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STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I
VOL-II SECTION 3.4
REV.1 SHEET 1 of 51
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA (PART-I)
OIL AND NATURAL GAS CORPORATION LTD. INDIA
JSM JSM PREP. BY
RMK VNM REV. BY
VKK VKK APPD BY
ISSUED FOR BID ISSUED FOR BID REMARKS
51 51 NO OF PAGES
10.3.06 29.6.05 DATE
1 0 REV
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION
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CONTENTS UNDER DESIGN CRITERIA –PART I
3.4.1 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 3.4.2 3.4.3 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 3.4.4 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 3.4.5 3.4.6 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 3.4.7 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 INTRODUCTION Scope /general Definition CODES & STANDARDS General System of Units Sea Bed Features Platform Configuration Chart datum level Platform location & Orientation Water depth Marine Growth Geometrical constraints Deck Heights Pre Engineering Survey DESIGN PHILOSOPHY Load combinations Load contingencies MATERIAL ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA Seismic Data Corrosion Protection DESIGN LOADS In- service condition Structure Dead Load Equipment Load Crane load Live Loads Open Area Live Loads Wind Loads Wave Loads Earth Quake loads Equipment support Barge Bumper
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126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 3.4.8 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 3.4.9 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 3.4.10 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199
Boat landing Riser & Conductors Special Loads Heli Deck Pre-Service conditions Load Out Transportation Wave slam Lift Operations Other Installation Loads Stab-in Guide & Installation Aids Fabrication Loads JACKET FATIGUE DESIGN General Fatigue Life Loading Analysis procedure SCF SN Curve Marking Joints FOUNDATION DESIGN Soil Data Foundation type Scour Under drive & Over Drive Pile Group Effect Shear Keys Pile Installation Soil disturbance DESIGN PROCEDURE General Connections Deflections Structural Analysis Deck Plate & Grating Beam & Plate Girder Handrails, Walkways, Stairways, and Landings Access platforms Crane Fire walls Skid shoe Design
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188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 3.4.11 3.4.12 3.4.13 3.4.14 3.4.15 3.4.16
Sea Fastenings Stab-in Guides & Installation Jacket Launch Hydrostatic collapse Jacket floatation and upending Jacket On-bottom stability Jacket & Top side Installation Aids Boat landing Barge Bumper Riser protector/ Conductor protectors Conductor Guide Framing Conductors Design of I /J tube Design Temporary Member/ Props Bridge Design Helideck Miscellaneous Accessories Modification of Platforms Weight Control Review of Structural Analysis Final Documentation
CONTENTS UNDER DESIGN CRITERIA –PART II
APPENDICES APPENDIX - I. APPENDIX - IA. APPENDIX - II. APPENDIX - III. TABLE-1 TABLE-2 TABLE-3 TABLE-4 TABLE-5 TABLE-6 TABLE-7 TABLE-8 TABLE-9 : : : : : : : : : STANDARDS AND CODES LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS LOAD CONTINGENCY PROJECT SPECIFICATIONS DESIGN LIFE PLATFORM LOCATION AND WATER DEPTH MARINE GROWTH PROFILE CORROSION ZONES EXTREME STORM PARAMETERS OPERATING STORM PARAMETERS ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS FOR INSTALLATION CONDITIONS ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS FOR FATIGUE ANALYSIS 25 YEARS WAVE DATA
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TABLE-10 TABLE- 11 TABLE-12 TABLE-13 TABLE-14 TABLE-15 TABLE-16 TABLE-17 TABLE-18 TABLE-19 TABLE-20 TABLE-21 TABLE-22 APPENDIX - IV.
: : : : : : : : : : : : :
LIVE LOADS OPEN DECK AREA LIVE LOADS DESIGN WIND FORCES LOAD COMBINATIONS INCREASE IN PERMISSIBLE STRESSES DELETED. GEOTECHNICAL DATA PARAMETERS FOR PILE DRIVEABLITY ANALYSIS JACK-UP RIG PENETRATION LIST & DETAILS OF PILE DRIVING HAMMERS PROPOSED TO BE MOBILIZED LIST OF MAJOR LIFTS AS ENVISAGED BY THE BIDDER HELI DECK ANALYSIS STATIC HELICOPTER DATA PROJECT SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
5. 2. magnitude and complexities Major assumptions/considerations for the bidder’s proposed design in accordance with the Appendix II. Patented design.1 SHEET 6 of 51 3. if any. contract specification and code requirements during detailed engineering. The design service life of the platform shall be as per Table-1. . Project specific requirements and exclusions. III & IV.4. The bidders shall furnish following details as a minimum in their bid proposal: 1.4. The design methods described herein shall be followed in addition to Contractor’s design methods. Sizes and strength of major components. shall have to be certified and established to have strength and durability for the intended design life. Philosophy of Lift/ Launch. Conceptual design of platform with proposed structural scheme including In-place analysis. principles of design and those directly applicable to bidder’s design /concept shall be followed as a mandatory requirement. shall be as per Appendix IV. if proposed. Drawings of topsides and substructure including appurtenances.4 REV.1. 3. Loadout. Appendix-III. Table -20. 7. etc. Detailed track record of the proposed design for similar application.1 3. The facility shall be designed in accordance with the requirements specified in this section.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. This Design Criteria has been prepared as a guide during Detailed Engineering for the Platform Project.1 INTRODUCTION Scope/General Structural design criteria described herein establishes the minimum requirements of design of fixed offshore platform as per the codes and standards listed in Appendix I. The design criteria those relate to functional requirements of components. The basic input information furnished in Project specification at Appendix III and IV is to be complied with. The conceptual design shall not restrict the Company to seek up-gradation/modification to meet the Scope of Work of project. 4. Details of major lifts with proposed crane vessel as per Appendix III. 6.
Pre-service design conditions are those that occur prior to platform operation and shall generally include transportation and installation considerations. buildings module. contingencies and tolerances for weight growth. gas flaring. Global load conditions are those considered in the analysis and design of the substructure. helideck etc. beams. earthquake and fatigue considerations. Fixed offshore platforms (Platform in short) include pile-founded steel structures for offshore drilling. inaccuracies. and typically include in-place.2 Definitions The following definitions shall apply.4 REV. . 3. Platform in-service design conditions are those. however. The term superstructure applies to the structural parts of the topside facilities including decks. the CONTRACTOR shall also ensure that the Work is executed in accordance with all mandatory Indian Statutory and Regulatory requirements. contingencies and tolerances due to weight growth.1 SHEET 7 of 51 The functional specifications of the related activities/items shall be as per Appendix.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.2. accommodation..4.4. which pertain to the postinstallation phase of the platform life.1 CODES AND STANDARDS Mandatory Indian Statutory Requirements This document has been prepared to the International Standards detailed in Appendix-1. Nominal weight of structure excludes mill tolerances.2 3. 3. module support frames and skids. appurtenances and other individual members as applicable. etc. grating. Datum weight of a structure equals the nominal weight increased to allow for mill tolerances. Local load conditions are those considered in the analysis and design of plating. processing. superstructure trusses and legs and module frames. inaccuracies.4.1. The term substructure in this Specification applies to the supporting structure from the wave zone to the foundation and typically includes the jacket and piles.IA.
All dimensions shall be shown in millimeters and all levels shall be shown in metres. 3. The slope in seabed. before or at the early stage of Detailed Engineering. For the determination of platform size and equipment arrangement Contractor shall consider the equipment weights. If the slope in seabed is such as to tilt the structure. Specifications and standards given shall be met. Any conflict between the applicable codes and these Design criteria shall be referred to the Company for resolution. Company's decision in this regard shall be final and binding on the Contractor.4. 3. All other relevant and related Codes concerning the specific job under consideration and/or referred in the above-mentioned Codes shall be followed wherever applicable. If the seabed slope is such as to tilt the Jacket by an angle exceeding 25 minutes.4. if any. 3.2 Codes Standards & Regulations The requirements of the latest published versions of the listed codes. the detail design shall take into account the slope in seabed in the form of adjustment in framing and/or mud-mat elevations. Design of the Jacket should also consider mudslide.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.3. recommended practices. shall be established by means of a grid survey of bathymetry of a region covering an area 250 meters beyond the footprint of sub-structure at mud-line using a grid line spacing of 25 meters.2.4.1 SHEET 8 of 51 3. if any.3. the slope shall be considered in design. space requirements for personnel movement and maintenance purposes and keep necessary provision in the layout. clearances.2 Seabed Feature The Jackets should be designed for seabed slope and to meet the installation tolerances. sizes.1 GENERAL System of Units The SI system of units shall be used throughout the project. space provision for future facilities.3 3.4 REV. .4.3 Platform Configuration The platform shall be sized and designed in accordance with the approved equipment layout and arrangement.3.4.
