JET BUGGIES

The
0[1<:

ddt.l.
l'i

WIII,It

I~

.1

d''.Ld
of

,j;IVC,;IW.IY p.lllit l'or

ttl

Ill!:

,hnr;1,(

,I[

we:lrlll~

.1 r uut

the

h rst

time.

Ih~

(Up.
on

,'lll1n 0'1",

tilt- lower 1<1.11 fluge.

NAVAL

AVIIATION

NEWS

JUNE 1949

NO. 294

AFTE F UR LONG YEARS
11)(11'1" of

•••

~t. (j,,> , .",,, Iii I' I' 1"

I,i",

()II

"t /,;'",,,"'-',,,",1"",1 ;
U!I.tI
\\;1:>

","ian""

,,1'1 ••r " 1,,!li('tliI/f'r
ill

'JIIt'IUI

I, i« "",'

Hi"

.(1

""

I,.

II;f_'ll8
'''"''''''

fllfJ
lilt'

I ut time JiJ nur me.m
10

1

'1 \'<IM:i 1)11 tilL:

.llId l()lUIIIIlIt·~tll~kbl 1~I.III\lld It)d'), IlHILh
011

BllIlgu H'lll.!:;') III the: P'L~jjil. Till' rune

there
1~1e_

10 rhc

n;lli t's-or

w .rr, hilI V,IIl Ripple did Ililt kilo,", II. In bet, he di I IIpl J...1l1)\\rht' war was over because news tr.lvd:-. :-,11)",1\ h .rween lI)t~11 ivlands, even in reaCtIIlill r IflH':S.

the one \ lute mnn

the

I'm Lt.

(l,t.:) Wink

Van

Ripple

Jay when 111m bullet. Ilupped \\ II h ,I spine-wrem.hinp splash 111 the surf offshore. That was in It) 1'\ It \\ a:, 111 the du~j!l~ 111. 1111 h~ 01

hlllJ': met h)sl track of rune I rcuu HIt' JlIS ]1(11', It..; t:.IS hue I.r<':I'il'd hy ;1 .lap 77

had

that a straJlge appari and r~ n fluttering !'OInt hladc [lew uver HOIlJ,;(1 Bongo and lowered H lahle and sllllg til result: the bronzed aviator from Ius island prison. It ended four long yt'ars of isolation,
It WU'i ,I ~U!lIly lL.l) III JI).(I)

So

linn \\ ith :1

·rol,kc.:J hi ack fuselage

1

1>1.0.\1'1':

USES

M.o.NY

f-80

J~5

AS

TRMNERSPU~ING

INT"ElUM

PERIOD

)(T83F-1 S WITH RADOME,

CAllED

'GUAIt:olAN'

FLIES WITH

AN XTB3f.~5

de'~... '!!II .. "d,A
I'.I.-ind Iii I.t',~'s -, I!'

.,;,. .....
lSI.

Ilyill,!!: rf>r"~, r· Ill'" .uul riM I'S., You N.il)'~ h,l.lJllL'r '[,Ihk luoksl i\"{O Im!.ly
,

OU._I.!hl:\ ~t'" 1\ h,ll th .. , fh,tll"'r [hun /I dozen."

,,/\

M

Il. Van RII'pJe usked:

IWN'T WI?

stil! flymg H..lhu, ;mJ

("I'I"lil

,!Ill' morel",
,1.11 d

ANY

1'-',[-fll:

~0r abo~ud

lht {luC'~li(}tls on. Van Riprk'~ hr~ ,IS he the htlicopler. (W II was ,I hel knj1h~r

['U11:l~1h cnrnpurcd [0 I bos~ h .. ~,IW before his I 'N ~ d W I k inJ.:. It h:u I t 1'10 rotors, flit 0110: Ih mg. lis I usehtg~ was big enough to Imld IWo or Un!'", of tile hdil()rtl:r~

,1lthcllIgb

Van Ripple

hut h3d

$«.'11 HI

Lakehurst.
I"

"Y es, til .., Rcse rves llrl.: 1111oJ some used a nl;:W C"l'o.1II I' !U·S, Iii'a}', ,II,' Lh'll w tr~' )11,1- hl):illnin,Q JiIP~ surrendered ill 1 ')<11) WI:i!, buL those two nr<.:J.bO(lt tile onl), huve I oday, II., .ill jt!I's now."
rines

fIl:d ~(lulldron.5

Ma-

You remember the FliP to ,0JJll: out when the we gO! .1 IlJ~ pf them, I'rIll'dlCItd lighlers we

lon£ urne, but !11 <I lot of ~krs [OrwuJ while VJIl Riprk\ I if ~ ~ltjoJ still, rnll,' hd.i(,'ol~tt'r ilol lritJ to 1:Htllg the recluse up 10 dutl about IIll' l'fld of hostilities. the atom bornh ;1.I1,j aviation Q{ the duy, H~ Ilad nol realized 111)11'(,If ,dw<l.tl the N.l"vy'~ "ir urrn had moved and Lhl: 11L'1II 1'I.m,,· .• il 111,1, /lYIll).! until Ih~ hL,l,i:d<1 .lflswcrin~ Vun Ripple ~ 'l'IL'''(IOI1~,
nut
.1

Ffll.l.r y~lr'i on .1 desert J~llluJ lhl)~~' (Our yelu .. 11:1\11.1 ,1\ i.ltion

had hlk<!11

)\ l'u.zzJed lookcreased V:Ul Hipple\ brow. )ets!'Whal arc [11<.')'~" he asked, "Seems 10 Im'l heard oi rbcm
(;~rm.!II)-"

in

r

'\'qII.:J.l kin!] of ,I .pC';l~l i~ [Iii:; you're 11fin.g." the rescued man deruaruled, lo()kill~ uroum] 1.111:roomy' fu~d~gt:, "Wr never had ,my Ill' J hese I h i I\~:; wh ~11r 'I~ 0; ilYillg <llf !lIt ,I LI:!.\'/!fll'."", 'No. I i!Lln~ tlu, N'll.y', Mill ,I kt of Il~W l"'I:IIIQ~ you h;i\'·en'j '(;1:11," lilt h~'IIl('l'lt:r l'ilOI 1111,1 him, "Fuur y(;ar, II' ;I IO!i~ t 11111:. I.:I~! time rilll dhi ;111)' It,L:hl 11l!!_ w~ were

WINGT,IP

rANKS

BOOST

iANGE

or

FJ·l'S

Of

\IF-51

NEAR

MI,

RAINIER

the war Ih~) ht,l!<J1l rorpin,u off I'll.. ussernbly lines, Clnull..L! Vought alone- h;uJ IIlret, the KI:5t1-ltnJI looked Jike a ~yihil saucer with lJIOpS, the 1'101 r Itt and :I dilly ,.tIled j he ~'il That I.lsl one aufl ~nt It tail hUl II fl ies likc hell on two 1L'tl.!ngint'S. We gOI a two-man Jl,ghter, (;:1,,,,11, lhe 1'31) hy DougLl:' EJ Segundo . , , even bauf!ht II Icw Lockheed t--t\lj"s through the Air Perce." "1 d ou't know what you're In Ik i.r1_g about, mister, most (jf those names don't mean much to a rocoanut-pirker lib 111(,," Van Ripr!t' (.olllmenleJ, 'Get J.J1y other new OUt!>:'" The roregoillS fictitious dialQ& between ' Van Ripllle" tillJ the helicopter i,ilul i~ just u war of c;.Jlill,l! lilt:' attenriun of N)'w~ fl'<1ders In the List \Irnles Ihll',d '1\'I,llioll hil,' m.ul, MIKe dUe war ended [our ye.lr~ 111$J. lit '" lll"l icopt c r I'd ut cow Id h~I\'C tel J tJ 1(; r(.'~l lll'J 111,111 .rbuur .1 101 01 nrw pl,tJ1j:~, rr he could h.rve ~Iood on rhc hue .II. MUflX or 1';11U);t;:11 t RII',-,I' fur a lillJc wlule he would huve ~t.'l'n a I't(!tahle rH,lde of plnnes J!O by. sorue to Hy ,I I i till ,Ind then ht' J i5fard ed, ntho,;r~ 10 make lhe J.:fu.lo.: ,'IlJ Will bill. lonl'ri1ll~ lor llll' :lHuatl companies which rle~iJ!ncd I hen]. The' ~illrol r1iUW l1!lt:lIl' would uuIude such new "Lrces" ;.l\ 111(.·( C r~,1! [10 Jild i I 'U w(;rf U I 1'"11, I he I'~ M und 1'.';1\1 by Martin, ,L l.uul 1111.1 ,~t"lpl,lIl1' rL',~p(!divd}', 111ld CVC'1l II wlH:ekd aud ,tfin
"Why

what it lukes. But tlMI rsn 'I,dl the IlI;:W 11}<hlers siru e II),j ~,brother, Some of 'em w(;: haven"] -I.mlll), m .my Ill, bll'l IIll')' rurne oul in drOV(;_~ I'i.gitl after the .Iap~ tluit fl,J:IhtiJlg, Thr.:y'J beer: in tilt: worb dllflll,g rhe war ,dl have
Wl' ;':01

RfI,ll!lcr, ,lULl have b~,t:l1 ~Ollt" a 101ll? JiIl1L', UJt: pinwheel 1'1101 said, Tln- Nlilly s Iou.>}' With Ids no\\, t'1'eIJ some j',llrOI planes have em, No j'lrops, Just suck the air ill the I roru em! .mJ, :'iLJ!1 irr t! om the blid:, "The Navy trred Ollt j(;h 011 rarrier .. '111<1 [ound Llit)' work o.u nne, The I'll I und Ii' .2~I-1 by McDonnell, L11l F',F'·" and ',1 h~ r. rumrnan and the FJ -1 h.y North Atnericru

2

version of i h(' old 5U1nJby JlI1M. No lungler .II) 1I1.l1i)' n.iva] ,wi"tors Ry Pin '~, PV,_ l'I1IY-I'" PIiJ"~ nr Pb]~ (flrrilrMdll,1 The picture h,t" ,i mll~t:11 ,IL~o IH torpedo bombers. The il )' abandoned tilt' three-nun TRM JnJ l'ElF ,HId r"'I,IIIn::d them with !iin,l(lC'-ri.lLe nrta k pl.ult'"s like lllL Alt und A~I.
\\ IIh thu A) ,IIlJ history.
lo. T1l1F (oming

ufol'l)! .lhl

Scout hombr.;rlo :hlJ

onst'"fY.1IIUI1

rLm("~ .11'1.' Jillllht

.IUt

i,'111

,tIl uul gc;m~. HdklJplo.:rs 1i:IH' l'l'l,hu ed Ao.tl l,blJt'~ 011 rnuser.111-1 h~!Llt:,~hJl'.'i t or 'ipotIUJ_g ,111.1 lh .. 1I11:Itk 1'1.11\\" ,Irl dllin~ Ilk JI\'t" bOlnbin.~ ;1.' well .1. torpe.lo drol'l'lI1b:,
'I he war-t nerl
... IT), ~[iJr:. <r I. n'-'l r. '0,1(' .lrl' I
AI THtJl'LH 1101

~o

l111n1t'fI.'lU.~.

I

h:lllt:l'5

ill

olht'l

(1.ls~t':. III'

£l._ Nuv)' planes also h..."" been rrudc Sll1ll' the war. Take 11.tn:\'porh, 1'110:.1 I)f lhern ~hll lin: K11' s, 11;;1"$ und IIS{~1., hut new urlet> lire on lhc horizo«. TI o l.ockheed C'iflllf/I1II",I' Me lIyinJ.< IQr the Nav),_ rlu\ a new rust w.ir JHM-.l L.//"I/I/I'
,\{,n'] ~~'lplilnt... P1Jln~ call for thl. Nal'~' ro "d some n 10, '·J;l1Ig BII,\' ,/I" from 1~,llrdldd No new I r,\JII Hll-( pla.uL' He hciJ1_!! u,cd, hul lhc ~}'sll:'m of u~ing lheru J1<1ngcd after the: war. JIl~tt.'ad of laund1ll1g radets in N,IN- nI\J..'~\. tln ,!I}' It(lll xt.rrts then! l)lIi IIJ SNj'l'. then grJJlIatt:~ til~ prlot right min 0l't:r.ItJOll.Illyrl.' rl.lIll',',. TIll: jd \'b",,'iIlK ~',,[/ 1,lbc.:ll'J r I I-I. i~ a transitinn.rl rr.uner unul lil[lI,tdrUII' ,g<'l th~'jr own N,II')' Iypl'~ to 11)" OUf tctLltlllJlg hero I rrun lI11Ilf,:O Bon,!',!) would Ilolln ,I bi}i JdTt:rl't1it' III 11'1 hehropter e lineup LaO. Hchropters have I(;'.dly l'un1\." of .l.,l!1:' in lilt! ACl.!t ill tilt: PJ~t fuur )t';Lr~. The}' arc f l~t rC'l'bclIlJ!" Ipl,111l' }!LlJrJ dcsiroyers Hi l,klJng u rilab (jit~,hit1.u carriers. uff 11,C' tloat piune .llre:tdy I, ;I l!1sunhy 10 III(' \tr~,lldC' pmwj,I.'L,1 Such rllotLltillf<; J.' the liB!' I P/)'ill~
H'I L lilt
li.l/hl/hI

MANY

REFINEMlCNTS

PROTECT

UIE

PILOT

OF

NAllY

JEtS

LIKE: THE

F1H

The tW~llty l:11(',\_'-I.Lt5~ (y\

Ih.lt ended the war .ire esther

,"hidl

rc,n](:d
I'

V.IIl

Rlp["le.

lhe
I"~

.Bdl
II

HJ~

MrDollllt"ll
There

Sik()r~k}' mul II) .Irl all typl:.o.; uuverlcd

hy Pi,L~tlki ,111.1 ,dt~,.r !Ill' Will.

J"

in n10Ihhllb, or oI~ in (he rn~<:of the .... 'am{'II:,./, ut the bottom of Bikln i ,11\)1 I. H 1::1\) w(.;igh['~ 111<.' j ;trrj~r fket loday Ilrt' I-hI: rVH \ 1~11,111'J11'. l! I), g""JU I'li ,m.1 C/II-.II ;:.'1'.1, B.tek

or

~llll'PjJIJ': llll.'

ramp~ I r m 1'.'.11' d.,p, 111<1:' Lbt' J 1\1 I ALII'.I11'/._·,·, .J [)., tar/<er l,l.lnc . .IRe. J'F, .lIIK, R,'iO. :1",1 -:NJ-l. Si~lLI: UIl' prl'~~i.ll'C is on Ii ~htll1g 1'1 an I:'S, fewer chn !1J.:t'S an d new l )f'es are brought uut ill Lilt: utility field. A 1\1.:\\ Cirllmrnal1 ~mr,hi bran, the )1\ 'I', IS II' UU, works, In dlrl,l!ibl .~, .1 III:\\, -type;: bill lp was announced \111(1.' Ihl' war .l~ postwar snnsubmarine work hrougl1t blimr.~ ilWln to lhl:' I OLE'. T\\ o el 1.'11 operutcd off the V E \"iol) 111 rhc Carrbhean maneuvers. Two Dougln$ research rl.lIl(:s.
lih\

[He:a number

oi IllI!>cdLtlll:ou,

I'IMII.'~ .lrUlIII"

.!IId trll,~l!/, IlIt' 1I'oIr tilt' Navy Imel 71 CVE·~. but most of I hese Wt re ~olI l'or ~I I'll r or I.UlI In mol h ba.Jl.<; soon after , powder SI1IOke- ,-k~Htd away. Today's tlect only has :l. h.ltulllJl Ill' n"WWI11Lr~ like IIlI. Btlt/nl'lJ,f!. SlniJ. Sil,mJe)', SIIlI)' and the R.lfll~ilJ/", Tile eVl', work with lhl; tminiug Lllnllll:LIIJ .111\1 ,10 :-01'l:'llal Jub.i like qlhllifvinJ! jd ~(lu,lt~rol1"
),ltl'.l!t

",il2rUmi

1111;'111 .Ir( Ihl .rnd J..r:.II',I,II'g(.

CV', JII,III/I/IIII<' S,'rJ, V.dln ,If/tglf. I'lu~ d.n:, hphl 1..lfI'rers. 11K ,i/d'l.

DlIlin).:

tLl

llu, 11"';;1< I ,md II, .Ire in,;.: ill I'll(: ne.rr ~Ollit ZI1I)l'. II' our Jl1MOPlII.!d lrcrn, LL. (it!) V_LII IUj'pll: could [',I) ,I \'Isit !l1 IIIL waterf ront he would -ee (I lot of new IlJnlC:S n tho: 'illlr~ tll'll Ml' "II rrill!! lilt' NIH} :. III.'W I1hll1e~ around

n}

rrash ho,)[, \\ hi, h hlld rlu-ir own jobs to do in wartirne 1I11\<,1[,ll i.llilln h,I" f\ r the mo~1 I'.ur ~1i~'lrp(:Ml:J ,"though ,L tew 01 lhl lormer rern.un One, lli(' Noriot: Snsu«. WIlS (I)ll\\:rt<:d ,I' ,I tl:'~i :.hil' for I.IITilrhinJ.! variou- glllJt:d missiles.
,11111

oper.ue 'lboar'" u 11.1,([01', '111t \.1'11. Jrvy u i" '~,I'Lult'rcn dcrs, J.j rn,dl l

repai

f

vessels

_6_,_
LSO BRINGS

,"":.:.
I!oLIM~ ABOARD

_' '. :.-:n. .... _
eVE DURING CARIB8EAN MANIEUVERS AIRCRAFT CARRrEll CAN ExnND RANGE OF ANTISUBMARINE AIRSHIPS.

~,

'

3

QI'~'r die of en~l!1es, Swell' "illgS Boost ... ~il· I, worries cnnsnmption shortJ:JJdlifefig!:.!ing tactics to exorbitant fUE'l be .tre bcginniut/ to be ironed OLlI. Hea vier p!J nre requ ]ring bigp;er catapu Its UI1.1 stronger Speed of New i\h·craff,
NITlAJ.

ELECI'ItONICS

UAINIIliG

GRQWS

INC~EASINGLY

IMPORTANT

IN

,NAVY

ENGINf

CHANGS

IN A JI:1 SIMPLE

OPE'RA'1ION

ON

eVE

HANGAR

DECK

)d

U'h:d

!1CS

peilrillg

Tchl1l\gl::s
I-l,E

FOIIR-Yl:AR

period smce the war bas seen m.tny airplane de.'ii,AD, to/Ilk wirll!;S nrc 11('in sIKh 1,lilnes \l'i 1111:'1"i'11 Ilnl the n 558-11, the lorIn

J,-reJitint; J!t:ar, plus stronger tarrier decks and elevators. During tht war ihe biggest planes to lake off [rom a carrrer mad~~eve(,1 I LIUIlchl's
IlIlU',5SJry.

Swer.

were Doolittle's

11-2.;'S,

Eje-.:tion ${'".lts (m,d new II igh developed to rescue the pilot from his frtsl:t:rplane. The side-by-side (ockpil 0'- th~ two-man F,ID provides an eSc,l]'e chute lor us piJol.md radurmun to dive out through Thin wmg5 arc n rnustun new Navy jets. reducing the glisoJillc t;upaLity uf Will,~ tanks ~I!ld rordnp, ~ur!~ly reloca lion: in Ihe Ju~cJHgc 01' III wmgt'll' tanks. Armament on planes is still the Familiar 20 mm, CIUln?fl o!" \~artim~. ror tile most P,II'I, plus roc kcts, eh"nSes in rh I~ line lrave been fewer rhan in new I,bnc type_, to car(y li IlLI armament. Planes Iikes Lhe AM-! i ,1.'11 can l,lfry man: of it, New engines tu g1i e I'hn{'~ more ,UlJ mere ~I~ct'tl .Hi.:commg OUL HlIlf a dozen different Jet eugmes have made their nppl<:lmncc since the w.l.r to pU5h:rircraft. well above lhe 600 mph. mack, Most flghler~ use the :LX 1"11 Aow J'j.i and J-.~ while the Bntisb-developed J'I~ \-"'o~ It''nttifu,g:li !'lOw engine i~ ,!Winlf: in rhe Fnf"-C' New, more !'lOWtrrlll ,lla.,olillC<' w~'rl' 1~r.:I'f(,"kll ,1I1d ,I (l~'\\ ~he<lper jet i'uc!dt'vdol'cJ lor use III both Nil")' and Ail' Force iers. The dcm:md fM ~rct'd ,!1s\~ k.!> steppt',1 til'
rcsearrh Oll~UUI

mer also without a luselage or tail, rurboprop engines are in the tlmng

LQmbmation Jet and for other new planes. speed pUit,,_'hutcs are hemJ!

A-bomb great dlsranees it developrnest, r't';dly rame of ,1,!jC ill the past four ye.:lf'i a~ an assist III ge!tilJ£_ heavily loaded planes off the deck or WUWllY, In line \vith the A-homb research, the NdVY has developed _LA TO,
.1

1;,taI'lJi,h their ability to tnrry:.ln
wartime

of r 'v':; VI i[,h hell vy bomb J oad.;. to

but the Navy eclipsed

thai when

it

new ship tMmall(lns
C

for us carriers

to :;rread

them

again,t

:iurh <111 attuck, In the Caribbean e.xercise&, lL simulated A· hornb att,ltk WA~ ,lll!" to disable One ('utricr ti'mror.1rily, The Navy did a Jot of fightiog in AIU$ka and the lcclsnd .,1'(:.(;. during the Ia:.1- war .ind lIi:;o'l lettin;!.! it); cold weather , 1.:11I)w·l1ow" Jupse. F.rc<.]u~t, excursions to, tbe frigid ;!{lnC's b)' curriers and searJilllE tenders and b,p:J-ba;;ed cold weather cperauons in AJa~ka .md Newfoundland have helped to leer 1\:1...·.].1J.VIJ.tlOlI toughcneJ to problems of pOIJf W3f, The first 1~411'~ to rake off from il rarriercleck were l:tundlL,d WI tb J A TO orr tbl;! 01 Pbill/llwlt! ) tM ,lilt! Ilew to i,-y run-

vr

wny landmgs

,Vorld j n the fClur'rt'ar pl'r,od Siillt' V J-J;1,~, Unsettled mrern.itiona] I-on,I itiolls h:ln' kel~l lhe I'rn~r Jill 1110\ (n.~ rorward ~lnre thnt
urne, ill LOntr<l~1 to Ih(· di~ahl'n,g drop.off uf "II ri\'lty 3_{tct lhe hrst w.ir, [II .l<i,[i(iol1 to kt't'I'!II}-: ,\ Llsl Ace I ill read iII(.:~S III m{)lhh;tJk lilt, NJI')' hJ .. kepl Ih o.('Jmb.lt prlets III

J u~t as N.w.aJ

on the AIJtarctk continent. AVj,lliuo took" long step f()lrw.uJ \'{f ar I and I l, sn IH~~i I Pregressed ahead

between

.ittesburner

instnllations.

t'll.t;iuc .. JS t,ln1)ers-, I'ulse)c:t!;. ruckd tor pl.rnes or ~tlldt'J missiles.

al1d

l1yin/2 rnm thnHl,~h

~

\-\.lIllIWl'h!:I\,~II'~·

Air Re:>t"fI'(.: progr:un

~
NEW GRUMMA"l AlBATROSS J01NSRA!'IKS OF VE'RSATHE NAVY AMPHIB.S P2\!SIllOW5 lONG RII.NG~. FI-YIN'G OFf

eve

...

-....;..~:

MIDW ....Y TO ,AlA5I(A

AREA

4

AND TH ERE I 'WAS
"To the rear, Mardi~"

"Some

sawbones

eut In H,.",oluhi

~"""I.'J

then redo IJ b led the a w kwardness of th e. 5 j ruation by Ihe only order h\'" could tl'ini: ot;

me up Iast night," replted the puzaled sailor. -,r IllU!1111 been hit a J" L hal der thun r tlw\I,ght. ~hough, peUlu$e it seems \0 me hI;: looked EXACTI.,Y like )'01.1 I"

Just Lucky I Guess
L
TmuT

Unhand Met Knave!
VIl-2, Ih~t in\:rl!p.!d gtl;lujp which flies the big 1\I,m se'e-~pl'lne, [0 Hawaii. Oft a recent W~.li:blllllld trip, tint! of ics pi lots escort ed 11.0 II ttractive widow. en route to a civil rervke iob ill GU'1lm, to her seal 11'!tht' plane, ]111: sweet voung thing then
corly asked the pilot
j(

was, tlying 1m P,uWur hom Brisbane

COM!)II,

R1)b('rl

(f(.u"ikliu)

Blake

T

FHS ON..,

will

kill you!

u

comes

hum

to Melbnurne. '13ul1" Hid:ox was nuv igating, and from the 1(~0k \If hi> chart, he

Ire would

come

Tack For 1a.d
Cr)fJai. Wal; IlIki ng il~ time Jawn [I,t lui· and the C",pt~in. hacl an appoilllmefll Whcr1, "bout b.. [f way to the rower, he nutice.l rlte F-Il hadn't opened its cow:~ full's, tie- {llckeJ up the mike lind wmcaustic, "C" , sas« on taxj'WIlY, the manual pomts 'lllt I hu I srna rt hoys ope II their (OW I :IIltpS wh ile taxiing,"
"'01)'.

A

IIJAltlNll

C\PT!llN
0(1'"

landoo

behind

:I

brrrnd

CO'''''lf

at Norfo] k.

The

Being l!. mnn true 10 his word, OW' ytrllflS hew returned severn I hours later as he pronused. In the meanrime the young "lildy .1«erre.J " bunk offered by rhe orderly. A btlr'l)' d"ef moved into the weant seat end pulled the blanket o"<:r J..i:s beau f(). a few hqu.rs of "shut eye" in the no w-durkened

back .nnd tuck het' In 1I he)' the t.rne·olJ. Assuring het tl,~.t he wCJu!d love to do this, he gent!v returned h15 eyeballs to U.clr $ocket$ 1I.IlJ manned his t:1ke-off ;station,

p~senser deck, Upon being :wroJ:<'inedh)' the: unsuspecring GaJ~had wirh the words, "Well here 1 arn, rwdy to t\lck yl\u in,' the chid emitted a sncrr and remarked, "Dun t ynu thiek this is .:nuymg passeager service lind <l1mh'rt :I little Wo fu?" muttered,
rigor

plcme was m)f-- ...n eou [5<" tl m! is. "dlt!~k (he course," roared Robert, ~j only Robert could. "Sir," q\l\l~h BuU, with Ih~ Injureel air, "I've lUSt finished a series of sun li".e~ I've n btained a n umber OJ ra diCI fiJ(ts_ Ai the rnoment we're .flying squ.uely over "deadn1M15" hump, it's on (hart; I can set' it 'W'iIi.l my eyes Well he Over St. KlIJII Road on the outskirts .(If Melbnurue in I:! minute", Are YOlt ~oJIIg to trusr an exact :;t:.im, e r believe III your aee I1I1."iIl41,)r, I.It I1\rt' you going [(J fullow the ; nhli[iQ/) uf scm", !:I a If.p" k",d Austrs Han, a lerrne, t.rotu;. p<lft pilot tit Ihal r: So, after ilyiaS I 'i. minutes on course arid DQ Melbourne, a 90 degr~e turn to the [eft was executed :l1lJ thl!' P,.;'Jdle8r l:l1ld~d snrne

was doing H masrerlv eleae, radio hot, s Uti cordmg [.., .ILl RAAF with -th~ rcrrmn, the

lob. The dav W11. on cour se , hur ;u:. passenger, fam,JU!f

me

;;0 minutes later.

The engines, were
departed;

('.lI.I;

Olpt.lll. ;lnd the {owls opened. Aoou( that time the rower asked fer the Cortai« pilot's

Tn~ f'm

fl'ilnt politely thwked the! gOf>cl
--Irorn ---."

Hastily retreating,

OUf

"Chivalry mlly not be dead morris i~ 5\U'e. setting in ra~t'"

now-contused

hero
but

the MAF gent ~mtlgly spoke to the Bull. navigatnrs
Pal(l.w(ln,

t{obe.rt

"Why, tell me why. of ;aU die good 106
that 1 had
10

name.

• A"JlII.lml

did I h!lve.

pick you i''' he asked
it, [lqt;s,"
S~l!

to

chouse

boro

in

was rhc answer. As rhe Admin' I parkcd III front of rhe tower ),,, was perhaps S'ul'prI5ed to set' an apparel'![; {lilurJes~ li~fl(''''r [o,l(ing by un the taltl·way ro park et the fa[flhd nt the

Doub!e Take
hom vn-s illId bunll'ed his head no 4 stanohion wbile .,0 route from Guam 'to Oermt!.oy to loin the OperaJion riUleJ fun. When hi·~ plane got tn Honolulu, Cdr. R. P. CarnlOdy, 5!Aff medical Iymw tor Fleer LO!I1Slic Su pport Wings,
CllI'W~1A·!,;

A

~imply_ "I can't l.lrulet~tapJ "i ust I IJd'Y, 1 guess."

Hull,

parki ng ~rea,
Marine Capmin Jensen b.,d closed his hatch, pu lied h, s goggles down, Wed to imuate the lurt!~ ;'IS he went by, AnJ he ~liJ" t report ttl O_pel<ltirH15 t~ close hi .• ruglrt plan fur 1'1 filII 30 minulC'5--!lnd to h~11 ...ith hi~ IlpppinrmCilt.

dressed the wound, takIng $e\'e-raI $thehes,
The: following morning the

off for

Mo.ITert via< R5D. Cdr,

youth took Camlnciy roe-

Attention M.arine Ol's

T
10

Hf;

"'I'Ol'HYTr

1111'£1

of

ViHi

10 ~\lrIlJ ~ ~mll.t!

drillmaster &a~(' ius pl~. men II COhUttll ld! order waler puddle. He failed
),001

to n.ruce a much

b.rger and deeper

port, lj<lRi.n(hingly:, ell" entire plaroen waded in, more !hom ankle-deep. l·n>l.~le til countermnnd rJle uuglnal {,.-de. 10 ",l~nw Idt

hard

for-

rnauon, the flustered platcnn leader wnitil'd Wllil tho:' $.rDup emerged at Ihe iu shore,

c=... __

NAS PII.TUltENT was in ils. infafl~"'"and the tower nlnw was 110t yet in operation, Ihe skipper Df one of the urnts hll,ed dleLe was cleared h; ·;jl._rttll ligllt fnr 11 rlighr south In all SND, Five 1]1; nates 11I.I1:r li1e rawer opecator sPlltWJ "'Iut he tbouSht was the sa me p Iune retur r) !n~ ;a nd "lea r~a iI ttl Innd. I rJ re:, lity f~ was- Gn Atrny j\ ir Fume
HEN Nt-n,

W

Him and Peanon

turned dur·'ns the night on the ,11"11" !lnd res 11111 d h;3 [[:g.uJ ar JUlies e :;.i MoWen,
On entetmg
the Slck bily

he found

Ilb(l

.~ame .raticnt with the head illlu.ry_ WithllUI r~rth<:.r lld.o, he red.re!i,;ed th" W'~ll.nrl, -a~krl'd
the p,jtient 110W 111ld '",lier" h" gOl the and wh" h:td patched him up (u!

The Ww'cr m~rl mlti1'icd op"'nllion~ th,1t Ih~ Capt.'l.' CI IwJ rCll.I-fnctl, star tmg a d I~ j n rt'~·(lion which re!llJJtcJ in a tell:phtme- (.111 to rhe 5k.iPP~L'5 IV i.fe. wht] hunied Iy drove 'Ihe -liVe miles to I.he stllliort (nun IWlne. By tllnl time ner hU5hanJ "1'11.5 wc:Jj ~QUIh (I F N orf ul k, i\ fte! di Ij.y:ent search wi tho lIt ,u< (e:;~ 5:he W.l~ infu rm~ J oJ the t [\Ie .:lute uI "if ilirs. Til!' gnoei laJ\" tlnrdmlJja.r with N:iVI' 1,1<oe desIgnatioos, fr~stmted II' dedarc..l, ,.B Ilt he Ill11S t be h{U'l;l. The dUly oilicer p ho nr:d me ~11I1lthe SOD had return cd."

Restrkted

5

Reslrictctl

Big Secret
Two "tudcnt pilot" were on RO assi~nc-d ,t:l\.IOI1CJ)' Bigll! in basic training wtl h thcrr rnstrurtor £l)'Lfl& the tow phme. After a hLgh sid" run 0<-' Joined up n the other, but decided that he h d j little loa much interval. In cUI effort to dose In, he p,.tssed under and ahead of the other plane and lost sigh! of It. Ash e pu lied . ~lp the rudder 0 f his plane struck the right wing ami piror tube or the other SN], Both pilots fell ,1 ,sll,ght jar, but saw no .lpp~rent damage to their planes and consequcnrly did tim Inform their In rructor. E. h made another gUllnl:ry run. A ter 11m run the instru tor told the flight to return to bast" becau 'C he considered thell formation flying tou erranc. It was while returning to base that the 1Il:,)! rueter f rst learned uf the mt l-air collision.
One phlTle had
II dent In the lIght

hbp started runs, Midwa:y in the second run, [ {ell: the banner fly o£i md the tow escort confirmed this, Immediately llJ:c standby tow was called or and I proceeded back to base to drop the tow line. "After getting normal c.le a run ce hom the tower I came in andJ1uLled the tow release sever. 1 times aad len called the tower (or a rheck, TIle LOwer notified me I was dear. J reLllroed to the area and upon locating the fhght, Joined up ill tail position to make runs. After my third run. one of the other pilot:; on the hop noticed a "glint" and checked to see if Twa.'> losillg oil. The: oil tu rned out to be the steel cable tiU firmly anchored to the plane."
GrfJmpaw P ItilHnll: 5ayi; It's lucky foJ' the rest ",f the CorlllJl' tion rhat this felrow jolne'd up il. tbe rail posicion. T'hat quart"" inch eabl .. can .s.1W a pdane in 1""'0ill nOlhi.ng Rat. •

~\'J

Belly ~andine
Forgnt to lower wheels

Box Score
:W

wing und n damaged rit(.ll tube, while the other had .1 hadly darruged rudder wh ich (auld nor be moved to the left,
Prf/ib01:,1' <a s: Pvc. always admired people who could keep secrets ~ but you fellow are C'arrying- thing$ 100 far, Tbar last gunnery run might weU have been 1~It.aJ(or eithee (If ~IClU. since one plan wa5 minus 01'1 indiClItion (If nltilu.de and airspeed, and the

July I to December "II. t94s
Made inadequarc

Dear Grampaw
2St

Pettibone:

"-l

..

GfGmpOt'

wheels
RJ'5ed

__ ._
wheels instead of flaps

.•ttcrnpt to t,)Wtt

after

lilndlflg
Tlll,11

!li-

6")

otller bad a jammed rudder. Mid-air roJlj~iQM aren't " ONFIDEN·
TlAl.," at least as (at as yuur instructor i:.. c-ottcern"d. Wh,'f1"ver you damage an airplane-s-either On the ground or in the nil' be b1.IrC to r eport it promptly, H you don't IOU have YOUl' neckout a mile. P.S, jusr in case you're careJe5li about r ur own ne~-d'Jn't forget tbat vou mIl)' not be th next person to i1 that particular

plane,

New Flight Safety Movies
Sint'e the gasolinesboruge is going keep .. lot of pIlots 00 [be grClund most
10

thi~ monlh,
I WI)

",hy nell spend 8. mClrning or

of

look at thos.. 6gures ~ Sjxt)'fiv", belly landing:s in silO months, The boners which cause rhese a.ccident.s are costing us well over $1 000,000 a l'ear. Let's see i1 wee can'r cur thj, loss down b wing the ehcck 011 list bithfuUy before ev ....y landing. Listen £0.J' the warning hom before ever landing, Listen for the warni.ng horn before ou move the wheel lever. Wben you heilc ,t, actual" the gem:. and listen for (ru. horn to "tOP blowia.g. After Ianding wnir unril you 110 e slowed down (0 t a >::i.,pccd before NI;ging Haps, and visually identify rhe contro.'tl Ihal. yQtI are abour
to' WiJJ.

