GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE

HISTORY
I. Primary Sources Livy Bks. 31-33 (commentary by Briscoe) Polybius Bk. 6 (commentary by Walbank) Cassius Dio, Roman History Bks. 53-55 (commentary by Rich) Augustus, Res Gestae (commentary by Volkmann, Brunt & Moore, and/or Scheid) Velleius Paterculus (commentary by Woodman) Pliny, Epistulae Bk. 10 (commentary by Sherwin-White, but cf. also W. Williams) Tacitus, Histories Bk. 1 (commentary by Chilver and/or Heubner) or Germania (commentary by Anderson, or Lund, or Rives) Suetonius, Claudius (commentary by Hurley) Historia Augusta, Hadrian (commentary by Benario) II. Secondary Readings A. This first group of readings is designed to provide a basic understanding of some of the more important issues in the

history of Rome, again, through the early imperial period.

T.J. Cornell, The Beginnings of Rome. Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (c. 1000-264 BC). London: Routledge 1995. pp. 1 118 [The early history of Rome, what can be known, and what not.] H.I. Flower (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2004. Esp. parts 1, 2, and 3. [Some of the main issues in the history of the Republic.] William V. Harris, War and Imperialism in Republican Rome 327-70 BC. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1979. esp. pp. 1-175. [The classic, and still best, account of how Rome‘s empire was created.] Andrew Lintott, The Constitution of the Roman Republic. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1999. pp. 1- 146 & 163-232. [An overview of the essential governmental structures of the Republic.] Robert Morestein-Marx, Mass Oratory and Political Power in the Late Roman Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2004. [Was the Republic most essentially a democracy, or some form of aristocracy?] Ronald Syme, The Roman Revolution. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1939. [The classic account of Augustus.] Werner Eck, The Age of Augustus. 2nd ed. Malden: Blackwell 2007. [The best, brief, up-to-date account of Augustus.] F.G.B. Millar, The Emperor in the Roman World. Ithaca: Cornell University Press 1977. pp. 1-549 [The most essential account of the imperial system of government.] Andrew Wallace-Hadrill, ―Civilis princeps: Between Citizen and King‖ JRS 72 (1982) 32-48. [An absolutely crucial portrayal of what it took to be a ‗good‘ emperor.] J.E. Lendon, Empire of Honour. The Art of Government in the Roman World. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1997. pp. 1-175. [Probably the most important element in what made the imperial system of government/society work.] Matthew Roller, Constructing Authority. Aristocrats and Emperors in Julio-Claudian Rome. Princeton: Princeton University Press 2001. pp. 127287. [An account of how people shaped for themselves an understanding of their new system of government.] Clifford Ando, Imperial Ideology and Provincial Loyalty in the Roman Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press 2000. pp. 206-412 [An attempt to see why the Roman Empire was stable, and did not collapse much sooner than it might have.] Greg Woolf, Becoming Roman. The Origins of Provincial Civilization in Gaul. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1998. [What did it mean to be ‗Roman‘? Who were the ‗Romans‘?] W. Scheidel, I. Morris, and R. Saller (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of the Greco-Roman World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2007. Introduction. [A basic understanding of the workings of the Roman economy.] M. Peachin (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World. New York: Oxford University Press 2011. Introduction. [A general grasp of the chief issues in social history, as well as the development of this field.] B. This next group of readings contains valuable research tools that you should familiarize yourself with. Any exam questions

on these things would attempt to ascertain that you could employ these works in your research. Sources: Papyri and Inscriptions:

Roger S. Bagnall (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology. New York: Oxford University Press 2009. H.-A. Ruprecht, Kleine Einführung in die Papyruskunde. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft 1994. L. Keppie, Understanding Roman Inscriptions. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press 1991. J. Bodel (ed.), Epigraphic Evidence. Ancient History from Inscriptions. London: Routledge 2001.

Some Basic Reference Tools:
T.R.S. Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic. 3 vols. Cleveland: Case Western 1951-86. Dietmar Kienast, Römische Kaisertabelle. Grundzüge einer römischen Kaiserchronologie . 2nd ed. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft 1996.

Darmstadt:

J. and Tacitus as historical sources and literary artists. c. This book. especially in the late republic. Millar‘s latest book has stirred up a huge debate about the degree to which the Republican system. society. H. Brunt. The Roman Empire : economy. A series of essays offering overviews of particular problems in (as the title suggests) the economy. economic.). S. especially at the beginning of the book. and the kinds of questions social historians ask. a groundbreaking and extremely influential application of statistical and demographic methods to certain historical problems. Peter. and Richard Saller. Especially in the more specialized studies of particular periods or topics. The beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the bronze age to the Punic Wars. (This account. Read at least a few chapters. Lexicon Topographicum Urbis Romae 6 vols. A fundamental (and blessedly brief) analysis of the end of the classical world and its metamorphosis into something else. and highly readable. Cambridge: Cambridge University S. Specific periods: Brown. Ancestor Masks and Aristocratic Power in Roman Culture. 1978. 1975). 1971. T. the long chapter in Brunt‘s The fall of the Roman Republic and related essays. Specific topics or approaches: Bradley. read the later remake of this project. II. Millar. or. and ideological institution in the Roman world.‖ In so doing. this movement has broadened and moved on to investigate larger issues of gender and sexuality in the ancient world (see on Williams below).B. Rome: Edizioni Quasar 1993-. I expect you to get an overview of these debates and approaches.C. besides being interesting and useful. Women in Roman Law and Society. 1995. R. 140 and A. Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. M.). A. to get a sense of the problems historians face. Modern Scholarship It is not essential to read every word of each of the following books. slaveholding. 1997. there is the first edition. 1988) A groundbreaking analysis of the interrelation of the following aspects of Roman society: agrarian economics. exemplifies the products of the ―women‘s history‖ movement of the 1970s and 1980s. read the original German: Römische Sozialgeschichte. widely accepted for a generation. Brunt. A brief overview of recent approaches to Sallust.D. and the nature of the evidence they have. Ashby. 1970. Livy. Death and Renewal. Press 2000.) Garnsey. Harriet. or reprinted 1988). H. Fergus. Well worth looking at.A. C. In recent years. The title is perfectly descriptive: this is an overview of the actualities of women‘s existence in Rome.. this book exemplifies the emerging ―cultural‖ approach to Roman history: the investigation of cultural systems. Hopkins. and to what end? Overviews: Alföldi. Kraus. That is. and why? What kinds of evidence do they have at hand? What kinds of intellectual or theoretical frameworks do they apply to the problems they investigate. Peter. look at EITHER Slaves and Masters in the Roman Empire: a study in Social Control (1987) OR Slavery and society at Rome (1994). or if you prefer. he has . The Social History of Rome (1985. was ―democratic. Otherwise.e. and culture. Scullard. Princeton: Princeton University gentilicia beginning with the letter T. This book provides a good overview of What Happened between about B. and Scullard if you‘ve never had a proper survey of the history of the central period of Roman history. Fundamental surveys of slavery as a social. and one should read Brunt and Alföldi for more modern framings and analyses of key questions. elite values. Look especially at the middle two chapters. 3 vols. Already something of a classic. The second edition of this work has now gone as far as Press 1971-92 1929. though I recommend all of Alföldi. Flower. The Making of Late Antiquity. completely obsolete in many respects). 1998. and the rise of dominant warlords in the late republic. what is/are the issue/issues that these scholars are debating about. not to know everything about them in great detail. Social Conflicts in the Roman Republic. Woodman. P. From the Gracchi to Nero. Gardner. is now being challenged: see Rosenstein and Scheidel below. 1987. with a few other prose historians also getting brief mention. 3rd edn. Keith. 1000-263 B.J. warfare. in dealing with early Rome. social practices and beliefs/values/ideologies as they are interlinked and as they mutually affect one another.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE Prosopographia Imperii Romani. Cornell.C. The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire [AD 260-641]. 1986. But beware: Scullard‘s historical interpretations are extremely oldfashioned (in fact. Platner & T. 70. Geza. A good overview of the shape of Roman social history as a discipline. A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. i. and the notes in the 3rd edition do an excellent job of indicating the sources for each period and question. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter 1933-. 1996. The Crowd in Rome in the Late Republic. Talbert (ed. 1983. J. and also of the corpus of law expressly dealing with women. and A. Latin Historians. society. Keith R. the demographics of the army. which in turn emerged from the feminist movement of the 1960s and 1970s. Both are short books. Steinby (ed. especially if you are interested in one of the particular topics on which they write. and culture of the early empire. F. Oxford: Oxford University Press E.

Roman homosexuality: ideologies of masculinity in classical antiquity.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE revivified the whole field of Roman ―constitutional history. Harris. A cogent critique of the consensus represented by Brunt‘s work. Wallace-Hadrill. Rome at War: Farms. Woolf. Harvard. Nathan. Gill. eds.‖ which had almost completely withered away for lack of new ideas. and a corrective. and a thorough rethinking of the interrelationships among small freeholding. A thorough survey and discussion of Roman practices and ideologies of sex. 1939. A different approach from Rosenstein‘s but with conclusions tending in the same general direction. 2001.‖ which turn out to be historically and culturally determined.‖ Rosenstein. Scheidel. The Roman Revolution. Becoming Roman: the origins of provincial civilization in Gaul. 1997. Since the mid-1990s the Roman ―man‖—the vir and his virtus—has been completely rediscovered and reinvented in light of the (re)discovery of the Roman woman over the past 20 years (see on Gardner above). Plebs and politics in the late Roman republic. look at any one of the following three volumes: (1) S. A. and Death in the Middle Republic. Yes. A. sexuality. 1999. military service. Ronald. this book with its prosopographical approach to Roman elite politics shaped scholarship in Roman history for two generations.. and the decline of the republic.historical approaches (see on Flower above). to Millar‘s work on Roman ―democracy. Emotion. Walter. is a hot topic in Roman history just now. (You might also read the editors‘ ―Introduction‖ to the whole collection. 11. 1998. 1997. Restraint.‖ In T. The passions in Roman Thought and literature. Mouritsen. Kaster. Syme. and especially of manhood. 25-33. To get a sense of how one might do the history of a (Roman) emotion. 2005. This book exemplifies a slew of recent studies in ancient ideologies of gender. Restraining rage: the ideology of anger control in classical antiquity. (3) R. and Community in Ancient Rome. ―Mutatio morum: the idea of a cultural revolution. and gender. Henrik. Braund and D. See also Mouritsen below. ―Human Mobility in Roman Italy II: The Slave Population.‖ JRS 95 (2005) 64-79. it is still important to sample Syme‘s work. and indeed what ―Romanization‖ itself means. Craig A. 2001. A response. and seeks to rethink and reassess some of Syme‘s central concerns by way of methods and approaches to Roman history that have emerged since 1939. Habinek and A. See also Wallace-Hadrill below. 2005. Greg.. While the field has assimilated the fruits of this approach and largely moved on to other questions and methods. (2) W. The Roman Cultural Revolution. A great classic. Look at Chs. ALSO: An emerging subfield of ancient history of the past decade is the ―history of emotions. Families. villa agriculture. See also Scheidel. How and why ―Romanization‖ occurred in areas of the Roman world outside of Latium proper. This book is just one recent intervention in the debate. Schiesaro. V. Wallace-Hadrill‘s piece is a stimulating part of this effort. 1-3. Oxford. 2004. eds.) Williams. Cambridge. and especially in light of recent cultural. . for their discussion of Syme and his reception over the years. this collection is explicitly in response to Syme‘s book.

