You are on page 1of 65

n cung cp in

L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

THIT K CUNG IN CHO TRNG I HC


CHNG I: GII THIU S B V A IM THIT K
1. S mt bng

Nh B1, 5 tng
200m2/tng

Nh A1, 4
tng,
200m2/tn
g

Khu hnh chnh,


nh B2,3
tng,300m2/tng

Nh A2, 4
tng,
200m2/tn
g

Nh B3, 5 tng,
300m2/ tng

Nh A3,
4 tng,
200m2/t
ng

Nh A4, 4
tng,
200m2/tn
g
Nh n-cn tin,
300m2

Nh xe GV,
200m2

Nh xe, 300m2

2. Danh mc ph ti
-

Nh A1: 4 tng, tng di l 8 vn phng, 3 tng trn l lp hc, mi tng


b tr 6 lp hc vi din tch t phn chia.

Nh A2: 4 tng di l 4 xng thc tp c kh c P = 100kW, tng 2 l 8


phng th nghim vi P = 20kW/phng; 2 tng trn l lp hc, mi tng
b tr 6 lp hc vi din tch t phn chia.

Nhm 22

Page 1

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph
-

GVHD: Ths.

Nh A3,A4: 4 tng, cc tng u l lp hc, mi tng b tr 6 lp hc vi


din tch t phn chia.

Nh B1: 5 tng, tng di l vn phng , 4 tng trn l lp hc, mi tng


b tr 6 lp hc vi din tch t phn chia.

Nh B2: 3 tng , cc tng trn l vn phng vi din tch t phn chia.

Nh B3: 5 tng, tng di l vn phng 4 tng trn l lp hc , mi tng b


tr 6 lp hc vi din tch t phn chia.

Nhm 22

Page 2

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

CHNG II: XC NH TNH TON PH TI

1. Nh A1:
Din tch 10 x 20m - vi 4 tng.
Tng 1: 8 vn phng, mi vn phng gm din tch 25m2.
Chiu sng: ly p0= 20W/m2, cos = 0,8.
Pcs = P0 x S = 20 x 25 = 500 W.
Lm mt: lp 1 my lnh 1 HP c cng sut Plm= 736 W.
cm d phng: Pdp =1000 W
Tng cng sut cho mt vn phng.
PVP = Pcs + Plm+ Pdp = 500 + 736 + 1000 = 2236 W.
Tng cng sut tng 1.
Ptng1 = PVP x 8 = 2236 x 8 = 17,88 kW.
3 tng trn: mi tng c 6 lp hc ( 6 x 3 = 18 phng ) vi din tch 30m2/phng,
gm c:
Chiu sng: ly p0 = 15W/m2.
Pcs = P0 x S = 15 x 30 = 450 W.
Lm mt: 5m2/qut, loi 75W

Nhm 22

Page 3

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Plm = 6 x 75 = 450 W.
cm d phng: Pdp = 500 W
Ptt 1 phng= Pcs + Plm+ Pdp = 450 + 450 + 500 = 1,4 kW.
Cng sut 3 tng.
Ptt 3 tng = 1,4 x 18 = 25,2 kW.
Cng sut ca nh A1
PttA1 = 25,2 + 17,88 = 43,08 kW.
2. Nh A2
Din tch 10 x 20m = 200m2 - vi 4 tng.
Tng 1: c 4 phn xng c kh vi din tch 50m2/xng
Khu vc xng thc tp c kh c P = 100kW, tra bng ta c knc = 0,4.
PCK = knc x P = 0,4 x 100 = 40kW.
Chiu sng: ly p0 = 12W/m2.
Pcs = P0 x S = 12 x 50 = 1000 W.
Lm mt: 5m2/qut, loi 75W
Plm = 10 x 75 = 750 W.
cm d phng: Pdp = 2000 W.
Cng sut ca mt phn xng c kh.
Pck = Pck + Pcs + Plm+ Pdp = 40 + 1 + 0,75 + 2 = 43,75kW.
Cng sut tng 1
Nhm 22

Page 4

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Ptng 1= 43,75 x 4 =175kW


Tng 2: gm 8 phng th nghim din tch 25m2/phng.
Khu vc phng th nghim c P = 20kW/ phng, c 8 phng th nghim, tra bng
ta c knc = 0,8
PTN = knc x P = 0,8 x 20 = 16 kW.
Chiu sng: ly p0 = 20W/m2.
Pcs = P0 x S = 20 x 25 = 500 W.
Lm mt: 5m2/qut, loi 75W
Plm = 4 x 75 = 300 W.
cm d phng: Pdp = 1000 W.
P1phng= 16 + 0,5 + 0,3 + 1 = 17,8 kW.
Cng sut tng 2.
Ptng2= 17,8 x 8 = 142,4kW.
2 tng trn: gm c 6 phng hc (6 x 2 = 12 phng) vi din tch 30m2/phng.
Chiu sng: ly p0 = 15W/m2.
Pcs = P0 x S = 15 x 30 = 450 W.
Lm mt: 5m2/qut, loi 75W
Plm = 6 x 75 = 450 W.
cm d phng: Pdp = 500 W.
P1phng= 450 + 450 + 500 = 1,4 kW.

Nhm 22

Page 5

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Cng sut 2 tng.


Ptt 2tng = 1,4 x 12 = 16,8 kW.
Cng sut ca nh A2
PttA2 = 175 + 142,4 + 16,8 = 334,2 kW.
3. Nh A3, A4
C din tch s phng ging nhau v i tng phc v ging nhau (10 x 20)
PttA3= PttA4.
Khu A3 c 4 tng, mi tng 6 phng, tng ng l 24 phng vi din tch l
30m2,mi tng gm c:
Chiu sng: ly p0 = 15W/m2.
Pcs = P0 x S = 15 x 30 = 450 W.
Lm mt: 5m2/qut, loi 75W
Plm = 6 x 75 = 450 W.
cm d phng: Pdp = 500 W
Ptt 1 phng= Pcs + Plm+ Pdp = 450 + 450 + 500 = 1,4 kW.
Cng sut ca A3 v A4.
PttA3= PttA4.= 1,4 x 24 = 33,6 kW.
Cng sut ca ton khu nh A3 v A4.
P = 33,6 x 2 = 67,2 kW.
4. Nh B1:

Nhm 22

Page 6

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Din tch 10 x 20m vi 5 tng.


Tng 1:l khu vc vn phng gm c 6 phng S= 30m2/phng.
Chiu sng: ly p0= 20W/m2.
Pcs = P0 x S = 20 x 30 = 600 W.
Lm mt: lp 1 my lnh 1 HP c cng sut Plm= 736 W.
cm d phng: Pdp =1000 W
Tng cng sut cho mt vn phng.
PVP = Pcs + Plm+ Pdp = 600 + 736 + 1000 = 2336 W.
Tng cng sut tng 1.
Ptng1 = PVP x 6 = 2336 x 6 = 14.1 kW.
4 tng trn l lp hc vi 6 lp/tng (6 x 4 = 24 phng). Cho 4 tng vi

S=

30m2/phng gm c:
Chiu sng: ly p0 = 15W/m2.
Pcs = P0 x S = 15 x 30 = 450 W.
Lm mt: 5m2/qut, loi 75W
Plm = 6 x 75 = 450 W.
cm d phng: Pdp = 500 W
Ptt 1 phng= Pcs + Plm+ Pdp = 450 + 450 + 500 = 1,4 kW.
P4 tng= 1,4 x 24 = 33,6 kW
Cng sut ca khu B1

Nhm 22

Page 7

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

PB1= 14,1 +33,6 = 47,7 kW.


5. Nh B2:
Gm 3 tng c din tch 10 x 30m/ tng u l vn phng gm c 6
phng /tng vi din tch 50m2/tng gm c:
Chiu sng: ly p0= 20W/m2.
Pcs = P0 x S = 20 x 50 = 1000 W.
Lm mt: lp 1 my lnh 1,5 HP c cng sut Plm=1104 W.
cm d phng: Pdp =1000 W
Tng cng sut cho mt vn phng.
PVP = Pcs + Plm+ Pdp = 1000 +1104 + 1000 = 3,1 kW.
Tng cng sut tng B2
PB2 = 3,1 x 6 x 3 = 55,8 kW.

6. Nh B3
Din tch 10 x 30m/tng, gm 5 tng
Tng di l 6 vn phng c din tch 50m2/ phng gm c:
Chiu sng: ly p0= 20W/m2.
Pcs = P0 x S = 20 x 50 = 1000 W.
Lm mt: lp 1 my lnh 1,5 HP c cng sut Plm=1104 W.
cm d phng: Pdp =1000 W
Nhm 22

Page 8

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Tng cng sut cho mt vn phng.


