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The IUCN Species Survival Commission

A Global Strategy for the Conservation of

MarineTurtles

Prepared by IUCN/SSC Marine Turtle Specialist Group

The IUCN Species Survival Commission

A Global Strategy for the Conservation of

MarineTurtles
Prepared by IUCN/SSC Marine Turtle Specialist Group
MTSG Officers Karen Bjorndal: Chairman George Balazs: Deputy Chairman Marydele Donnelly: Program Officer MTSG Executive Committee Alberto Abreu George Balazs Karen Bjorndal Nat Frazer Neca Marcovaldi Jack Woody Debby Crouse Colin Limpus Dimitris Margaritoulis

Table of Contents
Introduction Background and Mission of the IUCN/SSC Marine Turtle Specialist Group 1

Individual Strategies

Research and Monitoring Integrated Management for Sustainable Marine Turtle Populations Building Capacity for Conservation, Research, and Management Public Awareness, Information, and Education Community Participation in Conservation Regional and International Cooperation Evaluation of the Status of Marine Turtles Funding for Marine Turtle Conservation Operation of the Marine Turtle Specialist Group

6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22

Appendices

Suggested Guidelines for Setting Priorities Names and Addresses of Strategic Planning Participants

24 25

gnitsen no sucof yliramirp smargorp eseht ,aes ta emit rieht fo ytirojam eht dneps seltrut eniram hguohtlA .seltrut eniram evresnoc ot gnikrow era dlrow eht tuohguorht smargorp noitavresnoc dna tnemeganam detroppus-tnemnrevog dna reetnulov ni slaudividni fo sdnasuoht yadoT .elacs labolg a no nekatrednu eb tsum stroffe detargetni dna desucof ,evisneherpmoc ,noitcnitxe lautneve morf dedraugefas eb ot era slamina tnecifingam eseht fi taht tbuod on eb nac erehT .)slaminA dliW fo seicepS yrotargiM fo noitavresnoC eht no noitnevnoC eht( SMC fo 11 dna I secidneppA ni detsil era kcabtalf eht tpecxe seiceps lla dna ,)arolF dna anuaF dliW fo seicepS deregnadnE ni edarT lanoitanretnI no noitnevnoC eht( SETIC fo I xidneppA ni dedulcni era seltrut eniram llA .elbarenluV ro deregnadnE sa tsiL deR NCUI eht ni detsil era kcabtalf nailartsuA eht tpecxe seiceps lla ,yltneserP .wol si doohtluda ot lavivruS .meht evresnoc dna yduts ot stroffe ruo setartsurf netfo ecnetsixe naeco nepo sihT .statibah latsaoc dna naeco fo yteirav a fo tuo dna ni evom yeht ,sedaced lareves fo esruoc eht revo gnirutam elihW .sretfird cigalep sa efil nigeb ot naeco eht rof daeh dna egreme sgnilhctah eht ,noitabucni fo syad 06 ot 05 tuoba retfA .nosaes gnitsen a gnirud sgge fo sderdnuh yal ot semit lareves erohsa gnimoc ,selcyc raeyitlum ni tsen selamef tludA .ecudorper ot dnal ot nruter tub aes ta sevil rieht dneps yehT .sdnuorg gnitsen dna gnigarof neewteb sretemolik fo sdnasuoht neve ro sderdnuh gnitargim yltneuqerf ,srot -agivan tnellecxe era seltrut eniraM .semitefil rieht gnirud secnatsid taerg evom dna efil ni etal erutam taht seiceps devil-gnol era yeht-yrotsih efil gnitanicsaf a evah seltrut eniraM .snoitubirtsid laciport ro laciportbus dna labol gmucric evah seiceps tsoM .seiceps hthgie na sa ,izissaga ainolehC sa ot derrefer semitemos ,erehpsimeH nretseW eht fo tsaoc cificaP eht fo seltrut 'kcalb' evitcnitsid eht redisnoc osla stsitneics ynaM .)ipmek sylehcodipeL( yeldir s'pmeK dna ,)aecavifo sylehcodipeL( yeldir evilo ,)aecairoc sylehconneD( kcabrehtael ,)atacirbmi sylehcomterE( llibskwah ,)susserped rotataN( kcabtalf ,)atterac atteraC( daehreggol ,)sadym ainolehC( eltrut neerg eht edulcni yehT .dezingocer ylraelc era seiceps neves ,yltnerruC .tcnitxe era ynaM .ylsuoires netfo ,gninilced era tsom ;detceffanu era seltrut eniram fo snoitalupop wef ,yadoT .snaeco eht fo noit -ullop ,yltnecer tsom ,dna ,statibah gnitser dna gnitsen ,gnigarof fo noitcurtsed ,seirehsif ni erutpac latnedicca dna lanoitnetni htiw srebmun rieht niatniam ot ytiliba 'seiceps eht demlehwrevo evah ew ,sraey derdnuh lareves tsal eht ni tuB .snoillim eht otni llew gnirebmun snoitalupop emos htiw ,tnadnuba yrev erew seltrut eniram seirutnec ht91 dna ht81 eht sa yltnecer sA .oga sraey noillim 001 naht erom gniraeppa tsrif ,ytisrevid lac -igoloib s'dlrow eht fo trap evitcnitsid dna tneicna na tneserper seltrut eniram ,puorg a sA

