all preinstalled lifting gear. However. Contractor shall also be responsible for verifying the strength of the cargo/launch barge deck and framing system to satisfactorily withstand the loads on it during load out and transportation. All engineering related to load out and transportation shall be subject to approval by a marine surveyor as described in Spec. Based on the above analysis. Any reinforcement to the barge deck or modification to the sea fastening/ load out arrangement to make the cargo barge safe for the operations is Contractor’s responsibility. Member lengths shall be reduced to account for Jacket leg ratio. Copy of approved procedure shall be made available to the COMPANY 30 days in advance prior to load out. etc. A dynamic factor of 2.7. 6001F.0 shall be applied to the lift weight of the item for the design of lifting frames.18 Lift Operations: All structures shall be checked for the loads applied during lift operations in accordance with API RP 2A. The loads should be based on the Weight Control Report.7.4 REV. members shall be assumed to span the full length. Bending stresses due to both horizontal and vertical slam forces shall be considered. loose ship items. the current velocity components should not be included in the wave kinematics when calculating wave slam loading. The slam coefficient shall be taken as 5. After obtaining the maximum response for various sea states. 3. For X-braces.4.
If the subsequent weight control reports / actual weighing of the module indicate a weight increase of more than 5% and / or a shift in centre of gravity of more than 2% of the corresponding linear dimension. The weight control report generated shall form the basis of the study. The analysis shall also be repeated if the framing arrangements of lifting scheme.3. spreader frame arrangement or .OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. for sling carrying 75%. first assuming all slings equally effective i. Where a four sling arrangement is used to lift the item. This study shall include adverse combinations of variation in centre of gravity / weight. buildings and other items as per Section 3.e.35 shall be applied to the lift weight for all other members transmitting lifting forces. the analysis shall be carried out in two cases. A three-dimensional space frame lift analysis shall be performed for all structures to be lifted.4 REV.4. Appendix III shall be followed. The bidder to provide list of major lifts as envisaged by him in the format furnished in Table-20. each diagonal carries 50% of the static lift weight and second with one diagonal sling carry 75% and the other diagonal sling carry 25% of the static lift weight. During Detail Engineering the contractor shall perform a lift study to establish that the modules as conceived are able to lift with the proposed barge crane. environmental condition for installation as in Table-7. a revised lift analysis shall be carried out to ensure that the permissible stress are not exceeded due to the revised weight / centre of gravity. For lift operation under marine environment.10. The lifting scheme including requirements of spreader frame shall be finalized based on this study.1 SHEET 22 of 51 c) A dynamic factor of 1. Structural deflections shall be limited for deflection sensitive equipment. Static equilibrium during the lifting operation shall be ensured.25% static lift weight shall be 1. d) e) f) g) A complete three-dimensional idealized mathematical model of the structure shall be analyzed for the stresses developed during lifting operation to comply with the provisions of API RP-2A.e. The load combination shall include appropriate skew load distribution between the two diagonal pair of slings to account for sling length variation. Appendix-III along with the marine spread proposed for installation.35 Rigging shall be designed to limit the swing of the lifted objects within 2 degrees from horizontal about any axis. The dynamic factor for lifting pad eye design for second case i.
The platform mass under operating condition shall be considered for evaluating the structural natural period. Vertical impact force = 50% of the static weight of the item.7.4. Wind loads shall be included with this load condition. Consideration shall be given to the support points used for weighing and load out. A deterministic fatigue analysis using PalmgrenMiner’s Rule shall be used to predict the fatigue life of structural connection. 3. 3. 3.4. 3. Fatigue analysis shall be performed for the Jacket structures using methods appropriate to the sensitivity to dynamic loading.21 Fabrication Loads All structures shall be checked for the loads applied during fabrication. appropriate for the site location.7. .18.104.22.168 3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.19 Other Installation Loads All structures and structural components shall be checked for all of the loads likely to be imposed during all phases of the installation. as a minimum: • • Horizontal impact force = 10% of the static weight of the item. Dynamic analysis shall be carried out to predict the fundamental periods of the platforms in order to confirm the sensitivity of the structure to wave induced excitation and shall be used to derive the dynamic amplification for the Inplace analysis loading conditions.8.20 Stab-in Guides and Installation Aids All stab-in guides and bumpers shall be designed for the following loads.4 REV.1 JACKET FATIGUE DESIGN General The tubular joints of the Jackets shall be analyzed for fatigue endurance in accordance with API RP 2A. A deterministic approach will be deemed adequate for platforms with fundamental period less than 3 seconds. The CONTRACTOR shall determine details of the loads and the structure support points.1 SHEET 23 of 51 components to be lifted are revised to an extent to affect the stress distribution in the structure.4. The imposed loads shall be appropriate to the method of installation.
the loading ranges due to wave may be based on eight phase angles out of which one phase angle at maximum base shear. For each direction wave heights shall be stepped in 150 mm increments to compute stress range versus wave height relationship.8. Appendix-III.7. iv) For estimation of the fatigue life.4. such stresses shall be combined with those due to wave action to obtain the total effective stress spectrum for a particular member or joint. The directions. 1 1 .7.2 Fatigue Life The in-service fatigue design life of the joints shall be at least two times platform service life. To determine phase angle at maximum and minimum base shear the wave shall be stepped through the structure at a phase angle of less than 5 degrees.4.4. vi) Where significant cyclic stresses may be induced by the action of wind.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. etc. 3. wave slamming. ii) Still water depth for fatigue analysis shall be taken as CD+(LAT) + half the Astronomical Tide as given in Table-5.3 Loading i) The environmental parameters to be used for computing the wave loading in the fatigue analysis shall be as given in Table-8. changes in member buoyancy. v) Dynamic amplification effects shall be taken into account in calculation of the loading where the period of the first mode of vibration of the structure is over 3 seconds. Appendix-III. Kinematics factors and hydrodynamic co-efficient to be selected as per guidelines of API RP 2A. remaining phase angles to be selected in between maximum and minimum base shear at the mud line. The 25 years wave data for eight directions shall be as given in Table-9. 3. Appendix-III. iii) Wave forces shall be computed in accordance with the procedure described in Section 3. estimating stress concentration factors.8. iv) Eight (8) wave directions (along each of the platform grid axes and in diagonal directions) shall be taken. fatigue S-N curves etc. and submit to the COMPANY for approval. another phase angle at minimum base shear. Appendix-III.1 SHEET 24 of 51 CONTRACTOR shall develop an appropriate fatigue analysis methodology and procedure to include wave selection. wave heights selected shall be as per directions indicated in Table-8 and 9.4 REV.
used to estimate the fatigue lives. Brace to weld failure and chord to weld failure. Particular attention shall be paid to joints in the top one-third of the substructure. Y and X Joints: .OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. SCFi + FRo.e. individual detailed consideration shall be given. in-plane bending and out-of-plane bending stress ranges and SCFa. b) For T. with due regard.4.G.4 REV. to the published reliable experimental data. Aug.8. iii) For each circular tubular joint two types of failure should be considered. SCFo Where FRa. SCFa + FRi.4 Analysis Procedure i) The fatigue analysis shall be performed for all joints. 1977). 3. FRi and FRo are the brace nominal axial. in-plane bending and out-of-plane bending stresses for the chord side or the brace side.4. For computation of fatigue damage the stress range versus wave height diagram for each wave approach direction shall be divided into a minimum of 10 blocks and the damage computed for each block and summed up. which determine the safety and reliability of all the steel work of the structure.8.5 Stress Concentration Factors (SCF) i) The hot spot stresses ranges at the joints on the brace and chord side of the weld. deck legs and bottom horizontal brace level. ii) For each joint and type of failure under consideration the stress range spectra shall be computed at a minimum of 8 positions around the joint periphery to ensure that the point of maximum damage and hence lowest fatigue life is considered. iv) For joints other than those between tubular members. shall be determined from. using the appropriate stress concentration factors. SCFi and SCFo are the corresponding stress concentration factors for axial. Hot spot stress range = FRa. ii) The fatigue life on both the brace and chord side of the weld may be calculated with one of the following methods for obtaining the stress concentration factor applied to the brace nominal stresses: a) For K Joints: Formula proposed by J. i.1 SHEET 25 of 51 3. Kuang et al “Stress Concentration in Tubular Joints” (Society of Petroleum Engg.
P. The thickness correction effect as specified in API RP 2A is applicable.4. 3. Smedley “Stress concentration in Unstiffened Tubular Joints” seminar on European Offshore steel Research. iii) Ring Stiffened Joints: In lieu of more accurate procedure for analysis these may be checked as for simple joints but using modified chord thickness. Wordsworth and G.4 REV. which by itself would give the same moment of inertia.8. which may be accounted for by calculating the area of the chord shell plus stiffener and from this the effective shell thickness. .OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.C. from the top of the jacket. Formulae proposed by Marshall & Kinra (Refer “Fatigue analysis of Cognac Platform” Paper No. These joints shall be marked with neoprene based Cupro-Nickel embedded sheets for future inspection purposes specified in Spec. iv) Effect of grouted pile in substructure leg joints may be considered appropriately for evaluation of SCF. for joints having a computed fatigue life. November 1978. 1979) may be used. where joints with computed in-service fatigue life less than six times the service life of the platform shall be identified.N. OTC 3378.4.6 S. using X-prime curve greater than half the required fatigue life. Curves The basic S-N curves to be used in the evaluation of fatigue life shall be the API X-prime curve.1 SHEET 26 of 51 Formula proposed by A. b) An increase in the stiffness of the chord which may be accounted for by calculating the moment of inertia of the chord shell plus stiffener and from this the effective shell thickness. The use of X-curve with corresponding joint preparation as per API RP 2A is acceptable. 3. c) Other established empirical formula for evaluating SCF may be used in lieu of those given above subject to prior approval of COMPANY. which by itself will give the same area. 6001 F. Any other established formulae may also be used with prior approval of Company. The effect of ring stiffeners is two fold: a) An increase in area of the chord.8.7 Marking of Joints The CONTRACTOR shall identify the joints with the computed in-service fatigue life less than four times the service life of the platform except joints at second level.
1 FOUNDATION DESIGN Soil Data The soil investigation reports of all the platform locations are included as indicated at Table 16.4 Under drive and Overdrive Allowance The pile wall thickness make-up shall be designed to allow for the possibility of pile driving refusal prior to design penetration and overdrive beyond design penetration.2 Foundation Type CONTRACTOR shall design the foundation system.4 REV. The minimum factor of safety for a pile foundation shall be 2. or b) The depth computed/stated in approved geotechnical reports. The Contractor shall generate all necessary data for any particular pile size based on the data furnished in the soil investigation report at no extra cost to the COMPANY and submit the same to the COMPANY for review and approval before used in the analysis 22.214.171.124.9. 3.5 times the pile diameter. The minimum under drive and over drive allowance shall be submitted for COMPANY approval.9 3. Appendix.4.3 Scour The minimum scour depth around Jacket leg/piling shall be the greater of: a) 1.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. A drawing marking all such joints shall be prepared and submitted to COMPANY for approval 3.5 under extreme storm. The foundation system shall be sufficient to develop adequate capacity to resist the maximum computed loads with an appropriate factor of safety in accordance with API RP 2A.III. 3.0 under operating storms and 1. .4.9.1 SHEET 27 of 51 Identification marking shall be easily accessible for divers and a minimum gap of 250mm shall be maintained between the identified joint and the marking.9.4. appropriate to the structures and soil conditions that meet the requirements of API RP 2A. as stipulated in API RP 2A.
