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Airbridge BTS CDMA Base Station V300

Common Alarm Reference

Issue Date

01 2010-05-10

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Airbridge BTS CDMA Base Station Common Alarm Reference

Contents

Contents
About This Document.....................................................................................................................1 1 Alarm Information.....................................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Alarm Serial Number......................................................................................................................................1-2 1.2 Alarm ID.........................................................................................................................................................1-2 1.3 Alarm Type.....................................................................................................................................................1-2 1.4 Alarm Severity................................................................................................................................................1-2 1.5 Event Type......................................................................................................................................................1-3

2 Common Alarm Reference.......................................................................................................2-1


2.1 ALM-17016 OML Between Board and Main Processing Module Disconnected..........................................2-3 2.2 ALM-17035 Signal Loss at Reception Port of Optical Module......................................................................2-7 2.3 ALM-17038 Optical Port Not In-Position....................................................................................................2-10 2.4 ALM-17048 Version Mismatched Between FPGA Software and CPU Software........................................2-13 2.5 ALM-17082 PA Closed Due to Overtemperature.........................................................................................2-15 2.6 ALM-17132 Transmission Module Configuration Incompatible.................................................................2-18 2.7 ALM-17133 Contents of Configuration File Incorrect.................................................................................2-22 2.8 ALM-17229 Lightning Arrester of Power Supply Faulty.............................................................................2-24 2.9 ALM-17581 10 M Crystal Oscillator No Output..........................................................................................2-27 2.10 ALM-17586 Number of Locked Satellites Insufficient..............................................................................2-29 2.11 ALM-17587 Satellite Antenna Open-Circuit..............................................................................................2-32 2.12 ALM-17588 Satellite Antenna Short-Circuited..........................................................................................2-35 2.13 ALM-17855 BER of E1/T1 Link Too High................................................................................................2-38 2.14 ALM-17883 Transmission Module IP Address Conflicting.......................................................................2-41 2.15 ALM-18131 DRC Alarm of Private-Line Users.........................................................................................2-42 2.16 ALM-18132 PID Delay Alarm...................................................................................................................2-44 2.17 ALM-18136 DSP Main Clock Abnormal...................................................................................................2-46 2.18 ALM-18138 No Light from Transmission Port of Optical Module............................................................2-47 2.19 ALM-18139 Signal Loss at Reception Port of Optical Module..................................................................2-49 2.20 ALM-18140 Transmission Power Too High at Optical Module................................................................2-52 2.21 ALM-18141 Transmission Power Too Low at Optical Module.................................................................2-54 2.22 ALM-18142 Reception Power Too High at Optical Module......................................................................2-55 2.23 ALM-18143 Reception Power Too Low at Optical Module......................................................................2-58 2.24 ALM-18150 CSM5000 Failure Alarm........................................................................................................2-61 Issue 01 (2010-05-10) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. i

Contents

Airbridge BTS CDMA Base Station Common Alarm Reference

2.25 ALM-18151 All CSM5000 Failure Alarm..................................................................................................2-64 2.26 ALM-18160 CSM6700 Failure Alarm........................................................................................................2-67 2.27 ALM-18345 DAC Clock of Transmitting Channel Abnormal...................................................................2-69 2.28 ALM-18350 Main and Diversity DDCs Unavailable Synchronously........................................................2-70 2.29 ALM-18356 TRM Blocked Because of the Command..............................................................................2-72 2.30 ALM-18363 Voltage of Power Amplification Power Supply Too High....................................................2-73 2.31 ALM-18364 Voltage of Power Amplification Power Supply Too Low.....................................................2-74 2.32 ALM-18365 TRM Pre-Distortion Capture Over-Time...............................................................................2-77 2.33 ALM-18367 Ratio Between Reference Voltage and Feedback Voltage of Predistortion Module Out of Range .............................................................................................................................................................................2-78 2.34 ALM-18368 Predistortion Module Feedback Signal Too Small................................................................2-80 2.35 ALM-18376 Communication Link Between Power Amplification Monitoring Board and TRM Disconnected .............................................................................................................................................................................2-81 2.36 ALM-18392 Power Amplification Gain Abnormal....................................................................................2-84 2.37 ALM-18394 Power Amplification Over-Temperature...............................................................................2-86 2.38 ALM-18395 Power Amplification Closed..................................................................................................2-89 2.39 ALM-18400 Standing Wave Alarm............................................................................................................2-91 2.40 ALM-18525 RF Feedback PLL Unlocked..................................................................................................2-94 2.41 ALM-18526 RF Reverse PLL Unlocked....................................................................................................2-95 2.42 ALM-18527 RF Forward PLL Unlocked....................................................................................................2-97

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Figures

Figures
Figure 2-1 Procedure for handling the ALM-17016............................................................................................2-5 Figure 2-2 Procedure for handling the ALM-17035............................................................................................2-9 Figure 2-3 Procedure for handling the ALM-17038..........................................................................................2-12 Figure 2-4 Procedure for handling the ALM-17048..........................................................................................2-15 Figure 2-5 Procedure for handling the ALM-17082..........................................................................................2-17 Figure 2-6 Procedure for handling the ALM-17132..........................................................................................2-20 Figure 2-7 Procedure for handling the ALM-17133 .........................................................................................2-23 Figure 2-8 Procedure for handling the ALM-17229..........................................................................................2-26 Figure 2-9 Procedure for handling the ALM-17581..........................................................................................2-28 Figure 2-10 Procedure for handling the ALM-17586........................................................................................2-31 Figure 2-11 Procedure for handling the ALM-17587........................................................................................2-34 Figure 2-12 Procedure for handling the ALM-17588........................................................................................2-37 Figure 2-13 Procedure for handling the ALM-17855........................................................................................2-40 Figure 2-14 Procedure for handling the ALM-18132........................................................................................2-45 Figure 2-15 Procedure for handling the ALM-18138........................................................................................2-49 Figure 2-16 Procedure for handling the ALM-18139........................................................................................2-51 Figure 2-17 Procedure for handling the ALM-18142 .......................................................................................2-57 Figure 2-18 Procedure for handling the ALM-18143 .......................................................................................2-60 Figure 2-19 Procedure for handling the ALM-18150........................................................................................2-63 Figure 2-20 Procedure for handling the ALM-18151........................................................................................2-66 Figure 2-21 Procedure for handling the ALM-18160........................................................................................2-68 Figure 2-22 Procedure for handling the ALM-18350........................................................................................2-71 Figure 2-23 Procedure for handling the ALM-18364........................................................................................2-76 Figure 2-24 Procedure for handling the ALM-18376........................................................................................2-83 Figure 2-25 Procedure for handling the ALM-18392........................................................................................2-85 Figure 2-26 Procedure for handling the ALM-18394........................................................................................2-88 Figure 2-27 Procedure for handling the ALM-18395........................................................................................2-90 Figure 2-28 Procedure for handling the ALM-18400........................................................................................2-93

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Tables

Tables
Table 1-1 Description of the alarm types.............................................................................................................1-2 Table 1-2 Description of the alarm severities.......................................................................................................1-2 Table 1-3 Description of the event types..............................................................................................................1-3

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Airbridge BTS CDMA Base Station Common Alarm Reference

About This Document

About This Document


Purpose
This document describes the meaning, corrective procedures, and reference information of CDMA BTS common alarms.

Product Version
The following table lists the product version related to this document. Product Name BTS Product Version V300

Intended Audience
This document is intended for:
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System engineers Network shifts

Change History
Initial release.

Organization
1 Alarm Information This topic describes the contents and the definitions contained in the alarm information. The alarm information includes the alarm serial number, alarm ID, alarm type, alarm severity, and event type. 2 Common Alarm Reference
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About This Document

Airbridge BTS CDMA Base Station Common Alarm Reference

This topic describes the common alarm information and the handling procedures.

Conventions
Symbol Conventions The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Symbol Description Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not avoided,will result in death or serious injury. Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury. Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not avoided,could result in equipment damage, data loss, performance degradation, or unexpected results. Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save time. Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text.

General Conventions The general conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Convention Times New Roman Boldface Italic Courier New Description Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman. Names of files, directories, folders, and users are in boldface. For example, log in as user root. Book titles are in italics. Examples of information displayed on the screen are in Courier New.

Command Conventions The command conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Convention Boldface Italic
2

Description The keywords of a command line are in boldface. Command arguments are in italics.
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About This Document

Convention [] { x | y | ... } [ x | y | ... ] { x | y | ... }*

Description Items (keywords or arguments) in brackets [ ] are optional. Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. One item is selected. Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by vertical bars. One item is selected or no item is selected. Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. A minimum of one item or a maximum of all items can be selected. Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by vertical bars. Several items or no item can be selected.

[ x | y | ... ]*

GUI Conventions The GUI conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Convention Boldface > Description Buttons, menus, parameters, tabs, window, and dialog titles are in boldface. For example, click OK. Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">" signs. For example, choose File > Create > Folder.

Keyboard Operations The keyboard operations that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Format Key Key 1+Key 2 Key 1, Key 2 Description Press the key. For example, press Enter and press Tab. Press the keys concurrently. For example, pressing Ctrl+Alt +A means the three keys should be pressed concurrently. Press the keys in turn. For example, pressing Alt, A means the two keys should be pressed in turn.

Mouse Operations The mouse operations that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

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Airbridge BTS CDMA Base Station Common Alarm Reference

Action Click Double-click Drag

Description Select and release the primary mouse button without moving the pointer. Press the primary mouse button twice continuously and quickly without moving the pointer. Press and hold the primary mouse button and move the pointer to a certain position.

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1 Alarm Information

1
About This Chapter
1.1 Alarm Serial Number This topic describes the alarm serial number. 1.2 Alarm ID This topic describes the alarm ID.

