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Bandura's Analysis to Explain Dimsum

Theory of Novel Terakhir

Oleh :

Nurfitria Farhana (209000048) Riasri Nurwiretno (209000053) Nursella Indah (209000177) Windy Elisse (209000321)

Psychology Program of Philosophy and Civilization Faculty Paramadina University 2010


Dimsum Terakhir
Dimsum Terakhir........................................................................................................2 Theme of the story.....................................................................................................3 Summary....................................................................................................................4 Characters..................................................................................................................9 Sceme of the story...................................................................................................12 Introduction........................................................................................................... 12 Conflict..................................................................................................................12 Klimaks.................................................................................................................. 13 Solution.................................................................................................................13 Ending...................................................................................................................13 Psychological analysis..............................................................................................14

Theme of the story

Dimsum terakhir is a novel that talking about four twin women who had four different lives, Four future of the confusing and last four secret pursued, as the same way with the constant ticking of age. Siska Yuanita, Indah Pratidina, Rosi Liliani, Novera Kresnawati forced to go home to care their father that had diagnosed without hope of living longer. They never think that it was the opportunity to change everything back together. So many Important questions about life emerged, such as fear, anxiety, and pride that support life and death are just a thin line.

Summary "Dimsum Terakhir" tells a story about four twin women . After waiting their children for thirteen years, eventually Tionghoa family, Nung Atasana and Anas obtained four female twins. The four daughters are: Tan Mei Xia (Siska Yuanita) : super woman of character, beautiful, energetic, smart,

stylish luxury, living workaholic, perfectionist, and somewhat arrogant. Tan Mei Yi (Indah Pratidina) dicipline, reliable. : characterized rigid, perfectionist, by and

Tan Mei Xi (Rosi Liliani) : she was a boyish girl, She always bright cheerful of all time Tan Mei Mei (Novera Kresnawati): The most frail physique among the three other sisters On Imlek New Year, this family has a tradition of eating dimsum in the morning before they do another activities. Dimsum has been produced every year from their handmade of all members of this family. What the most important is not the taste, but togetherness. How they got up early just to make the dimsum, cooperation between family members and the satisfaction gained when eating dimsum made their own. When they were grew up, her mother, Anas, was passed away. So the husbands stay at home alone because his four daughters are spread around to develop their career. In addition, when Nung had a stroke in the hospital, there is only Indah in Jakarta. Then Indah recommend to all sisters to stay in Jakarta while caring for their father together. At the same time, conflict in each Nungs daughter began. Siska left the company in Singapore to care for her father in Jakarta. Shortly after moving to Jakarta, Siskas companies in crisis and the case is pending in the court. But it is not a Big problem. the man who is ever had a

dating with Siska accused her sexual harassment case. In fact, they did it on the basis of compliance with each other. In jakarta Indah works as a novelist and journalist. When Indah must keep his father in the hospital, she also claimed that she cannot able to do that because she want to make the second novel. However, the idea for create the second novel is useless. She spends her time to work as a journalist and spend more time outdoors. Her love story is also quite complicated. Her Interwoven love with a pastur can not run smoothly because of The pastur not allowed to marry. Altough Indah and Anthony had sexual intercourse and caused pregnant. Indahs younger sister, Rosi, boyish-looking, but however she has a feminine side by having Rose plantation in Puncak. Durig childhood, Roni showed a tendency to be men than in women, really shows her true identity by changing her name to Roni and behave like a man and she also a woman lover named Dharma. Dharma is a well manner woman who comes from Sunda and has a dark past memory. Her mother was a commercial sex worker. She also did not know who her truth father. Dharma and Roni feel comfort each other. For that their made a relationship in private. Novera, worked as teacher of a kindergarten in Jogja. She was a calm, but she is opinionated woman. She felt that her life is grim, when she learned that he was suffering from malignant cysts in her womb, and must abandon her uterus removed to save their lives. Because she feel doesn't intact, Novera feel inferior to make a relationship with men. In addition, her most recent friend fled because of this issue. So she decided to become a

