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STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I
VOL-II SECTION 3.4
REV.1 SHEET 1 of 51
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA (PART-I)
OIL AND NATURAL GAS CORPORATION LTD. INDIA
JSM JSM PREP. BY
RMK VNM REV. BY
VKK VKK APPD BY
ISSUED FOR BID ISSUED FOR BID REMARKS
51 51 NO OF PAGES
10.3.06 29.6.05 DATE
1 0 REV
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION
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CONTENTS UNDER DESIGN CRITERIA –PART I
3.4.1 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 3.4.2 3.4.3 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 3.4.4 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 3.4.5 3.4.6 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 3.4.7 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 INTRODUCTION Scope /general Definition CODES & STANDARDS General System of Units Sea Bed Features Platform Configuration Chart datum level Platform location & Orientation Water depth Marine Growth Geometrical constraints Deck Heights Pre Engineering Survey DESIGN PHILOSOPHY Load combinations Load contingencies MATERIAL ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA Seismic Data Corrosion Protection DESIGN LOADS In- service condition Structure Dead Load Equipment Load Crane load Live Loads Open Area Live Loads Wind Loads Wave Loads Earth Quake loads Equipment support Barge Bumper
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126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 3.4.8 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 3.4.9 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 3.4.10 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199
Boat landing Riser & Conductors Special Loads Heli Deck Pre-Service conditions Load Out Transportation Wave slam Lift Operations Other Installation Loads Stab-in Guide & Installation Aids Fabrication Loads JACKET FATIGUE DESIGN General Fatigue Life Loading Analysis procedure SCF SN Curve Marking Joints FOUNDATION DESIGN Soil Data Foundation type Scour Under drive & Over Drive Pile Group Effect Shear Keys Pile Installation Soil disturbance DESIGN PROCEDURE General Connections Deflections Structural Analysis Deck Plate & Grating Beam & Plate Girder Handrails, Walkways, Stairways, and Landings Access platforms Crane Fire walls Skid shoe Design
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188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 3.4.11 3.4.12 3.4.13 3.4.14 3.4.15 3.4.16
Sea Fastenings Stab-in Guides & Installation Jacket Launch Hydrostatic collapse Jacket floatation and upending Jacket On-bottom stability Jacket & Top side Installation Aids Boat landing Barge Bumper Riser protector/ Conductor protectors Conductor Guide Framing Conductors Design of I /J tube Design Temporary Member/ Props Bridge Design Helideck Miscellaneous Accessories Modification of Platforms Weight Control Review of Structural Analysis Final Documentation
CONTENTS UNDER DESIGN CRITERIA –PART II
APPENDICES APPENDIX - I. APPENDIX - IA. APPENDIX - II. APPENDIX - III. TABLE-1 TABLE-2 TABLE-3 TABLE-4 TABLE-5 TABLE-6 TABLE-7 TABLE-8 TABLE-9 : : : : : : : : : STANDARDS AND CODES LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS LOAD CONTINGENCY PROJECT SPECIFICATIONS DESIGN LIFE PLATFORM LOCATION AND WATER DEPTH MARINE GROWTH PROFILE CORROSION ZONES EXTREME STORM PARAMETERS OPERATING STORM PARAMETERS ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS FOR INSTALLATION CONDITIONS ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS FOR FATIGUE ANALYSIS 25 YEARS WAVE DATA
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TABLE-10 TABLE- 11 TABLE-12 TABLE-13 TABLE-14 TABLE-15 TABLE-16 TABLE-17 TABLE-18 TABLE-19 TABLE-20 TABLE-21 TABLE-22 APPENDIX - IV.
: : : : : : : : : : : : :
LIVE LOADS OPEN DECK AREA LIVE LOADS DESIGN WIND FORCES LOAD COMBINATIONS INCREASE IN PERMISSIBLE STRESSES DELETED. GEOTECHNICAL DATA PARAMETERS FOR PILE DRIVEABLITY ANALYSIS JACK-UP RIG PENETRATION LIST & DETAILS OF PILE DRIVING HAMMERS PROPOSED TO BE MOBILIZED LIST OF MAJOR LIFTS AS ENVISAGED BY THE BIDDER HELI DECK ANALYSIS STATIC HELICOPTER DATA PROJECT SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
The basic input information furnished in Project specification at Appendix III and IV is to be complied with. contract specification and code requirements during detailed engineering. This Design Criteria has been prepared as a guide during Detailed Engineering for the Platform Project. Details of major lifts with proposed crane vessel as per Appendix III. Detailed track record of the proposed design for similar application.4 REV. 3. III & IV.1 3. The design service life of the platform shall be as per Table-1. 4. if any.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.1 INTRODUCTION Scope/General Structural design criteria described herein establishes the minimum requirements of design of fixed offshore platform as per the codes and standards listed in Appendix I. Appendix-III. 5. shall have to be certified and established to have strength and durability for the intended design life. The design methods described herein shall be followed in addition to Contractor’s design methods. The conceptual design shall not restrict the Company to seek up-gradation/modification to meet the Scope of Work of project. if proposed. magnitude and complexities Major assumptions/considerations for the bidder’s proposed design in accordance with the Appendix II. The facility shall be designed in accordance with the requirements specified in this section. 7. The design criteria those relate to functional requirements of components.1. Loadout. 2. shall be as per Appendix IV. 6. Table -20. Project specific requirements and exclusions. .1 SHEET 6 of 51 3. Sizes and strength of major components. Philosophy of Lift/ Launch. Patented design. principles of design and those directly applicable to bidder’s design /concept shall be followed as a mandatory requirement.4. etc. Drawings of topsides and substructure including appurtenances. The bidders shall furnish following details as a minimum in their bid proposal: 1.4. Conceptual design of platform with proposed structural scheme including In-place analysis.
4.2. Platform in-service design conditions are those. the CONTRACTOR shall also ensure that the Work is executed in accordance with all mandatory Indian Statutory and Regulatory requirements. 3. The term superstructure applies to the structural parts of the topside facilities including decks.4. appurtenances and other individual members as applicable. processing.1.4. Datum weight of a structure equals the nominal weight increased to allow for mill tolerances. inaccuracies. The term substructure in this Specification applies to the supporting structure from the wave zone to the foundation and typically includes the jacket and piles.1 CODES AND STANDARDS Mandatory Indian Statutory Requirements This document has been prepared to the International Standards detailed in Appendix-1.2 Definitions The following definitions shall apply. earthquake and fatigue considerations. Pre-service design conditions are those that occur prior to platform operation and shall generally include transportation and installation considerations. contingencies and tolerances for weight growth.4 REV. . Nominal weight of structure excludes mill tolerances. module support frames and skids. superstructure trusses and legs and module frames. Global load conditions are those considered in the analysis and design of the substructure. Local load conditions are those considered in the analysis and design of plating. grating. beams. and typically include in-place. gas flaring. 3. which pertain to the postinstallation phase of the platform life. however.. helideck etc.2 3. contingencies and tolerances due to weight growth. inaccuracies. buildings module.IA. accommodation.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.1 SHEET 7 of 51 The functional specifications of the related activities/items shall be as per Appendix. Fixed offshore platforms (Platform in short) include pile-founded steel structures for offshore drilling. etc.
3.4. Any conflict between the applicable codes and these Design criteria shall be referred to the Company for resolution.4. sizes. shall be established by means of a grid survey of bathymetry of a region covering an area 250 meters beyond the footprint of sub-structure at mud-line using a grid line spacing of 25 meters.1 SHEET 8 of 51 3. clearances. . All dimensions shall be shown in millimeters and all levels shall be shown in metres. Specifications and standards given shall be met.2.4. The slope in seabed. 3. space requirements for personnel movement and maintenance purposes and keep necessary provision in the layout. if any. Company's decision in this regard shall be final and binding on the Contractor.3. recommended practices. For the determination of platform size and equipment arrangement Contractor shall consider the equipment weights. space provision for future facilities. Design of the Jacket should also consider mudslide.2 Seabed Feature The Jackets should be designed for seabed slope and to meet the installation tolerances. 3. the slope shall be considered in design. the detail design shall take into account the slope in seabed in the form of adjustment in framing and/or mud-mat elevations. If the slope in seabed is such as to tilt the structure.3 3.3.3 Platform Configuration The platform shall be sized and designed in accordance with the approved equipment layout and arrangement.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.1 GENERAL System of Units The SI system of units shall be used throughout the project.3. All other relevant and related Codes concerning the specific job under consideration and/or referred in the above-mentioned Codes shall be followed wherever applicable.2 Codes Standards & Regulations The requirements of the latest published versions of the listed codes. If the seabed slope is such as to tilt the Jacket by an angle exceeding 25 minutes. if any.4.4 REV. before or at the early stage of Detailed Engineering.
70 M elevation above chart datum level.3. a provision for the variation of ±1.4.0m in the actual water depth shall be allowed. attached drawings and Appendix IV. 1 3. Appendix-III. Appendix-III. Appendix-III.6 Water Depth The approximate water depths with respect to chart datum at platform locations are as given in Table-2. etc.4 Chart Datum Level All elevations shall be referenced to chart datum (0. Chart Datum for Indian waters at platforms location shall be as given in Table-2. 3. so as not to be in wave splash zone as defined in Table-4.5 Platform Location and Orientation The location and orientation of the platforms shall be as given in Table-2. For the design of substructure appurtenances.3.4. . 3.8 Geometrical Constraints The top horizontal framing of the substructure shall be at minimum (+) 6. Water Depth at the site of the works may be taken as indicative for preliminary work but the actual water depth shall be determined by Contractor before the commencement of Detailed Engineering. 1 3.4.4 REV.0M).4. For this purpose still water level shall be considered as CD+ (LAT) + (75% of Astronomical Tide) + (Storm Surge). appurtenances including risers.3. well conductors. Appendix-III below Mean Sea Level (MSL). .OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. caissons.4. Appendix-III.1 SHEET 9 of 51 3. Refer Appendix IV for geometrical constraints from Jack-Up Rig operational point of view.3.7 Marine Growth All the framing members including jacket legs and well conductors between the jacket top level and first under water level of jacket framing shall be fitted with an ocean powered Marine Growth Prevention (MGP) system. The design of platforms shall include full allowance for marine growth on all members of the jackets.3. The value of Marine Growth thickness to be followed is given in the Table Table-3. Minimum air gap requirement shall be as per API RP 2A. The design basis shall assume that marine growth is not removed or cleaned off by any means.