Alarm Information

This topic describes the contents and the definitions contained in the alarm information. The alarm information includes the alarm serial number, alarm ID, alarm type, alarm severity, and event type.

1.3 Alarm Type This topic describes the alarm types: fault alarm and event alarm. 1.4 Alarm Severity This topic describes the alarm severities: critical, major, minor, and warning. 1.5 Event Type This topic describes the event types: power system, environment system, signaling system, trunk system, hardware system, software system, running system, communication system, QoS, and processing error.

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1.1 Alarm Serial Number


This topic describes the alarm serial number. Alarm serial number is an integer ranging from 1 to 999999999. It is used cyclically to identify alarms. In a numbering cycle, an alarm serial number identifies only one alarm. The alarms of the same type but with different report sources or report time have different alarm serial numbers.

1.2 Alarm ID
This topic describes the alarm ID. Alarm ID is an integer ranging from 1 to 32000. An alarm ID identifies only one alarm. The alarms of the same type but with different report sources or report time have the same alarm IDs and handling procedures.

1.3 Alarm Type


This topic describes the alarm types: fault alarm and event alarm. Table 1-1 describes the alarm types. Table 1-1 Description of the alarm types Type Fault alarm Description The fault alarm indicates the status of the equipment. When an alarm is generated, the status is set to a value. When the alarm is cleared, the status is set to another value. The severity of the fault alarm is normally higher than that of the event alarm. All fault alarms must be cleared. The event alarm indicates that an accidental event occurs when the equipment is running. It indicates an instant status. Event alarms need not to be cleared and some event alarms are regularly resent.

Event alarm

1.4 Alarm Severity


This topic describes the alarm severities: critical, major, minor, and warning. Table 1-2 describes the alarm severities. Table 1-2 Description of the alarm severities Severity Critical Description The alarm of this severity affects the system services, and you must take immediate actions. If the equipment or resource cannot be used, you must restore it immediately. Even if the fault occurs during non-working time, you also need to take immediate actions.
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Severity Major

Description Alarm of this severity affects the quality of service (QoS) and you must take immediate actions. If the QoS of the equipment or resource decreases, you must restore the equipment or resource to recover its capability. You must take immediate actions during the working time. Alarm of this severity does not affect the QoS. To avoid the fault with higher severity, however, you need to take actions in proper time or observe the fault. Alarm of this severity indicates that errors may exist to affect the service. Based on different errors, you must take different actions to handle the errors.

Minor Warning

1.5 Event Type


This topic describes the event types: power system, environment system, signaling system, trunk system, hardware system, software system, running system, communication system, QoS, and processing error. Table 1-3 describes the event types. Table 1-3 Description of the event types Type Power system Environme nt system Signaling system Trunk system Hardware system Software system Running system Communic ation system QoS Processing error
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Description Alarms about the power system Alarms about the environment of equipment room, such as the temperature, humidity, and door status Alarms about the channel associated signaling (SS1) and the common channel signaling (SS7) Alarms about the trunk circuits and the trunk boards Alarms about the board equipment such as the clock and the CPU Alarms about the software Alarms generated when the system is running Alarms about the communication system such as the communication between the host and the BAM Alarms about the QoS Alarms about other exceptions

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2 Common Alarm Reference

2
About This Chapter

Common Alarm Reference

This topic describes the common alarm information and the handling procedures. 2.1 ALM-17016 OML Between Board and Main Processing Module Disconnected 2.2 ALM-17035 Signal Loss at Reception Port of Optical Module 2.3 ALM-17038 Optical Port Not In-Position 2.4 ALM-17048 Version Mismatched Between FPGA Software and CPU Software 2.5 ALM-17082 PA Closed Due to Overtemperature 2.6 ALM-17132 Transmission Module Configuration Incompatible 2.7 ALM-17133 Contents of Configuration File Incorrect 2.8 ALM-17229 Lightning Arrester of Power Supply Faulty 2.9 ALM-17581 10 M Crystal Oscillator No Output 2.10 ALM-17586 Number of Locked Satellites Insufficient 2.11 ALM-17587 Satellite Antenna Open-Circuit 2.12 ALM-17588 Satellite Antenna Short-Circuited 2.13 ALM-17855 BER of E1/T1 Link Too High 2.14 ALM-17883 Transmission Module IP Address Conflicting 2.15 ALM-18131 DRC Alarm of Private-Line Users 2.16 ALM-18132 PID Delay Alarm 2.17 ALM-18136 DSP Main Clock Abnormal 2.18 ALM-18138 No Light from Transmission Port of Optical Module 2.19 ALM-18139 Signal Loss at Reception Port of Optical Module 2.20 ALM-18140 Transmission Power Too High at Optical Module
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2.21 ALM-18141 Transmission Power Too Low at Optical Module 2.22 ALM-18142 Reception Power Too High at Optical Module 2.23 ALM-18143 Reception Power Too Low at Optical Module 2.24 ALM-18150 CSM5000 Failure Alarm 2.25 ALM-18151 All CSM5000 Failure Alarm 2.26 ALM-18160 CSM6700 Failure Alarm 2.27 ALM-18345 DAC Clock of Transmitting Channel Abnormal 2.28 ALM-18350 Main and Diversity DDCs Unavailable Synchronously 2.29 ALM-18356 TRM Blocked Because of the Command 2.30 ALM-18363 Voltage of Power Amplification Power Supply Too High 2.31 ALM-18364 Voltage of Power Amplification Power Supply Too Low 2.32 ALM-18365 TRM Pre-Distortion Capture Over-Time 2.33 ALM-18367 Ratio Between Reference Voltage and Feedback Voltage of Predistortion Module Out of Range 2.34 ALM-18368 Predistortion Module Feedback Signal Too Small 2.35 ALM-18376 Communication Link Between Power Amplification Monitoring Board and TRM Disconnected 2.36 ALM-18392 Power Amplification Gain Abnormal 2.37 ALM-18394 Power Amplification Over-Temperature 2.38 ALM-18395 Power Amplification Closed 2.39 ALM-18400 Standing Wave Alarm 2.40 ALM-18525 RF Feedback PLL Unlocked 2.41 ALM-18526 RF Reverse PLL Unlocked 2.42 ALM-18527 RF Forward PLL Unlocked

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2.1 ALM-17016 OML Between Board and Main Processing Module Disconnected
Description
The ALM-17016 is reported when the operation and maintenance links (OML) between other boards and the main processing module are interrupted. Through the OML, the main processing module performs loading, configuration, maintenance, and state management on other configured boards of the BTS. When the main processing module detects that the OML between a board and the main processing module is interrupted, it reports the alarm. Through the alarm, you can find in time the interruption of the OML between the board and the main processing module. The main processing module of the BBU3606 is the CMPT, and that of other types of BTS is the BCKM.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17016 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Subunit type Subunit ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated ID of the board where the alarm is generated Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The impact of the ALM-17016 on the system is as follows:
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The board is unavailable after the alarm is reported.


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Airbridge BTS CDMA Base Station Common Alarm Reference

The Service Maintenance System cannot operate and maintain the board. In the equipment panel of the Service Maintenance System, the board status is in gray (offline).

System Actions
If the board where the alarm is generated is in position, the board is automatically reset and restarted.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-17016 are listed as follows:
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The BTS configuration data is incorrect. The actual slot number of the board is inconsistent with the configured board slot number. The board is not installed or inserted tightly. The board is not powered on. The board hardware or backplane is faulty.

The CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM provides transmission for the RF module. As a result, except the previous causes, the following may also be the causes:
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The CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is not started. The cable between the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM and the RF module is faulty. The CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is faulty.

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Figure 2-1 Procedure for handling the ALM-17016

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the BTS configuration is correct.

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If the BTS configuration data is wrong, modify the configuration data. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If the configuration data is correct, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether the planned slot is configured with a board. If a board should be configured, configure the board. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. If the board is configured, go to 3. Step 3 Check whether the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is available. If the RF module is faulty, in the equipment panel of the Service Maintenance System, check whether the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is available.
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If it is unavailable, go to 4. If it is available, go to 5.

Step 4 Check whether the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is started. View the board status from the equipment panel and check whether the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/ HECM is started.
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If the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is not started, start it. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. If the board is started, go to 5.

Step 5 Bring the spare parts to the site and replace the faulty parts. Bring the spare parts to the site and replace the faulty parts. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 6. The spare parts are as follows:
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STDM/CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM/main processing module Cable Optical module

Step 6 Check whether the board is in position and whether the slot position is correct.
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If the board is not in position, insert the board to ensure that it is in the position. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 7. If the board is in position and the slot position is correct, go to 7.

Step 7 Check whether the cable is faulty. If the STDM is faulty, remove and then insert the cable to check whether the cable is faulty.
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If the cable is faulty, replace the cable. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 8. If the cable is operational, perform 8.

Step 8 Replace the faulty board. To replace the board that reports the alarm, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. ----End
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Related Information
None.

2.2 ALM-17035 Signal Loss at Reception Port of Optical Module


Description
When the optical receiving port of the optical module does not receive signals, the ALM-17035 is reported. When the reception optical port of the optical module receives signals, the RF module/ODU connected with the optical port function and the BTS is operational. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault at the receiving optical port of the optical module.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17035 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM, CECM, HCPM, HECM, STDM, and ODU ID of the board where the alarm is generated
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Board ID

CCPM (0-5) CECM (0-5) HCPM (0-5) HECM (0-5) STDM (0) CMTR (0-5) ODU (0-17)

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated

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Name Subunit ID

Meaning ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The services carried by the sector carriers of the RF module that is connected to the optical port are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of ALM-17035 are listed as follows:
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The contact between the receiving port and the fiber is poor or the fiber is damaged. The STDM/CMTR/OMTR connected with the optical fiber is not powered on or the optical module of the STDM/CMTR/OMTR is faulty. The ODU connected with the optical fiber is not powered on or the optical module of the ODU is faulty.