The Romans (University of California. A History of the Roman People (Prentice-Hall. The Beginnings of Rome (Routledge. A Critical History of Early Rome (University of California Press. 1991) Karl Christ. Oxford 1985 OR . Heichelheim and Yeo. 1994) 5) Gary Forsythe. 1969) 2) E. Culture and National Identity in Republican Rome (Cambridge. Gjerstad. Badian. The Republic 1. A History of Rome Down to the Reign of Constantine 3rd ed. The Immense Majesty (Harlan-Davidson. Gruen. (4 books): 1) M.J. Gelzer. The Roman Nobility (Blackwell. Cary & H. 1999) Thomas Africa. 1968) OR *E. 1984) The area of Roman History is too vast for the student to prepare equally in all fields. The Early Republic-70 B. From the Lex Hortensia to 70 B. General (choose one): M. Selection should be made in consultation with the candidate's advisor. (5 books): a. therefore those students taking one examination in all of ancient hsitory should select either two areas from the Republic (B) and one from the Empire (C). 1972) 3) *William Harris.C. New York 1975 Ward. 2005) b. Roman Conquest of Italy (Blackwell. The Period before the Lex Hortensia (choose one): 1) E. Badian. or one area from the Republic (B) and two from the Empire (C). Students taking Rome as a distinct field must chose two from the Republic and two from the Empire. Scullard.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE CHRONOLOGICAL A. Foreign Clientele (Oxford.C. B. Cornell. 1961) 2) *Livy.C. War & Imperialism in Republican Rome: 327-70 B. Publicans and Sinners (Cornell. 1995) 4) Jean-Michel David. Legends and Facts of Early Roman History (Lund: Gleerup. Books I-V (Penguin) 3) T. 1958) OR E.

Sherwin-White. Michigan 1998 e. *Petronius. Caesar (Harvard. 70 B. Biography of C. 1979) Philip Spann. Marius (Proc. 1998) *Peter Garnsey. Arkansas. 1982) Robin Seager.1996 OR Alan Astin. eds. Cicero's Social and Political Thought (California. 1987) Colin Wells. The Roman Empire: Economy. 2004) Michael Grant. 1996) Caligula (Yale. The Julio-Claudian Age (4 books): Zanker. 2007 OR Rome & the Unification of Italy Croom Helm.The Crowd in Rome in the Late Republic. Nero (Dorsett. 2006) a. Cato the Censor (Oxford. Badian. Augustus (Sutton. Millar & E. The Army in the Roman Revolution Routledge. 1960) OR *F. H. 1986) *John Leach.J. of California 1987 John Wacher. 2006) a.L. 1987 OR Fergus Millar. The Roman Revolution (Oxford. Caesar's Legacy (Cambridge. Cicero the Politician (Johns Hopkins. 4th ed. Marcus Crassus and the Late Roman Republic (Missouri. of California.D. Caligula (Thames & Hudson. Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects (Oxford. 1990) Richard Holland. of N. Trans. A Noise of War (Simon and Schuster. 1999) Allen Ward. Pompey the Great (Croom Helm. Studies in Greek Culture and Roman Policy. Selected Works (Penguin) d. Univ. and Culture. 1985) OR *Robert Gurval. 1985) . Nerva (Routledge. Hadrian and the Triumph of Rome (Random House. Sulla (Croom Helm. Carolina. P. Syme. 1970) Miriam Griffin. Ann Arbor Ramsay MacMullan. Clarke. Caesar (Basic Books. Nero (Yale. The Noblest Roman–Marcus Brutus (Thames & Hudson. The Roman Revolution (Oxford. Roman Imperialism in the Late Republic (Cornell Univ. *Tacitus. *L. to A. Annals (Penguin) c. Langguth. Rome in the Late Republic (Cornell University Press. General (1 book)--all candidates must choose this section: *Richard Alston. The Satyricon (Mentor) d.R. 1984 4) *Erich Gruen.H. N. 1981) *Manfred Fuhrman. Roman Foreign Policy in the East University of Oklahoma. The Roman Empire (Stanford University Press. 1964) c. 1981) M. 1991) John Grainger. Aspects of Roman History (Routledge.C. 1990) Matthias Gelzer. Syme. The Roman Empire (Barnes and Noble. Imperial Biography (choose one): Anthony Barrett. Party Politics in the Age of Caesar (Berkeley. London Josiah Osgood. Pompey (California. 2009) Arthur Ferrill. *Sallust. Press. 1978) 2. 1977) *Neal Wood. 14 (5 books): Scullard. Quintus Sertorius (U. Agrippina (Yale University Press. 1989) Anthony Everitt. 1986) Christian Meier. Univ. 1968) OR Mary Beard. Caesar's Legacy: Civil War and the Emergence of the Roman Empire (Cambridge. Taylor. *R.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE A. . Catilinarian Conspiracy (Penguin) OR *Cicero. The Empire 1. Society. From the Gracchi to Nero: A History of Rome from 133 B. Segal. *E.D. 1960) b. Clodius Pulcher (Univ. The Patrician Tribune P. 1985) OR A. Biography (choose one): Thomas Carney. 1987) Jeffrey Tatum. African Classical Association. 1998) b. 2000) OR *Josiah Osgood. 1994) OR Arthur Keaveney. 1988) C. 2004) *Arthur Keaveney.C. A. Richard Saller. Cicero and the Roman Republic (Blackwell. 1968) Christian Habicht. 68. 1984) 2. Power of Images in the Age of Augustus. Shapiro..A. Actium and Augustus (University of Michigan Press. Romanization in the Time of Augustus (Yale University Press. *R.