During detail engineering the Contractor shall perform a detail pile drivability analysis using stress wave equation procedure to ensure that the piles as proposed in his design are drivable to the design penetration with the hammers as listed in Table-19. For this purpose the analysis shall be done for each type of pile and for each combination of pile/add-on geometry and hammer at discrete penetrations for the full length of each pile. at no extra cost and time to the COMPANY. Shear keys shall be designed in accordance with API RP 2A and with the following considerations: a) Load transfer should be considered only through the length over which the shear keys of both pile and sleeve.5 Pile Group Effect For piles groups as clusters. The Contractor shall also design the pile wall thickness requirements and add-on lengths of the piles from drivability.9.4 REV. dynamic and static stress considerations.1 SHEET 28 of 51 3. Appendix-III. The pile shall be checked with its tip both plugged and unplugged for a range of hammer size. 6001 F 3. overlap including under drive/overdrive conditions. Contractor shall also perform a detail drivability analysis for the conductors to ensure the conductors are drivable to the design penetration as given in Appendix IV.4. The parameters to be used for drivability analysis shall be as given in Table-17.9. .7 Pile Installation a) Drivability Based on preliminary drivability studies the bidder to list set of hammers proposed to be mobilized by them (Refer Table-19. of jacket. pile group effect shall be considered as per API RP 2A 3.6 Shear Keys Shear keys on piles and the pile sleeves shall be provided.4. In case higher capacity hammers are found necessary during detail engineering the same shall be mobilized by the Contractor.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.25 Mpa whereas the actual grout strength during installation shall not be less than as specified in Spec. Appendix-III. b) Design strength of grout shall be taken as 17. Appendix-III.) to drive the piles proposed in their conceptual design to the design penetration.9.
10 DESIGN PROCEDURES 3.0m from a stratum where hard driving is expected c) Pile Run Down Evaluation The Contractor shall perform the pile run down evaluation under the following conditions as a minimum requirement. 3.1 General a) Structural design shall conform to the relevant codes listed in section 3.4.1 SHEET 29 of 51 b) Pile Section Length Pile section lengths shall be selected in accordance with API RP 2A. ii) When total work done by the pile against soil resistance is less than the potential energy lost by the pile due to free drop. allowable stresses shall be computed using rational procedures and appropriate factors of safety.4 REV.4. Disturbed zone shall be equal to the full depth of the estimated jack-up rig footing penetration. Contractor may also employ any other method suitable to the pertinent soil condition to estimate pile run down. 3. and other relevant standards and codes specified in Appendix -1 b) Structural design shall be based on working stress design. The sensitivity of the soil in the disturbed zone shall be as given in the soil report.10.8 Soil Disturbance Disturbed soil conditions upon withdrawal of jack-up rig shall be considered for the front row piles of well platforms.4. The pile make-up shall be planned to avoid pile add-ons when the pile tip is nearer than 3.4. c) Where code checks are not applicable. Appendix-III.9.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. The Contractor shall generate all necessary data for use in the analysis. in particular API RP 2A and AISC. The estimated jackup rig footing penetration shall be as given in Table-18. d) Major rolled shapes shall be compact sections as defined by AISC . Consideration shall also be given to the Contractor’s proposed marine spread and the allowable stick-up length for the hammers to be used. i) When soil resistance to driving (SRD) is less than the static weight of pile and or pile plus hammer. iii) When blow count during initial driving is less than two blows per 30 cms.2.
Contractor shall demonstrate this aspect suitably. The structure shall be designed in such a way that the natural frequency of the supporting structure is less than 70% or greater than 140% of the equipment operating frequency. l) All major structural members shall meet the following guidelines: m) n) o) Member slenderness ratio: K1/r <100. in order to avoid areas difficult for maintenance. Plates shall be reinforced if concentrated loads are directly placed on plating.1 SHEET 30 of 51 e) The minimum thickness of structural plates and flange/web of rolled sections as defined by AISC should not be less than 6mm.4 REV. 1 p) 1 q) . g) The minimum thickness of Jacket tubular should be 12 mm except in the splash zone where 25mm thick tubular should be used. k) Member stresses due to aspects which are not specifically covered in the computer structural analysis shall be investigated by manual calculations and results combined with computer results to ensure that the stress and deflection limitations are not exceeded. j) Vibration should be considered for any structure supporting major rotating machinery. Rolled tubular member diameter to thickness ratio: 20 < D/t <60. wherever applicable.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Incase of concentric tubular for grouted skirt pile sleeves jacket with skirt piles the D/t for tubulars used for skirt sleeve shall be <80. and plating on building module shall be 6 mm minimum and shall have proper slope to check accumulation of water/liquid. battened and lattice type built up sections shall not be permitted. The buckling coefficient K shall be chosen for each member in accordance with API RP 2A recommendations. Incase of concentric tubular for grouted jacket legs with piles the D/t for tubulars used for jacket leg shall be <100. Use of sections back-to-back. during detailed engineering. f) Deck plate shall be chequered type with a raised pattern surface and the minimum thickness should be 8 mm. h) The minimum thickness of deck truss tubular should be 8 mm i) Clear span of plating and grating should not exceed 1200 mm.
2 Connections All connections shall be designed as welded joints. Where overlap cannot be avoided.10. The web stiffeners shall be designed to carry in compression the permissible axial load of the brace. Truss brace to chord joints shall be designed for transfer of axial loads from one brace to another across the truss chord in shear. The joints required for removable type structural members shall be considered as bolted joints as approved by the COMPANY during detailed engineering.3 Deflections Deflections shall be limited to criteria based on equipment operating requirements specified by equipment suppliers or the following. plate girder or wide flange joints shall be designed in accordance with AISC using rational engineering methods.10. on each side from the centerline of the extreme incoming brace(s) or length of the can whichever is less.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. 3.4. combining rolled wide flange sections with tubular sections as used in module trusses.1 SHEET 31 of 51 3.4. a) Tubular Joints Tubular joint design and detailing for both pre-service and in-service conditions shall be in accordance with API RP 2A and shall be designed and detailed as simple joints. . d) Cross joints. Launch leg joints and other joints in which the load is transferred across the chord shall be designed assuming an effective width of the chord equal to 1. b) Non-Tubular Joints Hybrid joints.4 REV. c) Ring Stiffened Joints Appropriate closed ring solutions shall be used to design launch leg ring stiffeners at deck leg/girder intersections as per the provisions of API RP 2A. whichever is less: a) Deflections shall be checked for the actual equipment live loads and casual area live loads pattern loading shall be considered.25 times chord diameter. the minimum overlap shall be determined as per API RP 2A.