Introduction

detceffa yltcerid elpoep esoht taht os slevel labolg dna lanoiger ,lacol ta dedulcni eb dluohs tnemega -nam eltrut eniram )2 ;deniatniam era snoitcnuf m etsys -oce dna ytilauq tatibah taht erusne ot semiger tnemega -nam latsaoc otni detaroprocni eb dluohs tnemeganam eltrut eniram )1 :syaw lareves ni noitavresnoc eltrut eniram ot laicurc si tnemeganam detargetni fo tpecnoc ehT .yaw deifinu dna citametsys a ni seussi noitavresnoc sserdda ot eruliaf ruo neeb sah noitavresnoc eltrut enir -am etomorp ot seitivitca fo gnimoctrohs eno ,etad oT .ygetartS eht ni noitaterpretnisim elbissop diova ot noitacifiralc emos deen dna sraey fo rebmun a rof stsinoitavresnoc eltrut eniram gnoma dessucsid ylediw neeb evah seussi esehT .smetsysoce rieht ni seltrut eniram fo selor eht fo ecnanetniam/noitarotser eht dna ,noitavresnoc rieht ni seltrut ezilitu ohw elpoep lacol evlovni ot deen eht ,tnem -eganam dna noitavresnoc eltrut eniram fo noitargetni erew noisses ygetarts eht fo semeht tnerrucer eerhT .tnemeganam dna noitavres -noc eltrut eniram ot hcaorppa deifinu ,evisneherpmoc a si tnetni eht sa ,etairporppa si sihT .palrevo ro ecafretni seigetarts emos taht dnif osla lliw redaer ehT .seigetarts rehto ot noitacilppa rof esu dna tnempoleved evitceffe etatilicaf ot sutats ygetarts ot detavele saw sloot eseht fo hcae ,revewoH .snoitalupoP eltruT eniraM elbaniatsuS rof tnemeganaM detargetnI gnitnemelpmi rof sloot eb nac noitavresnoC ni noitapicitraP ytinum moC dna ,yticapaC gnidliuB ,gnidnuF ,elpmaxe roF .seig -etarts rehto gnitnemelpmi rof sloot sa deredisnoc eb yam tnemucod siht nihtiw seigetarts lareveS .puorG tsilaicepS eltruT eniraM eht fo noitarepO dna ;noitavresnoC eltruT eniraM rof gnidnuF ;seltruT eniraM fo sutatS eht fo noitaulavE ,noitarepooC lanoitanretnI dna lanoigeR ;noitavresnoC ni noit -apicitraP ytinum moC ;noitacudE dna ,noitamrofnI ,ssenerawA cilbuP -tnemeganaM dna ,hcraes -eR ,noitavresnoC rof yticapaC gnidliuB ;snoitalupoP eltruT eniraM elbaniatsuS rof tnemega -naM detargetnI ;gnirotinoM dna hcraeseR ,seigetarts lellarap enin ni detneserp si ygetartS ehT .weiver dna noisses taht fo tcudorp eht si ,seltruT eniraM fo noitavresnoC eht rof ygetartS labolG A ,tnemucod sihT .tnem moc dna weiver rof C S S eht fo srebm em detceles dna GSTM eht fo srebmem lla ot tnes saw tfard gnitluser ehT .seltrut enira m fo noitavresnoc eht rof ygetarts labolg evisneherpmoc a tfard ot srennalp cigetarts lanoisseforp owt htiw ,ocixeM ,atrallaV otreuP ni tem tairaterceS NCUI eht fo evitatneserper a dna snoitan 51 morf - noinU noitavresnoC dlroW ehT - NCUI fo nois -sim moC lavivruS seicepS eht fo puorG tsilaicepS eltruT eniraM eht fo srebmem 91 ,4991 enuJ nI .rehtona ot noitan eno fo sretaw eht morf evom yeht sa sevil rieht tuohguorht tluassa rednu era seltrut eniram sa etanutrofnu si sihT .sisab lanoitanretni na no noitanidrooc fo kcal a yb derepmah osla era stroffe noitavresnoC .eulav detimil fo eb ya m ,segats efil redlo eht fo noitavresnoc tnerrucnoc tuohtiw ,sgnilhctah dna sgge fo noitavresnoc taht stseggus gnilledom noitalupop tnecer ,eromrehtruF .slamina eseht tuoba egdelwonk ruo ni spag egral ni detluser sah taht sisahpme na ,seitivitca hcaeb

ediW dlroW dna ,margorP tnemnorivnE snoitaN detinU - PENU ,noinU noit -avresnoC dlroW ehT - NCUI( gniviL elbaniatsuS rof ygetartS A :htraE eht rof gniraC tnemucod eht ni desu snoitinifed NCUI eht yolpme ew ,smret fo noitinifed eht revo noisufnoc diova oT .smet -sysoce latsaoc no tnedneped snoitalupop namuh rof efil fo ytilauq ni enilced gnitluser a tcepxe nac ew ,smetsysoce eniram nihtiw ytivitcudorp fo ssol gnitluser eht htiW .noitcnitxe ot enilced ot eunitnoc ot detcepxe era snoitalupop eltrut eniram ,tnemeganam dna noitnevretni evitca tuohtiW .sehcaeb gnitsen eht fo ytiniciv eht ni statibah erohsni dna latsaoc roop-tneirtun erom yllacipyt ot sdnuorg gnideef eseht morf stneirtun fo seititnauq evissam gnitropsnart yb gnilcyc tne -irtun ni elor tnatropmi na evres ,sehcaeb gnitsen rieht morf sretemolik fo sdnasuoht neve ro sderd -nuh eb yam saera gnideef esohw ,seltrut eniram fo snoitalupop emos ,eromrehtruF .seiceps rehto gnitifeneb suht ,tnetnoc nietorp rehgih a evah sedalb ssarg eht dna ,yldipar erom delcyc era stne -irtun ,evitcudorp erom era ylraluger ezarg seltrut neerg erehw sdeb ssargaes ,elpmaxe roF .detelp -ed ylsuoires era yltnerruc snoitalupop erehw yfiralc ot drah eb yam snoitcnuf esoht fo sliated eht hguohtla ,dnuof era yeht hcihw ni s metsysoce eht ni snoitcnuf tnatropmi evres seltrut eniraM .ecneics no snoisiced tnemeganam esab ot gniunitnoc elihw ssecorp gnikam-nois -iced eht ni elpoep lacol gnivlovni dna gnimrofni setacovda ygetartS sihT .deton eb ot noitatiolp -xerevo fo stceffe eht rof deriuqer emit fo tnuoma eht dna seiceps eseht fo egdelwonk etelpmocni ruo nevig evloser ot drah si hcihw eussi na ,esu tuoba snoisiced etairporppa gnikam si etabed eht fo traeh eht tA .tnemeganam dna noitavresnoc rieht ni seltrut eniram ezilitu ohw elpoep lacol eht evlovni ot deen eht no ygetartS eht ni sisahpme na si ereht ,noit -atiolpxe htiw seitluciffid tnerehni era ereht esuaceB .gninnalp noitavresnoc rof noitpo tnatropmi na si siht dna ,seltrut eniram fo tnemeganam eht rof yrassecen neeb sah noitcetorp etelpmoc erehw saera ynam era erehT .esu elbaniatsus-non troppus ton seod ti ,esu lla esoppo ton seod dna saera ynam ni srucco seltrut eniram fo noitazilitu taht sezingo -cer ygetartS siht hguohtlA .snoitalupop eltrut eniram fo noitcnitxe lautneve eht ni tluser lliw senilced eseht esrever ro pots ot eruliaf ,ylraelC .elbaniatsus-non gnieb noitazilitu tsom ni detluser sah ,slamina eseht fo esaercni larutan fo setar wols dna erutan yrotargim eht htiw delpuoc ,noitalupop namuh gniworg a yb esu ediw ,revewoh ,yltneuqerf ooT .nietorp fo ecruos a sa sgge rieht dna slamina eseht fo ecnatropmi eht dna elpoep latsaoc ynam fo sevil laicos dna larutluc eht ni seltrut eniram fo ecnacifingis eht ezingocer tsoM .detiolpxe eb dluohs seltrut eniram fo snoitalupop gninilced rehtehw detabed evah elpoep ynam sraey fo rebmun a roF .egnar sti fo saera rehto ni tnemeganam noitavresnoc enim -rednu ton od egnar eht fo trap eno ni seitivitca taht os egnar cihpargoeg eritne sti ssorca detargetni eb dluohs noitalupop ro seiceps eltrut eniram yna fo tnemeganam )3 dna ;devlovni era ,seitivitca labolg dna lanoiger revo ecneulfni evah ohw esoht sa llew sa ,tnemeganam yb