2003) *Stephen Drummond & Lynn Nelson. 1998) Elizabeth Speller. *Juvenal. Martin's. Letters of the Younger Pliny (Penguin) c. 1994) Derek Williams. 1984) 2. 1996) . 2003) 3. 1999) Fergus Millar. 1976) Pat Southern.C. 1988) Susan Raven. Rome in Africa (Routledge. 1972) Michael Grant. Claudius (Yale. 1999) Pat Southern. Roman Spain (Barnes and Noble. 1996) *Benjamin Isaac. 1985) Hugh Elton. The Antonines (Routledge. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (Viking Portable) b. 1987) Septimius Severus (Doubleday. Rome and the Enemy (University of California Press. Augustus (Routledge.D. 1997) Anthony Birley. Domitian (Routledge. Roman Empire and its Neighbors (Holmes and Meier. Gibbon. Western Frontiers of Imperial Rome (Sharpe. Whittaker. *E. Roman Spain (University of California. The Satires of Juvenal (Mentor) d. Vespasian (Routledge. Rome and the Barbarians. Trajan Indiana University Press. 1997) D. Creation of the Roman Frontier (Princeton. Following Hadrian (Oxford. Keay. The Limits of Empire (Oxford. Provinces (1 book): Leonard Curchin. 100 B. 1981) C. 1997) Marcus Aurelius (Yale. Biography (choose one): Julian Bennett.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE Barbara Levick. 1990) *Tiberius the Politician (Croom Helm. 1990) Susan Mattern. 1996) Barbara Levick. Frontiers of the Roman Empire (Johns Hopkins. 1991) S. 1994) *Stephen Dyson.-A. Frontiers of the Roman Empire (Indiana University. Roman Provinces and Frontiers (2 books): 1. The Later Empire (4 books): a. R. 400 (Johns Hopkins University Press. The Reach of Rome (St. 1994) The Severans (Routledge. *Pliny. Frontiers and Barbarians (1 book): Thomas Burns. Hadrian (Routledge.

1987) R. Christianizing the Roman Empire (Yale. 1995) *Pierre Chuvin. 1988) J. Roman Social and Intellectual Life (3 books): The Rise of Christianity (choose one): Stephen Benko.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE E. 1984) The Family and Social Relations (choose two): Geza Alfoldi. MacMullen. 1990) R. Bowersock. The Christians as the Romans Saw Them (Yale. W. 1983) . Martyrdom and Rome (Cambridge University Press. A Chronicle of the Last Pagans (Harvard University Press. Social History of Rome (Johns Hopkins.D. Roman Women (Barnes and Noble. 1984) G. The Christians and the Roman Empire (Oklahoma. V.P. 1984) Marta Sordi. Pagan Rome and the Early Christians (Indiana. Wilken. Balsdon.

1994) Thomas Weideman. K. 2007) *D. Baltimore and London Nicolet. C. 1987) Slavery and Society at Rome (Cambridge University Press. Discovering the Roman Family (Oxford. Roman Honor (University of California Press. 1993) Michael Grant. 1977) *Keith Bradley.D. E. 1994) *Averil Cameron. Emperors and Gladiators (Routledge. H. Ancient Rome: City Planning & Administration (Routledge. Empire of Pleasures (Routledge.1999 Beryl Rawson. 1992) Florence DuPont. F. S. and Toher.N. F. The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire: From the First Century A. Daily Life in Ancient Rome (Blackwell. K. one from each category): The Late Empire (choose one) Peter Brown. Women and Politics in Ancient Rome (Routledge. The Family in Ancient Rome (Cornell. 1994) P. A. 1998) Paul Plass. 1986) O. Raaflaub. 1989) Alison Futrell. 1971) Andrew Dalby. Death and Entertainment in the Roman Empire. Cambridge Luttwak. University of Michigan. Women in the Classical World. 1991) Slavery and Rebellion in the Roman World (Indiana Univ.. I. 1995) Sarah Pomeroy. Berkeley.Press. of Wisconsin Press.. E. The Roman Family (Johns Hopkins. 1997) Donald Kyle. M. Potter. 1968) Carlin Barton. Mediterranean World in Late Antiquity (Routledge. Property and death in the Roman Family (Cambridge. 2000) Suzanne Dixon. et al. Blood in the Arena (University of Texas Press.. M. 1993) The Later Roman Empire (Harvard University Press. 2001) Sorrows of the Ancient Romans (Princeton University Press. 1992) Fantham. Barbarians Within the Gates of Rome (Indiana University Press. Berkeley. From Rome to Byzantium (Routledge. Oxford 1994 Finley. 1992) Richard Beacham. 1999) Stanley Bonner. Late Antiquity (2 books.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE R. Education in Ancient Rome (California. eds. 1994) Richard Saller. 1993) Richard Bauman. 1998) . Robinson. World of the Citizen in Republican Rome. The Making of Late Antiquity. Harvard 1978 Thomas Burns. Social Conflicts in the Roman Republic (Norton. Conquerors and Slaves. Slavery in the Roman Empire (Methuen. Life. Spectacles of Death in Ancient Rome (Routledge. The Ancient Economy. Berkeley 1973 Hopkins. Brunt. Patriarchy. The Murder of Regilla: A Case of Domestic Violence in Antiquity (Harvard University Press.. to the Third. Spectacle Entertainments of Early Imperial Rome (Yale University Press. The Game of Death in Ancient Rome (Univ. 1989) Slaves and Masters in the Roman Empire (Oxford. Barrow. Between Republic and Empire: Interpretations of Augustus and His Principate.

