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Vectorworks Fundamentals Users Guide

19852010NemetschekVectorworks,Incorporated.All RightsReserved. NemetschekVectorworks,Inc.,hereafterreferredtoas NemetschekVectorworks,anditslicensorsretainall ownershiprightstotheMiniCADVectorworks computerprogramandallothercomputerprogramsas wellasdocumentationofferedbyNemetschek Vectorworks.UseofNemetschekVectorworkssoftwareis governedbythelicenseagreementaccompanyingyour originalmedia.Thesourcecodeforsuchsoftwareisa confidentialtradesecretofNemetschekVectorworks.You maynotattempttodecipher,decompile,developor otherwisereverseengineerNemetschekVectorworks software.Informationnecessarytoachieve interoperabilitywiththissoftwaremaybefurnished uponrequest.

Macintosh,QuickDraw3D,QuickTime,andQuartz2D areregisteredtrademarksofAppleComputer,Inc. MicrosoftandWindowsareregisteredtrademarksofthe MicrosoftCorporationintheUnitedStatesandother countries. Adobe,AdobePDFLibrary,AdobeAIR,andtheAdobe logoaretrademarksofAdobeSystemsIncorporated. ParasolidisaregisteredtrademarkofSiemensProduct LifecycleManagementSoftwareInc. CINEMA4DisaregisteredtrademarkofMAXON ComputerGmbH,MAXONComputerInc.andMAXON ComputerLtd. SpaceNavigatorisatrademarkof3Dconnexion. OpenEXRisatrademarkofLucasfilm,Ltd. ACISandSATareregisteredtrademarksofSpatial Corporation. TheForboflooringtexturesarebasedontextures suppliedbyForboHoldingS.A. Theshaderappendixcontainscontent,copyright MAXONComputerGmbH,MAXONComputerInc.and MAXONComputerLtd.Allrightsreserved.Reprinted withpermission. TheRenderworksCameratoolwasdevelopedbyJulian Carr,OzCAD,Sydney,Australia. Allotherbrandorproductnamesaretrademarksor registeredtrademarksoftheirrespectivecompaniesor organizations. ForDefenseAgencies:RestrictedRightsLegend.Use, reproduction,ordisclosureissubjecttorestrictionsset forthinsubparagraph(c)(1)(ii)oftheRightsofTechnical DataandComputerSoftwareclauseat252.2277013. Forcivilianagencies:RestrictedRightsLegend.Use, reproduction,ordisclosureissubjecttorestrictionsset forthinsubparagraphs(a)through(d)ofthecommercial ComputerSoftwareRestrictedRightsclauseat52.22719. Unpublishedrightsreservedunderthecopyrightlawsof theUnitedStates.Thecontractor/manufactureris NemetschekVectorworks,Incorporated,7150Riverwood Drive,Columbia,MD,21046,USA.

Vectorworks Fundamentals Users Guide


TheVectorworksFundamentalsUsersGuidewaswritten andillustratedbyAlexandraDuffy,TeresaHeaps,and SusanCollins. Thismanual,aswellasthesoftwaredescribedinit,is furnishedunderlicenseandmayonlybeusedorcopied inaccordancewiththetermsofsuchlicense.The informationinthismanualisfurnishedforinformational useonly,issubjecttochangewithoutnotice,andshould notbeconstruedasacommitmentbyNemetschek Vectorworks.NemetschekVectorworksassumesno responsibilityorliabilityforanyerrorsorinaccuracies thatmayappearinthismanual. Exceptaspermittedbysuchlicense,nopartofthis publicationmaybereproduced,storedinaretrieval system,ortransmitted,inanyformorbyanymeans, electronic,mechanical,recording,orotherwise,without theexpresspriorwrittenpermissionofNemetschek Vectorworks. Existingartworkorimagesthatyoumaydesiretoscanor copymaybeprotectedundercopyrightlaw.The unauthorizedincorporationofsuchartworkintoyour workmaybeaviolationoftherightsoftheauthoror illustrator.Pleasebesuretoobtainanypermission requiredfromsuchauthors. VectorworksandMiniCADareregisteredtrademarksof NemetschekVectorworks,Inc.Renderworks, VectorScript,SmartCursor,andtheDesignandDrafting ToolkitaretrademarksofNemetschekVectorworks,Inc. Thefollowingarecopyrightsortrademarksoftheir respectivecompaniesororganizations:

Contributions
ContributionswereprovidedbyBiplabSarkar,Dave Donley,WesGardner,EricGilbey,GuntherMiller,Don Ward,andTimConnors. SplashscreendesignedbyKathleenRyland.Product iconsdesignedbyStephanMnninghoff.

RiccardoMartiresMasterWorkscontestfilesubmission wasusedasthebasisforavarietyofillustrations. EvanstonGreenTownhomesfileusedasthebasisfor illustrations2008NathanKipnisArchitects,Inc.

Registration and Updates


Ifyouhavenotalreadydoneso,pleaseregisteryourcopy oftheVectorworkssoftwarewithNemetschek Vectorworksathttp://register.nemetschek.net. Ifyouwouldliketoreceiveautomaticnotificationof Vectorworkssoftwareupdates,youcanselectto automaticallycheckforupdatesonaweeklyormonthly basisfromtheSessiontabofVectorworkspreferences (SeeSessionPreferencesonpage 20intheVectorworks FundamentalsUsersGuide.)

Vectorworks License Agreement


Thelicenseagreementbindingtheuseofthissoftware canbefoundintheVectorworksReleaseNotesdirectory orbyclickingLicenseintheAboutVectorworksdialog box.

Table of Contents
Preface ...................................................................................................................................................... i
Installing Vectorworks Products ...............................................................................................................................i Updating Vectorworks Products .............................................................................................................................. ii New Features ......................................................................................................................................................... iii Learning Vectorworks ...........................................................................................................................................xiii Technical Support and Training ............................................................................................................................ xv

1 Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................

Understanding Vectorworks ....................................................................................................................................1 The Fundamentals Workspace ...............................................................................................................................4 The View Bar ..........................................................................................................................................................7 Palettes and Tool Sets ............................................................................................................................................9 Palette Layout Options ..........................................................................................................................................10 List Box Functionality ............................................................................................................................................13 Additional Key Functionality ..................................................................................................................................14 Screen Tips ...........................................................................................................................................................15 Object Editing Mode ..............................................................................................................................................16 Setting Vectorworks Preferences ..........................................................................................................................17 Setting Document Preferences .............................................................................................................................28 Setting Quick Preferences ....................................................................................................................................32 Context Menus ......................................................................................................................................................33

2 Getting Started ....................................................................................................................................

39

Creating a New File ..............................................................................................................................................39 Opening a File .......................................................................................................................................................39 Using Finder Quick Look (Macintosh OS X 10.5+ Only) .......................................................................................41 Closing a File ........................................................................................................................................................43 Saving a File .........................................................................................................................................................43 Reverting to the Last Saved Version ....................................................................................................................44 Converting Previous Version Files ........................................................................................................................44

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| Table of Contents Exiting Vectorworks ..............................................................................................................................................50 Drawing Techniques .............................................................................................................................................50 Undoing and Redoing Actions ..............................................................................................................................51 Moving Around ......................................................................................................................................................52 Selecting Objects ..................................................................................................................................................56 Setting Up the Drawing .........................................................................................................................................67 Setting Default Object Attributes ...........................................................................................................................76 Creating Templates ...............................................................................................................................................76 Printing ..................................................................................................................................................................77 Using Drawing Tablets ..........................................................................................................................................82

3 Drawing Structure ...............................................................................................................................

85

Organizing the Drawing ........................................................................................................................................85 Managing Layers ..................................................................................................................................................88 Managing Classes ..............................................................................................................................................100 Setting Class and Design Layer Options ............................................................................................................108 Managing Viewports ...........................................................................................................................................108 Managing Saved Views ......................................................................................................................................109 Setting Visibilities ................................................................................................................................................113 Workgroup Referencing ......................................................................................................................................116

4 Drawing with Snapping.....................................................................................................................

129

Setting Snapping Parameters .............................................................................................................................129 Drawing with Snapping .......................................................................................................................................143 SmartCursor Cues ..............................................................................................................................................149

5 Using Vectorworks Resources.........................................................................................................

153

Libraries ..............................................................................................................................................................153 Default Resources in Vectorworks Fundamentals and Renderworks .................................................................153 Using the Resource Browser ..............................................................................................................................155 Understanding Symbols ......................................................................................................................................168 Creating New Symbols .......................................................................................................................................171

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Inserting Symbols ...............................................................................................................................................174 Editing Symbols ..................................................................................................................................................179 Record Formats ..................................................................................................................................................187 Global Symbol Commands .................................................................................................................................195

6 Creating Objects................................................................................................................................

201

Vectorworks Modeling Environment ...................................................................................................................201 Using the Data Bar ..............................................................................................................................................202 Creating Lines .....................................................................................................................................................206 Creating Rectangles ...........................................................................................................................................211 Creating Circles ..................................................................................................................................................215 Creating Ovals ....................................................................................................................................................218 Creating Arcs ......................................................................................................................................................219 Creating Quarter Arcs .........................................................................................................................................223 Creating Polylines ...............................................................................................................................................224 Creating 2D Polygons .........................................................................................................................................230 Creating Triangles ...............................................................................................................................................236 Creating 3D Polygons .........................................................................................................................................238 Closing and Opening Polygons and Polylines ....................................................................................................239 Creating Cylinders ..............................................................................................................................................241 Creating Spheres ................................................................................................................................................243 Creating Hemispheres ........................................................................................................................................245 Creating Cones ...................................................................................................................................................246 Creating NURBS Curves, Circles, and Arcs .......................................................................................................247 Creating Loci .......................................................................................................................................................251

7 Editing Objects ..................................................................................................................................

253

Editing Object Information ...................................................................................................................................253 Moving Objects ...................................................................................................................................................259 Cutting, Copying, and Pasting Objects ...............................................................................................................263 Removing Objects ...............................................................................................................................................265 Duplicating Objects .............................................................................................................................................268

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| Table of Contents Smoothing Objects ..............................................................................................................................................275 Composing and Decomposing Objects and Surfaces ........................................................................................276 Selecting Connected Objects ..............................................................................................................................277 Locking and Unlocking Objects ...........................................................................................................................277 Rotating Objects .................................................................................................................................................278 Mirroring Objects .................................................................................................................................................282 Converting Objects .............................................................................................................................................284 Grouping Objects ................................................................................................................................................286 Aligning and Distributing Objects ........................................................................................................................288 Compressing Images ..........................................................................................................................................290 Tracing Bitmaps ..................................................................................................................................................291

8 Object Operations .............................................................................................................................

293

Extruding Objects ................................................................................................................................................293 Sweeping Objects ...............................................................................................................................................297 Reshaping Objects ..............................................................................................................................................298 Offsetting Objects ...............................................................................................................................................306 Trimming and Clipping Objects ...........................................................................................................................309 Resizing Objects .................................................................................................................................................311 Shearing Objects ................................................................................................................................................315 Joining Objects ...................................................................................................................................................315 Combining and Connecting Objects ...................................................................................................................317 Splitting Objects and NURBS Surfaces ..............................................................................................................323 Creating Fillets and Chamfers ............................................................................................................................326 Editing Object Surfaces ......................................................................................................................................330 Obtaining Engineering Properties .......................................................................................................................336 Obtaining Volumetric Properties .........................................................................................................................337 Drafting Aids .......................................................................................................................................................338

9 Adding Text and Annotation.............................................................................................................

345

Inserting Text ......................................................................................................................................................345 Modifying Text .....................................................................................................................................................349

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Using Text Styles ................................................................................................................................................356 Checking Spelling ...............................................................................................................................................359 Finding and Replacing Text ................................................................................................................................361 Inserting Callouts ................................................................................................................................................362 Inserting a Leader Line .......................................................................................................................................367 Adding a Sheet Border ........................................................................................................................................368 Using Notation Objects .......................................................................................................................................377

10 Advanced 3D Modeling...................................................................................................................

385

3D Power Pack Fundamentals ...........................................................................................................................385 NURBS Surfaces ................................................................................................................................................389 Extracting Geometry ...........................................................................................................................................407 NURBS Surface-curve Interaction ......................................................................................................................409 Creating Helix-Spirals .........................................................................................................................................419 Creating Contours ...............................................................................................................................................421 Solids Operations ................................................................................................................................................421 Converting to Generic Solids ..............................................................................................................................430

11 Creating Building Elements ...........................................................................................................

433

Creating Floors ...................................................................................................................................................433 Creating Walls .....................................................................................................................................................433 Editing Walls .......................................................................................................................................................452 Creating Roof Faces ...........................................................................................................................................460 Creating Roof Objects .........................................................................................................................................465 Editing Roof Objects ...........................................................................................................................................467

12 Adding Building Elements..............................................................................................................

481

Structural Shapes and Details ............................................................................................................................481 Inserting and Editing Symbols Within a Wall ......................................................................................................493 Creating Columns ...............................................................................................................................................504 Creating Simple Stairs ........................................................................................................................................506

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13 Applying Object Attributes.............................................................................................................

509

The Attributes Palette .........................................................................................................................................509 Transferring Attributes ........................................................................................................................................510 Fill Attributes .......................................................................................................................................................513 Pen Attributes .....................................................................................................................................................515 Opacity Attributes ................................................................................................................................................516 Line Style Attributes ............................................................................................................................................517 Marker Attributes .................................................................................................................................................522 Using Hatch Fills .................................................................................................................................................525 Using Tile Fills .....................................................................................................................................................532 Using Gradient Fills .............................................................................................................................................536 Using Image Fills ................................................................................................................................................540 Mapping Fills with the Attribute Mapping Tool ....................................................................................................544 Applying Colors ...................................................................................................................................................550

14 Viewing the Drawing .......................................................................................................................

559

Using Standard Views .........................................................................................................................................559 Projection ............................................................................................................................................................561 Perspective .........................................................................................................................................................562 Simulating Movement .........................................................................................................................................562 Setting a 3D View ...............................................................................................................................................569 Setting a Camera View in Renderworks .............................................................................................................570 Fit to Objects .......................................................................................................................................................575 Fit to Page Area ..................................................................................................................................................576 Viewing History ...................................................................................................................................................576 Using Working Planes .........................................................................................................................................577 Understanding the Working Plane ......................................................................................................................577 Setting the Working Plane Location ....................................................................................................................579 Manipulating the Working Plane .........................................................................................................................582 The Working Planes Palette ...............................................................................................................................585 Aligning Objects to the Working Plane ................................................................................................................587

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15 Creating and Mapping Textures.....................................................................................................

591

Renderworks Commands and Tools ...................................................................................................................591 Textures and Shaders .........................................................................................................................................592 Creating Textures ...............................................................................................................................................593 Editing Textures and Shaders .............................................................................................................................606 Creating Image Prop Objects ..............................................................................................................................610 Adding 3D Plants ................................................................................................................................................612 Creating Layer Backgrounds ..............................................................................................................................613 Applying and Mapping Textures .........................................................................................................................618 Applying Textures to Symbols, Walls, and Roofs ...............................................................................................634 Applying Renderworks Backgrounds ..................................................................................................................639

16 Rendering the Drawing ...................................................................................................................

641

Adding Light ........................................................................................................................................................642 Advanced Renderworks Lighting ........................................................................................................................654 Preparing to Render ............................................................................................................................................661 Rendering with Vectorworks ...............................................................................................................................661 Rendering with Renderworks ..............................................................................................................................668 Rendering a Selected Area .................................................................................................................................677 Batch Rendering .................................................................................................................................................678 Managing Lights and Cameras ...........................................................................................................................680

17 Dimensioning and Constraints ......................................................................................................

685

Dimensioning ......................................................................................................................................................685 Marking 2D Object Centers .................................................................................................................................700 Angular Dimensioning .........................................................................................................................................701 Arc Length Dimensioning ....................................................................................................................................704 Converting Objects to Dimensions ......................................................................................................................705 Modifying Dimensions .........................................................................................................................................705 Measuring Distance ............................................................................................................................................713 Parametric Constraints .......................................................................................................................................715

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18 Presenting Vectorworks Drawings ................................................................................................

727

Animating Drawings with QuickTime ..................................................................................................................727 Presenting Drawings with Sheet Layer Viewports ..............................................................................................736 Cutting Sections ..................................................................................................................................................757 Layer Linking .......................................................................................................................................................758

19 Importing and Exporting Files .......................................................................................................

763

Importing Files ....................................................................................................................................................763 Exporting Files ....................................................................................................................................................765 Exporting a Rendered Drawing ...........................................................................................................................773 DXF and DWG File Formats ...............................................................................................................................776 DXF/DWG File Export .........................................................................................................................................779 DXF/DWG File Import .........................................................................................................................................790

20 Worksheets ......................................................................................................................................

805

Creating Worksheets ..........................................................................................................................................805 Using Worksheets ...............................................................................................................................................809 Entering Data in Spreadsheet Cells ....................................................................................................................822 Entering Data in Database Rows ........................................................................................................................828 Worksheet Functions ..........................................................................................................................................832 Importing Worksheets .........................................................................................................................................840 Exporting Worksheets .........................................................................................................................................841 Worksheets as Graphic Objects .........................................................................................................................842

21 Using Scripts ...................................................................................................................................

843

Creating Custom Selection Scripts .....................................................................................................................843 Creating Custom Tool/Attribute Scripts ...............................................................................................................844 Creating VectorScripts ........................................................................................................................................846 Running VectorScripts ........................................................................................................................................846 Managing VectorScripts ......................................................................................................................................847 Managing Script Palettes ....................................................................................................................................849

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A Using the Workspace Editor ............................................................................................................

851

Creating or Editing a Workspace ........................................................................................................................851 Updating Custom Workspaces and Plug-in Objects ...........................................................................................861

B Standards and Resources................................................................................................................

863

Libraries in Vectorworks Fundamentals and Renderworks .................................................................................863 Vectorworks Circle/Arc Conventions ...................................................................................................................865 Survey Bearings ..................................................................................................................................................865 Architectural Scale ..............................................................................................................................................865 Correlated Color Temperature ............................................................................................................................866

C Renderworks Shader Definitions ....................................................................................................

867

Shader Types ......................................................................................................................................................867

Index .....................................................................................................................................................

875

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Preface
WelcometoVectorworksFundamentalssoftwareaCADprogramthatincludesallthe2Dand3Dtoolsand technologyyouneedinoneeasytouse,costeffectivepackage.Inadditiontoprecisiondrafting,itprovidespowerful toolsfor3Dmodelingthatcanbeusedtocreate,present,andevenmanufacturedesigns.Builtindatabaseand worksheetcapabilitieshelptrackcostsandmaterials.Ahostofimportandexportformatsmakesiteasytosharefiles. TheVectorworksFundamentalsproductalsoincludesextensivesymbollibraries,defaultdrawingresources,anda builtinscriptingenvironmentthatcanbeusedtoautomateroutinetasks.

Installing Vectorworks Products


TheVectorworksinstallationprogramliststheinstallationsystemrequirements,anyknowninstallationissues,and anyinformationthatdidnotmakeitintothedocumentation.Toensureasmoothinstallation,confirmthatsystem requirementsaremetandtakenoteofanyissuesorincompatibilitiespriortoinstallingthesoftware. TheinstallationprogramcaninstalltheVectorworksDesigner,Renderworks,Architect,Landmark,Spotlight,and Fundamentalsproductsinanycombination.Theprogramdetermineswhichproductstoinstallbasedontheserial number. Yoursoftwarelicenseallowsforonecopytobemadeforbackuppurposes.TheVectorworkssoftwareshouldbe backeduponaregularbasis.Thesebackupsareinvaluableinrestoringusercustomizedsettingsthatmaybe otherwiselosteitherbyacomputerfailureorbyreinstallationofthesoftware.

Adding and Removing Serial Numbers


Duringinstallationyouaretypicallyrequiredtoentertheserialnumber,whichisprovidedwiththeVectorworks software.Ifyouarenotpromptedtoentertheserialnumberduringinstallation,youmustenteritthefirsttimethe programisaccessed. Toaddserialnumber(s): 1. OpentheVectorworksprogram. TheSerialNumbersdialogboxopensthefirsttimetheprogramisaccessed.Thereafter,itisaccessedbyclicking SerialNumbersfromtheSessiontabofVectorworkspreferences.

2. ClickAdd. TheAddNewSerialNumberdialogboxopens. 3. Entertheserialnumberexactlyasitappearsonthelabel.Theserialnumberiscasesensitive.Thelettersoandi arenotusedinserialnumbers;enterzerooroneinstead. 4. ClickAdd.

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ThelistofEnabledProductsintheSerialNumbersdialogboxdisplaysallproductsenabledbythisserial number.Forsecurity,serialnumbersthatbeginwiththeletterAarepartiallyhiddenwherevertheydisplayin Vectorworks. 5. Repeatsteps2to4toenteradditionalserialnumbersforadditionallicenses,asnecessary. 6. Whenallserialnumbershavebeenentered,clickDone.

Toremoveserialnumber(s): 1. ClickSerialNumbersfromtheSessiontabofVectorworkspreferences. TheSerialNumbersdialogboxopens. 2. Selectaserialnumbertoremove,andthenclickRemove. 3. Whenalldesiredserialnumbershavebeenremoved,clickDone.

Viewing the Vectorworks License Agreement


ThelicenseagreementfortheVectorworkssoftwarecanbeviewedatanytime. Toviewthelicenseagreement: 1. OnWindows,selectHelp>AboutVectorworks,oronMacintoshselectVectorworks>AboutVectorworks. 2. ClickLicensetodisplaythelicenseagreementtext. 3. ClickOKtwicetoreturntotheprogram.

Network Protection
WhenyourunmultiplecopiesoftheVectorworksprogramacrossanetwork,serialnumbersarecheckedwhenthe programislaunched,andalsoperiodicallythroughoutthesession. Ifthesameserialnumberisfoundtobeinuse,theAllSerialNumbersInUsedialogboxopens.Fromthisdialogbox, clickUserInformationtodisplaytheUserName,ifgiven,andtheIPaddressoftheotherlocation.ClickEdit Numberstodeletetheexistingserialnumberandenteranewone.Oncethesituationisresolved,clickRetry Numberstoregainaccesstotheprogram.Iftheserialnumberisstillinuseafterthreeattempts,theprogram automaticallyshutsdown.

Updating Vectorworks Products


VectorworkssoftwareupdatesarecalledServicePacks,andareconsideredmaintenancereleases.Thereareseveral waystoobtainupdates: ClickCheckforUpdatesfromHelp>AboutVectorworks.Alternatively,selectHelp>CheckforUpdates (Windows)orVectorworks>CheckforUpdates(Macintosh). Adialogboxopenstoindicatewhetherthesoftwareisuptodate,orifanupdateisavailable.Ifanupdateis available,clickMoreInfotoopenawebbrowsertodisplayanddownloadavailableupdates.Ifitisinconvenient toupdatethesoftwareatthistime,clickCancel. SelecttoAutomaticallycheckforupdatesonaweeklyormonthlybasisfromtheSessiontabofVectorworks preferences(seeSessionPreferencesonpage 20). Updatesareavailablefordownloadatwww.vectorworks.net/downloads

New Features |

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New Features
ThisreleaseincludesmanynewfeaturesandsignificantenhancementstotheVectorworksFundamentalsand Renderworksproducts,andtotheFundamentalsworkspace,asdescribedinthefollowingsections.

