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Semester 1 (Form 4)
Learning Objective 1.1 Understanding Physics: (40 min) 1.2 Understanding base quantities and derived quantities (80 min) 1. 2. Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) explain what physics is. recognize the physics in everyday objects and natural phenomena. LO Combinations/ Alternatives Week Remarks Topic 1: To brush up on subject skills 1

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

explain what base quantities and derived quantities are. list base quantities and their units. list some derived quantities and their units. express quantities using prefixes. express quantities using scientific notation. express derived quantities as well as their units in terms of base quantities and base units. solve problems involving conversion of units.

T&L: 70 min -Extra exercises & peer tutoring for LO#s 3-8 Teacher focus: LO#9.

Suggestion: Appendix 1A Pre-test: 10 min LO #s3 8

1.3 Understanding Measurements (80 min)

10. measure physical quantities using appropriate instruments. 11. explain accuracy and consistency. 12. explain sensitivity. 13. explain types of experimental error. 14. use appropriate techniques to reduce errors.

& 1.4 15. identify variables in a given situation. Analysing scientific 16. identify a question suitable for scientific Investigations investigation. (80 min) 17. form a hypothesis. 18. design and carry out a simple experiment to test the hypothesis. 19. record and present data in a suitable form. 20. interpret data to draw a conclusion. 21. write a report of the investigation.

Suggestion for T&L by: 1. different stations with apparatus like Ammeter, Vernier calipers, micrometer screw gauge, voltmeter, meter rule, thermometer 2. PEKA(1) EXPERIMENT pendulum

Appendix 1B Pre-test using questions from SPM/TR SPM Paper 3, Section A Teacher focus: Inference, repeat readings, data tabulation (Report for experiment)




Learning Objective Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) LO Combinations/ Alternatives Week Remarks

2.1 Understanding Scalar & Vector Quantities & 2.2 Analysing Linear Motion (120 min)

22. define scalar and vector quantities. 23. give examples of scalar and vector quantities.

Appendix 2A Pre-test: LO #s22-23

24. define distance and displacement 25. define speed and velocity and state that average velocity, v = s t 26. define acceleration and deceleration and state that a = v u t 27. calculate speed and velocity. 28. calculate acceleration/ deceleration. 29. solve problems on linear motion with uniform acceleration using i. v = u + at. ii. s = ut + at . iii. v = u + 2as
2 2 2

OPTIONAL : Experiment using ticker tape to calculate velocity and acceleration

2.3 Understanding Gravity (Vertical Motion) (80 min)

30. 31. 32. 33.

explain acceleration due to gravity. state what a gravitational field is. define gravitational field strength. determine the value of acceleration due to gravity. 34. define weight (W) as the product of mass (m) and acceleration due to gravity (g) i.e. W = mg 35. solve problems involving acceleration due to gravity.

Optional Experiment : To determine gravitational field strength,g

Appendix 2B Pre-test: LO #s33 34 Stress on vertical motion: i) upwards-final velocity is zero at maximum height ii) downwardsinitial velocity is zero

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 36. plot and interpret displacement-time and

LO Combinations/ Alternatives





Appendix 2C: 2


Analysing motion Graphs (80 min) velocity-time graphs. 37. deduce from the shape of a displacementtime graph when a body is: i. at rest. ii. moving with uniform velocity. iii. moving with non-uniform velocity. 38. determine distance, displacement and velocity from a displacement-time graph. 39. deduce from the shape of a velocity-time graph when a body is: i. at rest. ii. moving with uniform velocity. iii. moving with uniform acceleration. 40. determine distance, displacement, velocity and acceleration from a velocity-time graph. 41. solve problems on linear motion with uniform acceleration. 42. explain what inertia is. 43. relate mass to inertia. 44. give examples of situations involving inertia. 45. suggest ways to reduce the negative effects of inertia. 46. define the momentum of an object. 47. define momentum (p) as the product of mass (m) and velocity (v) i.e. p = mv. 48. state the principle of conservation of momentum. 49. describe applications of conservation of momentum. 50. solve problems involving momentum. 1.Demo : Shaking the tomato ketchup/etc 2. PEKA(2) Experiment Inertia 4 Exercises

2.5 Understanding Inertia (80 min)

2.6 Analysing Momentum (80 min)

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 51. explain what an impulsive force is. 52. give examples of situations involving impulsive forces.

