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Deliveries of the new Nexter VBCI will start in 2008
Bullish Medium Armoured Vehicles
In the introduction to Armada International’s 2006 Medium Armoured Vehicles supplement it was reported that three European members of Nato were set to select wheeled armoured fighting vehicles over the coming months. The honours were evenly divided.
n 27 January 2006 the Belgian government announced it would acquire up to 242 Mowag 8 8 Piranha IIIC vehicles in a project worth over € 500 million. Five months later the Czech Minister of Defence signed a € 821 million contract with Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug for 199 8 8 Pandur IIs with an option for another 35. In October the Dutch government announced its intention to remain with the Artec Boxer programme and a joint Dutch-German production contract was signed just before Armada went to press. In both Belgium and the Czech Republic the selected wheeled vehicles will form the basis of those countries’ armoured fighting vehicle fleets, while in the Netherlands the Boxer will support the army’s new BAE Systems Hägglunds tracked CV9035s. While some armies are switching to all-wheeled fleets for either doctrinal or economic reasons others are electing to maintain a mixed fleet. The Hellenic Army confirmed at Defendory in October its intention to buy up to 291 tracked infantry fighting vehicles worth up to € 1.7 billion to operate in conjunction with its 353 Leopard 2A4 and 2A6 tanks. Competition is certain to be fierce for one of the few tracked vehicle requirements in Europe for the foreseeable
future. The BAE Systems Hägglunds CV90, the Kurgan BMP-3, the PSM Puma and the Steyr-Daimler-Puch Ulan are all contenders. However, immediate priority is being given to the acquisition of 84 armoured personnel carriers for peacekeeping operations. The real news in the field over the past twelve months has not been the long running, often spurious, debate about the relative merits of wheels and tracks, each
have their place in modern military operations, but how the US-led ‘Global War on Terror’ is shaping requirements. Coalition vehicles designed for high intensity combat at long ranges are being attacked at short range, often in crowded urban environments by volleys of cheap rocketpropelled grenades and improvised explosive devices (IED). Vehicles which offer protection against such threats are being procured as urgent operational requirements by the British, Canadian, Dutch, US and other armies committed to that battle. The British Ministry of Defence, for example, announced on 24 July a vehicle package to provide better protection for its forces in Afghanistan and Iraq: the acquisition of 86 Force Pro-
The US Marine Corps has ordered 281 new LAV-A2s from General Dynamics in parallel with several initiatives to modernise and refurbish its hard-used fleet of some 700 LAVs. (US Marine Corps)
armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007
for its part. The marines are also planning to install the Delco LAV- 25 ‘saddlebag’ Tow turret on 95 anti-tank variants and replace the 81 mm mortar in 50 mortar vehicles with the same 120 mm rifled mortars used in the Expeditionary Fire Support System. enhanced thermal sight with laser rangefinder and an improved fire control system for the 25 mm turrets. (US Army) tection Cougar H 6 6 personnel carriers. The last of 33 Tow Under Armour vehicles was delivered in May 2006. and under a 2004 contract GDLS – Australia upgraded the 113 Phase 2 Aslavs. The upgrades include a new turret electric drive. the last Stryker variant to enter service. The 105 mm-armed vehicle will provide direct fire support for Stryker infantry companies. include an improved suspension. In this supplement Armada will concentrate on both wheeled and tracked vehicles primarily in the 10 to 30-tonne range that have recently been the object of a launch or substantial upgrade. dozer blade. (US Army) armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 2 . In October the Marine Corps boosted the contract value to $ 317 million with a production order for a further 151 LAV-A2s to be delivered by December 2008. to match Phase 3 vehicles. Ontario produced 758 vehicles from 1983 to 1988. The status of the American Future Combat System. The now GDLS – Canada factory in London. allowing the service to deploy and sustain an NZLAV battalion. On 27 January 2006 the Belgian government announced it would acquire up to 242 Mowag 8 8 Piranha IIIC vehicles in seven variants in a project worth over € 800 million including logistics support. The vehicles are scheduled for delivery between July 2007 and July 2008.Complete Guide The US Army is preparing the General Dynamics M1128 Stryker Mobile Gun System (MGS). delivered between 1995 and 1997. GDLS is poised to repeat this success following a Sang request to purchase 724 LAVs in ten different variants. 1/2007.The service cancelled plans to buy 66 Stryker MGS vehicles in favour of retaining the Leopard C2 tank. In February 2006 GDLS received orders worth $ 178. the purchase of another 66 Pinzgauer Vector 6 6 ‘Protected Patrol Vehicles’ and the modernisation of a further 70 tracked FV430-series vehicles with a new powerpack and improved protection. These included 73 vehicles mounting the BAE Systems 120 mm Armoured Mortar System and 130 assault guns fitted with the CMI Defence CTS two-person turret armed with the Cockerill Mk 8 90 mm gun. This twin-track approach of providing enhanced protection for in-service vehicles and the acquisition of armoured vehicles built to provide a high level of protection against mines and IEDs is typical of the approach adopted by many countries. an automatic fire suppression system and fittings for enhanced armour and for crew protection. in the AUSA show report. Other improvements to the LAV-A2. the last delivered in November 2004.3 million to provide 130 new LAV-A2s in various configurations for the Marine Corps and provide 394 electric turret drives for existing cars. the integration of a GPS-based navigation system and an enhanced suspension system. These will replace the army’s fleets of A General Dynamics M1127 Stryker Reconnaissance Vehicle provides security during an operation in Iraq. hydraulic tool system and provision for a safe lane marking system. and by July 2007 deliveries should be complete of 39 engineer vehicles equipped with a remote weapon station. for deployment to Iraq later in 2007. besides the turret drive. The New Zealand Army now operates 105 LAV IIIs. The Saudi Arabian National Guard 8 LAV Is in (Sang) received 1117 8 twelve variants under a US Foreign Military Sales order. has been revisited in Armada International’s current issue. These have seen extensive use most recently in Afghanistan and Iraq and the US Marine Corps is funding a service life extension programme to keep them operating for another 20 years by improving sustainability and reliability. now part of General Dynamics European Land Combat Systems. (Mowag) Follow-on Piranha Orders No modern wheeled armoured vehicle is used more extensively or has seen more combat than the Piranha developed by Mowag of Switzerland. Separate projects are underway to modernise the earlier LAVs by installing an Improved Thermal Sight System. The Piranha received the LAV name by which it is widely known when the US Marine Corps selected the 8 8 Piranha I for its Light Armored Vehicle project in 1981. Situational awareness provided by the M1127 and other types of surveillance systems is crucial to the success of the US Army’s current transformation effort. enhancing the lethality of the M242 25 mm cannon of the LAV-25 variant and upgrading 50 command and control vehicles. With the introduction of the Mowag 8 8 Piranha IIIC (seen here in its basic configuration) the Belgian Army will switch to an all-wheeled fleet. In August 2004 the Australian Army received the last of 144 LAV II vehicles ordered under Phase 3 of the Australian LAV (Aslav) project. GDLS – Canada is in the final stage of a contract to produce 651 LAV IIIs for the Canadian Army. Its Leopard 1 tanks are scheduled to be replaced by 40 Piranha direct-fire vehicles fitted with the CMI 90 mm turret.
