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ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

InternationalConferenceOnAdvancesinCivilEngineering

GovernmentsRoleinextensionof CosteffectiveandAlternateBuildingTechnologies

Authors Authors Ar.SuvarnaLele.ProfessorandPracticingArchitect Ar,SaritaDeshpande.ProfessorandPracticingArchitect Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

LOWCOSTANDALTERNATEMETHODSOFCONSTRUCTION

ACE2011

BMTPC

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

BMTPCBuilding Materials And Technology Promotion Council Commercialisation ofInnovativeBuildingMaterialTechnologies

Enablingaprocessofrethinkingforreducing constructioncostsbypromotingenvironmentfriendly materialsandtechniques LOWCOSTANDALTERNATEMETHODSOFCONSTRUCTION Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011 SERVICESOFFERED

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

1.Evaluation,validationofinnovativetechnologies,andadviceoncosteffective optionsforchoiceofmaterialsandtechnologies. 2.Documentationanddisseminationofcosteffectivematerials,construction techniques. techniques 3.Designandengineeringconsultancyforpreparingtechnologyprofiles,location specificfeasibilityreports,anddemandassessmentreportsforvariousbuilding materials. 4.Designandtechnologyoptionsforhousingandbuildingschemesbasedonuseof i d h l i f h i d b ildi h b d f innovativebuildingmaterialsandconstructiontechniques. 5.Performanceappraisalbasedonfunctionalanalysisofnewbuildingmaterials, products,componentsandconstructionsystems 6.Selectionandevaluationofforeigntechnologies. 7Disasterresistantconstructiontechnologies.

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Recentinitiativestopromoteinnovativebuildingmaterial technologies 1.Technologytransferatnationallevel T h l t f t ti ll l


BuildingMaterials&TechnologyPromotionCouncil (BMTPC)wassetupin1990undertheaegisofthe erstwhileMinistryofUrbanDevelopment,to y p , bringtogetherscientificresearch,technological advancementsandenterprise. 2.TechnologytransferatgrassrootlevelAcentrally sponsoredSchemeforestablishingaNational NetworkofBuildingCentres waslaunchedin1988 89.TheSchemeisbeingimplementedthrough HUDCOandsofarover653locationshavebeen identifiedandmorethan490centres havealready becomefullyoperationalinseveralStates. 3.Otherfacilitatingmeasures BMTPCfacilitatesestablishmentofnewbuildingmaterialsproductionunitsbyproviding technologybackupservices,andcoordinatingwithconcerneddepartments/agenciesfor necessarypolicysupports,creditfacilitiesandventurecapitalsupports 4.FiscalIncentivesFiscal incentivesforpromotingnewbuildingmaterialstechnologies isanimportantfacilitatingfeatureofGovernmentspolicysupportforhousingand i i f ili i f fG li f h i d buildingsector. Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

CENTRAL BUILDING RESEARCH INSTITUTE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

OBJECTIVES 1.Shelterplanning 2.Buildingmaterials. 3.StructuresandFoundations 4.DisastermitigationincludingFireEngineering 4 DisastermitigationincludingFireEngineering 5.Todevelopnewtechnologiesforthepromotionofbuilding materialsandsystems 6.Todisseminatetheresultsofresultsofresearchfarandwidefor thegoodofcommunity 7.Totransferthedevelopedtechnologiestotheindustryforfurther commercialization CBRItoworkasworldclassknowledgebaseforprovidingsolutionstoalmostallarea k ld l k l d b f idi l i l ll ofBuilding/Habitatplanningandconstructionincludingbuildingmaterials, constructiontechnology,fireengineeringanddisastermitigationconstruction.

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

Nirmithi Kendra

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

"Nirmithi Kendra" "Ni ithi K d "


ThehousingshortageinIndiaisestimatedtobe40millionunitsby2000A.D.and ThehousingshortageinIndiaisestimatedtobe40millionunitsby2000A D and provideanopportunitytosearchforfeasiblesolutions.Itwasinthiscontextthatthe "Nirmithi movement",theprojectdescribedherein,wasstartedin1985asalocal initiativeintheQuilon DistrictofKerala,bythethenDistrictCollector. In1985,forprovidingaffordablesolutionstohousing,India'sfirst"NirmithiKendra" I 8 f idi ff d bl l i h i I di ' fi "Ni i hiK d " (BuildingCentre)wassetupintheQuilonDistrictofKerala.Arisingfromitsimpact, theGovernmentofIndiasetupsuchKendrasinalldistrictsofthecountryand integrateditwiththenationalhousingpolicy. g gp y

LOWCOSTANDALTERNATEMETHODSOFCONSTRUCTION

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

yj p MyjobwiththeNirmithiBhavanhelpedme tohaveabetterunderstandingofthe housingproblemsandtheneedsofsocietyin theState,

EEF technology was distinctive in: 1.itsuseoflocallyavailableandinnovativematerials. 2.cuttingdownconsumptionofenergyintensivematerials(cement,steel)using g p gy g appropriatetechnology.ensuringlocalparticipationinconstructionactivities. 3.blendingnewstyleswithtraditionalonesand 4.designingaccordingtothelayoftheland.