Catholic, because he thinks religion can achieve enlightenment. She also thought to become a nun. Without her known, one of a student's parents secretly loved her named Raffi. According to Dr. Marcel were drown suffered chronic father caused by diabetes experience. In addition, to pet illness Nung was a rare disease called Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS). This disease is the failure to produce red blood cells in normal filling. MDS syndromes many attacks against seniors. Looking at the age and health of Nung, so they are already ready for worst thing that will happen. So, Nung asked his four children to get married. This adds to problems for children because they are four life principles, respectively. For example, Siska did not want to be associated with a man, because he was injured when the first co-operation will be failures. Indah who had a relationship with priest. Rosie, who feels like a man who won't let marry with a women. Novera, who is not considered women in the surgical removal of the uterus. Finally, they intend to deceive the father. From the intensity of the meetings that often, so the four of them open about what they fell with their problems. Starting from Siska and Rosi, Rosi claimed that she is a man who was trapped in the wrong body, and she was confessed her name as Roni. Siska had received Ronis recognition. Another day, Siska said to Indah that she faced very seriously problems. Her company in Singapore was in crisis. While Siska storied about that, Indah was feeling sick again. Siska tought that Indah had pregnant because she was vomiting, and that was not happen only once. Siska also asked for the truth of the matter to Indah. But She did not answer, she did nothing. The following days, Novera said to Rosi that she wanted

to become a nun. Novera wanted to give her life to God. In addition she was afraid to disappoint her future husband later because she could not give descendant. When Siska took care for her father in hospital, Nung asked something uncommon like Novera suddenly brought a man who claimed to be the candidate for her husband, Rosi who is more like women than men, Indah frequently vomit. Siska began to explain the truth about what was happening. Siska admit that Rosi is boyish-girl, but Riska still lied to Nung about pretty girls (Rosis girl friend) who usually stayed up to keep her father. But the father knew that Siska was lying about Rosi. On the other days when Rosi kept his father, Dharma accompanied Rosi. The father awoke unexpectedly and saw Rosi kissed Dharma. In the morning. And while Rosi went to wash room, his father asked Dharma if she loves Rosi. Father suggested Dharma to accompany Rosi throughout Rosis life. Next day, his father was treated in the ICU. At that time his daughter could not accompany him at that day because it was Imlek new year. The family include his daughters have tradition of eating dim sum together in the morning. When they heard news from the hospital about their fathers condition. They were directly to the hospital and cremated his fathers body according to his request. One year later, Siska, Indah, Rosi and Novera gathered together during Imlek. Siska still continues her life to be an independent woman, Indah has a happy life together with his son. Rony still join her day with Dharma, and Novera is becoming closer with Raffi.

Characters Characters Siska: Perfectionist

Explanation She wants everythings looking perfect in her work, especially in front of her client. Not infrequently she scolded the little mistakes of his subordinates as his secretary errors. She is more concerned with self-interest than the interests of others. When her father was sick, she prefers to take care of his company than the family. Every time that she had,

Selfish

Workaholic Oversimplifying things Indah:

Wise Patient Perceiving

given only for the interests of her company. Consider something outside of her interests is something that is not important.

Rosi/Roni: Dual personality Humorous Rebel Novera: Feminine

she thinks ahead with a rational and through consideration she faced all the existing problem with the patient . she just follows the contours of her life without being able to say no.

Religious Pessimist

In the physical girl, he has a boyish soul. she respond easily. everything

she is stubborn about what she wants Nung Atasana:

Democratic Loving

He reflects the true female figure. Gentle, patient. For her religion was important. Because religion is going to take someone beaten path. He was too pessimistic in the face of life. Problems he faced to make it down immediately.

Discipline Dharma: Selfish Traumatic Perceiving

He gives freedom to run their four children in her life. He loved his four children with all their advantages and disadvantages. More than that, he has a strong attachment to her son so she could find something that actually has been covered by his children. He obeyed the rules.

