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MPY634

Wide Bandwidth

PRECISION ANALOG MULTIPLIER

FEATURES DESCRIPTION

● WIDE BANDWIDTH: 10MHz typ The MPY634 is a wide bandwidth, high accuracy,

● ±0.5% MAX FOUR-QUADRANT four-quadrant analog multiplier. Its accurately laser-

ACCURACY trimmed multiplier characteristics make it easy to use

in a wide variety of applications with a minimum of

● INTERNAL WIDE-BANDWIDTH OP AMP

external parts, often eliminating all external trimming.

● EASY TO USE Its differential X, Y, and Z inputs allow configuration

● LOW COST as a multiplier, squarer, divider, square-rooter, and

other functions while maintaining high accuracy.

The wide bandwidth of this new design allows signal

APPLICATIONS processing at IF, RF, and video frequencies. The

● PRECISION ANALOG SIGNAL internal output amplifier of the MPY634 reduces

PROCESSING design complexity compared to other high frequency

multipliers and balanced modulator circuits. It is

● MODULATION AND DEMODULATION

capable of performing frequency mixing, balanced

● VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED AMPLIFIERS modulation, and demodulation with excellent carrier

● VIDEO SIGNAL PROCESSING rejection.

● VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED FILTERS AND An accurate internal voltage reference provides

OSCILLATORS precise setting of the scale factor. The differential Z

input allows user-selected scale factors from 0.1 to 10

using external feedback resistors.

+VS

Voltage

SF Reference

and Bias –VS

X1 Transfer Function

V-I

(X1 – X2)(Y1 – Y2)

X2 VOUT = A – (Z1 – Z2)

SF

Multiplier

Core

Y1

V-I

Y2 A VOUT

Precision

Z1 Output

V-I 0.75 Atten Op Amp

Z2

International Airport Industrial Park • Mailing Address: PO Box 11400 • Tucson, AZ 85734 • Street Address: 6730 S. Tucson Blvd. • Tucson, AZ 85706

Tel: (520) 746-1111 • Twx: 910-952-1111 • Cable: BBRCORP • Telex: 066-6491 • FAX: (520) 889-1510 • Immediate Product Info: (800) 548-6132

©

1985 Burr-Brown Corporation 1

PDS-636D MPY634

Printed in U.S.A. December, 1995

SBFS017

SPECIFICATIONS

ELECTRICAL

At TA = +25°C and VS = ±15VDC, unless otherwise noted.

MODEL MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX UNITS

MULTIPLIER

PERFORMANCE (X1 – X2) (Y1 – Y2)

Transfer Function * + Z2 * *

10V

Total Error(1)

(–10V ≤ X, Y ≤ +10V) ±2.0 ±1.0 ±0.5 * %

TA = min to max ±2.5 ±1.5 ±1.0 ±2.0 %

Total Error vs Temperature ±0.03 ±0.022 ±0.015 ±0.02 %/°C

Scale Factor Error

(SF = 10.000V Nominal)(2) ±0.25 ±0.1 * * %

Temperature Coefficient of

Scaling Voltage ±0.02 ±0.01 ±0.01 * %/°C

Supply Rejection (±15V ±1V) * ±0.01 * * %

Nonlinearity

X (X = 20Vp-p, Y = 10V) * ±0.4 0.2 ±0.3 * %

Y (Y = 20Vp-p, X = 10V) * ±0.01 * ±0.1 * %

Feedthrough(3)

X (Y Nulled, X = 20Vp-p, 50Hz) * ±0.3 ±0.15 ±0.3 * %

Y (X Nulled, Y = 20Vp-p, 50Hz) * ±0.01 * ±0.1 * %

Both Inputs (500kHz, 1Vrms)