.ereh deifitnedi snoitca yrassecen eht tnemelpmi ot seicnega dna snoitazinagro etats dna lacol egru ew dna ,noitatilicaf dna tnem egaruocne ,ecivda trepxe gnidivorp sa yliram -irp elor sti sees GSTM eht ,sesac eseht nI .seicnega tnemeganam tnemnrevog ro snoitazinagro latnemnrevognon lacol htiw eil yam snoitca eseht fo ynam gnitnemelpmi rof seitilibisnopseR .noitca ezinav -lag ot evres nac dna tsylatac tnatropmi na si GSTM eht ,revewoH .yrevocer eltrut eniram tceffe ot yrassecen era seitivitca eseht hguoht neve detacidni snoitca eht lla tuo yrrac tonnac GSTM eht taht erawa eb dluohs GSTM eht fo srebm em dna ygetartS siht fo sredaer os ,sisab yratnulov a no evres GSTM eht fo srebmem lla ,esiwekiL .tnemelpmi ot )GSTM( puorG tsilaicepS eltruT eniraM eht fo weivrup eht edistuo eb ya m ygetartS siht ni deniltuo snoitca dna seussi eht fo ynaM .yletinifedni deniat -niam eb nac taht etats ro ssecorp a fo citsiretcarahc a :ytilibaniatsus .tnemnorivne eht fo stnenop -moc gnivil-non eht htiw rehtegot smsinagro rehto dna ,slamina ,stnalp fo metsys a :

.ytisrevid citeneg dna ,ytisrevid seiceps ,ytisrevid m etsys -oce sedulcnI .snoitanibmoc dna slevel ,smrof sti lla ni efil fo yteirav eht : .sm etsysoce dna snoitalupop fo tnemecnahne dna ,noitarotser ,noit -atilibaher ,ecnanetniam ,noitcetorp sedulcni noitavresnoc ,esu elbaniatsus sediseB .elbaniatsus si esu hcus erusne ot smetsysoce ro smsinagro fo esu namuh fo tnemeganam eht :
biological diversity

:era snoitinifed rieht dna smret ehT .)1991 rebotcO ,dnalreztiwS dnalG ,erutaN rof dnuF

ecosystem

conservation

.sdohtem evitavonni gnitacovda dna gnitpodA .9 .seltrut eniram evresnoc ot seitirohtua denrecnoc fo yticapac dliub ot gnipleH .8 .ycacovda dna tnemesivda hguorht stroffe lanoitanretni dna ,lanoitan ,lanoiger ,lacol gnitargetnI .7 .seltrut eniram gnivresnoc ni detseretni snoitazinagro dna elpoep morf troppus dna ecnatsissa gnikeeS .6 .tne meganam noitavresnoc ni seitinum moc lacol gnivlovnI .5 .ecruoser lanoitanretni derahs a era seltrut eniram taht gnizingoceR .4 .seiceps eht fo lavivrus mret-gnol rof tnemeganam gnizisahpmE .3 .seltrut eniram rof latnemadnuf era taht statibah dna secruoser larutan gniganam dna gnivresnoC .2 .elbaliava noitamrofni cifitneics tseb eht dna slamina eht fo stniartsnoc lacigoloib eht yb dediug si seltrut eniram fo noitavresnoc eht taht gnirusnE .1 :yb siht hsilpmocca eW .selor lacigoloce rieht llifluf taht snoitalupop eltrut eniram yhtlaeh fo lavivrus dna noitarotser eht etomorp hcihw smargorp tne melpmi dna ,troppus ,poleved ot stsixe puorG tsilaicepS eltruT eniraM CSS/NCUI ehT

.)CD ,notgnihsaW( noitavresnoC eniraM rof retneC eht fo stroffe eht hguorht GSTM eht ot ronod suomynona na yb dedivorp troppus rednu reciffO margorP emaceb yllen -noD eledyraM ,4991 nI .3991 ni detnioppa saw srebmem neves dna namriahc ytuped ,nam -riahc eht fo desopmoc eettimmoC evitucexE na ,puorg eht fo ezis regral eht ot esnopser nI .3791 ot 9691 morf smargorP noitavresnoC eltruT eniraM fo rotanidrooC sa devres drahctirP reteP .erutcurts fo muminim a htiw detarepo GSTM eht ,pihsnamriahc s'rraC eihcrA gniruD .seirtnuoc 74 morf sla -udividni htiw 002 ylraen si pihsrebmem ,yadoT .srebmem 051 revo ot dednapxe saw pihsreb -m em eht nehw ,0991 litnu ,srebm em 03 ot 51 morf gnignar ,puorg llams a saw GSTM ehT .szalaB egroeG dna avliS ed yelnatS .G :nemriahc ytuped owt htiw dekrow sah ladnrojB neraK .rraC eihcrA htiw namriahc ytuped ro namriahc-oc rehtie sa devres ladnrojB neraK dna szalaB egroeG ,yksvosorM salohciN ,nossirraH moT .namriahc sa ladnrojB neraK detnioppa-CSS fo namriahC neht-sacuL ellivnerG dna ,nwod deppets eh nehw ,4891 litnu namriahc eht deniamer rraC eihcrA .srebmem puorg tnioppa dna puorg eht riahc ot rraC eihcrA deksa ttocS reteP riS .seltrut eniram fo sutats deregnadne eht fo noit -ingocer gniworg a ot esnopser ni 6691 ni dednuof saw puorG tsilaicepS eltruT eniraM ehT

Mission Background of the MarineTurtle Specialist Group

.gnikam-noisiced etairporppani dna demrofninu ot dael lliw gnidnatsrednu fo kcaL .seussi lacitirc dna laitnesse no tca ot gniliaf elihw ,seussi laitnessenon no sucof yam seitivitca tnemeganam dna hcraeser htoB .stroffe yrevocer dna tnemeganam repmah ot eunitnoc lliw ygoloib eltrut eniram fo egdelwonk ruo ni spaG .seitinutroppo detanidrooc dna evitaroballoc fo ssol dna troffe fo noitacilpud ot etubirtnoc seitivitca gnirotinom dna hcraeser morf stluser fo noitanimessid detimil eht ,noit -idda nI .tnemeganam noitavresnoc evitceffe tneverp ro nessel spag esehT .staerht dna ,seirotsih efil ,scimanyd noitalupop eltrut eniram fo egdelwonk ruo ni tsixe yltnerruc spaG
Situation: Risk:

Desired state:

.snoisiced tnem -eganam dna hcraeser htob etatilicaf lliw sreganam dna srehcraeser neewteb noitacinummoc ral -ugeR .ssol fo slevel suoirav niatsus ot snoitalupop fo ytiliba eht fo setamitse citsilaer erom timrep dna ,secitcarp tnemeganam suoirav fo eruliaf ro sseccus eht fo tnemssessa wolla lliw noitcnuf noitalupop fo sretemarap yek fo gnirotinom gniogno ,ralugeR .snoisiced tnemeganam evisneh -erpmoc ,dipar erom etatilicaf lliw )SIG( smetsyS noitamrofnI cihpargoeG htiw elbitapmoc esab atad detargetni nA .tnemeganam latsaoc detargetni retteb ot etubirtnoc lliw selor lacigoloce eltrut eniram fo gnidnatsrednu devorp mI .snoisiced tnemeganam evitceffe erom ,demrofni-retteb ekam ot desu eb nac egats yrotsih efil hcae ta srotcaf dna setar ytilatrom dna ,ytidnucef ,setar htworg fo setamitse elbaileR .sdnert dna ,ezis ,noitubirtsid noitalupop fo egdelwonk dna noitacifitnedi noitalupop no desab eb lliw smargorp gnirotinom dna hcraeser detanidrooC

erutcurts noitalupop segats citauqa eht ot noitnetta ralucitrap htiw egats yrotsih efil hcae ta setar ytilatrom :sedulcni tsil yranimilerp a ,seicneicifed lacitirc yfitnedi
o o

Green turtles basking ashore at French Frigate Shoals, Hawaiian Islands. Turtle on left carries a radio transmitter to allow satellite tracking of oceanic migrations

Address critical knowledge deficiencies of marine turtle biology

Action arenas and priority issues:

Strategy: Research and Monitoring

yrassecen erehw stimrep fo ecnaussi dna ssecorp gnittimrep hcraeser fo noisiver rof gnitacovda seussi ytiroirp gnisserdda hcraeser rof gnitacovda :yb ,deifitnedi sa seic -neicifed sserdda ot hcraeser cificeps etatilicaf sledom noitalupop yfirev dna sdnert noit -alupop etadicule ot snoiger dna snoitalupop yb seltrut eniram fo tnemeganam noitavresnoc ot tnaveler atad cirotsih weiver statibah lacitirc )lanomroh ,lanoitirtun( smsinahcem gnitaluger gnilledom noitalupop )tnemtaert dna sesuac( sesaesid rehto dna samollipaporbif setuor yrotargim dna noitazilitu tatibah ,noitubirtsid cihpargoeg gnidulcni ,noitacifitnedi noitalupop ytiveg -nol evitcudorper dna noitcudorper tsrif ta ega

setar htworg

noitavresnoc eltrut eniram ni detseretni dna devlovni snoitutitsni dna snosrep fo esabatad a gnitubirtsid dna gnipoleved yb atad dna esitrepxe lanoiger fo gnirahs etatilicaf stamrof elbitapmoc metsyS noitamrofnI cihpargoeG ni sesabatad wen gnihsilbatse sesab atad fo gniknil dna gnirahs gnigaruocne sesabatad gnitsixe gniyfitnedi :yb sesabatad lanoiger fo tnemhsilbatse eht etatilicaf gniniart etairporppa reffo nac taht seunev dna snoitutitsni gniyfitnedi sksat dezilaiceps rof smargorp gniniart ledom gnidivorp :yb atad ytilauq hgih ,elbitapmoc fo sisylana dna egarots ,noitcelloc rof seigolodohtem ni slevel lanoitan dna lanoiger ta lennosrep niart ecrof ksat a gninoissim moc ro spohskrow gnitcud -noc yb ,seicneicifed lacitirc fo tsil a gnidulcni ,seuqinhcet dna senilediug fo slaunam ecudorp

selor eseht etadicule rehtruf ot hcraeser gnitacovda snoitcaretni cificepsretni dna tcapmi tatibah ,swolf tneirtun dna ygrene ni selor fo egdelwonk tnerruc gniziram mus :yb seltrut eniram fo selor lacigoloce eht otni hcraeser desaercni etomorp

snoitalupop dna seiceps detelped ylsuoires fo sdnert dna sutats noitavresnoc eht weiver seicneicifed era ereht erehw smargorp fo tnemhsilbatse eht gnitacovda dna smargorp gnitsixe fo esabatad a gniraperp yb tnemeganam erutuf ediug dna sseccus tnem -eganam ssessa ot smargorp gnirotinom lanoiger/lanoitan cificeps fo tnemhsilbatse etatilicaf sreganam yb elbasu mrof a ni sdnert noitalupop no noitamrofni edivorp dna rotinom

Regularly monitor key population parameters and trends Increase understanding of ecological roles of marine turtles Ensure availability of appropriate and compatible data for formulating effective conservation management

Green turtle with life-threatening tumors known as fibropapillomas

.snoitalupop eltrut eniram yhtlaeh edulcni hcihw smetsysoce latsaoc dna eniram lanoitcnuf ylluf morf tifeneb elpoeP .ytilibaniatsus rieht ot dael dna snoitalupop eltrut eniram fo yrevocer eht ni tluser lliw smetsysoce latsaoc dna ,statibah detaicossa rieht ,snoitalupop eltrut eniram fo tnemeganam etairporppa ,etauqedA .egnar s'noitalupop ro 'seiceps eht fo strap rehto ni tnemeganam etairporppani yb detagen eb yam stroffe tnemeganam eltrut eniram ynam fo stceffe laicifeneb eht taht ytilibaborp eht dna ,tnemeganam etairporppani fo ecnamrofrep eht ,tnemeganam etairporppa fo ecnamrofrep-non yb derepmah eb lliw sesac ynam ni ssenevit -ceffe etamitlu rieht ,eunitnoc lliw seltrut eniram evresnoc ot stroffe tnerruc ynam elihW
.n oi ger ro yrtn u o c reh to n a ni seic ep s e m as eh t g n itce ffa se itiv itca y b d etag en g nieb yltnetrevdani stroffe noitavresnoc dna tnemeganam s'yrtnuoc eno ni tluser yam egnar cihparg -oeg s'noitalupop ro 'seiceps eritne na ssorca noitanidrooc fo kcal eht ,yllanoitiddA .tnemega -nam roop ot setubirtnoc snoitaluger dna swal gnitsixe fo tnemecrofne fo kcaL .seigolodohtem dedomtuo ro etairporppani sedulcni noitavresnoc eltrut aes rof tnemeganam tnerruC

