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# Tutorial -1 Q 1:- Distinguish between Energy and power signals.

Q 2:- A Discrete time signal X[n] = [-1 0 1 2 3 4 (4) 4 4 4 0 0 0 0], sketch the following Signals from X[n], bracket value is at origin (4). a). X[-n], b). X[-n+2], c). X[2n+4] Q 3:- Determine the plot y[n] where y[n]= x[2n], and x[n] is given in Question no 2. Q 4:- x[n] =׀n3- ,≤ ׀n≤ 3 and 0 else where. Determine response of the following system if Input is x[n] a). y[n] = x[n] b). y[n] = x[n-1] c). y[n] = x[n+1] d). y[n] = 1⁄3 x[n-1] + x[n] + x[n+1] Q 5:- A Discrete time signal x[n] is defined as X[n] = 1 + n ⁄3, 1, 0, -3 ≤ n ≤ 0 0≤n≤1 elsewhere

a). Determine it’s value and sketch the signal. b). Sketch the signal obtained by i) Folding x[n] and delaying it by 4 samples, ii) Delaying it by 4 samples and then folding it. c) Sketch the signal x [-n+4]. Q 6:- Determine the different properties of the system a) y[n] = x[n], b) y[n] = x[2n], c) y[n] = x[n] if x[n] ≥ 0 and if x[n] <0, d) y[n] = x[-n], e) y[n] = x[n] – x[n-1], f) y[n] = n* x[n]. Q 7:- Describe with example how a discrete time signal is represented in terms of Impulses. Q 8:- Sketch the following signal and determine whether it is a power or energy signal or Neither or both x(t) = a[u(t+a) – u(t-a)]. Q 9:- A discrete time system is described by the following y[n] = y[n-1] + x[n]. Now bounded input of x[n] = 2δ[n] is applied to the system.Check the stability of the system. Q 10:- Prove that a system given below is nonlinear system d2 y(t)⁄ dt2 + y(t) d y(t)⁄ dt + y(t) = x(t).

determine the even and odd part of the signal shown in figure:- k =−∞ ∑ δ (t − 2 k ) with dx (t ) = A1 g (t − t1 ) + A 2 g (t − t2 ) . determine the dt Q 6:. c) x[-n-2]. b) x(t) = ej(2t+п ⁄4).For each of the following input output relationships determine whether the Corresponding system is linear. c) x(t) = 3 ej3п (n +1 ⁄2) ⁄ 5. c) x(t) = (1 ⁄2)n u(t). y (t ) = t 2 x (t − 1) .Prove that δ (2t ) = 1 δ (t ) . 2 Q 7:. a) x(t) = e(-1+j)t. b).Consider a continuous time system with input x(t) and output y(t) related by y (t ) = ae − x ( t ) y (t ) = x(sin(t )) : a). t2 . A2 . y[n] = x 2 [n − 2] .Determine the value of P∞ and E∞ for each of the following signals: a) x(t) = e-2t u(t). time invariant or both: a).Determine whether or not each of the following signals is periodic. Is the system is linear? . b) x(t) = ej7п n. It can be shown that value of A1 . Q 2:.Consider a periodic signal with period t = 2: X(t) = 1 -2 0<t<1 1< t < 2 ∞ d) x(t) = Cos (п ⁄4 n). Is the system is causal? b). Q 3:. b) x[n+4]. y[n] = x[n + 1] − x[ n − 1] Q 8:. c). If signal is periodic Then determine its fundamental period. d) x[-n]. t1 .Let the signal x[n] = 0 for n < -2 and n > 4 for each signal given below determine the The derivative of this signal is related to impulse train g (t ) = Period T = 2. Q 5:. Value of n for which it is guaranteed to be zero: a) x[n-3].Tutorial -2 Q 1:. d) x(t) = 3 ej3⁄ 5 (n +1 ⁄2) Q 4:.