Unnulled 40(4) 50 45 55 * 60 * * dB

Nulled 55(4) 60 55 65 60 70 * * dB

Output Offset Voltage ±50 ±100 ±5 ±30 * ±15 * * mV

Output Offset Voltage Drift * ±200 ±100 * ±500 µV/°C

DYNAMICS

Small Signal BW,

(VOUT = 0.1Vrms) 6(4) * 8 10 * * 6 * MHz

1% Amplitude Error

(CLOAD = 1000pF) * 100 * * kHz

Slew Rate (VOUT = 20Vp-p) * 20 * * V/µs

Settling Time

(to 1%, ∆VOUT = 20V) * 2 * * µs

NOISE

Noise Spectral Density:

SF = 10V * 0.8 * * µV/√Hz

Wideband Noise:

f = 10Hz to 5MHz * 1 * * mVrms

f = 10Hz to 10kHz * 90 * * µVrms

OUTPUT

Output Voltage Swing * ±11 * * V

Output Impedance (f ≤ 1kHz) * 0.1 * * Ω

Output Short Circuit Current

(RL = 0, TA = min to max) * 30 * * mA

Amplifier Open Loop Gain

(f = 50Hz) * 85 * * dB

INPUT AMPLIFIERS (X, Y and Z)

Input Voltage Range

Differential VIN (VCM = 0) * ±12 * * V

Common-Mode VIN (VDIFF = 0) * ±10 * * V

(see Typical Performance Curves)

Offset Voltage X, Y ±25 ±100 ±5 ±20 ±2 ±10 * * mV

Offset Voltage Drift X, Y 200 100 50 * µV/°C

Offset Voltage Z ±25 ±100 ±5 ±30 ±2 ±15 * * mV

Offset Voltage Drift Z * 200 100 500 µV/°C

CMRR * * 60 80 70 90 * * dB

Bias Current * * 0.8 2.0 * * * * µA

Offset Current * 0.1 * * 2.0 µA

Differential Resistance * 10 * * MΩ

DIVIDER PERFORMANCE (Z2 – Z1)

Transfer Function (X1 > X2) * 10V + Y1 * *

(X1 – X2)

Total Error (1) untrimmed

(X = 10V, –10V ≤ Z ≤ +10V) 1.5 ±0.75 ±0.35 ±0.75 %

(X = 1V, –1V ≤ Z ≤ +1V) 4.0 ±2.0 ±1.0 * %

(0.1V≤ X ≤ 10V, –10V ≤ Z ≤ 10V) 5.0 ±2.5 ±1.0 * %

SQUARE PERFORMANCE (X1 – X2) 2

Transfer Function * + Z2 * *

10V

MPY634 2

SPECIFICATIONS (CONT)

ELECTRICAL

At TA = +25°C and VS = ±15VDC, unless otherwise noted.

MODEL MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX UNITS

SQUARE-ROOTER

√10V (Z2 – Z1) +X2

PERFORMANCE

Transfer Function (Z1 ≤ Z2) * * *

Total Error(1) (1V ≤ Z ≤ 10V) ±2.0 ±1.0 ±0.5 * %

POWER SUPPLY

Supply Voltage:

Rated Performance * ±15 * * VDC

Operating * * ±8 ±18 * * * ±20 VDC

Supply Current, Quiescent * * 4 6 * * * * mA

TEMPERATURE RANGE

Specification *(5) *(5) –25 +85 * * –55 +125 °C

Storage –40 +85 –65 +150 * * * * °C

NOTES: (1) Figures given are percent of full scale, ±10V (i.e., 0.01% = 1mV). (2) May be reduced to 3V using external resistor between –VS and SF. (3) Irreducible

component due to nonlinearity; excludes effect of offsets. (4) KP grade only. (5) KP grade only. 0°C to +70°C for KU grade.