. • Jacket. utility systems and piping and provide adequate access for operations and maintenance. existing platform location and orientation. 3. 3. barge bumper and load bearing installation aids. b) Structure Analysis and design shall be in accordance with the requirements of API RP 2A and AISC using working stress design methods. deck beams/girders. stairs. launch truss (if required). and hand rails. Helideck plating. crane pedestal and deck legs. to ascertain seabed feature. d) Topsides secondary steel members shall include deck plate.4. lifting pad eyes.All legs. identification of space facilities under modification scope of exiting platforms and space for bridge landing.1 SHEET 10 of 51 3.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.9 Deck Heights Space between the deck levels shall be sufficient to contain the process. walkways.4 REV. tubular sizes on existing jacket for riser clamp installation. • Topsides – All truss members. vertical/inclined/ horizontal bracing. equipment support beams. Obstructions.3. c) Primary steel members shall include.4 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY Primary and major secondary steelwork for the Topsides modules and Jacket (including foundation) shall be proportioned to ensure adequate strength and serviceability throughout all facets of installation and in service conditions a) The Jacket and Topside shall be designed to withstand the extreme storm and operating storms that occur in the Mumbai High and other field(s) of the Arabian Sea as indicated in Appendix-III. piles. skirt sleeves.3. if any. stringers.4. deck rider/secondary beams.10 Pre-engineering Survey Prior to proceeding with Detailed Engineering Contractor shall perform a preengineering survey to confirm water depth. Contractor shall prepare AFC drawings based on pre-engineering survey and detailed design analysis. grating. found for installation of facilities under scope of work shall also be recorded in preengineering survey and to be resolved with technically feasible solution.
Appendix –III shall be considered in the Analysis and Design of the Platform structures.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. All structural analyses shall be performed using a suite of computer programmer applicable to the design of offshore structures. walkways. installation aids. flotation and up-ending) o On Bottom stability o Pile installation analysis o Design of Installation aids for substructure • Superstructure o Lifting Analysis o Design of Installation aids for superstructure 3. Analyses shall include.1 Load Combinations The minimum load combinations as indicated at Table 13.4 REV.Pile Analysis & Design Fatigue Seismic Accidental loads. The extent of the analyses shall be to demonstrate the adequacy of the structures under all envisaged phases and anticipated loading.4. casings/caissons. but not limited to:IN-SERVICE CONDITION • • • • • In-place operating and extreme storm Foundation Design. appurtenances and their supports and mud mats. PRE-SERVICE CONDITION • Fabrication • Lift Analysis (During fabrication) • Load out • Transportation & Sea fastening design • Installation • Substructure o Jacket structures (launch OR lift. For other analyses the CONTRACTOR shall develop the necessary basic load cases and load combinations appropriate to the structure. .4.1 SHEET 11 of 51 e) Jacket secondary steel members shall include boat landing.
piping and equipment loads (empty and operating). installation and operation.4. This allowance shall be added to the estimated substructure and superstructure dead weight. fabrication & installation of structure and Specs. applied either globally or locally. over and above the estimated loads. A minimum of 3% weight allowance to account for mill tolerance and weld metal shall be applied for all analyses.1.7 and 18.104.22.168 consisting of dead loads. General Specification for materials.4. Mill tolerance and Weld Metal The Contractor shall accurately calculate the pre-service and in-service design loads as described in Sections 3. etc. Material. 3. utilities and any other loads to which the system will be subjected during fabrication. Fabrication and Installation of Composite Material for Secondary Structures.6 ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA For all environmental data refer Appendix-III. The response spectrum data for this analysis shall follow the guidelines for Zone-IV earthquake area as given in Indian Standard .4.1 Permissible Stresses and Factors of Safety Unless otherwise noted in this Specification permissible stresses and factors of safety shall be as recommended in API RP 2A and AISC.1. shall include contingencies as defined in Appendix-II. the platform in-service and pre-service design loads.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.5 MATERIAL All materials shall conform to respective specification given in accordance with Spec. 6001F.1 SHEET 12 of 51 3.4. 3.2 Increase in Permissible Stresses A one-third in permissible stresses shall be allowed according to Table-14.4.4. 3. Appendix-III 3.6.4 REV.1 Seismic Data The earthquake loading on the combined jacket and super structure shall be calculated using the response spectrum method and in accordance with the provision of API RP 2A. transportation.4.4. 3. 6002F Specification for Design. In the preliminary analysis stage and till the accurate estimation of loads is arrived. topside modules.4.2 Load Contingencies.
Still Water Level shall be taken as CD+(LAT) + (50% of Astronomical Tide) 3.0 13.2.2 Corrosion Protection All structures shall be designed to resist corrosion in different zones defined in the Table 4. The corrosion allowance shall apply to the barge bumper and boatlanding main structural members.1 SHEET 13 of 51 IS-1893. riser protectors.0 6. stairways and appurtenances such as barge bumpers. including their stabbing guides shall be painted irrespective of the applicable zone. .4. For the earthquake condition. caissons.6. 2005 “Protective Coatings”.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.6.0 Refer Para 3.2.4.III following manner for the design life of the structures: 3. including conductors.6. shall be painted in accordance with Spec. etc. Corrosion Allowance Thickness (mm) Refer Para 3. boat landings. No.6. FS 4001. 2.2.6. 3.6.4 REV.2. All equipment.4. riser protectors.2.1 Corrosion Allowance Additional material thickness shall be provided as corrosion allowance for structural members and other components in the splash zone as follows:Location Submerged Zone Splash Zone : Barge Bumper2 Boat Landing2 Other members in zone1 Atmospheric Zone Note: 1. The design conditions pertaining to cathodic protection system are given in Spec.4. and conductors at splash zone.4.3 Painting All steel surfaces in the splash zone and atmospheric zone. pumps casings. Contractor shall submit the design/ analysis of anode and anode location drawings to the company for approval 3. Appendix.2 6.3 splash All structure.2 Cathodic protection All Steel surfaces in the submerged zone and splash zone shall be protected against corrosion by a sacrificial anode system. etc.4.
bulk material.3 Crane Loads The CONTRACTOR shall determine the static and dynamic crane loads and use data provided by the crane manufacturer.7 DESIGN LOADS The loads described in the following section shall apply to the Jacket and Topsides unless specified otherwise. grating. rubber.7. etc.2 Equipment Loads Equipment loads shall include the weight of all equipments. etc.III. For global . 3. architectural items. 3. etc. Other specific equipment loads are as specified at Appendix.2.4 REV. piping. where applicable. The dynamic crane load cases shall consider a range or boom directions to ensure all possible lifting scenarios are adequately checked. These loads are to be developed based on equipment layouts. Two basic load conditions shall be considered for global design.4 Live Loads for Local and Global Design: The magnitudes of local and global live loads to be used in the in-service analysis and design shall be as defined in Table-10.SERVICE CONDITION 3. Appendix-III. A minimum of eight boom directions shall be considered. bridge.7.1 SHEET 14 of 51 3.1 Structure Dead Loads The structure dead loads shall include the weight of all structural members including deck plate.4. anodes.7.6. 3.4 Structural Detailing Areas and joints. hand rails. IN. shall be suitably sealed by methods such as boxing with plates.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. which are inaccessible for maintenance and thereby susceptible to corrosion.4.4. These are: • Equipment & Piping Dead Weight • Equipment & Piping with Operating Contents Weight • Load due to coil tubing unit (CTU) on main deck For local design. hydrostatic test weights shall be considered.4.4.7. 3. timber.
6 Wind Loads Wind loads shall be calculated according to the requirements of API RP 2A. as applicable.4.4 REV. shall be considered for each . The Open Area Live Loads which shall be applied to all clear unoccupied areas of deck and internal areas of the Utility and Equipment rooms. For each direction of approach. Appendix III. Appendix-III shall be applied to maximize loading on all structural components.5 Open Area live Load Open Area live Load as indicated at Table 10 and Table 11.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Appendix-III. b) Wind shall be assumed to act simultaneously and collinearly with wave and current forces. Appendix-III. the more severe of the environmental parameters of directions adjacent to it shall be selected from Table 5 & Table 6. in accordance with API RP 2A or as listed at Table 12.4. A minimum of eight or twelve storm directions. Appendix-III.1 SHEET 15 of 51 analysis and design appropriate percentages of the live loads given for local beam design in Table-10-III & IV. Wind area(s) shall also include the equipments located other than above enclosed deck area. Analysis shall be performed for wave approach along grid directions and selected diagonal directions. 3. The Open Area live loads shall be used in conjunction with equipment and crane loads for the design of primary and major secondary steel members.7. 3. Appendix-III.4. Equipment weight as indicated in weight control report or as provided by the Equipment Vendor shall be taken. depending on the configuration of jacket structure. 3.7. The wind area for global design of the Topsides shall be calculated assuming that the area between the decks is fully enclosed. shall be considered for each load case for the extreme storm and operating storm conditions. Design wind speeds are as detailed at Table 5 & 6. shall be used as specified in respective load combination tables given at Table 13.7 Wave & Current Loads Environmental parameters as defined in Table-5 & 6. shall be used as specified in respective load combination tables given at Table 13.7. Appendix-III. c) Wind speeds should be adjusted for elevation and gust duration. Open Area Live Loads should be combined with equipment weight data. depending on the configuration of jacket structure. a) A minimum of eight or twelve storm directions.
