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Chem 124 Name Computer # 21

Winter 2011

Types of Reactions
 Perform all the reactions listed in the procedure and write your observations for each: write either the evidence for a reaction (such as bubbles, heat, precipitate, changed from blue to yellow etc.) or NR for “No Reaction.”  For each reaction that was observed, write out the formulas for reactants and resulting products, and balance each chemical equation. Use appropriate state labels (“s” for solid, “aq” for aqueous solution, etc). For reactants that you observe to NOT REACT, write out just the reactant formulas and then write “NR” after the arrow to signify “no reaction.”  For each reaction that occurred, classify the reaction type using the following initials: C for Composition, D for Decomposition, M for Metathesis, and SD for Single Displacement.

Reactants
Nickel(II) nitrate + sodium phosphate Magnesium + water Hydrochloric acid + sodium hydroxide Copper + silver nitrate Nickel(II) nitrate + sodium chloride Nitric acid + potassium hydroxide

Evidence for a Reaction
Write your observations

Complete Balanced Chemical Equation
INCLUDE PHASE LABELS

Classify Reaction

Clouded and became a milky white color Magnecium floats and bubbles Solution was clear, then turned pink briefly, ended in a cloudy white color

Ni(NO3)2 (aq) + 2 Na3(PO4) (aq)  Ni3(PO4)2 (aq) + 6(NO3)Na(aq) Mg (s) + H2O (l)  Mg(OH)2 (aq) + H2 (g) HCl (aq) + Na(OH) (aq)  H2O (l) + NaCl (aq)

M SD

M SD NR

Formed hairlike crystals of Cu (s) + 2AgNO3 (aq)  Cu(NO3)2 (aq) + 2Ag (s) silver metal on the copper Stays light blue, no reaction Stayed clear, No reaction Ni(NO3)2 (aq) + NaCl (aq)  NR

HNO3 (aq) + K(OH) (aq)  NR 1

NR

Chem 124 Winter 2011 Reactants Magnesium + oxygen gas Copper(II) sulfate + copper Hydrochloric acid + aluminum Calcium + water Zinc + copper(II) sulfate Copper(II) nitrate + sodium carbonate Iron(III) nitrate + sodium hydroxide Evidence for a Reaction Write your observations Complete Balanced Chemical Equation INCLUDE PHASE LABELS Classify Reaction A white powder of magnesium oxide formed with a bright light Stayed light blue NR 2Mg (s) + O2 (g)  2MgO (s) CuSO4 (aq) + Cu (s)  NR C NR SD SD SD M M Gas emerged and heated 6HCl (aq) + 2Al (s)  2AlCl3 (s) + 3H2 (g) while a white solid formed Condensation in tube. bubbled over Zinc turned black Turned a milky shade of light blue. formed precipitate Turned a cloudy gold color Ca (s) + 2H2O  Ca(OH)2 + H2 (g) Zn (s) + CuSO4 (aq)  Zn(SO4) (aq) + Cu (s) Cu(NO3) (aq) + NaCO3 (s)  Cu(CO3) (aq) + NaNO3 (aq) Fe(NO3)3 (aq) + 3NaOH (aq)  Fe(OH)3 (aq) + Na(NO3) (aq) 2 . and hydrogen gas. heat exchange.

Using the results of your completed experiment. solubility rules and the reactivity series found in your text. NR K2(SO4) (aq) + 2H2O (l) H2SO4 (aq) + 3 . 2. 1. If no reaction occurs. 7.Chem 124 Winter 2011 Chem 124 Experiment 1 Post-Lab Exercise: 1. 6. 3. 4. write “NR” after the arrow. Na3PO4 (aq) + KNO3 (aq)  Fe(NO3)3 (aq) + CrCl3 (aq) + Al (s) + Cu (s) + Ag (s) + K3PO4 (aq)  3Na(No)3 (aq) + K3PO4 (aq) Fe(PO4) (aq) + 3K(NO3) (aq) Cr2(CO3)3 (aq) + 6LiCl (aq) AlO + 3H2 (g) Cu(NO3)2 (aq) + H2 (g) . predict the products of the following reactions if there would be visible evidence of a reaction. Li2CO3 (aq)  H2O (l)  HNO3 (aq)  CuSO4 (aq)  KOH (aq)  5.

55 mol KClO4 è 138. according to the reaction below? Show all your work! Mg (s) + 3.Chem 124 Winter 2011 2.0157 4 . measured at 24.27 g H2 NOT BALANCED 1 mol H2 1 mol Mg 2 g H2 1 mol H2 b.35 g Mg * 1 mol Mg 24.55g KClO4 ø V= 138.75 g of potassium perchlorate. as described by the following equation: heat KClO4 (s) KCl (s) + 2 O2 (g) NOT BALANCED Calculate the volume of oxygen gas (in L).35 g magnesium with excess hydrochloric acid. Show all your work! PV = NRT NRT V= P æ 1 atm ö 722 torr ç ÷ = 1. How many grams of hydrogen gas could be produced from the complete reaction of 3.7 K æ ö 1 mol 3. like hydrochloric acid.8 C + 273 = 297.08206)297.31 g Mg * 2 HCl (aq)  * MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (g) = 0. Complete the following stoichiometry calculations.01578947 atm è 760 torr ø 24.75g KClO4 ç ÷ =138. Note that the second one involves the Ideal Gas Law. See your textbook for review on both stoichiometry and gas laws. like magnesium. Hydrogen gas can be produced by reaction of many metals. (Oxygen can be generated by the thermal decomposition of potassium perchlorate. a. produced by the decomposition of 3.7 = 3332.55(0. with acids.8˚C and 772 torr.36 L O2 1.

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