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Cómo Crear Rol Maestro Cómo Crear Rol Derivado

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1. Create Roles
User-specific menus can be displayed for users after they have logged on to the SAP System by using either pre-defined roles or roles you created. The role also contains the authorizations users need to access the transactions, reports, web-based applications and so on, contained in the menu. You can assign a role to an unlimited number of users.

Check the suitability of the roles delivered by SAP before you create your own roles. You can use the user role examples just as they are delivered with the SAP System. If you want to modify them, all you need to do is copy the SAP template. See Assign standard roles and Change and assign roles.

The creation of a single role is described below. To create a composite role, see Create composite role. To create a single role:


Choose the pushbutton Create role or the transaction PFCG in the initial transaction SAP Easy Access. You go to the role maintenance.

2. Specify a name for the role. The roles delivered by SAP have the prefix 'SAP_'. Do not use the SAP namespace for your user roles.

The user menu which you create here is called automatically when the user to whom this role is assigned logs on to the SAP System. You can describe the activities in the role in detail. the transactions are called in the system in which the user is logged on. 5. you can use any destination containing a logical system with the same name. You can create the authorizations for the transactions in the role menu structure in the authorizations tab. If the Target system field is empty. You can also specify a variable which refers to an RFC destination. The user of the role can then display the documentation. Enter a meaningful role description text. enter the RFC destination of the other system in the Target system field. 3. . 4. Variables are assigned to the RFC destinations in the transaction SM30_SSM_RFC. programs and/or web addresses to the role in the Menu tab. You should adopt your own naming convention to distinguish between simple and composite roles. This is only necessary if you want to navigate via the Easy Access Menu in the SAPgui. choose Utilities  Info object  Assign. If you use the Workplace Web Browser.SAP does not distinguish between the names of simple and composite roles. To assign Knowledge Warehouse documentation to the role.6A) and choose Distribute. This function is most useful when you use the Workplace. Assign transactions. You may use an existing role as a reference. To distribute the role into a particular target system. Choose Create. You should only use RFC destinations which were created using the Trusted System concept ( Trusted System: Relationships between R/3 Systems) to guarantee that the same user is used in the target system. See Derive roles. specify the target system (its Release must be at least 4. If you want to call the transactions in a role in another system.

Expand the menu branch if you want to put lower-level nodes or individual transactions/programs in the user menu.You can create the user menu: o from the SAP menu You can copy complete menu branches from the SAP menu by clicking on the cross in front of it in the user menu. .

You can specify whether you want to copy the menu locally or via an RFC link. o from a role .You can also copy submenus via an RFC link if you want to use the menu from another Workplace component system for example. Specify a target system and choose From SAP menu. If you chooseRemote. The procedure is analogous for the From other role and From area menu pushbuttons. you are offered the SAP menu of the target system.

transaction variants or queries in the user menu. . Click on the menu branches and copy them. You can skip the selection screen. ABAP Report Choose a report and a variant. o Import from file See Upload/Download roles. You can also copy the menu structure of a role delivered by SAP. o from an area menu You can copy area menus (SAP Standard and your own) into a role menu. Choose an area menu from the list of menus and copy the transactions you want. o Transaction You can put a transaction code in the user menu directly. They need not be given a transaction code. o Program This function puts programs.this function copies a defined role menu structure in the same system into the current role.

SAP Query Enter a user group and query name. Transactions with variants The system administrator can create transaction variants in the SAP System personalization. Transaction variants adjust complex SAP System transactions to customer business processes. You can put a transaction variant call . See Query work areas. text or graphics. you can specify it. If the query has a variant. hiding superfluous information and adding other information such as pushbuttons. You can also specify a global query.g. by e.You can generate a transaction code automatically and copy the report description by setting checkboxes.

in a user menu by entering the transaction code and variant which you created in the transaction SHD0. URLs which you define in the Web Source Editor allow Drag&Relate between the SAP Workplace and the World Wide See WebReporting and Business Explorer Browser in the Web in the Business Information Warehouse documentation. Predefined URL from directory If you want to use some URLs frequently. for example. You can put various queries in an HTML page and use predefined navigation buttons or graphics to display the data. Knowledge Warehouse link . See mySAP. External Mail System A call of a mail system can be integrated o Others Enter other objects: URL (Web address or file) Enter internet/intranet links with a descriptive text and the web address. You can enter a file name if the browser can call an application. Choose a development class and Create  Other  URL object in the context menu in the Object Navigator. Report These function put other application-specific report types in the user menu. ReportWriter. The queries can be put in any HTML pages and Workplace Drag&Relate documentation. See also the Web Reporting function documentation under Product background  Documentation Enhancements in BW SAPNet (http://sapnet. Enter the report ID. in the Intranet or Internet with WebReporting. BW WebReport You can publish queries which were defined in the Business Explorer Analyzer. Search. you can predefine URL objects in the Object Navigator (SE80). WebSource from Drag&Relate Servlet Enter name and a URL which you have defined in the Web Source Editor of the Drag&Relate servlet which is delivered with the Workplace. BW report Include a Business Information Warehouse report.

Do this to generate IMG activity authorization and assign users. . Find programs Delete all nodes Translate node Documentation Find doc. etc. in a folder Change a menu entry text Move a menu entry down one place Move a menu entry up one place Delete a menu entry Any subnodes are also deleted. Function: Create folder Change node text Move down Move up Delete nodes Meaning Group transactions. Result You have created a role. If at least one menu node is assigned. Choose a menu entry with the cursor before you call one of the following functions. The authorization to perform all activities in the assigned IMG projects/project views is generated in profile generation. etc. Choose the information object type.Use the Document field possible entries help. Save your entries. You make the assignments in a dialog box. Choose Information to display more information on using this option. 6. You can restructure the menu by Drag & Drop. There are other pushbuttons for editing the user menu. You can assign Implementation Guide (IMG) projects or project views to a role under Utilities  Customizing auth. programs. The Menu tab status is red if no menu nodes are assigned. You go to a selection screen in which you can search for the object in the Knowledge Warehouse. the status is green. Delete the complete role menu Translate a menu entry Display the documentation of transactions. programs.

Cómo crear Derivado Para crear un derivado creas nuevamente un SINGLE ROL pero con el nombre que distinguirá al MAESTRO Ejemplo: Este es el rol maestro (ya lo habías creado y generado) .The next section Edit predefined authorizations describes how to display and edit predefined authorizations. See also: Create composite roles 2.

Para crear el derivado vuelves a crear otro SINGLE ROL pero con nombre derivado (acuérdate que en Peñafiel el maestro llevaba así Z3_DSD_M_M_ por ejemplo y el derivado es así Z3_DSD_D_D_ ) Al final vas a Authorizations .

nada más basta que le saques una copia al rol derivado que ya creaste y le pongas otro nombre: Y al final vuelves a generar su perfil .Y lo generas Cuando hagas cambios acuérdate que siempre son al maestro y tienes que generar para todos. Si quiero más derivados creas manualmente otro derivado. Los cambios solo aplican cuando agregues una transacción. Para este escenario tengo UN MAESTRO y UN DERIVADO.

APLICAR CAMBIOS A TODOS LOS DERIVADOS Cuando agregues una transacción a un maestro acuérdate que es al maestro y tienes que generar a todos los derivados para eso haces clic en DERIVE ALL FROM INHERITANCE .


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