Spain (18 8 8 vehicles for the marines including APCs fitted with the Cadillac Gage 40 mm/12. the MGS carries 18 rounds of 105 mm ammunition. A Piranha V prototype. (BAE Systems) Final Stryker Variant At Fort Lewis. Mowag had already received Piranha III orders from Denmark (91 8 8 vehicles in APC and ambulance configurations). 24 command vehicles. is preparing for another rotation to Iraq in mid-year. Preliminary data on this new design can be seen on our three page fold-out table in the centre of this supplement. designated the Mastiff Protected Patrol Vehicle. mortar. anti-tank. The performance of the MGS in Iraq will be studied closely. now part of BAE Systems. The Swiss Army already operates 310 6 6 Piranha I Tow-armed antitank vehicles and 515 8 8 Piranha II APCs with the Rheinmetall single crew turret armed with an M2 12. 4 . 17 recovery and repair vehicles and 12 ambulances. Described as an IFV rather than an APC. 40 direct-fire vehicles fitted with the CMI 90 mm turret.62 mm rounds. (British Ministry of Defence) equipping with the General Dynamics Land Systems 8 8 Stryker (LAV III) family. Sweden is the only customer for the 10 10 Piranha Armoured Combat Vehicle. If all options are exercised the service will receive: 99 APCs with the FN Herstal Arrows 12. The SBCTs are designed to have more protection and mobility than a light division while being more strategically and tactically deployable than an armoured or mechanised infantry division. and some seven years later GDLS has delivered more than 1800 of the 2691 Strykers on order. the new vehicle offers greater internal volume. Britain is fitting vertical armour plates covering the vehicle’s large vision blocks and weapon firing ports. to the Iraq’s armed forces. currently being built at Mowag in Kreuzlingen. which has a licence to manufacture the vehicle in Japan. with six vehicles used in the command post role and seven fitted with an Ericsson mast-mounted air defence radar. Washington the 4th Brigade. Following the delivery of its 27 Stryker Mobile Gun System (MGS) vehicles it will be the first Stryker brigade to deploy with its full complement of ten Stryker variants. 400 rounds of 12. 18 engineer vehicles. based on Force Protection’s 4 4 Cougar. The same month the Irish Department of Defence signed a € 30 million contract for 15 Piranha IIIH vehicles to add to 65 already in service. Only four years later the first Stryker Brigade Combat Team was in action in Iraq. Qatar and Saudi Arabia. By any standards it is an impressive programme. The carrier vehicle has eight sub-configurations: M1130 Command Vehicle M1127 Reconnaissance Vehicle M1131 Fire Support Vehicle M1129 Mortar Carrier M1134 Anti-tank guided missile vehicle M1132 Engineer Squad Vehicle M1133 Medical Evacuation Vehicle M1135 NBC Reconnaissance Vehicle The British Army has ordered 86 Force Protection Cougars.7 mm overhead weapon station.Complete Guide tracked AIFVs. The role of the Stryker MGS is not armoured combat but to provide direct fire support to dismounted armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 announced his intention to spearhead the army’s transformation effort with the acquisition of a medium armoured vehicle for rapid deployment missions. 32 APCs armed with the Elbit 30 mm overhead weapon station. one of seven US Army brigades that are being infantry. with additional options for 81 and 23 vehicles for delivery from 2012 to 2015. higher payload. produced more than 320 Piranha II and III vehicles for Oman. M113s and Leopard 1A5BE tanks. to support operations in Afghanistan. BAE Systems has the rights to manufacture the Piranha IV and is looking for customers in the Middle East. Alvis.7 mm Kongsberg Remote Weapon Station and six vehicles will be fitted with an Oto Melara 30 mm gun turret. BAE Systems is the prime contractor in the project to supply up to 1050 Iraqi Light Armored Vehicles (Ilav). hence each Stryker infantry company includes a platoon of three MGS vehicles. Nine APCs will be equipped with the 12. The Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force could be the launch customer for the Piranha IV as Komatsu.7 mm heavy machine gun. Mowag will supply the initial vehicles and driveline. better armour protection and improved mobility compared to the Piranha III. suspension and other components for vehicle assembly being conducted at the facilities of Jonckheere and CMI in Belgium. reconnaissance and self-propelled howitzer. unmanned turret. Delivery of the first 138 vehicles will occur from 2007 to 2012. Mowag completed the first prototype of the larger Piranha IV in 2001 and the second in 2004.7 mm ammunition and 3400 7.7 mm turret) and Switzerland (36 radio access point vehicles). Other versions planned include APC. air defence. Armed with a General Dynamics 105 mm cannon in a low-profile. An IFV variant is expected to be armed with an externally-mounted medium-calibre cannon. It was at the Association of the US Army convention in 1999 that the then Chief of Staff General Eric Shinseki Stryker Variants There are two main Stryker variants – the M1126 Infantry Carrier Vehicle and the M1128 Mobile Gun System. will be officially rolled out on 8 September 2007. 2nd Infantry Division. command and control. is scheduled to complete a proto- type modified to the army’s specifications in 2007.
for use by air support operations teams assigned to the SBCTs. including troop 6). The RG-33L can be configured for the personnel carrier.62 mm AP rounds and the ceramic appliqué armour protects against 14. artillery prime mover. convoy escort. In November Force Protection signed one agreement with GDLS covering structure fabrication and the second with Armor Holdings’ Aerospace & Defense Group covering automotive integration and vehicle assembly. Its success is based on the Cougar H family of medium mine-protected vehicles designed by South African engineers. The US Marine Corps purchased about 27 Cougars in 2004 for use by its EOD teams in Iraq and this was followed by a $ 45.7 million contract in May 2005 for 122 Cougar Joint Explosive Ordnance Rapid Response Vehicles (JERRV) for use by the US Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Task Force in Iraq. Deliveries to Iraq under the original production order began only 90 days after contract award and are scheduled for completion by mid-2007. for use by artillery Combat Observation and Lasing Teams.5 mm rounds and a 152 mm airburst. which is intended to trigger RPGs before they reach the vehicle’s armour. Ontario. (Textron Marine & Land Systems) armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 6 . The vehicle selected for the Ilav is the 4 4 Cougar H. Britain is fitting vertical armour plates over the vehicle’s large vision blocks and weapon firing ports. (Textron Marine & Land Systems) The steel hull of the Stryker will defeat 7.9 million FMS contract to be completed by May 2007. EOD and other roles.8 kg under the hull. Powered by a 300-hp Caterpillar C-7 diesel engine. The company points proudly to the fact that more than 200 Cougar and Buffalo vehicles are deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan and by July 2006 have withstood more than 1000 mine detonations and IED attacks without a single occupant being killed.Complete Guide The stretched version of the Textron Marine & Land Systems Armored Security Vehicle supplied to the Iraqi Civil Intervention Force is capable of carrying up to ten personnel. In May 2006 Tacom awarded BAE Systems an indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity Foreign Military Sales order potentially worth $ 445. at the AUSA exhibition between 9 and 11 October 2006. the 6 6 RG33L Mine-Protected Vehicle. South Africa and in Santa Clara. South Carolina. California. The Cougar can withstand the detonation of 13. Despite being partnered with Force Protection for the Ilav project BAE Systems unveiled its own rival to the Cougar. Two-thirds of the Strykers are built at the Anniston Army Depot in Alabama and the remainder at the GDLS – Canada plant in London. the Cougar can be configured for a wide range of tasks. 44 Buffalos and associated logistics support. The US Air Force also received its first Strykers in May 2005. Strykers in Iraq are fitted with ‘slat armour’. mand and control.9 million order for 79 JERRVs and this followed in November with a $ 125 million contract for 100 JERRVs. comtransport (up to 14 in the 6 The US Army has ordered 64 M707 Armored Knights. based on the Textron Marine & Land Systems M1117 Guardian Armored Security Vehicle. Design and development of the vehicle was a collaborative effort between BAE Systems’ facilities in Benoni. The Stryker will be fitted with new reactive armour for improved protection against RPGs. ambulance. under the local designation Mastiff. US Guardians and Knights The US Army has deployed more than 450 M1117 Guardian Armored Security Vehicles (ASV) and new vehicles are being shipped to Iraq almost as soon as Cougars Proliferate Force Protection of Ladson. while the 6 6 version has a weight of 21. The RG33L is a further development of BAE Systems OMC's smaller RG-31/32 series. a wire cage around the vehicle.5 tonnes.The RG-33L is equipped with a hydraulic ramp.6 kg of a TNT equivalent under each wheel and 6. and in November 2006 signed two teaming agreements with two major US defence manufacturers. under a $ 62. recovery and ambulance. five vehicles transferred from the army. Although initially acquired by US forces as an explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) vehicle. The British Army has also ordered 86 Cougars. a gunner’s protection kit and a robotic arm.4 million to provide up to 1050 Iraqi Light Armored Vehicles (Ilav). has expanded its work force from twelve employees at the beginning of 2004 to more than 500.5 tonnes. As an interim solution. the 4 4 Cougar has a combat weight of 14. command and control. The initial production order for 378 vehicles was followed by an order for a further 20 in October. It is possible that more vehicles will be ordered for this role. In May 2006 the US placed a $ 50.