7 Marine Growth All the framing members including jacket legs and well conductors between the jacket top level and first under water level of jacket framing shall be fitted with an ocean powered Marine Growth Prevention (MGP) system. 3. Appendix-III. Refer Appendix IV for geometrical constraints from Jack-Up Rig operational point of view.5 Platform Location and Orientation The location and orientation of the platforms shall be as given in Table-2. Appendix-III below Mean Sea Level (MSL).1 SHEET 9 of 51 3. . The value of Marine Growth thickness to be followed is given in the Table Table-3. a provision for the variation of ±1.3. 3.0M). caissons.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. attached drawings and Appendix IV. well conductors. The design basis shall assume that marine growth is not removed or cleaned off by any means.4. appurtenances including risers. Chart Datum for Indian waters at platforms location shall be as given in Table-2.3.0m in the actual water depth shall be allowed.6 Water Depth The approximate water depths with respect to chart datum at platform locations are as given in Table-2.3. For this purpose still water level shall be considered as CD+ (LAT) + (75% of Astronomical Tide) + (Storm Surge).4 REV. 1 3.4.70 M elevation above chart datum level.8 Geometrical Constraints The top horizontal framing of the substructure shall be at minimum (+) 6.3. Appendix-III. For the design of substructure appurtenances. Appendix-III. The design of platforms shall include full allowance for marine growth on all members of the jackets. Appendix-III. 1 3.4. Water Depth at the site of the works may be taken as indicative for preliminary work but the actual water depth shall be determined by Contractor before the commencement of Detailed Engineering.3.4. so as not to be in wave splash zone as defined in Table-4. Minimum air gap requirement shall be as per API RP 2A.4.4 Chart Datum Level All elevations shall be referenced to chart datum (0. . etc.
skirt sleeves. grating.9 Deck Heights Space between the deck levels shall be sufficient to contain the process. vertical/inclined/ horizontal bracing. tubular sizes on existing jacket for riser clamp installation. existing platform location and orientation. to ascertain seabed feature. walkways.10 Pre-engineering Survey Prior to proceeding with Detailed Engineering Contractor shall perform a preengineering survey to confirm water depth. and hand rails. if any. 3. • Jacket. Obstructions. stairs.All legs. found for installation of facilities under scope of work shall also be recorded in preengineering survey and to be resolved with technically feasible solution. 3. identification of space facilities under modification scope of exiting platforms and space for bridge landing. lifting pad eyes.4 REV. deck beams/girders.1 SHEET 10 of 51 3. barge bumper and load bearing installation aids. equipment support beams.4 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY Primary and major secondary steelwork for the Topsides modules and Jacket (including foundation) shall be proportioned to ensure adequate strength and serviceability throughout all facets of installation and in service conditions a) The Jacket and Topside shall be designed to withstand the extreme storm and operating storms that occur in the Mumbai High and other field(s) of the Arabian Sea as indicated in Appendix-III. Helideck plating. d) Topsides secondary steel members shall include deck plate.3. stringers. launch truss (if required). .4.4. utility systems and piping and provide adequate access for operations and maintenance. piles.4. • Topsides – All truss members. crane pedestal and deck legs. Contractor shall prepare AFC drawings based on pre-engineering survey and detailed design analysis. c) Primary steel members shall include.3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. b) Structure Analysis and design shall be in accordance with the requirements of API RP 2A and AISC using working stress design methods. deck rider/secondary beams.
1 SHEET 11 of 51 e) Jacket secondary steel members shall include boat landing.4 REV. appurtenances and their supports and mud mats. PRE-SERVICE CONDITION • Fabrication • Lift Analysis (During fabrication) • Load out • Transportation & Sea fastening design • Installation • Substructure o Jacket structures (launch OR lift.1 Load Combinations The minimum load combinations as indicated at Table 13. casings/caissons.4. but not limited to:IN-SERVICE CONDITION • • • • • In-place operating and extreme storm Foundation Design. For other analyses the CONTRACTOR shall develop the necessary basic load cases and load combinations appropriate to the structure. installation aids.Pile Analysis & Design Fatigue Seismic Accidental loads. . Analyses shall include. walkways.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. The extent of the analyses shall be to demonstrate the adequacy of the structures under all envisaged phases and anticipated loading. Appendix –III shall be considered in the Analysis and Design of the Platform structures.4. All structural analyses shall be performed using a suite of computer programmer applicable to the design of offshore structures. flotation and up-ending) o On Bottom stability o Pile installation analysis o Design of Installation aids for substructure • Superstructure o Lifting Analysis o Design of Installation aids for superstructure 3.
The response spectrum data for this analysis shall follow the guidelines for Zone-IV earthquake area as given in Indian Standard .18.104.22.168 Permissible Stresses and Factors of Safety Unless otherwise noted in this Specification permissible stresses and factors of safety shall be as recommended in API RP 2A and AISC. 6002F Specification for Design.1. 3. 3. Material. the platform in-service and pre-service design loads. applied either globally or locally. Fabrication and Installation of Composite Material for Secondary Structures. fabrication & installation of structure and Specs. over and above the estimated loads.6 ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA For all environmental data refer Appendix-III.7 and 3.4. utilities and any other loads to which the system will be subjected during fabrication.4. Mill tolerance and Weld Metal The Contractor shall accurately calculate the pre-service and in-service design loads as described in Sections 3. 3.4.4. etc.5 MATERIAL All materials shall conform to respective specification given in accordance with Spec.4 REV.2 Load Contingencies. topside modules.1. shall include contingencies as defined in Appendix-II. In the preliminary analysis stage and till the accurate estimation of loads is arrived.4. This allowance shall be added to the estimated substructure and superstructure dead weight. 6001F. A minimum of 3% weight allowance to account for mill tolerance and weld metal shall be applied for all analyses. transportation.4.14 consisting of dead loads. piping and equipment loads (empty and operating).4. installation and operation.1 SHEET 12 of 51 3.2 Increase in Permissible Stresses A one-third in permissible stresses shall be allowed according to Table-14. General Specification for materials.6.1 Seismic Data The earthquake loading on the combined jacket and super structure shall be calculated using the response spectrum method and in accordance with the provision of API RP 2A. 3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Appendix-III 3.4.
4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.1 SHEET 13 of 51 IS-1893. No. Still Water Level shall be taken as CD+(LAT) + (50% of Astronomical Tide) 3. The design conditions pertaining to cathodic protection system are given in Spec. riser protectors.2.4. riser protectors.6. shall be painted in accordance with Spec.3 Painting All steel surfaces in the splash zone and atmospheric zone. pumps casings. 3.6. stairways and appurtenances such as barge bumpers. and conductors at splash zone. etc.0 Refer Para 3. Contractor shall submit the design/ analysis of anode and anode location drawings to the company for approval 3.6.0 13. including their stabbing guides shall be painted irrespective of the applicable zone.4.2. Appendix. FS 4001. including conductors.4 REV. boat landings.2 6. caissons.2 Corrosion Protection All structures shall be designed to resist corrosion in different zones defined in the Table 4. 2.2. For the earthquake condition.3 splash All structure.2. All equipment. . Corrosion Allowance Thickness (mm) Refer Para 3.2.0 6.6.2 Cathodic protection All Steel surfaces in the submerged zone and splash zone shall be protected against corrosion by a sacrificial anode system.4.III following manner for the design life of the structures: 3. The corrosion allowance shall apply to the barge bumper and boatlanding main structural members.6.4. 2005 “Protective Coatings”.6. etc.4.1 Corrosion Allowance Additional material thickness shall be provided as corrosion allowance for structural members and other components in the splash zone as follows:Location Submerged Zone Splash Zone : Barge Bumper2 Boat Landing2 Other members in zone1 Atmospheric Zone Note: 1.
For global .7. bridge. 3. Appendix-III.4 Structural Detailing Areas and joints.4. piping.III.4 Live Loads for Local and Global Design: The magnitudes of local and global live loads to be used in the in-service analysis and design shall be as defined in Table-10. etc.4. hand rails.SERVICE CONDITION 3. anodes. architectural items. These loads are to be developed based on equipment layouts.7. 3. These are: • Equipment & Piping Dead Weight • Equipment & Piping with Operating Contents Weight • Load due to coil tubing unit (CTU) on main deck For local design.4. The dynamic crane load cases shall consider a range or boom directions to ensure all possible lifting scenarios are adequately checked. 3.4. IN.2.6.2 Equipment Loads Equipment loads shall include the weight of all equipments.1 Structure Dead Loads The structure dead loads shall include the weight of all structural members including deck plate.7. Two basic load conditions shall be considered for global design. rubber. where applicable.1 SHEET 14 of 51 3. which are inaccessible for maintenance and thereby susceptible to corrosion.3 Crane Loads The CONTRACTOR shall determine the static and dynamic crane loads and use data provided by the crane manufacturer. etc. timber. bulk material.4 REV. etc.7. shall be suitably sealed by methods such as boxing with plates. 3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.4.4. grating. A minimum of eight boom directions shall be considered. hydrostatic test weights shall be considered. Other specific equipment loads are as specified at Appendix.7 DESIGN LOADS The loads described in the following section shall apply to the Jacket and Topsides unless specified otherwise.
4. shall be considered for each .7 Wave & Current Loads Environmental parameters as defined in Table-5 & 6. Analysis shall be performed for wave approach along grid directions and selected diagonal directions. For each direction of approach. Design wind speeds are as detailed at Table 5 & 6. The Open Area Live Loads which shall be applied to all clear unoccupied areas of deck and internal areas of the Utility and Equipment rooms.1 SHEET 15 of 51 analysis and design appropriate percentages of the live loads given for local beam design in Table-10-III & IV. shall be used as specified in respective load combination tables given at Table 13. Appendix-III. 3. Appendix-III.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. depending on the configuration of jacket structure. the more severe of the environmental parameters of directions adjacent to it shall be selected from Table 5 & Table 6. as applicable.5 Open Area live Load Open Area live Load as indicated at Table 10 and Table 11. 3. The Open Area live loads shall be used in conjunction with equipment and crane loads for the design of primary and major secondary steel members. b) Wind shall be assumed to act simultaneously and collinearly with wave and current forces.7. Appendix III. Open Area Live Loads should be combined with equipment weight data. The wind area for global design of the Topsides shall be calculated assuming that the area between the decks is fully enclosed. c) Wind speeds should be adjusted for elevation and gust duration.6 Wind Loads Wind loads shall be calculated according to the requirements of API RP 2A. depending on the configuration of jacket structure. a) A minimum of eight or twelve storm directions. shall be considered for each load case for the extreme storm and operating storm conditions. Wind area(s) shall also include the equipments located other than above enclosed deck area.4.4. Appendix-III shall be applied to maximize loading on all structural components. Appendix-III.4 REV. Equipment weight as indicated in weight control report or as provided by the Equipment Vendor shall be taken. Appendix-III. in accordance with API RP 2A or as listed at Table 12. shall be used as specified in respective load combination tables given at Table 13.7. 3. A minimum of eight or twelve storm directions.7. Appendix-III.