PIN CONFIGURATIONS

Top View

X1 Input 1 16 +VS

X1 X1 Input 1 14 +VS X2 Input 2 15 NC

1 9

NC 3 12 Output Scale Factor 4 13 Z1 Input

SF 2 8 Out

Scale Factor 4 11 Z1 Input NC 5 12 Z2 Input

Y1 3 7 Z1 NC 5 10 Z2 Input Y1 Input 6 11 NC

Y2 5 Z2

Y2 Input 7 8 –VS NC 8 9 NC

–VS

PARAMETER MPY634AM/BM MPY634KP/KU MPY634SM MPY634 ( ) ( )

Power Supply Voltage ±18 * ±20 Basic Model Number

Power Dissipation 500mW * * Performance Grade(1)

Output Short-Circuit K: –25°C to +85°C (‘U’ package 0°C to +70°C)

to Ground Indefinite * * A: –25°C to +85°C

Input Voltage ( all X, B: –25°C to +85°C

Y and Z) ±VS * * S: –55°C to +125°C

Temperature Range: Package Code

Operating –25°C/+85°C * –55°C/+125°C M: TO-100 Metal

Storage –65°C/+150°C –40°C/+85°C * P: Plastic 14-pin DIP

Lead Temperature U: 16-pin SOIC

(soldering, 10s) +300°C * *

NOTE: (1) Performance grade identifier may not be marked on the SOIC

SOIC ‘KU’ Package +260°C

package; a blank denotes “K” grade.

* Specification same as for MPY634AM/BM.

PACKAGE INFORMATION

PACKAGE DRAWING

MODEL PACKAGE NUMBER(1)

MPY634KP 14-Pin PDIP 010

MPY634KU 16-Pin SOIC 211

MPY634AM TO-100 007

MPY634BM TO-100 007

MPY634SM TO-100 007

NOTE: (1) For detailed drawing and dimension table, please see end of data

sheet, or Appendix D of Burr-Brown IC Data Book.

3 MPY634

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES

TA = +25°C, VS = ±15VDC, unless otherwise noted.

–20 10

CL = 1000pF

Feedthrough Attenuation (dB)

Normal Connection

–40 0

CL = 0pF

X Feedthrough

–60 –10

Y Feedthrough Attenuator

–80 –20

–100 –30

100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M 100M 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M 100M

Frequency (Hz) Frequency (Hz)

90 –50

80

Feedthrough Attenuation (dB)

70

Typical for all inputs

60 –60

CMRR (dB)

fY = 500kHz

50 VX = nulled

40

30 –70

nulled at 25°C

20

10

0 –80

100 10k 100M 1M 10M –60 –40 –20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

Frequency (Hz) Temperature (°C)

vs FREQUENCY FREQUENCY RESPONSE AS A DIVIDER

1.5 60

VX = 100mVDC

Noise Spectral Density (µV/√Hz)

VZ = 10mVrms

1.25 40

Output, V0 / V2 (dB)

VX = 1VDC

VZ = 100mVrms

1 20

VX = 10VDC

VZ = 100mVrms

0.75 0

0.5 –20

10 100 1k 10k 100k 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M 100M

Frequency (Hz) Frequency (Hz)

The information provided herein is believed to be reliable; however, BURR-BROWN assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies or omissions. BURR-BROWN

assumes no responsibility for the use of this information, and all use of such information shall be entirely at the user’s own risk. Prices and specifications are subject

to change without notice. No patent rights or licenses to any of the circuits described herein are implied or granted to any third party. BURR-BROWN does not

authorize or warrant any BURR-BROWN product for use in life support devices and/or systems.

MPY634 4

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES (CONT)

TA = +25°C, VS = ±15VDC, unless otherwise noted.

INPUT DIFFERENTIAL-MODE/

INPUT/OUTPUT SIGNAL RANGE COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE

vs SUPPLY VOLTAGES 10 VCM

14

Peak Positive or Negative Signal (V)

12

5

Output, RL ≥ 2kΩ Specified

Accuracy

10

–12 –10 –5 5 10 12

All inputs, SF = 10V

VDIFF

8 VS = ±15V

–5

6

4

8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Functional –10

Positive or Negative Supply (V) Derated Accuracy

(X,Y or Z Inputs)

800

700

600

Bias Current (nA)