weapon station and ammunition storage areas are protected against 12. a thermal imager. primarily for the export market.7 mm heavy machine gun. worth roughly € 3. for the German Krauss-Maffei Wegmann is building a further 149 Dingo 2 vehicles to join the 55 already used by the German Army. Wild Dog While opting for maximum armour protection for high-intensity combat the Bundeswehr is also acquiring lighter wheeled vehicles to protect its forces on overseas missions. The service could buy as many as 1500 Dingo 2s in various configurations. Armour modules can be added to the hull and turret to provide Protection Level C (Combat) to defeat hand-held anti-tank weapons.5 mm attack and at least a ten-kg land mine blast.Complete Guide The Puma systems demonstrator was formally delivered to the German Army by the PSM consortium on 2 May 2006.05 billion. Since May 2006 the army has been conducting trials with the systems demonstrator that was rolled out on 20 December 2005. the commander and gunner (seated side-by-side in the hull). In mid-2005 Textron Marine & Land Systems received a potential $ 500 million contract to build a further 724 M1117s.The ASV is derived from the Cadillac Gage (bought by Textron) LAV4 and 6 6 100/150/200 series of 4 vehicles that entered production in 1963.A remote controlled turret is armed with the new Mauser Mk 302/ABM (Air Burst Munition) 30 mm dual-feed cannon and a 5. The Puma carries a driver. The company built 147 Dingo 1 All Protected Vehicles. This will protect it against 14. 30 mm ammunition and top-attack bomblets. (PSM) they leave Textron Marine & Land System’s New Orleans production facility. The ASV will be provided to prime contractor DRS Technologies. Two hundred rounds of 30 mm ammunition.56 mm MG coaxial machine gun. that it ordered from KMW in December 2005.7 mm armour-piercing rounds. The Puma is designed to be carried by the Airbus Military A400M strategic transport aircraft. blended inertial/ GPS navigation and targeting and a digital command and control system. a 50:50-joint venture between Rheinmetall Landsysteme and Krauss-Maffei Wegmann. which will integrate the mission equipment package consisting of a laser desig- nator/rangefinder.45 tonnes at Protection Level A (Airtransportable).56 mm rounds. more than 3000 were built. In late 2007 the German government is expected to authorise the production of 410 Pumas. Modular ceramic composite appliqué armour provides all-round protection against 7. The ASV can withstand a blast of up to five kg of TNT in the wheel wells and an overhead 155 mm blast at 15 metres. In mid-October the US Army TankAutomotive and Armaments Command awarded Textron a contract to produce 64 ASVs in the new M707 Armored Knight configuration for use by artillery Combat Observation and Lasing Teams (Colt). Most of the vehicles built for the Iraqi Civil Intervention Force are in a stretched configuration able to accommodate up to ten personnel. a combination of kinetic energy and ABM rounds.The Pumas and 350 KMW Leopard 2A6s will form the army’s heavy combat force. (KWM) armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 8 . It was selected in 1995 to provide US Army military police units with a better-protected vehicle than the M1114 up-armoured Humvee. With a crew of four the ASV is fitted with a Textron turret armed with a Mk 19 40 mm automatic grenade launcher and an M2 12. based on the Mercedes-Benz U-1550L Unimog chassis. the type entered service in 1971.62 mm ball ammunition while the crew compartment. It is claimed to have the highest level of armour protection amongst the new generation of infantry fighting vehicles with a baseline weight of 31. and six soldiers in the rear compartment. The army uses the M1117 as its primary convoy protection platform in Iraq. Germany’s BWB procurement agency is evaluating a demonstrator of the new stretched 4 4 Dingo 2 variant. including 43 ASVs for the Iraqi government. Textron offers other turret and weapon fits. for delivery from 2009 to replace approximately 2100 Marder 1s. Anticipating future upgrades the vehicle’s powerpack and suspension have been designed to accommodate a 30% weight growth without having to be modified. designated the Dingo 2 GFF. increasing the number of production vehicles ordered by the army to 1118. The total requirement for this programme is 345 vehicles. In this configuration the Puma will weigh about 41 tonnes. will be carried in the turret bustle along with 1000 5. German Pumas on Track Over the coming months the German Army will receive five pre-production Puma tracked IFVs from Projekt System und Management (PSM).
Deliveries under the initial order will be completed in 2009.The restructured Artec consortium comprises Kraus-Maffei Wegmann (36%) and Rheinmetall Landsysteme (14%) from Germany and Stork (50%) of the Netherlands. This prototype is configured as a command vehicle for the Royal Netherlands Army. In September 2004 the US Department of Defense notified Congress of the proposed $ 99 million FMS sale of 103 Dingo 2s to Israel. Boxer Enters Ring In mid-October the Dutch Council of Ministers approved State Secretary for Defence van der Knaap’s recommendation that 200 Boxer Multi-Role Armoured Vehicles. Since June 2003 twelve Boxer prototypes. On the Dingo 2 GFF configuration. ambulance and radar command and control vehicles. The Dingo 2 has a small load area at the rear that has the same level of protection as the central crew compartment. KMW has also delivered 20 Dingo 2s to Austria with additional orders expected. (SteyrDaimler-Puch) armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 10 . 65 command vehicles. In early 2007 the army is expected to detail its requirement for up to 1500 vehicles in this category. anti-tank missile carriers and 105 mm gun-armed tank destroyers. forward observation. worth approximately € 624 million. have been involved in the trials and qualification programme scheduled to run until mid-2006. The four Dutch and four German prototypes are in five mission configurations – APC. The Dingo 2 can seat eight. a 3. command post. Netherlands Army. Belgian configurations include command. the crew compartment is extended to the rear thus providing greater internal volume and increasing capacity to nine passengers. The Czech Republic is the second customer for the Steyr-Daimler-Puch 8 8 Pandur II with an € 821 million order for 199 vehicles and an option for another 35. flatbed logistics carrier and radar surveillance. The Dingo 2 has a top speed of more than 90 km/h. ambulance. while the Royal Netherlands Army is seeking 257 vehicles to replace wheeled YPRs and tracked M577s. The German Army needs 1000 vehicles to replace its tracked M113 and wheeled Fuchs Tpz 1 vehicles. two more than the Dingo 1. a range of 1000 km and can be carried by a C-130 Hercules aircraft and airlifted by a CH-53 helicopter. The Dingo’s slanted blast deflector floor Santa Bàrbara Sistemas is building five variants of the Pizarro for the Spanish Army and the service may also field mortar carriers. Under the initial contract Germany will receive 125 APCs.5-tonne payload and the 3. Specialist variants are being considered for missions such as weapons carrier.Complete Guide Uncertainty has been removed from the Dutch-German Artec Boxer Multi-Role Armoured Vehicle project following the Dutch decision to order 200 vehicles. and in mid2006 the German Security Council finally approved the delivery of a demonstration vehicle. The decision ends more than two years of uncertainty that the Dutch might quit the project because of concerns over rising costs following the British Army’s withdrawal from the project in 2003. A joint production contract for 272 vehicles for Germany and 200 for the Netherlands was announced in mid-December 2006. repair and cargo vehicles. Responding to feedback from the army KMW based the Dingo 2 on the longer Mercedes-Benz Unimog U-5000 series chassis. The army now operates 55 Dingo 2s ordered in 2004 and KWM is producing a further 149 vehicles ordered in 2006.25-metre wheelbase version carries a 3. The Dingo 2 is marketed in the US and to selected US Foreign Military Sales (FMS) customers by Textron Marine & Land Systems. four for each of the three nations in the original development programme. (Artec) Army between 2000 and 2003. medical evacuation. (SBS) The Belgian Army became the launch customer for the stretched Dingo 2 in December 2004 when it placed a € 170 million order for 220 vehicles with an option for another 132.85-metre variant carries four tonnes. The German demonstrator is configured as a replacement for the army’s tracked M113 series command vehicles. be bought for the Royal protects passengers against land mines.
chalked up its first international sale in December 2006 with an agreement signed with Slovenia on the purchase of 135 Patria AMV 8 8s.The two-man turret is armed with a 30 mm dual-feed. known locally as the Ulan. mortar carrier.5 mm AP rounds over the frontal arc and 7. The 6 6 Pandur II is offered with a range of turrets that can be armed with weapons as large as a 90 mm The Army of the Czech Republic will receive 63 Steyr-Daimler-Puch 8 8 Pandur IIs fitted with a Rafael RCWS (Remote Controlled Weapon Station) 30 armed with an ATK Mk 44 30 mm cannon. In the IFV configuration the Ascod has a crew of three and carries seven in the troop compartment.These will equip one of the army’s two manoeuvre brigades leaving the other operating Warsaw Pact legacy tracked vehicles. The Boxer was designed to provide a high level of protection against direct fire weapons. anti-tank missile carriers and 105 mm gun-armed tank destroyers. and a 7. 7. with the most numerous being 63 IFVs fitted with a Rafael RCWS 30 armed with an ATK 30 mm Mk 44 cannon. ordnance disposal and engineer vehicles. land mines and artillery fragments. Artec has carried out feasibility studies for other versions including infantry fighting. six signal variants and four reconnaissance vehicles.With a maximum weight of 33 tonnes the Boxer was designed to be carried by the A400M. five command vehicles. ten ambulances. 58 ambulances. The service is also seeking mortar carriers.62 mm AP ammunition through a full 360° and can be increased to withstand attack from 14.62 mm all around. three CPVs and two MCs. (Steyr-Daimler-Puch) 72 ambulances and 10 driver training vehicles and the Dutch will receive 55 command vehicles. No fewer than 18 variants will be delivered. The army will receive 105 infantry carrier vehicles with 12. The vehicle’s hull is of steel with an appliqué layer of passive armour. 30 IFVs armed with a 30 mm gun.5 mm AP ammunition all around. a single-barrel. unmanned version of the Amos 120 mm mortar. The hull and turret are constructed from allwelded steel armour that defeats 14. 28 forward observer vehicles. eight recovery vehicles and one combat engineer vehicle began in 2005.Complete Guide Pandur II Strikes Again In September 2006 Steyr-Daimler-Puch began deliveries of the 260 8 8 Pandur II ordered in 2005 for the Portuguese Army and Marine Corps. 16 command post vehicles (CPV). developed the tracked AustrianSpanish Co-operative Development (Ascod) infantry fighting vehicle to meet the needs of the Austrian and Spanish armies. Deliveries of a follow-on contract for 170 IFVs. This influenced the British decision to quit the project as the army shifted its requirement towards the lighter Future Rapid Effects System family of vehicles.5 mm AP ammunition by the addition of passive appliqué armour. two IFVs armed with 40 mm automatic grenade launchers. rocket launcher. 41 engineers vehicles and 46 cargo vehicles in two configurations.62 mm co-axial machine gun and a launcher for the Spike-LR anti-tank guided weapon missile system. The announcement of the € 278 million deal does not specify the number of vehicles equipped with the Nemo. 15 anti-tank guided missile vehicles. Additional ballistic protection can be fitted to defeat up to 30 mm APFDS rounds over the frontal arc and 14.7 mm remote controlled weapon station. 31 120 mm mortar carriers (MC). Following the Portuguese launch order for the Pandur II the Austrian company scored another success in June 2006 when the Czech Republic placed an € 821 million order for 199 8 8s with an option for another 35. The Austrian Army received the last of 112 Ascods. seven repair and recovery vehicles. and for export customers in Eastern Europe and the Middle East is suggesting fitting the Russian BMP-3 turret on the Ulan 2 chassis. (Patria) armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 12 . in 2005 and although it has a requirement for additional vehicles no funding has yet been allocated. The first batch of 17 vehicles will be delivered by the end of 2007. Deliveries of Spain’s initial 123 Pizarros (the Spanish designation) and 21 command vehicles were completed in 2002. The Pandur II’s all-welded steel hull protects against 7. both now members of General Dynamics European Land Combat Systems. Artec notes that the eight variants now planned for the two partner nations weigh less than 33 tonnes. gas-operated Mauser Mk 30-2 automatic cannon The Nemo.62 mm coaxial machine gun. The marines will receive 13 ICVs. nine engineer vehicles. Ascod Aims for Export Steyr-Daimler-Puch and Santa Bàrbara Sistemas.7 mm pintle-mounted machine guns and seven with a 12. Steyr-Daimler-Puch has developed a proposed Ulan upgrade that features additional side and body armour.