New Vectorworks Fundamentals Features


Thefollowingtablecontainsalistofnewandimprovedfeaturesforthisrelease,andindicatesthesectionwherethe functionalityisdocumented.

Feature
ContextsensitivehelpandPDF files Quickpreferences

Purpose
TheVectorworkshelpsystem,keyboard shortcutfile,andPDFfileshavebeenupdated toreflectversion2011functionality MakesthemostcommonlyusedVectorworks anddocumentpreferencesavailablefor accessfrombuttonsand/oramenuonthe Toolbar;relocatestheDataBarandEdit GroupOptionslistontheToolbarandalso addsbothsetsofoptionstotheWindow menu AnewVectorworkspreferenceprevents inadvertentcopiesofanobjectwhenpressing Ctrl+click(Windows)orOption+click (Macintosh) TheAutomaticallycheckforupdates Vectorworkspreferencenowprovidesthe abilitytocheckformajorVectorworks updates,inadditiontoServicePackupdates ThissettingwasmovedfromtheDisplaytab oftheVectorworksPreferencestotheDisplay taboftheDocumentPreferencessothatthe optionisavailableonaperdocumentbasis

Location
Notapplicable

TheFundamentals Workspaceonpage 4,Setting QuickPreferencesonpage 32, andDataBarandEditGroup Optionsonpage 204

Preventinplaceduplications

EditPreferencesonpage 17

Automaticallycheckfor updatespreference

SessionPreferenceson page 20

MovetheAdjustflippedtext Vectorworkspreference

DisplayPreferenceson page 28

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Purpose
Filescreatedwiththeeducationalversionof Vectorworkssoftwarecontainawatermark; improvementstowatermarkedfilesinclude thefollowing: Thewatermarkisnowappendedtothefile nameonthetitlebarandtheeducational versionlabelisnowassociatedwiththe applicationnameratherthancurrentfile Theprintedwatermarkisclearerandits underlinenowlooksmorelikeitbelongsto thewatermarkratherthanaseparateobject Thereisnowanoptiontodisplaythe watermarkonscreenatthetopandbottom ofeachpageboundaryforwatermarked documents AnewoptionontheUnitsdialogboxadds thousandsseparatorstovaluesthatdisplayin dimensionobjects Vectorworkssoftwarehasgreatlyimproved theusabilityofits3Dmodelingenvironment. 2Dplanarobjectscanbecreatedandedited withinaplanarcontext,wheretheydisplay withalltheirattributes.The2D/3DSelection toolshavebeencombinedintotheSelection tool,and2D/3DSymbolInsertiontoolshave beencombinedintotheSymbolInsertion tool.Workingplanesarenoweveneasierto use.NewwireframeandOpenGLoptions supportthe3Denvironment. Symbolscannowbescaledsymmetricallyor asymmetricallyfromtheObjectInfopalette orwiththeSelectiontoolinteractivescaling mode.Atcreation,asymbolcanbesettobe pagebased,andmaintainitssizerelativeto thepage.Pagebasedsymbolsdisplayas greensymbolsintheResourceBrowser;they canbescaledinviewportsifneeded.DXF/ DWGimportandexportisimprovedbythese options. Itisnowpossibletoreplaceexistingclassesin adrawingwithimportedclassesofthesame name Itisnowpossibletosavetherendersettings whensavingaview.Thisisaconvenient methodofsavingrendersettings.

Feature
Watermarkedfile improvements

Location
OpeningaFileonpage 39 andPageSetuponpage 77

Thousandsseparatorsin dimensiontext 3Denvironment,phase2

Unitsonpage 69

VectorworksModeling Environmentonpage 201, TheSelectionToolon page 57,ShapeTabon page 254,Manipulatingthe WorkingPlaneonpage 582, WireframeOptionson page 663,OpenGLRender Optionsonpage 665,and variouslocations TheSelectionToolon page 57,ScalingSymbolsfrom theObjectInfoPaletteon page 314,CreatingNew Symbolsonpage 171,Symbol Typesonpage 169,Advanced SheetLayerViewport Propertiesonpage 742

Scalablesymbols

Newclassesoption

CreatingClassesonpage 101

Saverendersettingswithsaved views

CreatingSavedViewson page 109

New Features | Feature


Newsnapsettings

Purpose
Severalsnappingimprovementshavebeen addedforthisversion.Snappingcanbe temporarilysuspendedwithashortcutkey, snappingfromtheprintableareaand individualpagesisavailablefordesignlayers andsheetlayers,anglesnappingcanbe suspendedwithoutlosingsettings,andnew snappingoptionscanbedisabledforSmart Points. AnewoptionsnapstheSmartCursorto anglesrelativetothepreviouslydrawn segment TheMacintoshSnappingpalettenowuses moremodernlooking,Cocoabasedcontrols, displaysitstitlebaratthetopofthepalette ratherthantheside,andcontainsaresized SnaptoAngletool Defaultcontentchangesinclude: Newdefaulttextstylesandtilepatterns areavailable DefaultimagefillsforLightWorkDesign Ltd.havebeenremoved Defaultwallhatchesarenowcombinedin alibrarywithslabhatches TheResourceBrowsernowhasshortcut optionstoprovideeasyaccesstoresource libraries.VectorworksLibrariesaccessesthe hundredsoflibrariesdeliveredwiththe Vectorworkssoftware.UserLibrariesand WorkgroupLibraries(VectorworksDesign Seriesonly)accessyourcustomlibraries. Previously,referencedresourcescouldnotbe renamedfromthetargetdocument;the Renamecommandisnowenabledinthe ResourceBrowserformostreferenced resources,includingsymbols,gradients, recordformats,hatches,tiles,Renderworks backgrounds,textures,sketchstyles,wall styles,textstyles,slabstyles,plants,and imageresources.Manyresourcescanalsobe renamedwiththeEditcommand. Previously,whenasymboldefinitionwas deletedfromtheResourceBrowser,all instancesofthesymbolinthedocumentwere replacedwithloci;anewoptiondeletesall symbolinstanceswithoutcreatinganyloci

Location
SettingSnappingParameters onpage 129,General Snappingonpage 130,Angle Snappingonpage 135,and SmartPointsSnappingon page 137

SmartCursorrelativeangles

AngleSnappingonpage 135

Snappingpaletteconversion

Variouslocations

Defaultcontentfor Vectorworks2011

DefaultResourcesin VectorworksFundamentalsand Renderworksonpage 153

ResourceBrowserlibraryaccess improvements

UsingtheResourceBrowser onpage 155

Renamereferencedresourcesin place

WorkingwithResourceson page 165

Optiontodeletesymbols completely

DeletingSymbolson page 187

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Purpose
TheMacintoshResourceBrowsernowuses moremodernlooking,Cocoabasedcontrols andalsoremovesthelimitonthenumberof itemssupportedinlistview(previously1636 items)andthumbnailview(previously369 rows) AnewsettingfortheLinetoolscalestheline byaspecificvalueasitisbeingdrawn AnewmodefortheLinetooldrawsaline outwardinbothdirectionsfromthelines centerpoint Thisnewtoolcreatestrianglesbasedonthree sidelengths,twosidesandtheincluded angle,ortwoanglesandthecommonside TheObjectInfopalettenowhasaClosed settingthatclosesandopenspolylineobjects, similartotheClosedsettingforpolygon objects Newoptionsallowtheorientationofthe originalobjecttoberetainedwithrespectto thepathobjectandwhenduplicatingtangent toapath Thisnewcommandselectsallobjectsthatare connectedendtoendwithaselectedobject; thecommandissupportedforlines,arcs, openpolygons,openpolylines,openNURBS curves,open3Dpolygons,walls,andopen roundwalls InTop/Planview,theMirrortoolcannowbe usedtomirrorobjectsthatareinsertedinto straightorroundwalls;ifthereisroominthe wall,themirroredobjectisinsertedintothe wall Groupedobjectsarenowoffseteasilyand consistentlywiththeOffsettool Thenewfieldprovideseasyaccesstothe distancesettingwhentheOffsetbyDistance modeisused;thisisthesameasenteringthe Distanceinthetoolpreferences Thisnewcommandcreateslinesorlocithat evenlydividethespacebetweentwoexisting lines

Feature
ResourceBrowserpalette conversion

Location
Variouslocations

Scaledlinecreation Createlinefromcenter

CreatingSingleLineson page 206 CreatingSingleLineson page 206 CreatingTriangleson page 236 ClosingandOpening PolygonsandPolylineson page 239 DuplicatingObjectsAlonga Pathonpage 273

Triangletool

ClosedSettingforPolylines

NewDuplicateAlongPath option

SelectConnectedObjects command

SelectingConnectedObjects onpage 277

ImprovedMirrortoolfor objectsinwalls

MirroringObjectson page 282

Offsetimprovementsfor groupedobjects FortheOffsettool,addsthe DistancefieldtotheToolbar

OffsettingObjectson page 306 OffsettingObjectson page 306

CreateDividingLines command

CreateDividingLineson page 340

New Features | Feature


EvenDividecommand Textimprovements

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Purpose
Thisnewcommanddivideslines,arcs,circles, andrectanglesintoevensubdivisions TheNofillbehindtextVectorworks preferencewasrenamedCreatetext withoutfill AnewTightFillmodefortheTexttool specifiesthatfillcoversonlytheareawith textonanygivenline;blanklineshaveno fill Textobjectscannowberotatedwiththe Selectiontool,usingtheAltkey (Windows)orOptionkey(Macintosh) AnewJustifycommandforhorizontaltext alignmentalignstextalongboththeleft andrightmarginsofthetextblock NewSuperscriptandSubscriptcharacter stylesareavailable TheCheckSpellingcommandisnow availablefromthecontextmenuduring textediting,andeditingcanberesumed afterthespellingcheck

Location
EvenDivideonpage 341 DisplayPreferenceson page 18,InsertingTexton page 345,andModifyingText onpage 349

Perfectpreviewtextediting

Thetextintextobjectsnowdisplaysexactly thesameduringandafterediting;previously, therewereoftenimperfectionsinthedisplay offonts,spacing,andwrappingwhilethetext editingmodewasactive.Rotatedorskewed textisnoweditedinplacebydefault,butit canbeunrotatedifnecessary.Inaddition, standardkeyboardshortcuts(suchasCtrl+B orCommand+Bforboldformatting)arenow supportedforfontstyles,linespacing,and textalignment. Textstylesarenewresourcesthatapplytext attributestoobjectscreatedwiththeTexttool, aswellastothetextcomponentsofother objects,suchassheetborders,dimensions, andcallouts.Usetextstylestoquicklyand easilyapplyandmaintainaconsistentlookto alltextthroughoutafile. TheLeaderLinetoolhasbeenmovedtothe Fundamentalsworkspace;itislocated beneaththeCallouttoolontheBasictoolset

InsertingTextonpage 345 andModifyingTexton page 349

Textstyles

UsingTextStylesonpage 356

LeaderLinetool

InsertingaLeaderLineon page 367

viii

| Chapter: Preface
Purpose
Forthe3DPowerPacktools,faceselectionis mucheasierduetoimprovedfeedback.The entirefacegeometryisnowhighlighted,and aclickanywhereonthefaceselectstheface. Theselectionofisoparametriclinesbythe Extracttoolisalsoimproved. PressingAlt(Windows)orOption (Macintosh)selectsthebackfaceofasolid object TheExtracttool,inExtractSurfacemode,can createplanarobjectsbyextractingthe geometryofaplanarface TheProtrusion/Cutouttoolhasbeenmade easiertouseandmoreinteractive;itcannow directlymodelplanargeometryandNURBS curvesinadditiontotheplanarfacesof solids.IthasbeenrenamedthePush/Pull tool. TheWallPreferencesdialogboxhasbeen rearranged,andthewallbaseheightcannow bespecified.Wallcomponentscanbeoffset fromthetoporbottomofthewall,andcanbe textured(Renderworksrequired),creating realisticsectionviewsaswellasrendered views,andmoreaccuratewallmaterial estimates.Walltexturescanbesetbythewall orbyitscomponents. Whendrawingstraightorroundwalls,the controllinecanbesetrelativetothecorewall component TheSingleObjectConnectandDualObject ConnectmodesoftheConnect/Combinetool cannowbeusedtojoinrooffaces IntheEditRoofSettingsdialogbox,theroof Pitchnowdisplaystherisetorunratio(asin 1:4)ifthepitchwasenteredthatwaywhen theroofwascreated;previously,thepitch alwaysdisplayedasanangleduringediting. Forobjectsinawall,youcannowselectthe objectswiththeSelectiontoolandthenuse thenudgekeyboardcommand.Previously, boththe2DSelectionand2DReshapetools hadtobeusedpriortothenudgeoperation.

Feature
Faceselectionimprovements

Location
SelectingtheEdgesandFaces ofaSolidonpage 385

Selectionofbackfaces

SelectingFacesonpage 386

Extractplanarobjects

ExtractingGeometryon page 407 DirectModelingonpage 421

Push/Pulltool

Wallandwallcomponent improvements

CreatingWallsonpage 433 andCreatingWall Componentsonpage 443

Createwallusingcore componentforthecontrolline Connectedrooffaces

CreatingWallsonpage 433

ConnectingRoofFaceson page 462 EditingRoofObjectson page 467

Displayroofslopeasriseover runforediting

Improvednudgingforobjects inwalls

NudgingSymbolsinWallson page 498

New Features | Feature


Savedsettingsforthe Eyedroppertool

ix

Purpose
NewoptionsontheEyedropperPreferences dialogboxcreateandmanagesetsof attributestotransferwiththeEyedropper tool.Oncecreated,thesavedsettingscanbe accessedfromtheToolbar. Thedefaultdashstylesarenowbasedonthe universalstandarddefinedbythe InternationalOrganizationfor Standardization(ISO) OntheEditMarkerdialogbox,anewDouble Lineroottypeisavailableforcreating markersattheendsoflines.Inaddition,a doublelinemarkerwasaddedtothedefault markerliststhroughouttheVectorworks program,includingontheAttributespalette, theGraphicAttributestaboftheStairtool preferences,andtheGeneraltabofthe CustomStairtoolpreferences. Tilesarenewresourcesthatcanbecreated, edited,andappliedto2Dobjectsfromthe ResourceBrowser.Tilescanalsobeappliedto objectsasaFillStyleontheAttributespalette. Additionally,theTilecommandhasbeen removedfromtheVectorworksDesigner, Architect,andLandmarkproduct workspaces.

Location
TransferringAttributeson page 510

ISODashStyles

LineStyleAttributeson page 517

Doublelinemarker

MarkerAttributeson page 522

Tilefillsfor2Dobjects

UsingTileFillsonpage 532

Workingplanepositionedon NURBScurve Dimensionleaderline

TheSetWorkingPlanetool,inPlanarFace mode,canpositiontheworkingplaneona NURBScurve AnewoptionontheObjectInfopalettedraws aleaderlinefromthedimensiontexttothe dimensionline,forsituationswherethe dimensiontextmustbemovedforclarity. Optionally,youcanaddanendmarkertothe leaderlinefromtheAttributespalette. TheEditCustomDimensionStandarddialog boxhasanewsettingforthedefaultLeader LineMarkertouseforacustomstandard.

SettingtheWorkingPlanetoa PlanarFaceonpage 582 EditingDimensionProperties onpage 706,andCreatinga CustomDimensionStandard onpage 686

Disassociatecommandfor dimensions

Thisnewcontextmenucommandmakesit easiertodisassociateadimensionfromits associatedobject;previously,thedimensions constraintscouldonlyberemovedthrough theEditConstraintsdialogbox(Modify> EditConstraints)

AssociativeDimensioningon page 690

| Chapter: Preface
Purpose
Textstylescannowbeassignedtoyour customdimensionstandards Youcannowselectandmovethe dimensionlinesorwitnesslineoffsetsfor multiplelinearandchaindimensions simultaneously TheDatabarnowdisplaysmorehelpful informationduringediting,suchasthe dimensionoffsetandthewitnessline length TheObjectInfopaletteforalldimensions hasbeenreorganizedsothatrelated controlsaregroupedtogether

Feature
Generaldimension improvements

Location
CreatingaCustomDimension Standardonpage 686, EditingDimensionProperties onpage 706,andEditing DimensionswiththeMouse onpage 708

Improvedwitnesslinelength control

Forlinear,chain,andarcdimensions,youcan nowoverridethesettingsinthedimension standardforspecificwitnesslines.Thelength andoffsetofwitnesslinescanbeeditedwith themouse,orwithparametersintheObject InfopaletteorPropertiesdialogbox. Thehandlingofconflictingconstrainterrors hasbeenimproved,andincludesapreviewof theunsolvableconstraints Whenviewporttextisscaled,graphicobjects thatarepartofthetextitemarescaledaswell Arclengthdimensionscannowbeexported toandimportedfromDXF/DWGformat TheimportofDXF/DWGhatcheswas changedsothathatchesthatvaryonlyby angleandscaleareimportedasthesame hatchdefinition.Hatchesthatvarybycolor arestillimportedasdifferenthatch definitions. Variousimprovementssubstantiallyreduce thesizeoftheVectorworksfileintowhich DXF/DWGdataisimported Tomakeplanarobjectsdisplaycorrectly whenexported,designlayerobjectsare exportedinTopview,andtheDXF/DWG viewischangedtomatchtheviewinthe originalVectorworksfile.Inaddition,planar objectsdisplayontheappropriateplane,not asiftheywereonthescreenplane.

EditingDimensionProperties onpage 706andEditing DimensionswiththeMouse onpage 708

ImprovedDimensional ConstraintManagererrorsalert dialogbox Viewporttextscaleobject support DXF/DWGimportandexport supportforarclength dimensions ImprovedDXF/DWGimportof hatches

ParametricConstraintErrors onpage 725 AdvancedSheetLayer ViewportPropertieson page 742 Vectorworks2011 Improvementsonpage 776 Vectorworks2011 Improvementsonpage 776

Vectorworksfilesize improvementsonDXF/DWG import ImprovedDXF/DWGexportof planarobjects

Vectorworks2011 Improvementsonpage 776 Vectorworks2011 Improvementsonpage 776

New Features | Feature


ImprovedDXF/DWGimportof multipleboundarieshatches

xi

Purpose
Theimportofhatcheswithmultiple boundarieshasbeenimproved,sothatthefile producedismuchsmallerandeasiertowork with Bydefault,designlayerviewports (VectorworksDesignSeriesrequired)export asseparateDWGfiles,whicharereferenced fromthemasterDXF/DWGfile;anewoption exportsdesignlayerviewportsaspartofthe masterdocumentinstead TheprocessofsavingDXF/DWGimport optionsasasethasbeenmademore consistentwithotherareasoftheapplication AnewsetofX,Y,andZcoordinatefunctions returnthelocationcoordinateforsymbols, pointpluginobjects,andloci Twonewfunctionscalculatetheareaand volumeofspecifiedslabcomponents (VectorworksArchitectrequired)andwall components,andathirdfunctiondisplaysthe componentname TheVectorScriptEditordialogboxnowuses moremodernlookingcontrolsforboth WindowsandMacintosh,andthepaste functionscanbeaccessedfromshortcutkeys TheMacintoshVectorScriptMessagepalette nowusesmoremodernlooking,Cocoabased controls;theWindowsVectorScriptMessage paletteisnolongerdockedbydefault,now displaysanappropriateamountofspace,and textwrapsappropriately TheMacintoshandWindowsfilesystem dialogboxesnowusemoremodernlooking controls,havemoreconsistentmessages acrosstheuserinterface,andhaveimproved messageclarity WhenQuartz(Macintosh)orGDI+ (Windows)imagingisenabledin VectorworksPreferences,andwhenthe Vectorworksfileisinnonperspectiveview, repeatedinstancesofsymbolswillnow redrawsignificantlyfaster

Location
Vectorworks2011 Improvementsonpage 776

DXF/DWGexportofdesign layerviewportsboundintothe masterfile

DXF/DWGExportOptions onpage 784

ImprovedsavingofDXF/DWG importsettings Objectcoordinatefunctionsfor theworksheet Componentarea,volume,and namefunctionsforthe worksheet

DXF/DWGImportOptions onpage 795 WorksheetFunctionson page 832 WorksheetFunctionson page 832

VectorScriptEditordialogbox conversion

EditingVectorScriptson page 847

VectorScriptMessagepalette conversion

Notapplicable

Filesystemdialogboxes conversion

Variouslocations

Symboldrawingspeedup

Notapplicable

xii

| Chapter: Preface
Purpose
TheObjectInfopalettenowsupports: textfieldstotheleftofseparatorlines,to clearlyidentifythecontentbeneaththe separatorline indentedcontrols,tomoreeasily distinguishbetweendifferentgroupsof controls labelsforthefourareasoftheDatapane,to clearlyidentifyeachsection,andmore uniformlyallocatedspaceforrecord formats,fields,andinformation Alphanumericlistscontainingnumbersnow sortmoreintuitivelysothatazerodoesnot needtobeinsertedbeforesingledigits.This changehasbeenmadeinthefollowingareas forversion2011: Alllistbrowsercontrolsinalldialogboxes Worksheets Viewbarsheetlayer,class,andsavedview lists ObjectInfopalettelayerandclasslists Navigationpalettenamelists ResourceBrowserlistandthumbnailview lists New/EditSavedViewdialogboxlayerand classlist ChooseaSymboldialogboxSymbols thumbnaillist

Feature
ObjectInfopalette improvements

Location
Variouslocations

Numberawarestringsorting

Variouslocations

New Renderworks Features


Thefollowingtablecontainsalistofnewandimprovedfeaturesforthisrelease,andindicatesthesectionwherethe functionalityisdocumented.