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Figure 2-2 Procedure for handling the ALM-17035

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Procedure
Step 1 Keep the spare parts ready. The spare parts are as follows:
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STDM Optical module If the fiber is not connected to the receiving port, connect the fiber and go to 3. If the fiber is connected, go to 3.

Step 2 Check whether the fiber is connected to the receiving optical port.
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Step 3 Remove and insert the fiber on the receiving optical port of the optical module. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4. Step 4 Replace the optical fibers. To replace the optical fiber, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. Step 5 Check whether the ODU is powered on.
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If it is powered off, switch on the power switch. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 6. If it is powered on, go to 6.

Step 6 Replace the ODU. Step 7 Check whether the STDM/CMTR/OMTR is powered on.
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If it is powered off, switch on the power switch. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 8. If it is powered on, go to 8.

Step 8 Replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. To replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-17035, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.3 ALM-17038 Optical Port Not In-Position


Description
When the small form-factor pluggable (SFP) interface of the specified port is not in position, the ALM-17038 is reported. The SFP interface is photoelectricity compatible. In the board, it is an electrical interface socket. The SFP interface transmits high-speed signals through different modules. The SFP interface
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transmits the signals between the CECM/CCPM/HCPM/HECM and the STDM/CMTR. Only when the SFP interface is normal, the services carried by the RF module are normal, and the BTS is operational. When the SFP interface is not in position, the ALM-17038 is reported. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the SFP interface.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17038 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM, CECM, HCPM, HECM, STDM, and CMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated:
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Board ID

CCPM (0-5) CECM (0-5) HCPM (0-5) HECM (0-5) STDM (0) CMTR (0-5)

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The services configured in the SFP interface where the alarm is generated cannot be set up.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-17038 are as follows:
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Airbridge BTS CDMA Base Station Common Alarm Reference

The SFP port is not installed. The SFP port is not connected properly. The SFP port is faulty.

Workflow
Figure 2-3 Procedure for handling the ALM-17038

Procedure
Step 1 Check the type of the SFP port and keep the spare parts ready. The spare parts are as follows:
l

Optical module
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Electrical module

Step 2 Check whether the SFP port is installed.


l

If the SFP port is not installed, install it. Ensure that the installation is correct, and then go to 3. If it is installed, go to 3.

Step 3 Check whether the SFP port is installed correctly and observe the Tx indicator of the port.
l

If the indicator is ON, check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4. If the indicator is OFF, go to 4.

Step 4 Remove and then insert the SFP port and observe the Tx indicator of the port.
l

If the indicator is ON, check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. If the indicator is OFF, go to 5.

Step 5 Replace the SFP port. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.4 ALM-17048 Version Mismatched Between FPGA Software and CPU Software
Description
The ALM-17048 is reported when the version of the field programmable gate array (FPGA) software of a board is not compatible with the version of the CPU software. Only when the version of the board FPGA software matches the version of the CPU software, the board can work normally. When the board is started, the CPU software automatically checks the version of the FPGA software. When the CPU software detects that the FPGA software version does not match the version of the CPU software, the ALM-17048 is reported. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the versions of the board FPGA software and the CPU software.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17048 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

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Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM, CECM, HCPM, HECM, BCIM, CMPT, and STDM ID of the board where the alarm is generated:
l l l l l l l

Board ID

CCPM (0-5) CECM (0-5) HCPM (0-5) HECM (0-5) BCIM (0-1) CMPT (0-1) STDM (0)

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The board where the alarm is generated is unavailable. The board cannot carry the services.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
In the board where the alarm is generated, the version of the FPGA software does not match the version of the CPU software.

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Workflow
Figure 2-4 Procedure for handling the ALM-17048

Procedure
Step 1 Check and replace the board software of the BAM. Check and replace the board software of the BAM based on the FPGA software and CPU software versions described in the Version Configuration Information. Step 2 Upgrade the FPGA software and the CPU software of the checked board. Run the DLD CBTSSW command to upgrade the FPGA software and the CPU software of the checked board. ----End

Related Information
The related commands are as follows: DLD CBTSSW

2.5 ALM-17082 PA Closed Due to Overtemperature


Description
If the function of disabling the power amplification due to the BTS overtemperature is enabled, the power amplification in the RF subrack is disabled when the baseband subrack temperature exceeds the threshold of the temperature. At this time, the ALM-17082 is reported. The BCKM/CMPT software monitors the board temperature in the baseband subrack in real time. When the highest temperature of the board exceeds the threshold, the software disables the power amplification of the RF subrack and reports the alarm to reduce the cabinet temperature and protect the baseband modules.
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Through the alarm, you can know that the normal operation of the equipment is affected by the overtemperature of the baseband subrack.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17082 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Subunit type Subunit ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: BCKM and CMPT ID of the board where the alarm is generated: 0 Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The services carried by the BTS are interrupted

System Actions
When the temperature of the baseband subrack is lower than the temperature threshold, the BCKM software automatically enables the power amplification and reports that the alarm is cleared.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-17082 are as follows:
l l l

The temperature threshold is set too low. The BTS fan is faulty. The ambient temperature is too high.

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Workflow
Figure 2-5 Procedure for handling the ALM-17082

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the temperature threshold is reasonable. Run the DSP CBTSCFG command to check whether the temperature threshold is reasonable.
l

If the temperature threshold is unreasonable, reset it. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If the temperature threshold is reasonable, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether an alarm related to the BTS fan is generated. Check whether the overtemperature alarm is generated in the fan module of the baseband subrack.
l

If the alarm is generated, clear the alarm. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3.
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If the alarm does not exist, go to 4.

Step 3 After the alarm related to the BTS fan is cleared, wait for 30 minutes and then observe the result. After the alarm related to the BTS fan is cleared for 30 minutes, check whether the ALM-17082 alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4. Step 4 Take measures to ensure that the temperature of the equipment room is normal. ----End

Related Information
The related commands are as follows: DSP CBTSCFG

2.6 ALM-17132 Transmission Module Configuration Incompatible


Description
The alarm is reported when the transmission module (BCIM/CMPT) type is inconsistent with the BTS configuration information. After the main processing module receives the reset report from the transmission module, it obtains the type of the transmission module and compares the type with the configuration information. When the main processing module detects that the type of the transmission module is inconsistent with the BTS configuration information, it reports the alarm. Through the alarm, you can find the fault of the hardware configuration of the transmission module in time.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17132 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault/clear

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: BCIM and CMPT

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Name Board ID

Meaning ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 1

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The ALM-17132 has the following impacts on the system:
l l l

The transmission module cannot work. The OML is interrupted. The services are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-17132 are as follows:
l l

The type of the transmission module is incompatible with the link group type. The BTS is configured to use the FE cable for transmission, but the BCIM type is QC52BCIM. The board IP address is configured, but the BCIM type is QC52BCIM. The board route is configured, but the BCIM type is QC52BCIM. The BCIM type is incompatible with the time slot cross configuration information. The QC54BCIM supports only the time slot cross of number 0 and number 1 links.

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Workflow
Figure 2-6 Procedure for handling the ALM-17132

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Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the type of the transmission module is compatible with the link group type. Check whether the BCIM type is compatible with the link group type.
l l

The QC52BCIM supports the UNI/IMA/FRAC IMAFRAC links. The QC54BCIM supports the PPP and the MLPPP links. If they are not compatible, change the configuration information or refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the board. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If they are compatible, go to 2.

Check whether the BCIM type is compatible with the link group type.
l

Step 2 Check whether the BTS is configured to use the FE cable for transmission. Check whether the BTS is configured as the FE mode if the board type is QC52BCIM.
l

If the BTS is configured as the FE mode, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the board with the QC54BCIM or remove the FE configuration. Observe whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. If the BTS is not configured to use the FE cable for transmission, go to 3. If the board type is not QC52BCIM, go to 5.

Step 3 Check whether the board IP address is configured. Check whether the board IP address is configured if the board type is QC52BCIM.
l

If the IP address is configured, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the board or refer to the BTS Data Configuration Guide to reconfigure the BCIM. Observe whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4. If the board is not configured with the IP address, go to 4. If the board type is not QC52BCIM, go to 5.

Step 4 Check whether the board route is configured. If the board type is QC52BCIM, check whether the board route is configured.
l

If it is, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the board with the QC54BCIM or remove the routing configuration. Observe whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. If the route is not configured, go to 5. If the board type is not QC52BCIM, go to 5.

Step 5 Change the configuration information or replace the board. The relation between the type of the transmission module and the time slot cross configuration is as follows:
l l

The QC52BCIM supports the timeslot cross configuration. The QC54BCIM only supports the external timeslot cross of the number 0 and number 1 links. When the number 1 link type is PPP or MLPPP, you cannot configure the time slot cross to it.

Change the configuration information or refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the board. ----End
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Related Information
None.

2.7 ALM-17133 Contents of Configuration File Incorrect


Description
When the BTS configuration file is wrong, the ALM-17133 is reported. When the BTS is reset, it reads and activates the configuration file in the BAM. Through a command, the BTS can read, write, or activate the configuration file. If the BTS fails to read, write, or activate the configuration file, the alarm is reported. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the contents of the BTS configuration file.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17133 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault/recovery

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: BCKM and CMPT ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 1

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The alarm causes failure to configure the boards and the service data of the BTS. As a result, the BTS cannot operate properly.

System Actions
The BTS attempts to download and activate the configuration file in the BAM.
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Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-17133 are as follows:
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The FLASH has no configuration file to be activated. The BTS fails to read the configuration file. The BTS fails to write the configuration file. The configuration file is wrong.

