POSTER SESSION I

8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM
HERSONISSOS CRETE, 24 – 29 OCTOBER, 2010

PI-1: RADIATION GRAFTING OF THERMOCONTROLLED POLYMER ONTO POLYPROPYLENE FILMS
JUSTYNA KOMASA, SLAWOMIR KADLUBOWSKI, PIOTR ULANSKI, JANUSZ M. ROSIAK Institute of Applied Radiation Chemistry, Technical University of Lodz, Wroblewskiego 15, 93-590 Lodz, Poland- jkomasa@mitr.p.lodz.pl

Burn wounds are one of the most frequently occurring injuries. This kind of wound is a serious problem, not only because of its high happening frequency, but also due to the complications arising during its healing. Many conventional treatments of burn wounds are costly, slow and not very effective. Nowadays we can observe a fast progress of knowledge about processes occurring in wound and ways of healing it. Skin grafts are considered to be one of the best solutions; however, cell culture procedures used to obtain large surface grafts have still to be optimized. A persisting problem is how to detach the grown skin sheet from the substrate without causing excessive damage to the product. One of possible solutions is to use substrates with thermosensitive surfaces. The latter are currently recognized as valuable new materials with novel properties relevant for biomedical research fields such as artificial organs, biofunctional materials, drug delivery systems, separations of biomolecules and regenerative medicine. Thermoresponsive polymers are commonly used as surface modifiers. One of well known temperature – responsive polymer is poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm). PNIPAAm possesses a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of 32°C in water. Below LCST the polymer is fully hydrated and soluble in water, but it collapses and becomes insoluble above the LCST. When PNIPAAm is grafted on the surface of a cell culture substrate, at 37°C the cells can adhere and grow easily on the surface, while lowering the temperature down to 25°C makes the surface hydrophilic, which should facilitate skin layer detachment without cell damage. The aim of this work is radiation grafting of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) onto polypropylene (PP) films. This work is a part of the project aimed on developing new, innovative thermocontrolled scaffolds to be applied in culturing skin cell sheets. In the first step, radiation-induced grafting of NIPAAm onto PP films has been performed by preirradiation method. PP films were irradiated in air with 6MeV electrons from a linear accelerator (Linac ELU-6e, Elektronika Company) at a total absorbed radiation dose 50-150 kGy. The irradiated samples were placed in glass vessel containing 0,5-2 M aqueous solutions of NIPAAm, which were sealed, saturated with argon and heated to 70°C at different reaction times. The grafted samples were washed with water and dried. The films were characterised by gravimetric method, FTIR – ATR, contact angle measurements as well as SEM pictures. Results obtained so far indicate that PNIPAAm forms a permanent thermoresponsive layer at the surface of PP films while grafted by pre-irradiation method.

Acknowledgements: This work was supported by European Union, European Regional Development Fund, project DERMOSTIM, UDA-POIG.01.03.01-00-088/08-0. The authors thank Ms. K. Blazniak for skilful technical assistance.

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8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM
HERSONISSOS CRETE, 24 – 29 OCTOBER, 2010

PI-2: STRUCTURAL CHANGES OF POLY(ETHYLENE TEREPHALATE) DURING PYROLYSIS AT LOW TEMPERATURES
ELENI ANOIKTOMATI, MARKELLA PISANIA, LOUKAS ZOUMPOULAKIS, JOHANNIS SIMITZIS Laboratory Unit “Advanced and Composite Materials”, Department III “Materials Science and Engineering”, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 9 Heroon Polytechniou str., Zografou Campus, 157 73, Athens (Greece) – simj@chemeng.ntua.gr

Abstract
Polyethylene terephalate (PET) is considered one of the most important technical plastics of the last decades. PET is basically used for manufacturing films, fibres1, containers2 and mostly as a packaging material. In view of its widespread and significant amounts, a side effect also occurs concerning the domestic wastes. The plastic content in the latter is about 7-9% w/w, whereas the PET wastes constitute a remarkable portion. The primary recycling, consisting of collection, separation and post-transportation of wastes, is necessary for all solid wastes. Secondary or mechanical recycling reuses polymer wastes to produce low quality products, via melting and solution of polymers. A mixture of domestic wastes cannot be recycled by solvent or melt processes, because polymer mixtures as melts or solutions, even in the same solvent, are not compatible. The tertiary recycling, especially hydrolysis, glycolysis and methanolysis, is proven to be suitable to manage PET wastes, however as pure PET wastes. Pyrolysis (quaternary or thermal recycling) seems to be the best recycling solution for plastic mixture wastes. The aim of this work is to study the structural changes of a common polymer, commercial PET, during its pyrolysis at low temperatures. The pyrolysis of PET took place at 350 or 430 oC for different residence times, in a tubular oven (Table 1) under nitrogen flow. The oven includes six zones, each one having its own temperature controller and thermocouple to monitor the temperature. One criterion to compare the pyrolysis behaviour for different polymers is their composition rate at 350 oC. Furthermore, it is known that the pyrolysis of PET from waste drink bottles exhibits weight loss (70-80%) occurring at temperature range of about 380 -515 οC3. Therefore, a second temperature at 430 oC (about at the middle of this range) is chosen in order to retain the solid residue its polymeric character. The structure of the pyrolysis solid residues was examined by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). The defined thermal treatment conditions of PET are presented in Table 1 which contains also the corresponding weight loss, the decomposition rate and the crystallinity of the solid residues. By considering the time of 10 min as the minimum time to have steady-state conditions in the oven, then the index v350 (% weight loss per minute at 350 oC) is 0.12% / min and that at 430 oC is 6.2% / min. By comparing the weight losses and the decomposition indexes at 350 and 430 oC, it is concluded that the main decomposition of PET takes place above 350 oC. The initial PET was introduced into the oven as grains and after the pyrolysis at 350 oC, its shape was as plate indicating that it has been melted during this thermal treatment. The amorphous state of PET at 350 oC for 10 min indicates that it has been not enough annealed under these conditions, in opposite to that at 350 oC for 30 min. The same crystallinity exhibits the PET pyrolyzed at 430oC for 10min. The most characteristic peaks, of the FTIR spectra of raw PET and pyrolyzed PET, are those with wavenumber at 2980-2950 cm-1 (due to stretching vibrations, -CH2, -CH3), 1736-1726 cm-1 (due to carbonyl group, >C=Ο), 1330-1200 cm-1 (due to esteric bond, Csp3-O) and 750 cm-1 (-CH, due to deformation vibrations “out of plane” 3 or 4 Η on the aromatic ring). Table 1. Pyrolysis parameters, weight loss and crystallinity of PET samples.
Pyrolysis parameters CODE PET PET 350-10 PET 350-30 PET 430-10 PET 430-30
Temperature (oC) 350 430 Time (min) 10 30

Weight loss (%) 1.2 1.2 62 80

Crystallinity (%) 85 0 72 72 -

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 2

P. Santos, S.H. Pezzin, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 143-144 (2003), 517 F. Awaja, D. Pavel, Eur. Polym, 41 (2005), 2097 3 Β. Saha, A.K. Ghoshal, Chemical Engineering Journal, 111 (2005), 39

87

8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM
HERSONISSOS CRETE, 24 – 29 OCTOBER, 2010

PI-3: COMPOSITE MATERIALS BASED ON NOVOLAC RESIN, CARBON NANOTUBES AND ORGANIC BIOMASS AS PRECURSORS FOR CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS
ANASTASIA PIKASI, MARKELLA PISANIA, SOPHIA KARAMANOU, PANTELITSA GEORGIOU, LOUKAS ZOUMPOULAKIS, JOHANNIS SIMITZIS Laboratory Unit “Advanced and Composite Materials”, Department III “Materials Science and Engineering”, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 9 Heroon Polytechniou str., Zografou Campus, 157 73, Athens (Greece) – simj@chemeng.ntua.gr

Abstract
Composites of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in polymeric matrices have attracted considerable attention in the research and industrial communities due to their good electrical conductivity, high stiffness and high strength at relatively low CNTs content1. Multi – walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) due to their extraordinary properties are ideal reinforcing materials in nanocomposites2. On the other hand, synthetic polymers like phenolic and epoxy resins in combination with natural polymers such as biomass have considerable application importance3. Biomass derived from agricultural byproducts can be used as fillers for composites, as it can be converted from low – value residue to high – value materials4. Carbonaceous materials with a high content of residue carbon can be used as precursor in a large number of applications such as adsorbents, electrodes etc3,5,6. The aim of this work is the manufacture of composites based on novolac resin, carbon nanotubes and organic biomass as precursors for carbonaceous materials. The composites were fabricated by mixing novolac resin (80, 60, 40% w/w) with hexamethylenetetramine (“hexa”) as curing agent and olive stones biomass (as grains with diameter less than 300 μm) in corresponding proportions. Carbon nanotubes were added as filler in a low content (5% w/w). The mixture was placed in proper mould in the form of disk (thickness 5 mm, diameter 20 mm) and cured by heating at 170 ºC for 30 min. The cured specimens were pyrolyzed under N2 atmosphere with a heating rate of 10 ºC / min up to 1000 ºC. The weight loss of the specimens and their shrinkage during pyrolysis were determined. The electrical conductivity σ of the carbonized solid materials was determined with the two probe method. The defined composition of precursor composites with or without carbon nanotubes and the electrical conductivity of the corresponding carbonaceous materials are presented in Table 1. Carbonaceous materials which have been pyrolyzed at 1000 ºC, derived from composite with the proportion of 80% w/w novolac, 20% w/w olive stones biomass and 5% w/w CNTs exhibit the highest value of electrical conductivity σ = 6.39x10-1 S/cm. The carbonaceous materials were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and their morphology was examined by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Table 1: Defined composition of precursor composites and electrical conductivity of carbonaceous materials
CODE OF COMPOSITE MATRIX Novolac/Hexa (% w/w) OLIVE STONE BIOMASS (% w/w) CARBON NANOTUBES (% w/w) ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY (S/cm)

N-B40 60 N-B20-CNT5 80 N-B40-CNT5 60 N-B60-CNT5 40 Acknowledgements: Financial support for this (Program for Basic Research)
1 2 3 4 5 6

40 20 40 60 research was provided by

5 5 5 NTUA in the frame

1.8 E-1 6.39 E-1 2.15 E-1 1.7 E-1 of PEVE 2009

Petra Potschke, Arup R. Bhattacharyya, Andreas Janke, European Polymer Journal 40, 2004, 137-148 Arash Montazeri, Alizera Khavandi, Jafar Javadpour, Abbas Tcharkhtchi, Materials and Design 31, 2010, 3383-3388 J. Simitzis, K. Karagiannis, L. Zoumpoulakis, Polymer international 38, 1995, 183-189 H. P. S. Abdul Khalil, P. Firoozian, I. O. Bakare, Hazizan Md. Akil, Ahmad Md. Noor, Materials and Design 31, 2010, 3419-3425 J. F. Gonzalez, S. Roman, J. M. Encinar, G. Martinez, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 85, 2009, 134-141 Anastasia Pikasi, Pantelitsa Georgiou, Johannis Simitzis, Key Engineering Materials, 446, 2010, 23-31

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A combination of these impressive properties enables a whole new variety of useful and beneficial applications 5. Joo J. JOHANNIS SIMITZIS Laboratory Unit “Advanced and Composite Materials”. Appl. J. Gruner G. 157 73. 201 5 Kim HM. The carbon fiber laminates were placed unidirectionally in a proper mold by addition of the mixture of novolac/hexa – CNTs between the laminates and then the mold was heated and pressed in a thermopress apparatus.K. 76 (2000). PANTELITSA GEORGIOU. LOUKAS ZOUMPOULAKIS. Butterworth-Heinemann: Boston. the resin was partially cured and then the pre-impregnated carbon fibers were cut into laminates (prepregs). 9 Heroon Polytechniou str.. Novolac resin as matrix and carbon nanotubes in low proportion as conductive additive will be used in combination with carbon fibres. Hu L.C. carbon black. 90 (2007). These extrinsic conductive composites have been applied in numerous technological areas. New structural composite materials based on CNT reinforced thermoplastics or thermosets combine low density and strong mechanical properties. J Appl Polym Sci. 21 (2002).6. The methodology to achieve this target is the use of continuous carbon fibers in low volume percentage. National Technical University of Athens. Chang. computers and cellular housings). which possess exceptional mechanical properties. carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is a new material... Anlage SM. The novolac powder was mixed with hexamethylenetetramine. “hexa”. photothermal optical recording. Lett.. Then the mechanical and electrical properties of the composite specimens were measured. E. carbon fibers. Lee CY... the certain amount of carbon nanotubes was added and all of them were mixed in order to produce a macroscopically homogenous powder. A. Hence nanotubes can be ideal additives for structural and functional composites.g. Phys.. shelfregulating heaters. superior thermal and electrical properties. School of Chemical Engineering. Department III “Materials Science and Engineering”. Maaroufi.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Adv Polym Tech. including electromagnetic/ radio frequency interference shielding for electronic devices (e. et al. 2010 PI-4: MANUFACTURE OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS OF NOVOLAC RESIN CARBON FIBRES .gr Abstract The basic category of electrically conductive plastics is that of filled plastics with conductive fillers. J Appl Polym Sci. 96 (2005). Appl. On the other hand. Carbon Fiber Composites. the solvent was removed by drying. Acknowledgements: Financial support for this research was provided by NTUA in the frame of PEVE 2009 (Program for Basic Research) 1 2 Chung D. Yoon HS. Nazarenko.. The aim of this work is the manufacture of multifunctional polymer-matrix composite materials combining proper mechanical properties with increased electrical conductivity. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Hiltner. S. G. After pre-impregnation. 589 6 Xu H..ntua. A. direction-finding antennas and chemical-detecting sensors that are used in electronic noses4. good thermal and electrical conductivity. Zografou Campus... Lett.D.CARBON NANOTUBES AND THEIR MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES MARKELLA PISANIA. Kim K. Athens (Greece) – simj@chemeng. 1994 Huang.L. L. 894 4 Pinto. The continuous carbon fibers were pre-impregnated with novolac resin by immersing them in a solution of water / methanol containing a mixture of novolac –Hexa. The results were discussed taking into consideration the influence of the manufacturing conditions of the composites. such as metal particles1. etc2. in order to improve significantly the mechanical properties of the composite and simultaneously to retain as low as possible the cost of the composite material by avoiding a high content of the expensive carbon fibers. Baer. 299 3 Fladin. The amount of the continuous carbon fibers used in the composites (in the form of prepregs) was 15 % v/v.3.. overcurrent protection devices. Phys. A. 183119 89 . 84 (2004).

J. S. Casciari.L. Athens (Greece) – karagiov@central.K. R. Cheon.T. 20nm in diameter) is an important kind of magnetic material having cubic inverse spinel structure which has been attracting increasing attention because of its wide use in magnetic recording1. Salabas.gr Abstract Magnetic materials are attracting significant fundamental and applied interest for a wide range of potential applications. H. Raj. H. H.H. Hu. PVA. Angew. LOUKAS ZOUMPOULAKIS Laboratory Unit “Advanced and Composite Materials”. B. 21 (2009) 1-4.1. Huth. and hyperthermia in cancer treatment7. Liu. Schuth. School of Chemical Engineering. Blanco. Z. The product was sequentially filtered through a range of sieves and spherical nanocomposites were obtained with grains of sizes ranging from 500 μm to 63 μm..K. X. G. Jun. F. bio-separation5.L. JOHANNIS SIMITZIS. drug targeting6. E. Synthetic polymers such as PMMA. Wang. 149 (1995) 174-180 3 L. Gao.H. Wang. FTIR AND SEM SOTIRIA KARAGIOVANAKI. The nano-Fe3O4 particles and the magnetic polymer microspheres were characterized using techniques such as X-Ray powder diffraction (XRD). Magn. C. Rossi. Chen. 336 (2009) 526-532 6 X.J. P. PLGA as well as natural polymers such as chitosan.H. L. Yeon.W. and biomedical applications such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)4.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. 157 73. Chen. R. J. Yuan. Budko. 9 (2007) 379-385 4 J. R. Chem. Shin. Vono. L. Itri.C. Fig. Mater. Y.1). F. Pauletti. K. G.K. Angew. X. J. G.25% w/w Fe3O4. Dong.M. Y. In particular.L. Shao. Gu.D.S.Y. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. ferrofluid2. Int.. The yield of polymerization was ∼ 60% and the corresponding polymer product contained 1. incorporating nano-Fe3O4 particles into PMMA matrix in order to obtain polymer magnetic microspheres with perspectives in biomedical and other applications. G. 2010 PI-5: SYNTHESIS OF PMMA MAGNETIC MICROSPHERES VIA SUSPENSION POLYMERIZATION AND THEIR CHARACTERIZATION WITH XRD.H. 1 2 A. Moskowitz. Ed.S. Lian.X. GEORGIOS MITSIS. 45 (2006) 8160-8162 5 D. Chen. S. Y.R. W.ntua.Colloid Interface Sci. W. Yang. E. E. R. Green Chem.H. Mater. R. Polymer 49 (2008) 3477-3485 7 D. J. Yang. Ed. Duarte. PCL. The monomer (MMA) and magnetic material (Fe3O4) are mixed together under vigorous stirring and follows suspension polymerization. J.M. Zografou Campus.L..M. Xu. collagen and starch polymers can be combined with magnetic nanoparticles because of their biocompatibility for such applications. 90 . SEM picture of magnetic PMMA microspheres.P. Chem.L.I. Shuai. National Technical University of Athens.Wang.Q. magnetite (Fe3O4. 46 (2007) 1222-1244 K. Ewing.Machado. Lu. The aim of this work is the manufacture of magnetic nanocomposites via suspension polymerization method. C. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) (Fig. catalyst3. Silva. Shi. The FTIR spectrum of PMMA-Fe3O4 nanocomposite shows the characteristic peaks at 580 cm-1 due to the Fe-O vibration of Fe3O4 and at 1737 cm-1 due to C=O stretching of the carbonyl group of PMMA as well as peaks near 3000 cm-1 characteristic of the C-H stretching of the aliphatic groups of the polymer. Landers. J.M. Kiyohara. J. Lee.C.C. Song. 9 Heroon Polytechniou str. Adv. Cho. Department III “Materials Science and Engineering”. Int. Xu.

Min Jing. They are produced by carbonization of suitable precursor materials. the cyclization of –CN (nitrile group) to >C=N. Rahaman. Pages 1421-1432. takes into consideration also the intensity of conjugated double bonds peak (at 1600 cm-1)3.S. aeronautics. The quality of oxidized fibres stongly influences the mechanical properties of the ultimate carbon fibres91. Polym Int 54:1474-1483 (2005). Zografou Campus. And Billingham N. A. 9 Heroon Polytechniou str. Department III “Materials Science and Engineering”. sports etc91. by FTIR. “Effect of temperatures in the rearmost stabilization zone on structure and properties of PAN-based oxidized fibers”. Issue 8. Cheng-guo Wang. Chapter 1. School of Chemical Engineering. Shindo. “Polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based Carbon Fibers”. Modern stabilization method is to pass the precursor tow continuously through a oven divided into several zones with increasing temperature gradient to reduce the cost and improve the efficiency of entire process. JOHANNIS SIMITZIS1 Laboratory Unit “Advanced and Composite Materials”. Mameatea L. as they are used in many applications such as aerospace. Polym Degrad Stab 47:189-201 (1995). 6. 541–551 (2007)..3 The conversion from PAN solution to highstrength carbon fibres contains three key stages: spinning. 3. rnm . The aim of this work is the oxidative heat treatment of PAN homopolymer fibres by continuous process under isothermal conditions and the following of the main reactions. Spyridon Soulis and Johannis Simitzis. The ratio of the intensity of the peak at 1250 cm-1 (wagging of C-H bond) to the intensity of the peak at 2240 cm-1 (nitrile group) is used as a measure of methine transformation.3. The normalized nitrile-to-methylene index. temperature above 250 °C has more obvious influence on the oxidized fibres than that at initial stage2. 91 . Mustafa “A review of heat treatment on polyacrylonitrile fiber”. Polym Int 57:99-105 (2008). The oven had seven heating zones each one having its own controller of temperature. By increasing the temperature from 220 o C to 285 oC.07 to 0. Oxidatively treated PAN fibres at the same conditions were cut at distances of 40 cm and the corresponding samples were prepared for FTIR analysis. i.e. 157 73.ntua. The conversion of the main chemical reactions can be determined using various indexes based on Fourier-transform infrared analysis (FTIR)6. The influence of the temperature and the residence time on these reactions is examined as well as the homogenity of the treated fibres at different lengths. SPYRIDON SOULIS. the rnm index increases from 1. Commercial PAN homopolymer fibres were isothermaly and continuously treated at temperatures between 220 °C and 285 °C in an oven equipped with a heating control device. dehydrogenation and cyclization. Ismail. Air was supplied to provide the nessecary oxygen to maintain oxidative atmosphere during the process. Polymer Degradation and Stability. “Correlation of chemical shrinkage of polyacrylonitrile fibres with kinetics of cyclization”. M.01.bond. A. Pages 1-33. The conversion index. The fibres were kept under tension. Comprehensive Composite Materials. The demand for carbon fibres is growing rapidly year by year. The stabilization treatment is usually performed at temperatures between 200 oC and 350 oC in air flow for about 30 min or more. National Technical University of Athens. 2003. Bo Zhu.05 to 1. Yan-xiang Wang. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. During successive stabilization. Then E. Seven individual thermocouples were placed at the center of each zone to monitor the temperature. 1. 2.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. A. CI. Yu-Jun Bai.8 (as mean values) and the conversion index CI increases from 0. Athens (Greece) – simj@chemeng. Volume 92. the most important of them being polyacrilonitrile (PAN) fibres. August 2007. following a heating program4. 4. Polymer Bulletin 58. 5. “Thermomechanical behavior of poly[acrylonitrile-co-(methyl acrylate)] fibres oxidatively treated at temperatures up to 180 oC”.55 (as mean values). 2010 PI-6: NITRILE CYCLIZATION REACTIONS OF POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBRES THERMO-OXIDATIVELY TREATED BY CONTINUOUS PROCESS GEORGIOS MITSIS. Johannis Simitzis and Spyridon Soulis.A. with a brake-type mechanism and were pulled through the oven. including oxidation.F.gr 1 Abstract Carbon fibres are commonly used as reinforcing material in composites. The stabilization of precursor fibres is a very important process. depending on the proper course of many reactions. is calculated from the indensity of the nitrile peak (at 2240 cm-1) and the intensity of methylene peak (at 2940 cm-1). stabilization and carbonization.

8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM
HERSONISSOS CRETE, 24 – 29 OCTOBER, 2010

PI-7: CARBONACEOUS ELECTRODES DERIVED FROM COMPOSITES OF NOVOLAC RESIN WITH OLIVE STONES BIOMASS FOR APPLICATION IN ETHANOL OXIDATION OF FUEL CELLS
ANASTASIA PIKASI, PANTELITSA GEORGIOU, JOHANNIS SIMITZIS Laboratory Unit “Advanced and Composite Materials”, Department III “Materials Science and Engineering”, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 9 Heroon Polytechniou str., Zografou Campus, 157 73, Athens (Greece) – simj@chemeng.ntua.gr

Abstract
Fuel cells have the potential to be highly efficient and environmentally clean sources of power. However there are complex technical issues to resolve1. Liquid fuels for fuel cells, such as low – molecular weight alcohols, have attracted the interest as they have advantages, compared to pure hydrogen because of their easy handling, storing and transportation as well as because of their energy densities which are comparable to that of gasoline. Ethanol is an attractive fuel for fuel cells2. Ethanol it is easy to be obtained, it is non – toxic and has a high specific energy3. The requirements for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEM) materials are low – cost and high durability. Electrocatalysts play an important role to reduce the cost and improve the lifetime of fuel cells4. Supported catalysts are of special interest as they allow fine dispersion of metal particles. Carbons with high surface area and large pore volume have been used as catalysts support for many industrial catalysts5. Carbon – supported platinum (Pt) catalysts are the most commonly used electrocatalysts in PEM fuel cells6,7. The aim of this work is the manufacture of carbonaceous electrodes based on olive stones biomass in combination with novolac resin as binding agent and the investigation of these products for electrochemical applications, after electrodeposition of platinum on them. Composites were fabricated by mixing olive stones biomass (as grains with diameter less than 300 μm) in different proportions (80% and 60% w/w) and novolac (20% and 40%) with hexamethylenetetramine (“hexa”) as curing agent and the proper mixture was placed into small cylindrical moulds. The curing was performed by heating at 170 ºC for 30 min and the specimens were pyrolyzed under N2 atmosphere with a heating rate of 10 ºC/min up to 1000 ºC. The pyrolyzed specimens were first electrochemically treated in 0.1M H2SO4 aqueous solution in the potential range of -3V→+3V→-3V with scanning rate of 50mV/sec for 20 cycles in order to introduce oxygen – groups in their structure. Furthermore platinum was electodeposited on these specimens from a proper solution by cyclic voltammetry for different number of cycling (20 and 100 cycles), using the carbonaceous materials as working electrodes. The Pt- carbonaceous materials were examined for the electro-oxidation of ethanol. All electrochemical experiments were carried out in a conventional three-compartment glass cell at room temperature. The crystallographic planes of Pt – carbon of Pt deposited on carbon materials were characterized with XRay Diffraction (XRD). The morphology of carbon materials, used as electrodes, was characterized by SEM images and the presence of Pt was determined based on EDS analysis.

1

C.A.C. Sequeira, P.S.D. Brito, A.F. Mota, J.L. Carvalho, L.F.F.T.T.G. Rodrigues, D.M.F. Santos, D.B. Barrio, D.M. Justo, Energy Conversion and Management 48, 2007, 2203-2220 2 C. Lamy, E. M. Belgir, J-M. Leger, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 31, 2001, 799-809 3 Zhao – Hui Teng, Yu – Jiao Wang, Bing Wu, Ya – Wen Tang, Tian – Hong Lu, Ying Gao, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 84, 2008, 400-407 4 Sheng Zhang, Yuyan Shao, Xiaohong Li, Zimin Nie, Yong Wang, Journal of Power sources 195, 2010, 457460 5 Singaram Vengatesan, Hyoung – Juhn Kim, Soo – Kil Kim, In – Hwan Oh, Sang – Yeop Lee, EunAe Cho, Heung Yong Ha, Tae – Hoon Lim, Electrochimica Acta 54, 2008, 856-861 6 Paul V. Shanahan, Lianbin Xu, Chengdu Liang, Mahesh Waje, Sheng Dai, Y.S. Yan, Journal of Power Sources 185, 2008, 423-427 7 Anastasia Pikasi, Pantelitsa Georgiou and Johannis Simitzis, Key Engineering Materials 446, 2010, 23-31

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8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM
HERSONISSOS CRETE, 24 – 29 OCTOBER, 2010

PI-8: MANUFACTURE AND CHARACTERIZATION OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS CONSISTED OF THERMOSETTING RESINS WITH PYROMETALLURGICAL SLAG AS ADDITIVE
ELENI VORRISI, LOUKAS ZOUMPOULAKIS, JOHANNIS SIMITZIS Laboratory Unit “Advanced and Composite Materials”, Department III “Materials Science and Engineering”, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 9 Heroon Polytechniou str., Zografou Campus, 157 73, Athens (Greece) – simj@chemeng.ntua.gr

Abstract
The utilization of industrial wastes is preferable compared to their disposal due to the saving of raw materials and the reduce of the cost on one hand and the reduce or even elimination of pollution on the other1. Pyrometallurgical slags as by-products of industrial processing constitute interesting waste solid products due to their enormous quantities and their chemical composition. Such by-products are very often disposed contributing negatively to the pollution1,2,3. The aim of this work is the investigation of an industrial slag as additive in the curing formulation of thermosetting resins. This industrial slag is a by-product of the recycling processing of lead acid batteries. Composite materials were fabricated with the use of three thermosetting matrices, i.e. novolac, epoxy resin and unsaturated polyester by applying casting and/or compression molding as formatting techniques. The weight loss of the slag heated at 110 oC was 2.4 % w/w and remained constant after 30 min. The slag was heated at 750 oC for two hours and the weight loss was ~4.5 % w/w. The slag was heated at 110 or at 750 oC for residence time 2 h for both cases. They were used as additives in different percentages between 5 up to 50 % w/w in relation to the ultimate composite. For comparison reasons composites with typical additives, such as CaO and CaCO3 were also manufactured. The two forms of the slag additives were qualitatively and quantatively analyzed with X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (XRF) and SEM/EDAX, determining as main constituents Fe (above 40 % w/w), Pb (5-8 % w/w) and S (3 % w/w) in the form of oxides or sulfate salts. The surface morphology of the composite materials was determined with Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The mechanical properties of the composite materials were measured, as well as their electrical conductivity with the DC method. Representative results are presented in Table 1. Table 1. Mechanical and electrical properties of composites based on epoxy resins.
Resin Formatting Technique Additive (10 % w/w) Slag 110 oC x x Slag 750 oC X X CaO / CaCO3 CaO CaCO3 Shear strength τb (MPa)
13,19 13,11 13,19 13,18 6,68 7,14

Electrical Conductivity σ (S/cm)
4,57 x 10-14 2,16 x 10-14 7,84 x 10-14 1,06 x 10-11 3,47 x 10-13 3,68 x 10-13

Epoxy resin

casting compression molding

The composite materials of epoxy resin with slag content of 10% have similar mechanical properties with commercial ones which are used as putty and contain the same content of additive (CaO or CaCO3). Composite materials with CaO as additive have the same magnitude order (10-14) for their electrical conductivity with the composites of slag-epoxy.