A. Constantine and Eusebius (Harvard. 1988) Aldo Schiavone. 2005) Stephen Williams. Constantine and the Bishops (Johns Hopkins University Press. 2001) *David Potter. The End of the Past (Harvard University Press. 1985) Theodosius (Yale University Press. 1978) H. Drake. 1999) I. 1986) Peter Heather. Constantine the Great (Scribner's Sons. The Rome the Did Not Fall (Routledge. 1995) Michael Grant. Corruption and the Decline of Rome (Yale. 1994) G. 1981) G. 2000) Maria Dzielska. 2006) Ramsay MacMullen. Diocletian (Methuen. W. 1993) Steven Williams.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE *John Moorhead. Roman Republic: Political and Military History . 2000) Bryan Ward-Perkins. Bowersock. The Roman Empire Divided (Longman. Romans and Barbarians (St. Hypatia of Alexandria (Harvard. Fall of the Roman Empire (Thames & Hudson. 1998) Late Imperial Biographies (choose one): Timothy Barnes. Julian the Apostate (Harvard. The Fall of Rome and the End of Civilization (Oxford University Press. The Fall of the Roman Empire (Choose one): Arthur Ferrill. 2004) Derek Williams. Martin's Press. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians (Oxford University Press. The Empire at Bay (Routledge.

D. R. Lives of Coriolanus. 2008). (Cambridge. R. Secondary: select two of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. 1998) T. Bowman et al. 2nd ed. Books 5. Tiberius Gracchus. Roman Imperial Themes (Oxford. 2004) C. Books 1-4 Suetonius. Boatwright. Verrine Orations Cicero. Primary: select two of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. 1958). 8. Tacitus. Dickson (Cambridge. The Cambridge Ancient History Vol. R. C. History of the Roman Empire B. (eds. AD 180-395 (New York. Imperial Ideology and Provincial Loyalty in the Roman Empire (Berkeley. Secondary: select two of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. 39 Polybius Histories. 2008). Annals.). 37. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire chapters 1-16. Brunt. Texbook: read chapters 1-8 from the following: M. Potter. Sertorius. E. W. Ando. Civil Wars Cicero. Brutus. (eds. . P. 1995). Roman Empire: Political and Military History A. trans. A. D. 2004) C. Mark Antony B.T.). Gargola. The Cambridge Ancient History Vol. 2nd ed. 1977). The Cambridge Ancient History Vol. 1990). Fabius Maximus. 1958). Mommsen. Flower The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Republic (Cambridge. The Roman Empire at Bay. The Cambridge Ancient History Vol.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE A. Foreign Clientelae (Oxford. J. Books 1-6 Caesar Civil Wars Appian. Talbert The Romans: From Village to Empire (Oxford. E. H. 2004) E. The History of Rome. Roman History. Catiline and Iugurtha Plutarch.E. P. 9. D. 1989). Lintott The Constitution of the Roman Republic (Oxford. Books 50-56 Herodian. Livy Histories. 20. eds. Astin et al. Vol. Marcellus. Syme. 12. 21. 1984). The Emperor in the Roman World (Ithaca. Tacitus (Oxford.K. The Cambridge Ancient History Vol. Boatwright. 1999) F. 2nd ed. Gargola. (Cambridge. Syme The Roman Revolution (Oxford. Brunt. 2nd ed. Crook et al. Primary: select two of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. Texbook: read chapters 9-13 from the following: M. 11. 6. Catilinarian Orations Sallust. Talbert The Romans: From Village to Empire (Oxford. 2010). Lives of the Caesars Historia Augusta Dio Cassius. 1. Badian. Gibbon. A. Gaius Gracchus. (Cambridge. Millar. Gruen The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome (Berkeley. (Cambridge. Cato the Elder.A.A. 2000) A. 10. II. The Fall of the Roman Republic (Oxford 1988). 2nd ed. F. Millar The Crowd in Rome in the Late Republic (Berkeley. A.T. 1994). 2004) R. (Cambridge. 1939).