Workflow
Figure 2-7 Procedure for handling the ALM-17133

Procedure
Step 1 Reload and activate the configuration file. Run the DLD CBTSSW command in the Service Maintenance System to reload and activate the BTS configuration file.
l

If the configuration file is activated, check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If the configuration file is not activated, go to 2.

Step 2 Check the versions.


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Check whether the version of the BCKM/CMPT software is consistent with the version of the configuration file that fails to be activated.
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If the versions are consistent, go to 3. If the versions are inconsistent, replace the configuration file in the BAM and perform 1.

Step 3 Check the configuration command.


l l

If the configuration command is wrong, modify or replace the configuration file. If the configuration command is correct, the procedure ends.

----End

Related Information
The related command is as follows: DLD CBTSSW

2.8 ALM-17229 Lightning Arrester of Power Supply Faulty


Description
The ALM-17229 is reported when the lightning arrester of the power supply is faulty or the connection between the lightning arrester and the BTS is exceptional. The lightning arrester of the power supply protects the BTS against lightning strikes. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the lightning arrester and the connection.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17229 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: BCKM and CMPT ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 1

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated

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Name Subunit ID

Meaning ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The impact of the ALM-17229 on the system is as follows:
l

The power supply system, boards, and other equipment are damaged during the lightning strike. The services are interrupted during the lightning strike.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-17229 are as follows:
l

The connection between the lightning arrester and the BTS is exceptional or the connecting cable is faulty. The communication cable that connects to the STDM is interrupted. The lightning arrester is faulty.

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Workflow
Figure 2-8 Procedure for handling the ALM-17229

Procedure
Step 1 Keep the spare parts ready. Bring the spare parts to the site. The spare parts are as follows:
l l

lightning arrester Cable

Step 2 Connect the test cable to check whether the cable is faulty.
l l

If the cable is faulty, go to 3. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends.

Step 3 Remove and then insert the connecting cable. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4.
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Step 4 Replace the connecting cable. To replace the connecting cable, refer to the BTS3 Site Maintenance Guide. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. Step 5 Replace the lightning arrester. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.9 ALM-17581 10 M Crystal Oscillator No Output


Description
The ALM-17581 is reported when the clock module of the BCKM/CMPT cannot detect the output clock signal of the 10 MHz voltage controlled oscillator. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the output clock signal of the 10 MHz voltage controlled oscillator.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17581 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CLK module of the main processing module ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 1

Board ID

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated: default subunit type Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated: default subunit ID

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Impact on the System


When the ID of the board that reports the alarm is 0 (active BCKM/CMPT), the impact of the ALM-17587 on the system is as follows:
l

If the BTS is started, the BCKM/CMPT cannot provide the system clock for the BTS after reporting the alarm. The BTS cannot operate. If the BTS is not started, the BTS cannot operate after the BCKM/CMPT reports the alarm.

When the ID of the board that reports the alarm is 1 (standby BCKM/CMPT), the BTS services are not affected. The BCKM/CMPT hot backup function, however, is not available.

System Actions
If the active BCKM/CMPT reports the alarm and the standby BCKM/CMPT is configured, the system automatically triggers the active/standby switchover when the clock of the standby BCKM/CMPT is in the locked state or within the hold capability.

Possible Causes
The 10 MHz crystal oscillator of the BCKM/CMPT is faulty.

Workflow
Figure 2-9 Procedure for handling the ALM-17581

Procedure
Step 1 Keep the spare parts ready. Bring the BCKM/CMPT to the site.
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Step 2 Remove and then insert the BCKM/CMPT. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. Step 3 Replace the BCKM/CMPT. To replace the BCKM/CMPT that reports the ALM-17581, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.10 ALM-17586 Number of Locked Satellites Insufficient


Description
The ALM-17586 is reported when the satellites locked by the main processing module (BCKM/ CMPT) satellite receiver are insufficient. The following situations cause the insufficient satellites locked by the BCKM/CMPT satellite receiver:
l

When the satellites traced by the BCKM/CMPT satellite receiver are insufficient, the BCKM/CMPT fails to obtain the satellite position because of the bad geometric position such as small satellite elevation even if the traced satellites are sufficient. As a result, the BTS system clock performance is affected and the alarm is generated. When the system clock does not have the hold capability, the alarm is reported if the satellites traced by the BCKM/CMPT satellite receiver are insufficient or the position cannot be obtained. When the system clock has the hold capability, the alarm is reported if the satellites traced by the BCKM/CMPT satellite receiver are insufficient or the position cannot be obtained in the hold time.

Through the alarm, you can find the fault of the insufficient satellites locked by the BCKM/ CMPT satellite receiver.
NOTE

The situations of insufficient satellites traced are as follows:


l l l

The traced satellites are fewer than four in the case of the GLONASS not-in-position hold. The traced satellites are fewer than five in the case of the GPS/GLONASS not-in-position hold. The traced satellites are fewer than one or two in the case of the satellite receiver in-position hold.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17586 Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Fault

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Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CLK module of the main processing module ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 1

Board ID

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated: default subunit type Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated: default subunit ID

Impact on the System


When the ID of the board that reports the alarm is 0 (active BCKM/CMPT), the impact of the ALM-17586 on the system is as follows:
l

If the BTS is started, the clock performance cannot be ensured after the BCKM/CMPT reports the alarm. The QoS of the BTS is affected. If the BTS is not started and the BTS clock reference source is configured with only the board clock, the BTS cannot operate after the BCKM/CMPT reports the alarm If the BTS is not started and the BTS clock reference source is configured with an internal clock, the BTS can operate after the clock is switched to the internal clock. The clock performance, however, cannot be ensured and the QoS of the BTS is affected.

When the ID of the board that reports the alarm is 1 (standby BCKM/CMPT), the BTS services are not affected. The BCKM/CMPT hot backup function, however, is not available.

System Actions
If the active BCKM/CMPT reports the alarm and the standby BCKM/CMPT is configured, the system automatically triggers the active/standby switchover when the clock of the standby BCKM/CMPT is in the locked state or within the hold capability.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-17586 are as follows.
l

When the GPS/GLONASS is installed, the working mode of the BCKM/CMPT satellite receiver is configured with GLONASS only. The BCKM/CMPT satellite receiver is exceptional. The interference and the obstructions exist around the satellite antenna. The BCKM/CMPT satellite receiver is ineffective.
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Workflow
Figure 2-10 Procedure for handling the ALM-17586

Procedure
Step 1 Keep the spare parts ready. Bring the BCKM/CMPT to the site. Step 2 Check the working mode of the BCKM/CMPT satellite receiver. Run the DSP CBTSCFG command to query the working mode of the BTS satellite receiver. Check whether the working mode of the BCKM/CMPT satellite receiver is GLONASS only.

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If the working mode is GLONASS only, run the SET CBTSCLKSRCMODE command to change the working mode to GPS+GLONASS. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. If the working mode is not GLONASS only, go to 3.

Step 3 Reset the satellite receiver and wait for about 30 minutes. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. Step 4 Replace the BCKM/CMPT. To replace the BCKM/CMPT that reports the ALM-17586, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. Check whether the alarm is cleared.
l l

If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5.

Step 5 Reinstall the antenna. Reinstall the antenna according to the installation guide. ----End

Related Information
The related commands are as follows: DSP CBTSCFG SET CBTSCLKSRCMODE

2.11 ALM-17587 Satellite Antenna Open-Circuit


Description
l

The ALM-17587 is reported when the cable between the BCKM/CMPT satellite receiver and the satellite antenna is disconnected. The ALM-17587 is also reported when the BCKM/CMPT detects that the feed current in the cable that connects the satellite receiver and the satellite antenna is small and the satellite receiver cannot trace the satellite.

Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the open circuit of the cable connection between the satellite receiver and the satellite antenna.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17587 Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Fault

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Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CLK module of the main processing module ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 1

Board ID

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated: default subunit type Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated: default subunit ID

Impact on the System


When the ID of the board that reports the alarm is 0 (active BCKM/CMPT), the impact of the ALM-17587 on the system is as follows:
l

If the BTS is started, the system is not affected in the hold time because the system clock has the hold capability. If the hold time expires, the QoS of the BTS is affected. If the BTS is not started and the BTS clock reference source is configured with only the board clock, the BTS cannot operate after the BCKM/CMPT reports the alarm If the BTS is not started and the BTS clock reference source is configured with an internal clock, the BTS can operate after the clock is switched to the internal clock. The clock performance, however, cannot be ensured and the QoS of the BTS is affected.

When the ID of the board that reports the alarm is 1 (standby BCKM/CMPT), the BTS services are not affected. The standby BCKM/CMPT clock can provide the BCKM/CMPT hot backup function in the hold time when the active BCKM/CMPT is faulty. The BCKM/CMPT hot backup function, however, is not available when the hold time expires.

System Actions
If the active BCKM/CMPT whose clock cannot be held reports the alarm and the standby BCKM/CMPT is configured, the system automatically triggers the active/standby switchover when the clock of the standby BCKM/CMPT is in the locked state or within the hold capability. If the active BCKM/CMPT whose clock can be held reports the alarm, the system clock is held after the alarm is reported. After the active BCKM/CMPT clock hold time expires and the standby BCKM/CMPT is configured, the system automatically triggers the active/standby switchover when the clock of the standby BCKM/CMPT is in the locked state or within the hold capability.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-17587 are as follows.
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Airbridge BTS CDMA Base Station Common Alarm Reference

The GPS antenna is not installed correctly. The GPS feeder is damaged or connected insecurely, or the cable between the GPS receiver and the BCKM/CMPT front panel is damaged. The lightning arrester is ineffective.