1 2

Caijun Shi, Jueshi Qian, Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 29 (2000), 195-207 Yunjiao Li, Ilya Perederiy, Vladimiros G. Papangelakis, J. Haz. Mat., 152 (2008), 607-615 3 Dirk Durinck, Fredrik Engstrom, Sander Arnout, Jeroen Heulens, Peter Tom Jones, Bo Bjorkman, Bart Blanpain, PatrickWollants, Resources, Conservation & Recycling , 52 (2008), 1121-1131

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8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM
HERSONISSOS CRETE, 24 – 29 OCTOBER, 2010

PI-9: ELECTROPOLYMERIZATION OF THIOPHENE ΟNTO MODIFIED CARBON FIBRES ELECTRODES
DESPINA TRIANTOU, PANTELITSA GEORGIOU, SPYRIDON SOULIS, JOHANNIS SIMITZIS National Technical University of Athens, School of Chemical Engineering, Department III “Materials Science and Engineering“, Laboratory Unit “Advanced and Composite Materials", 9 Heroon Polytechniou str., Zografou Campus, 157 73 Athens, Greece, e-mail : simj@chemeng.ntua.gr

Abstract
The electrochemical deposition of conducting polymers (CPs) onto carbon substrates, e.g. carbon fibres, has been studied with the goal of improving the properties of these polymers, so as to use them as electrodes in different applications, e.g. batteries and biosensors1,2. Polythiophene and its derivatives are important class of CPs since they are stable in air and moisture both in doped and undoped states3. The aim of this work is the electropolymerization of thiophene (Th) onto modified carbon fibres, which could be used as novel electrodes. Commercial carbon fibres (CF) were pyrolyzed up to 1000 oC under nitrogen atmosphere with a residence time of 30 min at this temperature (symbolized as PCF). The latter were electrochemically pretreated by cyclic voltammetry4 (Table 1). The carbon fibres were used as working electrode for electropolymerization of Th (0.1 M) by cyclic voltammetry in the potential range from 0 up to +2 V (40 sweeps, scan rate: 100 mV/s). Acetonitrile was used as a solvent and tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate (0.1 M) as supporting electrolyte. In Table 1 the characteristics of the polymer coated onto the electrodes are also presented.
Table 1. Electropolymerization of thiophene (Th) οnto different working electrodes and characteristics of polymer coated οnto the electrode
Platinum + Working electrode Electrochemical pretreatment Carbon fiber (modified carbon fibers in 5% w/w H2SO4) Pristine (CF) Pristine (CF) Pyrolyzed (PCF) Pyrolyzed -1 V→ +1.5 V→ -1 V, (PCF-N) Pyrolyzed -3 V→ +3 V→ -3 V, (PCF-W) Polymer coated οnto the electrodes Thickness Electrical conduEnergy (μm) ctivity (S/cm) gap (eV) 7.0 x10-2 * 2.00 1.63 7.5 x10-3 2.13 4.0 x10-2 1.45 1.39 4.7 x10-1 1.40 1.93 7.0 x10-1 0.80 1.73 6.4 x10-2 1.30 Code CF PTh PTh1 PTh2 PTh3 PTh4
1 2

* This conductivity is that of free-standing polythiophene film

During the electropolymerization of Th onto CF, a broad oxidation peak (ranging from 1 V up to 1.6 V) and a broad reduction peak (from 0.6 V up to 0.85 V) appear and the current of the peaks continuously increases. The oxidation peak (due to the doping of the polymer5) shifts to higher potential with increasing sweeps, whereas the reduction peak (due to the undoping) shifts to lower potential. This behavior is the same as in the case of the polymerization of Th οnto platinum. A totally different behavior is observed when pyrolyzed and pretreated pyrolyzed fibres were used. Specifically, the oxidation of Th starts at 0.5 V and the corresponding current increase abruptly, whereas the reduction starts at 1.4 V. This decrease of the oxidation potential is advantageous for better and easier electron transfer6. In the FTIR spectra, all polymers exhibit the characteristic bands of polythiophenes (PTh), i.e. at 1650-1600 cm-1 and at 1500 cm-1 due to aromatic ring vibrations and at 1080-1036 cm-1 due to C-H vibrations2,4. Based on SEM, the most uniform PTh films were formed onto pyrolyzed carbon fibres. The carbon fibres PTh/PCF-N exhibit higher electrical conductivity than the PTh film (coated οnto platinum). The different behavior of modified carbon fibres is attributed to their electrochemical pretreatment. PCF-W carbon fibres contain many groups, as electron acceptor (e.g. C=O) and donor groups (e.g. C-OH) in opposite to PTh/PCF-N carbon fibres which contain few groups, mainly as quinone- and hydroquinone- type groups4. In conclusion, uniform PTh films were formed onto electrochemical pre-treated carbon fibres, leading to new, low cost electrodes with perspectives to be used as novel electrodes in many applications.
C. Dalmolin, S.C. Canobre, S.R. Biaggio, R.Rocha-Filho, N. Bocchi, J. Electroanal. Chem., 578 (2005), 9-15 M. Ates, A. Sarac, Progr. Org. Coat., 66 (2009), 337-358 3 J. Simitzis, D. Triantou, S. Soulis, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 118 (2010), 1494-1506 4 P. Georgiou, J. Walton, J. Simitzis, Electrochim. Acta, 55 (2010), 1207–1216 5 B. Sari, M. Talu, F. Yildirim, E.K. Balci, Appl. Surf. Sci., 9493 (2002), 1-12 6 A. Sarac, H. Geyik, E.A. Parlak, M. Serantoni, Progr. Org. Coat., 59 (2007), 28-36

94

8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM
HERSONISSOS CRETE, 24 – 29 OCTOBER, 2010

PI-10: AMPHIPHILIC BLOCK COPOLYMER SELF-ASSEMBLED NANOTEMPLATES FOR SIZE- AND SHAPE-CONTROLLED GROWTH OF INORGANIC NANOSTRUCTURES
ANNA PERDIKAKI1,2, ELENI VERMISOGLOU1, GEORGIOS N. KARANIKOLOS1, NIKOLAOS BOUKOS2, JOHANNIS SIMITZIS3, NIKOLAOS KANELLOPOULOS1 Institutes of 1Physical Chemistry and 2Materials Science, Demokritos National Research Center, 15310 Athens (Greece)- aperdikaki@chem.demokritos.gr 3 School of Chemical Engineering National Technical University of Athens, 157 80 Athens (Greece)

Abstract
Synthesis of nanostructures is an emerging field in solid state chemistry. Due to their small sizes and large specific surface areas, these crystallites exhibit exciting properties that differ significantly from those of the bulk materials1. We present the synthesis of metallic and semiconductor (ZnO) nanoparticles in templates formed by self-assembly of poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)poly(ethylene oxide) amphiphilic block copolymers in selective solvents. Controlled synthesis of zero, one-, and two-dimensional nanostructures by using cubic, hexagonal and lamellar lyotropic liquid crystals as templates takes place, respectively. The liquid crystals were formed by self assembly in a ternary system in inert atmosphere consisting of the block copolymer, heptane as the non-polar dispersed phase, and formamide as the polar continuous phase2. The morphology and size of the obtained particles was determined by Transmission Electron Microscopy and by observing changes

in the Photoluminescence (PL) emission, X-Ray Diffraction and UV-Visible spectra.

1,0 0.05 0,8
0.01 AgNO3 -KBH4 0.02 AgNO3 -KBH4

Ag nanoparicles

0,6

0.04

0.03 AgNO3 -KBH4 0.04 AgNO3 -KBH4 0.05 AgNO3 -KBH4

a.u

0,4 0.03 0,2 0.02 0.01 0,0 350 400 450 500 550 600

650

700

750

nm

Figure 1. TEM image of Ag nanoparticles

Figure 2. UV-vis spectrum of Ag nanoparticles.

“Synthesis and Size Control of Luminescent ZnSe Nanocrystals by a Microemulsion-Gas Contacting Technique”, G.N. Karanikolos, et. al. Langmuir 20, 550(2004). 2 “Templated Synthesis of ZnSe Nanostructures Using Lyotropic Liquid Crystals”, G.N. Karanikolos, et. al. Nanotechnology 16, 2372-2380 (2005)

1

95

9 983.C. Favvas. DIMITRIOS PETRIDIS2 AND NICK KANELLOPOULOS 1 1 Institute of Physical Chemistry. XRD.demokritos. gas permeability etc. SQUID. 1. N.C.1 90. revealed a decrease in permeability but a significant increase in selectivity coefficients of the carbon membranes compared to their polymeric precursors. the application of a magnetic field in the presence of magnetic nanoparticles resulted in a 16. 5250 – 5256. H2. He. H2/CH4 3. N. 15310. The derivative carbon nanocomposite membranes were produced by pyrolysis of the polymeric precursors up to 900 οC under Ar flow.2 selectivity of the carbon CO2/Ν2 0. CO2 and CH4 permeability experiments conducted on precursor and carbon membranes. Aghia Paraskevi. 1 HFM: Hollow Fiber Membrane.0 H2/CΟ2 5. P.89 1466. 500 In ten sity 0 20 30 40 2θ 50 60 70 80 XRD spectrum of γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles TEM image nanoparticles of γ-Fe2O3 SEM image of polymeric nanocomposities HFM1 (Cross section) SEM image of nanocomposities carbon HFM (Cross section) Fig.S.2 Fe2O3 nanoparticles the N2/CH4 0.R. with and without nanoparticles in and out of magnetic field.8 89. TEM.0 0. “Demokritos”. Attica. et al. Ideal selectivity coefficients for 5 studied membranes (polymeric and carbon HFM).8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Nanocomposite polymeric γ-Fe2O3/PI hollow fibers were initially prepared by the dry/wet phase inversion process in a spinning set-up.25 110. J Mater Sci.9 Specifically in the O2/N2 0. Attica.4 6. et al.9 2037.3 79. 1 2 A. nanocomposite γ-Fe2O31 / PI polymeric hollow fiber membrane as well as their derivative carbon nanocomposite hollow fiber membranes were prepared and characterized using advanced techniques such as SEM. “Demokritos”. 15310.9 7169.0 8. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Characteristic results of the abovementioned techniques can be seen in Figure 1. N2. 2008.1 101.7 0. 625 – 633.8 121.1 20.7 117. Bourlinos. 2010 PI-11: STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF MAGNETIC FIELD ON GAS SEPARATION PERFORMANCE OF MAGNETIC NANOCOMPOSITE POLYMERIC AND CARBON HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANES NIKOS HELIOPOULOS1.74 13. 2006.4% increase was measured! However. 96 .gr 2 Institute of Materials Science.76 1. J of Porous Materials 15 (6). TEM image for γ-Fe2O3 magnetic nanoparticles and SEM images of γ-Fe2O3/PI polymeric hollow fiber membrane and derivative carbon hollow fiber membrane.97 12. as described previously2. 71. XRD spectrum.1 membranes for the Ο2/Ν2 gas pair was Table 1.S.5 presence of magnetic γCO2/CH4 0. EVANGELOS FAVVAS1. SERGIOS PAPAGEORGIOU1. Greece) – nheliopoulos@chem. O2. Greece Abstract In this work.1 11.R.8 9. 41. E.5 13. Interesting results were Ideal Selectivity obtained for the O2/Ν2 Carbon / Carbon HFM gas pair due to the Gases γ-Fe2O3/PI Carbon / γ-Fe2O3 + Carbon HFM + magnetic HFM γ-Fe2O3 magnetic differences in their field field magnetic properties.8% higher than the precursor while under the influence of a magnetic field a 1047.97 7.7% reduction of the selectivity coefficient for the Ο2/Ν2 pair. B.7 2. Aghia Paraskevi.

6 1.55 0. Athens.7 1.2 0. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.3 1. acting as gas barriers. swelling. presumably induced by the presence of the silicates. in the case of nanocomposites.15 1.6 0. 2010 PI-12: INVESTIGATION OF STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF PVA/BENTONITE NANOCOMPOSITES USING NEUTRON DIFFRACTION ANDREAS SAPALIDIS.9 Q(A ) Q(A ) ‐1 a) b) Figure: Neutron diffraction patterns of a) PVAB20 and PVA and b) PVAB20 equilibrated in H2O and D2O 97 .1 0.05 I(a.9 1 1.5 0.5 1.7 0.05 H2 O 0.4 0.15 1.2 1.25 1. the crystallinity remains unaffected of hydration up to 95%.85 D2 O 0.3 1. hydrated with H2O samples. due to hydration. V1 diffractometer (BENSC) was extremely well suited in this respect.) 1.2 0. Aghia Paraskevi.9 1 1. More specific. disordering and migration of clay layers) as a function of the relative humidity of the composites.66-0.7 0.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.u.72 Å-1 can be attributed to the presence of a new crystalline phase. not only due to its geometry but also because of the unique sample environment (in terms of controlled relative humidity) and pertinent know-how available.55 0 0. This conclusion is in agreement with the results obtained from XRD measurements and gas permeability technique.) PVA I(a. Greece Abstract The aim of these series of experiments is to study polymer nanocomposites using neutron membrane diffraction and to investigate thoroughly the structural changes (crystallinity. 1.25 1.8 0.6 1. The diffraction patterns obtained from lamellar and in-plane sample positions revealed that there is a specific orientation of bentonite plates.8 1. in which the well organized and dispersed impermeable inorganic layers. measurements on pure PVA samples revealed a gradual dissolution of the polymer crystallites above 55% RH.10 and 20% by weight with thickness of approximately 100μm were cut in 6 x 1cm rectangular shape and placed between quartz plates for the measurements. FOTIOS KATSAROS.95 0.4 1.1 1. At 95% RH the crystalline phase is almost disappeared.95 0. The obtained peak at 0. Finally.4 1.8 0.5 0.6 0. THEODORE STERIOTIS AND NICK KANELLOPOULOS Insitute of Physical Chemistry. diffraction experiments on pre-equilibrated with D2O samples revealed the structural changes in polymeric matrix. were measured in order to monitor the structural changes as a function of the relative humidity of the composites at low Q region (inorganic rich region).3 0. On the other hand.65 0. In addition.75 0.u.1 1.2 1. increase the resistance in flow throw the nanocomposites film. On contrary. Polyvinyl alcohol (Mowiol 5-88) – Bentonite nanocomposites films with clay loading of 5.75 0.9 ‐1 0.85 PVAB20 0.3 0.7 1.8 1. measurements on hydrated samples enabled us to enlighten specific regions of the diffraction spectra.4 0.5 1. National Center of Scientific Research “Demokritos” Terma Patriarxou Grigoriou kai Neapoleos. parallel to the film surface.65 0.

From the kinetic experiments it was observed that the presence of OMMT nanoparticles slightly enhances the polymerization rate and shortens the polymerization time to achieve a specific monomer conversion.gr Abstract Polymers reinforced with a small amount of montmorillonite (MMT) clay have attracted a great deal of research interest in the past decade. synthesis of nanocomposites based on poly(styrene-co-methyl methacrylate) copolymer matrix was investigated with different types and amounts of. By contrast. from the TGA measurements it was clear that the nanocomposites exhibited higher thermal stability compared to neat P(S-co-MMA) copolymers.auth. Their thermal stability and degradation kinetics was investigated using Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). G. The in situ bulk polymerization technique was followed. Finally. Ind. The Tg of the nanocomposites was found to be higher than the corresponding of neat copolymers. Yu Z. Res. 2010. higher thermal stability and better barrier properties1. 1 2 Mai. two idealized polymer-clay nanocomposites are possible: intercalated and exfoliated. These nanocomposites exhibit improved mechanical properties. preserving the ordered layer structure. Different preparation methods for the polymer/MMT nanocomposites have been studied. An increase in the amount of nanofiller increased the thermal stability of the hybrid materials. Moreover. Their glass transition temperature was measured with DSC and a dynamic mechanic analyzer (DMA). ALEXANDROS K.. 98 .. in this research. organomodified MMT clays under the trade name Cloisite. including solution. Polymer Nanocomposites. Department of Chemistry. exfoliation involves extensive polymer penetration and silicate crystallites delamination and the individual nanometer-thick silicate platelets are randomly dispersed in the polymer matrix. Finally. Karayannidis. in press. The structure and morphological characteristics of the nano-hybrids produced was verified by means of X-Ray diffraction (WAXD). Since the polymerization of MMA and styrene have been widely investigated in literature2. Reaction kinetics was measured using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) by recording the amount of heat released versus time under isothermal conditions and eventually calculating the time evolution of polymerization rate and monomer conversion. NIKOLAIDIS. ACHILIAS Laboratory of Organic Chemical Technology. The WAXD measurements revealed the appearance of either exfoliated or intercalated structures.S. or melt intercalation and in situ polymerization.P. the mechanical properties of the nanocomposites were investigated using DMA and a dynamometer.. A. Intercalation results from the penetration of polymer chains into the clay’s interlayer region. Greece – axilias@chem. including surface ion exchange. since clay is naturally hydrophilic and inherently incompatible with most organic polymers. because the types of nanoparticles and the nature of polymer precursors can vary in a wide range to meet the requirements. D. to make clay compatible with polymer. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Achilias. 2010 PI-13: POLYMERIZATION KINETICS OF POLY(STYRENE-CO-METHYL METHACRYLATE) BASED NANOCOMPOSTES PREPARED BY IN SITU BULK POLYMERIZATION VASILIKI MPOZANI. dispersing in situ polymerization may be the most desirable method for preparing nanocomposites. depending on monomer type. From the structural point of view... several methods have been studied. Y.. Among them. 54124 Thessaloniki. The gravimetric technique to monitor monomer conversion during polymerization at prespecified time intervals was also examined and the results were compared. Cambridge. Woodhead Publishing Ltd.-Z. scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and FTIR spectroscopy. commercially available. Chem.K.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. The average molecular weights and the full molecular weight distribution of the materials formed was measured with Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC). The main objective was to investigate if free radical polymerization kinetics is affected by the presence of montmorillonite nanoparticles. DIMITRIS S. Eng.-W. 2006 Nikolaidis. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. usually.

Constant nitrogen flow during nanocomposite preparation prevented thermal decomposition of the matrix. the non-isothermal degradation of pure PHB and PHB/OMMT nanocomposites. it has some drawbacks such as stiffness. IOANNIS ZUBURTIKUDIS2 Department of Chemistry. The aim was to produce hybrid material with improved thermal properties over the pristine PHB. as well as the influence of C18MMT on the thermal stability of PHB. E-mail: axilias@auth. (b) prepare miscible blends of PHB with another biodegradable polymer with suitable properties or plasticizer. Kozani 50100.) 80 (c) (a) (b) (d) 40 (e) 20 o Pure C18NMMT PHB/10 wt% C18NMMT PHB/5 wt% C18NMMT PHB/3 wt% C18NMMT PHB/1 wt% C18NMMT Weight (%) 60 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 150 200 250 o 300 350 2θ (deg) Temperature ( C) Figure 1. 3 wt% (c). As an alternative to these conventional methods. which has some physical and mechanical properties comparable to those of isotactic polypropylene. 2010 PI-14: EFFECT OF THE ORGANO-MODIFIED NANO-REINFORCEMENT ON THE THERMAL PROPERTIES OF POLY(3-HYDROXYBUTYRATE)-BASED HYBRID MATERIALS ELPINIKI PANAYOTIDOU1. The thermal instability of PHB in the melt prevents it from substituting the non-biodegradable polymeric materials in commercial products. TEI of Western Macedonia. Greece. ACHILIAS1.gr 2 Department of Industrial Design Engineering. The nanocomposites were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Because of these properties. Greece 1 Abstract Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) is a fully biodegradable. There are several approaches to overcome these drawbacks of PHB: (a) biosynthesize series of copolymers containing hydroxyalcanoate units other than 3-hydroxybutyrate units. Then. Thessaloniki 54124. X-ray diffraction (XRD) (Figure 1) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. X-ray diffraction patterns of neat PHB Figure 2. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. DIMITRIS S. polarized optical microscopy (POM). That is why improving the thermal stability of PHB is very important. thermoplastic aliphatic polyester. However. the preparation of PHB nanocomposites is investigated here. brittleness. produced by a wide variety of bacteria from cheap renewable raw materials. Indicative results appear in Figure 2. Thermal degradation curves of PHB (a) and nanocomposites and PHB nanocomposites with 1 wt% (b). Various loadings of montmorillonite organically modified by octadecylamine (C18MMT) were dispersed in PHB using a micro-extruder/compounder. and most of all very low thermal stability at processing temperatures slightly higher than its melting point that prevent its larger commercial applications.2. 100 5 C/min Relative intensity (a. and (c) synthesize block copolymers based on PHB. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 99 . was investigated and a detailed kinetic analysis of the process was performed using model-based and model-free methods.u. 5 wt% (d) and 10 wt% C18MMT (e). PHB has attracted much industrial attention.

1995 3 – U. The coalescence of the particles in contact begins by formation of an interface between them. L. 1979 100 . Narkis. dynamic-mechancal-thermal analysis. Polymer Engineering and Science. 1972 2 – S. n°4: 237-264. Figure 1: Different steps of coalescence In order to characterize the initial polymers and to study the characteristics of blend. page 157. relaxation time.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. different analytical methods have been used like infrared spectrometry. PVD. tensile test machine. 2010 PI-15: STUDY OF COALESCENCE DURING PVDF/PMMA BLEND PREPARATION SEDIGHEH FARZANEH. “Sintering behavior of polymethyl methacrylate particles”.Mazur. 1995 4 – M.”Drop breakup and coalescence in polymer blends: the effects of concentration and compatibilization”. 28:2647. A. In this study we have tried to analyze this effect and to see the role of different physical parameters like viscosity. differential scanning calorimetric. Sundararaj. The preparation of this blend is basically affected by coalescence phenomenon of the grains. ABBAS TCHARKHTCHI Arts et Métiers ParisTech 151 bd de l’Hôpital 75013 Paris-France Abstract Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)/poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) blend has been employed in different field of polymer industry. Macromolecules. Key words: PMMA. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. W. “Principles of rotational molding”. surface tension. References: 1 – M. 19: 889-892. C. Aao. coalescence. J. Throne. The grains of these two polymers were been heated under optical microscope in order to follow the coalescence. solubility and so on. There are different steps during coalescence as it is shown in figure 1. 12. blend. Polymer Engineering and Science. MONIR ASGARPOUR. Polymer powder technology”.… A mathematical model has been proposed to follow the increase of the interface between PMMA and PVDF grains during their coalescence. diffusion. “Coalescence of polymer particles”. Macosko.

and enzymatic hydrolysis for PBS/TS1 zeolite hybrid composite.150°C. Figure 1. SEUNG-SOON IM1* 1 Department of Fiber and Polymer engineering.and (c) the rate of weight loss for TS20 during the phase transition from 20°C .(b) TS20. EUI –SANG YOO2. the enzymatic hydrolysis rates of PBS/TS-1 zeolite hybrid composite were significantly accelerated with increasing TS-1 zeolite contents compared with Homo PBS. TS-1 zeolite can act as reinforcement filler. Sangrokgu.ac.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Hanyang University. Seoul (Republic of Korea) – imss007@hanyang. lamella thickness and amorphous region. Ansan City. rheological properties. College of Engineering. FT-IR spectra of volatilized water in (a) Homo PBS.kr 2 KITECH textile Ecology Laboratory. indicating PBS chains cannot penetrate into zeolite pores. The introduction of TS-1 zeolite in PBS matrix is not significantly affected the change of the size of long period. The rheological properties of PBS/TS-1 zeolite hybrid composite with high zeolite contents showed low values of complex viscosity compared with PBS/TS-1 zeolite hybrid composite with low zeolite contents due to volatilization of water released from the zeolite pores. 1271-18 Sa 1 Dong. 101 . morphological parameters. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. (Republic of korea) Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate how can affect the wateruptake feature int TS-1 zeolite on physical. In case of enzymatic hydrolysis for several weeks. seongdong-Gu. as was revealed by the SAXS profiles. This result indicated that TS-1 zeolite can act as the role of carrier for enzyme activation. 2010 PI-16: WATER UPTAKE CHARACTERISTICS INTO THE TS-1 ZEOLITE EFFECT ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND BIODEGRADABILITY FOR POLY(BUTYLENE SUCCINATE) (PBS)-TITANIUM SILICATE (TS-1) ZEOLITE HYBRID MATERIALS SUNG-YEON HWANG1. resulting enzymatic hydrolysis occur from amorphous area of surface into inside film. resulted that PBS/TS-1 zeolite hybrid composite showed remarkable increase in physical properties. 17 haengdang-dong. Gyungido.

where the different tacticities lead to differences in the entanglement molecular weights. 71110 Heraklion. 2009.. A. van der Vegt... Kremer. NICO VAN DER VEGT1. F. 4556. These “superatoms” interact via coarse-grained effective interaction potentials. which merges groups of atoms into “superatoms”1. Greece Abstract We perform molecular dynamics computer simulations of polymer melts. R. 2009. van der Vegt. A. Kremer. we developed a coarse-grained model for polystyrene. F.mpg. N. 1 2 3 Harmandaris. 2006.. Statical properties of coarsegrained melts of different tacticities agree with statical properties of fully atomistic melts as well as with experimental results. Soft Matter. Fritz. K. Macromolecules. Since it is computationally not feasible to equilibrate systems of long polymer chains in full atomistic detail... Harmandaris. V. A. Fritz.. P. N. 39. Germany – fritz@mpip-mainz. 55128 Mainz.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. 5. The coarse-grained model preserves the information about the tacticity of the polystyrene chains and reproduces the local chain conformations as well as the chain stiffness. N. Kremer. University of Crete.. A. van der Vegt. 2010 PI-17: THE INFLUENCE OF TACTICITY ON STATICS AND DYNAMICS OF POLYMER MELTS: RESULTS FROM ATOMISTIC AND COARSE-GRAINED SIMULATIONS DOMINIK FRITZ1. 42.Adhikari... The overall speed-up in comparison to fully atomistic molecular dynamics simulations is more than 4 orders of magnitude. Macromolecules.de 2 Department of Applied Mathematics. VAGELIS HARMANDARIS2.2. 102 . the coarse-grained model allows to study dynamical properties of polystyrene melts.. N. V. 6708. F. KURT KREMER1 1 Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research. C. 7579. Herbers. Furthermore. D. and the dynamics of small additives in a matrix of long chains3. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Ackermannweg 10. K.. K. D. A.

Harmandaris et al. N. 2109 (2007).3 As a test case polystyrene (PS) melts are examined. (b) Conformation tensor as a function of Wi from CG and atomistic NEMD simulations. 2010 PI-18: POLYMERS UNDER EQUILIBRIUM AND NON-EQUILIBRIUM CONDITIONS: FROM ATOMISTIC TO COARSE-GRAINED MODELS V. The proposed methodology consists of two stages. however. we found that the large-scale chain conformation is reasonably well predicted by the CG model up to an intermediate flow strength (Weissenberg number Wi<10). (Marcel Dekker: New York. 1376 (2003). Macrom. 3156 (2010).1 2 -6 -12 10 -7 1000 (a) 10 -13 10000 M (gr/mol) 1000 10000 M (gr/mol) (b) Figure 1: (a) Self-diffusion coefficient of PS melts from CG MD simulations and experiments. Patras. 4 C. through such a hierarchical multi-scale simulation approach. Data CG data -9 D∞ (cm /sec) ~M -10 D∞M (cm /sec g/mol) 10 -4 -1 2 10 10 10 -11 10 10 -5 ~M -2. Chem. 103 . 6708 (2006). HARMANDARIS 1 1. 3920 (2009). 208.2 . Baig and V. multi-scale simulation methodologies that involve information from various levels of description needed. Soft Matter 5. KREMER2. a significant discrepancy between the atomistic and the CG models is developed.3 Furthermore. With this systematic approach structure and dynamics of polymer can be quantitatively predicted through the CG simulations and directly compared to experimental.. Because of the very broad range of length and time scales characterizing macromolecules. D. FORTHIACM (Greece) – vagelis@tem. 3 V. In the second stage a CG model for the polymer chain is developed using static and dynamic information from the atomistic simulations. BAIG3 University of Crete.uoc. this is attributed to excessively large chain deformations allowed in the CG model (compared to the atomistic model) due to relatively weak energies for local bonded interactions between CG beads.4 By studying both structural (chain conformation and pair distribution function) and dynamical (relaxation time and diffusion coefficient) properties as a function of the shear rate. beyond which. Department of Chemical Engineering. Harmandaris Macromolecules 43. (Germany) 3 University of Patras. Harmandaris and K. and Physics. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Kotelyanski. (Greece) Abstract Molecular simulations are a very useful tool for the study of polymeric material. Department of Applied Mathematics. 2004).8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. FORTH-ICE/HT. C. M. K. under equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions.2-3 The first one involves state-of-the-art atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of small systems.gr 2 Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research. 791 (2009). 10 -7 10 10 -8 Exp. Kremer Macromolecules 42. 2 V. non-equilibrium polymeric liquids (PS) under shear flow are examined by performing atomistic and CG non-equilibrium MD (NEMD) simulations. 1 “Simulation Methods for Polymers” edited by Theodorou. GR-71409 Crete. Results about bulk PS melts at equilibrium are predicted for a very broad range of length and time scales (more than 10 orders of magnitude) and also compared very well with experimental data for molecular weights up to 50. Heraklion.000gr/mol. Macromolecules 39.1 Here we present results concerning polymers. D-55021 Mainz.. Macromolecules 36.

