Brain Entrainment Brain entrainment refers to the brainwave response to repetitive sensory stimulation, like pulses of sound or light

. When the brain is given a constant rhythmic stimulus, the brain will entrain by synchronizing brainwaves to that stimulus. This is called a Frequency-Following Response (FFR). Brainwaves and sound frequencies are measured in Hertz (Hz). If we stimulate the brain with precise frequency beating or pulses, we can produce a FFR in the brain. This can be used to exercise and train the brain according to the desired state of consciousness. This is a proven scientific process, reportedly measured with EEG machines. Binaural beats are one of the most common and powerful forms of brain entrainment, “bi” meaning two and “aural” meaning heard. Audio and Neurological Aspects of Binaural Beats Binaural beats are a scientifically proven brain entrainment process that slowly started to gain recognition after an article called, “Auditory Beats in the Brain”, by Dr Gerald Oster, was published in the October 1973 edition of Scientific America. However; binaural beats were initially discovered in 1839 by H. W. Dove, a German experimenter. Binaural beats work by sending two different Hz frequencies, to each ear via stereo headphones. With headphones the brain instantly calculates the difference, causing the left and right brain hemispheres to work in unison to hear a phantom frequency or “third tone”, the centred Hz difference between the two tones. The Hz separation of the 2 frequencies produces a constant gentle beat and its pulse match the Hz separation per second. For example, if a sine-wave tone is tuned to 438.5Hz and panned left, then another tone is tuned to 441.5 Hz and panned right. When the two constant tones are heard in the headphone environment, a binaural beat pulsating at 3Hz per second is perceived at the phantom tone of 440Hz.

Outside of headphones, this audio is heard as a phase separation, as the frequencies are combined in the air. A phase separation has a limited entrainment potential compared to a binaural beat, as there are no neurological calculations that lead to whole brain synchronisation. Binaural beats in the Alpha, Theta and Delta range could be described as a form of meditation and mind aerobics combined. The binaural beat process can be used to stimulate altered states of consciousness by selecting binaural beat patterns to match a desired brainwave. After a few minutes of listening and calculating, the brain starts to match this binaural beat because of a process called frequency follow response (FFR). In reality, a binaural beat is not heard as true sound in the headphone

The phantom tone range with binaural beats is from 0. By providing a new set of frequencies approximately every 2 to 3 months. People who meditate on a regular basis naturally produce more Gamma brainwaves and this has been linked to higher consciousness and increased flashes of insight. and it is the fittest connections in our brains that survive. binaural Gamma entrainment is best done over Alpha or Theta binaural beats. . Binaural beats in the Alpha. Gamma brainwaves are not produced when the brain is in a Delta state. Furthermore. After regular listening the entrainment process happens sooner. These nuclei are the first centres to receive signals from both ears. After several weeks of repeated listening the brain becomes more synchronised and starts to form permanent relaxed memories in both hemispheres. The binaural beat process is faster. Also. The information is calculated and then sent to the reticular formation.environment. With repetition. which is the part of the brain that governs consciousness and awareness. The neural synchronicity stimulated by binaural beats is a major aspect that assists the brain to function at a higher level. The relaxing effects of binaural beats are usually felt within the first seven minutes. It is more like a neurological signal perceived within the brain by both left and right hemispheres working together in unison to produce the phantom tone. this is not a limitation as that is the same range as all the primary brainwaves. which are two centres located symmetrically on either side of the brain. so that the brain is already activated in regards to the constant binaural calculation. it is worth mentioning that binaural beat entrainment above 26Hz should only be done in short bursts between 8 to 16 seconds as this is entering the Gamma range and that is the nature of Gamma brainwaves. Theta and Delta range provide a continuous relaxed input and promote healthy rewiring through its audio neurological signal calculation. easier and more than just meditation. these new neural pathways become fit. Above 40Hz the two tones are no longer combined and are heard as two separate tones. With regular use the brain becomes frequently more synchronised and this is an optimum state of mind. thus enhancing our state of consciousness. The FFR is processed in the superior olivary nuclei. The brain continually forms new connections following new experiences. the brain is provided with the optimum ratio between a new experience to trigger new connections and enough repetition for neuronal strength. The reticular formation then initiates changes in the thalamus and the cortex. The quality and strength of neuronal connections can vary according to the input received by the brain. However. just like going to a gym. These new audio experiences in the brain trigger a burst of new connections between neurons.5Hz to just over 40Hz.

