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NE

ICTIONARY

ER'S
RY
Helen Davies Illustrated by John Shackell Designed by Brian Robertson Edited by Nicole Irving
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language

consultants:

Jane Straker and Gloria Brass

Handlettering by Jack Potter AdditionaJ designs by Kim Blundell Editorial help from Anita Ganeri

el baleen). 58 62 64 66 68 70 74 75 76 78 80 82 84 86 '--\"..000 useful Spanish word.Using this book This book contains over 2. "The" is el when the word is masculine and la when it is feminine. under . Spanish words often have a mark over one of the vowels (e. infinitives end in either ar. Action words Grammar hints Phrase explainer English-Spanish word list Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine (this is called their gender). but both masculine and feminine forms are given in the alphabetical word list at the back. You can find out how to use verbs on page 98 and there is a list of irregular verb on page 103. 3 . In the plural el becomes los and la becomes las.. big). book) and verbs (doing words).. 106 109 Verbs Throughout the book verbs appear in the infinitive ("to hide. In Spanish. nouns that describe what people do or what they are (e.. on. adjectives (describing words) and phrases in italics (grande. so both are given in the word box.. When they appear in the illustrated section of the book only the form which matches the picture is given.r!m:!lI:Z!:lt:{""'"".. When you see only one form. er or ir."~----. nouns (naming words) are printed in roman lettering (el libra. to look for" in English). dancer) often have a masculine and a feminine form. (m) masculine. Contents 3 Using this book 4 Meeting people 6 Families 8 Appearance and personality 10 Your body 12 Houses and homes 14 Dining room and living room 15 111 the kitchen 16 111 the garden 18 Pets 20 Getting up 22 Clothes 24 Going to bed 26 Eating and drinking 28 Buying food 32 Pastimes 36 Going out 38 At the zoo and in the park 40 In the city 42 Shopping 46 At the post office and bank 48 Phonecalls and letters 50 Out and about 52 Driving 54 56 Nouns Travelling by train Travelling by plane and boat Vacations In the countryside On the farm At work Illness and health School and education Shapes and sizes Numbers Sport Celebrations Days and dates Time Weather and seasons World and universe Politics Describing things Colors In. You can find out more about pronouncing Spanish words at the beginning of the word list on page 109. In Spanish.. The Spanish word for "the" shows which gender a noun is. In the pictures the adjective matches the noun illustrated. with pictures to help you remember them..J 88 90 92 93 94 96 Adjectives Adjectives in Spanish change their ending depending on whether the noun they are describing is masculine or feminine Most adjectives end in 0 in the masculine and the ochanges to a in the feminine. This is called a stres mark and shows that you should emphasize that part of the word. it mean the masculine and feminine are the same. Sometimes the following abbreviations are also used: (f) feminine. (s) singular and (pl) plural.g. 0' .. To help you identify words.g.. However it is useful to learn both masculine and feminine forms..

His name is . mayor young mayor que mas pequefiota) q. EI se llama . pequeno(a) age Howald are you? I'm nineteen. laedad encontrarss con explainer friend (m) to meet iCuantos anos fienes? Tef'!go diecinueve anos. lComo Ie llamas? lHola! jAdi6sI j Hasta pronto! '" dar la mano dar un beso Hello Goodbye See you later. 19raciasl friend (f) How are you? Very well. 5 . No el nombre el nombre de plla !el apellido name first name surname What's your name? My name is . to shake hands el hombre to kiss la mujer elbebe el nifio la nina man woman baby boy girl Me llarno . thank you.ue la misma edad old older than younger than the same 4 "You can find the literal meaning of phrases and expressions in the Phrase section on pages 106-9. Tenqo diecinueve a71os.Meeting people dar on besa charlar Si No to chat Yes decir echarsea reir De acuerdo. presenter laamiga el amigo to introduce lQue tal? Muy bien. .

Families Iia familia ~-----pos padres I I 13 mujer el marido el marido los padres querer a los hijos los gemelos el hijo unico wife husband parents to love children twin brothers only son III madre la familia el padre la madre el hermano la hermana el abuelo family father mother brother sister grandfather 13 abuela 13 tia el tio la prima el primo grandmother aunt uncle cousin (f) cousin (m) r ser parientes el hijo la hija criar el nieto to be related son daughter to bring up grandson la nieta tenerle carhio a el sobrino la sobrina granddaughter to be fond of nephew niece la vida el nacimiento naeer la ninez el casamiento casarse life birth to be born childhood marriage to get married la boda trabajar la vejez la muerte morirse el entierro wedding to work old age death to die funeral 7 .