Other chains are terminated by the second.. We used linear accelerator ELU-6E to generate pulses of fast electrons .. Data acquisition and processing were carried out using the WinGPC software. Molecular weight distributions (MWDs) were determined by HPLC-GPC using water as the eluent at 30 °C and a flow rate of 0. Tests on other water-soluble monomers are currently in progress. new methods of synthesizing polymers with controlled structure and properties have been developed and are constantly being improved. The polymerizations were carried out at different monomer concentrations and number of pulses.. This leads to generation of radicals which initiate polymerization. JANUSZ M. The use of PLP-SEC method has been recommended by IUPAC and nowadays this technique has become the standard tool for obtaining propagation rate coefficients for homo.p. based on exposing monomer solution to a series of fast electrons pulses and chromatographic analysis of products. in accordance with criteria defined by IUPAC for PLP-SEC. This requires precise knowledge about the kinetics and mechanism of polymerization and crosslinking reactions. The situation has dramatically improved since pulsed laser polymerization (PLP) with molecular weight analysis by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) was invented. PIOTR ULAŃSKI. 2010 PI-19: PROPAGATION RATE CONSTANTS OF SOME MONOMERS IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION STUDIED BY PULSED RADIATION POLYMERIZATION IN CONJUCTION WITH SIZE-EXCLUSION CHROMATOGRAPHY NINA BARTOSZEK. the obtained values are in good agreement with the propagation rate coefficients obtained for NVP in water by PLP-SEC method. but based on different initiation mechanism. new methods for determination of rate coefficient of individual elementary reactions in the polymerization processes have been proposed and tested. kp. third. We would like to follow an idea proposed several years ago by van Herk et al. A significant number of polymer chains which are initiated during one pulse are terminated with a radical produced during the subsequent one. Wróblewskiego 15.5. SŁAWOMIR KADŁUBOWSKI. Despite the significant development of these methods. which lead to formation of monomer radicals with no initiator present in the system. 90-924 Łódź (Poland) – nbartoszek@mitr. What is also important. 104 . and replace pulses of light with pulses of ionizing radiation. Our goal was to test this new method to determine the rate constants of propagation. Poland (503/6. etc.lodz. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. with clear points of inflection. The pulse repetition rate was 50 Hz. In the last 20 years. Analysis of the MWD enables determination of the propagation rate coefficient.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. the need for inventing new functional polymers has appeared. pulse and well-structured molecular weight distribution (MWD) is formed. ROSIAK Institute of Applied Radiation Chemistry. The ratio of molecular weights for the first and second peak are close to 0. Our first pulsed radiation polymerizations were carried out using N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP) as a monomer.pl Abstract Since synthetic polymers started playing a significant role in our modern life. The Faculty of Chemistry.5 ml/min. We obtained well-structured MWDs. Our results indicate that pulsed radiation polymerization in conjunction with aqueous-phase SEC can be successfully applied to study propagation rate constants of the NVP monomer. To achieve that. The basic idea of pulsed laser polymerization is simple. We expect that this method will allow to conduct research in pure monomer or monomer-solvent system without additives as well as in heterogeneous. Our study concerns developing a procedure similar to PLP-SEC. they still have some drawback (simplification assuming the independence of the rate constants of chain length and concentration or the type of initiator) and the interpretation of obtained results may be somewhat ambiguous. Technical University of Lodz.and copolymerizations.duration time of 3 ns.PR UE/2007/7) and European Commission (project “ARTEMIS” under 6 Framework Programme). nontransparent systems. The mixture containing monomer and photoinitiator is irradiated by a series of laser pulses. Acknowledgements: The work was financed in part by Ministry of Science and Higher Education.

150 bar The morphology of the produced nanocomposites was investigated using X-ray analysis and their porous structures were explored by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). TEI of Western Macedonia.35 0. %wt clay loading.50 0. 105 . the surfactant type and its organic cation concentration (CEC) during clay modification on the final porous structure was investigated through a series of experiments where all other parameters were kept constant as summarized in Table 1. 150 bar o -3 Dpore. Image processing of the samples revealed that the final cellular structure (pore diameter. IOANNIS ZUBURTIKUDIS2.L LACTIC ACID)/CLAY NANOCOMPOSITES ATHANASIA TSIMPLIARAKI1. 150. Table 1. Parameters Clay content.60 0. 3. 9. 18 150 Solvent Casting 45 oC. SOTIRIOS MARRAS2. 150 bar 3rd series of NC % CEC varying 3 n=16 50.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.15 0 2 4 6 8 10 45 C. μm 24 20 16 12 8 4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 1E9 1E8 3 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 12 14 16 clay loading. g/cm Cell density/cells. 8. 12. The effect of clay loading. 75.45 0. 120 bar 45 oC. 1.55 Bulk foam density. 15 2nd series of NC surfactant type varying 3 n=4. The results suggest that the size of pores decreases with the increase of clay loading. wt% Surfactant (CH3(CH2)n-1NH3Cl) % CEC NC preparation method Foaming conditions 95 Extrusion 45 oC. %wt (a) (b) (c) Figure 1. and on the bulk foam density (c) for two different sorption pressures of CO2. 200 Solvent Casting 45 oC.40 0.gr 2 Department of Industrial Engineering. IOANNIS TSIVINTZELIS1. 1E10 36 32 28 0. 54124 (Greece) – cpanayio@auth. 5. 150 bar 1st series of NC clay loading varying 0. or the surfactant’s carbon chain or the cation concentration in clay. 2010 PI-20: TAILORING THE POROUS STRUCTURE OF POLY(D. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. %wt clay loading.25 0. COSTAS PANAYIOTOY1 1 Department of Chemical Engineering. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 100. Kozani 50100 (Greece) Abstract Poly(DL-lactic acid)/clay nanocomposites (NC) were prepared using either the solvent casting or the extrusion method and their films were then processed with supercritical CO2 using the batch foaming technique (pressure quench). 120 bar o 45 C. cell density and bulk foam density) strongly depends on the clay loading and on the type and the organic cation concentration of the alkylammonium used for the modification of the clay. while there is a leveling off in pore size in all three cases.30 0. 16.20 0. on the cell density (b). Experimental conditions for the supercritical treatment of the three series of nanocomposites. cm 0. Effect of clay content on the average pore diameter (a).

antifouling. Adamska K. Karapanagiotis I.1. was used for the assessment of the Flory–Huggins interaction parameter. providing a wealth of information considering the surface and thermodynamic properties of the material under study2. as well as the solubility parameter of each polymer.K. the molar heat.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.3. good wettability. Thessaloniki. Voelkel A.3. Moreover.. These characteristics stem from the presence of highly stable C-F bonds. IGC is a powerful tool for the characterization of different types of materials. PANAYIOTOU1 1 Department of Chemical Engineering.3 pentafluoropropyl methacrylate) (PPFPMA) and poly(1. Macromolecules 39. Chiantore Ο.3.. 106 . The specific retention volume of 15 solvents.2. while the solubility parameter of the more fluorinated polymer (PHFIMA) is lower than the corresponding value of PPFPMA... 3 Papadopoulou S. 1551 (2009). 1749 (2006). The results of this work demonstrate that the polymers are insoluble in a wide range of solvents. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 2010 PI-21: THERMODYNAMIC CHARACTERIZATION OF FLUORINATED METHACRYLIC POLYMERS STELLA.gr Abstract Fluorinated methacrylic polymers demonstrate unique properties..3. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. adhesion and solvent resistance. Lazzari M.. Strzemiecka B. Zuburtikudis I. the partial heat of mixing of the probes. such as low surface energy.1. Panayiotou C. Journal of Polymer Science Part B:Polymer Physics 16. energy and entropy of sorption. low-friction.. The goal of this study is to investigate the thermodynamic properties of the fluorinated polymers Poly(2. 1826 (2010).K.. the values of the Flory–Huggins interaction parameters and the weight fraction activity coefficients of the probes indicate that the more fluorinated polymer is more insoluble. PAPADOPOULOU1 . Greece – cpanayio@auth. These polymers are thus extensively applied as high-performance coatings to obtain water repellent. Journal of Chromatography A 1216.3 hexafluoroisopropyl methacrylate) (PHFIMA) by means of Inverse Gas Chromatography (IGC). used as probes.. PPFPMA and PHFIMA were synthesized by free radical polymerization reactions. COSTAS. Castelvetro V. even at elevated temperatures3. Milczewska K.. Their main drawback is their insolubility in most of the solvents commonly used for coating applications1. and non-sticky surfaces. 1 2 Signori F. The total solubility parameter of each polymer decreases slightly with the increase of temperature.. 54124. the weight fraction activity coefficient.

Huggins equation with interaction parameter χ: 1. 4. The relative sorption capacity of the different classes of polymers towards the four vapors is in line with the expected solubility interactions between solvent and solute.2) exhibits a sharp decay of solubility coefficient with increasing Δδ. Chatzandroulis. 15310. at the limit of infinite dilution. such as coatings. Figure 1: Sorption isotherms of Η2Ο vapor in polymer films of thicknesses Lo =197-737nm. S. The measured equilibrium thickness expansion of four methacrylic polymers and two siloxane-based copolymers. 6117. IOANNIS RAPTIS2. ethanol and ethyl acetate vapor. 4. on the basis of their sorption properties. at 30 0C (points).11 [P(DMS-co-DPhS)-1]. is made. the moisture sorption data of all polymers are presented in Fig.gr 2 Institute of Microelectronics. supported on suitable silicon substrates. S.Huggins equation. Athens (Greece) – kikimanoli@chem. Hansen. The correlation of the values of S to the differences of the Hansen solubility parameters2 Δδ between solute and polymer of each binary system (Fig. E. (1). expressed as S= φS /as =exp (-1-χ).. and interaction parameters χ were determined for each binary system. Progress in Organic Coatings 2004. is used to determine the sorption isotherm of each system. by non-linear regression analysis.The results indicate that the applied optical methodology is suitable for screening polymeric materials for specific applications. MEROPE SANOPOULOU1. 47. As an example. K.39 [P(DMS-co-DPhS)-2].. 1.. Lines represent fitting to the Flory. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 2010 PI-22: CHARACTERIZATION OF THE VAPOR SORPTION PROPERTIES OF METHACRYLIC AND SILOXANE POLYMERS BY AN OPTICAL METHOD KYRIAKI MANOLI1. C. Paraskevi Attikis. The need for proper material selection according to the intended specific application. Raptis. an estimate of the solubility coefficient S.73 (PMMA).dimensional solubility parameter differences 1 Manoli. 51. has led to implementation of various methodologies for characterizing vapor-induced changes of supported polymer films..8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.demokritos. DIMITRIS GOUSTOURIDIS2. M.58 (PHEMA). at 30oC. Sanopoulou.36 (PiBMA) Figure 2: Correlation of solubility coefficients S with three. assuming unidirectional swelling due to the constraining rigid support. NCSR “Demokritos”. In this work a relatively simple methodology based on White Light Reflectance Spectroscopy1 is applied to monitor vapor – induced thickness changes of polymer films. PETROS OIKONOMOY2. Athens (Greece) Abstract Sorption of VOCs and moisture in thin supported polymer films are important phenomena to a variety of applications. 77-84. Polymer 2006.5. 15310. Paraskevi Attikis. Ag. methanol. D. 2 107 . 5. microelectronics manufacturing and chemical sensors. The deduced sorption isotherms were fitted to the Flory. Ag. 1 Institute of Physical Chemistry NCSR “Demokritos”. I. exposed to different activities (αs) of water.75 (PBMA).. Valamontes. Goustouridis. Furthermore. 3.

4 0. Petrou.1 Experimental release kinetics of diphylline from dry PVA matrices with drug loadings 2-20% by wt Fig. University “Kristal”. Polymer Sci. Polishchuk. KYRIAKI PAPADOKOSTAKI1. The results presented here are of obvious practical significance in relation to progress towards computer-assisted optimization of the design of swelling-controlled release devices exhibiting relatively complex kinetic behavior.: Polymer Phys. Ed.G. the transport properties of water in PVA films (diffusion coefficient and relaxation constant) were deduced. Paraskevi Attikis. Eur. The release kinetics of diphylline from dry matrices was studied at drug loadings 1–40 % by wt (Fig. A. 2).4 to be used as input parameters in computer simulation of the drug release process. when water ingress from the aqueous environment (1) occurs in comparable rate with drug release and/or (2) is controlled by relaxation of the swelling polymer matrix. In all cases. The relevant input model parameters for the system PVA–H2O–diphylline were derived from independent experimental measurements of the sorption and diffusion properties of water (see above) and solute. because the solute release occurs at comparable time scales with the ingress of water in the matrix (Fig. M. 4098-4107. Papadokostaki. K.6 0. previously developed in our lab2. Tirana (Albania) a. constant release rate can be approached. 1 2 3 4 D. Polymer Sci. SANOPOULOU1 1 Institute of Physical Chemistry. as expected. 1). considering that it proved possible to simulate closely and consistently the kinetics of both drug release (over practically the whole experimental range) and concurrent water uptake (Fig. 15310 Ag.0 5% 0. 2). The resulting simulation was highly successful. 2010 PI-23: EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDY OF THE RELEASE KINETICS OF DIPHYLLINE FROM SWELLING POLY (VINYL ALCOHOL) MATRICES ALBANA HASIMI1. 22. 1. New York (2000).8 0. 1885-1900. A. Handbook of Pharmaceutical Controlled Release Technology Marcel Dekker. 108 .(Greece) 2 Department of Pharmacy.Wise.Box 1521. 1171-1188. J. MEROPE. From the experimental water uptake kinetic data in conjunction with a model for non-Fickian kinetics in glassy polymers3. NCSR “Demokritos”. was studied experimentally and by computer simulation.K. The system under consideration falls into the class of monolithic controlled release systems which despite their wide use suffer from a continuously declining release rate1.2.8 H2O diphylline experimental w uptake ater experimental drug release simulation simulation Qt/Q∞ 0. 1984. J.2 Comparison of representative experimental water uptake and concurrent drug release kinetics from dry PVA with model calculations. J.O.0 2x10 7 3x10 7 0 1x10 7 t/L (s/cm ) 2 2 t/L (s/cm) 2 2 2x10 7 3x10 7 Fig.L. the release rate remains constant for a prolonged time period. biocompatibility and a wide range of biomedical applications. Papadokostaki. 2008. Polym. Athens. On the other hand. Ya.al Abstract The performance of a model monolithic controlled release device. Sanopoulou. A.H. PVA is a glassy polymer with low toxicity. P. J.hasimi@kristal. 2002.: Polymer Phys. consisting of a swellable polymeric matrix (polyvinyl alcohol–PVA) subject to structural relaxation. which can simulate realistically the strong interacting fluxes of invading water and released solute. Petropoulos. The kinetic behavior of the system PVA–H2O–diphylline is studied within the framework of a theoretical model. Hasimi. K. 40. 44.4 2% 5% 10 % 20 % 0. in principle. J.edu. Stavropoulou.G.2 0. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.0 1.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.0 0 1x10 7 Qt/Q∞ 0.6 0. loaded with a hydrophilic drug (diphylline) and activated by the ingress of water.2 0.

J.vlasis@chemeng. in press (2010). VLASIS G.t) and its average Ψ(t) over all segments s. G.gr Abstract We present a computational methodology1 that allows one to map atomistic trajectories of entangled polymer melts accumulated in the course of long molecular dynamics (MD) simulations onto trajectories of primitive paths (PPs) thereby establishing a connection with the tube model of the reptation theory. MAVRANTZAS Department of Chemical Engineering. Contour length fluctuations (CLFs). (Greece) . Stephanou.G. 124904 (2010). M. Baig. on the other hand. Baig. Kröger. The outcome of such a link between atomistic trajectories and tube model is the calculation of the function ψ(s.S. our direct computational study verifies that constraint release (CR) is the dominant relaxation mechanism in binary melts of long and short cis-1. The mapping is realized by geometrically constructing the effective tube around each primitive chain and then documenting chain motion in terms of a curvilinear diffusion inside the effective tube around the coarse-grained chain contour. C.G. 109 .4-polybutadiene composed of probe and matrix chains show that: a) the values of the static topological properties of the probe chains (average value of their PP contour length and its fluctuation) remain unaltered in the different matrices. Linear viscoelastic properties (such as the zero shear rate viscosity and the spectra of storage and loss moduli) obtained on the basis of the obtained ψ(s.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. STEPHANOU. as a result. and the time autocorrelation function of the chain end-to-end vector) vary significantly from matrix to matrix. V.S. Tsolou. cis-1. GR 26504. namely the probability that a segment s of the primitive chain remains inside the initial tube after a time t. V. G. Macromolecules.4polybutadiene and trans-1. Mavrantzas. 1 2 P. M. 2010 PI-24: FROM ATOMISTIC TRAJECTORIES TO PRIMITIVE PATHS TO THE REPTATION THEORY: TOPOLOGICAL AND DYNAMICAL MAPPING OF MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATION DATA ONTO THE TUBE MODEL CHUNGGI BAIG. Phys. Chem. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. More precisely.4-polybutadiene) are in agreement with experimental rheological data. but b) their dynamical properties (including ψ(s. GEORGIA TSOLOU . C.t). are found to play a secondary role (except for segments near chain ends) and remain practically unaffected by compositional differences. P.4-polybutadiene chains accounting for the majority of differences observed in their relaxation dynamics in different environments. such as the spectra of storage and loss moduli. Tsolou. 132. Patras. Mavrantzas. Kröger.t) curves for three different polymer melts (polyethylene. the time autocorrelation function of the PP contour length. Extensions2 of the methodology to model bidisperse melts of linear cis-1. How the simulation results compare with laboratory measurements already reported in the literature on the same or similar systems is also going to be discussed.upatras. PAVLOS S. Stephanou. University of Patras & FORTH-ICE/HT. CR has a profound effect on their linear viscoelastic properties.

. self-diffusion coefficient DG. Vlassopoulos. Stephanou. 2 G. M. PAVLOS S.2 We present simulation results for these systems with respect to the following properties: chain conformation. VLASIS G. local dynamics. Arrighi. Macromolecules. P. nonconcatenation). submitted (2010). 997 (2008). we have extracted the monomeric friction coefficient ζ and the zero-shear rate viscosity η0 of the simulated systems. H. Phys. Richter. A. The simulation results for the intermolecular mer-mer and center-of-mass pair distribution functions confirm that the effective correlation hole is deeper in rings than in linear polymers. STEPHANOU. NIKOS STRATIKIS. Macromolecules 37.S.upatras. Nature Materials 7.g. Cho. In agreement with previous theoretical3 and experimental studies.J Shenton. 4 V.vlasis@chemeng. Baig. D. and dynamic structure factor S(q. Zimm and W. J. segmental mean square displacement (msd). Furthermore. pair correlation function. J. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. we have undertaken a systematic and detailed study of the structural and mainly dynamical and rheological properties of model ring polyethylene (PE) melts. spectrum of relaxation times τp. this is true even for the C400 ring PE melt which is significantly longer than the known crossover chain length (~C156) from Rouse to reptation for linear PE melts. S. intrinsic molecular shape. D. C.4 our MD simulation results support that the structure of a ring polymer in its molten state is significantly more compact compared to the linear analogue due to the imposed topological restrictions during (e. and η0 on chain length suggests that all the ring PE melts examined in our study follow the scalings of the Rouse theory satisfactorily well. CHUNGGI BAIG. C. Stratikis.G. AND COMPARISON WITH THE LINEAR ANALOGUES GEORGIA TSOLOU. University of Patras & FORTH-ICE/HT. terminal relaxation time τd. Stockmayer. 1 110 . M. Semlyen. M. (Greece) . especially for chain lengths N between 50 and 170 carbon atoms. H. Chem. T. τp. Pyckhout-Hintzen. Higgins. Lang. M. Gagliardi. Chang. N. D. 2010 PI-25: MELT STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS IN MELTS OF UNENTANGLED POLYETHYLENE RINGS: ROUSE THEORY. Tsolou. 8057 (2004).t). ATOMISTIC MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATION. 17. J. MAVRANTZAS Department of Chemical Engineering. Rubinstein. 1301 (1949). S. GR 26504. A. ranging in molecular length from N=24 up to N=400 carbon atoms per molecule [C24. Dagger. W. V. Patras.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. S. by mapping the atomistic MD data onto a modified version of the Rouse model appropriate for ring polymer architectures. The Rouse theory is found to provide a satisfactory description of the rheological behavior of the simulated rings. C400] with the help of atomistic Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations at temperature T=450K and pressure P=1atm. 3 B. Mavrantzas. the dependence of DG. Kapnistos. In a second step.gr Abstract Motivated by recently reported experimental data1 on the peculiar rheological behaviour of polymer rings. ζ.

Box 902. The latter are generated by using the CReTA algorithm. which constructs PPs by reducing chain conformations to the corresponding shortest paths. Moreover. The comparison between a dynamical and a static topological analysis reveals a slowing down of Rouse modes. though small. We show1 that the variation of these quantities. However. ROUSSEAU3 . and for large N it falls gradually to the scaling law expected of long-chain systems. 91405 Orsay Cedex (France) 1 Abstract Onset of entanglements is usually described as a crossover in the dynamical and rheological properties of a polymer melt. Our analysis is based on the reduction of Dissipative Particle Dynamics trajectories of a polymer melt to Primitive Paths (PPs). Macromolecules 42 7485 (2009) 111 . The predicted Mc /Me ratio is one. which. Zografou Campus. THEODOROU1. for example in a plot of the zero shear rate viscosity as a function of molecular weight. to random walks (long chains). School of Chemical Engineering. An overlooked point is that. and the stiffness of the system (or characteristic ratio). Macroscopic or microscopic evidence for a corresponding structural (or static) crossover doesn’t exist. At the level of PPs. which determines the degree of entanglement of a long-chain polymer system. National Technical University of Athens. increase. Me. LAHMAR3. UMR 8000 CNRS. The crossover length is Me. A static crossover exists. until they reach chain length-independent values (large N regime). the increasing overlap leads to a crossover in the system topology which can be described as a gradual transformation of PP conformations from thin rods (short chains). D.com 2 Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI).O. it has long been known that the variation of density and stiffness between different species signifies changes in the degree of entanglement of polymer melts. The entanglement molecular weight (MW) is interpreted as the crossover length of this transition. 1 Macromolecules 42 7474 (2009) . entanglement is quantified by the entanglement molecular weight. 15780 Athens (Greece) – tzoumanekas@gmail. B. is compatible with packing length independence and the suppression of contour length fluctuations within the model. The crossover length is the critical molecular weight. P. Mc.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. The latter shows a stronger N-dependence in the short than in the long-chain regime. As N increases. the Ndependence of density and stiffness control the N-variation of chain overlap. Bâtiment 349. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 5600 AX Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 3 Laboratoire de Chimie Physique. as chain length N increases. A simple scaling model predicts that this transformation leads to a Rouse to reptation transition in dynamics and rheology. 2010 PI-26: FROM RODS TO RANDOM WALKS: ONSET OF ENTANGLEMENTS REVISITED CHRISTOS TZOUMANEKAS1. controls also the onset of entanglements. which is maximum at the length scale where the underlying system of PPs appears as a network of topological constraints. Statically. F. Me is not described as a crossover length. as chain length increases.2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering. Université Paris-Sud 11. N.2. the contour length density (or mass density). but at a coarse grained level.

Iatrou.. Abstract a) b) Figure 1. LEONIDAS N. Halperin. N. 45110 Ioannina. H. 1 2 Iatrou. GERGIDIS AND COSTAS VLAHOS Department of Chemistry. H-shaped terpolymers form micelles with larger aggregation number than the respective H-shaped copolymers. Janus-like micelles or micelles with multi-compartment coronas are obtained. University of Ioannina. Three regimes were found. P. A. Willner.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. 2607-2615. Janus-like micelle with aggregation number 3. Macromolecules 2008. Mass distribution of the aggregates for HShaped terpolymers (A8)2B30(C8)2 for different LennardJones interactions parameters (εAC). OTHONAS MOULTOS. 2010 PI-27: BROWNIAN DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS ON SELF-ASSEMBLY BEHAVIOR OF H-SHAPED COPOLYMERS AND TERPOLYMERS. The critical micelle concentration. 112 . H.. D.. Those with content << 10% do not aggregate at the simulation temperature. 41. These regimes are in qualitative agreement with experiment. For the remaining content values the formation of micelles exhibits a wide variation of aggregation numbers. Macromolecules 1996. 581. Hadjichristidis. the micelle size distribution and the shape of micelles are examined as a function of the mass fraction of the solvophobic units. Figure 2. S. N.591.. 29. Christodoulou. L. Richter. Driva.. H-shaped copolymers with solvophobic content ≥ 50% form micelles with preferential aggregation number. Mass distribution of the aggregates for various H-Shaped copolymers a) Aggregates following a bell-shaped distribution and b) Aggregates following a non-bell-shaped distribution.. Greece The micellization behavior of the H-shaped copolymers1 and terpolymers2 is studied by means of Brownian dynamics simulations. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Hadjichristidis..

F. The results were compared to the behavior of complexes comprised by commercial NH3-cored PAMAM dendrimer analogues. Thessaloniki (Greece) – karatas@eng.. M..units. Erbacher. Paola. Chemmedchem 2009. 54124. To elucidate the key reasons for their favorable binding affinity with siRNA. we have examined in detail pertinent static/conformational features as well as specifics related to hydrogen-bond formation between the dendrimer and siRNA moieties.. X.PRICL@dicamp.it Abstract In this work we report results from fully atomistic models of triethanolimine (TEA) Poly (amidoamine) dendrimers of different generations. Chem Commun (Camb) 2006.gr 2 MOSE-DMRN.units. X. Piazzale Europa 1. Wu. N. Behr. J. 4... Hafdi.it. at experimentally realizable conditions. PAOLA POSOCCO2 AND ERIK LAURINI 1 Chemical Engineering Department. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Q. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.2. 1302.Posocco@dicamp..   REFERENCES (1) Zhou.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Q..units. P. C. 2010 PI-28: A MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATION STUDY ON SI-RNA/TEAPAMAM DENDRIMER COMPLEXATION KOSTAS KARATASOS1. L... These complexes were found to comprise a particular promising class of siRNA deliver for genesilencing purposes1-2. 34127 Trieste. Zheng. Qu. SABRINA PRICL2 . Z.. J. University Campus. Iovanna. Our aim was to gain a deeper insight on the mechanisms promoting the observed formation of stable complexes between this type of flexible-core TEA-PAMAM dendrimers and short interfering RNA (siRNA).. ERIK.LAURINI@phd.. Rocchi. 113 . P. (Italy) SABRINA. S. Peng. University of Trieste. Gleave.it.auth. 2362 (2) Liu. J. L. J. Peng. Liang. in order to distinguish potentially important factors that might differentiate the complex-formation characteristics between these two categories of complexes.

1). et al. (1998). Julich. (2008). 114 . 70013 Heraklion (Greece) – aspoulos@iesl. Hosoi." J. Petekidis G.forth. "New measures for characterizing nonlinear viscoelasticity in large amplitude oscillatory shear. 2010 PI-29 :YIELDING OF COLLOIDAL GLASS UNDER LARGE AMPLITUDE OSCILLATORY SHEAR1 ANDREAS S. Maring. Such approach provides a robust framework enabling us to map out a rich phenomenology of intracycle nonlinearities that may relate to distinct physical mechanisms. POULOS1. et al. Rheol.. JORG STELLBRINK2.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Monitoring the higher harmonics in the stress signal by Fourier-Transform (FT) rheology may provide useful insight on the progressive transition from linear to nonlinear viscoelastic response and the mechanisms involved during shear induced melting. 1 2 Renou. 3 Ewoldt. Finally. Wilhelm. M. NIKOS KOUMAKIS1. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. GEORGE PETEKIDIS1 1 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser.gr 2 Institute für Festkörperforschung. Germany Abstract The understanding of yielding and flow of a colloidal glass under large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) represents a motivating challenge. to access the influence of the polymeric arm interpenetration and the soft interparticle potential of such star-like micelles we compare their response with that of hard sphere glasses.. A. 52(6): 1427-1458." Rheol.. Figure 1: (left) Dynamic strain sweeps of star-like micelle samples at different temperatures. the leading nonlinear contributions show a progression from a shear thickening to a strain hardening and finally to a shear thinning behaviour. FORTH. H. We argue that the underlying mechanisms are cage breaking and reformation as well as stress storing and relaxation within the period of oscillatory shear which are affected by an interplay between shear and Brownian motion. D. As the amplitude is increased. The shear induced melting of the glass can be seen for large strain amplitudes at all temperatures. R. F.. "Fourier-transform rheology. E. (right) Phase angle between the third stress harmonic and the strain as a function of the amplitude of oscillation. Here we study the process of yielding in a colloidal glass formed of star-like micelles with LAOS and interrogate the nonlinear intracycle stress response by FT analysis2 and decomposition to an orthogonal set of Chebyshev polynomials3. (2010) Submitted. We find that the nonlinearities during yielding are represented in the form of intracycle shear-thickening/thinning and strain-hardening/softening in the viscous and elastic response respectively (fig. Stellbrink J. Acta 37: 399-405. FZ Jülich. FREDERIC RENOU1.