Workflow
Figure 2-11 Procedure for handling the ALM-17587

Procedure
Step 1 Keep the spare parts ready. The spare parts are as follows:
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GPS feeder White cables in the board Lightning arrester

Step 2 Check whether the installation environment of the GPS antenna is proper. The items for the installation environment of the GPS antenna are as follows:
l l l l l

The installation location is open without high buildings around. It is far from the small adjunct buildings of the rooftop. The usable installation area is large. The antenna upward vertical angle is greater than 90. It is far from the electromagnetic signal sources that are similar to the operating band of the GPS (1.575 GHz). If the GPS antenna is not installed correctly, handle the problems that exist in the installation. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. If the GPS antenna is installed correctly, go to 3.

Check whether the installation environment of the GPS antenna is proper.


l

Step 3 Check whether the GPS feeder is intact and correctly connected.
l

If the GPS feeder is damaged or connected insecurely, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the feeder and ensure that the connection is reliable. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4. If the GPS feeder is securely connected, go to 4.

Step 4 Check whether the lightning arrester is ineffective.


l

If the lightning arrester is ineffective, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the lightning arrester. If the lightning arrester is normal, the procedure ends.

----End

Related Information
None.

2.12 ALM-17588 Satellite Antenna Short-Circuited


Description
The ALM-17588 is reported when the main processing module detects that the feed current in the cable that connects the satellite receiver and the satellite antenna is large. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the short circuit of the cable connection between the satellite receiver and the satellite antenna.
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Attribute
Alarm ID 17588 Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CLK module of the main processing module ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 1

Board ID

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated: default subunit type Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated: default subunit ID

Impact on the System


When the ID of the board that reports the alarm is 0 (active BCKM/CMPT), the impact of the ALM-17588 on the system is as follows:
l

If the BTS is started, the system is not affected in the hold time because the system clock has the hold capability. If the hold time expires, the QoS of the BTS is affected. If the BTS is not started and the BTS clock reference source is configured with only the board clock, the BTS cannot operate after the BCKM/CMPT reports the alarm If the BTS is not started and the BTS clock reference source is configured with an internal clock, the BTS can operate after the clock is switched to the internal clock. The clock performance, however, cannot be ensured and the QoS of the BTS is affected.

When the ID of the board that reports the alarm is 1 (standby BCKM/CMPT), the BTS services are not affected The standby BCKM/CMPT clock can provide the BCKM/CMPT hot backup function in the hold time. The BCKM/CMPT hot backup function, however, is not available when the hold time expires.

System Actions
If the active BCKM/CMPT whose clock cannot be held reports the alarm and the standby BCKM/CMPT is configured, the system automatically triggers the active/standby switchover when the clock of the standby BCKM/CMPT is in locked state or within the hold capability.
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If the active BCKM/CMPT whose clock can be held reports the alarm, the system clock is held after the alarm is reported. After the active BCKM/CMPT clock hold time expires and the standby BCKM/CMPT is configured, the system automatically triggers the active/standby switchover when the clock of the standby BCKM/CMPT is in locked state or within the hold capability.

Possible Causes
The GPS antenna is inundated or the GPS feeder is damaged.

Workflow
Figure 2-12 Procedure for handling the ALM-17588

Procedure
Step 1 Keep the spare parts ready. Bring the GPS feeder to the site.
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Step 2 Connect the BCKM/CMPT by using the standby antenna and cable.
l

If the alarm is cleared, you can infer that the original GPS feeder is short-circuited. Go to 4. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3.

Step 3 Disconnect the feeder and the GPS antenna and the feeder and the GPS receiver. After the connections are interrupted, use a multimeter to measure the impedance between the shielded layer and the core wire of the feeder.
l

If the impedance is more than several megaohms, you can infer that the GPS feeder is not short-circuited. If the impedance is less than several megaohms, you can infer that the original GPS feeder is short-circuited. Go to 4.

Step 4 Replace the feeder and protect the GPS antenna system against the water. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.13 ALM-17855 BER of E1/T1 Link Too High


Description
When the bit error rate (BER) of the E1/T1 link exceeds the threshold, the ALM-17855 is reported. The transmission module measures the BER of the E1/T1 link every 10 minutes. If the BER is higher than the threshold, the transmission module reports the alarm. Through the alarm, you can find the fault in the BER of the E1/T1 link in time.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17855 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: BCIM and CMPT

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Name Board ID

Meaning ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 1

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the E1/T1 link where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 7

Impact on the System


The impact of the ALM-17855 on the system is as follows:
l l

The quality of the voice services carried by the link is decreased or the calls are dropped. The transmission rate of the data service carried by the link decreases or the transmission is interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-17855 are as follows:
l l l l l l l

Poor contact of the E1/T1 link Bad grounding performance of the E1/T1 cable Damaged shielded layer of the E1/T1 cable Faulty transmission network Inconsistent configuration of the impedance High BER of the optical transmission link High BER of the E1/T1 link

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Workflow
Figure 2-13 Procedure for handling the ALM-17855

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the optical transmission link is normal.
l

If the optical transmission link is exceptional, improve the transmission quality of the optical transmission link. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If the optical transmission link is normal, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether the E1/T1 cable and its shielded layer are normal. Check whether the grounding of the E1/T1 cable is normal and whether the shielded layer of the cable is damaged.
l

If the connection is exceptional, clear the fault caused by the poor contact or the damage on the cable. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3.
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If the connection is normal, go to 3.

Step 3 Contact the transmission engineers to check whether the equipment or transmission cable is normal. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.14 ALM-17883 Transmission Module IP Address Conflicting


Description
The ALM-17883 is reported when the IP address of the FE port of the QC54BCIM conflicts with the IP address of other equipment in the same network segment. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the IP address of the FE port of the BCIM.

Attribute
Alarm ID 17883 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: BCIM ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 3

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the FE port where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 1

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Impact on the System


The data transmission through the FE port is interrupted. As a result, the services carried over the FE port are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The IP address of the FE port of the BCIM conflicts with the IP address of other equipment in the network.

Procedure
Step 1 Run the DSP CBTSFEPORTINFO command. Check whether the configured IP address of the FE port is consistent with the planned IP address. If they are not consistent, run the RMV CBTSFEPORT command to delete the old address of the FE port, and then run the ADD CBTSFEPORT command to add a new IP address to the FE port. Step 2 If they are consistent, the corrective procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
The related commands are as follows: DSP CBTSFEPORTINFO RMV CBTSFEPORT ADD CBTSFEPORT

2.15 ALM-18131 DRC Alarm of Private-Line Users


Description
The ALM-18131 is reported when the CECM/HECM detects that the data rate of download service does not meet the requirement of the subscription rate owing to the poor quality of the air interface. The CECM/HECM periodically checks the data rate control (DRC) of private-line users. When the CECM/HECM detects that the download rate indicated by the DRC value is less than eight times as big as the subscription rate, the CECM/HECM considers that the air interface interference is large and reports the alarm. When the CECM/HECM detects that the download rate indicated by the DRC value reaches eight times as big as the subscription rate, the alarm is cleared. Through the alarm, you can find the fault in time in the DRC download speed of private-line users.
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Attribute
Alarm ID 18131 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CECM and HECM ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The quality of the forward air interface is poor and the subscription speed of private-line users cannot be ensured.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The quality of the radio channel environment decreases.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the radio channel environment of the area in which the dedicated subscriber is located. Clear the factors that may cause interference. Step 2 Degrade the dedicated subscriber to a common subscriber so that the MS can receive the radio signals in good quality from the BTS. ----End

Related Information
None.
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2.16 ALM-18132 PID Delay Alarm


Description
When the delay of BCMCS service data packet exists in the Abis interface, the ALM-18132 is reported. When the CECM/HECM is started, it identifies the delay alarm threshold through the process identity (PID) of the miscellaneous parameter that is used to configure the broadcast information flow. When the PID delay exceeds the threshold, the CECM/HECM reports the alarm. After five minutes, the alarm is cleared if the PID delay is smaller than the threshold. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the delay of the BCMCS service data.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18132 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CECM and HECM ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The quality of the BCMCS services decreases or the BCMCS services are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18132 are as follows:
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The BSC or the BTS clock is faulty. The delay of the Abis link is long.

Workflow
Figure 2-14 Procedure for handling the ALM-18132

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the clock alarms exist in the CLK module of the main processing module.
l

If the clock alarms exist, clear the alarms. Check whether the ALM-18132 is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the ALM-18132 is not cleared, go to 2. If the clock alarms do not exist, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether the clock alarms exist in the BSC.


l

If the clock alarms exist, clear the alarms. Check whether the ALM-18132 is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the ALM-18132 is not cleared, go to 3. If the clock alarms do not exist, go to 3.

Step 3 Check whether the transmission alarms exist.


l

If the transmission alarms exist, clear the alarms.


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If the transmission alarms do not exist, the procedure ends.

----End

Related Information
None.

2.17 ALM-18136 DSP Main Clock Abnormal


Description
When the digital signal processor (DSP) main clock of the CECM/HECM is exceptional, the ALM-18136 is reported. The CECM/HECM periodically checks the register of the FPGA clock signal alarm to determine whether the 80 MHz clock is faulty. If the 80 MHz clock is faulty, the DSP main clock signal is exceptional and the alarm is reported. The alarm is associated with the 25 MHz clock alarm, 60 MHz clock alarm, and 125 MHz clock alarm. When the ALM-18136 is reported, you can infer that other clocks are also faulty. Only the 80 MHz clock alarm and the DSP main clock alarm, however, are reported. Through the alarm, you can check in time whether the DSP main clock is exceptional.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18136 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CECM and HECM ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

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Impact on the System


The services carried by the CECM are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18136 are as follows:
l l

The crystal oscillator of the signal board is faulty. The DSP chip is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the FPGA clock signal alarm register. Determine whether the 80 MHz clock is faulty. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the CECM/HECM that reports the ALM-18136. Step 2 If the equipment of the peer end is normal, the procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.18 ALM-18138 No Light from Transmission Port of Optical Module


Description
The ALM-18138 is reported when the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM detects that the Tx port of the optical module has no transmit optical power and the optical module of the CCPM/CECM is in position. For the configured optical port, the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM periodically checks the status register of the optical port. By checking the status register of the optical port, the CCPM/CECM/ HCPM/HECM determines whether the fault of no transmitted optical power exists. Through the alarm, you can check in time whether the optical module is normal.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18138 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

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Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM, CECM, HCPM, and HECM ID of the board where the alarm is generated
l l l l

Board ID

CCPM (0-5) CECM (0-5) HCPM (0-5) HECM (0-5)

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID Optical port of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Impact on the System


The impact of the ALM-18138 on the system is as follows:
l l

The peer end equipment of the optical port is unavailable. The services are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The optical module of the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is faulty.

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Workflow
Figure 2-15 Procedure for handling the ALM-18138

Procedure
Step 1 Remove and then insert the optical module.
l l

Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2.

Step 2 Replace the optical module. To replace the faulty optical module that reports the ALM-18138, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.19 ALM-18139 Signal Loss at Reception Port of Optical Module


Description
The ALM-18139 is reported when the optical module detects that the optical signals received at the receiving port are lost and the optical module of the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is in position.
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When the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is powered on, it periodically checks the status of the optical module and the fiber. If the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM detects that the received signals of the optical module are lost, it reports the alarm. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the fiber or the optical module of the local end or the peer end.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18139 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM, CECM, HCPM, and HECM ID of the board where the alarm is generated
l l l l

Board ID

CCPM (0-5) CECM (0-5) HCPM (0-5) HECM (0-5)

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The ALM-18139 has the following impacts on the system:
l

The optical channel of the optical module cannot carry services. As a result, the communication between the local end equipment and the peer end equipment is interrupted. After the fault occurs, all the service requests carried by the fiber fail.

System Actions
None.
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Possible Causes
The causes of ALM-18139 are as follows:
l l l

The fiber of the local end or the peer end is not connected tightly to the optical module. The fiber type of the local end or the peer end is incompatible with the optical module. The optical module of the local end of the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is faulty and cannot identify the optical signals. The optical port or the optical module of the peer end equipment is faulty and cannot transmit optical signals.

Figure 2-16 Procedure for handling the ALM-18139

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the fiber of the local end is connected tightly to the optical module.
l

If they are not connected tightly, insert the fiber into the port of the optical module. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If they are connected tightly, go to 2.
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Step 2 Check whether the optical module and the fiber type of the local end are compatible.
l

If they are incompatible, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the local optical module that reports the ALM-18139. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. If they are compatible, go to 3.

Step 3 Check whether the fiber of the peer end is connected tightly to the optical module.
l

If they are not connected tightly, insert the fiber into the port of the optical module. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4. If they are connected tightly, go to 4.

Step 4 Check whether the optical module and fiber type of the peer end are compatible.
l

If they are incompatible, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the peer optical module that reports the ALM-18139. If they are compatible, the procedure ends.

----End

Related Information
The related commands are as follows: DSP CBTSBRDVER DSP CBTSBRDSPECSTAT

2.20 ALM-18140 Transmission Power Too High at Optical Module


Description
The ALM-18140 is reported when the optical module detects that the transmission power at the receiving port is too high and the optical module of the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is in position. The fault detection of the optical module shows that the transmission power is too high. No matter whether the fiber is connected, the optical module reports the alarm as soon as the module detects the fault. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the transmission power of the optical module.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18140 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

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Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM, CECM, HCPM, and HECM ID of the board where the alarm is generated
l l l l

Board ID

CCPM (0-5) CECM (0-5) HCPM (0-5) HECM (0-5)

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID Optical port of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Impact on the System


The impact of the ALM-18140 on the system is as follows:
l l

The services carried by the fiber that is connected to the optical module are interrupted. After the fault occurs, all the service requests carried by the fiber fail.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The optical module of the local end is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the optical module. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the local optical module that reports the ALM-18140. Step 2 If it is normal, the procedure ends. ----End
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Related Information
The related commands are as follows: DSP CBTSBRDVER DSP CBTSBRDSPECSTAT

2.21 ALM-18141 Transmission Power Too Low at Optical Module


Description
The ALM-1814 is reported when the optical module detects that the transmission power at the receiving port is too low and the optical module of the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is in position. The fault detection of the optical module shows that the transmission power is too low. No matter whether the fiber is connected, the optical module reports the alarm as soon as the module detects the fault. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the transmission power of the optical module.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18141 Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM, CECM, HCPM, and HECM ID of the board where the alarm is generated
l l l l

Board ID

CCPM (0-5) CECM (0-5) HCPM (0-5) HECM (0-5)

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated

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Name Subunit ID

Meaning Optical port of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Impact on the System


The strength of the optical signals received by the optical module of the peer end is too low. As a result, the services carried by the fiber that is connected to the optical module are interrupted. After the fault occurs, all the service request carried by the fiber fail.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The optical module of the local end is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the optical module. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the local optical module that reports the ALM-18141. Step 2 If it is normal, the procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.22 ALM-18142 Reception Power Too High at Optical Module


Description
The ALM-18142 is reported when the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM detects that the power of the signal received from the receiving port of the optical module is too high. Through the alarm, you can check in time whether the optical fiber is damaged or the optical module is faulty.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18142 Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Fault

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Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM, CECM, HCPM, and HECM ID of the board where the alarm is generated
l l l l

Board ID

CCPM (0-5) CECM (0-5) HCPM (0-5) HECM (0-5)

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID Optical port of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Impact on the System


The impact of the ALM-18142 on the system is as follows:
l l

The components of the optical module are faulty. The services are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18142 are as follows:
l l l l

The optical module and the optical module type are incompatible. The optical module and the optical fiber type are incompatible. The optical module of the local end is faulty. The optical port of the peer end equipment is faulty.

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Workflow
Figure 2-17 Procedure for handling the ALM-18142

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the optical module and the optical module type are compatible.
l

If they are incompatible, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the optical module that reports the ALM-18142. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If they are compatible, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether the optical module and the optical fiber type are compatible.
l

If they are incompatible, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the optical fiber. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. If they are compatible, go to 3.
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Step 3 Check whether the optical module of the local end is faulty.
l

If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the local optical module that reports the ALM-18142. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4. If it is normal, go to 4.

Step 4 Check whether the optical port of the peer end equipment is faulty.
l l

If the equipment of the peer end is faulty, clear the fault of it. If the equipment of the peer end is normal, the procedure ends.

----End

Related Information
None.

2.23 ALM-18143 Reception Power Too Low at Optical Module


Description
The ALM-18143 is reported when the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM detects that the power of the signal received from the receiving port of the optical module is too low. The CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM can retrieve the information about the rate of the configured optical port. The information is saved in I2C. The CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM determines whether to report the alarm based on the flag bit of the low receiving power received from the optical port. In normal cases, the flag bit is 0. When the power of the optical port is too low, the flag bit is 1 and the CCPM/CECM reports the alarm. Through the alarm, you can check in time whether the optical fiber is damaged or the optical module is faulty.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18143 Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated

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Name Board type

Meaning Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM, CECM, HCPM, and HECM ID of the board where the alarm is generated
l l l l

Board ID

CCPM (0-5) CECM (0-5) HCPM (0-5) HECM (0-5)

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID Optical port of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Impact on the System


The impact of the ALM-18143 on the system is as follows:
l l

The equipment at the peer end cannot work. The services are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18143 are as follows:
l

The receiving optical fiber and the transmitting optical fiber of the local end or the peer end are connected incorrectly or insecurely. The optical module and the optical fiber type are incompatible or the optical fiber is disconnected. The optical module of the local end is faulty. The optical module of the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is faulty. The optical port of the peer end equipment is faulty.

l l l

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Workflow
Figure 2-18 Procedure for handling the ALM-18143

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Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the receiving and transmitting optical fibers of the local end are connected correctly.
l

If the optical fibers are connected incorrectly, reconnect them. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If the optical fibers are connected correctly, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether the optical fibers are connected tightly.


l

If the optical fibers are not connected tightly, reconnect them. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. If the optical fibers are connected properly, go to 3.

Step 3 Check whether the optical module and the optical fiber type are compatible.
l

If they are incompatible, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the optical fiber. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4. If they are compatible, go to 4.

Step 4 Check whether the optical module of the local end is faulty.
l

If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the local optical module that reports the ALM-18143. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. If it is normal, go to 5.

Step 5 Check whether the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/HECM is faulty.


l

If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the CCPM/CECM/HCPM/ HECM that reports the ALM-18143. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 6. If it is normal, go to 6.

Step 6 Check whether the equipment of the peer end is faulty.


l l

If the equipment of the peer end is faulty, clear the fault of it. If the equipment of the peer end is normal, the procedure ends.

----End

Related Information
None.

2.24 ALM-18150 CSM5000 Failure Alarm


Description
When the CSM5000 chip on the CCPM is faulty, the ALM-18150 is reported. When the CCPM is started, all the CSM5000 chips on the CCPM perform self-check. If the check fails, the ALM-18150 is reported. Through the ALM-18150, the faulty CSM5000 chip on the CCPM can be located in time.
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Attribute
Alarm ID 18150 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The impact of the ALM-18150 on the system is as follows:
l l l l

The faulty chip cannot be used for the radio resource allocation. The CE resources assigned on the forward and reverse channels of the CCPM is reduced. The maximum number of the accessed users decreases. The system reports that the CCPM must be replaced.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18150 are as follows:
l l

The input clock of the chip on the backplane is exceptional. The CSM5000 chip is faulty.