24. LAV.99 metres Artec BTR-80A L: H: 2.77 metres Stealthy design.90 metres Introduced in 1998.16 metres Al Faris mortar turret.94 metres machine gun.armada. 105 mm gun and even a 120 mm 7.30 metres single-barrel 120 Nemo mortar. 15. Heavily armed with 30 mm cannon plus retractable KBM Igla and KBP Shturm launchers.80 metres 120 mm Amos mortar turret and APC config. Programme was 7.70 metres Based on the 1980s BTR-80 and introduced for the export W: 2.64 metres GDLS become the US Army’s interim cavalry vehicle.000 kg 530 kW 3+8 14. is to 7.Complete Guide 21.000 kg 298 kW 6-cyl 2 (basic) 100 km/h up to 30 mm 295 litres 100 km/h up to 105 mm 287 litres Pandur II 6 L: H: 2.62 + missiles undisclosed Stryker L: H: 2. 6.06 metres 6 Steyr-Daimler-Puch Pandur II 8 L: H: 2.ch . weapon options span M2 12.95 metres JSC Arzamaz turret.67 metres cally. It has been exported to Portugal and the Czech Republic. its first public appearance was at Idex in W: 3.62 300 litres Boxer L: W: 2.550 kg 191 kW Kamaz 7403 2+8 103 km/h 40 mm gl or MG3 90 km/h litres 30 mm + 7.45 metres It has been totally overhauled mechanically and electroni- 7.000 kg 294 kW Deutz 10-cyl 1 + 11 26.67 metres turret capability.39 metres 2001. but the vehicle was finally ordered into production for German (272) and Dutch H: 2. sales followed to H: 2. T2 Stalker L: H: 2.51 metres Minotor 6.95 metres market in the mid-1990s the «A» has a KBP 2A72 30 mm 15. AMV Hitfist L: Patria Vehicles 7.06 metres 8 Steyr-Daimler-Puch W: 2. it has a 105 mm W: 2.500 kg 620 kW 3+1 98 km/h 40 mm Mk 2 302 litres 95 km/h 30 + 7. the 6 x 6 II can carry a 90 mm turret as maximum calibre.6 mm W: 2.72 metres foldable weapon station for C-130 compatibility.37 metres (200) armies.98 metres Basically a Piranha III with improved protection and a W: 2. Poland with 30 mm Hitfist turret (seen here) and to Slovenia with 33.000 kg 265 or 302 kW 2 (basic) 20.93 metres Convoluted and protracted gestation.000 kg 268 kW Caterpillar 2+9 27. eventually dropped by Britain.000 kg (max. combat weight) 405 kW Scania 3+8 90 km/h up to 105 mm 500 litres > 100 km/h 30 mm 325 litres Al Fahd L: H: 2.70 metres First delivered to the Finnish Army in 2004 with twin-barrel W: 2. Can carry up to 105 mm gun. 7. 16 www.68 metres Typically armed with a 30 mm turret.
but is more 7. the fourth and most ambitious W: 2.56 metres substantial protection and is still being produced for use in 6. but W: 2.20 metres iteration by its size and capabilities unfortunately treads on nationalistic attitudes on the export market. the series has received W: 2. but it is also available with 100 mm and 30 mm Centauro L: H: 2.000 kg 382 kW Iveco TCA 4+4 100 km/h 30 KPB 2A42 290 litres 105 km/h 105 mm /52 300 litres BTR-90 L: H: 3.45 metres Could happily live with a 105 mm turret.Medium-weight Armoured Vehicles 13. Ulan/Pizarro L: H: 2.95 metres used in 105 mm form by Italian Army (order for 50 APCs imminent).000 kg 400 kW MTU 544 2 (basic) 100 km/h 105 mm TML 400 litres 100 km/h up to 105 mm ~400 litres Piranha III 10 L: H: variable 10 Mowag Piranha IV L: H: 2. W: 3.15 metres potential Eastern and Middle-Eastern customers could be interested in the BMP-3 turret version. as ordered by Sweden.74 metres Iveco/Fiat/Oto Melara 8. introduced in W: 3. the Piranha IV.07 metres Of 1963 Cadillac Gage heritage.7 gun).80 metres Mowag W: 2.3 3+1 17.80 metres ST Kinetics Bionix 40/50 (40 mm grenade launcher and 12.70 metres DSEi in 2001 with what appeared to be its contemporary 6.59 metres Textron M&LS Iraq.300 kg 355 kW Detroit Diesel 6V92TA 3 105 km/h 40 mm Mk 19 undisclosed 70 km/h 25 mm 600 litres ASV L: H: 2.30 metres Introduced in 1997 with Singapore Army: approximately W: 2.85 metres Rare wheeled vehicle with 120 mm turret capability. 25.80 metres Initially known as the AIFV. the BTR-90 features a BMP-2 turret with Konkurs AT 7. JSC Arzamaz missiles. 62 VRC-105 sold to Spain in 2002.05 metres turrets. 6. over 3000 have been exported.66 metres appreciated in command post form with a long telescopic radar.10 metres ST Kinetics rival.920 kg 368 kW 2B-06-2C 3 21.000 kg 261 kW Detroit Diesel 6V53TA 4 25. the Terrex was presented at W: 2.200 kg 441 kW MTU8V 183 TE22 8 V-90 3+8 120 km/h up to 105 mm 400 litres 70 km/h 30 mm Mk 30 860 litres Terrex L: H: 2.24 metres Unveiled at DSEI in 2001. 17 . 20.05 metres 1995.16 metres 352 have been ordered by Spain and 112 by Austria. 7.000 kg 298 kW Caterpillar C9 2 or 3 28.408 kg 171 kW Cummins 6CTA8.05 metres A ‘blown up’ and more powerful BTR-80.95 metres 250 Bionix 25 (ATK M242 25 mm cannon) and 250 20.63 metres Ascod 6. Bionix L: H: 2.
98 metres NBC detection version.83 metres Introduced in early 2000s. W: 2. 7. but can also W: 2. It has been trialled with the Amos turret. particularly renowned for its W: 2.74 metres Typically armed with 30 or 40 mm cannon.000 kg 315 kW variable MTU 6V 199 TE20 70 km/h 120 mm 840 litres 96 km/h 12. BMP-3 L: H: 2. will enter service as an infantry vehicle (VCI) 7.10 metres Entered Russian service as Bakhcha-U in early 2006. notably the British Fres. Expected to be ordered (410) into produc- 25. with a KBP 100 mm Universal Turret.33 metres First of five demonstrators handed over to the Bundeswehr W: 3. extensively used in UN W: 2.25 metres KBP launcher.000 kg 441 kW 2 + 10 31.000 kg 202 kW Valmet 6-cyl 2 + 10 100+ km/h 25 mm Dragar 450 litres 95 km/h up to 90 mm 280 litres VBCI L: H: 2. light W: 3. The latest version (2005) is 25.000 kg 445 kW Scania DS14 4+3 22.80 metres First Western vehicle of its kind to have been ordered into W: 2.900 kg 478 kW UTD-32 3+7 70 km/h 2A70 100 mm undisclosed 70 km/h 2A70 100 mm undisclosed BMD-4 L: H: 2.72 metres Entered service in early 1990s and has been exported to W: 3.000 kg 405 kW Renault 3+8 22.80 metres export programmes.71 metres in May 2006.25 metres Nexter and a command post (VPC) in 2008.95 metres peacekeeping operations. 6.000 kg 800 kW MTU 890 3+6 100 km/h open undisclosed 70 km/h Mk 30-2 1500 litres Piranha V L: H: 2.05 metres PSM tion by end 2007.42 metres Rheinmetall New NBC-protective cabin introduced in 2005. has ‘hybrid drive’. XA-200 L: H: 2. but carries a 100 mm gun- 6.30 metres Development announced late 2006. known as the Fox in the US Army.Complete Guide 13.13 metres for airborne operations.7 or 40 mm 300 litres CV90 120 L: H: 2.25 metres Mowag Puma L: H: 3. The XA-202 is the command 18 ©2007 armada . 6.30 metres the UAE.60 metres Patria Vehicles post variant.30 metres Kurganmashzavod the BMP–3M.94 metres receive a Ruag 120 mm cannon (seen here) and 120 mm Amos twin barrel mortar turret.45 metres Exported to Sweden and Norway. 7. Kuwait and Cyprus.57 metres Hägglunds Fuchs 2 L: H: 2. swims in sea state 3. 6. has views on several 7.600 kg 450 hp 2V-06-2 2+5 18. 28.98 metres production.
As an interim measure two firms are proposing upgrades to the army’s 6 6 Ratel AFVs.62 mm machine gun. Poland became the launch customer for the AMV in 2002 when it ordered 690 vehicles.5 tonnes. which offers a high level of mine protection. These included 313 IFVs. (Patria) gun while the 8 8 vehicle can carry a 105 mm gun turret. The Patria AMV is the only candidate being evaluated for the South African Army’s Project Hoefyster (horseshoe) to acquire 264 new 8 8 IFVs. IAD has stretched the Belgian vehicle to 5.5 tonnes it can still carry up to ten personnel. but the project is stalled over funding.05 metres and increased its combat weight to 9. which was unveiled at Jordan’s Sofex in June 2006. Gabon (1 with up to 20 expected). engineer. Land Mobility Technologies and BAE Systems South Africa-OMC that is pro- posing the Modular Combat Vehicle. including a two-tonne payIndustrial and Automotive Design (IAD) stretched the standard Belgian Sabiex Iguana 4 4 vehicle seen here to create the FV4 290. Six armies operate the original 6 6 Pandur: Austria (68).7 mm remotely operated weapon station. The two-person hunterkiller turret is armed with a Mk 44 Bushmaster 30 mm chain gun and a coaxial 7. but no funding has yet been announced. The Austrian Army has a requirement for 129 8 8 Pandur II vehicles to equip two infantry battalions and 6 6 vehicles in specialist configurations. BAE Systems Land Systems OMC has developed the iKlwa upgrade first shown at Africa Aerospace and Defence 2006 in September. Slovenia (72) and the US Army (50). Patria is part of a consortium that includes Denel. ambulance and recovery variants in the 8 8 configuration and 32 6 6 vehicles. a variant of the Belgian Sabiex Iguana 4 4 vehicle. The AMV’s high payload enables 84 120 mm rounds and six guided projectiles to be carried. Patria and Slovenian companies Gorenje and Rotis have formed a new joint-venture company for the project. Kuwait (70). The Polish IFVs are fitted with an Oto Melara two-person Hitfist turret armed with an ATK Gun Systems Mk 44 30/40 mm Bushmaster II cannon and coaxial 7. At 7. Mechanology is teamed with the King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau to offer the Ratel Mk IV. Initial production vehicles were built in Finland but production shifted in 2005 to Poland’s Wojskowe Zaklady Mechaniczne (Military Mechanical Works) plant. 81 command and control vehi- cles. The army has also received its first XC-360 8 8 AMVs configured as APCs fitted with the Kongsberg-supplied Protector 12. Kuwaiti variants include an assault gun fitted with a two-person Cockerill 90 mm turret. Out of Africa South Africa’s Industrial and Automotive Design (IAD) used the AAD 2006 exhibition as a platform to unveil its FV4 290 mine-protected vehicle. Eads. 125 APCs.1 metres long the 6 6 vehicle is six cm shorter than the 8 8 variant but with a maximum combat weight of 19. These are part of a December 2004 € 96 million order for 62 AMVs to equip the rapid reaction Pori Brigade and it is planned to be followed by additional AMVs. Patria AMV on a Roll The Armoured Modular Vehicle from Finland’s Patria Vehicles continued to gain momentum in 2006 with an order from Slovenia for 136 8 8 vehicles in four versions for delivery between 2007 and 2011. Belgium (54). an AMV with the LCT-30/35 turret developed by Denel. however the project has stalled because of the high cost. The first of two Amos-AMV systems for the Finnish Defence Force were rolled out at the Vammala plant in March (the Amos is a twin-barrel 120 mm mortar turret). (Industrial Automotive Design) armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 19 . The remaining 22 vehicles covered by the € 100 million contract will be delivered by 2009. More than 160 Rosomaks (Wolverine) have been delivered since the first was handed over on 8 January 2005.62 mm machine gun.Complete Guide Patria’s 8 8 Armoured Modular Vehicle armed with the Denel LCT-30/35 is the only candidate for the South African Army’s Project Hoefyster.
600 kg with a payload capacity of 3200 kg. a 50:50 joint venture between Nexter and BAE Systems Land Systems. A further 88 vehicles were built for the Spanish Army. a recovery vehicle and an ambulance. a 120 mm mortar carrier. several other engine types could be fitted. enabling the FV4 290 to carry eight people.The standard Gila has a maximum combat weight of 13. Some EB2X variants will be armed with the 40 mm Case Telescoped Weapon System (CTWS) developed by CTA International.To satisfy the requirements of export customers the Gila is available in either left. against 12. Between 2002 and 2005 196 Dardo IFVs equipped with the Hitfist turret were built as well as single prototypes of French Electric Drive Demonstrator N Centauro VBC Imminent The Italian Army was poised to award a production contract for a first batch of about 50 8 8 Centauro Veicoli Blindati da Combattimento (VBC) armoured combat vehicles as Armada went to press. The Centauro was developed in parallel with the Ariete main battle tank and the Dardo IFV to equip the army’s heavy combat forces and the Puma Veicolo Blindato Leggero (light armoured vehicle) family for its rapid deployment forces. a command post. an NBC reconnaissance vehicle. which provides power to the motors in each wheel. The vehicles incorporate flat honeycomb protection on the floor. armoured vehiclelaunched bridge layer and a 155 mm selfpropelled gun. displayed its new 4 4 Gila mine-protected APC at AAD 2006. while in the all-electric stealth mode it should have a range of 15 km. which is able to withstand a six-kg mine while the occupants will survive an under-vehicle eight-kg blast. The Centauro IFV’s crew consists of a commander.Complete Guide Preproduction Nexter 8 8 VBCIs (Véhicule Blindé de Combat d’Infanterie) are undergoing extensive evaluations before the type enters service with the French Army in 2008. but can be upgraded to Level 3. gunner and driver with room for seven in the rear troop compartment. enabling it to carry a crew of two plus nine troops. The VBC will join the 400 105 mm armed Centauro tank destroyers that the Consortium Iveco-Oto Melara (CIO) built for the army between 1991 and 1996. In standard configuration the 25-tonne vehicle is protected against a 20 mm attack over the frontal arc and exter will deliver its 6 6 Demonstrateur Propulsion Electrique (DPE) electric drive demonstrator to France’s DGA procurement agency in January 2007 to begin twelve months of extensive testing. In the conventional drive mode the DPE is expected to have a top road speed of 105 kph and a range of 750 km. Other proposed variants include an air-defence vehicle. Oto Melara has developed a turret armed with a 120 mm smoothbore gun to make the Centauro the first wheeled AFV to offer the same firepower as the latest generation MBTs. According to Ivema the vehicle’s V-shaped hull allows it to exceed Nato basic specifications for mine protection levels while the ballistic protection meets Nato Level 1 specifications. 20 armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 .7 mm attack all around and up to three tonnes of additional passive or reactive armour can be fitted. two CP vehicles. The VBC features a slightly longer and narrower hull than the tank destroyer and is powered by the same 550-hp engine as the tracked Dardo IFV. gearbox and cooling system are mounted on a rail for easy access. The DPE is powered by an MTU V6 100 TWE 20 450-kW diesel engine coupled to a Magnet Motor 450 kW generator and a 120kW battery. The results of the evaluation will inform the French Army’s EB2X wheeled AFV programme. In September 2006 approval was given for an initial order of 45 IFVs. Nexter and Krauss-Maffei Wegmann are co-operating on the development of a 20-tonne 6 6 demonstrator to meet the EB2X requirement and fill the gap between the German Army’s 4 4 Dingo 2 and 8 8 Boxer vehicles. an anti-tank vehicle armed with the Rafael Spike long-range missile.or right-handed power-assisted steering versions and although the prototype is powered by a Euro III Mercedes-Benz engine. a mortar carrier and an anti-tank vehicle. To ease maintenance and repair the design relies heavily on cots components and the engine. Both the FV4 290 and the Gila are likely to be offered for the South African Army’s Project Sepula to provide protected mobility for roles that do not require the more sophisticated IFVs being acquired under Project Hoefyster. a sister company of IAD. (Nexter) load capacity. Ivema. To equip two medium brigades the army has a requirement for 249 Centauro VBCs in six variants: the baseline VBC IFV fitted with an Oto Melara Hitfist Plus two-person turret armed with a 25 mm KBA cannon.The vehicle is able to withstand a six-kg mine blast under any wheel and protection can be increased to withstand an eight-kg blast.
with the second scheduled to be awarded in November 2007. GPV (General Purpose Vehicles) designated the 4 6 6 Commander. 120 mm mortar. 8 8 Colonel and 10 10 General. The army intends to order a total of 700 VBCIs – 550 IFVs (designated Véhicule de Combat d’Infanterie) and 150 command vehicles (Véhicule de Poste de Commandement) – to operate alongside its 406 Nexter Leclerc tanks.To complete the equipping of three heavy brigades. for the US market. wire-guided anti-tank missile. The gun system is likely to be armed with a large-calibre cannon fed by a bustle-mounted automatic loader. Both variants can be fitted with a range of cupolas and turrets. Command variants will be Oto Melara is offering the 120 mm Hitfact turret mounted on the 8 8 Centauro tank destroyer for customers seeking the firepower of a main battle tank on a wheeled chassis. 8 8 Captain. Iveco is building 320 6 6 Puma APCs able to carry seven personnel and 220 4 Puma reconnaissance vehicles 4 which carry a four-strong crew. command post and ambulance. command post. driver. Nexter delivered the first prototype to the service in mid-2005 for technical trials and is now developing a prototype for the export market that will be unveiled in 2007.62 mm machine gun. air defence vehicle. Specialised variants of the Puma include 81 mm mortar carrier. The standard 23 tonne Dardo IFV carries a commander. has a crew of three – commander. The 28-tonne IFV. Oto Melara has developed a Hitfist turret armed with the ATK Gun Systems Mk 44 30/40 mm Bushmaster II cannon. (FNSS) 4 Sentry. are expected. All Hitfist turrets can be fitted on each side with a single launcher for the Raytheon Tow 3750-metre range. This is the turret selected by Poland for the IFV variants of its Patria Armoured Modular Vehicles. gunner and six troops in the rear. The vehicle’s hull and turret are of all-welded aluminium armour to which an additional layer of ballistic steel is fitted. mortar. the introduction of the Nexter (formerly Giat Industries) 8 8 Véhicule Blindé de Combat d’Infanterie (VBCI) from 2008 to replace its 30-year-old fleet of AMX10s. four specialised variants: anti-tank. The army is also planning to field specialist variants including antitank. Nexter believes the VBCI is ideally suited for the British Army’s Fres requirement.Complete Guide The Pars is part of a modular APC family which. driver and gunner – and carries eight soldiers. anti-tank vehicle and ambulance. The Dardo is fitted with the same Iveco 8260 V-6 4-stroke turbocharged diesel engine as the Centauro family. The initial 2003 production contact covers 54 IFVs and eleven command vehicles. The Hitfist turret is armed with an Oerlikon KBA 25 mm dual-feed automatic cannon and a coaxial 7. Six further production contracts are planned under the € 3 billion project. As a private venture Oto Melara has also developed the T60/70A turret armed with the Oto 60/70 60 mm rifled gun that is capable of defeating any AFV short of a tank. It is fitted with the company’s Dragar one-man turret armed with a stabilised M811 25 mm dual-feed cannon and 7. designed to be carried by the A400M aircraft. engineer and mobile gun systems. including specialist variants. additional orders for 300 Dardos.62 mm coaxial machine gun. (Oto Melara) From Tracks to Wheels The French Army will begin the transition from wheeled to tracked IFVs with 22 armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 .
signed an agreement with Oerlikon Contraves to fit the latter’s Skyranger Gun System on either the Pars or ACV-S chassis.28 tonnes for the Sentry to 37 tonnes for the General. CV90 Completes Nordic Conquest BAE Systems Hägglunds will begin deliveries of its tracked Combat Vehicle 90 (CV90) to the Netherlands and Denmark in mid-2007. The 8 x 8 Pars fitted with an FNSS one-person 25 mm Sharpshooter turret as appears on the Turkish Land Force Command ACV IFVs.800-kg vehicle carries an eight-strong infantry squad in the troop compartment. The ACV-SW model is fitted with a Russian BMP-3 turret and is able to carry seven troops in the rear compartment besides a crew of three. FNSS produced a further 136 ACVs for the United Arab Emirates and 211 for Malaysia. commander. (FNSS) armed with an FN Herstal remote weapon station mounting a 12. in September 2005. The GPV’s allwelded steel hull will defeat 7. a stretched M113. The 8 8 Pars.7 mm machine gun. who is developing it in co-operation with General Purpose Vehicles (GPV) of New Haven. gunner and driver. The other Swedish versions are the 40 mmarmed TriAD (Autonomous Armoured Air Defence) System.The army has 40 chassis in storage for this application. These were produced by Turkey’s FNSS Savunma Sistemleri.7-mm heavy machine gun. Michigan. The vehicles are also amphibious with a maximum swim speed of 5. On 28 June 2006 BAE Systems Hägglunds received a SEK 380 million contract to build two prototypes equipped with the Patria Hägglunds twin 120 mm Amos (Advanced MOrtar System) by 2011. which is aimed at Turkish requirements and the export market. was unveiled at Idex 2005 by FNSS. The vehicle’s deep V-shaped hull deflects mine blasts and individual suspension components are mounted to break free in a blast. jointly developed for urban operations by Israel Military Industries and American Truck Company. The GPV Pars family can be configured to accommodate one. The Turkish Land Force Command operates 2249 Armoured Combat Vehicles (ACV). depending upon the level of protection. The seven prototypes built to date include vehicles fitted with an M2 Bradley turret modified to carry a 30 mm cannon.Complete Guide FNSS has signed other teaming arrangements in anticipation of TLFC requirements. are seated in a front cockpit while ten or twelve troops are seated in the rear. delivered between 1992 and 2005. including the driver and com- mander. FNSS collaborated with GPV in developing the Pars in the hope that the TLFC will be interested in such a vehicle. an anti-tank turret with four Hellfire missiles and the Thales Swarm (Stabilised Weapon And Reconnaissance Mount) armed with a 12. The company is waiting for the Turkish command to solidify its requirements for wheeled and tracked vehicles. In 2001 FNSS signed an agreement with the then Alvis Vehicles (now BAE Systems Land Systems) to cooperate in the production of the 8 8 Piranha II and. With a top road speed of 101 km/h the series can achieve a range of over 1449 km.The Royal Netherlands Army became the fifth customer for the Swedish-designed vehicle when it signed a € 749 million order on 13 December 2004 for 184 CV9035s and Denmark became the sixth customer the following December when it ordered 45 CV9035s. a derivative of the BAE Systems M113 APC. Swedish Amos turrets will have a higher level of ballistic protection. Depending on the vehicle. which is a joint venture between BAE Systems (49%) and the Turkish Nurol Group (51%). the CV90 Forward Observation Vehicle. The vehicles are powered by a 350-hp Caterpillar C7 diesel engine with a fivespeed automatic electronically-shifting transmission. is fitted with IMI’s Wave stabilised remotely operated weapon system and Level 3 ballistic protection. Development of the CV90 began in 1984 to meet the needs of the Swedish Army – the service has since ordered 549 vehicles in several variants of which the most common is the CV9040 IFV equipped with the Bofors 40 mm L/70 gun. the CV90 Forward Command Vehicle and the CV90 Armoured Recovery Vehicle. While the majority of Turkish IFV variants are fitted with a Nexter Dragar turret armed with an M811 25 mm cannon the Malaysian IFVs mount an FNSS one-man Sharpshooter turret armed with the ATK M242 25 mm Chain Gun. two to four personnel. (Israel Military Industries) armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 24 .62 mm AP ammunition and higher levels of protection can be provided. FNSS has developed the ACV– Stretched.and two-person turrets and remote weapon stations.The VBCI’s all-welded aluminium hull is fitted with a layer of titanium armour to protect against medium-calibre threats. which is similar to the BAE Systems Mobile Tactical Vehicle Light. Gross vehicle weight ranges from 16.6 km/h. under contract to the DGA Nexter is developing an add-on armour package that will be ready in early 2008 to protect against RPG-7s and similar threats. The 44 Wildcat APC. With a crew of three the 22.