~::¢

~

C,amJ!aw

PeuitJlme

11'1)'1;

.

J uSf

lookill.~ at fligbt safety movies, There ate four lll)W one>O ""l and they "31] be obtllillOO fr m ,h" fIlm librru-lell at Ill' t1Mj('r air t,n..ion .., The running time on the Iilms. in the Hight $RM series i~ only fi~'", l(; seven minutes, . plan to show ~'. "raJ lit .a sitting.

Dear Grampaw

Pettibone:

The flew st ones nrc: "Marginal WI/ather

Accidents"·M

4353·L "Avoidable Accid co c lujuri~·'· M [ 4353·M
"Aho;:>IJ\ SI"'.5,mon.s".MN.4353.N "OnfamiliRtlf), in 'fype".MN4.153.0

"Here's a 'near nCCJJem for yoirr collection, as reported by one of the pilots II' OUI squadron "I \\';1$ tow pilor [or II gunnery hop while operj!.ting out of an Yuan Field in Peiping, hina. Due to a sCllrcity of material. we were using 'luartcr inch \If ire ropt: instead uf the USWlJ man ila low Iine, "After taking off and dtmbi.ng to .lltiLur!e I proceeded on ~OIJrSE and the

Of all the accidents you have covered, you have never t01JcheJ upon mine. met: it wa somewhat unusual, and since my squadron has h~ld a few laughs out of it, perhaps your renders would enjoy hea.ring about' it. A fter receiving a normal rut in ,t FliF 011 VL, the nose was allowed to drop through and the plane brought back into a 3-point attitude, Just as the plane hit the derk, the suck went "Limp." and the tail flew ·up. I W3~ rolling down the dt(k with very good visibility, but no chance of o.tdung a wire. A quick ~La.nce into Hie corkpir told me that the r~asur. handle on top of the stick Il.ad slIpped oflas 1 came back on the stick to cushion the landing. and tile res; of the slick was somewhat forwa,.rd, bein.g held ooly by the trigger, bornb and rocket wiring. 1 grabbed. tho; "slump," brought the tail down and enga.li~d the -:+ 8 'fI'j re and barrier. .,.,.. was quite "put-out" until sorneone [ In the ready room carne out with. "It ~0uldJIlI.ve happenc:rd in the. greeve!" More power ro yogz accident prevention column. Lieut.--UN

d~
~

"Ollml>TOl'.'E

Here u~ ol.t "J:totrotik"

f<) Qui.t .. 4il SUY'Ilir M,,~e 1\i1t IllS•• nk.,..oll' Wi\.h ~b.. ",i;>:~u.",in I<'~n,

6

adslrict"cl

shot

Off the Tow

The f"4U pilot was making an overhead run on the towed targt>1 during a scheduled gunnery Hight. Just as he passed the Bring position and t:lrted hts recovery the tacge( parted from the tow line and the pilot was unable to .woid :1 rcllision, The tow shredded 11.5 It \ ent through the prop; the green· house WJ,S ohscrved to explode: and the I'IghL ",kvMOI broke off The nu entered an nbrup! spm to the left. Both the fligbt instrurtor and the safety pilot called to rbe pilot to hili! Olit, but there was no answer and no apr,l reru tltlempt La recover r rom U1e out and the air'r:Jrt hit the water in .1 nea rIy horizontal pOSit ion, It disl[ltegmtcd on impact II!il.vin,g It small ad sli k .md 11 bits [debris. The: pilet's body was not recovered. 111e nccidenr board was of the opin ion thai there was no pilot error involved and that the accident was unspin. tened At about 1000 eel the
Spin

.a buzzard in lhe Willg: center settign. Another "bird collision" caused a fatal <1ccident not I.t>ng ago. 10 a rJ,jrd recent case [he pilo( of a PBM made a t;hal'P tum at low :altitude 10 aveid ~ scagull and tore ojJ u wing tip floar, The seagull's evasive tactics w~cn't so good either. for th .. pilot brought back the bird. Wben YO'U {lid the urge TO chase ducks ing this Iinl ditly in~"ad: "Some bird" won't obey civil On Q;1)'5 wl:t<ln rhey reel 11 bilJri ..lq' Tbey liathaf and h"zz Nav)' planes And don't even know that irs risl..")'.

in&

r~.

climbed [0 6000 [tlet where he tested tall ch:lIacrcrISUC.s. He found that the plane tended to fOU to the tight- ott speeds below un knotswith wheels and fups down. A safe l:lJ1dlng was effccteu by coming In ~ l20 knots wi l!h 1::; degrees 0 r A.tp. The rilot foun:d it necessar to use rcnsiderable left stick and rudder Juring the roll uut to keep the plane on II straight
Course.
This accident interests me folt sev!!'raJ reasons. first of 'IU, tll.e pilot wa not we.1r;ug 11. G suit wh ..Jl he pulled 93 G's, yet he reports that h.e did not grey-out or black-our, A Right surgeon tells me thai thls is quit possible. It takes lim lor the blood -ro leave 'oW' head. 4nd if til!.' G forel! is- of horl duratien the pilot may 'nOI realize that he j,lj cxcoeediug the snfe limltll JQt his plane, This squadron has directed all pilers and plane captains to check the circuit breakers (01' the wing-tip bum: oII m.echani1ll1 prior to each mgh r, Also the test procedure oUtLined in F8F Sen'ice Chang .. No. 7 \vill be accomplish d during: 311fut-UN' maintenance

of the aircraftand

~"J

~

GrallJPfl.1i·

P~ljl~brmi! s<lyJ~

Bat-

"611 be kind to our web,looted friends. For Ii, duck 1ru!.I' be lionlebody's mother And besides if one busts up yoUIi' plant You can't make him bu ou another!"

rt

avoidable.
~

Gt(J"JP,tJU!

Pettibone

clJi!cl..'-S.
$iIl
$1'

~,Jf I can't go alo,,~ wid\ the last pan of the boa-rd- opinion. I believe (hat this
aaident could have been prevented if exisrjng sn£ I)! directives had been followed. Technical Nor'l! 9·47 which was pub-

Nose Heavy One Man Airshow
he pktu.re above show ill thar is left of an FG-lD after a Marine Captarn 111 the rg:mized Reserve decided 1;0 on an ~authoriz~d airsb?~ for J~i!; itlends. After take-off at. ,l (IVWlI!I arrport he turned back towards the field and mJ!it' " (.Ist low p.155 parallel to the The pilot of an 11.40 gOI .1 sudden lesson in U1e Importance of proper weight and balance Juring an engine run-up at NAS tviJN EAPQUS a few weeks 19O. The plane was facm!;; approximately 7 .. dtgrees out of the prev;lilingwini;l in order to be in a position to observe Landing tram '. The starb ard prop had beet! run through without incident. As the throttle WIlS advanced for the starboard mag rheck the tailor the R4D carne up 51 owly lilt! both propellers hit the throttles, The starbmU'd prop was lorn loose and traveled straiglu ahead, but the port p r op el l e r bit the fuselage and cut tluough just forward of the pilot, severiog the control column. Fortunately the blade missed the pilot' legs and be got by with minor bnuses, A check of the weight and bal<tncc alter the aru h mdicated that the pas· engers had nor taken -he seats which they were assigned in the computation of the .G.• wbich 1,'11.1$ already near ~be forward limits.

lished nearly two years ago describes the u~ of .a mIety webbing leader whIch go
~tween the (argl'f and the rod of the
lOW

makes it much mote diflicuh [or a pill lU shoot all tb~ larget. This item is available through the Avia d o n Supplyy t em

Iine, It actually repl",,;<.IIi aboue 100 feet of tow line just in frC!.n! of the mrgll1, and

e~l

(Stock

#

ruJ4-W-90800)

or can be menu-

take<oH runway.

facrured locaUy in aceerdance with [he drawings in T.N. 1)·4 . II Was nul used in rhis instance, and the accident was c>(acdy [he type that the Sc',uq.ty webbing leader wa~ design!!'d t eliminate,

Chasing Ducks
Whilt' on a local familiarIzation hop in an SNJ a pilot proceeded to a lake orne 7'\ miles distant from the base He observed 1l. flock of ducks 011 the lake and ronde a low level run to ob. serve them. \"{{hile be was concenrrating on the du IllS port wing hit a tree :It the edge of the lake. 1'hl:: impna was :slight and the pIlot tbou~hl .\L [tr~[ that he had hit one o( the birds which had flown up in front of him. Wheu he inspected the damage . after landin.g it W!lS obvious that he had encountered ~l tree top.
Tbis chap really went Out l>(lokrng for trouble. We have enough hied accide.tlt;:; wi1h ut chn!ing them around at ;;(1 feet. There are " number of en b on rc£oru wher' plnnes 1 "1) been secl"wly ..... damaged by impact with birds. One F411. rOt example, required a major oveehaul alteJ' tak-

He then pulled \J in II climb and between Woo aad t suo feet rolled the Cur1111r to the inverted position. Wit~ nesses state that the plane seemed to hesitate momentarily and then the fight wing dropped lind tile aircraft crashed into the ground in ,10 almost vertical dive. The pliot was killed just five minutes an.er 11 started his one-man arr how.

the runway before the rilOl could retard

9.3 HG" PuH-<out
During a gliue bombing run an
WIl

f'SF

observed by tbe spotter to be in a 4') degree Jive instead of the 30 degree d1\g1e specified for thiS type run, In an attempt to complete his pull-out above 1000 feet, the pi! t 'lrplieu 9,3 The SilJety wing tips ill the F8F ate de igned to ,\il .It loads in excess of <).0 G's ami the right wing tip came off Juring the 111l1J-out, However. F F Change No. 27, wlnch inwrporales a burn-uff mechanism to assure that botb wing Lips come off. had not been prcw' r.-rl)' installed. Therefore the ~ort w:l1g remained r ntact, The pllOl rcg:um:J poutlve LQl1rrol
G's to till aircraft.

6

"'''J

~

C,.dl1lpa", Pettibon« '''rs:

and in all rhe },ears !.hat lVe'"" been using R.40's to,) the best of my knowledge this j~ the firS! time Ihis has happened. In l:tn I've raJ~,('d to .1 number of R40 pilots who were sure Ihn! il "just Co (,j dn 't" h.~ppom, u:'1(,1 t"ey ~QW (he pictures and saw whnt ;J dose shave rbis fellow had. Let's-figure weighr and balan e carefully and see that rhe aerunl I tlding is Correct. U' will tnke 5000 man bours to rep"" this R40. And it will take ~5,OOO 10 buy" couple new tnopeller for the plane,

"'J

G.t1mpd1V

Peuiiunu: ,,(Irs: Thare's u first lime fot' eV(!fnhing

or

7

ROCKET-JET

FLIGH

Transports

Top 3 Records

Mars and Constitution Do It Again Fastest rranscontineotal Hight ever made by a Navy lransport was recorded ill March by the Consmtuia« In a nonstop easth und trip frcm AS M.... w· D.C Pjloled by lCd,. v: H. larson, U N, (he rlanc's derk-to-derk time o~ cight
L

FE7'T

Fmw,

Ca1.ir., La Washin~toll.

un hour lhe record R5D time e~l;tbli~he3 by L _dr. H, R. Ht'Cm3H. last year. The ousntnnon fol lowed .1 great
circle course, o.ve!aglllg 287 miles

ilOU(S and

3"i mrnutcs

lowcr~. bv nt;ltl\'

hour #founllspeeJ Two adler speed r ccur d ~ were achieved during thl; same penod in flights which were aided by strong gr,tdient winds associated with the &JUacteristic pressure patterris f the vernal new JRM record, LCdr. Robert Hunt, lJSN, crossed from Honolulu to Alameda, Calif., in the ArrTransllcn T\VO Carolm« Mal'S JD rune hours and 5~ minutes, VR·) pilot Lt (18) H, E. Smith, U N T). logged s·mu.nd 'peeds over lOO milts per hour In the Carb/itll! A1.m· between check point midway along the eattle, Was-h., to Moffett Field run. He averaged 2'l4 miles per hom for the 734-miJe trip. With a block-to-block time of eight hnu rs and .'i 3 min utes, He was aided by the clockwise circulation
of an unusually high pre .. are cell Lea equinox, 5ettlO_ga

rer

SI(YROCKET ZIPS OVSR MUROI: OIlY LAKE BED USING

BOTH ROCKET POWER AND JURBOJET EN.GINE

the first time U!iin~ both rocket and jet engine power simultaneously at Muroc test base. The needle-nosed plane got off the and runways in 2 00 l~et u ing the two power plants. .....ft<-r exhausting rocket r uel tile plane built b~ Douglas EJ Segundo flew around on its Jet engine for another 19 minutes and landed with Lbat power. During LIlt past year the Sk},(()(;k.;:/ bas made numerous routine research Bigbts with ir~ jet waiting for development of the rocket engine by Reaction Motors Inc. Unlike the Air Force's x-: re~b1r\ h plane whrd: has exceeded the six'cd of sound by several hundred miles u!>ing only rocket engines, the r. ~51'l n wiU he able to ga111e, ,htt(1.. on hl,g-h »pen] 11ights II -ing both Of its engine simcltaneously The interior of the k)'1'Or/ut is a. labyrinth of inlric.lte systems. A cross~ed Ion Vlew of its big rocket and jet power plants and their contributory sy .
laboratory. Many cherni -at rornbin ... · t ions .trting sunultanceusly drive the

Tur

NAVY bas revealed that its D :;.,8" k JJ'{)l·j.e/ Hew recen tlY. for

'nrh degree. Ir's extremely srable, yet as sensftive and light as IUl arrow. 1 thought the SkY,ffr('(lk was .l dream plane but the [{ocker's flring qualities are without par-diet."

Hawaii

Mars Saves Money

Caroline's little Sister Has Glamour The Hawdjj Mars may not be the rccord breaker that its gillmol'ous big sister Cal'o/hle i., but It has .u.,hlcved ;l few records of its own. Tax payers will be interested 10 know that every time the HawaiI 1\1_4n takes to the air. it is putting money right bark into John Q P~lbljr's pocket:
1l

tered J0(J miles off the Oregon coast.

Aerial Trucks On The Move
Marine. Transports Make .Big Haurs Earning their nickname as the Ch<trr)' Poin) Aeri<ti Trlfck Driuert; the Second Manne Air Wmg transport squadron !lId 'ti. weighty Job during the Atlantic lobli of 1~,))1 pN ODS between the Uni ed Sta.te~ and Caribbean islands. Of the 1.612 Al zhrs made Juring llie maneuvers, e\Ctry transport plane rook oif with a full IOfHl. The R5D SkJIMJ'ten, R')C VIIWldnt/o.I,;mel R'ID kyII'Jim hauled more than 1, iOn.UOO pounds of equipment and supplies lor Mannes at two Puerto Rican opecQlIon bases, Roosevelt Roads and Losey field. The aerial truck drivers \ ere on the job rJLght and day. muntin' up an ago yrc::golte of 5,239,797 ra".~senger miles to their credit In a two-month period, mg
it

rerns J.pphu

Iike a chcmu-electronk

TIle SRviJ1gs (0 the N.wy on Lhis 5111' gil." trip amounted to $6,66,1.16, Railway :lOU bus f.ltf:' over this route, ph.lS berths and meals for til e 2 H{ ra.senger.s would have COS[ $31,72 peC man, or <I tOi.u of $6.1)1 '.96.

total pay load IOf 48,8"14 pounds on n Right from Alameda to Sao Diego.

Brc3king two records for .lRM-lS, the Hntuai] Mal'" carried 218 f'a.s~e.J1gcr II,JIJ

Fleet Commao.l war maneuvers,

carry-

The

l1a21!(l1l

M(,I"S

used

plane forward in ilight. Gene May, veteran Douglas test pilot. who has flown both the Sky({)('kel and It sister ship the Sk)J',",Mk s say~ "The Ro kltl IS .t flight machine refined to the

wo rth 0 f gas ( I, 100 gallons) and $8.S0 ir.J oil (20 gallons), at a cost of 0.111)1 1.l') per man, Th IS of cou rse docs not include rnuintcnan c and overhead costs on the J.RM·I. but the sln'iogs arc still considerable, and hearteniug to Arneri • 's "forgotten man,"

u;p

$2,,"2

8

Re IricC

d

W r'ane,
HICH
11

8F-FJ
IS the

IN TEST RACES
airclimb. The f J b "I the FW tn lO,rmn feet hy 13 seconds. The F8f stalled tryms 10 t!l.teh LJ p I.V i the jtt goll'l!\ l'II1 ttl t5 .fmr) eel. til Two weeks l a i e r \,!'~I a Bta",'CIJ frorn VP·.!l ~t NAS &\, DIEGO, III r,l{!: rf) Z";,(ll)n r e ~! shove It Toro 63 miles ;rw..v, The 1'1 I ~rrived u minute and 4n seconds before the propellered plane
pitted
:t 1",1>':1
a~{'lltn~t

est perforrrung

rhe

BealralP TIle '1l1estio!) Came up last winter when NAVAL t\V1Jl:rJON NL:.W's, carried

jet P J-j or the FSF

Third

Test-

at eattlc, Irnmcdiail' denials of the occurrence carne Irom VF-.)l_ wbich under Cdr. ,E. P. A urand, flies FJ'1 [ets, But the seed was pltlIlted and in the
,1.

Coul'Y aad

news

item

Beaf(at

about

£1

race

between

<l.

following

tw

m nths,

five

test

rares

NAVY FLOAT TIIIWELS CROWPED PANAMA 5'tREU

Pan,amo Sees Narvy's PBM-5
Carnival Parade 01 Colon Has, Mode' AS Coco or.c=-This air station took part ill El Cdt'tll1l)ai de t Con('01' Jill, an :>flicia1 carnival of Panama. t:ntering a floar in the fInal day s big parade which was witnessed by thou 'ands I1l the rreets o( COIOll. The Boat. called the USS Conrordl». was in Navy blue and 8old.~ loge-1l1er with the white and blue carnival colors, rtpres~'nling the cooperation between
the RepubiK of Panama, A scale model of a PBM-5 featured the Alll1t, Plyiog frOID the masthead were America

between tile two plane were held, unofiici.uly, between VF'Sl and Bearrat] from VF-113 and VF'-,;,~. It WZIS really a test between two plane Iyp~, let and reciprocating engine, re.prcscMin-s the 01<1 d.jlJ new type of fighters. Reports on these ~ve tests arc siv"n below, edited to remove O:dU performance ]!!ures for security reasonsFirst Test-Two
1')

Fourth Test ......This test simulated catapull launching .:limb per crrnanee, omm0lD1lg ;It ~O(l feet in fiight with Sr":lr nod fla Uuwg, a clunb was sturted on signal
he timing WiI!> stopped urdJentlllly when the stop clock wns Stopped 10 111e 1'01'. The
test

was mconclustve bIll VF·jI s;tid It j I'! woul d. have wn fI lit is em [<loU.

(ell

the

Fifth Tesl-A sfmultaneous tl!ku,1'f W'1S made, The fRf gains about j.ooo feet wlnle tbe PJ is still un the gJ't'lHld and therefore
can make 1I gunnery rua on Lhc 1m imrnediatelv, if desired, In the test, the ral' !-lut off the gttlund and JlIlmedj"tl:iy plllleJ up tn make the first pass. n the 5f'cQnd pass It

and fV,'o FSl"S p~r·

of the rwo Far" ai{U~ft Ixmt the t"'o bt'st FJ'~ ro 1'5,000 feet by better than R minute

lJn~'llteJ 10 >l (lim h fest f min ,1 standi ng start, The FI!F'S were tu use water Inwe IUn hut tlu h"l1Jlfun[li(\oing. it W~ used only fur" fe:w minutes after Iltke·n1T. The bel'!

and

Second

((111.10(1('<1 with

stabllized On sign;'!r both

zcom climb tE! was the lw,) plane tYl~e<;. B",th speed at full power ar 1,000 fcer,
~irIT.)fl

Tesl-A

commenced

~

~oCml

was heing tested against the best characteristks of the FSF, i.e., rote of climb .It low ulrluide. It contended the f J'1 was f;lt superior in other re.~rect5.

fcll behind the n·l. and in (hI! lirr.rl un e to lO,f)OQ .teet the FJ won hy 7 5.,(on<l~ llnJ (ucther increased its lead to 15 seconds in climbing ro t 5,000 feet. Vp·'ll pOinted out tbat the jet Pm),

vnrious international and Na\7 flag. Two lovelv mermaids were n the brlt'li I • nd 'around the model tepre·
u\'y and Marine Corps were grouped. Military personncl made the float, working over the 2:!
1

sentatives

a

the

Ne~ Pinw eel Does oop
He had pulled the plane II)tO it ertical position. nose up. Rather than fall ff into a tall he decided the best way to recover W:IS to continue on through a loop. During its tests the XHJP·l was flown J.t l31 miles an hom, slUl?:Issmg unofficially the present world's record of 124.3 made by the British Fairey GyY(J< dyne. An outstanding feature of the Piase ki hehcopter, smaller si ter to the big Flyhtg Banana, the lO·passenger HRP-l. i it· foldmg ro or blades tQ per· mit carrier towage on even 1L E. Tile new helicopter dill mrry three stowed litter in addition to the pilot and co-pilot, or five passengers plus the crew. The XHJI'·! Features a large IIltemaJ. rescue hatch near the pi lot's !>e;J.t, big enough LO i.ccomtnodflte a laden litter. A hydraul1c lift will raise the rescued ersonnel directly into the cabin. an operation which can be ronducted by the pilot without 1\ i tnnre. The helicopter has an all-metal fuselage, (t is 39' long with blades extended and 3L' with blades folded; it is 3D' wtde with rotors. extended and ':)1 with them folded. Rotating blades are seven fed (rom th e deck, [or safety

February hOliday and over the week end to complete it.

Ca~r ier Has Varied Career
Ex-long Island Transporting DP s Tanker. aircraft earrier, cargo vessel and trnnspoct IS n varied career lor any ship. Thi di .'neLlon goes to the exU S Long {llrlful. 00\\1 HI!:: Panamanian slup ,''-el/y, on e the only flush deck arrier of the Navy. A'tl/l' IS. now in the business of haulir'lg disr1<1ced persons from Europe to Am~rahn. He' mercy mis.ions for DP'5 [oUO\~ trips to tilt \'Q'{:st COast where she tonk on diesel fuel and Galveston where she loaded H),noo tons of grain for cereal short Ituly, Before "he became the Long /.l'/rmd In 19 9 she had been a tanker. l Ier appearance now is II far crr from the day as a baby flattop. he has been shorn of her ilight deck anJ has a small superstructure 1lIDIUhips housing the nFlvlgatJOn bdd,ge and qu;trters tor the new nnd J 2. rassen~e[s;. Converted in Hilly, the ship ran now carr} 1 [00 persons p~r trip to A ustralia,

SEVEJII·MAN PIAseCKI

fEATURES

FOLDING ROTOR

procuring even utility [rom Piasecki. the XHJP-) twin rotor plane thal has 10 red the loop (RCcident(uly) and flown faster than any other helicopter. The accidental loop WaS done by Plll5ecki's test pilot }i'm Rya.n, while making dive rests with the new plane.
HI' NAVY IS

T helicopters

of ground crewmen Who happen to pass,

9

uncommon. Despite (Old weather adace preparatiorr, movie earn .ras gll~e
trouble

and froze

frequently,

Because

rneisturr

would condense 011 the crtrneril~ and cause f rer:zlIll: and rust, they had to be kept In cold storage huts. If a photographer took hi~ BJO"\'f~5 off to reload li.lm .ind J:L:(lJ~tally roached unpainted metal his skin froze imrnedi.ltd?, to It, with resultant pain ul conCameramen found cl« tzic

sequences.

ccmeras were of little value in extreme
temperatures, cranked.
Althougb

motors to drive the big rnovie cameras railed repeatedly, requulAg them to be hand-cranked. p r in g-d r iven hand nor rculd
Ute ameras

Illl:y be handWere'

gwen

the t: l!Vy color mOVIe The L.md as the hest dccurnentary film or 11)48, it broughl n:rognJ!IQll (0 a. groYI' ul 6S avy, Army, Marine
til

W
Oscar

HE

Arts

;lnd

Aodcmy of Motion Pu+ure 'ncn((:' awarded A golJ

It A. I! St,jn, Fir~t u, H. R. AuglTn. Chl'hm L 1'. Mssbburn. CWO R. L.. 01111'
pel, A CPh,,/lJ.
;-'W!t1J1.

StmW

\'{(<<d, CPhoM, .E. r; Nhn~dn, 1. H M.1.lull~, 1"11(011-11; K. C. PhuMl; W H. awodylo, JlhoMl; E

urp5 and Coast jwtrJ (ilm~l\n:et1 who wen t to lhe ourh Polar reglOn In 1No to take- stills and rno res of ffigbjlllJl/1. Released through Lerro
OI!erJ/lIJrI

the 78.mimltl." Iesture length movie has been showing in motion picture theaters aU over the nntien, The Byrd expedinori spent two months in the Ant:lFctic in I 94fi·47. DlLriog that rime, 141,000 [eel 01 monon plchlre film was exposed. most of it black-and-

Mayer,

oJcdw)'n

I- Me.iing, FlluMl, J M. P(lll.ICk, Ph!1M'. ) M. \~a!t(Jr dorf, Corp., USA; J SlumbNJt. orp, U A: It. p, Cope, Pho:M-,; A. D. Sbrlh)', Pl,oM 1~E, D. Dieglman, PhuM J: E. C. Pidgeon. Ph(lJ\'II: H. E. M,)i1uL.lpt, PboM I. 11. C. foner, rp.. A; R. R. Conger, PhuMl; T. W. Baker, PhoMl. W L. Lowe, PhoMl: G Levko, Plm.vll; and
E. .Zinberg, orp .• U A.

white
when

Color movies were laken anI}'
ccnven lent for the photographer

pedition. Other photographers Who contributed much to secunng footage {or

o photogr.tphy [or H'gbi"IllP. It veteran of the 1939-<1\ south polar ex-

as the origmal M. G. 1. plan called (or the picture to bt: released in that form. Ll. C C. Shirky \1';1., oiliu::( ill cbarge

The rritmlry obiective f the pemtina was to t rain per sonnel .ind t·i.JSl equipment in subzero temperatures, The second.u-y objective was to dlllrt and photograph little known or unknown polar areas. o special attempt was made to conduct tests On photogruphic equipment. fany .Wlercnr types and models of cameras were used to photogr-al'lI the iog. There was (1) time to stage Mly action; II had to be photographed as it happened, Biggest problem, or course, was to
keep the cameras rollillg
Cit

CAMERAMEN Ol'ERAT£ MITCI1ELL AT SNOWY CAMP

operations

ami all got

plenty

of le5t-

special grease jobs to make them usable ill Arctic temperatures, I"lUny troubles •irose from contraction or alumtaum or magn es iurn nlloy parts II1Slde the camera. These lil:lbt alloys contracted more (hall steel and fouled up moving

part •

ecrer Land included:

sub-zero

temperatures in which _'Hl(J F .. as not

The unrellability h}JUtters and Li,ght meters In the Antarctic made It doubly difficult for Navy movie camerumen gH good color footage because of the

or

to

r

SHIRLEY. HEAD PHOTOG.

SHOOlS

SLATE fiELD 8Y STEIN IN SNOWSTORM

WEED, MALONE,

POLLICK AND TIEGAN SHOO,

1>.O.YIOf WALES LOADING

10

plete With human interest hots pen· _l.!UI ns, husky dogs, h lflh offici als an d seamen all of whom played a partin the expedition. 11-,(' picture ranks With t he best til Navy pnO{O.!lr,lrhy alonf: side cl;udl combat Pt('lUfCS .IS Pi;:blil/g
La

or

ing rhe picture was supplied b} Robed Taylor and Robert Montgomery. movie acrers Ill. well M ';wal Reservists, arid by Van Heflm, an Air l'orce veteran.

The running

"y.

cnrnrnentary ;!c(Ompanr'

Woman Wins Model Award
PensClcola Meet Draws- 600 AA~ CrJ.I\f{}S FI!,-to~MQre

'thanCorry 0 600

MALON~

SHOalS

ICE BREAKING

BY THE EDISTO

hort eXt'o~ure mnge this film has cornpared to black-and-white. Film was \'t1'Y hrittle In ('01,1 tC'mrerature' and broke C\isily. I WJS recognized th;lt in the event uf ,I W:Lr in polar l.'cgiIJl1'. ,1 m,:1V rype o( less-brltrlc 61m base or emulsion probably would have to be Follow tng the ex ped 11 i\..lI1, Lt 51 n rley ree nrnrnc a d ed that a s p ec ial cold weather camera be developed ror subzero photographr an combat. He Je· elnred it should lIe light weight, have few unpainted surfaces, ~c semisutornatic masazmc loading and have controts lhut could b operated With hands enca ed 10 three hl.·:l\'Y , oclen mittens I'lll~ un outer leather mitten shei], ·lecLri power to run the camera I~ preferred, .1bn a machine that could be used hand-held rather than on :1 tripod. It ,houlJ function smoothly d.t _670 1:. He uuse of rho cverabundanre of Ilfht if] the pol'lI rc~ion. even with the' low sun. movre men found they had to use neutra] densiry filters on :In)" film f~~rer IIJJJl <o Wc.>ton, They also had to mnsk orr their t')(posure meters because eutstanding Hl[j/JIJ(mp Na"y rnovr men were able to ..-aplUIC br being 0)1 the ~rot With the,1 r cameras were such or.casio1l5 ,l..~ tilt los. of ;'I raM fro~n a .e'a~lJ.11e I enJer in hell.II} ;;eJS, hd ilopte£ CTa$h in th" 0p<;,o !l('<l., nnd ronsic!emblc foot· age of the ft:5UI(' ntt-I' from 11 PB]ll Among the
;.;t\jUC!1o,:s which the IIgJ1L even on overcast days, shoved d re n~ed le beyond the lOp or'I'he '(;1 Ie,

specttuors turned out 10 see 0 model .ti rc-raft llH:tl held ,It this statlon on 20 FdJnJ:UY. fellturing coml'elil ions between fOUL classes of OK'n, ....omen and ' children, The sranon wa ..ommisstoned" .1£ "U, S_ Model Air Station, A.drnir;tl Mullinix FleW" for the occasion.

Severity- four Bights were made during awarded nine trophle approxImately 16'~ high with a statue of Victory on top. Highlight of the d.ar Wl\.5 a woman who captured three tirs~ plan: trophies, two in open competition. and turned in the t:tStest "peed of the ('Q1H("st, 111 mph, TIle youngest compcllior was ain Ye',1.r:;old and part of II mother-son team which won secona prize. A idents are inevilable when one I rres (0 rout eol II bee on J string, consequenely a midgel racing car wus given the xmre rant who had the most ~PC(tacular crash il~ a suggestion in .!"warding ,t_gJ.insl flit ure repetition A3 .1 result of he contest, the hobby shop reported 11 3(10 rt, in crease in sales of kits, parts ,1I1d material. Another meet Oil larger. 'Calc: IS pion ned for JUrI!! wh ich would be th~ larj:!esl d.'istrie\ meet c: er sraged In Pensacnla rea, -----

the day and winners

Berlin
rosv Tmquadrons
<;

Airlift

Rugged

01 how Na\'Y Ir.ll'~port
VR·"

developed.

and vn-s stepped int the Berlin Aid ift .md I egun setrrng records for Jrelght (~rryJng has lw<'n toILL Behind the scenes IS an other sIWY. not too glamorous, but just as Ilecc~,ary to keep llle planes l1yitt,g, the story of t!Ilgioee:ring. On 11 few hours notice, the ~ILlJ.droru. were' uprooted from Hawaii and Guam and sent hal f way around the world to feed Berlin. len they arrived tn Lilt roidJle cir winter, conditions in Ger·
nUll}' were

IJijl.t grQulld ... the busses on ut lea,! f(1I1! J !ll(;l.>j"l1~ ~(l the duty crew were unrelieved lor 2-1 hours The eng neerj ng ul1i(tl sul'ted (or o:ll,erudun.~ otfice. 1l J I)·minutt walk. He urrrved at the passenger ternunal ('Nt miles

~wl'Y t"ur hnurs IJte)', He explained th~t lil~ hryr" slipped 9tl< in th .. d"u~~ (ug and Ihl\! he had 110 idea where he had been. ~jdl' .. -,Ilie Sale" head, :md we had 11O coffee areas, If an impressron pi a gh.)()my, starkly dCS0111te working area has ba.'llO'I.!<llt:d ill
the reaQer',:;-mirul, the MtUal conditions existent 1Il November and December undnubtedly exceed the Impressions crelll.l'd. tat isuo; reflect the toDct'tted dfIn1~ and roll of all hands. H wever, whrlc the overaU I'Jdure takes into accoun] fhi~ nil out mess, Also WI; well.' without the tfllJl5pOrta· two necessary Hi visit the more enligbtcned We hMJ nu frC'lh water,
WI.;

h"d "'1 nut-

~incerinb
flit" tasks

Ld Vil-S'S Enmen tdl their own story,
(1JggeJ,
cunfNlrlt!ng 1.1$ "'N~: .n'orIolWlIZU-

tiJ>n tr til Illt~ need , f ihe job, estnhlishrnenr (If ;!l(lp~, n!),_t'b~1's workmg and oface spaces and thelm'nedJ~t~ ;wd pressi.n,!\ reqiuremeat ,,[ keeping 12 ,lir.nfr ill Ihe alr_ Iter ba 1m)' H>tWJTI, ""veil the elements appeared hostile .1S we {l:.mhatttd the ,:('Ild lind MUD. Conn,it r.l:dwili'S llnJ fldrd5tnnds were surnelbing )'QU encountered fur her towards tbt l~n((."r of thmgs, We' ,lt~ nn the end nf tlulint'. Cirrurnsrances II, times seemed perve: $t" i.nd cruel: our h~;lutHul ~~re$ procured fur ll~ hy Moffett fi~ld frum Irl~ reSPLl[(:;C$ of ihc NI!\'Y lit n bigh pnOr1t)' and gu.3FJed COII-

it Crlllr,,'IJi, the ::;n,rifi,'c of the Indimen w(1rking 10 reb , because the l'UttC'1 (I,jd J'\urub"J l1.oger. lift r 10 minutes; 'Wt't"piD;!; ice IUld 'I,.,,,, from WIOSS with im'1(1liJ> dipped rn ulcuhnl; sht'llcriog spark
vidun! plLlg- and IC:lJs (rom lite ~I(:I: WIlli articles
"l/IN

effurt.

nf clothing

while the
lit

,e~rched ror and

t[lund openings

Ib" [1<IrIJ!ng.

