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What is the purpose of text determination, account determination, partner determination, output determination, and storage location determination? Answer1:Text determination: For transferring information from material or customer to order / delivery or invoice (and anything in between) Account determination:For transferring financial and costing information to proper financial docs Partner determination:For determine who is legally responsible for A/c, who the goods are going to and whatever else you waana drive through this functionality. Output determination:What kind output does a sales/delivery/billing document create and who gets it, where? For example A partner might get an EDI notification for a sales order just confirmed, whereas a financial/leasing company gets the invoice! Answer2:(a) Text Determination: Any Texts in Material Master/Material Determination/Order/Delivery , etc is meant to convey messages to the subsequent documents for compliance. e.g. “Give Top Priority” message mentioned in Order is meant for Production Dept.
(b) Account Determination: is integration between Finance and SD. The A/P along with Account Keys need to be allocated accordingly with combination of Account Determination Group for Customer and Material if required. (c) Partner Determination: To identify which type of Partner it is so that if required for same Customer different Partner Functions may be required (Ex. Only One Sold To Party per Customer. More than
Distribution Chanel. Useful for Despatch of Material in case of Ship to Party. etc). where and in what Format (ABAP) Customization may be required in some cases especially Invoices). At the time of installation.(d) Output Determination: What type of Output (Fax/Mail. most noticeably MDMs. Sales Organisation. Answer2: Before installation of SAP. . sending Bill in case of Bill to Party and payment follow up / Dunning in case of Payer. 3. (e) Storage Location Determination: depends on Plant. You can do it using many tools. it is required to transfer Data from Legacy to SAP like Masters (Material/Customer. Chart of Accounts. etc. Shipping Point and Storage Conditions 2. Account Assignment Group for Customer and Material and Account Keys. What it means is you want to transfer all customer and materials and all other information from Older (legacy system) to new SAP system. Accordingly different Masters will have to be created. Data maintained by Company is called Legacy Data. What is meant by transfer of data from legacy code to sap Legacy Code? Answer1: It should be legacy data to SAP. It can be done in various ways like BDC. etc) is required. What are the five imp fields to be maintained in account determination? Account Determination: Sales View. How to create excise invoice and what is it 4.One Ship to Party / Bill to Party / Payer possible. LSMW.
taking into account sales area(sales org. What are interfaces used generally an indian organisation which is in retail business and which is in banking business and oil business. What type of reports generally a support consultant maintains and report Depends on Customer requirements. 7. What subsequent Document is required is to some extent determined by Customer Requirements as well as Document Types. What is the purpose of shipping point determination not menu path So that Shipping Point is determined automatically once the settings for the same are done. Customer Pricing Procedure and Document Pricing Procedure. The main differences between pricing procedures would be the differences as we mentioned above.) In general case of Standard Order. suppose the condition types used will be different and hence the following whole procedure.5. distribution channel. 8. Answer2: We determine how the prices are calculated. What do you do really in pricing determination and what are the main differences between pricing procedures? Answer1: Pricing is determined by combination of Sales Organisation. document type and customer(generally sold-to-party). . (Ex. Coming to the output and the procedure. which data control these differences 6. 9. What and where types of copy controls we change Copy Control: is basically meant so that Data is copied from preceding Document to subsequent one. Distribution Channel. from the point of view of field entries. it will be Copy Control (Order to Delivery) from OR to LF. Division. One pricing procedure determination to the others. division).