Appearance and personality bonito(a) guapo{a) fuerte debil fJaeo(a) delgado(a) gordo(a) pretty handsome strong weak thin slim fat bien edueado(a) mal edueado(a) generoso(a) tonto(a) retraido(a} amistoso(a) graeioso(a) alegre triste generous silly shy friendly funny cheerful miserable tener el pelo rubio el pelo castano el pelo rojo el pelo laso to have blond hai r brown hair red hair straight hair el pelo rizado flequillo trenzas ser calvo curly hair bangs braids to be bald la tez moreno(a) blanco(a) las pecas tener bigote complexion dark fair freckles to have a moustache tener barba lIevar gafas fru ucir el cefio sonreir reir llorar to have a beard to wear glasses to frown to smile to laugh to cry 8 9 .

Your body la cabeza el pelo la cara la piel elojo la mejilla la nariz head hair face skin eye cheek nose ear mouth tooth tongue ser altota) ser bajo(a} pesarse ser ligero(a) to to to to to be tall be short weigh yourself be light be heavy ser pesadota) la oreja la boca el diente la lengua ellabio elcuello la barbilla lip neck chin el GUerp.o el lado Izquierdo el lado derecho left side right side tombarse la mano eldedo el pulgar la muneca la espalda el estemago la pierna la rodilla el dedo de los pies el pie el tobillo el talon 10 arm elbow hand finger thumb wrist back stomach leg knee toe foot ankle heel andar descalzo(a) ponerse de pie estar de pie arrodillarse estar de rodillas tumbarse estar echado(a) sentarse estar sentadota) to to to to to 10 to to to walk barefoot stand up be standing kneel down be kneeling lie down be lying down sit down be sitting down 11 .

~ - -- Houses and homes la casa de pisos el piso Es mi casa. second floor front door doorbell to ring the bell letter box doormat balcony fir t floor caretaker (rn) 1"1 humo eltejado la chimenea el desvan la ventana la pared :I ~~~~H~~i~iJ~lBiiiEc:~~ ~~:::. stairs down lairs living room 1"1 sotano basement 13 .!!.ii~~~ toear 1"1 elbuzon timbre el felpudo el baleen la puerta el retrete 1"1 dormitorio el cuarto de bafio la cocina 1"1 comedor make roof chimney attic window wall door toilet bedroom bathroom kitchen dining room la casa vivir en una casa lavecina la patrona rnudarse 1"1 huesped 1"1 solano house to live in a house neighbor (f) landlady to move out tenant (m/f) ba ement el garaje arriba subir la escalera abajo bajar la sala de estar garage upstairs to go upstairs to go downstairs stai rcase.~~=~i. segundo piso(ml la puerta de entrada 1"1 timbre block of apartments apartment This is where I live.

na la cocina la alacena 101 lavadora lavar la ropa la nevera kitchen cupboard washing machine to do the washing fridge la sala de estar el reloj la cortina el fuego la chimenea el sillon sentarse al fuego leer un libro 14 living room clock curtain fire fireplace armchair to sit by the fire to read a book ver la television el sofa la moqueta la television el video la radio to watch television sofa wall-to-wall carpet television VCR (video cassette recorder) radio el horno guisar la cacerola el gas la lata de la basura planchar el enchufe la electricidad oven to cook saucepan gas waste basket to iron plug electricity pasar la aspiradora fregar sucio(a) el fregadero secar el pano de cocina limpio(a} to vacuum to do the dishes dirty sink to dry tea towel clean 15 .Dining room and living room el comedor la luz el radiador la mesa la silla el suelo la alfombra dining room light radiator table chair floor In the kitchen 10 coc.

lovely ch rysanthemu III geranium el tulipan la nomeolvides el davel las.In the garden el cesped el sendero el macizo el jardinero el cortacesped cortar el cesped la parcela de verduras la tierra la hierba to do the gardening lawn path flowerbed gardener (m) lawnmower to. sernillas plantar el bulbo quitar los hierbajos el hierbajo tulip Iorget-n. mow the lawn vegetable patch soil grass la abeja la mariposa la avlspa picar la rosa oler bien bonito(a) -eI crisantemo el geraneo bee butterfly wasp to sting rose to smell sweet pretty.e-not carnation seeds to plant bulb to weed weed el la 13 el el el el la 16 invernadero cuerda de la ropa pinza arbol pajaro nido arbusto sombra greenhouse clothes line clothes pin tree bird nest bush shade ta cas eta de jardin la carretilla el desplantador el rastrillo la pala I la horquilla la regadera garden shed wheelbarrow trowel rake spade fork watering can - 17 .