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

WelcometoEarthArchitecture!

1.PeviouslynamedtheAuroville BuildingCentre/EarthUnit,whichhadbeenfounded byHUDCO,GovernmentofIndia,in1989.Thedevelopmentoftheformerbuilding centreevolvedinsuchawaythattheAuroville EarthInstitutecameintoexistencein 2004. 2.TheAuroville EarthInstituteisresearching,developing,promotingandtransferring 2 TheAuroville EarthInstituteisresearching developing promotingandtransferring earthbasedtechnologies,whicharecostandenergyeffective.3.Thesetechnologies aredisseminatedthroughtrainingcourses,seminars,workshops,manualsand documents. 3.Theemphasisisfocusedontheresearch anddevelopment ofearthbased h h i i f d h h dd l f hb d technologiesandtheirdisseminationthroughtrainingcourses. 4.OneoftheaimsoftheAuroville EarthInstituteistogivepeoplethepossibilityto , g q createandbuildforthemselvestheirownhabitat,whileusingearthtechniques. Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

Habitat Technology Group

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Habitat Technology Group

Establishedin1987inKerala,HabitatTechnologyGroupisregisteredasaCharitableSociety.It istotallycommittedtotheconceptofgreenandhumanearchitecture.Ithasbeenrecognized asanodalagencytocarryoutdevelopmentalworksunderthede centralizationprocessin asanodalagencytocarryoutdevelopmentalworksunderthedecentralizationprocessin Kerala.ithasacoregroupofmorethan400architects,engineersandsocialworkerswitha supportbaseofover30,000trainedworkersfunctioningfrom34regionalofficesof10statesof Indiaand4overseasoffices.Ithasbuiltmorethan40000buildingsalloverthecountry includingresidences,commercialcomplexes,touristresorts,publicoffices,schools,hospitals andsoonallusingappropriatetechnology.

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

AUROVILLE VIKAS COMMUNITY


VIKAS COMMUNITY AUROVILLE

Vijaywada,A.P,

Earthwasused,fromthefirst developmentsofVikas,inallparts d l fVik i ll ofthebuildings,fromfoundations toroof. Thepropermanagementofearth resourceswasalwaysthefirst priority.Thequarrieswherethesoil priority Thequarrieswherethesoil wastakenfromwerealways plannedfirst.Thisprocedure allowedaperfectintegrationofthe ll d f ti t ti fth excavationswiththebuildingsand landscape.
LOWCOSTANDALTERNATEMETHODSOFCONSTRUCTION Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Appropriate building technologies pp p g g


1. Stabilised rammed earth foundations with 5 % cement Plinths and walls in compressed stabilised earth blocks 2. Stabilised rammed earth walls with 5% cement Composite beams and lintels and composite columns 3. Vaults d domes f fl 3 V lt and d for floors and roof, made of d f d f CSEB Paints and plasters ofprecastCpanels.Chajjasarewithout with stabilised earth Floorings with CSEB tiles, 2.5cm thick with 5 % cement Ferrocement channels of 25mm thickness 4. Various ferrocement items for different uses Ferrocement doors, shelves, etc. of 12mm thickness 5. Ferrocement plasters for water tanks and p ponds Sparing use of concrete, g p g , glass, steel, etc. , ,
Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

VIKASLAYOUT 1448mcarpetarea 23apartments,collectivekitchenandtoiletsfor50people Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

AnApartmentusinglowcostconstructiontechniquesasCompressed EarthBlocksandFunicularshells
Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

CommonKitchenFor50people
Ar.SuvarnaLele A S it D h d

ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

Case study

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

AR.VivekPatankarsbangalow,Nashik g ,
1)Strip foundations are used below walls. In usual cases the strip is taken below total wall. Here, after designing, it was found out that only 60% length of strip was required so the parts of strip were y g p q p p omitted 2)Brick workExposed and rat trap bond 3)The roof is organization of funicular shells. Each panel is of 900mm x 1500mm. 4)Door frames are made up of cast in situ concrete where the cost of each frame works around Rs. 100/. The ready made frame costs more than th 400 rupees (th rate i around 10 years b k) (the t is d back) 5)Precast C panels Chajjas and Precast folded staircase. 6)The construction time reduced by nearly 50 days 7) The cost saved in the year 2000 was Rs 2 lakhs for the total for a a. The estimated cost for a bungalow of around 145sq costed rs 600000 by using conventional technologies ab 4,80000 using the alternate technologies.
LOWCOSTANDALTERNATEMETHODSOFCONSTRUCTION Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011 ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

CentreOfSciencesForVillagers,Vardha g , Aprojectsponnsered byCAPART.