This also means if one ear has a slightly lower hearing threshold. Binaural beats provide the brain with energy. the brain will hear a binaural beat. more traditional forms of meditation become easier to learn and implement without the many years of required practise as done by Buddhist Monks. Epilepsy has problems with the discharge of energy within the brain. . These binaural frequencies have been used to assist lucid dreaming. it does not matter if one of the two separate signals is lower in volume in the left or right ear. Binaural beats can also provide immense support and neural regeneration for most neurological disorders. The greater stress resilience makes binaural beat therapy a valuable tool in relation to personal development. Binaural beats are a powerful tool for resolving depression and other emotional problems. in the vast majority of mainstream medical setting. However. Unfortunately. Binaural beats should not be used by people with epilepsy unless they first consult a physician or neurologist. these frequencies should not take the place of professional medical treatment for any serious medical issue. binaural beats are not recommended for epilepsy. more binaural stimuli are received by the brain. greater personal awareness and insight follows. With binaural entrainment. counselling and other therapeutic settings. Binaural beat frequencies are a valuable tool for personal development and the management of physical and emotional health. the binaural entrainment processing will still be effective. As long as the two differently tuned frequencies are panned completely separate left and right in the headphone environment. With extended use the pineal gland is activated and positive energy directed to the pre-frontal cortex. As this process continues to develop further. because of a dominant pharmacology model to mental health.In relation to audio levels. Over time. altered states and out of body experiences. However. The Therapeutic applications are more than just relaxation. it actually becomes more resilient to stress. As the synchronised hemispheres and neurons develop. making binaural beats a truly powerful tool for developing higher consciousness. binaural beats are still a criminally overlooked tool. The brain doesn’t become dependent on binaural beats for relaxation.

16Hz Low Beta (SMR) Beta 16 .Furthermore. reading and study Calming of the emotional and physical system such as heart rates Improved creativity and meditation skills Actual 1 second sample. from the Unisonic studio.40Hz Gamma (total) 25 .12Hz High Alpha (SMR) 12 .8Hz During REM sleep Awake & relaxed. do not listen to binaural beats whilst driving or operating heavy machinery. multi-tasking Flashes of insight & higher processing Gamma (primary) 30 . 8Hz Alpha binaural beat display.25Hz Awake & alert. Brainwaves Brainwave Delta Frequency rate 0.80Hz Benefits of Binaural Beat Entrainment Alpha frequencies (Meditate with eyes open or closed) Develop greater stress resilience and lower anxiety levels Better focus. .5 – 4Hz Occurrence Deep Sleep One second EEG sample Theta 4 . pre-sleep & pre-waking Focused & alert Alpha 8 .

also linked with reward and pleasurable feelings The body’s natural pain killers Induces relaxation & sleep Regulates sleep patterns Function Produced by the adrenal glands. sleep & appetite Assists memory. Enhances the immune system and neural connections Produced by the pituitary gland. maturation and function . such as cortisol. assists cognition. Research shows that meditative states release and balance levels of many beneficial neurotransmitters. perception. Neurotransmitter 5-HT (serotonin) Acetylcholine Dopamine Endogenous Morphine (endorphins) Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) Melatonin Hormone DHEA Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Function Regulates mood & behaviour. linked to anti-aging. reduces the effects of stress related hormones. the chemical messengers between neurons. cognition and motivation Regulates muscle control and balance. has an important role in brain development.Theta frequencies (Meditate with eyes closed) Support to the immune system and healing process Deeper meditation and enhanced problem solving Greater insight and creative flow Consolidation of information from short to long term memory Delta frequencies (Meditate with eyes closed) Enhanced meditation and expanded awareness Physical and emotional healing and regeneration Increased feelings of connection and reduced opposition Cleansing of sub-conscious blockage Neurotransmitters. Linked to anti-aging.

People who meditate regularly have DHEA levels comparable to those 5 to 10 years younger. Binaural beats make it easy to gain these benefits and take you “Beyond Meditation .

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