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CHILD

DEVELOPMENT
AND

HEALTH
IMPLICATIONS
By

Venerable Dr I. U. Ibeme
Website: http://www.scribd.com/ifeogo

Stages of Childhood

Neonates: First Month of life


Infants: First year of life
Early Childhood: 1 5 years of age
Late Childhood: 5 11 years of age
Early Adolescence: 11 14 years
Late Adolescence: 14 19 years
(Young Adults: 19 24 years)

What is Health?
"a state of complete physical, mental and
social wellbeing and not merely the
absence of disease or infirmity". (WHO 1948)
Wellbeing Not merely zero-disease.
Wellbeing Subjective fitness/happiness.
Complete Highest attainable standard.
Multi-factorial Physical, Mental, Social.
Agnostic The Spiritual is beyond WHO.

The Millennium Development Goals


(MDGs) 2000-2015
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower
women
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other
diseases
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for
Development

Aspects of Child Development


Body, Knowledge, Behaviour, Skill, Faith. Luke 2:40, 52.
(Fitness, Acumen, Attitude, Agility, Spirituality)
Physical Growth & Health.
Psychological Development:
Cognitive & Intellectual
Socio-emotional & Temperament
(Language & Communication)
Psychomotor Skills (Fine & Gross)
Spiritual Regeneration & Growth

Aspects of Child Development


Luk 2:40
Luk 2:52
And the child
And Jesus
grew and
advanced in
waxed strong in
wisdom and
spirit , filled
stature,
and
in
with wisdom,
favour with God
and God's
and men.
grace was upon
(Darby)
him.
(Darby)

Child Development 5-11yrs


Emotional/Social Changes
More independence from parents
and family.
Stronger sense of right and wrong.
Beginning awareness of the future.
Growing understanding about ones
place in the world.
More attention to friendships and
teamwork.
Growing desire to be liked and
accepted by friends.

Child Development 5-11yrs


Mental/Cognitive Changes
Rapid development of mental
skills.
Mentally ready for formal
school education.
Greater ability to describe
experiences and talk about
thoughts and feelings.
Less focus on ones self and
more concern for others.

Developmental Milestones
Early adolescence is a time of many physical, mental,
emotional, and social changes.
Hormones change as puberty begins.

Boys grow facial and pubic hair and their voices


deepen.

Girls grow pubic hair and breasts, and start


menstruating.

They might be worried about these changes and


how they are looked at by others.

This will also be a time when your teenager might


face peer pressure to use alcohol, tobacco products, and
drugs, and to indulge in sex.

Other challenges can be eating disorders,


depression, and family problems.

Puberty Changes 11-14yrs

Body Size
Hormones
Body Shape: Muscles/Curves
Body Hair (Armpit, Pubis, Face)
Oily Skin and Breast Changes
Baritone Voice and Big Bosoms
Emissions and Menstruation

Puberty Development 11-14yrs


Emotional/Social Changes
More concern about body image, looks, and
clothes.
Focus on self, going back and forth
between high expectations and lack of
confidence.
Moodiness.
More interest in and influence by peer
group.
Less affection shown toward parents.
Anxiety from more challenging school
work.
Eating problems sometimes start at this
age.

Puberty Development 11-14yrs


Mental/Cognitive Changes
More ability for complex thought.
Better able to express feelings
through talking.
A stronger sense of right and
wrong.
Many teens sometimes feel sad or
depressed. Depression can lead to
poor grades at school, alcohol or
drug use, sexual indulgence, and
other problems.

Godly Parenting 1
Care Spiritual
Lead in Devotion
Lead to Faith
Initiate/Dedicate
Verify Vows,
Intercede
Bless

Care Social
Love
Provide
Nourish
Protect
Not Perplex

Godly Parenting 2
Coach Training
Command
Instruct
Teach
Demonstrate
Motivate
Delegate
Evaluate

Censor Discipline

Correct
Punish
Reward
Restrain
Rebuke

Healthy Parenting Provide


Healthy Parenting Trust, Protection, Provision,
Exemplary Moral/Spiritual Guidance, Informal
and Formal Education, Good Healthcare.
Immunization Ensure regular immunization
has been completed against Tuberculosis
(BCG), Polio, Diphtheria, Pertussis (Whooping
cough), Tetanus, Measles.
Also vaccinate against Meningitis, Typhoid,
Mumps, Rubella, Hepatitis, Yellow fever,
Pneumonia & Use Mosquito nets
Healthcare Provision Provide safe and
healthy environment for your child to grow up in.
Ensure ready access to Primary, Secondary and
Tertiary Healthcare at Home and at School.