To impose its will in the case of Roni Roni clarify the

relationship with Nung. He wants to bury a dark past. With a new leaf with Roni. Born in the inner torment of his past makes him willing to sacrifice anything for her happiness in the future. Sceme of the story
Introduction

The story begins with the story of the life of twin brother of four people who choose to live different from each other. Others have their respective characteristics are described in details. Continuing the storyline when his mother, Anas, was passed away when they reach adolescence. Since that they choose their own lives, the place of life, and a different city, far from each other mutually. Conflict Their father, Nung Atasana, hospitalized and only Indah in Jakarta. Indah tried to notify her sisters, but they are difficult to be reached and not come to the hospital. Even Siska, she doesnt care if Nung have a stroke. Knowing that the condition worsened Nung, one day the four of them gathered at the hospital. Nung fourth request twin daughters that he wants four of them to get married.

Issues unresolved to think about the Nung request, each of them that have not been struggling with personal problems they can solve. Klimaks Four of them decided to lie in front of the Nung, Nung, but it seems to know a lie that they made. Unbeknownst to them, Nung really know the real story. Solution With a sense of confidence and need each other, they tell their problems on the other three beds. Togetherness that has been long established, so just stick to their hearts. When the celebration of the lunar new year, they celebrate the tradition of making "dimsum" and served in the morning, when the forecasted events will be held news came from the hospital that his father was died. Ending They run the life of their choice, with the firm conviction that they prefer to do it best. One year later, four of them are together again during the Lunar. Siska that continues to be an independent woman, beautiful happy life together with his son, Ariel, Rony more closely aligned with the Dharma, and Novera is becoming closer with Raffi.

Psychological analysis Bandura's theory saying about the people,

environments and behaviors that are interconnected to a triangle, all of these factors interact to be the one of theory of behavior wich known and as Reciprocal determinism. Deduction of this concept is that we say behavior can influence individual environment or the environment can be affected by individuals or behavior. Bandura says that environmental aspects will affect individual and will be determined by how they act on the environment. He also added that such behavior can also create environment. Kaufman, Baron and Koff (1966) also adds the theory of Bandura that human behaviour is more regulated by what they believe is happening and not with what is happening. Bandura, finally made the conclusion that individual theory on his/her faith strengthening of the current situation is more influential than the effects of experience. In this story Clara Ng want to talk in her novel, Dim sum, with all characters who have their own problem. Like what Banduras theory, each characters create their own world in order to how they behaves. eldest of four twin sisters Siska, the who is obsessed with the

success of her ambition and with the success of her actually life. She tries hard to maintain her self-image. Siska will feel well, when she get together and close to the business environment wich can make she fell comfortable of being her truly self. The second child, Indah, a writer that has motive to devote herself to the world of jurnalism. She has Love affair with Pastor wich doesnt work well. Indah has as obsession to create a second novel. Indah form his own world with the world of struggling and working journalist who are more concerned about her own self. Indah make her own environment mystriously, she also cannotshare her problem to other family members but she take responsibility for everything she did (for example, when she decided to continue her pregnancy). Third child, Rosi, boyish girl who wanted to become a boy. Many years she passed to cover the multiple personalities within her. she really enjoyed the things of masculine, so she referred hang out with boys. When the age of puberty, she realized that she was more like girl than boy. Bandura's theory can explain Rosis soul this situation, prefer masculine environment which she

considers as the most secure to express the soul of men.