PVP = Pcs + Plm+ Pdp = 1000 +1104 + 1000 = 3,1 kW.
Tng cng sut tng 1
Ptng 1 = 3,1 x 6 = 18,6 kW.
4 tng trn l lp hc mi tng 6 phng ( 4 x 6 = 24 phng) vi din tch
50m2/phng gm c:
Chiu sng: ly p0 = 15W/m2.
Pcs = P0 x S = 15 x 50 = 750 W.
Lm mt: 5m2/qut, loi 75W
Plm = 10 x 75 = 750 W.
cm d phng: Pdp = 500 W
Ptt 1 phng= Pcs + Plm+ Pdp = 750 + 750 + 500 = 2 kW.
P4 tng= 2 x 24 = 48 kW
Cng sut ca khu B3
PB3= 48 +18,6= 66,6 kW.
7. Nh n
Din tch 10 x 30m, ly sut chiu sng P0= 12W/m2, qut ly 10m2/qut (loi
75W/qut).
Pcs = P0 x S = 12 x 300 = 3,6kW.
Lm mt: 10m2/qut, loi 75W

Nhm 22

Page 9

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Plm = 30 x 75 = 2,25 kW.


cm d phng: Pdp = 500 W
Cng sut ca khu nh n
Pnh n = 3.6 + 2,25 + 0,5 = 6,35 kW.
8. Nh gi xe
Ly cng sut ph ti P0 = 10W/m2.
Khu gi xe gio vin c din tch 10 x 20m.
Chiu sng
PGV = P0 x S = 10 x 200 = 2 kW.
cm d phng: Pdp = 500 W
Ptt= 2+ 0,5= 2,5kW.
Khu gi xe hc sinh c din tch 10 x 30m.
Chiu sng
PHS = P0 x S = 10 x 300 = 3 kW.
cm d phng: Pdp = 500 W
Ptt= 3+ 0,5= 3,5kW.
Tng cng sut ph ti tnh ton ca khu nh gi xe l
PGX = PGV + PHS = 2,5 + 3,5 = 6 kW.
9. Chiu sng cng cng

Nhm 22

Page 10

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Gm chiu sng cho sn trng , khun vin trng hc lp t 20 n vi


cng sut P = 100W/n (n si t).
PCS = 100 x 20 = 2 kW.
Tng cng sut ph ti tnh ton ca ton trng l
PTT = PA1 + PA2 + PA3 + PA4 + PB1 + PB2 + PB3 + PNA + PGX + PCS = 43,08 + 334,2 +
33,6 + 33,6+ 47,7 + 55,8 + 66,6 + 6,35 + 6 + 2 =628,9 kW.
cos

tb

ca trng:

Da vo bng tra cu ta c cos ca xng c kh l 0,65, phng th nghim


l 0,75, chiu sng l 0,85.
cos tb =

160 0,65 +128 0,75 + 340 ,9 0,85


628 ,9

Ta c cos

tb

= 0,79 = tg

tb

= 0,79

= 0,78

Ph ti ton phn ca trng i hc l


stt =

Ptt
628 ,9
=
= 796 kVA.
cos tb
0,79

Cng sut phn khng tnh ton


Qtt = Ptt x tg = 628,9 x 0,78 = 490,54 kVar

Nhm 22

Page 11

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

CHNG III: CHN PHNG N CUNG CP IN CHO


TRNG
1. Chn my bin p:
C 2 phng n cp in cho trng .

Nhm 22

Page 12

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph
-

GVHD: Ths.

Phng n 1: t 2 trm bin p, 1 trm c cng sut 600KVA, v1 trm c


cng sut 400KV

Phng n 2: t 1 trm bin p c cng sut 800kVA.

Ta quyt nh chn phng n 1 v :


i.

D ph ti cung cp cho trng i hc thuc h tiu th loi 2,


nhng trong h thng ph ti ca trng c mt s thit b cn
c cp ngun lin tc (mng my tnh,th vin in t,xng thc
tp.)

ii.

V ph ti ca trng c Kdt<1 nn ta chn my 600KVA


(Stt=800KVA) lm my cp ngun ch yu. gim tn hao non ti cho
MBA

iii.

i vi ph ti c nhu cu cp in lin tc ta i dy l kp (t my
400KVA v 600KVA) :
Tch khi my 600KVA khi ph ti nh mc(thng qua my
ct)
m bo vic cp in lin tc cho cc thit b c nhu cu cao
trong trng

Phng n cp in c th
Chn v tr lp t 2 trm bin p cnh nh xe cho sinh vin, pha trong hng ro
trng hc.
t trn 2 trm bin p 1 t in phn phi vi 1 MCCB tng, 1my ct chuyn
mch v 8 CB nhnh n cc khu vc ph ti ca trng.
t 8 tuyn cp ngm n 8 t phn phi ca 10 khu vc trong trng ( 10 khu
vc nh, ring i vi khu vc vn phng v xng thc tp i dy l kp).
Nhm 22

Page 13

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Ti mi khu vc phn phi( cc ta nh) t 1 t phn phi cc tng.


Hnh1: S mt bng phn b t trm bin p n ph ti

Nh B1, 5 tng
200m2/tng

Nh A1,
4 tng,
200m2/t
ng

Khu hnh chnh, nh B2,


3tng,300m2/tng

Nh A2,
4 tng,
200m2/t
ng

Nh A3,
4 tng,
200m2/t
ng

Nh B3, 5 tng,
300m2/ tng

Nh A4, 4
tng,
200m2/tn
g

Nh xe GV, 200m2

Nh n-cn
tin, 300m2

Nh xe, 300m2

2. Tm vng trn ph ti:


Khi la chn v tr t my bin p phn xng hoc trm bin p x nghip, ta
cn xc nh tm ph ti. Nu t ng tm ph ti s gim c tn tht cng
sut v in nng.
Vi mt bng ta c cc ta tm ph ti ca cc khu nh nh sau:
A1(3,12); A2(5,7); A3(9,7); A4(12,7)
B1(3,12); B2(8,12); B3(14,12); Nh xe GV(11,2).
Nhm 22

Page 14

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

V tr tm ph ti c xc nh:
n

X =

i =1

Pi

i =1

X =

2 43 ,08 + 5 334 ,2 + 9 * 33 ,6 +12 * 33 ,6 + 3 * 47 ,7 + 8 * 55 ,8 +14 * 66 ,6 +11 * 6,35


= 6,5m
620 ,9

Y=

i =1

P
i =1

Y =

Pi
i

7 43 ,08 + 7 334 ,2 + 7 * 33 ,6 + 7 * 33 ,6 +12 * 47 ,7 +12 * 55 ,8 +12 * 66 ,6 + 2 * 6,35


= 8,3m
620 ,9

Vy ta t TBA ti nh A2(6,5;8,3).
xc nh biu ph ti ta cn xc nh R v :
Trong :
R l bn knh ca vng trn ph ti (m)
l gc chiu sng
R v c xc nh nh sau:
R=

P (m=1Kva/m )
.m

=
P l cng sut tc dng ca phn xng
P l cng sut chiu sng ca phn xng

Nhm 22

Page 15

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph
R=

P
.m

628 ,9

GVHD: Ths.

= 14 ,14 m .

Hnh 2: tm vng trn ph ti

Nhm 22

Page 16

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

CHNG IV: LA CHN PHN T CUNG CP IN


1. Chn my bin p
Vi ST = 796kVA nn chn 2 my bin p c cng sut 600kVA v 400kVA do
cng ty ABB ch to c thng s k thut
Sm = 400kVA v Sm = 600kVA
Um = 10/0,4kV
P0 = 0,8kW
PN = 5,7kW
UN% = 4,5%
Kch thc: D x R x C = 1620 x 1055 1500 (mm)
2. Van chng st
Chn van chng st do hng Cooper (M) ch to loi AZLP501B10 c Um =
10kV
3. My ct
Dng cng bc qua my ct
Icb =

S tt
796
=
= 46 (A)
3 U m
3 10

T kt qu trn ta chn dng t my ct hp b 8DC11 cch in SF6 do


Siemens ch to c cc thng s k thut nh sau.

Nhm 22

Loi t my ctUm(kV) Im(A)

INmax(kA)

IN3s(kA)

8DC11

125

25

22

1250

Page 17

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

*Ngn mch trung p


Ta c cng thc
1,05U 2 tb
1,05 10 2
=
= 0,11()
XH =
S c
3 22 25

Tng tr 2 km ng dy AC- 50
ZD = RD +j XD = r0l +jx0l = 0,65 x 2 + 0,368 x 2 = 1,3 + j 0,736 ( ).
Dng ngn mch 3 pha pha trc my bin p
IN =

U tb
1,05 10
10,5
=
=
= 3,9(kA)
2
3 ZN
3 1.32 + ( 0.11 + 0,736) 2
3 RD + ( X H + X D ) 2

I C = 3.3,9.10 ,5 = 71 A .

Kt qu
Cc i lng chn v kim tra
in p nh mc (kA)

UmMC=24 > UmL= 10

Dng in nh mc (A)

ImMC=1250 > Icb= 46

Dng ct nh mc ( kA)

Icm= 25 > I = 3.9


Scm= 952 > S = 71

Cng sut ct nh mc (MVA)


Dng n nh ng (kA)

Nhm 22

I= 125 > ixk = 1,8

3,9 =9.9

Page 18

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Khng cn kim tra n nh nhit ca MC v c Im = 1250 (A) > 1000(A)

4. CB tng
Dng tnh ton
Itt =

S tt
796
=
= 1148 (A)
3 U m
3 0,4

Ta c Itt = 1148A nn chn CB do hng LS ch to c thng s


Loi

Um

Im (A)

ABS1203b

415

1200

Icu kA
65

5. Thanh ci
S tt
796
=
= 1148 A chn thanh ci c tit din
3 U m
3 0,4

Ta c Itt =

M(60 x8) mm2 , c Icp=1320A.


6. Chn CB cho cc t in trong khu nh.
Chn MCB t thanh ci n T in Khu nh A1:
Ton b ph ti phc v cho chiu sng vn phng v lp hc nn ly
cos tb=0,85.
Itt =

Ptt
3 U m cos

43,08
= 73,2 A
3 0,4 0,85

Chn CB loi 100AF do hng LG ch to c thng s


Loi

Um V

Im A

Icu kA

LS100AF

415

100

35

Chn MCB t thanh ci n T in Khu nh A2:

Nhm 22

Page 19

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph
Ta c cos tb=
Itt =

GVHD: Ths.