Hamlv

wblk

enrvute were 11M. \Vcr ~ rorc

!,

Di:sp itl" the r:xrOSIJ re I",wbkms, f reezmg camL'ras, LDO·mph g.L1es .lI1d other occupation,1i haz..vds.. ('\!l11l.'ralllCu wen: ,abJ£' to U\rrllr~ ~ h(':lutll-Ld rullni!1~ foV~r;tge of tIll.: .... II rc l'Xrc:J i~ion. ('Ollln

thiU cr.l.shcd and was lost ,Ir('ti, wa~t.s I-wa welks. were killed ill th~1 t:ra,lt.

or

ion'ed t.o turn them ill Ito Air 1i'11fce upp1r. p",c, plane tn x Jed lnto a dt'tr~, ntn'ssitLttint: lim1 1Ol18loe' 1 .1111.l 1. Ii~ daU'lge..l anJ putting

the \It.).lIy.ru-,,Jt'I1

cI~tllL

out "f C£1mmisma

In

the AnlThree mch

1 he' clC(lm IJght, Wl.'re ,0 dim !h~1 'l"l' ,-,-jul.l Nit ftltd. lh~ telrl"l1IJfll' ~I'rvile \ J~ ('rra,k, ,Iml mllny lJ nighl W~S sl' nf WIth

ItAR~ (:Il AT trlllnll'lg H1 prerisi 0 fl)'lng certainly paid off it! Gcnn,ulY wlll.lre UJC' eflobh:d \'R'~ l'ilv~ to c()J],~ider ,,~ nnllIl0Ill,lnn: the linal apPI'<>a,h("'\ be'tw~!l ;lplltlmenl ImuS<;'~ III lkrlin whea the IV!!l,ther I, ,.: fir slightly o.bovt mlnl1llYJntJ. The ;;!'jll""lrml had b~en dywg mto TemE'l~· hoC lhree ",\'""b- b"ioH! the cdllng J.ifted ~uffi'I~!1Uy til lTh1111H tli~ "l:W~ III gdtstllrlrcd

Y

.Ijrnl'l'(;~

!.r thc· 1![111l'rmcO!

fJ(\lJ.ses dU(IIl;gh the

illUJt1Jl)a(,,'n Nhcr dliUI Ill,,! p'''l'i,I~J h) flao 11 iight:s, \Wl,m wuld lrapp~D n<:>;(' W" t;)t\ 0vt oJ Ihshlight b, j tenC's <wd were un· .bre 1<1 procure them fpI ~ prnlrlllg"d )"ct,rld W (! II,\'~ to IllLle~ frum W1!b;1~1! "f op' ,'rDE,uns ,nmmulllJg by bu,.;, UnllSUGJ (U!!S
IW

lTKkpil wan{!uw5, All 11a$ nut 11~t'J1 ~'U) (or the CJ,t,,>. With d.e' <J'lJ[rt(>r~ :!.! kdfllll('Wrs away m Fronk· furt. Uj~ rf()bk'Tn uf getling but:k iIOJ forth 1111ht' Ilij;tht. Lin~ i~ nnt'ft\(l l11en,s:mt. R.uher,
JIl

H Jil<'lLns 5tandil1§ lip in II- rrtlw.ded bm. for i1l'uJ' bef(lte .Hlel lLI[t:t JI lIight to Balll1.

11

AUSTRALIA
Awrm.Uli\" experience during the IJ.St £)_ war emphasized the need [or preparedness, Foremost III Austral in's current defense p.ragrarn LS a five-year naval

NAVY AIR ARM

c.xplWsiM
slIon~ of 26

hips with a reserve of 80 more vessel ". The new Royal Au tralian Navy is designed to operate independently as a carrier t sk force, Ot in cocperation with

and

plan whicb will provide 3 compact carrier striking force

greater allied na val groups.

The new r orce , III be composed of two light fleet carriers, two cruisers, six new tle-stroyers and 1() other vessels,

rududlng

frigates,

survey

shrps, rnme-

sweeptf5 and boom defense vessels, .ind will be in ccrnrnissiea by 19';2. Personnel tfen~th will be increased to 14.750. two ;ln~l II ha l f I im e the prewar srreng h. <!nd We 1trgt' t peacetime novy Au tralia has ever maintained.

aviation department [or UH.:lid lime It is trainJng young men in naval aviation III preparation for the arrival of its two ne ly-cnnstructed airn"fr cJrriers from Britain, The first group of airmen to be absorbed into the RAN' are compo ed of those pilot, who with the British Navy during the war. Training is now goins on and additional per .onnel Is li~ll1ng
J

Th

Royal Australian
nil

at

OI.vr is estab-

EMB1Ra

AU5TRALI,lN

NAVAL

AVIATORS

'on

flilE

WORD'

fROM

SOME

TOP RAM AND

RAN

BRASS

being drawn from qualified enlisted .canks within the Navy, and from new civilian recruits. Training IS being cara cooperative the RAAF and the RAN.
Oil

bourne . FireflJ'
The

of the

arne

type

and named

the

Mel-

ried

through

effort

of

new

will be the 18 ODO·tonlight Red carrier ytltltfJ. If was scheduled for dell very early in May. The second carrier will be

The first carrier to arrive in Australia

British naval fighter and is armed with
four 20 rnm cannons and either a 1000lb. bomb or twelve GO-lh. rocket pro· jeerers under the wings. It has a maxi-

Hawker Sedjftry fighter and the striking plane will operate off the new carriers. The SeafflfY is the latest

PLOTTING

TME RADAR

TRACK

OF AN

INCOM.ING

AIRCRAFT

ABOARD

SHIP

A fEW

V.ST

MINUrE

INSTROCTIONS

BEfORE

SENDING

HIM

OUT

ALONE

12

Restricted

Retltrieted

FOR CARRIER fiGHTER

THE RIGHT HOT SEAFURY

THE FAIREY

fIREFLY

fiTS

THE ATTACK

NEEDS

ONE MUST LEARN TO READ THE COMPASS

RIGHT

base bee defenses primarily on the avy, In wartrme her existence IS dependent SE OF jet propelled . ircraft has been discussed, but naval cbiefs o( on keeping the seaway-s open for the arrival of rei n f ercemenrs, and to some AUSttalia consider that they have not extent on safeguarding her own coastal been fully proved for carrier operarions, trade. (British have not yet made any jel The peril in which Australia lOOJ squadron operational 00 carriers) 1>0 they have decided to wait until Britain when the japanese 0 eupied tile island screen covering her northern approaches has developed them rurther. The now familiar pattern of 10n15- shewed how swiftly a protective barrier could be turned into .. menace to her range carrier task Iorres maintained at si,:curity. Fast slrong 1111\1al farces of the sea for I og periods j)y a nee! train of type evolved in the island to island warrefueling and supply ship emerged tare of the Pacific arc essential to prelogrrally from the condition. of naval vent the occupation of these northern warfare in the Pacific, Balanced, hardislands by hostile fmrcc. hittirlg task forces composed of aircra fr earners, battleships, cruisers and def IS this Jesson which has dictated strayers, roved the vast expanse of the the- decision of the G vernment to Pa ilk striking at rargets thousands of miles from their bases. The last war, e tablisb an ad vance operatioual na val base at Manus, ill the Admiralty Group in the Pacific. was mainly it carrier war. to the north of New Guinea. Mllllus, AnJ it was naval forces that kept Auslocation of a vast American naval base tralia Irorn beleg invaded by the Japanese. in the Pacific Waf, was Australian manIt i to become an OVerAustralia's new Navy will put to sea. dated territory. but- a small mode! of tbe/owerful task seas servi e station for the Na y and Ai r Force from wh ich a \ atch can be forces the U.S. Navy an Royal Navy kept an the front door of Austr:tlja. employed in the Pacific. But it will have And it's so much easier to stop an inthe same flexibility and the same power asion at the 'rout door than it is to to opeta e as It long-range striking foro: capable oC carrying out wift raids en stop it m the living-room Of kit hen. Training of the new naval a iators distant bases or lightning attacks on enemy forces at sea, will have to include both thorough in-

mum level speed of 460 mph at 16,000 f eet. 'The FireftJ is also a top f1jght British type.

or

An island continent wltb it coastline 12,000 miles, Australia, within the
of her industrial resources must

doctrirsuion into aviation '1S practised aboard ship, and training In the opera~
lion of the ships thernselves. Aerial

lirnits

U

navigarion must be precise to a matter of miles, but shipboard navigation must be J recise to .1 matter of Y'{I~!S, It is particularly lnreresung that as <I result of the les ons learned during the last war, 'n1(land ~Uld Australia are clT1phllsizing carrier and naval avration to such :t d<;grec while other counInes oJ tbe world, as .1 result of lessons learned i[j the same last war. are emph;i~izlug SlrlCUy aerial warfare more and more,

I

OCCASIONAHr

SOMEONE HAS TO HEAVE A LI_NE

YOU LEARJII HOW '0

USE THeM, THEN HOW TO STAY OUT Of THilR

WAY

'AND

PARA.CHUTE HARNESS

IS JUST IN HIE WAY-UNTil

YOU NEED It'

13

Anyone

can learn

CfecUt:Jr}t a:J

Yes, ANYONE Can Learn 'Electronics
,IIlJ Ii ibid} successful (LI% Ii sehoul I~Jr .,1 tJilOIl electronics recho Inan~ .md electmntr smen al NAITC MEJ-IPI1T5, Tell I! , To dule IIl1/ ,/ JIll!', I.. 1 (II,/~II{ h.i' j.;i/I?tt in rim course. which covers both
marntenunre Il..IIU opL'IJlIOn whereas un£11<: number nl' tJJi ures 1.0 tach class ran up to nearly -il) pereenr I :LUU )IIIY';: \'OU gol) You'VI: got ,\ brand-II!.:"

T cou rsc whar

At;: r; "IIH

gobble,l)

-!!lJok

ClIJi

Oil J,.YI:!I!On

d,',

I routes I heorv

uT

.1

ent.iuun

They st,lfl

trainees

working

on ,lUlhll eglJlpmenl dmwJ; their JiLl! wcd~ in ~lho()1. Ilud the theorv of ekxII nnil~ is transl.ue.l into LlI1dcr~I,1I1d,lble
1':llgUil!<t.

J en ts I .m:I\111r obscrv ing those roin ts HI the uirru III urn In which trainees rn their d1arE:t: 5N:n1 to experience dirlidlliy. .

They bui Id therr

own

raJ

10

wb.
The' IlUt~ltenhlliLs requ iremerit duced LO lhl k'vd of sixth f;T.,JC rn.ir ~d1\)!:lI.

i~ rcgTJIll'

T
the

H~ '>lHLJ()j_ works on the idea It is impossible' for "!lyon!':: to

that

rhl'y

new deal

in electronics

have the unusual

fail training, ull ilude Ihal i

der the old course

. The AT-AL Sehoul figures that ;( I.:UII
continue to keep student attrition dOwn to th-= zero mark, while- ,II tile Same time it IS- gr;rduattng personnel in less (him

At the ;;.lInc I iine c&dl I r.rince gLllt:lS mort sktll In the use of Ius rools and testing equipment, Ally enlisted mnn or WOmJl1 who applies himself
lo

:myone should stumble OJ fatter. the fault lies m U.H! [r:linin);!. Students su ffering low daily marks are tborougbly

r

hrs

SluJH:S

lit the

Class

two-thirds of the rime: requir.ed by rb .. former 44-wl'ek (Ours-e. Here's the secret of training III the new 2,t!,week class l'lt Mcrnphis :
Instead of viewing

the rnysteriou-, eyes higher mathem,» tics and obscure "engineers' Eo.gllsh," instructors now ,gi ve ,\ descn pL I\'0:: pres-

or

electronics

through

lIJu.rse, wh ieb bas Lad the repurati on in lhe past or marking the downfall of many :1' ,good tecbniriaa. A proctor system. has been org:J.11Ized at Memphis, in which instructors fallow a certain number or students completely through the course cftramI!1K· They concentrate On weak ..;1.\.1-

A school ([IJJ bas proved himself cornretent to hold his rate ('<'Inbe praetically ,ISSU red lhal he will pas.:; this flew

which they seem lacking. Another unusuul feature or the' new rou rse is that il gives identical instrucnon m two rutes. Aviation electronics t.::chniciJl1s (AT) are Navy specialists who operate. mainrain, ad just, test, install and repair llll airborne electronic equipmen.t used in naval airrra ft. That inc!udes radio. radar. Loran, 1rF. ReM and electronic lire control equipment.
Aviation elcctronicsmen (Ai)_ in

givl;: them homework in those phases in

reviewed by their proctors who then

INS'mUCTOR

ItOBI.N10N

CHECkS RECEIVER W. WHEELER

WIU

ASSEM9L~

J, '8,

CONURS,

An,

1:XPtAIN!i

IIECTlFI~R TUB£ BY 1JS£ Of

MOCkUP

14

Be.stricled

DOROTliY DOOL~Y CQMPLfTES,

WIRING OF 5UPEliHET WITHIN

TWo WEEKS

~.

I,. IMI\IUH

5UMMARJI£5

BASIC

PRINCIPLES

IN BlJllPlNG

RECEIVER

addition to opeutmg elcctroruc l:!(!dt, are airrrs ft ccmmunicnrors, Per=nnnel in both of these 1.1.tiltgS, tlcrs(,{nJ the /Ill.> J' and b;;w ut electronics theory, Tile nt.:\\ course pw\,iJt;s the AL \ 1111 .1 I-trl.:.!h.r knowh ..dj.!,f: of maw, t~'n.U1tc and till t\T wil h ,1 better operator ~ knowlcdl!C. Th~ bulk F ~Ihc curriculum is dcvott'J ro ele; uornr theory .1nd mit .ruen ance, Wl1 ile operator train m,~ I~ hcl d to the Iamilinrizarion level 0rcr,ltor~ rnn con ri nue I heir Lrain il1!! Jll llll;' Heel. w{)tkin,l! un. rhc special 'c!.lLJil'menl to whu h lbw.m:- assumed. These u·re the in~redlellts ill the Cl.lS~ A (OlIl"!'L. Takea desr.npuv prcsent,rnon ot electron movement. plus <;1:> :>Impk anthrnetu ,It fnnnulas, plus fin: with proctors ClI1J 111 hve \H~eL~out .nmes VOUl' ~hl~:' o( IT,lim',] sr<'u U j srs A~.1 ' J IIIJeo J., <;.1(11 'I'c: (jalist turns our J ~llf-li.Ibe superherro d}'llt" re,cn'i~tg set \\111([1 he hJ buill himsc] i I3~r!JfC the 1I1t- 5rdJin~ his name all the roster 01 the CIa.'>5 /1 school 11~$· dncd, the new student is issued the initial clements I r his new l"lfo(es ion a met. I box nlled wlLh .1 Jumbk of tube and wires, alltl J \ iring Ji.~,cr{lm which IS III 'blue pnnr." They .'ont.ljll c\'erytbillf required to make U six-tube
;).Jterl1.ltll1g current rereix 1I1f:!set. bit II. Jrliull", nne tonlilo.ntly Cook tLoroughl)
SIir111

order to work inrel hgent!v,

1l1\I,t

\10·

than lh._·y sound. Willi lilt theorj of electrons and the t'ftl1Clrles of ele o\.ity behsid hun. the .hlJt nt next plunges into the hvc baSIC melio ad ions whirl] make all radio $d~ rick. l lcrc they are: Rolli tt.utrr-:« substance rI::\;wlj U g die How 11 [ electrons. lt I~ n propC'rty of nil materials and is measured io ohms. The grl:lIter the resistunre tll1.: lcwer till:

The six drops of :uitbmeticfll oil, needed to inject IOt0 the rnachmcry oj lhis method Lraining. r;tnge from Ohm s Iil.w through reactance and lreqUL'my to resrstor and l-;lpadtaJors. 111{')' rlso arc much less Iormiduble

or

dent get ...J grip on Ihe intestines of his superhet receiver, puttin,g theories into practice and rn.lkJrlj.l rormubs mean something u, eful. 111 Ute laboratory sirnplil:ity is also the: rule. l'ofmtrl}' the srh 01 ;ttt~rnrted to famillanze students WIth 1111lypc!\ ! elcrtrnni equipment used ill naval aVIarion However, hWP.Ul IJIEtT\Ory is; too
bllible \0 ex peeL men to Jearn and retain f.lmUiarlty WIth the ruriJLy inrreas-

illg

I)'res

of equipment. ot ~'viJ1g a good the school student III ;1 I un itcd
lypes, '\ hen

the W eledronio aim
lTH
!lOW

edIH.tf101l.

electrons thur CUI) pass through. Ct{l.ldlil"l'l~tbe ibility or capadt} 01 11 t om.!(lJI<rt:t to bold or store electr« .11 lll.lr(!:cs_ The condenser blocks olf and hql<~s cnpt ive the electron $ Jttt,mrtJn1'! \L1 p,m; lhruu,L:h, while the electrons motion i~ passed through npen ~r<l!(' to l,.kCl rO)15 on ,wulber pl,ltc / ,ullll"l,;'/Ir, -[1 kind of Cll'lhlcJ.1 incrtia, it IJppO~t"

(rill n., earh

number

of rc:prcs:mtl1lil'C

personnel . rrive in the field. Fl..:d Airborne Ell' tronu. TrnlfiIIl~ UU] can "PL'J.k" them in the '1'<::6,11 equipment tJley arc ('x1"'<ted to scrv icc in tlici
duty ass.jmrnent».

my

dUll,!.."<.' ill electron

~11~~J. billeting from resistance. llll inductive dle(t attempts to prevent eleci rons from ~l()wi(l,l; down or ~rO;edlL,g

up.

L IU.

Cm·"il--11 cumhiuation
.JIJJ

of iruluc-

i.ull~

uudwiched, in between tile Irtborator) work or the flew trainee are lectures. The Iirst one tack 1<$ .uornic structure anti the theory of electrons, which I J lot simpler than i sounds. AU ~lclllits. \'oltages ,1I1J currents III electronic e.Cjllirmf'ntar~ electron rno emeats. ircuit llJulv.>1. ran be ITIO:t lO}'Cllly explained by' ,todylllg the How of electron s, Whe:m these flew path nre dl'lirll-' under stncd, :J. sc.·smder Gin make the simple c..llCUI:1tIOIL~ required by mainrenunce men and op!;'t~!l:or." ill
the

CnTltir-n combmanoc jornm,u Jl1J CIIracity, Wilile he IS WU:JIlg. soldering and bolting his equipment together, the sturesistance

LIIP"l(ity

field.

G, MElVIN

C::UM8ED FROM BOT'I'OM 10 ~ANK ilTH

While iJl is rroLcciurc- causes some increase in F AETLJ traiDing loads, it shortens th e to tal t I me 3 man must beunder trail1lng before Ins services can be uti! ized b) the Heet, One of till: secrets of the I ralllilig lres III rerdilion. Till' r.llrs of electfonrc arc told nnd retold so o ft(,) 11. that at rhl,; t:11(] uf hi~ h:LSIL five weeks or drool the rdnriples are d~'erl) rooted in [he mind of the trainee-srart and rated ot his mental makeup. Credit for the Job accompll~hl;d IJ'l udartl!1~ the new t:OI.H5e to the needs or ILLe Navy and lhc capJl:ilY of tht' average person zc learn goes 10 Cdr. Thomas M. Adams, USN. officer in' charge of tbe AT-:U. School, and hi ~ta1T of' instrunors. With the OUE!)e proved during an extensive period exrt:fimental i n, the Iirst graduates to teach the field will arrive in late June. Fleer and air units will then J.LLYC' <Ill GpPQ.rtunity to put this type 0' tJr~jJ1ing: to a test. cornpare it with Iorrner training, and makerecomrneudannns and suggt'sti0(L~.

or

NAVAL A VIA'TIO,N

OLLBACK
bwt in the Philippiue 'I:'J. Ant.uJJ<,.r timl;' the' Cllfluwa delivered repair m.uter!.11 ttl u T!':i!ls·Asi'atic AIrw"-ys plane down 1'0 IIIHt~ u!t Luzon. III whll.11X111 h.! he ca n~u OperaJ./IHI Rice Ldt, the aak{)l1< one dolY deli .eted rice hI refugees from iln eru "tins
vo]n;tnQ 'In Cnrf\iguln Island, MilJd,UlliO.

US!> 'J ,mltll•• -}.Jtcr "'wIling 151Jnbl,l1. I ur !;.q', where two Iootball teams {rqm tl,e cnrriu "I,tyed lin cn"iel"llli ning, if unintelliglb!e. ·j:;llme VIewed by 9.001} wondering Turks. !.I'13 carrier headed for Norfolk !tnJ 1!l,)lhlmll~ VF·I I reported it. men' GUJ1~ IlWlIY b1Cdened with rrncienr Damascus steel '!IIb"'I~, curved dt'sgers, mee rchaurn pipl$ lind f:t~, cinating collapslhle snake rings. The ([L[!

ier

anchored

in

Suda

Bay, ertle,

!I!D!1.J

1'101 AN ICE8ERG, 'BUT THE STAUNCH

flOCK

OF G1B~ALTAR

BEHiND CV HEADEO llAC,K. 1'0 THE U.

men wbo make up the 5Cju'1l1rons switch every two ycar.s trom land to sea duty. from the rOur C\OrDt:£S of the world LOme S~lllliJ ron news letters telling 0 r

N ....
leaving

s,

battered men-of-war bortom, evidence of the war,

littering the Nu:zi bombing

harbor d II ring

v ...... "",vIAnnN" is

JIWll.ys

c:hJ.llgUlg
lust as the

its scenes of operatioLl,

ou t Marston matting, cleared 3WUy invasiun wreckage und made il ~rnrval air base. In its claslng mcuths, this Philippine suuiun ha.d 0 MATS detachment with two

1945,

JLli!!

I'bnes an,1 ~ Coast Guurd eletachmezu
iI lIBY·iiA.

wuh

these shifts, some .611eJ with noswgifl
well-liked stations, others

at

Gklh)",

The former unit, VR·1J, had a and D4iJ{)ta ueder tCdr. George

Mediterraneen

news comes [rom .t\tgl:.'nt-ia.from S:mgley Point in tht- Philippines, frem the A Ieurinns, f rOil' .1 carri e r in the
Tilt:

gllld, 10 leave behind Iscl III eJ, cold outposts where Navy planes have been gUjuding the United States' Slrntegil: Ironners.

A. II~IJ. :M~TI~ iureresting f!igbt~ar\da weird assortment or c:;Jrl>0~~were recorded,
Not exactly a typical day's work. but one t!-tal vuvers the type of "'ark U'1f1e by 11 ~1~l~(hnwnl PI' MATS can b~ ~Iw""n by Ii\!: log vi ., April 1949. The D,,J, (}I.I was il(I\V1l tu Pili, S.<)ut-l,em Luton, cdki!lg the body of J. Fi Irl'jno 5,,1IO[ h\Jll;)e for bu rial. At the same time, the C.JII1/I'JII wa~ on ;! mission LO Subic lhll hi piel:. 11 P a ruerchunt seaman whn lust a.11 l'r" m an accident and rush I.JJIll to a Man.iJu hospital LLter in {he day the Cal!llhTa delivered medicine \Q Su bie for .iI boy critically !II with pneumeniu. Other odd j"hs assigned the detachmeru <"rinJ&! l:raMt'orl1n8 Bikinl natives away frol"tl the :1toll so Ihe ulorn homh I~I~ could hl' IldJ, !:l)'l~g ductors 10 ~IC C"IIIJrl island

Gibraltar was a port of call, ," Lth ~J8,hlseers 11l.Ithins onto British ie){LiIt'S 11Ud French perf urnes fwr the gul friendsut hume while the mlJre:athletlC' rom towed the hnnej-eornbed fortifieations of the rcrk, On the homeward bound trip across the Ada nuc, v "·I~ reported U1I: ~th!CI1C departill em ra n oR ,1 basketball to urnam ell t nboard .ship will! )2 teams. Its squadron team won the dmrrrpionsllip trophy. Its world ITUJ5e over, the. TlI""vII went into mothballs and squadrons headed for )atbonv j lle, their n",w linme.

VP-:!(l,

AtAsKi\-

Tlns squadron

began

Its

All btU

and from idylli, Hawaii.

the

surne

story-the Navy

is

<lnjvlti~~ .1\ Attn in 194'~ l1.' VPIH1I1 after rduntung [rnm VPB-l2. FOUT vcars later it b!ls been decommissioned. Al WW'.'i end the squadron became an arr rrlln5pClrl umt between Kodruk "nd Scuttle
ll~~j~ti.f1t:

rolling back Its advanced b;I~(;'S 35 budj;t(ft o;;ut~ nre mude. Let lheJ.llcl([u;s giw;
the

ill Jcm(,b'h:"ltlun,cbnnging

(0 till

PI, ture:

operating squad.ron io 1941) to do ~"rLh 'Hid rescue, ice patruls and extended reWJ10al5-

sance "chain flights" up and dnwa the Al~ll'

NAS S",NGIFY POINT-t\(t,cr rwo vears of I.1P"f'lti'JM.. this arr ,i~!ill~i1.t. twt'll d(J~ed d"", n MLd Its ,1~;gl1J1llLlI'I ~h~rJg~u W" nava] sruth.n Fi~\1 u'~LI ,I' .~ nuvul h"~,f';~lIj llfIcl seaplane base, it became iI blEf!er nrer ,Itln!l ,)jl~r ::'t'lhe<'~ [rom A,pi n 15 !-:llnt nshure m

tmns from Kodiak to Adak, Shemya and AUu, lhen lli)ILII "Iuog the mternnncaal d.utelilll' ru ]'\,<>111." Puinl D1,Jtn)w ~nd inbo<l Tn f:lirbankS--fl veritable Co(jl:_'s tour the north, the better known sea sturies reral ls the <jay~ when It was V[·-]{I.-iO. I,f con-

lc-pt!r (1lIIlflY, picking up 1111 Ametirnn nus,wI1J.r;- :tIll! two OibEr men adrift in a small

One of

or

ON FItIGU1' ARGEHIIA

RUNWAY,

'CREWMEN $WEEP SNOW

on

VP'·6

nv

,PICTURESQUE tURKISH

MOSQUE

WitH

CY TARAWA. IN

ISU.MBUL

POll

16

R'estdcted

it to Plymouth, England. vin rhe Azores and Lisbon. Portugal. Ac((}mp.mymg Davies on the memorial flifo:ht was Admiral A. -, Read, pilot of the NC·+ on its 1919 Aigllt. The plane took off from NAS Fl. YO BENrrr, N.Y .. a rev. miles from RockThe NC·.I made numerous stops in its epic fli,;ht. once pH Glpe Cod because of cl1ginl! Irouhle, .u Ne wro un dland, the Azores. Li bon. Ferrel, pain and Plymouth, The l:'~\'·Z ~t0l'ped onl once tit .Lisbon, for commemoranve ceremonies, With [ 1,136 miles under its belt on the AusLralia·U.S. flight, the Tramlcnt 1 mIll! could have mdd the .3900·mJles bop non.tol' with 110 strain had it liked.
,IW:1Y, starting

romt

for the NC-4-.

SANGLH

LoADS

RICE fOR VOlCANO'S

R£FUGEES

CAPt.

QUACKENBUSH

RfCSIVES

ITALIAN

MEDAL

'~rJwd an I'l' runway loodlng by LL. David A r.e5.lit: ,It Kudiak. Witl! a JiffiUJ Il crosswind, he applied brakes on b15 Prh';II~e1'" It skuhled oil the ;(€ Power OJ..1~ .I.1ded on

:: I and # 1 t'ngim~ In cornplete- ;J 180· turn, As till' plane re.l(he.! the posinnn n ~l;dj_ng buckwarrls, I'PW<' ( was .rppljed 011 ~II

oj gnided missiles omd upper-,lLr rockets hclpanaly~e their Jlight. Just !l. slowmotion pictures of underwater blasts contribute to study of explosives and
vessels.

r,~ur !'Mgm~5, brnkirI,ti tlu- f'!l~nl!'
[he
rU.Dl'i'ny.

<[lIdl.' down

lind rn.nnery tender S PU;J(,Jt Wille sa ...ed, LJnJJn,t:: nt Adak. one day, U:"dr. Lrl:$ty ""tlt',1 <I IN J'bre. It was a JRP GoQU fl"alms hd!,lc>~ly nil h~,,'y ~ea~ He hoy. ~'rl"<1 "v~, head until 3 nearby Sfl1P pi ked U)'1 the to ,l.If ,\I rvivllr~
VP·11. QIW,,'SI>T Pm~'l'Thi~ .squndrun
C(j

ended up headed 111 the hi,h it hud landed, The squadrrm helpecl ~HH.> maTl~ lives in AJJ,bn waters. ;jrl'ipP ns pro\ !SioM, exposure SUIt, 110,1 giving ",.lml ~UPl"lllt·t unt,l IJ PH)' nr ~11I1' could r1'~(1l1' manners JO J"tr<'"~l\. Co-ws .Irnl(lrd the small boat Vor)
dlTt.'(IHm hLlm }\

It

VPB-84 Photos Needed
] be
/j.,JlorIC't:lt

J/MCh

01

VPB-84

it

I'eatiy.\ bnl use cannot pf.lb/iJh II ;mleJI Ulembe-t'f of the f/pl,ulMn send ill /lietltrr!J o] 11U!U alll/ .tcuons. Ptetures lI)i/l b.e kept Ct'Irf!ftllly al1d rf!/JlflJed to OW!!· r1f.r, V P 8-84 CIUI tJli'l",Itim. It'llt be- gl'eaJJ_l' ap!mmal"d IVe refill/lly ./lked [or !l;ctllleJ [or VPB-/18. rb .. r-aIM/7N tuas mil/up/e. .md we hl!fewllh thank 1? M. Hnle». IP", H. Mar,;s, W. D. ]OI1lU, . T, /U.
Reise«, p, 1.:. Petter,
/111/1 f/ll}

Another Navy picture. The ABC of C'I, IVOIl a bronze medal .It the same Venice competition in 19<17. 'This color movie, running 19 minutes. b "·IN-.~-lill. it how high accclerat ion effects on, ,IIIcraft riloh; and how to combat them, The accompanying photograph shows Capt. Franco Basliui, Ita! jan n a OJ 111 llttac.he to the Italian Emr.assy. presentlng the bronze medal to Capt. Robert S. Quackeubl,lsh. Jr, he d of naval photo 'raphy at the time it Was given the award a year ago.

,,I

.liId

bark

In

thl' states after rhree mon ths ui

IJ

weather

llperutipn. III Argt'otHl. . lewfuundI.lou, to test io: 1>.!V's. [1lytng In temperatures us low ;!~ VI'·M "';l~ hampered Ilium hy 10\ ceililltr.l,
snow !!tlrms

VPB-/18

;If the next

R. 1<.

lV'lrlh.
iJJ1I1!.

Helicopter
Transpolrts
TWING,

Saves

The

Day

Drone Piiol to Destroyer

-~,P, Navy Movie Wins An Award

blrrw I ng

;uul ~h"ttal!e' (,f .Lty.

Plonry Of IOCR1 trll:inilljl .Ib" was nN~jn~..J in instrument .uld nigh! fhwg and GCA honrlin~s, 1Y() of the latter being made III til( hree months.

ligh t Ild nS hou ,~.

VP·ll.
J.;:,I.c" [1I.H1;,

Ho\~ IIlI -'I ilb closure oi

'AS

lhis squndron mov(!tl 10 B:I.(ber' 5 pOI.nl where nn 0 1d-Iasb iuncJ Nil.", wclcurne hdr~·.:t take the stirt.£ one 01 leav rniJ: he well-Iiked KlIn~,)h~ hjl~ A ddy, <Jtlting was hetd :11 the beautiful aod fJ.bulow. (l'Q;j.Il\!\ ! I,lnti in the nmldh: of Kaneohe

Bay. S",wlUILng lit the p<,()1 5tartoJ the dar s ~('II"ltie., lulJ,,\V~d hy cll..-kbih Jnt.! J.jllllllg the bcnuu r u 1 Illoll i enmp leted II fuif)
[][I

Photography Aids Sden(e A.dvance Navy pherograpbers are rcntinurng to win honors for their movie activities, the latest being a silver medal wa.nleJ br the- Ninth International Exhibition of Cinernarcgraphi Art lit Venice, ltaly, The prize w inn iug p ic Iu r e , '1~,It Pbt)toL,(1"IIph.l' in Scronce, was cue of J ') film from 192 submitted to win silver medals. The ~O-minute picture. MN-5.H~(., is JI;tibble for ofocial use b} naval ru;ti\'Ities. H shows the multitude of ways
In

PA IF! -Ever}' day the is discovering new use for the helicopter, Take, for in lance, the story of It. M. J. Tungate, officer in marge of d (a rget drone unit with GU!ity guadron 7 at San Diego. Tungate was slated to 1;0 out On the DD Pax one morning with hi drone to provide gunnery and training practice. Since the Fox did not inteud to return to port Ior two days, it wa necessary for the unit to be aboard when the hip left p rt. Unfortunately Tungate got ick and

Navy

w hieh movie and st ill ric:lu res taken by the Navy are used for research. Movies

m rssed the sh: p but his d rene gear was

51. II ~

,lilY

Turtle
Memorial

Flies Route
Flight Honors

of NC-4
Crossing the Navy
Tracnlent

COfDIlll:rtlOtuting tbe j{lth anruversa ry of ihe f.lmoLlS c- .. .Bight, first aircraft
to

ahoard and would be excess baggage un Ic:;. there wa some way to get Tungateaboard at se-a. The Fox was operating 51) rnrle at sea the next morning when Tungli.t.e fcit well enough to work, HU-3 at NAAS MJRIIMAR listened to his tule of woe and agreed to flr him to the: destroyer

span the Atlantic on
II.

'ocelli'),
1'2\"2

sent its equnliy-Iamous
7'I/I'JII1
S:.t011:

rncmoeial

route on

Piloted h}' Cdr, Thomas D. Davies. the same mJO who flew the 1 «rtl« tor a. orld' IOIl.g distanc~ record from Perth. Au;;tr.lli:~ to Columbu .Ohi , the Lockheed plane made the W(IO.mile Higl1~ in 20 bows 55 rmuutes. h. took 1be wooden-hulled NC-J 19 days- to make

Mar 8.

111ghl over the

sort f r the heli opter, V -7 'lgreed to send along two TBM's for the Job.
So the: helicopter

provided

be could

arrange

an

rendezvous with the destroyer, While it hovered over Ihe Iuntail. Tungate was J wered to the deck of the ship and he rook over the iob of operating the. target drone Incidentally il was Tungate's
BRONZE MEDAL AWARDEll TO 'N.AVY 8Y IrAUA~S

F. Ii, Johnson

flew Tungate

piloted

by Em. out to

UL.,t official ride in

u

Navy pinwheel.

17

Reserves

Get 3 New VMF'S
quarters for the cruise, on II April, anJ were organ ized In to ;1 group. From Olen on, they followed the regular pattern ror requah 6 ,alion truut ing, Several days of field earner landing pmc· rice Were climaxed by squadron and group refresher operations aboard the Cabot, Type and mtcr-i yp<:' tactics were Lt. dr. B. G. Preston. senior type t.raJning oltirer itt NAS BII\MI l;I·!.~\t. acted a" C of the grou.r. "J'LIlJll W. S, Hams, skipper of NA NE'\'\I OR1 11(\N.5-. served as ~'ruISC rQoediil.ltor. VG·87 (Will NAS GL liN\IJE\~', which took tht': previous cruise, also racked 11 r an excellent record. Pilots executed '13 cattier hJ.[lding~ and 38 catapult shots. and averaged ,~ Jl ou rs each l1it!ht time despite PO{)f weather, A highligh of this cruise was the mock nitaek rn.ule on the Ctb",. then operolting in the ,Ltif of Mexico. by

emphasized.

or

three PV's

from

Ienvicw.

The e were

INSIIl'

A BLACkED
(J

OUT

MOBilE

RADAR

UNIT,

MA"-INE

"-E'.iERVISn

PLOl

APPROACli

OF

A PLANE

T

CIVI'

sen rsts a chance to take parr In Or_I!.lIIizeJ Re t:I\,C tra·inmg lUll uies, l'hrel;: 01.:\ M,lnft_l? figblt'r Slcl i.ulrons, plus
th rec slIl-'l'ortmj: air deb h mcnts.
Jr<:

additional

Marine

.~ r Rt1

is experted to rise to 100%. As of·1 April. there were 1,611 offi· cers ;!nu ),O(,t-l enlisted rrren in the Manne OrgJI1 rzcd A If ReSt'I\ e squadrons.
I noN,- complemenrcd ; \'MF-t+~, olurnbus: HIF-.!B and v IF-?',l. Minneapolis, VMF'132, ew York; VMV-~17. Were

On that date the followmg

squodrons

.. ti(·d t NA!:I stauuns

It' k .lJ,:lrli led .il : AI. LINf"fI1~. NIA(,AM l:\LL<:, J.nd A. H1R-

flown down and back in the course of one "expanded" drill day by pilots hom VP-ML-j~ to provide rvc;.S7 with realistic fighter director problems. Much of the success this cruise WIl.$ due to the line planning ,10d leadership of eve-as's commanding (Ifncer, LCdr. 1.. K. Droom, who was killed in the tine of dUI)' LL Cdr. Droorn !.lJd made an outstandrng <.:ombat record in the last war.

or

~IIMjI-JAM

bv

I

11115 brir1!!s
,11111

!ill" '1\,bdm
III

july.

ccum

,li 2"

the 111l1on· Lrrlne R<:serve lighll::t <;'ILI.Jdrans, ,~ 1'Il.lrm<! {: rOW1d ron r ro I III tncerr ~'l.fuJ.d was .:.11 c.l
wide R~,c'n c chain to:;O
~~ ,.;ir ,.l!:tt, 11nll1lt~,

i' ARTL"~

Lotus, and MGCl$·17. WJUo'w .rove, Crowding lhl,~ mark were VM1'-li:l, DJ.II.1.~; VlllJi·J41. quantum,
VMI:-!?I.

l.