Pets el perro la perrera 1"1cachorro 1"1pelo la pata jugueton ladrar IATENCION AL PERRO! dog kennel puppy fur paw playful to bark BEWARE OF THE DOG to chase to fetch 1"1canario posarse 1"1ala 1"1pico la pluma eI hamster 1"1erlzo 1"1conejillo de Indias canary to perch wing beak feather hamster hedgehog guinea pig el conejo la tortuga la jaula dar de comer 1"1pez de colores 1"1raton 1"1cuenco de cristal rabbit turtle cag<! to feed goldfish mouse bowl tall to wag its tail to growl to take for a wal k 1"1 gate 1"1 cesto ronronear elgatito maullar suave encantador(a) cat basket to purr kitten to mew to stretch claw soft sweet 18 19 .

Getting up despertarse j to wake Lip Buenos elias! Irotarse los ojos bostezar el de perfador Good-morning to rub your eyes to YiJwn alarm lac" afeirarse ell. nlarse descorrer I".'spejo Iii afeitadora electrica to shave rn i ITOI' electric shaver la maquinilla de afeltar la e puma de afeitar razor having foam lev. wash have a el pafio de la cara secarse la toalla iabon soap washcloth to dry yourself towel el cepillo el peine peinarse cepillarse el pelo secarse et peto losecadora omb to comb your hair to brush you r hair erectrica de nudo(a} naked maquillarse to put on make-up mascara foundation lipstick perfume 20 ream 21 . diente la ducha ducharse rap hot water cold water toothpaste I othbrush to clea n your teeth (_j shower 10 have lavarse 1'1pelo el charnpu lavarse el a shower 10 secar e el pelo la secadora electrica to cI ry vour hai r hairdrier brush to wash vour hair hamp 0 to wa: h. bata las cortinas el grifo el agua (f) * caliente el agua fria la pastil de dientes el epillo de dientes lirnpiarse 10.

Clothes elleotardo el sosten [as bragas [as enaguas [05 calcetines [a carnlseta la combinaci6n 105 calzonciltos tights bra panties half slip socks undershirt petticoat. made of cotton dungarees el abrigo el sombrero el bolsillo los guantes elcinturon el boton las botas coat hat pocket la go.rra el impermeable la butanda cap raincoat scarf jacket zipper shoes gloves belt button boots lachaqueta lacremallera los zapatos las sandalias sandals . slip las joyas los pendientes el prendedor la pulsera el reloj de pulsera 13 sortija jewelry earrings brooch bracelet watch underpants el aniilo el collar ring wedding ring necklace vestirse la blusa la falda el vestido lIevar to get dressed btouse la corbata el jersey de lana skirt dress jeans shirt tie sweater woollen la chaqueta de punta los vaqueros la camisa 22 to wear cardigan los pantalones la camiseta de algod6n el mono trousers T-shirt cotton.

las zapatillas to go to bed pajamas nightgown slippers la cancion de curia leer un cuento Ia cuna dormirse lullaby to read a srorv crib to fall asleep ponerelbano bafiarse e!bano el tapon de hafio 1'1albornoz salpicar la esterita de bafio la bascula n the bath bat h bathtub plug I'U to lei hJVP . to dream to sleep to wit h rhe light la mesilla de noche 1'1duve la cama roncar bedside table quilt to snore pillow sheet bedspr ad bed lamp rr la almohada la sabana la colcha 25 .Going to bed la hora de aco tar e encender la luz estar cansadota) poner orden (lui tar e In ropa bedtime 10 switch Ihe light on to be sleepy 10 tidy up 10 gel undressed a ostarse 1'1 pjjarna el carnison .night. Sleep well.1 iHasta manana! bathrobe 10 iQue duermas bien! sonar dormir apagar laliimpara spla h barhrnat scales Good.