100 0,65 +160 0,8 + 74 ,2 0,85


= 0,77
334 ,2

Ptt
3 U m cos

334 ,2
= 626 ,5 A
3 0,4 0,77

Chn CB loi 800AF do hng LG ch to c thng s


Loi

Um V

Im A

Icu kA

LS800AF

415

800

42

Chn MCB t thanh ci n T in Khu nh A3:


Tt c ph ti u phc v cho phng hc ly cos
Itt =

Ptt
3 U m cos

tb

=0,85. Um = 380V

33,6
= 57 A
3 0,4 0,85

Chn CB loi 100AF do hng LG ch to c thng s

Loi

Um V

Im A

Icu kA

ABE102b

415

100

25

Chn MCB t thanh ci n T in Khu nh A4:


Tt c ph ti u phc v cho phng hc ly cos
Itt =

Ptt
3 U m cos

tb

=0,85. Um = 380V

33,6
= 57 A
3 0,4 0,85

Chn CB loi ABE102b do hng LG ch to c thng s

Nhm 22

Loi

Um V

Im A

Icu kA

ABE102b

415

100

25

Page 20

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Chn MCB t thanh ci n T in Khu B1:


Ton b ph ti phc v cho chiu sng vn phng v lp hc nn ly
cos tb=0,85.
Ptt

Itt =

3 U m cos

47,7
= 81 A
3 0,4 0,85

Chn CB loi 100AF do hng LG ch to c thng s


Loi

Um V

Im A

Icu kA

LS100AF

415

100

35

Chn MCB t thanh ci n T in Khu B2:


Tt c ph ti phc v cho vn phng.
Chn cos TB = 0.85
I TTB 2 =

PttB 2
55,8
=
= 94 ,7 A
3U m . cos
3.0,4.0,85

Chn MCB loi 100AF do LG sn xut: Im=100A ; Um= 415V


Chn MCB t thanh ci n T in Khu B3:
Tt c ph ti phc v cho vn phng lp hc
I TTB 3 =

PttB 3
66,6
=
= 113 A
3U m . cos
3.0,4.0,85

Chn MCB loi 250 AF do LG ch to: - Im=140A; Um=415 V


Chn MCB t thanh ci n T chiu sng C
Chn MCB tng cho t chiu sng; c :
cos TB = 0.8

I ttc =

Nhm 22

P ttC
6,35 + 6 + 2
=
= 26 A
3.U m . cos
3.0,4.0,8

Page 21

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Chn MCB loi 100AF do LG ch to: Im=50A; Um=415V


7. Dy dn trong h thng in
*Chn ng dy trn khng t ngun vo my bin p c: Um= 10kV, Sm=
800kVA, l=100m, cos =0,8. Thi gian ph ti s dng Tmax(3000-5000) h.
T cp in p trn ta chn dy dn AC l thch hp
Dng in ln nht chy trn on dy dn
Imax =

S m
800
=
= 46 (A)
3 U m
3 10

T Tmax(3000-5000) h v dy AC tra bng c Jkt=1,1(A/mm2).


Tit din kinh t
F=

I
46
=
= 42
J kt 1,1

Tra bng tit din tiu chun chn dy dn AC-50 c Z0= 0,65 + j 0,368( /km).
Kim tra cc tiu chun k thut.
Tn tht in p ln nht
Ta c:
P = S x cos = 800 x 0,8 = 640 kW.
Q = S x sin = 800 x 0,6 = 480 kVAr.
Umax =

P r0 l + Q x0 l 640 0,65 0,1 + 480 0,368 0,1


=
= 73,48(V )
U
10

Tn tht cho php: U= 5%Um= 500V


Vy tn tht trn l c Umax =73,48V<500V
dy c chon ng theo yu cu.
Chn dy t MCCB n cc t in:

Nhm 22

Page 22

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

* ng dy n t A1
Itt =

Ptt
3 U m cos

43,08
= 73,2 A
3 0,4 0,85

chn cp nhm cch in bng pvc do LENS ch to t trong nh 3 li:


Icp=160A; F = 50mm 2
*Kim tra tn hao in p:( tra bngPL.VII/300 GIO TRNH THIT K CP
IN) ro = 0,641 (/ km ); xo = 0,06 (/ km ) ; chn l=0,2km
Q = Ptt x tg = 43,08 x 0,62 = 26,7 kVar
u =

P.R + Q. X
43 ,08 .0,641 .0,2 + 26 ,7.0,06 .0,2
=
=14 ,6V
U M
0,4

u cp = 5%U m = 20 v ;

vy

u =14 ,6V < u cp = 20 V

tha iu kin tn hao cho php


*Kim tra vi cch kt hp kh c in bo v CB:
vi K1=0,95

1,25 .I m
1,5
121 ,6 A > 61 A
k1.k 2.I cp =

K2=0,8(bng 2-58/656)
(tha iu kin k thut)

*ng dy n t A2
Itt =

Ptt
3 U m cos

334 ,2
= 626 ,5 A
3 0,4 0,77

chn cp 3 li (k2=0,8;k1=0,95)
Icp=940A; F = 400 mm 2
*Kim tra tn hao in p:( tra bng:www.cadivi.vn.com)
ro = 0,047 (/ km ); xo = 0,024 (/ km ) ; chn l=0,2km
Q = Ptt x tg = 334,2 x 0,83 = 277,4 kVar
u =

Nhm 22

P.R +Q. X
334 ,2.0,047 .0,2 + 277 ,4.0,024 .0,2
=
=11,2V
U M
0,4

Page 23

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph
M

GVHD: Ths.

u cp = 5%U m = 20 v ;

vy

u =11,2V < u cp = 20 V

tha iu kin tn hao cho php


*Kim tra vi cch kt hp kh c in bo v CB:
vi K1=0,95

1,25 .I m
1,5
1109 ,6 A >522 A
k1.k 2.I cp =

K2=0,8(bng 2-58/656)
(tha iu kin k thut)

*ng dy n t A3
Itt =

Ptt
3 U m cos

33,6
= 57 A
3 0,4 0,85

chn cp nhm cch in bng pvc do LENS ch to t trong nh 3 li: 3 G


50
Icp=160A ; F = 50mm 2
*Kim tra tn hao in p:( tra bngPL.VII/300 GIO TRNH THIT K CP
IN) ro = 0,641 (/ km ); xo = 0,06 (/ km ) ; chn l=0,2km
Q = Ptt x tg = 33,6 x 0,62 = 20,8 kVar
u =

P.R +Q. X
33 ,6.0,641 .0,2 + 20 ,8.0,06 .0,2
=
=11,3V
U M
0,4

u cp = 5%U m = 20V

; vy 11,3v = u < ucp

= 20 v

tha iu kin tn hao cho php


*Kim tra vi cch kt hp kh c in bo v CB:
vi K1=0,95

1,25 .I m
1,5
121 ,6 A > 47 ,5 A
k1.k 2.I cp =

K2=0,8(bng 2-58/656)
(tha iu kin k thut)

*ng dy n t A4
Itt =

Nhm 22

Ptt
3 U m cos

33,6
= 57 A
3 0,4 0,85

Page 24

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

chn cp nhm cch in bng pvc do LENS ch to t trong nh 3


li : 3 G 50
Icp=160A ; F = 50mm 2
*Kim tra tn hao in p:( tra bngPL.VII/300 GIO TRNH THIT K CP
IN) ro = 0,641 (/ km ); xo = 0,06 (/ km ) ; chn l=0,15km
Q = Ptt x tg = 33,6 x 0,62 = 20,8 kVar
u =

P.R +Q. X
33 ,6.0,641 .0,15 + 20 ,8.0,06 .0,15
=
= 8,5V
U M
0,4

u cp = 5%U m = 20 v ;

vy

8,5 = u < u cp = 20 v

tha iu kin tn hao cho php


*Kim tra vi cch kt hp kh c in bo v CB:
vi K1=0,95

1,25 .I m
1,5
121 ,6 A > 47 ,5 A
k1.k 2.I cp =

K2=0,8(bng 2-58/656)
(tha iu kin k thut)

*ng dy n t B1
Itt =

Ptt
3 U m cos

47 ,7
= 81 A
3 0,4 0,85

chn cp nhm cch in bng pvc do LENS ch to t trong


nh 3 li 3 G 70
Icp=197A

; F = 70mm 2

*Kim tra hao in p:( tra bngPL.VII/300 GIO TRNH THIT K CP


IN) ro = 0,443 (/ km ); xo = 0,06 (/ km ) ; chn l=0,25km
Q = Ptt x tg = 47,7 x 0,62 = 29,6 kVar
u =

Nhm 22

P.R +Q. X
47 ,7.0,443 .0,25 + 29 ,6.0,06 .0,25
=
=14 ,3V
U M
0,4

u cp = 5%U m = 20 v ;

vy

u =14 ,3V < u cp = 20 V

Page 25

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

tha iu kin tn hao cho php


*Kim tra vi cch kt hp kh c in bo v CB:
1,25 .I m
1,5
149 ,7 A > 67 ,5 A
k1.k 2.I cp =

vi K1=0,95
K2=0,8(bng 2-58/656)
(tha iu kin k thut).

