You are on page 1of 6

Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator. He designed more than 1,000 projects, which resulted in more than 500 completed works. Wright promoted organic architecture, he was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture and developed the concept of the Usonian home. His work includes original examples of many different building types including offices, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums. Wright also designed many of the interior elements of his buildings such as the furniture and stained glass. Wright authored 20 books and many articles, and was a popular lecturer in the United States and Europe. Already well-known during his lifetime, Wright was recognized in 1991 by the American Institute of Architects as "The Greatest American Architect of All Time.".

Guggenheim Museum is a well-known museum located on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York. and contemporary art. From the street. Guggenheim Foundation. USA. it is one of the 20th century's most important architectural landmarks. postimpressionist. slightly wider at the top than the bottom. Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. . It is the permanent home to a renowned collection of impressionist. early modern. The museum opened on October 21.Guggenheim Museum The Solomon R. Its appearance is in sharp contrast to the more typically boxy Manhattan buildings that surround it. 1959 and was the second museum opened by the Solomon R. the building looks approximately like a white ribbon curled into a cylindrical stack.

The spiral design recalled a nautilus shell. People are whisked to the top of the building via an elevator and led them downward at a leisurely pace on the gentle slope of a continuous ramp. . Paintings are displayed along the walls of the spiral and also in exhibition space found at annex levels along the way. with self-contained yet interdependent sections.Internally the viewing gallery forms a gentle helical spiral from the main level up to the top of the building. which is later removed. a mixture of sand and cement that is sprayed on the inside of a wood and steel frame. The galleries were divided like the membranes in citrus fruit. with continuous spaces flowing freely one into another. The exterior of the museum is made of gunite. The open rotunda afforded viewers the unique possibility of seeing several bays of work on different levels simultaneously.

This idea became of central importance to the modern architects who followed Wright. such as Mies Van Der Rohe. Because of its consolidation of aesthetic intent and structure through use of a single material. Unity Temple is considered by many architects to be the first modern building in the world. Unity Temple is considered to be one of Wright's most important structures dating from the first decade of the 20th century. and even the post-modernists. It was built between 1905 and 1908.Unity Temple Unity Temple is a Unitarian Universalist church in Oak Park. Illinois and the home of the Unity Temple Unitarian Universalist Congregation. such as Frank Gehry. . reinforced concrete.

To reduce noise from the street. and brown tones in order to evoke the colors of nature. Wright divided the community space from the temple space through a low. Instead. Wright eliminated street level windows in the temple. Because the members of the parish would not be able to look outside. yellow. natural light comes from stained glass windows in the roof or clerestories along the upper walls. Unity Temple's stained glass was designed with green.To accommodate the needs of the congregation. and one section being larger than the other. . middle loggia that could be approached from either side. This design was one of Wright's first uses of a bipartite design: with two portions of the building similar in composition and separated by a lower passageway. The Guggenheim Museum in New York City is another bipartite design. This was an efficient use of space and kept down on noise between the two main gathering areas: those coming for religious services would be separated via the loggia from those coming for community events.

   .