3.7.4. the velocities shall be calculated based on linear stretching of the current profile. For any other water level at different points along the wave. Appendix-III shall be used to account for wave directional spreading or irregularity in wave profile shape.0 and response spectra Type III to be considered to account for the soil foundation system. The wave particle kinematics multiplied by the wave kinematics factor and the current velocities adjusted for blockage. Conductor shielding factors shall be considered as per API RP 2A. The coefficients of drag and mass (inertia) Cd and Cm values shall be considered as per API RP 2A.4 REV. The design wave shall be treated as a regular wave. Waves and current shall be considered concurrent with wind. Morison's equation applied to only the normal components of velocity and acceleration shall be used to compute normal wave forces on the individual members. Earthquake Forces.12. The response spectrum data for this analysis shall follow the guidelines for Zone-IV earthquake area as given in Indian Standards IS-1893.1 SHEET 16 of 51 load case for the extreme storm and operating storm conditions. .7. 3. The current speed in the vicinity of the platform shall be reduced by the current blockage factors. wherever applicable. using apparent wave period computed as per API RP 2A. shall be taken as occurring in both horizontal directions and 50% in the vertical direction. 'Stokes' Fifth Order theory’ shall be used to compute water particle kinematics.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. The importance factor shall be taken as 2. The given current profile shall be treated as applicable to water depth equal to still water level.9 Equipment Supports All equipment supports.4. pipe supports and other supports steelwork shall be designed to withstand the operating and hydro-test loads specified on the vendor data/ documents.8 Earthquake Loads The earthquake loading on the combined Jacket and super structure shall be calculated using the response spectrum method and in accordance with the provisions of API RP 2A. For building /equipment/ modules an equivalent static analysis shall be carried out with a horizontal seismic coefficient of 0. Contribution of the marine growth in the added mass shall be considered in the analysis. Wave kinematics factor as given in Table-5 & Table 6. shall be added vectorially to obtain total velocity vector at any point.
0 tonne metre. Appendix-III. absorbed in the system shall be 11.13 Special Loads: Loads as indicated in Appendix-IV shall also be considered.4.7.1 SHEET 17 of 51 3.4. Energy to be The energy to be absorbed in the system from vessel impact shall be 3.10 shall also be considered.7.4 REV.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Installation Loads.4.12 Risers & Conductors Contractor shall consider the provisions of conductors and risers as per the details indicated at Appendix IV under Project Specific Requirement 3. 3. . 3.4.4 tonne-metre. Energy to be absorbed in the system shall be 30. 3.0 tonne -metre.0 KPa on each landing Dead Load + Boat impact load at different points on the berthing face Dead Load + Extreme environmental load. the requirements of the section 3.4. b) Vessel impact lateral in the middle 1/3 height of post.4. Where the boat landing is to act integral with a Barge Bumper system.11 Boat Landing The Boat landing and its associated connections and local framing shall be designed for the following load combinations:a) b) c) d) Dead load + Live Load of 5.7.7. The analysis and Design of Heli Deck integrating the super structure module shall be carried out as per the data and load combinations given at Table 21 & Table 22.10 Barge Bumpers The Barge Bumpers and their associated connections to the Jacket shall be designed for the following loading: a) Vessel impact directly in the middle 1/3 height of post.7.14 Heli Deck.7.
out The proposed method of load out shall be determined by the CONTRACTOR and could be by means of continuous or discrete skids. The structures shall be checked for adequacy for the proposed load out operation and for the effects of the localized loadings resulting from change in slope of launch ways/tracks and the change in draft of the transportation barge as the structure moves on to it.1 SHEET 18 of 51 PRE-SERVICE CONDITIONS 3.7. .4 REV. Lift Analyses.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.15 Load. refer to the criteria described in section 3. continuous or discrete skids. For structures loaded out on discrete skids or wheeled dollies. and two ends of the launch trusses supported (barge moves upward).18. and wheeled dollies. loose ship items.4. a separate analysis shall be performed with appropriate support conditions to ensure adequacy of the structure during weighing operations. b) For lifted Load out. wheel trolleys or by direct lifting.4. The following should be considered. The analysis for substructure to be loaded out on launch cradle shall cover the front end of launch cradle unsupported for various distances (barge moves downward). For other means of load out the analysis shall be based on the support conditions likely to be experienced. c) Skidded or trolleyed load out: Structures shall be loaded out onto the transportation barge by means of launch ways. the analysis shall cover cases due to loss of support of one or more supports. If the support conditions envisaged during weighting of the deck/module are different from those considered for load out analysis. including three point support conditions. etc should be considered.7. a) All dead and equipments loads together with weights for all preinstalled lifting gear. sea-fastenings. The loads should be based on the Weight Control Report.
loose ship items. Preliminary transportation Analysis:All structures shall be checked for the inertia loads during sea transportation.1 SHEET 19 of 51 3.16 Transportation ` A. the following inertia loads in addition to gravity load shall be considered. The loads should be based on the Weight Control Report. Consideration shall be given to the support points used for sea fastening. sea fastening. The effect of wind load in addition to the above need not be considered.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Detailed Transportation Analysis The design of all structures shall accommodate the forces imposed during transportation. pending a detailed transportation and barge motions analysis. The following should be considered. Barge Type Small cargo barge (76 m LOA or 23m beam) Large barges Single Amplitude (in 10 Sec.4 REV. The final transportation analysis shall consist of the following: I. Static Stability of barge/structure system: a) Intact condition . Period) Roll Pitch Heave 25º 15º + 0. a) Dead and equipments loads should be considered together with weights for all preinstalled lifting gear. etc. For the preliminary transportation condition.2g c) The transportation inertia loads shall be combined as roll + heave and pitch + heave.2g b) 20º 12.4.5º +0.7. d) B. The computer analysis shall be performed in accordance with the ABS or any other International Certification Agency rules along with the provisions given therein.
Hogben and P.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. The environmental conditions to be considered shall be based on an average recurrence period of not less than ten years for the season of year when the tow will take place. The maximum sea state to be considered shall depend upon route of tow and season of tow. . Sustained wind speeds of 148 kmph and 93 kmph shall be considered for calculating the wind forces on the barge freeboard and cargo’s surface area for Intact and Damaged conditions respectively. Lumb) The following shall be considered for the route specific dynamic motion analysis: i) ii) Wave direction: Beam. The righting energy available to resists capsizing shall be at least 1. (Ref.1 SHEET 20 of 51 b) Damaged condition with at least any one compartment of barge flooded. Pitch. The following barge stability criteria shall be satisfied.: Ocean Wave Statistics” by N.E. II. Yaw. Dynamic motion response analysis for barge/structure system: In order to determine the maximum loads imposed on the structure and sea fastenings during the course of voyage from fabrication yard to offshore site an analysis of the dynamic motion response for the structure/barge system shall be performed. Response of the system for various sea states. iii) In order to obtain the maximum acceleration response. This analysis shall include the following phases: a) b) Determination of fundamental periods of Roll. Wind forces shall be calculated as per ABS Rules. (i) (ii) The positive range of stability (ignoring strength or down flooding consideration) shall be in the range of 300-400.4 times the energy required by the designed wind to heel the vessel to the same critical angle. Heave. Head and Quartering Seas. Surge and Sway motions.4 REV. at least three sets of periods shall be chosen for the maximum sea state for each direction of approach depending upon the dynamic characteristics of the barge/structure system and the towing speed of barge.
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 22.214.171.124 SHEET 21 of 51 iv) A reduced wave height (less than the maximum)/period combination.5. The following shall be considered. After obtaining the maximum response for various sea states. Bending stresses due to both horizontal and vertical slam forces shall be considered.4. 3. Member lengths shall be reduced to account for Jacket leg ratio. The slam coefficient shall be taken as 5. For X-braces. 6001F. Based on the above analysis. Any reinforcement to the barge deck or modification to the sea fastening/ load out arrangement to make the cargo barge safe for the operations is Contractor’s responsibility. members shall be assumed to span the full length. Copy of approved procedure shall be made available to the COMPANY 30 days in advance prior to load out. Contractor shall also be responsible for verifying the strength of the cargo/launch barge deck and framing system to satisfactorily withstand the loads on it during load out and transportation.17 Wave Slam Horizontal members in the wave zone shall be designed for wave slam forces in accordance with API RP 2A. loose ship items. etc. A dynamic factor of 2.4. pad/lifting eyes and adjacent members supporting the pad/lifting eyes. However. All engineering related to load out and transportation shall be subject to approval by a marine surveyor as described in Spec. the current velocity components should not be included in the wave kinematics when calculating wave slam loading.4 REV. if that is likely to result in near resonant response conditions. the Contractor shall be responsible for the design of sea fastening and the preparation of detailed sea fastening drawings.18 Lift Operations: All structures shall be checked for the loads applied during lift operations in accordance with API RP 2A. sea-fastenings. 3. The loads should be based on the Weight Control Report. b) .0 shall be applied to the lift weight of the item for the design of lifting frames. the structure shall be again analyzed for the corresponding maximum inertia/gravity forces. One-third increase in permissible stress shall be allowed. a) Dead and equipments loads should be considered together with weights for all preinstalled lifting gear.
35 shall be applied to the lift weight for all other members transmitting lifting forces. a revised lift analysis shall be carried out to ensure that the permissible stress are not exceeded due to the revised weight / centre of gravity.25% static lift weight shall be 1. Where a four sling arrangement is used to lift the item. The weight control report generated shall form the basis of the study.10. Appendix III shall be followed. for sling carrying 75%. first assuming all slings equally effective i. Appendix-III along with the marine spread proposed for installation. d) e) f) g) A complete three-dimensional idealized mathematical model of the structure shall be analyzed for the stresses developed during lifting operation to comply with the provisions of API RP-2A. This study shall include adverse combinations of variation in centre of gravity / weight. each diagonal carries 50% of the static lift weight and second with one diagonal sling carry 75% and the other diagonal sling carry 25% of the static lift weight. For lift operation under marine environment. The lifting scheme including requirements of spreader frame shall be finalized based on this study. The load combination shall include appropriate skew load distribution between the two diagonal pair of slings to account for sling length variation. Structural deflections shall be limited for deflection sensitive equipment. A three-dimensional space frame lift analysis shall be performed for all structures to be lifted. the analysis shall be carried out in two cases.4.35 Rigging shall be designed to limit the swing of the lifted objects within 2 degrees from horizontal about any axis. The bidder to provide list of major lifts as envisaged by him in the format furnished in Table-20.3.e.4 REV. spreader frame arrangement or . During Detail Engineering the contractor shall perform a lift study to establish that the modules as conceived are able to lift with the proposed barge crane.e. environmental condition for installation as in Table-7. The analysis shall also be repeated if the framing arrangements of lifting scheme. The dynamic factor for lifting pad eye design for second case i. buildings and other items as per Section 3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Static equilibrium during the lifting operation shall be ensured. If the subsequent weight control reports / actual weighing of the module indicate a weight increase of more than 5% and / or a shift in centre of gravity of more than 2% of the corresponding linear dimension.1 SHEET 22 of 51 c) A dynamic factor of 1.
3.4. appropriate for the site location. Consideration shall be given to the support points used for weighing and load out. Dynamic analysis shall be carried out to predict the fundamental periods of the platforms in order to confirm the sensitivity of the structure to wave induced excitation and shall be used to derive the dynamic amplification for the Inplace analysis loading conditions.7.4. Fatigue analysis shall be performed for the Jacket structures using methods appropriate to the sensitivity to dynamic loading.21 Fabrication Loads All structures shall be checked for the loads applied during fabrication.1 JACKET FATIGUE DESIGN General The tubular joints of the Jackets shall be analyzed for fatigue endurance in accordance with API RP 2A. A deterministic fatigue analysis using PalmgrenMiner’s Rule shall be used to predict the fatigue life of structural connection.19 Other Installation Loads All structures and structural components shall be checked for all of the loads likely to be imposed during all phases of the installation. A deterministic approach will be deemed adequate for platforms with fundamental period less than 3 seconds. 3. . The CONTRACTOR shall determine details of the loads and the structure support points. The imposed loads shall be appropriate to the method of installation.4.4.4 REV. Vertical impact force = 50% of the static weight of the item.4.20 Stab-in Guides and Installation Aids All stab-in guides and bumpers shall be designed for the following loads. 3.8 3. as a minimum: • • Horizontal impact force = 10% of the static weight of the item.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. 3. The platform mass under operating condition shall be considered for evaluating the structural natural period.7.7.1 SHEET 23 of 51 components to be lifted are revised to an extent to affect the stress distribution in the structure.8. Wind loads shall be included with this load condition.
changes in member buoyancy. Appendix-III. Appendix-III. another phase angle at minimum base shear.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. ii) Still water depth for fatigue analysis shall be taken as CD+(LAT) + half the Astronomical Tide as given in Table-5. etc.4. Appendix-III. vi) Where significant cyclic stresses may be induced by the action of wind. iv) For estimation of the fatigue life. For each direction wave heights shall be stepped in 150 mm increments to compute stress range versus wave height relationship. estimating stress concentration factors.7. remaining phase angles to be selected in between maximum and minimum base shear at the mud line. 3.8. 1 1 . such stresses shall be combined with those due to wave action to obtain the total effective stress spectrum for a particular member or joint. fatigue S-N curves etc. The 25 years wave data for eight directions shall be as given in Table-9.8. wave heights selected shall be as per directions indicated in Table-8 and 9.4.1 SHEET 24 of 51 CONTRACTOR shall develop an appropriate fatigue analysis methodology and procedure to include wave selection.7.4. The directions. Appendix-III.2 Fatigue Life The in-service fatigue design life of the joints shall be at least two times platform service life. iii) Wave forces shall be computed in accordance with the procedure described in Section 3. Kinematics factors and hydrodynamic co-efficient to be selected as per guidelines of API RP 2A. wave slamming. and submit to the COMPANY for approval. 3. iv) Eight (8) wave directions (along each of the platform grid axes and in diagonal directions) shall be taken. the loading ranges due to wave may be based on eight phase angles out of which one phase angle at maximum base shear.4 REV. v) Dynamic amplification effects shall be taken into account in calculation of the loading where the period of the first mode of vibration of the structure is over 3 seconds. To determine phase angle at maximum and minimum base shear the wave shall be stepped through the structure at a phase angle of less than 5 degrees.3 Loading i) The environmental parameters to be used for computing the wave loading in the fatigue analysis shall be as given in Table-8.
FRi and FRo are the brace nominal axial. deck legs and bottom horizontal brace level. Aug. b) For T. Hot spot stress range = FRa.4. SCFa + FRi. in-plane bending and out-of-plane bending stress ranges and SCFa. i. SCFi and SCFo are the corresponding stress concentration factors for axial.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.8. For computation of fatigue damage the stress range versus wave height diagram for each wave approach direction shall be divided into a minimum of 10 blocks and the damage computed for each block and summed up. ii) For each joint and type of failure under consideration the stress range spectra shall be computed at a minimum of 8 positions around the joint periphery to ensure that the point of maximum damage and hence lowest fatigue life is considered. Y and X Joints: .8. SCFo Where FRa.4 REV. iii) For each circular tubular joint two types of failure should be considered. iv) For joints other than those between tubular members.4 Analysis Procedure i) The fatigue analysis shall be performed for all joints.5 Stress Concentration Factors (SCF) i) The hot spot stresses ranges at the joints on the brace and chord side of the weld. 1977). used to estimate the fatigue lives.1 SHEET 25 of 51 3. Kuang et al “Stress Concentration in Tubular Joints” (Society of Petroleum Engg. in-plane bending and out-of-plane bending stresses for the chord side or the brace side. Particular attention shall be paid to joints in the top one-third of the substructure. Brace to weld failure and chord to weld failure. SCFi + FRo.G. 3. with due regard.e. to the published reliable experimental data. shall be determined from.4. ii) The fatigue life on both the brace and chord side of the weld may be calculated with one of the following methods for obtaining the stress concentration factor applied to the brace nominal stresses: a) For K Joints: Formula proposed by J. which determine the safety and reliability of all the steel work of the structure. individual detailed consideration shall be given. using the appropriate stress concentration factors.
N. which by itself would give the same moment of inertia. Curves The basic S-N curves to be used in the evaluation of fatigue life shall be the API X-prime curve. 6001 F. . from the top of the jacket. iv) Effect of grouted pile in substructure leg joints may be considered appropriately for evaluation of SCF.7 Marking of Joints The CONTRACTOR shall identify the joints with the computed in-service fatigue life less than four times the service life of the platform except joints at second level. Formulae proposed by Marshall & Kinra (Refer “Fatigue analysis of Cognac Platform” Paper No. November 1978.C. for joints having a computed fatigue life.4 REV.8. c) Other established empirical formula for evaluating SCF may be used in lieu of those given above subject to prior approval of COMPANY. The thickness correction effect as specified in API RP 2A is applicable. OTC 3378. iii) Ring Stiffened Joints: In lieu of more accurate procedure for analysis these may be checked as for simple joints but using modified chord thickness. which by itself will give the same area.4. where joints with computed in-service fatigue life less than six times the service life of the platform shall be identified. which may be accounted for by calculating the area of the chord shell plus stiffener and from this the effective shell thickness.1 SHEET 26 of 51 Formula proposed by A. b) An increase in the stiffness of the chord which may be accounted for by calculating the moment of inertia of the chord shell plus stiffener and from this the effective shell thickness.P. 3. Any other established formulae may also be used with prior approval of Company. These joints shall be marked with neoprene based Cupro-Nickel embedded sheets for future inspection purposes specified in Spec.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. 3. The use of X-curve with corresponding joint preparation as per API RP 2A is acceptable.6 S. using X-prime curve greater than half the required fatigue life. The effect of ring stiffeners is two fold: a) An increase in area of the chord.8. 1979) may be used. Wordsworth and G. Smedley “Stress concentration in Unstiffened Tubular Joints” seminar on European Offshore steel Research.4.
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. appropriate to the structures and soil conditions that meet the requirements of API RP 2A.2 Foundation Type CONTRACTOR shall design the foundation system.1 FOUNDATION DESIGN Soil Data The soil investigation reports of all the platform locations are included as indicated at Table 16.9.4 REV. The minimum under drive and over drive allowance shall be submitted for COMPANY approval. 3. A drawing marking all such joints shall be prepared and submitted to COMPANY for approval 3. The minimum factor of safety for a pile foundation shall be 2.9 3. .1 SHEET 27 of 51 Identification marking shall be easily accessible for divers and a minimum gap of 250mm shall be maintained between the identified joint and the marking.9.4.5 under extreme storm.5 times the pile diameter.4. or b) The depth computed/stated in approved geotechnical reports.III.0 under operating storms and 1. 3. as stipulated in API RP 2A. Appendix.4 Under drive and Overdrive Allowance The pile wall thickness make-up shall be designed to allow for the possibility of pile driving refusal prior to design penetration and overdrive beyond design penetration.4.9.3 Scour The minimum scour depth around Jacket leg/piling shall be the greater of: a) 1. The Contractor shall generate all necessary data for any particular pile size based on the data furnished in the soil investigation report at no extra cost to the COMPANY and submit the same to the COMPANY for review and approval before used in the analysis 3. The foundation system shall be sufficient to develop adequate capacity to resist the maximum computed loads with an appropriate factor of safety in accordance with API RP 2A.9.4.4.
