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LAST MOMENTS

The Last Mome nts Before

The Death Of

The Messe nge r Of All ah

Mu ham mad
May Alla h ever bless him They certainly work a an d gra nt him p eace

wondr ous power over the he art :

Before his death, the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) performed the Farewell Hajj1, and while he was there, the Saying of the Truth2, be ever gloried His Majesty and Might, descended (which means): “This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.” [Al-Mâ’idah, 5: 3] Upon hearing this glorious Ayah, Abu Bakr Al-Siddîq3 (may Allah be pleased with him) wept. When people asked him about the reason behind his tears, he said: “This is the death announcement of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).” Then, the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) returned from the Farewell Hajj, and nine days before his death, the last Ayah in the Noble Qur’an was revealed (saying what means): “And fear a Day when you will be returned to Allah. Then every soul will be compensated for what it earned, and they will not be treated unjustly.” [Al-Baqarah, 2: 281]

Farewell Hajj: The first and the last Pilgrimage performed by the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. 2 The Truth : Al-Haqq: one of the Beautiful Names of Allah. 3 Al-Siddîq: Surname of Abu Bakr, meaning the Trustful.
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The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) started to suffer the pain of his fatal illness. Thereupon he said: “I want to visit the martyrs of Uhud4.” He went to the martyrs of Uhud, and stood before the graves of the martyrs, and said: “O Martyrs of Uhud! Peace be upon you, you are the preceding ones, and by the Will of Allah, we shall join you, and I, by the Will of Allah, shall join you.” On his way back from Uhud the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) cried so His Companions asked, “Why do you cry, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “I miss my brothers,” The Companions asked: “O Messenger of Allah, are not we your brothers.” He said: “No, you are my Companions, but my brothers are people who would come after me, they would believe in me though have not seen me.” Three days before his death, pain started to become severer. During such period the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was being nursed in the house of his wife Maymunah. Thus he said: “Gather my wives.” And the wives assembled. The noble Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) asked their leave saying to them: “Would you allow me to be nursed in ‘Aishah’s house.” They answered: “We allow you, O Messenger of Allah.”
The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) came out, supported by two

men, ‘Abbas bin Abdul-Mutalib and ‘Ali bin ِAbu Talib, with his feet dragging on the ground. Sadly, it was the first time for the Companions to see their Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) supported.

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The Battle of Uhud: 3 A.H./625 A.D.
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The other Companions gathered, solicitously asking, “What is wrong with the Messenger of Allah, what is wrong with the Messenger of Allah?” Then people started to crowd in the Masjid, which was completely filled with the Companions. There in the room of Lady ‘Aishah, the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) started to sweat heavily. Seeing this Lady ‘Aishah said: “Truly, in my life I have never seen anyone sweat that excessively.” Then she grasped the hand of the Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and started to wipe the sweat with his hands. But why would she wipe the sweat with his hands, and not hers. Lady ‘Aishah said: “Because his hand is more blessed than mine.” Lady ‘Aishah heard the Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) repeating: “There is no god but Allah! Verily, Death has its agonies. There is no god but Allah! Verily, Death has its agonies.” Pain grew so much severe that the trace of the poisoned (roasted) sheep offered to him as a gift by a Jewess at Khaibar appeared. It was so sore that he said to ‘Aishah, "O 'Aishah! I still feel the pain caused by the food I ate at Khaibar, and at this time, I feel as if my aorta is being cut from that poison." When clamor started to heighten (meaning noise from inside the Masjid), the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) asked: “What is this?” Lady ‘Aishah replied: “O Messenger of Allah, people are worried about you.” Thereupon he said: “Carry me to them.” He wanted to rise but he could not. So he ordered them to pour seven skins full of water on him to be relieved so that he might give some advice to people.

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Then the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) went out to the people to lead them in Prayer and deliver his last sermon, say his last words, and utter his last supplication. He said: “O People, as if you fear for me.” They answered: “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “O People! Your tryst with me is not worldly life; your tryst with me is at the Fount ( Al-Kauthar: a river in Paradise), and by Allah, as if I am (now) looking at it from this very place of mine. O People, by Allah, it is not poverty that I fear for you, but I fear lest the life of this world be lavished on you as it was lavished on those who came before you, and you rival with one another over it, as they rivaled over it, and it destroys you as it destroyed them.” Then he said: “O People, I adjure you by Allah, (Hold fast to) As-Salah (Prayers)! I adjure you by Allah, (hold fast to) As-Salah (Prayers).” And he kept repeating it, then he said: “O people, Fear Allah in (treating) women, I enjoin you to be good to women” Then he said: “O people, there is a servant whom Allah has given the choice between this world and what is with Allah. And He chose what is with Allah." But none of them understood the servant he meant, for he meant himself. Allah has given him the choice and he chose. All except Abu Bakr. It was the habit of the Companions that whenever the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) talked, they remained silent that one could hear a pin drop. But when Abu Bakr heard the last words of the Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), he could no longer contain himself, and he uttered loud laments. He