What is a Division in SAP SD? A division is a product group that can be defined for a wide range of products or services. 12. 01 – Individual requirement -For this system generates transfers the requirement for each order to the MRP . Eg: A customer is created for say sales area 1000/20/00 then the same customer can be used in sales area 1000/30/00 if we maintain 20 as common distribution channel. System stores all req and passes on to the MRP in MRP run.So that MM can either produce or procure. Checking group 01 and 02 are maintained on the material master.10. How to and where to maintain copy controls Check for yourself in IMG (Sales Document types and Delivery Document Types) 11. Hence no need for extending the customers…the same for materials also. What is purpose of maintaining common distribution channels and common divisions? Common Distribution Channel and Common Division are maintained so that if any master data like customer or material maintained with respect to one distribution channel can be used in other DCh.-In this all the requirements in a day or in a week are processed at a time. It prevents the multiplication of master records. 13. What is the difference between the Availability check 01 (Daily requirement) and 02 (Individual Requirement) in material master? 01 and 02 are the checking group. A sales organization can have many divisions. 02.Collective requirement. Availability check is carried out with the help of these checking group and checking rule. In this system performance is high however you can not do the backorder processing whereas in other you can do. . Customer specific arrangements can also be made in a division.
the ship to party. Can you give me some tables in SAP SD for customer master? Some of the tables are KNVV. What are the basic elements of a customer master record? The sold to party. VA01.14. A Loading point is just a subdivision of a shipping point and manually entered into the header data of the delivery. What is a shipping point and loading points in SAP SD? Shipping points are the points from where deliveries are initiated. 20. 16. What is a sales office in SAP SD? A sales office is a geographically located unit of a sales organization. XD01 17. Who defines the account groups? Normally these are defined by the finance team. 23. What is a one time customer? This is a general customer that is created for those customers for which you do not want to create separate records. Who is a payer in the customer master record? Payer is the individual or company who will settle the invoices for products or services sold. 15. 18. How does the SAP system knows which fields to turn on and off when you create a customer master record? Using the account group which is assigned to the customer. What is the transaction code for creating a customer in SAP SD? VD01. 21. One shipping point can be assigned to more than one store or plant. This customer can be reused. What are inter company customers? These customers represent the sales customers within the same client but between different company codes. 22. 19. RF02D. KNA1 etc . and the payer record. bill to party.
What are some of the views in a material master? Basic data. What is the transaction code for creating a material/article in SAP? MM41 for creating article in SAP IS Retail and MM01 in SAP Industry solution for creating a material. Customer group is 2 digit numbers that is configured within IMG and allows logical grouping of customers. 31. countries etc.24. VD51 is the transaction or inside VA02 also you can add customer material information records. What is a customer group? Give me some examples. 25. forecasting views. 32. What are some of the examples of Global settings? Currencies. What is a base unit of measure in material master? This is a unit of measure used as a basis for all the transactions. 28. MRP views. additional basic data. Storage views. sales views and in IS Retail there is also a Listing view and POS view. What is the purpose of material master data? Master data responsible for representing all information related to products or services that a company produces or sell. which transaction? MM01 29. Accounting views. Can you have specific customer material information entered in SAP? Yes. 30. This data is application independent. Purchasing views. 27. How do you extend a material. all movements of quantities will be converted to that base unit of measure which is specific to an article. For example you may want to group . What is a sales organization? Sales organization is an organizational unit that sells and distributes products and negotiates terms of sales and is responsible for all the transactions involved with a sale 26.
Domestic customers or military customers separately. How would you find all the tables in SAP? SE16 (or) SE11. What are some of the material master data tables? MARA – Material highest level data MBEW – Data referring to accounting MVKE – Data referring to sales MARC – Data at the plant level WLK1 – Listing information MARD – Data storage locations Here are the Few frequently Asked SD Questions (With out Answer): What are the five imp fields to be maintained in account determination? How to create excise invoice and what is it? What is meant by transfer of data from legacy code to sap? What are interfaces used generally an indian organisation which is in retail business and and which is in banking business and oil business? What is the purpose of shipping point determination not menu path? . How would you find which table is being used in a particular field? Bring your cursor to the field in a transaction and press F1 and then technical info. 36. 33.International customers. What are some of the tables in SAP SD? VBAK – Order header VBAP – Order Item VBEP – Order schedule line LIKP – Delivery Header LIPS – Delivery Item VBPA – Partners VBFA – Document flow 34. 35.