) to drive the piles proposed in their conceptual design to the design penetration. at no extra cost and time to the COMPANY. .4 REV.1 SHEET 28 of 51 3.9. dynamic and static stress considerations. b) Design strength of grout shall be taken as 17. pile group effect shall be considered as per API RP 2A 3.4. of jacket. During detail engineering the Contractor shall perform a detail pile drivability analysis using stress wave equation procedure to ensure that the piles as proposed in his design are drivable to the design penetration with the hammers as listed in Table-19.7 Pile Installation a) Drivability Based on preliminary drivability studies the bidder to list set of hammers proposed to be mobilized by them (Refer Table-19. Appendix-III. The pile shall be checked with its tip both plugged and unplugged for a range of hammer size. The parameters to be used for drivability analysis shall be as given in Table-17.5 Pile Group Effect For piles groups as clusters. overlap including under drive/overdrive conditions. Contractor shall also perform a detail drivability analysis for the conductors to ensure the conductors are drivable to the design penetration as given in Appendix IV.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. In case higher capacity hammers are found necessary during detail engineering the same shall be mobilized by the Contractor. For this purpose the analysis shall be done for each type of pile and for each combination of pile/add-on geometry and hammer at discrete penetrations for the full length of each pile.25 Mpa whereas the actual grout strength during installation shall not be less than as specified in Spec. The Contractor shall also design the pile wall thickness requirements and add-on lengths of the piles from drivability.9. Appendix-III. Appendix-III.9.6 Shear Keys Shear keys on piles and the pile sleeves shall be provided. 6001 F 3.4. Shear keys shall be designed in accordance with API RP 2A and with the following considerations: a) Load transfer should be considered only through the length over which the shear keys of both pile and sleeve.4.
Disturbed zone shall be equal to the full depth of the estimated jack-up rig footing penetration.1 General a) Structural design shall conform to the relevant codes listed in section 3. The sensitivity of the soil in the disturbed zone shall be as given in the soil report.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. ii) When total work done by the pile against soil resistance is less than the potential energy lost by the pile due to free drop.2.10 DESIGN PROCEDURES 3. and other relevant standards and codes specified in Appendix -1 b) Structural design shall be based on working stress design.4. Contractor may also employ any other method suitable to the pertinent soil condition to estimate pile run down. in particular API RP 2A and AISC.10. iii) When blow count during initial driving is less than two blows per 30 cms.9. c) Where code checks are not applicable. allowable stresses shall be computed using rational procedures and appropriate factors of safety.4. Appendix-III.4.8 Soil Disturbance Disturbed soil conditions upon withdrawal of jack-up rig shall be considered for the front row piles of well platforms. 3.1 SHEET 29 of 51 b) Pile Section Length Pile section lengths shall be selected in accordance with API RP 2A.4. d) Major rolled shapes shall be compact sections as defined by AISC . i) When soil resistance to driving (SRD) is less than the static weight of pile and or pile plus hammer. Consideration shall also be given to the Contractor’s proposed marine spread and the allowable stick-up length for the hammers to be used.4 REV.0m from a stratum where hard driving is expected c) Pile Run Down Evaluation The Contractor shall perform the pile run down evaluation under the following conditions as a minimum requirement. 3. The estimated jackup rig footing penetration shall be as given in Table-18. The pile make-up shall be planned to avoid pile add-ons when the pile tip is nearer than 3. The Contractor shall generate all necessary data for use in the analysis.
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. during detailed engineering. Use of sections back-to-back. and plating on building module shall be 6 mm minimum and shall have proper slope to check accumulation of water/liquid. j) Vibration should be considered for any structure supporting major rotating machinery.4 REV. in order to avoid areas difficult for maintenance. The structure shall be designed in such a way that the natural frequency of the supporting structure is less than 70% or greater than 140% of the equipment operating frequency.1 SHEET 30 of 51 e) The minimum thickness of structural plates and flange/web of rolled sections as defined by AISC should not be less than 6mm. 1 p) 1 q) . h) The minimum thickness of deck truss tubular should be 8 mm i) Clear span of plating and grating should not exceed 1200 mm. Incase of concentric tubular for grouted jacket legs with piles the D/t for tubulars used for jacket leg shall be <100. Plates shall be reinforced if concentrated loads are directly placed on plating. Contractor shall demonstrate this aspect suitably. battened and lattice type built up sections shall not be permitted. l) All major structural members shall meet the following guidelines: m) n) o) Member slenderness ratio: K1/r <100. wherever applicable. Incase of concentric tubular for grouted skirt pile sleeves jacket with skirt piles the D/t for tubulars used for skirt sleeve shall be <80. k) Member stresses due to aspects which are not specifically covered in the computer structural analysis shall be investigated by manual calculations and results combined with computer results to ensure that the stress and deflection limitations are not exceeded. g) The minimum thickness of Jacket tubular should be 12 mm except in the splash zone where 25mm thick tubular should be used. f) Deck plate shall be chequered type with a raised pattern surface and the minimum thickness should be 8 mm. Rolled tubular member diameter to thickness ratio: 20 < D/t <60. The buckling coefficient K shall be chosen for each member in accordance with API RP 2A recommendations.
1 SHEET 31 of 51 3. plate girder or wide flange joints shall be designed in accordance with AISC using rational engineering methods. 3.10.4. c) Ring Stiffened Joints Appropriate closed ring solutions shall be used to design launch leg ring stiffeners at deck leg/girder intersections as per the provisions of API RP 2A. Truss brace to chord joints shall be designed for transfer of axial loads from one brace to another across the truss chord in shear. on each side from the centerline of the extreme incoming brace(s) or length of the can whichever is less.3 Deflections Deflections shall be limited to criteria based on equipment operating requirements specified by equipment suppliers or the following.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. b) Non-Tubular Joints Hybrid joints. Where overlap cannot be avoided. .4 REV.4. combining rolled wide flange sections with tubular sections as used in module trusses. d) Cross joints.10. a) Tubular Joints Tubular joint design and detailing for both pre-service and in-service conditions shall be in accordance with API RP 2A and shall be designed and detailed as simple joints. The web stiffeners shall be designed to carry in compression the permissible axial load of the brace.25 times chord diameter. the minimum overlap shall be determined as per API RP 2A.2 Connections All connections shall be designed as welded joints. whichever is less: a) Deflections shall be checked for the actual equipment live loads and casual area live loads pattern loading shall be considered. Launch leg joints and other joints in which the load is transferred across the chord shall be designed assuming an effective width of the chord equal to 1. The joints required for removable type structural members shall be considered as bolted joints as approved by the COMPANY during detailed engineering.
The Jacket model should consider the effect of environmental loads on the appurtenances including anodes.1 SHEET 32 of 51 b) Deflection of members supporting sensitive equipment shall be not greater than 1/500 for beams and L/250 for cantilevers.4.4 REV. conductors. 2005 “Protective Coating”.5 Deck Plate and Grating Design The local design of deck plating and grating shall be based on the applicable loads defined in Appendix-III Grating Design shall be for a maximum deflection restriction of L/200 or 6 mm whichever is less. risers and riser guard.e. c) Deflection of other structural members shall be not greater than L/360 for beams and L/180 for cantilevers Where “L” is the effective span of the member. The modeling techniques used should be appropriate for the structure being analysed and in conformance with proven industry practice.10. barge bumpers. Bearing member shall be minimum 30 mm X 5 mm serrated type spreader at 30 mm center to center. 3. Each bearing member shall be serrated by making a hole of 10 mm dia. Steel cross bar shall be minimum 8 mm dia high strength deformed bar spaced at 75 mm center to center. bar top. 6002 F. the in-place analysis. Grating below cellar deck shall conform to Spec.4 Structural Analysis All structural analysis shall be performed using a suitable structural analysis computer programme..4.4. Gratings shall be galvanized as per specification no. The in-place analyses shall include a combined Jacket and Topsides model to ensure correct soil. The datum for the axes should be the Chart Datum. 3. etc.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. All analyses shall be performed with the same Computer Programme and should utilize the same base model. at 15 mm center to center at top end and depth of hole shall be 8 mm to match with 8 mm dia.10.pile stiffness interaction. . i. boat landing.10. These shall be designed in accordance with AISC specification and shall incorporate the following guidelines. 3.6 Beam and Plate Girder Design The local design of beams and plate girders shall be based on the applicable loads defined in Appendix-III.
walkways. c) The top rail of the handrail shall be supported at maximum 1500 mm intervals. b) Handrails around the perimeter of lay down areas. 4. . Stairways and Ladders Handrails. h) The minimum clear width of stairways and walkways shall be 750 mm. Deflections. loading and unloading areas shall be removable type. These shall also be checked for loading due to hydro test conditions. Deflection shall be limited to the criteria specified in Section 3. 3. Walkways. Top and bottom flanges at a given section shall be of the same grade of steel and symmetric about the beam’s axes. stairways and ladders shall be designed in accordance with as specified below: a) Handrails shall be provided around the perimeter of all open decks and on both sides of stairways. 3.10.7 Handrails.1 SHEET 33 of 51 1.6002F. f) Walkways. • Dead load + live loads • Dead load + extreme storm three second wind gusts and/or extreme storm maximum wave whichever is applicable g) Stairways shall be of structural steel. For this zone the materials shall conform to Spec. i) Walkway and stair tread grating shall be designed to be replaceable.10.4.4. 2. d) Handrails shall be designed to withstand 100 kg concentrated load acting vertically or horizontally at any point.4 REV. Web. e) Handrails in the wave zone shall also be designed to withstand extreme storm maximum wave loading. double runner with serrated bar grating treads and handrails except for the level below cellar deck to boat landing.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. All plate girders shall be compact sections as defined by AISC.3. stairways and landings shall be designed for the following load combinations.