The data were interpreted through comparison with hard. et al.+ AND GEORGE PETEKIDIS 1. 2006.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. p. Kyoto University. whereas for the large ones with longer polymeric chains. Uji. permeable and charged spheres. Japan 1.* 1 FORTH/ Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser. 1245-1249. University of Crete. Greece + pamvou@iesl.. Ohno.. deviating from the behavior of the small.O Box 1527. 2. By changing the molecular weight of the PMMA chain and/or solvent we can tune the softness of the particles. which are strongly affected by the hydrodynamic interactions cannot be described by any theoritical prediction currently avaiable. Greece 2 Department of Materials Science and Technology. Kyoto 611-0011. suggesting a distinct effect of the long polymeric chains in the hydrodynamic interactions. 1 In collaboration with: Kohji Ohno. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. but different chain length (Mw ~126k and 402k). similar to what is expected for charged spheres . Heraklion. K. On the other hand larger particles show longer ranged repulsive interactions. 2010 PI-30: STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS IN SUSPENSIONS OF SOFT COLLOIDS ANDREAS PAMVOUXOGLOU 1. follows simulation predictions for hard spheres.gr Abstract The structure and dynamics of core-shell particles with a hard inorganic core and a PMMA shell [1] were studied by 3D Dynamic Light Scattering to suppress multiple scattering effects. Suspensions of Silica Particles Grafted with Concentrated Polymer Brush: A New Family of Colloidal Crystals. P.gr .forth. *georgp@iesl. 2. The dynamic properties at the minimum of D(Q). It was found that the structure factor is affected by the chain length. 71110 Heraklion. the crystal phase is wider and the particles mainly form an FCC crystal . In this work we studied two systems with the same core size and grafting density. Due to this softness. The short-time self diffussion cofficient Ds(Q) of the small particle extracted at high Q’s. experimental data deviate from hard sphere prediction. The q-dependence diffusion coefficient D(Q) shows a slow down of the dynamics at the peak of S(Q) for both systems.forth. For the small particles the first peak position of the S(Q) follows a φ-1/3 dependence. Institute of Chemical Research. 115 .

. for three different collar geometries. respectively. Temperature is measured on the external and 20 60 internal surface of the PE pipes. as done for fittings (ISO 14236:2000). H. Welding in the World. Ergates Industrial Estate. only be assessed by the use 0 0 of Infrared Sensors. due to their low production.W.. Y. 19. P. The FW technique has a novel configuration using a specially designed collar and sleeve. 265-272 (1994). C. and Wu. and can be used to join similar/dissimilar materials6. “New Findings in the Spin Welding of Plastics”. 16.. In this work. Moreover. J. 1678 Nicosia (Cyprus) Abstract The production and use of plastic pipes has rapidly increased during the last years. and Shi. which practically means that 20 welding quality could. Research Promotion Foundation of Cyprus. M. The main methods for joining plastic pipes are i) the use of mechanical joints which are expensive ii) electrofusion. 1931-1941 (2000). CNE Technology Center.5. 7 Lin.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.. 44. by use of Infrared Sensors (IR) TC 1 TC 2 and Thermocouples (TC).C. Proc. and Tam. T. Polymer Engineering and Science. However.com 2 Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering. which is time consuming. SPE. This work verified the strong advantages of FW: it is one of the least sensitive processes with respect to changes in the materials chemistry2.G. which joints the pipe ends. L.B. (1989). ΤΕCHΝΟ/0104/14 (2007). et al. a control system (National Instruments 140 40 SCXI 1600) and a LabView program developed for this experimental series are used for the study of the FW process 120 30 parameters.. PANAYIOTIS PHILIMIS1. No 8. 2 Lei.4. which is known to have a high rate of failures and iii) butt welding. the welding time and the energy consumption is smaller than other methods3. R. 67-79 (1981). HARIS DOUMANIDIS2 1 CNE Technology Center. In a former research project. 135-145 (1988). Weld Quality is initially evaluated by 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 testing the joints’ resistance to pull out. a SKYSCAN 1074 Micro-CT Scanner is used in order to evaluate welding quality by use of microtomography. which limits its use for site applications and repairs. processing and maintenance cost. Journal of Material Processing Technology. 5 Tappe.sofou@cnetechnology. Friction welding (FW) is a well established technique for joining plastic pipes at the experimental level.ELIAS PSIMOLOFITIS1. 6 Crawford. A constant temperature 40 IR 10 Force difference (TC 2-IR) was noticed.7. Box 20537. Such work is currently under way by the authors. “Friction Welding of Plastics”. “The Welding of Plastic Pipe”. Y. each method is limited to specific applications and there is no reliable non destructive tool that can be used for the joint quality evaluation on a pass/fail basis. ANTEC Conf. P. 3 Neitzel. 2643 Ergates (Cyprus) – s. Democratias 5.J. Furthermore. “Friction welding for plastic pipe in the chemical industry”. 40. F (kgf) 116 . “Development of a Portable Friction Welding Machine for Plastic Pipes”.. However. CNE and its partners1 have developed a prototype experimental FW machine for medium-size diameter (50-110mm) plastic pipes. Pressure tests are also necessary in order to perform a more elaborate quality evaluation of the joints. “On a Model for Estimating the Interfacial Contaminant Expelling Rate in Friction Welding of Tubular Form”. of Materials Science.O. Y. an important cost associated to their use is the cost of joining them.P. 3275-3282 (1981). in the future. 1 Force. 2010 PI-31: FRICTION WELDING OF PLASTIC PIPES: MONITORING OF PROCESS PARAMETERS AND QUALITY EVALUATION OF THE JOINT SECTION VIA PULL-OUT TESTS AND MICROTOMOGRAPHY SOUZANNA SOFOU1. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. “Friction Welding of Similar and Dissimilar Materials: PMMA and PVC”. Joining Plastic in Production. the process is vastly underutilized in the plastics sector. Results give the 100 Axial Force (applied Pressure) and the Temperature as a 80 function of time.5/6. 4 Stafford. University of Cyprus. No. The three joints showed different resistance to pull out when submitted to the predefined longitudinal tension. mainly due to the joint and tooling design complexity. and Potente.

K. Macromol. J. J. Various copolymer compositions were synthesized and tested in order to obtain the influence of the structural parameters on solubility. like bisphenol A or tetramethyl biphenol. Sci. K.1 but it needs high doping levels to give highly conductive membranes while the oxidative stability of the membranes is moderate. Rapid Commun. Scherer. as a prerequisite to give ionically conducting membranes which can be used in HT-PEMFCs. Greece 1 Abstract The research for new polymeric materials that fulfil all the prerequisites for applications in high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs) is of utmost importance due to the advantages that this operation offers over the conventional fuel cells operating at temperatures up to 80oC (LT-PEMFCs). new aromatic co-polyethers containing main chain pyridine-imidazole or side chain imidazole moieties have been synthesized. Xiao. GEORGE DRAKOS1. 1 J. Soluble copolymers were obtained in cases where the imidazole monomers were combined with alkylsubstituted diols. K. imidazole bearing monomers are introduced into polyether backbones in an effort to combine the advantages of polyether chains and imidazole units.3. Mader. 3 J. K. GR-26504 Rio-Patras.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. 58. 2 E. The copolymer compositions which show good film forming properties were further characterized in respect to their mechanical properties and thermal transition temperatures as well as their ability to absorb strong protic acids like phosphoric acid. Polybenzimidazole/Acid Complexes as High Temperature Membranes. M. Kallitsis. MARIA DALETOU2 Department of Chemistry. GR-26500 Rio-Patras. 2008. 26. Neophytides. or when low imidazole ratios were employed. 117 . G. C. only few polymeric materials can efficiently withstand. Kallitsis. T. M. In Fuel Cells II: Adv. B. On the other hand. ICE/HT-FORTH. Geormezi. N. Polym. V. 63-124. 2005. G. Int. 1226–1233. University of Patras. Greece – kandreop@chemistry. Post Office Box 1414. Daletou. Up to now polybenzimidazole is the state of the art material. In this work. 216. 1724–1728. Acknowledgement: Financial support of this work from the European Commission through the programs NMP3 CT-2006-033228 (2006-2009) and IRAFC FCH-JU 245202 (2010–2012) is acknowledged. Polym. L. An alternative approach is based on the use of pyridine containing aromatic polyethers that give membranes with ionic conductivities in the range of 10-2 S/cm even for lower doping levels and at the same time the oxidative and thermal stability of the membranes are exceptionally good2. S. Springer-Verlag Berlin 2008. Pefkianakis. Vol. Schmidt. 2010 PI-32: IMIDAZOLE BEARING AROMATIC POLYETHERS TARGETING HIGH TEMPERATURE PEM-FC APPLICATIONS AIKATERINI ANDREOPOULOU1. Benicewicz. due to the harsh chemical conditions existing in the former case. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.gr 2 Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes. Deimede. Thus.2. 2009.upatras. Gourdoupi. Ed: G.

We show that for low polymer concentrations where all the polymer chains are intercalated. in agreement with XRD and DSC show that it is only when there is a high polymer content that the sharp peaks attributed to crystalline PEO are observed. Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas. intercalated nanocomposites with mono. Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas. (Greece)kandriko@gen. Mixing polymers with layered inorganic materials can lead to three types of structure. University of Crete.5 Physics Division. and the exfoliated one where the interactions between the chains and the surfaces are very favorable that the inorganic layered structure is destroyed resulting in dispersed platelets within the polymer matrix. the intercalated. Thessaloniki. Box 1414 Patras (Greece) 5 Department of Chemistry.O.3. 118 . Heraklion. where the two components are immiscible. PEO 30% Intensity [arb.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Raman and infrared spectroscopies have been applied to obtain information on the conformation of the polymer chains in the hybrid material in relation to that of pure PEO. Box 1527. 2800 3000 Raman Shift [cm ] We aim to systematically study the effect of incorporation of inorganic material and/or elucidate the influence of the severe confinement on the structure and conformations of polymer chains in PEO / Na+-MMT nanohybrids. units] 65% 80% 90% 95% 98% 100% 800 1000 1200 1400 -1 Figure 1: Raman spectra of PEO and of PEO / Na+-MMT nanocomposites with different polymer concentrations at ambient temperature.gr 2 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser. Despite the large number of studies in this area. P. or close to the inorganic surfaces. STAVROS BOLLAS2. P. in which the polymer chains reside within the inorganic galleries forming thin polymer films. ANASTASIADIS2. Thessaloniki (Greece) 4 Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes. SAPFO FOTIADOU2. Crete (Greece) 3 Department of Chemical Engineering. 710 03 Heraklion Crete (Greece) 1 Abstract Polymer / layered silicate nanocomposites constitute an interesting class of materials which allow the investigation of basic scientific problems and at the same time are utilized in many applications. In all cases.O. A series of composites with PEO content that covers the whole regime from pure polymer to pure clay was utilized and characterized by X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry. KIRIAKI CHRISSOPOULOU2. These studies can facilitate the extraction of information related to the chain conformations in the vicinity of the inorganic interfaces. depending on the interactions between the two components: the phase separated. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. the influence of the addition and the state of dispersion of the nanofillers on the conformation of the chains and/or on the crystallization has been largely overlooked.and bi-layers of PEO chains were obtained. Box 2208. 2010 PI-33: ON THE CRYSTALLINITY AND CHAIN CONFORMATIONS IN PEO / LAYERED SILICATE NANOCOMPOSITES KONSTANTINOS ANDRIKOPOULOS1. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Figure 1 shows Raman measurements of a series of nanohybrids with different compositions that. PEO is purely amorphous and it is only when there is plenty of excess polymer outside the full galleries that the bulk polymer crystallinity is recovered. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. School of Technology. SPIROS H. 711 10.auth.O. P. GEORGE VOYIATZIS4.

0x10 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 57 -9 1. a change is found in the crystallization mechanism from sporadic nucleation for pure PEO to two-dimensional growth with predetermined nuclei for low clay concentration. addition of inorganic nanomaterials and more specifically of layered silicates. morphology and crystallization behavior of a hydrophilic. 6.0 0. 710 03 Heraklion Crete (Greece) 1 Abstract Polymer crystallization has been a widely studied subject and is still a very interesting topic since it determines the final properties of these technologically and scientifically exciting materials. when mixed with natural montmorillonite (Na+-MMT) are investigated in a range of compositions that covers the whole regime from pure polymer to pure clay. 541 24 Thessaloniki (Greece) 3 ESRF. the behavior has not been fully understood.forth. Moreover. flammability or barrier properties has been reported.gr 2 Department of Chemical Engineering. the structure. due to the different length-scales involved.0x10 -9 0. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Acknowledgements: Part of this research was sponsored by the Greek General Secretariat for Research and Technology (Programme ΠΕΝΕΔ 03ΕΔ581) 119 .4 0. DUBBLE CRG. GIUSEPPE PORTALE3. Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). There is a hierarchy in the formation of a polymer crystal with the repetition of the unit cells forming the polymer crystallites which sequentially form what is called spherulites. On the other hand. The complete characterization of polymer crystallization requires a different characterization technique for each hierarchical step.0x10 2 -9 10 90% PEO + 10% Na MMT o isothermal crystallization at 47 C + 99% PEO + 1% Na MMT Heat Flow (mcal/s) 8 6 4 2 0 800 + -9 -9 I*q q -9 * 3. Moreover. Crete (Greece) – kiki@iesl.0x10 2. in the case of semi-crystalline polymers. University of Crete. ANASTASIADIS1. crystalline polymer. PEO.0 1. Even very small amount of the inorganic can cause a significant decrease of the spherulite size and an increase of the spherulite number whereas it affects their radius growth. Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) (Figure 1) as well as Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) (Figure 2).2 0.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. the influence of the addition and the state of dispersion of the nanofillers on the total crystallinity as well as on the crystallization kinetics and characteristics has been largely overlooked. Polarizing Optical Microscopy (POM).O. SPIROS H.8 -1 1. thermal.4 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. ELENI PAVLOPOULOU1.2. 111 10 Heraklion. The structure of the hybrids was investigated over multiple length scales by X-ray diffraction.0 1200 0. Grenoble (France) 4 Department of Chemistry. Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas. The time resolved measurements reveal the effect of clay on crystallization. Nevertheless. 2010 PI-34: CRYSTALLIZATION KINETICS IN POLYMER / LAYERED SILICATE NANOCOMPOSITES KIRIAKI CHRISSOPOULOU1.0x10 5.6 0. WIM BRAS3. despite the fact that the desired intercalated or exfoliated structure has been frequently achieved and the improvement of mechanical. P. has been recently widely used to optimize polymer properties.2 Time (sec) 1600 2000 2400 q (nm ) Figure 1: Lorentz representation of the SAXS intensity of a PEO nanohybrid at 47°C Figure 2: Isothermal DSC measurements of a PEO hybrid at different crystallization temperatures In this work. Box 1527. poly(ethylene oxide).0x10 4. HELLEN PAPANANOU1.

PA. We focused on the extreme case of a single polymer chain of N = 1000 units. almost athermal) whereas. (USA). and by fluctuation strong enough to induce spontaneous transitions between these states. even in a case of very high blockiness. Fig.e. 44. 2010 PI-35: COLLAPSE TRANSITIONS IN THERMOSENSITIVE MULTI-BLOCK COPOLYMERS: A MONTE CARLO STUDY ANASTASSIA N.forth. This behavior has implications in life sciences and applications to the design and material selection of thermo and pH-sensitive materials and membranes. P. Anastasiadis. RISSANOU1. S. EVANGELOS MANIAS2.. I.gr 2 Department of Materials Science & Eng. Our results demonstrated that the most important factor. distributed in alternate blocks of n1= n2 =100 units (A. 120 . Journal of Polymer Science: Part B.45 (poor solvent)1.blocks).( Greece) – rissanou@iesl. H. characterized by the presence of several distinct intermediate states between coil and globules. two and one globules from left to right. Box 1527. We have studied the transitions of model alternating copolymers via Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. the alternating architecture introduces qualitatively new phenomena. In this work we study single chains of multi-block copolymer chains in selective solvents. A. Copolymers of the type (AAA…)n1(BBB…)n2(AAA…)n1(BBB…)n2… with blocks A and B chemically connected were simulated. N. In particular.and B. Pennsylvania State University. 1 A. Bitsanis. Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas. which controls block copolymer response to external stimuli. IOANNIS A.. Figure 1 depicts typical conformations of multi-block copolymers of high frequency of appearance and with different number of globules.e. 1 Abstract Multi-block copolymers are expected to exhibit a rich transition behavior in selective solvents. is their chemical composition (i. A-blocks (500 units) were soluble EAA = 0. The solvent was quite selective.O. the collapse transition proceeds through stages not existing in the corresponding homopolymer and di-block copolymer transition. the B-blocks (500 units) were quite insoluble EBB = 0. Rissanou. 711 10 Heraklion Crete.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. 3651–3666 (2006). BITSANIS1 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser. Our findings underline that. University Park. the thermodynamic competition of the sequential blocks).10kT (good solvent. In this case an extended critical region was observed.1 Conformations with three. i.

Ann Arbor. in recent years. organic electronics. the natural question would be how molecular architecture might affect the virtification behavior of polymers subjected to thickness constraints? We show that effects primarily associated with the architecture of polymeric molecules can have a profound effect on the properties. Specifically. For weak. Michigan. more importantly. the Tg increases with decreasing H. reflecting consequences of confinement and. University of Michigan. University of Michigan. These findings have implication for other properties. possessing sufficiently high functionality and sort arm. and their dynamics when the thickness of the films (H) is a few tens of nanometers or thinner. GREEN1 1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering. as observed for poly(methyl methacryalte) (PMMA) supported by silicon oxide substrates. etc. USA Abstract Polymer films play an increasingly important role in a diverse range of technological applications: coatings. MING LIU3. HYUNJOON OH1. the average Tg of the film decreases with decreasing H. BRADLEY FRIEBERG2. exhibit significant differences in virtification. University of Michigan. Michigan 48109. When the interactions between the chain segments and the substrate are particularly strong (e.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. GIDLEY3 AND PETER F. USA 3 Department of Physics. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Tg<0. DAVID W. Ann Arbor. star-shaped molecules. as observed for example in numerous experiments for polystyrene (PS) supported by silicon oxide substrates. interactions between the polymer segments and substrates. both in magnitude and the thickness dependent trends. the strength of interactions of macromolecules with the external interfaces. non-wetting. of thin supported films. Ann Arbor.g. 2010 PI-36: INFLUENCE OF MOLECULAR ARCHITECTURE ON THE PROPERTIES OF POLYMER THIN FILMS EMMANOUIL GLYNOS1. Tg. such as Tg. Experiments have revealed that thin films of linear chain polymers exhibit thickness dependent behavior in their glass transition.: hydrogen bonding). USA 2 Macromolecular Science and Engineering. which are largely associated with interfacial processes. due largely the origin (entropic) of this behavior 121 . from their linear analogues. In light of these effects. The role of thickness confinement on the properties of thin polymer films has garnered widespread interest from researchers in various communities. displays. Michigan 48109.

Furthermore. P. number of arms) of the stars.com. ICE/HT-FORTH. 122 . PSn(P2VP-b-PAA)n There is an intermediate region where the polymers solutions exhibit an isoelectric point (iep) defining Scheme 1. At low and high pH values. Three PSn(P2VP-b-PAA)n star terpolymers with different number of arms ‘n’ were studied in dilute aqueous solutions by using electrophoresis (zeta potential). as a function of pH.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. phase separation and precipitation. TEM images of a) PS9(P2VP-b-PAA)9 b) PS21(P2VP-b-PAA)21 and c) PS28(P2VP-b-PAA)28 embedded on carbon grids from aqueous dilute solutions (0. the resulted micellar morphologies were influenced by the molecular characteristics (e.gr 2 Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes. 26504.upatras.g. From the zeta potential measurements of the PSn(P2VP-b-PAA)n star terpolymer aqueous solutions.007wt %).2 1 Department of Chemical Engineering. (Scheme 1) was synthesized by anionic polymerization. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. CONSTANTINOS TSITSILIANIS1. using an extending “in-out” method and a post polymerization deprotection reaction.O. The scale bars indicate 200 nm. of pH=2. Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). 26504 Patras (Greece) Abstract An amphiphilic An(B-b-C)n heteroarm star block terpolymer bearing the hydrophobic polystyrene (PS) and the pH-dependent poly(2-vinyl pyridine)-b-poly(acrylic acid) (P2VP-b-PAA) diblock copolymer arms. Patras (Greece) – ziatridi@gmail. Schematic representation of the PSn(P2VP-b-PAA)n star terpolymers. 2010 PI-37: SELF ASSEMBLY AND MORPHOLOGY OF PH-SENSITIVE HETEROARM STAR BLOCK TERPOLYMERS IN AQUEOUS MEDIA ZACHAROULA IATRIDI1. the star terpolymer association is strongly affected by the pH values of the medium. ct@chemeng. Due to the protonation/deprotonation of the pH-sensitive P2VP-b-PAA block-arms. University of Patras. as demonstrated in Scheme 2. the star polymers form positively and negatively micellar nanoparticles respectively. Box 1414. a b c Scheme 2. three different pH regions were distinguished.

24 – 29 OCTOBER. the preferable structure of the core[MMA48-b-(DEA31-co-MAA26)]32 star in water. hydrophobicity. and a blockrandom triblock terpolymer. provides further tuning of the copolymer properties (i.gr Abstract Segmented polymers bearing homopolymer and random copolymer building blocks (Scheme 1) designated as block-random polymers have received increasing attention the recent years. This can be achieved by adjusting the composition of a random copolymer block composed of a monomer of a given LCST and a comonomer of specific nature. For instance.com. Patras (Greece) – ziatridi@gmail. 26504. is that of unimolecular micelle with changeable charge density and sign. 26504 Patras (Greece) – ct@chemeng.e. dealing with their self assembly in aqueous media: an amphiphilic multi-armed star shaped block terpolymer bearing polyampholyte segments and internal hydrophobic blocks.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. multi-functionality etc).O. Two examples of pHsensitive block-random terpolymers are presented in this work.upatras. require precise control of the Lower Critical Solution Temperature (LCST) of the thermo-sensitive block. Thanks to the polyampholyte nature of the outer blocks and the high number of arms. University of Patras.gr 2 Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes. GEORGE GOTZAMANIS1 CONSTANTINOS TSITSILIANIS1. 2010 PI-38: DESIGN OF BLOCK-RANDOM SEGMENTED POLYMERS ZACHAROULA IATRIDI1. in block copolymer topologies. P. “smart” nanostructured polymeric micelles that respond to temperature in aqueous environment. thermo. Incorporating a random block. which form in aqueous semi-dilute solution through hydrophobic interactions of the PMMA stickers. light-sensitivity. depending on the pH of the aqueous environment.upatras.2 1 Department of Chemical Engineering. ct@chemeng. Such polymers can be designed through macromolecular engineering by using controlled polymerization methods. instead of a homopolymer one. ICE/HT-FORTH. This terpolymer exhibits strong swelling ability in acidic as well as in basic conditions.or pH-sensitivity. forming transparent free standing reversible hydrogels. 123 . Box 1414. The PMMA86-b-P(DEA190-coMAA96)-b-PMMA86 triblock behaves as amphiphilic gelator capable to alter the sign and the charge density of the potential elastic chains of the network.

(b) atomic force microscopy (AFM) image of terpolymer flower like micelles incorporated to the 3D network.5wt. Specifically. Patras.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. in addition with the triblock copolymer concentration. the environmental stimuli. SOPHIA G. University of Patras 26504. 200 Time (h) 300 400 124 . from core-shell-corona micellar nanoparticles. P. Greece 1 Abstract In this work. ANTIMISIARIS2. Greece 3 Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes. novel hydrogel composites based on stimuli responsive poly (2-vinyl pyridine) -b-poly (acrylic acid)-b-poly-(n-butyl methacrylate) (P2VP58-PAA924-PnBMA48) ABC terpolymer were studied as a matrix for loading drug-in-liposomes formulations. School of Health Sciences. Results showed that calcein release can be controlled by the gelator concentration. Department of Pharmacy. P2VP-PAA-PnBMA b SOL GEL Percentage of calcein release 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 D Liposomes C24 1 wt% C24 1.4 by dialysis (Figure 1c). Box 1414. University of Patras 26504.b). The terpolymer exhibits a pH-responsive behavior. The liposomes were dispersed in the terpolymer aqueous solution at low pH. and the composite hydrogel was formed at pH 7. at a 1:1 mole/mole ratio and encapsulating calcein (100mM). Greece Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Technology. The release of calcein was monitored by means of fluorescence measurements. liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and Cholesterol.1. ICE/HT-FORTH. to a three-dimensional network. can provide multiple controls over the drug release kinetics. so that slower release can be obtained at higher concentrations (Figure 1d).5 wt% 100 Figure 1. (a) Zero-shear viscosity as a function of pH for P2VP58-PAA924-PBMA48 1. with the formation of a reversible network at physiological pH.3 2 Department of Chemical Engineering.O. Patras. were prepared by probe sonication. at low pH. as a model hydrophilic drug.% aqueous solutions at 25 0C.3 CONSTANTINOS TSITSILIANIS1. Thus. such as pH and ionic strength. (d) cumulative amount of calcein released per time (h) from plain liposomes and liposomal gels at different concentrations. SPYRIDON MOURTAS2. 2010 PI-39: pH RESPONSIVE REVERSIBLE HYDROGEL / LIPOSOME COMPOSITES FOR TUNNING DRUG RELEASE MARIA-TEODORA POPESCU1. (c) schematic representation of the pH responsive drug-in-liposome-in-polymeric matrix formulation. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 26504 Patras. as the pH is increased above 6 (Figure 1a.2 This formulation can undergo a closed loop sol-gel-sol transition (Figure 1a).

C TEM micrographs. Results have shown that spherical flower-like micelles (Scheme 1 left) were obtained. due to additional contribution of the hydrophobic deprotonated P2VP blocks. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 2010 PI-40: NANOSTRUCTURED MICELLES FROM SELF-ASSEMBLY OF PεCL-b-PEO-b-P2VP-b-PEO-b-PεCL PENTABLOCK TERPOLYMERS IN WATER MYRTO KOROGIANNAKI1.2. This behavior is ascribed mainly to the hydrophobic interactions of the PεCL blocks. neutral core-shell micelles (Scheme 1 right. The micelles have been prepared by dissolution in DMF followed by step dialysis in pure water.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. PεCL46-PEO199-P2VP598-PEO199-PεCL46 consisting of a pH-sensitive poly(2-vinylpyridine) (P2VP). ICE/HT-FORTH.upatras.2 Department of Chemical Engineering. MARIA-TEODORA POPESCU1. at low pH. Figure 1: A. D Schematic illustration of the different kinds of interconnections between two micelles of the PεCL46-PEO199-P2VP598-PEO199-PεCL46 of micellar nanostructures embedded from aqueous solution at pH 7. B SEM micrograph. 125 . Scheme 1: Schematic representation of the expected micellization of the ABCBA pentablock copolymer in low and high pH. with a PεCL hydrophobic core stabilized by a PEO shell.2.gr 2 Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes. 26504 Patras (Greece) 1 Abstract The present work deals with the self-assembly of a novel amphiphilic pentablock copolymer. Due to the topology of the PεCL hydrophobic blocks. University of Patras. end-capped by hydrophobic poly(ε-caprolactone) (PεCL) biodegradable blocks in aqueous media. Patras (Greece) ct@chemeng. At high pH. CONSTANTINOS TSITSILIANIS1. This type of copolymer exhibits pH-sensitive nanostructured morphologies. bridging of micelles were observed by SEM and TEM at high pH (Figure 1D). 26504. bearing at both ends hydrophilic poly(ethyl oxide) (PEO) biocompatible blocks . KATERINA MARIKOU1. Light Scattering (LS) experiments in combination with Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) have been used in order to explore the association behavior of the system.2 . surrounded by a positively charged P2VP corona. Figure 1) were formed.

