Introduction In the design of shallow foundation or traffic surface, design engineer need to know the bearing capacity of soil underneath. Plate bearing test is carried out in the field to serve this purpose. Result from the test can be used as design parameter or used to confirm the design assumption..
Dial Gauge Reference Beam Counter Weight Main Beam Hydraulic Jack Support Pressure Gauge

Standard of Test Method Plate bearing test is carried out in accordance with ASTM D 1194 – 94 and AASHTO Standards.

Bearing Plate

Fig. 2 Illustration of Plate Bearing Test setup Testing Procedure • Select test location and depth at the point where the real foundation will be constructed, if possible. If the test is performed in a test pit, width of the pit should be at least 4 to 5 times of plate diameter. • Apply the load to the plate in steps by means of hydraulic jack pushing against the counter weight until reaching the maximum test load. Unloading should also be done in the backward steps. Read and record the load of every step from proving ring. • Read settlement from the dial gauges. 3 to 4 dial gauges should be placed separately at 120° or 90° respectively.

Fig. 1 Plate bearing test equipment Equipment and Apparatus 1. Counter weight such as box or platfrom with heavy material suck as concrete, steel, etc. Total counter weight should be at least 10% greater than the anticipated maximum test load. 2. Hydraulic jack for applying the load. 3. Proving ring, 1 kg accuracy, for measuring the load. 4. Bearing Plate, 12-inch and 30-inch diameter, or square plate, 1 inch thickness. 5. Dial gauges, reference beams.

Version 1.0 Copyright © 2004 by STS

Fig.3 Plate Bearing Test

(1995) suggested following formula for calculating bearing capacity of the actual footing to correct the scale effect. 5. = bearing capacity of footing = bearing capacity of test plate = breadth of footing = breadth of test plate If the above method give too high bearing capacity.PLATE BEARING TEST Interpretation of the Test Result Results from the test shall consist of raw Version 1. Samsennai. recommended allowable pressure for foundation design. Limitation • Plate bearing test can give bearing capacity of subsoil up to the depth about twice of plate diameter only. • Quick and easy to perform. load-settlement curve. and modulus of subgrade reaction (K) for road design. please contact: STS Instrument Co.M..0 Copyright © 2004 by STS . qu (F) = Yield Point qu (P) qu (P) BF BP where qu (F) qu (P) BF BP Fig. yield pressure. 0-2618-6373 http://www. Phayathai. Determination of Yield Pressure Advantages of the Test • Gain understanding of foundation behavior which will enable the evaluation of foundation bearing capacity and settlement under loading condition. : 0-2618-4288 (10 lines) ext. 265 Fax : 0-2279-8507. 4 Load-settlement curve from Plate Bearing Test For cohesive soil. Quality Assurance Division 196/10-11 Soi Pradipat Fig. qu (F) = For cohesionless soil. Ltd. B. Engineer should use judgment to limit allowable pressure to be more reasonable for each type of soil condition. Bangkok 10400 Tel. Plate Size Page 2 of 2 Actual Footing ≈ 2b b B Compacted Layer 2B Soft Material Stress Influence Zone Fig. For more information. • There is a scale effect due to size of testing plate is smaller than the actual footing. 6 Illustration of Scale Effect in Foundation Design Das. The prediction of settlement can also be done from the load-settlement curve from the test. Pradipat Road.

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