el desayuno el jugo de frutas el cafe el te la mantequilla elpan breakfast fruit juice coffee tea butter bread el tazdn el la el el el la el plato taza platillo mantel jarro cuchara cuchillo bowl el tenedor plate cup saucer tablecloth pitcher spoon knife fork servilleta fa el la el la la el almuerzo ensalada queso fruta cerveza agua mineral lunch salad cheese fruit beer mineral water el almuerzo jSirvete! iQUe. soup meat main meal 26 27 . coffee-pot teapot napkin glass I poner /a mesa Ya esta. to have eaten welt la comida la sopa la carne el vino las verduras el postre dinner.Eating and drinking poner la mesa Ya esta. Enjoy your meal. la cafetera la lelera la servilleta el vasa to set the table It's ready. aproveche! tener sed beber comer Esta muy rico. to be th irsty to drin k to be hungry 10 eat It tastes good. haber comido bien Help yourself.

cereza el albaricoque la ciruela la manzana la pera la naranja bitter. sharp melon cherry apricot plum apple pear orange 29 .Buying food I la CVlrI1e I la carne el chorizo el la la el el salchichon pie rna de cordero chuleta de cerdo polio filete meat spicy cooked sausage salami leg of lamb pork chop chicken steak ham veal el pescado el besugo los mariscos la merluza el bacalao la fruta vegetables fresh cabbage garlic onion pea carrot spinach la collflor la col de Bruselas la ensalada crudota) el tomate la judia verde 13 patata raw tomato green bean potato la fruta la uva la frambuesa la fresa dulce el platano el rnelocoton maduro(a) el hmon fruit grape raspberry strawberry sweet banana peach ripe lemon agrio(a) el melon Iii.

Buying food los fideos los garbanzos las judias la nata la leche la margarina el yogur la. miel los huevos la rnermelada elazucar la harina pasta chick peas kidney beans cream milk el chocolate la galleta la tarta margarine yogurt el bufiuelo la lorta el helado el pastel chocolate cookie tart doughnut cake ice-cream pastry.iqufsimo! recipe ingredient to mix to taste flavor. taste Delicious! 31 . small tan honey eggs jam sugar flour el aceite el vinagre la al la pimienta el condimento la mostaza los congelados elpan las especias el arroz 10 productos en lata el panecillo oil vinegar salt pepper seasoning mu tard frozen food bread condiments rice canned food roll guisar la receta el ingrediente rnezclar probar el sabor IR.

Pastimes mirar la television la cadena el programa e cuchar la radio los auriculares zapatear to watch television channel program to listen to the pattern yarn to knit knitting needles radio headphones to tap your feet coser la tela las tijeras to sew fabric el hilo el alfiler la aguja la cinta elastica scissor thread pin needle elastic escuchar rruisica la grabadora el cassette el tocadiscos el disco la rmisica pop la rnusiea dasica to listen to music cassette recorder cassette record player record pop music classical music leer la novela la heroina elheroe el peri6dico la revista el tebeo la poesla 32 to read novel heroine hero newspaper woodwork skillful. good with your hands saw to make hammer 10 magazine comic poetry mend screw screwd fiver 33 .

Pastimes la fotografia tomar una foto la rnaquina Iotografica la rnaquina de video la pelieula la foto en foco fuera de foeo photography to take a photograph camera video camera film photograph in focus out of focus la rmisico el instrumento tocar el violin tocar el piano toear la guitarra musician (f) instrument to play the violin to play the piano to play the gui ar tocar los tam bores toear la trompeta tocar el violoncelo la orquesta el director de orquesta to play the to play the to play the orchestra conductor drums trumpet cello (m) instrumento I art gallery el pintor el cuadro la exposicidn painter (rn) painting exhibition pintar el pincel la pintura paint to sing tune choir to sing out of tune exposici6n los juegos jugar a las cartas jugar a las darnas jugar alajedrez los juegos de tablero games to play cards to play checkers to play chess board games 35 .

la propina la bandeja Is service included? Service is not included.Going out el cine ir al cine la la la la pellcula butaca movie(s) to go to the movies film acomodadora taquilla ef bailarfn el ballet el bailarjn ballet ballet dancer (m) to perform [a opera el cantante famoso(a} opera singer (m) famous actuar iT a una sala de fiestas el disc jockey bailar la pista de baile teatro el la el el la el la el teatro obra de teatro decorado de escena foco actriz actor escena publico aplaudir gustarle a uno jBravo! theatre play scenery spotlight actress actor stage audience to clap to enjoy. 37 . tip tray literally means "to start with". to like Bravo! Splendid! e[ restoran el camarero el menu fQue van a tomar? pedir servir para empezar= el primer plato 'Para empezar menu What would you like? to order to serve starter main course el postre [a cuenta tEsta incluido el EI serviciot servicio no esta induido.

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