The given current profile shall be treated as applicable to water depth equal to still water level. pipe supports and other supports steelwork shall be designed to withstand the operating and hydro-test loads specified on the vendor data/ documents. shall be added vectorially to obtain total velocity vector at any point. the velocities shall be calculated based on linear stretching of the current profile. . Morison's equation applied to only the normal components of velocity and acceleration shall be used to compute normal wave forces on the individual members.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. The importance factor shall be taken as 2. 'Stokes' Fifth Order theory’ shall be used to compute water particle kinematics. Waves and current shall be considered concurrent with wind.1 SHEET 16 of 51 load case for the extreme storm and operating storm conditions. Earthquake Forces.9 Equipment Supports All equipment supports.7. shall be taken as occurring in both horizontal directions and 50% in the vertical direction.0 and response spectra Type III to be considered to account for the soil foundation system. 3. using apparent wave period computed as per API RP 2A.12. Contribution of the marine growth in the added mass shall be considered in the analysis. The design wave shall be treated as a regular wave. 3. wherever applicable. Wave kinematics factor as given in Table-5 & Table 6.7. Conductor shielding factors shall be considered as per API RP 2A. The wave particle kinematics multiplied by the wave kinematics factor and the current velocities adjusted for blockage. Appendix-III shall be used to account for wave directional spreading or irregularity in wave profile shape.4. For any other water level at different points along the wave.8 Earthquake Loads The earthquake loading on the combined Jacket and super structure shall be calculated using the response spectrum method and in accordance with the provisions of API RP 2A. For building /equipment/ modules an equivalent static analysis shall be carried out with a horizontal seismic coefficient of 0.4 REV. The current speed in the vicinity of the platform shall be reduced by the current blockage factors. The coefficients of drag and mass (inertia) Cd and Cm values shall be considered as per API RP 2A.4. The response spectrum data for this analysis shall follow the guidelines for Zone-IV earthquake area as given in Indian Standards IS-1893.
3.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.7.4 REV.7.10 shall also be considered.4.4. . The analysis and Design of Heli Deck integrating the super structure module shall be carried out as per the data and load combinations given at Table 21 & Table 22.1 SHEET 17 of 51 3.7. absorbed in the system shall be 11. b) Vessel impact lateral in the middle 1/3 height of post. 3.12 Risers & Conductors Contractor shall consider the provisions of conductors and risers as per the details indicated at Appendix IV under Project Specific Requirement 3. Energy to be The energy to be absorbed in the system from vessel impact shall be 3.7.4 tonne-metre. the requirements of the section 22.214.171.124.14 Heli Deck.7. Installation Loads.0 tonne metre.0 KPa on each landing Dead Load + Boat impact load at different points on the berthing face Dead Load + Extreme environmental load. Where the boat landing is to act integral with a Barge Bumper system.10 Barge Bumpers The Barge Bumpers and their associated connections to the Jacket shall be designed for the following loading: a) Vessel impact directly in the middle 1/3 height of post.4.13 Special Loads: Loads as indicated in Appendix-IV shall also be considered. Energy to be absorbed in the system shall be 30. 3.11 Boat Landing The Boat landing and its associated connections and local framing shall be designed for the following load combinations:a) b) c) d) Dead load + Live Load of 5. Appendix-III.0 tonne -metre.
sea-fastenings.4. including three point support conditions.out The proposed method of load out shall be determined by the CONTRACTOR and could be by means of continuous or discrete skids. and wheeled dollies. the analysis shall cover cases due to loss of support of one or more supports.7. a separate analysis shall be performed with appropriate support conditions to ensure adequacy of the structure during weighing operations. refer to the criteria described in section 3.1 SHEET 18 of 51 PRE-SERVICE CONDITIONS 3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. . For other means of load out the analysis shall be based on the support conditions likely to be experienced. a) All dead and equipments loads together with weights for all preinstalled lifting gear. wheel trolleys or by direct lifting. The structures shall be checked for adequacy for the proposed load out operation and for the effects of the localized loadings resulting from change in slope of launch ways/tracks and the change in draft of the transportation barge as the structure moves on to it. The analysis for substructure to be loaded out on launch cradle shall cover the front end of launch cradle unsupported for various distances (barge moves downward). and two ends of the launch trusses supported (barge moves upward). etc should be considered. The following should be considered. If the support conditions envisaged during weighting of the deck/module are different from those considered for load out analysis.15 Load. continuous or discrete skids. For structures loaded out on discrete skids or wheeled dollies.18.4. b) For lifted Load out. c) Skidded or trolleyed load out: Structures shall be loaded out onto the transportation barge by means of launch ways. The loads should be based on the Weight Control Report. Lift Analyses. loose ship items.7.4 REV.
etc.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. For the preliminary transportation condition.16 Transportation ` A. Barge Type Small cargo barge (76 m LOA or 23m beam) Large barges Single Amplitude (in 10 Sec.1 SHEET 19 of 51 3. Preliminary transportation Analysis:All structures shall be checked for the inertia loads during sea transportation. The final transportation analysis shall consist of the following: I. loose ship items. The computer analysis shall be performed in accordance with the ABS or any other International Certification Agency rules along with the provisions given therein.2g b) 20º 12.2g c) The transportation inertia loads shall be combined as roll + heave and pitch + heave. Static Stability of barge/structure system: a) Intact condition . pending a detailed transportation and barge motions analysis. d) B. The effect of wind load in addition to the above need not be considered.7. The following should be considered.4 REV.5º +0.4. Period) Roll Pitch Heave 25º 15º + 0. a) Dead and equipments loads should be considered together with weights for all preinstalled lifting gear. Consideration shall be given to the support points used for sea fastening. Detailed Transportation Analysis The design of all structures shall accommodate the forces imposed during transportation. sea fastening. The loads should be based on the Weight Control Report. the following inertia loads in addition to gravity load shall be considered.
1 SHEET 20 of 51 b) Damaged condition with at least any one compartment of barge flooded. Pitch. The maximum sea state to be considered shall depend upon route of tow and season of tow. Lumb) The following shall be considered for the route specific dynamic motion analysis: i) ii) Wave direction: Beam.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. The righting energy available to resists capsizing shall be at least 1. Yaw.4 times the energy required by the designed wind to heel the vessel to the same critical angle.4 REV. . Sustained wind speeds of 148 kmph and 93 kmph shall be considered for calculating the wind forces on the barge freeboard and cargo’s surface area for Intact and Damaged conditions respectively. The following barge stability criteria shall be satisfied. Hogben and P. II. The environmental conditions to be considered shall be based on an average recurrence period of not less than ten years for the season of year when the tow will take place. Heave. This analysis shall include the following phases: a) b) Determination of fundamental periods of Roll. (Ref. at least three sets of periods shall be chosen for the maximum sea state for each direction of approach depending upon the dynamic characteristics of the barge/structure system and the towing speed of barge.: Ocean Wave Statistics” by N.E. Head and Quartering Seas. (i) (ii) The positive range of stability (ignoring strength or down flooding consideration) shall be in the range of 300-400. Response of the system for various sea states. Surge and Sway motions. Wind forces shall be calculated as per ABS Rules. Dynamic motion response analysis for barge/structure system: In order to determine the maximum loads imposed on the structure and sea fastenings during the course of voyage from fabrication yard to offshore site an analysis of the dynamic motion response for the structure/barge system shall be performed. iii) In order to obtain the maximum acceleration response.
if that is likely to result in near resonant response conditions. Based on the above analysis. All engineering related to load out and transportation shall be subject to approval by a marine surveyor as described in Spec. A dynamic factor of 2. loose ship items. the current velocity components should not be included in the wave kinematics when calculating wave slam loading. 3. The following shall be considered. the structure shall be again analyzed for the corresponding maximum inertia/gravity forces. Any reinforcement to the barge deck or modification to the sea fastening/ load out arrangement to make the cargo barge safe for the operations is Contractor’s responsibility.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Contractor shall also be responsible for verifying the strength of the cargo/launch barge deck and framing system to satisfactorily withstand the loads on it during load out and transportation.18 Lift Operations: All structures shall be checked for the loads applied during lift operations in accordance with API RP 2A.17 Wave Slam Horizontal members in the wave zone shall be designed for wave slam forces in accordance with API RP 2A. The loads should be based on the Weight Control Report.5. Member lengths shall be reduced to account for Jacket leg ratio.4.4. 3. etc. the Contractor shall be responsible for the design of sea fastening and the preparation of detailed sea fastening drawings.7. sea-fastenings.7.1 SHEET 21 of 51 iv) A reduced wave height (less than the maximum)/period combination. 6001F. The slam coefficient shall be taken as 5. b) .0 shall be applied to the lift weight of the item for the design of lifting frames. Bending stresses due to both horizontal and vertical slam forces shall be considered.4 REV. a) Dead and equipments loads should be considered together with weights for all preinstalled lifting gear. One-third increase in permissible stress shall be allowed. Copy of approved procedure shall be made available to the COMPANY 30 days in advance prior to load out. For X-braces. After obtaining the maximum response for various sea states. However. pad/lifting eyes and adjacent members supporting the pad/lifting eyes. members shall be assumed to span the full length.