Feature
Defaultcontentfor Renderworks2011

Purpose
Defaultcontentchangesinclude: AnewRenderworksHDRIbackgrounds fileisavailable Additionalglasstexturesareavailablefor usebythewindowobject Defaultwallandslabtexturesarenow locatedintheWalls~SlabsTexturesfolder andadditionaltextureshavebeenadded DefaultRenderworksbackgroundsand texturesforLightWorkDesignLtd.have beenremoved

Location
DefaultResourcesin VectorworksFundamentalsand Renderworksonpage 153

Learning Vectorworks | Feature


LinkingtheRenderworks cameraviewtoviewports RenderworkswithCINEMA 4Dengine

xiii

Purpose
TheRenderworkscameracanbelinkedtoa sheetlayerviewport;thecameraviewcanbe editedfromtheviewport AnewrenderingenginefortheRenderworks programprovidesincreasedspeed,improved quality,andnewoptionsforrenderedfiles.A newcommandexportstoCINEMA4D. Theworkflowhasbeenimprovedasfollows: 2Dand3Dfunctionsofthetoolarenow accessedwithgraphiccontrolsinthe drawingarea;thebuttonsfor2D/3Dmode selectionandfor3Dconstraintmodeswere removedfromtheToolbar Thedisplayandfunctionofmapping controlshavebeensimplifiedandmade morepredictable Whenanobjectwithanunsupported mappingtypeisselected,youarenow promptedtoswitchtoanyofthe supportedmappingtypes Objectpartswithanunsupported mappingtypenowdisplaybelowa dividinglineonthePartlistontheTool bar;whenyouselectoneoftheseitems, youarepromptedtoswitchtoanyofthe supportedmappingtypes

Location
LinkingtheCameraViewtoa SheetLayerViewporton page 574 VariouslocationsinCreating andMappingTextureson page 591andRenderingthe Drawingonpage 641; ExportingFilesonpage 765 DirectTextureMappingon page 626

AttributeMappingtool improvements

Learning Vectorworks
ThereareanumberofwaystolearnhowtousetheVectorworksprogram,includingtrainingCDs,bothonlinehelp andPDFversionsoftheuserguides,andbothonlineandclassroomtraining.

Users Guides
ThisguideistheVectorworksFundamentalsUsersGuide.Itisacomprehensivereferenceforallusers describingthecoretools,commands,andfeaturesintheVectorworksFundamentalsproduct.Theguidealso describesthepresentationcapabilitiesoftheRenderworksproduct,foruserswhopurchasedit. TheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuidedescribesthefeaturesintheVectorworksArchitect,Landmark, Spotlight,andDesignerproducts.ItisdesignedforuserswhohavepurchasedoneormoreDesignSeries products. Thefollowingtabledescribestheconventionsusedintheguides.Allinstructionsintheguidesarebasedon clickclickdrawing.

xiv

| Chapter: Preface

Convention
(Macintosh) (Windows)

Meaning
Macintoshspecificinstruction Windowsspecificinstruction IndicatesfunctionalitythatexistsintheVectorworksArchitectandDesignerproductsonly IndicatesfunctionalitythatexistsintheVectorworksLandmarkandDesignerproductsonly IndicatesfunctionalitythatexistsintheVectorworksSpotlightandDesignerproductsonly IndicatesfunctionalitythatexistsintheVectorworksArchitect,Landmark,andDesigner productsonly IndicatesfunctionalitythatexistsintheVectorworksArchitect,Spotlight,andDesigner productsonly IndicatesfunctionalitythatexistsinalloftheVectorworksDesignSeriesproductsaswellas Designer IndicatesfunctionalitythatexistsintheRenderworksproductonly

boldtext blueindentedtext click doubleclick rightclick Keyandmouse combination,asin Shiftclick Keycombination, asinAlt+Shift+D clickclick clickdrag select

Indicatesaspecificbutton,command,class,orexplicitlynameditem Indicatesanote,tip,orwarning Clickthemousebuttonandrelease.TheleftbuttonisalwaysimpliedinWindows. Clicktwotimesquicklyonthemousebuttonandrelease Clickwiththerightmousebuttonandrelease;ontheMacintosh,holddowntheCtrlkeyand clickthemouse Holddownthecommandkey(s)andclick;inthisexample,holddowntheShiftkeyandclick

Holddownthecommandkey(s)andpressthespecifiedletterornumberkey;inthis example,holddownboththeAltandShiftkeys,andpresstheDkey Clickthemousebuttononceandrelease.Movethecursortothedesiredlocationandclick again.Thisisthedefaultdrawingpreferencefortheprogramatinstallation. Clickoncewiththemousebuttonanddonotrelease.Drag(move)thecursortoadesired locationandthenrelease. Clickonanobjectwiththemouse,orclickdragoveranobjectwithmarqueeselection,to highlightit.Theobjectishighlighted,and/orhandlesdisplayontheobjecttoindicatethat itiscurrentlyactive.Thistermalsoreferstoexecutingmenucommands. AmenucommandaccessedbyaCtrlclick(Macintosh)orrightclick(Windows)

Contextmenu

Technical Support and Training |

xv

Vectorworks Help System


ThehelpsystemallowsquickaccesstocomprehensivereferenceinformationabouttheVectorworksprogram. Commands,tools,anddialogboxesarelinkedtotheappropriatehelptopic,providinginstantinformation. Thehelpsystemalsoofferslinkstorelatedtopics,allowsfulltextsearches,andcontainsanindexandtableofcontents totopicsacrossallproducts. TheVectorworkshelpsystemincludesthefollowingvolumes: Welcome:Instructionsforusingthehelpsystem VectorworksFundamentals:ContextsensitiveonlineversionoftheVectorworksFundamentalsUsersGuide VectorworksDesignSeries:ContextsensitiveonlineversionoftheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide VectorScriptLanguageGuide:DescriptionoftheVectorScriptlanguage,whichcanbeusedtoautomateroutine tasks PDFFiles:ProvideslinkstocompleteuserguidePDFs,theVectorScriptLanguageGuide,andotherhelpfullinks

Toaccessthehelpsystem,selectHelp>VectorworksHelpfromwithintheprogram.InthehelpsystemTableof Contents,opentheWelcomebookforcompleteinstructionsonhowtousethesystem.

Technical Support and Training


Thereareavarietyoftechnicalsupportandtrainingoptionsavailabletoyoutoensureyoursuccesswiththe Vectorworksproductandtosupportyourbusinessneeds.

Technical Support
Technicalsupportisavailableforregisteredusersinseveralways.Internationalusersshouldcontacttheirlocal resellerfordetailsconcerningtechnicalsupport;forresellerinformation,seewww.vectorworks.net/international UnitedStatesuserscancontactTechnicalSupportusingthefollowingmethods: Call443.542.0411 Sendanemailtotech@vectorworks.net Visitthetechnicalsupportknowledgebaseatkbase.vectorworks.net WhenyoucontactTechnicalSupport,provideabriefdescriptionoftheproblemthatincludesspecificdetailsabout whatactionsweretakenpriortotheproblemsoccurrence.Themoreinformationyoucangiveyoursupportspecialist, theeasieritwillbetosolveyourproblemquickly. WhenyoucontactTechnicalSupportbyphone,pleasehaveaccesstoyourcomputerandbereadytotellthespecialist: Vectorworkssoftwareserialnumber Vectorworkssoftwareversionnumber Operatingsystem Typeofcomputerbeingused AmountofRAMinstalledinthecomputer Listofanyrecentchangestothecomputerssetup(suchasnewfonts,software,orhardware)

Troubleshooting
TroubleshootingaproblempriortocallingTechnicalSupportwillalsoaidinaspeedyresolution.Basic troubleshootingtipsinclude: Testtoseeiftheproblemoccursinanew,blankfile Testtoseeiftheproblemoccurssystemwide(especiallyprintandfontproblems)

xvi

| Chapter: Preface

Copyandpastepartofthedocumenttoanewfiletoseeiftheproblempersists RunthecomputerinSafeMode(Windows)toseeifthereisasystemconflict Checkthecommunitymessageboardtoseeiftheproblemhasalreadybeenreportedorresolved techboard.vectorworks.net

Training
Fordetailsabouttrainingoptions,visitwww.vectorworks.net/training Tutorialmanuals Oneononeonlinetraining Customizedonsitetraining Handsonclassroomtraining Tocontactatrainingspecialist,call1.877.202.8871(intheUnitedStates)orsendanemailtotraining@vectorworks.net

Other Resources
ThefollowingadditionalresourcesareavailabletoNemetschekVectorworksusers: DocumentationupdatesthroughtheonlinehelpAutoUpdateContentorCheckforUpdatesfeatures Vectorworkscommunityboardtechboard.vectorworks.net VectorworksYouTubechannelwww.youtube.com/vectorworks Independentlocalusergroupswww.vectorworks.net/community/usergroups.php PlanetVectorworksglobalcommunityauthorednewsletterplanet.vectorworks.net TheeDispatchNemetschekVectorworksauthorednewsletter www.vectorworks.net/community/edisp_subscribe.php Varioussocialmediasites,suchasFacebook,Twitter,Delicious,LinkedIn,andFlickr LISTSERVuserlistswww.nemetschek.net/community/mailinglists.php

Introduction
Understanding Vectorworks

ThissectiondescribesthecoreconceptsoftheVectorworksprogram;eachconceptisdescribedbrieflyinthis overview.Theactualimplementationoftheseconceptsaredescribedthoroughlyintheirrelevantsections.Where possible,therelevantsectionsarereferenced.

Intuitive Design and Drafting Package


TheVectorworksprogramisanessentialgraphicdesigntoolforanyonewhowishestouseCADsoftware immediately.Theprogramemphasizesrapid,accuratedrawingandeasyobjectselection.Thiseaseofuseminimizes thelearningcurve,sothatideascanbeconvertedintodrawingsquickly.

Modeling Environment
TheParasolidmodelingkernel(aSiemensPLMproduct)wasintegratedintotheprogramstartingwithversion2009. Thiskernelprovidesthegeometricfoundationforsophisticatedmodelingoperations.TheParasolidkernelprovides robustness,consistency,andhighperformanceinmodelingaswellasdraftingoperations. InmostCADprograms,itispossibletocreateeithera2Dora3Ddrawing.TheVectorworksprogramallowsyouto doboth,withdrafting,modeling,andeditingoccurringinanyview.

Symbols
Hybridsymbolsdisplaya2Dor3Drepresentationdependingontheview.Thesoftwareincludessymbollibraries, whichcontainanumberofpreconfiguredhybridsymbols;alternatively,createyourownsymbols. Agoodexampleofahybridobjectisadoor.ItdisplaysasalinedrawinginTop/Planviewandasafullyformeddoor ina3Dview.

Top/Plan View

3D View

Oneadvantageofworkingwithsymbolsisthat3Dmodelsareautomaticallycreatedfrom2Ddrawings.Formore informationonsymbols,seeUnderstandingSymbolsonpage 168.

| Chapter 1: Introduction

SmartCursor
Datum

Intersection

DesignwithprecisionusingtheSmartCursor.Byprovidingaseriesofcues(includingtextdisplayedatthecursors currentlocation)thatupdatewitheverymoveofthemouse,thedrawingoptionsareclear.UsetheSmartCursorto createsnapstospecificpointsrelativetootherobjectsortotemporarilysetaneworigin(datum).Drawexact perpendicularlines,angles,andmore.TheSmartCursorisdescribedindetailinDrawingwithSnappingon page 129.

Image Preview
Animagepreviewisusedforavarietyoffunctions,includingdrawingobjects,placingobjects,andtheSmartCursor. Theimagepreviewistheimagedisplayedastheobjectisdrawn,afteratoolhasbeenselectedoranoperationhas beeninvoked,butbeforetheobjectisphysicallyplacedinthedrawing.Theimagepreviewmayexactlyresemblethe objecttobeplaced,oritmaybearepresentationofthatobject,suchasitsboundingbox.Duringthedrawingprocess, theimagepreviewcontainsafeedbacksegment,whichgathersinformationfordisplayintheDatabar.Theprogram alsousesthissegmenttoproperlyinvokeSmartCursorcues.

Layers, Classes, and Views


Layersandclassesprovidetheframeworkfordrawings.Viewportsandviewsdisplayandpresentdrawings.These featuresworktogethertoprovideflexibleorganizationalandviewingcapabilities. Designlayers(wheredrawingsarecreated)canhaveheight.Ifawalliseightfeethigh,thedesignlayercanbeas well.Thisallowsforatrue3Drepresentationofamodel.Showandhidedesignlayersasneeded,todisplaycertain aspectsofadesign.Objectsplacedtogetherindesignlayersarerelatedinspace.Designlayershelpautomatesome aspectsofwallcreationaswellasprovideotheradvantages.Eachdesignlayercanhaveadifferentscale.Special sheetlayersareusedforcreatingviewports;thesearemultiplelinkedviewsofadrawing,completewith annotation,andreadyforthepresentationofafinaldesigntoaclient.IntheVectorworksDesignSeriesproducts, viewportsalsocanbecreatedondesignlayers.Adesignlayerviewportcanshowoneormoredesignlayersfromits ownfile,orfromanexternalfile. Classesassociateobjectsacrosslayers;theyclassifyobjectsandcanhavespecificdisplayattributes,suchascolor. Classesareusedtospeedthedrawingprocess,sinceattributescanbespecifiedatobjectcreation,andtocontrolthe visibilityoftheserelatedgroups.Eachobjectcanonlybeassignedoneclass,buteachobjectcanbecomposedofother nestedobjects,whichcaneachbeassignedadifferentclass. Aparticularviewofthedrawing,suchasonewhichshowsonlycertainlayersandclasses,canbesaved.Takea snapshotofacombinationoflayersandclassesandthenprinttheview.Layers,classes,andviewsaredescribedin detailinDrawingStructureonpage 85.

Understanding Vectorworks |

Viewports
Whenadesigniscomplete,ittypicallyneedstobepresentedtoaclientwithviewsfromseveraldifferentdirections, completewithdetails,annotations,dimensions,andtitleblocks.ToaccomplishthisintheVectorworksprogram, createviewportobjects,whichcanshowotherdesignlayersinthisfile,orevendesignlayersinotherfiles. Viewportscandisplayentireaswellascroppedviewsofadrawing,withspecifiedlayerandclassvisibilitysettings, projection,rendermode,andorientationparameters.Ifthedrawingchanges,theviewportscanbeeasilyupdatedto reflectthechanges. InboththeVectorworksFundamentalsandtheVectorworksDesignSeriesproducts,youcancreateoneormore viewportsonasheetlayer,andeachviewportcanshowoneormoredesignlayersfromthecurrentfile.Additionally, theVectorworksDesignSeriesproductsallowyoutocreateoneormoreviewportsonadesignlayer,andthedesign layersshowncanbeeitherfromthecurrentfile,orreferencedfromanotherfile. ViewportsaredescribedinPresentingDrawingswithSheetLayerViewportsonpage 736inthisguide,andin PresentingDrawingswithDesignLayerViewportsonpage 624intheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide.

Planes and 3D Space


Eachdrawinglayerhasanassociatedlayerplane.Thisactivelayerplaneispermanentlyplacedandcanbeusedasa constantreferencepointfordrawingin3Dspace.Asecondplanecanbeplacedataspecificangleorrotationtocreate a3Dobjectrelativetothatplane.Thismodifiableplaneiscalledaworkingplane.Workingplanesaredescribedin detailinUsingWorkingPlanesonpage 577.

VectorScript
TheVectorworksprogramhasacomprehensivescriptcapabilitycalledVectorScript.Useexistingscriptsorcreateyour own.Customizetheworkingenvironmentwithscripts,orcreatecustomizedplugintools,commands,andobjects thatfityourneeds.Youcansavevaluabletimeandeffortbycreatingreusablefunctionsfordrawingswiththe VectorScriptscriptinglanguage.SeeUsingScriptsonpage 843fordetails. SeetheVectorScriptLanguageGuideforanintroductiontotheVectorScriptlanguage.TheVectorScriptLanguage Guideisavailableaspartofthehelpsystem,andalsoasaPDFfileinthehelpsystem.TheVectorScriptFunction Referenceisacomprehensivecommandreferenceavailableonline.Itislocatedin:VWHelp/VectorScriptReference/ VSFunctionReference.html.AnothersourceofdeveloperorienteddocumentationrelatedtotheSDKandVectorScript islocatedathttp://developer.vectorworks.net

Worksheets
TheVectorworksprogramhascomprehensiveworksheetanddatabasefunctionality.Objectattributesandrecordscan belistedinaworksheet,andspreadsheetcalculationscanbeperformedonthisdata.Forexample,listalltheroomsin

| Chapter 1: Introduction

adrawing,andautomaticallycalculatethenumberofbedrooms.Createaworksheetlistingtheitemsrequiredto furnishtheroomsandthecost.WorksheetsaredescribedinCreatingWorksheetsonpage 805.

The Fundamentals Workspace


WhentheVectorworksFundamentalsprogramisstarted,themainwindowopenswithanew,blankfile;the Fundamentalsworkspaceisselected,andcontainsmenus,palettes,andtoolsetsinadefaultlayout.Duringawork session,palettesmaybeopened,closed,andmovedaroundasnecessary.Whentheapplicationisclosed,thelast workspacesettingsarepreservedandrestoredforthenextsession. Customworkspacescanbecreated,asdescribedinCreatingorEditingaWorkspaceonpage 851.Toswitchto anotherworkspace,selectTools>Workspaces,andthenselecttheworkspacefromthelistofthoseavailable.
Quick Preferences menu View bar menu Object Info palette - the Render tab displays if Renderworks is installed, or if the Design Series uses sketch rendering Data Bar and Edit Group Options list Zoom Line Thickness preference shortcut

Vectorworks version Menu bar Basic palette

File name

Tool bar

View bar

Rulers Attributes palette

Vertical scroll bar Resource Browser Snapping palette Floating Data bar

Tool Sets palette Message bar menu Message bar Horizontal scroll bar Print area border

Vectorworks Application Window on Windows

The Fundamentals Workspace |

Vectorworks Application Window on Macintosh

Windows,palettes,toolsets,anddialogboxesthatcontainasizinghandleintheirbottomrightcornercanberesized; clickdragthesizinghandletothedesiredlocation. ThefollowingtabledescribessomeoftheworkspacefeaturescommontoallVectorworksproducts.

Component
Menubar Titlebar Databar

Description
ContainspulldownmenusthataccessVectorworkscommands Allwindows,palettes,toolsets,anddialogboxeshaveatitlebar;clickanddraganytitlebar tomovetheitemtothedesiredlocation.SeePaletteLayoutOptionsonpage 10. Dependingonthetoolandontheactionbeingperformed,theDatabardisplaysinformation suchascoordinatedata,length,andangle.UsetheDataBarandEditGroupOptionslisttoset theDatabareithertofloatwiththecursor,ortobestationaryontheDatabar.SeeUsing theDataBaronpage 202formoreinformation.Theseoptionscanalsobesetfromthe selectionslistedunderWindows>DataBarOptions.

| Chapter 1: Introduction
Description
Displaysthevariousmodesoftheactivetool;clickamodetoselectit.Thebaralsodisplays modeinformationandaccessesthetoolpreferences,ifany.TheToolbarisdividedinto sectionsgroupedbymodefunction.Tomoveeasilythroughthemodesectionsfromthe keyboard,presstheU,I,O,P,[ (leftbracket),and ](rightbracket)keys.Eachkeycorresponds toaconsecutiveToolbarsection(seetheModeModifiershortcutsinModifyingSnapping andModeShortcutsonpage 859). Containsbuttonsandpulldownmenusthatcontroltheviewinvariousways(seeTheView Baronpage 7) Displaystoolexplanations,undomessages,minoralerts,andaprogressbar(when applicable).ToalsodisplaycursorlocationfieldsontheMessagebar,clickthetriangleatthe farrightofthebar;selecttheoptiontodisplayallpositionalfields,onlycursorbasedlocation fields,ornocursorlocationfields. ThisistheopenportioninthemiddleoftheVectorworksapplicationwindowwhere drawingsarecreated;itincludesboththeprintareaandthespacethatsurroundsit Withinthedrawingarea,agrayborderdefinestheprintarea,ifshown.Onlytheobjectsthat areincludedwithintheprintareaareprinted.Theprintareaisdividedintopages;eachpage equalsaphysicalsheetofpapertobeprinted.Aprintmarginisbuiltinforeachpage(see ThePrintAreaonpage 77). Basedonthecurrentmeasurementsystem,rulersmakeiteasiertopreciselycreateandplace objectswithinthedrawing. The0,0pointontherulersrepresentstheoriginoftheworkingplaneaxes.TheSetOrigin commandmovestheworkingplaneorigintothelayerplaneorigin(seeSetOriginon page 74). TherulerscanbehiddenwithanoptionintheVectorworkspreferences(seeSetting VectorworksPreferencesonpage 17).

Component
Toolbar

Viewbar Messagebar

Drawingarea Printarea

Rulers

Grids

Basedonthecurrentmeasurementsystem,twogridsystemsmakeiteasiertopreciselycreate andplaceobjectswithinthefile.Tohidethereferencegrid,deselectShowGridLines(see SnapandReferenceGridsonpage 73).

Fundamentals and Design Series Workspaces


WhenVectorworksDesignSeriesproductsareinstalled,additionalworkspacesareavailableinadditiontothe Fundamentalsworkspace. TheFundamentalsworkspacecommandsandtoolsalsoappearinDesignSeriesworkspaces.Insomecases,command ortoolfunctionalityisextendedintheVectorworksDesignSeriesproducts,andthelocationintheworkspacemaybe different.IfacommandortoolisdescribedintheVectorworksFundamentalsportionofthedocumentation,the descriptionincludesastatementaboutwhichVectorworksDesignSeriesproductisrequired;whereapplicable,a crossreferencelinkreferstoadditionalinformationintheVectorworksDesignSeriesportionofthedocumentation. Examplesincludestraightandroundwalls,windows,doors,columns,sheetborders,callouts,objectsfrompolyline, androofobjectcreation. SeeCreatingArchitecturalDrawingsonpage 85intheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuideforalistof commandsthatappearindifferentlocationsintheFundamentalsandArchitect,Landmark,orSpotlightworkspaces.