1.UsingOf 1 UsingOf Wardha mudblocksforwallssize225x225x100mm mudblocksforwalls size 225x225x100mm 2.MakingOffacetilestoprotectthewallsfromweakersoil. 3.Wardhatumblerblocksuseofterracottatumblersforvaults. 4 4.Burntbrickpillarsinrequiredcases. p q 5.Useofunderreamedpilesfordeepblackcottonsoils. 4.UseOfframelessdoordevelopedbyC.B.R.I 5.FramelessWindowsincaseofwindows,a multipurposeM.S.frame isused.

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

Wardha House

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

WardhaMudBlocksMasonryinMudMortar.
LOWCOSTANDALTERNATEMETHODSOFCONSTRUCTION Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

FabricationOf M.S.Centringtrusses.

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

LayingOftumbler blockRoofTiles.

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

FramelessDoorsAndWindows

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Plan,Sections and Elevations-Typical Warhdha House

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

U cou sed ubb e Uncoursed rubble masonry 450mm thk upto plinth.

Chajjas sloping outside

Shuttering for ring beam

Laying bk.masonry chair at spring Carry bk.pier to Precast door blocks points for placing Wardha or tumble Lintel h i ht f 1 80M in b i k i Li t l height of 1.80M i brick piers. bow Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

SomeBambooBuildingBuildingsDevelopedByBMTPC NorthEastMIZORAM
SomeBambooBuildingBuildingsDevelopedByBMTPCNorthEast MIZORAM

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE

BMTPCNorthEastMIZORAM

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

BAMBOO BUILDINGS-COMPLETED-Mizoram.

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P

IPIRTI,Bangalore.

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

WorkshopatGandhigram

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

CAPARTsupportedworkshopatGandhigram,adeemed UniversityatDindigul,Tamilnaduforproducingunitson C.B.R.Idevelopedtechnologies.

LOWCOSTANDALTERNATEMETHODSOFCONSTRUCTION

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar,SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

BrickFillerSlab

BrickArchFoundation

PrecastConcreteDoorPanel

Decorativebrickwork. Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

LowCostUnit

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

SPEEDCONTECHNOLOGY

Vijaywada,A.P

SPEEDCONTECHNOLOGY BYAR.SANJAYPRASADE. 1.ReductionOfmaterialweightby50%ofself weight. 2.Speedyconstruction,lesswastageof materials. t i l 3.Portableandlightweightmaterials. 4.Modularisationandstandardizationpossible. 5 5.Lesswastesproducedandmaterialscanbe p recycled.

LOWCOSTANDALTERNATEMETHODSOFCONSTRUCTION

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande

CONCLUSION
Withtheavailabilityofalternatetechnologiesandmaterialswhicharemuchcheaper,there Withth il bilit f lt t t h l i d t i l hi h h h th isaneedoftransferringthemtoneedytobuildlowcosthouses.Governmenthasdealtthis issueonvariouslevelsbycreatingBMTPC,establishingCBRI,Nirmitee Kendras,SERC, CASTRARegionalResearchLaboratories,NationalEnvironmentalEngineeringResearch g , g g Instituteandmanyrelated organisations..Thetechnologiesselectedhelpedtosomeextent inemploymentgeneration,upliftment ofwomen,decentralisation ofproduction, conservation,recyclingandreuseofresourcesaswellasdevelopmentofhumanresources.

ACE2011

KLUniversity, Vijaywada,A.P,

THANKYOU
Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.SaritaDeshpande
Reference: 1]www.bmtpc.org 2]www.cbri.org.in ] g 3]www.auroville.org 4]GovernmentInitiativesandProgramforAffordableHousing NationalWorkshoponPropoorHousingFinance. 5]www.unesco.org 6]www.habitattechnologygroup.org 7]PaperbyMr.V.Suresh,DirectorCorporatePlanningHUDCOat symposiumon ConstructionforhousingandInfrastructureDelivery. 8]www.nirmithi.car.in

Ar.SuvarnaLele Ar.SaritaDeshpande