Lindman B. Such self-assembled nanostructures have found a range of applications. STERGIOS PISPAS Theoretical and Physical Chemistry Institute. Alexandridis P.30 :237. Constantinou Ave. In addition. 2000. 2007. Micellar aggregates formed by AmBC are characterized by their unique core-shell architecture. Elsevier: Amsterdam. 48: 24. Ryan AJ Macromol. especially in drug encapsulation and delivery3. with high aggregation numbers and relatively low cmc values. Chem.32: 962. 2010 PI-41: AMPHIPHILIC POLY(ISOPRENE-B-ETHYLENE OXIDE) BLOCK COPOLYMERS CARRYING HYDROXYL/ESTER FUNCTIONALITIES ON THE POLYISOPRENE BLOCK ELENI KADITI. 2009. 2010. hydrogen peroxide and acetic anhydride. 126 . Part A: Polym. Sci. Greece – ekaditi@eie. Polym. and the hydrophilic blocks form the corona or the outer shell.. via reaction of the polyisoprene block with formic acid. The characteristic groups of copolymers and the degree of functionalization were identified by utilization of FTIR and NMR spectroscopies. Rapoport N Prog. when dissolved in aqueous media has attracted extensive research interest in recent years 1 2. 116 35 Athens.gr Abstract The ability of amphiphilic block copolymers (AmBC) to self-assemble into ordered structures. 2 3 4 1 Blanazs A. prepared by anionic polymerization high vacuum techniques. where in an aqueous environment the hydrophobic blocks of the copolymer are segregated from the aqueous exterior to form the inner core. Self Assembly and Applications. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Kaditi E. In these systems encapsulation properties can be tuned via judicious chemical modification of the core segments 4 In this work hydroxyl/ester functionalized amphiphilic block copolymers were synthesized from poly(isoprene-b-ethylene oxide) diblock copolymer precursors. Armes SP. All synthesized copolymers were studied regarding their self-assembly behavior in aqueous solutions by dynamic (DLS) and static light scattering (SLS) measurements and fluorescence spectroscopy experiments.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Sci. National Hellenic Research Foundation 48 Vassileos. Rapid Commun. Polym. differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements showed that the crystallization of PEO is significantly affected by the chemical modification of the PI block. Eds Amphiphilic Block Copolymers. The results show that the PI block is partially modified by -ΟΗ and -ΟCOCH3 groups. Pispas S J. the copolymers form almost spherical micelles with a HOPI core and PEO corona. probably due to hydrogen bond formation and polar interactions. In most cases.

S. Yokoyama Adv. 24. 275.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. 43. Zhang. 24. Seki.pispas@eie.gr 2 Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale. b) A. Hefei 230026. Well defined copolymers of low polydispersity and with variable molecular characteristics were obtained. STERGIOS PISPAS1 1 Theoretical and Physical Chemistry Institute. University of Science and Technology of China. The PPO-bPEO side chains (or PEO-b-PPO depending on the mode of side chain connection to the backbone) were synthesized by metal-free anionic ring-opening polymerization of oxirane monomers. 2010 PI-42: THERMOSENSITIVE AMPHIPHILIC BRUSH-LIKE BLOCK COPOLYMERS OF PEO AND PPO VIA A COMBINATION OF CONVENTIONAL AND METAL-FREE ANIONIC POLYMERIZATION JUNPENG ZHAO1. Oyane. Ishizone. T. will be also discussed. Ishizone. H. Solutions of the PHOS-g-(PEO-b-PPO) copolymers became unstable at high temperatures. China Abstract Amphiphilic graft copolymers with poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) being the hydrophilic side chains.3 The copolymers were synthesized by a combination of traditional and metal free anionic polymerization. 5527. Mountrichas. Xie. 1999. K. T. in contact with the aqueous copolymer solutions. M.1. Yokoyama Langmuir 2008. 11635 Athens. Pispas Macromolecules 2010. have gained extensive academic interest in terms of synthesis. Polym. Anhui. 17. G.2 The quest for new block copolymer architectures containing PEO. 2005. H-Q. D. GRIGORIS MOUNTRICHAS1. The aggregates formed by these copolymers in aqueous media were also studied by aid of light scattering and fluorescence spectroscopy techniques. physical properties and applications.. using the phosphazene base (t-BuP4) and the phenolic hydroxyl groups (PhOH) in the PHOS backbones. as well as the structure of the formed layers.. 2 1 127 . 1771. The adsorption behaviour of these brush-like block copolymers on surfaces. Uchida. as the complex multifunctional initiating system. GUANGZHAO ZHANG2. H. 2329. T. In this work we present the synthesis of amphiphilic and thermosensitive brush-like copolymers with poly(propylene oxide-b-ethylene oxide) (PPO-b-PEO) side chains and a poly(phydroxystyrene) (PHOS) backbone. For the PHOS-g-(PPO-b-PEO) copolymers in aqueous media. a) R. Greece . (PHOS-g-(PPO-b-PEO) brush-like copolymers). 24 – 29 OCTOBER. that will expand the range of available polymeric materials and will enrich the existing knowledge on structure-properties relationships is on-going. temperature-induced intramolecular chain contraction/association and intermolecular aggregation could both be observed at different stages of the heating process. Sci. due to extensive intermolecular association even at low concentrations.. Furukawa. Zhao. A. Mater. National Hellenic Research Foundation. Zhang. 48 Vassileos Constantinou Ave. Xie Prog. G. Ushida.2. 3 J.

A.2 As a continuation of our efforts in preparing easily processable high-performance polymers.19 dL g–1. Sci. such as less water absorption. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Aihara and P. C. 128 . and higher refractive indices for the resulting polymers. 43 (2007) 2453. However. CH3 N S H2N H3C O S S N NH2 N S H3C Ar O O O n CH3 S S N O N O Ar O N O Isoquinoline / m-Cresol O O DA O PTI-a-d Ar : a b PMDA O c BTDA d BPDA ODPA 1 2 Y. Polym. Furthermore. 49. the formation of noncoplanar unit through the introduction of thiazole rings with rigid and heteroaromatic structure into the polyimide backbones keeps the advantages of the rigid rod-like polyimides with planar structure. ABBAS SHOCKRAVI1 1 Faculty of Chemistry. Vannini.. Eur. better fire-retardant properties.1 In addition. low dielectric constants.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Shockravi. Cebe.73–1. molded parts and microelectronic encapsulation. Berti. 3 A.com 2 Iranian Academic Center for Education. the commercial use of these materials is often limited because of their poor solubility.2. Postal Code 1571914911 Tehran (Iran) – a. No. Tarbiat Moallem Branch. The incorporation of flexible linkages and introduction of noncoplanar groups into the polymer structure are some of the approaches used to make polyimides more tractable and soluble. Moreover. They showed good thermal stability with the glass transition temperatures between 211-245 °C. such as interlevel dielectrics and packaging applications including low thermal expansion and excellent mechanical strength. The resulting polyimides were obtained in high yields and possessed inherent viscosities in the range of 0..javadi@hotmail. and high softening or melting temperatures. chemical resistance.91–1.3 this study explores the synthesis and basic characterization of a new class of sulfide bridged poly(thiazole imide)s (PTIs) by polycondensation of a thiazole-containing diamine (DA) with various aromatic dianhydrides via one-step process. E. and the residue at 700 °C of 52–67% in nitrogen. adhesive and mechanical properties. Tehran (Iran) Abstract Aromatic polyimides (PIs) have been widely used in high temperature films. the presence of thioether linkages can induce important new properties. Javadi and F. mechanical strength. Abouzari-Lotf. and dimensional stability. Polym. Polym. aviation and separation for the past few decades due to their excellent thermal stability. Culture and Research. Eng. Marianucci and M. showed outstanding solubility and could be easily dissolved in amide-type polar aprotic solvents and even dissolved in less polar solvents. E. adhesives. 2010 PI-43: SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF NOVEL SULFIDE BRIDGED POLYIMIDES BASED ON NONCOPLANAR THIAZOLE CONTAINING DIAMINE ALI JAVADI1. the 10% weight loss of 485–522 °C in nitrogen and 479– 509 °C in air. Eur.. J. these PTIs possessed low refractive indexes (n = 1. All of the polymers were amorphous in nature. Atabaki.81) and low birefringence due to the thiazole rings and the flexible thioether linkages that interrupt chain packing and increase free volume. Tarbiat Moallem University. 45 (2009) 1599. A. Celli. J. 34 (1994) 1275.

john. Int. 2010. Polym. MARIA K. Patras 26500. Geormezi.2. Figure1: Structure of aromatic copolymers A detailed study of the influence of the different functionalities on their thermal properties and the phosphoric acid or water doping ability and subsequently to their ionic conductivity was performed. Daletou. Acknowledgement: Financial support of this work from the European Commission (JTI -FCH-JU) through the program DEMMEA FCH-JU 245156 (2010–2012) is greatly acknowledged. Abstract Fuel cells are a more efficient and environmentally friendly technology of power generation than current power sources. Operating above 150ºC has many advantages such as increased reaction rate. 35-44. flexibility to use not so pure hydrogen as fuel and/or lower loading of the expensive metal (Pt) on the electrode. 1226-1233. C.K. K. Moreover it should be able to be doped with a strong acid like phosphoric acid in order to posses high proton conductivity1. GREGORIOU1. S.2.DALETOU1 JOANNIS K. 2009. 129 . Fuel Cells. Patras 26504. Among others. Research is underway to optimize the performance of the high temperature PEM fuel cells by finding the electrolyte material that combines certain prerequisites. M. M. Scientific Park of Patras. K..com 2 Advent Technologies S. J. E.3 and VASILIS G. Furthermore the copolymers present remarkable oxidave stability compare to Nafion and SPEEK. 3 Department of Chemistry. Geormezi. A. 10. Applications of PEM fuel cells are seen in vehicular transportation. Greece.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes (FORTH/ICEHT). should exhibit long term durability.kalamaras@gmail. 2010 PI-44: SULFONATED AROMATIC POLYETHERS CONTAINING PYRIDINE UNITS AS MEMBRANES FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE PEM FUEL CELLS IOANNIS KALAMARAS1. K. good mechanical properties and high thermal and oxidative stability in order to be applicable in the particular conditions under which the cell operates. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. The ideal polymer electrolyte. Neophytides. It was noticed that the presence of the sulfonated groups increases the proton conductivity. The membranes are tough flexible and transparent having excellent mechanical properties. KALLITSIS1. University of Patras.Morphopoulou. Greece. G. for this type of cell. 1 2 J. making them capable of absorbing phosphoric acid and water (Figure 1). Patras 26504. In this project we synthesized aromatic copolymers bearing in the main chain basic pyridine groups combined with side chain acidic sulfonate groups. Pefkianakis. electric utility and other applications requiring clean.. Greece.2 1 Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas. quiet and portable power. M. Kallitsis. Kallitsis. 58. polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is one of the most promising candidates and has been receiving increased attention due to its certain advantages.

but also through synthesizing polymers with tailored basic sites that could improve the acid–base properties of the membranes. 41.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. 2005.3. it was found that the phosphoric acid doping ability is dramatically influenced by the presence of the polar groups and the detailed copolymer structure.3 Department of Chemistry. Pefkianakis. KALLITSIS1. 2 M. Acknowledgement: Financial support of this work from the European Commission (JTI -FCH-JU) through the program IRAFC FCH-JU 245202 (2010–2012) is greatly acknowledged. N. Geormezi. especially those operating at high temperatures. Kallitsis. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Neophytides. doping level. 9051–9056. MARIA GEORMEZI1. S. N. GR-26500 Rio-Patras. V. Deimede. 1 E. J. Rapid Commun. Gourdoupi. GR-26504 Rio-Patras. ANDREOPOULOU1. Gourdoupi. Up to now the most successful examples of fuel cells operating above 140°C utilize phosphoric acid doped polybenzimidazole membranes. ICE/HT-FORTH. Herein we present our approach to the synthesis of copolymers containing methyl-aromatic substituents and basic main chain groups having high molecular weights. M. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. It was found that not only the basic groups content influences the phosphoric acid doping level but also the introduction of the more bulky methyl-phenyl side moieties strongly differentiate these polymeric series from previously examined ones. Patras Science Park. obtained after polymer synthesis optimization. J. were tested in single cells operating at temperatures 160-180 °C where the influence of the different parameters (e. Greece – christmorf@upatras. as even small differences on the pyridine content resulted in drastic increase of the phosphoric acid level. 1724–1728.K. Daletou.gr 2 Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes.2. increased solubility and the ability to form complexes with strong protic acids. Post Office Box 1414. are the most attractive as far as automobile and stationary applications are concerned.2. N.g membrane structure. Triantafyllopoulos.1.2 More specifically. Macromol. Greece 3 Advent Technologies SA. 26. University of Patras. Kallitsis. STYLIANOS NEOPHYTIDES. K. V.2. 2010 PI-45: EFFECT OF THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE ON THE PROPERTIES OF HIGH TEMPERATURE POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANES CHRISTINE MORFOPOULOU1. GR-26504 Rio-Patras. Deimede. 130 .2. AIKATERINI K.3 JOANNIS K. electrode used) on the final single cell performance were studied. 2008. Membranes based on these copolymers. K. Current research interest focuses not only on achieving higher molecular weight polymers with improved solubility and processability. K. minimized pollutant emission and other advanced features. Greece 1 Abstract Fuel cells are electrochemical devices with high energy conversion efficiency. Macromolecules.

Moreover. an abrupt viscosity increase.2 1.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes (ICE/HT FORTH). when random copolymers P(St-co-SSNa) of styrene (St) with sodium styrene sulfonate (SSNa) are used. called wormlike micelles (WLMs).4) of aqueous P(MMA21-co-SSNa)/CTAB mixtuunity. for 10 P(MMA14-co-SSNa) P(MMA47-co-SSNa) the copolymers with intermediate MMA contents PSSNA (x=20-40). This behavior has been attributed to cation-π interactions. phase separating from water when the charge stoichiometry is approached. solids or syneresis may take place in pure water for the copolymers with low MMA content (x<21).26504 Patras. i. instead of the homopolymer PSSNa. 2010 PI-46: ASSOCIATION OF CETYL TRIMETYLAMMONIUM BROMIDE WITH POLY(METHYL METHACRYLATE –co-SODIUM STYRENE SULFONATE) RANDOM COPOLYMERS: FORMATION OF HYBRID WORMLIKE MICELLES AND VISCOELASTIC BEHAVIOR IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION EVDOKIA K.4 1. As it is illustrated in Figure 1. University of Patras. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.0 0. Shikata T. it has been demonstrated1 that CTAB forms hybrid WLMs. P(MMA21-co-SSNa) C : 2.6 0. Greece It is well known that when charged surfactants. cationic surfactants like CTAB self-assemble in aqueous solutions at elevated concentrations to form long supramolecular structures. 10000 P(MMA32-co-SSNa) The rheology of hybrid WLMs formed was 1000 systematically investigated through shear and dynamic rheology studies. On the other hand.4 0. Box 1414. To this end.e. GR-26504 Patras. is observed for r>0. 131 . like cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). Some representative results are shown in figure 2. such as chemical composition of the copolymer. mixing ratio r and ionic strength. polymer concentration and ionic strength. viscous highly viscous or viscoelastic solutions as r approaches solution (r=1. indicative of the 1 P(MMA53-co-SSNa) formation of hybrid WLMs. Greece E-mail:-eydokia61@gmail. The aim of the present work was to investigate whether the formation of hybrid WLMs is possibly more general and it is not restricted only to P(St-co-PSSNa) copolymers. The behavior of the copolymers in aqueous solution upon mixing with the cationic surfactant CTAB was systematically investigated as a function of several factors. as a function of polymer 100 concentration. The MMA content. P.OIKONOMOU 1. close to the solubility limits of these products in water. mixing ratio. like poly(sodium styrene sulfonate) (PSSNa).2) and syneresis (r=1.0 1.. for instance in home and personal care products or in fracturing fluids. As seen. or similar copolymers containing phenyl rings in all repeating units. Macromolecules 2004. Thus.8 1. of these P(MMAx-co-SSNa) copolymers ranges from 0 up to more than 50 mol%. x.8 2. GEORGIOS BOKIAS 1.2.2 0. Nakamura K. MMA. At higher r values phase separation of compact res. the so-called ‘polymer-surfactant complexes’ are formed.6 1. we synthesized through radical copolymerization a series of copolymers of SSNa with a hydrophobic monomer without any aromatic group like methyl methacrylate. K KALLITSIS 1 1. involving also the hydrophobic uncharged styrene units. However. 8381-8388. GR.com 2 Foundation of Research and Technology Hellas. 2: Variation of the viscosity with the mixing ratio r of aqueous P(MMAx-coSSNa)/CTAB solutions .2 Department of Chemistry. are mixed in aqueous solution with oppositely charged polyelectrolytes. 37. JOANNIS. polymer It should be mentioned that the rich rheological behavior of these hybrid WLMS makes these materials attractive for applications in various fields. the initially transparent low-viscosity solutions turn to Fig.0 r Fig. the phase separation behavior is mainly controlled by the mixing molar ratio r of CTAB over SSNa units.6).8. 1: Transparent solution (r=0. 1 η (cp) 0.5 %(w/v) these phenomena are avoided for higher MMA contents.O.

145-152. Geormezi. 26500 Patras (Greece) . Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Processes (FORTH-ICE/HT). Scheme 1) into aromatic polyethers. Moreover. Pefkianakis. 4 M.1 These polymers exhibit excellent film-forming properties. bisazides or dibenzoylperoxide. Lee. 26504 Patras (Greece) Abstract Polymer electrolyte membranes for high-temperature fuel cells (PEMFCs) must show thermal. Y. A promising approach to this direction is the introduction of side crosslinkable groups. University of Patras. Polym. G.g. high glass Ph transition temperatures (Tg) above 280°C.. Xu.com Foundation of Research and Technology-Hellas. Fuel Cells. C. 335. Neophytides. M. In this report we explore the possibility to create crosslinked membranes based on aromatic polyethers containing polar pyridine units. K. In this respect we try to improve the mechanical properties in terms of glass transition as well as stability of the doped membranes by hindering the rapture of the membrane-electrode assemblies (MEAs) under operating conditions. 2010 PI-47: SIDE CHAIN CROSSLINKING OF UNSATURATED AROMATIC POLYETHERS FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS (PEMFCs) KONSTANDINIA D. 1 2 J. E. K. Examples of copolymers containing double and triple bonds. 26504 Patras (Greece) 3 Advent Technologies S. afford an opportunity for higher Tg values and higher thermal stabilities compared to the neat polymers. X.-S. Int.2.1. KALLITSIS1.4 The effect of the crosslinking on the thermal properties and the phosphoric acid doping ability of the prepared membranes were studied. Kallitsis. Our group reported the synthesis of aromatic polyethers containing polar pyridine units and phosphine oxide or sulfone moieties in the main chain.ntina.sth@gmail. M. and oxidative stability under the operational conditions.. Daletou. 2009. Geormezi.-H. Crosslinking of double bonds containing polymers3 with. 1226-1233. K. J. high O O O O S O O S oxidative and thermal y x O O stability (up to 400°C). 2 Scheme 1.g. Sci. Shang. Y. J. Feng.A. 2009. mechanical.. e. Xie. 35-44.Morphopoulou. 2010. Selected crosslinked membranes were tested in single cell operating at high temperatures. double or triple bonds. 132 .K.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. At the same time the membranes have to enable proton conduction. they can be Ph doped with phosphoric O O acid at high doping levels O O S O O S y N x O O resulting in high ionic conductivities in the range of 10-2 S/cm. S. Membr. M. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 13-20.. 58.3 1 2 Department of Chemistry. followed by crosslinking. PAPADIMITRIOU1. Stadiou Str.-S. J. 10. Membr. Acknowledgement: Financial support of this work from the European Commission (JTI -FCH-JU) through the program IRAFC FCH-JU 245202 (2010–2012) is greatly acknowledged. 337. 2009. (e. J. 3 S. Sci. Wang. Kallitsis. K. Also it was observed that thermal crosslinking of ethynyl-terminated aromatic polyethers by thermal curing improve the thermal stability and leads to Tg values up to 258°C. ANREA VÖGE2 AND JOANNIS K. Jeong.. Patras Science Park.. Lee. J.. hence a high acid uptake is required for high ionic conductivities.

Inset : pH-dependence of the absorption at 390nm.) 1. Two qunoline-containing : R = -H or monomers have been used. the synthesis and photophysical properties in aqueous solution of a series of quinoline-labelled water-soluble H H H H copolymers are presented. and the anionic sodium 2acrylamido-methylpropanesulfonate (AMPSA).N-dimethylacrylamide N N (DMAM).8 200 100 0. in the quinoline ring.diphenyl.u. Some characteristic absorption and emission spectra at pH=4 are shown in Figures 1 and 2. GR-26504 Patras. GEORGIOS BOKIAS. namely R R -CN 2. These C CH2 C CH2 C CH2 C CH2 copolymers (Scheme I) have been C O x x 1-x 1-x C O synthesized through free radical NH N copolymerization of water-insoluble H3C CH3 H3C C CH3 vinylic quinoline monomer with CH2 PDMAM SO3-Na+ water soluble monomers such as the PAMPSA nonionic N.(4-vinylphenyl)quinoline (SDPQ) and a –CN modified Scheme I derivative. In the present work.) 0.Greece-gthivaios@gmail.u. 133 Fig 2: Photoluminescence spectra of the quinoline-labeled copolymers at pH=4. University of Patras.0 200 150 Absorbance (a. KALLITSIS Department of Chemistry. Thus.0 pH=4 250 300 350 400 450 500 0 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 Wavelength (nm) Wavelength (nm) Fig 1: Absorption spectra of the quinoline–labeled copolymers at pH=4.2 P(DMAM-co-SDPQ) P(AMPSA-co-SDPQ) 0. P(AMPSA-co-SDPQ) and P(AMPSA-co-SDPQCN) were explored in aqueous solution as a function of pH. JOANNIS K. the emitted light of the quinoline group changes from blue to green upon decreasing pH.u.com Abstract As a result of the protonization-deprotonization equilibrium of the quinoline group. more important. The optical properties of the four copolymers synthesized.10 PL Intensity (a.u. emission of light) of quinoline-containing materials are controlled by the pH of the surrounding environment. Inset : pH-dependence of the emission at 420nm. The insets in Figures 1 and 2 present the pH-dependence of the absorption at 390 nm (attributed to the protonated form of quinoline) and the emission at 420 nm (attributed to the uncharged form of quinoline).6. ANDREAS STEFOPOULOS.15 PL Intensity at 420nm(a. respectively.) 0. In fact. such as –CN.00 150 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 P(AMPSA-co-SDPQCN) 0. .8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. P(DMAM-co-SDPQ). the design of water-soluble copolymers containing such groups gives rise to a new family of optically pH-responsive materials. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.RESPONSIVE OPTICAL PROPERTIES IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION IOANNIS THIVAIOS.4. the optical properties (absorption and.) 0.05 50 0. 0. (SDPQCN).4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 P(DMAM-co-SDPQCN) 100 pH pH P(AMPSA-co-SDPQ) 50 P(DMAM-co-SDPQ) P(AMPSA-co-SDPQCN) 0. SOUZANA KOURKOULI.20 pH=4 300 250 1.2 P(DMAM-co-SDPQCN) 250 0. P(DMAM-coSDPQCN).6 0. 2010 PI-48: QUINOLINE-LABELLED WATER-SOLUBLE COPOLYMERS: STRUCTURE CONTROL OF THE PH.25 Absorbance at 390nm (a. It is clear that the optical response to pH of these watersoluble copolymers is controlled both by the nature of the water-soluble monomer and the existence of substituents.

emission is practically unaffected when the nonionic P(DMAM-co-SDPQ) copolymer is titrated with DTAC. University of Patras.5mM DTAC 140 120 Excitation at 350nm 0 mM DTAC PL Intensity (a. Greece Abstract In contrast to typical hydrophilic nonionic polymers such as poly(N. leading to associative phase separation when the net charge of the polyelectrolyte chain is sufficiently decreased due to complexation. While not yet fully understood. However. it is well-known that negatively charged polyelectrolytes such as poly(sodium 2acrylamido-methylpropanesulfonate (PAMPSA) form the so-called polyelectrolyte/surfactant complexes when they are mixed in aqueous solution with oppositely charged surfactants.N. This is also the case when the anionic P(AMPSA-co-SDPQ) copolymer is used. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. our target was to investigate whether it is possible to exploit the pHsensitive optical properties of quinoline group for the study of polyelectrolyte/surfactant complexation in dilute aqueous solution.9mM DTAC 0. 140 120 Excitation at 350nm 0mM DTAC 0. as long as the surfactant concentration is lower than CAC. namely the nonionic (P(DMAM-co-SDPQ)) and the negatively charged (P(AMPSA-co-SDPQ)). The optical properties (absorption and emission spectra) of these quinoline-labelled polymers were monitored upon titration with an aqueous DTAC solution in a wide pH range (pH=2-8). since no polymer/surfactant complexation can take place. usually observed when SDPQ is under the uncharged basic form.N-dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DTAC).9mM DTAC 0 mM DTAC 400 450 500 550 600 Wavelength (nm) Wavelength (nm) Figure 1: Photoluminescence spectra of the P(DMAM-co-SDPQ) copolymer upon titration with DTAC at pH=2 Figure 2: Photoluminescence spectra of the P(AMPSA-co-SDPQ) copolymer upon titration with DTAC at pH=2 134 . using the hydrophobic vinylic quinoline derivative 2-4-diphenyl6-(4-vinylphenyl)quinoline (SDPQ).) PL Intensity (a. hydrophobic mixed polymer/surfactant aggregates are formed at a critical aggregation concentration (CAC) much lower than the critical micelle concentration (CMC) of the pure surfactant. 2010 PI-49: APPLICATION OF QUINOLINE-LABELLED WATER SOLUBLE POLYMERS FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF THE POLYELECTROLYTE / SURFACTANT COMPLEXATION IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION IOANNIS THIVAIOS. In addition. As expected.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Some representative photoluminescence spectra upon excitation at 350 nm at pH=2 are shown in Figures 1 and 2. At this low pH. GEORGIOS BOKIAS Department of Chemistry. two quinoline-labelled water-soluble polymers. Thus.N-dimethylacrylamide) (PDMAM). this intriguing behavior is possibly explained by a selective solubilization of the hydrophobic uncharged SDPQ species in the interior of the polyelectrolyte/surfactant hydrophobic aggregates formed above CAC.N. a new band at ~420 nm appears. were synthesized through free radical polymerization.u. In the present work. GR-26504 Patras. like N.u) 100 80 60 40 20 0 400 450 500 550 600 650 100 80 60 40 20 0 0. when the DTAC concentration exceeds CAC (yellow curve). SDPQ is protonated and a strong emission at ~500 nm is observed. the emission at ~500 nm weakens substantially. For this reason.

Nishi-ku. Figure 2c shows a photograph of a swollen cross-linked polymer dipped in anisole for 6 h.1 Here. This suggests that the final sample formed a clear and transparent single piece. CH3 R R S S R R S S R R S S R R R R S R R S S S Reshuffling Reaction Figure 1.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Previously. A polymer cross-linked with TTC units was synthesized by a RAFT copolymerization of n-butyl acrylate (BA) and a TTC cross-linker using 2. Furthermore. a 2nd self-healing reaction was carried out under the same conditions using the once healed crosslinked polymers. As shown in Figure 2a. Van Wassen. Kyushu University 744 Motooka. 43. and was obtained with a high conversion after 24 h (99+% (NMR)). This result indicated that the samples had undergone a photostimulated macroscopic self-healing fusion reaction. R. USA – km3b@andrew. as shown in Figure 1. Fukuoka 819-0395.edu 2 Institute for Materials Chemistry and Engineering.7) in anisole at 60 ºC. Photographs of cross-linked polymers in repetitive self-healing reactions under UV irradiation in acetonitrile before and after (a) 1st reaction for 4 h. Macromolecules 2010. 4355–4361. HIDEYUKI OTSUKA2. after the 2nd healing cycle. Japan Abstract Self-healing of cross-linked polymers with reversible covalent bonds have been studied. we demonstrated self-healing reactions of polymer gels based on reshuffling reactions of trithiocarbonate (TTC) units via chemical stimulation procedures. JUN KAMADA1. The self-healing reactions were carried out by exposing to UV light a sample of TTC cross-linked polymers that had been cut into three pieces and placed under mild pressure by a 4 g weight. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. the three pieces were fused into a single sample. 135 . 1 AND KRZYSZTOF MATYJASZEWSKI * 1 Center for Macromolecular Engineering. we show that TTC based systems are “photoresponsive” and can indeed undergo repeatable self-healing procedures based on radical reshuffling of TTC units. Nicolay. but also chemically fused. Department of Chemistry. 2010 PI-50: REPEATABLE PHOTOINDUCED SELF-HEALING OF TRITHIOCARBONATE CROSS-LINKED POLYMERS YOSHIFUMI AMAMOTO1. K. macroscopic fusion of hν (1) (1) (4) (4) (2) (2) (3) (3) : Butyl Acrylate R R S S R R S hν R R S S R R S S R R S : TTC Units R R S S S R = H. The TTC cross-linked polymer has also showed self-healing in bulk states. Pennsylvania 15213.cmu. Model self-healing reactions by UV irradiation and radical reshuffling reaction of trithiocarbonate units. the three pieces of the cross-linked polymers combined into one piece (Figure 2b).2’azobis(isobutyronitrile) (AIBN) ([BA]/[TTC crosslinker]/[AIBN] = 19/1/0. A. (b) 2nd reaction for 12 h. J. As in the 1st reaction. Kamada. in acetonitrile under nitrogen atmosphere. because they could indicate both repeatable reactions and robust structures. and the controls of swelling degrees by solvents in UV irradiations. 1 Figure 2. Pittsburgh. completely separated parts. Matyjaszewski. and (c) after swelling test in anisole for 6 h.2. ATSUSHI TAKAHARA2. Carnegie Mellon University 4400 Fifth Avenue. after UV irradiation for 4 h. indicating that the resulting gel was not only physically entangled.