*ng dy n t B2
I TTB 2 =

PttB 2
55,8
=
= 94 ,7 A
3U m . cos
3.0,4.0,85

chn cp nhm cch in bng PVC do LENS ch to t trong


nh 3 li 3 G 70
Icp=197A ; F = 70mm 2
*Kim tra tn hao in p:( tra bngPL.VII/300 GIO TRNH THIT K CP
IN) ro = 0,443 (/ km ); xo = 0,06 (/ km ) ; chn l=0,2km
Q = Ptt x tg = 55,8 x 0,62 = 34,6 kVar
u =

P.R +Q. X
55 ,8.0,443 .0,2 +34 ,6.0,06 .0,2
=
=13 ,4V
U M
0,4

u cp = 5%U m = 20 v ;

vy

u =13 ,4V < u cp = 20 V

tha iu kin tn hao cho php


*Kim tra vi cch kt hp kh c in bo v CB:
1,25 .I m
1,5
149 ,7 A > 79 A
k1.k 2.I cp =

vi K1=0,95
K2=0,8(bng 2-58/656)
(tha iu kin k thut)

*ng dy n t B3
I TTB 3 =

PttB 3
66,6
=
= 113 A
3U m . cos
3.0,4.0,85

chn cp nhm cch in bng pvc do LENS ch to t trong


Nhm 22

Page 26

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

nh 3 li 3 G 95
Icp=234A

; F = 95mm 2

*Kim tra tn hao in p:( tra bngPL.VII/300 GIO TRNH THIT K CP


IN) ro = 0,320 (/ km ); xo = 0,06 (/ km ) ; chn l=0,25km
Q = Ptt x tg = 66,6 x 0,62 = 41,3kVar
u =

P.R +Q. X
66 ,6.0,320 .0,25 + 41,3.0,06 .0,25
=
=14 ,8V
U M
0,4

u cp = 5%U m = 20 v ;

vy

u =14 ,8V < u cp = 20 v

tha iu kin tn hao cho php


*Kim tra vi cch kt hp kh c in bo v CB:
vi K1=0,95

1,25 .I m
1,5
177 ,8 A >94 A
k1.k 2.I cp =

K2=0,8(bng 2-58/656)
(tha iu kin k thut)

*ng dy n t C
cos TB = 0.8

I ttc =

P ttC
6,35 + 6 + 2
=
= 26 A
3.U m . cos
3.0,4.0,8

chn cp nhm cch in bng pvc do LENS ch to t trong


nh 3 li 3 G 16
Icp=87A

; F =16 mm 2

*Kim tra tn hao in p:( tra bngPL.VII/300 GIO TRNH THIT K CP


IN) ro =1,91(/ km ); xo = 0,06 (/ km ) ; chn l=0,15km
Q = Ptt x tg = 14,35 x 0,75 = 10,76kVar
u =

M
Nhm 22

P.R +Q. X
14 ,35 .1,91 .0,15 +10 ,76 .0,06 .0,15
=
=10 ,5V
U M
0,4

u cp = 5%U m = 20 v ;

vy

u =10 .5V < u cp = 20V

Page 27

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

tha iu kin tn hao cho php


*Kim tra vi cch kt hp kh c in bo v CB:
1,25 .I m
1,5
66 A > 21 ,7 A
k1.k 2.I cp =

vi K1=0,95
K2=0,8(bng 2-58/656)
(tha iu kin k thut)

CHNG V: KIM TRA NGN MCH CHO H THNG

Nhm 22

Page 28

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Hnh 2. S ngn mch cc khu nh


Tra s tay vi 2 my bin p c cng sut 600kVA do cng ty ABB ch to c
thng s k thut.
Sm = 600kVA
Um = 10/0,4kV
P0 = 0,8kW
PN = 5,7kW
UN% = 4,5%

zB =

PN U m
n S 2 mB

U U m
10,5 0,4 2
5,5 0,4 2
6
10 + j N
104 =

10
+
j
104
2
n S mB
800
800
6

= 2,6 + j11 (m )
Tng tr ngn mch ti v tr N1
ZN1 = ZBA =

2,6 2 +11 2 =11 ,3 (m

Ngn mch tai v tr N1

Nhm 22

Page 29

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph
IN1=

U
=
3 Zn

GVHD: Ths.

400
3 11 ,3

= 20,4 kA

Tng tr ngn mch cc khu nh


Tng tr thanh ci M(60 x 8)
x0 = 0,12( m )
r0= 0,042(m )
ZTC = 0,042 +j 0,12 (m )

1/Khu nh A1
Tng tr CB nh A1 c 2MCB c I = 100 A
x = 0,86 ( m )
rtx= 0,75 (m )
r = 1,3(m )
Z A1MCB= (0,75+ 1,3) +j 0,86 = 2,05 + j 0,86 (m ).
Nh A1 c ng dy dn PVC (3 x 50 1x 35) , l = 200m
Tra bng ta c
x0 = 0,06( /km)
r0= 0,641( /km)
ZD = r0 x l + jx0 x l = 0,641 x 200 + j0,06 x200 = 128,2 + j12 (m )
Tng tr ngn mch nh A1
ZNA1 = ZN1 + ZTC + ZD + ZA1MCB = (2,6 + j11,3 ) + (0,042 +j 0,12) + (128,2 +
j12 ) + 2x(2,05 + j 0,86) = 135 + j24,84 (m )
ZNA1 =

135

+24 ,84

= 137 (m ).

Ngn mch ti v tr nh A1

Nhm 22

Page 30

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph
IN2=

U
=
3 Zn

GVHD: Ths.

400
3 137

= 1,6 (kA)

2/Khu nh A2
Nh A2 c ng dy dn PVC (3 x 400 1x 200) , l = 200m
Tra bng ta c
x0 = 0,047( /km)
r0= 0,024( /km)
ZD = r0 x l + jx0 x l = 0,024 x 200 + j0,047 x200 = 4,8 + j9,2 (m )
Tng tr ngn mch nh A2
ZNA2 = ZN1 + ZTC + ZD = (2,6 + j11,3 ) + (0,042 +j 0,12) + (4,8 + j9,2 )
= 7,4 + j20,3
ZNA2 =

7,4 2 +20 ,3 2

= 21,6(m )

Ngn mch ti v tr nh A2
IN3=

U
=
3 Zn

400
3 21 ,6

= 10,7 (kA).

3/Khu nh A3
Tng tr CB nh A3 c 2MCB c I = 100 A
x = 0,86 ( m )
rtx= 0,75 (m )
r = 1,3(m )
Z A3MCB= (0,75+ 1,3) +j 0,86 = 2,05 + j 0,86 (m ).
Nh A3 c ng dy dn PVC (3 x 50 1x 35) , l = 200m
Tra bng ta c
x0 = 0,06( /km)

Nhm 22

Page 31

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

r0= 0,641( /km)


ZD = r0 x l + jx0 x l = 0,641 x 200 + j0,06 x200 = 128,2 + j12 (m )
Tng tr ngn mch nh A3
ZNA3 = ZN1 + ZTC + ZD + ZA3MCB = (2,6 + j11,3 ) + (0,042 +j 0,12) + (128,2 +
j12 ) + 2x(2,05 + j 0,86) = 135 + j24,84 (m )
ZNA3 =

135

+24 ,84

= 137 (m ).

Ngn mch ti v tr nh A3
IN4=

400

=
= 1,6 (kA)
3 Zn
3 137

4/Khu nh A4
Tng tr CB nh A4 c 2MCB c I = 100 A
x = 0,86 ( m )
rtx= 0,75 (m )
r = 1,3(m )
Z A4MCB= (0,75+ 1,3) +j 0,86 = 2,05 + j 0,86 (m ).
Nh A4 c ng dy dn PVC (3 x 50 1x 35) , l = 150m
Tra bng ta c
x0 = 0,06( /km)
r0= 0,641( /km)
ZD = r0 x l + jx0 x l = 0,641 x 150 + j0,06 x150 = 96,2 + j9 (m )
Tng tr ngn mch nh A4
ZNA4 = ZN1 + ZTC + ZD + ZA4MCB = (2,6 + j11,3 ) + (0,042 +j 0,12) + (96,2 + j9 )
+ 2x(2,05 + j 0,86) = 103 + j21,8 (m )
ZNA4 =

Nhm 22

103

+21 ,8 2

= 105,2 (m ).

Page 32

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Ngn mch ti v tr nh A4
IN5=

=
3 Zn

400
3 105 ,2

= 2,2 (kA)

5/Khu nh B1
Tng tr CB nh B1 c 2MCB c I = 100 A
x = 0,86 ( m )
rtx= 0,75 (m )
r = 1,3(m )
Z B1MCB= (0,75+ 1,3) +j 0,86 = 2,05 + j 0,86 (m ).
Nh B1 c ng dy dn PVC (3 x 70 1x 35) , l = 250m
Tra bng ta c
x0 = 0,06( /km)
r0= 0,443( /km)
ZD = r0 x l + jx0 x l = 0,443 x 250 + j0,06 x250 = 110,7 + j15(m )
Tng tr ngn mch nh B1
ZNB1 = ZN1 + ZTC + ZD + ZB1MCB = (2,6 + j11,3 ) + (0,042 +j 0,12) + (110,7 +
j15 ) + 2x(2,05 + j 0,86) = 117,4 + j27,8 (m )
ZNB2 =

117 ,4 2 +27 ,8 2

=120,6 (m ).