LO Combinations/ Alternatives



2.7 Analysing impulse and impulsive


force 53. define impulse as a change in momentum, i.e.Ft = mv mu . 54. define impulsive force as the rate of change of momentum in a collision or explosion, i.e. F = mv - mu

& 55. explain the effect of increasing or decreasing time of impact on the magnitude of the impulsive force. 56. describe situations where an impulsive force needs to be reduced and suggest ways to reduce it. 57. describe situations where an impulsive force is beneficial. 58. solve problems involving impulsive forces. 5 59. describe the importance of safety features in vehicles. Eg:Problem Investigate/ suggest safety features of a

2.8 Being aware of the need for safety features in vehicles (80 min)

Appendix 2D FOLIO assignment. problem based Learning 6

2.9 Understanding the effects of a force (80 min)

60. 61. 62. 63.

describe the effects of balanced forces acting on an object. describe the effects of unbalanced forces acting on an object. determine the relationship between force, mass and acceleration i.e. F = ma. solve problems using F = ma.

Extra exercises & peer tutoring PEKA(3) EXPERIMENT F=ma (Using ticker timer)

6 2.1O Analysing Forces in Equilibrium (160 min) 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. describe situations where forces are in equilibrium. state what a resultant force is. add two forces to determine the resultant force. resolve a force into the effective component forces. solve problems involving forces in equilibrium. Stress on : i) Equilibrium of forces , a =0ms-2 ii) Resultant of forces , F = ma iii) Resolving of forces

Learning Objective 2.11 Understanding work, energy, power and efficiency

Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 69. define work (W) as the product of an applied force (F) and displacement (s) of an object in the direction of the applied force i.e. W = Fs. 70. state that when work is done energy is

LO Combinations/ Alternatives Optional Exp: Relationship between Kinetic Energy & Potential Energy

Week 7-8

Remarks Appendix 2E Pre Test 70-72, (Learned in PMR) 4


(120 min) transferred from one object to another. 71. define kinetic energy and state that Ek = mv 72. define gravitational potential energy and state that Ep = mgh.


73. state the principle of conservation of energy. 74. define power and state that P = W/t or E/t 75. explain what efficiency of a device is. 76. solve problems involving work, energy, power and efficiency. 77. recognise the importance of maximising efficiency of devices in conserving resources OPTIONAL Problem Base Design a system to improve efficiency Eg: To reduce energy loss from engines in vehicles / buildings. PEKA(4) EXPERIMENT Hookes law. 8

Appendix 2F Pre test: LO 73 - 74

2.12 Appreciating the importance of maximising the efficeincy of devices (40 min) 2.13 Understanding Elasticity (80 min)

78. define elasticity. 79. define Hookes law. 80. define elastic potential energy and state that Ep= kx . 81. determine the factors that affect elasticity. 82. describe applications of elasticity. 83. solve problems involving elasticity

Appendix 2G : EXERCISES

Semester 2 (Form 4) :
Learning Objective 3.1 Understanding thermal equilibrium Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 84. define heat energy 85. explain thermal equilibrium. 86. explain how a liquid-in-glass thermometer works. LO Combinations/ Alternatives Week 1 Remarks


(80 min) 3.2 Understanding specific heat capacity (160 min) 87. define specific heat capacity (c). 88. state that c = Q 1-2 OPTIONAL EXPERIMENT To determine the specific heat of solid or liquid

89. determine the specific heat capacity of a liquid. 90. determine the specific heat capacity of a solid. 91. describe applications of specific heat capacity. 92. solve problems involving specific heat Capacity 93. state that transfer of heat during a change of phase does not cause a change in temperature. 94. define specific latent heat (l) 95. state that l = Q

3.3 Understanding specific latent heat (160 min)


96. determine the specific latent heat of fusion. 97. determine the specific latent heat of vaporisation. 98. solve problems involving specific latent heat.