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interrupted the Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) crying out in the middle of the Masjid: “For your sake we sacrifice our fathers, O Messenger of Allah, for your sake we sacrifice our mothers, O Messenger of Allah, for your sake we sacrifice our wives, O Messenger of Allah, for your sake we sacrifice our wealth, O Messenger of Allah….” Abu Bakr kept repeating these words, till people frowned at him (how could he interrupt the Messenger while he was delivering his sermon). But the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “O people, none of you had done us a favor, but we have rewarded him, except for Abu Bakr, I could not reward him, thus I left his reward to Allah, the Exalted and Ever-Majestic. All doors leading to the Masjid should be closed, except that of Abu Bakr, should never be closed.” Then the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) started to pray for them, uttering his last supplications before death: Saying: “May Allah shelter you, may Allah protect you, may Allah grant you victory, may Allah keep you firm, may Allah support you, may Allah protect you.” And people saying “Amen”. His ever last words before he stepped down from the pulpit were addressed to the nation, saying: “O people! Convey my salam (greetings) to whoever follows me from my nation till the Day of Resurrection.” After these words, he was carried again to his house. While in his house, Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr entered with Siwak5 in his hands, so the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) kept looking at Siwak, unable to say that he wanted it.

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A piece of a branch or root of a specific tree that is used as a toothbrush. 5

LAST MOMENTS

But Lady ‘Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “I understood from the looks of his eyes that he wanted Siwak, so I took it from the man’s hand, and chewed it to soften it to the Prophet, then I gave it to him. Thus, the last thing that entered the Prophet’s stomach was my saliva.” Lady ‘Aishah said about this honor: “Among the Blessings of Allah upon me is that the Prophet died in my house on the day of my turn while he was leaning on my chest closer to my neck, and Allah made my saliva mix with his Saliva at his death.” She also said: “So Allah made my saliva mix with his saliva on his last day on earth and his first day in the Hereafter.” Then, his daughter Fatimah entered, but upon entering she wept. Her tears rolled down because she was accustomed that whenever she called on the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) he would rise and kiss her between her eyes, but this time he could not stand. Whereupon Fatimah said, "What great distress my father is in!" But he said to her, "Your father will have no more distress after today." He then said to Fatimah: “Come closer to me Fatimah.” And he whispered to her something that made her cry bitterly. And again he asked her: “Come closer to me Fatimah.” Then he whispered to her something that made her laugh joyously. When she was asked after the death of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) about the secret of her tears and then her laugh, she answered: “The first time, he told me: ‘O Fatimah! I will die tonight’, and so I cried. When he saw my tears he returned and told me: ‘O Fatimah! You are the first of my family to join me,’ and so I laughed.” The last glance the Muslims had of their dear Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was when the people stood aligned (in rows) for the Fajr (Dawn) prayer. The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) lifted the curtain of his house

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and started looking at them and was standing at that time. His face was (glittering) like a page of the Qur’an and he smiled cheerfully. The Companions were about to be distracted from Prayers for the pleasure of seeing the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace); Abu Bakr retreated to join the row as he thought that the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would lead the Prayer. But the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) beckoned to them to complete the Prayer and he let the curtain fall. At the last moments only ‘Aishah was there with the Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) who said: “O ‘Aishah! Come closer to me,” and he rested against the chest of his wife, Lady ‘Aishah. The Messenger (may peace be upon him) was reclining against the chest of his wife and she was leaning over him and listening to him as he was saying: “O Allah! Forgive me, bestow Your Mercy on me, and let me join the highest companions” (see the Qur’an 4: 69) Lady ‘Aishah related: “I used to hear (from the Prophet) that no prophet dies till he is given the choice between worldly life and the Hereafter. And I heard the Prophet in his fatal illness saying in a voice that turned husky (the Ayah that means): “With the ones upon whom Allah has bestowed favor of the prophets, the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous. And excellent are those as companions.”(4: 69) Thereupon I thought that the Prophet had been given the choice.” Lady ‘Aishah related: “He was lifting his hand towards Heaven and saying: ‘Nay, but The Highest Companion. Nay, but The Highest Companion.’” Thus she knew from his words that he was being given the choice between worldly life and the Highest Companion, and that the Angel of Death and the Angel Jibril (Gabriel, peace be upon him) were in the house. And came the last words that the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) spoke: “O Allah! With the Highest Companion.”