Reverse Play on NAS Circuit Ail' Planning Directive .l·N;';·49. which Ir,l.l.1S[cr:rtJ 'AS S(!AT'I'LI' 10 un !I11111.Lr1' wntlol "f the l\I,tVg I l\,t Reserve Tnunirtg C<'m·
rnand 1111

lL, Miami; "MT-Pl. Oa!':llilld: VMF'15l_ \Xlil\ow Grove. VMf-2J,I, New York;

Lo

Al;u:nltos,

V~IF·J2.j, Memphrs.

VMf-

b~~n

""radled.

'\iA~ .EA1"1·1

~ will

~ Mrcm

("til 1<111'( and will lake OV('T th~ desrcnutioru uf famous wartime squadrons whirR were Jerommi<;sioneJ Lt. r 01. G-corge 1-. Brlt~ est.llhlJ-Ulcd tilt' Air delllCbmL:nl al. Birrnincharn on I Mar One June VIa:> the date set (ar the commrssioning of \·Mf·.i-ll at this

The n~\\ "<.JLLldtOlU "Ill eac h linvc nn xulhoclt:td ;;tr~ngtll of "Cl ri1ot. 10 .1\i.ltioI1 gr'OIlfld orfu.er .1m] 14~ enII t<:J personnel ike the pre tnt Sl)\I,IJrom, !hc~t> VMF's wlll fl) r·u

M inneapol is. MGCJ.~·IS, Los AIJ.)1111Q~:30d MGi.,J-IS. Atlanta. IIlO: Ihl:: I rusen t turn -over 10 person ncl nvel"1J,ge~ lcs than ~(L ;111 squadrons are ~L~vdoF;ng competent teamwork that paJ" II In 111(Tt'J.Sfd proficiency,
MGClS-lL.,

rerruun, ,1, in lhe' I'alr. under ClllnN,l'if 1'1 The Reserve 'I'd I rnn nn LlI.:: r" "t"t:-r.ltt .1 N~VliJ AIr Itt'~\:r\~ T, .. lI"g Utlil lit Ille w

,t~ll"n, Anacostia's VR-71 Tokes Cruise
W'll!. all Iwn.1, wnrk,ng not I s, 111m l1 I,u\.l," 11 dal" VR 71 rrorn Nt\RTtf t\1,,,rC"Tt/\ rll~.lII!' .1 ~"Ild ft'nll.l ,lUI i11,;; it~ tWII IVttk..<o annual tr.unil11t .ryi"1l ",illt VR-' .U Patuxent, The)' 1lI11t1ltWtl.eJ 11:10% 01 rheir schedule, wlildJ Jr1v..,IH·d upfhl1iog un lun horn NAS P,,111-XFNT tn Nnrfolk. In r.u;:ksnM\'IHt> and .dum, The amount of ~MgO. passengers and mail hauled, .,Inns "itl, aircraft uliliz1ttiuo and rnun hou rs worked romrart'd favurablv wuh ~imibl uperations 0)' tile parent sqund"In W!.-1. On the first dav 01 opcrntrocs. the 5'1LJaJ.
>!,;

Show»

In

the

picture

are

PvL

R.

IInwks, SgL R. ·rmdin~, M SgL R. Beurhe, and T / 'gt.. F. Powell, ;dl MGGlS-Z-"l at NA GLH';VIE\'C

or

Reserves

Requalify

on Cabor

\rul. Ru sell D, Rllpi' and M.l) ',d· 1\ ~rd . Finn who- establ i: bed the det.u lrrnent« at fag,lra Fa1I.s and .tt Lin LOin respertively, are slated to acnvate \·111F· 1 :Ii1J V~.lF-1J.1 (It those station on
I

·Eni'nllJ11ent

ruh.

~(,juilJrons I~
i)_I' ( Il~W

ill Marine Air Reserve now at .lrl all-time ],Jgh of of au thorized strength. As the s<J;J.;!dron~ are buill up this fil!urc:

Reserve carrier requaliflration cruises abo.ud tb~· C.1bnl sre now bdng [LUI Olt with dispatch and llutllority. The latest group to succes:f uli} L'Umpkte tlns trainmg was c0I11]"o,eci of VA and VF type traming 0111t.:Ctsand stationkeeper crewmen from J 7 naval air starions and units in the Reserve chain. Flying filShn:r and attack plants from their respective station pilots and newmen c.onver,l!:cd on COlfY Field, head.
J

utT their assigned u uck.
Fourteen
(IJfICN5,

mil wok Il,ght in their stride such matters nuking it 1!o,hoblc heck on lin K<ID rlwy had borrowed from "'<"illm" C"ruvc. repla,log btak't's Whlr.n h;\J INked t>n Ilwil rrtll II11J Ib, dclJl' caused by having the wheel fa,11 Incluillng Lear, 1:3. F.

Gerd".<, fbe co, 21', Illllj~tcd men and I WAVfi i'an.dl,ateu In ehe training cruise,

18

tu« ricled

RBStrioted

NARJU

ANACOSIIA'S

TRANSPORT

SQUADRON,

VR-71,

NOEL

DAVIS

TROPHY

WINN~1!5

fO~

1948,

LINE

UP' fOR

PICTURE

FOLtOWING

INSPECT'ION

Station Roupdkup • NA. OAKIA"l[l-WlllW It.-.hert Q. Cutler Jr)ined the N .•,,)l Air K~"c.'r.<,: .1'1 1111:. ~ta.
tion .he became the ~t"'mth member hJ.S f~m/lj' III enter he uvr 'J'ht' h"llJ uuvul SCfV ice 1)1 the Cu rters adds Lip II ,I lrunst I Oil rear". Sh\!1I'1l If I the picture 'ill ith Robert are hrs fntllt-r. R"hte1'1 Currer, '>'/'Ie whn is arrached rl) the 1'<aval Reserve Training Center fn OllkJllml; brother, Fre.J~rl('k M. Cutter, If' 0·1 Rl"''-I'':' and uru.le, Cdr, Paul T. QmLrry. MeR. now il pn"li(lng physmun in Santa R"~~, ell if • ARTl Ml\MPl-us-i\!n!colrn L. Huff Oi,WI, AN. SN. atl~dl<!d tu NA'n'C at Mernph is reeen II y Jem~1n:;(fo1ltll the- rine rlillflcrnnon LI'I;l.( exists between Reserves. and Regulars. whim he recruited ~i); new mcmbers (Iff the 'r~uTli~eJ Reserve in Mil! chly

or

.; day and the
Jilt, •

with .1 i"Y"lIwr rew tlIkmg 1"'1' th.. return hal! of the letter r!Jght. Sixteen men worked IlrOI",J ttoc dl)<k to complete one 241l·bOllr check, I;WfI Un.hOllr, t!)r.,e-9[J..hOtlr and Lhree--50-hout checks pill [rouble sboonng 10 ~n.lbl" Lhe Rm's 10 be tiLI'l.ed ,'l hours

n,

JR~'S, ~.,

,"eJlhe!

and waus

hours de.'lpil~ del..ys
5(:!1edu led enroute.

FAMILY

WELCOMES R, CUTTER INTO

THE fOLD
l\<[(lS~

under the run trol of he CO, t;S;\F~ L.~KI', Wa~hil1gt,m, ure to be llldiled • NAS
~lINNF.tlPOll~'_Tb,n!~ pilot

[rum

NAS DAtLM;-itcservists from this sta11110 ht"lpt'J III ,I projec .. ;lid the NlVlIl(l lrnlians of Anzona, undertaken by ehc Dallas Buy Scouts <if Arnerrca, by -!lying clothing 10 PI 1fll;nIlI". The Bill' S(.(luh had collected 11most Jl too (1 d(ltblllg. -htlWll 10 U1e p,eIlll" :1."'>:; LCdr. 0, A. Kocnrg {V«. "). u. R. T, May (AvtlA D911n~) ,~nllll)V $~I)"~,, f Norman Crohn aud Duncan PQrter

• ~AI:tTU N<lkH1LK -Tilt· Fleet Air Ek,,li'"ni..:s Tcnining Unit of Con1AirLant aceepted the Hlvitnti"n to USc the NARTlI's gnn.tnti sdlllfli f;'llolilit'S during the wt'<'k tu '-'SSJ.l III th~lf retrcsbtr CO~[~e for fleet personnel, saniz<.-d 'cnr~ w""s "'0 officers and 19'1 enlisted
including rhuse pcndmg}, On the fir:;( gUIld weather weekend. VP·8,,"E averaged 5.1 hours per p,[nl. V..\-gb·e.-'" l hours unr] rASRON-fi,~ --I 5 hours for one dill'. Plane u.v>li!lIblltty foj the tWIl dn S "'liS 100% _ Four WAVE yeomen A~5()~"lted VI]I unteers ure givitlB II bill boost \0 squadron administration. Por gU1Ulerv ~d boniliing cperatinns. the wget,\ • 'NA
POKAl'oF.-As of

the Berrudll A VUA answered a .::nIl itt U()O I" senrch for .l CIII) pill'! \ 1111 W :; 24 hours overdue ,It Hernidji. At II ~(J line 'Ji tbe
sigbted the m1SslIlg pintle 50 rrules "HIrth in isoluted rimb~r tH\Jl'ltl'}. In .1J1()rh~ hour, (he pilot, nune Ihe wor~e fur hr~ suhl.eru expos U !I:, WIIS drlnkt!1t! coffee at the airpurt restuurnru A<k~d how he got 10$1 SO miles north of the atntiun, when he started [""11 .1 pornt 100 miles south, the civrliun 1'11,,1 ,lT1Swef"J blandly "It wasn't pilots

I Ap,i.l we Or

the gyrrmorsium. wloir:h IhF)' had turned 11110 a lugh-rlase lilt.. club. Abolll l500 ~ti .woo Reservists and guests arrended, hewn III the pktme ,Ire }IIIMlh,g. R, T. I{e;rVG l'NI, t, L. Kenney "'D1. E. P, Mitchell IKL and 'lilli/Jill;:', up!. M. H. Kernodle, Marion Miltgun. Rear I\dm. R. T' Whilehun.d and Bob Grosh, whose bnnd furnished thlt
jY~tt)1 l!'I

mspertien,

I\'AS Los

the enlisted men put on ~ brg

ALAMITOS-After

the annual

music.
• NAS Bov.flNGH/lM-As nf 301 March 158 ~l'Ih~fed OK billets were filled. • NA A·I'1..i1NTA-AnflOUJ1Cements at morning quarters have ~timuillted interest in me U i\f] pl'og,,~m. Twelve G. E. D. tests were requested and lwr, off-duty classes, one in Iligh sehoul alll,,[,rll, were started.

easy.'

VR·69 with 16 offire[.~ and :21 enli sred men tOt k their annuul cruise at tht: station. Acting .IS a self-sufficient unrt, the squadron set u.p tWI) regular flight .,thf'dldl!~ J;<Iily ttJ AlexJJ!drja, Bemidji, Duluth 1l0dGlcn,,;cw und to Gkm'lew. St. Lours, Dallas and Olathe,

PACKAGES

fOil

NAVAJPS'

AII~LOADED

.INTO

AIRPLANi!

011,1HAS

DALlAS

19

the site as dangerou to approadl the exploslon of an atormc bomb, As
l)olE

as

wcilld blind the eyes of observers for miles around. and the roar of the jet would be as loud as. thousand Niaga· ras. With such a vehicle the oriquesr

velocity, receded into the .~k1' the lucan descen ( br Illi ance of 1he fiery jet
£l_

rocket,

with

e..-er-uicreasing

engine u ed in the 1\-.19. TIle- Dilly [artor that prevented similar rockets from spanning the Atlantic in the last war. and laying waste OUI seacoast. was that the V-2. in its 60 odd seconds of powered flight, consumes 0('3 tly ten tons ot fuel. These ten tons are sulliciellt to hurl one ton or payload a distaure of bout
20U miles

O"e til Iimll"-llalr"'l re k..t ~.WtK In BuA~R crltwled oUL of hh.<. t""t pi); the other lonll enoullh to tll$~1iJ>Il the pO$Olllillity of nt<:nnie.l>ow';H'<I I'oaketll. .A!lp:lMfilly the fl0teliUallti"" nf snob n YEhfrlE f""-ch "m.~ZfDg -prOllor· HonK. The flrtlnle, I!ll ~"rltt<... by Ih~ ''lrIl~rt. LCtI". It. C. 'Pa-un s, will lIu ~d ~r}wn f4irlY fldil1rllll~.n.' Ihe .,.J!ton wl~b tn tw."", nolbfnll:' Ii tonI ml!l!h, W ® with [L,
t1R}>

"r

T.ET US assume for the moment that ~ the manifold problems connected with lhe development of the atomic rocket have been solved. Here is an atomic. engine in a. ro ket of the V-2 type. With it, we could bombard any spOt 00 the surface of the earth from the Antipodes. The missile would IHrive at its target travelling some 15'.000 mph, Ietercephon would prove rather difficult, With II little refinement, die rerket WOL!ld be capable of leaving the earth forever. A take-off of the rocket would be an awesome sight. When a V-2 is launched, it sits on a small Sled deRector that spreads the initial flames out along the surface of the ground. No material deBtctor could withstand the Jet from the atomic rocket for even an instant. At, the rocket rose from its launching position, It would be surrounded on the ground by rm ever gtow.ing cauldron of molten earth Md rock. We could expect the Ioree of the bl.1 -t to patter a mixture of molten and solid earth (or m ly thou aads of feet. Indeed, the danger t tJ1C vehicle of this man-made volcano mi,ght require the launching to be milde from tower. elevated several hundred feel in lilt: a.il'. The blast and (!oud~ of radioactive 8'l6CS generated during the first few moments of launclung would make

.roaring more than 100 miles into the
sky from the White Sands proving ground are powcrc I by ehemical energy. h)' energy released from the rornbustlon alcohol with liquid oxygen. This combination is one of the most powerf uJ II.vailable, At one point in it fljgkt the engine

exploration would have begun. Now how to go • bout wedding the atomic bomb and the to .et into zhis vehicle of uch staggering pos ibiHttC$? The rocket engine \ ill produ ,e more power far its weight than any engine yet devised, but it IS such a prodigious user of fuel that rocket-prepcllcd vehicles are distJDctty Jimite<i In per· formance, particularly as regards range. TIle release of nu lear fl1eJ'J!,), promises to remove thl~ limitation by providing an almost limitless ource of energy. The V-1 rockets that are regularly

of

pa e, the

.!J!,C

of inter-planetary

at an everagc

speed of .2 )00

To obtain 1I range of 20()O mile • some 200n tons of fuel w uld be required tor (he slime one ton l'ayload. Considerable improvemerrt over this performance is possible: better fuels and improved consrru tion will extend the range omewhat, or permit greater payloads for the same amount of fuel. not possible with :tn}' coocci,l'able cherniat the sllcnfi(c of pay· load. In unlocking the cnerg)' (the atom. man has released the power that runs the univer c. In uncontrolled relea c, this power i capable of vast Jcstrucrion, In controlled release, at least as conceived to date, atomic elle.r,g), is not nearJy so spectacular a: performer. For example, within bounds of the earth', atmosphere. it will permit gre:ll increases in range, but little or no increase in speed. TIlls is due to the fad that chemically-fueled jet propulsion engmes can develop sufficient power for their
cal fuel except

mph,

but really larl:e increases in riU!!!f are

or

ill the V-2 produces nearly 600,O(JO hp, yet it weighs less than one 2000 hp

j

the terrific temperature and velocity of

20

welghl to pertuit speeds as high as (Onsider.u ionsof armnsphenc fnction will

allow,

£1. tamed by the v-z,

A r a(.oo mrh. the maximum. speed atJ.

velnrle

trawl-

Lng continu0llsly tbrou,(_,'h the atrnosphere would ultilTIll.tely reach a fmJpera· run: ot Ilnout 3000 f. There appe,us to be 00 way of overcommg tlus problem
except to ullvel where there is no air to cause rhe healing. Tl,is. is possible only wfth the rocket. Thus it appears rhat to e:.'(plo1t fully the possibilities of atcrmc energy ... 0 as La achieve infinite ranG-e with cKtremely high speed, we must apply Hut ene.rgy rocket. p.(o}-,uls.ion.

fmct'. 11. 15. DO( even necessary, however, to go into the kinetics of the fusion pJ"on:~s (0 reveal :1 fatal "hitch" in lhis procedure, Wben an atorn "fisse«," the resulting ft2g11lCntS fly in OPPOS1te directions. This is a basic requirement of the L1\v 01 rQI\servo1l1on of momentum.

pled ingatom~

m,lte-ri.!l and lel the recoil

1],[ Ihe

provide the propulsive

ex-

mobile and ,\ hea,'Y one, each pow·ucd by the 5~(Il"etype engine. The light Car will have more "getaway" and in a gTr\I(.'ll dista.nce will reach a greater speed than the heavy one. If we assume that mechanical considerations lirnrt the
combustion chamber prc5su.rt:. the glls density is the controlling Iauor, low g.ll' densi Iy om be obtained by be1\tirJg the gases very hot. 01 by using materials. such as hydrogen. the molecules of

Nuc.lear fission Will provide ;;LO abundance of ent:tg)', but the problem of how to utilize this elle.rgy in a rocket is n difficult one. The rocket obtains Irs thrust rrom the reaction produced h)' its exhaust jel. The thrust -1$ preportional
to the qU;1J]hty of matter Aowjn~ 01.lt- the

Il?

nozzle, ar.Jd to the velocity with wh leh is moving. U We t,m make the velocil)' high. the muss (an be rnsde low wilLout ffo:dl:lling the thrust. inre
this matter the Jet IS made up entirely o( the [ud tarried within the rocket, and since fuel

eonsurupucn

is the

factor

{bar Iirni ts

limitations of the chemical rocket. A brief analysis of rhe ideal working fluid WIU reveal the extent to which this is true and also point out the working fluid requirements for the atcrmc rocket. It has been sh ow II' above that maximom p(opolsive dfort IS obtained when the I'eloot}' of the jet is .1.$ high as possible. The factors that determine this jet l/olo6ty are primarily the pressure in me combustion chamber and the dcnsity of ebe gas~ thnt forOl the exhaust, The irnpcrtunre of the last factor mny be een from a purely mechsnical standpoint when it is realized that the eombusrion chamber pressure is the only force available to accelerate the combestion g;lses, and obviously, the lighter the they will be accelerated by that pressure, The analogy is similar to a Ifght auto-

dllC"!"ion of the use of il working fluid might pLace on the atomic rocket all the

a resulc, as many particles will travel i]1,(O the body of the rocket as travel aWilY Frnrn it. II can eusily be shown that these f f:J.gmc.nts could not- be abso rbed.. without VJ1.p. oriaing .. the eat ire rocket in ehe twinkling of an eye. A second and more practical tecbl1icjue is to build the ro.cKel dong mort ccnvcruional lines and merd)! use the audesr energy to gaSIfy and heat a workin~ BUJ(1, and then expand this hot gll.~ out through a nozzle ill the same manner as IS JOrie in chemical lockets. At firsr it might appear that the intro-

Flines

('RTHI:~i\HlIU1' ~hc of.itnbtio. n of the OJ travel IS purely random, As.

which are very light TIle lirst differenCf: between the working fluid requirements for the atomic and chemica] rocket is immediately ap· paren'r. In the chemical rocket the ternperature is limited by the amount of energy liberated hy the combustion of the pwpelb.nts. In the atomic (lOcket the femperalure is limited oell}! by the existing tecbnrques of cooling the cornbustion

fluid need not ncces;;arity be the products of combustion of an ener-

workinp;

The secocd difference

chambers.

is

&lUll

lhe

rocket perfcrmance, the problem IS, through the use of atomic energy, to create a Jet of matter that travels :tl extremely !lIgb velocity. On the fact: of it, the task of producing a high velocity jet rumg atomic energy might seem simple. Most nuclear seactlens give rise direcHy to high velocity particles. Indeed, kinetic t'nergy of .!lying fragments is the primary type of energy reelased in the fission plutonium or U·2.J5, It is only when these fragme-nts are slowed down by collision with the su rrounding atoms that the kinetic ,energy ·appe:wi as heat, The obvious teehmque, then, would be simply to coat the back end of tile \'~ide with ,1 thin layer o[ fissionable

,geuc cherntcal reaction. For example. hydro,gen alone would be useless in a chemical lod-et, since it is inert in the absente of an oxidizer, and therefore would remain cold, while if healed by nuclear eoergy. to the same temperature as IS generated in the combustion chamber of the V-2, it would attain a jet ·velocity of over 22,000 ips. This figure is ncady sufficient to ,give a rocket of \'"2 proportions infinite range_

or

hydrogen, the higbest temperature our techniques will permit, w_?uld be the nnsw~[ ~oth.e problem. Unfortunately. IJtactH~a1 consideratiens may keep us rom this very

· Pappear

ItOM 'rHIS

ttrtalYS!5, then, it would that the tightest known gas, heated by atomic energy to

gases,

the grCllterthe

.speed ,to wb id1

nttrll.ctivl:; solution. In addiuon to being suitable from a thermoclyo:unic standpoint as a working fluid, the material chosen must, in its liquld form, be capare Itgbt in weight, and must be tnmputatively easy to handle. Hydrogen, a,t ordinary temperatUIes is, of (1,")11 [51', .a .gas. In fact, a lower ternperature is requited any other material

r

able of befng, stored in centalners that

ro liquify it than Save he l iurn , A temperature within 11 few degrees of Il-bsolute );INO is required. Even so, the dif!lfultits of using it would not be prohibitive were it not fo'c the fact that even in the liquid form, the density of byurogell is only 1/ [2 th!ltof wmer. '(hat means that the tanks lO store the material m the rocket must be about 12 times as large as those used in the v-~ to conrain I be 5,1JT1eweight, and probably mlllly times heavier,

of liquid dceOS1ty to be very serious. Moreover, the deosity of a sub:;t.mce in liquid form bears 1\ {airl~' I lose

flucnce

A detai l~d ~~na.ly.sis. will shew the i~-

21

relanen to its density in gaseomi Iorm .. wit b the r~~[llt u,JI.( all the rnateri als that have 10'w density as gases and are COLlseq.uo.mtly dlOsinlble lrorn :t thermody-

fll.lII.1. AJdiliooal quantities of working f'h.rid would be sprayed along the walls of the resceion chrrITIber <I Ill] l~ozzl<;! to
rmuntam the wall temperature below the melting pomt of the wall material. l1H~ problem would be to Clil:;lbLL~ a. coatrelled temperature gradient. progressing from the very hot cere to a manageable temperature at the wails. These, then, are the problems, but for lire inhnite possibilities presented by

narnic siilnJroml, also have low dens.i· tics ill rhe Iiqu id state and theref cee rrc:~cnt serious ~ioru_ge pl·oblems. Tll\:TlIS one solution to the- dilemma that may provt: the most J,..~ctic:l.L Tbis is to choose as our workin g tluid a rnaterral that has reasonably l~w density [IS :r. ~a.s, is the product or ;\ Vl'ry energetic chemical reaction, md Ius 01. rea.oowly hl.gh (knsitr iTl the Iiquid state. A.n eOl'inl.! u~ing such il: working IlLliJ of
have some of the characteristics [Odd combined with IJ10St of 11l arnmir rocket. II WI: explore the hdd of rnatenals tltin h~vc: vcry high heats of rorm~tiofl, we nnd that water is one; at the h.ighest on the Iisr. III n ~[mg.~ll chemical rocket.
it

In aromre rocket engine. doe problems
arl1 IHJl IOI.'! greaL

would

chemical

It~lu It I give-

Oxy~!;'l1

unrl

Iiquid

hydrogel!

w ou l d be e ar ri e d in LIIL" tanks and burned In the rombustion chamber to
:l

It fi,l!ure

jet velocity or about 13,0l1tJ fps. near!} twice that of till.; oxygen
rombinarion

ATOMIC.·POWERED

ROCKEl"

MAY

~.OOK lJKE

THIS

New
NA5

Covers
NEW

Proted

Ammo

alrohol

very IO'w d(,rI~ity the 11lluld hy,1rOgtll. However, with our atomic TlJl,;k~:r, theworking J1uIJ wOLud be GttJlCU .IS ordiOM)!

'rill' pl·imilfj' .rr;lwl}J~k is ,~gllln the

or

the \"',

or

the atornic mixture rs then expanded lhroug!r J. noazle, t.he ~llOlI1S will wholly

or po.rtia.lly recoznbin e (1.0 an extent

kuewn ) Jiberating heat which will m.'liotain the gas temperature high lind

fully

net

the (ombu:slio)1 cbumber urul h(;.'.1h'u by the nuclear energy source. It It were he.l~tJ. to the same tcmptr:J.tI.lre as that I!lt;dned by the combustion of hrcir{)gt:11 lind oxygen, It would give the same Jet

water.

It would

bt.. pumped

into

tend to ceuntcrnct lhcillcrc;u;ing weight of the individual molecules ,IS the recombinat ion goes 011. The Jet velocity attained in a process of till!> kind will be considerably ,grcater than lh.lt of JO orJuHl)' constant cornposition expansion. Upon the m;tgnitude the b~re ,Uld lIf,on Iht welght requw:ments tor radiation shielding will depend the feds ibit ity of 1 he "rom.it

ON I. !l.... Ns-Hcre·s a helpful household hmt for apphcauon to am' amIlll.milifll"l .ltnragt- ]()(:,1tto.Q in a l'!JOrly drained. low-IY/'lg area r~lJlr~ve!1t surface water frOlll pou rHig Il1tJJ underground storage In 'tS,j.z; ncs Jdtl fl r I h e- -; am e kiruf 0 f "II" rr~ ,15 thusc shnwn '[I the pl,·t~[\I. They were ue~lg/led by ;;tll.tIQfl urdnance men and made

up

b~ station

metal

5hflp"

men.

.It

N AS

velocity
would

:\5

before, but the rank wei..gbt
reduced.

be "Mtly
HH 1\ j

or

OItILEANS (~llull.ole5·)_ CllVerS are readily movable when ammo j~ being stored pl Ulrm~e.:l in 1!jl!,!IC amounts. For in~rection [mo! temperature checks, the ~1i".lIer hioged h~tch is used.

a.Fprox1ml1lely 90%, fuel In order to reach our goal of infinite ranse. This
means [h,lt the' use of nuclear energy wcnld have to be t:ffectl.'ld With pract]rally no increase in wei~ht over the best chemical ro~ker. Tim; mll)' not be possible, However, if improved cooling techniques permi~ an increase in combustion chamber tcmperaLut!!s, something takes pl.:we tha I rna>' pc rm it a ronsiderablc

W

sr vdocay
would

of
still

J

the rocket

.3,O()(J Ips, hit ve to be

WIIHt

It appears reason able to ex peel. for an initial temperature QI !5,OOO F .in exhaust veloci t;y of 2S ,000 f when water IS used .IS rhc wor'kin~ ~uld. If will probably be im-po!)sibk to achieve ,\ temperature ofrhis rTla:gnitudL by the use of the atomic pile, the o!ll~ rocket.

LEVE:R

rs

l'te~cutl.y

known

nuclear power carbon-uranium
the temperature

ar II. can trollerl rate, pile would volatilize
required.

OlL":m.5

[or proJurillg.

PRESS DOWN

t\ at
but

dccccasc

in tuel

weidlt.

As water

IS

the second hyJrog('o splits awn}' {rom oKygen atom and each eombmes wi th ll. Iike atom to produce I:l mixture of molecular oxygen lnd hydrogen. Upon Further heating, the oJotygel1 and byurQgcll molecules break .10wl1 imo their atomic forms. The splitting of the molecule reduce; the Jemit}' of the gas,
the

heated to hit:hcr ,md higher temperatures it begins to break down chmically. Firs; oce hyd rogt::n ~tQm tears i[scU' away from (:":lcb water molecule and combines wirh unothvr hydrogen atom to fnrm molecular hyJrogen. Then

ries or suitable alternate methods, the enormously a.cccle.tated pace

come from the atomic energy laboratonuclear research should

No news has

early discovefY

of

of contribute to the a stlitable rerhnique.

Ideo
<rpt::d

Cuts Wheel-up
.t technique

Errors
devel-

v A-H}, P "'CII'lC- tJili. S'lJLludrCHI

and 3J the same tiUl.e absorbs

heat.

rr

in the presence. perhaps, of our s~rect!ld working fluid as moderator. or With a rel..l-tlvdy weak parncle bd.mbarJment, would work. TIle worku18 J.hlid would be sprayed in from the walls Qf tht "combustlon" rharnber, ll1l:t'ting lhl: fissionable mnrerial ne::cr the ceuter, where fission of the "[!.lei" would l.tke r1a(C with consequent healing of theworkillg

C wil I. rake pltL,

ON~!lrvAIH.\:. ~ ~w;:lear reacnon
C In

the ea.seous phase

that

whil1i rn'l¥ he Ul "due to lIther squadrons operating TflM a irernlt. Alter un experienred p.ihJI lnadverrent ly pul led up his l~ndil'lg gl'>ll" (JII the fUfl"'a.j', ..... JJilt prscucing lield' earner hnd,ngs, a

fet1 urder was put !l\.lt un T.,j~m,g. of B!lps, This methud of dwil"\g ;1 Wll~ standard procedure nmeng the ~qutlll"'li1 [:,,1015, but It jutd !l,(lt been put out Ell otTida.1 form. The order directed -the p,'li'!f til pluce his Id\ halld, palin down, on the wh~el aod fup leYers:; pl<,i.ce ld~ left thumb \.Ill\]er the !lap lever <lnd, at [h~ same ti~", press dawn ..:In ih e w l'll2el lever IV itt! his fingers e.:Itended.
'ill

22

Re fr-ideil

JATO SAV 5 DOWNED J T
The
rnaldl' each, 'The madill(1lttmi" called for (1) cuttina oj]' hal of the base used :1.5.1 tnnd, nod (2) . .ulding .t two-inch extension of the forward release lug, The combination of 200 rounJs

J1\ T

units

weighed

approxl'

'1'11(' two heavy JATO units hnd of gtill'fly considerably to the rear, especially since the r1aae carried a light gas load (?OD rounds) with not.hing In the nose OmIrob,

the two ,Illowed the JATO (it- and made ,I pos;uve release The plane wa now rc:aJy to with er;4eam Blass ,gam at moved the center

units to possible. take all, U1C ron-

C:l.!I AIPED BY MODfFIEO ,1 JATO, rH·' 'S AIRBORNE 12 SECONDS AfTEII TAKEOFF fROM 50fT G~OIJND

j~t plane after :l t'orccd require ,I good bit of but it can be sccomplished suo.:n",rully srsd sometimes more y.uil kUUII [{:,ovcry opersnons (or CQn\IUl' liol1.tl ,Ii rcrnft. A ruse In point is til e tecO\'er)' o( 11 dov 11I:d (111 I Pbautau: itt lighter which In.HIt .~ ior(e('i l;"InJil\g in MT isuLlled area of [be Dornlnuan Rcpuhlll durIng the Arlantk Command Exercises LO the L.uibbc-an Two Manne Ph,mfr"W wluch b.1J ju,~ refutleJ 10 il.l!lI1tan;tm(! Bav, Cuba. w re en route to Roosevelt ROJJ~ when. ",ithin ~hort mtervals of each nther,
'\L\'AC!Nc.i

I,

S iU/-!t!lluity,

landmg

mll)'

they

both
Tilt miles.

eXI erienced cnf:lU1cs.

complete

[aijurc

of

fir;,>l rIJI1t" .• t{ler i!lidil1~ -ome 2fl mnde a 'wbcth d wu' (,kJd

sornersuul] from rot' wheels catching In tlu, ott ."ulll at the 70-mph. Engine failures in both C~&C5 wert' c. used by exces rve water in the gasoline. Tile. first plane, piloted by J t Lt. Shirlty W. Reese. was able to proreed withou! further trouble, after overhaul of fueJ system and fuel cell . Blass' PiJIIII/am was also able: to fly JgaJIl in 'hort order, thanks ('0 the use of JATO and "know how." A conventional lype of airrrafc woulJ have bent Its propeller in a belly Linding, ~training and doggiuJ! up its engine. This would have required eluborate overhauling on the beach or

~o ~lidc some 60 miles (from ]o_· feel) before It, M ..nne pilar. M,ISi ter SUr[!l·,tnt Lvtton Blass. discovered .1 soft. ;;1m.Jy ben',h, He ch SI:.J "wheel up" 1'lI1ding to prevent a JJSllSIJ!:ll1S

stick hmJiI1g on a dirt 5lrq' at La Rom,ln~, Durninican Republic. The Number Two plane. 11(J\\'e\'~.
Iud

se they dl.lf: holes in th(, 5.10d under II, rcrmitling the wheels 10 be 10\ (;[(:1.1 to a taxiing pos.rion, Then they cleared short runwlIY frOID the holes to level gmunJ. m~.kjng il pos_ ihle to pull the crafr off Its belly. Two items lutd to be taken ("HI' of before the plane was ready to n}-.m overhaul of the fuel system and ~·hllng-. Illg rhe inboard Ihps. :Stith jobs could be accomplished In the field. Engin, J..lm,lg· \Vol!> 1lf-J5ligiblt:. After S[OUUog around. with the cllJ of offi.i.lh uf the [ orrnrncan Republrc, the f ;trine:> IOI,;Jled till' most Stlit;tbk area {or a tak(;off, bur it WJ~ too soft for a I orm I procedure, It \1(,l5 ueuJeJ I,h;.l! the Ph.mltlill would need IATO to assrst It 1.11 bct'OITI' IU)! a.irborne: lnformatlon on the usc: 01 JATO for 11;:1 lype .ltrcraJt. l'l' to
that time, was non-exrstent . .l.nJ IATO inform ...lI011 genr::rill)' as well 11<; ~'lujrment was .meager. 1l1t: proper Iype bottles (BAS-tIlOQE) were not obtainuble, requI ring rnodificution ot the only
.1\

plmmeo!. except the guns (ummun itinn haviJl!l been previously removed). BIas had difficulty keeping the 'nosedown for the take off. The main sear left the groond after abolll t 00 [eel,
to drag.

but the tail skid connnucd

The plane was completely crrberne .arter 320 feet, with sullicien; speed to remain in the air. It look a total of 12 seconds to launch the plane, The J ATQ bottles were dropped after they were expended and the plane proceeded III iudad Trujillo where it ref ueled. A thorough check III Gusruauamo Bay revealed Hut exresviv water in onc or Lhe rcfllt!Jing trucks was responsible [nr the Ileal' ,I is,lsler 0 I' tile hvo jtD.. The- muse 0 the forced Iandrngs was not Iltwr.ly .'>0 I uulillg II) the Dominium
1Mb Vt:5 d

the tuke oft .

bvrously, they suid tht: planes could not remain airbcrnc-i-they had lost their propeller. The two phtlll/IJITlI were 11ssign!l'd 10 Marine Flghtt'I Sgl.Wdron 122, ~IA~'·H.
Cherrv Pomt,
I.C. Out

of

12 Fl-H

oon

.lil.lblc typ(;',

1.1i\~-WIIIJ_E.

a.s snbst Hutt

.