III. Type –II.91 Kick plate 100 X 6 Coaming angle 100 X 100 X 8 Safety Chain 6 mm 6mm 1. . HR on and above Cellar deck removable type. 6002 F HR on and above Cellar deck fixed type.3Φ X 3.1 SHEET 34 of 51 A. TYPE Type .2” XS 2. 4. sides of walk ways in Jacket level and side of helideck walk ways. Collar 60.I Type – II Type – III Type . 3.9” X 0.3Φ X 5.08 horizontal member Type – III Socket. 2005 “Protective Coating”. Preferable types of handrails are detailed below for guidelines. Handrails Handrails of height 1100 mm with three horizontal tubular and one 100 mm X 6 mm kick plate shall be provided around the perimeter of each deck (except the helideck). The Socket/Collar shall be fitted with Kick plate. 2. HR with safety chain. IV vertical post and 48. Sharp end/joint at the top each flight of stair/ladder shall be made round. NO 1. Preferable Member size for different handrail is shown below for guidelines: MEMBER Type–I vertical post horizontal member and top --INDIAN STANDARD INTERNATIONAL STANDARD Composite materials as per specs 6002 F.IV Detail of hand rail type HR at & below Cellar deck (wave zone) fixed type as per Spec. both sides of stairways.5” X 0.154” Std 100 X 6 100 X 100 X 8 6mm Removable type handrail shall be fitted with Socket/Collar. SL. Handrails around loading/unloading areas shall be made removable to allow loads on hoists to pass. Hand rails and kick plates shall be galvanized as per specification no.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.4 REV.
10. Stairways and Landings Riser height shall be between 170 mm to 200 mm and width of tread shall be 230 mm. Stairways treads and landing area grating between boat landing area and cellar deck level shall be of composite material conforming to specs. Kick plates.4.10. 3. The deflection of the top of pedestal from the supporting deck shall be limited to H/200 under design loads. ceilings and floors shall be determined by CONTRACTOR following the platform safety case/risk assessment studies.9 Cranes The crane pedestals and the supporting structure shall be designed in accordance with API RP 2A and API SPEC 2C except that the impact factors shall conform to design requirements for the cranes. and for the zone in and above cellar deck level material shall be as per Specs.10. where required.4 REV. 3.50Z steel (API 2H-50Z). Crane pedestal shall be located in elevation and plan such that the crane operator will have a clear line of vision to the deck of supply boat and to the cargo landing zone on the platform. Handrails. 6002F.10 Fire Walls The fire ratings for the firewall partitions as covered in the scope of the work for walls.The projection of steps shall overlap 20mm minimum. . 6001F. Walkways. where H is the height above the deck. to allow personnel easy and safe access in elevated locations. All stairs extending to the substructure walkway level shall be adjustable in length to suit site conditions. 3.1 SHEET 35 of 51 B. FS 5102.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.4. Tread shall be of 30 mm thick grating .8 Access Platforms Access platforms shall be provided. The material for pedestal shall meet or exceed the requirements of API Spec 2H Gr. Walkways. The supporting structure is defined as the pedestal and all members directly connected to the pedestal. The fire protection system for firewalls shall comply with the specification Passive Fire Protection for Structural steelwork on offshore platforms shall be as per Functional Safety Spec.4. Access platforms shall be designed for live loads described in Appendix III and any piping or other imposed loads.
3.10.13 Stab-in Guides and Installation Aids The following should be considered a) The aids should be designed such that they fail prior to permanent deformation of any part of the permanent structure. should also be determined by the CONTRACTOR following the Platform Safety Case/Risk Assessment studies. 3. 3.10.12 Sea fastenings CONTRACTOR shall asses the extent of sea fastenings. The design of sea fastenings shall accommodate the anticipated loads during Transportation.4. The maximum allowable applied load for the skid rail shall be nominated by CONTRACTOR b) The skid shoes should be designed to meet the dimensional requirements of the skid rails in the construction yard.11 Skid Shoe Design The following should be considered a) The skid shoes should be designed such that the module reaction forces are spread evenly onto the skid rail. 3. . if specified.4. Consideration should be given to the effects of any eccentrically applied loads. b) Any deflections must be within the elastic limit of the material c) A 33% increase in allowable member stresses is permitted. d) No increase in basic allowable member stresses is permitted. a safety factor of 2. as established by CONTRACTOR c) At the tugging points.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 126.96.36.199 Jacket Launch Three dimensional launch simulation analysis shall be performed to determine the jacket stability. bottom clearance and barge-jacket behavior during launching operation.4.0 shall be applied to the attachment points and the structure local to the attachment point. The permanent structural members shall be designed in such way so that they can withstand significantly more load than the aids.4.1 SHEET 36 of 51 The requirement to fire protection of the primary structural steelwork and the platform crane pedestal.4 REV.
e.10.15 Hydrostatic Collapse i) All buoyant member including buoyancy tanks shall be checked for hydrostatic collapse during the pre-service conditions for higher of the two following cases.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.00 m at both top and bottom of the jacket shall be ensured during the entire launch operation. The Jacket member and joint stresses shall be checked for code compliance during all phases of the launch. 3. The rocker beam load distribution shall account for the relative stiffness of the rocker beam and launch leg. a) Launch Weight (-) 3% to (+) 5% of the weight defined in the Weight Control report b) Longitudinal Centre of Gravity is offset to 1% of length of jacket towards top of jacket c) Barge Trim is (–) 50% to (+)50% of the selected trim d) Coefficient of Friction for skid rails is (+) 25% of estimated value e) Higher values of variation in the above parameters may be studied.4.5. Members with all longitudinal axes. if so required. g) A minimum mud line clearance of 10. .4 REV. by the CONTRACTOR f) Sufficient combinations of the above basic parameters shall be analyzed to produce the worst-case launch scenario. shall be checked for slam effects using predicted velocities from the launch analysis. which enter the water within 15 degrees of horizontal. and shall satisfy moment equilibrium constraints on the rocker beam.1 SHEET 37 of 51 Three dimensional launch trajectory analyses shall consider the following variation in basic parameters. a) Maximum water depth reached during pre service operations. hydrostatic pressure at mud level with a factor of safety of 1.0 b) Accidental complete submergence condition i. with a factor of safety of 2.
Following points shall also be considered during floating and upending analysis: a) A minimum bottom clearance of 3. The steel mudmats shall be sized to provide bearing and sliding resistance. Both still water and installation environmental conditions shall be considered. For earthquake condition the factor of safety for axial compression case shall be taken as 1. The Still Water Level may be defined as:CD+LAT + 50% of Astronomical Tide For the on-bottom weight the jacket shall be considered in all its applicable set down ballast and stabbed hanging pile configurations.10. Appendix.4 REV.0 for extreme and operating environmental conditions respectively.10. derrick vessel hook loads and buoyancy requirements at successive stages of the Jacket installation. The factor of safety for axial compression case shall be taken as 1.4.16 Jacket Flotation and Upending Flotation and Upending analyses shall be performed to investigate the stability. Any slope in the seabed shall be taken into account. bottom clearance. The ultimate bearing capacity .III.2 3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.0 m shall be maintained throughout the upending operation b) A minimum reserve buoyancy of 12% over the estimated weight shall be ensured in the design c) With any one buoyancy component fully flooded. the reserve buoyancy shall be minimum of 6%.4. 3.5 and 2.1 SHEET 38 of 51 ii) Tubular members shall be checked for in-service condition for hydrostat pressure and in-service stress interaction as per API RP 2A.17 Jacket on Bottom Stability A rigid body stability analysis shall be performed for the Jacket to ensure stability: Before pile installation During all stages of pile installation . The environmental criteria during installation are given in the Table 7.
3.4.5 for sliding failure shall be applied as per API code. where used may be used to enhance the mudmat capacity.18 Jacket & Topsides Installation Aids Installation aids shall be designed to suit the proposed method of installation for the anticipated function and leads and the requirements of API RP 2A 3.10. .0 for bearing failure and 1. b) Single stage grouting system with packers/grout seals. Pile sleeve extensions or skirts. The acceptable primary grouting systems are as follows : a) Pressure grouting system.10. The system proposed by the Contractor shall be of proven design. B) Grouting System Contractor shall provide a reliable grouting system for grouting of the substructure leg/skirt sleeves with the piles if proposed in his design. Safety factors of 2. Critical wave heights shall be determined and checked against installation environmental conditions for jacket overturning/mudmat uplift.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. the Contractor shall appoint a qualified pressure grouting sub-contractor with proven experience for execution of work. In the absence of necessary experience. Should the Contractor propose pressure grouting they shall furnish proof of their experience and capabilities to the satisfaction of the company.4.1 A) Substructure Installation Aid: Flooding System Flooding system shall be a suitable and reliable system for the jacket legs or buoyancy chamber for controlled flooding of the jacket during upending and placing on bottom.18. Any of the grouting systems adopted shall have provision for alternate means of grouting in case of failure of the planned system.4 REV. the grout inlet shall be taken below mudline just above the packer and the grout line shall have a protective casing up to mudline.1 SHEET 39 of 51 of the mudmats under combined vertical and horizontal loading shall be calculated using the methods in API RP 2A. In case substructure leg extensions are provided in design. The system shall be designed as a fail-safe system to cater for all possible contingencies/eventualities such as failure of any of the components. mudmat sliding and bearing failures.