boat landing.6 Beam and Plate Girder Design The local design of beams and plate girders shall be based on the applicable loads defined in Appendix-III.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. risers and riser guard. .10. These shall be designed in accordance with AISC specification and shall incorporate the following guidelines.10. 3. 2005 “Protective Coating”. All analyses shall be performed with the same Computer Programme and should utilize the same base model. Each bearing member shall be serrated by making a hole of 10 mm dia. 3.10. Bearing member shall be minimum 30 mm X 5 mm serrated type spreader at 30 mm center to center. Grating below cellar deck shall conform to Spec. Gratings shall be galvanized as per specification no.4 Structural Analysis All structural analysis shall be performed using a suitable structural analysis computer programme.1 SHEET 32 of 51 b) Deflection of members supporting sensitive equipment shall be not greater than 1/500 for beams and L/250 for cantilevers. etc.4.. i.e.4.pile stiffness interaction.4. 3.4 REV. conductors.5 Deck Plate and Grating Design The local design of deck plating and grating shall be based on the applicable loads defined in Appendix-III Grating Design shall be for a maximum deflection restriction of L/200 or 6 mm whichever is less. The modeling techniques used should be appropriate for the structure being analysed and in conformance with proven industry practice. 6002 F. at 15 mm center to center at top end and depth of hole shall be 8 mm to match with 8 mm dia. the in-place analysis. Steel cross bar shall be minimum 8 mm dia high strength deformed bar spaced at 75 mm center to center. c) Deflection of other structural members shall be not greater than L/360 for beams and L/180 for cantilevers Where “L” is the effective span of the member. bar top. The datum for the axes should be the Chart Datum. The Jacket model should consider the effect of environmental loads on the appurtenances including anodes. The in-place analyses shall include a combined Jacket and Topsides model to ensure correct soil. barge bumpers.
7 Handrails. Web. Stairways and Ladders Handrails.4. For this zone the materials shall conform to Spec. . 3. double runner with serrated bar grating treads and handrails except for the level below cellar deck to boat landing. These shall also be checked for loading due to hydro test conditions. i) Walkway and stair tread grating shall be designed to be replaceable.1 SHEET 33 of 51 1.10. 4. c) The top rail of the handrail shall be supported at maximum 1500 mm intervals. d) Handrails shall be designed to withstand 100 kg concentrated load acting vertically or horizontally at any point.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. loading and unloading areas shall be removable type. 2.3. All plate girders shall be compact sections as defined by AISC. 3. Deflections. Deflection shall be limited to the criteria specified in Section 3. walkways. e) Handrails in the wave zone shall also be designed to withstand extreme storm maximum wave loading.6002F.10. • Dead load + live loads • Dead load + extreme storm three second wind gusts and/or extreme storm maximum wave whichever is applicable g) Stairways shall be of structural steel. stairways and ladders shall be designed in accordance with as specified below: a) Handrails shall be provided around the perimeter of all open decks and on both sides of stairways. Top and bottom flanges at a given section shall be of the same grade of steel and symmetric about the beam’s axes. b) Handrails around the perimeter of lay down areas. stairways and landings shall be designed for the following load combinations.4 REV. Walkways.4. h) The minimum clear width of stairways and walkways shall be 750 mm. f) Walkways.
154” Std 100 X 6 100 X 100 X 8 6mm Removable type handrail shall be fitted with Socket/Collar. IV vertical post and 48.1 SHEET 34 of 51 A. Collar 60.4 REV. The Socket/Collar shall be fitted with Kick plate.I Type – II Type – III Type . Handrails Handrails of height 1100 mm with three horizontal tubular and one 100 mm X 6 mm kick plate shall be provided around the perimeter of each deck (except the helideck). HR on and above Cellar deck removable type. Preferable Member size for different handrail is shown below for guidelines: MEMBER Type–I vertical post horizontal member and top --INDIAN STANDARD INTERNATIONAL STANDARD Composite materials as per specs 6002 F. Type –II. TYPE Type .9” X 0. Handrails around loading/unloading areas shall be made removable to allow loads on hoists to pass.5” X 0. 2005 “Protective Coating”.91 Kick plate 100 X 6 Coaming angle 100 X 100 X 8 Safety Chain 6 mm 6mm 1. both sides of stairways.3Φ X 5. 3. sides of walk ways in Jacket level and side of helideck walk ways. 2.3Φ X 3. III. SL. . Preferable types of handrails are detailed below for guidelines.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Hand rails and kick plates shall be galvanized as per specification no. 6002 F HR on and above Cellar deck fixed type.2” XS 2. NO 1.IV Detail of hand rail type HR at & below Cellar deck (wave zone) fixed type as per Spec. Sharp end/joint at the top each flight of stair/ladder shall be made round. HR with safety chain. 4.08 horizontal member Type – III Socket.
to allow personnel easy and safe access in elevated locations. Walkways. Walkways. FS 5102. where required. where H is the height above the deck. Stairways treads and landing area grating between boat landing area and cellar deck level shall be of composite material conforming to specs. .1 SHEET 35 of 51 B.8 Access Platforms Access platforms shall be provided.4.10. The deflection of the top of pedestal from the supporting deck shall be limited to H/200 under design loads. Tread shall be of 30 mm thick grating .4 REV.4.10 Fire Walls The fire ratings for the firewall partitions as covered in the scope of the work for walls. 3. 6002F. 3. ceilings and floors shall be determined by CONTRACTOR following the platform safety case/risk assessment studies. Stairways and Landings Riser height shall be between 170 mm to 200 mm and width of tread shall be 230 mm.The projection of steps shall overlap 20mm minimum.50Z steel (API 2H-50Z).9 Cranes The crane pedestals and the supporting structure shall be designed in accordance with API RP 2A and API SPEC 2C except that the impact factors shall conform to design requirements for the cranes. 6001F. Access platforms shall be designed for live loads described in Appendix III and any piping or other imposed loads.4. The supporting structure is defined as the pedestal and all members directly connected to the pedestal.10. 3. Kick plates. Handrails. All stairs extending to the substructure walkway level shall be adjustable in length to suit site conditions. and for the zone in and above cellar deck level material shall be as per Specs.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. The fire protection system for firewalls shall comply with the specification Passive Fire Protection for Structural steelwork on offshore platforms shall be as per Functional Safety Spec. The material for pedestal shall meet or exceed the requirements of API Spec 2H Gr.10. Crane pedestal shall be located in elevation and plan such that the crane operator will have a clear line of vision to the deck of supply boat and to the cargo landing zone on the platform.
