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1. Figure shows a catchment with seven rain gauge station inside it and three
station outsides, the rain Ialls recorded by each oI these stations are indicated
in the Iigure. Draw the Iigure to an enlarge scale and calculate the mean
precipitaton by :
a) Aritmetic - mean method,
b) Thiessen - mean method,
c) Isohyetal method.








Answer :

a) Aritmetic mean method

Know :
in catchment region, Irom each station:


mean precipitaton ÷ (10,2 ¹ 14,2 ¹ 13,2 ¹ 11,2 ¹ 11,7 ¹ 6,3 ¹ 10,9) / 7
÷ 77,5 / 7
÷ 11,07 cm


A B C D E G H
10,2 cm 14,0 cm 13,2 cm 11,2 cm 11,7 cm 6,3 cm 10,9 cm
A ÷ 10,2 F ÷ 8,2
B ÷ 14,0 G ÷ 6,3
C ÷ 13,2 H ÷ 10,9
D ÷ 11,2 I ÷ 9,2
E ÷ 11,7 J ÷ 10,8

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a
1

a
2

a
3

a
4

a
3

a
6

a
7

b) Thiessen mean method
Know :















Mean precipitaton ÷ 10,2 (7,65/40,33) ¹ 14,0 (3,06/40,33) ¹ 13,2 (3,79/40,33) ¹
11,2 (5,22/40,33) ¹ 11,7 (4,97/40,33) ¹ 6,3 (7,03/40,33) ¹
10,9 (8,61/40,33)
÷ 10,2 (0.19) ¹ 14,0 (0,08) ¹13,2 (0,09) ¹ 11,2 (0,13) ¹ 11,7
(0,12) ¹ 6,3 (0,17) ¹ 10,9 (0,21)
÷ 1.93 ¹ 1,06 ¹ 1,24 ¹ 1,45 ¹ 1,44 ¹ 1,10 ¹ 2,33
÷ 10,55 cm


#EGION
VAST
#EGION (cm
2
)
a
1
5,22
a
2
4,97
a
3
7,65
a
4
3,79
a
5
8,61
a
6
3,06
a
7
7,03
TOTAL A ÷ 40,33

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c) Ishoyetal method
Know :

#egion between
two ishoyet
CH average
between two
ishoyet (cm)
Prosentase vast
between two
ishoyet (based on
Iigure)
Mean precipitaton
(cm)
Ia Ih
Ih Ic
Ic Id
Id Ie
Ie Ib
Ib Ig
0,35 x
1,15 x
1 x
0,25 x
1,15 x
3,85 x
22 ° ÷
15 ° ÷
18 ° ÷
17 ° ÷
12 ° ÷
16 ° ÷
0,077
0,173
0,180
0,043
0,138
0,616
Total mean precipitaton ÷ 1,227

So Total mean precipitaton is 1,227 cm

2. Following data are Irom a selI-recording rain gauge during a storm.
Time Irom
beginning at
storm (minutes)
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Accumulated
rainIall (mm)
19 41 48 68 91 124 152 160 166

a) Plot the hytograph oI the storm
b) Obtain the value oI maximum intensities oI this storm Ior various durations
and plot a curve oI maximum intensity vs. duration
A ÷ 10,2 F ÷ 8,2
B ÷ 14,0 G ÷ 6,3
C ÷ 13,2 H ÷ 10,9
D ÷ 11,2 I ÷ 9,2
E ÷ 11,7 J ÷ 10,8

19
41
48
68
91
124
132
160
166
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
CaLegory 1
nytograph of the storm
Answer :
a)









b)


maximum intensity table Irom various durations (mm/minutes)
T ÷ Durations (jam) P ÷ Accumulated rainIall (mm) I ÷ Intensity
0.17 19 114
0.33 41 123
0.50 48 96
0.67 68 102
0.83 91 109,20
1 124 124
1.17 152 130,29
1.33 160 120
1.50 166 110,67
Maximum Intensity Ior various durations 130,29






I ÷ P / t
10 20 30 40 30 60 70 80 90

114
123
96
102
109Ŧ2
124
130Ŧ29
120
110Ŧ67
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
10 20 30 40 30 60 70 80 90
I
n
t
e
n
s
i
t
i
e
s

(
m
m
/
h
o
u
r
s
)
Duration (minutes)
Curve of Maximum intensities vs. duration

REKAYASA HIDROLOGI
(PROBLEM SET 2)











Oleh :
ILHAM MACHMUD
D 111 10 261

JU#USAN SIPIL
FAKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVE#SITAS HASANUDDIN
MAKASSA#
2011

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