EXPERIMENT To determine the specific latent heat of fusion of ice OPTIONAL EXPERIMENT To determine the specific latent heat of vaporisation of water

Learning Objective 3.4 Understanding the gas laws (160 min) 99.

Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) explain gas pressure, temperature and volume in terms of the behaviour of gas molecules. 100. determine the relationship between pressure and volume at constant temperature for a fixed mass of gas i.e. pV = constant. 101. determine the relationship between volume and temperature at constant pressure for a fixed mass of gas

LO Combinations/ Alternatives

Week 3-4

Remarks Using kinetic theory, explain the concept of mass, pressure and temperature

EXPERIMENT (Stations) Boyles Law Pressure Law Charles Law


i.e. V = constant.

102. determine the relationship between pressure and temperature at constant volume for a fixed mass of gas i.e. P = constant.

103. explain absolute zero. 104. explain the absolute/Kelvin scale of temperature. 105. solve problems involving pressure, temperature and volume of a fixed mass of gas.

Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 106. describe the composition of the nucleus 4.1 of an atom in terms of protons and Understanding neutrons. the nucleus of an 107. define proton number (Z) and nucleon atom number (A). (80 min) 108. explain the term nuclide 109. use the nuclide notation AXZ . 110. define the term isotope. 111. state what radioactivity is. 4.2 112. name common detectors for radioactive Learning Objective LO Combinations/ Alternatives Week 4 Remarks Appendix 4A Pre-Test : LO 106 110 (Learned in Chemistry)

5 7


Analysing emissions. radioactive decay 113. compare the 3 kinds of radioactive (120 min) emissions in terms of their nature. 114. explain what is radioactive decay 115. use equations to represent changes in the composition of the nucleus when particles are emitted. 116. explain half -life. 117. determine half-life from a decay curve. 118. solve problems involving half -life.

LO 116-117 TBL

4.3 Understanding the uses of radioisotopes (40 min) 4.4 Understanding nuclear energy (120 min)

119. define radioisotopes. 120. name examples of radioisotopes. 121. describe applications of radioisotopes 122. define atomic mass unit (a.m.u.). 123. describe nuclear fission. 124. give examples of nuclear fission. 125. describe chain reactions. 126. describe nuclear fusion. 127. give examples of nuclear fusion. 128. relate the release of energy in a nuclear reaction with a change of mass according to the equation E=mc2. 129. describe the generation of electricity from nuclear fission. 130. justify the use of nuclear fission in the generation of electricity. 131. solve problems involving nuclear energy. 132. describe the negative effects of radioactive substances. 133. describe safety precautions needed in the handling of radioactive substances. 134. describe the management of radioactive waste.

4.5 Realising the importance of proper management of radioactive substance (40 min)

Coop. Learning (JIGSAW)


Learning Objective 5.1 Understanding Pressure (40 min) Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 135. define pressure and state that P = F

136. describe applications of pressure. 137. solve problems involving pressure. 138. relate depth to pressure in a liquid. 139. relate density to pressure in a liquid. 140. explain pressure in a liquid and state that P=hg. 141. describe applications of pressure in liquids.

LO Combinations/ Alternatives Demonstrattion and simple experiments: Relationship between pressure and area

Week 6

Remarks Appendix 5A Pre Test : LO 135 -137 ( Learned in PMR)

5.2 Understanding pressure in liquids (80 min)

PEKA EXPERIMENT(5) Relationship between pressure and depth

Demo: Using 3 joint bottles with 3 holes at different depth. 8


142. solve problems involving pressure in liquids. 5.3 Applying Pascals principle (80 min) 143. state Pascals principle. 144. explain hydraulic systems. 145. describe applications of Pascals principle. 146. solve problems involving Pascals principle. 147. explain buoyant force. 148. relate buoyant force to the weight of the liquid displaced. 149. state Archimedes principle. 150. describe applications of Archimedes principle. 151. solve problem involving Archimedes principle. (Using thistle funnel) Demonstration: Application of Pascals Principle ( Using two syringes) 7


Applying Archimedes principle

(160 min)

EXPERIMENT Archimedes principle. Relationship between wt of obj immersed and wt of water displaced


Appendix 5B Pre test : Density (Learned in Form1 )