500

Scaling Voltage = 10V

400

300

Scaling Voltage = 3V

200

100

0

–60 –40 –20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

Temperature (°C)

THEORY OF OPERATION inspection of the transfer function reveals that any VOUT can

be created with an infinitesimally small quantity within the

The transfer function for the MPY634 is: brackets. Then, an application circuit can be analyzed by

assigning circuit voltages for all X, Y and Z inputs and

(X1 – X2) (Y1 – Y2)

VOUT = A – (Z1 – Z2) setting the bracketed quantity equal to zero. For example,

SF the basic multiplier connection in Figure 1, Z1 = VOUT and

Z2 = 0. The quantity within the brackets then reduces to:

where:

A = open-loop gain of the output amplifier (typically (X1 – X2) (Y1 – Y2)

– (VOUT – 0) = 0

85dB at DC). SF

SF = Scale Factor. Laser-trimmed to 10V but adjustable

This approach leads to a simple relationship which can be

over a 3V to 10V range using external resistors.

solved for VOUT to provide the closed-loop transfer function.

X, Y, Z are input voltages. Full-scale input voltage

The scale factor is accurately factory adjusted to 10V and is

is equal to the selected SF. (Max input voltage =

typically accurate to within 0.1% or less. The scale factor

±1.25 SF).

may be adjusted by connecting a resistor or potentiometer

An intuitive understanding of transfer function can be gained between pin SF and the –VS power supply. The value of the

by analogy to the op amp. By assuming that the open-loop external resistor can be approximated by:

gain, A, of the output operational amplifier is infinite,

5 MPY634

SF

RSF = 5.4kΩ X Input X1 +VS +15V

10 – SF ±10V FS

±12V PK

Internal device tolerances make this relationship accurate to

X2 Out VOUT, ±12V PK

within approximately 25%. Some applications can benefit +15V

MPY634 (X1 – X2) (Y1 – Y2)

from reduction of the SF by this technique. The reduced 470kΩ = + Z2

50kΩ SF Z1 10V

input bias current, noise, and drift achieved by this technique

can be likened to operating the input circuitry in a higher –15V

1kΩ

gain, thus reducing output contributions to these effects. Optional Offset Y1 Z2

Trim Circuit Optional

Adjustment of the scale factor does not affect bandwidth.

Summing

The MPY634 is fully characterized at VS = ±15V but Y Input Y2 –VS –15V Input,

operation is possible down to ±8V with an attendant reduc- ±10V FS Z, ±10V PK

±12V PK

tion of input and output range capability. Operation at

voltages greater than ±15V allows greater output swing to be FIGURE 2. Basic Multiplier Connection.

achieved by using an output feedback attenuator (Figure 1).

As with any wide bandwidth circuit, the power supplies increase in output offset voltage. The larger output offset

should be bypassed with high frequency ceramic capacitors. may be reduced by applying a trimming voltage to the high

These capacitors should be located as near as practical to the impedance input, Z2.

power supply connections of the MPY634. Improper by- The flexibility of the differential Z inputs allows direct

passing can lead to instability, overshoot, and ringing in the conversion of the output quantity to a current. Figure 3

output. shows the output voltage differentially-sensed across a se-

ries resistor forcing an output-controlled current. Addition

of a capacitor load then creates a time integration function

useful in a variety of applications such as power computa-

X Input X1 +VS +15V VOUT, ±12V PK

±10V FS = (X1 – X2) (Y1 – Y2) tion.