[,L1.n",; whim f:le\>.·ut Roosevelt rile .Ivttagc nvtlilabilit)' w~s l J, parts had been obtarnublc, the bility would have been T (10 per

JJ

Roads.
,"p,m: availa-

rent.

removal to special service facilities. Not so WIth the jet. 'the Marines
LckcJ equipment to jack IIp the plane.
AN OFFICIAL OF- TIiE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC CONGRATULATES BlASS ON SUCCESSFUL FORC~t1 LANDING

23

Train Coast Guard
Air Ileserve to Provide A viation personnel in

Airmen
Facilities

With
'I"t'/II

President
lilutr

[orur Ouefj
IlIet·tir/gr, oj VIP',;

Trum.iu m.ak1ltx lIe. tt> Kef] If,' Sf. P/,1., ,1I/d tb» oJ SlaJf haidmg fop-dPtluJ(jf

.\lIIS BI/(r1 (hl(4

pl(/I/{'

to.,

Ih"1!

greets /,h111)'
II!.wt'J·
J1Ib

Pres,

TUIIUilfl

'Fllilil

111

the

hI! base.

Battle

Flag To Pensacola

Flew on En!erprise in World War II be: b.1ttl~ lbg or U" EI1/t'fP" te now Hies at NAs P.hN A OlA. In .Ii ceremony ar the ,Lir station's auditorium tnt: flilg, veteran of the mighty S,wt.1 Cruz T lands battle, was. presented b}T dr. Robin M. Lindsey, U N. to Capt. Richard K. Gaines, cernmanding Hm:r of NA P IlS1h_OJa, dr. Lindsey. who was awarded tbe Ha§ when he was Lun liug Ignal Officer 1lI1 the 13.merpriu, tated in his presentation 10 the ai r statron that the "Home of Naval Aviation" should be the pO:.Ses>or of the buule lbg or one 01 the greatest ship. that eyer sailed in the defense- of its country.

the .O.lst Guard Reserve are now able to manuain their flif!ht proficrency III rrairunr; failines f the Naval Air Reserve, Under an arrangerneru wid, the omrnnndant of the Coast G\l.u:cl~ the Chief of aval Operntions bas extended rhi privilege to COa t rWlrd aviator and men who wish to fll' on iI volunteer basis, . This training JHangement is it logicul on> since Coast GUJrd a,\ l.1lioIJ ill time of War be omes a part of nay 1 aviation with. s[lc'daljzed missions of search and rescue. on~t Guard .lviutor' wear thesame wj~gs ;IS naval sviaters. The training ('rogram will peuuit members of the Coasr Guard Air Reserve to fly in plane types which they 'II' uld be alled upon to operate in time of mobiliaauon, The plane types are PBY Crtalinas, JRB and SN13 utiJilY an.I tran port a.ircr.ilt. yllabus for oast Gu;ud airmen includes refresher, instrument .:mJ nuviaanon rraming, "

ADM. WILKES CaNCORA,TULATES

VR-6 PEIU.ONNH

ervice in the Pa ifie:, and the Fourth received a letter of comrnend.ilion for J courageou crasb rescue wb ilc on duty. lCJr. Rober! G. Lowrie received the Di unguished Flymg ros for "heroism and extraordinary achievemen] H1
aerial eight durlOg operations
U1

against

the Pari he war:' Lowrie is now a rL1ne cornmander on the VIII/e; run. LCill. Elmer F. WiUiamsoll received eight stars to add to the Air Medal he had been awarded previously for mrssions ill the Pa 'ilk area, WiUiam 'on is operations officer for VR-6. enemy Japanese forces
The Air Medul was awarded to Hew-

Rasberry Gets Three Cheers
Scores- High On Wrong boom NAP NAHA-KiUing two birds With one stone at this- aviation utpost in Ok in av a , Earl L. Rasbe r r y has arh icved the d ist inction of heit1g the only striker to take" a second class ratiug examination to make hi third class rate. Due to a rn/x-up In examinaricn papers, striker Rasberry waS given the examination for nvianon moralsrairh •. second class. Although he as only going LIp for !bird class he decided to take it Iln)'way to see what ht (I~uld do, Rasberry made such high marks ill the highr;:r examination that he ts now held UI' .1' lfl example for ,ill I'0t.:nti.ll trikers by his commanding ofncer. In the Navy less than three years .. 'Rasberry I !L graduate of [ecru it training ar NT R..INB1UDGE. Md.• Striker from
w b ich

itt P. LeBlanc. :'cDC. for "meritorious achievement ill aerral night'· as an aircrewman of a patrol plane ,luring operations agllLn.sl enemy forces in the Pacific area, hief LeBlunc is assigned [0
aircraft maintenance for the I\irlift.

Helicopters
VdluClble

Save Students

Command NAS Pe SA (JL"'~ Three helicopters recently .ulJed to the- ~iatf of the Air
To Troining Corpus lost no

The letter of rommendatlon (or Sidm.T P. Pointer, "DC. recognized hrs courage and presence of mind in saving the life o( Air Force Capt. Armand 1. Grenadier. a check rilot,. foUowin8 the crash of an R5D In Berlin on 1 ~ November 1948. The plane overshot the "j empelhef IJJldin,g field, crashed
rnto an embankment uud burst Into flames. As the crew crawled £rom the

Trammg .ammand. one al Chr] ti and two at Pensacola,

lime in putting on their act. A fI'r -J trainer from orry ITclJ Lr.Hht'u on a rounne flight and a helicopter piloted by href Gene M Lieske lunded along'IJe the Jal11l1geu aircraft wuh a doctor. The pilot. Ens. Ira Blair, was unhurt and returned (0 (.01'1)' III the plane, The heh .opter llssi,[lucd to Cor-pu' Christi got off to a good start, m~ing Its first rescue 10 minutes after it had arrived at {hI; station. After J. ~5.3 hour Bight from Lakehurst. tile 1 ilot
Lt.
(ml.lIr

plane
Pomter,

.md made
a crewman

Lhl':jr

w\l.y

to safety.

on the Aj~bl-. noted to Ius ald.

th It Grenadier had fallen into burning
,lfJsoLiJ.le and rushed

he

W<1$

trw [erred

ttl

NAS YONA1M~li, Okiruwa, He JL· tended the Aviation Mctulsmuh's Schoul .It I ATTC Mill-! "HJ5. Tenn. II will be something of a r1e'.lsant anti-climax when Rasberry has enough time In to go \.Ip for his CU.fl1U class
rat e,

Pictured WIth Adm, Wilke; in the .u~ompILLlylllg pjtuto .Ire (1 fL to right) '\ ilhamson. Lowrie, Le Hl s nc , nnd
Pointer.

High Power Gas Saves F4U
Catapult

Accidents

Hit Squa d ron

VMF-~U.

RB.NOOVA-Tvm

I1voff$

AJ\K,rl'omptly took off to rescue pilot down ou Padre Island,
Midshipman W. H.

• R. John on,

and W/. L.

mith.
.f

Navy Airlift Men Decorafed
Wilkes
R-(l.
1U1In

pilot, was forced down by a broken oil Iine, frozen engine and oil over the windshield while all ,1 gIJlulery hOI" The ins rueter on the hop, Lt. J. hevrant. b Hying wing On Meta and givIng orders on VHF helped him make a perfett blind landing 00 the sand.

Mere,

the

nt'

Gives Airlift

Awards were

in Germany
Navy
VR'II in

,Efu\.t: Ny-Four

airthe

Berlin
In

flying with sqllBd ron

honored

receutly
Main

'pC!oaL ceremomes

at the Rhe.n

air base, AJtniral John Wilkes, Comrrunder U. S, Naval Forces in Germany. decorated three of the men foe wartime

r rom l.jt.lpult '1'0 ition, without benefit of catapult power, were made Juring one cruise by this Manne ~ghter squadrnn operating around OkinJ \V.l. A squadron piTut Hew hIS CorJ't;J{1' off the port nrapult when the hold-beck ring broke. On.!y a few eeks bet ore II similar successful "Iuunch' was made from the starboard catapult, U is believed that Ute 11)/11-15 octnne gasohne cuuently used afforded the extra power necessary (0 make these launches.
Re:>trwled

24

Fighters Win' Golf NAVY FOLDS OKINAWA AIR BASE Alameda 'Choppers' Slash Tourney to
"Hlf'
Imlild/in/n,

n Ii./H-O

Victory

INN

,bt·",',II)

doton ,f l'lmlba Clf III Of'ct'.f,al i111' ill111m, ,/II/fill!! them file nm I sir fad/ill' .u '>J Obm4t1',I. The jlJllol{.'l17X slm}

pl.w;

J:

! 'I

/nlil X.'tdf,
It,

rlose

pall~tJOg5

Through
tnt'

aneebo fJf rbi.I' neuis. tcritren III no fIJlgir .I'll le, (/'IJI/1 "7/Jt! R/)/ k." • Af NAMA. Ol-:.IA\"//\ Thete cernes .1 trme when 3 naval unit receive'> the dread words "prepare to inartivate," [11 :111 instances, this rneun the ruinaLion of plans and Ideas of it' personnel for h a \,;f1A :t unit of which to be proed. Tlrese words wert re,tt!j"cd here and they sharply brought to rmnd what bad
IF

~/j.,.

.mrl accomplished. First. dependent housing. which was considered jUS[ about the best on the . Rock." Here Inc Navy was taking

been phoned

over the border from AF termor),. Lust, but h}' Far not lea: t, s ,!:tener.tl UI1lwovemtn ria this f.lc.illly's operationul buildings ~\1\J JIt'Jl, , was in the res 01 iI hievement through painting. mrnur construction and repult and lillld..~C.lrillg-' rosion (gnlT.ol" ttl Bue AER, and ,1Ct'omrlished through JUOWiag natives to take away trash. By doing all of the above, the unit would have been the finest 0.0 the "Rock," as It already was the envy of other service acnvioes. ill wlurh WI: lake sWIiC;iCfl pride: and satisfaction to verrome our

dub would have been Iocared just

also had n('Bori:ltiuns

been planned. with the Army.

VF -1 82. ALA.J\o\E.D ....- By turn ing in a winrung score of 13.!J "chops," thiS squadron rN ('l'I[ly W<.lM the "Gioppers Open" golf tournament staged, at the municipal ,col f COllISE .lgJ.insl <til A
A.LAHElI'"

rre

There were 21:2 duffers ranging from seaman recruit r .ulmiral and, a the name implies. there were "choppers" by the SCOre. From the edges of the

come rs,

rairwdY5

the

spectators,

taking

their

lives in their own h, nels. viewed hooks. slices, n fell straight drives and tons

of flyillg turf.
"fore." Ubangi

inacrivaticr:

blues.

The air was so filled with shouts of thllt it sounded like lhe African tribe! war chant. A good time wa~ had by all,

care of its own. TIle majoLity 0 housmg W!lS huilt from llrHll ion material,
On this project many seamen and junior petll' oJ1lt'ers were acquiring skill and ingenuity In resrell to theit rates. Due

WILD WAVES WRECK WEEKEND
Q
ROINA.RLL'(

to lack of certain matertals, much proving was n~911irll'd to accomplish tasks ,it hand. They were ]e.lrning
und an und 'rstaoJin,g

or other races by !iuperv1sin,g native labor during construction. They were acquiring mutual resptlct for another race' knowledge and skill. Next, the gy m. It hl1d to be rebu ilt lifter being wrecked b)' typhoon Libb) Here the plans were to make it the linc~t 00 the island, ;1.\ it was already
the lurg_csL There was worn enough •ind

fundamentals of the art

at leadership

imthe the

board. an AVR has an

target

the new drone ronrrol unit ope.t"lI..ing on
unromantic job,

or ;)

65 knots. The A VR by that time was

tllking

reportmg for work t'H.'ry morning, putting JO an honest day's toilnd .silting down to surper with the litrl wife promptly nt 18.,0 each evening,
Bur lisren ro,,'ha;c happened, when

Mother

crew of

Nature
f<...l)

the net depot at Selll Beach, Calif. One brrgbl hut sl ightly brt'ezy murnmg the boat departed and headed Ilnl to <;e;-. to rendezvous WIth .1 shIp for

Unit ~ J oremtmg out

threw

a curve at the

or

to fit the athletic requirements for :111. .1 loc:tlion 10 e enough to avoid ~loughll1g tIlIOllgh gumbo ~oroute_ completed on schedule, Nothing (0 do PI:lIiS for -a ~\\ immin!! pool were in but bead for home' . .ETA at eal Beach 1\1l :ldvfmcco st.lgt'. It would have been w.ts 1800. the first und probnbly rile only one ell
the "Ro k."

some drone firing exercises. n the W<l}' the Seas were somewhat choppy, but nothing to worry abOUI. fClr the 63 foot A VR. could -'fake It. All went well and the services were
OUl:

room due to "I'.uf_ r owJtrI~ nlt~y- had reached the bUYU1g Sl:l,gc, Plan were ••Inot 10 org.lnize teams, Ltd ies , ,litemaon>:, challenses ttl
other services and flctl\ ities, int~r . area omrd Irion-in (J.d, the works.

Its size would have plenty of sWlmmmg An,1 it 11'.1, rl'acJ il"1I11y :J. necessity the nearest beach beinft 30 miles

~.IJ hands

given

Arter

1)

miles

on course

the

'ind

hard pound mg, and after a short conFerence, it \\',15 decided to hU"',u:l directly into the wind to reduce the danger of cap izing. The new course was directly it) line WIth the nearest land, an estimated 10 rmles. An attempt to contact base fllilt'd, Wale' h d. been shipped aboard in such quantities that the dY')amotors had shorted out. Morale of the crew at this POlllt did 1l0( rise, 1'hc A R held ogethn. however. u.nJ 01. cold, wet and hlUlgry crew arrived at Newport Beach Jt 2:!OO, far hom flume. H;tll1burgcrs ami coffee impwveu the situation . The next day at noon. jusr 18 hours over the origirul ETA, the AVR returned. ro Seal Beach, wtrh many crew members wondering what foot t.lpplng Ihey would have to face,

Freshened to gusts of about :!"i knot ..._ There was still nothing to worry ahout, Speed was !eUU ed in the rough ea and some individuals started to feel coo-

cern about what thl..·
to explain
'[0011

Ii [1.11 f;1;ciiities and to provide other means {or enjoyment of the 1i,f!Jller ;;iJe
of life.

$80,()(1O. which it h.rd I"1.MlOIOd to use to Iflll)!o\le the tl~lb and other recrca-

The .. .• dub

had

a nest egg oC

tip. for e reached 'i~) knots :1,J1d speed was again reduced. By this time the rrew was h.ungin,e on for Jellf life and gi\,jn~ each either funny look. . good sailor would never ad wh}' she was
Bf 1730 the wind lIll! he
Wn.5

and how

wi fe might say to the girl (fiend

worried

about

:1

Iittle sea.

Or would he?
Bv radio VU-J ·WJ.S informed that the E .1.1 Seal Beach W,l~ ell.Hlged to *400. The DUly OOlcer was requested to dH:ck with the wind ~lIe sers at El Tcro on the condiuen of the weather. That produced the information that the wind in the boat's area W.lS 15 knots, .8.ctuaUj'. It was found later that it was

B}' having e ,t,lbli~hed friendly rela!Ions with erher activities, the chiefs had managed to <1.cgu ire ufficient rnateri .. to build .1 dub. d The duh would b, ve consisted of J. bar of olrd rnabog,my imported from the Philippines, JJllC(: floor of oak, loungt. and kitchen. Indirect lighting and native mural Realricted

I'

From Marine prn!.atl? to aviation cadet, /If)/Im Mfelfle SK2 ("ig!;l) lI'iej a l\.it'·

Cad fCl.(J;et lor

Hdwku,
1,1.

Murine Corp.!

SIU OIl

Pt«. R'lJJdJ E.
Rl:'ff!i"virt, IPluff!

C. Olll't?/' ahlifS lsls IM'n .1/Jd ,\4';Sgt F. 5. Fj!1.,~erdJd. G!<i!.II1JJI!UI stlppI)' "MlmNI. ".u/ 1111 appraiJjrlg ':J~. li.1U,kfJ ,lilt! OlivrJ' are JIm I!flJiJli!d Mp.rJIIr! Ai» Reservists III Chicago .;tfl!.1 to .f/fl,lhfV jlJl' 41r fl'.'Umng in the Ndt')',
/fII/UI

25

FAW.I?

CO

PRESENTS

sKlppe~

M. s, ~AGAN

WITH AlII: MEDAL

AND

OfC

JUST BEFORE

VJ D.o.", ATZENWSILER'S" CREW DOWNED

TWO

JAP

f'IGHTEItS

half Mofof PatrQl Bombmgo' them previous combat bers
ORF THAN

veterans

tours, mernguadron One

was composed, (or tlrc mos! part. of old h.uuls al the game.- 01- stalking the eilt'n1r aile! knocking. lurn cut. "Joe commanding officer. Lt. Cdt.
August 194,.j, VPJH1'J

Hundred Nmereen were among rhe first pilot to ill' the new rnde o the sky. way.". the Prmaieer, Commissioned I"

tangle with s east Okinawa.
escorts nod

first dny of operations
three level.

mall COMOY oB. norrhightil1g three destroyer
merchantmen, Though he

was Lt. Holt's

dived through
at masthead

antiaircraft
tbal sank started

fire to trafe
Ius bombs

Raymond

,BJ,les, had been cxecuti ve offie\:! tor VI!·m, durinr; her hrst tour in the Solomons .111d N'..:,\ Guinea, and

19
,I

missed,
escort

off an explcsion

Iris tracers Jut [l<ty dirt, set Iin};; mana,~ed La set one
.l

sh ip. He thereupon
ab lnze and

one merchant

JJ re in the

supcrstrurture of another merchantman. 0111)' Lick 01" arnrncuitiou rat! ed him to break olf. H 10 ~o J.1Y'~ after the qu.ulron be~;ul . pre.lWng destruction at or near Hong Kong. Amoy. W.l.t"OW and Feochow and were grrl.duillly h~gJnlt1ng to think of themselves ss new Olin band, in th~ Corm of clenched Ii~ts. Lt. (jg.l j.II11r.;S Evans ami his {i'CW were forced down lIher a successful ;l.ttn~k ri,ght .tl One of the wurst point, 011 the entire ~O:l ~l. 11(j t O\'{,I a. rru lc from the Island of Arney the most ht::!lvily fOI'liJungh:ti and Hong Kong. or th 13 aboard the Priuateer, seven lttdudrng E ;.lJI" dod Don Bell, Mutual Broadcastins. System rornrnentatcr. were rescued. Only the month before, UC"'U had been rel eased f rom the J ap,lnes~ San to Tomas prison where, with his wife ~tnd two ~OIlS, he haJ endured three long ye.ltS Ill£~tcoration after hl~ capture at the fall of Manila. Released Irurn a war correspondent. He a$~ed for ~he dunce to go on ,L 14·hoLJt wI" to JJ10l .10.1 hcarde J the i 1J· fa ted Pruateer which crash-landed Ln a pl,lct' hardly calculated to return Jl1y il.bOHrUto safety. I:hlL miracles h3!'l"efl occasionally. and this was one of them.
fled

I.'il!h( other uffltt'r'\ h.lilcd
O\~tllt. Tim;' PI,,~iJ(;nlhll others
tI( VB·!I\-l

j

rom the . arne

when that squadron wou the Unit (il'lli n in the 010 mons. '>P·lO!. VH-105 and vp·j1 hkewise ,'ont-rihuted Ji~tingllt"be(J alumni to the ne'\., Ir rnnned S(]ll,Ldron. ] us! retu rned From Rus~jll. W:J.~ Lt. 1. W. Hall who lL:1u erved a pllut Ior AJm.ir,tl Slmlej' while he \Vas AmbJssador lO the U R. Tr.'liI1jn,g l'lld pr.'1ctkaUy been ompleted by the end November. and 011 I:' December 1944, Ute fi r l crew' deparred Of Hawaii. By the 26th, the full complemenr-c-t t:I IiLght crews, 16 wound ollicers•• j ground chiefs and 1,\ PFI.j\'·'!'s--wert ..t NAS KANEOH);. Ordered to Midwa)" vpn'I!'J arrived ut that Island 4 J:tD uar), 194 ~ an d set all! on offensJve- searches the following

had been members

seas would hare surfa ed for mo e than a short tune. Radar bombing (It night wus pra<.licaLlr elimiu.ued I y till" falt

submarine

submarine,

and II is lTlJc~(iont'J if ;1 Iahoriru; throllgh such high

T

t.hJI

mc:mr

shipping

tacked wlthout Ii rSL s(,J!I(lL[]~ n. report and obtaining permisslon

could

1101

be

l1t·

contact

the area: rummand, mine whether At .Uly
rate,

would

since

lit

have

been

or

enemy subrnarme

a radar con l.lel was
radar

impossible

lrorn IL to deler-

lllShl

flJl

proved 10 be caused by rain squalls. Th only pleasllllt aspect of tJ1C problem 'was th<LL V{iIH 1'1 was recalled .tfler nine Jay:. lind sent to the Philippines. Arrivlftg nt Leyte, they were sent 10 los Negrus in the Admintlt}' Islands

all the

or friel1dly shipping.

bl irs noted

].lpnfJI:se slron,g

hoI d b('~ Wl

en

until Clark Field was

ready

10

receive

day. Since most of their flying was done at night in weather described as "adverse"-f;u- too mild a word in view of wing icmg and 90-kllot winds -lhe pilots miglu have supposed them elves "hunung
W(1

ru5i~neJ l
that

the impo slb l e task of

in

J.

dark closet for a black eat

n't there,'

Flying condinons were so bad that simply to !ly the places was an achie ...ement, Vi"ibility, lack 0[, WIt? such that it would have been impossible lO spot

them, Then on I March while tank> wert; still rumbling along the rOfLJ to Fort totseoburg where, just beyond the Zamboles Hills. the infantry could bL seen 6.ghling dnr ami night. vpn'llQ flew to Oark Field.. the first squadron to land hl'tl.V}' bomber' tlu ..re. The even.ing of that day the pi! t;,were brie ed (In tbe long sectors of the search plan which, dLll'ing the uexr month of operations, netted them destroye rs, f rcigh tcr" oilers. planes and IBnd [nstullations. 1-£ighligllt of the

prison, be returned at once to hrs work

B as follows:
ELL

D"ESCRIll.ED

the knock-out blow "The pilot h,ld starred

26

Restricted

ReM/dlJted

ag:.I!n ). but the bounce must 11.. ve

evasive maneuvering, was ar the top of 11 ;Oo·foot leap- rog and going down, when we were hit. It probably knocked the tail I)ff -out plane, but we ktpt· right on glldmg down at the rate of 160 knots. Al about 200 feet, the pilot discovered he hold Iost his elevator control and couldn't pull out. He did have time to strJi~hten out the wings ... ----:H!d then we Iut, The bounce prob;lbly broke" the plane in two at the waist (be ause we never &IW lhat p.:Irt of fh<2 plane
Sir

turrets to bear on the econd Oscar which went into :1 power dive, hit the
surf near the berch anJ exploded. Fou r bursts 0 f j\ A f [Om shore batterres IU-"t rrussed the tail of the PriiM/.!(!1' J!> it left the area.

and three week later Lt. (jg) Vogelsang was added to those already missVPIH 1'1
WAS

ing, During the entire tour. J ost 7 'f1 officers lU1 cl men.
011

17 June, Lt. Murphy
l\.

on

hiM D squadron really opened up. [Jolt, U. (jg) W;uter Vogelsang
URING Ap)~LL the

patrol Over the Luichow Peninsula when he saw a truck going clown a main lugh-

gon!; of the

WI,y, Murphy made
returned

st.r<lfingrun on it.
;1.

sinking

Lt. Frank

thl< entire

Mutphy

Lt. and
upon

The truck which carried

machine

~l1n

seemed

Jap Ileet

intent

he fire ami srnnshcd Murphy's windshield. That JiJ itl Lt. Murph)'

Single-

cd

covered
Hidden

some of our live. The next time we hit, the nose dug ri"gtJl in and • til-yt::l[ down. What was Il!:ft of our PH·N-,:! hurst rnto flames immediately." Fortunately the survivors were able to board t\ relft which Lt. Evans disfrom rhe enemy by the fhrning r],lne, they wert" able to j.;ct under way. U~lUg three P,lJdJ ,of whidi oce W;tS

handed. 1111.:se three pilots con~i~tcnI11 tlew .l.ggrc~sive and <IctioQ·fi.lIedpatrols, .l:nd two uf them were L·vL·ntually lost to tnemy acriou,

lost control of the plane and oasheJ near the highway, He and tour of hIS crew cS(,:lp~d just before the J,lpantst' arrived. The grQunded airmen maul; their woly into gm:rilht territory where

floatinR

nearby and inflated.

broken and mmg all hJ.llJ·;, in tile literal CI1:;l: uf the phrase, the seven survivor mJJ1al_;e I to C'..501pe to' th,.
rn.nnland and Jrrendiy Clnnese despite lhe lire of Jap.mese {ol'tes Their Chinese rescuers iock them to " U, S, naval station 17 miles away. From there the seven touk a rugged tnp of walkin~ and mllflg by jeep and plane to Kurnrmng, From where ther werelim.lIy reru rned to Manila. Th roughout the

n MI£Y 10, L. Vogeban really pummeled the enemy in L1l\: Canton area, fn;t aling his atrack by burning and bCAc:.nir1g one riverbnat, blowing IIp .1 locomorive and damagmg I r1 rnilroad cars. He then strafed three riverboats thoroughly, oint! lefl two of them burnin,g:. Next all the Lst was ~ locomotive wluch was knocked oir the tracks with Jllmagc to the seven cars il wa-, hauliog. Vogdsmg followed this LIp by setti ng .lIire 14 tru cks ill ,L railroad ya I'U,

they were diIed (or by

Two d1iYs larer, they were spotted and arrangements were made to have them

In

Olloes{".

firing
boats.
W:J-S

stOr.1gC tank blazing. He tool: 11 strahng run on several SlIg.'lf DOgI and riverA" he departed the area, three
BUl it

warehouse- and setting

j

latg

ordeal, U. Evans led the "roup who
warml} described his meeting of the

11;'1:'· escaped

sirnatron [rom On 23 Mar flymg ,at 1,000 ili'mg off the

crash to rescue as "4.0." h, Lt. (jg) William Lyl~ feet sighted two 0 se.. o . northeast coast of For-

too little and too late. The Prirainto the overcast and new sa.[ ely back to base,

enemy pldJ'lc5 took off to attack.

mosa Just under the overcast at ),000 Ieet, Lyle: pulled up to their level J-'1,d then let down under the enemy planes which immediarely headed for unriaircroft protection on the coast. It. Lyle's plane opened up on the first Oscar from bow. starboard wai~t and top turrets. The sc,~,· turned. drove past the PBW<.> and blew up about 40Q ya-rds below the

killed in h is plane as another air rart ershot on landing, craShing into the Prtsateer, In April, Lt. Cdr. Bales and Lt. (jg) Aubrey Althaus failed to retum [rom patrols, On M:l r, LL Holt
0\

Out there wa not .th J.ys tlus happy ending. VPB·119 los; many outstandillg pilots. n the very first day ot action, M arch 2, Lt. L J, R,..'ic.ne.rt was

100 feet allituJk! und U',l hcJ 11 th o us a nd feet from the putty. All aboard the plane were killed including two pas cngers and a {li,ght suraeon, The rescue of Lt. Murphy was campletcd, Lt. R. M. Ataenwciler takit'14 over the a signment. Durin,q the lasr months of the W:lf. dnlLswpping patrols found the hUllting diflicult, '1 he sbrps of the Jap ..nese Navy und merchant marine=earrier to riverboat-that had escaped the clutches of Americ;m Sl';lpower and air power W('I'C few and rae between. But even then Vi"B·UO compiled a rerord in [our and one-half months of operarions.

conjunction with the Atmy _rlilnc: arul flying cover fOI the operauon WJJl attempting [0 show Lt. Murphy s p.u-t» the p'Lth they ... ould tuke to rhe h rescue pomt by a sefll'~ of buzzes til that d ir ect io n . u d d e n l y Lt. Cornsto k's plane went oUl of corueol wh lle in .1
III

O

picked \IP by ~n I\r01Y plane,

N THE' 2~t-b, U. Comsrock

\\'orklllg

turn at

s=:

was llm:sin.g 01'1a putrel

ttl

Indo-Cbiua,

o

It bad sunk 78,.325 tons and damaged '15,755 tOIJ.S of enemy shipping in addition to eflcttiVl: ,I tiOn a~'Lirlsl Land targets and Jlipanese airplanes, When Japan su r r en d e r e d , VI'IHI9 could beproud of its part in victory.

port \ mg.

Then Ll, Lyle brought: all

*

TID' 1S the ~"v.mu"'nth of a S~tj,," 01' .hart .k .. ldj~s of squadrons 1"IlWorld 'Wur U. -Il b on ~'~pot~ tiled with .\viil.r tlcn ill~lQr)' u"d ~',u·"h 111)) :NO (Air).

b~,,,'

VPII-119 HIT THIS JAil GUNBOAT AND SENT m

ClleWMEN

TO ANCEstORS

27

RBstru:ted

1'Llbtrt f\.as a. P"'P of a cold

But fie embt(es his medrcine l ca!>tnet

hiS

hor

fLlGtft of oP's piloted by Or ga n iz ed Reserves wa t'n~llged in " CIIJT\er:t gunnery exerci e when the typt: training officer nerlced erratic a tron on He Immediately called the lj[nne by its voice call but re(f:iveu no
ilW

A

the part of one: wer,

at

the planes.

Ilfely. He responded well t tower instructions until be neared the .lireral!: parking area when: tbr; plane ppeared to go alit of control and the riJot no longer answered. In re ponse- to .1 warning rom the tower bull-horn. an alert Avmtion Machinist's Mate [umped on the win,g. cut the switches and brought the pl ne to a stop without damage. The pilot was unconscious.
plant; and taken to the dispensary.

He was removed

from the

cer rontinuedcalllng the pI! rs
received an

The type traiill_r1g offiand tilJ;LJly

answer after using name, The .. J)SWCf received were often unintelligible and gave evidence th;1t lht _pilot of the erratic plane wa definitely without complete posses ton o( his Iaculne . After assuring that the ill pilot .had 00 his oxygen mil k .Ind was t.1kin}\ oxygen, lhe (ype training officer as Jgned another pilot to rake over the job of staying near this plane
JJ1J

Invest-i~atiofi revealed that this pilot had reported to the d I pCO-'!lf)' on the previou« day rornplaining of a bad cold. I le had been given some medicine which contained opiates and was directed regarding ft use. He was warned not to Ay. However, lJis mmaading officer was not notified and the near tragic 81igbt the pilot had not only taken tnt: pre· nibed medicine. but had obtained a patent cold medicine which he also consumed. He was {celin!:,: "better" dna when he found himself 00 the flight schedule be decided to take his bop. He has little memory of the £ltgbt and says that the FbI' must have Ianded itself since be is positive that he contributed little or nothing to that evolution. Un (0 rtuna tel)' we can' all expect to be as luckr a. tlus fellow was. It's not hard to irnagrne whnt would have happened to him hild be been on a single plane tli,llhl when h first b~gan to lose (on. iousness.
a wounding slip was not issued. fa the interval between this 'bit to the dispensary and

cOaclli.ng the pilot, He- then te k the lead ~nd led tileJJrporl.

On arrival the response from the pilot indicated li:J:al .il would be' dange.rous (OJ him to attempt .1 landing at .I_ strange fidd, o the flight continued to the horne field about .10 miles .Lwa)'. Constant "",,"ching '01 as necessary 10 keep thl: pilot' on (OUI. e and 1P- a <;nie auitudc. The home field was alerted, traffic \\ as cleared from the area, and preparctions were made for ,II) emergency.
ln the course 01 the )aralill" it was neressarv to tell the wl en to turn to each new heading, when 'to lower his landing and linps, wlut throttle setting to lJ5B, nose lip or down, when to cut the throttle and when to £Iare: oUL [or the land.ing, The plane was J31'1ded successfully and the pilot mdicated that he had recovered suHlnently to tal

pilot to the nearest

ritot

r~ r.

You are. not required to fly when you are fedmg below if you have any doubts regitrding j'Out physical (Gndi· (ion, take nme to look U1C lligl1t ~utgl!on. YO\I may be: pretty sure Ut'>t you are not sick enough to bother the "Doc;'

ur

bUL remember it's aJot easier (or him tn treat a wid than it is to rerai.r broken bones and !ill out a form 33!)B.

28

Restricted

Rivet Bearcel
Ieature A the- [enisonsble of the tips. is be~'og abandoned.
UN'Ql1E FSF Bei'J{ttJl,
WlUg

Wing Tips

which II bd Ieves is hir supcnor, AU 16 of it~ FaF's were fully riMlld for instrument IIIghf in I~ than one d~r by a pan<,dl1Jte rigger, WOl·k required to areompJj,11 rhi5 was installatlon of J. N)W of snap f nst('ll<;!rs on th e instru men t Ijg h ts rell eetion hood and 1\ corresponding row on a white
cloth hood,

When ihe fighter first WIIS introduce-d. It came out with about three feet of ,..cH.:b wing Hp designed so that it would pull 011 if U1f~ paot e..xteeJed epersting G restrictions by a significant ;L1TlQun{Ju~in,g violent maneuvers, The wmg tip5 carne oli all right. but sometimes onl}' nne would break off. This led to a momentary uncontrollable roll and subseq uently made it ;J little cliffi· cult to fly the airplane. Later, d dnal-jertison feature. ronsistlng of a detonating c,:tp and length of prima-cord ,,%~ put ill each wing tip. It was iastalled so that if Om' tip failed the ClIp and rrunil.·cOlu would be fired on the .other tip, therrby weakening it ~o it also would r"il A number of pilots. hnve made landings 51.lfcly in BiJ~l1'c;iJI with the tips off, although :1 hit "hot" DotOl1JSC oJ reduced. wiog area. Diffirultit.'i were met with maietensnce of the jeuisonable wing tip. coupled with the mental hazard of havmg an explosive rhlLI,ltto in the wing, Aft!;;t slightl), more than four Yfllr, of' service experieoce It wus decided the di-sad1o'll.lltllgtS ou tw eight d the good: point'i or jetti.~oning. ChJJ1ge #90 was. issued tit recti 0 IJ peratiag acti III ties t Q reruove the dlarge ADd iacrease the riveting on wing tips of all rsrs. I~ trpiGll pilot'S searernent mvoh'mg the bl'cuking·off of wing tips W!\~ repolteil rCJ:t'ntly by VI'·('I. Iii l:hi" case the pL10t Sot back aboard hiS carrier without 'Ir.~idtrH· td'tt'r Josinlj both wint: tip~ In a ft'wket-stcl::Lfing run.
~ t(lwe,j ~!cd., ,I wns wen ring ;1 G s~ ~t, bUL did om h",'e it «(u,o~cted. When I $t;t!'t~d m,y fun, I W,l~ -"kep, J sht'uld est imM<' ;lhnllt 70·. J ~'Ut b:l<::k tn 14" at 12()(l rplh BrI.d In~LI:t'! ' r~Hly normal dl\'t:, plnnnmg "
.'The accidem occurred whi le making co m 11in" I iOil rocket arlU stt<llin,g ru II on ~

ARROWS MA~K SHEAR

urn

OF W!ING JETTISON

I'lf ilbuut 5,Q()O feet I looked b.,ek JnJ. or!tk!:d r:ny lefl wing lip L111~sll1g. J checked and found niy right wing tiP mi5~!llg .wI} "M'} G meter U1dJQLted 8.2 G\ (well ftbu\1I: the operau Ill; restrictions for the .l'~l'}.

