MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING LAB 5 (MME 3125) EXPERIMENT 1 BASIC MEASUREMENT

SECTION 1
GROUP MEMBERS:  WAN EMIRA AZATY BINTI WAN ABDULLAH (0634018)  NOR SURIZA BINTI ZABIDIN (0637428) 

EXPERIMENTAL DATE: TUESDAY- 5TH JANUARY 2010 REPORT DUE DATE: TUESDAY- 12TH JANUARY 2010 LECTURER: DR. KONNEH

gauge (pin. The diameter of the ball bearing must be measured using vernier caliper. we learned all about the measuring tools which are commonly used in workshop. pin gauge set. depth micrometer etc. depth gauge. radius. radius gauge set and so on. height caliper. dial caliper. 3. Introduction to linear and angular method of measurement using vernier caliper. 4. All the measurement should include the proper 2 . To recognize and exposed to the various measuring tools and equipment that are available in the Metrology Lab. 2. Measurement can be using so many instruments such as vernier caliper micrometer. black. The thickness of the piston has been measured by depth micrometer. 3. INTRODUCTION: In this measurement section. micrometer. 2. dial caliper and ruler. micrometer. To learn how to use the measurement equipment such as steel rule. thickness). ruler and other instruments. depth micrometer. 4.OBJECTIVES: 1. All the dimension of the ball bearing has been measured. EQUIPMENT: • • • • • vernier caliper micrometer dial caliper ruler ball bearing NTN 6305NX PROCEDURE: 1. To compare the precision and the accuracy of the different measuring instruments. vernier calipers.

DATA AND ANALYSIS: VERNIER CALIPER MICROMETER DIAL CALIPER RULER RESULTS: 3 .

whereas systematic error is predictable. If the cause of the systematic error can be identified. then it can usually be eliminated. An error is a bound on the precision and accuracy of the result of a measurement. and typically constant or proportional to the true value. while we are measuring the ball bearing there are some errors occurred.DISCUSSION: Based on this experiment we can say that. These can be classified into two types: random error and systematic error. An ‘error' is a deviation from accuracy or correctness. Random error is caused by inherently unpredictable fluctuations in the readings of a measurement apparatus or in the experimenter's interpretation of the instrumental reading. or forgetfulness. carelessness. A ‘mistake' is an error caused by a fault: the fault being misjudgment. 4 . Such measurement errors can also be referred to as uncertainties.

Vernier Caliper has accuracy of 0. Actually. Fundamentally this is because eventually the numerical value recorded depends upon the human eye reading a scale. Vernier Micrometer has highest accuracy. Scale error occurred when we not well calibrating the instrument. some error occurred when reading the scale. or “true” value. the ability of the operator to read the scale. Steel Ruler has accuracy of 1 mm.The devices of measurement have different accuracy. followed by Vernier Caliper and Steel Ruler respectively. accuracy refers to how closely individual measurement agree with the correct. the accuracy of which depends on the accuracy of the scale. Besides. This can only be overcome by calibrating the instrument scale against known standard of length over its whole length. Our eyes do not parallel to the scale point. MEASUREMENT METHODS Vernier Caliper 5 .01 mm.05 mm and Vernier micrometer has accuracy of 0. From these devices. The reading therefore becomes an estimate. No measurement can be made to give an exact dimension. and in some cases the sensitivity of touch or feel on the part of the operator.

fixed scale. sliding jaw. vernier scale. How to use: Using Outside and Inside Caliper 6 .1mm.A Vernier caliper is a device that used to measure inside and outside dimensions and also the depth gauge measurement. The vernier caliper measurement dimension is between one division on fixed scale. inside measuring surface. and one division on the vernier scale is 0. outside measuring surface. adjusting clamp and also the depth gauge. that is fixed jaw. The vernier caliper consist of several part.

thimble. Steel Ruler 7 .Micrometer The vernier micrometer is a device that is more precise in reading compare to vernier caliper or even more the normal steel ruler. anvil. Its accuracy is about 0. clamp ring.01mm. the micrometer can also be use to measure inside and depth. frame. racet. micrometer screw. measuring faces and etc. The main part of the micrometer is spindle.

It is a normal ruler. easy to handle 3.02 mm). this device difficult to damage In contrast. is the least accurate devices (1 mm) 2. their advantages are 1. can measure the big length compare to other 2. easy to use. it use “meter” for more accurate measurement 2. parallax error can very easily occur when our eye is non-vertical on the scale (refer to the appendix) For the Vernier Caliper. can ‘clock’ the length that has taken. Have limitation of measurement 2. In addition. ranging from 150. their weaknesses are 1. it can prevent the error when we taking measurement Their weaknesses are 1. More sensitive device. 300 and 600 mm with precision up to 1 decimal point only. and may be. a part of a millimeter will have to be estimated. its advantages are 1. their advantage is 8 . Can only measure small object (small distance). For Steel Ruler. Usually. To provide accurate measurement it is important that the principal of a common datum or reference plane is adopted. More accurate than Steel Rule (0. so. Measurement from the steel ruler depends on the visual alignment against the nearest division on the scale.05 mm or 0. ERRORS/ SUGESTIONS: Every device has the advantages and also weakness. it become damaged if it drops on the floor For the Vernier micrometer.

Although some errors occurred that does not much effect our experiment. That is why we use Hi- Vernier Caliper to measure the length (l) of the cubes 2. Can measure only for small distance. CONCLUSION: In conclusion.Galyer. the most accurate device compare to others In contrast. may be can damage if it drop on the floor. REFERENCES: • Metrology for Engineers by J.1.F. Now we know how to use the instruments properly. More sensitive device. have measurement limit.ELBS 9 . their weaknesses are 1.W. 5th edition. we achieved our objectives of this experiment.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful