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Multiple Choice (4 points each) Circle the correct answer. 1.

For the cell diagram below, which reaction occurs at the anode? Pt⏐H2(g)⏐H+(aq) ⏐⏐ Fe3+(aq),Fe2+(aq)⏐Pt + — a. 2H (aq) + 2e ª H2(g) b. Fe2+(aq) ª Fe3+(aq) + e— c. 2Fe3+(aq) + H2(g) ª 2Fe2+(aq) + 2H+(aq) d. Fe3+(aq) + e— ª Fe2+(aq) e. H2(g) ª 2H+(aq) + 2e— If the standard potentials for the couples Cu2+/Cu, Ag+/Ag, and Fe2+/Fe are +0.34, +0.80, and -0.44 V, respectively, which is the strongest oxidizing agent? a. Cu2+ b. Fe2+ c. Ag+ d. Cu e. Ag Choose the incorrect statement. a. The chief tin ore is tin(IV)oxide known as cassiterite. b. The main component of pewter is tin. c. Tin is found in many bronzes. d. Tin disease can be caused by ingestion of tin found in food storage cans. e. Solder (used to make electrical connections) contains tin. The most abundant metal in the earth’s crust is: a. Ti b. Fe c. Cu d. Al e. none of these Write the reaction for a group 1 (1A) metal with water. a. 2 M(s) + 2 H2O ª O2(g) + 2 MH(s) b. 2 M(s) + 2 H2O ª 2 MOH(aq) + H2(g) c. M(s) + H2O ª MO(s) + H2(g) d. 2 M(s) + H2O ª M2O(s) + H2(g) e. there is no reaction Which transition metal is found in Vitamin B12? a. Co b. Fe c. Mg d. Ni e. Au

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presence of a catalyst d. removing products d. ½ order d. k[H2][NO] e. k[H2] d. L2/mol2·sec e. -½ order e. a. none of these Which of the following does not determine the rate of a reaction? a. sec d. lowering temperature c. k[H2]2[NO] b. Which of the following lowers the activation energy of a reaction? a. 10. 13. Which will cause the rate to increase the most? a. quadrupling [A] e. The rate law is: a. d. value of ΔH° b. . k[H2][NO]2 c. raising the temperature 9. sec-1 c. doubling [A] b. 12. A transition state and a reaction intermediate are the same. tripling [B] d. The reaction 2H2 + NO ª H2O + ½N2 is first order in H2 and second order in NO. none of these What is the order of reaction for the following reaction: Rate = k[A]-½ [B]½? a. zero order c. lowering the temperature c. A reaction intermediate is produced and used up during the reaction. An activated complex has partially formed bonds. temperature of reactants e. 11. doubling [B] 2 2 8. c. b. first order b. adding a catalyst e. none of these Choose the incorrect statement. e. Name______________________ The reaction has the rate law Rate = k[A][B] . The rate-determining step is the slow-step. adding reactants b. activation energy c. A reaction intermediates have fully formed bonds. second order The correct units of the specific rate constant for a zero order reaction are: a. L/mol·sec b.7.

The most ionizing radiation is of what type? a. neutron Name______________________ 15. c. d. 16. neutrino 56 26 17. 2-butane b. The type of radioactive emission with the greatest penetrating power is: a. gamma d. a. beta c. cyclopropane d. alpha b. Radioactivity is the emission of ionizing radiation. Choose the incorrect statement. An alpha particle is the nucleus of a helium-4 atom. 55 25 Mn ! 18. Emission of which one of the following leaves both atomic number and mass number unchanged? a. b. ethane e. butane b. A beta particle is a neutron. e. . 2-butene d. positron e. electron e. positron ! ! ! ! c. neutron d. alpha particle !b. 56 27 Co e. 3-butane c. 20. gamma radiation e. propane c. 3-butyne Which compound below has the lowest boiling point? a. Gamma rays are emitted from a nucleus in an excited state. gamma d.3 14. 56 26 Fe c. 3-butene e. beta c. A positron is like a beta particle but with a positive charge. alpha b. Fe can be prepared by electron-capture from: a. 57 27 Co d. methane 19. 56 25 Mn b. beta ray Give the name for CH3CHCHCH3: a.

) Estimate the Km value for this enzyme: c.2 mM zero .6 0.2 0. no reaction occurs. Balance the reactions.2 1.4 0. Substrate concentration for an enzyme under investigation.8 [S] (mM) a. Refer to the graph for questions a .6 1.….2 V (mM/min-1) 1.0 1. 2.2 0.) Below is a Velocity (rate) vs. write NR.8 1.)? 1. 1. Be sure to give answer with proper units.4 Name______________________ If 21.8 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.) Give the products for the following reactions.2 mM/min 0.c.8mM.) Estimate the Vmax for this enzyme: b. 1.4 1. the rate is approximately what order with respect to substrate (0.) When the substrate concentration is 1. __2_Na(s) + _1_O2(g) " # Na2O2(s) " ! __1__Cl2(g) + __2__Br – (aq) " # Br2(l) + 2Cl (aq) " ! ____Fe(s) + ____ Al2O3(s) " # NR " ! 22.