C. Subsequent Level: 0. Two seals shall be provided at each location.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. b) The total weight of all pile including add-on sections supported at this level during piling operation. which will initially pass this level. Loading during loadout and transportation shall also be considered in the design.4 REV. D.5 times the weight of the pile. Buoyancy Tanks Buoyancy tank’s supports shall be designed to withstand the effect of maximum hydrostatic pressures and slamming forces during dive as per Section 3. All inflatable packers shall be provided with a rupture disc installed above the inflating connections to prevent premature inflation of the packer by hydrostatic pressure in the event of inflation line getting damaged during substructure installation. Skirt Pile guides Skirt Pile guides shall be designed for the loads imposed during the installation of the skirt piles.1 SHEET 40 of 51 The Contractor shall also provide two additional diver operated grout ports at appropriate elevations as back-up.4. c) 0. Passive Grout Seals of proven design may be provided as an alternative to inflatable grout packers. .5 times the weight of the lead pile section.25 times the weight of the lead section applied lateral to the plane of the supporting frame.10. Properly sized air supply lines shall extend from each of the grout seals to the substructure top level.15. which will initially pass these levels. As a minimum following criteria shall be considered for the design of the skirt pile guide and the supporting framework. Suitable arrangement shall be provided for collection of return grout from the annulus. in case the pressure grouting system is not utilized. Inflatable grouting packers of proven design shall only be acceptable. Top Level : a) 1. Second Level: The weight of the pile.
4 REV. H.4. Positive type of connectors shall be used to drive skirt piles. Applicable requirements of API RP 2A shall be followed.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Upending Padeyes Upending padeyes shall be designed for the maximum sling load computed during the upending operation. Adequate pile connectors shall be used to assemble chaser pile segments and ensure a sound connection of the chaser with the skirt pile during pile driving. CONTRACTOR shall design all installation aids to suit his method of installation for the anticipated function and loads.0 shall be considered for all the above loads. 3. This load shall be applied at the edge of the outer check plate.10. In case of difference in sizes of chaser section and skirt pile section. Lifting Padeyes Lifting Padeyes shall be designed as per API RP 2A.18. G. the actual energy transmitted to the skirt pile shall be considered for drivability analysis. Lifting eyes shall be designed as per requirements of API . A lateral load of 5% of the static sling load shall be applied in addition to the lateral load computed during the upending operation. F. The orientation of the lower set of padeyes shall be fixed by taking into account the variation of the angle of sling with rotation of the substructure during successive stages of upending operation.2 Design of Installation Aids for superstructure The minimum requirements for different installation aids for the superstructure are given in this section. a) Lifting Eyes / Trunnions Trunnions shall be used for lifting points with a static sling load of over 600 tonnes. A load factor of 2. Chaser Pile and Pile Connections The CONTRACTOR shall provide adequate chaser piles for driving the skirt piles of the substructure.1 SHEET 41 of 51 E. The substructure legs shall have ring stiffeners at these locations to prevent ovalising of the tubular. Pile Stabbing Guides Stabbing guides shall be designed to facilitate centering and alignment and to provide effective support to pile add-on sections.
c) Bumper Guides Bumper guides shall be provided on superstructure to arrest the sway of the module being installed over it and to position the module accurately.4. Mooring bollards shall be provided near each end of the boat landings for supply vessel mooring. Vertical rub-strips along berthing face of the boat landings shall be provided. The design sling load shall be computed based on an assumed tilt of 2º in the most adverse direction. Two swing ropes shall be provided near the mid point of each landing. The lifting analysis of the module with spreader frames with rigid legs and sway braces shall be carried out as per clause 3.4 REV. environmental loads.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.4. The lifting eye / trunnions design shall include sufficient reserve strength to allow for future weight growth.19 Boat Landing Boat landing shall be provided in minimum three steps with minimum stepping of one-meter between high and low tide variation with suitable ladder. uniform live loads and dead loads. For structural design the load shall be treated as a concentrated load. one at the face of the landing and the other 1 metre seawards of the landing face and about 1 meter apart .1 SHEET 42 of 51 RP 2A. Boat landings associated connections and local framing shall be designed for boat impact loads. The guide system shall be designed for a Normal load of 10 percent of the module weight in the direction of guide support and a friction force of 3 percent of the module weight in the lateral direction acting simultaneously. b) Spreader Frames Spreader frames shall preferably be connected to the modules by slings.18 above and including a side sway force of 5 percent of the vertical force in the 4 grid directions. 3. and the connections to the support shall be stronger than the guide elements.7. If rigid legs are provided by the Contractor they shall be adequately braced to carry sway forces.10. Basic AISC permissible stresses shall be used in the design. load distribution changes and final selection of rigging. The guide system configuration and design shall be such that the guide system elements fail prior to any damage to the module or the support structure.
. one third increases shall be allowed for a vertical member supporting the barge bumpers / shock cells. For this purpose the force equal to the rated load of the shock cell shall be applied at the shock cell support points. barge bumper etc. The boat landing shall be designed as removable and readily replaceable with stabbing guide on sub-sea support member.0 m elevation adjustment to compensate for variation in the installed height of the jacket.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.10.10. 3. Analysis of jacket framing members shall be carried out for the boat impact loads on Barge bumper. 3. during installation operation. However. No one third increases in permissible stress shall be allowed in Jacket framing member for this analysis. as specified in the scope of the work. No increase in basic permissible stresses shall be considered. Any point on the deflected structure shall be at least 300 mm clear from any present or future riser / conductor.. it should be detailed to allow a (+/-) 1.4 REV. Riser Protectors /Conductor Protectors shall be designed as removable and readily replaceable with stabbing guide on sub-sea support member. In case of boat landing designed to be field installed.4. It is permissible to integrate the design of bat landing and barge bumper system in to a single unit with appropriate energy absorption of loads as given in design criteria. Local denting of the vertical post shall be neglected. Plastic collapse analysis may be performed for this purpose.20 Barge Bumper For structural design the load shall be treated as a concentrated load. The barge bumpers shall be designed as removable and readily replaceable with stabbing guide on sub-sea support member.21 Riser Protector/Conductor Protector All riser/ conductor protectors. which are welded to the jacket shall be designed elastically. The boat landing shall be detailed such that there shall be no interference with other items of substructure such as risers. Proper arrangements for replacing the swing ropes from topside of the lower deck shall be provided. shall be designed to absorb a concentrated impact energy of 100 tonne metres (TM) applied any where on face at any point.4.1 SHEET 43 of 51 horizontally. The support of the riser / conductor protector. Swing ropes shall be supported from the lower deck structure.
The minimum clearance between any two Conductors shall not be less than 600 mm below mud line and 150 mm above mud line. in case of refusal in driving of conductor.4. The support/guide for Curved Conductor shall be designed for elastic bending forces of outer casing conductor and subsequent casing/tubing to be installed inside the outer casing as per detail indicated in Appendix-IV.5 times the weight of the Conductor. fabricate and install all the conductors by driving to a depth 70M below the mud line or point of refusal whichever is earlier.5 m of arc length.4 REV. At the lower end of conductor a driving shoe having wall thickness more than conductor.3 of Specification 6001 F.23 Conductors The number of Conductor (both curved and straight) shall be as indicated at Appendix-IV.10. The CONTRACTOR shall procure.5 times the weight of the Conductor. Curvature of curved conductors shall be taken 3° per 30. 3.5 time the weight of the Conductor which will initially pass this level.1 SHEET 44 of 51 Riser / conductor protectors shall bear painted signs “DO NOT BERTH. having length 500 mm with bevel end shall be installed. Subsequent Level: 0. whichever is governing.9. Curved Conductors may be pre-installed in the substructure before the substructure load out.6. which will initially pass this level and elastic bending forces due to curved conductor. Second Level: 1. if any. Uniform internal diameter of the conductor shall also be maintained. As a minimum the following criteria shall be considered for the design of Conductor guide framing: Top Level: Weight of all the Conductors (Straight and Curved) installed in the substructure prior to drilling or1.4.10. in combination with extreme storm design environmental conditions. necessary remedial measure shall be taken as per Section 3. which will initially pass this level and elastic bending forces due to curved conductor. 3. The designs of Conductor guide framing shall also consider the load imposed during and after the installation of conductors. .” The jacket shall also be designed to cater for loads from protectors for future risers and conductors/clamp-on.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. However. if any.22 Conductor Guide Framing.