Sol-Gel Sci.. B. R. Azojomo-Journal of marerials online 2005.. M. Schmidt. Sakellari. M. the inorganic siloxane network was formed by the sol-gel process. Farsari.. A. 711 10 Heraclion. we have synthesized novel hybrid organicinorganic microstructures for photonic and semiconducting applications by combining the sol-gel process with the two-photon polymerization (2PP) technique. which are characteristic of polydisperse CdS quantum dots formed within the material. Sánchez-Loredo. R.. H. Films of this material were prepared onto glass slides by spin coating or drop casting. I. G..2 FARSARI MARIA. Figure 1. C. Fotakis. P. A. MacGraith. Laser Chem. allowed its 3D structuring using the 2PP technique.. Fluorescence spectroscopy was used to measure the emission attributed to the CdS nanoparticles which was found in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum.. Next. B. 3 Martínez-Castañón.gr 2 Department of Materials Science and Technology.1.1 This versatile technique has been exploited for the incorporation of inorganic networks into polymer matrices. 2 We first prepared a composite material based on a polymerizable silicon precursor. 1 1. G. In the present work. A. M.2 FOTAKIS COSTAS1 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser..8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Foundation for Research and Technology – Hellas. 1. using as monomers molecules that carry an inorganic part which serves as the precursor to the inorganic network and a polymerizable organic group which acts as the precursor to the organic polymer. Technol. 1. the photosensitivity that this material demonstrates. D. J... 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 710 03 Heraclion. Martínez-Mendoza. D.O. 2008. Box 1527 Vasilika Vouton...3 The UV-VIS absorption spectra showed a series of overlapping peaks. Crete (Greece) – elmina@iesl. 2010 PI-51: FUNCTIONAL HYBRID MATERIALS FOR TWO PHOTON FABRICATION OF SEMICONDUCTING 3D STRUCTURES KAMBOURAKI ELMINA.2240/azojomo0170. Gaidukeviciute. O. University of Crete. 1994. Vamvakaki. 217-231 Ovsianikov. Oubaha. Giakoumaki. M. 3D microstructures with spatial resolution below 100 nm which exhibit minimal shrinkage were fabricated by this method (Figure 1). P. A. whereas. Gray. 2 1 136 . N. Chickov. and a cadmium containing organic salt. J. The X-Ray diffraction pattern of a CdS containing film showed three broad peaks attributed to the crystalline cubic structure of the nanoparticles. the microstructures were reacted with Na2S which led to the synthesis of cadmium sulphide (CdS) quantum dots within the volume of the 3D structures.. Facundo.forth. DOI: 10. 1 VAMVAKAKI MARIA. SEM images of woodpile structures fabricated from the cadmium containing composite material Furthermore. 2208 Vasilika Vouton. Crete (Greece) Abstract The sol-gel process is a simple cost effective and efficient method used for the preparation of inorganic networks. Article ID 493059.

Although there are many examples of generally regarded as safe (GRAS) materials that exhibit degradation upon (bio-)chemical stimuli1 (i. for example. Org. mainly due to very slow degradation rates. In conclusion. the photodegradation products were found to be of low toxicity and hence did not affect the viability of the cells after laser detachment. Wang. and to construct 2D cell patterns on the ablated substrates. Nair. 762-798 (2007). addressable in the biomedical context remain limited. 137 . 9. Lett. Crete. 710 03 Heraklion. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. <60 mJ/cm2.1 ANTHI RANELLA. Fine tuning of the photochemical degradation process is currently in progress as well as the investigation of the photochemical degradability of polyketals in aqueous solutions for phototriggered drug delivery applications. polyketals constitute an excellent class of photodegradable GRAS materials for biomedical applications in the UV regime with remarkably low degradation energies. photodegradable polymers. Greece . Wang. Y.e.2 ALEXANDROS SELIMIS. 153 10 Aghia Paraskevi. 2010 PI-52: PHOTODEGRADABLE POLYMERS AS SUBSTRATES FOR POSTCULTURE CELL PATTERNING GEORGE PASPARAKIS.T. Finally. and high energy required for complete photodegradation. etc. the short pulse duration used further eliminates photothermal effects to occur and heat transfer phenomena are limited.1 THEODORE MANOURAS. in the fields of drug delivery and tissue engineering as carriers for sustained or stimulus-mediated drug release and as scaffolds for tissue culture. Greece Abstract Degradable polymers are constantly developed and find numerous uses in the biotechnological arena.1 STELIOS PSYCHARAKIS.gpasp@iesl. we explore the synthesis and photodegradation properties of novel ketal-based polymers for post-culture cell patterning. It should be stressed that cells remained viable after irradiation due to the very low fluencies required for complete substrate ablation and the fact that the polymers exhibit strong absorbance at 193 nm and act as a shielding layer protecting the cells from direct laser exposure.gr 2 Institute of Microelectronics. A rapid reduction of film thickness was evidenced by LIF spectra due to rapid fluorescence decrease as photoablation process progressed. P. 32. Model polymers with ketal segments on their main chain were synthesized by standard condensation polymerization procedures. 711 10 Heraklion. 2831-2833 (2007). Cells were detached from the irradiated areas due to polymer photodegradation. The polymers were found to exhibit complete photodegradation2 at remarkably low energies ca.S.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. NCSR Demokritos. enzymes.). University of Crete. Laurencin. Prog. We then sought to use the polymer films as cell-culture photodegradable substrates to mediate laser controlled cell detachment and harvesting.1 PANAGIOTIS ARGITIS2 AND MARIA VAMVAKAKI1. Ablated cells were harvested alive whereas non-irradiated areas formed 2D patterns with cells attached on them. pH. 3T3 fibroblasts were cultured on the polyketal films followed by laser ablation of selected areas by application of a mask.forth. Attiki Greece 3 Department of Materials Science and Technology. 1 2 L. In addition. H. Hu. Thin polymer films (150 μm thickness) were fabricated by spin coating polymer solutions on quartz substrates in order to examine the photodegradation profiles by laser induced fluorescence (LIF) spectroscopy.3 1 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser – Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas. Sci. A nanosecond (ns) excimer laser source at 193 nm was used for the photolysis studies with a fluence of 7 mJ/cm2 per pulse. Polym. C. In this study.

acetone) and were stable for months without any observable disintegration. MeOH. we envisaged that catalysts could be immobilized on the surface of ‘smart’ particles as a means to recover the catalysts by application of physicochemical stimuli that the particles could ‘feel’ at the end of the reaction cycle. a. Characteristic iridescence of colloidal crystal formed by uniform microgel particles. THF. food additives. 1 Jian Qiu. Reversible dispersion-aggregation transition of Tresponsive particles in water below and above LCST. Particle size uniformity was confirmed by SEM which revealed consistent diameters below 300 nm (figure 1b). Greece . 711 10 Heraklion. SEM image of a nearly monodisperse core-shell particle population and c. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. EtOH. We are currently performing experiments with fully functionalized particles with catalytic moieties to demonstrate the concept of catalyst recovery by ‘smart’ nanoparticles in laboratory-scale prototype reactors. -NH2) for further catalyst immobilization. Bernadette Charleux. which demonstrate their potential of being used as polymer supports for catalytic cycles in continuous type reactors where catalyst recovery is of paramount importance.e. A b c Figure 1. The nanoparticles could be readily dispersed in aqueous media as well as in many organic solvents (i. often precious. 2083-2134 (2001). Preliminary experiments showed that the particles formed large aggregates above their LCST and could be redispersed back to their initial state by a temperature decrease (figure 1c).). DMF. The particles exhibited temperature responsive properties derived from the selection of suitable monomers (i. 710 03 Heraklion.forth. Krzysztof Matyjaszewski. Greece Abstract Homogeneous catalysis is widely used by the industry for the production of a plethora of chemical compounds used in everyday products such as cosmetics. which were also combined with hydrophilic functional monomers (i. indicative of their uniform size (figure 1a). KONSTANTINOS STOIKOS2. 26. 138 .2 1 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser – Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas.e. –OH. MARIA VAMVAKAKI1.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. NIPAM. Precipitation polymerization1 was evaluated as a highly robust and versatile method to produce nearly monodisperse nanoparticles. Crete. University of Crete.gr 2 Department of Materials Science and Technology. resulting in contamination of the final products. Sci. The nanoparticles were found to form colloidal crystals at high concentrations in aqueous dispersions (>60%). Prog. Polym. A significant drawback of currently used continuous type reactors is that small amounts of. SEM and FT-IR.e. paints etc. b. In order to address this problem. DMAEMA etc. We have successfully synthesized stimuli responsive microgel nanoparticles of varying chemical functionalities and characterized them in solution by DLS. 2010 PI-53: SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATIONOF RESPONSIVE NANOPARTICLES FOR HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS GEORGE PASPARAKIS1. -COOH. catalysts are lost during the reaction cycles.gpasp@iesl.

F. is investigated. C. M. Polymer 2006. B. Y..0 1.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.. 29. 2000. Lok. S... 2010 PI-54: BULK HOMOPOLYMERIZATION OF 2-(DIMETHYLAMINO)ETHYL METHACRYLATE VIA ATOM TRANSFER RADICAL POLYMERIZATION DAFNI MOATSOU1. D. 2007. T. can be achieved via a “controlled/living” radical polymerization technique such as the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). reported the synthesis of ultra-high molecular weight PDMAEMA via ATRP in aqueous media..2 bioseparation and water purification. 5167-5169.. H. F. Chem.0 80 Conversion (%) Figure 1. 201. 4 Mao.gr 2 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser. MARIA VAMVAKAKI1..10.000 g/mol) to achieve “living” conditions. 3017-3020. University of Crete. the polymerization retained its “controlled/living” character only when Cu(I)Cl was used as the metal salt. S. Crete. X. 3 (a) Zhang. Greece . Wautier. 710 03 Heraklion. DEMETRA S. The monomer conversion was followed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR). Y. Y. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 2000. J. that is controlled molecular weight (MW) and narrow molecular weight distribution (MWD).uoc. Matyjaszewski.. Bioconjugate Chem.2 Department of Materials Science and Technology. X. Gan. Chem.. K..10 hexamethyltriethylenetetramine (HMTETA) as the ligand. P. E. Pelton. Sci. (b) Shen. Pelton.. Biomaterials 2008. Zhu. (c) Zeng. R. Xia..4. 38. 1169-1175. The reaction rate was much slower for Cu(I)Cl compared to that for Cu(I)Br resulting in long reaction times. The synthesis of highly functional PDMAEMA-based materials with controlled molecular characteristics.and temperature-responsive polymer which has attracted considerable attention lately because it is an excellent candidate for various applications including gene1 and drug delivery. Crete. 31. while the MWs and the MWDs of the polymers were determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) (Figure 1).. Hennink. Macromol. N. Although high MW PDMAEMA homopolymers of ~100 000 g/mol were obtained in both cases. Phys. J. 3821-3827. 340-341. 80000 70000 60000 50000 2. Part A: Polym.3 Most of the studies focused on the synthesis of low molecular weight PDMAEMA homopolymers (~20. ACHILLEOS1. Polym. Greece 1 Abstract Poly[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate] (PDMAEMA) is a pH. (d) Pantoustier. as well as the reinitiation of the polymerization from the active polymer chain-ends upon the addition of new monomer. W. 1950-1957. 711 10 Heraklion.. Zeng. Degee. M.. Mao et al.dmoatsou@materials. Commun. 1 2 Jiang. You. Macromolecules 1998. This was accompanied by an increase of the MW and an exponential decay of the polydispersity index with monomer conversion (Figure 1). R.0 Mw / Mn Mn 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 0 20 40 60 2. Moins. 2077-2084. Dubois. S.5 3. Chem. Gan. Shen. L. W. Only.1. Foundation for Research and Technology – Hellas.2.. 2003. 47. The controlled synthesis of PDMAEMA homopolymers by ATRP has been extensively investigated during the last decade.4 In the present work. J. MWs and MWDs of the PDMAEMA homopolymers as a function of monomer conversion. H. The use of copper (I) bromide (Cu(I)Br) vs copper (I) chloride (Cu(I)Cl) as the metal salt is compared by following the kinetics of the ATRP polymerizations in bulk to prepare high molecular weight PDMAEMA homopolymers. the bulk homopolymerization of DMAEMA using Cu(I) as the catalyst and 1...7. P.2. 18. Auguste.5 1. Y. Zhu. 139 .-O.

2010 PI-55: MULTIRESPONSIVE SPIROPYRAN-BASED COPOLYMERS SYNTHESIZED BY ATOM TRANSFER RADICAL POLYMERIZATION DEMETRA S. Macromolecules 2010. Shiraishi. Box 1527. Phys. Giordani. The lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the copolymers increased with their content in hydrophilic MC moieties. University of Crete. with a slower decoloration rate in the aqueous medium due to the effective stabilization of the bipolar MC form in the polar environment. A.2 the solution pH3 and the presence of ions. M. before irradiation.2 1 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser. Box 2208.. 2001. The solvatochromic.3'-trimethyl-6methacryloyloxy-spiro(2H-1-benzopyran-2. 2004.4 Multiresponsive spiropyran-based random copolymers were synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (Scheme 1). Chem. C. Scheme 1. P. 4651-4652. Crete. S. V. T.. M. T. Adachi. Achilleos. Vamvakaki.2 AND MARIA VAMVAKAKI1. 104. M. J. the addition of a strong acid induced the SP-to-merocyanine (MC) isomerization and the formation of [MC-OH]+ and [SP-NH]+ species. 1 2 3 4 5 Minkin.3'.2'-indoline) (SP). pH.gr 2 Department of Materials Science and Technology. Chem. Greece Abstract Photochromic compounds. The chromophore content and the photoinduced MC-to-SP isomerization affected the transition temperature of the PDMAEMA-co-PSP polymers. S. Hirai. Wasey..Hellas. S. Am.5 The polymers were prepared by the copolymerization of 2(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) with the photochromic monomer 1'. Buncel.1 One of the most extensively studied families of photochromic compounds are spiropyrans (SPs) whose photochromism depends on the polarity of the surrounding medium (solvent or polymer matrix). 2009. Hoz. leading to “negative solvatochromism” upon increasing the polarity of the solvent. K. E. Lett. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Responsive behavior of the PDMAEMA-co-PSP copolymers to the solvent polarity.. 2751-2776. Greece . 3482-3485. F. Rev. A 2000. temperature and light responsive behavior of the PDMAEMA-co-PSP polymers in solution was monitored by UV/vis spectroscopy. Articles ASAP. M. 710 03 Heraklion. P. Foundation for Research and Technology . 711 10 Heraklion.. D. P. Raymo. 140 . ACHILLEOS1. Wojtyk. while the MC-to-SP photoinduced isomerization decreased significantly the LCST due to the hydrophobic character of the SP units..O. Crete. Soc. The copolymers exhibited “reverse photochromism” and stabilized the planar zwitterionic form of the chromophore. Chem.forth. Itoh.. in contrast to a poly(methyl methacrylate)-co-PSP analogue which stabilized a nonpolar photoisomer and exhibited negligible sensitivity to the polarity of the surrounding medium.. light. 123.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. J. Kazmaier.achill@iesl. 9046-9055. the solution pH and temperature. the PDMAEMA-co-PSP copolymers exhibited a reversible pHresponsive character in aqueous media. Y..O. which can be interconverted to two thermodynamically stable states of different color by absorbing electromagnetic radiation have attracted considerable attention lately. Finally. 11. 104. whereas the initial SP moieties were recovered in alkaline media. Moreover. Org. J. the copolymers exhibited a first-order photo-induced bleaching of the chromophore units in water and acetonitrile.

K. C. Chem. F. 2008. 2 1 141 . optical and photochemical properties. Myroshynychenko. 1792-1805. Mulvaney. Voutes. Res.1. with gold nanoparticles. Thomas. photochemical and electrochemical properties.1 On the other hand. 37. M.2 GALATEIA E. G. W. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Kamat. Santos. MARIA VAMVAKAKI1. Ipe.3 In the present work amphiphilic block copolymers of poly[2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate]-bpoly((oligoethyleneglycol)monomethylether methacrylate) (PDEAEMA-b-POEGMA) were synthesized from a porphyrin difunctional initiator by the ‘grafting from’ technique using a controlled radical polymerization method.2 Multicomponent systems containing porphyrins and gold nanoparticles yield photoresponsive organicinorganic nanohybrid materials with novel electrical. Voutes. Phys. J. 888-898. 710 03 Heraklion. L. R. G. Foundation for Research and Technology. Dyes and Pigments 2008. V. Heraklion. A. J. The successful synthesis of the terpolymers was verified by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography. 710 03. University of Crete. Marzan. 2010 PI-56: POLYMER PORPHYRIN NANOASSEMPLIES WITH INCORPORATED GOLD NANOPARTICLES MARIA KALIVA. Lianxiang. Fernandez. J.gr 2 Department of Materials Science & Technology. Chem.2 1 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser. Soc. Voutes. P. ATHANASIOS COUTSOLELOS3. V. due their interesting photophysical. Greece Abstract Porphyrins and metalloporphyrins have received great attention recently. P. Acc. M. The amphiphilic polymer-porphyrin conjugates self-assemble into spherical micelles in aqueous solution with the porphyrin and PDEAEMA blocks located in the core of the micelle and the POEGMA blocks forming the micelle corona. Thomas. I. the micellar core was decorated with gold nanoparticles by incorporation of a metal salt followed by metal reduction (Figure 2). Polymerization of the first hydrophobic block Self Assembly Porphyrin molecule Initiator functionalized porphyrin Polymerization of the second hydrophilic block (a) AuCl4 NaBH4 CH3 * CH2C O C O CH2 CH2 N H2C CH3 CH2 CH3 * n H O N H N H N N OH H2 C CH3 C C O O CH2 CH2 O CH3 6 * n (b) Figure 1: Schematic representation of the Figure 2: (a) Self assembly of the polymersynthetic procedure followed for the preparation of porphyrin conjugates and (b) Micelles decorated the amphiphilic polymer-porphyrin conjugates. Chem. metal nanoparticles have been also shown to exhibit interesting size dependent electronic. Greece – kalivm@iesl. Next. The electronic properties of the nanohybrids were investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy and showed a quenching of the intensity and shift in the position of the porphyrin bands in the presence of the gold nanoparticles. optical and other properties. C. P. Rev. Greece 3 Department of Chemistry. 36. 106. Xingqiao. Abajo. 3 (a) K.forth. (b) B. Heraklion.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. 2003. ZERVAKI3. 77. Wenqi. Novo. 153-157. University of Crete. Y. 18-21. Funston. B 2002. 711 10. I. atom transfer radical polymerization (Figure 1). Z. The micellar structures and the gold nanoparticles decorated nanohybrids were characterized by dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy.

The low surface tension liquid hexadecane still 1 2 B. Taylor. We attribute the observed coalescence of the fibrous structures to the capillary forces acting during the evaporation of water between the rough structures7. the PMMA surface becomes very rough with a fibrous surface superimposed on the micropillar-like structure (see Fig 1).3. Chandra. structures7. J. Gogolides. 2010 PI-57: PLASMA NANOTEXTURED AMPHIPHOBIC POLYMER SURFACES ARUN KUMAR GNANAPPA. Contact angles for these surfaces are improved from oleophobic (CA for water 110-1400) for low etch times to superoleophobic (>1400 and small hysteresis) for higher etch times. drag reduction in microfluidic devices. 2006. E. These surfaces are highly superhydrophobic with water contact angle above 1500 and contact angle hysteresis <50 (see Fig 3). Liu Y. Shu D. and drying is then treated with fluorocarbon plasma to create a stable amphiphobic surface. pp 2456–2460 McHale G. plasma etching. 11748–11759 7 D. 2009.2. 284–287. I. Zhang. Yang. Terma Patriahou Gregoriou St. Gogolides. oleophobic. Int. Nanotechnology 2007. J. Mater. A. These surfaces are found not stable after immersion in water (see Fig. A. Newton M. These surfaces are significant for applications such as self-cleaning. water / oil repellent fabrics and biology1. Vourdas. 22. Langmuir 2009. Li Q. Vourdas. Aghia Paraskevi. National Center for Scientific Research ‘Demokritos’. N. Langmuir 2006. pillar-like roughness of increasing height and diameter has been observed6 (see Fig. Analyst 2004. Under optimum conditions. G. Yang. and E. The stabilized nanotexture on PMMA generated by oxygen plasma. 5 N. For long etch time. Shao. Angew.4.. Here we demonstrate a simple method for enhancing the water and oil repellence of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) using plasma etching and roughening followed by fluorocarbon plasma deposition. S. roughness. Ed 2001. 15310 Greece e-mail: arun@imel. 125304 6 K.8. J. nanotexture Random roughness (which we term nanotexture) generated on a polymer surface combined with appropriate surface chemistry may lead to simultaneously superhydrophobic and superoleophobic surfaces. 40 (9). Adv. 3063–3078. Chi-Wei Lo. 2) and need to be wetted before their hydrophobization in fluorocarbon plasma. 8595-8601 142 . 1). In our previous work. Tserepi. 18. contact angle. KOSMAS ELLINAS. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 25(18).. X. X. Tsougeni. Jiang L. This paper discusses the robustness of these surfaces towards immersion in water before and after fluorocarbon coating. 4 Feng. Song Y.gr Keywords: superhydrophobic. A. de With. Langmuir. With increasing etching time. Langmuir 2009. ANGELIKI TSEREPI. the surfaces show oleophobic behavior (but larger hysteresis). The mechanical stability of roughness plays a critical role in maintaining superhydrophobicity for long time and repeated water exposures. Tserepi. W. wetting. Leng. PMMA treated with oxygen plasma to generate roughness. 1743– 1745. Mi. 10430–10434 8 Y.demokritos. 129 (4). EVANGELOS GOGOLIDES Institute of Microelectronics. In this work stability of roughened surface under immersion in water has been studied with SEM at the micro and nanoscale. Z.. 25(19).8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. This treatment is shown to be appropriate for rendering a rough surface stable upon immersion in water and vacuum drying. Chem. the plasma processing conditions were optimized for making superhydrophobic surfaces5. L. followed by fluorocarbon plasma deposition to alter the surface chemistry leads to creation of superhydrophobic/superoleophobic surfaces. 25 (4). a desired combination termed super amphiphobicity. Shirtcliffe N.8. S. Such surfaces repel both water and oils. 18 (23). Jiang. The soya oil. Wang. 3 Li H. superoleophobic.

24 – 29 OCTOBER. The longer etched samples showed better stability. The hydrolytic stability of these surfaces is very important due to its long term exposure to water in most of its applications. Water and diiodomethane roll on the surface. After prolonged immersion (for 1 month) in water samples etched for less time showed loss of superhydrophobicity (contact angle decreases from 155 to 1350).8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Our current work focuses on improving the contact angle of low surface tension liquids with simple plasma treatment. Finally the hydrolytic stability of these fluorocarbon coated superhydrophobic surfaces is studied by weathering the surfaces in water over a period of time and monitoring its contact angle. 143 . Figure 1: 10mins oxygen plasma etch PMMA Figure 2: 10mins oxygen plasma etched PMMA. coalescence of fibrous structures occurs leaving behind micropillars Figure 3: Static contact angle for various liquids versus etching time of PMMA. after wetting and vacuum drying. while other oils stick. and coating with fluorocarbon plasmadeposited film. 2010 shows hydrophilic behaviour with contact angle ~700 (see Fig 3). 10 mins etched sample showed only a contact angle decreases from 160 to 1450 and are still marginally superhydrophobic. Data are taken after wetting-drying of fibrous structures to cause coalescence.

Kristen S. while no change on mechanical properties is observed. Department of Chemistry. However. TGA of composites was performed in nitrogen atmosphere from 30 to 700 oC. Sideridou. 20. 26 (2005) 5095-5103. 16. Antonussi : Biomaterials.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. 144 . The static flexural strength and flexural modulus were measured using a three-point bending set up. Finally. Joseph M. As average silica particle size decreases.gr Abstract Aesthetic tooth-shaded dental restorations are well-accepted and becoming more and more popular over metallic dental amalgams. Then the silanized nanoparticles (55 wt-%) were mixed with a photoactivated matrix. The resin composite that meets all the requirements of both posterior and anterior restorations has not emerged yet. Maria M. while anterior restorations need composites that have superior aesthetics. Wilson. the small particle size of silica. The silanizated silica nanoparticles were identified by FT-IR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). the great interest in resin composite research is nanotechnology. ensure better interfacial adhesion between filler and matrix and contribute to uniform dispersion of particles in polymeric network. while the dynamic thermomechanical properties were determined by Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer (DMA). GR-54124 Thessaloniki (Greece) . IRINI SIDERIDOU Laboratory of Organic Chemical Technology. The total amount of silane used was kept constant at 10 wt-% relative to the filler weight to ensure the complete silanization of nanoparticles. used as filler were silanized with the silane 3-methacryloxypropyl-trimethoxysilane (MPS). So. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.siderid@chem. These nanocomposites consisted of a Bis-GMA/TEGDMA (50/50wt/wt) matrix and various types silica nanoparticles (Aerosil) with average particle size of 40. Posterior restorations require composites that show higher mechanical properties. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Sorption. Karabela : Dental Materials 25 (2008) 1315 – 1324. the number of MPS molecules attached on the silica surface area 1 nm2 is independent of filler particle size. 14. modified with sufficient amount of coupling agent. As the average filler particles size decreases a progressive increase in degree of conversion of composites and an increase in the amount of sorbed water is observed. and 7nm. the percentage amount of MPS attached on the silica surface increases. solubility and volumetric changes were determined after storage of composites in water or ethanol/water solution 75 vol-% for 30 days.auth. 2010 PI-58: SYNTHESIS AND STUDY OF PROPERTIES OF DENTAL RESIN COMPOSITES WITH DIFFERENT NANOSILICA PARTICLES SIZE MARIA KARABELA. 54 53 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 59 Degree of conversion (%) Inorganic filler (%) 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 Average particle size of silica (nm) 1 2 Irini D. The objective of this study was the synthesis of light-cured resin nanocomposites using nanosilica particles with different particles size and the study of some physical-mechanical properties of the composites. Kai Zhang. Degree of conversion of composites was determined by FT-IR analysis.

siderid@chem. 3 Kao EC. diffusion coefficients.5 4. Department of Chemistry.5 4.5 -3/2 5. Thus. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. It was observed that the chemical structure of the monomers used for the preparation of the resins directly affects the amount of liquid sorbed or desorbed. as well as sorption kinetics. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.5 3. Dental Materials 24 (2008) 1631. Dental Materials 5 (1989).0 -2 2. alcohols etc) and may release components to their surroundings. The process of sorption and desorption of a liquid may produce deleterious effect on the structure and function of the resin. bases.0 3.auth. The sorbed or desorbed liquid at equilibrium. UDMA. salts. 201. TEGDMA or D3MA. MARIA KARABELA Laboratory of Organic Chemical Technology. Dental Materials 22 (2006). Bis-EMA. 211. This work is concerned with the study of the sorption and desorption process of water. softening and chemical changes such as oxidation and hydrolysis1.0 3. These effects may include volumetric changes. The resin specimens (15mm diameter x 1mm height) were immersed in liquids 37±1oC for 30 days and liquids sorption/desorption were examined in both equilibrium and dynamic conditions in a sorption–desorption cycle. GR-54124 Thessaloniki (Greece). such as plasticization. An interesting finding concerning the rate of ethanol/water sorption was that all resins followed Fickian diffusion kinetics during almost the whole sorption curve.5 -3/2 5. Sideridou ID.0 4 1/2 4.gr Abstract Dental resins in the oral environment may absorb water and chemicals. Ethanol/water solution (%) 14 12 10 Bis-GMA Bis-EMA UDMA TEGDMA D3MA Ethanol/water solution (vol-%) 100/0 12 10 8 Bis-GMA Bis-EMA UDMA TEGDMA D3MA 0/100 50/50 75/25 0/100 50/50 75/25 100/0 Solubility (%) EWS (%) 8 6 4 2 0 6 4 2 0 2. such as those found in saliva or food (acids. 145 . 2010 PI-59: SORPTION OF FOOD-SIMULATING SOLUTIONS BY DENTAL DIMETHACRYLATE RESINS IRINI SIDERIDOU. while desorption rate was nearly unaffected. ethanol. Karabela MM. long-term survival of dental resins under oral conditions is obviously of great concern.0 Solubility parameter*10 (J m ) Solubility parameter*10 (J m ) 1 2 Ferracane JL.5 3. ethanol/water solution 50 vol-% or ethanol/water solution 75 vol-% by the dental resins prepared by light curing of the dimethacrylate monomers Bis-GMA. solubility and volume increase after sorption were calculated.0 4 1/2 4.