For lift operation under marine environment. buildings and other items as per Section 3.e.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. This study shall include adverse combinations of variation in centre of gravity / weight. A three-dimensional space frame lift analysis shall be performed for all structures to be lifted. spreader frame arrangement or . environmental condition for installation as in Table-7.1 SHEET 22 of 51 c) A dynamic factor of 1. During Detail Engineering the contractor shall perform a lift study to establish that the modules as conceived are able to lift with the proposed barge crane.4 REV. d) e) f) g) A complete three-dimensional idealized mathematical model of the structure shall be analyzed for the stresses developed during lifting operation to comply with the provisions of API RP-2A.35 shall be applied to the lift weight for all other members transmitting lifting forces. a revised lift analysis shall be carried out to ensure that the permissible stress are not exceeded due to the revised weight / centre of gravity.10. The analysis shall also be repeated if the framing arrangements of lifting scheme. If the subsequent weight control reports / actual weighing of the module indicate a weight increase of more than 5% and / or a shift in centre of gravity of more than 2% of the corresponding linear dimension. The lifting scheme including requirements of spreader frame shall be finalized based on this study.3. the analysis shall be carried out in two cases. Static equilibrium during the lifting operation shall be ensured. The dynamic factor for lifting pad eye design for second case i. for sling carrying 75%. The load combination shall include appropriate skew load distribution between the two diagonal pair of slings to account for sling length variation. The bidder to provide list of major lifts as envisaged by him in the format furnished in Table-20. Appendix III shall be followed. each diagonal carries 50% of the static lift weight and second with one diagonal sling carry 75% and the other diagonal sling carry 25% of the static lift weight. Appendix-III along with the marine spread proposed for installation. first assuming all slings equally effective i. The weight control report generated shall form the basis of the study.35 Rigging shall be designed to limit the swing of the lifted objects within 2 degrees from horizontal about any axis. Structural deflections shall be limited for deflection sensitive equipment. Where a four sling arrangement is used to lift the item.4.e.25% static lift weight shall be 1.
The imposed loads shall be appropriate to the method of installation.4. A deterministic approach will be deemed adequate for platforms with fundamental period less than 3 seconds. 3.1 SHEET 23 of 51 components to be lifted are revised to an extent to affect the stress distribution in the structure.4. Consideration shall be given to the support points used for weighing and load out. Wind loads shall be included with this load condition. . 3.8 3. The CONTRACTOR shall determine details of the loads and the structure support points. Dynamic analysis shall be carried out to predict the fundamental periods of the platforms in order to confirm the sensitivity of the structure to wave induced excitation and shall be used to derive the dynamic amplification for the Inplace analysis loading conditions. 3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. A deterministic fatigue analysis using PalmgrenMiner’s Rule shall be used to predict the fatigue life of structural connection.8.19 Other Installation Loads All structures and structural components shall be checked for all of the loads likely to be imposed during all phases of the installation. as a minimum: • • Horizontal impact force = 10% of the static weight of the item.7. Fatigue analysis shall be performed for the Jacket structures using methods appropriate to the sensitivity to dynamic loading.4 REV.4.20 Stab-in Guides and Installation Aids All stab-in guides and bumpers shall be designed for the following loads. Vertical impact force = 50% of the static weight of the item.21 Fabrication Loads All structures shall be checked for the loads applied during fabrication.4.7. appropriate for the site location.4. The platform mass under operating condition shall be considered for evaluating the structural natural period. 3.7.1 JACKET FATIGUE DESIGN General The tubular joints of the Jackets shall be analyzed for fatigue endurance in accordance with API RP 2A.
The directions. etc. the loading ranges due to wave may be based on eight phase angles out of which one phase angle at maximum base shear.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. changes in member buoyancy. To determine phase angle at maximum and minimum base shear the wave shall be stepped through the structure at a phase angle of less than 5 degrees.4. The 25 years wave data for eight directions shall be as given in Table-9. estimating stress concentration factors. 3.7. wave slamming. such stresses shall be combined with those due to wave action to obtain the total effective stress spectrum for a particular member or joint. fatigue S-N curves etc. and submit to the COMPANY for approval.4.8. iv) Eight (8) wave directions (along each of the platform grid axes and in diagonal directions) shall be taken.4.8. iv) For estimation of the fatigue life.3 Loading i) The environmental parameters to be used for computing the wave loading in the fatigue analysis shall be as given in Table-8. Appendix-III. vi) Where significant cyclic stresses may be induced by the action of wind. 1 1 . wave heights selected shall be as per directions indicated in Table-8 and 9.2 Fatigue Life The in-service fatigue design life of the joints shall be at least two times platform service life. remaining phase angles to be selected in between maximum and minimum base shear at the mud line. 3.1 SHEET 24 of 51 CONTRACTOR shall develop an appropriate fatigue analysis methodology and procedure to include wave selection. Appendix-III. Appendix-III.7. ii) Still water depth for fatigue analysis shall be taken as CD+(LAT) + half the Astronomical Tide as given in Table-5.4 REV. iii) Wave forces shall be computed in accordance with the procedure described in Section 3. v) Dynamic amplification effects shall be taken into account in calculation of the loading where the period of the first mode of vibration of the structure is over 3 seconds. another phase angle at minimum base shear. Appendix-III. Kinematics factors and hydrodynamic co-efficient to be selected as per guidelines of API RP 2A. For each direction wave heights shall be stepped in 150 mm increments to compute stress range versus wave height relationship.
with due regard. shall be determined from. For computation of fatigue damage the stress range versus wave height diagram for each wave approach direction shall be divided into a minimum of 10 blocks and the damage computed for each block and summed up.4 REV.4. SCFi and SCFo are the corresponding stress concentration factors for axial. individual detailed consideration shall be given. Particular attention shall be paid to joints in the top one-third of the substructure. 1977).4 Analysis Procedure i) The fatigue analysis shall be performed for all joints. in-plane bending and out-of-plane bending stress ranges and SCFa.G. Aug. iv) For joints other than those between tubular members.1 SHEET 25 of 51 3. deck legs and bottom horizontal brace level. SCFa + FRi. Hot spot stress range = FRa.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. 3. ii) The fatigue life on both the brace and chord side of the weld may be calculated with one of the following methods for obtaining the stress concentration factor applied to the brace nominal stresses: a) For K Joints: Formula proposed by J. FRi and FRo are the brace nominal axial. used to estimate the fatigue lives.8. Brace to weld failure and chord to weld failure. Kuang et al “Stress Concentration in Tubular Joints” (Society of Petroleum Engg. Y and X Joints: . b) For T. in-plane bending and out-of-plane bending stresses for the chord side or the brace side. i. to the published reliable experimental data.8.4. iii) For each circular tubular joint two types of failure should be considered. SCFi + FRo. SCFo Where FRa.5 Stress Concentration Factors (SCF) i) The hot spot stresses ranges at the joints on the brace and chord side of the weld. which determine the safety and reliability of all the steel work of the structure.e. using the appropriate stress concentration factors. ii) For each joint and type of failure under consideration the stress range spectra shall be computed at a minimum of 8 positions around the joint periphery to ensure that the point of maximum damage and hence lowest fatigue life is considered.
which by itself would give the same moment of inertia. 1979) may be used. iii) Ring Stiffened Joints: In lieu of more accurate procedure for analysis these may be checked as for simple joints but using modified chord thickness.6 S.4. Any other established formulae may also be used with prior approval of Company.8. using X-prime curve greater than half the required fatigue life. iv) Effect of grouted pile in substructure leg joints may be considered appropriately for evaluation of SCF. November 1978.N. c) Other established empirical formula for evaluating SCF may be used in lieu of those given above subject to prior approval of COMPANY. These joints shall be marked with neoprene based Cupro-Nickel embedded sheets for future inspection purposes specified in Spec.1 SHEET 26 of 51 Formula proposed by A. which by itself will give the same area.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. b) An increase in the stiffness of the chord which may be accounted for by calculating the moment of inertia of the chord shell plus stiffener and from this the effective shell thickness.4. .P. OTC 3378.4 REV. Smedley “Stress concentration in Unstiffened Tubular Joints” seminar on European Offshore steel Research. 3.8. Curves The basic S-N curves to be used in the evaluation of fatigue life shall be the API X-prime curve. Wordsworth and G. The use of X-curve with corresponding joint preparation as per API RP 2A is acceptable. The effect of ring stiffeners is two fold: a) An increase in area of the chord. from the top of the jacket. which may be accounted for by calculating the area of the chord shell plus stiffener and from this the effective shell thickness.7 Marking of Joints The CONTRACTOR shall identify the joints with the computed in-service fatigue life less than four times the service life of the platform except joints at second level. where joints with computed in-service fatigue life less than six times the service life of the platform shall be identified. 6001 F. The thickness correction effect as specified in API RP 2A is applicable.C. 3. for joints having a computed fatigue life. Formulae proposed by Marshall & Kinra (Refer “Fatigue analysis of Cognac Platform” Paper No.
appropriate to the structures and soil conditions that meet the requirements of API RP 2A.0 under operating storms and 1. The minimum under drive and over drive allowance shall be submitted for COMPANY approval.5 times the pile diameter.III.4 Under drive and Overdrive Allowance The pile wall thickness make-up shall be designed to allow for the possibility of pile driving refusal prior to design penetration and overdrive beyond design penetration. The minimum factor of safety for a pile foundation shall be 2.2 Foundation Type CONTRACTOR shall design the foundation system. Appendix.9. A drawing marking all such joints shall be prepared and submitted to COMPANY for approval 3.4 REV.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.9. or b) The depth computed/stated in approved geotechnical reports. The Contractor shall generate all necessary data for any particular pile size based on the data furnished in the soil investigation report at no extra cost to the COMPANY and submit the same to the COMPANY for review and approval before used in the analysis 3.9.4. 3.1 SHEET 27 of 51 Identification marking shall be easily accessible for divers and a minimum gap of 250mm shall be maintained between the identified joint and the marking. .4.4.5 under extreme storm.4.3 Scour The minimum scour depth around Jacket leg/piling shall be the greater of: a) 1. The foundation system shall be sufficient to develop adequate capacity to resist the maximum computed loads with an appropriate factor of safety in accordance with API RP 2A.9.9 3. as stipulated in API RP 2A. 3.4.1 FOUNDATION DESIGN Soil Data The soil investigation reports of all the platform locations are included as indicated at Table 16.