±12V PK (Scale = 1V)

X2 Out

SF Z1 90kΩ ±10V FS

±12V PK IOUT =

Optional X2 Out (X1 – X2) (Y1 – Y2) 1

Y Input Y1 Z2 x

Peaking MPY634 10V RS

±10V FS Capacitor

±12V PK 10kΩ SF Z1

CF = 200pF

Y2 –VS –15V

Y1 Z2 Current

Sensing Integrator

Resistor, Capacitor

FIGURE 1. Connections for Scale-Factor of Unity. RS, 2kΩ

Y Input Y2 –VS –15V (see text)

±10V FS min

BASIC MULTIPLIER CONNECTION ±12V PK

FIGURE 3. Conversion of Output to Current.

racy is fully specified without any additional user-trimming

circuitry. Some applications can benefit from trimming of

one or more of the inputs. The fully differential inputs SQUARER CIRCUIT (FREQUENCY DOUBLER)

facilitate referencing the input quantities to the source volt- Squarer, or frequency doubler, operation is achieved by

age common terminal for maximum accuracy. They also paralleling the X and Y inputs of the standard multiplier

allow use of simple offset voltage trimming circuitry as circuit. Inverted output can be achieved by reversing the

shown on the X input. differential input terminals of either the X or Y input.

The differential Z input allows an offset to be summed in Accuracy in the squaring mode is typically a factor of two

VOUT. In basic multiplier operation, the Z2 input serves as better than the specified multiplier mode with maximum

the output voltage ground reference and should be connected error occurring with small (less than 1V) inputs. Better

to the ground of the driven system for maximum accuracy. accuracy can be achieved for small input voltage levels by

reducing the scale factor, SF.

A method of changing (lowering) SF by connecting to the

SF pin was discussed previously. Figure 1 shows an alterna-

tive method of changing the effective SF of the overall DIVIDER OPERATION

circuit by using an attenuator in the feedback connection to The MPY634 can be configured as a divider as shown in

Z1. This method puts the output amplifier in a higher gain Figure 4. High impedance differential inputs for the numera-

and is thus accompanied by a reduction in bandwidth and an tor and denominator are achieved at the Z and X inputs,

Hello

®

MPY634 6

respectively. Feedback is applied to the Y2 input, and Y1 is

Output, ±12V PK

normally referenced to output ground. Alternatively, as the

VOUT = 10V(Z2 – Z1) + X2

transfer function implies, an input applied to Y1 can be

summed directly into VOUT. Since the feedback connection +15V

Reverse

is made to a multiplying input, the effective gain of the X1 +VS

this and RL

output op amp varies as a function of the denominator input X inputs (Must be

Optional

voltage. Therefore, the bandwidth of the divider function is for Provided)

Summing X2 Out

Negative

proportional to the denominator voltage (see Typical Perfor- Input, X,

MPY634 Outputs

mance Curves). ±10V PK

SF Z1

Z Input

10V FS

12V PK

Y1 Z2

Output, ±12V PK

+

X Input X1 +VS +15V

(Denominator) 10V(Z2 – Z1) Y2 –VS –15V

VOUT = + Y1

0.1V ≤ X ≤ 10V (X1 – X2)

X2 Out

–

MPY634 FIGURE 5. Square-Rooter Connection.

Z Input

Optional SF Z1

(Numerator)

Summing Input

±10V PK

±10V FS,

±12V PK

APPLICATIONS

Y1 Z2

Y2 –VS –15V +15V

X1 +VS

X2 Out

FIGURE 4. Basic Divider Connection. 0.1µF

MPY634

SF Z1

RX

Accuracy of the divider mode typically ranges from 1.0% to

2.5% for a 10 to 1 denominator range depending on device B sin (2π 10MHz t + θ)

Y1 Z2

grade. Accuracy is primarily limited by input offset voltages

and can be significantly improved by trimming the offset of

the X input. A trim voltage of ±3.5mV applied to the “low Y2 –VS –15V

side” X input (X2 for positive input voltages on X1) can

produce similar accuracies over 100 to 1 denominator range.

Multiplier connection followed by a low-pass filter forms phase

To trim, apply a signal which varies from 100mV to 10V at detector useful in phase-locked-loop circuitry. RX is often used in

a low frequency (less than 500Hz). An offset sine wave or PLL circuitry to provide desired loop-damping characteristics.

ramp is suitable. Since the ratio of the quantities should be

constant, the ideal output would be a constant 10V. Using FIGURE 6. Phase Detector.