y[n] = x[n + 2]* h[n] . y[n] = x[n]* h[n] . c). d). the input output relation for this system is y[n] = x[n] * x[n-2].Determine the response of a continuous time invariant system to a given input Signal x(t ) = u (t − 3) − u (t − 5) and impulse response h(t ) = e −4t u (t ) . y[n] = nx[n] . b).Determine the convolution of two signals given below: 1 n a).Determine the convolution of two continuous time signal given in below figure: Q 4:. a). Is the system is memory less? B). test stability of the System : . x1[n] = δ [n − 1] and x2 [n] = ( ) u[n] . Is the system is invertible? Q 10:.Q 9:. Q 5:. x1[n] = 2u[n − 1] and x2 [n] = 3u[n] . y (t ) = ae − x ( t ) Tutorial -3 Q 1:. y[n] = x[n 2 ] . y[n] = x[n]* h[ n + 2] .Determine and sketch the convolution of two signals X(t) = t 2-t 0 0< t < 1 1< t < 2 elsewhere h(t ) = δ (t + 2) + 2δ (t + 1) . a).The impulse response of a continuous LTI systems are given.Consider a discrete time system with input x[n] and output y[n]. c). Q 3:.Let x[ n] = δ [n] + 2δ [n − 1] − δ [n − 3] and h[ n] = 2δ [n + 1] + 2δ [n − 1] determine and plot the following convolution: a). x1[n] = δ [n] and x2 [n] = 2δ [n − 2] . b). y (t ) = x 2 (t ) . 2 c). b). Q 2:. Q 6:.Determine if the systems described by the following input output equations are linear Or nonlinear.

Q 5:-Compute and Plot the convolution of two signals x1[n] = 1 for 3 < n < 8 and 0 elsewhere and x2[n] = 1 for 4 < n < 15 and 0 elsewhere. 2 Q 7:-Determine the output of causal discrete LTI system described by the difference equation y[n] − ( 1 ) y[n − 1] = x[n] to the input x[n]= δ[n]. y (t ) = x (2t ) . y (t ) = x (t + 2) . Q 9:. Tutorial -4 Q 1:.Determine the stability of the LTI System their impulse response are given: a).Two causal LTI systems P1 and P2 are connected as shown in figure: P1: w[n] = ( 1 ) w[ n − 1] + x[n] And P 2 : y[n] = ay[n − 1] + bw[n] .A discrete time system is defined by y[n] = x[−n] . Q 10:. distributive and associative properties of discrete LTI System. Causuality. b) y (t ) = x (t ) + 5 .State and prove Commutative. h(t ) = e − (1− j 2)t u (t ) .Check out the memory and memory less of the given system: a). 2 Q 9:. Q 8:. test a). x2 [n] = u[n] . Variant (time). Q 6:. y (t ) = x (t ) . b). c).Determine the convolution of two continuous time signals given below: x(t) = 1 for 0 < t < T and 0 elsewhere and h(t)= t for 0 < t < T and 0 elsewhere. b).Determine the response of discrete LTI system to given input x[n] = u[n − 100] and h[ n] = ( 1 ) n u[n] . h[n] = a nu[n] . d).Determine the Overall response of two linear time invariant systems given below. b). Q 7:. h[ n] = u[n − 4] − u[n − 1] . x1[n] = ( ) u[n] + 2 u[−n] . Linearity. −n Q 4:-Compute and Plot the convolution y[n] = x[n]*h[n] where x[ n] = ( 1 3 ) u[− n − 1] and h[ n] = u[ n − 1] .Determine the convolution of two discrete time signals: 1 n n a). h1 (t ) = e −3t u (t ) and h2 (t ) = u (t − 3) − u (t − 6) . b). h(t ) = e − t cos(2t )u (t ) . 2 Q 3:. c). 2 . 5 Q 8:-Determine the impulse of a causal LTI discrete time system defined by difference equation y[n] = ( 1 ) y[n − 2] + 2 x[n] − x[n − 2] . Q 2:.a).