The View Bar |

The View Bar


TheViewbarislocatedalongthetopoftheapplicationwindow.Itprovidesquickaccesstovariousoptionsthataffect thedrawingview.SomeViewbaritemshaveequivalentmenucommands.
Next View Shortcut to either the Design Layers tab or the Sheet Layers tab of the Organization dialog box Shortcut to the Layer Scale dialog box

Previous View

Active Class/ Classes list

Active Layer/ Layers list

Look At Working Plane Active Plane list

Saved Views menu Current Layer Scale (display only)

Shortcut to the Classes tab of the Organization dialog box

Fit to Page Area Fit to Objects

Working Plane mode Active Layer Plane mode

Current Render Mode/ Render Modes list/ Available render options

Zoom In/Out Current Zoom

Current View/ Standard Views list Rotated View options (Vectorworks Design Series required)

Unified View (Vectorworks Design Series required) View bar menu

Component
PreviousView NextView Classestabshortcut ActiveClass/Classes list

Description
Displaysthepreviousviewthatwascreatedbyapan,zoom,orscrollinthedrawingarea; Vectorworkskeepstrackofupto50views Displaysthenextview;Vectorworkskeepstrackofupto50views OpenstheClassestaboftheOrganizationdialogbox Displaystheactiveclass,andactivatesaclassthatisselectedfromthelist;anicontothe leftofeachnameindicatesthecurrentvisibilitysettingoftheclass(seeSetting Visibilitiesonpage 113formoreinformation).Atrianglenexttotheclassnameindicates thattheclasshassubgroupsthatcanbeselectedindividually(forexample,awallclass withexteriorandinteriorsubgroups). DependingonwhetheraDesignLayeroraSheetLayerisactive,openseithertheDesign LayerstabortheSheetLayerstaboftheOrganizationdialogbox

DesignLayerstab/ SheetLayerstab shortcut

| Chapter 1: Introduction
Description
Displaystheactivelayer,andactivatesadesignlayerorsheetlayerthatisselectedfrom thelist.Theareatotheleftofeachnameindicatestheviewandvisibilityofthelayer. Dependingontheview,anyofthefollowingiconscandisplayfordesignlayers;sheet layersarealwaysinTop/Planview:

Component
ActiveLayer/Layers list

Top/Plan view

Any standard view other than Top/Plan

Plan Rotation active (Design Series required)

Thevisibilityofthelayerisindicatedasfollows: Blackiconthelayerisvisible Grayiconthelayerisgrayed Noiconthelayerisinvisible ActivePlanelist LookAtWorking Plane SavedViewsmenu Displaystheactiveplane.Dependingonthecurrenttool,view,andpresenceofnamed workingplanes,alsoactivatesaplanethatisselectedfromthelist. Changestheviewtobeperpendiculartotheworkingplane;inotherwords,rotatestheX, YaxestothescreenXandscreenYposition Activatesasavedviewthatisselectedfromthelist.SelectEditViewtoopentheSaved ViewstaboftheOrganizationdialogbox,orselectSaveViewtoopentheSaveView dialogbox;seeCreatingorEditingSavedViewsUsingtheSavedViewsMenuon page 112. OpenstheLayerScaledialogbox;thescaleoftheactivedesignlayerdisplaystotheright. SeeChangingtheScaleoftheDrawingortheActiveDesignLayeronpage 68. Displaysthewholedrawing(allpages)inthedrawingwindow;seeFittoPageAreaon page 576 Zoomsinoroutsothatalloftheobjectsinadrawingarevisible.Ifanobjectorobjectsare currentlyselected,thezoomisrelativetothoseobject(s);seeFittoObjectsonpage 575. Clicktodoublethemagnificationofthedrawing;toreducethemagnificationofthe drawingbyonehalf,useAltclick(Windows)orOptionclick(Macintosh).Thezoom centersonanyobjectsthatareselected;ifnothingisselected,thezoomcentersonthelast emptyspotthatwasclicked.SeeZoomingfromtheViewBaronpage 54. Zoomsinoroutbythezoomfactorthatisselectedorentered;thisoptionisavailable whentheZoomLongoptionisselectedontheViewbarmenu Displaysglobalcoordinateviews(suchasToporFront)basedonX,Y,andZaxes Displaysworkingplanecoordinateviews(suchasToporFront)basedonX,Y,andZaxes Displaysthecurrentview,andactivatesastandardview(suchasTop)thatisselected fromthelist;seeUsingStandardViewsonpage 559.Iftheviewisnotstandard(for example,iftheFlyovertoolwasused),CustomViewdisplays. Rotatestheplanviewbytheanglespecified;seeRotatingthePlanonpage 621inthe VectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide

LayerScaleshortcut FittoPageArea FittoObjects ZoomIn/Out

CurrentZoom WorkingPlanemode ActiveLayerPlane mode CurrentView/ StandardViewslist RotatedView (VectorworksDesign Seriesrequired)

Palettes and Tool Sets | Component


UnifiedView CurrentRenderMode Options CurrentRenderMode/ RenderModeslist

Description
TogglesUnifiedViewmode;seeUnifiedLayerViewonpage 664intheVectorworks DesignSeriesUsersGuide Ifthecurrentrendermodehasoptions,displaystheappropriateoptionsdialogbox;this optionisavailablewhentheRenderModeLongoptionisselectedontheViewbarmenu Displaysthecurrentrendermode,andactivatesarendermodeselectedfromthelist; selectOptionsforOtherRenderModestoaccesstheoptionsforaparticularmode.See RenderingwithVectorworksonpage 661andRenderworksRenderingModeson page 668. SelectstheoptionstodisplayontheViewbar

Viewbarmenu

Palettes and Tool Sets


TheFundamentalsworkspacecontainsvariouspalettesforcreatingandeditingobjects.BasicandToolSetsaretool palettes,whichhavespecialfunctionality,asdescribedinToolPaletteFeaturesonpage 11.Ifakeyboardshortcutis currentlyassignedtoamenucommandortool,theshortcutdisplayswhenthemousehoversoverthecommandor tool;tosetupormodifykeyboardshortcuts,seeModifyingMenusandCommandsonpage 853. Dependingontheinitialsettings,somepalettesmaybehiddenwhentheprogramislaunched.

Palette / Tool Set


Snapping Attributes ObjectInfo WorkingPlanes ResourceBrowser

Purpose
ContainsSmartCursorsnappingcontrolsthatcanbetoggledonoroff Containsaselectionofcolors,fills,pens,andotherobjectattributes Listscontextsensitiveobjectinformationforviewingandediting Containscontrolsforaddingandmodifyingworkingplanes Accessestheresourcesavailableforuseindrawings,includinggradientfills,hatch patterns,imagefills,recordformats,scriptsandscriptpalettes,symbolsandsymbol folders,worksheets,textures,backgrounds,andmore Accessesalllightsandcamerasinthefile Containsasinglesetofbasicobjectcreationandeditingtools;thepalettecanbe customizedthroughtheWorkspaceEditor IntheFundamentalsworkspace,thepaletteincludesthefollowingtoolsets,whose toolsaregroupedbysimilarfunctionality;thepaletteanditstoolsetscanbe customizedthroughtheWorkspaceEditor Containstoolsforcreatingandediting3Dobjects,includingsolidsandNURBS Containstoolsforchangingthedrawingviewindifferentways,includingthe WalkthroughandLighttools Containstoolsforaddingdimensionandlabelobjects Containsbasicwallcreationtools Containstoolsforaddingarchitecturaldetailobjects,suchastubing

Visualization (Renderworksrequired) Basic ToolSets

3DModeling Visualization Dims/Notes Walls Detailing

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| Chapter 1: Introduction
Purpose
ContainspaletteswithVectorScriptresources

Palette / Tool Set


ScriptPalettes

Palette Layout Options


Thedefaultpalettelayoutcanbecustomized.UsetheWindow>Palettesmenutodisplayorhidepalettes. Alternatively,rightclick(Windows)orCtrlclick(Macintosh)onthedrawingarea,andselectPalettesfromthe documentcontextmenu. Clickonthetitlebarofanydisplayedpaletteanddragittothedesiredlocation.Mostpalettescanberesizedbythe standardWindowsorMacintoshresizemethod.Palettesize,position,andvisibilityaresaveduponexitingthe program. Palettepositionsandavarietyofsettingscanbeuserspecified,asdescribedinModifyingPalettePositionsand Settingsonpage 860.SavepalettepositionsandsettingsbyselectingWindow>Palettes>SavePalettePositions.To revertthepalettepositionandsettingsbacktothesettingsestablishedwhenthecustomworkspacewascreated(inthe UserDataandPreferencesfolder),clickResetSavedSettingsfromtheSessiontabofVectorworkspreferences(see SessionPreferencesonpage 20).

Specifying Macintosh Palette Margins


OntheMacintosh,thepalettescanbeplacedinamarginoneithersideofthedrawingarea.Whenthepalettemargins areinuse,thedrawingareacannotexpandpastafixedsize,whichallowsthepalettestoremainoutoftheway.The palettemarginareacanbeturnedonandoffintheVectorworkspreferencesasdescribedinSettingVectorworks Preferencesonpage 17.

Minimizing Palettes
Toincreasetheavailabledrawingarea,palettescanbeminimizedwhilenotinuse,andthenmaximizedwhenneeded. OnMacintosh,clickthepalettesyellowtitlebarbuttonordoubleclickthepalettestitlebartominimizethepalette. Repeattheprocesstomaximizethepalette. OnWindows,clickthepalettespiniconinthetitlebartotogglebetweenminimized(horizontalpinicon)and maximized(verticalpinicon)display.Movethecursoroveraminimizedtitlebartotemporarilymaximizethepalette; movethecursoroffthepalettetominimizeitagain.

Minimized palette

Maximized palette

Palette Layout Options |

11

Docking Windows Palettes


InWindows,mostpalettescanbedockedtoanyofthefourdrawingwindowedges,orsnappedtootherdocked palettes.TheObjectInfo,ResourceBrowser,Attributespalette,andWorkingPlanespalettescanonlybedockedtothe leftandrightwindowedges. TheabilitytodockpalettesisenabledbydefaultintheSessiontaboftheVectorworksPreferencesdialogbox.Deselect thisoptiontodisabledocking.SeeSettingVectorworksPreferencesonpage 17formoreinformation. Todockorundockapalettebydoubleclicking: 1. Doubleclickapalettestitlebar. Ifthepalettewasundocked,doubleclickingdocksitinitspreviouslocation.Ifthepalettewasdocked, doubleclickingundocksitandmovesittoitspreviouslocationinthedrawingarea. 2. Totogglethedocked/undockedstatus,doubleclickthepalettestitlebaragain,asnecessary. Todockapalettebydraggingit: 1. Dragthetitlebarofthedesiredpalettetowardtheedgeofthewindow. Thepalettesviewswitchestoagrayoutline.Whenthepaletteisinrangeofawindowedge,theoutlinechanges shapetorepresentthenewdockedshape. 2. Movethepalettesoutlinetotheedgeofthedockinglocationandrelease.Currentlydockedpalettesadjusttheir locationalongtheedgetoaccommodatethenewpalette. Topreventapalettefromdocking,holddowntheCtrlkeywhiledraggingthepalettenearanedge. Toundockapalettebydraggingit: 1. Dragthetitlebarofthedesiredpaletteawayfromtheedge. Thepalettesviewswitchestoagrayoutline.Whenthepaletteisoutofwindowedgerange,theoutlinechanges shapetorepresentthenewundockedshape. 2. Dragthepalettetothedesiredlocationwithinthedrawingarea.

Tool Palette Features


Boththestandardtoolpalettes(BasicandToolSets)andanycustomtoolpaletteshavespecialfeaturesthatother palettesdonot.ToolpalettesandtheirtoolsetscanbecreatedandcustomizedusingtheWorkspaceEditor(see CreatingorEditingaWorkspaceonpage 851).

Pop-out Tools
Ontoolpalettes,anarrowontherightsideofatooliconorlabelindicatesadditional,relatedpopouttools.Clickand holddownthemousebuttontoopenthemenuofpopouttools.

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| Chapter 1: Introduction

Utility Menus
Eachtoolpalettehasabuttonatthebottomthatopensautilitymenu,whichcontrolsthepaletteandtooldisplay.

Menu / Command
ViewToolsAs Icons IconsandText Text SortToolsBy ManualPlacement AscendingAlphabetical DescendingAlphabetical ViewToolSetsAs Icons IconsandText Text

Action
Displayonlyaniconforeachtool Displaybothaniconandatextlabelforeachtool Displayonlyatextlabelforeachtool

DisplaytoolsintheorderappearingintheWorkspaceEditor Displaytoolsinascendingalphabeticalorderaccordingtotextlabels Displaytoolsindescendingalphabeticalorderaccordingtotextlabels (Theseoptionsareavailableonlyfortoolpaletteswithmultipletoolsets) Displayonlyaniconforeachtoolsetinthepalette Displaybothaniconandatextlabelforeachtoolsetinthepalette Displayonlyatextlabelforeachtoolsetinthepalette

List Box Functionality | Menu / Command


SortToolSetsBy ManualPlacement AscendingAlphabetical DescendingAlphabetical PlaceToolSetsAt TopofPalette BottomofPalette Customize

13

Action
(Theseoptionsareavailableonlyfortoolpaletteswithmultipletoolsets) DisplaytoolsetsintheorderappearingintheWorkspaceEditor Displaytoolsetsinascendingalphabeticalorderaccordingtotextlabels Displaytoolsetsindescendingalphabeticalorderaccordingtotextlabels (Theseoptionsareavailableonlyfortoolpaletteswithmultipletoolsets) Displaytoolsetselectionbuttonsatthetopofthetoolpalette Displaytoolsetselectionbuttonsatthebottomofthetoolpalette OpenstheWorkspaceEditorOptionsdialogbox(seeCreatingorEditinga Workspaceonpage 851fordetails)

Tool Set Selection Buttons and Tear-off Palettes


Ifatoolpalettehasmultipletoolsets(asdoestheToolSetspalette),selectionbuttonsforeachtoolsetdisplayonthe palette.Todisplayatoolsetstools,clicktheappropriatebutton.Thebuttonishighlightedtoindicatewhichtoolsetis active. Toseemultipletoolsetsatonce,dragatoolsetsselectionbuttonoffthemainpalette.Thiscreatesaseparate, temporarypaletteforthetoolset,withaperforatedtopedge.Likeotherpalettes,thesetearoffpalettescanbe docked,resized,andminimized.Tocloseatearoffpalette,clickitsclosebutton.OnWindows,adockedtearoff palettedoesnothaveaperforatededge;instead,ithasaspecialclosebuttonintheshapeofacurvedarrow.

Click the Visualization tool set button to display its tools

Drag the Walls tool set button off the Tool Sets palette to create a Walls tear-off palette

List Box Functionality


Dialogboxesthatcontainlonglistsofinformation(suchastheOrganizationdialogbox)mayhavesomeorallofthe followingfunctionality.

Task
Changethelistssortkey Changeacolumnssortorder Resizeacolumn

Action
Clicktheheadingofthecolumntosortby;anarrowappearsontherightsideof thecolumnheadingtoindicatethatitisthesortkey Clickthecolumnheading;thesortarrowintheheadingindicateswhetherthe currentsortisascendingordescending Clicktheverticallineontherightsideofacolumnsheadinganddragitleftor right

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Task

| Chapter 1: Introduction
Action
Clickthefirstitem,andthenShiftclickthelastiteminthegroup Clickthefirstitem,andthenCommandclick(Macintosh)orCtrlclick(Windows) eachadditionalitem Typethefirstletter(s)ofthedesireditemsname Doubleclickthedesireditem Ctrlclick(Macintosh)orrightclick(Windows)thedesireditem Optionclick(Macintosh)orAltclick(Windows)thedesiredsetting

Selectagroupofitems Selectmultipleitems individually Selectanitemonthelist Editanitemonthelist Openacontextmenuforan itemonthelist ForlistswithaVisibility column,setthesamevisibility forallitemsonthelist

Click the heading of a column without the sort arrow to sort the list by that column

The arrow indicates the current sort key and sort order; click the column heading to reverse the sort order

Drag the vertical line on the right side of a column heading to adjust the column size

Option-click (Macintosh) or Alt-click (Windows) one of the Visibility columns to set that visibility for all items on the list

Type the first letter of an items name to select it

Additional Key Functionality


IntheVectorworksprogram,severalkeyshaveadditionalfunctionalitybeyondthestandardconventions:

Key
Esc

Usage
Cancelsthecurrentoperation.Whenadialogboxisopen,thisistheequivalentof pressingtheCancelbutton.IntheDatabarorObjectInfopalette,cancelstheentryina fieldandreturnsthefocustothedrawingarea.Cancelsrendering.Clearssmartpoints. Deselectstheworkingplane.

Screen Tips | Key


Return(Macintosh)/ Enter(Windows)

15

Usage
Whenadialogboxisopen,thisistheequivalenttopressingtheDoneorOKbutton.In afieldintheDatabarorObjectInfopalette,thisacceptstheinformationandreturnsthe focustothedrawingarea. IntheObjectInfopalette,pressShift+Return(Macintosh)orShift+Enter(Windows)to savetheentryandkeepthefocusinthesamefield,sothatyoucanenteradifferent valueifnecessary.

Tab Delete(Macintosh)/ Backspace(Windows) Ctrl(Windows) SpaceBar

MovesthecursorfromonefieldtothenextintheDatabar,ObjectInfopalette,and dialogboxes Removesthelastsegmentoforcancelsthecreationofanobjectbeingdrawn Preventspalettesfromdockingwhentheyaremovednearanedge EngagesthePause/Boomerangmode.HoldingdowntheSpaceBartemporarilypauses thecurrenttool.Asecondtoolcanthenbeselectedandused.ReleasetheSpaceBarto returntotheprevioustool. Brieflyexpandsthecurrentlyselectedscreentip

Command(Macintosh)/ Shift(Windows)

Using Arithmetic Expressions


Arithmeticexpressionscanbeenteredintomostoftheeditfields,includingtheObjectInfopalettesShapetabandthe Databar.Forthisreason,thedash()cannotbeusedasaseparatorbetweenfeetandinches. Parenthesescanbeusedtooverridethedefaultoperatorprecedence.Forexample: 1+2*3=7(withoutparentheses) (1+2)*3=9(withparentheses) Valuescanbeenteredinanyunit;theprogramconvertsitintothecurrentunit.Forexample,ifthecurrentunitis Inchesandanentryof4+3cmismadeintotheObjectInfopaletteXfield,theprogramconvertstheunits automatically.Theresult,5.1811,isdisplayed.

Screen Tips
Screentipsareavailablethroughouttheprogramtoidentifyitemssuchastool,mode,andsnappingnames.Toviewa screentip,holdthecursorbrieflyovertheiteminquestion.

Certainitemshavescreentipsthatcanbecollapsed(default)andexpanded.Whencollapsed,onlythenameofthe itemdisplays.Whenexpanded,additionalhelpinformationisdisplayedbelowthename.Toexpandscreentips,hold theCommandkey(Macintosh)orShiftkey(Windows)whilethescreentipisvisible. OnWindows,screentipscanalsobecollapsedorexpandedbyclickingonthedisclosurearrow.Whenascreentipis expanded,itremainsexpandeduntilitismanuallycollapsedagain.Screentipsforallotheritemsareexpandeduntila tipiscollapsedagain.

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| Chapter 1: Introduction
Disclosure arrow

Collapsed screen tip

Expanded screen tip

Object Editing Mode


Varioustypesofcomplexobjectsareeditedwithinaspecialeditingmodeinwhichyoueditthecomponentsthatmake uptheobject.Whenthiseditingmodeisactivated,anEditwindowwithacoloredborderdisplaysinthedrawing area.Oncetheeditsarecomplete,exittheobjecttoreturntotheregulardrawingmode. Dependingonthetypeofobjectbeingedited,theEditwindowcanshowtheeditedobjectincontextwiththeother objectsinthedrawing. TheEditwindowshowsonlytheobjectbeingeditedforthefollowingtypesofobjects:extrudes,multiple extrudes,taperedextrudes,sweeps,meshes,floors,rooffaces,andsymboldefinitionseditedfromtheResource Browserorfromasheetlayer. TheEditwindowcanshowotherobjectsfromthedrawingwhilethefollowingtypesofobjectsarebeingedited: groups,solids,viewports,andsymboldefinitionsthatareeditedbyclickingasymbolinstanceinadesignlayer. Toenablethisfeature,selecttheoptiontoShowotherobjectswhileineditingmodesintheDisplaytabofthe Vectorworkspreferences(seeDisplayPreferencesonpage 18).Toshowtheotherobjectsinalessobtrusive way,alsoselecttheGrayotherobjectsoption. Toeditanobject: 1. Selecttheobjecttoedit. 2. FromtheModifymenu,selecttheEditcommandfortheobject(forexample,EditSymbolorEditExtrude). Alternatively,doubleclickontheobject,orrightclick(Windows)orCtrlclick(Macintosh)ontheobject,and thenselectEditfromthecontextmenu. 3. Forcertainobjects,onlyonecomponentoftheobjectcanbeeditedatatime.Whenoneoftheseobjectsis selected,oneofthefollowingdialogboxesopenstoallowyoutoselectwhichcomponenttoedit.Selecta componenttoeditandclickOK. Symbol:EditSymboldialogbox Viewport:EditViewportdialogbox Pathorprofileobject:ChooseComponentdialogbox Alternatively,rightclick(Windows)orCtrlclick(Macintosh)ontheobject,andselectacommandfromthe contextmenutoeditthecomponentdirectly.Forexample,toeditthepathorprofileofapluginobjectdirectly, selectEditPathorEditProfilefromthecontextmenu. 4. TheEditwindowdisplaystheitemtobeedited.Acoloredborderaroundthedrawingwindowindicatesthe editingmodeisactive.TheExitcommandbecomesavailablefromtheModifymenu,andtheExitbuttonis visibleinthetoprightcornerofthedrawingwindow. 5. Makethechangestotheobject.

Setting Vectorworks Preferences |

17

Ifotherobjectsinthedrawingaredisplayed,theobjectsonotherlayersrespectthelayeroptionssettings(for showingandsnappingtoobjectsinotherlayers)andthelayervisibilitysettings.Otherobjectsonthesamelayer astheeditedobjectaresnappable. Inaddition,theviewcanbeswitchedbetweenregularandunifiedviewmodeasneeded(VectorworksDesign Seriesrequired).(SeeSettingUnifiedViewOptionsonpage 664intheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide formoreinformation.) 6. ClicktheExitbuttontoreturntotheregulardrawingmode.(Ifanestedobjectisbeingedited,theExitbutton exitsbacktothenextlevel.)

Setting Vectorworks Preferences


Vectorworkspreferencesareoptionsthatapplytoeveryfileyouopen,everytimeyouruntheprogram. TochangetheVectorworkspreferencesettings: 1. SelectTools>Options>VectorworksPreferences. TheVectorworksPreferencesdialogboxopens.Therearesevenpreferencestabs(Edit,Display,Session,3D, Autosave,Interactive,andUserFolders). 2. ClickoneofthetabstosettheVectorworkspreferencesforthattab. 3. ClickOKtosavethesettings.

Edit Preferences
ClicktheEdittabtosetpreferencesthatcontrolvariouseditfunctionsintheprogram.

Parameter
Clickdragdrawing

Description
Letsyoudrawobjectswiththeclickdragmethodratherthantheclickclickmethod (clickclickisthedefault).Clickoncewiththemousebuttonanddonotrelease;dragthe cursortoadesiredlocationandthenrelease.SeeUsingtheMouseonpage 50.