AC coupling on an oscilloscope, adjust the offset control for

minimum output voltage variation.

+15V

SQUARE-ROOTER + X1 +VS

– X2 VO

shown). The diode prevents circuit latch-up should the input MPY634 A1

go negative. The circuit can be configured for negative input 2kΩ 2kΩ

SF Z1 39kΩ

and positive output by reversing the polarity of both the X –15V

and Y inputs. The output polarity can be reversed by revers-

ing the diode and X input polarity. A load resistance of + Y1 Z2 1kΩ

approximately 10kΩ must be provided. Trimming for im- ES

proved accuracy would be accomplished at the Z input. – Y2 –VS

–15V

Minor gain adjustments are accomplished with the 1kΩ variable resistor

connected to the scale factor adjustment pin, SF. Bandwidth of this circuit

is limited by A1, which is operated at relatively high gain.

7 MPY634

Modulation

Input, ±EM

X1 +VS +15V

X1 +VS +15V

X2 Out

X2 Out VOUT =

MPY634 1 ± (EM/10V) EC sin ωt

VOUT = (10V) sinθ

18kΩ MPY634 4.7kΩ SF Z1

Where

SF Z1 θ = (π/2) (Eθ /10V) Carrier Input

10kΩ EC sin ωt

4.3kΩ Y1 Z2

Y1 Z2

Input, Eθ

0 to +10V 3kΩ

Y2 –VS

Y2 –VS –15V

–15V

By injecting the input carrier signal into the output through connection

to the Z2 input, conventional amplitude modulation is achieved.

With a linearly changing 0-10V input, this circuit’s output follows

Amplification can be achieved by use of the SF pin, or Z attenuator

0° to 90° of a sine function with a 10V peak output amplitude.

(at the expense of bandwidth).

X1 +VS +15V

(A2/20) cos (2 ω t)

X2 Out

A sin ω t C

MPY634

SF Z1 R

Y1 Z2

Y2 –VS

–15V

Frequency Doubler

Squaring a sinusoidal input creates an output frequency of

Input Signal: 20Vp-p, 200kHz

twice that of the input. The DC output component is

Output Signal: 10Vp-p, 400kHz

removed by AC-coupling the output.

Modulation

Input, ±EM X1 +VS +15V

X2 Out VOUT

Carrier SF Z1

Null

+15V –15V

Y1 Z2

Carrier Input

EC sin ω t

Y2 –VS

–15V

Carrier rejection can be improved by trimming the offset voltage

of the modulation input. Better carrier rejection above 2MHz is

typically achieved by interchanging the X and Y inputs (carrier Carrier: fC = 2MHz, Amplitude = 1Vrms

applied to the X input). Signal: fS = 120kHz, Amplitude = 10V peak

MPY634 8

IMPORTANT NOTICE

Texas Instruments and its subsidiaries (TI) reserve the right to make changes to their products or to discontinue

any product or service without notice, and advise customers to obtain the latest version of relevant information

to verify, before placing orders, that information being relied on is current and complete. All products are sold

subject to the terms and conditions of sale supplied at the time of order acknowledgment, including those

pertaining to warranty, patent infringement, and limitation of liability.

TI warrants performance of its semiconductor products to the specifications applicable at the time of sale in

accordance with TI’s standard warranty. Testing and other quality control techniques are utilized to the extent

TI deems necessary to support this warranty. Specific testing of all parameters of each device is not necessarily

performed, except those mandated by government requirements.

In order to minimize risks associated with the customer’s applications, adequate design and operating

safeguards must be provided by the customer to minimize inherent or procedural hazards.

TI assumes no liability for applications assistance or customer product design. TI does not warrant or represent

that any license, either express or implied, is granted under any patent right, copyright, mask work right, or other

intellectual property right of TI covering or relating to any combination, machine, or process in which such

semiconductor products or services might be or are used. TI’s publication of information regarding any third

party’s products or services does not constitute TI’s approval, warranty or endorsement thereof.

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