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COMPANY PROFILE

1.0 COMPANY PROFILE


Indias second largest private sector steel maker JSW steel Limited was originally incorporated as Jindal Vijaynagar steel Limited on March 15, 1994. Product portfolio of the company includes Hot Rolled product, Cold Rolled Product, Galvanized Product, pre-painted Galvanised product and Jindal Vishwas. JSWSL consists of the most modern, eco-friendly steel plants with the latest technologies for both upstream & downstream processes. The companys four plants are situated in Vijayanagar, Vasind, Tarapur and Salem. JSW steel Ltd, has received all the three certificates of ISO 9001 for Quality Management System, ISO: 14001 for Environment Management

System and : 18001 for occupational Health & Safety Management System. During the incorporated approvals for construction of railway siding etc and also the company entered into a technical arrangement with Voest Alpine Industieanlagenbau (VAI), for technical details with respect to productivity iron, ore technical, etc. Two joint venture companies were sets up namely Jindal Tractebel Power Company Ltd and Jindal Praxair Oxygen Co. (P) Ltd for supply of power of 2*130 MW of power and supply of Oxygen respectively. The company has entered into an agreement with the steel Authority of India (SAIL) in the year 1999 for procuring slab. JSWSL acquired 60% stake in a city-based joint venture company. During the year 2000, the company implemented a total integrated resource planning solution for its business process, which was the first of its kind in india. The company has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with miners in and around the companys captive mines located in the Bellary Hospet region in Karnataka. During the year 2000, the company implemented a total integrated resource planning solution for its business, which was the first of its kind in India. The company has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with miners in and around the companys captive mines located in the BELLARY HOSPET region in KARNATAKA. JSW group acquired the company and took over the management from November 2004, Salem works is the only integrated steel plant in Tamil Nadu and is located at Pottaneri/M.Kalipatti villages and at about 35 kms from Salem in 2005. The companys name was changed to JSW steel limited on June 16,2005. JSW shoppes across the length and breadth of the country by 2010. Also it will invest around Rs. 550 crores in its Chilean mining concessions to ensure 50% iron ore security by June 2009, up from 30% now. The company plans to emerge as 32 million tones per year capacity steel major by 2020.

1.1 HISTRY OF OP JINDAL GROUP


The Jindal group is a US $ 10 billion conglomerate, which over the last three decades has emerged as one of India's most dynamic business groups. Founded in 1952 by O.P. Jindal, a first-generation entrepreneur, it is today a leading steel producer, with interests spanning across the spectrum, from mining iron ore, to manufacturing value-added steel products. Om Prakash Jindal, the group founder, started off in a small village in Haryana by trading in steel pipes. He established a manufacturing plant near Kolkata in 1952, producing steel pipes, bends and sockets. Today, the Jindal group is a multi-billion-dollar, multi-location, multi-product business empire. From mining iron ore, the group produces hot-rolled and cold-rolled steel products, highgrade pipes and value-added galvanized items. It has also diversified into a foray of core sector businesses. The Jindal Group has manufacturing outfits across India, US and Indonesia offices across the global. 'Growth with a social conscience has been a way of life for the Jindal group. The group's strength lies in its individual companies, with each one committed to consolidating its strengths and excelling in its chosen field. The core team of the Group comprises the four sons of the founder. Jindal SAW Limited is led by Prithviraj Jindal. Sajjan Jindal has promoted the JSW Group of Companies. Ratan Jindal leads Jindal Stainless Ltd, while Naveen Jindal is at the helm of affairs at Jindal Steel & Power Ltd. The core team of the group comprises the founders four sons who manage group companies Mr. Prithviraj Jindal 1. Jindal Saw Ltd. 2. Jindal SAW USA, LLC 3. Hexa Securities & Finance Company Ltd. 4. IUP Jindal Metals and Alloys Limited 5. S V Trading Limited 6. Jindal ITF Ltd. Mr. Ratan Jindal 1. JSL Limited 2. PT Jindal Stainless, Indonesia 3. JSS Steelitalia Ltd 4. Jindal Stainless Steel way Ltd. 5. Jindal Architecture Limited 6. ParivartanCityInfrastructureLtd

Mr. Sajjan Jindal 1. JSW Steel Ltd. 2. JSW Energy Ltd. 3. JSW Holdings Ltd. 4. JSW Infrastructure & Logistics Ltd. 5. Vijaynagar Minerals Pvt. Ltd. 6. Jindal Praxair Oxygen Company Ltd. 7. JSoft Solutions Ltd. 8. JSW Building Systems Ltd.