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Workflow
Figure 2-19 Procedure for handling the ALM-18150

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the input clock of the backplane is exceptional.
l

If the input clock of the backplane is exceptional, refer to the BTS Maintenance Guide to replace the BCKM that reports the ALM-18150. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If the input clock of the backplane is normal, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether the CCPM is exceptional.


l

If the CCPM is exceptional, refer to the BTS Maintenance Guide to replace the CCPM that reports the ALM-18150. If the CCPM is normal, the procedure ends.

----End

Related Information
The related commands are as follows: DSP CBTSBRDVER DSP CBTSLOG DSP CBTSBRDSTAT
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2.25 ALM-18151 All CSM5000 Failure Alarm


Description
When all the CSM5000 chips on the CCPM are faulty, the ALM-18151 is reported. After the CCPM is operational, all the CSM500 chips on the CCPM perform self-check. If the check fails, the ALM-18151 is reported. Through the ALM-18151, the faulty CSM5000 chip on the CCPM can be located in time.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18151 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM ID of the board where the alarm is generated:
l l

Board ID

CCPM (0-2) CECM (0-2)

Subunit type

Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated ID of E1 logic start circuit of blocked trunk circuits, with the value ranging from 0 to 65535 Value range: 0 to 65535

Subunit ID ID of start circuit

Number of blocked circuits

Whether to block all circuits of the signaling The meanings of values 0 and 1 are as follows: point l 0: No
l

1: Yes
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Name Whether to block multiple circuits

Meaning The meanings of values 0 and 1 are as follows:


l l

0: No 1: Yes

Whether to block all circuits within the permissible range

The meanings of values 0 and 1 are as follows:


l l

0: No 1: Yes

Circuit bit

Indicated by hex, with the value ranging from 0 to 0xFFFFFFFF For example, when the circuits 1 to 3 are blocked, the circuit bit is 0x70000000.

Fault cause

07 H (OAM&P intervention), 20 H (equipment fault) or 21 H (no available radio resources)

Impact on the System


All the chips on the CCPM are unavailable. Therefore, the CCPM cannot bear any service.

System Actions
The CCPM/CECM is started after eight minutes and checks the chips again.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18151 are as follows:
l l

The input clock of the chip on the backplane is faulty. All the CSM5000 chips are faulty.

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Workflow
Figure 2-20 Procedure for handling the ALM-18151

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the input clock on the backplane is normal.
l

If the input clock of the backplane is exceptional, refer to the BTS Maintenance Guide to replace the BCKM that reports the ALM-18151. Check whether the ALM-18151 is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the ALM-18151 is not cleared, go to 2. If the input clock of the backplane is normal, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether the CCPM is exceptional.


l

If the CCPM is exceptional, refer to the BTS Maintenance Guide to replace the CCPM that reports the ALM-18151. If the CCPM is normal, the procedure ends.

----End

Related Information
The related commands are as follows: DSP CBTSBRDVER DSP CBTSLOG DSP CBTSBRDSTAT
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2.26 ALM-18160 CSM6700 Failure Alarm


Description
When the CSM6700 chip on the CCPM is faulty, the ALM-18150 is reported. When the CCPM is started, all the CSM6700 chips on the CCPM perform self-check. If the check fails, the ALM-18150 is reported. Through the ALM-18150, the faulty CSM6700 chip on the CCPM can be located in time.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18150 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: CCPM ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The impact of the ALM-18160 on the system is as follows:
l l l l

The faulty chip cannot be used for the radio resource allocation. The CE resources assigned on the forward and reverse channels of the CCPM is reduced. The maximum number of the accessed users decreases. The system reports that the CCPM must be replaced.

System Actions
None.
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Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18160 are as follows:
l l

The input clock of the chip on the backplane is exceptional. The CSM6700 chip is faulty.

Workflow
Figure 2-21 Procedure for handling the ALM-18160

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the input clock on the backplane is normal.
l

If the input clock of the backplane is exceptional, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the BCKM that reports the ALM-18160. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If the input clock of the backplane is normal, go to 2. If the CCPM is exceptional, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the CCPM that reports the ALM-18160. If the CCPM is normal, the procedure ends.

Step 2 Check whether the CCPM is exceptional.


l

----End

Related Information
The related commands are as follows:
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DSP CBTSBRDVER DSP CBTSLOG DSP CBTSBRDSTAT

2.27 ALM-18345 DAC Clock of Transmitting Channel Abnormal


Description
When the digital analog converter (DAC) of the STDM/CMTR/OMTR detects the unlocked phase-locked loop (PPL), the ALM-18345 is reported. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the DAC of the transmission channel.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18345 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID Forward channel of the STDM where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Impact on the System


The services supported by the sectors where the DAC is located are interrupted.

System Actions
None.
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Possible Causes
The STDM/CMTR/OMTR is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18345. Step 2 If it is normal, the procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.28 ALM-18350 Main and Diversity DDCs Unavailable Synchronously


Description
When the digital down change (DDC) of the receiving main and diversity fails at the same time, the ALM-18350 is reported. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the DDC of the receiving main and diversity.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18350 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated

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Name Subunit ID

Meaning ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The services of the sector carrier where the STDM/CMTR/OMTR is located are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The cause of the ALM-18350 is that the DDCs of the main and diversity of the STDM/CMTR/ OMTR are faulty.

Workflow
Figure 2-22 Procedure for handling the ALM-18350

Procedure
Step 1 Reset the STDM/CMTR/OMTR.
l l

Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2.
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Step 2 Power off the RF module. Step 3 Replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. To replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18350, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.29 ALM-18356 TRM Blocked Because of the Command


Description
When the sector carriers of the BTS are caused by the user command, the ALM-18356 is reported. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the carrier blocking caused by the user command.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18356 Alarm Severity Warning Alarm Type Fault/recovery

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


If the sector carriers of the BTS are blocked, the services carried by this sector carriers are interrupted.
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System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The sector carries of the BTS are blocked by the user command.

Procedure
Step 1 Open the LMT Service Maintenance System. Step 2 Run the UBL CBTSSECTORCARRIER command to unblock the corresponding sector carriers. ----End

Related Information
The related commands are as follows: UBL CBTSSECTORCARRIER

2.30 ALM-18363 Voltage of Power Amplification Power Supply Too High


Description
The software checks the voltage of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA power supply in real time. When the voltage of the SPAM power supply exceeds 34 V, the ALM-18363 is reported. When the voltage of the SPAM power supply is lower than 30 V, the alarm is cleared. When the voltage of the CMPA/OMPA power supply exceeds 30 V, the ALM-18363 is reported. When the voltage of the CMPA/OMPA power supply is lower than 28.5 V, the alarm is cleared. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the voltage of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA power supply.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18363 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated

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Name Board type Board ID

Meaning Type of the board where the alarm is generated: SPAM, CMPA, and OMPA ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is powered off, no power is output, and the services carried by the sector are interrupted.

System Actions
After the alarm related to the overvoltage of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA power supply is generated, the system powers off the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA automatically.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18363 are as follows:
l l

The power supply module is faulty. The SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the output voltage of the power supply module. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA that reports the ALM-18363. Step 2 If it is normal, the procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.31 ALM-18364 Voltage of Power Amplification Power Supply Too Low


Description
The software checks the voltage of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA power supply. When the voltage of the SPAM power supply is less than 20.8 V, the ALM-18364 is reported. When the voltage
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of the SPAM power supply exceeds 25 V, the alarm is cleared. When the voltage of the CMPA/ OMPA power supply is lower than 21 V, the ALM-18364 is reported. When the voltage of the CMPA/OMPA power supply exceeds 25 V, the alarm is cleared. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the voltage of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA power supply.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18364 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: SPAM, CMPA, and OMPA ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is powered off, no power is output, and the services carried by the sector are interrupted.

System Actions
After the ALM-18364 is generated, the system powers off the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA automatically.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18364 are as follows:
l l l l

The voltage of the battery supplying power is too low. The power supply module is overloaded. The power supply module is faulty. The SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is faulty.
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Workflow
Figure 2-23 Procedure for handling the ALM-18364

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the undervoltage is caused by power failure.
l

If the undervoltage is caused by power failure, confirm the ALM-18364 after the power is supplied. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If the undervoltage is not caused by power failure, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether the power supply modules are insufficient.


l

If the power supply modules are insufficient, add the power supply modules. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. If the power supply modules are sufficient, go to 3.
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Step 3 Replace the power supply module. To replace the power supply module that reports the ALM-18364, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide.
l l

If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4.

Step 4 Replace the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA. To replace the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA that reports the ALM-18364, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.32 ALM-18365 TRM Pre-Distortion Capture Over-Time


Description
When the pre-distortion module is faulty and the data sampling expires, the ALM-18365 is reported. Through this alarm, you can find in time the fault in the acquisition time of the pre-distortion module.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18365 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated

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Name Subunit ID

Meaning ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The specifications for the transmission signal are affected and the call quality may be decreased.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The STDM/CMTR/OMTR is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18365. Step 2 If it is normal, the procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.33 ALM-18367 Ratio Between Reference Voltage and Feedback Voltage of Predistortion Module Out of Range
Description
The pre-distortion module checks the ratio of the reference power to the feedback power in real time. When the ratio exceeds the permissible range, the ALM-18367 is reported. Through this alarm, you can timely find the fault in the ratio of reference voltage to the feedback voltage of the STDM/CMTR/OMTR pre-distortion module.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18367 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

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Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The specifications for the transmission signal are affected and the call quality may be decreased.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The STDM is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18367. Step 2 If it is normal, the procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
None.