10. a safety factor of 2.4.4. bottom clearance and barge-jacket behavior during launching operation. d) No increase in basic allowable member stresses is permitted. b) Any deflections must be within the elastic limit of the material c) A 33% increase in allowable member stresses is permitted.12 Sea fastenings CONTRACTOR shall asses the extent of sea fastenings. 3. if specified.10.4.10. The maximum allowable applied load for the skid rail shall be nominated by CONTRACTOR b) The skid shoes should be designed to meet the dimensional requirements of the skid rails in the construction yard. The design of sea fastenings shall accommodate the anticipated loads during Transportation. . 3. should also be determined by the CONTRACTOR following the Platform Safety Case/Risk Assessment studies.0 shall be applied to the attachment points and the structure local to the attachment point.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.13 Stab-in Guides and Installation Aids The following should be considered a) The aids should be designed such that they fail prior to permanent deformation of any part of the permanent structure. 3.11 Skid Shoe Design The following should be considered a) The skid shoes should be designed such that the module reaction forces are spread evenly onto the skid rail.10.14 Jacket Launch Three dimensional launch simulation analysis shall be performed to determine the jacket stability.1 SHEET 36 of 51 The requirement to fire protection of the primary structural steelwork and the platform crane pedestal. The permanent structural members shall be designed in such way so that they can withstand significantly more load than the aids. Consideration should be given to the effects of any eccentrically applied loads.4 REV. as established by CONTRACTOR c) At the tugging points. 3.
00 m at both top and bottom of the jacket shall be ensured during the entire launch operation.4. The rocker beam load distribution shall account for the relative stiffness of the rocker beam and launch leg. a) Maximum water depth reached during pre service operations. which enter the water within 15 degrees of horizontal. by the CONTRACTOR f) Sufficient combinations of the above basic parameters shall be analyzed to produce the worst-case launch scenario.1 SHEET 37 of 51 Three dimensional launch trajectory analyses shall consider the following variation in basic parameters. g) A minimum mud line clearance of 10.0 b) Accidental complete submergence condition i. shall be checked for slam effects using predicted velocities from the launch analysis.e. Members with all longitudinal axes. a) Launch Weight (-) 3% to (+) 5% of the weight defined in the Weight Control report b) Longitudinal Centre of Gravity is offset to 1% of length of jacket towards top of jacket c) Barge Trim is (–) 50% to (+)50% of the selected trim d) Coefficient of Friction for skid rails is (+) 25% of estimated value e) Higher values of variation in the above parameters may be studied. with a factor of safety of 2.10.5. hydrostatic pressure at mud level with a factor of safety of 1.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. and shall satisfy moment equilibrium constraints on the rocker beam. . 3.4 REV. if so required.15 Hydrostatic Collapse i) All buoyant member including buoyancy tanks shall be checked for hydrostatic collapse during the pre-service conditions for higher of the two following cases. The Jacket member and joint stresses shall be checked for code compliance during all phases of the launch.
17 Jacket on Bottom Stability A rigid body stability analysis shall be performed for the Jacket to ensure stability: Before pile installation During all stages of pile installation . derrick vessel hook loads and buoyancy requirements at successive stages of the Jacket installation.2 3.4 REV.4.1 SHEET 38 of 51 ii) Tubular members shall be checked for in-service condition for hydrostat pressure and in-service stress interaction as per API RP 2A.III. the reserve buoyancy shall be minimum of 6%. bottom clearance. The environmental criteria during installation are given in the Table 7. The factor of safety for axial compression case shall be taken as 1. Appendix.4. 3. The Still Water Level may be defined as:CD+LAT + 50% of Astronomical Tide For the on-bottom weight the jacket shall be considered in all its applicable set down ballast and stabbed hanging pile configurations.10. Any slope in the seabed shall be taken into account.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. The steel mudmats shall be sized to provide bearing and sliding resistance.0 m shall be maintained throughout the upending operation b) A minimum reserve buoyancy of 12% over the estimated weight shall be ensured in the design c) With any one buoyancy component fully flooded.16 Jacket Flotation and Upending Flotation and Upending analyses shall be performed to investigate the stability.5 and 2.10. The ultimate bearing capacity . Following points shall also be considered during floating and upending analysis: a) A minimum bottom clearance of 3. Both still water and installation environmental conditions shall be considered. For earthquake condition the factor of safety for axial compression case shall be taken as 1.0 for extreme and operating environmental conditions respectively.
The system shall be designed as a fail-safe system to cater for all possible contingencies/eventualities such as failure of any of the components. Safety factors of 2.0 for bearing failure and 1.5 for sliding failure shall be applied as per API code. B) Grouting System Contractor shall provide a reliable grouting system for grouting of the substructure leg/skirt sleeves with the piles if proposed in his design.10.4. b) Single stage grouting system with packers/grout seals. the Contractor shall appoint a qualified pressure grouting sub-contractor with proven experience for execution of work. In case substructure leg extensions are provided in design. where used may be used to enhance the mudmat capacity.18. Should the Contractor propose pressure grouting they shall furnish proof of their experience and capabilities to the satisfaction of the company. 3. the grout inlet shall be taken below mudline just above the packer and the grout line shall have a protective casing up to mudline. In the absence of necessary experience.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.10. .18 Jacket & Topsides Installation Aids Installation aids shall be designed to suit the proposed method of installation for the anticipated function and leads and the requirements of API RP 2A 3. The system proposed by the Contractor shall be of proven design.4.1 SHEET 39 of 51 of the mudmats under combined vertical and horizontal loading shall be calculated using the methods in API RP 2A. Critical wave heights shall be determined and checked against installation environmental conditions for jacket overturning/mudmat uplift.1 A) Substructure Installation Aid: Flooding System Flooding system shall be a suitable and reliable system for the jacket legs or buoyancy chamber for controlled flooding of the jacket during upending and placing on bottom. The acceptable primary grouting systems are as follows : a) Pressure grouting system. Pile sleeve extensions or skirts. mudmat sliding and bearing failures.4 REV. Any of the grouting systems adopted shall have provision for alternate means of grouting in case of failure of the planned system.
