Abbey Mills Pumping Station

Site information paper

Introduction

Currently, untreated sewage regularly overflows into the River Thames from London’s Victorian sewerage system via combined sewer overflows (CSOs). The proposed Thames Tunnel would intercept these overflows through the use of a new storage and transfer tunnel, which would link west London and Abbey Mills Pumping Station. The sewage flow would then be transferred to Beckton Sewage Treatment Works via the Lee Tunnel. The reduction in untreated sewage entering the River Thames would bring long-term benefits for the environment and users of the River Thames. In order to deliver the project we need a number of sites along the route and this document identifies our current preferred site at Abbey Mills Pumping Station.

Key facts
Local authority: Site type: Duration of main construction works: Newham Main tunnel reception site Approximately four years.

Thames Tunnel
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Abbey Mills Pumping Station
Section 1: Introduction and site information
We are proposing to use the southern and western part of our existing Abbey Mills Pumping Station site for the construction work. The site would receive the main tunnel from Chambers Wharf and connect the main tunnel to the Lee Tunnel, which would transfer the flows of sewage to Beckton Sewage Treatment Works. The location of the site is shown in Figure 1A, to the west of Abbey Mills Pumping Station and the Lee Tunnel, which is currently under construction. The site is located within the Three Mills Conservation Area, with Prescott Channel to the west and the Channelsea River to the south and east. Residential properties are located to the north and north west of the site on Gay Road and Riverside Road. This site information paper sets out our proposals at Abbey Mills Pumping Station. We have also produced project information papers, which cover overarching topics relating to the project. Where we consider that a project information paper is particularly relevant, we have highlighted this in a related documents box. At the end of this site information paper is a list of other documents, which may be of interest and a glossary of terms.

Related documents: Build BSTW Beckton Sewage Treatment Works

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Introduction

Road Gay
Roa d

Draft limit of land to be acquired or used Proposed tunnel route – centreline Lee Tunnel currently under construction Local authority boundary

Rive rsid e

Pre sco tt Ch a
el nn

Abbey Mills Pumping Station

NEWHAM Three Mills Green

Three Mills Lock

Cha

nn

a else

Rive

r

TOWER HAMLETS

Three Mills Studios N

Figure 1A: Abbey Mills Pumping Station location plan

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Abbey Mills Pumping Station
How we chose this site
What we proposed at phase one consultation
In addition to sites to intercept the CSOs, we require sites to build the main tunnel at: • each end of the main tunnel in west and east London • suitable intervals along the route of the main tunnel • locations where the type of geology that the main tunnel goes through changes. Prior to identifying the precise location of the main tunnel sites, we established the broad areas within which they would be needed. One of the main tunnel sites is required in the Abbey Mills Pumping Station area, which is where the main tunnel would end. Through our site selection process, we identified three possible shortlisted sites which could be used as a main tunnel drive site. At phase one consultation, which was held between September 2010 and January 2011, we presented these sites: • Three Mills Studios • Three Mills Green • Abbey Mills Pumping Station. Abbey Mills Pumping Station was identified as our preferred site at phase one consultation to drive the main tunnel to King’s Stairs Gardens.

Why we have amended our proposals
Since January 2011, we have considered the comments from phase one consultation, feedback from ongoing engagement and new information; and undertaken further technical work. We reviewed our tunnelling strategy and concluded that Abbey Mills Pumping Station should be used as a main tunnel reception site rather than a main tunnel drive site, with the main tunnel being driven to Abbey Mills Pumping Station from Chambers Wharf. This is because: • Further technical work has shown that transporting material to and from the site by the River Lee would be very difficult to achieve and is highly undesirable when material needs to be transported daily over a two to three year period. This level of barge movements would be required if Abbey Mills Pumping Station were to be used as a main tunnel drive site, given the volume of excavated material that would be produced. • Given the constraints to using the River Lee to transport materials, we would need to use the residential roads to access the site. In comparison, Chambers Wharf has significantly better river access for transporting materials. There are also fewer navigational restrictions on the River Thames when compared to the River Lee, which would allow the use of larger barges and therefore more efficient transportation of materials.

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Introduction

What we are proposing at phase two consultation
Abbey Mills Pumping Station is our preferred site for a main tunnel reception site. This is because using this site allows us to make use of land that we own, is part of a large area of brownfield land and is close to the Lee Tunnel shaft which the main tunnel would need to connect to in order to transfer the flows to Beckton Sewage Treatment Works.