4.4. The Contractor shall also design the pile wall thickness requirements and add-on lengths of the piles from drivability. 6001 F 3. The pile shall be checked with its tip both plugged and unplugged for a range of hammer size. of jacket. b) Design strength of grout shall be taken as 17.1 SHEET 28 of 51 3.9.4 REV. In case higher capacity hammers are found necessary during detail engineering the same shall be mobilized by the Contractor.6 Shear Keys Shear keys on piles and the pile sleeves shall be provided.9.5 Pile Group Effect For piles groups as clusters. The parameters to be used for drivability analysis shall be as given in Table-17. at no extra cost and time to the COMPANY. Appendix-III. Contractor shall also perform a detail drivability analysis for the conductors to ensure the conductors are drivable to the design penetration as given in Appendix IV. overlap including under drive/overdrive conditions. Appendix-III. During detail engineering the Contractor shall perform a detail pile drivability analysis using stress wave equation procedure to ensure that the piles as proposed in his design are drivable to the design penetration with the hammers as listed in Table-19.7 Pile Installation a) Drivability Based on preliminary drivability studies the bidder to list set of hammers proposed to be mobilized by them (Refer Table-19. Appendix-III. pile group effect shall be considered as per API RP 2A 3. dynamic and static stress considerations.) to drive the piles proposed in their conceptual design to the design penetration.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. .9. Shear keys shall be designed in accordance with API RP 2A and with the following considerations: a) Load transfer should be considered only through the length over which the shear keys of both pile and sleeve.25 Mpa whereas the actual grout strength during installation shall not be less than as specified in Spec.4. For this purpose the analysis shall be done for each type of pile and for each combination of pile/add-on geometry and hammer at discrete penetrations for the full length of each pile.
3. Appendix-III. in particular API RP 2A and AISC.2.0m from a stratum where hard driving is expected c) Pile Run Down Evaluation The Contractor shall perform the pile run down evaluation under the following conditions as a minimum requirement.4. and other relevant standards and codes specified in Appendix -1 b) Structural design shall be based on working stress design. allowable stresses shall be computed using rational procedures and appropriate factors of safety.1 General a) Structural design shall conform to the relevant codes listed in section 3.4. Disturbed zone shall be equal to the full depth of the estimated jack-up rig footing penetration. i) When soil resistance to driving (SRD) is less than the static weight of pile and or pile plus hammer.4 REV. d) Major rolled shapes shall be compact sections as defined by AISC . The pile make-up shall be planned to avoid pile add-ons when the pile tip is nearer than 3.10 DESIGN PROCEDURES 3. The estimated jackup rig footing penetration shall be as given in Table-18. c) Where code checks are not applicable.8 Soil Disturbance Disturbed soil conditions upon withdrawal of jack-up rig shall be considered for the front row piles of well platforms.10.4. The Contractor shall generate all necessary data for use in the analysis.9. The sensitivity of the soil in the disturbed zone shall be as given in the soil report. ii) When total work done by the pile against soil resistance is less than the potential energy lost by the pile due to free drop. iii) When blow count during initial driving is less than two blows per 30 cms.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Consideration shall also be given to the Contractor’s proposed marine spread and the allowable stick-up length for the hammers to be used. Contractor may also employ any other method suitable to the pertinent soil condition to estimate pile run down. 3.4.1 SHEET 29 of 51 b) Pile Section Length Pile section lengths shall be selected in accordance with API RP 2A.
Plates shall be reinforced if concentrated loads are directly placed on plating. and plating on building module shall be 6 mm minimum and shall have proper slope to check accumulation of water/liquid. h) The minimum thickness of deck truss tubular should be 8 mm i) Clear span of plating and grating should not exceed 1200 mm. Rolled tubular member diameter to thickness ratio: 20 < D/t <60. k) Member stresses due to aspects which are not specifically covered in the computer structural analysis shall be investigated by manual calculations and results combined with computer results to ensure that the stress and deflection limitations are not exceeded. Incase of concentric tubular for grouted jacket legs with piles the D/t for tubulars used for jacket leg shall be <100. Use of sections back-to-back.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. 1 p) 1 q) .1 SHEET 30 of 51 e) The minimum thickness of structural plates and flange/web of rolled sections as defined by AISC should not be less than 6mm. battened and lattice type built up sections shall not be permitted. Contractor shall demonstrate this aspect suitably.4 REV. wherever applicable. f) Deck plate shall be chequered type with a raised pattern surface and the minimum thickness should be 8 mm. j) Vibration should be considered for any structure supporting major rotating machinery. The buckling coefficient K shall be chosen for each member in accordance with API RP 2A recommendations. during detailed engineering. g) The minimum thickness of Jacket tubular should be 12 mm except in the splash zone where 25mm thick tubular should be used. in order to avoid areas difficult for maintenance. Incase of concentric tubular for grouted skirt pile sleeves jacket with skirt piles the D/t for tubulars used for skirt sleeve shall be <80. l) All major structural members shall meet the following guidelines: m) n) o) Member slenderness ratio: K1/r <100. The structure shall be designed in such a way that the natural frequency of the supporting structure is less than 70% or greater than 140% of the equipment operating frequency.
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. 3. on each side from the centerline of the extreme incoming brace(s) or length of the can whichever is less. whichever is less: a) Deflections shall be checked for the actual equipment live loads and casual area live loads pattern loading shall be considered. The joints required for removable type structural members shall be considered as bolted joints as approved by the COMPANY during detailed engineering. b) Non-Tubular Joints Hybrid joints. Launch leg joints and other joints in which the load is transferred across the chord shall be designed assuming an effective width of the chord equal to 1. plate girder or wide flange joints shall be designed in accordance with AISC using rational engineering methods.1 SHEET 31 of 51 3. Truss brace to chord joints shall be designed for transfer of axial loads from one brace to another across the truss chord in shear. d) Cross joints. .10.10.25 times chord diameter. the minimum overlap shall be determined as per API RP 2A. c) Ring Stiffened Joints Appropriate closed ring solutions shall be used to design launch leg ring stiffeners at deck leg/girder intersections as per the provisions of API RP 2A.2 Connections All connections shall be designed as welded joints.4.4 REV. a) Tubular Joints Tubular joint design and detailing for both pre-service and in-service conditions shall be in accordance with API RP 2A and shall be designed and detailed as simple joints. The web stiffeners shall be designed to carry in compression the permissible axial load of the brace.4.3 Deflections Deflections shall be limited to criteria based on equipment operating requirements specified by equipment suppliers or the following. Where overlap cannot be avoided. combining rolled wide flange sections with tubular sections as used in module trusses.
The datum for the axes should be the Chart Datum. risers and riser guard. These shall be designed in accordance with AISC specification and shall incorporate the following guidelines. Grating below cellar deck shall conform to Spec. Steel cross bar shall be minimum 8 mm dia high strength deformed bar spaced at 75 mm center to center. . All analyses shall be performed with the same Computer Programme and should utilize the same base model.10.e. The modeling techniques used should be appropriate for the structure being analysed and in conformance with proven industry practice. Gratings shall be galvanized as per specification no.. Bearing member shall be minimum 30 mm X 5 mm serrated type spreader at 30 mm center to center. The in-place analyses shall include a combined Jacket and Topsides model to ensure correct soil.4. barge bumpers. bar top.1 SHEET 32 of 51 b) Deflection of members supporting sensitive equipment shall be not greater than 1/500 for beams and L/250 for cantilevers. conductors. 3. i. 2005 “Protective Coating”. 3. 6002 F. 3. etc. The Jacket model should consider the effect of environmental loads on the appurtenances including anodes. the in-place analysis.6 Beam and Plate Girder Design The local design of beams and plate girders shall be based on the applicable loads defined in Appendix-III.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.5 Deck Plate and Grating Design The local design of deck plating and grating shall be based on the applicable loads defined in Appendix-III Grating Design shall be for a maximum deflection restriction of L/200 or 6 mm whichever is less.10.10.4.4 Structural Analysis All structural analysis shall be performed using a suitable structural analysis computer programme.pile stiffness interaction.4. c) Deflection of other structural members shall be not greater than L/360 for beams and L/180 for cantilevers Where “L” is the effective span of the member.4 REV. at 15 mm center to center at top end and depth of hole shall be 8 mm to match with 8 mm dia. boat landing. Each bearing member shall be serrated by making a hole of 10 mm dia.
4 REV.1 SHEET 33 of 51 1.7 Handrails. Walkways. 3. Deflections. . • Dead load + live loads • Dead load + extreme storm three second wind gusts and/or extreme storm maximum wave whichever is applicable g) Stairways shall be of structural steel.10. stairways and ladders shall be designed in accordance with as specified below: a) Handrails shall be provided around the perimeter of all open decks and on both sides of stairways.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. i) Walkway and stair tread grating shall be designed to be replaceable. b) Handrails around the perimeter of lay down areas. Top and bottom flanges at a given section shall be of the same grade of steel and symmetric about the beam’s axes. c) The top rail of the handrail shall be supported at maximum 1500 mm intervals. stairways and landings shall be designed for the following load combinations. d) Handrails shall be designed to withstand 100 kg concentrated load acting vertically or horizontally at any point. f) Walkways. For this zone the materials shall conform to Spec. 2. loading and unloading areas shall be removable type. 3.6002F.4.4. walkways. h) The minimum clear width of stairways and walkways shall be 750 mm. e) Handrails in the wave zone shall also be designed to withstand extreme storm maximum wave loading. double runner with serrated bar grating treads and handrails except for the level below cellar deck to boat landing.3. All plate girders shall be compact sections as defined by AISC. These shall also be checked for loading due to hydro test conditions. 4. Web. Stairways and Ladders Handrails. Deflection shall be limited to the criteria specified in Section 3.10.
OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. HR on and above Cellar deck removable type. 2. 4. Collar 60. . 6002 F HR on and above Cellar deck fixed type. Hand rails and kick plates shall be galvanized as per specification no. Type –II.154” Std 100 X 6 100 X 100 X 8 6mm Removable type handrail shall be fitted with Socket/Collar.1 SHEET 34 of 51 A. Handrails Handrails of height 1100 mm with three horizontal tubular and one 100 mm X 6 mm kick plate shall be provided around the perimeter of each deck (except the helideck). sides of walk ways in Jacket level and side of helideck walk ways. III. both sides of stairways. Preferable types of handrails are detailed below for guidelines.4 REV. SL. 2005 “Protective Coating”. Handrails around loading/unloading areas shall be made removable to allow loads on hoists to pass.5” X 0.I Type – II Type – III Type .9” X 0. 3.08 horizontal member Type – III Socket.3Φ X 5. Preferable Member size for different handrail is shown below for guidelines: MEMBER Type–I vertical post horizontal member and top --INDIAN STANDARD INTERNATIONAL STANDARD Composite materials as per specs 6002 F. The Socket/Collar shall be fitted with Kick plate. NO 1. HR with safety chain.91 Kick plate 100 X 6 Coaming angle 100 X 100 X 8 Safety Chain 6 mm 6mm 1. TYPE Type .IV Detail of hand rail type HR at & below Cellar deck (wave zone) fixed type as per Spec.3Φ X 3.2” XS 2. IV vertical post and 48. Sharp end/joint at the top each flight of stair/ladder shall be made round.
.9 Cranes The crane pedestals and the supporting structure shall be designed in accordance with API RP 2A and API SPEC 2C except that the impact factors shall conform to design requirements for the cranes. ceilings and floors shall be determined by CONTRACTOR following the platform safety case/risk assessment studies.10.4. Stairways and Landings Riser height shall be between 170 mm to 200 mm and width of tread shall be 230 mm. 3.4. to allow personnel easy and safe access in elevated locations. Handrails. Walkways. Crane pedestal shall be located in elevation and plan such that the crane operator will have a clear line of vision to the deck of supply boat and to the cargo landing zone on the platform.4. 3. 6002F. 3. The material for pedestal shall meet or exceed the requirements of API Spec 2H Gr. 6001F.4 REV. where required.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. and for the zone in and above cellar deck level material shall be as per Specs. Access platforms shall be designed for live loads described in Appendix III and any piping or other imposed loads.The projection of steps shall overlap 20mm minimum. FS 5102.1 SHEET 35 of 51 B. The fire protection system for firewalls shall comply with the specification Passive Fire Protection for Structural steelwork on offshore platforms shall be as per Functional Safety Spec.10. where H is the height above the deck. Stairways treads and landing area grating between boat landing area and cellar deck level shall be of composite material conforming to specs. The deflection of the top of pedestal from the supporting deck shall be limited to H/200 under design loads. All stairs extending to the substructure walkway level shall be adjustable in length to suit site conditions. Tread shall be of 30 mm thick grating .50Z steel (API 2H-50Z).8 Access Platforms Access platforms shall be provided. The supporting structure is defined as the pedestal and all members directly connected to the pedestal. Kick plates.10.10 Fire Walls The fire ratings for the firewall partitions as covered in the scope of the work for walls. Walkways.
Consideration should be given to the effects of any eccentrically applied loads. should also be determined by the CONTRACTOR following the Platform Safety Case/Risk Assessment studies. bottom clearance and barge-jacket behavior during launching operation. if specified.4. 3. .10.4. d) No increase in basic allowable member stresses is permitted. 3. b) Any deflections must be within the elastic limit of the material c) A 33% increase in allowable member stresses is permitted.10. The maximum allowable applied load for the skid rail shall be nominated by CONTRACTOR b) The skid shoes should be designed to meet the dimensional requirements of the skid rails in the construction yard. as established by CONTRACTOR c) At the tugging points.13 Stab-in Guides and Installation Aids The following should be considered a) The aids should be designed such that they fail prior to permanent deformation of any part of the permanent structure.14 Jacket Launch Three dimensional launch simulation analysis shall be performed to determine the jacket stability.10. 3.11 Skid Shoe Design The following should be considered a) The skid shoes should be designed such that the module reaction forces are spread evenly onto the skid rail. The permanent structural members shall be designed in such way so that they can withstand significantly more load than the aids. 3. The design of sea fastenings shall accommodate the anticipated loads during Transportation.4.1 SHEET 36 of 51 The requirement to fire protection of the primary structural steelwork and the platform crane pedestal. a safety factor of 2.12 Sea fastenings CONTRACTOR shall asses the extent of sea fastenings.4 REV.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.10.0 shall be applied to the attachment points and the structure local to the attachment point.
4 REV.e.4. by the CONTRACTOR f) Sufficient combinations of the above basic parameters shall be analyzed to produce the worst-case launch scenario. if so required.1 SHEET 37 of 51 Three dimensional launch trajectory analyses shall consider the following variation in basic parameters.0 b) Accidental complete submergence condition i. shall be checked for slam effects using predicted velocities from the launch analysis. The rocker beam load distribution shall account for the relative stiffness of the rocker beam and launch leg. 3. and shall satisfy moment equilibrium constraints on the rocker beam. a) Maximum water depth reached during pre service operations. Members with all longitudinal axes.10.15 Hydrostatic Collapse i) All buoyant member including buoyancy tanks shall be checked for hydrostatic collapse during the pre-service conditions for higher of the two following cases.00 m at both top and bottom of the jacket shall be ensured during the entire launch operation. which enter the water within 15 degrees of horizontal. The Jacket member and joint stresses shall be checked for code compliance during all phases of the launch. hydrostatic pressure at mud level with a factor of safety of 1.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. g) A minimum mud line clearance of 10.5. a) Launch Weight (-) 3% to (+) 5% of the weight defined in the Weight Control report b) Longitudinal Centre of Gravity is offset to 1% of length of jacket towards top of jacket c) Barge Trim is (–) 50% to (+)50% of the selected trim d) Coefficient of Friction for skid rails is (+) 25% of estimated value e) Higher values of variation in the above parameters may be studied. . with a factor of safety of 2.
Following points shall also be considered during floating and upending analysis: a) A minimum bottom clearance of 3. For earthquake condition the factor of safety for axial compression case shall be taken as 1. Any slope in the seabed shall be taken into account. The environmental criteria during installation are given in the Table 7.17 Jacket on Bottom Stability A rigid body stability analysis shall be performed for the Jacket to ensure stability: Before pile installation During all stages of pile installation .4.2 3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.1 SHEET 38 of 51 ii) Tubular members shall be checked for in-service condition for hydrostat pressure and in-service stress interaction as per API RP 2A.III. derrick vessel hook loads and buoyancy requirements at successive stages of the Jacket installation.16 Jacket Flotation and Upending Flotation and Upending analyses shall be performed to investigate the stability.0 for extreme and operating environmental conditions respectively. 3. The ultimate bearing capacity . The factor of safety for axial compression case shall be taken as 1.10. Both still water and installation environmental conditions shall be considered.5 and 2. The steel mudmats shall be sized to provide bearing and sliding resistance.4 REV. bottom clearance. Appendix.4. The Still Water Level may be defined as:CD+LAT + 50% of Astronomical Tide For the on-bottom weight the jacket shall be considered in all its applicable set down ballast and stabbed hanging pile configurations.10.0 m shall be maintained throughout the upending operation b) A minimum reserve buoyancy of 12% over the estimated weight shall be ensured in the design c) With any one buoyancy component fully flooded. the reserve buoyancy shall be minimum of 6%.
Pile sleeve extensions or skirts. where used may be used to enhance the mudmat capacity.10.1 SHEET 39 of 51 of the mudmats under combined vertical and horizontal loading shall be calculated using the methods in API RP 2A.18 Jacket & Topsides Installation Aids Installation aids shall be designed to suit the proposed method of installation for the anticipated function and leads and the requirements of API RP 2A 3. Safety factors of 2.4. b) Single stage grouting system with packers/grout seals. the Contractor shall appoint a qualified pressure grouting sub-contractor with proven experience for execution of work.4 REV. Should the Contractor propose pressure grouting they shall furnish proof of their experience and capabilities to the satisfaction of the company. B) Grouting System Contractor shall provide a reliable grouting system for grouting of the substructure leg/skirt sleeves with the piles if proposed in his design. Critical wave heights shall be determined and checked against installation environmental conditions for jacket overturning/mudmat uplift.0 for bearing failure and 1. .5 for sliding failure shall be applied as per API code. The system shall be designed as a fail-safe system to cater for all possible contingencies/eventualities such as failure of any of the components. Any of the grouting systems adopted shall have provision for alternate means of grouting in case of failure of the planned system.1 A) Substructure Installation Aid: Flooding System Flooding system shall be a suitable and reliable system for the jacket legs or buoyancy chamber for controlled flooding of the jacket during upending and placing on bottom.4.18. The system proposed by the Contractor shall be of proven design. In case substructure leg extensions are provided in design. mudmat sliding and bearing failures. the grout inlet shall be taken below mudline just above the packer and the grout line shall have a protective casing up to mudline.10. The acceptable primary grouting systems are as follows : a) Pressure grouting system. 3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. In the absence of necessary experience.