4 REV. in case the pressure grouting system is not utilized. Properly sized air supply lines shall extend from each of the grout seals to the substructure top level. C. b) The total weight of all pile including add-on sections supported at this level during piling operation. D. Loading during loadout and transportation shall also be considered in the design. Subsequent Level: 0.25 times the weight of the lead section applied lateral to the plane of the supporting frame. Two seals shall be provided at each location. . Suitable arrangement shall be provided for collection of return grout from the annulus. Passive Grout Seals of proven design may be provided as an alternative to inflatable grout packers.1 SHEET 40 of 51 The Contractor shall also provide two additional diver operated grout ports at appropriate elevations as back-up. which will initially pass this level.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.4. Skirt Pile guides Skirt Pile guides shall be designed for the loads imposed during the installation of the skirt piles.5 times the weight of the lead pile section.10. Top Level : a) 1. Second Level: The weight of the pile.15. As a minimum following criteria shall be considered for the design of the skirt pile guide and the supporting framework. Inflatable grouting packers of proven design shall only be acceptable. c) 0. All inflatable packers shall be provided with a rupture disc installed above the inflating connections to prevent premature inflation of the packer by hydrostatic pressure in the event of inflation line getting damaged during substructure installation. Buoyancy Tanks Buoyancy tank’s supports shall be designed to withstand the effect of maximum hydrostatic pressures and slamming forces during dive as per Section 3.5 times the weight of the pile. which will initially pass these levels.
A lateral load of 5% of the static sling load shall be applied in addition to the lateral load computed during the upending operation. G. In case of difference in sizes of chaser section and skirt pile section. Lifting eyes shall be designed as per requirements of API .4 REV.10. Positive type of connectors shall be used to drive skirt piles.1 SHEET 41 of 51 E.4. 3. A load factor of 2.18. a) Lifting Eyes / Trunnions Trunnions shall be used for lifting points with a static sling load of over 600 tonnes.0 shall be considered for all the above loads. The orientation of the lower set of padeyes shall be fixed by taking into account the variation of the angle of sling with rotation of the substructure during successive stages of upending operation. CONTRACTOR shall design all installation aids to suit his method of installation for the anticipated function and loads. Upending Padeyes Upending padeyes shall be designed for the maximum sling load computed during the upending operation. Lifting Padeyes Lifting Padeyes shall be designed as per API RP 2A.2 Design of Installation Aids for superstructure The minimum requirements for different installation aids for the superstructure are given in this section. F.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. H. Adequate pile connectors shall be used to assemble chaser pile segments and ensure a sound connection of the chaser with the skirt pile during pile driving. The substructure legs shall have ring stiffeners at these locations to prevent ovalising of the tubular. This load shall be applied at the edge of the outer check plate. Chaser Pile and Pile Connections The CONTRACTOR shall provide adequate chaser piles for driving the skirt piles of the substructure. the actual energy transmitted to the skirt pile shall be considered for drivability analysis. Pile Stabbing Guides Stabbing guides shall be designed to facilitate centering and alignment and to provide effective support to pile add-on sections. Applicable requirements of API RP 2A shall be followed.
For structural design the load shall be treated as a concentrated load.4. b) Spreader Frames Spreader frames shall preferably be connected to the modules by slings. load distribution changes and final selection of rigging. environmental loads. The design sling load shall be computed based on an assumed tilt of 2º in the most adverse direction.18 above and including a side sway force of 5 percent of the vertical force in the 4 grid directions. Basic AISC permissible stresses shall be used in the design. The lifting eye / trunnions design shall include sufficient reserve strength to allow for future weight growth. uniform live loads and dead loads.4 REV.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Boat landings associated connections and local framing shall be designed for boat impact loads.10. c) Bumper Guides Bumper guides shall be provided on superstructure to arrest the sway of the module being installed over it and to position the module accurately. Mooring bollards shall be provided near each end of the boat landings for supply vessel mooring.4. 3.1 SHEET 42 of 51 RP 2A. Two swing ropes shall be provided near the mid point of each landing.7. and the connections to the support shall be stronger than the guide elements. The lifting analysis of the module with spreader frames with rigid legs and sway braces shall be carried out as per clause 3. one at the face of the landing and the other 1 metre seawards of the landing face and about 1 meter apart . Vertical rub-strips along berthing face of the boat landings shall be provided.19 Boat Landing Boat landing shall be provided in minimum three steps with minimum stepping of one-meter between high and low tide variation with suitable ladder. The guide system configuration and design shall be such that the guide system elements fail prior to any damage to the module or the support structure. The guide system shall be designed for a Normal load of 10 percent of the module weight in the direction of guide support and a friction force of 3 percent of the module weight in the lateral direction acting simultaneously. If rigid legs are provided by the Contractor they shall be adequately braced to carry sway forces.
Analysis of jacket framing members shall be carried out for the boat impact loads on Barge bumper. The barge bumpers shall be designed as removable and readily replaceable with stabbing guide on sub-sea support member.0 m elevation adjustment to compensate for variation in the installed height of the jacket. 3. during installation operation. barge bumper etc. Local denting of the vertical post shall be neglected.4.4. Plastic collapse analysis may be performed for this purpose. The support of the riser / conductor protector.10. Proper arrangements for replacing the swing ropes from topside of the lower deck shall be provided. No one third increases in permissible stress shall be allowed in Jacket framing member for this analysis. In case of boat landing designed to be field installed. However. it should be detailed to allow a (+/-) 1.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.10. shall be designed to absorb a concentrated impact energy of 100 tonne metres (TM) applied any where on face at any point. which are welded to the jacket shall be designed elastically. For this purpose the force equal to the rated load of the shock cell shall be applied at the shock cell support points.4 REV. as specified in the scope of the work. The boat landing shall be detailed such that there shall be no interference with other items of substructure such as risers. Swing ropes shall be supported from the lower deck structure. No increase in basic permissible stresses shall be considered..20 Barge Bumper For structural design the load shall be treated as a concentrated load. one third increases shall be allowed for a vertical member supporting the barge bumpers / shock cells. Any point on the deflected structure shall be at least 300 mm clear from any present or future riser / conductor. .21 Riser Protector/Conductor Protector All riser/ conductor protectors. Riser Protectors /Conductor Protectors shall be designed as removable and readily replaceable with stabbing guide on sub-sea support member. 3. It is permissible to integrate the design of bat landing and barge bumper system in to a single unit with appropriate energy absorption of loads as given in design criteria. The boat landing shall be designed as removable and readily replaceable with stabbing guide on sub-sea support member.1 SHEET 43 of 51 horizontally.