Ngn mch ti v tr nh B1
IN6=

U
=
3 Zn

400
3 120 ,6

= 1,9 (kA)

6/Khu nh B2
Tng tr MCB nh B2 c 2MCB c I = 100 A
x = 0,86 ( m )

Nhm 22

Page 33

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

rtx= 0,75 (m )
r = 1,3(m )
Z B2MCB= (0,75+ 1,3) +j 0,86 = 2,05 + j 0,86 (m ).
Nh B2 c ng dy dn PVC (3 x 70 1x 35) , l = 200m
Tra bng ta c
x0 = 0,06( /km)
r0= 0,443( /km)
ZD = r0 x l + jx0 x l = 0,443 x 200 + j0,06 x200 = 88,6 + j12(m )
Tng tr ngn mch nh B2
ZNB2 = ZN1 + ZTC + ZD + ZB2MCB = (2,6 + j11,3 ) + (0,042 +j 0,12) + (88,6 + j12 )
+ 2x(2,05 + j 0,86) = 95,3 + j24,8 (m )
ZNB2 =

95 ,3 2 +24 ,8 2

= 98,5 (m ).

Ngn mch ti v tr nh B2
IN7=

=
3 Zn

400
3 98 ,5

= 2,3 (kA)

7/Khu nh B3
Tng tr MCB nh B3 c 2MCB c I = 140 A
x = 0,55 ( m )
rtx= 0,65 (m )
r = 0,74(m )
Z B3MCB= (0,74+ 0,65) +j 0,55 = 1,39 + j 0,55 (m ).
Nh B3 c ng dy dn PVC (3 x 95 1x 50) , l = 250m
Tra bng ta c
x0 = 0,332 ( /km)
Nhm 22

Page 34

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

r0= 0,2 ( /km)


ZD = r0 x l + jx0 x l = 0,2 x 250 + j0,332 x250 = 50 + j83(m )
Tng tr ngn mch nh B3
ZNB3 = ZN1 + ZTC + ZD + ZB3MCB = (2,6 + j11.3 ) + (0,042 +j 0,12) +
(50 + j83 ) + 2x(1,39 + j 0,55) = 55,4 + j95,22 (m )
ZNB3 =

55 ,4 2 +95 ,22

= 110,1 (m ).

Ngn mch ti v tr nh B3
IN8=

=
3 Zn

400
3 110 ,1

= 2,1 (kA)

8/Khu nh C
Tng tr MCB nh C c 2MCB c I = 50 A
x = 2,7 ( m )
rtx= 1,3 (m )
r = 5,5(m )
Z CMCB= (1,3+ 5,5) +j 2,7= 6,8+ j 2,7 (m ).
Nh C c ng dy dn PVC (3 x 16 1x 10) , l = 150m
Tra bng ta c
x0 = 1,91 ( /km)
r0= 0,06 ( /km)
ZD = r0 x l + jx0 x l = 1,91 x 150 + j0,06 x150 = 286,5 + j9(m )
Tng tr ngn mch nh C
ZNC = ZN1 + ZTC + ZD + ZCMCB = (2,6 + j11,3 ) + (0,042 +j 0,12) +
(286,5 + j9 ) + 2x(6,8 + j 2,7) = 302,7 + j25,52 (m )

Nhm 22

Page 35

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph
ZNC =

302 ,7 2 +25 ,52

GVHD: Ths.
2

= 303,7 (m ).

Ngn mch ti v tr nh C
IN9=

U
=
3 Zn

400
3 303 ,7

= 0,8 (kA)

So snh cc kt qu tnh ton ngn mch vi phng php lu chn CB,kh c


in mc IV ta thy tt c kh c in u hp l.

CHNG VI: TN THT CNG SUT V IN NNG

1. Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy

Nhm 22

Page 36

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy A1


Ta c cc thng s sau do tnh t pha trc:
Qtt= 26,7 kVar.
Ptt = 43,08 kW.
Tra bng ta c l= 0,2km
r0 = 0,641( /km).
x0 = 0,06( /km).
ZA1= r0.l +jx0.l = 0,641.0,2+j0,06.0,2 = 0,128 +j0,012( ).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy A1 l mt i lng phc.
S = P + j Q
Tn tht c xc nh biu thc sau bi v ph ti tp trung cui ng dy.
S =

S2
P2 + Q2
43,08 2 + 26,7 2
(
)

Z
=

R
+
jX
=
( 0,128 + j 0,012 )
A1
2
2
U m
U m
0,4 2

= 2054+j192 (VA).
Tn tht in nng trn dy A1
Vi Tmax=5000(h).
R0= r0.l = 0,641.0,2 = 0,128( ).
T Tmax = 5000(h) tnh c tr s theo
= (0,124+10 -4.Tmax)2.8760 = (0,124+10 -4.5000)2.8760 =3411(h).
Tn tht in nng 1 nm trn ng dy.

Nhm 22

Page 37

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

AA1 = PA1. = 2054.3411 = 7006 (kWh).


Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy A2
Ta c cc thng s sau do tnh t pha trc.
Qtt= 277,4 kVar.
Ptt = 344,2 kW.
Tra bng ta c l= 0,2km
r0 = 0,047( /km).
x0 = 0,024( /km).
ZA2= r0.l +jx0.l = 0,047.0,2+j0,024.0,2 = 0,0094 +j0,0048( ).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy A2 l mt i lng phc.
S = P + j Q
Tn tht c xc nh biu thc sau bi v ph ti tp trung cui ng dy.
S =

S2
P2 +Q2
334 ,2 2 + 277 ,4 2
(
)

Z
=

R
+
jX
=
( 0,0094 + j 0,0048 )
A
2
2
2
U m
U m
0,4 2

= 11082+j5659 (VA).

Tn tht in nng trn dy A2


Vi Tmax=5000(h).
R0= r0.l = 0,047.0,2 = 0,0094 ( ).
T Tmax = 5000(h) tnh c tr s theo

Nhm 22

Page 38

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

= (0,124+10 -4.Tmax)2.8760 = (0,124+10 -4.5000)2.8760 =3411(h).


Tn tht in nng 1 nm trn ng dy.
AA2 = PA2. = 11082.3411 = 37800 (kWh).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy A3
Ta c cc thng s sau do tnh t pha trc.
Qtt= 20,8 kVar.
Ptt = 33,6 kW.
Tra bng ta c l= 0,2km
r0 = 0,641( /km).
x0 = 0,06( /km).
ZA3= r0.l +jx0.l = 0,641.0,2+j0,06.0,2 = 0,128 +j0,012( ).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy A3 l mt i lng phc.
S = P + j Q
Tn tht c xc nh biu thc sau bi v ph ti tp trung cui ng dy.
S =

S2
P2 + Q2
33,6 2 + 20,8 2
(
)

Z
=

R
+
jX
=
( 0,128 + j 0,012 )
A3
2
2
U m
U m
0,4 2

= 1249+j117,1(VA).
Tn tht in nng trn dy A3
Vi Tmax=5000(h).
R0= r0.l = 0,641.0,2 = 0,128 ( ).

Nhm 22

Page 39

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

T Tmax = 5000(h) tnh c tr s theo


= (0,124+10 -4.Tmax)2.8760 = (0,124+10 -4.5000)2.8760 =3411(h).
Tn tht in nng 1 nm trn ng dy.
AA3 = PA3. = 1249.3411 = 4260 (kWh).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy A4
Ta c cc thng s sau do tnh t pha trc.
Qtt= 20,8 kVar.
Ptt = 33,6 kW.
Tra bng ta c l= 0,15km
r0 = 0,641( /km).
x0 = 0,06( /km).
ZA4= r0.l +jx0.l = 0,641.0,15+j0,06.0,15 = 0,096 +j0,009( ).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy A4 l mt i lng phc.
S = P + j Q
Tn tht c xc nh biu thc sau bi v ph ti tp trung cui ng dy.
S =

S2
P2 + Q2
33,6 2 + 20,8 2
(
)

Z
=

R
+
jX
=
( 0,096 + j 0,009 )
A4
2
2
U m
U m
0,4 2

= 937+j87,8(VA).
Tn tht in nng trn dy A4
Vi Tmax=5000(h).

Nhm 22

Page 40

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

R0= r0.l = 0,641.0,15 = 0,096 ( ).


T Tmax = 5000(h) tnh c tr s theo
= (0,124+10 -4.Tmax)2.8760 = (0,124+10 -4.5000)2.8760 =3411(h).
Tn tht in nng 1 nm trn ng dy.
AA4 = PA4. = 937.3411 = 3196 (kWh).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy B1
Ta c cc thng s sau do tnh t pha trc.
Qtt= 29,6kVar.
Ptt = 47,7 kW.
Tra bng ta c l= 0,25km
r0 = 0,443( /km).
x0 = 0,06( /km).
ZB1= r0.l +jx0.l = 0,443.0,25+j0,06.0,25 = 0,11 +j0,015( ).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy B1 l mt i lng phc.
S = P + j Q
Tn tht c xc nh biu thc sau bi v ph ti tp trung cui ng dy.
S =

S2
P2 + Q2
47 ,7 2 + 29,6 2
(
)

Z
=

R
+
jX
=
( 0,11 + j 0,015 )
B1
2
2
U m
U m
0,4 2

= 2166+j295,4(VA).
Tn tht in nng trn dy B1

Nhm 22

Page 41

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Vi Tmax=5000(h).
R0= r0.l = 0,443.0,25 = 0,11 ( ).
T Tmax = 5000(h) tnh c tr s theo
= (0,124+10 -4.Tmax)2.8760 = (0,124+10 -4.5000)2.8760 =3411(h).
Tn tht in nng 1 nm trn ng dy.
AB1 = PB1. = 2166.3411 = 7388 (kWh).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy B2
Ta c cc thng s sau do tnh t pha trc.
Qtt= 34,6kVar.
Ptt = 55,8 kW.
Tra bng ta c l= 0,20km
r0 = 0,443( /km).
x0 = 0,06( /km).
ZB1= r0.l +jx0.l = 0,443.0,20+j0,06.0,20 = 0,088 +j0,012( ).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy B2 l mt i lng phc.
S = P + j Q
Tn tht c xc nh biu thc sau bi v ph ti tp trung cui ng dy.
S2
P2 + Q2
34,6 2 + 55,8 2
S = 2 Z B 2 =
( R + jX ) =
( 0,088 + j 0,012 )
2
U m
U m
0,4 2

= 2370+j323,3(VA).