A discrete time periodic signal x[n] is real valued and has a fundamental Period n= 8.Determine a and b if the difference equation of overall system is y[n] = −( 1 ) y[n − 2] + ( 3 ) y[n − 1] + x[n] .Q 10:. The non zero Fourier series coefficients for x (t) are a1=a-1=2. k =0 ∞ Q 3:. Express x(t) in Form of x(t ) = ∑ Ak cos(ωk t + Φk ) .Obtain the trigonometric Fourier series for the triangular waveform shown in figure .A continuous time periodic signal x(t) is real valued and has a fundamental Period T= 8. a-1=2. a3=a*-3=4j. a2 = a−2 = e j π 4 . a4 = a = 2e * −4 jπ 3 .Obtain the Fourier Component of the periodic square wave signal which is symmetrical To the vertical axis at t=0 as shown in figure: Q 4:-Obtain the trigonometric Fourier series for the half wave rectified sinewave shown in figure Q 5:.The * non zero Fourier series coefficients for x[n] are a0=1. Express x[n] in form of x[ n] = A0 + ∑ Ak cos(ωk n + Φ k ) . k =0 ∞ Q 2:. 8 4 Tutorial -5 Q 1:.

5 for 1<t<2.obtain the Fourier series for the waveform of a periodical going rectangular pulse train shown in figure: Q 7:-For a continuous time periodic signal x(t ) = 2 + cos (2π t 3 ) + 4sin(5π t 3 ) determine the Fundamental frequency ω0 and the Fourier series coefficient ak x(t ) = k =−∞ ∑ae k ∞ jkω0t . Q 8:-Determine the fundamental frequency ω0 and the Fourier series coefficient as for the Continuous time periodic signal: X(t) = 1. Determine the power spectrum of a given discrete periodic signal x[ n ] = sin w0 n. Determine frequency spectrum of a given discrete time signal x[n]. With fundamental frequency ω0 = π . Determine discrete time signal x[n] for which the Fourier series coefficients is ak = cos( kπ / 4) + sin(3k π / 4) . Two discrete time signals x1[a] ak.Q 6:. Tutorial-6 1.5 0< t<1 and -1. Determine the Fourier series coefficient for the discrete time periodic signal x[n] = sin(2 πn / 3) cos(π n / 2) 5. w0 =2п/5 2. x[n] = 1 + sin(2π / 10)n + 3cos(2π /10)n+ {cos(4 /10)n+ π / 2} π 3. x2[n] bk where a0=a3=1/2a1 = 1/2a2 =1 and b0=b1=b2=b3=1. Determine the Fourier series coefficients for the signal g[n]= x1[n].x2[n] 4.

Given that x(t) has Fourier transform X(jw). An LTI system is described by the differential eq. Explain the limitation for Fourier series for a signal. Calculate inverse Fourier transform of X ( jw) = 2πδ ( w) + πδ ( w − 4π ) + πδ ( w + 4π ) 4. → → e − at u (t ) 1 e − at u (t ) 1 ( jw + a) ( jw + a ) . δ π π 6. Tutorial-7 1. X ( jw) = δ (w) + δ (w− π )+ δ (w− 5) and let h(t) =U(t) – U(t-2) The Fourier transform of a given signal x(t) is given as .T . and having a magnitude of 20 volts. 2 ∂t dt dt 9. 10. Obtain the Fourier transform of a rectangular pulse of duration 3 sec. 7. 2. Determine the Fourier series analysis equation of a periodic discrete time signal x[n]. F . x (t ) =1 + cos(6 πt + π / 8) . Determine the Fourier series coefficient for the discrete time signal x[n] with fundamental x[n] = 1 + cos(2π / 6)n time period 6. e −2( t −1) u (t − 1) . Explain the need for Fourier series in Signals and Systems. express the Fourier transform of below signal: x(t) = x(1-t) + x(-1-t) 5. δ (t + 1) + δ (t − 1) . Determine Fourier transform of each of the following periodic signals: a).6. 10. Use Fourier transforms analysis equation to calculate Fourier transform of: a). 9.T . x(t ) = sin(2 πt + π / 4) 3. Use frequency differentiation property to find the Fourier transform of x(t ) = teat u (t ) given that F . Determine the Fourier series synthesis equation of a periodic discrete time signal x[n]. Find the Fourier transform of a signal x(t)= rec (t/2) ∂ 2 y (t ) dy (t ) dx(t ) 8. b). 8. +4 + 3 y (t ) = + 2 x(t ) . b). Find inverse Fourier transform of 2[δ ( w −1) −δ ( w + 1)] + 3[ ( w− 2 )+δ ( w+ 2 )] 7.

