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You are on page 1of 7

Last lecture

Introduction to the Mohr circle for strain

lecture 5

This lecture

Short recap of last lecture Discussion of exercise The difference between pure and simple shear Shortening and stretching

A line that makes an angle " with the X-axis

Vorticity

Vorticity is the average rotation of lines Vorticity is strain dependent

Here: 7.5

L ! 2"

The X-axis plots on {a,-c} The Y-axis plots on {d,b}

7.5

We need a "number" which tells us what the type of deformation is And that is independent of strain: Wk

Wk = 0 Pure shear 0 < Wk < 1 General shear Wk = 1 Simple shear

Wk =

W R

!

Finite strain ratio and area change

Maximum (#1) and minimum (#2) stretch are points on circle furthest and closest from origin "

Exercise

The position gradient tensor is:

"2 L+ R " Rf = L# R

!

Area change (!A)

Rf =

Draw the Mohr circle How much do the X and Y axes stretch and rotate? What are Rf, !A, and Wk? What are the orientations of the finite stretching axes ! (FSAs) in the undeformed state? Draw the box shown here:

What does it look like in the deformed state? In the undeformed and in the deformed state show the orientations that rotate to the left and to the right

"A = #1# 2 $1

Exercise

The position gradient tensor is: Draw the Mohr circle

! # 2 "0.5 & Fij = % ( $ 0.25 0.7 '

Exercise

The position gradient tensor is:

# 2 "0.5 & Fij = % ( $ 0.25 0.7 '

X-axis: e(x) = 2.02, $(x) = 7.0 ! Y-axis: e(y) = 0.86, $(y) = 35.5

Exercise

The position gradient tensor is: What are Rf, !A, and Wk?

# 2 "0.5 & Fij = % ( $ 0.25 0.7 '

Exercise

What are the orientations of the finite stretching axes (FSAs) in the undeformed state? e1 makes angle of -26.2/2 = -13.1 with the X-axis And rotated 15.3

Exercise

Draw the box shown here:

What does it look like in the deformed state? In the undeformed and in the deformed state show the orientations that rotate to the left and to the right

undeformed

Simple shear

Pure shear

Rigid-body rotation

Pure shear

#1 = 1.62 #2 = 0.62

Rf = 2.61

Adding rigid-body rotation of 26.6 brings deformed x-axis back to horizontal (0 rotation) Rigid-body rotation means rotating all lines by same amount: Rotate Mohr circle around origin Result = simple shear (or is it?)

Stretch of line // x-axis

Pure shea r

Stretch of line // x-axis

Pure shea r

Simple shear

Simple shear

2.62 With pure shear at 58.3 to the x-axis The line // x-axis first shortens and then stretches again At Rf = 2.62 it has a stretch of exactly e(x) = 1 With simple shear // x-axis The line // x-axis does not stretch or shorten ever

2.62 With pure shear at 58.3 to the x-axis The line // x-axis first shortens and then stretches again At Rf = 2.62 it has a stretch of exactly e(x) = 1 With simple shear // x-axis The line // x-axis does not stretch or shorten ever

vein

S01

Pegmatite vein no stretch: e(v) " 1.0 In tourmaline rim main foliation (S01) originally at 90 to vein S01 at 25 to vein away from rim: rotated 65 clockwise

Let us assume simple shear // vein Vein does not stretch: e(v) = 1.0 Vein does not rotate !(v) = 0 Make a Mohr graph and plot the point representing the vein

Let us assume simple shear // vein Vein does not stretch: e(v) = 1.0 Vein does not rotate !(v) = 0 Draw the line with all points that rotate 65

vein

vein

Let us assume simple shear // vein Vein does not stretch: e(v) = 1.0 Vein does not rotate !(v) = 0 In simple shear, the Mohr circle lies exactly on the horizontal axis. Draw the Mohr circle

What are the shear strain and Rf?

What are the original and finite orientations of the FSA's relative to the vein? simple shear

What are the shear strain and Rf?

y-axis

% = 2.13 Rf = 6.4

x-axis

What is the position gradient tensor " 1 2.13 % F =$ ' #0 1 & What are the stretches and rotations of the FSA's?

Define foliation // x-axis

e1 = 2.53, ! = 47 e2 = 0.40, ! = 47

What is the vorticity number? What is the position gradient tensor?

What are the original and finite orientations of the FSA's relative to the vein?

e1 = 68.5, e1(finite) = 68.5-47=21.5 e2 = -21.5, e2(finite) = -21.5-47=-68.5

Consider the stretch history of the vein

y-axis x-axis

Define foliation // x-axis

What is Wk? 0.45 What is the position gradient tensor?

Consider the stretch history of the vein

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