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2.34 ALM-18368 Predistortion Module Feedback Signal Too Small


Description
The pre-distortion module checks the strength of the feedback signal in real time. When the strength of the feedback signal is less than the threshold of the power required for the operation of the pre-distortion module, the ALM-18368 is reported. Through this alarm, you can find in time the fault in the feedback signal of the STDM/CMTR/ OMTR pre-distortion module.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18368 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The specifications for the transmission signal are affected and the call quality may be decreased.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The STDM is faulty.
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Procedure
Step 1 Check the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18368. Step 2 If it is normal, the procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.35 ALM-18376 Communication Link Between Power Amplification Monitoring Board and TRM Disconnected
Description
The SPAM communicates with the STDM through the serial port. When the communication between the SPAM monitoring board and the STDM fails, the ALM-18376 is reported. The CMPA/OMPA communicates with the CMTR/OMTR through the serial port. When the communication between them fails, the ALM-18376 is reported. Through this alarm, you can check whether the communication between the STDM/CMTR/ OMTR and the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA monitoring board is normal.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18376 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated

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Name Subunit ID

Meaning ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated, with the value of 0xff

Impact on the System


The information about the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA cannot be reported. Therefore, the output power of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA cannot be monitored.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18376 are as follows:
l

The connection between the STDM and the serial port of the SPAM monitoring board is exceptional. The connection between the CMTR and the serial port of the CMPA monitoring board is exceptional. The connection between the OMTR and the serial port of the OMPA monitoring board is exceptional. The SPAM/CMPA/OMPA monitoring board is faulty. The STDM/CMTR/OMTR is faulty.

l l

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Workflow
Figure 2-24 Procedure for handling the ALM-18376

Procedure
Step 1 Power off the RF module. Step 2 Reconnect the serial cable between the RF module and the PA module. Power on the RF module after the connection is normal. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. Step 3 Power off the RF module. Step 4 Replace the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA. To replace the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA that reports the ALM-18376, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. After the connection is normal, power on the RF module. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. Step 5 Power off the RF module.
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Step 6 Replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. To replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18376, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.36 ALM-18392 Power Amplification Gain Abnormal


Description
The SPAM/CMPA/OMPA can control the gain. When the gain of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA exceeds the permissible range, the ALM-18392 is reported. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the gain of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18392 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID For the STDM, it is the ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Impact on the System


The transmit power of the sector carrier of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is exceptional and the BTS coverage is affected.
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System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18392 are as follows:
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The RF connection between the STDM and the SPAM is faulty. The RF connection between the CMTR and the CMPA is faulty. The RF connection between the OMTR and the OMPA is faulty. The SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is faulty. The STDM/CMTR/OMTR detection circuit is faulty.

Workflow
Figure 2-25 Procedure for handling the ALM-18392

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Procedure
Step 1 Power off the RF module. Step 2 Reconnect the RF cable between the RF module and the PA module. Power on the RF module and wait for 20 minutes.
l l

Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3.

Step 3 Power off the RF module. Step 4 Replace the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA. Refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA that reports the ALM-18392. Ensure that the connection between the RF module and the PA module is proper. Then power on the RF module and wait for 20 minutes. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. Step 5 Power off the RF module. Step 6 Replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. To replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18392, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.37 ALM-18394 Power Amplification Over-Temperature


Description
If the operating temperature of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is too high, the components are affected. When the operating temperature of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is too high, the ALM-18394 is reported.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18394 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated

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Name BTS ID Board type Board ID

Meaning ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID For the STDM, it is the ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Impact on the System


After the ALM-18394 is reported, the system reduces the output power automatically. Therefore, the BTS coverage is affected. If the operating temperature increases continuously, the SPAM/ CMPA/OMPA may be powered off.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18394 are as follows:
l l l

The ambient temperature is too high. The fan rotation speed is exceptional and the heat dissipation is ineffective. The SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is faulty.

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Workflow
Figure 2-26 Procedure for handling the ALM-18394

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the ambient temperature of the equipment room is normal.
l

If the ambient temperature of the equipment room is exceptional, take measures to lower the ambient temperature. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If the ambient temperature of the equipment room is normal, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether a fan failure alarm is generated.


l

If a fan failure alarm exists, remove the fan and check whether something blocks the fan. (1) If something blocks the fan, remove it. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4. (2) If nothing blocks the fan, go to 3.

If a fan failure alarm is not generated, check whether the fan rotation speed is exceptional. (1) If the fan rotation speed is exceptional, go to 3. (2) If the fan rotation speed is normal, go to 4.

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Step 3 Replace the fan. To replace the fan, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 4. Step 4 Power on the RF module. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. Step 5 Power off the RF module. Step 6 Replace the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA. Refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA that reports the ALM-18394. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.38 ALM-18395 Power Amplification Closed


Description
When the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is in position, the ALM-18395 is reported if the SPAM/CMPA/ OMPA is powered off. Through this alarm, you can find in time the status of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18395 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated

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Name Subunit ID

Meaning For the STDM, it is the ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Impact on the System


After the PA module is powered off, it has no output power. The services on the sector carrier of STDM/CMTR/OMTR are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18395 are as follows:
l l

The temperature of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is too high. The power supply voltage of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is abnormal.

Workflow
Figure 2-27 Procedure for handling the ALM-18395

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the temperature of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA exceeds 95.
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If the temperature of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA exceeds 95, see ALM-18394 Power Amplification Over-Temperature to clear the fault. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 2. If the temperature of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA is lower than 95, go to 2.

Step 2 Check whether the alarm related to the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA power exception is generated.
l

If the alarm related to the overvoltage or undervoltage of the SPAM/CMPA/OMPA power supply is generated, see ALM-18364 Voltage of Power Amplification Power Supply Too Low and ALM-18363 Voltage of Power Amplification Power Supply Too High to clear the alarm. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm related to the overvoltage or undervoltage of the SPAM power supply is not generated, the procedure ends.

----End

Related Information
None.

2.39 ALM-18400 Standing Wave Alarm


Description
The voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) is measured in real time based on the ratio of transmit power to the reflection power. If the VSWR exceeds the threshold, the ALM-18400 is reported. Through the alarm, you can find in time the fault in the VSWR.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18400 Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

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Name

Meaning

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID For the STDM, it is the ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 2

Impact on the System


The transmit power of the sector carrier decreases and the BTS coverage is affected.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The causes of the ALM-18400 are as follows:
l l l

The VSWR of the antenna system is too high. The connection between the jumper and the STDM/CMTR/OMTR is exceptional. The STDM/CMTR/OMTR is faulty.

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Workflow
Figure 2-28 Procedure for handling the ALM-18400

Procedure
Step 1 Power off the RF module. Step 2 Reconnect the jumper of the antenna system to the STDM/CMTR/OMTR.

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Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 3. Step 3 Check whether the VSWR of the antenna system is normal.
l

If the VSWR is exceptional, check the antenna system and clear the fault. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5. If the VSWR is normal, check the connection between the jumper at the top of the cabinet and the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. Check whether the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared, the procedure ends. If the alarm is not cleared, go to 5.

Step 4 Check whether the VSWR is greater than 2.5. Check the VSWR at the power input port of the STDM/CMTR/OMTR.
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If the VSWR is greater than 2.5, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18400. If the VSWR is less than 2.5, perform 5.

Step 5 Power off the RF module. Step 6 Replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. To replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18400, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.40 ALM-18525 RF Feedback PLL Unlocked


Description
If the phase-locked loop (PLL) of the STDM/CMTR/OMTR in the RF feedback channel is unlocked, the related service is interrupted. When the PLL of the RF feedback channel is unlocked, the ALM-18525 is reported. Through this alarm, you can find in time the fault in the RF PLL unlocked.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18525 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

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Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The services of the sector carrier where the STDM/CMTR/OMTR is located are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The STDM is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18525. Step 2 If it is normal, the procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
None.

2.41 ALM-18526 RF Reverse PLL Unlocked


Description
If the phase-locked loop (PLL) of the STDM/CMTR/OMTR in the RF reverse channel is unlocked, the related service is interrupted. When the PLL of the RF reverse channel is unlocked, the ALM-18526 is reported.
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Through this alarm, you can find in time the fault in the RF reverse PPL unlocked.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18526 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The services of the sector carrier where the STDM/CMTR/OMTR is located are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The STDM is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18526. Step 2 If the it is normal, the procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
None.
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2.42 ALM-18527 RF Forward PLL Unlocked


Description
If the phase-locked loop (PLL) of the STDM/CMTR/OMTR in the RF forward channel is unlocked, the related service is interrupted. When the PLL of the RF forward channel is unlocked, the ALM-18527 is reported. Through this alarm, you can find in time the fault in the RF forward PLL unlocked.

Attribute
Alarm ID 18527 Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Fault

Parameters
Name BTS name BTS ID Board type Board ID Meaning Name of the BTS where the alarm is generated ID of the BTS where the alarm is generated Type of the board where the alarm is generated: STDM, CMTR, and OMTR ID of the board where the alarm is generated, with the value ranging from 0 to 5

Subunit type Type of the subunit where the alarm is generated Subunit ID ID of the subunit where the alarm is generated

Impact on the System


The services of the sector carrier where the STDM/CMTR/OMTR is located are interrupted.

System Actions
None.

Possible Causes
The STDM/CMTR/OMTR is faulty.
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Procedure
Step 1 Check the STDM/CMTR/OMTR. If it is faulty, refer to the BTS Site Maintenance Guide to replace the STDM/CMTR/OMTR that reports the ALM-18527. Step 2 If it is normal, the procedure ends. ----End

Related Information
None.

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