\'i71tcn Ibe p il ol d\:s! res to si m u late I:nst rurnent flisht he simply removes the doth from lbe mill' case, ~flltp!lit on. draws il over his head and ll..es instrurtrenrs. II has the lidded ad vun Ingl! 0 rell~e' mf instal lalion su that the pilot ('lill f'" i~ off on return from a gUn!l(,'ry flight and liy mstrumerus back. to his base, thereby gaining rnaxunum ttnin:n.i! jOf the lime act uall y airbnrn e. A eNO CommeiJ/-Thc finol answee for instrumem B.ights ;~ ~nUbeing sougJll. Acti I'itics which try the all Dye KIm lire requested to adv:iM\' Aviatioll. Training Divisica, Op.542D:. on ",hal they think ol it.

J in formoo 1lT)' Hight leader of my condi, tion. Ht mstrurred me 10 stall-rest the plane, r fl",w d""J( l'l the force (IOU jettisoned (111 of Iny Ml11n" t"x<ept line rQd(~1 ir,'m which the pigta11 was missing. J then climbed to s. DiJD rc(! t and comm C fKed te <;ts" rt'ta; n i,n g my bell)' r:ank en ln~~rul11(ID~ Ffum the leader. Test. indlc.m;_J 8~ knots wrth wheels ~t\(J 45' t1nps. ill! knots with n" flaps. "'j' . 1
r<:I.W

Tank Cleaning

Causes .Fire

NAS AL... !~tM--..cleanillg and handling ) of steel auxlliary £Del t<\llks can be dllDgel'· ous, [he' Oi'liR shop Iouad rcrentJl' "itl,"r ,(l s udd en. [11e {loJexplDsioo which ludril~ did
not joju:re anybody,

"f had good "ilet'(\l;l runtrol. I fel! quite ,;nqr,fnrt"bk ill [00 knots, In turns up [0 GhlHHe. My e\l.gifle started Llll"ing ;Lnd the rpm 'mrgecl ~hghtly so 1 called and requested ~. deferred fom::d IRlU.ling us $QIJIl as PQssiblc. 'I \\.1:i nl.:lug,bt in alter t'wn <!rntr,gtI1c;I;'~, 011 my downwind leg lirst PJ.ss pa.dtlt,,~

rn"d

h' the

r,!~kl(lra,; and aw~ired

Rust had been removed from a J.ank-and u !illal Jiying zinse of isupropyl alcohul WtLS h",ing nFpJieJ. Workmen noted the fire ill the VJdoily of the alcohol that had been spilled on the wooden fluor gra~ins .. A I'0~' ..fbility cii.~ts it WlIS caused by spHlng" of the nlcoliol onro scattered dry chromic add 1L1.k<!s. The fire traveled through lIle tank I'I'1"eSI\· ing gr.nillg and r",lI:jlt.:l the il1fur~d baking oven 'W he re an ~lu'iliaff til-Hk. I U $ t <;Oa ted
with ,Ll'(lml!tlc fuel rC5btam Idc'llJCi:r., csp!'llleJ violently, The 1l.un('s wece eKL;ingui5h~J rrn-

directed

me

10

drop

fM

hdly tonk
b)

J did,
[I

tI'Ianu~II)', and <l«;iJed r!ot JlJS~, but to set up al'.ailll.

C0!'11inm'

I inadn

the wule

rneditltc-ly. Denatured
,;u&lc"ted as

gentle pass-e-had 100 knots ~I the ~U" point. 'II u" PIlS,> fell 'err httlc dme~~m, jU.1 .1 litlle fa;;t 'II>" landing W~~ normal walt quite a
hil more ~jm& un (~.tdling th~
W]1, "

me

al Ct'hoi speci.JiCl!.tiCll ."\N-r·la i~ prefer!lid rnnterral for PWC4
In accnrdanre wJth TN less ~ lolently wlth chwmi.

l'9!illg these tnnks I fl •.;!- ,1:> II. rc,I'-:L5

Cloth Hood Helps Training
VF·1H- After trying our the arnher Cilllopy-b.lue gpggks. and Ill" head shieldgoggles type cqu ipmellt for J l1Stru ment fly. ing, LIlL,. ~qlJadrQn ,devtl.,pe<1 u (l<'lh Iwud

:'.[1<1, A B'lIA ..r CQI.1fm~rl/~'l·.N.
.eeviscd
to

10-47 is being
cbrnmate
to

use

POI:HSslUttl

ee-

or

l"i"er~
o"g""I"
~ lin·

placethe

cruol'nic: lIod.
1Il'C-

CJi.tClmic ncid con-

labeled fO "void OOflt:ll:t with ... u t6l";'.t,.. It will .fle.h ,,"d C"'LlII"..... h1l1'l S!l'~U ;unt>ULlt!; aJool,oJ. la~.

quer ~Qlven"li ",fe., cuut{!ct cryma1jl1e

or

d.ro,

cuio::add.

.M I' n lalll; W~·~ ]f! InrI'. 1'111' ~Pt'l'\l 1">lS 540.,..,'1 11ml f'/'I~ nltil~Jc 3.(WU fl:d wh~ J comrn,mn:d 6rl~g, As J my firS'! burst, m~ tight '" i~ droppeiJ. 1 felL as· if r hnJ hit b.IJ sl Ipst rc.rn \ I kf.h·,f Idt meld!:'! ;II1<J full oi leron. Tbe wins (!line up llm:l I ~ta.m\d a pull()Ul. Ren.)<'tol'y semreJ nor1Il.al" I ww;

,.... ~I~n my ruJ) QU! .11 2800 tl:cl or S(lOne:r j! 'r~{·d ~i.)r!u b""ome cx.:e:.sive, ld

Area Familiarization

Eased

ured

5tr~lght

lllld

level :lit 1.20U

fuet dnd

indio'll-

illS ~bout j 3U knots. 1 did nO[ dur ing !he puII nut. 1 'ta rled

gr~v
[ll)'

dillln,

<1,,1

IlnO"1 HOOD SHIELDS

PIlOT WHILE TRAIINING

MAG-lI.. CtU,RIlY PUiNT-New pilots Qf IrM "'·lll4 now IiIlJ il en~ier In (ami IfM11.e themselves with the Ch~rrl' F01a( area by mean:; of a pidUl'!;>-lll1l.p ~olllbinatilln whic!! h,.,." be~1l I"osttd in openl.uons, A three foot square portion of a 5'fctJOl:m[ acrOll3 L11 klll ch~rt i~ fLl o\J-tned on Lhe wa..lJ itod ~UHr!unded by pholqgrJ.ph~ of lotlll oLltlying he Ids 2nu bombing tLtId rock.ct ~a.r· gct$, with ell~h piCtUre ronnected to it$ pusition On [he nup by il hlack sU'ins"

29

FI

WORKS ON
and

HE LEASH
(ion and ordnance stores of all [orrns, ready for use by the Navy, Manne Corps C{):.(sl'Guard. and such ether activities as the Navy Department m:'ly With I'hi~mission in mind, the derot completely eqwpped for the receipt, stowagt', preparation and Jssembly.
IS

by cncmy aircraft, its two maio hlgbways

way

one main tailline, phlsthe

o( the depot is ncccrnplished Marine guard. A? -hour \\'a_Ldl t set on enrranccs, and Iarmemanned vehicles pnrrol tht. entire area day and n ight, Both veh icles .uul senDuring a mnstruc try gales art' equipped With two-way i ion pe r i I) d iastmg radio , thus giving the ~eftcnfl[- <If the l w o ye:lfs, 2,462 ,l;lliHd and the /lvr offiCC'r 01 the deck build lUg:; and magaperiodic checks on activities throuzhout 2.10 es, '" J til a lola! tho; starion, floor spare ot apThe depot IS under rhe mriit;lry .IJlJ proximately 9,00U,coordination control of the Cornrrund000 9uarc feel, were ;'int 01 the 1 inlh Naval District, and erected. 'on rrucueu under the management und rer hnical included 156 miles of rai l ro a d , 3-19 control of the Bureau of Ordnance. Under the rOIDJlJanclm,!; olll(<;f. the demiles of l',lved and pOl IS organized into eight s_ep:trate II n p a" e d ro,ltlw~y~, admin isrration, ~f'OJrity. too miles of water departments: ordnance, public works, sup-ply. Jiscal, m a ! n s , a 0 rI the 111(' lrin,gint( of OVc! medical, and industrinl relatinns. Luger departments are broken down ! no 111 iles of teleirrto sub-groups each hC(lded by ;111 oAlphone wires, ONE STOW OF 51l0-LB 1l0MBS IN CRANE HIGH EXPLOSIVES MAGAZINEcer and a cI\'i h:tn te hnical adviser. For A Navy low-cost housing project. I - example, Wider (he ordnance oHi(et fall production. stowage. inspection, stock rated outside the (en .ed-in area, cooHRN CongH:Ss appropriated $5.rsts of 576 steam-heated housing unit s. cOntIOI. torpedo repai r, everhau I and 000.000 in 19-40 to pro Jde- adSIU'''l'illance. ditional stow;\ge f acilities for oaval en ihg lhj comrnuo [1'), ure a carl;"• .r rug Overall n !Illig is accomp lished and amrnumliuu. ,.l.OOO.()O() 01 this was store, huber and beauty shop, grocery 1ong-r.tngu polit:)! determined by a The modem earmarked fm a ~toW:1gC:' dtpot for the store and v-;t,ict)' store. board composed of the ordnance. hsrul, community house (Ont;(iI1S a moving Atlnntic Flee]. For reasons of security picmrc theater, and adjacent to this cen- Stlrply and !,ublic works officers, and a nnd $titetr, .1 srtc was chosen west of civilian management analyst. let ot artiv ity may be found the sherthe Arr:lhldlllliI chain, in Indiana, and Al present the depot 15 111 a reduced Ith oilice, Jo or's ofhrc. post office, aw(t) [rom large ecngesred ,lrC.IS. 0tH~ Nt rio 11-,tl s lIll us. wi th m,IO y II fils On 1 December. 1940. the de ot was and Western ilion fnnliti(:~. TwentyrroJuc len buildings laid up for S lOJJ1 111 iss ionecl Nav ... Ammunition l De- tw 0 modem LouSlllg un 11 were erected preservation and others under SLlUld·by pot. Burns Cit)', but this .s0011_ was on the depot, and mae farmhou~e~, The curre-nt cornplcrnenr IS 24 ori,gin,tlly iituated about the area, were orders. changed to NUl a! Ammunition Depot, nil"'" officers, 15 enlisted personnel . .. ane, iu honor of Commodore Montr re ondltioned as quarters 10" ofllrcrs and ,lpproximatcJy J,70n civilian emgomery Crane, who served .1S the first and key civilran personnel. ployces, The ecur: rr Furcc consist; of The mission the Naval Ammunidlief of the Bureau of Ordnance, 4 M anne officers and L 1 3 enlisted men. tion Depot. Crane, is to sll-pply arnrnuniThe slim chanres of its be1n,g reached
well suited to abutECUTUTY

sparsely settled vidnily, made Crane an rdeal spot. Other ,tSSI.!tS were II l:.\.rgco lake \\lith ..dequate water upply, ,Ieee,,· ibilily of e l ec rr i, rower. arul te rr arn

direct.

loaJing.

preservation,

shipment,

t

reak-

down

and

overhaul

ammunition

types of .LOU Inert orJn~Ul(e stores,

of

all

ment aml deflection ui case ui" un explosion,

S by

,1

W

ria

or

ONE

OF TWO AREAS

D~VOTED

TO HANDLING

AND POU~ING

OF CAST EXplOSIVES;

DEPOT SIrE WAS

CHOSEN

,OR REMOTENESS

FROM POPULATION

CENT'E~5

30

RcstJ',cted

Bestrid~a

AREA AROUN'D

'PYROnCflNICS

PtANT

BRISTlES

WITH

LlGH1NIN,G

ARRESTERS

Maay of [he produericn buildings were constructed fer specific lobs and contain permanently-placed machinery for thls purpose only. OrJler~. however. arc: of a mote versat ile 11:1 ture, an J it j~ here that special work, ffill_-:h (If it (Of Davol! aviation. is carried on.

week Iy t-i ri 111:\ s{'hedu lc on
~hll't the deput m;:lint.ilns.

the

l<LfIg~

tiocs for naval avtution, Witbits com ple!c machine sbop and hl.gh.ly skilled tllIJ (mined personnel, almost all inert cempcnem p-arlso{ these pyrotechnrcs

idectificanon,

T

L~

MODEKN

UI($ plant

safety. and !Jghting rnuruASSEMBLY RoeM PA,CI(ING Of MK B PARACHUUS

and rornplete £;lyrot~h. rfodures mLlU)' ~I,gnulmg.

arc turned OU.!: on the spot. Hundreds of precision machines equip this plant either to make minor d'aI1gt~Oil stork parts as directed or to fashion new p,Hl5 from .s~'O"k m.;l.trri~b Ull]t"h fasl!tr ami more ch~pl}' than JJ1 outside contractor could, In addition to Its work for the surface
and rub-surface Navy. the

ou:t lar,ge quantities of equiprnent fOf use 00 planes .U1U carriers, Among these are aircraft par:1.chute flares, hlr,gel' identificat'ion bombs. d rift s ign als, ;11) d .tIl th e van ou s tJT<$ of identification Bares, An experrmental Jlrognl.m, Jeslg.nt'd to perfect new an better safelY devices. is bel11g :lrdel.~ on by this activity. In the torpedo repnir shop ;.Llltyprt'l

plant

turns

pyroted,n

11::5

ThiS
,IS

They then an, t~'lSsemb1ed and actually HI n (0 test theuper rcrmaare before being preserved stored. ready for almost immediate usc. AUbou.gh the greater part of the torpedoes are citsigned for submarine J.o:l! UestfQyer use, ll.iny of lb~ Jir("rair type Me included, E;trly in December L944" the (Ommanding officer of N AD CRAN.Ii, [Cceived a letter Ircrn the chie] BUORD which began: "The rocket program is now this Bureau '·s most urgent . . ." Prom that day Wltl1 the present this depot has assembled .1 luge percentage of therackets useJ by the entire service.

mo

applies

to aircraft

rockets

;1.5

wall

of torpedoes are broken down. altered
in conformance with the latest dirertnrl:!S, Md their component parts tested,

the bd~e Lype. in this department alsocontinuous experimentsure being carried 00 seeking tt'J eliminate lin f'oss.ible sources of error. This work include:; the produclion of rockets to be test fired by \.:tri· pus other actrvitles and the .alrnosr

where two Luge areas, ellen CQJ1t::linillg several buildmgs, an: devoted to the blc;nding and pouring of cast explosives, Almos: the entire ourput, except ror .'ll1tface shrp depth tharges, is Cor naval aviatien uses, At present onl} one at these activities is in operation, PlL!;iJltjes ~I~o are on lund to IO,Id mines imd torpedo warhearls, The l,iS! pouring job done at the plant WJ$ the loading of aircraft depth bombs, Stored at the J_epot are bombs rartging 10 size and type from 1CO-lb. water-tilled practice to r6C0-lb. armor-piercing, Two other munitions commcn to naval aviation th!l.~ are stored lit Crane are catapult charges and .50 caliber ommunition. Although neither h3V~ as yet, heen IOild~d at the depot. f ~dlilies Art available lor loading the nil;lpult charges. -r:h is oper!ltion .,i:; coru para bl e to tbe losding ot propel lilift chatM~;; ·I.lI (uta in types of guns, II. Job which the depot has handled by the thousands. A recent pri"ljoct order called Ior the repackaging of .">0 caliber arnrmmrnon .. The Nq.val Ammun ilion Deper, Crane has. .10 important supporting role to naval aviation and lives up to its .slogan: "Produce lin.! pass the smmuniLion to our light! ng fleets."

pose, and depth. are loaded at Crane,

all B s~ml~armor·l'l,ercmg,
OMBs, of

~il1~s. nrmor-piercing,

generai

pu r-

PARI

OF lliG

5EWING

ROOM

WHER'E P)1IOTECHNIC

PAUCtiUnS

ARE MADE

UNPACK"D

16.mOT

PARACIIUT'ES

USEI)FOR

MK iii MOO, ~ AIRCRAFt

fLARES

31

MECHGETS PINCHE'D IN CANOPY
at
M.M;"ll rnech gm the tight sqLleeze t rorn the cockpit lanopy and uurrowlj' I:sGlpeGI worse injury.

£1. on the )t m-a shouk] r~11J profit and
from dHS story about the
Cherrr Point who

ALL

MRCRr\f"i

mechanics

who "work

Thl( "striker,"

not too bmiJi;l·r

with

pump
ward
0(;'11tly

the plJ.f1t:;J.ttemptcdlO close tb~ CJflOpy the t"J:iy Whde ~r'llldmt-: ,\vlth hoth fed on the step iust uelowrht" LOckpl t en tr .• et on the strl rboard side. m he reached Into rhe Ctlckpi!' 30J Rl,ked "On" Ute b,ltte.cy an cl lluxi1iary hyJ raul il

"tar,

!iwitdll"~,

it~ hili closed posirion, rinniug his chest and head between the Glf10py and the wind screen, A ~ 1'0051 of th e rorce was concenrrated on hi, I hest, Itt was nble to exttieate his lK.;tJ almost immedistely, but W,tS unable to remove the rest of his bOI1). Due to his position dwiog [he tune he W{l~ phlOd in the opening .md also (J'Om the ter.ri Ij( pressure 011 his s-houlder and chest, he was unable to reach ci ti.1c;'r the butt6'ry or tile oll.1_xjJ f.try draulir pump switrh. He- therefore wus trapped in thJs position until an-

br-

T,(.-aninlF across the I-w:kri!. he rhen moved the ca,~opy ~:ontro.l, lever- [orto the
GOSt"

other
1'0

me(hJ11i,:,

working

n ("Lrb)'. carne
FlAP ON flU CATCHE,5 WIND, CAUSES TURN1I'IG

posinon.

appil[

Int0nd j Ilg 10 (urn the battny "wikh off before the {llllOpy rlosed rornpletely, It W,15 his intention I'h-ilt ,tfter having turned off the battery switch, the emopy would conrinue to d051: a.~ " [,;:,'oult of the pressure buil, ur. 111 the 'i,~~t~, dOOIlg til", 6 me: the ~11'T.tcll W;{.~ On. 13tfore he rould remove- Iris .urn and [wad (rom (he OPe.lliLlg, however, the .t~rmry moved forward rapidly from

his assistance lind pulled the externa] manual release handle, Th0LLW'l cl1l" injunes susrained were Qrtly minor abcJsiol16, it is felt thai he cQuld haw been badly hurt.
811Aer CfI'lltll''1U - W,th mgre and moee ai ..CTafr b e co m i [lg' e u i e d witll PQwv·<.>pe.roUng canopy this sort of (bjng will be frO>'1ucnI. Meeks ;ma pil"t.~ alike should beware llnd save .:I few crushed
q p p

Tires

With

Flaps
'I' hId1

Save

$$

A n r<lf;! ab'JLJ t

some

1Ont rovers iu I

.&.

opinion h05 revolved-c-pre-rotation oi farge tires !,,,_'fott' t, >lull· d r''''''' "1'1 11~c: runwuy-ap· p.arcnt1y li~~ w,m ronverts, ,'<S BuAlm I\J:S announeed lL wuuld SlO[ k su,,:h t'r~~ fm use

hy

P;'

v sq uadrons,

bodies, Tbis Marine must be It cousin (0 rl,e ueber €hen'y Point mech who got b:hn.",If locked. in, di"- bagg<lge eompartmenc ·of (he F4U-5.
de~igneJ to permit f~rjd linD Iys], ~nd solutinn numerous problems of photognrphy, mcluding: 1, ~i1I111er opernnon :llIo:l t1l'k;cl1<,j. 1. ~lll!l\tr·tln~li wn.Jmmivtilm: , 5hlla~r ~"Ien"'ld ddat: oj. 11,,~hgun-sw,~ch.s()leno,id. ,11U!lfF d("l~y, ~. interll~J ~!J\.ltler ~wll\'h (.(InIfld time; r.. swftth or electrical contact effi("~IKl': 7. dlllphtDgm {lilibr:l.tllln: 8. duralion ~tI_dion1nsily n! fLl~h b'Ulb~ llnJ gll~~Ous dis(hnrB~ tubes, Trir'rrrph M.u'ILiftlcturing Co., Chicago, was 1l-''''ncr<led th~ w~tr"l1 fur u~\'eJ'Jp,ng urul 6lristrucnng rhe tester the NHI'

RSD Coble Ends Up In Reno
N AS A 1.\/'I1'D/I-1\ lQtrlf mr!l~ri~ I goes
uno the muking of :111 uirplane. During n f~'\:~nt overliuul and rcpuir )llb Illl ,,0 am, lilt' ,abl" shl'P discover e d thn! a /lI:W set ui cables 15 rwo and one-quurrer miles !(,njt, Hn,kcrt dt,IV" ium jn,lividl,l~1 wires, the cable would "",!em! from Alarne.:!lI, Calif" aU I he W',' 1<\ tbt Rentl, Ntv,. uty bJ U

or

The idea i~ to fl,w,; rublx-r fbp." nil the riro sidewal ls ",Imlt catc]' ill tile slipstreara as !.Iu: wheels are- !u,,",a:reJ ruJJ starr 111('[11 revulving, In the rase or l:u~e. h(;Olvy air(ra ft. pre-rota tlOn is believed to result ira sum e t<1O S~ rvJU 'll n o f rubb-er. II.V r~titm SIl pr1y Office, Philadelphia, storks the tires for IS5U,tJKC to rl-'{l-Ul:~tin;g l'!V lid,,,1 1 . i to Sum!' nircraf] h'_v~ built·jn rotatioTl. ;iT!"-U motors !LIminE' ur the wheels until ti:W'f speed appwx'1t-"IU:..~ lhe rate tlley will turn when the pillne hils the runway, The ROO C,,'milmilm iJ; an example of tins Iype- of rubber-saver,

Scheme

Helps Remove

Screw

At ., rUH uf .Jpprq1(irrmle1y

HI [ems·J fllO!,

'ill.dlld"'l:: the pr'(e ()f fittl[(Il" the I,:ot"rpr~ted l"bl_t' II'I/r'k ~ vernges about Si 1 ~ 11\1 per aircra ft ;(which, inr ",lem" !ly. is we It dblJ"C the COSt "f Cd del u]!;€ d, vorce}.

ro~

VA·U4,. PIIC'll"rc-To overcorne ~b... d,fficu Ity experienced ill rernov fog tile Phillips screwson AD -airt;r&ft, ~ screw remover was

Devic-e Checks

Camera Gear
~ [Ie" electrumr
\l

The N ...vy 'JhS d<:"elupeJ

.an.J

5h LIIt'"1 M!IJ..IY'ef which it h,'Cln cp saN]! di.e ch.,clun"

bel ieves w 111 be

VR·6. G~li,"'tAr.;)'-When thi. squadrnn, ~'yiJlg vittles to Berlin, wntlwd LO have II well-en t n ~d sq uo.dran party , \ R-<1 I' II" IS 1101· unteered III II} rlwir Bt:rl.lII tr ips ton the; r offume, Later VFt·{, rduts f"pllJ<1 the rJ~hr so VJl-R', men <mrlJ rd,.~

de~ll~IlI~J 'G'~orge W, Bennett, by
$UV~

11M.!,

whirr.

of can1C' ,J ~bllttl_'n;

SQ!<nonb,

Tile new .ie"\'ice, shllwn ,H the .c~~'m phOIn· ,grIlPhlc .. "hibjt [Jt Na"3.1 Pjlo;.tlll'r~phlt (;entr--F
for tIll: Arll'''~d FOfCftSCommllnlf,(inns .'\£;0, d~li!ln, ~mpllJy~ t! rW'J'Btlo c~tb"dc- nlY ,'~r-II" Irl~{n[1E wttll two ,_.,hntn eJe·dric ~el1s. It is

UJmicl~nble t.UTlC. In removlng an mspetlipn -pla~e, fQT In~tanct.'. ~I i('JlSl Que screw must be removed to operi\tf' tJI~ Phillips screw remover, 11 is inserted through lhe Qpenitlg in .ri. B is, screwed into pl):;.itjo" of the rel.[I(w"cl screw, C is placed 0_0 the screw ('hilt is diifiolit to ,emo.'", wh,le C .6ts in!.) th.;: tlp.enins (;If A. With prCS'Sure applied em Ull!' ~amlle of 11, l!l 'Ii" r:l(.hel's insetted in C. The ~':l:e'v tben hi: fer_(J0'"cd e'asi I If is mn..e- "f %" pL\t~. B i~ millluf;tcttued l ir(lm all ~Hr(aft bgJl:wilh Jo/.m" s'rrr;v ,welded to It C l, II- H_" drive ~od:el weld(!ci cr, D ~hi!l[p~ ~C[fW drlvcr. A steel wa~her is welded to tile' socket,

,,~n

y,

OSCIlloSCOPE

GIVES

QUICK:

CH~CI( ON CAMEItA

A1..tjmtJy 0/ Ibo/n /Jl'fja to <41')') PI',,pr:ilcn IJ) " I1fNi, al P'JJI!I(!l1 Ii/roll gil fhe Tl/lJp fo .lat't! If/tift! while ;11 tl'd/Hlt.

C. C SlIIilh .m.l H. Pidge!!11 III MC/l5 E! 7 af() A 1,of"~ble pi'Qf,eJlu df')th. It "ll/'flt'. llft,.PJ' i11/Mrizonla.! pMilillt/. 1'1 mnd ..r '/fJi._f!,.nbcu bem iim· WI/Ned !Q, three·bhlded pwpc!lers,
/!;Mllfl SCl1iW REMOVER SI'MPL1F1H WORK ON AD PLA'N~ RtllJtric1;~d

Nice dolly

i.J rleJiglll!d

b) JI1.lffer

Se.r-

32

Gasket
i

Boord Is Time Saver
1,

.'lhouNte g,,~ket bl"ud ~hnwn Jt1 the prrrure I, 8 t,me·,avJOg dl'\·II.C crnplovcd bv men in !h~ ,lul.X Issue mum at Iliis &I.Jti"n. Muul1l"d ,II tIlt' i~MII"

'A.

Lf'It'I5--The

COLD WEATHER FLYING TESTED
VA-l
<; \

PAOYI(

-

Dl1ri11g minor

cold weather

"'nnnw. the boar.! Sh()W5 whue 51! uoueues pf ull /;Iil,kl:'ls in use at tI,j~ adi; it.. su per, imposed 1111 a bhH.k bstkgrtlU n,1 E;IIh ~illwl1ew.' IS numbered to correspnnd with Ihe ga.lht part number, Til Juwa gu,itt-I. tll(: mnlt cnrnpares the worn gusket with Its corresponding silhouette and calls hI, it by numher

aboard the CV 80."1;111. this squadron found out some things "bout lhis kin.l of ilrillg which orher s9uad!olL.~ m.IY prolltably Lise, Pllors found that to npernre effie iently in (old tt"l:flper.ltures, it was necessa r}'
to sound nlgbt 'JWIl'lcrs
d

operauon

hours in advance f launching' lime, 1 his nme Was needed to l:!lvC tlu, airU'ilft .1 Lhorough warm-up period. return
to the rcady room and get rolo the

much as two

N[lvy s new rubber e.xposure; suit JuSf prior to Il\LU1Ch , The exposure 5Ui~ could [lot be worn more than a Few minutes, since high eompurtmenr rempenttures caused pilots to perspire. Emphasls was p laced on survi '1'(11, lieved that with proper indoctrination search and rescue faeil itics and pro· :md t;(;(hni al knowledge. operations in (CJUfC.o;. Aboard Weft I wo HCl3S heli(old cl irnares aud wafer area will be copters which were maintained in readieffective and efficient.
Anuther l,wl>lun aro e when the -nowplow .1f Fallon broke down one moming
the taxi triP were under three to of powder ~1'l()W. "fhis tm.llk tltKjing impossible not only bCOlUS(' uf the danger of skidd ing nn the slippery surface, bUI also hWlU:~t" tdgti l,f the t;u... iw;I~~ were when

ness dll.r1flp ;II! Ai~ht operarions. urvival lectures ere gLveo by pilots who had attended the Navy-Army Arctj,' Indoctrinatiou School ill .Nome, Alaska, and by tIlC group ACl officers. Earh rani rnaiutained a sm,JJJ pt.rsOI)~1survival kIt made up of items not included in the: paraft but which would be necessary for Arct.ic land survival, uch kits included: candles, w,ltcrrrooi match case, small hand comr.1SS. vit: min pith, lip ire, knife. gum and/or CiU1Ur, Ifi~h hooks and cigarets, In summary, cold wcarher operations (ot the carrier squadron ;vill be of jH~(e5sjLy slower and maintenance djffi~ culties will be- increased. 1M il IS be-

fOll. inches

SOARD

SHOWS

WH'tTE511HOumiS

OF GASKETS

Troiler
>

Hauls

Air

Bottles

obliterated,
T'lle problem was -solved by ba"lllg the I.".td plane turn up .. n<1 proceed t;a.llticu.Ldy alol1g U1C' taxiway, lishtailint; and -allo-, iog Ibe .slipstrC'Ml1 ~rJhh ... rhe SflOW rlear. 1J,L~ procedure proved very successful III the dry powdery $n(iW and greatly reduced POSS!hilll'Y of t,ul a cidl:l'lt~.

JI.1 -~~r Er, '1 ()Ro-ThL~ service squadron h ..~ dcveloI'~ 1I bomb trailer which makes It easier to haul low pressure oxvgen evlinders around to refl,lel MAG·3r~ Il1in>pur~Mr·
.lit.

NORFOLI('S WAXER SAVES ON tiME

AND tHREAD

With he transfer of VMfl.I.>Z, w}ud, form. erly did the loh. his (,bmmBnd hl"] to find unorher v,my ret do the iob, T /Sgr Rn Iph E.
LeChJ1r constructed
U1C

hand-wax the various thread _ l'hl,. machine
takes only one hour ~ dal'
fOI ~

man.

equipment.

The oxygen msn ifold IS made .ind cllnn«ts: to aU cylIndeD'

"'n~lrum:J lei

II burnb trailer

i5 used "'Itil <!.n irurl tail Catty six :!.IO·cu. tt. cylindNs,
(j{

brass pipe An oxygen

Ihl! Irn.It>J and III,oks up with filler rllig on till:" ail raft hf'ing sen iced, TIllS equipment b~5 proved highly effedive and due to its 5iJnpli(JI of dr:sign "Ill be made ill " ~r,oft tim~. ABilA",. Co 1.1"" eu« - T1Ul bureau hn prepared II .sp(!cification covering six cyJin·
teh,] III

fegu lutor is :llt~cbtd W doe end oi the mam("Ill IV lnsure correct and c.... lilllll,J;:. 'l;n Au ox gl:tl dr ier with flexii'l) hose and quirk disc 1f1l1CdOr i attached rtI tJ'1: forward ..

An elertric motor pull tJ.e thread thr ugh t.... separate blocks qf wax, held ill conm rarners wlurh allow them fr(t'llnnl of movement on a track, \'(feighlS ,Ill tlie ccntuiners bold the WIl.X against the thread IlS it is 5JOW/)' dr.,wn through. A leveling devke (\'<:l1.Jy di'l ributes the Wax ed th TClLd on a U'CC1VIIlf:: • pU'ldJe. (It mlty does this idl:ll save 110 man-hours of work week h.JI it saves rhnatl by rutting
out knotted

Panama

Idea Saves

on Time

lin

ur kinked

thr<:-Jd

0

often aprod-

tlf hand work.

right but ASO item :It R41-M-290 is pre. (,errd foc ,this work as it removes and ~puts

FASRon··Ul8-11 hydraulic tire bead breaking dtvice 11iU been o;onstnr[(oo by tJli~ cornmand which nut unly saves lime but cuts the p6SSlhil.ity of damaging the dIes. Made from scrap ITUI It':cial. it 15 cupuble ur break jog wlth ease nre beads ur to ,mr.l including j6" (ires. Ii.. 8uAer Commeur=« This idea, is 1I11

Slipstream
, ~r to

Storts Bearcaf

dre.! back on without damage to tire beads,

Vf·193. PAUfJ .-TheClt rs mure than one

dee oqgcn

cecl:.acge t["iJerc~ and

mainte-

nance hns been requested 10 procure trailer. for service use. 1 na!;:lt1um a~ it will be some
montbs before am ",lies 0111

own.
fa tor

Irailero ar... availahle, field want 10 lnanUllU:111r c.hEir '. The proposed traller apl'lmrs satis-for Ih i'Hended pur po$<'.

luw as minus D~ F. One morning nil effnns In ~ta"f a pl .. tl m rulled since the auxrliurv pow r unit was nru ,genernt ing 11I1Clugn power til turn tlre t~J181!leoyer. Aft!;f ,,"Vet:ll tfie$ wete mude, tl,e idle" w:t5 con '<lived to lItiilzc !moth!'.r
FelP·l Iucrung ur in ront or the pl'lllc thut "'nuldnt start, lioPlllg the )Jip~He-am would speed \II' th~ already slowl '-turning pro· rtllcr enuugh for th~ cngim: hI lire. Tbls plan. "i>n~ pat illto ,,{fe!t ~ml ,illl tllt phlrll ~hl'11d I?mp!o,'ing umo rplll the b~lk)' lCngine ~Wrti:d wJlhnut J.flilU It)'. P'rl",'-2 ~<J!laJron "'hi"h

skin a CIlI-o! start an fRF eng;ne11\1.', sqUJ;lJI'I)1l. disu>\'l'rcd wTlite J"irJ/.l ,,...:ket· nrlllg IIC Fa llon, Nevnda, j n tempera tures -GS

Machine

Speeds
D.

Waxing
Ar&er (or

Job
applying

'\1,\ NORf'Ou:-A !'uwer-ope,:tted thre:lLl w:t1<'ng nHI h,"~ has b~l'n Clevelnpeu by an

O&R (>[[1plol'c, W.

wu It) (Tltton Jnt:! lin~n thr e3ds lI~ed in bJlnu ~ewjng lind rib lacing of filbrk-coverei.l lI'in8 am! motro! ~ia~c5. Prro.!' II'! clev,,!opment oJ thjs improved m~rhml. it touk IWO empio)'el (llil lime hI

l'h.f ,,&>ais somewbat like on~fr.ied by a Sl~tt.cd rLI1 engine hy I~:xrjng ra~, (m Ihrl'l! ensinclf.

33

PLA

E TIRES

CAN

TAKE
ring, preventive

IT
recapmounting etc., are
:L

jecls such as lire construction,

maintenance, and .disrnountmg, storage, (overed.

Dnu resulted in :!'VU~t s:tvmg of ("ririe,!! war materials. M1UlOn$ of dying hours wcte flown on these reGcpp.\!d
~I.HXCSS

D B.i

UlliNG THE

rem fttlres

past war, CL'oPPl,llg or
proved rrerneo dous

ract iea I and economical. New an d imongc( materials used iu lift' construenon assure carcasses capable of longer servi ce and gren ter resistance to abrasion and cutting. The uhility of tires to "take it" hILS been ['fOVen, hur remember there's iI limit to everytlung-~o treat 'em right! They're the only contact the plane has with
SKYROCKET'S 5~All NOSE WHEEL CAIlRJES IINY

tires, 111;S policy of rernpping remains III effect today and is, considered both

r

the g:rounJ

.mdthey

also act as

HRE WITH

HIGHI

PRESSURE

fOR

FAST

LANDIING

play in m:t'kin,~ these landings possible -anu without incident. Sometimes J. pull oJ smoke on contact wiuJ the runway evokes 'J. comment but more orten it W.LS [usl ",I u:uneJ good landing." That "puff of smoke'' means just .t litde more rubber that s gam: from the tiIC:i and tho~c black streaks on the runways
giVe" you some idea of how much rubber
is ~cuffcd uff .. Pre-rotation tires "'Ie being used on IL few of cur li.ircmft (P2V, ROO) in an effort to minimize this scuffing

A NY':NlJ who wllt0e.s. OUI fastc~ kt aircraft (orne III for b.ndl(q;;:s rarely think> of- tht: important role tires

n

Tires really appear small on our giant long-range bombers, tm(Jsport and cargo. a.lrcraft-and here again they (ake Ole .spotlight because tho: use of multiple

tires and wheels on both nose and main laml iug ,gear insures gr~atet sart:!ty (in
0

case

naturally ,greater comfort. As you can see From the phologrllphs all this page, there call be a lot of djfference in tire si zes,

r

II

flat tire).

better

stabi iity

Il,if1

d

action and to make srncorher landings. Little do most of us realize the prob-

realized, it follows that every effort should be made to properly maintsin them in order that rnaximum safety for bQtl~ eguipm,ent and personnel can
F.LAP5. MOTORS .PREROTAfe Tl;RES 01'1 THE R60 tl1

W importance been
Hf:~THE

full signiJi.cance of aircraft tires

,iU!.!
have

lems thar ha \1'1; been overcome by the aircraft dre tngim:e.G -and the aircra ft de5Jgner~ in making it possible for plant's to lund On web small landing

be obtained. Given half 11 break an )Urcraft tire will more than do its job,
Since tl1~ air pressure helps take up the shod. within the lire and impact of

the medium

a stop when the brakes are llpplieJ.
please go easy on the brnkes!

in bringing

the p.l:mt!

