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# 1.

B
3

METHOD 1

=
3
5
(M1)
sin BAC =

5 sin 31
3

(A1)(A1)

## ACB = 89.863 or 28.137

3
AB
=
sin 31 sin 89.863
AB =

3
AB
=
sin 31 sin 28.137

3 sin 89.863
or
sin 31

AB =

3 sin 28.137
sin 31

AB = 5.82 AB = 2.75

(A1)(A1)

(A1)
(C6)

METHOD 2
2

3 = 5 + AB 2 AB BC cos 31
2

0 = AB 10 AB cos 31 + 16
AB =

(M1)(A1)
(A1)

## 10 cos 31 100 cos 2 31 64

2

(A1)

= 5.82 or 2.75
(C6)

(A1)(A1)
[6]

2.

METHOD 1
sin 50 sin B
=
8.71
10.9

(M1)

sin B = 0.958(65...)

(A1)

## Finding C from the range 23 to 24

M1
(M1)

1
10.9 8.71 sin C
2
Area ABC =
2

= 18.9 (cm )

M1

A1

N0

METHOD 2
Using cosine rule (M1)
2
2
2
8.71 = AB + 10.9 2AB 10.9 cos 50
choosing AB = 4.52(7...)

(A1)
(M1)
M1

1
10.9 AB sin 50
Area triangle ABC = 2
2

= 18.9 (cm )

M1
A1

N0
[6]

3.

1.19 =

(a)

1
(1.74) ( sin 42) AC
2

M1

AC = 2.044...
AC = 2.04 (cm)

(b)

A1
2

## AB = 2.044... + 1.74 2(1.74)(2.044...) cos 42

2

AB = 1.919...

(or 1.913...)(A1)

AB = 1.39 (cm)

N2

N1

M1A1

A1
[6]

4.

METHOD 1
C
BA
= 80

(A1)

105
AB
=
sin 80 sin 40

M1

A1A1

AB = 68.5 (m)

(M1)

A1

N4

METHOD 2
C
BA
= 80

(A1)

105
AC
=
sin 80 sin 60
AC =

M1

A1

105 sin 60
sin 80

(= 92.335...)

A1
2

## Using the cosine rule to find AB ie AB =

2
2
105 + AC 2(105)(AC) cos 40
AB = 68.5 (m)

(M1)

A1

N4
[6]

5.

CD = AC AD = b c cos A

(a)
(b)

R1AG

METHOD 1
2

BC = BD + CD
2

(M1)

a = (c sin A) + (b c cos A)
2

(A1)

## = c sin A + b 2bc cos A + c cos A

= b + c 2bc cos A

A1
A1

METHOD 2
2

BD = AB AD = BC CD
2

(M1)(A1)
2

## c c cos A = a b + 2bc cos A c cos A

2

a = b + c 2bc cos A

A1
A1

(c)

METHOD 1
2

b = a + c 2ac cos 60 b = a + c ac
2

c ac + a b = 0

(M1)A1

M1

( a ) 2 4( a 2 b 2 )

c =

a 4b 2 3a 2
2

(M1)A1

4b 2 3a 2
a
=
2
4

1
3
a b2 a2
4
= 2
Note:
maximum of the

(M1)A1

AG
Candidates can only obtain a
first three marks if they verify that the

given in the question satisfies the
equation.
METHOD 2
2

b = a + c 2ac cos 60 b = a + c ac
2

c ac = b a

(M1)

a
2
2 a
=b a +
2
2
c ac + 2

(M1)A1

M1A1

3 2
a
2
c =b a
2
4

(A1)

a
3
c = b2 a2
2
4

A1

1
3
c = a b2 a2
2
4

AG
[12]

6.

(a)

1
A = 2 x 3x sin
4.42
2
sin = 3x
2

(M1)
(A1)

(b)

## Using the cosine rule gives

x 2 + (3x ) 2 ( x + 3) 2
2 x 3x
cos =

(M1)

3x 2 x 3
2x 2
=
2
(c)

(A1)

(i)
Substituting the answers from (a) and (b) into the identity
2
2
cos = 1 sin gives
2

3x 2 x 3
4.42

= 1

2
2

2x
3x

(ii)

(a)

(b)

x = 1.24, 2.94

(M1)

(AG)
(G1)(G1)

3x 2 2 x 3

2
x

= arccos
= 1.86 radians or = 0.171
6
Notes: Some calculators may not produce answers that are as
accurate as required, especially if they use zoom and trace to
find the answers. Allow 0.02 difference in the value of x, with
appropriate ft for .
Award (M1)(G1)(G0) for correct answers given in degrees
(106 or 9.84).
Award (M1)(G1)(G0) if the answers are not given to 3 sf
Award (M0)(G2) for correct answers without working.

(G1)(G1)

[10]

7.

METHOD 1
2

AB AC cos BAC
2

(M1)

A1

## Attempting to solve the quadratic in AC eg graphically, numerically or

M1A1
Evidence from a sketch graph or their quadratic formula (AC =)
that there are two values of AC to determine.
(A1)
AC = 9.60 or AC = 4.22
A1A1
Note:
Award (M1)A1M1A1(A0)A1A0 for
one correct
value of AC.

N4

METHOD 2

sin C =

BC
AB
=

B
sin BAC sin AC

(M1)

( = 0.8938...)
6

C = 63.3576...

(A1)

A1

## C = 116.6423... and B = 78.842... or B = 25.5576...

A1

EITHER

AC
6
=
or
Attempting to solve sin 78.842... sin 37.8
AC
6
=
sin 25.5576... sin 37.8

M1

OR
2

2

## AC = 8.75 + 6 2 8.75 6 cos 78.842...

AC = 9.60 or AC = 4.22
N4
Note:
one

M1
A1A1

## Award (M1)(A1)A1A0M1A1A0 for

correct value of AC.
[7]

8.

## PR = h tan 55, QR = h tan 50 where RS = h

Use the cosine rule in triangle PQR.
2
2
2
2
2
20 = h tan 55 + h tan 50 2h tan 55 h tan 50 cos 45
400
h2 =
2
2
tan 55 + tan 50 2 tan 55 tan 50 cos 45
= 379.9...
h = 19.5 (m)

M1A1A1
(M1)
A1
(A1)

(A1)
A1
[8]