The results obtained shows that the ionic interaction of the NH+3 groups linked to the chitosan chain with the SDP anionic groups is depending of the pH of the swelling media (3.0 146 . In the acid swelling medium the swelling capacity of the hydrogels was higher respect to the capacities obtained in basic and neutral media. An overshooting effect was observed in the hydrogels swollen in basic and neutral medium. Blvd. while in acidic medium the hydrogel collapsed. moreover with a percentage of solid of 2% w/w the swelling capacities were higher. and 4% w/w). 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 7. Whereas in basic medium the rate of swelling was low due to the degree of deprotonation of ammonium groups of chitosan and crosslinking density was high by hydrogen bonds. Blvd. JUAN C. García Barragan #1421. followed by a lost in the volume of the hydrogels until the swelling equilibrium is attained. FAUSTO BECERRA-BRACAMONTES2 1 Department of Chemical Engineering. this suggest an increase in crosslinking density due to hydrogen bonds in the anions of SDP. ALEJANDRO GONZÁLEZ-ÁLVAREZ1. University of Guadalajara. Hydrogels of chitosan/SDP are sensitivity to pH of the swelling. SÁNCHEZ-DÍAZ1.com 2 Department of Chemistry. An overshooting effect in the hydrogels was observed. and 11) and the percentage of solids in the hydrogels (2. LUIS E. 2010 PI-60: EFFECT OF THE SODIUM PHOSPHATE DIBASIC CONCENTRATION ON THE SWELLING PROPERTIES OF CHITOSAN HYDROGELS AGUSTÍN MARTÍNEZ-RUVALCABA1. Swelling ratio for the chitosan/SPD hydrogels at different percentage of solids for a swelling medium of pH = 7. 3.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. García Barragan #1421. 44430 Guadalajara (Mexico) – agustin21@gmail. in acidic medium the rate of swelling of hydrogels was high because of the degree of protonation of the ammonium groups in the chitosan and crosslinking density was low. 44430 Guadalajara (Mexico) Abstract In this work were prepared chitosan hydrogels by ionotropic gelation technique with sodium phosphate dibasic (SDP) in an aqueous acetic acid solution 2% v/v. CRUZ-BARBA1. University of Guadalajara. The percentage of swelling was higher when decreased SDP molar ration of the hydrogels. 5.

M. 2173. PCN array integrated in an OWS setup. additionally. Germany 4 Institut for Chemistry. What makes this hybrid biosensor platform attractive is that the nanorod array serves both as waveguiding layer and amplifies the number of functional sites available for surface specific processes. U. Fukuda. G.. Knoll. Masuda.. H. Donau-City-Strasse 1. The nanorod arrays can therefore also be considered for the use as scaffold for optical biosensors with molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). Austrian Institute of Technology. demonstrate waveguiding ability and sensitivity to refractive index changes. Floudas. T. 1220 Vienna. Steinhart. A. This study lead to a sensing figure of merit (FOM) of 196 reciprocal refractive index units. B. Austria – *antonis. Duran. M. PCN arrays may represent a versatile platform for the design of biosensors. 209.. D.3 were 60 nm in diameter and 650 nm in length. 1466. Science 1995. Macromol. Phys. Lazzara. formed by thermal polymerization of a cyanate ester monomer1 in self-ordered nanoporous alumina templates. Universität Göttingen. while providing further flexibility for surface functionalization. Duran. HATICE DURAN2. WOLFGANG KNOLL1 Nano Systems. 2008. Macromolecules 2009. 268. A. THOMAS LAZZARA3. H.. Knoll. The nanorods. 4 Gitsas. 1 2 Yameen. 3 Duran. W. This work4 extends the waveguiding ability of nanoporous systems and. 2881.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. The chemical affinity of the PCNs sensor was tested by means of a biological model analyte (taurine) binding to the nanorod surface by reaction with residual cyanate groups. H.. Germany 3 Institute for Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry. B. 10.2. 147 . Mondeshki. OWS scans of the PCN nanorods in different environments (red circles: Milli-Q water.. Knoll... Chem. Thus.. A. 2010 PI-61: POLYMER NANOROD ARRAYS FOR OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE-BASED BIOSENSING ANTONIS GITSAS1*. Best. BASIT YAMEEN2. MARTIN STEINHART4. Germany 1 Abstract We demonstrate the optical waveguiding capability of polycyanurate thermoset nanorod (PCN) arrays for high-sensitivity biosensing using optical waveguide spectroscopy (OWS).. 1673. Gitsas. 42.. K.. W. which is higher than that for other sensors based on angular modulation.at 2 Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research.. modified PCNs bearing sulfonic acid groups at their surfaces were obtained. 49069 Osnabrück. Steinhart. W. Steinhart. with the recognition sites located in the nanorods body. M. Yameen. H. 55128 Mainz. Jonas.gitsas@ait.. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 37077 Göttingen.. The side view SEM image shows the nanorods situated onto the Au-coated surface of an LaSFN9 glass substrate.ac. Nano Letters 2010. the surface features of the nanorods result in larger molecule binding capability. University of Osnabrück. Figure 1.. blue squares: isopropanol). M. Subtle refractive index changes of of the medium surrounding the nanorods could be detected by monitoring the angular shifts of waveguiding modes.

auth.38 27. Greece –dbic@chem. Macedonia.27 43.6 0.80/79. the isoconversional method of Friedmann was elaborated to estimate the effective activation energy of non-isothermal crystallization (ΔΕ).89/78.28/86.6 1.17 0. DIMITRIOS BIKIARIS Laboratory of Organic Chemical Technology.20 0. Molecular characterization included measurement of the intrinsic viscosities in CHCl3 solutions and measurement of molecular weight values using gel permeation chromatography (GPC).00 43.0 0.93 21.63 β 0.1:Isothermal Crystallization rate vs temperature for the PCL-b-PPAd copolymers Fig.0 30 32 34 36 38 40 PCL PCL-b-PPAd 90/10 PCL-b-PPAd 80/20 PCL-b-PPAd 70/30 0 -50 -100 -150 -200 -250 -300 ∆Ε (KJ/mol) PCL PCL-b-PPAd 90/10 PCL-b-PPAd 80/20 PCL-b-PPAd 70/30 PCL-b-PPAd 60/40 42 o 44 46 48 0 20 40 60 80 100 Temperature ( C) Degree of Crystallinity (%) Fig. The Modified Avrami equation. Such copolymers can be used in pharmaceutical technology.2 1.18 0. showing.2 0.12/93.35/93. The Avrami equation was used to analyze the isothermal crystallization data.13/56. The ultimate attainable degree of crystallinity decreased with comonomer content.00/71. The isothermal and non-isothermal crystallization of neat PCL and the copolymers was studied with differential scanning calorimetry.37/58. GEORGE PAPAGEORGIOU.63 6. in applications such as drug delivery systems.53 18. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.gr Abstract Poly(ε-caprolatone)-block-Poly(propylene adipate) copolymers (PCL-b-PPAd copolymers) were synthesized by applying a combination of polycondensation to form propylene adipate oligomers first and then ring opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone. Department of Chemistry.4 1.11 41. 20/80. GR-541 24. The isothermal crystallization rates were evaluated from the inverse of the crystallization half-times (1/t1/2) and they were found to decrease with increasing propylene adipate (PAd) comonomer content.2: Activation energy of non isothermal crystallization vs crystallinity of copolymers 148 .2 2.0 1. The w/w copolymer compositions were (propylene adipate)/caprolactone 10/90.88 PPAd/PCL 20/80 20/80 13.65 13. WAXD patterns were also obtained.07/86.37/93. Also.52 7.4 0.74 1/t1/2 (min ) -1 1.8 % mol 13C NMRa 0/100 6. 2010 PI-62: CRYSTALLIZATION KINETICS OF POLY(E-CAPROLATONE)-BLOCKPOLY(PROPYLENE ADIPATE) COPOLYMERS STAVROULA NANAKI. as well as the Ozawa model was used to study the nonisothermal crystallization kinetics.87 a Estimated from the split of carbonyl carbons 2. 30/70. Randomness factor (β) and the average number sequence lengths (Ln) of synthesized copolymers Polymer % wt % mol % mol 1H NMR PCL 0/100 0/100 0/100 PPAd/PCL 10/90 10/90 6.31/76.20 23.05 LnPAd 5. and 40/60. meaning that the crystallization is hindered by the presence of comonomer units along the chains. The equilibrium melting points were estimated using the Hoffman-Weeks method. AristoteleUniversity of Thessaloniki.69 PPAd/PCL 40/60 40/60 29.97/87.72 12.13 LnCl 77. Thessaloniki.03 PPAd/PCL 30/70 30/70 20. that only the caprolactone blocks can crystallize.24 6. Table 1: Composition. The degree of randomness was calculated from 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectra and the results verified the blocky character of the copolymers. The activation energy increased with increasing comonomer content in the copolymers.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.72 12.8 0.

4 1.5 wt% 1.5 20 PPSu PPSu/SiO 0. Furthermore as polycondensation time increased. GR-541 24. From TGA analysis it was concluded that fumed silica accelerate the decomposition of PPSu. KRYSTALENIA ANDROULAKI.25 wt% 2 PPSu/SiO 0. It was found that low concentrations of SiO2.5 wt% of the total polymerization mixture. morphology. maybe due to hydrolytic reactions that the reactive groups on the surface of these materials can induce.3: Weight loss caused by enzymatic hydrolysis 149 . As nanoparticle fumed silica (SiO2) was selected. When filler concentration increased.5 1.0 80 60 15000 40 10000 PPSu PPSu/SiO 0. so biodegradation degree deducted. Greece –dbic@chem.6 Molecular weight (Mn) (g/mol) Weight loss (%) 20000 Tensile stress (MPa) 1.01 mg/mL Pseudomonas cepacia. CHARACTERIZATION AND ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS.25. It was found that fumed silica particles remained spherical and diameter depended on its amount.0 0. DIMITRIOS BIKIARIS Laboratory of Organic Chemical Technology. The petries were then incubated at 30 ± 1oC in an oven for 23 days. 2010 PI-63: IN SITU PREPARED POLY(PROPYLENE SUCCINATE) NANOCOMPOSITES USING FUMED SILICA AS FILLER: SYNTHESIS. Using DMA and DSC.1: Effect of SiO2 content on PPSu Mn Fig.2: Stress-strain curves of PPSu/SiO2 nanocomposites Fig.5 wt% 2 PPSu/SiO 2 1 wt% PPSu PPSu/SiO2 0.2 0. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.0 -0.gr Abstract Poly(propylene succinate) (PPSu) nanocomposites were prepared through the in situ polymerization technique by the two step esterification and polycondensation method. AristoteleUniversity of Thessaloniki.8 25000 100 1.3-prpanediol and succinic acid carried out at 190oC in the presence of Tetrabutyl Titanate as catalyst till total amount of produced H2O removed from polymerization vessel.2 0. Polycondensation carried out at 230oC and lasted 1.6 0. DMA measurments also showed an increase in Storage Modulus. Esterification of 1.8 0. Molecular characterization conducted by intrinsic viscosity [η] measurements. Degree of enzymatic degradation was estimated from the weight loss analysis of samples as.2 1. increased Mn values compared to that of net PPSu. 2. 1 and 2. Macedonia. SEM photos taken in order to reveal if dispersion occured. Tg values were recorded. SiO2 was introduced to vessel and mixed with the monomer prior to polymerization.0 1.4 0. Department of Chemistry.4) containing 0. Thessaloniki.0 0.auth. STAVROULA NANAKI.25 wt% 2 PPSu/SiO 0.5 wt% 2 0 0 1 2 3 4 0 Polycondensation tim (h) e Tensile strain(% ) Time (days) Fig.5 2. Mn slitly decreased. 0. which showed a slit enhanced on thermal decomposition. Mechanical properties under tension were examined and showed that all nanoparticles induced a substantial enhancement of Young’s modulus and tensile strength compared to neat PPSu.5. Both measurments showed one Tg for all nanocomposites.25 wt% PPSu/SiO2 1 wt% PPSu/SiO2 2.5 wt% 2 PPSu/SiO 2 1 wt% PPSu/SiO 2. 3 and 4 h for all the above concentrations.5 wt% 2 0 5 10 15 20 25 5000 PPSu/SiO 2.0 2. 2. Biodegradation study occured using phosphate buffer solution (pH = 7.09 mg/mL Rhizopus delemar and 0. An exception was the nanocomposite contained 1%wt SiO2. so Mn augmented. The amount of fumed silica was added at concentrations of 0. mechanical properties and were also submitted in enzymatic hydrolysis. Prepared nanocomposites were charactacterized concerning molecular weight. It was found that as SiO2 amount increased.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.

Since clays are highly organophilic. The following factors that affect nanocomposite structure were examined: (i) the extruder rotation speed. 2 and 3 phr OMMT. 150 . National Technical University of Athens Heroon Polytechniou 9. the addition of OMMT decreases the temperature of higher degradation rate Tpeak. In particular. which can be attributed to the degradation of short molecular chains of intercalated agents. However. Four types of OMMT. or the modification of PO matrix by adding a compatibilizer or the modification of both phases. as compared with those of neat resin. whereas the addition of Cloisite 30B improves the modulus of elasticity. School of Chemical Engineering. nanocomposites based on compatibilized polyolefin blends and organically modified montmorillonite (OMMT) nanoparticles. were prepared using melt mixing in a twin screw extruder. In conclusion. with different organic modifications were used: Cloisite 15A. The optimum polyolefin blend compositions were reinforced with 1. whereas their MFI values showed a decrease. As a result. Blends with 10. especially for matrices prepared with 25/75 HDPE/PP blends. these goals are not always easy to achieve. while at the same time making them compatible with the polymer matrix. Zographou. Cloisite 25A and Cloisite 30B were found the more effective reinforcements for preparation of intercalated or/and exfoliated structures. From DSC results it was observed that the incorporation of OMMT does not have any obvious effect on the melting (Tm) and glass transition (Tg) temperatures which remain almost constant. X-ray diffraction analysis was performed for the characterization of the obtained composite structures.gr Abstract Polymer/clay nanocomposites have been attracting a great deal of interest because of their improved mechanical. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. These nanocomposites present increased crystallinity. an increase in the melting enthalpy (ΔΗm) of PE at low OMMT concentration was observed. In this work. especially for hydrophobic matrices like polyolefins (PO). A slight improvement of modulus was observed in nanocomposites reinforced with Cloisite 25A. (ii) the compatibilizer content and (iii) the type of clay. High density polyethylene (HDPE) and polypropylene (PP) blends were homogenized using a compatibilizer based on PE modified with maleic anhydride (MA-g-PE). Cloisite 20A. various approaches have been followed to overcome the problems involved with the above parameters. However. in all the examined samples. most probably due to the nature of their organic modification and further to its interactions with the compatibilized polyolefin matrix. the screw rotation speed was set at 200 rpm and the concentration of compatibilizer in the polyolefins blend was 20phr. preparation of compatibilized polyolefin blend/OMMT nanocomposites with twin screw extruder seems to run successfully at low clay levels. accompanied by an increase of the onset temperature of thermal degradation and stiffness.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. It was also observed that lower concentration of HDPE and higher concentrations of compatibilizer resulted in a more efficient dispersion of OMMT in the polyolefin matrix. in comparison with the pure blend. GR 15780 Athens. Tensile measurements showed that the addition of clay has no significant effect on the strength of all the examined nanocomposites.ntua. thermal and barrier properties. Based on the above study. On the other hand.. Cloisite 25A and Cloisite 30B. in order to achieve the above mentioned standards. 25 and 35% (w/w) HDPE in PP were prepared in order to study the effect of HDPE on the dispersion of OMMT into polyolefin matrices. probably due to restrictions in the polymer chain mobility caused by the presence of reinforcement. 2010 PI-64: THE EFFECT OF COMPOSITION AND PROCESSING PARAMETERS ON THE MORPHOLOGY AND PROPERTIES OF ORGANOCLAY/POLYOLEFIN NANOCOMPOSITES GEORGE MORAITIS. proper dispersion of organoclay in the polymer matrix and good interface between the two phases are essential. This behavior was explained by the fact that exfoliated clay platelets act as nucleating agents. compatibilizer concentrations of 5. at higher clay content the melting enthalpy of PE phase decreased. From the results of TGA it was noticed that. PETROULA TARANTILI Polymer Technology Lab. 10 and 20 phr were studied. Greece – taran@chemeng. facilitating the heterogeneous crystallization process. These include modification of the clay surface by organo-intercalant to reduce the interaction between the clay platelets.

such as improved mechanical performance.5 phr for Cloisite 30B and 1-5 phr for Cloisite 20A NC. Cloisite 20A seems to be more effective for the improvement of thermal resistance of the NC. mixtures contining nanostructured filler particles) have recently attracted a great deal of interest because of their unique properties. it is possible that the hydrogenated tallow incorporated to Cloisite 20A enhances compatibility of the nanofiller with the silicone rubber system. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Polymer/clay nanocomposites (NC. Raising the concentration of Cloisite 20A there is further improvement of mechanical properties. National Technical University of Athens Heroon Polytechniou 9. The desired properties are usually reached at a low filler volume fraction. i. Cloisite 30B contain hydroxyl groups that probably affect the condensation reaction of the elastomer. suggest that exfoliation or delamination hybrids were formed. 2010 PI-65: THE EFFECT OF CLAY REINFORCEMENT ON THE MORPHOLOGY AND THERMOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MEDIUM MOLECULAR WEIGHT POLYSILOXANE NANOCOMPOSITES SOZON VASILAKOS. increased thermal stability. polysiloxane matrix and clay reinforcement are responsible for this behaviour of the investigated NC. during vulcanization of polysiloxane and decreases time required for complete reaction. PETROULA TARANTILI Polymer Technology Lab. In addition. the addition of Cloisite 20A into PDMS reduces the crystallization temperature of the polymer.ntua. which allows the system to retain the homogeneity and low density of the polymer. i.gr Abstract Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) is probably the most important and useful high performance elastomer. whereas melting enthalpy presents significant decrease.e. which facilitates its intercalation in the PDMS matrix. further improvement in resistance to thermal degradation is observeded. A significant increase in the onset (Tonset) and maximum rate (Tpeak) temperatures of thermal degradation was observed. exhibited a decrease in solvent uptake. The thermal stability of the investigated NC was assessed by means of TGA. Two types of commercial montmorillonite with different types of organic modification were studied: Cloisite 20A and Cloisite 30B. The difference between these two OMMT types is the organic modification. usually silica and titania. This indicates a very strong interfacial interaction between the polymer chains and the organically modified montmorillonite. This behaviour can be probably due to the NC structure.. enhanced gas barrier properties and reduced flammability. consequently. starting from 1phr OMMT content but remains almost constant with further clay addition. As the clay content in the NC increases. GR 15780 Athens. MARIANNA TRAINTOU. provided that its inherent mechanical weakness is overcome by reinforcement with some particulate fillers. Zographou. which remain almost constant. This influences the crosslinking density and. NC of condensation type medium molecular weight polysiloxane rubber with and organically modified montmorillonite (OMMT) nanoparticles were prepared via sonication for effective dispersion of nanoparticles into the polymer matrix. Greece – taran@chemeng. School of Chemical Engineering. in both cases. The mechanical properties of pure polysiloxane seem to be significantly enhanced by the incorporation of the examined types of clay reinforcement. Comparing NC having the same clay content it is observed that hybrids of Cloisite 20A have lower toluene uptake than that of Cloisite 30B. in comparison with unfilled PDMS.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Swelling experiments with specimens from the reinforced silicone matrix (PDMS NC) immersed in toluene. but the heat of fusion decreases. Physical and chemical interactions among the cross-linker/accelerator system. the mechanical properties of NC. 151 . the extent of exfoliation or intercalation of clay in the PDMS matrix. Cloisite 20A is characterized by relatively high content of organic modifier and high intergallery spacing. Using X-ray diffraction analysis it was shown that the featureless patterns for loadings of 1 to 3. On the other hand. Melting temperature shows a slight decrease.e. The incorporation of Cloisite 30B in PDMS does not have any obvious effect on the melting and glass transition temperatures. as compared with samples corresponding to the unfilled PDMS matrix. The incorporation of clay increases the rate of viscosity increase.

in comparison with unreinforced PLA fims. The higher amount of the examined hydrophilic drug.ntua.gr Abstract Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is a linear aliphatic thermoplastic polyester. which was further enhanced by interactions between clay particles and polymer matrix. as it was detected through thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). This might be due to chain scission initiated by the sonication mixing process.L-Lactide). the addition of Cloisite 30B at concentrations above 1phr was found to increase molecular weight. reinforced with 2 phr Cloisite 20A and Cloisite 30B. due to physical hindrance of chain mobility after the incorporation of clay nanoparticles into the PLA matrix. Zographou. PETROULA TARANTILI Polymer Technology Lab. In the case of specimens loaded with 5 phr GFN. Generally. An increase of glass transition temperature (Tg) of all the examined nanocomposites was recorded by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) experiments. indicates the complexity of this process. such as prosthetic devices and sutures. Upon in vivo degradation. A significant increase of drug release rate was observed in the case of PLA hybrids loaded with 10 phr GFN. The release of Guaifenesin [GFN] from pure PLA and PLA nanocomposite films. different polymers as well as nanofillers of layered silicates. a natural intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Greece – taran@chemeng. PLA undergoes decomposition to lactic acid. that can be applied as a means improve properties and control the release rate of pharmaceutical substances in aqueous environment.L-PLA and organically modified montmorillonite (OMMT) containing 1-5 phr Cloisite 20A and Cloisite 30B. Formation of mixed exfoliated and intercalated nanocomposite structures was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. scaffolds in tissue engineering and drug delivery devices. the in vitro study of degradation of PLA nanocomposite films in deionized water. PLAs are synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of lactides or by condensation polymerization of lactic acid monomers. The examined PLA specimens were loaded with 5 and 10 phr GFN and were immersed in deionized water at 37oC. nanocomposites of D. have been studied. Therefore. 2010 PI-66: LAYERED SILICATE/POLY(LACTIC ACID) NANOCOMPOSITE FILMS AS CARRIERS IN DRUG RELEASE SYSTEMS CHRISTINA STATHOKOSTOPOULOU. readily biodegradable through hydrolytic and enzymatic pathways. National Technical University of Athens Heroon Polytechniou 9. were prepared by the solution-intercalation film casting technique. The incorporation of Cloisite 20A seemed to cause a decrease in the molecular weight of PLA. this polymer has received much attention in many biomedical applications. Changes were also found in the peak of the rate of weight change versus temperature. In order to improve PLA’s physicochemical and mechanical properties and to control its degradation rate. The thermal stability of OMMT/PLA system was improved by the modified montmorillonite. In this work. GR 15780 Athens. On the other hand. fully compatible and resorbable by human organisms. which could probably be attributed to physicochemical interactions of the polymer chains with hydroxyl groups present in the organic modification of this type of montmorillonite.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Materials based on PLA have gained wide acceptability for applications that require biocompatibility. the incorporation of OMMT in PLA matrices appears a novel and promising technique. 152 . The amount of D-enantiomers is known to affect the properties of PLA. was studied. the nanocomposites showed a slight higher release rate in comparison with pure PLA systems especially in the early stages of the experiment.. This behaviour can be attributed to the increased thermal stability of clay. such as organically modified montmorillonites. An increase in the onset of initial decomposition (Tonset) and a shifting of the maximum rate (Tpeak) of thermal degradation to higher temperatures were observed in comparison with pure PLA with increasing clay content up to concentrations of 3 phr. such as melting temperature and degree of crystallinity. possibly promoted interactions with the hydrophilic layered silicate reinforcement faciliting the release process from PLA matrix. Furthermore. commercial PLA grades are copolymers of poly(L-lactide) and poly(D. In conclusion. School of Chemical Engineering.

Pitsikalis M. conductivity. and The Commission of Zonguldak Karaelmas University Scientific Research Projects (grants# 2008-70-01-01 and 2008-13-03-01).com. (2010) Polym. Iatrou H (2001) Chem Rev 101:3747–3792 [3] (a) Kalaycı Ö A. Zonguldak Karaelmas University. 31 0 Nanocomposite 45 0 20 30 40 2θ 50 60 70 80 90 Figure 1. Chem (in press). Cavicchi K A. Hazer B. Zonguldak Karaelmas University. KALAYCI. Size provides important control over many of the physical and chemical properties of nanoscale materials including luminescence. and catalytic activity allowing application of these species in optical systems. Zonguldak 67100 (Turkey) Phone: 0372 2574010-1372. Hazer B. 2*BAKİ HAZER Department of Physics. 108T423]. Scheme 1 Synthesis of PP-g-PEG amphiphilic comb-type graft copolymers.com. Fluorescence spectra of the PP-g-PEG/SiO2 nanoparticles nanoparticles. bkhazer@karaelmas. Atalay T. Pispas S. This work refers preparation and physical characterization of some new organic-inorganic composites. CuS or CdS nano particles embedded in this amphiphilic comb-type graft copolymers have been described. 65: 215-226. Polyethylene glycol-polypropylene amphiphilic graft copolymer (PEG-g-PP) was synthesized by the reaction between chlorinated polypropylene and polyethylene glycol with Mn 2000 and 4000 g/mol [3]. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. including financial support for travel expenses. bkhazer@karaelmas. Cömert F B. Bull. 2010 PI-67: SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATİON OF AMPHIPHILIC POLYMER COMPOSITES CONTAINING INORGANIC NANO CLUSTERS 1 1 ÖZLEM A. XRD pattern of the Sb2S3/PP-g-PEG nanocomposite.edu. Zonguldak 67100 (Turkey)bhazer2@yahoo. Acknowledgment We would like to acknowledge TÜBİTAK for the grant provided for this study [grant no. SiO2. Atalay T (2010) Tr J. Ag. Au. 153 .8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. catalysis.tr 2 Department of Chemistry. Preparation and optical characterization of the Sb2S3. and biomedical technology. PP-g-PEG Count.tr Abstract The interest in the synthesis and characterization of nanoparticles [1] embedded amphiphilic block and graft copolymers [2] has increased recently due to their possible applications in the fields of biology and material sciences. Çakmak M.edu. References [1] Alivisatos AP (1996) J Phys Chem 100:13226 13239 [2] Hadjichristidis N. 1TURGAY ATALAY. E-mails: bhazer2@yahoo. (b) Kalaycı Ö A. Figure 1.

including financial support for travel expenses. chlorination of PLLA was carried out by passing chlorine gas through its CCl4 solution. [2] Thi TH.E-mails: bhazer2@yahoo. Zonguldak Karaelmas University. However. 2010 PI-68: SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYLACTIDE-G-POLY (ETHYLENE GLYCOL) BRUSH TYPE GRAFT COPOLYMERS GÖKHAN ÇAVUŞ. aliphatic polyesters such as Poly (L-Lactide). 108T423]. References [1] Kaplan DL (1998) Biopolymers from Renewable Resources. PEG. 3219-3223. and degrade completely to nontoxic water and carbon dioxide. FTIR. Acknowledgment We would like to acknowledge TÜBİTAK for the grant provided for this study [grant no. GPC. recently. properties. For this purpose. Zonguldak 67100 (Turkey) Phone: 0372 2574010-1372. its copolymerization with other monomers or polymers. bkhazer@karaelmas. according to the same reaction performed with bacterial polyesters in our laboratories.com. there is still a great need to improve other properties as thermal. PLLA. Springer Verlag: New York. water uptake and mechanical test techniques. Borcakli M (2000) Macromolecules 33. mechanical and water uptake properties for increasing the scopes of biomedical or environmental plastic fields. [3] Arkin AH.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. have attracted much attention as biomedical materials are available from renewable sources. and The Commission of Zonguldak Karaelmas University Scientific Research Projects for grants. 154 .edu. 766–772. Graft copolymer obtained was blended with PLLA and the products were characterized by 1H NMR. and degradability of biodegradable polymers have been reported over the past decades. Matsusaki M.tr Abstract The synthesis. We have attempted to obtain poly (ethylene glycol). In particular. Chlorinated PLLA was reacted with PEG in the presence of a base catalyst in tetrahydrofuran solution. Akashi M (2009) Biomacromolecules 10. gafted on PLLA comb type graft copolymer. DSC. Hazer B. *BAKİ HAZER Department of Chemistry. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.