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| Chapter 1: Introduction
Description
Showseighthandles(fourcornerandfourcenter)onmostobjects;deselecttheoptionto displayonlyfourcornerhandles WhenyouusetheDuplicatecommand,placestheduplicateobjectsothatitisoffsetfrom theoriginalobject;deselecttheoptiontoplaceduplicatesdirectlyovertheoriginal WhenyouusetheWalltool,automaticallyjoinswallsatcornersandintersections;when wallsareseparated,theirendsautomaticallyheal;whenwallshavecorecomponents, componentsalsoautomaticallyjoin(seeAutomaticallyJoiningWallsonpage 442) Savesthevieworiginandzoomfactorforeachsheetlayer;deselecttheoptiontousethe sameviewforalldesignlayersandsheetlayers SetsthedefaultbehaviorofthemousewheelandtheMightyMousescrollball.When selected,thewheelzoomsbydefault;whendeselected,thewheelscrollsbydefault.See ZoomingwiththeMouseWheelonpage 53andScrollingwiththeMouseWheelon page 56fordetails. Whenselected,allowsaCtrl+click(Windows)orOption+click(Macintosh)withthe Selectiontooltocreateaduplicatecopyofaselectedobjectinplace.Sinceitissimpleto inadvertentlycreateduplicateobjectsthatcannotbeeasilydetected,leavingthisoption deselectedisrecommended;itisdeselectedbydefault.Regardlessofthesettingmade here,duplicatescanbecreatedwithaCtrl+click/dragorOption+click/drag. Alwaysdisplaysthetexteditingboxinahorizontalposition,evenwhenthetextis rotated(seeCreatingRotatedTextonpage 347) Setsthenumberofsegmentsthatwillbeusedtorepresentpolylinesandcircleswhenyou drawandeditobjects Specifiesthedefaultimagecompressiontoapplytoimagesinaviewportcacheandto imagescreatedbytheRenderBitmaptool(Renderworksrequired).PNGcompression providesthebestimagequalitybutproduceslargerfiles,whileJPEGcreatessmallerfiles, butwithpossiblelossofdetail.PNGisselectedbydefault. SpecifieswhethertheSelectiontool,inInteractiveScalingmode,isallowedtoresize symbolinstances;ifallowed,awarningcanbedisplayedtoavoidinadvertentlyscaling symbol.IfNeverisselected,symbolscanstillberesizedfromtheObjectInfopalette;see ScalingSymbolsfromtheObjectInfoPaletteonpage 314. Selectanarrowandmodifierkeycombinationasashortcutforfourcommonoperations; eachkeycombinationcanbeassignedtoonlyoneoperation Selectthekeycombinationthatswitchestheactivelayer(upanddownarrows)andthe activeclass(leftandrightarrows) Selectthekeycombinationthatpansthedrawingbyhalfoftheareacurrentlyinview Selectthekeycombinationthatnudgesobjectsbyonepixel Selectthekeycombinationthatmovesobjects,andselectwhethertomoveobjectsbythe snapgriddistanceorbythespecifiedcustomdistance

Parameter
Eightreshapehandles Offsetduplications Autojoinwalls

Separatesheetviews Mousewheelzooms

Allowctrlclick/ optionclickinplace duplication

Edittexthorizontally bydefault 2Dconversionres Defaultcompression

AllowInteractive2D symbolscaling

ArrowKeys Switchactivelayer/ class Pandrawing Nudgeobjects Moveobjects

Display Preferences
ClicktheDisplaytabtosetthedisplaypreferences.

Setting Vectorworks Preferences |

19

Parameter
Rulers ColoredaxesinTop/Plan view Scrollbars Blackbackground Zoomlinethickness Createtextwithoutfill

Description
Showstherulers DisplaysX(red)andY(green)axesin2DTop/Planview Showsthescrollbars Usesablackdrawingbackgroundinsteadofthedefaultwhite Linesinthedrawingappearthickerwhenyouzoomin;thescreensredrawslowerif Quartz(Macintosh)orGDI+(Windows)imagingisenabled Whenyoucreatetextobjects,dimensionobjects,andsomepluginobjectsthat containtext,thetextblockhasnofill,evenifthedefaultattributesaresettoadda filltonewobjects.Thispreventsobjectsbeneaththetextfrombeingobscured. Displaysparametricconstraints Whencertaincomplexobjectsareedited,anEditwindowwithacoloredborder displaysinthedrawingarea. Whenyoueditsolids,groups,symbols,orviewportsintheEditwindow,selectthis optiontomaketheotherobjectsfromthedrawingvisibleandsnappableduring editing;deselecttheoptiontoshowonlytheobjectbeingedited.(SeeObject EditingModeonpage 16formoreinformation.) ThisoptiondoesnotapplytoothertypesofobjectsthatareeditedfromtheEdit window,includingextrudes,multipleextrudes,taperedextrudes,sweeps,meshes, floors,androoffaces.Forsymbols,theoptionappliesonlywhenyoueditasymbol definitionbyclickingonasymbolinstanceinadesignlayer.

Showparametricconstraints Showotherobjectswhilein editingmodes

Grayotherobjects

IfShowotherobjectswhileineditingmodesisselected,selectthisoptiontogray theobjectsinthedrawingthatarenotbeingedited

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| Chapter 1: Introduction
Description
Cachesvectorinformationforcomplexdocumententities,suchaspolylinesand hatches;whilethismakesscreenredrawsfaster,italsocanpotentiallyincrease RAMrequirementsbyupto50percent Whentheviewischangedtooneofthestandardviews(suchasToporLeft Isometric),automaticallycenterstheviewontheselectedobjectsatthecurrent zoomlevel;ifnoobjectsareselected,theviewissettothecenterofallobjects Drawslinesofequalthicknesswithroundendcaps;provideslayertransparency, bettersupportforlargeformatprintouts,andPDFexport(seeExportingFileson page 765) WhenQuartz(Macintosh)orGDI+(Windows)imagingisenabled,blendstheedges offillsandlinesforasmootherappearance Controlsthevisibilityoflightobjects;hidelightobjectstoreducescreenclutterbut maintainlighteffects Lightobjectsarealwaysvisible LightobjectsareonlyvisibleinWireframemode;otherwise,theyarehidden Lightobjectsarehiddenregardlessoftherendermode Controlsthevisibilityof3Dloci 3Dlociarealwaysvisible 3DlociareonlyvisibleinWireframemode;otherwise,theyarehidden 3Dlociarehiddenregardlessoftherendermode Specifiesthereplacementfontsforfontsthatarenotavailable.Fontmappingscan bechangedordeleted.Ifmappingsaredeleted,theFontMappingsdialogbox appearssothatunavailablefontscanbemapped.

Parameter
UseVectorCachingforfaster drawing Centeronobjectsafterview change Quartzimaging(Macintosh) orGDI+imaging(Windows) Antialiasing Displaylightobjects Always Onlyinwireframe Never Display3Dloci Always Onlyinwireframe Never EditFontMappings

Session Preferences
ClicktheSessiontabtosetgeneralVectorworkspreferences.

Setting Vectorworks Preferences |

21

Parameter
Usesound Logtimeinprogram

Description
SupplementsthevisualSmartCursorcueswithaudiblecues;movethesliderbarleft (toreduce)orright(toincrease)theprogramvolumerelativetothesystemvolume Recordsinalogfilethetimespentintheprogram,aswellasthetimespenttoopen andclosedocuments;thedateformatdependsonthelanguageandregionalsettings intheoperatingsystem.ThelogfileiscalledVWUserLog.txt,anditiscreatedinthe UserDataandPreferencesFolder(whichdisplaysontheUserFolderstabof Vectorworkspreferences). DisplaysminorwarningsontheMessagebarinsteadofinadialogbox HaltsthecompileandexecutionofaVectorScriptroutinewhenawarningis generated Setshowmanyundooperationsarekeptinmemory;themaximumnumberofundos is100 Presentsadialogboxwhenanactionthatcannotbeundoneisabouttobeperformed Setshowtheprogramhandlesviewchangeswhenyouundoactions Neverignoresalloperationsthatarestrictlyviewchanges GroupingAllViewChangestreatsallconsecutiveviewchangesasonesingle undoableaction GroupingSimilarViewChangestreatssimilarconsecutiveviewchangesasa singleundoableaction Individuallytreatseachindividualviewchangeasanundoableaction

Displayminoralertson messagebar StopVectorScripton warnings Maximumnumberof undos Issueundowarnings Undoviewchanges

Enablepalettedocking (Windows)

Letsyoudockpalettes;deselecttheoptiontodisabledocksandtoundockallactive palettes

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| Chapter 1: Introduction
Description
Appendstheappropriatefileextension(.vwx,or .stafortemplatefiles)toanewly createddrawingfileonaMacintosh Enablespredefinedcontent(suchashatchesandgradients)todisplayforselection throughouttheprogram Createsanew,untitledfilewhentheprogramislaunched.Thenewfileisbasedon theDefault.statemplatefile(ifoneexists);otherwise,itisblank. WhentheCreateSimilarObjectcommandisinvoked,changestheactivelayertobe thatofthesourceobject.Selectthisoptiontocreatethenewobjectonthesamelayer asthesourceobject.SeeCreatingSimilarObjectsonpage 605intheVectorworks DesignSeriesUsersGuide. Selecthowoftentheprogramshouldcheckforavailablesoftwareupdates.Whenthe specifiedupdatecheckintervalhaselapsed,analertdialogboxdisplaysifanew ServicePack(maintenancerelease)ormajorreleaseoftheVectorworkssoftwareis available. IfbothaServicePackandmajorreleaseareavailablesimultaneously,thesystem willsendnotificationabouttheServicePackfirst,followedbynotificationabout themajorreleaseinthenextsession. ClickMoreInfo(orTellMeMore)inthealertdialogboxtoopenawebbrowserto displayanddownloadtheavailableupdate.Youmustexittheprogramto successfullyinstallthesoftwareupdate Ifitisnotconvenienttoupdatethesoftwareatthistime,clickNotNow(or RemindMeLater)inthealertdialogbox.Thealertdialogboxwillredisplaywhen thespecifiedupdatecheckintervalhaselapsed. Todisablenotificationsofamajorreleaseuntilthenextmajorreleaseisavailable, clickNotInterested. Iftheprogramisunabletoconnecttotheupdateserver,itattemptstoconnectoncea dayforsevendaysaftertheoriginalfailedattempt.Ifaconnectiontotheupdate serverstillcannotbeestablished,adialogboxopenstosuggestrunningamanual update.IftheCheckforUpdatescommandisrunaftertheautomaticupdatecheck fails,thenextautomaticupdatecheckoccursthedayafterthemanualcheck.

Parameter
Automaticallyappendfile extensions(Macintosh) Displaydefaultcontent Createanewdocument onstartup Changeactivelayerfor SimilarObjectCreation (VectorworksDesign Seriesrequired) Checkforupdates

Errorreporting

Optionallysendsinformationaboutapplicationcrashesandotherbasicusage statisticstoNemetschekVectorworks,assistingwithproductdevelopmentwhile maintaininguserprivacy OpenstheSerialNumbersdialogboxtoaddorremoveserialnumbersforallinstalled NemetschekVectorworksproducts(seeAddingandRemovingSerialNumberson page i)

SerialNumbers

Setting Vectorworks Preferences | Parameter


ResetSavedSettings

23

Description
Revertstodefaultsettingsinsteadofuserspecifiedsettingsfortoolmodes,dialogbox positions,anddialogboxvalues.Forpalettepositionsandsettings,revertstothe settingsestablishedwhenthecustomworkspacewascreated(intheUserDataand Preferencesfolder). Inthedialogboxthatopens,selectwhethertoresetsettingsforalwaysperformingthe selectedactioninalertdialogboxes.Alsoselectwhethertoresetsettingsforalltool modes,dialogboxpositions,dialogboxvalues,andpalettepositionsandsettings. ClickOKtoreturntotheVectorworksPreferencesdialogbox.

Palettemargins (Macintosh)

Setswhetherthedocumentwindowleavesaspaceforpaletteswhenthewindowis opened

3D Preferences
Clickthe3Dtabtosetpreferencesfor3Dedits.

Parameter
3DRotation

Description
Setsthedetaillevelthatdisplayswhilethe3Dviewisrotated.SelectDetailedtodisplay objectscompletely,buttorotateslower.SelectResponsivetorotatefaster,buttodisplay objectswithlessdetailduringtherotation. Determinesthedegreetowhichtheprogramretainstherenderedmodelinmemory during3Drotation.SelectNevertoforcethemodeltoalwaysdisplayinWireframe mode;selectAlwaystoforcethemodeltoremainrendered. Setsthesegmentationresolutionusedtodisplaycurved3Dobjects;affectsextrudedand sweptpolylines,circles,andarcs

RetainRendering Model 3Dconversionres

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| Chapter 1: Introduction

Autosave Preferences
ClicktheAutosavetabtosetpreferencesforautomaticfilesavesandbackups.

Parameter
Autosaveevery Confirmbeforesave

Description
EnablestheAutosavefeature;alsosetsthenumberofminutesoroperationsbetween autosaves Beforeeachsave,opensadialogboxsothatyoucanchooseeithertosaveortocontinue toworkwithoutasave.Thetimer/counterresetsregardlessofwhichoptionisselected. SeeAutomaticallySavingFilesonpage 44. Writesovertheoriginalfilewiththelatestchangesduringasave AutomaticallysavesabackupcopyofthefileeithertoafoldernamedVWBackup(inthe samefolderastheoriginalfile)ortoacustomlocation,suchasanetworkdrive(click Choosetoselectafolder).Theoriginalfileisnotsavedautomatically;tosaveit,useone ofthesavecommandsontheFilemenu. BackupfileshaveuniquenamesthatincludethewordBackupandadateandtime stampappendedtotheoriginalfilename.Usebackupfile(s)torestoreaprojectif somethinghappenstotheoriginalfile.

Overwriteoriginalfile Autosaveabackup copyto

Keepthe___most recentbackups

IfAutosaveabackupcopytoisselected,specifiesthemaximumnumberofbackupfiles tokeep;theoldestbackupfileisreplacedwhenanewbackupismade

Interactive Preferences
ClicktheInteractivetabtosetpreferencesforthedisplayoftheinteractivedrawingfeatures,suchasthecursor, selectionboxes,andselectionhighlighting.SeeDrawingwithSnappingonpage 129formoreinformationabout snapping.SeeSelectionandPreselectionIndicatorsonpage 60formoreinformationabouthighlighting.

Setting Vectorworks Preferences |

25

Parameter
Cursor Fullscreencursor Showselectionbox Showsnapbox Showacquisitionhints Selectionboxsize Snapboxsize Highlighting Selectionhighlighting

Description
Displaysacrosshaircursorthatextendstotheedgesofthedrawingarea Displaysaboxbeneaththecursorthatindicatestheactiveselectionarea;anobject beneaththeboxcanbeselectedwhenthemouseisclicked Displaysaboxaroundthecursorthatindicatestheareainwhichtofindpossiblesnap points;whenasnappointisbeneaththebox,itcanbesnappedto Showgraphicalhintsnearthecursorwhensmartpoints,edges,andvectorlockscan beacquired(seeSnappingIndicatorsonpage 144) Controlsthesizeoftheselectionbox,ifShowselectionboxisselected;mustbe smallerthanthesnapbox Controlsthesizeofthesnapbox,ifShowsnapboxisselected;mustbelargerthanthe selectionbox

Whenenabled,objectsthatareselectedarehighlightedwiththespecifiedcolorsand patterns,andsquarehandlesindicatepointsthatcanbeusedtoreshapeobjectswith thetoolthatiscurrentlyactive. Whenthisoptionisdisabled,squarehandlesindicateobjectsthatareselected,andthe handlesmayormaynotbereshapepoints.

Animation

IfSelectionhighlightingisselected,specifyhowtheselectionhighlightswillbe animatedwhenthecursormovesoutofthedrawingwindoworoverapalette: Offturnsoffallanimationofhighlights Onpulsesthehighlightcontinuously Burstbrieflyhighlightswith100%opacity

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| Chapter 1: Introduction
Description
Highlightsanyobjectthatcanbeselectedwhenthecursorisovertheobject Whenadrawingobjectisbeneaththecursor,specifiesthenumberofsecondstodelay beforepreselectionhighlightingbegins Asaselectionmarqueeisdrawnoverobjects,highlightsanyobjectthatwillbe selected Highlightsthegeometrythatgeneratedthecurrentsnap Highlightsanyobjectthatcanbemodifiedorusedbythecurrenttoolwhenthecursor isovertheobject Opensadialogboxtochangetheappearanceoftheinteractiveelementsin Vectorworks,includinggeneralelements,objecthighlighting,SmartCursorelements, andsnappoints;seeConfiguringInteractiveDisplayonpage 62

Parameter
Cursorpreselection highlighting Highlightingtimer Marqueepreselection highlighting Snappedobject highlighting Toolhighlighting InteractiveAppearance Settings

User Folders Preferences


Userscandesignatewhichfolderwillholduserdataandpreferencesfiles.Thesubfolderswithinthisfoldermirror severalofthestandardsubfoldersintheVectorworksapplicationfolder(Libraries,Plugins,Templates,andsoon). Thisduplicationoffoldersinseparatelocationsmakesiteasyforuserstodothefollowing: Backup(ortransfertoanothercomputer)customcontentandpreferences Workinanenvironmentwhereuserpermissionsarelimited(suchasaschoollab) Switchbetweenusersonthesamecomputer UpdatetheVectorworkssoftwarewithnolossofcustomfiles

Whentheprogrampresentsdataintheinterface,itincludescontentfromtheuserfolderaswellasthecontentitships with.Forexample,selectModify>Hatchtoeditahatch;theHatchesdialogboxshowsalldefaulthatchesfromyour Vectorworksapplicationfolderanduserfolders. Afileintheuserfoldertakesprecedenceifafilenameisrepeatedinanyofthefolders.Forexample,ifthe Hatches_Default.vwxfileexistsinboththeuserfolderandtheVectorworksapplicationfolder,onlythecontentfrom theuserfoldershowsinVectorworks. ClicktheUserFolderstabtospecifytheuserfolder.

Setting Vectorworks Preferences |

27

Parameter
UserDataand PreferencesFolder Choose

Description
Specifiesthefolderthatcontainsprogrampreferences,logfiles,workspaces,andany personalcontentyoucreate.Thismightbeafolderonthelocalcomputer,oronaUSB driveornetworkdrive;thisallowsyoutorunVectorworksfromanycomputer. ClickChoosetochangetheuserdatafolder.Theprogrammustberestartedifyou changethelocationoftheuserdata.SeeUserFoldersPreferencesonpage 26for details. Tolookatthecontentsofthecurrentfolder,clickExplore(toopenWindowsExplorer)or clickRevealinFinder(toopenMacintoshFinder)

Explore(Windows) orRevealinFinder (Macintosh)

User Data and Preferences Folder


TheUserDataandPreferencesfoldercontainstheVectorworksfilesthatarecreatedandusedbyyou.Withinthis folder,theprogramautomaticallycreatessubfoldersforLibraries,PlantDatabase(VectorworksLandmarkrequired), Plugins,Settings,Standards,Templates,VWHelp,andWorkspaces. TheVectorworksprogramautomaticallyaddsyourcustomizations(suchasworkspacechangesandResource Browserfavorites)totheappropriatefolders.Toaddcontent,placethefileintheappropriatesubfolder.Forexample, toaddacustomtemplate,placethecustomfileintheTemplatesfolder. Theprogramdefaultsthefollowinglocationsfortheuserdatafolder,buttheycanbechanged.Notethat,bydefault, Windowshidestheapplicationdatafolder;ifyouwanttousethedefaultlocation,adjustthefolderoptionsin MicrosoftExplorertomakehiddenfoldersvisible. WindowsXP: C:\DocumentsandSettings\<Username>\ApplicationData\Nemetschek\Vectorworks\2011\ WindowsVista: C:\Users\<Username>\AppData\Roaming\Nemetschek\Vectorworks\2011 Macintosh: /Users/<Username>/Library/ApplicationSupport/Vectorworks/2011/

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| Chapter 1: Introduction

Tochangetheuserdatafolder: 1. FromtheUserFolderstab,clickChoose. 2. Aconfirmationdialogboxdisplays.ClickYestocontinuewiththefolderchange. 3. Selectafolderfromthedialogboxthatopens,andclickOK(Windows)orChoose(Macintosh). 4. Anotherconfirmationdialogboxdisplays.ClickYestocopytheuserdatatothenewlocation,orclickNotouse theVectorworksdefaults. 5. Ifyoucopythedatatothenewlocation,andthedestinationfolderalreadycontainsafilewiththesamenameas afileinthesourcefolder,theprogramdisplaysanoticethatfilesinthedestinationfolderwillbeoverridden. ClickYestocontinue. 6. Ifanyunsavedfilesarecurrentlyopen,youarepromptedtosavethem.ClickYestocontinue. 7. Theprogramcopiesthefilestothenewlocationandthenclosesautomatically. 8. Restarttheprogram.

Workgroup and Project Folders


IfVectorworksDesignSeriesproductsareinstalled,asectionforWorkgroupandProjectfoldersdisplaysatthebottom ofthistab.SeeWorkgroupFoldersonpage 540intheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuidefordetailsabout usingworkgroupfolders.

Resetting Vectorworks Preferences


ClicktheResetbuttonatthebottomoftheVectorworksPreferencesdialogboxtoresetthepreferencestotheir defaults;thisalsoclearsthetenmostrecentlyopenedfileslistandthefontmappingtable.Serialnumber(s),user name,andcompanynameareleftintact.Thisoperationcannotbeundone.

Setting Document Preferences


Documentpreferencesapplyonlytothecurrentdrawing,andtheyremainineffectuntiltheyarechanged.Whenyou createatemplate,thecurrentdocumentpreferencesaresavedwiththetemplate(seeUsingDrawingTabletson page 82). Tochangethepreferencesettingsinthedocument: 1. SelectFile>DocumentSettings>DocumentPreferences. Alternatively,rightclick(Windows)orCtrlclick(Macintosh)inthedrawingarea,andselectDocument Preferencesfromthedocumentcontextmenu. TheDocumentPreferencesdialogboxopens. Therearethreepreferencestabs(Display,Dimensions,andResolution). 2. Clickoneofthetabstosetthedocumentpreferencesforthattab.

Display Preferences
ClicktheDisplaytabtosetthedisplaypreferences.

Setting Document Preferences |

29

Parameter
Blackandwhiteonly

Description
Drawsobjectsusingonlythecolorsblackandwhite(blackitemsdisplayasblack,and allcolorsincludinggraydisplayaswhite);thischoiceoverridesanyothercolor settings(includingviewportsettings)andisusedmainlyforprintingonblackandwhite printers. TocreateagrayscaleeffectforprintsandPDFswhenthisfeatureisenabled,use patternfillsinsteadofsolidcolorfills.Setthepatternforegroundcolortoblack, andsetthebackgroundcolortoanyothercolor.Patterns4through9inthepattern fillselectionboxdisplayasvariousshadesofgray.
These six patterns display as grays in prints and PDFs

Hidedetailswhenlayer scale<=1:

Selecttohidewallcomponentsandstairdetailswhenthelayerissetto,orisbelow,the scaleratiospecified(thissettingdoesnotaffectwallcomponentdisplayinviewports; seeAdvancedSheetLayerViewportPropertiesonpage 742toshoworhide componentsinviewports) Indicateswhethertosaveviewportcachesinthefile;savingthecachemayincreasefile size,butsavestimewhenfilesthatcontainviewportsareopened.Ifdeselected,any viewportswillrequireupdatingwhenthefileisopened,butfilesizeisreduced.Note thattheviewportcache(s)arealreadycompressedtoPNGorJPEGformattosavespace (theformatdependsontheselectioninVectorworkspreferences;seeEditPreferences onpage 17formoreinformation). Storesafilteredcopyofthetriangulatedsourcedataandtheexistingandproposedsite model(s),sothatthesitemodelupdatesmoreefficiently.Ifdisabled,updatingthesite modelcausesthesourcedatatoberecalculated,butfilesizeisreduced. Whenspecificpenandfillcolorshavebeensetforadesignlayer,drawsallobjectson thatlayerwiththespecifiedcolors(seeSettingtheDesignLayerColoronpage 97)

Saveviewportcache

Savesitemodelcache (VectorworksDesign Seriesrequired) Uselayercolors

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| Chapter 1: Introduction
Description
SmoothsmeshobjectsrenderedwithOpenGLorRenderworks;enterahighercrease anglevalueforasmoothersurface(validvaluesare0to180). Automaticallycoordinatesandupdatessheetnumbersanddrawingnumbersamong sheetborders,drawinglabels,andsectionmarkers

Parameter
Meshsmoothingwith creaseangle Useautomaticdrawing coordination (VectorworksDesign Seriesrequired) Adjustflippedtext

Reorientsmirrored,rotated,andflippedtextinsymbols,pluginobjects,andtext objectssothatthetextisalwaysreadable

Dimension Preferences
ClicktheDimensionstabtosetthedimensionpreferences.