K. Genres and Real Life (London. IV. Women in Greece and Rome 2nd ed. 1987). 200 B. Lewis and M. 1994). 1999). The Golden Ass A.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE III. Roman Law A. Riggsby Crime and Community in Ciceronian Rome (Austin. Orations Apuleius. eds. Provinces A. 4. R. Society and Culture (Berkeley. Reading Roman Women: Sources. Textbook: Read entire: P. Book 10 Aelius Aristides. K.R. J. 4th ed. 2008). Bradley Slavery and Society at Rome (Cambridge. Secondary (select three of the following in consultation with your professor) . 1998) A. Fant and M. 1990). Dixon. Letters.C. 1989). Garnsey and R. (New York. Crook Legal Advocacy in the Roman World (Ithaca. Women in Roman Law and Society (London. N. Oration to Rome Dio Chrysostom. Watson Roman Slave Law (Baltimore. Letters. J. A. International Law in Archaic Rome: War and Religion (Baltimore. II. Champlin Final Judgments: Duty and Emotion in Roman Wills. 1990) Vol.). Reinhold (eds.D. Josephus. K. 1977). 1986). (Oxford. Saller The Roman Empire. 2010).G. and Death in the Roman Family (Cambridge. A Study of Mediterranean History (Oxford. Law and Life in Republican Rome (Ithaca. Roman Civilization 3rd ed. 2008) S. Pliny the Younger. Treggiari Roman Marriage (Oxford. Thomas. English Selections (Oxford. Primary: select two of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. The Golden Ass Seneca. 1993). Tullius Cicero: Correspondence. 1995). Purcell The Corrupting Sea. 1974). On Agriculture and Varro. DuPlessi Borkowski‘s Textbook on Roman Law. Secondary: select three of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. J. P. P. Books 1-9 Cato. J. 1967). Bowman and J. P. 1991). ch. Saller Patriarchy. Jewish Wars Pliny the Younger. W. Primary: select two of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. M. E. 2001) J. Veyne Bread and Circuses (London. V. B. 2000) R.-A. Satyricon Apuleius. 1987). Gardner. 1989). Property. (London. Walsh.F. The Vindolanda Writing Tablets (Tabulae Vindolandenses II) (London 1994). 1982).A. Petronius. Hopkins Conquerors and Slaves (Cambridge. Gardner Family and Familia in Roman Law and Life (Oxford. Social and Economic History A. On Farming P. Lefkowitz. B. C. Reynolds Aphrodisias and Rome (London. 250 (Princeton. Scheidel et al. Duncan Jones The Economy of the Roman Empire: Quantitative Studies (Cambridge. Letters M. Secondary: select three of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. Horden and N. D. The Cambridge Economic History of the Greco Roman World (Cambridge. S. Primary Gaius Institutes or Justinian Institutes B. 1994). Economy.

Mitchell. De rebus bellicis Frontinus. M. Education in Ancient Rome (Berkeley. E. and the Allies (Berkeley. Emotion. Bonner. Declamations Eunapius. Secondary: select three of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. 1993). Gruen. M. 2005). VII. Luttwak. A. 1992). Birley. R. Joyal. McDougall. Johnson and H. and community in ancient Rome (Oxford. The Emperor and the Roman Army.B. The Roman Army at War.AD 337 (Cambridge. Lives of the Sophists Macrobius. H. 1985). 1990). 1976). The Oxford Illustrated History of Roman Britain (Oxford. I. Guardians of Language (Berkeley.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE S. E. C. K Bowman. Bowman. 1994). restraint. Whittaker. Pannonia and Upper Moesia (London. 2001). MA. The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire (Baltimore. Cicero. A. 1984). 1994). Goldsworthy. 100 BC-AD 200 (Oxford. A. 31 BC-AD 235 (Oxford. S. De re militari B. Late Roman Spain and its Cities (Baltimore. The Roman Army Papers. J. On the Orator Suetonius Lives of the Grammarians and Rhetors Quintilian. Culture and National Identity in Republican Rome (Ithaca. Becoming Roman. 1994). Keppie. A. Cribiore. Graecia Capta: The Landscapes of Roman Greece (Cambridge. Gymnastics of the Mind (Princeton. 1996). Ancient literacies : the culture of reading in Greece and Rome (Oxford 2009) H. Wallace-Haddrill. W. Rome‘s Cultural Revolution (Cambridge. Speidel. Warfare in Roman Europe. The Middle East Under Rome (Cambridge. E. eds. R. J. The Roman Army A. 1929-1986 (Amsterdam. 1956). 1991) Intellectual Life in the Late Roman Republic (Baltimore. 1986). 1976). Elton. Jones. Roman Culture and Society (Oxford. Gallic Wars Anonymous. Marrou. 1996). Egypt After the Pharaohs (Berkeley. 1998).I. P. G.A. 1984). 1986). Primary: select two of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. Roman Army Studies (Amsterdam. 2005) E. A. Mocsy. Primary: select two of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. Histories book 6 Caesar. Sartre.E. 2005) G. Cultural History and Education A. J. A. 1993). 1974). Millar. 2008). M. Yardley Greek and Roman Education: A sourcebook (New York. 1984).M.R. 1988). Saturnalia M. AD 350-425 (Oxford. 1971). Republican Rome. Frontiers of the Roman Empire (Baltimore. L. Alcock. Parker. Polybius.A. 2009) B. Kulikowski. Campbell. The Making of the Roman Army: From Republic to Empire (Totowa. Lendon. Salway. Soldiers and Ghosts: A History of Battle in Classical Antiquity (New Haven. Kaster.N. Anatolia (Oxford. . Gabba. A History of Education in Antiquity (Madison. The Cities of the Eastern Roman Provinces (Oxford. F. Secondary (select three of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee) A. The Orator‘s Education Seneca the Elder. Rawson. Bowersock. VI. 2004) F. S. The Origins of Provincial Civilization in Gaul (Cambridge. the Army. 1993). The Roman Near East 31 BC . 1977). Stratagemata Vegetius. Woolf. Hellenism in Late Antiquity (Ann Arbor. Life and Letters on the Roman Frontier (London.H.

