Editing in ArcGIS 9.

1 Tips and Tricks
Timothy R Weisenburger ESRI Robert Siciliano USFWS

Productive editing techniques Solving feature adjustment problems Common asked questions Editing coincident features - Topology

Each topic followed by a software demonstration,

Help & helpful things
Context Sensitive help
On command in pulldown menu or button on toolbar, click the What's This ? tool On command in context menu highlight command, press Shift + F1 On control in dialog box, click What's This ? button from top of the dialog box

Editing Documentation
Editing in ArcMap book

Training Course
Data Production and Editing Techniques

Productive editing techniques
Typical challenges when editing features
Sketching efficiently Managing feature selections Controlling feature snapping

Sketching challenge #1
How can you quickly switch from a sketch tool to another tool and back to the sketch tool again…

…instead of interrupting your sketch to visit the toolbar?

Shortcut keys: E, C, X, Z
Use the “E” shortcut key to toggle between the Sketch tool and the Edit Tool. Use the “C” shortcut key to pan Use the “X” shortcut key to zoom out Use the “Z” shortcut key to zoom in
To see a list of all the editing shortcut keys, in ArcGIS Desktop help, on the Index tab enter “shortcuts, for editing in ArcMap”

Sketching challenge #2
How do you ensure that you accurately create an edit sketch using other feature options?

Use Sketch tool constraints
Constraints -> Sketch Tool context menu Add sketch segments
Parallel Perpendicular

Absolute XY Delta XY

With specific
Length Direction Direction and Length Distance Deflection angle Tangent curve

Use the Trace Tool
Adds sketch segments by tracing along selected features




Sketching challenge #3
How can you use units different than the map units when you’re specifying distance for a sketch segment?
Map units are feet but you need to specify the length in meters

Use unit abbr. after distance value
Distance units are interpreted from entered value Distance entered is used regardless of map units
Unit Abbrev. m km mm ft ‘ mi nm ch yd in ftUS chUS miUS ydUS Meter Kilometer Millimeter Foot Mile Nautical mile Chain Yard Inch
Distance Unit - Meter

Survey Foot Survey Chain Survey Mile Survey Yard

Map Units - Feet

Sketching challenge #4
How do I change the radius of a curve that has already been created?

Traverse Tool
Load sketch into the traverse tool to modify


• Select Sketch tool • Right click feature to change • Open Traverse dialog • Right click in dialog • Choose “Load Traverse From Sketch” • Modify the radius or parameters of segment

NOT available with ArcView license. Instead you can use the sketch constraints for accurately creating features.

Selection challenge #1
With multiple selectable layers, how can you modify feature selection by individual layer?

Use the Selection tab & Attributes dialog
Selection tab: right click on layer to:
Zoom to selected features Clear selected features (for that layer only) Switch selection (for that layer only) Select all (for that layer only)

Attributes dialog: right click on feature
Unselect features in a layer one at a time Can work with multiple selectable layers

Selection challenge #2
How can you make sure you’re selecting the right feature from overlapping selectable layers?



Use the Select “next” function
Select feature, then press the N key Must point to first feature within the Selection tolerance

Box selected Selection tolerance

Press N Poly selected

Press N Line selected

Use this technique with overlapping features

Selection challenge #3
How can you avoid accidentally moving selected features?
Selected feature

Gap between features

Set the Sticky move tolerance
Helps avoid accidental movement Prevents feature movement within tolerance

100 pixels

Snapping challenge #1
How can you visualize the snapping environment while you’re editing?

Snapping to vertex or edge? Snapping to which layer? Snapping tolerance?

Snap agents, tips and a shortcut key
Snapping indicator
Snapping indicator Layer name Status bar Snap agent type

Snap tips Snapping distance

If snap tips are turned on

Snap tip

View by depressing "T" shortcut key

Snapping challenge #2
How can you get more control over how features snap to one another?

Parcels: Vertex or Zoning: Edge

Snapping tolerance and priority
Set snapping tolerance in the Editing Options dialog Or use the Snap Tolerance tool to interactively set the tolerance.

You can also:
Prioritize layers in the Snapping Environment dialog
Snap tolerance tool 27 pixels

Remember: • Press the ‘Spacebar’ to temporarily suspend snapping • Use the ‘V’ shortcut key to locate where vertices are

Snapping challenge #3
How can you over-ride the snapping environment?
Snap to vertex, edge or endpoint of features irregardless of snapping environment

Avoid snapping to vertex, edge or endpoint of features even though snapping environment is set

Snap To Feature
Snapping on-the-fly Overrides snap environment settings Snap to feature geometry without setting individual snap agents Snap to midpoint of a line or polygon boundary

Snapping challenge #4
How can you rotate a selected line feature on one end point and snap the other end to another feature?
Misaligned street feature Rotated street feature

End point snapped to another street feature

Change the Selection Anchor
With the Rotate tool
Set snapping environment Select the line feature Press the “S” key Position the selection anchors Rotate the feature

Selection Anchor

Auxiliary Selection Anchor

Snapping point You can also hold the Ctrl key down and use the Edit Tool to move selection anchors Pivot point


Sketching features using multiple tools and functions Shortcut keys, unit abbreviation Accurate sketch creation using other features Modifying the shape of existing features Managing feature selections Selection tab and Attributes dialog Select “next” function and Sticky move tolerance Controlling feature snapping Pixels for Snapping tolerance units Snap agents, snap tips, “T” key, “V” key Auxiliary selection anchor Snap to feature commands, “spacebar” suspends snapping

Solving feature adjustment problems

Feature adjustment challenge #1
How can you quickly take a feature that resides in a non-editable layer and reproduce it in an editable layer?