without releasing task. and what are the main differences between one pricing procedure determination to the others. sales order is created with reference to the quotation.What and where types of copy controls we change? How to and where to maintain copy controls? What is purpose of maintaining common distribution channels and common divisions? What is the relation between sap sd and abap? What should be the value set for Lead Time in Sales Document Type while configuring the system? How do you calculate net price on MRP based? What are the five imp fields to be maintained in account determination? Is it possible to release change request. What do you do really in pricing determination. system copies 10 quantities in sales order. How do you restrict in sales order end . 10 quantities. which data control these differences? Product attributes means? Can one have multiple packing for delivery? What is the difference between general item category group and item category group ( sales org2 in MMR)? To extend material one plant to another plant what are the configuration you done in your project? How SAP support to the client to know the customer requirements? How to stop PGI? Quotation has been created for product-D.
Sales order : once delivery has been created. suppose there is an order for 100 qty and against this order. i. Outbound delivery : when items are picked and posted for goods issue. an accounting document is created and the status is "not cleared". the status remains at "being processed". hence. 4. You can check the open order status in VA02 in status tab. How can we know using data in tables whether a sales order is open or not? Check in Transaction VA05 and in table the status filed will tell you the status of open order. they are: 1. In order. (double click on item and at item level chk the status) or check in transaction VA05 all the open orders. the status becomes complete only when billing is done.e. 3. because it is not fully delivered.user should not change quantities. the document flow will summarize the status of each document. In SAP SD. only 50 are being delivered till its delivery date . it is partially delivered. Billing document : when billing document is created and saved. the status becomes "cleared". once payment is posted with reference to this accounting document. the status of the order changes from "open" to "completed". Table VBAP / VBAK / VBUK (header) and VBUP (item) Which table is updated when customer pays against an invoice? Check table VBAK / VBAP / VBRK / VBRP and VBFA you can chk the document flow. the status of billing becomes "complete" as well. and posted to accounting. you look at table BSEG. Payments posting affects the status of the accounting document. then its status will be open . . 2. the status of the delivery becomes "complete". Open Sales order : I will explain taking an example. system should not allow for changes by en user What is the client specific data? Give two examples of client specific data? What is an open sales order? An open sales order is where the order has not been delivered (physical goods).
Business Data Item Status Sales Document . KNKK Customer Master Credit Control Area Data (credit limits) KNVV Sales Area Data (terms.Can you tell if a sales order can be considered open if delivery has happened but payment has not been done yet? Yes.in the menu bar go to sales document-then DELETE. Delivery will be open against which billing is not happened. that sales order will be considered as complete order.Item Data Partners Document Flow Sales Document Schedule Line . Now select the line item and assign Reason for Rejection which you will find on the right top side. then you can delete the sales order from the tcode VA02 . order probability) KNVI Customer Master Tax Indicator KNVP Partner Function key KNVD Output type KNVS Customer Master Ship Data KLPA Customer/Vendor Link Sales Documents VBUK VBAK VBKD VBUP VBAP VBPA VBFA VBEP VBAKUK VBAK + VBUK Header Status and Administrative Data Sales Document . Code Data (payment method. If you have not delivered any quantity.Header Data Sales Document . Go to VA02. Important Tables for SAP SD Sales and Distribution: Table Description Customers KNA1 General Data KNB1 Customer Master – Co.Enter your doc no. Or you can check one by one order & reject the pending item. How to close any open sales order? Go to transaction VA05. not open order. You can either do mass maintenance to close all the open order by giving rejection reason. input the sale order and execute. reconciliation acct) KNB4 Customer Payment History KNB5 Customer Master – Dunning info KNBK Customer Master Bank Data KNKA Customer Master Credit Mgmt. here you can see list of all Sales order open for any particular sales area.
includes referencing PO LIKP Delivery Document Header data Billing Document VBRK Billing Document Header VBRP Billing Document Item SD Shipping Unit VEKP Shipping Unit Item (Content) VEPO Shipping Unit Header .VBBE Sales Requirements: Individual Records SD Delivery DocumeLIPS Delivery Document item data.