Güven O. we have recently reported graft copolymers of polybutadiene as amphiphilic cross-linked elastomers. bkhazer@karaelmas. Wooley KL. 267. [6] (a) Balcı M. 27. SEM and thermal analysis technics. References [1] Boaen N. Cavicchi K. Polymer 2008.. including financial support for travel expenses and The Commission of Zonguldak Karaelmas University Scientific Research Projects for grants. Pispas S. 2010 PI-69: NOVEL COMB TYPE AMPHIPHILIC GRAFT COPOLYMERS VIA THIOL-ENE CLICK REACTIONS ELİF KELEŞ.tr Abstract Functionalization of the polymers as a useful methodology for the generation of new materials with wide range of applications. 1200. GPC. double bonds of PS-b-PI-b-PS were capped with PEG-SH in the presence of a free radical source (e. For this purpose. 108T423]. Then. 215. Cavicchi K.. H.. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Thiol-ene chemistry has very recently emerged as a versatile and very efficient tool for the functionalization of polymers. Part A: Polym. (b) Kalaycı OA. 817–824.-F. 691. Schlaad. Zonguldak Karaelmas University. Now. 3915. FTIR. Hillmyer MA (2005) Chem Soc Rev 34. Zonguldak 67100 (Turkey) bhazer2@yahoo. Atalay T. In our laboratories. (2010) Polym Bull 65. Acknowledgment We would like to acknowledge TÜBİTAK for the grant provided for this study [grant no.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. [3] Lutz.. Hazer B. The reaction scheme is shown below: Amphiphilic comb type graft copolymers were characterized by 1H NMR. Iatrou H (2001) Chem Rev 101. we want to report the synthesis and characterization of a novel comb type amphiphilic copolymer obtained from poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) and commercially available poly(styrene) (PS)-b-poly (isoprene) (PI)-b-PS. Cakmak M. (2010) Polym Bull 64. 6633. 49. Allı A.com. BAKİ HAZER Department of Chemistry. [4] Gitsov I. Frechet JM (1992) Angew Chem Int Ed 31. [2] Hazer B (1995) Macromol Chem Phys 196. Pitsikalis M. Wesslen KB (1989) J Polym Sci. 1945. Hazer B.g. 3747.edu. Matyjaszweski K (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129. AIBN). [7] Hadjichristidis N. Cakmak M. [5] Gao H. PEG was reacted with mercapto propionic acid to produce PEG with mercapto end group (PEG-SH). [4] Wesslen B. 155 . Chem. J.

W. Islamic Azad University. Bo-Geng. Liaw. Chem. Marianucci. Celli. Vannini. 3 Berti.2-linked units derived from ortho-catenated aromatic rings.1'thiobis(2-naphthol)) (TBN) with various aromatic diacids. J.com Abstract Polyesters (PEs) are one of the most versatile polymers.. and the residue at 700 °C of 44–59% in nitrogen. J.. B. 2951–2956. The resulting new polyesters were obtained in good yields and possessed inherent viscosities in the range of 0. Part A: Polym. 2001.3 In addition. based on the incorporation of flexible segments bearing ester. Hsu. D. 20 h. amide. North Tehran Branch. 39. so these materials are inappropriate for many important applications. Y.. O HO S OH O Ar C Cl + Cl C TEA. Tehran (Iran) attar_jafar@yahoo. J. better fire-retardant properties. which are produced by a variety of manufacturing techniques. J. 2453–2461.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. sulfone.2 Also. Sci. and higher refractive indices for the resulting polymers. ether and sulfide moieties in the polymer backbone.68–1. the 10% weight loss of 451–507 °C in nitrogen and 443–501 °C in air. 2009. 2010 PI-70: THERMALLY STABLE AND ORGANOSOLUBLE POLYESTERS CONTAINING NAPHTHALENE GROUPS: SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES JAFAR ATTAR GHARAMALEKI1 1 Young Researchers Club. Stab. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.1. All of the polymers were amorphous in nature and showed excellent solubility. They have in common the ester group in the main chain. O O S O C O Ar C n TBN PSE-1 PSE-7 Ar : (1) (2) (3) N (4) N (5) N (6) O (7) 1 2 Liaw.. Polym.. J. C.03 dL g–1. This work deals with the synthesis and characterization of novel series of ortho-sulfide bridged poly(sulfide ester)s (PSE)s by the polycondensation reactions of a sulfide containing diol (1. E. PEs often have limited heat and flame resistance. P. especially by inclusion of 1. without sacrificing heat resistance.. Zhang. 2007. 94. 43. 1261–1266. the presence of thioether linkages can induce important new properties. which is a polar group and brings about inter and intramolecular chain interactions that may reflect in some properties such as low solubility. 156 .. Eur. in order to improve their processability while maintaining a good thermal stability. mobility of the chain and melting characterizations. Linbo . They showed good thermal stability with the glass transition temperatures between 223-285 °C. Polym. A. Degrad.HCl / DCB 180 °C. In addition. Several approaches have been proposed to develop structurally modified polymers having increased solubility. M. L. major enhancement in processability can be achieved by modifying the substitution pattern of the aromatic units in the main chain. They contain widely different materials with large applications. Polym. such as less water absorption..

The diffusion coefficients are between 10-5 and 10-6 cm2/s. 44430 Guadalajara (Mexico) Abstract Hybrid polymeric networks composed of polyacrylamide and chitosan were developed to determine their ascorbic acid delivery kinetics at various chitosan concentrations. 2010 PI-71: DRUG DELIVERY KINETICS OF POLYACRYLAMIDE-CO-ITACONIC ACID/CHITOSAN HYDROGELS ALEJANDRO GONZÁLEZ-ÁLVAREZ1. Blvd. the NH+3 group loses a proton and becomes NH2. because the itaconic acid is ionized and is forming hydrogen bonds with the nitrogen of the amine groups. 157 . In aqueous medium. Blvd. García Barragan #1421. as well as concentration of chitosan. mainly due to a rise in the crosslinking density and a decrease on the volume of free spaces available in the hydrogel. AGUSTÍN MARTÍNEZ-RUVALCABA1 1 Department of Chemical Engineering. LUIS E.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Prior to the drug-release experiments.group. The ascorbic acid release follows Fick’s second law of diffusion. The ascorbic acid diffusion coefficients are reported as a function of chitosan concentration. The ascorbic acid diffusion inside the hydrogel follows a Fickian mechanism. García Barragan #1421. since similar values have been reported in papers with a pharmaceutical approach. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. University of Guadalajara. In basic medium the swelling capacity decreases relative to the aqueous medium. which suggest that the hydrogels studied have a good potential for their use in applications such as drug release. The swelling of the hydrogels follows a second order kinetics.5. and this ionic bond increases the crosslinking density. FAUSTO BECERRA-BRACAMONTES2. JUAN C. The results of the swelling study showed that the swelling properties of the network varied with the changes of the pH in the swelling solution. which do not exist in the chitosan-free hydrogel. neutral (distilled water) and basic (pH 10 buffer solution). and the characteristic power. In acidic medium the swelling capacity decreases due to the chitosan NH+3 groups that is ionically linked with the itaconic acid COO. CRUZ-BARBA1. The results indicated that the swelling process followed a second order kinetics. thus reducing the crosslinking density. were performed swelling experiments in order to determine the swelling mechanisms. The hybrid acrylamide/chitosan hydrogels were synthesized in aqueous itaconic acid solution (1% w/w). 44430 Guadalajara (Mexico) – agonzalezalvarez@gmail. University of Guadalajara. and the swelling rate constants obtained confirm the presence of different polymer-solution interactions in the system.com 2 Department of Chemistry. The kinetic constant (k1) and the diffusion coefficients decrease when the chitosan concentration in the hydrogel is increased. were carried out using three different pH solutions: acidic (pH 4 buffer solution). SÁNCHEZ-DÍAZ1. is about 0. n.

158 . JUNG-HOON KIM1. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Korea 1 Abstract In the lithography technology by Top-down method. 445-701. Taean-Eup. 2010 PI-72: EFECT OF INTERFACIAL INTERACTION ON DENSITY DISTRIBUTION INSIDE THE PHOTORESIST THIN FILMS INVESTIGATED BY X-RAY REFLECTIVITY METHOD JIN GOO YOON1. Ltd. JAEHYUN KIM3. 445931. SUNG IL AHN2. the photoresist(PR) consist of a base polymer. Generally.. Hwasung-Si. These results indicate that the density distribution inside PR film is affected by the interfacial properties between the PR film and the substrate. JAE HYUN KIM2. Infra Technology Service Center. 625-3 Yodang-Ri. Device Solution Business. additives such as photo acid generator(PAG) and quencher. Hyoja-Dong.. Nam-Gu. 790-784. The approximate distributions of PAG were obtained from the comparison between the density distribution of model PR and base polymer. Yanggam-Myun. SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO. while in the case of 10wt % concentration is comparatively homogeneously distributed.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Korea – kjh9523@postech. Small amount of density fluctuation at each depth of film could be analyzed with DWBA (distorted wave Born approximation) fitting technique. WANG-CHEOL ZIN1. Hwasung-City.ac.. In this study. Gyeonggi-Do.kr 2 Manufacturing Technology Team. role of polymers that are used as photoresists becomes more significant as the pattern size decreases. Pohang. Gyeongbuk.LTD San #16 Banwol-Ri. These PR film homogeneity is thought to be the key requirement of resist materials to obtain high resolution and sensitivity and low line width roughness (LWR). JAE-WOO LEE3 Department of Materials Science and Engineering. Pohang University of Science and Technology. The density of base polymer near the interface at Si substrate is slightly depleted. Gyeonggi-Do. vertical electron density profiles of model PR(consist of base polymer and PAG) film on bare and self-assembled monolayers (SAMs)-modified Si substrates were obtained using X-ray reflectivity analysis. whereas that at SAMs-modified Si substrate is relatively homogeneously distributed. San 31. It is found that these trends in density distributions varied by concentration of PAG are also affected by the density distribution of base polymer. Distributions with low concentration of PAG (2wt%) show that the PAG molecules tend to be concentrated near the surface or interface of film. Korea 3 Dongjin Semichem CO.

Moreover. Figure 1A Figure 1B 159 . JING SUI. The size of the hollow spheres can be changed from microspheres (Figure 1A) to nanospheres (Figure 1B) by changing the dopant from p-toluenesulfonic acid to poly(methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic acid).8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. 2010 PI-73: CONTROLLED HOLLOW SPHERES OF POLY(METHOXYANILINE) OBTAINED THROUGH A SELF-ASSEMBLY METHOD LIJUAN ZHANG. good environmental stability and potential application in nanoelectronic devices. PAUL A. The morphologies of the reaction products were measured by SEM (Figure 1). Moreover. New Zealand Abstract Polyaniline (PANI) nanostructures have recently received considerable attention due to its easy of preparation. Auckland. KILMARTIN. the size and properties of poly(o-methoxyaniline) hollow spheres could be controlled through the change of dopant. Chemistry Department. Also. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Raman spectra and XRD. This presentation will report the effect of the methoxy-substituent on aniline monomer on the morphology and properties of produced polymer obtained via a self-assembly process. the size of hollow spheres has significant influence on the electric-catalytic activity to ascorbic acid. AND JADRANKA TRAVAS-SEDJEC Polymer Electronics Research Centre. Its derivatives nanostructures have attract much attention because of the existence of functional group. However. Their structural features were characterized by FTIR. the cast film of poly(omethoxyaniline) hollow spheres shows high electric-catalytic activity to ascorbic acid. Private Bag 92019. many published PANI nanostructures has no good properties though their special nanomorphology. The University of Auckland.

4 Riahinezhad M. Mechanical properties of various nanocomposite formulations containing polyethylene-g-maleic anhydride as a compatibilizer and/or Irganox 1010 as a stabilizer were investigated. Courdreus A. wire and cable insulation coating 1-3. Recently. Shi X.sharifa@ripi. 3 Haurie L. In this research work. in one hand to the better interactions between the polymers and the organoclay in the compatibilized samples. Shukri TM. Oliveira RVB. Azizi H. Chen Sh. high density polyethylene (HDPE)/EVA/organoclay nanocomposites were prepared by melt blending method. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. the Taguchi method was employed through a L16 orthogonal array that includes sixteen rows and three columns in order to determine the level of the nanocomposite constituents leading to the optimum mechanical properties. multilayer packing. MOHAMADREZA KALAEE 1 AND SHAHIN AKHLAGHI 1 1 Department of Polymer Engineering. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 2008. Amorim CLG. it was suggested that the stabilizer prevented or at least reduced the thermo-oxidative degradation of the clay modifier. 59:175–180. Islamic University of Azad. 5 Scapini P. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 2009. Basfar AA. Zhang J. Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI). Bahattab MA. Abozar Blvd. Velasco JI.ir Abstract Polyethylene (PE)/ethylene-co-vinyl acetate (EVA) blends are among the most important commercial polymeric systems which have been widely employed in various applications such as shrinkable films.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Polymer Composites 2010.113:2863–2871. Mauler RS. Crespoa JS. the optimum properties were observed at 3 phr of the organoclay. Figueroa CA.*.2:56-80. ALIZERA SHARIF 1. It was shown that the nanocomposite formulations including both the compatibilizer and the stabilizer possessed the highest mechanical properties. Noireaux P. Ahang 1777613651 Tehran (Iran) 2 Department of Polymer Science and Technology. which in turn contributed to the mechanical properties enhancement. On the other hand. the application of nanosized fillers such as nanoclay has been suggested as a beneficial strategy towards PE/EVA blends with improved properties 4. Jin J. Polymer Degradation and Stability 2007. Ghasemi I. 4th Km Karaj highway 1693913154 Tehran (Iran) . Espiell F. Karrabi M. Fernandez AI. 2010 PI-74: OPTIMIZATION OF THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF HDPE/EVA NANACOMPOSITE USING TAGUCHI METHOD MOHAMADHADI PIRZADEH 1. 2 1 160 . Tehran South Branch. Polymer International 2010. Machado G. Mosnacek J. Accordingly. Cuesta JML. 6 phr of the compatibilizer and 2 phr of the stabilizer.107:642–649. This can be attributed.5.2.92:1082-1087. Chimenos JM. Also.

tuc. GOTSIS Department of Sciences. Hania.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. Technical University of Crete. gchoudalakis@isc. D.gr 161 . *Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. which may alter physical features of the polymer and in some cases they may lead to barrier properties deterioration. 2010 PI-75: PERMEABILITY OF POLYMER/CLAY NANOCOMPOSITES G. The basic ideas on permeability reduction due to the inorganic nanoparticles are presented. Deviations from the expected/predicted results are reported and explained on the basis of alterations of the free volume in the polymer matrix due to the presence of the clay particles. The predictions are tested with the available experimental results. It seems that the barrier properties of polymer nanocomposites are affected not only by the difficulties of particle exfoliation but also by their interactions with the matrix. 73100. These features concern not only the total free volume variations but also its distribution over the free volume hole sizes. as well as some of the existing theoretical models. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. where it seems that the Nielsen model is sufficient for most cases. Greece Abstract The presentation focuses on the barrier properties of polymer nanocomposites. CHOUDALAKIS* AND A. Experimental data that support the above arguments are reported.

M. Lin.4'-(9H-fluorene-9. High performance polymers containing phenylquinoxaline and silicon in the main chain. Synthesis of the diamine (1). including 29Si-NMR when appropiate. R1=R2=Ph. Rev Roumaine Chim 52:309. the suspension was poured into methanol. Also. In this work. Santiago. 4. The UV-visible analysis showed high values of transparency for the polymers. Plenum. Tagle LH. C.1-phenylene))bis(oxy)dibenzenamine. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.cl.2. the ether links gives high transparency in the UV-visible region4. Mittal K. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Authors acknowledge the financial assistance by Fondo Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica. mechanical and chemical properties. A. All polymers were characterized by inherent viscosity. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. at room temperature. Elsevier. we report the synthesis of PUs containing Si/Ge atoms and oxyarene units in the main chain. Polyimides: Synthesis. TUNDIDOR-CAMBA. Both heteroatoms and ether linkages increase flexibility. we present the synthesis of PUs derived from several bis(chloroformates) containing Si or Ge bonded to aliphatic or aromatic groups and the diamine 4..9-diyl)bis(2-methyl4.4’-(dimethyl_ methylene)bis(phenylchloroformates) were synthesized according to described procedures5. (1984). C. Post 22.4'-(9H-fluorene-9.cl INTRODUCTION Condensation polymers are materials with wide applications in several fields of the industry1.4'-(4. where R1=R2=Me or Ph. L. Characterization and Applications. Monomers 4. New York. causing a decrease of the Tg values and an increase of the solubility in common organic solvents.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.. Diamine 4.A TERRAZA. CH3 HO CH3 OH Cl NO2 K2CO3 anh Hydrazine Pd/C H2N CH3 O CH3 O NH2 Cl O C O O2N CH3 O CH3 O NO2 (1) Toluene Py R1 W R2 O C Cl O O * C R1 O W R2 O O C NH O O H N * (1) Scheme 1.. 253.1-phenylene))bis(oxy) dibenzenamine (1) was synthesized according to scheme 1. Synthesis of poly(urethane)s. Ed. washed several times with methanol and dried until constant weight (scheme 2). The incorporation of the heteroatoms in the polymer structure implies polarity due to the difference of electronegativity between heteroatom and C atom. IR and NMR spectroscopy. STRUCTURE-PROPERTIES RELATIONSHIP A. Concha F. 2010 PI-76: SYNTHESIS OF POLY(URETHANE)S BASED ON DIPHENYLSYLANE/GERMANE AND OXYARENE UNITS.M. Thus. ltagle@uc.J.4’-(R1R2silylene)bis(phenylchloroformates). On the other hand..H. (1984). Polyimides and other High-Temperature Polymers.. Abade M. TAGLE. poly(urethane)s (PUs) and others materials are employed for producing articles with different electrical. R1=R2=Me or Ph.H. P. Poblete L. Chile atundido@uc. The mixture was stirred during 30 min. 2 1 Scheme 2.L. (1993) 5 Terraza CA. J Polym Sci Part A Polym Chem.. 10 (3). 2153. 3 Bruma M. In this sense. FONDECYT. Poly(urethane)s A toluene solution of the bis(chloroformate) derivate was added dropwise over a toluene solution of diamine (1) and pyridine.9-diyl)bis(2methyl-4. cterraza@uc. through Project 1095151. (2007) 4 Yang.cl.4’-(diphenyl-germylene) bis(phenylchloroformates) and 4. Desiged Monom. (2007). Faculty of Chemistry. R1=R2=Me. I: W= Si. C. II: W=Ge. Polym. 31. III: W=C. which increase the thermal stability3. The polymer was filtered. cgonzalen@uc. Then.T. thanks CONICYT for a fellowship.4'-(4. Box 306.cl. New York. we synthesized a PU without heteroatom in the main chain to compare the properties. J. GONZALEZ-HENRIQUEZ Organic Chemistry Department. 162 . The thermal characterizations were carried out by DSC and TGA.

Bruma. 7 J. Poly(imide-diamides) Polymers were obtained from the diacids and the diamine in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) with triphenyl phosphite (TPP). Rev. Pinkerton and S. Liaw. 1 2 P. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Authors acknowledge the financial support by Fondo Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica.. 1090 (1975). the introduction of heteroatoms such as Si in the main chain. the use of meta-oriented groups3 or the presence of several functional of bulky groups4. 13C and 29Si NMR spectroscopy and inherent visicosities. CH(CH3). TAGLE. “Thermal Stable Polymers”. F. which make them useful for advanced technologies1. L-isoleucine and 4-aminobenzoic. Sepehri.. Lphenylalanine.cl) INTRODUCTION Poly(amides) and poly(imides) are condensation polymers and high performance materials with superior thermal and mechanical properties. implies an electronic transport and an increase of the solubility due to the ionic character of the C-Si bond5. 40. The 2-phthalimidyl-R-acids were synthesized from phthalic anhydride and the following amino-acids: glycine.A. CH(CH2-C6H5). DSC and TGA. The introduction of flexible units2. CH(CH-CH3)CH2CH3. 16. Thomas. Org. through Project 1100015. Liaw and B. CH-CH(CH3)2. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. 1980. J. Chem. C. can produce soluble polymers with low Tg values but maintaining good thermal properties. TERRAZA. The diamine bis(4aminophenyl)-diphenylsilane was obtained according to a described procedure7. FONDECYT. Polymers were filtered. washed. Adv. imide and amide groups derived from phthalic anhydride and amino-acids as flexible units. W. Technol. p-C6H4. 4 I. COLL. Kowsari. CH-[CH2-CH(CH3)2].J. were obtained and related to the polymeric structures. A.R. thanks CONICYT for a fellowship.C. The mixture was stirred at 120 ºC and precipited in methanol. pyridine and calcium chloride. 163 . S. Polym.O. P. SANTIAGO. D. J.F. 1474 (2008). Sci. 239. On the other hand. PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE CHILE.isophthalic acids were obtained from 5-amino-isophthalic acid and 2phthalimidyl-R-acids according to described procedures6. Synthesis and Properties”. 19. In this work we present the synthesis and characterization of poly(imide-diamides) derived from an aromatic diacid substituted by a group containing both.H.Y.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. CHILE (ltagle@uc. Marcel Dekker. Adv. Polymer. Massey. 3 D. L-leucine. 839 (2001). Cassidy. dried until constant weight and characterized RESULTS Polymers were obtained according to the following scheme: O N R COOH O O COOH NH COOH H2N Poly(imide-diamide) O N R C 1) SOCl2 2) HOOC COOH NH2 O C6H5 Si C6H5 NH2 Where R: CH2. Mallakpour and S. Macromol.. 732 (2005). SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION L. Schulz. Poly. 41C. L-valine. Symp. 6 S. TUNDIDOR-CAMBA FACULTAD DE QUIMICA. Mallakpour and E. Sava and M. METHODS Monomers 5-(2-phthalimidyl-R-ylamino) .. Technol.E. 5 M. 2010 PI-77: POLY(IMIDE-DIAMIDES) CONTAINING SILICON IN THE MAIN CHAIN. Polym.H.D. L-alanine. Bruma and B. D. Poly(imide-diamides) were characterized by IR and 1H. BOX 306. Pratt. Macromol. 42. 36 (2006).. The thermal properties. 1 (2001).

Gedde. Fen-Ed. 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Lindstrom and O. D. Authors wishes to thank TÜBİTAK. A. 2590-2598. Maslak/İstanbul B Fırat Üniversitesi.edu. The formation of H-bond was confirmed by using FTIR spectroscopy. Meng. CEREN AYTAÇA. optical data storage[1] and non-linear optic[2]. BAHIRE FILIZ ŞENKALA. [1] ] M. Fen-Ed. 164 .8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE.. have become essential research topic for their interesting electrical and optical properties..34469. Recently. Elazığ hepuzer@itu. F. Macromolecules 1996. Komitov. Rudquist. Rydlund. Trollsas. S. Sahlen. [2] X. 946. 29. J. In this study. Rochon. Fak. P. T. their usage is very important at microelectronic cycle application for instance. synthesis of side chain liquid crystal polymers in which combine the properties of low molecular weight liquid crystals and polymers. Barretl and P. FAHRETTIN YAKUPHANOĞLUB A İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi. Macromolecules 1996.. Hult.tr. W.edu.. CN O H2 C n O H N O CH2 CH2 N n H O H2C n O CN Scheme1. Lagerwall. 2010 PI-78: SYNTHESIS OF POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL BASED HYDROGEN BONDED SIDE CHAIN LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMERS ESRA ERBİLA. 29. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) based hydrogen bonded side chain liquid crystal polymers (HB-PLC) were synthesized by using PEG modified with dioctylamine and cyanobiphenyl mesogens having different number of methylene units as a hydrogen bond acceptor and hydrogen bond donor respectively. B. Fak..tr. Stebler. This work was supported by the Turkish Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBİTAK) (Project Number: 108T722). YEŞIM GÜRSELA. Fizik Böl. Because of their properties. The structure of Polyethylene Glycol Based Hydrogen Bonded Side Chain Liquid Crystal Polymer (HB-PLC). Hermann. The liquid crystalline behavior of the HB-PLC was investigated by differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and polarized optical microscopy (POM).. fyhanoglu@firat. L. A. Natansohn. Kimya Böl. U. C.

Box 1414.anast@iceht. free or vehicular. even single molecule detection has been reported. PLGA. Thus. VOYIATZISa. fast and non destructive tool for the estimation of extremely small amounts of substances.15 ng/mL λ ο =632. versatile.gr b Interdepartmental Program of Graduate Studies on “Polymer Science and Technology”. cm Fig. “Quantitative analysis by Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering utilizing an oscillating-cell and right angle collection geometry” Analyst 134.12 0. SERS may enable low concentration quantitative assessment of controlled release of drugs from biopolymer-based delivery systems. ophthalmology. ng/mL Absorbance 10 0.O.24 Predicted concentration.2 0. SOTOa. two analytical techniques are utilized to quantitatively evaluate the antineoplastic drug Mitoxantrone and the antifungal agent Ambisome (Amphotericin b) released from active agents-loaded biocompatible polymer matrices PP. nm R am an S hift. GR-265 04. applying SERS to extremely low concentration measurements proves to be challenging. MANIKASa. 225-232 (2004). University of Patras. and should be capable of measuring at very low concentration range.00 0 0 610 5 660 5 10 15 20 True concentration. In the present study. “Intralesional Mitoxantrone biopolymer-mediated chemotherapy prolongs survival in rats with experimental brain tumors” J Neuro-Oncol 68. A Soto Beobide and GA Voyiatzis.b. F Roser. 1. Fast SERS quantitative measurements showed enhanced sensitivity (RMSE: 150 pg/mL) compared to the UV-vis absorption. Rio-Patras (Hellas) . implantation of medical devices and artificial organs. Therefore. M Samii and M Bellinzona. SERS is a new. Due to the enhancement provided to the Raman signal by the nanorough noble-metal substrates or the nano-structured colloidal clusters of noble metals.1 Polymer-based delivery systems enable controlled slow release of drugs into the body and also they make possible targeting of drugs into sites of inflammation or tumors. M Saini. for the 1st time. intracellular distribution studies. 2 AC Manikas. Rio-Patras (Hellas) Abstract The application of polymeric materials for biomedical purposes is growing very fast in diverse fields such as tissue engineering. 1 165 . chemotherapy.b. Since drugs need to be quantified for drug delivery system characterization. A.forth. prosthesis. 587-592 (2009). the UV-Vis absorption and.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. ng/mL 500 600 700 800 Relative Intensity 48 hours 30 hours 24 hours 6 hours 3 hours 1 hours few minutes after immersion 15 t= 1 sec 48 h 30 h 24 h 6h 3h 1h few m in after im m ersion A g colloid 1050 1200 1300 UV-Vis absorption 20 PLS analysis 2 R =99. as well. It should have a high sensitivity.j. 2010 PI-79: RELEASE OF ACTIVE AGENTS FROM POLYMERS: FAST QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT AT LOW CONCENTRATION VIA SERS a JOHN ANASTASOPOULOSa. the Surface Enhance Raman Scattering (SERS). the most suitable quantification method must be chosen. bone repair.b FORTH/ICE-HT.93 RMSE=0. S Hussein. A.06 0. biopolymer-mediated chemotherapy has shown promising results in the treatment of brain tumors.18 0.8 nm SERS 1350 1500 -1 1650 Wavenumber. and for pharmacokinetic assays. EVA. GR-265 00.b and G. dentistry. minimizing systemic toxicity. P. specificity and reproducibility.47% w/w specimens in water via (a) UV-Vis & (b) SERS using oscillating cell and Ag nanocolloidal solution with the PLS analysis as an inset Drug (Mitoxantrone) loaded polymer (PP) specimens were prepared and the in vitro drug release was determined in water (Fig 1). 24 – 29 OCTOBER. Intratumoral biopolymer-mediated drug delivery remains a challenge for the treatment of immune-depressed patients by delivering the drug into the tumor bed. Mitoxantrone released from PP+Mitoxantrone 0.30 0.

where the crystalline structure of the PET developed sufficiently. As-spun fiber 1.0 1.5 2.0 2. WON SEOK LYOO. YOUNG HO SEO School of Textiles. and electrical.4 1. Crimp contraction increased sharply at a draw ratio over 2.4 As-spun fiber 50 100 150 200 o 250 300 0 10 20 30 40 Temperature( C) 2θ Fig.ac. Korea – taehwanoh@ynu.6 1. Unlike conventional fibers.6 1.kr Abstract Conjugate fiber spinning is one of the most useful methods for functional fiber production. 2.8TH HELLENIC POLYMER SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM HERSONISSOS CRETE. DSC thermograms of conjugate fibers for different draw ratios. RTI-0401-04 from the Regional Technology Innovation Program of the Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE). Fig. 24 – 29 OCTOBER.0. Effects of draw ratio and heat-set temperature were observed. In the state of an asspun fiber. 712749 Gyeongsan. 2010 PI-80: EFFECT OF DRAWING CONDITIONS ON MOLECULAR STRUCTURES AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF BICOMPONENT FIBERS TAE HWAN OH. The crystallinity and orientation of the PET was attributed mainly to the crimp contraction of the drawn fiber. A heat set temperature of at least 140 °C was required to develop sufficient crimp contraction. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work was supported by grant No.5 2.) Heat flow 2.2 Intensity (a.8 1. architectural. automotive.8 2. functional fibers have been widely used in various fields such as medical. The PTT/PET conjugate fibers showed well-developed curls without treatment in boiling water. as-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT)/poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) side-by-side conjugate fibers were drawn at various drawing conditions and the effects of these conditions on the structure change and physical properties of the fibers were examined. the molecular orientation of PTT was higher than PET. 214-1 Daedong.2 2. 1. In this work. whereas PET molecular orientation increased remarkably over PTT with increasing draw ratio. Yeungnam University. u. SUNG SOO HAN. Equatorial X-ray scattering profiles of conjugate fibers for different draw ratios. 166 .

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