The commander has a rotating cupola for maximum visibility and both the commander and gunner have fully stabilised day and night sights with third-generation thermal cameras. armed with an ATK Gun Systems 30 mm Bushmaster II Chain Gun. (Australian Department of Defence) as Armada went to press. In 2006 BAE Systems Hägglunds received a contract from the Swedish Low-risk Fres Demonstrator The Newcastle-upon-Tyne facilities of BAE Systems Land Systems was inte8 grating mission modules into two 8 chassis built by BAE Systems Hägglunds The updated BAE Systems Hägglunds CV90120-T was displayed for the first time at Eurosatory 2006. The CV9030. Armed with a Bushmaster III 35/50 mm cannon it offers enhanced firepower. To meet the requirements of the Swedish Army and other customers seeking the firepower of a main battle tank on a smaller platform. With a combat weight of about 26 tonnes the vehicle could be carried by the Airbus Military A400M transport aircraft. engineer and other roles. Norway became the launch customer when it ordered 104 CV9030Ns in 1994 and the army is seeking a further 20 to 30 vehicles. as Ministry officials have indicated that the first Fres ‘utility vehicles’ could be fielded as early as 2010. The move is intended to provide a vehicle that can be ready this year if the British Ministry of Defence decides to undertake mobility trials to meet the requirement for a ‘utility vehicle’ within the British Army’s Future Rapid Effects Systems (Fres) project. Finland ordered 57 vehicles in 2000 (designated the CV9030Fin) also armed with the Mk 44 cannon and the company is now delivering a further 45 vehicles which were ordered in December 2004. although this number is almost certain to be cut. The multi-billion Euro Fres project is aimed at the production of 3775 vehicles to equip the army’s medium brigades and replace older vehicles within the heavy brigades. The CV90/Amos is expected to weigh 27. indirect fire. with commonality at the systems level. will be fielded.Complete Guide a bustle-mounted automatic loader and a more advanced fire control system than Finnish systems. (Singapore Technologies Kinetics) The CV9035 selected by the Netherlands is the latest development of the CV90. Armoured Tactical System) project. Hägglunds developed the CV90120-T armed with a Swiss Ruag Land Systems 120 mm smoothbore gun on a CV90 chassis. The Australian Army operates Thales Australia Bushmaster Infantry Mobility Vehicles (foreground) and GDLS-Canada Aslav reconnaissance vehicles (background) in Iraq. The Swedish Army has yet to place an order. The platforms leverage work done by BAE Systems for the Swedish Army’s Splitterskyddad EnhetsPlaftorm (Sep – or Modular Singapore Technologies Kinetics developed the 8 8 Terrex AV81 in collaboration with Ireland’s Timoney Technology to contest the growing market for wheeled vehicles. Unlike the hybrid-electric drive system fitted to the 6 6 and tracked Sep demonstrators. the two 8 8 chassis are fitted with a conventional mechanical drive line to reduce risk. was developed for the export market. The design has a baseline weight of 14 tonnes and a combat weight of about 24 tonnes. mobility. Under the present plan three vehicle families. armed with the ATK Mk 44 30/40 mm cannon. With a combat weight of between 25 and 30 tonnes the 8 8 utility variant will be the most numerous Fres vehicle.6 tonnes. ergonomics and an advanced electronic architecture with implemented C4I systems. Switzerland followed with an order in 2000 for 186 CV9030CH vehicles. survivability. A tracked platform of between 20 and 25 tonnes could be selected for the reconnaissance role and a 30 to 40-tonne tracked chassis will be used for direct fire. Since 2001 the army has acquired 55 passive armour kits which are fitted to CV90s on international operations. (BAE Systems Hägglunds) armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 26 .
For Thales Australia this will mean an order for a further 100 4 4 Bushmaster Infantry Mobility Vehicles (IMV) which are designed to fill the gap between light infantry units equipped with soft-skin vehicles and mechanised battalions equipped with modernised M113s. Based on a new 4 4 chassis developed by Tatra. 18 Infantry Mobility Assault Pioneer Vehicles and eleven Infantry Mobility Ambulance Vehicles. Level 2 protects against 14. Feedback from crews of the 26 Bushmasters deployed in the War on Terror has resulted in a number of improvements. together with rations. with a flatbed rear cargo area. Singapore Technologies Kinetics’ new Bionix Mk II IFV (right) and command vehicle (centre) are seen here alongside the original Bionix 25 IFV. (Singapore Technologies Kinetics) 28 armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 . Thales Australia is considering developing other variants. the Czech subsidiary of Terex.62 mm remote controlled weapon station and the development of a new prototype cooling system for the on-board potable water tank. 20 Infantry Mobility Mortar Vehicles. which combines the Bushmaster’s front cab section and mechanicals. a subsidiary of Terex Corporation. ammunition. including the Caterpillar/ZF powerpack and independent suspension system.5 mm AP and Level 3 is intended to defeat RPGs and «other equivalent shoulderlaunched missiles». 73 Infantry Mobility Command Vehicles. The vehicle weighs 15 tonnes with Level 3 protection and is able to carry twelve personnel.The IMTV carries up to ten. 20 Infantry Mobility Direct Fire Weapons Vehicles. (Doosan) More Bushmasters On 7 December the Australian government announced the launch of the first stage of the Enhanced Land Force project. IMI believes the vehicle could meet Israel Defence Force needs following the decision not to acquire the Stryker. The Republic of Korea Army is evaluating the prototypes of the Next Infantry Fighting Vehicle (NIFV). The crew hull is one meter above ground level. The Bushmaster was designed to transport troops and their equipment at speed over long distances to an area out of direct contact with the enemy where troops will dismount for combat operations. as well as sufficient fuel for 1000 km. Impressed by the performance of the Bushmaster in Afghanistan and Iraq the Netherlands selected the Bushmaster to meet an urgent operational requirement to equip its contingent in Afghanistan and 25 vehicles were diverted from the Australian order. mine-clearance vehicles and engineer vehicles. developed by Doosan Infracore Defense Products. In October 2005 ADI unveiled the company-funded Copperhead Armoured Combat Support Vehicle. armed with a 40 mm cannon and twin ATGW launchers.62 mm AP attack. A 6 6 variant is under development that will be able to carry up to eleven tonnes. water and other stores for three days of operations. to meet the need for a vehicle that combines high levels of protection and manoeuvrability yet appears less menacing than other AFV designs now being used in urban operations. the Wildcat has three levels of protection: the basic level protects against 7. The prototype is equipped with IMI’s Wave stabilised remotely operated weapon station and firing ports. including dedicated weapons carriers. IMI claims the Wildcat provides better ballistic protection than the Stryker and equal protection to the M113 APCs that IMI is upgrading for the IDF. which will see the formation of two additional infantry battalions.Complete Guide FMV defence materiel administration to build two additional tracked and two wheeled Sep demonstrators to add to the one 6 6 and two tracked demonstrators already running in the development programme. Wildcat for Urban Operations The 4 4 Wildcat APC was developed by Israel Military Industries (IMI) and American Truck Company. providing additional protection against mines and IEDs. including the installation of the Kongsberg 7. The Copperhead is capable of carrying up to five tonnes of cargo and towing a 15-tonne trailer. In its baseline configuration the Bushmaster has a high level of protection which can be further upgraded with a Survivability Enhancement Kit. ADI is already building 288 Bushmasters for the army and twelve for the Royal Australian Air Force in six variants: 158 Infantry Mobility Troop Vehicles (IMTV).
Neither the Turkish Land Forces Command nor the Singapore Armed Forces have released their requirements for vehicles of this type. 120 mm mortar carrier.5 mm AP ammunition over the sides and 155 mm shell fragments on the top. The 26-tonne NIFV carries a threestrong crew and a squad of nine soldiers. airdefence and anti-tank missile carriers and 155 mm/52-calibre self-propelled gun can be developed to meet user demands. Singapore’s New Bionix II On 23 October 2006 Singapore Technologies Kinetics (ST Kinetics) unveiled the tracked Bionix Mk II (BXII) developed to meet the needs of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). This was followed into production by the Bionix 40/50 APC. Singapore Technologies Electronics will integrate the Battlefield Management System developed for the BXII into earlier vehicles and other platforms. The first CM-32 prototypes were unveiled on 11 January 2005. (BAE Systems Hägglunds) As with the standard IMV a remote or manned machine gun can be fitted at the ring mount on the roof of the cab.7 mm heavy machine gun. The first production vehicle. 25 mm cannon turret fitted to its tracked Bionix 25 IFV and a turret armed with a 105 mm low-recoil gun. which gives a maximum speed of 100 kph and a range of 800 km. the Defence Science and Technology Agency and the Singapore Army. The 40 mm cannon has the capability to engage slow-moving helicopters and aircraft.62 mm co-axial machine gun and twin-launchers for thirdgeneration anti-tank guided missiles are fitted on either side of the turret. South Korea Evaluates NIFV The Republic of Korea Army is evaluating three prototypes of the Next Infantry Fighting Vehicle (NIFV) that were rolled out on 17 May 2005 at the Changwon plant of Doosan Infracore Defense Products (previously know as Daewoo Heavy Industries & Machinery). At the request of the United Arab Emirates a Bushmaster was shipped to the country in mid-2004 for field trials over a 60-day period. The prototype has been displayed configured as an APC with an overhead remote weapon station armed with a CIS 40 mm grenade launcher and 7. The vehicle is configured in two variants: an IFV with a two-person turret armed with an ATK Mk 44 30 mm Bushmaster cannon and a command version. Three of the first four prototypes are armed with a 25 mm M242 Bushmaster cannon. The Bionix 40/50 has a crew of three and is able to carry nine in the troop compartment. According to The Military Balance the SAF acquired 250 of each model. a Bionix 25 IFV. a 7. An appliqué layer of passive armour over the vehicle’s aluminium hull is claimed to provide protection against 30 mm AP projectiles over the frontal arc. the BXII is described as a key component in the networking of the SAF. The prototype first displayed in 2001 has since been joined by two others. In addition to use as an APC and IFV. and the Bionix Advanced Vehicle Launched Bridge fitted with an MLC30 bridge that can be launched under complete armour protection. With a maxiarmada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 The BAE Systems Hägglunds BvS 10 All-Terrain Vehicle (Protected) made its operational debut with the Royal Marines in Afghanistan in October 2006 and the UK is considering the acquisition of additional vehicles. A seven-strong infantry squad is carried in the rear compartment. In addition to the IFV the army is planning to acquire an assault gun The order book for the BAE Systems Hägglunds Bv 206 S armoured all-terrain vehicle reached 465 in 2006 and orders for hundreds more are expected. Survivability of the BXII is enhanced through a modular armour design that allows additional protection to be fitted when required. the vehicle is designed to be carried by a C-130. The NIFV is intended to replace the Daewoo Korean Infantry Fighting Vehicle. Taiwan is expected to begin production in 2007 of up to 1400 8 8 CM-32 Yunpao (Cloud Leopard) IFVs.000 kg of the Bionix 25.62 mm machine gun. Powered by a 750-hp.The NIFV mounts a stabilised 40 mm L/70 Bofors cannon.Complete Guide mum combat weight of 24 tonnes. In the APC configuration the AV81 would carry a commander. ST Kinetics also built the Bionix Recovery Vehicle. fitted with a 25-tonne winch and a 30-tonne crane.62 mm coaxial machine gun.500 kg compared to the 23. The Terrex can be integrated with a range of turrets such as the two-person. (UK Ministry of Defence) 30 . V-8 diesel the NIFV is reported to have a top road speed of 70 km/h. The original Bionix was developed to meet the Singaporean Army requirement for an IFV to operate in conjunction with its fleet of M113 APCs. driver and a ten-strong infantry section. ST Kinetics developed its 8 8 Terrex AV81 as a private venture in collaboration with Timoney Technology of Ireland.The United Arab Emirates is believed to require about 50 vehicles in this category. Oshkosh Truck has signed an agreement with Thales Australia to allow the American company to market and manufacture the Bushmaster in the United States (including for its foreign customers). was completed in 1997. The Bionix 40/50 has a combat weight of 21. ST Kinetics has suggested that specialist variants such as command. This version has a two-person turret armed with an ATK M242 25 mm cannon and 7. The vehicle’s hull is of all-welded steel construction to which additional passive armour can be added. depending upon the turret and the level of armour protection. which has a cupola armed with a CIS 40 mm Grenade Launcher and a CIS 50 MG 12. This is being developed locally by a team led by the Combined Logistics Ordnance Research and Development Centre and is based on the earlier 6 6 CM-31 prototype. The 22tonne vehicle is powered by a 450-hp diesel engine. including one developed in conjunction with Otokar and which was exhibited at Idef 2005. 14. Developed in a tripartite effort between ST Engineering. some 2000 of which were built for the home and export market since 1985.