5.5 Understanding Bernoullis Principle (80 min)

152. state Bernoullis principle. 153. explain that a resultant force exists due to a difference in fluid pressure. 154. describe applications of Bernoullis principle. 155. solve problem involving Bernoullis principle. 156. explain gas pressure. 157. explain atmospheric pressure. 158. describe applications of atmospheric pressure. 159. solve problems involving atmospheric pressure and gas pressure. Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 160. describe what is meant by wave motion. 161. recognise that waves transfer energy without transferring matter. 162. compare transverse and longitudinal waves and give examples of each. 163. describe water , light and sound waves 164. state what is meant by a wavefront. 165. State the direction of propagation of waves in relation to wavefronts. 166. define i. amplitude, ii. period, iii. frequency,

Demo Bernoullis principle using Bernoullis tube

5.6 Understanding gas pressure and atmospheric pressure (80 min) Learning Objective 6.1 Understanding Waves (160 min)

Appendix 5C Pre test : LO 156 & 157


LO Combinations/ Alternatives Explain LO 162 before demo using slinky spring Week 9-10 Remarks Wave is taught according to the characteristics of wave

Demo using ripple tank for water wave

Sound waves redistributed according to underlying concepts.


iv. wavelength. 167. explain how the loudness relates to amplitude. 168. describe Damping in an oscillating system 169. describe Resonance an oscillating system 170. explain how the pitch relates to frequency.

Demo using microphone and CRO Demo using Bartons Pendulum for resonance and damping

171. sketch and interpret a displacement-time graph for a wave. 172. sketch and interpret a displacementdistance graph for a wave. 173. clarify the relationship between speed, wavelength and frequency. 174. solve problems involving speed, wavelength and frequency.

Learning Objective 6.2 Analysing reflection of waves (200 min)

Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 175. state the laws of reflection of waves. WATER 176. describe reflection of waves in terms of the angle of incidence, angle of reflection, wavelength, frequency, speed and direction of propagation. 177. draw a diagram to show reflection of waves. LIGHT 178. describe the characteristics of the image formed by reflection of light. 179. draw ray diagrams to show the position and characteristics of the image formed by a a. plane mirror, b. convex mirror, c. concave mirror 181. describe application of reflection of light 182. solve problems involving relection of light 183. construct a device based on the application of reflection of light.

LO Combinations/ Alternatives

Week 10-11


Demo using ripple tank

Demo using the ray box



SOUND 184 describe applications of reflection of sound waves. 185. calculate distances using the reflection of sound waves WATER 6.3 Analysing 186. describe refraction of waves in terms of the refraction of angle of incidence, angle of refraction, waves wavelength, frequency, speed and direction (200 min) of propagation. 187. draw a diagram to show refraction of waves. SOUND 188. describe refraction of waves in terms of the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, wavelength, frequency, speed and direction of propagation. 189. draw a diagram to show refraction of waves. LIGHT 190. explain refraction of light. 191. define refractive index as


n = sin i sin r

(Snells Law)

192. Determine the refractive index of a glass or perspex block. 193. state the refractive index, n, as speed of light in a vacuum speed o f light in a medium 194. describe phenomena due to refraction 195. solve problems involving the refraction of light PEKA and Enrichment Activities during the remaining weeks in Semester 2

PEKA(5) EXPERIMENT Determine the refractive index of a glass or perspex block.


Learning Objective

Semester 3 (Form 5) :
LO Combinations/ Alternatives EXPERIMENT Determine the critical angle of a glass or perspex block. Week 1 Remarks

Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 196. explain total internal reflection of light. 6.4 197. define critical angle (c). Understanding 198. relate the critical angle to the refractive total internal index i.e. n = 1 / sin c reflection of light 199. describe natural phenomenon involving (80 min) total internal reflection. 200. describe applications of total internal reflection. 201. solve problems involving total internal reflection.