round your answer to the nearest 25 kJ/mol 125 Potential Energy (kJ/mol) 100 75 50 C 25 D+E A+B Progress of reaction a.) The activation energy for the first elementary reaction is (in kJ/mol): b.) The ∆H° for the overall reaction is (in kJ/mol): c.) Below is a reaction progress curve for the reaction: A + B  D + E. the rate law for the overall reaction is: d. Answer the following questions based on this curve (3 points each). The mechanism is proposed to proceed through an intermediate C. For some questions.) Write the equation describing the radioactive decay of each of the following nuclides: 214 88 68 31 210 86 Alpha emission of 214Ra Electron capture of 68Ga Positron emission from 62Cu Beta emission from 214Bi Ra " Rn + 4 He 2 0 Ga + "1e # 68 Zn 30 0 Cu " 62 Ni + +1# 28 214 84 0 Po + -1# ! ! 62 29 214 83 Bi " ! Deuterium capture of 238U followed by Beta emission ! 238 92 U + 2H " 1 240 94 0 Pu + -1# ! .) Based on this proposed mechanism.) The activation energy for the second elementary step is (in kJ/mol) 75 kJ/mol +25 kJ/mol k[A][B] 25 kJ/mol 24.5 Name______________________ 23.

Assume step 1 reaches equilibrium. First. clearly label constants. determined the rate law that is expected to be observed based on this mechanism. ! Forward rate (k1[A]2) = reverse rate (k-1[C]) Relative Rate Fast Slow Fast k1 [ A] = k"1 [C] k [ A] [C] = 1 k"1 Overall Rate = k2 [C ][ B] ! Overall Rate = k2 k1 2 [ A ] [ B] k"1 2 2 2 Overall Rate = k [ A] [ B] where k = k 2 k1 k"1 ! . determine the overall balanced reaction assuming the proposed mechanism is correct. Elementary Step A + A ª C C + B ª D D + B ª E Overall Balanced Reaction is: 2A + 2B ª E Rate determining step is second elementary step: Rate = k2 [C ][ B] But C is a proposed intermediate. Next.) Below is a proposed mechanism for a chemical reaction along with the assumed relative rates. Show work. Can’t have intermediate in rate law. and state any assumptions.6 Name______________________ 25.

5 x 10-5 8.) Data for the reaction A + B  C are given below. and rate increases by a factor of 4.7 Name______________________ 26.06 M) k = 4.030 M) (0.030 0.060 0.060 0.020 0.030 0. Therefore rate is first order with respect to B Comparing experiments 1 and 3.5 "10#5 M/s 2 (0. Therefore rate is second order with respect to A Overall rate law: Rate = k[A]2[B] k= k= rate 2 [A] [B] 2. Experiment 1 2 3 [A]. Determine the rate law for this reaction and the rate constant for this system. (M) [B]. (M/s) 2.63 "10#1 M -2 $ s#1 ! .3 x 10-6 10.0 x 10-5 Holding A constant (Experiments 1 & 2) and changing concentration of B by 1/3 results in a 1/3 decrease change of initial rate. [A] doubles.060 Initial rate. (M) 0.

8 Name______________________ 27.8 kJ/mol ! .8 = E a # 1 " 1 & % ( .693 t1/ 2 ln ! k2 E a # 1 1 & = % " ( k1 R $ T1 T2 ' .314 J * mol-1 * K -1 ) Ea = (6.09 = a (6.09(8.0 min at 25° C and 6.693 R $ 298 373 ' 55 E 2. t1/2. of 55.75 )10"4 K"1) ln E a = 25. What is the activation energy for this reaction? k= 0.) The first-order reaction A  Products has a half-life.8 min at 100° C.693 6.75 )10"4 K"1 ) R 2.

020820 = -0.0256 #10"29 kg 1 amu 1000g ! "E = "mc 2 "E = (#3.8847 "10 24 2 ! ! "E = #2.01822 amu "0.01822 amu # 1.6606 #10"24 g 1kg # = "3. How many joules of energy are produced by this reaction if 33.00260 amu Mass of reactants = 2 x m(2H) = 2 x 2.) The following nuclear reaction is known to occur: 2 2 H " 4 He This reaction is used in the fusion 1 2 bomb or H-bomb.010410 amu. 2H atom 2.00260 amu. ! Mass of products = m(4He) = 4.010410amu(1.0256 $10#29 kg)(2.7194 $10#12 kg % m2 % s#2 "E = #2.010410 = 4.00867 amu. 4He atom 4.7194 $10#12 J/fussion reaction mass of sample mass of one atom 33.00782 amu.00260 – 4.6606 "10 -24 g/amu) Number of 2 H atoms = Number of 2 H atoms = 9.34 x 1013 J released fussion reaciton $ 9.998 $10 8 m/s) "E = #2.020820 amu Difference in mass = Products – Reactants = 4.0 g Number of 2 H atoms = 2.34 $1013 J or 1.9 Name______________________ 28.0 g of 2H are used? You are given the following masses: proton 1. neutron 1.7194 $10 -12 J/fussion reaction $ "E = #1.8847 $10 24 2 2 $ ( H atoms) 2 H atoms ! .

