METHODOLOGY RESEARCH PROCESS: 1) DEFINE RESEARCH PROBLEM: The formulation of a general topic into specific research problem constitutes

the 1st step in research process. Essentially two steps are involved in formulating the Research problem that is understands the problem theoretically and rephrasing the same into meaningful terms from an analytical point of view. 2) EXTENSIVE LITERATURE SURVEY: Once the problem is formulated a brief summary of it shift’s the return down. It is compulsory for a research worker for writing a thesis for a PhD degree to write a synopsis {brief summary} of a topic and submit it to the necessity committee at this research board for approval at this researcher should undertake the extensive literature survey, i.e.: reviewing concepts & theories and reviewing previous research findings.

3) FORMULATE HYPOTHESIS: Hypothesis is tentive assumptions made in order to draw out a test it’s logical or empirical consequences. Hypothesis should be very specific & limited for a peace of research in hand because it has to be tested. Hypothesis provides a guide for researching which are limited to the area of research and to keep him on the right track.

4) DESIGN RESERCH: Research design is a conceptual structure with in which research would be conducted. Research design involves the following consideration:a) Means of obtaining the information. b) Availability & skill of the researcher & his staff. c) Explanation of the way in which selected means of obtaining information will be organized.

d) Time availability for research. cost. interview and observation. e) The cost factor relating to research. magazines. 7) INTERPRETATION & REPORT’S: The process of interpretation explains the finding’s on the basis of some theories. journals. The unwieldy data is classified data into sum purposely and usable categories. time. 6) ANALYSIS OF DATA: The analysis of data requires a member of closely related operation such as establishment of faculties. & other resource at the disposal of the researcher. Data can be collected through primary resources & secondary sources Primary sources include data collection through surveys. Questionnaire. In form of primary data I have used questionnaire and in form of secondary data I have taken data from multiple sources. The researcher should select one of these methods of collecting data taking into considerations the nature of the investigation. business reports or internet. objectives and scope of research. to coding. tabulation and there drawing statistical inferences. Secondary data can be collected through book. The process of interpretation quite often trigger of new practices in which in return may lead to further researcher. application of these facilities to draw a data. 5) COLLECTING DATA: There are certain ways of collecting the appropriate data which differ considerately in context of money. PRELIMARY PAGES .

The validity and accuracy of final judgment is most crucial and depends heavily upon how well the data is gathered in the first place. main reports and the conclusion. summary of findings. bibliography and index in case of published reports Data can be classified under the two main categories. acknowledgement..MAIN TEXT END MATTERS I) The Preliminary pages:We include topic’s title’s. list of the content. II) The main text:It includes the interaction. list of graphs & charts if any given in the report.e. depending upon the sources used for the collection purposes. list of tables. The methodology adopted for data gathering also affects the conclusions drawn there form. Such data are original in character and generated by surveys conducted . i. III) The end matters:It includes appendices. data. Primary data: Primary data are those data. ‘Primary data’ and ‘Secondary data’. which are collected by the investigator himself for the purpose of a specific enquiry or study.

Thus we can say that the data that is being collected for the first time is called primary data. contacts them on telephone and collects information them. instead of presenting himself before the informants. instead of directly approaching the informants. They apply their own judgment as to the best method of obtaining information. and are appointed for the different parts of the area under the investigation. This method is highly suitable where the direct personal investigation is not practicable either because the informants are unwilling or reluctant to supply the information or where the information desired is complex or the study in hand is extensive. This method provides greater degree of accuracy. the investigator presents himself personally before the informant and obtains first hand information. the information is not collected formally by the investigator. the investigator interviews several third persons who are directly or indirectly concerned with the subject matter of the enquiry and who are in possession of the requisite information.by individuals or research institutions.  Indirect personal interview: under this method. commonly know as correspondents. but local agents.  Information received through local agents: under this method.  Telephone survey: under this method the investigator. . Methods that can be used for collection of primary data are as follows:  Direct personal observation: under this method.

These questionnaires are sent by post to the informants together with a polite covering letter explaining in detail. the success of this method depends upon the proper drafting of the questionnaire and cooperation of the respondents. the investigator appoints agents know as enumerators. the investigator prepares a questionnaire containing a number of questions pertaining to the field of enquiry.  Questionnaire sent through enumerators: under this method. instead of sending the questionnaire through post. and requesting the respondents to cooperate by furnishing the correct replies and returning the questionnaire duly filled in. the aims and objectives of collecting the information. and record their replies . Mailed questionnaire method: under this method. who go to the respondents personally with the questionnaire. ask them the questions given therein.

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