3. 3. The minimum clearance between any two Conductors shall not be less than 600 mm below mud line and 150 mm above mud line.4. if any. necessary remedial measure shall be taken as per Section 3.23 Conductors The number of Conductor (both curved and straight) shall be as indicated at Appendix-IV.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Second Level: 1.5 time the weight of the Conductor which will initially pass this level. The CONTRACTOR shall procure. which will initially pass this level and elastic bending forces due to curved conductor. At the lower end of conductor a driving shoe having wall thickness more than conductor. The support/guide for Curved Conductor shall be designed for elastic bending forces of outer casing conductor and subsequent casing/tubing to be installed inside the outer casing as per detail indicated in Appendix-IV.5 times the weight of the Conductor. which will initially pass this level and elastic bending forces due to curved conductor. in combination with extreme storm design environmental conditions.9. However.3 of Specification 6001 F. Subsequent Level: 0. having length 500 mm with bevel end shall be installed. The designs of Conductor guide framing shall also consider the load imposed during and after the installation of conductors. whichever is governing. Curvature of curved conductors shall be taken 3° per 30.5 times the weight of the Conductor.” The jacket shall also be designed to cater for loads from protectors for future risers and conductors/clamp-on. if any.10. .22 Conductor Guide Framing.10. As a minimum the following criteria shall be considered for the design of Conductor guide framing: Top Level: Weight of all the Conductors (Straight and Curved) installed in the substructure prior to drilling or1. in case of refusal in driving of conductor. fabricate and install all the conductors by driving to a depth 70M below the mud line or point of refusal whichever is earlier. Uniform internal diameter of the conductor shall also be maintained.4.4 REV.5 m of arc length.1 SHEET 44 of 51 Riser / conductor protectors shall bear painted signs “DO NOT BERTH. Curved Conductors may be pre-installed in the substructure before the substructure load out.6.
Clamp Location of I-Tube/J-Tube I-Tube/ J-Tube shall be supported by Hanger clamp at Jacket Level and other (adequate) clamps suitably placed and supported from Jacket member in sub-sea both for new and existing platform. electrical continuity for Cathodic Protection of clamps shall be provided between Jacket and clamps.4.10. All bolting on the I-Tube/JTube clamps shall utilize fully tightened. Clamp shall be initially padded with 12 mm thick Neoprene sheet bonded to the clamp steel surface by adhesion.2H. Bolts and washers for clamping the I-Tube/J-Tube shall be XYLAN COATED. 3. so no external corrosion allowance require to be made for splash Zone. However.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Number of clamps and their location shall be selected by CONTRACTOR to prevent the I-Tube/ J-Tube from becoming overstressed during design storm conditions. Gr. are also to be designed as structural member as per Structural Design Criteria: i) I-Tube / J-Tube Thickness On firming up of internal diameter of I-Tube / J-Tube during detail engineering. All Nuts.24 Design of I-TUBE / J-TUBE I-tube / J-tube shall be designed as a structural member fitted from jacket level hanger clamp to bending level of flexible pipe. Contractor shall submit detail Neoprene sheet fixing procedure for Company’s approval. to be laid inside of Itube / J-tube. All Nuts. The I-Tube/J-Tube below the splash zone required to be protected with Cathodic protection as per Clause No.4. 2015. Vortex Induced Vibration (VIV) design spanning studies are carried out to determine the thickness of I-Tube/ J-Tube. iii) I-Tube/J-Tube is required to be protected by protective coating of MONEL SHEATHING in splash zone in accordance with Specification 2015.4 REV. shall be supported by adequate number of clamps. B7 and ASTM 194. Where adjustable clamps are provided.1 SHEET 45 of 51 3. Gr.2. ii) . Specification of Neoprene specified in Specification No.2.6. Bolts and washers shall conform to ASTM 193. I-Tube / J-Tube shall be capable to withstand storm condition and Vortex Shedding Criteria as per DNV rules. double nuts with washer on each end of the struts.
a) Loading The bridges between platforms shall be designed to withstand the appropriate operating loads including piping. The following requirements apply to the design criteria for bridges and determination of bridge load for jacket and deck design.26 Bridge Design The requirements for design of the bridge for in-service conditions are given in this section.4 REV. The check for pre-service condition shall be same as for super structure. iv) Hanger Flange All I-Tube/J-Tube shall be provided with suitable hanger flange for supporting it. fabrication and installation of I-Tube/J-Tube 126.96.36.199. in combination with wind loads.25 Design of Temporary Members/Props Temporary members/props and other aids for loadout and transportation shall be designed and used by the Contractor to ensure that there is no overstressing or damage to any permanent member of structure during loadout /transportation operations. Company shall review and approve complete details.4. The bridges shall be designed to be installed using suitable pickup sling arrangement. manufactured and installed by CONTRACTOR as per relevant codes and standards. design. cable and cable trays.1 SHEET 46 of 51 Internal corrosion allowance of 3 mm shall be applied to the I-Tube/JTube wall thickness for the full length of I-Tube/J-Tube and bell mouth.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. live loads and contingencies as per Appendix–II. 3. monorails. For in-place (Operating and Extreme) conditions the piping operating loads computed on . I-Tube /J-Tube flexible flow line seal shall be designed to be installed at the end of the bell mouth. The I-Tube/J-Tube hang off clamp shall be designed to allow the addition of corrosion inhibitor and / or Oxygen scavenger in side the I-Tube/J-Tube. I-Tube/J-Tube hanger flanges shall be designed.
cable and cable trays + piping operating contents weight + walkways live load + monorail live load + operating wind load + bridge frictional load. ii. The hinged connection shall be designed to withstand 150% of the expected axial thrust.m shall be considered on the bridge walkway. The AFC and as-built drawings of bridge landing for both ends of each bridge shall contain a note indicating the maximum bridge reaction for which the bridge landing has been designed for.0 M tolerance in all direction for final platform location. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. 150% of the total predicted translation shall be allowed for in the end connection and bridge design. One end of the bridge shall be designed as a hinged support and the other end as a sliding support. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. The sliding support shall provide guide restraints in the vertical and lateral directions. iii. A live load of 250 Kg/sq. Support Conditions The bridge shall be designed to accommodate transverse and longitudinal differential platform movement between the two platforms supporting it.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. iv. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. The load combination to be considered for the design of bridges shall be as follows:i. The sliding support shall be a self lubricating bearing element. b) . Bridge support shall be capable of accommodating a + 1. cable and cable trays + hydrotest load of any one of the large diameter pipe at a time.4 REV. Predicted maximum relative deflection shall be calculated based on a ‘worst’ case condition ie. cable and cable trays + piping operating contents weight + extreme storm wind + bridge frictional load. the sum of the maximum absolute deflections of the adjacent platforms. cable and cable trays.1 SHEET 47 of 51 the basis of presently planned piping (including any planned future piping) shall be increased by 20% to cater to the possible future needs.