Parameter
Associatedimensions

Description
Associatesdimensionswiththeapplicableobjects.Whenadimensionisassociatedwith anobject,thedimensionautomaticallyupdateswhentheobjectitisappliedtois modified.Formoreinformationaboutassociativedimensioning,seeDimensioningon page 685. Selectthisoptiontoautomaticallyassociateadimensiontothetopmostobjectwhen morethanoneobjectsharesadimensionendpoint AssignsdimensionstotheDimensionclassastheyarecreated(defaultsetting).If deselected,createddimensionsareassignedtotheactiveclass. SelectthedefaultDimensionStandardtouse,orclickCustomtoaddacustom dimensionstandard(seeUsingCustomDimensionStandardsonpage 685). Changingthedimensionstandarddoesnotaffectdimensionsthathavealreadybeen placedonthedrawing.

Autoassociate Createdimensionsin dimensionclass DimensionStandard

DimensionSlash

SetsthedesiredThicknessoftheslashateachendofadimension,inpoints,mils,or millimeters

Defaultdimensionstandardsarepresentedinthefollowingtable.

Setting Document Preferences | Standard Description Text Placement Above Dim. Line
Arch ASME BSI DIN ISO JIS SIA ASMEDual SideBySide ASMEDual Stacked ArchitecturalStandards AmericanSocietyofMechanical Engineers BritishStandardsInstitute GermanStandards InternationalStandardsOrganization JapaneseIndustrialStandards SwissStandards AmericanSocietyofMechanical Engineers AmericanSocietyofMechanical Engineers X X X X X X X X X X X X

31

Marker Style Slash


X X X X X X

Text Rotation Aligned


X X X X X X X X X

Within Dim. Line

Arrow

Horiz.

Resolution Preferences
ClicktheResolutiontabtosettheresolutionpreferences.

Parameter
RotatedTextDisplay

Description
Setshowrotatedtextisdisplayed:Highestqualityshowsrotatedtextatthebest qualityavailable,Normalqualityshowsrotatedtextslightlyjagged,andBounding boxshowsonlyaboundingboxrepresentingthetextslocation Setshowbitmapsaredisplayed:Fullresolutionshowsbitmapsatthebestresolution available,Reducedresolutionshowsbitmapsatareduceddetail,andBoundingbox showsonlyaboundingboxrepresentingthebitmapslocation.Reducingtheresolution savestimewhenusingthePantoolorscrollbars.

BitmapDisplay

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| Chapter 1: Introduction
Description
Setstheresolutionatwhichthemodelwillrenderforexport.OnMacintosh,when Quartzimagingisenabled,setsthePDFexportresolution;whenQuartzimagingis notenabled,setsthePICTexportresolution(seeDisplayPreferencesonpage 18). Setstheresolutionatwhichthemodelwillrenderforprinting

Parameter
PICT/PDF(QuartzOnly) Export(Macintosh)or WMFExport(Windows) Printing

Setting Quick Preferences


ThemostcommonlyusedVectorworksanddocumentpreferencesareavailableforaccessfrombuttonsontheTool bar.TheQuickPreferencesmenucontrolswhichpreferencesbuttonsdisplayontheToolbar.TheDataBarandEdit GroupOptionslistandtheZoomLineThicknesspreferenceareenabledbydefaultontheQuickPreferencesmenu. SelectthedesiredpreferencetodisplayitsshortcutbuttonontheToolbar,ifitisnotalreadypresent.Acheckmarkto theleftofapreferenceindicatesthatitisselected.Buttonsdisplayintheorderthepreferencewasselected,sothefirst selectedpreferencedisplaysthefurthestleftontheToolbar.Iftheapplicationwindowisresized,theToolbarwill truncatethedisplayofbuttonswhennecessaryandreplacethemwithellipsesontheright.
Data Bar and Edit Group Options list Quick Preferences menu

Menu Commands
AutoJoinWalls

Description of Button Functionality


DisplaystheAutoJoinWallspreferencebutton(seeEditPreferences onpage 17) DisplaystheAutosavepreferencebutton(seeAutosavePreferences onpage 24) DisplaystheBlackandWhiteOnlypreferencebutton(seeDisplay Preferencesonpage 28)

Autosave

BlackandWhiteOnly

Context Menus | Menu Commands


BlackBackground

33

Description of Button Functionality


DisplaystheBlackBackgroundpreferencebutton(seeDisplay Preferencesonpage 18 DisplaystheDataBarandEditGroupOptionslist(seeDataBarand EditGroupOptionsonpage 204) DisplaystheHideDetailspreferencebutton(seeDisplayPreferences onpage 28) DisplaystheShowAcquisitionHintspreferencebutton(see InteractivePreferencesonpage 24) DisplaystheShowOtherObjectsWhileinEditModespreference button(seeDisplayPreferencesonpage 18)

DataBarandEditGroupOptions

HideDetails

ShowAcquisitionHints

ShowOtherObjectsWhileinEdit Modes

ShowRulers

DisplaystheShowRulerspreferencebutton(seeDisplayPreferences onpage 18) DisplaystheUseLayerColorspreferencebutton(seeDisplay Preferencesonpage 28) DisplaystheZoomLineThicknesspreferencebutton(seeDisplay Preferencesonpage 18) OpenstheDocumentPreferencesdialogbox(seeSettingDocument Preferencesonpage 28) OpenstheVectorworksPreferencesdialogbox(seeSetting VectorworksPreferencesonpage 17)

UseLayerColors

ZoomLineThickness

DocumentPreferences VectorworksPreferences

Context Menus
Clickonanobject,pluginobject,thedrawingarea,orasectionoftheResourceBrowserwitharightclick(Windows) orCtrlclick(Macintosh),todisplayamenucontainingcontextsensitivecommandsthatpertaintotheselecteditemor items.Ifseveralsimilaritemsareselected,onlytheapplicablecontextmenucommandsbecomeavailabletoallthe itemsintheselection. Thislistisnotexhaustive,asthecapabilityiscontinuouslybeingextendedtoadditionalcommandsandtools. Manydifferenttypesofobjectshavethesameglobalcontextcommandsavailable,suchasCut,Copy,andPaste. Thesearelistedonce,underObjectratherthanlistedrepeatedlyforeachtypeofobject.

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| Chapter 1: Introduction

Item and Context Commands


Document ActivateClass ActivateLayer ForceSelect ActiveLayerScale DocumentPreferences Palettes LayerOptions ClassOptions RefreshInstruments(Vectorworks Spotlightrequired)

Description
Activatestheclassorlayeroftheobjectnearesttothelastmouseclick. Thesecommandsprovidequickaccesstotheclassorlayerofanyobject currentlydisplayed. Activatestheclass,layer,orboth(asnecessary),andselectstheobject nearesttothelastmouseclick AccessestheLayerScaledialogbox;fromthere,changethescaleofthe activedesignlayer(oralldesignlayers) ProvidesashortcuttothecommandofthesamenameontheFile> DocumentSettingsmenu ProvidesashortcuttopalettedisplayoptionsontheWindow>Palettes menu ProvideshortcutstothecommandsofthesamenamesontheView menu Updatestheautonumberingandinstrumentlabelstoreflectany changesthatmayhavebeenmade;seeRefreshingInstrumentand LightPositionDataonpage 425intheVectorworksDesignSeries UsersGuide

Object ActivateClass ActivateLayer Activatestheclassorlayeroftheobjectclickedupon,eveniftheobject couldnotnormallybeselectedduetoadifferentlayerscale,orthe currentclassorlayeroptionsettings.Thesecommandsprovidequick accesstotheclassorlayerofanyobjectcurrentlydisplayed. Activatestheobjectsclass,layer,orboth(asnecessary)andselectsthe object,eveniftheobjectcouldnotnormallybeselectedduetoa differentlayerscale,orthecurrentclassorlayeroptionsettings ProvideshortcutstothecommandsofthesamenamesontheEditmenu ProvideshortcutstothecommandsofthesamenamesontheModify menu ProvideshortcutstothecommandsofthesamenamesontheModify menu Whentwoormoreclosed2Dobjectsareselected,providesshortcutsto thecommandsofthesamenameontheModifymenu Placesanobjectineditingmode Accessestheobjectspropertiesdialogbox,whichissimilartotheObject Infopalette;itcontainsinformationspecifictotheselectedobject Usesanexistingpolylineorshapeasthepathforcreatingavarietyof objects;seeCreatingObjectsfromPolylinesonpage 603

ForceSelect

Cut,Copy,Paste,SelectAll Send,Rotate Lock,Unlock AddSurface,ClipSurface,Intersect Surface Edit Properties ObjectsfromPolyline (VectorworksDesignSeriesrequired)

Context Menus | Item and Context Commands


CreateSimilarObject (VectorworksDesignSeriesrequired) AssignLegendtoInsts (VectorworksSpotlightrequired) FocusInstruments (VectorworksSpotlightrequired) RefreshInstruments (VectorworksSpotlightrequired)

35

Description
Createsanobjectthatmatchesanobjectthatisalreadyinthedrawing. SeeCreatingSimilarObjectsonpage 605intheVectorworksDesign SeriesUsersGuide. Changestheassignedlabellegendforselectedinstruments;see ChangingtheInstrumentLabelLegendonpage 424inthe VectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide Assignsafocuspointtoselectedinstruments;seeAssigningaFocus PointtoaLightingInstrumentonpage 430intheVectorworksDesign SeriesUsersGuide Updatestheautonumberingandinstrumentlabelsofselected instrumentstoreflectanychangesthatmayhavebeenmade;see RefreshingInstrumentandLightPositionDataonpage 425inthe VectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide

PlugInObjects PathPlugInObject,PathPlugin ObjectwithProfile Edit,EditPath EditProfile IncludesExtrudealongPath,andfortheVectorworksDesignSeries products,ChainExtrudeandPipingRun ProvidesashortcuttotheEditGroupcommandontheModifymenu Ifpermittedbytheobjecttype,allowsyoutoswitchfromeditingthe pathtoeditingtheprofile.Similarly,ifeditingtheprofile,usethe contextmenutoswitchtopathediting.

Group Edit Ungroup Symbol Edit Replace ProvidesashortcuttotheEditSymbolcommandontheModifymenu SimilartotheReplacebuttonontheObjectInfopalette,accessesthe ChooseaSymboldialogboxforreplacingthesymbolinstancewitha differentsymbol Editsthe2Dor3Dcomponent,orthe3Dwallholecomponentofthe symbolinstance;ifeditingoneofthecomponents,thecontextmenu allowsyoutoswitchdirectlytoeditingtheothercomponent ProvidesashortcuttotheEditGroupcommandontheModifymenu ProvidesashortcuttothecommandofthesamenameontheModify menu

Edit2DComponent,Edit3D Component,orEdit3DWallHole Component Resource LocateinResourceBrowser

Whenexecutedfromthedrawing,onaresource(orobjectcontaininga resource,suchasarectanglewithahatch),thiscontextmenucommand locates,navigatesto,andselectsthatresourceintheResourceBrowser; seeLocatingSpecificResourcesonpage 165

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| Chapter 1: Introduction
Description
Theresourcescontextmenucontainsshortcutsforcreating,applying, andmanagingresourcesandalsoformanipulatinghowresources displayintheResourceBrowser.Additionaloptionsdisplayonthe menudependingonthespecificitemclickedupon(seeWorkingwith Resourcesonpage 165).

Item and Context Commands


ResourceBrowser

Text FormatText CheckSpelling Edit SheetBorder ShowGrids TitleBlock WorkingPlane Workingplanecommands WallorRoundWall Join ActivatestheWallJointoolforjoiningwallsegments;seeJoining Wallsonpage 456.Thetooldefaultstothemodeusedpreviouslywith thetool ActivatestheRemoveWallBreakstooltocleanupwallbreaksorgaps; seeRemovingWallBreaksonpage 456 Providesshortcutstotheworkingplanecommandsavailablefromthe Modifymenu;seeWorkingPlaneCommandsonpage 584 Togglesbetweenshowingandhidinggridtextandlinesinthesheet bordermargin OpenstheImportTitleBlockdialogbox,foraddingatitleblocktothe sheetborder;seeAddingaTitleBlockonpage 373 ProvidesashortcuttothecommandofthesamenameontheTextmenu Checksthespellinginthecurrenttextblock Placesthetextintexteditingmode

RemoveBreak Viewport EditAnnotations,EditCrop,Edit DesignLayer

Provideshortcutstoedittheviewportsannotations,crop,ordesign layer,bypassingtheEditViewportdialogbox(seeCroppingSheet LayerViewportsonpage 748).Thecontextmenucommandscanalso beaccessedwheninaneditviewportmode(forexample,toswitch directlyfromeditingacroptoeditingannotations). OpenstheEditViewportdialogbox Activatesthedesignlayeroftherightclickedobject(iftherightclicked objectdoesnotbelongtoadesignlayer,theEditViewportdialogbox opens) Exitstheviewportdirectlytothedesignlayerwheneditingadesign layerfromasheetlayerviewport.TheExitViewportcontextmenuis onlyavailableifNavigateBacktoViewportisselectedfromtheEdit Viewportdialogbox. Updatestheviewport,similartotheUpdatebuttonontheObjectInfo palette

Edit EditDesignLayer

ExitViewport

Update

Context Menus | Item and Context Commands


Light TurnOn/Off SetLighttoView,SetViewtoLight Togglesthelightonoroff

37

Description

Fordirectional,spot,orcustom(Renderworksrequired)lights,setsthe orientationofthelighttothatofthecurrentview,ortheorientationof theviewtothatofthelight ForVectorworksSpotlightlightingdevices,editstheinstrument properties ForVectorworksSpotlightlightingdevices,editsthelightcontained withintheinstrument OtherworksheetcontextmenucommandsaredescribedinWorksheet Commandsonpage 813 Recalculatesallformulasintheworksheet

Edit (VectorworksSpotlightrequired) EditLight (VectorworksSpotlightrequired) WorksheetonDrawing Recalculate Dimension FormatText Disassociate ChainDimension AddDimension DeleteSegment/WitnessLine EditDimension FormatText TileResource DisplayTileRepetitions LayerLink (VectorworksDesignSeriesrequired) ConverttoViewport EditCrop EditDesignLayer NavigationPalette (VectorworksDesignSeriesrequired) Redline (VectorworksDesignSeriesrequired) PickUpRedline,RestoreRedline

ProvidesashortcuttothecommandofthesamenameontheTextmenu Removestheassociationbetweentheclickeddimensionandthe dimensionedobject;seeAssociativeDimensioningonpage 690 Formoreinformationoneditingchaindimensions,seeEditingChain Dimensionsonpage 707 Addsadimensionorwitnesslinetothechain Deletesdimensionorwitnessline Editsthepropertiesofanindividualdimension ProvidesashortcuttothecommandofthesamenameontheTextmenu

Whileeditingthetilegeometry,togglesthedisplayoftherepetitionsof thetilepatternobject(s);seeDefiningTilesonpage 532

Convertsthelayerlinktoadesignlayerviewport EnterscropmodeforacroppedlayerlinkCroppingLayerLinkson page 760 Returnstothedesignlayeroftheobjectinthelayerlink Theoptionsthatdisplayonthecontextmenudependonthespecific itemclickedupon;seeNavigatingWithinDrawingsonpage 527in theVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide

Togglestheredlinestatustopickeduporrestored

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| Chapter 1: Introduction
Description

Item and Context Commands


SiteModel (VectorworksDesignSeriesrequired) EditSourceData EditSiteBorder

AccessesthesourcedatainEditGroupmode(seeSettingSiteModel Propertiesonpage 272intheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide) Accessesaneditingmodeforcreatingacustomsiteborder,cropping thesitemodel(seeCroppingaSiteModelonpage 273inthe VectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide) Updatesthesitemodel,similartotheUpdatebuttonontheObjectInfo palette

Update Plants (VectorworksLandmarkrequired) CreatePlantfromObject Edit ReplacePlant ExportPlant

Createsaplantdefinitionforthecurrentplantsymbol OpenstheEditPlantdialogbox,foreditingtheplant2D/3D components,definition,orpath(formultipleplantplacements) Replacestheplantsymbol,similartotheReplacePlantbuttononthe ObjectInfopalette Exportstheselectedplanttothespecifiedlocation;seeExporting CustomResourcesonpage 539intheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsers Guide

DoubleclickingonanobjectperformsthesamefunctionasselectingEditfromthecontextmenu(italsoreactivates theworkingplaneonwhichaplanarobjectwascreated). ThecontextmenuscanbecustomizedthroughtheWorkspaceEditor;seeModifyingContextMenusonpage 855.

Getting Started
Creating a New File
Tocreateanewfile: 1. SelectFile>New. TheCreateDocumentdialogboxopens. 2. SelectthetypeofdocumenttocreateandclickOKtoopenthenewfile.

ThischapterdescribeshowtogetstartedwiththeVectorworksFundamentalsproduct.Itdescribeshowtosetupbasic programpreferences,units,anddefaultoptions.Printingandusingtabletsarealsodescribed.

Document Type
Createblankdocument Usedocumenttemplate

Description
Opensanewdrawingfilewiththedefaultprogramsettings(attributes,scale,units, etc.) Opensanewdrawingwithsettingsthatweresavedinatemplatefile;selectthe templatetouse(seeCreatingTemplatesonpage 76tolearnmoreabouttemplates)

Vectorworkssearchesyouruserfolder,yourworkgroupfolders,andtheVectorworksapplicationfolderfor templatefiles.Ifnotemplatesarefoundanywhereonthesystem,theCreateDocumentdialogboxdoesnot open.Instead,ablanknewdocumentiscreatedautomatically.

Opening a File
Therearethreewaystoopenafilethatalreadyexists.Uptoeightfilescanbeopenatonceintheprogram. IfthisisawatermarkedfilefromaVectorworkseducationalversion,andthisisthefirsttimethefileisbeing opened,amessagedisplaysnotifyingyouthatthedatainthefilemayonlybeusedinotherwatermarked documents.IfaneducationalversionoftheVectorworkssoftwareisbeingused,amessagedisplaystothateffect, andalsowarnsthatanyfilescreatedormodifiedinthisversionofthesoftwarewillbewatermarked. Toopenafilethatalreadyexists: 1. SelectFile>Open. TheOpendialogboxopens. 2. Selectthenameofthefileortemplatetoopen. 3. ClickOpen.

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| Chapter 2: Getting Started


Theprogramopensthelastsavedversionoftheselecteddrawingfile.

Toopenafilethatwasrecentlyused: SelectFile>OpenRecentandselectanamefromthelistofthelasttenfilesthatwereopenedorsaved. Thefileisopened;ifthefileisalreadyopen,itismovedtothefrontofthescreentobecomethecurrentfile. Toopenafilefromtheoperatingsystem: DoubleclickafiledirectlyinWindowsExplorerorMacintoshFinder. IfmultipleversionsoftheVectorworksprogramareinstalled,andtheprogramisnotyetopen,theversionthat openswhenyoudoubleclickafiledependsontheoperatingsystem. OnWindows,theversionoftheprogramthatwasinstalledmostrecentlyopens. OnMacintoshOSX,theVectorworks2011programopenswhenyoudoubleclickaversion2011file.When youdoubleclickanolderversionfile,theolderversionoftheprogramopens. TheVectorworks2011programcanonlyopenfilesthatwerecreatedinMiniCAD7orinVectorworksversions8and above.FilesthatwerecreatedinversionsearlierthanMiniCAD7mustbeconvertedtoatleastversion7,witha versionoftheprogramthatisearlierthanversion12.Ifanearlierversionoftheprogramisnotavailable,contact NemetschekVectorworksSalesSupportforassistance. Whenauserattemptstoopenafilethatanotheruseralreadyhasopen,analertdisplaysthenameoftheuserwhohas thefileopenandwhereitisopen;additionalinformationaboutthefilecanbedisplayed,includingitspath,whenit wasopened,andhowlongithasbeenopen.

Mapping Missing Fonts


Whenyouopenafilethatcontainsfontsthatarenotavailableonyoursystem,theFontMappingdialogboxopens. Mapfontsfromtheoriginalfiletoafontavailableonyoursystem,oropenthedocumentquicklybyautomatically mappingfontstothedefaultreplacementfont.

Using Finder Quick Look (Macintosh OS X 10.5+ Only) | Parameter


Replace With OriginalFont ReplacementFont NewMappings AllMappings Tomapmissingfonts: 1. PopulatethelistoforiginalfontsbyselectingNewMappingsorAllMappings. 2. Ifthedefaultreplacementfontisacceptableforreplacingalloriginalfonts,clickOKtoopenthedocument. Otherwise,proceedtoStep3.

41

Description
Autopopulateswhenanoriginalfontisselected Liststhedefaultfontandallavailablesystemfonts(thedefaultfontisthesystemfont forthecomputeronwhichtheprogramisinstalled) Liststheunavailablefontusedinthefile Liststhefontthatwillbeusedtoreplacetheoriginalfont Listsfontsthathavenotpreviouslybeenmapped Listsallfontsregardlessofwhethertheyhavebeenpreviouslymapped

FontmappingscanbechangedatanytimebyclickingEditFontMappingsfromtheDisplaytabofVectorworks preferences. 3. Selectanoriginalfonttomap. TheReplacefielddisplaystheselectedoriginalfont,andtheWithfieldliststhedefaultandallavailablefonts. Selectthedesiredreplacementfont,andthenselectthenextoriginalfonttomap.Repeattheprocessuntilall desiredoriginalfontshavebeenmapped. 4. ClickOKwhenalldesiredoriginalfontshavebeenmapped. MappedfontsarestoredasaVectorworkspreference.IfVectorworkspreferencesaredeleted,theFontMapping dialogboxredisplaysforafilethatmayhavepreviouslyhadthefontsmapped.

Using Finder Quick Look (Macintosh OS X 10.5+ Only)


TheQuickLookpluginprovidesanimagepreviewofthefileandathumbnailiconpreviewtomoreeasilylocatefiles.

