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Chapter 8 & 9 Study Guide

1. What is the hadith? [A] a collection of Persian poems [B] a collection of Muhammad’s words and deeds [C] a collection of Muslim writings during the Crusades [D] a style of Persian miniature paintings [E] a fashionable Syrian textile style 2. Which of the following is not true about the Crusades? [A] They were a series of religiously inspired campaigns. [B] Prior to the Crusades, Muslim leaders generally protected Christian pilgrims. [C] The Pope promised atonement from sins for the Crusaders. [D] The Crusades were successful. [E] Economic forces such as the desire to increase trade and land hunger were contributing factors. 3. Which of the following was not occurring in Europe by the year 1200? [A] Muslim invaders were making serious inroads into Western Europe. [B] Byzantium was showing military weakness. [C] Western Europe was demonstrating military strength. [D] Byzantium was in decline. [E] Western Europe was showing new vitality. 4. Which of the following is not associated with the rise of the mounted warrior as the paramount force on the battlefield? [A] the breeding of small, grain-fed fighting horses [B] the development of armor for horses and knights

What Scandinavian raiders built kingdoms in Iceland. In general.[C] the creation of a hereditary nobility [D] technological improvements such as the stirrup [E] a poor peasantry and serfdom 5. Greenland. Muhammad conceived Islam after [A] experiencing revelations. [B] Judaism and Manichaeism. [E] Judaism and Zoroastrianism. [B] reading the Bible. [C] Judaism and Hinduism. and Vinland? [A] Ostrogoths [B] Muslims [C] Visigoths [D] Franks [E] Vikings 8. [D] dreaming about Ishmael from the Old Testament. [D] Judaism and Christianity. which of the following did not occur during Europe’s transformation at the decline of Roman authority? . 7. 6. [C] being possessed by a shaitan. [E] many years of religious study in the mosque. Muhammad’s teachings seem to be in agreement with [A] Judaism and Buddhism.

[E] They dominated trade in the Mediterranean. [B] Roman traditions were replaced with family-based German traditions. [B] chose a caliph. [E] A legal framework disappeared. How did the Byzantines differ from their western counterparts? [A] They were a completely secular society. Khadija. [D] They were mostly pagans. 11. Why is the martyrdom of Husayn a significant event in Muslim history? [A] It marks the end of the Muslim expansion. [D] There was increasing political fragmentation. Abu Bakr. [B] It marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. [E] searched the entire peninsula for a suitable successor. [C] It marks the beginning of Muslim expansion. . After Muhammad’s death. [D] embraced his wife. they suffered no challenges to Church orthodoxy or organization. [E] It marks the beginning of the sect of Shi’ism. [D] It marks the anniversary of Jesus’ crucifixion. [C] abandoned the orthodox teachings of Islam.[A] The city of Rome lost its prominence as the seat of the Roman Church. as his successor. according to Muhammad’s last instructions. [C] They continued the pattern of Roman rule. the Muslim community [A] held general elections to replace Muhammad. 9. [B] Unlike in the West. 10. [C] The population depended on local strongmen rather than on monarchs.

[B] contributed to the cultural growth of Spain as great thinkers and writers. Schisms. 14. [C] disputes between bishops concerning church lands. Abu Bakr. [E] The Spanish region was considered the golden frontier. [D] amount of power local priests were allowed. The term investiture controversy refers to the [A] conflict over choosing new popes. [E] passed laws ensuring the ascension of Jews to the Spanish throne. [C] issue of whether a noble could marry a commoner. were [A] disagreements between priests and lay followers. 13. the Jewish people of Spain [A] experienced a diaspora to Eastern Europe. [D] It used the golden cow as the focus of religious worship. [B] struggle for control of ecclesiastical appointments. . 15. [C] experienced enormous discrimination. [C] It created a refined and cosmopolitan culture in Baghdad. the foremost threat to the Christian church in the Middle Ages. [D] were frequently arrested and persecuted. [D] arguments between local priests and the pope.12. [E] debate over how to invest Church funds. Under Islamic leadership. [B] It is marked by the rule of the “golden” monarch. Why is the Abbasid rule considered a “golden age?” [A] It used gold as the standard coinage throughout the empire. [B] formal divisions over differences in doctrine.

19. The Muslims fought the Battle of the Camel in a dispute over the [A] compilation of the Quran. [D] Saladin. [E] Tamerlane. 17. [D] rural leaders. The Muslim leader who successfully fought the European Crusades was [A] Temujin. [C] Ali was the legitimate religious leader after Muhammad. [D] legitimacy of Ali as caliph. [C] control of the royal treasury. [C] Omar. [E] appointment of Abu Bakr. [C] a hired foreign military force. The division of the Muslim community grew because some believed that [A] the Arab world should focus on developing the Middle East. [B] Ibn Rushd. .[E] disagreements between kings and church leaders. [B] religious scholars. 18. [B] Nestorian control of Yemenite lands. The ulama were [A] outcasts. 16. [E] government officials. [B] Allah was the only god.

[E] the enslavement of the Christians was heresy. . power derived from [A] mining. [E] trade. [C] land holding [D] religion. [B] warfare.[D] there should be no separation between church and state. In Kievan Russia. 20.