11 3. deck drainage system etc.1 HELI DECK Helideck Analysis Design:The entire helideck primary trusses and frame shall be analyzed as three dimensional space frame based on the guidelines as indicated below and as per the data and load combinations indicated at Table 21 & 22 at AppendixIII a) All functional requirements.11. including lighting. fire protection system. . 3. protective perimeter fencing. markings on helideck.IV and shall be designed for local condition and adequacy of existing members to the nearest truss shall be ensured. solar panel platform and fire fighting platform shall be as given in Appendix-III. shall be in accordance with API RP 2L. unless specified otherwise in the respective discipline specifications. shall be provided by the Contractor.4. if required. c) Helideck safety net shall slope upwards at 10 degrees with the outer edge level with the flight deck surface.12 Miscellaneous Accessories Three identification boards. 3. if any specified in the scope of the work. The letters on the boards shall be at least 900 mm in size.4. shall include extension of deck as given in APPENDIX.1 SHEET 48 of 51 c) Deflection The maximum deflection of the bridge due to bridge in operation + live load shall be limited to L/300. b) Design loads for helideck beams. The bridge shall be designed to be fabricated with a built-in camber so that it will remain level after installation. clamps with the framing in such a way that head of the bolts should be on top. where ‘L’ is the average distance between bridge support points.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Details of existing supporting member shall be collected by the Contractor during pre-engineering survey.4.4 REV. d) Helideck safety net shall be fixed with G.I. Strengthening of existing members. 3. The details to be written on the boards shall be approved by the Company. with name of the platforms shall be provided on North and South faces of the platforms and on the top of the helideck respectively.4.13 Modification of platform Modification.
This Report shall be prepared separately for all the modules. Offshore lifting. Transportation mode. collate and distribute weight information to the Contractor’s project team.4.4.14 Weight Control An effective weight control procedure shall be developed.14.4 REV. supports air lines. valves etc. Electrical cabling including cable trays. Appropriate contingencies at various stages. which are identified to be lifted separately offshore.1 SHEET 49 of 51 3. This report shall be computer generated in which various building / module components constituting the platform top sides are identified under separate heads and the weight assessment of each unit shall be made for the following conditions a) b) c) Inplace mode (for dry.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. hydraulic lines. The procedure shall collect. Consumable. supports etc. 3. For each of these items weight information shall be generally formatted as follows: Structural steel work Architectural and finish material including coating and insulation. bulk materials and consumable to be installed on the platform in the form of a Weight Control Report. The NTE (Not To Exceed) weights for the proposed installation methodology should be established.1 Weight Control Report The Contractor shall maintain a detailed weight inventory of all equipment. valves and supports (identified by name and / or tag number). documented and followed throughout design and construction. operating and test conditions). Piping. Each of equipment using actual tag number for identification. . Instrumentation cabling including cable trays.
The load contingencies stated in Appendix-II shall be applied to the weights arrived at in the weight control report and shall be used in the preservice and in-service design of the various components. but not be limited. All weight and weight changes shall be periodically monitored throughout the design. 3.14.4. As engineering / procurement work progresses.2 Weight Monitoring and Control The weight control report shall incorporate appropriate contingencies based on the reliability / accuracy of the source of weight information. This margin shall not be less than 5% till the time of weighing of the modules. Detailed weighing procedures shall be developed and submitted for Company’s approval. latest available MTO’s etc.4 REV.3 Weighing of Decks The contractor. .OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Final MTO for electrical and instrument items. Final piping isometrics and MTO’s. Final structural MTO’s. subsequent weight control reports provide an updated weight information which shall be used to estimate the margin on weight available at that stage. The weighing activity shall include. shall accurately weigh platform Decks. b) Prepare schedule of items both permanent and temporary on the module at the time of weighing results with the theoretical values. The quality of input data shall be progressively refined and ultimately result in the following: Data taken from equipment and valve certificates.14.4. 3. These contingencies shall be added in a statistical manner to obtain the best estimate of the component weight. to the following: a) Weighing of module as per Company approved procedure. prior to loadout. c) Reconcile weighing results with the theoretical values. A similar weight control report shall be prepared for each substructure for the transportation mode.1 SHEET 50 of 51 Initial input of data shall consist of weights in which a high degree of confidence can be placed and which are backed with data taken from Vendors.
3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. which are to be removed i. 3. rigging platforms etc. Necessary reinforcement of the structures and the modules shall be carried out before load out.4. prior to lifting together with any items.4. The final In-place analysis of the substructures shall be performed after computation of deck loads based on the above and documented. Contractor shall also perform a final In-place and lifting analysis of the Decks after the weighing incorporating the results of weighing. This responsibility shall include but not be limited to weight reduction measures. e) Prepare a final weighing report for every lift containing: i) ii) iii) Weighing Results Theoretical Prediction Item schedule for d) above.16 Final Documentation Contractor shall submit three sets of hard copies and three sets of soft copies in CDs of all approved structural analysis including computer model of sub sea and topside structure including input and output files in addition to the As-Built Documentation as indicated in Section 1..15 Review of Structural Analysis All structural analysis shall be shall be furnished to the Company for review and approval. Necessary computer terminal with the relevant software shall be made available to the Company during the detailed engineering for the review of the computer generated Structural Analysis. ---------------------------- .1 SHEET 51 of 51 d) Prepare a detail weight schedule of all items. strengthening and stiffening of the module etc.4 REV. Contractor shall assume full responsibility for all remedial measures required as a result of weight escalation beyond the weights budgeted for sea transport.e. which are yet to be installed. offshore lifting and final service operations.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.