Vectorworks File Preview


Whenafileissaved,animageofthecurrentviewofthefileisalsosavedinthefile.Thisimageisthensuppliedtothe operatingsystemwiththeQuickLookplugin,whichisprovidedwiththeVectorworkssoftware. Apreviewisnotavailableforfilessavedwithautosaveorbatchconvert. Thepreviewimagecanbeviewedinanumberofways: SelectoneormoredocumentswithintheFinder,andthenpresstheSpaceBar SelectadocumentandthenpresstheQuickLookbuttonwithintheFinder Selectadocumentinthecolumnview;thepreviewcolumncontainsthepreviewimage DisplaythepreviewimageinthepreviewsectionforGetInfo

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Vectorworks File Thumbnail


VectorworksdocumentscanuseeitherthedocumentthumbnailiconorthestandardVectorworksicon.Thedefault settingforShowiconpreviewisoff(thestandardVectorworksicondisplays),andcanbechangedbytheView> ShowViewOptions(ortheCmd+Jkeyboardshortcut)fromtheFindermenu. WhenShowiconpreviewisenabled,thedefaultbehaviorappliesonlytothecurrentfolder,andtothecurrentfolder view(withorwithoutdetails,forexample).ClickallfoldersinFinderPreferencestoseethethumbnailsforallfolders. ChangethesettingforeachindividualView(listvieworcolumnview,forexample)toseeQuickLookthumbnailsin allfolderviews.

Closing a File |

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Closing a File
Toclosethecurrentfile: 1. SelectFile>Closeorclickthecloseboxonthedrawingwindow. 2. Ifthefilechangedsinceitwaslastsaved,clickSave(Macintosh)orYes(Windows)tosaveandclosethefile. ClickDontSave(Macintosh)orNo(Windows)toclosethefilewithoutasave. Tocloseallopenfiles(Windowsonly): 1. SelectWindow>CloseAll. 2. Ifthefileschangedsincetheywerelastsaved,clickYestosaveandclosethefiles.ClickNotoclosethefiles withoutasave.

Saving a File
TheSavecommandsavestheopenfile,whichreplacestheearlierversionofthefile.Whenyousaveafileforthefirst time,specifythefilenameandlocation.TheSavecommandisdisabledifnochangeshavebeenmadetothefilesince itwasfirstopenedorcreated. OnWindows,thefilesrequirea.vwxor.mcdextensiontoberecognizedbytheVectorworksprogram.Ifyoudo notenteranextension,theprogramaddsthe .vwxextensionautomatically. Tosavethecurrentfile: 1. SelectFile>Save. Ifthefilehasnotbeensavedbefore,theSaveVectorworksDrawingdialogboxopens. 2. EnteranameforthefileintheNamefield,andthenselectthedestinationforthefile. 3. ClickSave. Theprogramsavesthefile.Thetimerequiredmaydependonthefilesize.

Save As
Tosavethecurrentfilewithadifferentname: 1. SelectFile>SaveAs. TheSaveVectorworksDrawingdialogboxopens. 2. EnteranewNameforthefile,andthenselectthedestinationforthefile. 3. ClickSave. Theprogramsavesanewcopyofthefile.Thetimerequiredmaydependonthefilesize.

Save a Copy As
Tosaveacopyofthecurrentfileandcontinuetoeditthecurrentfile: 1. SelectFile>SaveACopyAs. TheSavedialogboxopens. 2. EnteranewNameforthefile,andthenselectthedestinationforthefile. 3. ClickSave.

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Theprogramsavesanewcopyofthefileandkeepstheoriginalfileopenforfurtheredits.Thetimerequired maydependonthefilesize.

Automatically Saving Files


Theautosavefeatureautomaticallysavesthecurrentfileaftereitheraspecifiednumberofminutesoraspecified numberofoperations,asdefinedintheAutosavetaboftheVectorworksPreferencesdialogbox.SeeAutosave Preferencesonpage 24formoreinformation. IftheConfirmbeforesavepreferenceisselected,aconfirmationdialogboxdisplaysbeforetheautosaveisperformed. TheinformationthatdisplaysinthisdialogboxdependsonthesettingsselectedinVectorworkspreferences.

Parameter
Yes No Settings

Description
Savesthefile;ifthedocumenthasnotbeensaved,theSavedialogboxopenstonamethefilefirst Cancelsthesaveoperationandresetstheautosavecounters OpenstheVectorworksPreferencesdialogboxtoedittheautosaveparameters;selectDontautosave thisdocumentfortheremainderofthesession(orDontbackupthisdocumentfortheremainder ofthesession)todisabletheautosavefeaturefortheactivedocumentfortheremainderofthesession

Whenthesaveiscomplete,themessageAutosavecompletedisplaysinthelowerrightcornerofthewindow;the messageclearswhenyouclickthemouse.

Reverting to the Last Saved Version


TheReverttoSavedcommandreplacestheactivedrawingwiththemostrecentlysavedversion.Thisdeletesall changesmadesincethelastsave,whichcanremoveseveralundesirablechangesinonestep. Toreverttothelastsavedversion: 1. SelectFile>ReverttoSaved. Thisactioncannotbeundone.Confirmthatchangesshouldnotbesaved. 2. ClickOK. Theprogramclosestheactivedrawingandopensthelastsavedversionofthefile.

Converting Previous Version Files


TheVectorworksprogrammusttranslatefilescreatedinpreviousversionsintothecurrentformat.Theprogram cannotconvertMiniCAD6orearlierfiles,however.

Converting Previous Version Files |

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Toconvertanentirefolderoffilesatonce,usetheBatchConvertcommandasdescribedinConvertingPrevious VersionFilesasaBatchonpage 46. Toconvertonefileatatime,openandsavethefilewiththecurrentversionoftheprogramasdescribedin ConvertingaSinglePreviousVersionFileonpage 48. TheprogramautomaticallyappliesPNGcompressiontoimagescontainedinconvertedfiles. Youmayneedtocorrectthevisibilityofcropobjectsandannotationobjectsinsheetlayerviewports(seeSheetLayer ViewportParametersonpage 740). ForfilesearlierthanVectorworks2009,thegeometryofthedrawingobjectsisautomaticallyconvertedusingthenew Parasolidkernel.Theconversionmayfailforsomesolidsforavarietyofreasons:forexample,ifanobjecthas selfintersectingprofilesinsideanextrudeorsweep,orifanobjectssurfacesdonotpasstheParasolidchecks.Ifthis happens,theprogramconvertsalloftheotherobjectsandalertsyouthatsomeobjectswerenotconverted.A wireframerepresentationofthefailedsolidisincludedinthefile;youmaybeabletoedittheseobjectsandregenerate thesolids. AsofVectorworks2010,alldashstylesarenamed;customdashstylesareautomaticallynamedDashStyleX, (whereXisthenextavailablenumber).Torenameorchangethedisplayorderoftheavailabledashstyles,see CreatingCustomDashStylesonpage 519.

Migrating from Previous Versions


TheUpdatePluginObjectscommandconvertsavarietyoflegacyobjectstothecurrentformat.Thiscommandworks acrossallfilelayers,andasapplicable,onobjectsthatarefreestanding,insertedinwalls,inaplacedsymbol,orina symboldefinition.Allapplicableparametervalues,andanyattachedrecordsarealsotransferredduringthe conversion. Savingacopyofthefilepriortorunningthecommandisrecommended,asthecommandcannotbeundone. Toupdatepluginobjects: 1. Openafilecontaininglegacyobjects. 2. SelectTools>Utilities>UpdatePluginObjects. TheUpdatePluginObjectsdialogboxopens.

3. Selectthetype(s)ofobjectstoconverttothenewformat,andthenclickOK. Allolderversionobjectsoftheselectedtype(s)areconvertedintothenewformat.

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Converting Previous Version Files as a Batch


Duringabatchconversion,theprogramscansallfilesinthesourcefolder(andinsubfolders,optionally),and convertspreviousversionfilestothecurrentformat.NonVectorworksfilesandVectorworksfilesthataretoooldto convertareskippedandrecordedinthelogfile. TherearetwooptionsforVectorworksfilesduringbatchconversions: Bydefault,theprogrammovesthepreviousversionfilestoanarchivefolderandplacestheconvertedversions ofthosefilesinthesourcefolder. Alternatively,theprogrammakesnochangestothesourcefolder.Instead,theconvertedfiles(andcopiesofany currentversionVectorworksfiles)areplacedinaspecifiedfolder. Toconvertabatchoffiles: 1. Placeallfilestobeconvertedinonefolder,orinsubfolderswithinthesourcefolder. 2. IntheVectorworksprogram,selectFile>BatchConvert. TheBatchConvertdialogboxopens.

Parameter
SourceFolder

Description
ClickChoosetoopeneithertheChooseSourceFolderdialogbox(Macintosh)orthe BrowseforFolderdialogbox(Windows);selectthefolderthatcontainsthefilesyou wanttoconvert,andthenclickChoose(Macintosh)orOK(Windows)toreturnto theBatchConvertdialogbox Toplacetheconvertedfilesintoadifferentfolder,clickChoosetoopeneitherthe ChooseDestinationFolderdialogbox(Macintosh)ortheBrowseforFolderdialog box(Windows).Selectthefolder,andthenclickChoose(Macintosh)orOK (Windows)toreturntotheBatchConvertdialogbox.ThendeselectConvertin place. Convertsthefileswithinthesubfoldersofthesourcefolder

DestinationFolder

Includesubfolders

Converting Previous Version Files | Parameter


Convertinplace

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Description
MovestheoriginalVectorworksfilestoanarchivefolder,andplacesthenewly convertedfilesintheoriginalsourcefilelocations.Thearchivefolderiscreated withinthesourcefolderandisnamedOldVersionVectorworksFiles. Deselectthisoptiontoplacetheconvertedfilesinthedestinationfolderandmakeno changestothesourcefolder.

Convertlayerlinksinto viewports (VectorworksDesignSeries required) Convertreferencedlayers intoreferencedviewports (VectorworksDesignSeries required) Convertabsolutereferences intorelativereferences (VectorworksDesignSeries required)

Createsviewportsondesignlayersthatreferenceoneormorelayerswithinthesame file.Selectthisoptiontoconvertanylayerlinksintheolderversionfilesinto viewports.SeePresentingDrawingswithDesignLayerViewportsonpage 624in theVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide. Createsviewportsondesignlayersthatreferenceoneormorelayersinanexternal file.Selectthisoptiontoconvertanyreferencedlayersintheolderversionfilesinto viewports.SeePresentingDrawingswithDesignLayerViewportsonpage 624in theVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide. Convertsworkgroupreferenceswithabsolutefilepathstorelativefilepaths,ifa relativefilepathisallowed.Arelativefilepathisnotallowedifthefileisona differentvolumefromthereferencedfile.

3. ClickOKtoconvertthefiles. Eachfileisbrieflyopenedandresavedintotheappropriatefolder.Subfoldernamesandhierarchiesare recreated,iftheyareincludedintheconversionprocess.IfConvertinplaceisselected,theoriginalfilesare movedtothearchivefolder,intheoriginalsubfolderstructure. 4. Oncetheconversioniscomplete,theBatchConversionResultsdialogboxdisplaysasummary.

Parameter
Totalfilesinsourcefolder Totalfilessuccessfullyconverted

Description
Thetotalnumberoffilescontainedinthespecifiedsourcefolder ThetotalnumberoffilessuccessfullyconvertedbytheBatchConvert command

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Description
Thetotalnumberoffilesthatwerealreadyinthecurrentversionofthe Vectorworksprogram;ifConvertinplaceisselected,thefilesareleftinplace intheoriginalfolder;ifConvertinplaceisnotselected,thefilesarecopiedto thedestinationfolder Thetotalnumberoffilesthatwerenotconverted Thenumberoffilesthatwerenotconvertedbecausetheywerenot Vectorworksfiles ThenumberoffilesthatwerenotconvertedbecausetheywereMiniCAD6or anearlierversion,whichisnotsupportedbytheBatchConvertcommand Thenumberoffilesthatwerenotconverted,forwhichtheprogramcouldnot detectareason Thismessageindicatesthatoneormoreofthesuccessfullyconvertedfiles containedasolidthatcouldnotbeproperlygeneratedbytheParasolid kernel.Checkthelogfiletoseewhichfileshadsolidconversionfailures.You maybeabletoedittheconvertedgeometryandregeneratethesolids.

Parameter
Totalcurrentversionfilescopied

Totalfilesnotconverted NotaVectorworksfile UnsupportedVectorworksfile version Unknownreasons Oneormorefileshadsolid conversionerrors

5. ClickDetailstoviewalogfilewithinformationabouteachfileprocessedduringtheconversion.

Converting a Single Previous Version File


Whenyouopenanolderfile,theprogramautomaticallyconvertsthefileandassignsitanappropriatename.By default,theprogramrenamestheconvertedfileandkeepstheoriginalfileintact.Changethedefaultsettingtorename

Converting Previous Version Files |


theoriginalfileandusetheoriginalfilenamefortheconvertedfileinstead.Inthiscase,iftheoriginalfileis writeprotected,theprogramcannotrenameit;savetheconvertedfileandgiveitanappropriatename. Toconvertasinglefile:

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1. InthecurrentversionoftheVectorworksprogram,openafilethatwascreatedwithapreviousversionofthe program. Aconversionalertboxopens,showingwhichfilewillberenamed,alongwiththenewname.Theaction describedinthedialogboxdependsonthecurrentsettingforconvertingfilenames.

2. Tochangethewaythisfilewillbeconverted,clickSettings. TheVectorworksdialogboxopens.

Parameter
Keeptheoriginalfilenamewith the Convertlayerlinksintoviewports (VectorworksDesignSeries required) Convertreferencedlayersinto referencedviewports (VectorworksDesignSeries required) Convertabsolutereferencesinto relativereferences (VectorworksDesignSeries required)

Description
Selectwhichfilewillhavetheoriginalfilename:theoriginalfileorthenew file Createsviewportsondesignlayersthatreferenceoneormorelayerswithin thesamefile.Selectthisoptiontoconvertanylayerlinksintheolderfileinto viewports.SeePresentingDrawingswithDesignLayerViewportson page 624intheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide. Createsviewportsondesignlayersthatreferenceoneormorelayersinan externalfile.Selectthisoptiontoconvertanyreferencedlayersintheolder versionfileintoviewports.SeePresentingDrawingswithDesignLayer Viewportsonpage 624intheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuide. Convertsworkgroupreferenceswithabsolutefilepathstorelativefilepaths, ifarelativefilepathisallowed.Arelativefilepathisnotallowedifthefileis onadifferentvolumefromthereferencedfile.

3. SpecifytheconversionsettingsandclickOKtosavethechange;futurefileconversionswillusethissetting.

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4. Intheconversionalertbox,clickOKtocontinuewiththeconversion. 5. IfthefilecontainsasolidthatcouldnotbeproperlygeneratedbytheParasolidkernel,analertdisplaystothis effect. Youmaybeabletoedittheconvertedgeometryandregeneratethesolid.(SeeConvertingPreviousVersion Filesonpage 44formoreinformation.)

Exiting Vectorworks
ToclosetheVectorworksprogramalongwithanyopenfiles: 1. FromtheFilemenu(Windows)orVectorworksmenu(Macintosh),selectQuit. 2. Ifthereareanyunsavedfiles,clickSave(Macintosh)orYes(Windows)tosavethechangesandexit.ClickDont Save(Macintosh)orNo(Windows)toexitwithoutasave.

Drawing Techniques
Objectsarecreatedusingthemouse,thekeyboard,oramouseandkeyboardcombination.

Using the Mouse


TheeasiestwaytodrawintheVectorworksprogramistousethemouse.Selecttheappropriatetoolbuttonandcreate anobjectineithertheclickdragortheclickclickmode,dependingonthetypeofobject. Inclickdragmode,clickandcontinuetoholddownthemousebuttonwhileyoucreateanobject;releasethebutton whentheobjectisthedesiredsizeandshape.
1st click

Release

Inclickclickmode,clickthemousetomarkthestartpointofanobject,andthenclickagainateachoftheobjects cornersorvertices.
1st click

2nd click

Theprogramdefaultstoclickclickmode,andallproceduresinthisguidearebasedonclickclickdrawing.This preferencecanbechangedinVectorworkspreferences. UsetheDatabarforaccurateobjectplacementandcreation.SeeUsingtheDataBaronpage 202.

Creating Objects with Object Properties


SomeofthecreationtoolscanbeusedinconjunctionwiththeObjectPropertiesdialogbox.

Undoing and Redoing Actions |

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Rectangle Tool

TocreateobjectswiththeObjectPropertiesdialogbox: 1. Doubleclickthedesiredtool(orpressthetoolsshortcutkeytwice). ThetoolsObjectPropertiesdialogboxopens. 2. Enterthedesiredcriteria. 3. ClickOKtoacceptthesettingsandexitthedialogbox. IfPositionAtNextClickisselected,clickthemousetoselecttheobjectslocationinthedrawing.

Undoing and Redoing Actions


Specifypreferencestocontrolhowmanyactionscanbeundoneandredone.

Undoing Actions
Oneormoreofthemostrecentactionscanbeundone.Specifythenumberofactionsthatcanbeundoneonthe SessiontabofVectorworkspreferences.SeeSessionPreferencesonpage 20forinformationonthistab.The maximumnumberofactionsthatcanbeundoneis100.SelectIssueundowarningstoopenawarningdialogbox whenattemptingtoundoanactionthatcannotbeundone. Toundorecentchanges: SelectEdit>Undo. Themostrecentchangeisundone.ContinuetoselecttheUndocommandtoundochangesinthereverseorder inwhichtheywereperformed. Thehigherthemaximumnumberofundos,themorememorymayberequired.

Redoing Actions
Actionsthathavebeenundonecanthenberedone.Thenumberofactionsthatcanberedoneisdeterminedbyhow manyundoswereperformed.

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Toredoactionsthatwereundone: SelectEdit>Redo. Themostrecentundoisreversedandtheactionisexecutedagain.ContinuingtoselecttheRedocommandwill redochangesinthereverseorderthattheywereundone.

Moving Around
Thereareseveralwaystomovearoundwithinadrawingfile,whichallowsyoutolookatthewholedrawingorat selectportionsofit.

Panning
UsethePantooltomovethedrawingaroundthedrawingwindow,changingtheareaofdisplay. Topanaroundthedrawing: 1. ClickthePantoolfromtheBasicpalette. 2. Movethehandintothedrawingwindow. 3. Clickandholddownthemousebutton,anddragthedrawingaroundthescreen. Therulersmovewiththepage. 4. Whenthedrawingshowsthedesiredarea,releasethemousebutton.

DoubleclickthePantooltorefreshthedrawingview.

Panning with the Mouse Wheel


Onawheelmouse,clickandholddownthemousewheeltopanatanytime,regardlessofwhichtooliscurrently selected. Thisfeaturewillnotworkproperlyifthewheelbuttonhasbeenassignedacustomfunctioninthemousesetup.For example,ifthewheelbuttonissettoperformadeletewhenclicked,awheelclickintheVectorworksprogramdeletes ratherthanpans.(Thespecificsettingrequiredforthisfeaturedependsonthetypeofmousebeingused.)

Moving Around |

53

Panning with the Arrow Keys


Usethearrowkeysonthekeyboardtopanatanytime,regardlessofwhichtooliscurrentlyselected.Specifythe arrowshortcutkeysforpanninginVectorworkspreferences(seeSettingVectorworksPreferencesonpage 17).Press theshortcutkeycombinationoncetomovethedrawingonehalfscreeninthedirectionofthearrow.

Moving the Page Print Boundary


TheMovePagetoolchangesthepositionoftheprintboundarywithinthedrawingarea.Thoughtheboundary moves,therulers,origin,andobjectsremainfixed.In3D,theworkingplanedoesnotmovealongwiththeboundary. Tomovethepage: 1. ClicktheMovePagetoolfromtheBasicpalette. 2. Clickanddragthepageoutlinetothedesiredlocation. Theoriginalpositionofthepagecontinuestodisplay,helpingtomeasureyourmovement. 3. Clicktosetthepositionofthepage.

PasteinPlaceworksfromuserorigin.Ifthepageismoved,theimageisplacedinrelationtotheorigin,notthenew pagelocation. DoubleclicktheMovePagetooltosetthepageorigintobethesameastheuserorigin.

Zooming
Zoomcontrolsthevisualscaleofadrawing.Itdoesnotaffectthephysicalsizeofobjectsassetbythelayerscaleinthe Organizationdialogbox.Likeamagnifyingglass,zoomcontrolshowcloseorfarawayobjectsappearonthescreen. Zoomintogetacloseupviewofadetail,andzoomouttogetabroaderviewofthewholedrawing. TheVectorworksprogramincludeszoomfunctionalitythroughthemousewheel,throughbuttonsontheViewbar, andthroughtheZoomtoolontheBasicpalette.

Zooming with the Mouse Wheel


Onawheelmouse,rollthemousewheelforwardtomagnifythedrawing(theZoomtoolontheBasicpaletteneednot beselected).Rollthemousewheelbackwardtozoomoutfromthedrawing.

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ThemousewheelbehavioriscontrolledbytheMousewheelzoomssettingintheEdittaboftheVectorworks Preferencesdialogbox.Ifthewheelissettoscrollbydefault,youmustpresstheCtrl(Windows)orOption (Macintosh)keywhileyourollinordertozoom.SeeEditPreferencesonpage 17fordetails. Thisfeaturewillnotworkproperlyifstandardscrollingisdisabledinthemousesetup.Forexample,ifthe mousesscrollingsizeissettonone,mousezoomingintheVectorworksprogramisdisabled.(Thespecific settingsrequiredforthisfeaturedependonthetypeofmousebeingused.)

Zooming from the View Bar


FromtheViewbar,clicktheZoombuttontodoublethemagnificationofthedrawing(asingleclickonthisbutton performsthesamefunctionasadoubleclickontheZoomtoolontheBasicpalette).Toreducethemagnificationby half,presstheAltkey(Windows)orOptionkey(Macintosh)whenyouclicktheZoombutton.Tozoombyaspecific amount,enterazoomfactorintheViewbar,orselectonefromthepulldownlist. Ifanobjectorobjectsarecurrentlyselected,thezoomiscenteredonthoseobject(s).Tozoomonaspecificareaofthe drawing(withnothingselected),clickinanopenareaandthenclicktheZoombutton.

Zoom In/Out

Current Zoom

Zooming with the Zoom Tool


TheZoomtoolhastwomodes.
Marquee Zoom Interactive Zoom

Mode
MarqueeZoom

Description
Magnifiestheportionofthedrawingthatiswithinthemarqueearea;inclickdragmode, simplyclickonce(donotcreateamarqueebox)todoublethezoomfactor Tozoomout,holddowntheOption(Macintosh)orAlt(Windows)keyduringthezoom.

InteractiveZoom

Interactivelyzoomsthedrawingarea

WiththeZoomtoolselected,doubleclickanywhereinthedrawingtoautomaticallyactivatetheSelectiontool.