4 REV.5 times the weight of the pile.25 times the weight of the lead section applied lateral to the plane of the supporting frame. . As a minimum following criteria shall be considered for the design of the skirt pile guide and the supporting framework.15. Two seals shall be provided at each location. Buoyancy Tanks Buoyancy tank’s supports shall be designed to withstand the effect of maximum hydrostatic pressures and slamming forces during dive as per Section 3. Second Level: The weight of the pile. Loading during loadout and transportation shall also be considered in the design.4. c) 0. in case the pressure grouting system is not utilized. C. All inflatable packers shall be provided with a rupture disc installed above the inflating connections to prevent premature inflation of the packer by hydrostatic pressure in the event of inflation line getting damaged during substructure installation.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. b) The total weight of all pile including add-on sections supported at this level during piling operation.5 times the weight of the lead pile section. Passive Grout Seals of proven design may be provided as an alternative to inflatable grout packers. which will initially pass this level.1 SHEET 40 of 51 The Contractor shall also provide two additional diver operated grout ports at appropriate elevations as back-up. Subsequent Level: 0. Top Level : a) 1. Skirt Pile guides Skirt Pile guides shall be designed for the loads imposed during the installation of the skirt piles.10. which will initially pass these levels. Suitable arrangement shall be provided for collection of return grout from the annulus. D. Properly sized air supply lines shall extend from each of the grout seals to the substructure top level. Inflatable grouting packers of proven design shall only be acceptable.
A lateral load of 5% of the static sling load shall be applied in addition to the lateral load computed during the upending operation. Adequate pile connectors shall be used to assemble chaser pile segments and ensure a sound connection of the chaser with the skirt pile during pile driving. The orientation of the lower set of padeyes shall be fixed by taking into account the variation of the angle of sling with rotation of the substructure during successive stages of upending operation.10. the actual energy transmitted to the skirt pile shall be considered for drivability analysis. H. 3. This load shall be applied at the edge of the outer check plate. a) Lifting Eyes / Trunnions Trunnions shall be used for lifting points with a static sling load of over 600 tonnes. Pile Stabbing Guides Stabbing guides shall be designed to facilitate centering and alignment and to provide effective support to pile add-on sections. Lifting eyes shall be designed as per requirements of API . CONTRACTOR shall design all installation aids to suit his method of installation for the anticipated function and loads. F. Chaser Pile and Pile Connections The CONTRACTOR shall provide adequate chaser piles for driving the skirt piles of the substructure.4. Upending Padeyes Upending padeyes shall be designed for the maximum sling load computed during the upending operation.18. The substructure legs shall have ring stiffeners at these locations to prevent ovalising of the tubular. Lifting Padeyes Lifting Padeyes shall be designed as per API RP 2A.4 REV. Applicable requirements of API RP 2A shall be followed.2 Design of Installation Aids for superstructure The minimum requirements for different installation aids for the superstructure are given in this section. A load factor of 2. Positive type of connectors shall be used to drive skirt piles.1 SHEET 41 of 51 E. G.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. In case of difference in sizes of chaser section and skirt pile section.0 shall be considered for all the above loads.
3. If rigid legs are provided by the Contractor they shall be adequately braced to carry sway forces.1 SHEET 42 of 51 RP 2A. Vertical rub-strips along berthing face of the boat landings shall be provided. Two swing ropes shall be provided near the mid point of each landing. uniform live loads and dead loads.18 above and including a side sway force of 5 percent of the vertical force in the 4 grid directions. The lifting eye / trunnions design shall include sufficient reserve strength to allow for future weight growth.10. Basic AISC permissible stresses shall be used in the design. For structural design the load shall be treated as a concentrated load. The guide system configuration and design shall be such that the guide system elements fail prior to any damage to the module or the support structure. The design sling load shall be computed based on an assumed tilt of 2º in the most adverse direction. b) Spreader Frames Spreader frames shall preferably be connected to the modules by slings. load distribution changes and final selection of rigging. one at the face of the landing and the other 1 metre seawards of the landing face and about 1 meter apart . Mooring bollards shall be provided near each end of the boat landings for supply vessel mooring.7. The guide system shall be designed for a Normal load of 10 percent of the module weight in the direction of guide support and a friction force of 3 percent of the module weight in the lateral direction acting simultaneously. c) Bumper Guides Bumper guides shall be provided on superstructure to arrest the sway of the module being installed over it and to position the module accurately. The lifting analysis of the module with spreader frames with rigid legs and sway braces shall be carried out as per clause 3.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.4.4 REV. environmental loads. Boat landings associated connections and local framing shall be designed for boat impact loads.19 Boat Landing Boat landing shall be provided in minimum three steps with minimum stepping of one-meter between high and low tide variation with suitable ladder. and the connections to the support shall be stronger than the guide elements.4.
4 REV.4.1 SHEET 43 of 51 horizontally. shall be designed to absorb a concentrated impact energy of 100 tonne metres (TM) applied any where on face at any point..4.21 Riser Protector/Conductor Protector All riser/ conductor protectors. barge bumper etc. 3. one third increases shall be allowed for a vertical member supporting the barge bumpers / shock cells. For this purpose the force equal to the rated load of the shock cell shall be applied at the shock cell support points. 3. Swing ropes shall be supported from the lower deck structure.10. which are welded to the jacket shall be designed elastically. Any point on the deflected structure shall be at least 300 mm clear from any present or future riser / conductor.0 m elevation adjustment to compensate for variation in the installed height of the jacket. Local denting of the vertical post shall be neglected. Plastic collapse analysis may be performed for this purpose. The support of the riser / conductor protector. It is permissible to integrate the design of bat landing and barge bumper system in to a single unit with appropriate energy absorption of loads as given in design criteria.20 Barge Bumper For structural design the load shall be treated as a concentrated load. No increase in basic permissible stresses shall be considered. The boat landing shall be detailed such that there shall be no interference with other items of substructure such as risers. as specified in the scope of the work. during installation operation. . Analysis of jacket framing members shall be carried out for the boat impact loads on Barge bumper. No one third increases in permissible stress shall be allowed in Jacket framing member for this analysis. However. it should be detailed to allow a (+/-) 1. In case of boat landing designed to be field installed. Proper arrangements for replacing the swing ropes from topside of the lower deck shall be provided. The boat landing shall be designed as removable and readily replaceable with stabbing guide on sub-sea support member.10.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. The barge bumpers shall be designed as removable and readily replaceable with stabbing guide on sub-sea support member. Riser Protectors /Conductor Protectors shall be designed as removable and readily replaceable with stabbing guide on sub-sea support member.
As a minimum the following criteria shall be considered for the design of Conductor guide framing: Top Level: Weight of all the Conductors (Straight and Curved) installed in the substructure prior to drilling or1. fabricate and install all the conductors by driving to a depth 70M below the mud line or point of refusal whichever is earlier.22 Conductor Guide Framing.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.4.5 time the weight of the Conductor which will initially pass this level. in case of refusal in driving of conductor. which will initially pass this level and elastic bending forces due to curved conductor. However. 3. Curved Conductors may be pre-installed in the substructure before the substructure load out. The CONTRACTOR shall procure. Subsequent Level: 0.4 REV.3 of Specification 6001 F. having length 500 mm with bevel end shall be installed.10. The designs of Conductor guide framing shall also consider the load imposed during and after the installation of conductors. .6. The minimum clearance between any two Conductors shall not be less than 600 mm below mud line and 150 mm above mud line. necessary remedial measure shall be taken as per Section 3. The support/guide for Curved Conductor shall be designed for elastic bending forces of outer casing conductor and subsequent casing/tubing to be installed inside the outer casing as per detail indicated in Appendix-IV.9.10. whichever is governing. in combination with extreme storm design environmental conditions. Second Level: 1. 3. Uniform internal diameter of the conductor shall also be maintained. if any. which will initially pass this level and elastic bending forces due to curved conductor.23 Conductors The number of Conductor (both curved and straight) shall be as indicated at Appendix-IV. if any.5 times the weight of the Conductor.1 SHEET 44 of 51 Riser / conductor protectors shall bear painted signs “DO NOT BERTH. At the lower end of conductor a driving shoe having wall thickness more than conductor. Curvature of curved conductors shall be taken 3° per 30.5 times the weight of the Conductor.5 m of arc length.4.” The jacket shall also be designed to cater for loads from protectors for future risers and conductors/clamp-on.