But

gear-partHrularly the tires, Because 011 the smaller h.igb speed aircraft. the land-

I'ery restricted spnrc=-ures must necessa rily be small but yet stl;'ong enough 10 withstand the loads imposed under higll pressures. "Bounce drills" .eud field carrier laodil"lg pnu:;tices during trairmlg exercises are real tests of the ability of

Ing. gcar must be [etra~ted in

l"nilin,~ a~ we-ll -.lS smoolhiug OUl" the run before take- off, proper in:thlion is
\'ery important. UIlc!er'lIlflTatlon

and

inRation
it

these tires to 'take it'! smaller tha.n the' average

Ai rcraft tires pllSsenger car
loads and

tire must be able to withstand pressures .dgbr timelign:ater

These S:1,IDt: uin::r.lft tires an: a vital radar in hil;;h spl!cd takeQ.ffli as well >15landings .,;irlce a tire bloweur at high ~pt!td does noil gi\'t' ,l pilot the control .. he would otherwise have in the rase of
lI.O

Latter!

than the

Tire Jau::mge is most prevalent during of lh~> ain:'rlfl .mJ most of these damages !Ire due to faulty lanJjn::: ttd~lllllJ~; conuet with obsudes On runi war or lin foreseen rrrcurnstances, Dam.l~e from mal practices used when rhang. ing rires account for the L05s of Inan}, otherwise wrviCC,lblC' and ~."\I"a.gc;l.btc tires, NAVi\ER 04-10-<'06 LOntaim'
the landing
n1llily

not only inrrease the service life. of the t ire but w ill Ltll!' rove the cflid t.ncy of rhe aircraft.

d,lily check of Lire pressures will

can be very harmful

cr overto tires

Parochute

Loft 15 Roised

NAS Al!lMJ:DA-Tlwy rarsed the roef III I'\:AS AI A~fI'Dt\'S p,t.r.'1cbute loft, Wlwn nr~~ constructed in 1943., the ioft was only 34 leethigh. Thi, was (;(-)M"ll.lerecl "Hlple fur ~Jl'1IIg ;Ultj dq'mg Ihe 14·ftmt ~u.fl"pits hwd led ~l th.. t rime by the overhaul and repair dep~rtn

menl.
H;:c.ll!se ItLrgt'f ch U t~.. new are hem,!; repaired {I~ (he ststiea, it was necessarv litera Ill' to mise the roof 10 IOO!. This Wll~ al'wmplhlii;:J without lntl;Ifuf'tion \J! rl'suJaf routine work, Proper dryioll fudlili<$ fur j1'J.tlI,hu{t'i are !J('t'eS~lrl' fM J~tecting teats, ·defettive 51hdl' ing 3 nd LOrrOSIOIL Parachutes ill service are opened, hUllg in the drylotk~r for H hours then inspected ~fld reru rned to storage everv 11:!1l d~v~ tn h~p rhem in ,g.mld eondruen,

helpful

engine or brake failure.

llfld malnteuance

instructions for the care of aircraft tires, Sub-

34

R(,strirtnl

That's Wrong VMf-lll-LI)",1

You're Right

,01.1 weather llyillil ~'H1~iiunns make the lise 01 cockpit heaters nrul detrosrers a ncce sitv. Several he.lter~ were malfuncticning and glll\\ rluS' ' ere huming of
out. STaff S~l E. C. nrdner, NCO In charge U1l' EI~LltloU ... hop, dlsmnrnler] ~N'(riJJ heaters ~11<1found the wnditii,ln shnwn ;1'1 t(lf'

NEW MK-3 SIGNAL MIRROR OUT
slgnnling mirror for inclusion III multiplace life Tans and 1>1'-2 survival kfls
CllUI

B

LIA ,,« Air~orn(;;
IS

procunng

a new and

El1ltipmcnl.

(liYlslon
Improved

photograph

II will

be noted

tllnt

in the

Or:lSloal instnllat iun of n gil"" pill!! the Inug tIP on the jlfound Ie-old ",,,uIJ Inillh ertently be shorted 0111 a,~un t the pushiu Ie-[ut J1}

the war

c.Upping the tip, as oll!>wo in h('11.011l phato!trap!,. lilt' condition W~~ rem!;'Jltd.

Lng mirrors developed since the S~.JrI of phil ed such emphasis f.J11 ocean survival, the n w devire will replace 11.11

Fi rth and latest of the line of signal-

ed by pilot .

exist'ln,g mirrors which do not have reflex sishtillg. Three years or restmg went into its design bel ore it was ;IC' cepted.
Tilt! new mirror i
NAVY USED MANY MIRRORS BEFORE MIC 3 MOOEL

made

of double-

bmin.lled tempered and annealed ~las~ anJ JS so tough it wII Lresist he1YY usage without breaking. i,ghting is dOM as With sevcr.rl other of the- s-i_gnalin!! mi rrOfs.-lhroagb 1I] aperture In the middle 01- the mirror. A rainless steel screen coated with catch 11gh L prmltlLtS a ship to cat{.'11 their cyes by Bashing sunlight. re Navy started the war with II ,'>implt> si,e;naLing mirror made of staingleaming "pomt' {or tht' downed pilot Io aim at II plane overheu.] or djst:u,t

less tecl with .1 1,1:1inhole Jll the middle. The next one brought out was the Mk I, featiJring a plus sign in the middle for Sighting, An experimental model, never produced, rame next. H had a binged inset in ODe end Ior sight, ing but its plasnc construction did aot
stand up in the water

rmrror

was brought out. TI115 [eatured a black metal casing for a mirror and a fixed-lricge ~jgbting reflector. The new

so

the

Mk

2

Mk

=)

Ievice, wuh a range of

ID

miles

01

more, replaces the c.
Ihl; following day elapsM lime !>f ]7 hours and ~(:)

Airships
NAF

Make

Record
airships

Flight
which

lIT.Iived at their dosrinanon

at

1~3;It, 011

Wn;K8~11.1.t:'-Twl1

HUE

IS I!OW 10 MAKE A BAt.KY H,!ATE:R WORK

BuAlr Com",,,,,j - It is nOI feasible thaI rhehort circuit was the cause of u..,_ glow pLug Iail ures, Electrical current Iollow5 til", eeurse of least reslKtallCI! which, m thi. instance ..would be through the short eircuir, <nu,s by-passing the glow plug enlird. ]1 i~ probable thin it W1I5 assumed lit" glow plug bud buened out since there Wil~ 1'10 ign.itjon of til\! fuel-air- mixture in rhe healer. 11 i cett.ainly expedient to

A

~jr5hip since the war, Departing on I M,,-ro::h,the LWD arrships of Z1"-1 a"flml'li1;he~ for the first l-i'me u nunsrup flJght Irorn A GlJ;\~"'ThNi\MO,ll ... [(I Y t\F WH~sYl1.1 E, N.C., a distance If 1040 nautical miles. 1''' K·lli. piloted hy LI(j_g) I:!. A. Boyd .• and the K·9 piloted br ltC }g) .llal Lewis, left MeC,!I;) Field ill wm and

engaged in Wl' .th:f{ opernnons 10 th, Curibbean ares made what IS believed 10 be the 10nge51 uver-tlre-warer _flight flJr the K·t}'[W

minutes The arrshrps

qurt

speed of ~S knots.

noon

rnamtained an avemgc ground WeMher f1mdlljnrls wert> favorable Iur the flight unri] (1,1' lifterof the second dav when a cold rr(lot

of moderate intensity approached Weck5'ViliC a.t the same rime a~ the l1.in;itips made their
appearance. li<lpatc:d "Ir~ltifl of Llhl which ilJ (\ parIn the fleet "perilt)on~, the K'HlS, rll(lted hl'l"l D)!VIS, returned to Glyn(o, G3.,

A third

"-1 the ~'llme time.

modify

the lug

attached

to the ground

I erm inal to eliminate rhe sho rt ci rUlll a nd the method modjfio:auon suggested is cer(aiol' p".lcticnJ.

or

F4U Flies Sans Catapulting
REN\)Ov.~-An r,IU ernlrt" ran I;if tlx Co1tliplil,t wLthollt HI~ push rrom we rnechamsm, this squadrun Ji~("\'aed recentlj The l'la.ne Wa, on rhe starboard Gl{'{PUJr rcudv tur launching when the holdback tlng hwk~ TIH: mJimtm <;l1,jwetl 2~ knOb (,f wind ,1UI'~ lflt'ducl,: Mll'r ~ ,)I.font unassisted run, the plane became 1tirl)(lll1~SUl'(,~~·

be I~mwlle.!

Vh!F·211.

fully.

~~Ibjt:q"ent

IllVe,ll/;:artl',n

r.,-lIeJ

If]

lnnltl"

the rmssrng

hoklback !log. but it fI-I(I(L)u.slo xnminatrun <1' ~II other elements p\ll-Dtcd 11> Ihi. as the phJl' cnnclusion, The plane hjlJ a full I(m] ul .Sll cal IlUUllUIIJ!;l'l1 und 1Tl~.s:ImUlTI inlt'rn,d s-n' It;'JJ. b,inging It~ W(;Ig!Jt
til II. 'illO pounds when II
'W~5

cl!oplllte.;J

li(jrtid oxy_ge-11 a bolIrd N,wj patrol plaNeJ In reI/Iou bulky resu]! m a great Ipace cmJ 1I/(lgb! .raving. IbIS Air Forc .. sboios the Ilql/id o.'<ygen J1or~g" tallk on Ihe "Kill,' beJ/de' it are sta ..ke( the tJ).,)'gerl boules -/'eq_lfil"edto hold the um'lf rJ1l(Ollli/ a I oS)',gen /JI gt#Ii'OIlJ 1m 11/ Of r ('flt'J~, tb« "flit,}, 'I f(! r bi!jl' life.! rIIl'e bonles /1 b{(b are riot 11111e o'\'J big.
()x)gen Il1'Jfag~ r IIkJ,

When BuAer p/,1rer

rz:

it totl!

35

Grenade

Not For S,ignaling

Numerous rep0fh .,.J non-functioning flf grenades, 5!1l01;;e. while. He, AN·.t\18 have been refel~ccl HI th e bureau lIt ()r.lnanre, S_gllll» distress, hand, lky .md .nlgh I, Mk
("

~'"\~ -,. :.......

"'\

A.mmo Perfo·rmance ,Reports
rt'pu,,~ .rmi~·ed In til., Bureau are corning un RUDAOE'~, Na=Ord F"OTI 147, which are dcsil'nt'tl l'!imadly f(lr ,,~uiprnf'nt or material other than ammuninon, (See OeL XVI.tl5) , Although these repllrb are available; the AmmlJnitino Per-

lI1.IIny j,mmU[lltton

Ttl J.llevl~te this M(UaUon. aval .AviatIon Ordnance Test Station, Chmcoreague, Virgln.i~. h35 devised (WO mc(hod'so.£ keeping
the

//1' \\1
1.,' ~ \

\\

j

bomb

in ~(ghl M (he higher

altrtudes,

(orma!)," Report, X"vOrJ Fonn l44"1, which I~ designed S'pm;ilidally for ammunition. ~hould be used. (Sec DCL A4ri-45).
(Ina

und, in te~ts conducted I hU5 fnr, resu 1tJ;h~ye Mt'C1 111gbI)' satisfactory. The firSt me ..hudemploys D srnok e trail to· f1l:ciJ.H.rte ,isua] trnrkiug, ,tnd ,givesgooJ

\

_.,

results ;,t ,,!ritl.1tie.> oi

15.000

~{'Imetimes .:IlIlI_ger"u.~ performance ._f flmronnJrionis the prompt arrd complete reo porting of such malfunctions to BlIOrd iw ,m~I)'~i5 and «nreerlve IIction .. Aocordil1g1~. '\~hen how nrmuunit ion and its related BgU ;p. simplifies the problem uI keeping the 1-10mb meat are involved, reports em both NiI.~OrJ in sight. An int~re"til'lg k~~ure 0 F til isForrns 147 al1111 1444 ~hould be submlned method its adaptahllity to d iff erent armosphezic conJ.it;ut1S in lb~t 3 wide selection of 24" Gun Tests N.avy Bombs smoke eolors rue !w.,ilable, HtJlrJC, it is gen~FG DA<J41GR1iN-i\. 24:-UKh test /il:ln. eraJJy pll~sib1e to obtain ~11 excellent colorluge!! Imo'l"n, gun o·f I~~ type. L. in OpCM- ccrurast h<;<twecn the smoke trail ~nd the pat. ticllla:r ~ky.backgrO\lnd encountered 'liCln IlrU,is Prf>~ln.l: ,ltI'Qlmd Co teo! bombs The second melhod utilizes two electricall)·· "nd ~u.irlcd m iss-ile WI!.rne.1d, and their Fuses. ign ileJ flares (experimeneal p)'rQlernru(' Igni. TIlt new gUll s'\<!(lt~ bombs and wndlL'llds ter type ~I·o-~l whirh produces 11 bright ~; he~.,,-y 4S 1.U()/) ptll1nd~ 31Ji11nst armor plate 50 uree <J ( light dearly "jsihle unde r n II rrna) and concrete mrgC'tli ar supersonic velocities. renditions up r" a.1t itndes (If ;0.000 feci. The eIT ects I'll the impacts- <In the missiles When observed {rom ground postrious, the and their componen ts will be mess ured ~ I'lJ Ugh t pre J need by til C' Ilili es lIP!' ~~ r, ,1:5 il. .1lll1lyzed. small bn tli~!tl d'nt whidl i,~ideal for ace urate The gun is a, $awed.off balfel of a st:.odard trll,k_ ng purposes. The proced Ute for: mou at16-in~h gun which had been damaged on the iug and ign iUng the /lare.' is qu it~ \imple. battleship Souib. Q"l'Dla during the war. It 1<1"1.. a di re, L hit f,urTi J TilP ~ 00. pOIlJl dborn h ;U1d consists nf winng the flares to rhe i:'IU nns in n position dj~mctr-lOl.lly opposite each ,lun ng I he blltt le II F:I.f!l.t .ruz, Aft!'1 Il, I' lllhe r , :Inc! of runnrng "I",(irk ..! I",acii fro I'll ! war, BuORIJ salvaged rhe gllil fe" Dahlgren the primers III the Ixlrnbing circuit in ~Il,h j" use, It i5 availabli: fur test firing by .1./1 :L manner that the l'hr~s lire ~gnitoo ~t the armed fot,'C';i of the U . ins til nl o r bumb release. Tlli, merhoJ is n 0~

II cannot be ever emphM,iled ~h~r the be~1 d~.fcme agamst the r~curfoo,~of improper

The II flll.n g!imen I used i\l.r producing lhe smoke trail rnnsists of a packet of three t.:r:1S sn,oke grcru<fes which are secured to the tall o( 1Le bomb, and ignite at the instant of bomb release by the action of the arming wires pulling lL.e grenade- safe!tl' prns, The trail rhus generated is dmlriy visible hum ,grrJUlld tracking stations, ;md greatly

1\1 zo.coo

feet.

~-("

-

l;;

Mod

0

lW'I'e replaced the grenade,

<IN-}fS

I'

Since the primnf)l use lOt me lIN·MII Gn:nade t~ now in damage control and fire6ghting training, II high percentage flf performance is not considered "hal-Tbe BUIWU of Ordnance is conducting qllllUty control tests 1111 all ?Yr!.lted11liu, including these grenades, tv dderln.ne tile serviceabillty of the 5hl rk~ (In hand,
rr shrmld
.H':-MR,·

fpr distress ~ign'lling purposes (Se~ OJ' ~9ll-). These M k 1, 5 ig.na Is arc new generall y "" ailable in "de'luMe quantities,

Grenade [or damage control and fire~gbttog lTIIinli\g Wat thi5 item. ptt)du{e,
which i. "lightly toxic in high con-

be

kept

in mind wherr I.l~jng the

smnkc

For_ this. reasoll" the AN'·].IS GreO:h{e should be used only outdoors or m well ventilated span:" A new grenade which can be used fo,," Lr,eie purposes in dosed Spll~e5 wHl he· lV1J.ij"hle in the near future.
(etltr:!IJQtlS.

Cradle Screws For 20mm M3
J ItCIe
Ml

recommended

fot

use with

any

bomb

load

bt·tllu~eof the lite h~Llrd which w!,u)d e*i~t in the t\~('nt ~hM a bplI1h failed to relen.w. With lQ1J.dli. carr ied sopp.!y ~5tem, 13t/OIW has p.o';L1~cd the reCjtlin:d quantity l,1 ,trew.> .and !-S stoclnng e>:tllr"~ II),. Lhe "Ystem is c:on~ide red sui ~. .:l.[l d., i.Q rile It..... J n stanl'es w.h~ te bl) '" b~ ha vc: rai led lh~ro at i\.... j(ltino Supply D«prl[" N~",jlSuI" to Td~~~"" the flures have burued out with. ply Centers, Oakland and Norfolk, uncle.! Ihl!"" OlJt ,bmage to the bombing ::Lirc.raJt.. SID.. !.: (!L1mbct JV4NH ~7-';O. B,;;qui5iti.nns 1M AIrh ougl, W~ ,;y stem, de$crl bed ;1 r.nv e ;!Ie lileS!.' SC'fCWS should b~ ~lJbmitted In tl!.;-t:1uJ· Slmpl", impw"!,SatJons to e!irnir'l~te some of an(e with NAVORD OCL V:O-'l d:ated 7 the t! ifIjcu [ti~s en«lU Ilre red in ."i.sua I I rw:k· May 19'17 or Inie.~t re"isi"l.1, lOOng, they are, I1wenhdeS5, of .gr~t vnJuc 111
l~

whIch

carried interually

states that [om steel flut screws, stock number R~J·S.~~!I~IZ. should be requisulcned [rom the Av iatron SU:flply Office ~l!pply $p;lenl, 1n view the. fnct t/ia.t these ~"'''W" are Mt IIv;I,llIble In the Aviation SUl'l"ly Office

BuOtcl NA.VaW osn V3·~8', dated 14 [ 9 48, prom u igrrtes in str ucrinos {OI' mod i.f1I<'1gce.r1 B in en tl ~ p.rodu ct ian :Wm rn
crad les und

he-old mndilne

or

Correction

nilS SAWED·OfF GUNI ONfiE WAS ON llAnLE:SHI·p

Hig!hAltitude Bo.mh Tracking
Le;1 >lnu eYah.l11.tion of varinu~ typcs vf b,lnif'ii'ilg 5J~lem~ QfNm '"'1(111''' tl",t alcuratf' data !Ie obt~i~ed retu.tiv'! en !lre' Ii me ,,[ btl((lb [el~Me, the bomb tnJ it;;t(ltv • .toe! t.be pOlint of lmpncl'. the lower ~It!tucles, fitUe or no di ffi ellItf is exper imeed ill obtai IlillS ttl e

01 line 11Hllnlc'nanct pMt~ in ("]W11n.'l I JnJ.. ~ (p:1ge ,8) of the AprIl is.sut: oJ N.wAl1lt NEW!> ",hould 11M,\, appe..vcJ with Ill!!. ~rride in the ~j'.1 C<.)lomn -TO·1'.1 {1u 1{14R GIll! SIgh!. !i~tcJ

The t~h\Jl~[i[)n

....t

ing Squadron ~l by carefully
'H'ELP !RACK SOD-POUND PRACtiCE BOMB

MeltS EL TonQ-A realisti.:: touch \VIIS odded to rUe clrills by Aircraft Engineerpilleirl.g

requireJ. infnrmaticm.As

);ombing :r.1Utude$

ilre itlOelI,ed abave J ',(100 feel, the problem is (oli1plicat~d JQmt'""n'hat.. The bomb cannot tt::ldi Iy b~ pi,clted .111', lind therefOre OtIlllot be lfn(j,;tld in hs injettory with visually dlte<:ted n,ddng ~st ..na~

ume, the exp:en~e of Hftdll'>5!Y r.. bumMing r\ln~.~.nd pril"ll'l'alJy HI providing gmurH1 ~ta[ill"S with .1 good [torercllce; for IO(~(l!1g the: tlHllel at al I tl!1l~
5:'1VJJlg

pe~t.ed

-!;Jll.oke grenad .... at V!l.Tious stations in the ~ area and buildiugs. The grenades proved an ovetwhellliing $\1131.:005: personnel 51_owed \.I'tl""'pected coolness a.nd efficiency tlrrt~ugbotJt the drill although none had
been p[l:wa.med tflat
It

w~.s

JD

(he

:IH.

36

Reside/ell

Hot Dimples Mode To Order
NAs
drrnplrng

At

'MI Ut\ f\1I~h

t.-.Il e~t

l~dllli<lUL u~(Id hy lh, Pr("'I'''~Dhj~lIllJ, 1'1", tNhni'1IJ~ in dilTll,lmg 1.,1, h"wlI"
.llIt
III

lnr

rivets

un.l

wrink]
SCl't:IH

In

hll[

.s

.1

MUSCL

SAVES

neressarv

,1,<: ,levl'I"rln~nt

"I

1111'''

.u),1
,'I"

ll:T1~ik

~11U1l,:dl .1111.1111111111 ,11111\"> "n h " .. r'l1

~,IIIU\\

Ilnlu.:dll!L I, ,'f,rlltahlc I" II" l'IIH;t unlHi, .. '1111'1-',11m l'h ('11 1" l'bJ"il'l"d with hilt "nn .IJlT\j'hng ,1,\,_, .rurumat« he'll! .wnllnl l""_Iluhtots_ I( IS .11 u uw.1 with the m..... i'IlJ t;1~!e I' ,"(. wnh ilUthll14til h,~1 '!lIHrn! r"'gll hIt ot!> ("r \I \<' \\ it h Milnd n \ d

',I'I,c

,,".1

,ljllLCLC'fS

tk,ll

1111: will

.IJld rtvet J,.'1lllb_ dllllllhuS

,,, .. b

II.

~nll-F,

Illuintllinmg t luc rn'f1tT tl'mpl'r,Irun 1\'1 I Ihl Ii ,'utn!1I~lil h~,1t t, mtr»] f~,£Lllillllr hl~ l!ll'n 1'''~~il'l~ no lliill(ih ],Igil nnvile 'ilt'ng,l, .dununu.n ,,1111) vdth"ut S t roB turong rill'
IlIulJL

l'hc hldf wnl rill Ilgul'll'" .. \,nt("l\rlr,!,~lJf~· "l'pl.nl I' he'In.!: clunpled
[,",

'."'IIl'S

t!l,tI

JJl

little

bl"t will

t" rhc rnutenul
,.III~e

ARMY HELPS NAVY

I:..
pl.lin.

MEN PULL iSO-POUND

l,OAD

UP SNOWY

SLOPES

Of MT, WASHINGTON W.1Y 10

FOR TESTS

I HIS .l,gl of Jtt power, eleun .iry, lll~h s)l~crl uulornobiles !lnll altern rt, Lhe [ u "y 'a.!,d A.i r l'orce hllJ 10 resort to

to keep heir Id engine researclr proJe.1 nrcratint: on top of Mt, Wasl~fllgton.
For the second s\,rtlighl winter the pr( lcct UJS-been te,.;tlng icing or engines :tIOp Ihc t.,fiy New Hampshire peak, this year in ('ooperuJion with the Air Torre and private engine manufacturers. The fe-sting pre,gr.LlTI 011 :t new General Ele tri turbojet ,Iircrafl engine l.trn~ to a hall ttl February when u breakdown occurred, A rcpl.u .. menl r,m \VciRhin,!o:

ordin.rry

must It' lLrld manpower

noned at tilt.' base the 1110Ul}tlljn on another project. Twenty men with icc creepers strapped te therr feet and using improvised rope harnesses, succeeded io d ragging the crate on It toboggan over balf
the wa}' LIp till: first day. Severe storms delayed further movement for several d ys, then another Jay of dragging

)lI,,(h had

,IUJ continue t-he tests was by hauling the hl'l-lvy rr:.if[ over tho: sleep snowrevered road by ~lJ(:cr tnfillpowcr, Air F 1'(C ami Navy engineers conducring the t ests w ith General Electric enlisted tud of the Army quartermaster corps
li

I'lu onJy

repair Ihe

engine

detechmcnt of soldier

or

sta-

,;"0 l'QW'lJ was rdered.

DIMPLE II.llrlltl',

MAK:ER

rAICES

.sERIOUS
II

Y I~W

OF WORIe

~(t""[\t'

h~,'1

ill IX' deiruncntal

hUI t11ll11,lillj:l IJIUJ,"J c.ru ,iI~,' hI u~I,',1 tin ~-I~'I illlll¥'. ehrnin.urng Ihe ItWI ne,Iunel11 "rl:'n.t"lIl lurl11uh r~q"'Il"'- In ~,~t [h" ,d["v ,ttl SO 'l)nJJlil n
1'1'[ ~l11('!'grnn

,,' the ."!t'l.

-nil.!

.md

~iderc,l

(j[~nr'mi!e

ttaunr could haul the part to tilt: {',uoroot summit. The plow could not handle till' h ~\y .~110W .uul i e blocking tbc
road.
10 haul A hcllLOJ'1 ('or was ron thl' IU'I.1. but fo,g, icc
'll

It wns planned to use "-11.1 clear the road to lilt

1

summit so a

snowplnw

the ,top

flats a mile below
iH'Y'-

brought the team to the dear windswepr
the

jeep which had been kept the mountain .LII winter. relieved the summit,
part
WII -

summit.

Here

lite weary men. When the replacement

re-

Jirllf'lioi)

lIl'l'i,rtllllb

\.\

Ilt'r~

hIgh '\ irnls 111,11 I'l'rl,du,dly 1'01IUJ ML \'(' .LShlllJ,!lOJ1 dllfill,e !Ill ter 1l1ll.lt· Il.~ ri k too weal.

r,

ceived

,II

repairs were made

\\ ru-

on lilt' ,d cnginL' ,unJ the le..,t I'fOgC:llli moved 10 rornpletion.
nul ~lgf.lJI I'LII1l'b

uutornntic heM control regularnrs are nut, J_\aJl".h1l'. Tcmpilstu k .H1J Tcrnpila; mal' hI:' l.1~cJ til check u·nllWf.llur,< ,H' - I'tt'v.nr ,1\l:r, hcaung In pencrl rorm, Tornpilsuck hll'lt, when I hl." (,'m r'~r,1I1I rt: L1f mttJ I ~l(,n'J~ '\ $11 f It I.' Ids" Ill" d:lhl~ (11r '\IIW ~ 1~'II1\1~t," tures.

Safety Aids Useful on Snow
VMF-i.n, Er TOIIfl-DlIIing ~"I.l ",e.Ulln exercises hd<l III Aj:t.,bn w~tels, the follow Ing ,.,bs{'.'v:l(IOl15' "i 1111,'I<."t tl) pilo!. \\ illt
IhlkJ:
Illl' III

lurLl'd

11In.!ings

h lin

plillt. In the snow-covered

C\'t'O!

of

ground,

Tlus

I, ctl)~t' .flr ~up 011 pcpbknl' mda''tltul rI~~ll r"f ,,,It'l t'tI ~1l"lkc r",kcl..' fnf lIW l1H1rkil1g t,iTj:(ttS. 'rho: wlutc smoke rock,,!.,
~1.ilIICldly

'ltjid~, uf dtl(ilillg, SIl.l"'ivfI! equipment, ,HId nit ion) \\ ere 1'1~ced ill the "mer amrnuniuon cans und III lhc b"gg:tge rornparrments ul lilt ~qli."[/I't1\ 1'IH'-!l~'S,
.... 811Arr QI/II1fCIII-The neon

doth IS _I, Nunienue,

dc~rly

visrble

from the air.

&it:> hAt GOIH'!AO-'It51HIOlY ~, \'IAVtO'Off ~ Fl\'I~'H~HTURN!~' AT Tiff: il.AMP, Ht 5AID

Orm,!;\e ~m"kt' b wnsiJl'fl-oU slllbfact..ry fur ,ill npc" lir tt'r"lJfl , Dv~ nturker un In'I\\ i, ,.I~a II \' \,;, ,hl~ tn-m the .IIr ,wd 51""iI,1 Pili'" VltI;"lhl III 1l1.11 klllE: 1_lr~U, .. r I"t 1I~(' h) d'lwn",l piluh 1'1'1,11'1. Ilwlr i''''I[Hm' "I t" I"y "ut p,m,,1-, {. ;-,!rIT'~ ot own..,(' L"U dllth were plnced Ul i;lldl u1 tl\.l~ ''I41l.dHtn ,llrlJ;ll( flit 1,I)'Irlg ,

were

lIIvi~ibl·

"!I.unsl

the

snow,

ijn~ .It,d pf>nchlls supplied for use in multiplace aut! pa~;Jr"f(>l respectively oifel' n

red pau-

highly eentrastiug targl't for use uil now, sea or land, 'The M1. I.~ smoke ~igual peevided ill lif" vests and in "U rafts offers 3
dense

elIN'1ive in

20.sc<!ol]d orange- d(ow smoke also nOl,' Mens, toruge of extra g~ar i" contingent upon the airernft and for acrunl rornhat missions could not be placed in aITUno ('uns, wh'chh.avl.! other u~",ges-.

37

New 'Un,iform' fo,r Plug Leo!d
lil,\eH n'{~nlh "l'prPvcd fI ri.,1.I' Jt:.,igIUlI,,1 d<l(ldmhlt' 'rark plut! 11;,10.\wluch will r~pl"Ct L'X 1.('11 It! I~"d~ IV h<"11 ru rreru stocks un, ex lr..W.L,·J. T'In. 11(°\\' !~ad uses ,juuhk II'H,,j, ...1 ",tid Lilt, ,t~'lll,·," ~tc<!l cI.11I'W~. '111\1 .1 1111'111,1",1 luhbe, (""'I'lll,~ ""'~' IIIl ,'ot,ft' I! "gil, "I III~ '''It 01 ~ 11, (~.". 'Iii !I,I ru t i, In) Th,,~ ~P'II k plilf'," Ic-",J. h,n" he-n 1:11", m," h"I,,·J .1 nJ II ""!.! I 110(' [1:'1'" rUI1\'IIr'~ "r ~l'cd 10L.11;'111 TIlt' "on iu II'" "( th" new '1\' s'1r f' Iu~ 1e".1 I~ C~I'~~!"J II' hI (.1r IJ r""~tr tlhI n II LI!o;~ rrt n' rrent ,,~... A""IlJe, g,,,,d ftallirt .. ( Ihis 'rJltl, plu.g kiLlI Ilwn he' used tntt'rrlo~ngr,(hJy ')0 anv dd:ldmhlc \c'ld IlI,t:,II>l(!(lJl_ 'rll(-'_ SI'lItk f'lu~ kilol,.

FROM ASD AND' SUPPLY DIVISION .RUAER
Air Force-Na,vy
One of tlw

Provisions

"l(,lmrl~ OJf inl('{-""" I,'l' ("t"p~J"~,[ In IL ix the J~vl'lorl1wn! df ,! new spare ["" rts r rLlvlSj"nlfl;!! 1)t0u:J ure [OJr A rr l'''Il't- ,llltl N~I\¥ <l.irfmmt pwductlOln .'111traCI5

Iw.;r

~,,+""

Ch I\!' working "Mlntl!ljl bl t\\'l~l::n tI,~ ~~ rvrccs in rel,j~wi~~ tll('lr ""'1",,[111'" p,,"lorLfflulI! pl;lllle~ resu Ited In the drvelopnu.nt of tlll~ import""l Illl~lOlllt];[t whu.h pr"'I'I:II'~ lUI nllt lind rondiunns gOVl'm[rlO! LI,,- ~d('diHO Hod (utfll~h tng IJf spare parts ior both StfVI n',· in .' ("mtl/tlll 11111i, nidI/if ,/iii, /.II1.~N.1l!'" Til'; iliint d'lCl.lm<'nt inLII.rrum1t,Iht' h~'~1 ft-;Ilures and n.MlIcrlWIli5 ut I,h~' rt;t;p<;,,1 i,e 1'1"1. "''';''l1fn,'t prm .. dures .10,1 wDI re ,ull In wt'''(~r nperauog clfid~n~~ by I'edunn..,:: run{r:tULliO, adminisu utive t;';p~j"C~. \Wluk it I, imrll(~I"k I (I pred let Ille nrtuul ddte 111',,01

knnwn

l\, MumtHJnS

I!n~rd

vlJit"

~!),

I""

wjl] h~ el{1 ,t "lj.:

','mt~1 .. IIIIII_II""dl .. hy "SO '1'111:11 W ,l1J,k ,,~ cu rrent bid, lH" ,I~r ktt;d

Plain Bearings
The Natrorul

For Aiircraft
fl<!llJ,'1::w \ "I (on ~ ""l!

A'fn,,11 S(JluJ~rcls C'lm, 111,1t" l,ulll'Sh!?J dl~wit!g, ",Ion w ins p'!,,,n he,1 ri nb."" Ils"d m 'I rrrra It consu ~(T ;I'JI'. ~Ilnl'
"I t ht:R:'

ho:: H

Il1SS

J

whrrh this document ,viH beeome j.'l1cttl~·'" huth !he Muoirit 'hS Bo:uJ .1nJ !JldII st")' o;"n· -ider lhis " rrijJrit,)' project. and .'i'('" givmg If .:tIl ~()sslhr!; exped i U!l;l!M ~r'lilj(l'H !:\q,lrd Ct,C ;0 "'U' Wrlm'li hv ;\ panel ot the ,'11 rrly ,Ll1d rna ;111<01111 nl~' !;,Ub'l~\1I11111!lt'\! "I Illc M u n II IOns F:lwlfd ,ltld rd!,,,-i' <~In'ild('rllhk l'nlgrt~' "WI f"f""'j' rrnv'~;lln,n)! :;rp<.'ndin", It ,,' nflt ,'111) OJ
d,J"'ijllll'" Inlt! lIIirJrm"/lll d"Wlll~ut. hill 'NY'I", ,11"" ~I '''"'''''.1' "!,,,j JmM!" ,iI ,I'll.