)raeg gnihsif dedracsid dna tsol gnidulcni( sirbed dna noitullop )edart dna ecnetsisbus rof( stsevrah eltrut tsevrah gge ).cte ,stenllig ,senilgnol ,slwart( hctacyb seirehsif

Olive ridley shells outside former slaughterhouse in Mexico

Reduce mortality due to:

Action arenas and priority issues:


Desired state:

Risk:

Situation:

Strategy: Integrated Management for Sustainable Marine Turtle Populations

).cte ,segderd ,srellep -orp taob( ytilatrom gnihsif-non lanoitnetninu samollipaporbif dna esaesid

srotcaf rehto dna ,gnimraw labolg ,sirbed ,noitullop ,secitcarp gnihsif evitcurtsed ot eud noitad -arged morf statibah gnitser dna ,gnitam ,noit -argim ,gnideef eltrut eniram eganam/evresnoc msiruot dna ,gninim dnas ,syawhgih ,htworg nabru ,erutlucirga ,yrtsudni gnidulc -ni ,tnempoleved latsaoc ot eud noitadarged morf dnal no statibah eltrut eniram tcetorp smargorp tnemeganam latsaoc detargetni otni sdeen noitavresnoc eltrut eniram etaroprocni tatibah eltrut eniram lacitirc eriuqca/etangised dna yfitnedi

gnikcotser ,seirekoor neewteb srefsnart gnilhctah dna gge noitullop thgil slortnoc rotaderp stsevrah gge deganam gnitratsdaeh no ycilop ).cte ,sgnilhctah fo esaeler ,oitar xes ,gnildnah( seuqinhcet noitabucni/yrehctah

esitrepxe/atad fo gnirahs etomorp seitaert lanoitanretni ni noitapicitrap dna snalp tnemeganam lanoiger etomorp

seltrut eniram tifeneb taht stroffe lanoitanretni dna ,lanoiger ,lacol troppus tnemeganam deniatsus rof selpicnirp dnuos htiw ylpmoc ton od taht snoitca esoht esoppo noitalsigel gnitsixe fo tnemecrofne dna noitargetni etacovda ecivda evitalsi -gel edivorp ,)edart gnidulcni( noitalsigel dna seitaert etaulave ,snosiail lanoitanretni hsilbatse

Advocate legislation/enforcement sensitive to marine turtles Facilitate integrated management through regional and international cooperation and coordination Produce new management techniques manual and develop training courses to identify and disseminate guidelines for responsible rookery management, including: Increase habitat protection and management
Above: Cooking leatherback eggs in Amerindian village, Top: Subadult loggerhead entangled in a net

01

.tnemega -nam dna hcraeser ,noitavresnoc eltrut eniram tceffe ot ediwdlrow snoitutitsni lacol dna ,slanois -seforp ,lennosrep lacol dna lanoitan deniart yletairporppa fo tnempoleved ehT .noitavresnoc eltrut eniram htiw devlovni snoitutitsni dna seitinutroppo lanoisseforp fo noitulove lacol eht tneverp dna noitavresnoc dna ygoloib eltrut eniram labolg fo gnidnatsrednu ruo ni spag rojam etauteprep lliw gniniart dna snoitutitsni lacol fo tnempoleved eht sserdda ot eruliaF .yticapac lanoitutitsni regaem dna ,snoitacilppa sti dna ygolonhcet ot ssecca ro fo egdelwonk tneiciffusni ,noitacude lamrof etauqedani ,seitinutroppo gni -niart on ro wef yb derepmah si noitavresnoc eltrut eniram dlrow eht fo strap ynam nI
Desired state:

Turtle biology and conservation training course, Costa Rica

Risk:

Situation:

Strategy: Building Capacity for Conservation, Research and Management

sruot yduts lanoiger ezinagro smargorp egnahcxe lanoitanretni ezylatac margorp pihsnretni etomorp noit -apicitrap gniteem dna gniniart rof dnuf hsilbatse noitacude rehgih rof margorp pihsralohcs poleved sesruoc gniniart tnemelpmi dna ezinagro

noitisiuqca tnempiuqe ezidisbus ot dnuf a fo tnemhsilbatse etatilicaf snoitcurtsni dna tnempiuqe dradnats htiw stik tnemeganam hcaeb etubirtsid dna eraperp seuqinhcet tnemeganam dradnats no noitamrofni etubirtsid dna weiver

spohskrow gniniart tnemeganam atad ezinagro noitubirtsid rof metsys tnemeganam atad ledom a yfitnedi

Provide information about data base management Establish small grants fund for research Provide management tools Facilitate training opportunities

Action arenas and priority issues:

Facilitate the compilation and distribution of reference materials, including books, reprints, slides, and videos Facilitate use of the Online Sea Turtle Bibliography and the Marine Turtle Newsletter Support development of networks

11

noitacinum moc dna tnemhsilbatse krowten rof gnidnuf dees etatilicaf tnemeganam krowten rof senilediug edivorp skrowten gnitsixe troppus
Students being trained in turtle data collection, Guyana

21

.ylevitisop noitavresnoc eltrut eniram ecneulfni lliw snoitca dna sedutitta htoB .stroffe noitacude dna ssenerawa cil -bup morf tluser lliw ,sresu ecruoser eht dna seitinum moc latsaoc no sisahpme laiceps htiw ,meht evresnoc ot deen eht dna seltrut eniram fo eulav eht fo noitaicerppa lasrevinU
Risk:

.seiceps eseht evresnoc ot snoitpo rewef ni tluser lliw sdeen rieht dna seltrut eniram tuoba erac dna dnatsrednu ot eruliaf cilbuP .seitivitca desaerc -ni dna ,noitucexe fo ytilauq decnahne ,noitanidrooc devorpmi fo deen ni si ediwdlrow seltrut eniram fo flaheb no stroffe ssenerawa cilbup dna noitacude fo gnimossolb tnecer ehT

srebm em yfitnedi redael tnioppa

arof etairporppa eht ni selpmaxe eseht thgilhgih noitamrofni etanimessid slairetam ecudorp segnahcxe troppus

Local Nahua children and turtle camp worker with black turtle in Michoacan, Mexico

Identify and promote six successful environmental education models Establish MTSG Environmental Education Task Force

Action arenas and priority issues:


Desired state:

Situation:

Strategy: Public Awareness, Information, and Education

31

slairetam eviterpretni ledom poleved serutluc latsaoc lacol dna smetsysoce eltrut eniram tuoba noitamrofni serutluc latsaoc lacol dna smet -sysoce eltrut eniram tuoba noitamrofni gni -dulcni ,slairetam lanoitacude wen poleved steehs tcaf eltrut eniram tcniccus etanim essid slairetam lanoitacude gnitsixe evorpmi slairetam lanoitacude gnitsixe evihcra

skrowten dna smargorp noitamrofni dna noitacude latsaoc dna eniram gnitsixe htiw etaroballoc sgniteem lanoitanretni dna ,lanoiger ,lacol egaruocne slairetam egnahcxe puorg noissucsid revrestsil tenretnI na ,ELTRUTC sa hcus ,krowten cinortcele ediwdlrow egaruocne

meht rof erutaretil cificeps poleved dna nemssenisub dna ,stluda ,nerdlihc gnidulcni ,spuorg tegrat yek yfitnedi slevel lla no srotartsinimda dna ,slaiciffo tnemnrevog ,snaicitilop etacude srotide koobtxet htiw etacinum moc alucirruc loohcs cilbup otni seltrut eniram no noitamrofni etargetni smargorp wen rof gnidnuf dees niatbo

sesaeler sserp elpmas poleved strepxe aidem dna srotacude rof spohskrow dloh

segnahc -xe lanoitacude lanoitanretni ezinagro smargorp gniniart tcudnoc srotacude detnelat yfitnedi

Train talented educators Expand involvement with mass media Expand/increase educational programs Improve coordination Improve quality and execution of education efforts
Turtle education program, Guatemala

41

Situation:

.detluser semitemos evah snalp tnemega -nam elbaniatsusnu ,noitavresnoc ni stnega sa elpoep larur dedulcxe evah stcejorp tnemeganam erehW .statibah rieht fo noitcurtsed eht dna snoitalupop eltrut eniram fo noitelped eht ni ecrof gnorts a netfo era statibah rieht dna seltrut eniram htiw detaicossa seitinum moc lacoL

Risk:

.noitadarged larutluc dna cimonoceoicos ot etubirtnoc lliw seigetarts noitavresnoc etairp -orppanI .seitivitca noitavresnoc rof troppus fo kcal ot dael lliw tnemevlovni dna gnidnatsrednu fo kcaL .eunitnoc lliw statibah rieht fo noitcurtsed eht dna seltrut eniram fo esu elbaniatsusnU

Promote and facilitate the participation of coastal communities in conservation, research, and management

srehcraeser lacol rof smargorp gniniart etatilicaf stcejorp gniogno otni elpoep lacol fo noitargetni etatilicaf refsnart dna tnempoleved ledom etatilicaf seno lufsseccusnu enimaxe dna selpmaxe lufsseccus etomorp dna yfitnedi

.ycneiciffus-fles sdrawot gnidael stnemevom stoorssarg etomorP .noitav -resnoc eltrut eniram ni seitinummoc eseht fo noitapicitrap evitca eht ,etairporppa erehw ,etomorp dna snoitca tnemeganam yb detceffa elpoep latsaoc fo snoitidnoc larutluc dna ,cimonoce ,lacitilop eht edulcni dna sserdda taht snalp tnemeganam yrevocer eltrut eniram egaruocnE
Desired state:

Fish-catcher in Guyana collaborating in data collection with accidentally caught leatherback prior to its release

Action arenas and priority issues:

Strategy: Community Participation in Conservation

51

Improve information base of coastal communities

seit

Facilitate establishment of small grants program for activities at the community level Identify and promote economic alternatives to exploitation and economic incentives to conserve marine turtles (e.g., ecotourism, handicrafts)

gnidnuf dees edivorp stnarg rof slasoporp weiver ro/dna etatilicaf noitamrofni etanimessid dna )seicnega tnempoleved gnidulcni( secruos gnidnuf yfitnedi airetirc hsilbatse

secruos noitamrofni dna seitinum -moc gnoma skrowten noitamrofni etomorp slairetam ecruoser etanimessid dna elipmoc )stcejorp ytinum moc rehto ot stisiv gnidulcni( srebmem ytinum moc rof smargorp gniniart etatilicaf ytinum moc ni smargorp noitacude etatilicaf

Promote and facilitate conservation as an integral part of community development

stroffe detarepo dna denwo yllacol etomorp seitinum moc lacol ot tifeneb tcerid rof seuneva etomorp ytinum moc fo erutcurts lanretni ecrofnier level ytinum moc eht ta ycneiciffus-fles cimonoce dna ytilibaniatsus latnemnorivne etomorp

doohilevil dna doof fo secruos etanretla gnidulcni ,sehcaorppa dna ,seitinutroppo ,selpmaxe etanimessid dna yfitnedi

Develop policy, guidelines, and monitoring mechanisms for community participation in conservation programs
Burying turtle eggs in the school's hatchery is a conservation activity undertaken in Barra de Santiago, El Salvador

61

.dedeen era saes hgih eht no seltrut eniram fo noitcetorp gnisserdda stnemeergA .seltrut eniram fo lavivrus eht erusne ot lacitirc si seirtnuoc egnar gnoma noitarepooc ,suhT .yrtnuoc rehtona ni seitivitca yb dezi -drapoej eb yam yrtnuoc eno ni snoitalupop eltrut rof stroffe noitavresnoc ,noiger a nihtiW .semitefil rieht ni yrtnuoc eno naht erom fo sretaw eht ezilitu dna yrotargim ylhgih era seltrut eniraM
Situation:

Promote international regional agreements for marine turtles under CMS, the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, that provide for coordinated species and habitat conservation measures, cooperative research and monitoring, information exchange and educational activities

.secruoser laicnanif dna namuh detimil fo esusim dna etsaw eht dna ,noitadarged larutluc dna cimonoceoicos ,tnemeganam eltrut evitceffeni ot dael lliw stroffe lanoiger evitarepooc fo kcaL
Risk:

Encourage national governments, regional and international organizations/fora to develop and support national and regional programs for long-term conservation of marine turtles and their habitats

Desired state:

.stcejorp dna smargorp evitceffe fo noitatnemelpmi deniatsus eht dna stroffe noitavresnoc evitarepooc htob gniriuqer secruoser derahs era seltrut eniram taht ezingocer hcihw stroffe dna stnemeerga lanoitanretni troppus dna esrodne seirtnuoc egnaR

Action arenas and priority issues:

Strategy: Regional and International Cooperation

sevitaitini lanoiger dna smargorp tnemeganam dna noitavresnoc eltrut eniram lanoiger ot troppus dna ecnatsissa lacinhcet etomorp

Promote full implementation of CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

sesab lanoitanretni dna lanoitan ,lacol no seitrap detseretni yfitnedi

lennosrep tnemecrofne rof spohskrow tnemecrofne wal dradnats dna spohskrow SETIC etatilicaf

sllehs dna sgge eltrut eniram ni edart lanoit -anretni ,.g.e ,SETIC rednu seitivitca ticilli pots ot slairetam lanoitacude fo tnempoleved etomorp

stnemeerga lanoitanretni gnideen snoiger ezitiroirp

.cte ,spohs -krow hguorht noitapicitrap lacol gnigaruocne ,stnemeerga lanoitanretni fo gnitfard eht etatilicaf