W. Confessions Symmachus. Late Antiquity A. Roman Thought (Science. Life of Constantine Socrates Scholasticus. Roman Medicine (Cornell University Press.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE VIII. 1989). John North. G. Secondary: select three of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. Heather. Bury. 2: A Sourcebook (Cambridge University Press. History of the Later Roman Empire (New York. 2010). and Simon Price. A. Long. Primary: select two of the following in consultation with the Chair of the Examination Committee. (Cambridge. and Simon Price. Thomas Rosenmeyer. Relationes Eusebius. 2nd ed. Skeptics (2nd ed. The Cambridge Ancient History Vol. The Rise of Western Christendom: Triumph and Diversity. 1970) Mary Beard. 2003) J. . (eds. A. vol. Cameron et al. The Cambridge Ancient History Vol. 1998) Classic Modern Approaches Bruno Snell. Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics. 2000) A. Ward-Perkins. The Roman Empire of Ammianus (Baltimore. 2000) B. Goffart. Pagans and Christians in Late Antiquity: A Sourcebook (London. J. The Cambridge History of Political Thought (Cambridge University Press. (Malden. Matthews. Brown. Religions of Rome.B. 1981). 2005). IX. 1958). 1986) John Scarborough.). Barbarian Tides: The Migration Age and the Later Roman Empire (Philadelphia 2006) P. & Philosophy) Primary Sources Cicero: De natura deorum 1. Selected Philosophical Letters (Oxford University Press. Fowden. From Empire to Commonwealth (Princeton. 2nd ed. B. P. The World of Late Antiquity (London. 2008). History of the Church A. The Fall of Rome and the End of Civilization (Oxford. 14. Religion. 1: A History (Cambridge University Press. vol. 1998). Tusculan Disputations Lucretius: De rerum natura 1. Epicureans. Empires and Barbarians: The Fall of Rome and the Birth of Europe (Oxford. The Discovery of the Mind (trans. Ammianus Marcellinus. University of California Press. MA.. (Cambridge. Religions of Rome.D. 5 Seneca: Brad Inwood. Histories Procopius. 1994). Secret History Augustine. Harpers. John North. Lee. 2007) Mary Beard. 2nd ed. 1998) Secondary Sources Christopher Rowe and Malcolm Schofield. 13.

Powers of Expression. 1. G. Roman Literary Culture from Cicero to Apuleius (Baltimore.J. Bardon. ―Towards a poetics of culture. Aram Veeser (1989). Scribes and Scholars (1974) Rudolf Pfeiffer. Making Men (1995) Anthony Grafton. Habinek. ―A complex of times: no more sheep on Romulus' birthday.‖ in Commerce with the Classics (1987).V.‖ in Culture and National Identity in Republican Rome (1992). The Garden of Priapus (1992) Donald Russell. Dodds.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE 1953) E. 1989) LITERATURE H. Authority and Tradition in Ancient Historiography (1997) Charles Martindale (ed. Companion to Latin Literature (2005) History of scholarship L. La Litterature latine inconnue (Paris.). The politics of Latin Literature (Princeton.Fuhrmann. Literature and Religion at Rome (1998) Don Fowler. ch.―On the shoulders of giants.‖ in The New Historicism. and Authority in Augustan Rome (2009) John Marincola. 3 and 4 of Writing. D. Neues Handbuch der Literaturwissenschaft: Romische Literatur (Frankfurt.‖ in Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) Denis Feeney. ―The appeal of Hellas.R.‖ in Roman Constructions: Readings in Postmodern Latin (2000) Maud Gleason.E.‖ PCPS 33 (1987) 1-15 Jas Elsner. ―Mutatio morum: the idea of a cultural revolution. Expressions of Power (2000) Michele Lowrie. 223-271 Thomas Habinek. Kenney and W. Johnson. ―The invention of Latin literature. 1 (Oxford University Press. ed. Darkness Visible (1976) Robert Kaster. 1974) E. 1. Blackwell Guide to Literary Theory (2007) Gian Biagio Conte. Reynolds and N. 1-14 Erich Gruen. ―How Guillaume Budé read his Homer.‖ in The Politics of Latin Literature (1998). Performance. 1982) R. Guardians of Language (1988) Andrew Laird. Introduction to Literary Theory Stephen Harrison. Unity in Greek Poetics (1989) Stephen Hinds. chs 1 and 4 of Latin Poetry and the Judgment of Taste(2005) Amy Richlin. History of Classical Scholarship vols. H. ―Ekphrasis and the gaze from Roman poetry to domestic wall painting. 1996) T. 1 and 2 (1968) Secondary Shadi Bartsch. ed. Habinek and Schiesaro (1997) . 1998) Gregory Castle. ch. The Cambridge History of Classical Literature II: Latin Literature (Cambridge. Criticism in Antiquity (1981) Andrew Wallace-Hadrill. 1952) M. Classical Thought: A History of Ancient Philosophy vol. Latin Literature (1994) Terry Eagleton. chs 1. 1951) Terence Irwin.‖ in The Roman Cultural Revolution. Actors in the Audience (1994) Mary Beard. ―Postmodernism and Romantic irony‖. Clausen (edd.R. Wilson. Allusion and Intertext (1998) W.). The Greeks and the Irrational (University of California Press. Fantham. 135-83 Stephen Greenblatt. 34-68 Malcolm Heath.