Related documents: Changes

Q&A

Consultation Site selection

BSTW CW

Beckton Sewage Treatment Works Chambers Wharf

5

Abbey Mills Pumping Station

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Construction

Section 2: Construction
Construction activities
Construction activities are required to construct the main tunnel. We would construct a shaft with an internal diameter of approximately 20m (approximately 67m deep) to connect to the main tunnel. The shaft would receive the tunnel boring machine from Chambers Wharf which would be removed from the shaft and removed from the site. The shaft would also be used to install the secondary lining into the main tunnel. Figure 2A illustrates the below ground infrastructure proposed. These activities would take place within the area indicated by the red line in Figure 1A, in five main phases, lasting approximately four years in total. The main construction activities associated with these phases are set out in Table 2.1.

Related documents: Build Managing construction

Construction

Shaft

Lee Tunnel shaft

Main tunnel

Lee Tunnel

Figure 2A: Illustration showing typical elements of below ground infrastructure

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Abbey Mills Pumping Station
Advance works
Table 2.1: Main activities during construction phases

Phase 1 Site setup

Figure reference
Typical working hours Utilities connected Utilities diverted or protected Site cleared

_ Varies

Figure 2C
Standard

ü ü ü ü

Main construction activities

Site facilities and access set up Shaft excavated and built Lee Tunnel connection built Tunnel boring machine removed from shaft and disassembled Internal (secondary) tunnel lining constructed Above and below ground structures constructed Mechanical and electrical equipment installed Site restored and landscaped Temporary site facilities removed

Our typical working hours are expected to be: Standard: 8am-6pm weekdays, 8am-1pm Saturday* Extended standard: 6pm-10pm weekdays, 1pm-5pm Saturdays Continuous: 24 hours a day, seven days a week** Varies: Working hours for advanced works will depend on the nature of the works and will be agreed with the local authority 8

Construction

Phase 2

Phase 3

Phase 4

Phase 5 Completion of works and site restoration _
Standard

Shaft construction Secondary lining Construction of other structures Figure 2C
Standard with occasional extended standard

Figure 2D
Continuous

Figure 2D
Standard

ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü
* Standard working hours would also include, subject to agreement with the local authority: – a short period (up to one hour) before works start and after they have finished to allow our workers to prepare for work and check the site. – equipment and machinery maintenance could also take place 1pm-5pm Saturday and 10am-4pm Sunday. ** The main activities taking place 24 hours a day are below ground or within an enclosure.

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Abbey Mills Pumping Station
Site layout and construction phases
Figures 2C and 2D show how the site might be laid out during the construction phases, which are set out in Table 2.1 and Figure 2B. These layouts have been informed by the size of the infrastructure proposed, the construction methods required and the location of neighbouring buildings and structures. They have also been developed to minimise effects on the local community and environment. A particular factor at this site that has influenced the layout is as follows: • If the Lee Tunnel is able to use barges on the River Lee via Bow Creek and the Prescott Channel to export materials from its shaft construction, similar arrangements could be used for construction activities at this site. Our site layout has changed to reflect this. The site layouts are indicative only, and the contractor may arrange the site in a different way, depending on the chosen construction methods, provided that any environmental effects are appropriately managed, and that the main construction activities are undertaken within the red line shown in Figure 1A. Year 4 P5 P4

Advance works

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3 P3

P1 P2

Figure 2B: Construction timeline showing approximate duration of works in phases (P)

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Construction

Roa Gay
Roa d

d

Maximum extent of construction site for phases 1 and 2 Site hoarding Local authority boundary Site support/welfare Excavated material storage and processing Maintenance workshop and storage Construction support Piling rig Internal site road Site access Lee Tunnel shaft Shaft

Pre sco tt

NEWHAM Cranes

TOWER HAMLETS

Option for contractor to transport materials using barges

Rive rsid e

Ch a
el nn

Cha

nn

a else

r Rive
N

Figure 2C: Illustrative phases 1 and 2 construction plan

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Abbey Mills Pumping Station
Gay
Roa d

Road

Maximum extent of construction site for phases 3 and 4 Site hoarding Local authority boundary Site support/welfare Maintenance workshop and storage Construction support Internal site road Shaft Site access

Pre sco tt

NEWHAM Cranes

Rive rsid e

Ch a
el nn

Lee Tunnel shaft

Option for contractor to transport materials using barges TOWER HAMLETS

Cha

n

sea nel

Rive

r

N

Figure 2D: Illustrative phases 3 and 4 construction plan

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Construction

Additional works and activities
The main construction activities at this site are set out in Table 2.1. We would also need to undertake additional works and activities, some of which may be located outside of the area indicated by the red line in Figure 1A. The anticipated additional works and activities are set out in Table 2.2.