Nhm 22

Page 42

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Tn tht in nng trn dy B2


Vi Tmax=5000(h).
R0= r0.l = 0,443.0,20 = 0,088 ( ).
T Tmax = 5000(h) tnh c tr s theo
= (0,124+10 -4.Tmax)2.8760 = (0,124+10 -4.5000)2.8760 =3411(h).
Tn tht in nng 1 nm trn ng dy.
AB2 = PB2. = 2370.3411 = 8084 (kWh).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy B3
Ta c cc thng s sau do tnh t pha trc.
Qtt= 41,3kVar.
Ptt = 66,6 kW.
Tra bng ta c l= 0,25km
r0 = 0,320( /km).
x0 = 0,06( /km).
ZB1= r0.l +jx0.l = 0,320.0,25+j0,06.0,25 = 0,08 +j0,012( ).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy B3 l mt i lng phc.
S = P + j Q
Tn tht c xc nh biu thc sau bi v ph ti tp trung cui ng dy.
S =

Nhm 22

S2
P2 + Q2
66,6 2 + 41,32
(
)

Z
=

R
+
jX
=
( 0,08 + j 0,012 )
B3
2
2
U m
U m
0,4 2

Page 43

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

= 3070+j460,6(VA).
Tn tht in nng trn dy B3
Vi Tmax=5000(h).
R0= r0.l = 0,320.0,25 = 0,08 ( ).
T Tmax = 5000(h) tnh c tr s theo
= (0,124+10 -4.Tmax)2.8760 = (0,124+10 -4.5000)2.8760 =3411(h).
Tn tht in nng 1 nm trn ng dy.
AB3 = PB3. = 3070.3411 = 10471(kWh).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy C
Ta c cc thng s sau do tnh t pha trc.
Qtt= 10,76kVar.
Ptt = 14,35 kW.
Tra bng ta c l= 0,15km
r0 = 1,91( /km).
x0 = 0,06( /km).
ZB1= r0.l +jx0.l = 1,91.0,15+j0,06.0,15 = 0,286 +j0,009( ).
Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy C l mt i lng phc.
S = P + j Q
Tn tht c xc nh biu thc sau bi v ph ti tp trung cui ng dy.

Nhm 22

Page 44

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

S2
P2 + Q2
14,35 2 + 10 ,76 2
S = 2 Z C =
( R + jX ) =
( 0,286 + j 0,009 )
2
U m
U m
0,4 2

= 575+j18,09(VA).
Tn tht in nng trn dy C
Vi Tmax=5000(h).
R0= r0.l = 1,91.0,15 = 0,286 ( ).
T Tmax = 5000(h) tnh c tr s theo
= (0,124+10 -4.Tmax)2.8760 = (0,124+10 -4.5000)2.8760 =3411(h).
Tn tht in nng 1 nm trn ng dy.
AB3 = PB3. = 575.3411 = 1961(kWh).
2. Tn tht cng sut trn my bin p:
SPt = 796kVA
Sm = 800kVA
Um = 10/0,4kV
P0 = 1,4kW
PN = 10,5kW
I0% = 1,5
UN% = 5,5%
Tn hao cng sut phn khng khi khng ti.
Q0 =

Nhm 22

I % S m 1.5 800
=
= 12(kVar ) .
100
100

Page 45

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Tn hao cng sut phn khng khi ngn mch.


QN =

U N % S m 5.5 800
=
= 44( kVar ) .
100
100

Tn hao cng sut tc dng trong my bin p.


S pt

Pt = P0 + PN. S m

= 1,4 + 10,5(796/800)2 = 11,8 (kW).

Tn hao cng sut phn khng trong my bin p.


S pt

Qt = Q0 + QN. S m

= 12 + 44(796/800)2 = 55,6(kVar)

Tn hao cng sut trong my bin p.


S T = Pt 2 + Qt2 = 11,8 2 +55 ,6 2 = 56 ,8( kVA ).

Tn tht in nng trn my bin p.


Vi Tmax=5000(h).
T Tmax = 5000(h) tnh c tr s theo
= (0,124+10 -4.Tmax)2.8760 = (0,124+10 -4.5000)2.8760 =3411(h).
Tn tht in nng trong my bin p c xc nh theo cng thc
A = n. Po.t+

Stt

.
Sm

. Pn. = 1,4.8760 + 10,5(796/800)2.3411


= 47722 (kWh).

Nhm 22

Page 46

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

CHNG VII: CHNG ST V NI T

1. Chng st:

Nhm 22

Page 47

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Khu vin trng c chiu di 120m, chiu rng 70m, cao 20m, t ct chng st
ni khu nh 5 tng.
y l khu vin trng c din tch ln rng ln nn ta chng st theo kiu hin
i ,dng kim thu ESE.
Theo tiu chun NFC 17-102 s dng kim thu st ESE ,c thi gian phng in
sm T= 50 s, t gia ta nh trn ct c chiu cao 4m. Chn mc bo v
2, tng ng vi D= 45m v I = 10kA
li khong cch:
L = 106 T = 10650 s = 50m.
Bn knh bo v ca kim ESE:
R p = h( 2 D h) + L( 2 D + L) = 4( 2 45 4) +50 (2 45 +50 ) = 85 m

Nhn thy,vng bo v bao trm ton b khu vin trng v vic chn kim ESE
nu trn l thch hp.
Dy thot st c s dng l cp ng trn tit din 50mm2. m bo an ton
cho ngi, 3m cp tnh t mt t c bc ng PVC.
H thng ni t trong trng hp ny, do khng i hi nhiu dy dn xung
nh trng hp kim Franlin, bao gm h thng 4 cc di L = 3m, cc L 60 x 60 x
6 c chiu di cc 3m, chn cch nhau 6m.
S dng ni t ng cc theo vng.
Gi x in tr sut t = 0,4104( cm).
H s K (tng cao) l: K = 2, i vi thanh nm ngang v K = 1,5, i vi in
cc thng ng. Chn su 0,8m.
in tr khuch tn ca mt cc l:
R1 =

0,366
2l 1 4t + l
K lg + lg

l
d 2 4t l

R1 =

0,366
2 3
1 4 2,3 + 3
= 15,9 ( ).
40 1,5 lg
+ lg
3
0,95 0,06 2 4 2,3 _ 3
l
2

3
2

y t = 0,8 + = 0,8 + = 2,3m

Nhm 22

Page 48

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

dng tr = 0,95b = 0,950,06.


Cc cc c ng thanh dy, cch nhau a = 2l = 6m( v a/l = 2), tra bng ta c
, = 0,78.
Vi s cc n = 4, c = 0,78 ( Bng 10-3, cung cp in, Nguyn Xun Ph).
in tr ca h thng 4 cc:
Rc =

rc
15,9
=
= 5 .
c n 4 0,78

Thanh ni dng dy ng trn tit din 50mm2, d = 8mm, chiu di thanh ni tnh
n ct in gn bng 24m (l = 2400cm) v c chn su 0,8m= 80cm.
2

'
Rng
=

'
Rng
=

2l
0,366
K lg
l
bt

0,366
2 2400 2
4000 2 lg
= 6( )
2400
2 80 0,8

Cc cc c ng thanh dy, cch nhau a = 2l = 6m( v a/l = 2), tra bng ta c


, ng = 0,55.
in tr khuch tn ca thanh ngang
Rngang =

R'ng

th

6
= 11( ) .
0,55

in tr ni t ca trang b ni t
R=

R Rng
R + Rng

5 11
= 3,4( ) .
5 +11

R = 3,4 < 30 ( t yu cu).


2. Ni t:
Ni t trm bin p:
Khu chu vi trm bin p c chiu di 6m,chiu rng 5m, gi x y l t vn
rung c = 0,4104( cm).
H s K ( tng cao) l: K = 2, i vi thanh nm ngang v K = 1,5, i vi in
cc thng ng.

Nhm 22

Page 49

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

D nh thit k h thng ni t cho trm my bin p bng mt mch vng kn


bao quanh trm, gm 6 cc dng thp gc L 60 x 60 x 6 v thanh ni l thp dt
40 x 4 mm, chiu di cc l = 2,5m, chn cch nhau 2,5m. Chn su 0,8m. Xem
hnh 3.

Hnh 3. Mt bng trm bin p


in tr khuch tn ca mt cc l:
R1 =
R1 =

0,366
2l 1 4t + l
K lg + lg

l
d 2 4t l

0,366
2 2,5
1 4 2,05 + 2,5
= 17,7 ( ).
40 1,5 lg
+ lg
2,5
0,95 0,06 2 4 2,05 _ 2,5
l
2

y t = 0,8 + = 0,8 +

2,5
= 2,05 m
2

dng tr = 0,95b = 0,950,06.