6.5 Understanding lenses (200 min) 202. explain focal point and focal length. 203. determine the focal point and focal length of a convex lens. 204. determine the focal point and focal length of a concave lens. 205. draw ray diagrams to show the positions and characteristics of the images formed by a convex lens. 206. draw ray diagrams to show the positions and characteristics of the images formed by a concave lens. 207. define magnification as m = v/u 208. relate focal length (f) to the object distance(u) and image distance(v) 1/f = 1/ v + 1 / u 209. describe with the aid of ray diagrams, the uses of lenses in optical devices 210. construct an optical device that uses lenses 211. solve problems involving lenses 1-2

PEKA EXPERIMENT Relationship between object distance(u) and image distance(v)

212. describe diffraction of waves in terms of wavelength, frequency, speed, direction of propagation and shape of waves. 213.draw a diagram to show diffraction of wvs. 214. state the principle of superposition. 6.7 Analysing 215. explain the interference of waves. interference of 216. draw interference patterns. waves 217. interpret interference patterns. (160 min) 218.solve problems involving = ax/D . 6.8 219. describe the electromagnetic spectrum. Analysing 220. state that visible light is a part of the electromagnetic electromagnetic spectrum. waves 221.list sources of electromagnetic waves. (80 min) 222. describe the properties of electromagnetic waves. 223.describe applications of e.m waves 224. describe the detrimental effects of excessive exposure to certain components of the electromagnetic spectrum.

6.6 Analysing Diffraction of Waves (80 min)

Water, light and sound

3 Demo interference of sound and water 4 Guided folio

Learning Objective 7.1 Analysing electricity fields and charge flow (80 min) Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 225. state the relationship between electron flow and electric current. 226. define electric current. 227. describe an electric field. 228. sketch electric field lines showing the direction of the field. 229. describe the effect of an electric field on a charge. 230. solve problems involving electric charge and current. 231. define potential difference. 232. plan and conduct an experiment to find LO Combinations/ Alternatives Demo of electric field using 2 different electrodes Week 4 Remarks Recommended Use olive oil andsesame seeds

7.2 Analysing the



Appendix 7A Pre Test : 12


relationship between electric current and potential difference (160min) the relationship between current and potential difference. 233. describe the relationship between current and potential difference. 234. state Ohms law. 235. define resistance. 236. explain factors that affect resistance. 237. solve problems involving potential difference, current and resistance. 238. describe superconductors. 239. identify series and parallel circuits. 240. compare the current and potential difference of series circuits and parallel circuits. 241. determine the effective resistance of resistors connected in series. 242. determine the effective resistance of resistors connected in parallel. 243. solve problems involving current, potential difference and resistance in series circuits, parallel circuits and their combinations. 244. define electromotive force (e.m.f.). 245. compare e.m.f. and potential difference. 246. explain internal resistance. 247. determine e.m.f. and internal resistance. 248. solve problems involving e.m.f. and internal resistance. PEKA(8) EXPERIMENT electromotive force (e.m.f.) & internal resistance(r). Ohms Law LO 231 -235 (Learned in PMR)

PEKA(7) EXPERIMENT Relationship between length and resistance

7.3 Analysing series and parallel circuits (160 min)


Appendix 7 B Pre Test : LO 239 -242 (Learned in PMR)

Teach Details for LO#243

7.4 Analysing electromotive force and internal resistance (160 min)


Learning Objective 7.5 Analysing electrical energy and power (80 min)

Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 249. define electrical energy. 250. define electric power. 251. solve problems involving electrical energy and power. 252. compare power rating and energy consumption of various electrical appliances. 253. compare various electrical appliances in terms of efficient use of energy. 254. describe ways of increasing energy efficiency.

LO Combinations/ Alternatives

Week 7

Remarks Appendix 7C Pre-Test : 249 250 (Learned in PMR)



Learning Objective 8.1 Analysing the magnetic effect of a currentcarrying Conductor (160 min) Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 255. state what an electromagnet is. 256. draw the magnetic field pattern due to a current in a: a. straight wire, b. coil, c. solenoid. 257. plan and conduct experiments to study factors that affect the strength of the magnetic field of an electromagnet. 258. describe applications of electromagnets. LO Combinations/ Alternatives Week 8 Remarks Appendix 8A Pre test 255-256

PEKA(9) EXPERIMENT Factors affecting strength of magnetic field

8.2 259. describe what happens to a current Understanding carrying conductor in a magnetic field. the force on a 260. draw the pattern of the combined magnetic current-carrying field due to a current -carrying conductor conductor in a in a magnetic field. magnetic field 261. describe how a current carrying




(160 min) conductor in a magnetic field experiences a force. 262. explain the factors that affect the magnitude of the force on a current -carrying conductor in a magnetic fi eld. 263. describe how a current -carrying coil in a magnetic field experiences a turning force. 264. describe how a direct current motor works. 265. state factors that affect the speed of rotation of an electric motor.