Mr. Naveen Jindal 1. Jindal Steel & Power Ltd. 2. Jindal Power Ltd 3.Jindal Cement Ltd 4. Jindal Petroleum Ltd. 5.Chattisgarh Energy Trading Co 6.Jindal Steel Bolivia

"Where others saw walls, he saw doors" - that is how Shri. Jindals vision has been expressed. His journey from a humble origin to being a successful industrialist, a philanthropist, a politician and a leader, will be a great source of inspiration for generations to come.

1.2 ABOUT JSW GROUP


JSW group of companies lead by Shri. SAJJAN JINDAL Vice chairman and Managing Director of the group.

1.3 VISION
Global recognition for Quality and Efficiency while nurturing Nature and Society.

1.4 MISSION
Supporting India's growth in Steel Domain with speed & innovation

1.5 CORE VALUES


Transparency Strive for Excellence Dynamism Passion for Learning Young thinking

1.6 AWARDS AND RECOGNITION


o Gold Award in Metal Sector - 2004-05 for Outstanding Achievement in Environment Management by Genentech Foundation o CII-EXIM Bank Award 2005 - Commendation Certificate for Significant achievement o Platinum Award by Frost and Sullivans India Manufacturing Excellence Awards (Metal Category) o National Quality Award 2004 from Indian Institute of Metals for Best Quality Management Practices amongst Integrated Steel plants of the country o Steel Eighties Award 2004 from Indian Institute of Metals o Young Metallurgist Award 2004 from Indian Institute of Metals o Excellent Energy Efficient Unit National Award for Excellence in Energy Management 2004 by CII o NASSCOM BEST IT User Award 2004 for manufacturing sector 6 o Silver Award in Metal Sector 2003-04 for outstanding Management practices in Safety & Health by Green Tech foundation.67 o National Water Management Award 2004 constituted by CII won in the category of Excellent Water efficient unit o CII-EXIM Bank Award 2003 Commendation Certificate for strong commitment to TQM

1.7 JSW group comprises the following companies


1. JSW STEEL LIMITED JSW STEEL LIMITED is the one of the Indias largest steel producer with the installed capacity of 7.8 MTPA. The various are FACILITIES OF JSW STEEL LIMITED I) Vijayanagar works Vijaynagar works was the first Greenfield project in world to use Corex technology to produce steel. On February 18, 2009 India largest Blast Furnace of 2.8MT capacity was commissioned here. With this commissioning, JSW Steel become the largest private sector steel producer in India with 7.8MT capacity. It is also in the advance stage of setting up of 5MTPA state of the act Hot Strip Mill which will be commissioned in the second half of fiscal 2009-10. The next phase of expansion taking the total production to 10mtpa plant at Vijayanagar Works is also under implementation. It will be commissioned in fiscal 2010-11. This makes it among the fastest growing steel plant in the world II) Vasind and Tarapur Works Indias largest galvanized steel manufacturing facility developed and run by the JSW group in Vasind and Tarapur Works The total capacity of Vasind and Tarapur Works is 0.9 MTPA of Galvanized, GALVALUME & Colour Coated Cold Rolled products. III) Salem Works Salem Works is the only integrated steel plant in Tamil Nadu with the installed capacity of 1 MTPA of special grade steel. The Company is having facilities for production of Pig Iron, Steel, Billet and Rolled Steel products in the long product category. The present capacity is being expanded to one million tons per annum. It has adopted the Sinter plant Blast furnace Energy Optimizing Furnace Ladle Furnace, Vacuum Degassing, and Continuous Casting Machine bar and rod mill route with iron ore as the basic input material. It also has plants for generation of power and production of oxygen. Salem Works is highly environment

conscious and the process and technology is designed for reusing and recycling the process waste. We have an expanding green belt to provide a green environment. 2. JSW Energy Limited JSW Energy has 995 MW, of operational generating capacity and 2145 MW of generating capacity in the construction or implementation phase. In addition, it has power generation projects at an early stage under development with a proposed combined installed capacity of 11390 MW by 2015. 3. JSW Infrastructure Limited JSW Infrastructure Limited is a part of the JSW Group and is committed to the development of infrastructure for Ports, Air Ports, Ship Repair, Shipyard, Township, Roads & Rail connectivity, Inland Waterways, Water treatment plant and Pipelines. Presently JSW Infrastructure Limited has the following operational units and ongoing development plants:

South West Port Limited (SWPL), Goa (Operational) JSW Jaigarh Port (JSWJPL), Jaigarh, Maharashtra (Operational) JSW Shipyard Dabhol, Maharashtra

4. Vijayanagar Minerals Limited VMPL is a 3 mntn iron ore mining Company which is situated 25 Km from the integrated steel plant JSWSL. 5. JSW Energy Limited JSW Energy has 995 MW, of operational generating capacity and 2145 MW of generating capacity in the construction or implementation phase. In addition, it has power generation projects at an early stage under development with a proposed combined installed capacity of 11390 MW by 2015.

6. JSW Infrastructure Limited JSW Infrastructure Limited is a part of the JSW Group and is committed to the development of infrastructure for Ports, Air Ports, Ship Repair, Shipyard, Township, Roads & Rail connectivity, Inland Waterways, Water treatment plant and Pipelines. Presently JSW Infrastructure Limited has the following operational units and ongoing development plants:

South West Port Limited (SWPL), Goa (Operational) JSW Jaigarh Port (JSWJPL), Jaigarh, Maharashtra (Operational) JSW Shipyard Dabhol, Maharashtra

7. Vijayanagar Minerals Limited VMPL is a 3 mn tn iron ore mining Company which is situated 25 Km from the integrated steel plant JSWSL. 8. Jindal Praxair oxygen limited Jindal Praxair Oxygen Company at Toranagallu, Karnataka is the worlds largest and safest air separation plant at a single location. It is a joint venture with PraxairInc. USA and has a capacity of more than 2x2500 tons per day. This meets the entire oxygen requirement for JSW Steel plant (Vijaynagar works) for both iron and steel making. 9. JSoft solutions JSoft is an IT & ITES arm of US $3.7 billion JSW Group. It's core competency is to act as an enabler for enterprises, to gain a competitive edge through effective use of information & communication solutions. Headquartered in Bangalore, JSoft Solutions would operate from major metros and provide IT solutions to group companies and companies in various domains. JSoft operates across a broad spectrum of IT& ITES services, which include:

Infrastructure Management Business Applications Software Development Shop Floor Automation

10. JSW Building Limited JSW Building System a wholly owned subsidiary of JSW Group's flagship company, JSW Steel. The subsidiary has been formed with a view to promote steel construction in country and undertake projects which use modern technology steel in construction purpose, as a better substitution. JSW Steel, the flagship company of the JSW Group, is the largest integrated private steel manufacturer in India in terms of installed capacity. JSWs history can be traced back to 1982,

1.8 PRODUCT DESIGN


I.HOT ROLLED COILS Capacity 3 MTPA Thickness 1.6 150mm Width 900 1500mm Length 2000 9000mm Thickness IS-1852 Width tolerance -20\+20mm APPLICATIONS Automobile. Boiler & pressure vessels. Ship building. Railways. Transmission towers. Coal & Milling.

DIMENSIONS

THICKNESS 8 12 >12 16 >16 25 >25 63 >63

TOLERANCE +\-0.30 mm +\-0.40 mm +\-0.50 mm +\-0.60 mm +\-2% of thickness

HOT ROLLED (PLANTS & SHEETS) Thickness - 8 150mm Width Length - 800 1500mm - 2440 1200m

II. HR PICKLED & OILED Thickness Width 1.6 6mm 900 1250mm

APPLICATIONS Removal of iron oxidized Scale - free & rust free Bright & clean Surface finish Improved flatness Ready to use

III. COLD ROLLED COIL SHEETS APPLICATIONS Automobile General engineering & fabrication Packing Furniture Drums \ barrels IV. CRCA Thickness 0.80mm