Nhm 22

Page 50

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Vi s cc n = 6 , t s a/l = 2,5/2,5 = 1, t bng 10-3 cung cp in, Nguyn


Xun Ph, ta c , = 0,62.
in tr khuch tn ca c nm cc l:
R =

R1
17,7
=
= 4,7( ) .
n 6 0,62

Mch vng s i bn trong tng ro trm c chu vi l = 2(a+b) = 2(4+ 5) = 18m


v thp dt chn su 0,8m.
Ta c K = 2.
2

'
ng

2l
0,366
=
K lg
l
bt

'
Rng
=

0,366
2 1800 2
4000 2 lg
= 7( ) .
1800
4 80

Vi s cc n = 6 , t s a/l = 2,5/2,5 = 1, t bng 10-3 cung cp in, Nguyn


Xun Ph, ta c ,

ng

= 0,4.

in tr khuch tn ca thanh ngang


Rngang =

'
Rng

ng

7
= 17 ,5( ) .
0,4

in tr ni t ca trang b ni t
R=

R Rng
R + Rng

4,7 17 ,5
= 3,7 <4
4,7 +17 ,5

Do vy s cc chn 6 cc l ph hp.
Ni t cho cc khu nh:
Khu nh A1, A2, A3,A4, B1, nh xe GV: tt c u c chung din tch c chiu
di 20m, chiu rng 10m.
Gi x in tr sut t = 0,4104( cm), Km = 1,4
T nhng yu t trn ta s dng cc thp bc ng chiu di Lc = 3m, ng
knh 16mm, t dc theo chu vi ca khu nh, cch khu nh 2m. Cc cc b tr
cch nhau 6m theo chiu dc v 14m theo chiu rng, c ng theo mch vng

Nhm 22

Page 51

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

. S cc s dng l 10 cc. Cc cc c lin kt vi nhau bng cp ng trn tit


din 50mm2. Cp v cc t chn su h = 0,8m so vi mt t.
in tr sut tnh ton:

tt

= Km = 1,440 = 56 m.

in tr ni t ca mt cc:
rc =

tt
2 Lc

4 Lc 2h + Lc

ln
1,36 d 4h + Lc
rc =

56
4 3
ln
2 3 1,36 0,016

2 0,8 + 3
= 14 ().

4 0,8 + 3

Vi s cc n =10 , t s a/l = 6/3 = 2, t bng 10-3 cung cp in, Nguyn Xun


Ph.
Ta c c = 0,69. in tr ca h thng 10 cc:
Rc =

rc
14
=
= 2 .
n c 10 0,69

ng knh cp ng trn tit din 50mm2,d = 8mm.


in tr ni t ca dy cp ng ni cc cc vi tng chiu di :
Lt = 242+142 = 76m.
Chn su 0,8m so vi mt t.
rt =

tt 4 Lt
ln
1
Lt hd

rt =

56
76


4 76
ln
0,8 0,008


1 =1,7.

Tra bng 10-3 cung cp in, Nguyn Xun Ph, tm c h s s dng thanh
(dy)

th

= 0,4, in tr ni t ca dy cp ng ni cc cc khi xt n h s s

dng thanh (dy) ni dy.


Rc =

rt
1,7
=
= 4,3.
th 0,4

in tr ni t ca ton h thng:

Nhm 22

Page 52

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph
RHT =

GVHD: Ths.

Rc Rth
2 4,3
=
= 1,4 <4 .
Rc + Rth 2 + 4,3

Do vy s cc chn 10 cc l ph hp.
Khu nh B2, B3, nh n- cn tin, nh xe : tt c u c chung din tch c
chiu di 30m, chiu rng 10m.
Gi x in tr sut t = 0,4104( cm), Km = 1,4.
H s K ( tng cao) l: K = 2, i vi thanh nm ngang v K = 1,5, i vi in
cc thng ng.
S dng cc thp gc L 60 x 60 x 6, chiu di l = 2,5m, t vng theo chu vi ca
khu nh, cch mp khu nh 2,5m. Cc cc c cch nhau 5m. S cc s dng
20 cc. Cc cc chn su 0,8m.
in tr khuch tn ca mt cc l:
Vi K = 1,5
R1 =

R1 =

0,366
2l 1 4t + l
K lg + lg

l
d 2 4t l

0,366
2 2,5
1 4 2,05 + 2,5
= 18,3 ( ).
40 1,5 lg
+ lg
2,5
0,95 0,06 2 4 2,05 _ 2,5
l
2

y t = 0,8 + = 0,8 +

2,5
= 2,05 m
2

dng tr = 0,95b = 0,950,06.


Vi s cc n = 20 , t s a/l = 5/2,5 = 2, t bng 10-3 cung cp in, Nguyn
Xun Ph, ta c , = 0,64.
in tr khuch tn ca c 20 cc l:
R =

R1
18,3
= 1,43( ) .
n 20 0,64

Thanh ni dng thp trn c ng knh 8mm, chiu di thanh ni tnh n ct


in gn : l = 352+152 = 100m ( l =10000cm) v chn su 0,8m = 80cm. in
tr khuch tn ca thanh ni nm ngang.
Ta c K = 2.

Nhm 22

Page 53

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.
2

'
Rng
=

'
Rng
=

2l
0,366
K lg
l
bt

0,366
2 10000 2
4000 2 lg
= 1,8( ) .
10000
2 80 0,8

Vi s cc n = 20 , t s a/l = 5/2,5 = 2, t bng 10-3 cung cp in, Nguyn


Xun Ph, ta c ,

ng

= 0,32.

in tr khuch tn ca thanh ngang


Rngang

'
Rng
1,8
=
= 5,6( ) .
ng 0,32

in tr ni t ca trang b ni t
R=

R Rng
R + Rng

1,43 5,6
= 1,2 < 4
1,43 + 5,6

Do vy s cc chn 20 cc l ph hp.

CHNG VIII: TIT KIM IN NNG V NNG CAO H


S CNG SUT
1. Tnh ton t b ti thanh ci:
Ta c cng sut tc dng P = 628,9 KW
cos

tb

= 0,79

D nh tng cos ln 0,9 b cng sut phn khng cho h thng thanh ci
Vi cos = 0,79 tg = 0,78
Vi cos = 0,9 tg = 0,48

Nhm 22

Page 54

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

Qb = P(tg 1 tg 2) =628,9 (0,78 0,48) = 188,67kVAr


Chn dng 4 b t b cng sut 50kVAr cho thanh ci, in p 440V do
Dac Yeong ch to.
2. Tnh ton t b cho cc khu nh:
r0

Qtt

Ptt

(kVAr)

(kW)

0,1282

26,7

43,08

0,024

0,0048

277,4

334,2

200

0,641

0,1282

20,8

33,6

PVC (3.50 1.35)

150

0,641

0,0962

20,8

33,6

TC-B1

PVC (3.70 1.35)

250

0,443

0,1107

29,6

47,7

TC-B2

PVC (3.70 1.35)

200

0,443

0,0886

34,6

55,8

TC-B3

PVC (3.95 1.50)

250

0,2

0,05

41,3

66,6

TC-C

PVC (3.16 1.10)

150

1,91

0,2865

10,76

14,35

441,16

628,9

ng
dy

Loi cp

l (m)

TC-A1

PVC (3.50 1.35)

200

0,641

TC-A2

PVC (3.400 1.200)

200

TC-A3

PVC (3.50 1.35)

TC-A4

R( )

( /km)

Cng sut tng

in tr tng ng ca li in h p ca trng:
Rt =

Rt =

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
0,1282 0,0048 0,1282 0,0962 0,1107
0,0886 0,05 0,2865

= 0,0028

p dng cng thc:


Rtd

Qb i = Qi (Q Qb ) R .
i
Xc nh c cng sut cc t t b t ti cc khu nh:
QbA 1 = 26 ,7 (441 ,16 188 ,67 )

Nhm 22

0,0028
= 21,17 kVAr
0,1282

Page 55

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

QbA 2 = 277 ,4 ( 441 ,16 188 ,67 )

0,0028
=130 ,11 kVAr
0,0048

QbA 3 = 20 ,8 (441 ,16 188 ,67 )

0,0028
=15 ,28 kVAr
0,1282

QbA 4 = 20 ,8 ( 441 ,16 188 ,67 )

0,0028
=13 ,45 kVAr
0,0962

QbB 1 = 29 ,6 ( 441 ,16 188 ,67 )

0,0028
= 23 ,21 kVAr
0,1107

QbB 2 = 34 ,6 ( 441 ,16 188 ,67 )

0,0028
= 26 ,62 kVAr
0,0886

QbB 3 = 41,3 (441 ,16 188 ,67 )

0,0028
= 27 ,16 kVAr
0,05

QbC =10 ,76 ( 441 ,16 188 ,67 )

0,0028
= 8,29 kVAr
0,2865

Chn t b cho tng khu nh:

Ni t
THANH
CI
T A1
T A2
T A3
T A4
T B1
T B2
T B3
T C

Nhm 22

Loi t S lng
DLE4
4D50K6S
DLE-4D25
1
K6S
DLE-4D50
3
K6S
DLE-4D20
1
K6S
DLE-4D20
1
K6S
DLE-4D25
1
K6S
DLE-4D30
1
K6S
DLE-4D30
1
K6S
DLE-4D15
1
K6S

Qb(kVAr)

Um(V) Im(A)

S pha

50

440

65,6

25

440

32,8

50

440

65,6

20

440

26,2

20

440

26,2

25

440

32,8

30

440

39,3

30

440

39,3

15

440

19,7

Page 56

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

CHNG XI: K THUT CHIU SNG


1. Tnh ton chiu sng:
chng ny phn tnh ton chiu sng cng nh la chn s lng n ring
cho tng khu vc chiu sng c th c tnh ton s b chng 1.V vy
phn tnh ton chiu sng s khng c trnh by c th tng phn ring bit
cho tng khu vc.M vic tnh ton s c nu ra di dng cng thc
chung,v kt qu c ghi ra theo bng.Tuy nhin, do i tng cn chiu sng
ca trng i hc kh a dng (phng hoc, phng thc hnh, phng thi
nghim,vn phng.) nn vic la chn mt s thng s cho vic tnh ton c
th thay i theo dm bo s chnh st v ph hp cho vic tnh ton.
Di y l mt s thng s v cng thc cho vic tnh ton:
Trong :
F: Quang thng ca mi n ( 3100 lumen).