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (3rd edition. Sallust (Berkeley and Los Angeles. 1968) G.2: Latin Literature. E. 1964) T. The Nature of Roman Comedy. Ovid (Darmstadt. Theater G. if concise. Die Lyrik des Horaz (Darmstadt. Golden Latin Artistry (Cambridge. Gratwick. 1952) E. 1993) Didactic F. Hinds. Heinze. von Albrecht and E. Tibullus: A Hellenistic Poet at Rome (Cambridge. Woodman. 1961) A. Zinn (edd. The Arts of Love: Five Studies in the Discourse of Roman Love Elegy (Cambridge. 1967) M. Clausen (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1960) L. Fraenkel. Adcock.F. The former is the place to start (its interpretive essays are much better). and other collections produced in recent years by Oxford. Walsh. Leeman.S. 1963) D. Duckworth. 1991) Epic R. Stuysch.A. and the bibliographies following each entry give (now slightly dated) guidance toward studies of and commentaries on particular authors and works. Wilkinson. repr.).Boyle (ed. works. consult Gian Biagio Conte. Allusion and Intertext (Cambridge. Wimmel. J. Cosmos and Imperium (Oxford. Tradition and Originality in Roman Poetry (1968) John J. genres. Hardie. Commager. 1960) H. 1979) R. 1984-5) D.D. Gods in Epic (Oxford. Lyne. Solodow. Cambridge. Consult departmental faculty for advice. 1994) and/or Cambridge History of Classical Literature vol. Brill. Johnson. 1980) H.E. and Blackwell. Syme.C.D. Catull: Eine Interpretation (Darmstadt. 1998) Historiography F.P. Latin Literature: a History (Baltimore: JHU press. ed. Beacham. 1986) J. 1981) . Jocelyn. Orations Ratio (Amsterdam. chs 2 and 4 of Rhetoric in Classical Historiography (1987) Students are encouraged to supplement their knowledge and dig deeper into their areas of interest by consulting the many good Companions. Caesar as Man of Letters (Cambridge. Livy: The Composition of his History (Princeton. 1966) T. 1915. Darmstadt. A Study in Popular Entertainment (Princeton. Fraenkel. 1993) S. 1983) R.E. 1974) F.C. Freeney. The Latin Love Poets (Oxford. Kallimachos in Rom (Wiesbaden. Tradition and Originality in Roman Poetry (Oxford. V.J. Darkness Visible (Berkeley. Klinger. Handbooks. Williams.A. The World of Ovid's Metamorphoses (Chapel Hill. Seneca Tragicus: RAMUS Essays on Senecan Drama (Berwick.S. Syndikus. Kenney and W. ed. 1963) S. Virgils Georgica (Zurich. Syndikus. 1977) R. Martin. Victoria. etc. 1963) R. Gratwick. Elementi plautini in Plauto (Florence. 1985) P.R. West.P. 1957) W. Wilkinson. CHCL 77-137 A. 1968) H.R.M. Boyle. 1996—avoid earlier editions) is also a good. Kennedy. source for factual information about authors and works.J. Virgils epische Technik (Leipzig and Berlin. For quick. Actor and Auctor (1985) A. Hubbard. brief discussions of individual authors.G.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE Gordon Williams.P.).Cairns. Livy: His Historical Aims and Methods (Cambridge.J. Horace (Oxford. Winkler. The Imagery and Poetry of Lucretius (Edinburgh. The Odes of Horace (Bloomington.P. Propertius (London. 1991) A.B. The Roman Theatre and its Audience (London. 1969) Lyric and Elegy L. Luce. 1967) A.O. The Annals of Quintus Ennius (Oxford. Roman Epic (London. 1988) D. 1972-3) M. Ovid Recalled (Cambridge. 1976) A. 1956) P. Latin Historians (London. 1982). Dorey (ed. especially about less prominent figures.E. The Tragedies of Ennius (Cambridge.. 1955) E. J. CHCL 60-76 O. though the latter may have some information the former doesn‘t.). 1957) W. Tacitus (Berkeley.

Authority and Tradition in Ancient Historiography (Cambridge. Satire (London.-300A. The Satyricon of Petronius (Ann Arbor. Highet. Sullican. The Art of Rhetoric in the Roman World. Bartsch. 1971) G. Rhetoric in Classical Historiography: Four Studies (London and Sydney. Marincola.P. 300B. 1997) Rhetoric D. Auctor and Actor: A Narratological Reading of Apuleius' "Golden Ass" (Berkeley and Los Angeles.J.A. Actors in the Audience (Harvard.J. Cupid and Psyche (Cambridge. 1963) N. Shackleton Bailey.). 1954) J. The Satires of Horace (Cambridge. 1991) . Cicero (London.D. Roman Satire (London. Woodman.GENERAL ROMAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE A.C. 1968) J. Sullican (ed. Kenney (ed. 1976) The Novel J. Coffey.).R. 1988) J. 1985) E. Rudd. Winkler.P. Kennedy. 1972) S. 1966) M. (Princeton. 1994) Satire G. Juvenal the Satirist (Oxford.

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