Demo: Electric Motor

8.3 266. describe electromagnetic induction. Analysing 267. indicate the direction of the induced Electromagnetic current in a: induction d. straight wire, (160 min) e. solenoid. 268. explain factors that affect the magnitude of the induced current. 269. describe applications of electromagnetic induction.( a.c generator and dc generator) 270. compare direct current and alternating current. 271. Comparison between an Electric Motor & a Generator.


Demo: Use CRO to show differences between ac and dc

Enrichment: Project-Based Learning: Generating Electricity From The Sea (Water Waves) prepare a model OR a computer simulation

Learning Objective 8.4 Analysing Transformers (120 min)

Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) 272. describe the structure and the operating principle of a simple transformer. 273. compare and contrast a step up transformer and a step down transformer. 274.state that Vp = N p Vs Ns for an ideal transformer. 275.state that VpIp =VsIs for an ideal transformer. 276. describe the energy losses in a transformer.describe ways to improve the efficiency of a transformer. 277. solve problems involving transformers 278. list sources of energy used to generate electricity. 279. describe the variou s ways of generating electricity. 280. describe the transmission of electricity. 281. describe the energy loss in electricity transmission cables and deduce the

LO Combinations/ Alternatives Demo Step up and step down transformer using 2 bulbs / 2 voltmeter

Week 10-11

Remarks Appendix 8B Pre-Test LO 272 274 Combine with LO 282 - 284

8.5 Understanding the generation and transmission of electricity (80 min)


Appendix 8C Pre-Test LO 280 - 283, (Learned in PMR)



advantage of high voltage transmission. 282. state the importance of the National Grid Network. 283. solve problems involving electricity transmission. 284. explain the importance of renewable energy. 285. explain the effects on the environment caused by the use of various sources to generate electricity.

Problem based Learning: Design an energy converter which converts heat energy to electricity using electromagnet

Learning Objective 9.1 Understanding the uses of the Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (C.R.O.) (80 min) 286. 287. 288. 289. 290. 291. 292. 293. 9.2 Understanding semiconductor diodes (80 min) 294. 295. 296. 297. 298. 299. 9.3 Understanding 300. Learning Outcomes (LO) (A student is able to : ) explain thermionic emission. describe the properties of cathode rays. describe the working principle of the cathode ray oscilloscope. measure potential difference using the C.R.O. measure short time intervals using the C.R.O. display wave forms using the C.R.O. solve problems based on the C.R.O. display. describe semiconductors in terms of resistance and free electrons. describe n-type and p-type semiconductors. describe semiconductor diodes. describe the function of diodes. describe the use of diodes as rectifiers. describe the use of a capacitor to smooth out output current and output voltage in a rectifier circuit. describe a transistor in terms of its terminals. describe how a transistor can be used LO Combinations/ Alternatives Week 11-12 Remarks


Appendix 9A Pre test: LO 294 -295 (Learnt in KH)


Appendix 9B Pre test: 16


Transistors (160 min) 9.4 Analysing logic Gates (120 min) as a current amplifier. 301. describe how a transistor can be used as an automatic switch. 302. state that logic gates are switching circuits in computers and other electronic systems. 303. list and draw symbols for the following logic gates: f. AND, g. OR, h. NOT, i. NAND, j. NOR. 304. state the action of the following logic gates in a truth table: k. AND, l. OR, m. NOT, n. NAND, o. NOR. 305. build truth tables for logic gates in combination for a maximum of 2 inputs. 306. describe applications of logic gate control systems. LO 300 (Learnt in KH) e.g.: ProblemDesign a flood warning system using electronic system 13 Enrichment: Problem based Learning(PBL)