CAD drawing or Coverage Lot lines layer

Copy Features Tool
Copies both editable and non-editable data Copies data outside of Target layer spatial domain and pastes into target layer Scales selected features if you drag a box

The target layer must be the same type of layer (point, line, or polygon) as the one from which you copied. There is one exception to this rule— you can copy polygons into a line layer.

Feature adjustment challenge #2
What adjustment technique should I use and how do I get the Adjust command enabled?


Displacement Links

Spatial Adjustment
Located on Spatial Adjustment toolbar Commands & Tools to modify coordinate locations of your data.
Adjustment methods used to: •Differentially scale, skew, rotate and translate data •Stretch or warp features •Moves end vertices of features in layer to the ends of adjacent layer
Remember to create the correct number of links for the transformation method

Feature adjustment challenge #3
How do you adjust multiple layers with the same set of links?

Adjusting Multiple Layers
To adjust multiple layers:
Load layers into ArcMap From Set Adjust Data
Specify adjustment layers

To reuse links
Save to text file Use links menu
Save Link File

Feature adjustment challenge #3
How can you migrate attribute values from one feature to another?

Attribute transfer
Interactively transfer attributes between features Match common fields between layers
Set source and target layers Specify fields to transfer Option to transfer geometry


Copy Features Tool Spatial Adjustment Toolbar
Transformation Attribute transfer

What questions do we get asked?
How do you change the coordinates of a feature? How do you create and remove donut holes in polygons? How do you ‘flip’ the direction of a feature? How do you update the attributes of many features?

How do you change the coordinates of a feature?
Edit Sketch Properties dialog Highlight a vertex Works with “Parts” of multipart features Context menu options
Insert vertices Zoom to vertex Delete
Click to Click to highlight highlight vertex vertex

Can edit X, Y, M, and Z values

1 2 0 (start) 3 4

Creating & filling donut holes in polygons
Creating a Donut hole:
Double click on the feature to modify shape Click on the Sketch tool Right click to ‘Finish Part’ Sketch the hole feature

Filling the donut hole
Add a feature where you want the hole Select that “Holed” feature Choose Editor menu -> Clip Choose ‘Discard the area that intersects’ option

Removing donut holes in polygons
Removing a Donut hole:
Double click on the feature to modify it’s shape Open the Sketch Properties Right click on “Donut Hole” part and choose ‘Delete’

How do you ‘flip’ the direction of a feature?
Flip command on the Edit Sketch context menu
Double click feature to modify it’s shape Right click shape to open the Sketch context menu • Developerthe ‘Flip’ command Click on Samples -> • Flip Command • Bulk flip of selected features

How to update attributes of many features?
Batch update of feature attributes
Select target features Open attributes window Choose layer Choose target field Type new attribute value

Select Layer Enter attribute value for selected features


Ensuring Coincidence
ArcMap topology toolbar Editing Coincident Features

ArcMap Topology toolbar
Contains topology editing tools
Constructing features Constructing features Validation Validation

Topology to edit Topology to edit

Editing coincident geometry Editing coincident geometry

ArcEditor license required to create and edit a GDB topology

Build a map topology
Temporary for the edit session For shapefiles, feature classes without a topology Works with ArcView Enables some of the topology editing tools

Topology tools availability
ArcInfo & ArcEditor ArcGIS ArcView ArcGIS Geodatabase Map Topology Map Topology Topology Topology Edit Tool Show Shared Features Planarize Lines Construct Features Validate Error Management

• Geoprocessing Integrate tool to snap adjacent features together • Available to all licenses of ArcGIS

Moving coincident geometry
Topology Edit Tool

Selects and modifies edges and nodes Press E to only select edges, and N to only select nodes

Show Shared Features
To pull coincident geometries apart
Uncheck layers so they Uncheck layers so they are not modified with are not modified with the coincident geometry the coincident geometry

Temporarily splitting edges
For snapping to topology nodes To move a part of an edge
Select an edge

By distance
From start or end By percentage

Temporarily split the edge Select and modify one of the edges All polygons are modified Rebuild cache to remove temporary nodes

Using the selection anchor

Easily removed
Build Topology Cache Merge connected edges

Edge tasks
Reshape edge
Reshape an edge with a sketch

Modify edge
Edit the vertices of an edge in the sketch

Split/Move Node
Temporarily disconnects one node and one edge from topology
Move a polygon boundary without creating slivers S key while dragging node with Topology Edit Tool
Select one node and one edge with N and E keys Press S key and snap node to some other part of the polygon These edges don’t rubber band

Polygons will be deleted if you don’t snap the node to the edge of the polygon


Download developer samples
Additional developer tools and samples If developer samples installed

If not installed –> go online –> download sample


Additional training classes
Virtual Campus course
Creating and Editing Geodatabase Features with ArcGIS 9 Creating and Editing Linearly Referenced Features with ArcGIS 9 Creating and Editing Geodatabase Topology with ArcGIS 9

Instructor – led training
Building Geodatabases II Creating and Editing Parcels with ArcGIS Introduction to ArcGIS II Data Production and Editing Techniques

Open for Questions
ArcGIS Server and ArcGIS Engine Demonstration
Demos on editing 12:00 Noon
Simple and topological editing, attribute updating, snap to layers, merging, splitting, deleting, vertex and node editing, shared coincidental edge modifications and much more!

The Road Ahead ArcGIS 9.2 – 3:00 PM