2. Clamp Location of I-Tube/J-Tube I-Tube/ J-Tube shall be supported by Hanger clamp at Jacket Level and other (adequate) clamps suitably placed and supported from Jacket member in sub-sea both for new and existing platform. I-Tube / J-Tube shall be capable to withstand storm condition and Vortex Shedding Criteria as per DNV rules. electrical continuity for Cathodic Protection of clamps shall be provided between Jacket and clamps. All Nuts. so no external corrosion allowance require to be made for splash Zone. The I-Tube/J-Tube below the splash zone required to be protected with Cathodic protection as per Clause No.2. All bolting on the I-Tube/JTube clamps shall utilize fully tightened. iii) I-Tube/J-Tube is required to be protected by protective coating of MONEL SHEATHING in splash zone in accordance with Specification 2015. Contractor shall submit detail Neoprene sheet fixing procedure for Company’s approval. Vortex Induced Vibration (VIV) design spanning studies are carried out to determine the thickness of I-Tube/ J-Tube. 2015. B7 and ASTM 194.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.1 SHEET 45 of 51 3. Clamp shall be initially padded with 12 mm thick Neoprene sheet bonded to the clamp steel surface by adhesion. are also to be designed as structural member as per Structural Design Criteria: i) I-Tube / J-Tube Thickness On firming up of internal diameter of I-Tube / J-Tube during detail engineering.4. Gr. shall be supported by adequate number of clamps. Bolts and washers for clamping the I-Tube/J-Tube shall be XYLAN COATED. Where adjustable clamps are provided. Bolts and washers shall conform to ASTM 193. Specification of Neoprene specified in Specification No. ii) . Gr.2H.24 Design of I-TUBE / J-TUBE I-tube / J-tube shall be designed as a structural member fitted from jacket level hanger clamp to bending level of flexible pipe. to be laid inside of Itube / J-tube. 3.6. All Nuts. However. double nuts with washer on each end of the struts.4 REV. Number of clamps and their location shall be selected by CONTRACTOR to prevent the I-Tube/ J-Tube from becoming overstressed during design storm conditions.4.10.
10. The bridges shall be designed to be installed using suitable pickup sling arrangement. manufactured and installed by CONTRACTOR as per relevant codes and standards. live loads and contingencies as per Appendix–II. The following requirements apply to the design criteria for bridges and determination of bridge load for jacket and deck design.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. 3. design.4.4 REV.1 SHEET 46 of 51 Internal corrosion allowance of 3 mm shall be applied to the I-Tube/JTube wall thickness for the full length of I-Tube/J-Tube and bell mouth. The I-Tube/J-Tube hang off clamp shall be designed to allow the addition of corrosion inhibitor and / or Oxygen scavenger in side the I-Tube/J-Tube.25 Design of Temporary Members/Props Temporary members/props and other aids for loadout and transportation shall be designed and used by the Contractor to ensure that there is no overstressing or damage to any permanent member of structure during loadout /transportation operations. I-Tube /J-Tube flexible flow line seal shall be designed to be installed at the end of the bell mouth. The check for pre-service condition shall be same as for super structure. a) Loading The bridges between platforms shall be designed to withstand the appropriate operating loads including piping.26 Bridge Design The requirements for design of the bridge for in-service conditions are given in this section. in combination with wind loads. For in-place (Operating and Extreme) conditions the piping operating loads computed on . cable and cable trays. iv) Hanger Flange All I-Tube/J-Tube shall be provided with suitable hanger flange for supporting it.10. Company shall review and approve complete details. monorails. fabrication and installation of I-Tube/J-Tube 3. I-Tube/J-Tube hanger flanges shall be designed.4.
1 SHEET 47 of 51 the basis of presently planned piping (including any planned future piping) shall be increased by 20% to cater to the possible future needs. cable and cable trays + piping operating contents weight + extreme storm wind + bridge frictional load. cable and cable trays + piping operating contents weight + walkways live load + monorail live load + operating wind load + bridge frictional load. iii.m shall be considered on the bridge walkway. Predicted maximum relative deflection shall be calculated based on a ‘worst’ case condition ie. Bridge support shall be capable of accommodating a + 1. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. b) . Support Conditions The bridge shall be designed to accommodate transverse and longitudinal differential platform movement between the two platforms supporting it. The AFC and as-built drawings of bridge landing for both ends of each bridge shall contain a note indicating the maximum bridge reaction for which the bridge landing has been designed for. cable and cable trays. One end of the bridge shall be designed as a hinged support and the other end as a sliding support. A live load of 250 Kg/sq. The sliding support shall provide guide restraints in the vertical and lateral directions.0 M tolerance in all direction for final platform location. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. The sliding support shall be a self lubricating bearing element. cable and cable trays + hydrotest load of any one of the large diameter pipe at a time.4 REV. the sum of the maximum absolute deflections of the adjacent platforms. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. iv. 150% of the total predicted translation shall be allowed for in the end connection and bridge design. The load combination to be considered for the design of bridges shall be as follows:i. The hinged connection shall be designed to withstand 150% of the expected axial thrust. ii.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.
11 3. if any specified in the scope of the work. c) Helideck safety net shall slope upwards at 10 degrees with the outer edge level with the flight deck surface. clamps with the framing in such a way that head of the bolts should be on top.12 Miscellaneous Accessories Three identification boards. 3.I. protective perimeter fencing. including lighting. with name of the platforms shall be provided on North and South faces of the platforms and on the top of the helideck respectively. The letters on the boards shall be at least 900 mm in size.4.4 REV.4. .1 HELI DECK Helideck Analysis Design:The entire helideck primary trusses and frame shall be analyzed as three dimensional space frame based on the guidelines as indicated below and as per the data and load combinations indicated at Table 21 & 22 at AppendixIII a) All functional requirements. d) Helideck safety net shall be fixed with G. 3. b) Design loads for helideck beams.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Strengthening of existing members. Details of existing supporting member shall be collected by the Contractor during pre-engineering survey. 3. unless specified otherwise in the respective discipline specifications. shall be in accordance with API RP 2L. The details to be written on the boards shall be approved by the Company. if required. where ‘L’ is the average distance between bridge support points. fire protection system.4.11. markings on helideck. shall be provided by the Contractor.1 SHEET 48 of 51 c) Deflection The maximum deflection of the bridge due to bridge in operation + live load shall be limited to L/300. shall include extension of deck as given in APPENDIX.13 Modification of platform Modification.IV and shall be designed for local condition and adequacy of existing members to the nearest truss shall be ensured. The bridge shall be designed to be fabricated with a built-in camber so that it will remain level after installation. solar panel platform and fire fighting platform shall be as given in Appendix-III. deck drainage system etc.
valves etc. Instrumentation cabling including cable trays. supports etc. Electrical cabling including cable trays. This report shall be computer generated in which various building / module components constituting the platform top sides are identified under separate heads and the weight assessment of each unit shall be made for the following conditions a) b) c) Inplace mode (for dry.1 SHEET 49 of 51 3. Consumable. bulk materials and consumable to be installed on the platform in the form of a Weight Control Report. 3. Appropriate contingencies at various stages. . Offshore lifting.4 REV. valves and supports (identified by name and / or tag number).14.4.14 Weight Control An effective weight control procedure shall be developed.1 Weight Control Report The Contractor shall maintain a detailed weight inventory of all equipment. Piping.4. Transportation mode. The NTE (Not To Exceed) weights for the proposed installation methodology should be established.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Each of equipment using actual tag number for identification. collate and distribute weight information to the Contractor’s project team. For each of these items weight information shall be generally formatted as follows: Structural steel work Architectural and finish material including coating and insulation. The procedure shall collect. supports air lines. This Report shall be prepared separately for all the modules. documented and followed throughout design and construction. hydraulic lines. operating and test conditions). which are identified to be lifted separately offshore.
shall accurately weigh platform Decks. Final structural MTO’s.14. but not be limited. Final piping isometrics and MTO’s. Detailed weighing procedures shall be developed and submitted for Company’s approval. All weight and weight changes shall be periodically monitored throughout the design.4. subsequent weight control reports provide an updated weight information which shall be used to estimate the margin on weight available at that stage.14.2 Weight Monitoring and Control The weight control report shall incorporate appropriate contingencies based on the reliability / accuracy of the source of weight information. b) Prepare schedule of items both permanent and temporary on the module at the time of weighing results with the theoretical values. The quality of input data shall be progressively refined and ultimately result in the following: Data taken from equipment and valve certificates.4 REV.3 Weighing of Decks The contractor. to the following: a) Weighing of module as per Company approved procedure.1 SHEET 50 of 51 Initial input of data shall consist of weights in which a high degree of confidence can be placed and which are backed with data taken from Vendors. As engineering / procurement work progresses.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. latest available MTO’s etc. The weighing activity shall include. c) Reconcile weighing results with the theoretical values. 3. This margin shall not be less than 5% till the time of weighing of the modules.4. A similar weight control report shall be prepared for each substructure for the transportation mode. prior to loadout. Final MTO for electrical and instrument items. . These contingencies shall be added in a statistical manner to obtain the best estimate of the component weight. 3. The load contingencies stated in Appendix-II shall be applied to the weights arrived at in the weight control report and shall be used in the preservice and in-service design of the various components.
4.e.1 SHEET 51 of 51 d) Prepare a detail weight schedule of all items. offshore lifting and final service operations.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Contractor shall assume full responsibility for all remedial measures required as a result of weight escalation beyond the weights budgeted for sea transport.4 REV. 3. This responsibility shall include but not be limited to weight reduction measures.15 Review of Structural Analysis All structural analysis shall be shall be furnished to the Company for review and approval. e) Prepare a final weighing report for every lift containing: i) ii) iii) Weighing Results Theoretical Prediction Item schedule for d) above. strengthening and stiffening of the module etc. Necessary computer terminal with the relevant software shall be made available to the Company during the detailed engineering for the review of the computer generated Structural Analysis. The final In-place analysis of the substructures shall be performed after computation of deck loads based on the above and documented. Necessary reinforcement of the structures and the modules shall be carried out before load out. which are to be removed i. which are yet to be installed.16 Final Documentation Contractor shall submit three sets of hard copies and three sets of soft copies in CDs of all approved structural analysis including computer model of sub sea and topside structure including input and output files in addition to the As-Built Documentation as indicated in Section 1. Contractor shall also perform a final In-place and lifting analysis of the Decks after the weighing incorporating the results of weighing.. prior to lifting together with any items.4. 3. ---------------------------- . rigging platforms etc.
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