Moving Around |
DoubleclicktheZoomtoolfromtheBasicpalettetodoublethemagnificationofthedrawing.TheZoomIn buttonontheViewbarperformsthesameaction.

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Marquee Zoom Mode


Selectaportionofthedrawingtomagnifyusingmarqueeselection. Tomarqueezoom: 1. ClicktheZoomtoolfromtheBasicpalette. 2. ClicktheMarqueeZoommodebutton. 3. Clickanddragtocreateamarqueeboxaroundtheportionofthedrawingtomagnify. 4. Clickagaintozoomin. Vectorworksmagnifiestheselectedsectionsothatitfillsthedrawingwindow.

Tozoomout,holddowntheOption(Macintosh)orAlt(Windows)keywhileyoudrawamarqueeboxarounda portionofthedrawing.Clickagaintozoomout.Theprogramreducesthemagnificationtodisplayadditional portionsofthedrawingaroundtheselectedsection.

Interactive Zoom Mode


Chooseanareaofthedrawingtomagnifyinteractively. Tointeractivelyzoom: 1. ClicktheZoomtoolfromtheBasicpalette. 2. ClicktheInteractiveZoommodebutton. 3. Clickinthedrawingandholddownthemousebutton(Macintosh)orleftmousebutton(Windows)whileyou movethemouseforwardtozoominonthedrawingfromthelocationoftheclick. Tozoomout,clickinthedrawingandholddownthemousebutton(Macintosh)orleftmousebutton(Windows) whileyoumovethemousebackwardtozoomoutofthedrawingfromthelocationoftheclick.

Normal Scale
TheNormalScalecommandautomaticallydisplaysthedrawingfileat100%ofitsrealworldscale.Forexample,ifa drawingscaleissetto1:1,everyinchonthemonitorcorrespondstoaninchonpaper.Normalscaleisthescaleat whichthedrawingisprinted. Tosetthedrawingtonormalscale: 1. SelectView>Zoom>NormalScale. Vectorworkschangestheviewsothattheobjectsscreensizeandprintsizearethesame.

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2. Ifthedrawingsizeislargerthanthemonitorsdimensions,scrollorpanaroundthedrawingtoseeallelements.

Scrolling
Automatically Scrolling While Drawing
TheVectorworksprogramautomaticallyscrollsthedrawingareawhenanobjectisbeingdrawn. Touseautoscroll: 1. Selectanydrawingtool. 2. Pressandholddownthemousebuttontobegindrawing. 3. Dragthecursorontopoforpastascrollbarorruler. Thedrawingwindowscrollsinthedirectionofthecursor. Inclickclickmode,ifyoudonotholddownthemousebuttonwhileyoudraw,theautoscrollishaltedifthe cursorpassesascrollbarorruler;thisallowsinteractionwiththescrollbars,toolpalettes,andtoolsets.

Using the Scroll Bars


Usethescrollbarstomovethedrawingaroundthescreen.However,thescrollbarsarebestusedforsmall movements,becausetheyrequirethescreentoredrawmorefrequently.Forlargemovements,thePantoolisfaster.To displayorhidethescrollbars,changethescrollbarssettingintheVectorworksPreferencesdialogbox.

Scrolling with the Mouse Wheel


Onawheelmouse,presstheCtrl(Windows)orCmd(Macintosh)keywhileyourollthewheelforwardorbackward toscrollthewindowupordown.Toscrollthewindowleftorright,presstheShiftkeywhileyouroll. ThemousewheelbehavioriscontrolledbytheMousewheelzoomssettingintheEdittaboftheVectorworks Preferencesdialogbox.Thewheelcanbesettoscrollbydefault,sothatnoadditionalkeymustbepressedwhileyou rollinordertoscroll.SeeEditPreferencesonpage 17fordetails. Thisfeaturewillnotworkproperlyifstandardscrollingisdisabledinthemousesetup.Forexample,ifthe mousesscrollingsizeissettonone,mousescrollingintheVectorworksprogramisdisabled.(Thespecific settingsrequiredforthisfeaturedependonthetypeofmousebeingused.)

Selecting Objects
UsetheSelectiontoolfromtheBasicpalettetoselectobjectsforthenextcommandoreditoperation.TheShiftkeyand theAlt(Windows)orOption(Macintosh)keyaremodifiersforselectionactions.Createrectangular,lasso,or polygonalmarqueesaroundobjectstoselectsingleormultipleobjects.Thefollowingtabledescribesthevarious selectionmethods.

Method
Click Optionclick(Macintosh)or Ctrlclick(Windows) Shiftclick

Selection Action
Standardselectionmethod;selectsasingleobjectonly Createsacopyoftheobjectandplacesitdirectlyovertheselectedobject, unlessthepreferencehasbeendisabled(seeEditPreferencesonpage 17) Selectsmultipleobjectsaseachobjectisclicked;alsocanbeusedtodeselect oneormoreobjectswithoutaffectingotherselectedobjects

Selecting Objects | Method


Optiondrag(Macintosh)or Ctrldrag(Windows) Rectangle,lasso,polygonmarquee Shiftmarquee Optionmarquee(Macintosh)or Altmarquee(Windows) InvertSelectioncommand(onthe Editmenu) Doubleclick

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Selection Action
Placesacopyoftheobjectwherethemousebuttonisreleased Selectsallobjectsthatarecompletelycontainedwithinthemarquee Reversestheselectionstatusofobjectsinsideamarquee;ifobjectsinsidethe marqueeareselected,thismethoddeselectsthoseobjects Selectsallobjectsthatthemarqueepassesthrough,aswellasthosecontained withinthemarquee Deselectseverythingthatiscurrentlyselected,andselectsallvisibleobjectsin editablelayersandclassesthatarenotcurrentlyselected Reactivatestheworkingplaneonwhichaplanarobjectwascreated;mayalso haveotherbehaviorsuchassymboleditingorpolygonreshaping,depending onselectedsettings

Todeselectallselectedobjects,clickinanemptyareaofthedrawing,orpressthexkeytwiceinrapidsuccession.

The Selection Tool


UsetheSelectiontooltoselectobjects,tomoveandresizeobjectsinanyview,andtoinsertobjectsinornexttoawall. Anadditionalmode,EnableConnectedWalls,becomesavailablewhentheVectorworksArchitect/Landmarkproduct isinstalled.SeeMovingConnectedWallsonpage 107intheVectorworksDesignSeriesUsersGuidefor information. Formarqueeselection,presstheOption(Macintosh)orAlt(Windows)keywhiledrawingthemarqueetoselectall objectsthatintersectthemarquee.
Single Object Interactive Scaling Disable Interactive Scaling Wall Insertion Enable Lasso Selection

Enable Polygonal Selection

Unrestricted Interactive Scaling

Enable Rectangular Selection

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Mode

| Chapter 2: Getting Started


Description
Noreshapehandlesdisplayforaselectedobject,sothatitcanbedraggedfromany pointwithoutaccidentallyaffectingitssize Allowsresizingbydraggingareshapehandlethatdisplaysonasingleselectedobject
Drag the middle handle to the right to reduce the rectangles width

DisableInteractiveScaling SingleObjectInteractive Scaling

Allowssymbolstobescaled,similartotheScalingoptionintheObjectInfopalette, unlesstheAllowInteractive2DsymbolscalingVectorworkspreferencehasbeen disabled;seeEditPreferencesonpage 17. Pagebasedsymbolscanonlybescaledsymmetrically. Torotatecertainobjects(suchasrectangles,roundedrectangles,ovals,textobjects, bitmaps,andPICTimages),presstheOptionkey(Macintosh)orAltkey(Windows) whiledraggingareshapehandle

Drag the lower left handle upward and to the right to rotate the rectangle

UnrestrictedInteractive Scaling

Allowsresizingofmultipleobjectsbydraggingareshapehandlethatdisplaysonone oftheselectedobject(s)
Drag the middle handle to the right to reduce the width of both rectangles

WallInsertion

Allowssymbolsandpluginobjectsthatarealreadyondrawingtobeplacedintoa wallsegment.Whendisabled,symbolscanbemovednexttooronawallwithout becomingpartofthewall.SeeWallInsertionModeonpage 179formore information.

Selecting Objects | Mode


EnableRectangular Selection

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Description
Createsamarqueeboxaroundobjectswhenselecting.Clicktosetthestartpoint,drag themouseinthedesireddirection,andreleasetosettheendpoint.Allobjectswithin themarqueeareselected.

EnableLassoSelection

Createsafreeformmarquee,allowingamoreexactselectionofirregularshapes. Clicktosetthestartpoint,dragthemouseinthedesireddirection,andreleasetoset theendpoint.Allobjectswithinthemarqueeareselected.

EnablePolygonalSelection

Createsamarqueewithanirregularpolygonalshape.Clicktosetthestartpoint,and thencontinueclickingtodefinetheshape.Doubleclicktofinishthemarquee.All objectswithinthemarqueeareselected.

Toselectobjects: 1. ClicktheSelectiontoolfromtheBasicpalette. 2. Selecttheappropriatemode. 3. Selectthedesiredobject(s).

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Select All
TheSelectAllcommandselectsallvisibleobjectsineditablelayersandclasses.Theactivelayerisalwayseditable,but otherlayerscanbeeditableiftheyarevisibleandiftheLayerOptionsaresettoShow/Snap/ModifyOthers.Formore informationaboutsettinglayerandclassvisibilityandlayerandclassoptions,seeSettingVisibilitiesonpage 113 andSettingClassandDesignLayerOptionsonpage 108. Toselectallobjectsinthedrawingarea: SelectEdit>SelectAll. Alternatively,rightclick(Windows)orCtrlclick(Macintosh)onthedrawingarea,andselectSelectAllfromthe documentcontextmenu. Theprogramselectsallvisibleobjectsthatcanbemodified.Eachoftheseselectedobjectsisdisplayedwith highlighting.Lockedobjectsarealsoselectedsotheycanbeunlockedformodification.

Previous Selection
ThePreviousSelectioncommandreselectsthesetofobjectsthatweremostrecentlyselected.Thisisespeciallyuseful ifalargenumberofobjectswereaccidentallydeselected. Toreselectpreviouslyselectedobjects,selectEdit>PreviousSelection.

Selection and Pre-selection Indicators


Whenyoumovethecursorovertheobjectsinadrawing,andwhenyouselectobjects,highlightingandhandles provideinformationaboutthecurrentstateoftheobjects.Theseindicatorscanbecustomizedasneededinthe Vectorworkspreferences.SeeInteractivePreferencesonpage 24fordetails.

Highlighting
Highlightingcanindicatethefollowinginformationaboutanobjectinadrawing. Currentlyselected Currentlypreselectedbecauseitisunderthecursor(orwithintheselectionmarquee) Locked Onaninactivelayer Causingoneofthedisplayedsnappoints Canbeacteduponbythecurrentlyactivetool

IntheVectorworkspreferences,thereareseveraloptionstocustomizethehighlighting. Thedifferenttypesofhighlightingcanbeenabledanddisabledindividually. Thehighlightingforselectedobjectscanbeanimated. Thetimingofthehighlightingforpreselectedobjectscanbeadjusted. Thecolor,opacity,andsizeofeachtypeofhighlightingcanbeadjusted.

Bydefault,allhighlightingoptionsareenabled,andselectedobjectsdisplayasshowninthefollowingillustration.

Selecting Objects |

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The cursor is snapping to the circles center; the circle has gray dashed line highlighting, in addition to the orange selection highlighting

Objects highlighted in orange are on the active layer and are not locked

Objects highlighted in gray are locked

Objects highlighted in dark orange are on an inactive layer Sample highlighting with several types of objects selected

Handles
Inadditiontohighlighting,squarehandlescandisplayonselectedobjects.Theappearanceofthehandlesis controlledbytheSelectionhighlightingsettingontheInteractivetabintheVectorworkspreferences.Also,thecolors ofthehandlescanbecustomized. Ifselectionhighlightingisenabled(thedefaultsetting): Handlesdisplayonaselectedobjectiftheobjectcanbeeditedwiththeactivetool Unlockedobjectsontheactivelayerhavebluehandles Unlockedobjectsonaninactivelayerhavewhitehandles Lockedobjectshavenohandles(sincetheycannotbeedited) Handlescanbeusedasreshapepoints

Ifselectionhighlightingisdisabled: Handlesdisplayonallselectedobjects Unlockedobjectsontheactivelayerhavebluehandles Lockedobjectsontheactivelayerhavegrayhandles Allobjectsonaninactivelayerhavewhitehandles Someofthehandlescanbeusedasreshapepoints,andsomecannot,dependingontheobject,andonwhichtool isactive

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Selection highlighting enabled Selection highlighting disabled

The selected wall is highlighted in orange; blue handles indicate that the wall can be reshaped with the active tool

With three walls selected, the locked wall (bottom) is highlighted in gray; there are no handles because the objects cannot be reshaped with the active tool

With three walls selected, the locked wall (bottom) has a gray handle on the right side; the unlocked walls have blue handles

Configuring Interactive Display


Youmayfindithelpfultocustomizetheappearanceofinteractiveelementsintheprogram,includinggeneral elements,objecthighlighting,SmartCursorelements,andsnappoints. Toconfiguretheappearanceofinteractiveelements: 1. SelectTools>Options>VectorworksPreferences.OntheInteractivetaboftheVectorworksPreferencesdialog box,clickInteractiveAppearanceSettings. Alternatively,selectTools>SmartCursorSettings.OntheGeneraltaboftheSmartCursorSettingsdialogbox, clickInteractiveAppearanceSettings. TheInteractiveAppearanceSettingsdialogboxopens,showingalistofallelementsthatcanbecustomized. Clickthecolumnheadingtosortbyinterfaceelement,ifdesired.

Selecting Objects |

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Element
General ActiveLayerPlane

Description
Setsthecolorandopacityoftheactivelayerplane grid

Example

EditingModesBorder

Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthecolored borderwheninaneditingmode

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Description
Setsthecolorandopacityofthereferencegrid

Element
Grid

Example

PageBoundary

Setsthecolorandopacityofthepageboundary border

ReshapeHandlesActive Layer ReshapeHandlesInactive Layer WorkingPlane

Setsthecolorofthesquarehandlesthatcanbe draggedtoreshapeaselectedobjectontheactive layer Setsthecolorofthesquarehandlesthatcanbe draggedtoreshapeaselectedobjectonaninactive layer Setsthecoloroftheworkingplaneandopacityof itsfillandframe,aswellastheopacityand thicknessoftheworkingplaneaxes

ObjectHighlighting Action Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthe highlightingforobjectsbeingmodified

ActiveLayer

Setsthepattern,forecolor,backcolor,opacity,and thicknessofthehighlightingforanobjectthatis selectedontheactivelayer Setsthepattern,forecolor,backcolor,opacity,and thicknessofthehighlightingforanobjectthatis selectedonaninactivelayer Setsthepattern,forecolor,backcolor,opacity,and thicknessofthehighlightingforanobjectthatis locked Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthe highlightingforanobjectthatispreselectedonthe activelayer;anobjectcanbepreselectedbybeing eitherunderthecursorsselectionbox,orinsidea selectionmarquee

InactiveLayer

Locked

PreSelectionActiveLayer

Selecting Objects | Element


PreSelectionInactive Layer PreSelectionLocked

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Description
Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthe highlightingforanobjectthatispreselectedonthe inactivelayer Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthe highlightingforanobjectthatislocked Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthe highlightingforanobjectthatisbeingsnappedto; thehighlightingisalwaysadashedline Setstheopacityfortherepetitionsoftheselected tileobjectthataredisplayedwhenatileresourceis beingedited

Example

SnapObject

TileHighlighting

Selected tile object

Repeated object

ToolHighlighting

Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthe highlightingforanobjectthatcanbeeditedbythe activetool

SmartCursor AcquisitionHints Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthe graphicalhintswhichdisplaynearthecursorto showwhenasmartpoint,smartedge,orvector lockcanbeacquiredorreleased

CueBackground

Specifiesthebackgroundcolorandopacityof SmartCursorcues SetsthecolorandsizeofSmartCursortext

CueText

DatumIndicator

Setsthecolor,opacityandthicknessofthedatum indicator

ExtensionLinesAngle

Setsthecolor,opacityandthicknessofangle extensionlines

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Description
Setsthecolor,opacityandthicknessofsmartpoint alignmentlines(theselectedcolormaybe overriddenbythedefaultX,Y,andZaxiscolors) Setsthecolorandopacityofangleandalignment planes(theselectedcolormaybeoverriddenbythe defaultX,Y,andZaxiscolors)

Element
ExtensionLinesSmart Point

Example

Planes

SelectionBox

Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessoftheselection boxaroundtheSmartCursor

SmartEdges

Setsthecolor,opacityandthicknessofsmartedge lines

SmartPoints

Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofsmartpoints

SnapBox

Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthesnapbox aroundtheSmartCursor

VectorLocks

Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofvectorlocks

SnapPoints Available Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofsnappoints availablenearthecursorandwithinthesnapbox

Setting Up the Drawing | Element


CongestionIndicator

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Description
Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthesnapbox whentherearetoomanyavailablesnappoints aroundtheSmartCursor(usingthesnaploupeis recommendedinthissituation;seeUsingtheSnap Loupeonpage 148) Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofthecurrent snapindicator Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessoftheacquired snappoint

Example

Current

Obtained

Special

Setsthecolor,opacity,andthicknessofsnappoint hintssuchasmidpoint,center,alongline,and tangentsnaps Restoresthedefaultsettingsforallinterface elements

Reset

2. Selecttheelementtochange,andthensettheparametersthatdisplaytotherightoftheelementlistasneeded. Differentparametersdisplay,dependingontheelementselected.

Parameter
Pattern/ForeColor/BackColor

Description
Touseasolidcolor,selectthecolorfromtheForeColormenu;thenfromthe Patternmenu,selectthesolidpatternforthatcolor Touseapattern,selecttheForeColorandBackColorcolorsfromthemenus (seeSelectingaColorfromaColorPaletteonpage 553);thenselectaPattern

Color Opacity Size

Selectthecolorfromthemenu(seeSelectingaColorfromaColorPaletteon page 553) Dragthesliderrighttoincreaseorlefttodecreasetheopacityoftheinteractive element Dragthesliderrighttoincreaseorlefttodecreasethewidthoftheinteractive element

3. ClickOKtosavethesettings,whichapplytoallVectorworksdrawings. 4. FromtheVectorworksPreferencesdialogbox,clickOKagaintosavethepreferences.

Setting Up the Drawing


Beforebeginninganewdrawing,determinedrawingpropertieslikescale,units,interactivedisplays,colorpalettes, linethickness,anddimensionstandards.SeePaletteLayoutOptionsonpage 10tosetthepreferredwindowoptions priortosettingupthedrawing. Thecombinationoflayers,classes,andviewscanproduceavarietyofdrawingsgeneratedfromasinglefile(see DrawingStructureonpage 85).Properfilesetupensuresmaximumusabilityformultipleoutput.

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Thethreerequireddrawingsettingsarelayerscale,units,anddrawingsize.Oncetheseareestablished,optional drawingsettingscanbefoundindocumentpreferences,scripts,snapandreferencegrids,layersandclasses,andother defaults;althoughmakingthesesettingsisnotrequired,itisrecommended. Settingupthelayersandclasseswhilesettingupthedrawingisrecommended.SeeManagingLayersonpage 88 andManagingClassesonpage 100formoredetailedinformationaboutcreatinglayersandclasses. Whenusingtemplates,manyofthesesettingswillhavealreadybeenspecified.

Design Layer Scale


Layerscaleistheratiooftheactualsizeofanobjecttoitssizeinadrawing.Forexample,forthedefaultlayerscaleof 1:1,everyinchinthedrawingrepresentsaninchintherealworld.Thelayerscaleallowsthegraphicpropertiesof thedrawingormodeltoberepresentedproperly,asthoughyouweredrawingataparticularscaleonapieceofpaper. Thelayerscalevalueallowsproperrepresentationoftheseattributes: Lineweight Linestyle(lengthofdashes) Marker(arrowhead)size Textsize Hatchscaling

Setthelayerscaletobethesameasthepredominantoutputscaleoftheproject,sothattheseattributesdisplayasthe drawingwilllookattheintendedformat.Whenyouuseviewports,theseattributesoftenwillnotrequireanyscaling. Vectorworkscansetonescaleforalldesignlayersinadrawing,orsetadifferentscaleforindividualdesignlayers.

Changing the Scale of the Drawing or the Active Design Layer


Tochangethescaleoftheactivedesignlayeroroftheentiredrawing: 1. Rightclick(Windows)orCtrlclick(Macintosh)inthedrawingareatoaccessthedocumentcontextmenu,and thenselectActiveLayerScale.Alternatively,ifthelayerscaleisdisplayedontheViewbar,clicktheLayerScale button. TheLayerScaledialogboxopens.

Setting Up the Drawing |


2. Eitherselectascale,orenteracustomvalueinPaperScale. 3. Tosimultaneouslychangethescaleofallexistingdesignlayersintheentiredrawing,selectAllLayers.

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4. Toscaletextproportionallytotherestofthedesignlayer,selectScaleText.DeselectScaleTexttokeepthetextat itscurrentsizeevenifthescalechanges. 5. ClickOKtoreturntothedrawing.

Changing the Scale of Selected Design Layers


Tochangethescaleofoneormoreselecteddesignlayers: 1. SelectTools>Organization. TheOrganizationdialogboxopens.ClickontheDesignLayerstab. 2. Selectthelayer(s)tochangefromtheDesignLayerlistandclickEdit(ordoubleclickasinglelayername). TheEditDesignLayersdialogboxopens(seeSettingDesignLayerPropertiesonpage 91). 3. ClickScale. TheLayerScaledialogboxopens. 4. Eitherselectoneofthescales,orenteracustomvalueinPaperScale. 5. Toscaletextproportionallytotherestofthedesignlayer,selectScaleText.DeselectScaleTexttokeepthetextat itscurrentsizeevenifthescalechanges. 6. MakesurethatAllLayersisnotselected. 7. ClickOK.

Units
TheVectorworksprogramprovidesawiderangeofmeasurementsystemstoselectfromandalsoprovidesthe flexibilitytocreateacustomizedmeasurementsystem.Theselectedmeasurementsystemisappliedglobally throughoutthedrawing,fromthemeasurementsthatdisplayontherulerstothoseusedindimensionsand worksheets. TheUnitscommandopenstheUnitsdialogbox,whichorganizesunitssettingsontwotabbedpanes: TheGeneralDisplayandDimensionstabsettingsaffecttheunitsthroughoutthedrawingandtherounding settingsforprimarydimensions. TheDualDimensionstabcontainsmanyofthesameparametersfoundontheGeneralDisplayandDimensions tab,butitssettingsapplyonlytosecondarydimensions.Ifdualdimensionsarenotbeingused,thesesettings havenoeffect.Formoreinformationondualdimensioning,seeDualDimensioningonpage 697.

Selecting a Unit System


Toselectorchangethecurrentmeasurementsystem: 1. SelectFile>DocumentSettings>Units. TheUnitsdialogboxopens. 2. Specifytheunitsdisplayparameters,andthenclickOK.