When

Type of works
Installation of equipment to monitor environmental matters such as noise, vibration and dust. Protection works to third party structures (such as buildings, bridges and tunnels). Temporary connection to utilities (such as water, sewer, phone and electricity supply). Traffic management works. Permanent connection to utilities (such as water, phone and electricity supply) for the operational tunnel.

What we would do
The locations of monitoring equipment would be agreed with the local authority and relevant landowners. We would undertake studies to identify any effects our construction work may have on third party structures. The studies may recommend particular construction methods or, in very limited instances, protection works. We expect to connect to utilities within the pumping station site. These may need to extend beyond our site and could include relocating kerb lines, repainting road lines and modifying traffic signals. We expect to connect to utilities from within the pumping station site.

Required for construction phase

Required for operational phase

Table 2.2: Additional works and activities

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Abbey Mills Pumping Station
Construction transport and access
We have considered the use of the River Lee to transport materials to and from this site, however, given the navigational constraints and the relatively small volumes of material that we would need to move, we consider that it is unlikely to be cost effective. We have therefore assumed that all materials would be moved by road. However, the scope of works currently being carried out at this site as part of the Lee Tunnel contract is very similar to our proposed scope of works. If the Lee Tunnel shaft construction proves that river transport is viable from this site, it is likely that we would adopt the same strategy. Table 2.3 sets out the anticipated average daily number of lorries visiting (ie travelling to and from) the site during the peak months of each phase. Construction traffic would access the site from High Street (A11), turning right into Abbey Lane and turning left into the site via an existing entrance from Gay Road. Traffic would leave the site via the same route. This access route is shown on Figure 2E. Beyond this, construction traffic would use the major road network to get to and from its final destination. The existing footpath around the site is being reinstated as part of the current Lee Tunnel works. Our works for the Thames Tunnel project would not affect the footpath. Based on our current design we do not anticipate that any parking bay suspensions, road diversions, bus stop relocations or junction changes would be required.

Related documents: Transport

Phase 1 Site setup

Phase 2 Shaft construction

Phase 3 Secondary lining

Phase 4 Construction of other structures
28 lorries

Phase 5 Completion of works and site restoration
11 lorries

Average daily lorry visits

25 lorries

53 lorries

18 lorries

Table 2.3: Average daily lorry visits during the peak months

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Construction

Abbey Lane Gay Road

A11

High Street

NEWHAM

A12 TOWER HAMLETS

d Roa Gay
Left turn in, right turn out

Existing entrance

N

Figure 2E: Proposed access route to the site from the nearest major road

Draft limit of land to be acquired or used Internal site road Site access

Local authority boundary Transport for London (TfL) road network Proposed lorry access to TfL road network

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Abbey Mills Pumping Station
Management of construction works
Our construction works would be managed in accordance with an agreed Code of construction practice (CoCP). For phase two consultation, we have produced a draft CoCP Part A: General requirements, informed by CoCPs from other major construction projects in London and consultation with the local authorities. Through the environmental impact assessment process, schemewide principles to address potential effects on the local environment have been identified and integrated into the design. The CoCP Part A sets out scheme-wide control measures that would be used to minimise potential effects during the construction process. Table 2.4 sets out what we consider to be the key issues for this site during construction, and how we are currently proposing to address them.

Related documents: Environment

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Construction

Issue
Loss or displacement of some of the allotments west of the Abbey Mills Pumping Station. Possible effect on the footpath around the site linking the Greenway to Three Mills Green. Possible effect of construction vehicles on the capacity and operation of the local road network.

Our response
Since phase one consultation, we have revised our proposals for the site to ensure that the location of construction activities would not result in the loss of any allotment plots. The decision not to use this site as a main tunnel drive site means that a smaller site is now required for construction. The existing footpath around the site is being reinstated as part of the current Lee Tunnel works. Our works for the Thames Tunnel project would not affect the footpath. We have sought to minimise disruption to the local road network through our site layout and design. We would manage the effects of road transport through our traffic management plans, which will seek to limit the number of vehicle movements and hours of operation, identify the most suitable site access points and any necessary highway management arrangements. The contractor would be required to implement noise and vibration control measures at the worksite, which will be set out in the CoCP. Continuous tunnelling would only be undertaken for a short period of time to connect the main tunnel to the Lee Tunnel.