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And the soul of Muhammad bin Abdullah come out to the Contentment of Allah and His Good Pleasure, to a Lord well pleased and not angry. Lady Aishah related: “Then the hand of the Prophet dropped down, and his head grew heavy on my bosom, here I knew that he has died.” She continued, saying: “I did not know what to do, all I did was to come out of my room to the Masjid, where the Companions were gathered, and I cried: ‘The Messenger of Allah has died, the Messenger of Allah has died, the Messenger of Allah has died.’” And the Masjid burst into tears; ‘Ali bin Abu Talib got paralyzed by the gravity of the news unable to get up, Uthman bin Afan was like a child, people supporting him and moving him from side to side while he was mute. As for ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab he said: “If anyone of you says that he has died, I will strike off his head with my sword, he has rather went to meet His Lord, as Moses went to meet His Lord.” The firmest among them was Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), he went direct to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), embraced him, and said: “O my closest Companion, O my beloved one, O my father.” Then he kissed the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and said: “You are good in life and in death.” Fatimah said: “O Father! Who answered the Call of his Lord Who invited him. O Father! Whose Abode is the Garden of Paradise (Al-Firdaws). O Father! To Jibril we announce your death!” Abu Bakr then went out to the people and addressed them saying: “Whoever amongst you worshipped Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but whoever worshipped Allah, Allah is alive and will never die. Allah says (in the Noble Qur’an what means): “Muhammad is not but a messenger. [Other] messengers have passed on before him. So if he was to die or be killed, would you turn back on your heels [to unbelief]? And he who turns back on his heels will never harm Allah at all; but Allah will reward the grateful.”” (Al-‘Imrân, 3:144)

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Ibn ‘Abbas said: “By Allah, as if people never knew before that Allah had revealed this Ayah till Abu Bakr recited it and all people received it from him, and I heard everybody reciting it (then).” ‘Umar said: "By Allah as soon as I heard Abu Bakr reciting it, I was stunned that my legs were no longer able to carry me and I fell down to the ground. Only when I heard him reciting it did I realize that the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) had really died.” Anas bin Malik said: “On the day (Monday) the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) entered Medina every part of it shined and on the day (Monday) the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) died every part of it darkened.” Bilal rose to pronounce the Azan, he rose to honor the duty that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) had assigned to him. Bilal started the Call to Prayers, “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.” But he looked at the mihrab but the Imam was not there; he turned to the house of Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) but he was not there. He could not master the words, the heart, the soul and his whole being. Still he strived against himself and cried, “I testify that there is no god but Allah... I testify that there is no god but Allah” but came the hard part after which he could not utter a single word, “I testify that Muhammad…” and he could not continue. He cried bitterly and so did the whole Masjid and people at their homes in Medina…. the women, children and old people. The tears of the Muezzin choked his voice and he could not longer proceed so he come down and threw his body on the ground. ‘Umar said: “Whenever I was afflicted with any calamity I remembered my calamity of losing the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and thus all my calamites were easy.” We come to the end

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And to whoever hears this story, and feels love towards the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), he has to perform four things as a token of that love to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).

1. Supplicate much blessings upon the Messenger Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and his family and Companions, for whoever invokes blessings on Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) once, Allah will bless him ten times:

“O Allah! Send Your Salat (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy, etc.) on Muhammad and on the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your Salat on Abraham and on the family of Abraham, for You are the Most Praise-Worthy, the Most Glorious. O Allah! Bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You blessed Abraham and the family of Abraham, for You are the Most Praise-Worthy, the Most Glorious.”
2. Visit his City: Medina. 3. Revive and follow his Sunnah (traditions). 4. Study his Sirah (Prophetic Biography). Perform these four duties and you will feel that your love towards the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) has changed in your heart, and he has become dearer to you than your own son, wealth, family, and dearer than the whole world. I say these words of mine, and I beg Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, to gather us all in the highest Gardens of Paradise, as Companions of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) in highest Gardens of Paradise. And Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon you all

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