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B

3

METHOD 1

=

3

5

(M1)

sin BAC =

5 sin 31

3

(A1)(A1)

3

AB

=

sin 31 sin 89.863

AB =

3

AB

=

sin 31 sin 28.137

3 sin 89.863

or

sin 31

AB =

3 sin 28.137

sin 31

AB = 5.82 AB = 2.75

(A1)(A1)

(A1)

(C6)

METHOD 2

2

3 = 5 + AB 2 AB BC cos 31

2

0 = AB 10 AB cos 31 + 16

AB =

(M1)(A1)

(A1)

2

(A1)

= 5.82 or 2.75

(C6)

(A1)(A1)

[6]

2.

METHOD 1

sin 50 sin B

=

8.71

10.9

(M1)

sin B = 0.958(65...)

(A1)

M1

(M1)

1

10.9 8.71 sin C

2

Area ABC =

2

= 18.9 (cm )

M1

A1

N0

METHOD 2

Using cosine rule (M1)

2

2

2

8.71 = AB + 10.9 2AB 10.9 cos 50

Solving a quadratic in AB

choosing AB = 4.52(7...)

(A1)

(M1)

M1

1

10.9 AB sin 50

Area triangle ABC = 2

2

= 18.9 (cm )

M1

A1

N0

[6]

3.

1.19 =

(a)

1

(1.74) ( sin 42) AC

2

M1

AC = 2.044...

AC = 2.04 (cm)

(b)

A1

2

2

AB = 1.919...

(or 1.913...)(A1)

AB = 1.39 (cm)

N2

N1

M1A1

A1

[6]

4.

METHOD 1

C

BA

= 80

(A1)

105

AB

=

sin 80 sin 40

M1

A1A1

AB = 68.5 (m)

(M1)

A1

N4

METHOD 2

C

BA

= 80

(A1)

105

AC

=

sin 80 sin 60

AC =

M1

A1

105 sin 60

sin 80

(= 92.335...)

A1

2

2

2

105 + AC 2(105)(AC) cos 40

AB = 68.5 (m)

(M1)

A1

N4

[6]

5.

CD = AC AD = b c cos A

(a)

(b)

R1AG

METHOD 1

2

BC = BD + CD

2

(M1)

a = (c sin A) + (b c cos A)

2

(A1)

= b + c 2bc cos A

A1

A1

METHOD 2

2

BD = AB AD = BC CD

2

(M1)(A1)

2

2

a = b + c 2bc cos A

A1

A1

(c)

METHOD 1

2

b = a + c 2ac cos 60 b = a + c ac

2

c ac + a b = 0

(M1)A1

M1

( a ) 2 4( a 2 b 2 )

c =

a 4b 2 3a 2

2

(M1)A1

4b 2 3a 2

a

=

2

4

1

3

a b2 a2

4

= 2

Note:

maximum of the

(M1)A1

AG

Candidates can only obtain a

first three marks if they verify that the

answer

given in the question satisfies the

equation.

METHOD 2

2

b = a + c 2ac cos 60 b = a + c ac

2

c ac = b a

(M1)

a

2

2 a

=b a +

2

2

c ac + 2

(M1)A1

M1A1

3 2

a

2

c =b a

2

4

(A1)

a

3

c = b2 a2

2

4

A1

1

3

c = a b2 a2

2

4

AG

[12]

6.

(a)

1

A = 2 x 3x sin

4.42

2

sin = 3x

2

(M1)

(A1)

(b)

x 2 + (3x ) 2 ( x + 3) 2

2 x 3x

cos =

(M1)

3x 2 x 3

2x 2

=

2

(c)

(A1)

(i)

Substituting the answers from (a) and (b) into the identity

2

2

cos = 1 sin gives

2

3x 2 x 3

4.42

= 1

2

2

2x

3x

(ii)

(a)

(b)

x = 1.24, 2.94

(M1)

(AG)

(G1)(G1)

3x 2 2 x 3

2

x

= arccos

= 1.86 radians or = 0.171

(accept 0.172) radians (3 sf)

6

Notes: Some calculators may not produce answers that are as

accurate as required, especially if they use zoom and trace to

find the answers. Allow 0.02 difference in the value of x, with

appropriate ft for .

Award (M1)(G1)(G0) for correct answers given in degrees

(106 or 9.84).

Award (M1)(G1)(G0) if the answers are not given to 3 sf

Award (M0)(G2) for correct answers without working.

(G1)(G1)

[10]

7.

METHOD 1

2

AB AC cos BAC

2

(M1)

A1

with quadratic formula

M1A1

Evidence from a sketch graph or their quadratic formula (AC =)

that there are two values of AC to determine.

(A1)

AC = 9.60 or AC = 4.22

A1A1

Note:

Award (M1)A1M1A1(A0)A1A0 for

one correct

value of AC.

N4

METHOD 2

sin C =

BC

AB

=

B

sin BAC sin AC

(M1)

( = 0.8938...)

6

C = 63.3576...

(A1)

A1

A1

EITHER

AC

6

=

or

Attempting to solve sin 78.842... sin 37.8

AC

6

=

sin 25.5576... sin 37.8

M1

OR

2

2

AC = 9.60 or AC = 4.22

N4

Note:

one

M1

A1A1

correct value of AC.

[7]

8.

Use the cosine rule in triangle PQR.

2

2

2

2

2

20 = h tan 55 + h tan 50 2h tan 55 h tan 50 cos 45

400

h2 =

2

2

tan 55 + tan 50 2 tan 55 tan 50 cos 45

= 379.9...

h = 19.5 (m)

M1A1A1

(M1)

A1

(A1)

(A1)

A1

[8]

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