Possible effect of noise and vibration on neighbouring areas.

Preliminary findings indicate that while there is the potential for dust nuisance Possible effects on local air quality and effects, there are unlikely to be any significant local air quality effects at any of the sites. The contractor would put in place air and dust control measures dust nuisance in neighbouring areas. at the worksite, will would be set out in the CoCP.
Table 2.4: Key issues relating to construction

Related documents: Managing construction Transport

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Abbey Mills Pumping Station
Section 3: Future use
This section describes the site after the completion of the construction work, ie when the main tunnel is in use – the ‘operational phase’. Our permanent works need to incorporate functional elements, which are required for the operation of the tunnel. These include: • Underground structures with ground level access covers including: a main tunnel shaft with an internal diameter of approximately 20m and connection works to the Lee Tunnel. • Three ventilation columns up to 9m high. • Maintenance vehicle access. Table 3.1 sets out the site specific issue that has influenced our permanent design proposals and how we have addressed this issue in our proposed design.

Design
Since phase one consultation we have progressed the design for the permanent use and appearance of the structures at Abbey Mills Pumping Station. The design of the permanent proposals follows our scheme-wide principles and takes into account comments made and ongoing engagement with the London Borough of Newham and other technical consultees.

Issue
The effect on the setting of the Grade II* listed Abbey Mills Pumping Station and character of the Three Mills Conservation Area.

Our response
The majority of the proposed permanent works on this site would be below or at ground level so are unlikely to have any significant effects on the listed building or Conservation Area. The ventilation column would be modern in design, reflecting its function and the appearance of the adjacent modern pumping station and other recent structures that have been accommodated in this setting.

Table 3.1: Site specific issue that has influenced our permanent design

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Future use
Figures 3A and 3B provide illustrations of our design proposals. Further information on the development of our design can be found in the Design development report.

Related documents: Design

Future use

Figure 3A: Aerial view of the completed works

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Abbey Mills Pumping Station
Fence around Lee Tunnel and Thames Tunnel shafts Ventilation columns Access for maintenance vehicles from existing road within Abbey Mills Pumping Station site Fans and filters for odour treatment provided by Lee Tunnel project

Lee Tunnel shaft

Grassed area

Three Mills Studios

Ri ea ls nne Cha

ve r

N
Figure 3B: Layout of site once construction works complete

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Future use

Operation and maintenance
Once the tunnel is operational, we expect to undertake inspection and maintenance of the ventilation and below ground equipment approximately once every three to six months. This would be undertaken within our site and as part of the existing maintenance routine. Once every ten years, we expect to carry out a major internal inspection of the tunnel and underground structures. This is likely to involve a small team of inspection staff, a small team of support crew and two mobile cranes to lower the team and inspection vehicle into the shaft. This is likely to take several weeks, and would all be undertaken within our site. We may also need to make visits to the site for unplanned maintenance or repairs, for example, if there is a blockage, or equipment failure. This may require the use of mobile cranes and vans. Permanent vehicular access would be from within the pumping station site, accessed from Gay Road.

Management of operational effects
We have undertaken technical work, including stakeholder engagement, to assess and identify the key issues associated with this site once it is operational. Table 3.2 summarises these issues and how we are currently proposing to address them.

Related documents: Odour

Issue

Our response
Odour effects at this site are expected to be negligible because we have developed an Air management plan to minimise possible odour and air quality effects arising from the operation of the tunnel. The technology we are proposing to use at this site includes a mechanical ventilation system that draws air through the tunnel with fans before cleaning the air using carbon filters that will absorb possible odour before air leaves the ventilation equipment. The permanent access to our site would remain unchanged and visits would be undertaken as part of the existing maintenance routine.

Possible odour effects during the operation of the tunnel.

Disturbance from future maintenance access.

Table 3.2: Key issues relating to site operation

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Further information
This section sets out documents which may be of particular interest. Further information on our proposals can be found on our website (www.thamestunnelconsultation.co.uk) or is available upon request (call our customer centre on 0800 0721 086).