" Ag(s) Ag(s) " Ag+(satd. AgCl)⏐⏐Ag+(0.100M) " Ag+(satd.58 #10"11 ! .100 x = 5.10 29.100 x = 5.100M)⏐Ag(s) Calculate the Ksp for AgCl(s).98 #10"6 ) K sp = 3.250V = 0 " log 1 0.98 #10"5 0.98 #10"6 K sp = [ Ag + ][Cl" ] ! K sp = (5.22 0.100M 0.250V: Ag(s)⏐Ag+(satd. AgCl) + eAg+(0.0592V " log n [ Ag+ ] 0.0592V x 0.98 #10"6 )(5. AgCl) AgCl(s) " Ag+ + Cl– Ksp = ? Name______________________ E cell = E o cell [ Ag+ ]satd .100 x log = "4.100M) + e. 0. The voltaic cell constructed below has an Ecell = 0. Reduction: Oxidation: Overall: Ag+(0.

0592 V logQ n It F [A] t = "kt + [A] 0 ln[ A] t = "kt + ln[ A] 0 " ln2 % t 12 = $ ' # k & A = Aie" #t Activity for 14C = 15.00054858 u proton mass = 1.626 x 10-34 J·s kB = 1.485 C R = 8.0072765 u neutron mass = 1.15 K NA = 6.01 J/kg 1 rem = rad•Q E = mc 2 ! .11 Name______________________ Equations and Constants J = C·V J = kg·m2·s-2 amp = C·s-1 0.00°C = 273.6022 x 10-13 J 1u = 1.3 cpm/g (natural abundance) 1u = 931.381 x 10-23 J·K-1 ! c = 2.494 MeV 1MeV = 1.08206 L·atm·mol-1·K-1 ! h = 6.314 J·mol-1·K-1 = 0.6606 x 10-27 kg electron mass = 0.022 x 1023 mol-1 ! F = 96.0086649 u 1 Gy = J/kg 1 rad = 0.998 x 108 m·s-1 E = hν ! c = νλ ! ∆G° = -nFE°cell "G = "G° + RT lnQ "G° = #RT lnK eq 1 1 = kt + [A] t [ A] 0 ln k2 E a # 1 1 & = % " ( k1 R $ T1 T2 ' k 2E 0 [S] K M + [S] V= ! ! ! ! ! ! E cell = E°cell " ne = 0.

10 37 Rb 85.9 88 103 104 105 Ra Lr Rf Db (226) (262) (261) (262) 6 VIB 24 Cr 52.2 114 Uuq (289) 7 N 14.18 18 Ar 39.45 35 Br 79.9 173.59 50 Sn 118.8 83 Bi 209.95 36 Kr 83.98 31 Ga 69.47 55 Cs 132.6 112 Cp (285) 5 B 10.8 81 Tl 204.3 158.3 86 Rn (222) 118 Uuo (294) Lanthanide series 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb 138.62 88.93 45 Rh 102.91 91.22 92.3 168.4 113 Uut (284) 6 C 12.2 109 Mt (268) 28 Ni 58.2 (145) 150.09 32 Ge 72.01 14 Si 28.00 17 Cl 35.38 48 Cd 112.31 20 21 22 23 Ca Sc Ti V 40.008 3 Li 6.4 80 Hg 200.0 115 Uup (288) 8 O 16.003 10 Ne 20.94 43 Tc (98) 75 Re 186.5 164.2 108 Hs (277) 27 Co 58.92 51 Sb 121.1 140.96 52 Te 127.00 42 Mo 95.012 12 3 4 5 Mg IIIB IVB VB 24.97 33 As 74.0 157.3 175.0 178.00 16 S 32.55 47 Ag 107.9 144.9 167.85 44 Ru 101.80 54 Xe 131.9 77 Ir 192.01 15 P 30.4 78 Pt 195.9 162.81 13 Al 26.1 76 Os 190.5 180.91 56 71 72 73 Ba Lu Hf Ta 137.7 82 Pb 207.70 46 Pd 106.2 107 Bh (264) 26 Fe 55.08 44.94 38 39 40 41 Sr Y Zr Nb 87.4 152.9 106 Sg (266) 7 8 9 10 VIIB VIIIB VIIIB VIIIB 25 Mn 54.90 50.0 (237) (244) (243) (247) (247) (251) (252) (257) (258) (259) .6 84 Po (209) 116 Uuh (293) 9 F 19.0 111 Rg (272) 12 IIB 30 Zn 65.06 34 Se 78.0 Actinide series 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No (227) 232.9 140.0 (231) 238.99 19 K 39.90 53 I 126.9 85 At (210) 117 Uus (293) 18 VIII 2 He 4.1 I 1 H 1.1 110 Ds (281) 11 IB 29 Cu 63.9 87 Fr (223) 2 II 13 III 14 IV 15 V 16 VI 17 VII 4 Be 9.96 47.9 79 Au 197.72 49 In 114.941 11 Na 22.94 74 W 183.