.cte smargorp egnahcxe ,sgniteem lanoiger hguorht yllanoiger dna yllanoitan stnemeerga etomorp dna tfard ot slaudividni dna snoitutitsni ,stnemnrevog yfitnedi

seltrut eniram gniregnadne srotcaf lortnoc ro ,ecud -er ,tneverp ot stroffe dna ,tatibah erotser/evresnoc ot stroffe ,snoitagilbo SMC htiw tnetsisnocni seltrut eniram fo gnikat citsemod fo gnirotinom gnidulcni ,SMC fo noitatnemelpmi lluf etomorp

71

Evaluate other existing treaties, agreements, and cooperative programs, such as the Bern and Barcelona Conventions, and promote international agreements where appropriate

smargorp evitarepooc dna seitaert elbacilppa fo noitatnemelpmi lluf etomorp smargorp evitarepooc lanoitidda fo noitatnemelpmi dna tnemhsilbatse eht tsissa etairporppa sa smargorp dna seitaert detceles ni etapicitrap dedeen sa segnahc dnemmocer

Facilitate the drafting of new international agreements as needed

Work with the United Nations and UN bodies such as UNEP/CMS to develop and implement agreements addressing the protection of marine turtles on the high seas

smargorp egnahcxe gnitatilicaf dna sgniteem lanoiger gnitcud -noc yb yllanoiger dna yllanoitan stnemeerga etomorp ot snoitutitsni dna slaudividni yfitnedi tfard tsrif ecudorp dna ,noitapicitrap lacol etatilicaf ,sretfard yfitnedi noit -celes rof senilediug/airetirc yfitnedi dna stnemeerga lanoitanretni gnideen snoiger ezitiroirp

Monitor, evaluate, and make recommendations to relevant treaties and ongoing programs

Researcher observes nesting hawkbill's return to the sea in India

sdradnats noitaulave tes snoitadnemmocer ekam dna etaulave ,rotinom ot ecrof ksat yfitnedi

Strategy: Evaluation of the Status of MarineTurtles


.ylraluger deweiver eb dluohs seitaert dna snoitnevnoc rehto rednu snoitangised sutatS .seltrut eniram rof etairporppa era air -etirc desiver eseht rehtehw nwonk ton si tI .derrucco yltnecer evah seiceps fo sutats eht etangised ,arolF dna anuaF dliW fo seicepS deregnadnE ni edarT lanoitanretnI no noitnevnoC eht ,SETIC dna- noinU noitavresnoC dlroW ehT - NCUI hcihw yb airetirc eht ni snoisiveR
Determine status of each species or population under new IUCN criteria Determine status of each species or population under new CITES criteria Evaluate appropriateness of IUCN criteria for marine turtles. If inappropriate, work to improve Evaluate appropriateness of CITES criteria for marine turtles. If inappropriate, work to improve Ensure MTSG continues its major role in assigning IUCN status designations to marine turtles Compile data on marine turtles worldwide to determine global status Investigate options within CMS, the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, to provide for Situation:

Action arenas and priority issues:


Students participating in leatherback tagging Guyana

Decide whether to assign marine turtle status at species or population level for IUCN and CITES categories Determine necessary parameters for evaluation of species or populations under IUCN and CITES criteria

)gnille -dom noitalupop ,.g.e( sisylana noitalupop evitatitnauq sdnert noitalupop emit noitareneg ezis noitalupop

.airetirc etairporppa rednu seltrut eniram fo noitangised etaruccA

Desired state:

.sisylana rof atad tneic -iffusni evah ew esuaceb ro seltrut eniram rof etairporppani era airetirc eht esuaceb rehtie seitaert rehto dna SETIC ,NCUI yb seirogetac sutats ot dengissa yltcerrocni eb yam seltrut eniraM

Risk:

81

long-term sustainable management of marine turtles in selected Range States. If appropriate, develop guidelines Assess status of marine turtles in other international conventions, treaties and in national legislation. Evaluate the criteria used to designate status of marine turtles Review status designations at intervals that are appropriate for each convention/ treaty

Nesting Kemp's ridley, Rancho Nuevo, Mexico

91

02

ffats lanoisseforp GSTM niatniam dna seltrut eniram fo tnemeganam dna noitavresnoc eht ni ssergorp laer troppus lliw gnidnuf tneiciffuS .smargorp noitavresnoc evitceffe tnemelpmi ot seit -inutroppo dna rotanidrooc emitlluf sti esol lliw GSTM eht gnidnuf lanoitidda tuohtiW .sisab elba -niatsus a no snoitalupop eltrut eniram eganam ot stroffe edepm i ylsuoires dna seltruT eniraM fo noitavresnoC eht rof ygetartS labolG A fo noitatnemelpmi eht timil lliw gnidnuf etauqedanI
Situation: Desired state:

ffats lanoisseforp GSTM troppus dna seltrut eniram fo noitavresnoc etomorp ot detnemgua eb ot deen sdnuf eroc detimiL

Collaborate with other SSC/IUCN groups on funding

slasoporp tcejorp regral ni seltrut eniram edulcni slasoporp seiceps-itlum poleved secruos latnemnrevog-non secruos latnemnrevog snoitutitsni latnemnorivne labolg

Loggerhead hatchlings heading for the ocean, USA

Identify available sources of funds, including:

Action arenas and priority issues:


Risk:

Strategy: Funding for Marine Turtle Conservation

12

Facilitate local, national, and regional fundraising activities

seitivitca devorppa rof gnidnuf eruces/tsissa sevit -aitini yrtnuocni eriuqer taht srednuf rehto dna snoitadnuof yfitnedi weiver lasoporp ekatrednu tnempoleved lasoporp tsissa sledom gnisiardnuf lufsseccus erahs stcatnoc lanoitan ot seitinutroppo gni -dnuf )FEG( ytilicaF tnemnorivnE labolG no noitamrofni edivorp

Maintain MTSG professional staff

Flatback turtle in Australia

reciffO margorP rof gniniart tnempoleved/gnisiardnuf niatbo stnemeriuqer gnidnuf hsilbatse

22

nitelluB GSTM

Situation:

.seitivitca desaercni dna reciffO margorP a rof troppus laicnanif tnecer yb dedivorp seitinut -roppo no gnizilatipac ni tneiciffe dna evitceffe ylgnisaercni emoceb tsum GSTM ehT

Risk:

.stcejorp dna seussi rof troppus dna esitrepxe edivorp ot seitin utroppo esol lliw puorg gninoitcnuf ylroop A

Desired state:

.smargorp hcraeser dna noitavresnoc eltrut eniram nehtgnerts lliw sihT .ytitnedi puorg fo gnileef gnorts a htiw noitazinagro evitceffe dna tneiciffe na eb dluohs GSTM ehT

