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Population pyramid
Population pyramid
Studies
Studies
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Topic
Topic
Analysis and Comparison of
population pyramid of
with India and other nations .
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Introduction
Introduction
Population pyramid
A bar chart, arranged vertically, that
shows the distribution of a population
by age and sex.
By convention, the younger ages are at
the bottom, with males on the left and
females on the right.
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Types
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Determinants
Determinants
Birth rate
Death rate
Migration
The five-year age increments on the y-
axis allow the pyramid to vividly reflect
long term trends in the birth and death
rates but also reflect shorter term
baby-booms, wars, and epidemics.
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Objectives
Objectives
1. To develop age – sex pyramid for
2. To compare with India & other nations
Rationale
To show any discrepancy in age sex ratio,
As the males in under 5 are more than females
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Materials and Methods
Materials and Methods
Study Area and population
- Idayarpalayam
Study Design
- Descriptive Study
Materials
- Survey forms
Time taken
- 2 weeks
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Descriptive Study
Descriptive Study
Park’ textbook
1. Defining the population to be studied
2. Defining the disease under study
3. Describing the disease by
- time
- place
- person
4. Measurement of disease
5. Comparing with known indices
6. Formulation of an aetiological hypothesis
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Observations
Observations
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Pop – 436
m - 218
f - 218
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Idayarpalayam
Idayarpalayam
Pop - 179
m - 89
f - 90
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Discussion
Discussion
The variation of sex ratio in 0 – 4 age group is due to,
- Natural process
- Female infanticide
- Bias in the survey
The sex ratio of children in the age group of 0 - 4 is
taken to be an accurate indicator of the prevalence
of Female infanticide.
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Male
Male
-
-
female ratio
female ratio
Sex Ratio: Number of females per thousand males
India - 933 (2001)
Kerala - 1058
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Conclusion
Conclusion
In 0 – 4 age group, the number of females
are less than the males.
Possibilty of female infanticide, as it is a
rural indian village, where poverty is
present...
But a large study group has to studied &
people motivated ,
if female infanticide is present, as it is a crime.
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Common places
Common places
Aligundam village
Nallampalli village ,salem
Pennagram , Dharmapuri
Krishnagiri
BELT - Salem, north arcot , madurai,
Dharmapuri, Periyar, dindugal
Penn Sisu Kolai
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'A merely legal approach cannot root
out female infanticide'
VRDP(Village Reconstruction and
Development Programme)
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Methods
Methods
Fed dry, unhulled rice that punctured
their windpipes, or
Swallow poisonous powdered
fertilizer.
Smothered with a wet towel,
strangled or
Allowed to starve to death.
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References
References
United nations Demographic indicators of
countries.
Govt of India – Census ,
Provisional population
Park’s textbook of community medicine
Nation master ( Internet )
REDIFF
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Thank you