Healthy Parenting Guide


Sex Education Sexuality, Promiscuity,
Premarital Pregnancy, STDs, PIDs
Health Education Personal Hygiene, Malaria,
Contagious Diseases (Mumps, RTIs, Worms,
G.E. CSM), HIV/AIDS, Substance Abuse, Diet,
Safety.
Guard against Risky (Unhealthy) Behaviour
Smoking & Drinking, Drug Abuse, Overeating,
Sexual Promiscuity, Poor Hygiene, Injurious
Exposure (Danger, Violence, Gangsterism,
Fighting, Criminality)
All they that take the sword shall perish with the sword Matt 26:52

Positive Parenting Protect


Protect your child properly in the car. All
children younger than 12 years of age should
ride in the back seat with a seatbelt properly
fastened
Teach your child to watch traffic and how to
be safe when walking to school, riding a
bike, and playing outside.
Make sure your child understands water
safety, and always supervise her when shes
swimming or playing near water.

Positive Parenting Protect


Supervise your child when hes engaged
in risky activities, such as climbing.
Talk with your child about how to ask for
help when she needs it.
Keep potentially harmful household
products, tools, equipment, and firearms
out of your childs reach
Many children get home from school
before their parents get home from work.
It is important to have clear rules and
plans for your child when she is home
alone

Positive Parenting Care


Show affection for your child. Recognize her
accomplishments.
Help your child develop a sense of responsibility
ask him to help with household tasks, such as
setting the table, clean-ups.
Talk with your child about school, friends, and
things she looks forward to in the future.
Talk with your child about respecting others.
Encourage him to help people in need.
Help your child set her own achievable goals
shell learn to take pride in herself and rely less on
approval or reward from others.
Make clear rules and stick to them, such as what or
how long your child can watch TV or when he has to
go to bed. Be clear about what behavior is okay and
what is not okay.

Positive Parenting Care


Help your child learn patience by letting others go
first or by finishing a task before going out to play.
Encourage him to think about possible consequences
before acting.
Do fun things together as a family, such as playing
games, reading, and going to events in your
community.
Get involved with your childs school. Meet the
teachers and staff to understand the learning goals and
how you and the school can work together to help your
child do well.
Continue reading to your child. As your child learns
to read, take turns reading to each other.
Use discipline to guide and protect your child, rather
than punishment to make her feel badly about herself.
Support your child in taking on new challenges.
Encourage him to solve problems, such as a
disagreement with another child, on his own.

Positive Parenting - Safety


Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among 12 to 19
year olds. Injuries from sports and other activities are also
common.
Make sure your teenager knows about the importance of wearing
seatbelts.
Encourage your teenager to wear a helmet when riding a bike,
motorcycle, or all-terrain vehicle.
Talk with your teenager about the dangers of drugs, drinking,
smoking, and risky sexual activity. Listen to and answer questions
honestly and directly.
Talk about the importance of having good friends who are
interested in positive activities. Encourage him to avoid peers who
pressure him to make unhealthy choices.
Know where your teenager is and whether an adult is present.
Make plans with her for when she will call you, where you can find
her, and what time you expect her home.
Set clear rules for your teenager when he is home alone. Talk
about such issues as having friends at the house; how to handle
unsafe situations (emergencies, fire, drugs, sex, internet.) and
homework or household tasks to complete.

Positive Parenting - Trust


Trust is important for teenagers. Even as she develops
independence, she will need to know she has your support. At the
same time, she will need you to respect her needs for privacy.
Honest and direct talk about sensitive subjects such as drugs,
drinking, smoking, sex, marriage and religion.
Encourage exercise and keep active: team or individual sport,
household tasks such as mowing the lawn, house cleaning,
cooking or washing the car.
Eating meals together: promotes healthy choice of foods and
weight, and gives your family time to talk to each other.
Meet and get to know your teenagers friends.
Show an interest in your teenagers school life.
Help your teenager make healthy choices while encouraging him
to make his own decisions and develop solutions to problems or
conflicts.
Listen to and Respect your teenagers opinions and take into
account her thoughts and feelings.
Compliment your teenager and celebrate her efforts and
accomplishments.

May God
be with
You All
Im
Venerable Dr I. U. Ibeme
Website: http://priscaquila.6te.net