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1.

B
3

METHOD 1

sin 31 sin BAC


=
3
5
(M1)
sin BAC =

5 sin 31
3

BAC = 59.137 or 120.863

(A1)(A1)

ACB = 89.863 or 28.137

3
AB
=
sin 31 sin 89.863
AB =

3
AB
=
sin 31 sin 28.137

3 sin 89.863
or
sin 31

AB =

3 sin 28.137
sin 31

AB = 5.82 AB = 2.75

(A1)(A1)

(A1)
(C6)

METHOD 2
2

3 = 5 + AB 2 AB BC cos 31
2

0 = AB 10 AB cos 31 + 16
AB =

(M1)(A1)
(A1)

10 cos 31 100 cos 2 31 64


2

(A1)

= 5.82 or 2.75
(C6)

(A1)(A1)
[6]

2.

METHOD 1
sin 50 sin B
=
8.71
10.9

(M1)

sin B = 0.958(65...)

(A1)

Finding the obtuse value of B from the range 106 to 107

Finding C from the range 23 to 24

M1
(M1)

1
10.9 8.71 sin C
2
Area ABC =
2

= 18.9 (cm )

M1

A1

N0

METHOD 2
Using cosine rule (M1)
2
2
2
8.71 = AB + 10.9 2AB 10.9 cos 50
Solving a quadratic in AB
choosing AB = 4.52(7...)

(A1)
(M1)
M1

1
10.9 AB sin 50
Area triangle ABC = 2
2

= 18.9 (cm )

M1
A1

N0
[6]

3.

1.19 =

(a)

1
(1.74) ( sin 42) AC
2

M1

AC = 2.044...
AC = 2.04 (cm)

(b)

A1
2

AB = 2.044... + 1.74 2(1.74)(2.044...) cos 42


2

AB = 1.919...

(or 1.913...)(A1)

AB = 1.39 (cm)

(accept 1.38 cm or 1.40 cm)


N2

N1

M1A1

A1
[6]

4.

METHOD 1
C
BA
= 80

(A1)

Using the sine rule to find AB

105
AB
=
sin 80 sin 40

M1

A1A1

Attempting to solve for AB


AB = 68.5 (m)

(M1)

A1

N4

METHOD 2
C
BA
= 80

(A1)

Using the sine rule to find AC

105
AC
=
sin 80 sin 60
AC =

M1

A1

105 sin 60
sin 80

(= 92.335...)

A1
2

Using the cosine rule to find AB ie AB =


2
2
105 + AC 2(105)(AC) cos 40
AB = 68.5 (m)

(M1)

A1

N4
[6]

5.

CD = AC AD = b c cos A

(a)
(b)

R1AG

METHOD 1
2

BC = BD + CD
2

(M1)

a = (c sin A) + (b c cos A)
2

(A1)

= c sin A + b 2bc cos A + c cos A


= b + c 2bc cos A

A1
A1

METHOD 2
2

BD = AB AD = BC CD
2

(M1)(A1)
2

c c cos A = a b + 2bc cos A c cos A


2

a = b + c 2bc cos A

A1
A1

(c)

METHOD 1
2

b = a + c 2ac cos 60 b = a + c ac
2

c ac + a b = 0

(M1)A1

M1

( a ) 2 4( a 2 b 2 )

c =

a 4b 2 3a 2
2

(M1)A1

4b 2 3a 2
a
=
2
4

1
3
a b2 a2
4
= 2
Note:
maximum of the

(M1)A1

AG
Candidates can only obtain a
first three marks if they verify that the

answer
given in the question satisfies the
equation.
METHOD 2
2

b = a + c 2ac cos 60 b = a + c ac
2

c ac = b a

(M1)

a
2
2 a
=b a +
2
2
c ac + 2

(M1)A1

M1A1

3 2
a
2
c =b a
2
4

(A1)

a
3
c = b2 a2
2
4

A1

1
3
c = a b2 a2
2
4

AG
[12]

6.

(a)

Using the formula for the area of a triangle gives


1
A = 2 x 3x sin
4.42
2
sin = 3x
2

(M1)
(A1)

(b)

Using the cosine rule gives


x 2 + (3x ) 2 ( x + 3) 2
2 x 3x
cos =

(M1)

3x 2 x 3
2x 2
=
2
(c)

(A1)

(i)
Substituting the answers from (a) and (b) into the identity
2
2
cos = 1 sin gives
2

3x 2 x 3
4.42

= 1

2
2

2x
3x

(ii)

(a)

(b)

x = 1.24, 2.94

(M1)

(AG)
(G1)(G1)

3x 2 2 x 3

2
x

= arccos
= 1.86 radians or = 0.171
(accept 0.172) radians (3 sf)
6
Notes: Some calculators may not produce answers that are as
accurate as required, especially if they use zoom and trace to
find the answers. Allow 0.02 difference in the value of x, with
appropriate ft for .
Award (M1)(G1)(G0) for correct answers given in degrees
(106 or 9.84).
Award (M1)(G1)(G0) if the answers are not given to 3 sf
Award (M0)(G2) for correct answers without working.

(G1)(G1)

[10]

7.

METHOD 1
2

Attempting to use the cosine rule ie BC = AB + AC 2

AB AC cos BAC
2

(M1)

6 = 8.75 + AC 2 8.75 AC cos 37.8 (or equivalent)

A1

Attempting to solve the quadratic in AC eg graphically, numerically or


with quadratic formula
M1A1
Evidence from a sketch graph or their quadratic formula (AC =)
that there are two values of AC to determine.
(A1)
AC = 9.60 or AC = 4.22
A1A1
Note:
Award (M1)A1M1A1(A0)A1A0 for
one correct
value of AC.

N4

METHOD 2

Attempting to use the sine rule ie

sin C =

BC
AB
=

B
sin BAC sin AC

(M1)

8.75 sin 37.8


( = 0.8938...)
6

C = 63.3576...

(A1)

A1

C = 116.6423... and B = 78.842... or B = 25.5576...

A1

EITHER

AC
6
=
or
Attempting to solve sin 78.842... sin 37.8
AC
6
=
sin 25.5576... sin 37.8

M1

OR
2

Attempting to solve AC = 8.75 + 6 2 8.75 6 cos 25.5576... or


2

AC = 8.75 + 6 2 8.75 6 cos 78.842...


AC = 9.60 or AC = 4.22
N4
Note:
one

M1
A1A1

Award (M1)(A1)A1A0M1A1A0 for


correct value of AC.
[7]

8.

PR = h tan 55, QR = h tan 50 where RS = h


Use the cosine rule in triangle PQR.
2
2
2
2
2
20 = h tan 55 + h tan 50 2h tan 55 h tan 50 cos 45
400
h2 =
2
2
tan 55 + tan 50 2 tan 55 tan 50 cos 45
= 379.9...
h = 19.5 (m)

M1A1A1
(M1)
A1
(A1)

(A1)
A1
[8]