Improve internal communication

pihsrebmem GSTM nihtiw srotalsnart gnilliw yfitnedi segaugnal rehto otni stnemucod rehto dna etalsnart ot erawtfos tset GSTM fo sgniteem lanoiger dna ediwdlrow egaruocne etubirtsid noitacinummoc )tenretnI( cinortcele egaruocne
nitelluB GSTM

Improve external communication

snoitazinagro latnemnrevog-non dna ,srepapswen ,stnemnrevog ot etubirtsid ot srebmem rof teehs tcaf GSTM etaerc )puorg noissucsid revrestsil tenretnI( ELTRUTC fo esu egaruocne

Loggerhead turtle emerging from a Turtle Excluder Device (TED) installed in a shrimp net

Action arenas and priority issues:

Strategy: Operation of the Marine Turtle Specialist Group

32

snoitaz -inagro rojam ot ,seltruT eniraM fo noitavresnoC eht rof ygetartS labolG A ,ygetartS GSTM liam

Draft guidelines and terms of reference for MTSG members to complement the SSC's A Member's Guide

Secure permanent position for Program Officer and address other professional staff needs as appropriate

Strive to incorporate members from all regions and appropriate disciplines

ygetartS GSTM etubirtsid ot srebmem egaruocne

saera esoht morf srebmem tnioppa ot evirts dna seirtnuoc ro/dna snoiger detneserper-rednu yfitnedi

senilpicsid etairporppa lla morf srebmem ot nepo eb

srepap noitisop dna snoitisop GSTM gnitanimessid dna ,gnivorppa ,gnitfard rof metsys poleved noitailiffa GSTM fo esu etairporppa yfitnedi seitilibisnopser dna selor pihsrebmem poleved

Improve system for appointment and reappointment of MTSG members Increase delegation of tasks to MTSG members by MTSG Chair, with advice of Executive Committee and Program Officer

srebmem laudividni ot sksat etageled seussi cificeps htiw laed ot secrof ksat tnioppa

Appendices
Suggested Guidelines for Setting Priorities
1. Significance of Issue level of criticality universality/broadness of application

2. Risk or Threat to Population degree of urgency for action degree of threat to population/species

3. Contribution to Long-term Conservation level of integration in approach magnitude of contribution to capacity building level of involvement of local people degree of catalysis for further action magnitude of existing momentum

42

52

rebmeM eettimmoC evitucexE *

ASU 30022 AV ,eladnan -nA 512# ,enaL neergrevE 8024 ecnaillA daeL ehT rennalp cigetarts ,renraW nasuS ren -nalp cigetarts ,divaD treB ASU 42178 MN ,ohcnaR oiR evirD reviR kcalB 8471 y dooW kcaJ * SENIPPIL IHP 1 01 I ytiC nozeuQ ,namiliD ,supmaC .P.U senippilihP eht f o ytisrevinU 902 .P.U xoB OP onorT .B oemoR ASU 11282 CN ,ettolrahC truoC hsidnevaC 7681 haibmaT selrahC SDNALREHTEN retne veD BA 9147 3 PROW zluhcS .P pooJ AYNEK iboriaN 00286 xoB OP acirfA nretsaE eciffO lanoigeR noinU noitavresnoC dlroW ehT - NCUI mlaS y endo R AIDNI assirO 400157 rawsenabuhB .O.P.G 68 .oN xoB tsoP rahiV inaV ,ytisrevinU laktU ygolooZ fo tnemtrapeD idamjeH-ytnahoM .P

ECEERG aissifiK 01541 45115 xoB OP y te -icoS noitcetorP eltruT aeS siluotiragraM sirtimiD * LI Z A R B 11914 PEC ,aihaB rodavlaS 9122 latsoP axiaC RAMAT-orP oacadnuF idlavocraM aceN * AILAR TSUA 7514 abalapaC 145 xoB OP egatireH dna tnemnorivnE fo .tpeD dnalsneeuQ hcnarB ygetartS noitavresnoC supmiL niloC * ACIAMAJ snedraG epoH erutlucirgA fo yrtsiniM o o Z epo H rreK amehR NAPAJ 12-001 o y koT arum-arawasagO amij-ihcihC 404 xoB OP retneC eniraM arawasagO ihsokiroH ouzaK RODAVLAS LE ognap -ayoS ,onasataM lE notnaC 5622 latsoP odatrapA sclarutaN sos -ruceR ed ortneC airedanaG y arutlucirgA ed oiretsiniM nubsaH solraC ASU 63002 CD ,notgnihsaW 005# WN ,teertS selaSeD 5271 noitavres -noC eniraM rof retneC o/c e ciffO GSTM yllennoD eledyraM

DNALREZTIWS dnalG 6911 -HC 82 yenrevuaM euR NCUI-noi -nU noitavresnoC dlroW noxiD zenemiG onairaM ASU 63002 CD ,notgnihsaW 005# WN ,teertS selaSeD 5271 noitav -resnoC eniraM rof retneC esuorC harobeD * ACIR ATSOC ai d er e H olbaP naS 9103-81 .odpA sevahC ynnA AISYALAM unaggnereT alauK 03012 topileT gnabagneM aisyalaM nainatreP itisrevinU ertneC ecneicS eniraM dna seirehsiF nahC gneH-gnE ASU 11623 LF ,ellivseniaG adirolF f o ytisrevinU llaH nrartraB hcraeseR eltruT aeS rof retneC rraC eihcrA ladnrojB neraK * ASU 6932-22869 IH ,ululonoH teertS eloD 0752 ecivreS seirehsiF eniraM lanoitaN szalaB egroeG * OCIXEM 00028 aolaniS ,naltazaM 118 latsoP odatrapA .M.A.N.U/.L.M.C.I naltazaM noicatsE RAMTIB uerbA otreblA *

MTSG Strategic Planning Participants

IUCN/Species Survival Commission


The Species Survival Commission (SSC) is one of six volunteer commissions of lUCN -The World Conservation Union-a union of sovereign states, government agencies and nongovernmental organizations. lUCN has three basic conservation objectives: to secure the conservation of nature, and especially of biological diversity, as an essential foundation for the future; to ensure that where the earth's natural resources are used this is done in a wise, equitable and sustainable way; and to guide the development of human communities towards ways of life that are both of good quality and in enduring harmony with other components of the biosphere. The SSC's mission is to conserve biological diversity by developing and executing programs to save, restore and wisely manage species and their habitats. A volunteer network comprised of nearly 6,000 scientists, field researchers, government officials and conservation leaders from 179 countries, the SSC membership is an unmatched source of information about biological diversity and its conservation. As such, SSC members provide technical and scientific counsel for conservation projects throughout the world and serve as resources to governments, international conventions and conservation organizations.

Published by lUCN This report is part of the lUCN Conservation Library For a free copy of the complete catalogue please write to lUCN Publications Services Unit, 219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 ODL, U.K.