b). Is x(t) periodic ? b). Using Fourier transform and its properties. Determine Fourier transform for -Л ≤ w ≤ Л in the case of each given periodic signals: a). X (e jw ) = 2 j . State and prove the properties of Discrete Fourier Transform . 9. Determine the Inverse Fourier transform of a). Л < w <= 0 6. Find DTFT of the discrete time rectangular pulse shown fig. ( ) u[ n −1] 2 b). 0 < a <1 c). Is the system response y(t) periodic. sin(π n / 3 + π / 4) . 1 ( )[ n−1] 2 2. δ (t + 1) + δ (t − 1) δ ( n +1) + δ ( n − 1) . if x(t) is input and h(t) is impulse response of the system? Tutorial-8 1. Determine Fourier transforms of the following signals: 1 n −1 a). Consider a Discrete time LTI system with Impulse response h(n) = ( ) u[n] . Use Fourier transforms analysis equation to calculate Fourier transform of a). 0 < w <= Л = -2j. 2 + cos(2π n / 6 + π / 8) . 3. x[ n] = a − n u[− n − 1] . for any input x[n]. 4 5. whose Fourier transform is X(jw). n =8 1 A = ∑ n( )n 7.(m=5). δ ( n + 2) + δ (n − 2) . Use Fourier 2 3 transform to determine the response for the Input signal x[ n]( )nu[n] . 1 n 4.a). Find the output y[n] of an LTI system with Impulse response h[n] = δ [n-n0]. calculate the numerical value of 2 n=0 8. X (e jw ) = cos 2 w + sin 2 3w b).

b). n> 0. Determine the Z-transform of the signal x[n] = a n u[n] − a nu[n − 1] 2. n>0 Determine poles and ROC of X(z). Calculate the Z-transform of each of the following sequence. 5. Find f(n). Determine the Initial and Final values of the discrete time signal. Explain time shifting and time reversal property of Z transform. Find Inverse Z transform of X [ z ] = 3 −1 {1 − z }{1 + 2 z −1} 5 3 − ( ) z −1 6 2. x[n] = δ [n + 5] . sketch Pole-Zero plots and indicate the ROC. x[ n] = δ [n − 5] 3.Tutorial-9 1. n<=0 3 = 0. Draw Pole-zero plot for the following signal: x[n] = 2n u[ n] 8. a). State and prove Convolution theorem for Z transform. whose Z transform is given by X [ z ] = 3 + 5 z −1 + 7 z −2 Tutorial-10 1 1 − ( ) z −1 1. Consider the signal x[ n] = ( ) cos(π n / 4) . 7. 9. n n Determine the Z-transform of the function x[n] = ( ) u[n] − ( ) u[n − 4] − 2u[n − 8] 1 5 3 4 1 n 4. 10. if F [ z ] = 1 1 {1 − ( ) z −1}{1 − ( ) z −1} 3 4 and ROC is . Find Z transform of an Anti-causal exponential signal y[n] = α nu[− n − 1] 6. Find Z transform of Discrete function f(nT)= Sin(wnt).

shift invariant system with input x[n]and output y[n] for which y[n −1] − ( response. Draw the block diagram representation for causal LTI systems with system function 1 X [z] = 1 1 − ( ) z −1 2 5 1 10. Determine the response of the system y[n] = ( ) y[n − 1] − y[n − 2] + y[n] to the input signal 6 6 1 x[ n] = δ ( n) − δ (n − 1) 3 - . Long division (b). Partial fraction expansion. Determine Unit sample 3 9. Determine the condition of stability in Z domain for the second order system. also verify the result for at least three values of n. Using (a). Calculate Discrete time signal x(n) whose Z transform is given X ( Z ) = log(1 − az −1 ) . ¼< |z| < 1/3 c. discrete time. 8. Z ≥ a 4. determine the Inverse Z transform of 1 X [z] = 3 1 With ROC: |z| > ½. Find the sample response h[n] of the LTI system described by difference equation 3 1 y[n] = ( ) y[n − 1] − y[n − 2] = 2 x[n] 4 8 n 5. 1 − ( ) z −1 + ( ) z −2 4 8 7. |z| > 1/3 b.a. Consider the linear. 10 ) y[n] + y[n + 1] = x[n] the system is stable. For above system also calculate the response y[n] to the input x[n] = ( ) u[n] 1 4 6. |z| > ¼ 3.