Doug Richardson. a command vehicle and a repair and recovery vehicle – and further orders from the marines and the British Army are possible. Bontje. Phone: (+34 91) 448 76 22. e-mail: o. Switzerland Cornelius W. February/March 2007 INTERNATIONAL Since 2002 the German Army has placed three orders for a total of 192 vehicles to equip mountain troops and rapid reaction forces and the service has indicated a total requirement of about 500 vehicles.ru Spain Vía Exclusivas. CA 95129.uk Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Laguk Co. ES-28010 Madrid. The larger BvS 10 (combat weight up to 11. e-mail: margiespub@rcn. + 30. Issue No. It has also developed a unique demonstrator that enables the two units to be decoupled for independent operation with the rear unit powered by a a hybrid engine-battery. app. Emigsville. 20 command vehicles. 21. Phone: (858) 759 3557. www.elmes@aerospacemedia. Phone: (408) 996 7400. Biass Editor/Artwork: Johnny Keggler Administration: Thomas Schneider.net USA – Special Reports Gene Selven.ch. e-mail: blackrockmedia@cox. Boulevard du Parc. Odile Orbec. The Bv 206 S has also been bought by the armed forces of France (12). FR-92200 Neuilly-sur-Seine. worth SEK 260 million.62 mm ball ammunition and shell splinters by all-welded steel armour. 8050 Zurich/Switzerland ISO 9001:2000 and ISO 14001:1996 certified Armada International. It made its operational debut in Afghanistan in October 2006. Liechtenstein. an engineer vehicle and an ambulance. Aeulestrasse 5. Printed by Karl Schwegler AG. 69 – Sotano C.com Western USA – West of the Mississippi River Diane Obright. 75 Aberdeen Road. c/o PO Box 437. Configured as a personnel carrier the Bv 206 S can carry four in the front unit and eight in the rear.com www.bontje@armada.The Bronco has a conventional layout of two tracked units – the front accommodates six personnel and the rear up to ten – coupled by an articulated hydraulic joint. de Grado. Fax: (+41 44) 308 50 55. which is to ready for EU service from 1 January 2008. Thurgauerstrasse 39. GB-Manningtree. The BvS 10 is similar in layout to the Bv 206 S with two articulated units but offers much improved load capacity. Yuri Laskin. a command vehicle. e-mail: mail@armada. all protected against 7. (Singapore Technologies Kinetics) armed with either a 90 mm or 105 mm gun. the Singapore Technologies Kinetics Bronco (alias ATTC) has recently been put through its paces in Finland. Hugh Jameson Advertising Sales Offices Austria.000 articulated tracked Bv 206 all terrain vehicles for some 40 customers. Krasnokholmskay nab. RU-115172 Moscow. LI-9490 Vaduz. Five Oaks.com All other countries: contact the Head Office Annual subscription rates: Europe: CHF 168. CH-8645 Jona. engineer and resupply variants and is proposing further models for such roles as command and control. Suite 8. Phone: (540) 341 7581. ISSN: 0252-9793 USPS 574450 32 armada INTERNATIONAL 1/2007 . Nordic Countries. Macarena Fdez.Complete Guide Singapore Technologies Kinetics’ Bronco All-Terrain Tracked Carrier (ATTC) is currently competing for a French Army contract for 191 vehicles. Cansey Lane. San Jose. a 120 mm mortar carrier. Phone: (+7 495) 912 13 46. e-mail: gselven@aol. CH-8050 Zurich. + 30. The company expects to complete deliveries of 74 vehicles – 46 personnel carries. Holzwiesstrasse 35. valid from autumn 2006. Marie-Louise Huber Regular Contributors: Roy Braybrook. Olivenhain.armadainternational.ch France Promotion et Motivation. BAE Systems Hägglunds has received orders for 465 armoured Bv 206 S (combat weight 7000 kg) ATVs. a missile carrier.armada. with an option for additional vehicles to add to the 31 already in service. an APC. These vehicles will equip the Swedishled Nordic Battle Group. Phone: (+41 44) 308 50 50. 11/15. e-mail: ylarm-lml@mtu-net. 1. is published bi-monthly by Internationale Armada AG and is distributed in the USA by SPP. Switzerland. Ltd. In June 2006 the Swedish FMV ordered a further 52 vehicles. Germany. Switzerland. STK has demonstrated ambulance. PA.. e-mail: cornelius. Warrenton.500 kg) was developed to meet the UK Royal Marines’ requirement for an International Military Vehicles Kongsberg Kurganmashzavod Nexter Patria Renault Textron Marine & Land Uralvagonzavod Wavecom Elektronik 5 7 21 23 31 11 3 C3 31 amphibious All-Terrain Vehicle (Protected). 132. (postage) Overseas: USD 168. 810 Val Sereno Drive.com Eastern USA – East of the Mississippi River Margie Brown. ISSN 0252-9793. 4775 Mallard Court. PA 17318-0437. France could very well be the Bronco’s export launch customer. Ian Kemp. POSTMASTER: Please send address changes to Armada International. (postage) ABC Controlled circulation: 22. Phone : (+33 1) 41 43 83 00.co. a nation whose local programme (lead by Sisu at the time) for a similar but smaller design was stopped dead in its tracks. hence the French paint job on the one that is featured here. Phone: (+41 55) 216 17 81. The Singapore Armed Forces has fielded an unspecified number of ATTCs in recent years. which is scheduled to be decided in mid-2007.orbec@pema-group. e-mail: macarena@viaexclusivas. The service received 108 Vikings in three variants – the basic troop-carrying vehicle. Head Office: Armada International. 7291 Coronado Drive.573. Copyright 2007 by Internationale Armada AG. which is scheduled to be decided in mid-2007. The BvS 10 is in competition with Singapore Technologies Kinetics’ Bronco All-Terrain Tracked Carrier (ATTC) for a French Army contract for 191 vehicles. Periodicals postage paid at Emigsville. AM General Armor Holdings A&D Group Artec Ceradyne Curtiss-Wright Diehl Remscheid Elbit Systems General Dynamics LS General Kinetics Engineering Volume 31. is published bi-monthly in Zurich.. VA 20187-2500. I Cover Index to Advertisers 29 25 C4 C2 9 29 27 13–15 31 n a rather strange twist of events.ch Publisher: Caroline Schwegler Publishing Director: Peter Stierlin Editor-in-Chief: Eric H. Essex CO11 2XE. four recovery vehicles and four ambulances – to the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps in April 2007. Italy (60) and Spain (50) with more orders anticipated. CA 92024. Mark Huntiller. plus options. Emigsville PA. Bradfield. certified by ABC/WEMF.com United Kingdom Michael Elmes. Viriato. Articulate Following on the sale of more than 11. Phone: (+44 1255) 871 070 e-mail: mike.