Phase two public consultation material
Project information papers include general information about the Thames Tunnel project. There are 17 project information papers, which cover various aspects of the project. Those project information papers that may be of particular interest are set out below. Icon Title Build Details Provides information on the different types of sites required for the Thames Tunnel project and the typical construction activities that will be undertaken at each site. Explains how the scheme has changed compared to that presented at phase one consultation, including changes to the tunnelling strategy for the main tunnel and changes to sites. Sets out the consultation we have undertaken to date on the project, the scope of this phase two consultation and how interested parties can respond to this consultation. Contains the design principles which have influenced the permanent appearance of our sites once construction work is complete. Sets out the process the project is following to assess potential environmental effects of the Thames Tunnel project. Includes information on what measures our contractors will put in place at our sites during construction.

Changes

Q&A

Consultation

Design

Environment

Managing construction

Odour

Sets out our Air management plan and how it will work.

Options

Outlines the various ways to deal with sewage overflows.

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Phase two public consultation material
Icon Title Details Sets out how London’s sewerage system works and why the capital has an overflow problem.

Overflow Route and tunnel alignment Site selection

Sets out the preferred route of the main tunnel and the reasons for our preference.

Sets out the process we followed to find and select our preferred sites. Contains information on the different transport options we have considered for delivering and removing materials from our sites.

Transport

Site information papers provide information that relate to each preferred site along the route of the Thames Tunnel project. The following site information papers may be of particular interest.

BSTW CW

Beckton Sewage Treatment Works Chambers Wharf

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Further information
Technical reports
Theme Phase one consultation Icon Title Report on phase one consultation: summary report Details Provides a summary of the comments made at phase one consultation and our responses.

1

SUMMARY

Phase two construction information

Code of construction practice Part A: Sets out control measures to be adopted during the project General requirements construction period. (CoCP) Air management plan Outlines the methods which we will use to manage odour from the main tunnel at all our preferred sites. Contains initial assessments on the environmental effects of the Thames Tunnel project based on information collected to date. Please refer to volume 27 of the non-technical summary and volume 27 of the PEIR for more information on this site. Provides a general overview of how the scheme design at each site has evolved to date. Please refer to chapter 21 for more information on this site.

Phase two environmental information

Preliminary environmental information report (PEIR)

Design development report Phase two scheme development

2

Phase two scheme development report

Provides an overview of the development of the Thames Tunnel project and how each site was chosen. Please refer to Appendix W for more information on this site.

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Site glossary
Term
Carbon filters Combined sewer Combined sewer overflow (CSO) Connection tunnel Conservation area Draft limit of land to be acquired or used Lee Tunnel Main tunnel/connection tunnel drive site Main tunnel/connection tunnel reception site Main tunnel Operational phase Secondary lining Thames Tunnel project Transport for London Road Network (TLRN) Tunnel boring machine (TBM)

Definition
Filters that remove odours before the air is released from the tunnel. A single sewer system that takes both rainwater and domestic and industrial wastewater. A structure, or series of structures, that allows sewers to overflow into the river when they are full as a result of increased rainfall. Without the overflows, the sewers would back up and cause flooding in streets or houses. A tunnel connecting a drop shaft to the main tunnel. An area designated by the local authority or English Heritage as having special architectural or historical interest. The extent of land that we may need to use or acquire, or over which rights may be needed to carry out works that are essential to the project. A tunnel, currently under construction, which will intercept the Abbey Mills Pumping Station CSO, store and then transfer flows onward to Beckton Sewage Treatment Works. A site that would be used to construct the main tunnel or connection tunnel. The excavated material would be removed from the tunnel and the concrete tunnel lining segments would be delivered to the tunnel at the main/connection tunnel drive site. The tunnel would be constructed from a drive site to a reception site. Once the tunnel arrives at the reception site, the tunnel boring machine would be dismantled and removed. The tunnel from Acton Storm Tanks to Abbey Mills Pumping Station. After the completion of the construction work, when the main tunnel is in use. A second, internal lining to the tunnel, giving it additional strength. The Thames Tunnel project comprises a storage and transfer tunnel, from west London to Beckton Sewage Treatment Works in east London, and the control of 34 CSOs along the Thames Tideway. The network of roads managed by Transport for London. These are the major or ‘strategic’ roads, which have high capacity. A machine used to excavate tunnels through a variety of conditions, with a circular cross-section.

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Abbey Mills Pumping Station
Phase two consultation: Abbey Mills Pumping Station Autumn 2011 110-ED-PNC-00000-000067

For further information or to comment on our proposals see our website: www.thamestunnelconsultation.co.uk

It is very important that you understand the information we have provided. If you need further information in another language, braille, large print or audio format please contact us on 0800 0721 086.
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