Nhm 22

Page 57

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

E: ri (lux).
K: h s d tr
n : S n
ksd : H s s dng.
Z: h s tnh ton. (0,8 1,4)
S: Din tch phng hc
H s d tr: K = 1,3
H s phn x:
Trn nh: tr= 50%
Tng: tg= 30%
H s s dng: Ksd
Cng thc c s dng l:
F =

KESZ
n * K sd

Bng tra E ( ri), Ksd, ch s phng


STT

i tng chiu sng

ri E (lx)

ksd

Ch s phng I

Phng hc

150

0,61

2,0

Vn phng

200

0,52

1,75

Phng th nghim

250

0,32

0,6

Xng thc tp

250

0,64

2,5

Bng kt qu:
STT
1

Nhm 22

i tng chiu sng


Khu A1

Vn phng

Cng sut (W) S phng


500

S lng
n/phng
6 x 80W

Page 58

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

Khu A2

Khu A3, A4

Khu B1

Khu B2

Khu B3

Nh n

Nh xe

Bo v

GVHD: Ths.

Phng hc

450

18

6 x 80W

Xng thc tp

1000

12 x 80W

Phng th
nghim

500

6 x 80W

Phng hc

450

12

6 x 80W

Phng hc

450

48

6 x 80W

Vn phng

600

8 x 80W

Phng hc

450

24

6 x 80W

Vn phng

1000

18

12 x 80W

Vn phng

1000

12 x 80W

Phng hc

750

24

10 x 80W

3600

45 x 80W

GV

2000

25 x80W

SVHS

3000

38 x80W

2000

20 x 100W

2. Chiu sng s c
Ngoi chiu sng lm vic l chiu sng chnh, trong mt s trng hp cn phi
dng chiu sng s c, mc ch ca chiu sng s c l tip tc cc ch
sinh hot lm vic khi c mt nguyn nhn no , s chiu sng lm vic gin
on gy mt bnh thng trong cng tc, sinh hot, thm ch c th gy ra s c
nguy him..nn dng n nung sng chiu sng s c cn m bo sao cho
ri trn b mt lm vickhng c b hn 10 % tiu chun nh mc trong
trng hp dng cho chiu sng lm vic trn cng b mt , chiu sng s c
phn tn ngi ta nn b tr nhng ni:
Trong cc phng thng xuyn c ngi, nu mt nh sng lm vic s gy ra
nguy him b ti, hoc ngi khng thot ra c ngoi mt cch nhanh chng.

Nhm 22

Page 59

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

cc hnh lang cu thang dng thot ngi ca cc phng sn xut khi c


s lng i qua t 50 ngi tr ln.
Trong cc phng khc ng thi c mt lc t 100 ngi tr ln, vi cc loi
phng ny cc li ra vo phi c tn hiu ch dn ng i.
Trong cc nh tr vn tr.
Cu thang ca nhng nh cao hn 5 tng.
ri ca chiu sng s c khi thot ngi hng lang, cu thang khng c
nh hn 0,3 lux, cc li i bn ngoi nh khng c nh hn 0,2 lux, cc kiu
n dng cho chiu sng s c cn khc vi cc kiu n dng cho chiu sng
chung, v kch thc hoc phi c du hiu c bit.
Trong thc t n chiu sng s c nn b tr xen k vi h thng n chiu sng
chung, hoc ngoi n chiu sng chung c thm cc n ph dng chiu
sng s c.
3. Phng n cp ngun VDC b tr n:
a) Phng n cp ngun
Ngun d tr c s dng cho chiu sng s c l ngun dc (acquy) t tng
tng.
Acquy c s dng c cng sut 100A -12V
b) Phng n b tr n
n s c t ca ra tng phng,hnh lang li i,cu thang b.

Nhm 22

Page 60

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

DANH MC CC BNG, S , HNH


1. Ph lc: Gio trnh cung cp in ( Ng Hng Quang).
PL2. Tr s trung bnh knc v cos ca cc phn xng .
PL6. Nhng thng s c bn ca my bin p phn phi hai cp in p phc
v cho tnh ton (do CTTB ng Anh ch to).
PL7. Thng s k thut cc t hp b 7,2 n 24KV dng cho trm bin p
phn phi do Simens ch to.
PL14. ptomat t 5 n 225A do LG ch to.
PL 18. in tr v in khng ca cun dy bo v qu dng in ca
ptomat, m .
PL19. in tr tip xc ca cu dao v ptomat, m .
PL 21. Cp h p hai li ng cch in PVC, loi na mm t c nh, k
hiu CVV do CADIVI ch to.
PL 22. Cp h p bn li ng cch in PVC, loi na mm t c nh, k
hiu CVV do CADIVI ch to.

Nhm 22

Page 61

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

PL 24. Cm khng ca ng dy trn khng dy dn ng v nhm, x0


( /km).
PL 29. in tr v in khng ca thanh ci ch nht.
PL 33. T in b cos in p 220V do DAE YEONG ch to.
PL34. T in b cos in p 380V n 440do DAE YEONG ch to.
2. S :
Mt bng trng hc
Ngn mch cc khu nh
3. Hnh: Mt bng trm bin p
Tm vng trn ph ti

TI LIU THAM KHO


1. Ng Hng Quang - V Vn Tm, Thit k cp in, NXB Khoa hc v K
thut, 1997.
2. Ng Hng Quang, Gio trnh cung cp in, NXB Gio dc, 2005.
3. Nguyn Xun Ph - Nguyn Cng Hin - Nguyn Bi Khu, Cung Cp in,
NXB Khoa hc v K thut, 2006
4. Quyn Huy nh, Gio trnh an ton in, NXB i hc quc gia TP.HCM,
2007.
5. Cc website: www.ebook.edu.vn; www.webdien.com; www.spkt.net.
6. Cc ti liu c lin quan.

Nhm 22

Page 62

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

MC LC
CHNG I: GII THIU S B V A IM THIT K
1. S mt bng........................................................................................................1
2. Danh mc ph ti.....................................................................................................1
CHNG II: XC NH TNH TON PH TI
1. Nh A1.....................................................................................................................3
2. Nh A2.....................................................................................................................3
3. Nh A3,A4...............................................................................................................5
4. Nh B1.....................................................................................................................5
5. Nh B2.....................................................................................................................6
6. Nh B3.....................................................................................................................6

Nhm 22

Page 63

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

7. Nh n......................................................................................................................7
8. Nh gi xe ...............................................................................................................8
CHNG III: CHN PHNG N CUNG CP IN CHO TRNG
1. Chn my bin p....................................................................................................10
2. Tm vng trn ph ti..............................................................................................11
CHNG IV: LA CHN PHN T CUNG CP IN
1 . chn my bin p....................................................................................................14
2. Van chng st...........................................................................................................14
3. My ct....................................................................................................................14
4. CB tng....................................................................................................................16
5. Thanh ci.................................................................................................................16
6. Chn CB cho cc t in trong khu nh...................................................................16
7. Dy dn trong h thng in....................................................................................19
CHNG V: KIM TRA NGN MCH CHO H THNG
1. Khu nh A1..............................................................................................................27
2. Khu nh A2..............................................................................................................28
3. Khu nh A3..............................................................................................................28
4. Khu nh A4..............................................................................................................29
5. Khu nh B1..............................................................................................................30
6. Khu nh B2..............................................................................................................30
7. Khu nh B3..............................................................................................................31

Nhm 22

Page 64

n cung cp in
L Phong Ph

GVHD: Ths.

8. Khu nh C................................................................................................................32
CHNG VI: TN THT CNG SUT V IN NNG
1. Tn tht cng sut trn ng dy...........................................................................34
2. Tn tht cng sut trn my bin p.........................................................................43
CHNG VII: CHNG ST V NI T
1. Chng st.................................................................................................................45
2. Ni t.....................................................................................................................46
CHNG VIII: TIT KIM IN NNG V NNG CAO H S CNG
SUT
1 . Tnh ton t b ti thanh ci....................................................................................52
2. Tnh ton t b cho cc khu nh..............................................................................52
CHNG IX: K THUT CHIU SNG
1. Tnh ton chiu sng................................................................................................55
2. Chiu sng s c......................................................................................................57
3. Phng n cung cp in.........................................................................................57
DANH MC CC BNG, S , HNH.................................................................58
TI LIU THAM KHO............................................................................................59

Nhm 22

Page 65