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Alexander Salinas September 9, 2011 Science Summer Assignment Marie Curie Marie Curie was born as Marie Sklodowska

on November 7, 1967 in Warsaw, Poland. She is the fifth and youngest child of well-known teachers Bronisława and Władysław Skłodowski; the former managed an all girl’s school, but unfortunately died when Marie was twelve from suffering from Tuberculosis. The latter, however, taught two of the three subjects in life she ended up pursuing: mathematics and physics. Of course, back then she was expected to do so but that’s all water under the bridge when we come across her achievements later on. I suppose you could say that it was her family’s expectations that inspired her to a career in science. Although, it was not an easy road before she actually got to work inside a laboratory; her family lost all their property and possessions which really halted her pursuit. She made an agreement with her sister to aid her financially for her studies in Paris in exchange for similar assistance later on. Although, when she married to Kazimierz Zorawski, she decided not to go when her sister had offered since she couldn’t afford the tuition. After working as a governess and financially aiding her siblings, she was able to finally practice her scientific training in the lab that her cousin, Jozef Buguski, had run. In October 1891, at the age of 24, she decided to go to Paris after Zorawski broke his relationship with her and her sister’s absolute insistence. There, she studied in Sorbonne, the University of Paris, in math, physics, and chemistry. She soon began to work in an industrial laboratory in Lippman’s; some questions that came up during her work were “what were the magnetic properties of various steels?” This question gave her an investigation and a new love; it was through this she

and scientific collaborator. There was also her rejection Krakow University merely because she was a woman. . as a result. “Why was it so important?” Well.met Pierre Curie. They did. she found out that the uranium rays cause the air around a sample to conduct electricity. joined her in 1898 in grounding the mineral. though. the Curies were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics which made them pretty famous. However. she was able to broaden her investigations. they found that they also worked diligently with each other and soon later did they get married. due to this discover. she concluded that the activity of uranium compound depended on the amount of uranium present. partner. Pitchblende. Now that last statement can get people to wonder. Another question was “Could uranium rays be used as a thesis?” Well. She had a new love. Using this. This was her most important piece of work she had ever been able to work with. named after her birth country. “would she do the same and give up?” well the answer was no and she instead went back to Paris. manage to publish a paper. who shared the same love for magnetism as her. In 1903. Pierre was given professorship in Sorbonne and a laboratory while Marie was director of research. their eagerness would only turn out to be consequential as they failed to realize the dangers of radiation exposure on their unprotected work with radioactive substances. the answer came in the form of her and her husband’s creation: the electrometer. Pierre. she discovered two types of uranium minerals that were practically twice as active as the substance itself and concluded that there was a substance in the mineral that was causing it. announcing the existence of Polonium. back then many would’ve given up and questioned. As the two worked together. a sensitive device for measuring electrical charge. Thus showing that the radiation came from the atom itself and not from the activity of the molecules. It was through this discovery that her husband.

she was given the chair that was held for her deceased husband from Sorbonne and his laboratory. in the spring of 1934. in 1906. Marie Curie will live on for as long as her works are studied. Marie Curie died of anemia. placing her on stamps. Marie then became a lonely widow. she stepped out of his shadow and kept on working. she headed the Pasteur Institution and a radioactivity laboratory that was created for her. she pushed on. Then. she had separated the radium chloride that had been isolated within the ton of pitchblende they had obtained. For this. Devastated. in 1911. A few years later. which had been caused by exposure to radiation. however. Pierre died from being struck by a horse drawn vehicle. whose wheels had fractured his head. Due to her many contributions. medallions.Unfortunately. although uncomfortable. their lives wouldn’t remain content as three years later. In his honor. In 1921 she toured the United States of America for research on radium. as well as naming museums and institutes after her. she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. many have given tributes to her. banknotes. . Later on she founded the Warsaw Radium Institute in 1925 with her sister.