_, II' U~ r I uv '-'W!1lng 'e" Ins wluch 1U~1:1 Lit h ."I1!1"'d"r< 1'1:1)'\1, j" revu,w Jr,1WHigs ,lnJ .<~k,,( I hl required ,rarl r,Hh t'h~ dndh'[;' ',I Munm"".. 1.I... ;I\'ll Cuso,; 'ill. (tl~noz,JcH o( llo" >1-""',1 n,,· t~nJjJl~'d 1'1' 1>1: III 1":r'l\n"~ I III !>]ttimIn! unpurtn nt II"")!" rnfnronl" In
~dt"I'MIl

h'"Ii\JIi~, .,r ilo~ I'IPw,lur( . lor "i II'dmi<,I flJ' ,tL"dlfLd
I'llI'

..... Ilill" !II her' lire f<ltIn In lung Itu,hn.ll :lncl cr,,~~ sertinn The be.mll'l-: 1(;1'I,I(lh,arc 101,1wI1lt~d on the: dr,lwingl>- LInd t"~'-lllllIlFj IIIL' '~tJtk ql'''l~lll, I". Ihn. 1", :!ltl!ll, ,~ ell ICfll'tths lutv h<,~n ,[,,{ke<1. Wh~n~w.l' -'lIl'pli Lt,,'tivi'ie~ requesti.d inl('tlnt-.II~il' J.-n~lh~ 'If hCilr'ngs" the IoII\,:O'J' IWRrl nl" \WS SUPI,I'l...,j ',"V,lh "1o'ifrlJ~! I',rn tJ, "'''mrk t" lilt' dinwns"llh required, I, i(,b"I""" thnt when lOI)hid"rahjtl'. quunrrrr' IIf ""uh,I" I ,if 11" I .llrO,lfI "'! by .. rrlrc~durl rcqurrvs wnMdcr~hlr 'Ii IIHI01i';11 j'$ W! Ilk. A)~l" iill 1hI' r ~WI' r k tng "f IE~, t'Wg... I~ rl Bit 811d aces In lint i':Jt('OnlC;
Ji~t"l"ted, hear 1Il/l!' ~,~

urn

I'~

tlil'

ultduT

",\\.J

ur

I h\

II!" 'nil.'ll~n\..~

,wd

~~t.1 per

~I,' I i, In, Ih b

dcr

which

.,s

rhe

pCrf"fll1lifTlf

bl·t\V~'·1O

the

,,,'Unltl,,, L~ ,II,,,lj' "iJtlined 'If" I d ..·l'ine.l. S, 'Jlil- uf Lill new 'fe~ttJfH (,t d,IS ducumcnt arc: U! 1 ,\ til hl~1 ur I'H n Lt!t! h :Jnill IIt1iJ'I h!JIIWli nr t,~LII\ll~hllUi j I,L n ... 'h"~~ h"l. ~t... fHHU~ ·u l'jJ.r11l.
1I1wI."rmllcni ,tIllI • h~ A Olnl'lhhh t.,rllt'Vnl'll,f,l t'l 1'1 U..'! - II j, ~IJ.l whll!h de.Hn!!+. Un.!! ~·e5il'llJli~>ihi.lj(I'~b .. J bt.UI iTijH~~t,...) .tIIHI Lru f<1'l"\ [~t!.u !l11jt In'1...~l,lrillt~1
i

Ih"

'~j

mllJlbt'r~h.il" "0 I 1111",;' pl"'''''iIL'~Til" ,I1'1'~ IIii "lin II It II <]11~ ~I/lul tirld Jl,,'r~!lnl1~1 Il'~lll!, in ,j snunder I'lJl)' v \SI!.>n' I'Ig P' "f:rJ Ill. I! I~ kn!.I'I-ivcl) 1,1,'Mmei r" "1,I'i'I"1II\. ut L1>l~ ](1 II ,th .1f1 ill\"lf,'I'~ I i\ N (11I1.~1TU=1l1 wl1l11i WIll ,[dUll" III all JI~tlr~'!l1d FlL'rsoflnel, UK 11" 1111rl' ,,,- rmvi'll,rolllf:: I "·1101 ~"'lI r( e wdJnj! flit p,:lrh nml ,ts rrnp'''f.~Ill'l' ttl Jilt ~u PI' I)' r"'gnllll,
;.Ilg

,(,n~l,1

expenditure
fL-(')mILlu,
nt:l1.':'j..~<U'y ill

u,,' 11"

da Illfl.,[lOO

w
or

A~tJ' Ih~'" tt~lll
ludk:af' 1I""lh",
11n ~

~~I' ug 1,1.1111 h~~J'll1g ,I "111'1 J SIH[)mt nt req uest Ll,~ part

Lhtt Urttc!y :1~'liHn !'jrlllJJn.H.1 Il( LIHI'..,h bl ~u"'UI't.1 ,h1l:! f"nn('U FL'1:'J'H, d~'II\'cl'r (If ..: ~u .'~I...... ~

Lockheed

Uses Flat Screws

Ihe ('Ill I (1"" IIf Ilii, 111011 A ".0 (.LIn prorl'dJl ,k·t~rll.llIlL ,(!,,'k r"y"llr 11-1",v~t'ol1$ ~11"-'" rCl1iilrtd required,
In Ill~ll.::r ill

arnl

I.

"nT\'r

"r

,":\ ~l(unU1{,H' t't~Ii'FHt lO'n -r;(''('llnrl. ,o\n oIl!'xbfhlL ....rtion ' Itlh:''14Intlm~ r"I'IH .... "u:"':R"d in ~f)al·1 PII1'4?I' lll·lh"llll·.'tTWut J\IHl I!~'" 11v.'I"'')'' \111 ../"\ rhl~H'.IIIIt- rlHil1HlllO w1( 1't'·rl~l.a-l"l'H'\ (u~ 1'lu;Hn~ hs l'du.t!on 10 lhl .~"lhr·I~~'~ II', NJI V)~ I, gil nl.nilll(,!rltl ..jiW•• rlUiI '4'., ,,", ~,~ .q·hHul

,.', I dl

,'W

If I 'I'~)'h"il,,,1

'~wJL~'I",

ur

,1.",,,,,,,,,,111\ h,n !h., 111""111"It J'lIJt:·ii\'lw!~I~UL111J!,pn1V1J11iiH,rnq' luul fin!.!] Jtl:H\'je;]wdllR< m,wtinQ': to,!,;' m.t:'JlJl~~I~hl1J uf 1hi.' rlrnv[~ifU1ing .h.".;:un; Iht+ ~11~1''b.~llu~nt;ljwu J1"~fll,Jh'j"nlt"ral!llrill' Uw IIL"jll,Jil"d,l1nhoI f'~\I,,"~tln,~.
PI'n.'erhJr~"
[1:Jr

"r

AI\' ,Wl ~U"\\,, UI" he ,lLh.l;wtc..1 '",r Lo..:k I"'cd r" rI nlln,b~'1 (I ~"I aod ( r 1-", ~ rn rI" n',lUH~n.U1Ll LH 10,", d .UIHlllt , ~uh'111,,11"11 "I " ... ,,~, "I~W' ~j",tlld hL 'tMJ, \, I Llfl C 1 ';(1 "I\,~ "rl. n:cl u'i red, .,1 I10 "1Ij; II 1."Ltdll·l,!l oIj','Wlllj!.S imliL:J1! I'll\: Hn'I\' m.11 n,,1 b\ u,.,d wll<"'': ~Xl\·LTI,tI 'llfLn" tlu~rltw>~
,., U'PUll. 1111IIN I

Packag.ing and Preservation
t}Vtrr,uirogif1.!l JI'l!1 n\'tI!'l{'Ser"iL!II ,n I1r ~HI'ler'lll 1.:,1 n I U <! a' ,ocffcrtJ VI' ;lJ],d .",1 I~' ,~ ullIkrp"d'''!lJ!1.g .,1'1<1 Imdl'rprt~~n;'Ll'wll. A '''I',[{ lI"r I L'H'f1lh W," t<'c"lv~'CI' rB~k,'d In .1 IH" h d woudcn hlJx lhLlt \Vll:i .11mo,l[ to II m~" Hle' ~iz~ I','''!ui,.",l I" f'p'lnr Ihe h,nJ "ffr. t.l,th A ",ntilillOli "I !IllS tl.IW!l' I:r<""tlv mlllO· 11\'1~," till r'r;lt~1.! 11111 "fT"rJ~J ,1I1_J "llll~~, ,I ~I;'I'I'III.' MIn In", prilhll'~1. Si nIjll~ Innth.m,r, t'('''' ,;Ionw$ (lkeL nlti;,JI,,1'-~ ~r'K~I~ h,'mg w,,'ted ,o,Ii1~n1)111: .J [).lIi(UI i~ lIIilizing Iii, 'for,nl( {~fll m~ld l'nsily ., C"'rT1:fTI "d,l 'll n int ,.tt a~l' L'llI'L''''1 t'lr~. S, ,und lud~rncnt .1 ml ("n'IIH'lj~11l III ,.,rI'"lHin),; 111,-, "'oJ" ,f pmi'l'r I'r('~,'rV"!U111 lOci p",kHglll,l< will r,,~ull In " ~(,~'UI'" np'·"llin.ll dlld"my iii' III\' LI\'illl;I,1I ''''1'1,1), ~ptrhl

rn:

F..,

,I i,l.\u~ \I, I~
,II' 11,1,1 rd

U'~

"f (_' I

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~~) t

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h.rrtUmn[!'
Ii II

l·htrtl;.!l' ~II~Il'j
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I~_

h 1 trhe
hlloil.
huw
lilol l'L~

dt{vltI, ... pnU"I'

rfhr

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L.,'l Ihr~hn~~'" 11II' I'noIJ~'1 In
wnrklnJ; "I Ie I

I .'1' n:~dl'll' ,lilt:I'll m nil 1\,,1 ,II~,IS. bl

I j) 'I'h~ d"lIv~")·,,(
nm~h',
fh,ih,lt'I')

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,"n

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'*"LI

~(I ~\\"

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~"al"ir

f!u~h~~"".

'r~("t

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0., 't, ~iJ ,d~" I]fU,'db plULUL'!!llIn1[ dircrll.y fnllil till' ~'rlillt ""1\~nll:I,~r,If lilill,11
r~qu,r~iT\t'r'HS ,,/ p~clllJ,lr H'Md"'r b\l~-<ilri.

r",

Dedasslification of Bulletins
A, .1 ('!'~!l11 "I ~u~gbli('ll~ hy lidil ~.divl1"_. i\ ~Il 'Il'chntnll ~qf'I·I\' Uullvllns h"~r be,'II ,1.0. I:""j lil',1 t ""lTt • H~$lnd\ J' I" 'I;, 11 ()I~' 1,,1 II~,. i 1011\' 1'1", d<J1I",,,,til~lil'" ,I"mld rt'~ult in ,I W 1.1('1 ,,,,d Inon .:I1",I"V{· 11"'11 ihllll"''' (" ,III ,Iuth,l. ,.«(.'.1 1"'r~""m'l' 'L' 'I III r 111;< til> II Ii "1111" Ii"" ,It~" nUTlo1 d hI' 1111' II
jll~drrl_

tr;oc,lor) ,'~l:l<S'''!R'~, dl1CI 1',1..:' I. IIml lIun1lo \\'liilil Ulfl,'111 r~ .II'~ IHI( ill lin 'f~lell1, ,lkG:HlSI' of llii~ f(';fIUl l. i.. rtn!,.,,1 'lJ1mdl'''Ill> "', II rnlll (' rt',ldi I" '''l1ipl.-k IUI1);,' ,'1 '"'I I l'I'i " I ~"l'
upt'r.!llnn_ 11 I',h

hulk
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nl'\\' I)'

(,hi .• III ill' I "II

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I,'

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I'll 111-"1'.:"

tc,L

I L)i

(lIt

llil' ,In;::Hl hlr l11Slru(jpn, 10 I.ILJ I.' "!L ' ....Iv .n, (l',~'l!l,l: ~Ilcl

1\,1\ I' rr,'UIL (_ I" <lll,1 t~dln IllIJI)' '111'1Ii htd 0':1.'1 .1\ III II' 'fl. InL''1H~11' ,l'Il,e"nd U'I'o:I' I ",ui pl·r!>l\fliwi. I~,,' "11'11111",rt,,'tnl

r."('fl

T" lilli, .11 '111'1,1\ 111\ II 1.'1III 1111"1111,11",," "I ", rl 'I fI( It'd I,,(turl 1"111 [0,.., rllhl" 1ou.1 III " ~lW" <1.11 T~lI 1itktli 'M IOirl'l LIflL(1U5-It~sirlC[l:d

" '"x·d,,') .... ('<iI II~' 1"'1'" 1I1~llg,II,'d Ii, Wc("<1 "I' I r;lIl1lJ1J4 11111 r 'n,duu~ .. .HL H' d c',,, III!,;. J LIL j" utill!~ "J I"NUll ,111 rh"Jl'J ,,'~u'l" jlll,1 rlJl "'- ,,,-,_q'I~ ...1 Ii\r II rglll tr,liu,Irtj! ~ r t~f .g-r:nl LI.It I J\I! 1"'0111 C, d I~I!,~_

"I,,,

38

NEW ENLARGER LICKS VIBRATION
1111l~

i. rru] lULL (.11 IlW .. y wlu-u tl LI: l'll' tam wou't h.ivc tu ~I()w IIlL 'lIlli' fiO JII" phOIO,l!fJrh{,r_ r.Hl rn.rke .1 hlow up_

~...t

.~~
""14""-

.

-'r,..,..... l ~.

wI

... w

MODlfl~!)
h,'Jnl-lll.IJL

JAO( fO~ ~lfTltiGTO-I lANtllNGGtAR

.tJapt~'1

II'dd~,1 l. llic lade,

,IS

',IIIIlI'n IJ~r". the ((Jb (';<r) 1',.- done with II I11Ir J "f i ilt 1l1~ n power 111 less time ", ith 1... "1,

Improvised
1\1 .AS
:LovIn

Torque Wrenches

DRAWING

I

knots Jallll(b!ll~ ra!"1. Rt'SIIII-., '\hl1nnwinj.: Jl1d ~urrC,lll,ti( }"'llmh,
_'i

S'

SHOWS

I'O'S5ISLE

DESIGN

OF ENLARGER

111'.1' - d

rarrrcr

phQt'ogrnpllJl

room.

Or,

.hit'l11

Ih. eli il' rlMkiu,l! or r~lw(lring .rir
cnliL"ff:I:[

... lark

1111"' purgalQ'1 III NJYJ l'IIIIIO,l.!n!,l1· Cr<> I~ ope- (If Ion,!! Sl.I.I11li II~, I r h,!, hC1:11 llu, (,Ill,.' QI ulu ..r~ !llll'] iI,li r pull' IIJ~ while llw (0 "dl~ (or ["dllr<:, \II .1 ~trike- jn ,I hurrv ud) .L 1~1'(JbI~m lll'm,II1J~ It solunon am! the.' 11hoto~r'lrllll Jhl~lon 01 I1IIAEI~ h We I 011 Ib W.I) til l'mvld111ft It.

rl '1 I fI-Iw -"Ipph ,hwr,II-" J I." I-lrll1 In 11'1-''quadt"t'J II, ,111 uur,m·i,It ... 1 to,,,! sut>bHlg fur " turuu, I\-'~,'Idl I t I' m,ldt' 11'''111 tl.r('~~4UMI..r inch IWI( .11 I wrench ,I "nd .( h.'w scrups, "tililr,lIl.1 ),,' 1<; Inl!l' I" 'LHUI~ "I L'('I'qu~, 1'11" "llI,,,I, (M dlilj,:L.,m) Wil' [1 '~rpltJ pruuur: I) Illr il,!.1I1rl'llIllg 1111. ,WIUPI<lh, !lJj,)'lHl~ ,,,,I .. n liI~ "r~!." ."wlllhi 1'1 Ilw 'J 0·1 lI,nl"lt, 1.,11 II h,l5 Il~L ::-rUlllilr imrnl,I,,,'IIU" uu ~'''Ily b, 1I1'ldL (," "II)' ,,110 '.r 111,11'"1""11111' jllh I ~<I'ljt It'!! to r<lLll wu-nr.lu

1.'{luil'Il1~llt Th~' [lIhllil<i 1$ JJlil-de 1ft III Iht> odd-shaped hIde' in Lilt .rxlc hI' l'r!:'~1!1g putt)' intn 11i~
holt, .uu] ""ll,.in1: .0 ,It'l:l .1,l.lplq the MIme "/;-\:, An ,,,1.hwmal sllwng "f IU rmuutex p,'r wilt!:'1 dl'tn~l j, ctf."".! bv u: c tJlI~ j;ak.

"r

",l."

"I'

d,ffuCllI

~J7.l'lo

fUNNE~ CATCHES

DRIPPINGS

DURING

I'lt0P

WORK

Rl':il'JJ't'h
.Il

Aeronaut k~i1
Lrhornrory

I~ 1!.pillf!, on ul the Phetogruph« 1:;;I"erlmmlul

Prop Dolly Idea Catches

Oil

lhL' J'I'(Ibkm induruuon li,!:li1r source for .111 L'OI.lr~er N'rm.lll)' Iht: li,chl of un ell In ',Gel- IS 011 J or 11\~ sC('IHld., or lon.gl;'t' wlulc lile t'nlar!!JO.g ~lll'l'r l~, b<':l1l";;' ('x[,u,t'tl. A.n) \ lbra.on dUrlli,lo: dl.lt u'po~urc results iu .1 blurred im;l,~I:, \X'ith tilt' development of ,(rODOSC(II'lr I i_ghlmg iu whidl Ibe: APEL', .irrrOMh!
of
.t
\O!Vl'S U,'I:

NI\M(

PI111.~III'l?HI\,

short

011 If YOU NEED WOObEN MP.NDIIEL, HERE"

IS

SJo,.fS-H, PI 'l'O~f,-t->n 1f'!!lllif doU)' plath'rrl1~, cuvcred WII h ("I, ]IIn,g Jml't been .1 L.OIl" III uiunv Il1lfH." .In.l "f,m~ ~t:rhlu-s \I.<;\i· .ll!llt~, Wil" Ihj~ In mind, M/II>,::t. L.ll"en('(~ I,Hl"l\ur j)J~ pc rf .. ,-t~d ,I Lr('VIt( I" 41'rr~<:t Ihi' w,,,king hll/.. II"J, > 1'" rlw n"rt\lLd pr'.ll'dJ~r .tuJI> t't"tt,'flll. II "'ngl 1t:1I1 '''''' JlIl<lrpO(.tll'd. B '1(1\\' lhi~ hinge
Idf, " 1!"lf ,.il drum jn~t.j!.ltd. A tunnel "i<lt" ,·nllligh h) tl(!.'Hl1lT\"d"tt .1 prupeller huh, HOJ \Vllio un clcvutor mcxharusm, W~~ 111t.Ld1NJ I,. tjl( Llil ."11m. \Ii'1l1l till' l unnel burrel 'Ulllblll"tilln. a Jllily llluid b. \ ''''de..! up In ,I p"fljp...Iler, the [UIl".! ~~rCIIJ"" I IVh d .. t 1.0:- men were rernovIrl~ lilt pr"pioller, Aft .. , llli dripping' 11lIJ (t','S('\1. ,I w .., It,w<'rt'd Jg.lin [,It lllutC working ruurn "11 tI.,- i,lurJ'llrm,

I

Making
AId

A Wooden

Mandrel
In,,.llim

I\'''~

I'JlII '1111 I.I'IIH-

lighl

Jut.ltlon
lIlt

'~U:ln.l,

lidtT w;,'i opened
11\

b ~bOLIl its

I

10.UUO of

It

Iclr ex
to

'ldal'ted. Tn pllr~l1ing i I~ rexcarr h A PJ.iL 1\ Ir}'1I1g. to .!Chicle OIHr.u:ln(~\.;. 'Ihiltl)

"III '\lrk k, Ikso::nlci, 1i,1,\ (u!luweJ [W r line-, 011(;' I',. n 'I il" t,I II" 1~lgo< ler Ill' .... II I !TIll the .cut un ~ntXdl~lr\1 GkIJIJ.I~_[· \-, IIru.d~,:. Idea invol ed 11 whole new c!1hlr'l!tr Tbl I,ll fl.'gl liJl> lin 'OrI, ",I} "J rll\' bUill ,lfOUJ1.] lilt' Ilt\\ lIghting: .1 se<.:~nd 1"11,,. ill"l~p..r,'ll'" ,I Mlltahl.· fH,,1 h!lld,'r .. rnd Ftl'lih'l'~ the pre: ent enlarger !.{Jnl with " lll'lHI'i J'UI11 IIt1' I\'.,d ,'11'('\1, hI' .111 "III' 1111 .1 tlJ.~h head, Wilh the Inlier ~y"lt'm 'Iud,' I'n III~ I.lliv~ ,tnTi ,II't· ,,"V 1'111 I I'il",'" ('Irl .uBl·r~ .r! r~,.1lly til ll'il: I nuId h~' "I <11'111 r,"1, 1",1,;: w,'kl~d II' II" lorr,,'1 .1111.;1.
I~

1.Itl-'t'r"

,(orll1kl1tJliClI1

11\,[,lir.l(IOn

en-

,d~rl ht u<\,J fj" tm')1mg ,1<1<1.. q lJUJu_l. nlll~I,1t Ji.,nld..,.. "f tho: Ilhln,J I d w, ~ "i 'III '11 ~Iz( thur when S\HlJlg In lilt' br,,';'l luthe 11,,_ d<'oIf.H.<.e nVtl rht'
I"
I1MI
:l V.

I LI ~ml\ [r.u I n1:1ndl'~1 whu h W,I,

"",n;"n

1'1,\'

,h,,1'
r ..

hJi1~

W

w~ '''-

\\',h dhoUI

II!~ ill, h."

IIdllg unuhlt-

Itl

I" ~n!-:.l~"I" lUI,] St' ~\\ I

to lake large roll film, LI.~t of "'ml.ul p~l'tr and siml'lirity of 'IJit'ratinJ:! rerhlIiljut', IML'h

Wheel

Changes

Made

Progress 11.15 IWi) ~.lri 'LII tOf} hUI

bcfur<:

nW1J.irtS [0 bl: llunl' I,rodt.t(l is re-ad for JIlt ~t'I"\ill. A,'hl.l! rcnstr ur lillll I,f ,I 1l.1~1r 11(:.1.1 'I~ ,dm!)~t wmrlcLeJ, Th~
I

development .J, finished

MeA" Fl lURI' Om 11);111 .~.mdl III' d.· lilli, l".l - ' 11'11.'0 i",t'r f- wJO~ ,.dt I- lack puci 1 hJS equiui.ut wa~ I'r.!" .... d r,,(,J111) Willi, 1I1.lkmg.f w/ltd dl,Lnj4 .... n LI" TO-I ,II IH;I II !;urmtrl~' .1 wh<.:d <1 rC'llllf,'" c');l\;" f 1111'11 Ill.] \ '1";1'1",,'1, \XI illl "

+

+

Easy

,i" "" ..

,,'n1:"

1/. "1'" 1.,,/

39

LETTERS
SIRS;

',II

111,1<'1' I' IW uu ~ "I" I .1,""I' III 1'1'" I J" .111;, M Il\ :\~ ,llI\1 ill'~1I1 i uu I" till I \ Willi h nn ( I 1',.11 "I M,III'" W"h~' UWJ.fJ"o:I b)' nunc "Ii" 'I II "'II I It l/,l,t,Ii. G ellr,,11 Cltl H,II.1II

11< It I

p

...,11,,(1

W')lII .J

)'411.1

I'uhli,.h (hi.> l1!Jti<,.
cdlti"n" fir 1'-,~I' II

III

"n~

.)1 )Tmr Nu.~·,,'

f'lhlf{

111'11\ I tor.

.( S~ /o;IT'KI_"J BAY (CVE.71) All ronner ~hlpl!l;lt('~ IpIIIl l,SS "II/III n"J whu """111.1 h'" JnI~((,tl·d In .' ""lUlU'll IV hu)h «ver ...1,[ tllnn 1'''.1 n;rI~W ,old "\" quaintanres, rl~a,~ (11 11 ract us onJ~1 h,'\"1.' .d I others hom the simp 'whom ll'u know wu· ';oct us alsu. PI(';l~c replv, 14\11 CI~ylun D ..nver I G, Culu.

I ike I\WIY /lJ.llil\~ W,UllUn whu h;IVL' gvn~ hdme hiT'l,in !'is heart Dimy will ,llway' h" .1 "Le .•[J,(,m"dc" Ti1ouf;h inactive, he "jll 1:"I1.I'"!J~ ~.. Ii~~ til' III the hlRJ.l?ll trul!ili"'Tl'-I'~ilhq)~;ltddng lih Vt'11J;~,Ullt .tIl jilt! :'101 LUC~ uJ ~~~mc \..I nwa I"Y r< ."'ll rnun. Ii \'(I. G"~Hf}~ N. Lr ,
PI'I:'I.tr 11'<1"OJ!MAtlt)N OI,nel',11

AfterF,our Years... Ro·cl<el-Jel Flight . , .
F8F·FJ R.o(e9

1 B 9 10 .. 11
12 14

Helicopter Secret land

loops, Movie..

..

NAS S(,!lI.\Nnl~[

Berlin Airlift Rugged.
Australian Electronics AIr Nc,vy, Troinin9 .

NQvdl Aviation
~1 ~I

Rollback..

16
1B

D,oI(' E Hur~I.1 Denver 1 G. C 1110_
nr ,

I',lell st.,

ReserveFI,yh19

Atomic
Jato·

Rockets Jet. •.

2.0 23

Saves

SIR-S:

TIKtc "It n·d lInn in H,,~ M,lIin~ Air Derm irment "I Nf\::' SI./.I IINTI M TI!~Jr mud, puill;<'ltc(1 IfLJ"',,i Duuy, ~ rlucc-ycar•,Id 1'llgJi~1i Iwlld,,!;, ,\.", r.'k."wd Ln 'Illl,. ''''\' J~lty lor "Hat rcvt.' A\'Ncr1llnriilll, c(lbl iu rill ull1,ult,lfj·"n ,mJ diu8'-I()5;!s. inJi~"Ii.:J [h,,1 runtlif\g 111<)[111<1 on th{" Imur pavement ,A the hangars nnd t."l['''' ,l)'~ h,W"'lI~c'J l,,i~tlllr.~!d!)! Tr\,;,j'null ,tnd ,1 21 .•+,,), ,;.1" k',IV<' ,11 t,it. horru I 'f :>1'1 Ul'tt'''' M<:JraU1, !"'I('tu,("d IV,tl1 ·Cr-t. DUlt)'.· j,liJ~',J !,' ~a1j1, ", U'il\Y WU, Jrd.l1'"j "111'11 tnr SelY[O;-C and pu r nn 'he 1nact lye I ist. A uuc M,,!1I11. DinlY WI" II "D~vikl,,!!, ~l' II,,: III,,' i, (.IV/W,ll I rid.:, 1111,I {Int· ....'Ilid, he mrned ou I wuh d i'PUI.:h u ncl U,ggl'l"l~'ll' ;n~,~, wus 1\1 ~n!l.Jl III L!I,'l k ,,1001,,", \II jll! 11\. rt~[>"'n I ur ran], Dr rutr .[ llt<'l1 he IV]I' rnumenta rJ [I' Irustrated when I'rl ,-,1fTcer III gl"M~ pa'''''.] wC:U'ing f".f1~vn ,h,,~~, hUt Tit!: next r~il' f)J hl,ul; ~b'lt" w·;'~ <~'I til ill .j" HC! doulslr; puruslnucnj . For [,i~ <:It'lll~I1IC.~l'llt .k nll'rS, DlUll'

Navy Folds iNAf N,c'~a. Rivet FBF Wings •...
Plane Tires lake It .

2.5
29

34 35

Mk 3 Signal •

Mirror

"1'~,~'

THE C.OVER
1''''1) Nnvy', Able M"b~I., the Mdul"., to,.. pi()ur"d Oil th e co:myl~g ,ufl'r~i"nl ormlJm~ntl" do of the AM-I

l luril 1'.-.. n.II:,', nnruv 11IIIld" r, !.I J ""I >1"'l,Uloll(,1 ill V.IHI "II !hL' ~Ilhl'tl IIf wlnt1 I..II'I','n(·,1 I". Lhl' "J, 1 t:""l" 1'1. Il!rl,i! used us .~'uu .... ""'~~J '.~I'"1l~ I'U~If l ~"I1I.nn'~'l.'.j j'l in fUUil in·,tlll<l"f 1'1 .•• ".klll on prunary fll,.dll lr,\lnm~, "in", llw II..JVl'tlt •• l 11K S['\J .l~ a prunsrv II u il1tt, .LOU I 11 ' oItlili ~c or 11" Y (/1 fi II L'. ril, .. I he 1""r"rt IlB~ :111 bur dl j~,p)'l(,mt'\.t Had it,~V A.me til \Our xurplus w'lks In. b"

.or \'(

Mo.I!" ("~N,

"IuH .. " titH" d""'QI'I~, Tile lo ...a, plane II~. two Tin)' Tim ,t>d"I', 12 Ji\! AR"S end " 1.QOQ-po~," d, b,,:mb. TIt.e upper one po~~~ I hree aerlcl lorp~doo. cad " do>en bom1i>~. Oyi"9 'WIth " 9'''''' 'I"keoif ... "lghl wedd's 01 29,33.2 .record lor
0

p e u n ds , 1,I",;;ll'ld,,1

duiry [Jnncr •• ,~ (uhing I'm milking Illtlchincs' C'rw,,! Y''_Onf)<'UIPIl$ rn em") \~,T~fl tn,'V bdllg lI~c'J "" """"H][o",01 pil"l,. nli,,'f tuhes ill ,lirn~rlwill, ,;,It·-by ,;,1," w,H" \'K'crc they bd~ rCDdl('d nn 111l< hlnrk nUI'kt'l
III

.;,,1,1

,Ingl,,·,;ngin'e

"ir.

plane.


,1.. )10

RECOGNIT!Of\l QUIZ
Mod·eJ 7002 wjns, du.jl]ned IQ' Ih" A lr f,,'c~ IIOW i1yin!1 01 Muro(". n •. ,,,,",,ep,bo<k

Top-CoMOolfd"t.,d,VII!fu·. and

I'" YOllfl:Si[lI~tn"-~ ",10" II J\I,uo.l ~" ,'1'1'(.'11[, pI'" r t.,!!"j, mn I ~ Ot hnJ lIH:Y been 1", (,L'ghl UJ' hV r·;a(I,(~1 I"k~<ll'n; wI,,, wished III 5<1"';01' wutcr rmlll ,UI ,~d,d nUW(',.,> III l",ul Inj'd~, A II Illnc' .md 1\11<1\, '1IIht'f \lll~~ti,,"~ WI 1'(' ,1",W(:,fC(1 w[,<;'" ~ poll)l ,,[ vC·~.r "'3& Ilttra'Li~'<l h) IIII' "1H1~li,!I IIdiHII~ "f IWI1 hilJ, liy!"",

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Powored .by .Allhon

J33 I~rboi<!r,
,,1 the fIlF·S

80 1-10 m--J'1, .. l ph"Iof1r;<l"h

il'l ;ls "''''po in! PIdures h~r~lofQte h"ve bee" 01 ,h .. ~~jn~' '""'01 Jet <lp~rl.ut e- under loll J. ,Mel r.e~o1JTlI'lon feo.

rob,

in 11i~ "Kiniry of NAS NORI·\H,,, In~1w~o:k. I '~'"n dl'~~ ,)h,(:'fv~l 1<)11, IT<: deronnmcd .1 hat
Ill<' 11"'11«·[

111'".

hc-r

rWI'c'JI)"

bird W.I> t:ng1,gcd in lI1iti;lIif1!,! ml fI !h~ inlriL;Jd ... o] f ree flig!1t, s

THE STA.FF
LI. Cdr. Arfhur L Scho,eni
E'cJ.llo.

'iill,c'

1\1: I1ml M tl1Ilwr;, "ilillilin t HfW, W~ .,I·c·,~ndi 11'1il 11'lng. rh" ,In" I'" 1 1"'11;1" ll111t(.'j,n,1n "f the scene.
\I ',.

r" fly I ''IS

.rt

rlte

Dorothy
A~.1.

E. Ames
Edilo,

01, .. 1\(.1 (\!~N I' III S, LT

\ill" 1\. "III
Ail

,II K

1I. Cdr.
ID.TI'(f~~'III

larry l.
~dll<;l' EdHor

Boode

Feol ure

rllt' mlIJ" Jt ll,·>(\,j H'«qd in 'mk~1 ,hr''',o:. 51«;1' ",'S'le alr;K'" WlI" 1I11I'u~~lblc l>c(nl1se III- I.,\v c'\:dmJ;. so I Itt' ,'I' I' ~ Ithll.k ~n" .111"', k~ HII ~l ((\\VI'" !>I'II r. 1\11 r'I.Ul~£ cllh('r rnd<'lkfl rt-ll' or I'"! huH, Iot'kcl~ WI tl II n ~n kt'l, I" ["ILk tI,~ k~1 1,'<"101 I',,, II,l' d,,),.
(",lIlp

VA&d ~I"

LI. Cdr. Rosalie W, M.o:(lin
Jt:C':liI!!!'~""'1::

M I'JIkrr;,

"l~l.ll. ! hi~

Stjll;tJrun

LI. Cdr. Andrew W. Brighl
f'ii ghl

$ .. 1ely

Edlto.

,I

Sr'"

II."

james

M.. Springer

lULl:]
40

.

~

P"bl-i.l~ocl '''o'lthIY by Chief "I N.,~"I Op~,,,fiGn. lOP -501:) on.l 8~(e"" .. 1 Ao, .. o.. ~II" to. dh::..emind'tc 5Cif!l!lty. :mr'f~v;[ll, rna l,rl1 ena nee af1a lecnn,1 ~i Qal,o, -AIr mail Ihour,c ,!=',.. ~,.d if prccl;ccbl' •. gd>;l,o•• ~.. , Chi~F 01 N".ql Op"rQ'li<o~" Naval Av,aHD" toIilwl, N,,~y D:epi;lrtm.e""j WC!i!IIl1rflEil,cn 25, D, C. orr.eltr cocmmunFcIJ'lio.n t:c:n be rnCl;~" 10. Navdl ",.;",fQ" N"w~ '[)3.~6, PC",gg~"'BIt!!./,, "flk~ pl<o",c, n69'~,", 7351~.

'

been
,B.ull'i!au

.

Arl DlreclO'

IZ·etto' Winler
printing cpp,,,'.,,d of the

Robb

TI,,,

Sqllo d 'on Edll or
0/ lh" lIubll .."I;on he" ",I by 'he Oiredgr Su<jgel, 16 Apdl lQ45

II".

~o,,'"

D Day Dress Rehearsal In Caribbean
Ii1"1 !'ICK eu trern
th(;
III r

and the- sea,
in the Carib·

£1. tiny

Vieques h;laod

bean was taken by vlrtotious r nrces which quelled "enemy troops" dur1118 the ~rring war Ill,LOCUIICl'; of the Atlantic Flt.>t't. U.S. Arm)' and Canadian ttOOp:;' [olned the Navy and Marrne Corrs 10 t!1e dre5~ rehearsal.

tlf:lJl~r pbHl<1~ 011 VieguC'l' Island makes int1:!reslillg desJgn enemy I.rlll!r~' as Iand in~ ~nut make lhei r .l.p [1 roach

equipmeru

Red Beach is unlcwding

['rom r.ST

roint for troops and Im"ihwli~ed Sund barrier ll.ttofd~ '>DIll" protection

ready attack

Hitting

lilt

beach at ddf~r~rlt points with tCVPs, troops under protsctl ve umbrella of fight~r ,mEt

Phantom,

patrol

jet fighters piloted by Marines make combat air over Caribbean isI1l.0&; Jmin,g fleet war maneuvers

Skymaster
over

transporl

historic

fort

or

with 'reinforcements' wIngs its w.ay £1 Morro in San Juan, Puerto Rico

I

E
Sure Ire know. almui gl'Uing
-l1ul

only wlw['{', huj bow fast. and what in his
011
Uf'"

In

rlo he

there

jPI plam"

Thars

Ilf'('aniU"

keeps bimsf'lf up-to-date
a ialion. You an do
1I1f"

aU Ames-ir-an and fort""ign mililal'
f'WS,

same by reatlin~ Naval Aviation


SlJPEII.INT~NDENr GOVERNMENT WASHINGTON OF COCUMENTS P.RINTING OFFICE

25, O. C.

PLEASE SEND THf NAVAL AVIAtiON ADDRESS.
ENCLOSED IS A CHECK

N~WS FOlt ONE YEAR TO THE mLlOWIN~
ORDER} fOR

(OR MONEY

SHIll.

NAM~

_

..

TODAY

MAil THIS

ADDRESS.

CiITY

ZO!llE

' S'TAfE_

.

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