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Secular & Spiritual Values Spirituality Spirituality involves a belief in a relationship with some higher power , divine being

orinfinite source of energy. Derived from Latin word SPIRITUS which refers to breath orwind. Spiritual Needs LOVE HOPE TRUST FORGIVENESS FULLNESS OF LIFE VALUES CREATIVITY CONNECTING WITH HIGHERPOWER BEINGRESPECTED &VALUED DIGNITY BELONGING TO ACOMMUNITY Characteristics of spiritual wellbeing Seeking to surpass their ego (i.e. their own self-interests) Awareness and acceptance of their interconnectedness with others, creation and their Ultimate Concern Understanding the higher significance of their actions Believing in something beyond the material universe which ultimately gives value to all else Sense of inner peace Compassion for others Gratitude Appreciation for unity and diversity Humor Wisdom Generosity Capacity for unconditional love Role of Management in Spirituality having an organizational vision/mission that helps individuals make a difference in the world they could not otherwise make; leading and managing by using values that drive fearand abuse out of the workplace and engage the hearts and minds of people; allowing for decision-making responsibility through self- self managed, empowered teams; trusting people and letting them be who they are to useand develop their gifts and skills; offering collective forms of reward and recognition; and providing a way for employees to fulfill their family andother social obligations. Spiritual Distress Spiritual distress is a disruption in ones beliefs orvalue system. It affects a persons entire being. Itshakes the basic beliefs of ones life Signs and Symptoms of Spiritual Distress Questions the meaning of life Afraid to fall asleep at night or other fears Anger at God/higher power Questions own belief system

Feels a sense of emptiness; loss of direction Talks about feelings of being left by God/higher power Factors leading to spiritual distress Physiological problems Loss of a body part or function. Situational factors Death/ illness of a significant person. Inability to practice ones spiritual rituals Feeling of embarrassment when practicing them Treatment related factors Abortion Surgery Dietary restrictions Isolation Secularism The fundamental principle of Secularism is that in his whole conduct, man should be guided exclusively by considerations derived from the present life itself. Anything that is above or beyond the present life should be entirely overlooked. Whether God exists or not, whether the soul is immortal or not, are questions which at best cannot be answered, so they should be ignored. Features of Secularism Primary- emphasis on the material and cultural improvement of Human beings. Respect for and search for all truth, whatever be its source which can be tested in reality to observe whether it leads to human betterment An independent rational morality, which does not baseitself on faith in divine commandments Concern for current age or world and its improvement.

Arguments against secularism Opponents argue that secular management creates more problems than it solves, and that a organisation with a religious (or at least not a secular) Work ethos is better. ILL effects of Secular Management Labour management conflict is out of control. Workers arc demoralized. Nature is exploited ruthlessly. Human welfare is neglected. ILL effects of Secular Management Management acted as a handmaid of profit, and the motto was more and more money at any cost. Under such management we got external growth at the cost of internal growth. Man as a human being stands nowhere. There is no human approach. We have erosion ofethical, spiritual, moral and human values. in a organizational structure. we have erosion ofhuman touch between top management and operatives.