Males world can be dominant to form Ronis self her character. Novera, as the fourth child and she has

that

can make she trapped in things that are not suitable of

very

feminists character. Novera was feelling so depressed when doctor said she was suffering cancer and then her uterus was removed. Novera decided to become a religious sister and closer to the provisions of God. she was not confident to start her married life because of her lack. According to the theory that has been reviewed, Novera conduct reciprocal determinism in which she is feeling more comfortable and feeling safe in religions life and eventually make her self to be given for God. Bandura is also concerned about the theory of behavior self-regulated. This theory is closely related to the rules of operation of the things that are learned from the experiences of human beings is derived directly or indirectly. Bandura and Kupers (1964) provides that a person of high level also applies to the high standards of performance, and just the opposite. Then Bandura also said that the intrinsic reinforcement from self-assessment is more influential than the extrinsic reinforcement that comes from outside of ourselves. Perceived self efficacy

plays an important role in determining this final standard. It also strengthens the existence of a real self efficacy, whereby a person can believe that she has low capability when in fact they were quite high and just the opposite. the theory of independent behavior can be explained as Siska, who is the first child of four sisters who is the most full of ambition and a very selfish person. . Rosi, boyish girl who always want to liberate the Roni and exposed him. This figure doesnt has capacity of self-regulation of behavioral is inversely to Siska. Take a time for Rosi to be honest. Rosi always believed that she could live alone with lies and with the ability to survive on her own. However, she did not realize that she will not be able to continue lying and hide her true identity. She still needs someone else. Real effectiveness that Rosi did not consciously make she often feel frustrated, discouraged and give up easily. For several times, she is more like choosing to omit the figure of Roni, but she could not do that and finally she prefer to escape clandestinely. Novera is also having the same problem with Rosi. She has a real low self efficacy. In fact, Vera could not save the problem itself, so she preferred to surrender about her future, Vera decided to become a religious

sister than marry someone. She's always trying to look tough, entrust theirselves to God and believes that only by surrendering her life for Gods sake she can enjoy life. Dim sum is also character traits can be identified with what Bandura called self contempt. BANDURA believes that all human behavior is determined by the situation and its interpretation at that time. This also can refer to the concept of morality. Bandura called the moral justification is a theory that can explain for Rosi personality. The justification is an act that is considered wrong morrality, but can be used with the aim of achieving compares. Rosi is doing things that are considered inappropriate for parents to daughters, but Rosi keep doing it so secretly, she felt a desire to keep the error of her masculine desires. Rosi also can not control her desire to build relationships with other women. Attribution error is a theory that can explain Siska and Indah. Attribution error is the theory that explain of motive why someone does an error and her usually blame someone else that cause they did that, the examples when she hit her friend while the flag ceremony to defend Vera, handles cases of sexual harassment and when her father was dying in hospital.

Indah personality with attribution error is describe while she had sex with Pastur outside marriage and caused pregnancy. But this attribution error does not long in time, intrinsic factors of moral States more dominant fair that she decide of caring for her child without being married.

Last theory can explain all four digits twin Dim sum is about what Bandura describes the cognitive processes that are wrong. cognitive processes that can occur because the cognitive process is not accurate in reflecting the fact that there may be a behavior is wrong (maladatif). In MSF cognitive damage can occur because: 1). Someone might develop a false belief because they tend to evaluate things based on appearances. It's no different with a child who said the same amount of water that can be different if placed in different containers. first cognitive faulty prosses can be seen from any point of view of the four female twins have differences. Siska believes in the world of business to obtain a success, then it is ready for victimizar others. Beautiful to assume that by making the father so loved then man let

me go and marry their religious labels. Rosi was all you could do to find pleasure with the masculine often mingle and do mischief with guys. Alpine was only able to keep alive and being happy is to sacrifice it became a nun and free your mind to become a wife. second cognitive faulty prosses is someone who has false beliefs already tend to be looking for groups or individuals who have similar beliefs. Siska with the world of business competition and often do not respond and sensitive to the feelings of subordinates. Dealt more beautiful than a writer, who decide to live with the Dharma and join the Church to the lesbian, community as well as more frequent visits by Vera Rosi and became a kindergarten teacher. Third is the error in thinking can arise information processing errors. Similar to my neighbour what makes Siska, beautiful personality, Rosi and Vera can be changed. The latter is the belief that one is going to cause strange behavior.