4. so no external corrosion allowance require to be made for splash Zone. to be laid inside of Itube / J-tube.4 REV. 2015. All bolting on the I-Tube/JTube clamps shall utilize fully tightened. I-Tube / J-Tube shall be capable to withstand storm condition and Vortex Shedding Criteria as per DNV rules. ii) . shall be supported by adequate number of clamps.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. However. All Nuts. double nuts with washer on each end of the struts. electrical continuity for Cathodic Protection of clamps shall be provided between Jacket and clamps.4. 3. Bolts and washers for clamping the I-Tube/J-Tube shall be XYLAN COATED. All Nuts. Clamp Location of I-Tube/J-Tube I-Tube/ J-Tube shall be supported by Hanger clamp at Jacket Level and other (adequate) clamps suitably placed and supported from Jacket member in sub-sea both for new and existing platform.2H. The I-Tube/J-Tube below the splash zone required to be protected with Cathodic protection as per Clause No.1 SHEET 45 of 51 3. Gr. Contractor shall submit detail Neoprene sheet fixing procedure for Company’s approval. Clamp shall be initially padded with 12 mm thick Neoprene sheet bonded to the clamp steel surface by adhesion. B7 and ASTM 194. Gr. iii) I-Tube/J-Tube is required to be protected by protective coating of MONEL SHEATHING in splash zone in accordance with Specification 2015. Specification of Neoprene specified in Specification No. Where adjustable clamps are provided. Number of clamps and their location shall be selected by CONTRACTOR to prevent the I-Tube/ J-Tube from becoming overstressed during design storm conditions. are also to be designed as structural member as per Structural Design Criteria: i) I-Tube / J-Tube Thickness On firming up of internal diameter of I-Tube / J-Tube during detail engineering. Bolts and washers shall conform to ASTM 193.24 Design of I-TUBE / J-TUBE I-tube / J-tube shall be designed as a structural member fitted from jacket level hanger clamp to bending level of flexible pipe. Vortex Induced Vibration (VIV) design spanning studies are carried out to determine the thickness of I-Tube/ J-Tube.10.2.6.2.
4.10.4 REV. in combination with wind loads. I-Tube /J-Tube flexible flow line seal shall be designed to be installed at the end of the bell mouth. live loads and contingencies as per Appendix–II. fabrication and installation of I-Tube/J-Tube 3. design. The I-Tube/J-Tube hang off clamp shall be designed to allow the addition of corrosion inhibitor and / or Oxygen scavenger in side the I-Tube/J-Tube. Company shall review and approve complete details.1 SHEET 46 of 51 Internal corrosion allowance of 3 mm shall be applied to the I-Tube/JTube wall thickness for the full length of I-Tube/J-Tube and bell mouth. manufactured and installed by CONTRACTOR as per relevant codes and standards.25 Design of Temporary Members/Props Temporary members/props and other aids for loadout and transportation shall be designed and used by the Contractor to ensure that there is no overstressing or damage to any permanent member of structure during loadout /transportation operations. For in-place (Operating and Extreme) conditions the piping operating loads computed on . I-Tube/J-Tube hanger flanges shall be designed.26 Bridge Design The requirements for design of the bridge for in-service conditions are given in this section.4. 3. The following requirements apply to the design criteria for bridges and determination of bridge load for jacket and deck design. cable and cable trays.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. iv) Hanger Flange All I-Tube/J-Tube shall be provided with suitable hanger flange for supporting it.10. The check for pre-service condition shall be same as for super structure. monorails. a) Loading The bridges between platforms shall be designed to withstand the appropriate operating loads including piping. The bridges shall be designed to be installed using suitable pickup sling arrangement.
iv. cable and cable trays + piping operating contents weight + extreme storm wind + bridge frictional load. A live load of 250 Kg/sq. the sum of the maximum absolute deflections of the adjacent platforms.4 REV.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. 150% of the total predicted translation shall be allowed for in the end connection and bridge design. cable and cable trays + piping operating contents weight + walkways live load + monorail live load + operating wind load + bridge frictional load.1 SHEET 47 of 51 the basis of presently planned piping (including any planned future piping) shall be increased by 20% to cater to the possible future needs. One end of the bridge shall be designed as a hinged support and the other end as a sliding support. The AFC and as-built drawings of bridge landing for both ends of each bridge shall contain a note indicating the maximum bridge reaction for which the bridge landing has been designed for. Support Conditions The bridge shall be designed to accommodate transverse and longitudinal differential platform movement between the two platforms supporting it. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. iii.m shall be considered on the bridge walkway. The load combination to be considered for the design of bridges shall be as follows:i. ii. cable and cable trays. b) . The sliding support shall provide guide restraints in the vertical and lateral directions. The sliding support shall be a self lubricating bearing element. Bridge support shall be capable of accommodating a + 1.0 M tolerance in all direction for final platform location. cable and cable trays + hydrotest load of any one of the large diameter pipe at a time. Predicted maximum relative deflection shall be calculated based on a ‘worst’ case condition ie. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. Dead load of bridge + dead weight of piping. The hinged connection shall be designed to withstand 150% of the expected axial thrust.
11 3.12 Miscellaneous Accessories Three identification boards.4.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3.1 HELI DECK Helideck Analysis Design:The entire helideck primary trusses and frame shall be analyzed as three dimensional space frame based on the guidelines as indicated below and as per the data and load combinations indicated at Table 21 & 22 at AppendixIII a) All functional requirements. unless specified otherwise in the respective discipline specifications. clamps with the framing in such a way that head of the bolts should be on top.I. deck drainage system etc.4 REV.4. markings on helideck.4. The details to be written on the boards shall be approved by the Company. c) Helideck safety net shall slope upwards at 10 degrees with the outer edge level with the flight deck surface. shall be in accordance with API RP 2L. fire protection system. Strengthening of existing members.4. b) Design loads for helideck beams. The letters on the boards shall be at least 900 mm in size. if required. The bridge shall be designed to be fabricated with a built-in camber so that it will remain level after installation. with name of the platforms shall be provided on North and South faces of the platforms and on the top of the helideck respectively. protective perimeter fencing. Details of existing supporting member shall be collected by the Contractor during pre-engineering survey. if any specified in the scope of the work.IV and shall be designed for local condition and adequacy of existing members to the nearest truss shall be ensured. where ‘L’ is the average distance between bridge support points. shall include extension of deck as given in APPENDIX. 3. .13 Modification of platform Modification. solar panel platform and fire fighting platform shall be as given in Appendix-III. 3.11. d) Helideck safety net shall be fixed with G. 3. shall be provided by the Contractor.1 SHEET 48 of 51 c) Deflection The maximum deflection of the bridge due to bridge in operation + live load shall be limited to L/300. including lighting.
The NTE (Not To Exceed) weights for the proposed installation methodology should be established. Transportation mode. The procedure shall collect.4. Offshore lifting. 3.4. Appropriate contingencies at various stages.1 Weight Control Report The Contractor shall maintain a detailed weight inventory of all equipment. Electrical cabling including cable trays. For each of these items weight information shall be generally formatted as follows: Structural steel work Architectural and finish material including coating and insulation. supports air lines.4 REV. documented and followed throughout design and construction.14 Weight Control An effective weight control procedure shall be developed. Consumable. valves and supports (identified by name and / or tag number). This report shall be computer generated in which various building / module components constituting the platform top sides are identified under separate heads and the weight assessment of each unit shall be made for the following conditions a) b) c) Inplace mode (for dry. Each of equipment using actual tag number for identification. This Report shall be prepared separately for all the modules. bulk materials and consumable to be installed on the platform in the form of a Weight Control Report.14.1 SHEET 49 of 51 3. collate and distribute weight information to the Contractor’s project team. hydraulic lines. which are identified to be lifted separately offshore. valves etc.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. . operating and test conditions). Piping. Instrumentation cabling including cable trays. supports etc.
prior to loadout.14.3 Weighing of Decks The contractor. 3. These contingencies shall be added in a statistical manner to obtain the best estimate of the component weight. Final MTO for electrical and instrument items.4. but not be limited. This margin shall not be less than 5% till the time of weighing of the modules. Detailed weighing procedures shall be developed and submitted for Company’s approval.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. latest available MTO’s etc. shall accurately weigh platform Decks. As engineering / procurement work progresses. c) Reconcile weighing results with the theoretical values. The quality of input data shall be progressively refined and ultimately result in the following: Data taken from equipment and valve certificates. . The weighing activity shall include.14.4 REV. to the following: a) Weighing of module as per Company approved procedure.4. The load contingencies stated in Appendix-II shall be applied to the weights arrived at in the weight control report and shall be used in the preservice and in-service design of the various components. subsequent weight control reports provide an updated weight information which shall be used to estimate the margin on weight available at that stage. Final piping isometrics and MTO’s.2 Weight Monitoring and Control The weight control report shall incorporate appropriate contingencies based on the reliability / accuracy of the source of weight information. A similar weight control report shall be prepared for each substructure for the transportation mode.1 SHEET 50 of 51 Initial input of data shall consist of weights in which a high degree of confidence can be placed and which are backed with data taken from Vendors. Final structural MTO’s. 3. All weight and weight changes shall be periodically monitored throughout the design. b) Prepare schedule of items both permanent and temporary on the module at the time of weighing results with the theoretical values.
offshore lifting and final service operations. Contractor shall assume full responsibility for all remedial measures required as a result of weight escalation beyond the weights budgeted for sea transport. e) Prepare a final weighing report for every lift containing: i) ii) iii) Weighing Results Theoretical Prediction Item schedule for d) above.OFFSHORE DESIGN SECTION ISO-9001-2000 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA PART-I VOL-II SECTION 3. 3. This responsibility shall include but not be limited to weight reduction measures.4.15 Review of Structural Analysis All structural analysis shall be shall be furnished to the Company for review and approval. ---------------------------- .1 SHEET 51 of 51 d) Prepare a detail weight schedule of all items. Necessary computer terminal with the relevant software shall be made available to the Company during the detailed engineering for the review of the computer generated Structural Analysis.4 REV.4. prior to lifting together with any items. 3. which are yet to be installed. The final In-place analysis of the substructures shall be performed after computation of deck loads based on the above and documented.. strengthening and stiffening of the module etc. Necessary reinforcement of the structures and the modules shall be carried out before load out. Contractor shall also perform a final In-place and lifting analysis of the Decks after the weighing incorporating the results of weighing.16 Final Documentation Contractor shall submit three sets of hard copies and three sets of soft copies in CDs of all approved structural analysis including computer model of sub sea and topside structure including input and output files in addition to the As-Built Documentation as indicated in Section 1. rigging platforms etc.e. which are to be removed i.
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