Basic price Rs. 31.50\kg

ORGANISATION STRUCTURE

2.0 ORGANISATION STRUCTURE

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

Executive Directors

Non-Executive Directors

Nominee Directors

Independent Directors

Audit committee

Shareholders/investors Grievance committee

Remuneration committee

MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE

3.0 MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE

VICE CHAIRMAN & MANAGING DIRECTOR

JOINT MANAGING DIRECTOR & CEO

DIRECTOR (FINANCE)

ED (OPERATIONS)

ED (COMMERCIAL & CSR)

DEPARTMENTS

PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT

4.1 PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT 4.1.1 OVERVIEW


JSW STEEL is the fastest growing steel company in India. JSW Salem works is a unique steel plant in Pottaneri, Mettur Taluk, Salem District, and Tamil Nadu. Each project is planned to be strategically located either near an available fuel source, load centre or infrastructure facilities.

The Main Plant Facilities are Coke Oven plant Sinter Plant 1 Sinter Plant 2 Blast Furnace 1 Blast Furnace 2 Energy Optimizing Furnace 1 Energy Optimizing Furnace 2 Ladle Furnace 4 nos Vacuum Degassing Unit 2 nos 3 strand billet / bloom caster (160 sq.mm) Multi radius bloom caster no.2 Air Separation Plants Captive Power Generation Pulverized Coal Injection unit 18 Stand Horizontal / Vertical Continuous Rolling Mill Wire Rod Block Garret Coiler - 1 no. - 1 no

- 0.4 million ton capacity - 20 Sq.Mtr - 90 Sq.Mtr - 402 Cu.M - 550 Cu.M - 45 MT - 65 MT - 45 / 65 MT - 45 / 65 MT - 9/16 mtr -12/16.5/30 mtr - 150 T & 390 T per day - (2 x 30 + 7) MW

4.1.2 PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM

4.1.3 COKE OVEN PLANT


The coke oven plant was erected and started its operation in 1996. Totally 120 (3

batteries) ovens are commissioned to satisfy the requirement of coke for blast furnace and sinter plant. In the coke-making process, bituminous coal is fed into a series of ovens, which are sealed and heated at high temperatures in the absence of oxygen, typically in cycles lasting 65 hours. Volatile compounds that are driven off the coal are collected and processed to recover combustible gases and other by-products. The solid carbon remaining in the oven is coke. It is taken to the quench tower, where it is cooled with a water spray. After that the coke is screened and sent to a blast furnace 1 & 2 and sinter plant 1& 2 for the process

4.1.4 SINTER PLANT 1 & 2


Sinter plant 1 having the capacity of 20 Sq.mtr and sinter plant 2 installed capacity is 90 Sq.mtr. The total installed capacity of both the sinter plants are 1.3 MTPA. The function of the Sinter Plant is to supply the blast furnaces with sinter, a combination of blended ores, fluxes and coke which is partially cooked or sintered. In this form, the materials combine efficiently in the blast furnace and allow for more consistent and controllable iron manufacture Materials enter the sinter plant from storage bins. They are mixed in the correct proportions using weigh hoppers, one per storage bin, except for the return fines for which an impact meter is used instead. Weighing is continuous, as is the whole sintering process. The weighed materials pass along a conveyor to the mixing drum where water is added either manually or as a calculated percentage of the weight of material entering the drum. The moisture content of the coke is measured in the strand roll feed hopper and used to trim the secondary water flow rate. The mix permeability is also measured and used to modify the amount of water required.

The mix material is fed onto the strand from the hopper by a roll feeder. The bed depth is set and kept constant by adjusting the cut-off plate which is fitted with probes to sense the depth of material and automatically vary the roll feeder speed.

The quantity of material in the feed hopper itself is held constant by automatic adjustment of the feed rates from the individual raw material bins.

4.1.5 SINTER PLANT PROCESS DIAGRAM

Sintering The raw mix is ignited by the ignition hood, which is fuelled by a mixture of coke oven gas, blast furnace gas and sometimes natural gas. The calorific value of the mixture and the set hood temperature are controlled. A separate control system is provided to maintain a fixed hood pressure by adjusting the wind box dampers immediately under the ignition hood. The sinter strand is a moving conveyor of hot sinter, which continues to cook after leaving the hood, where air is pulled from the sinter by a strand draught fan. An important part of the sintering process is burn-through. This is where the sinter layer has completely burned through its section and is detected by temperature probes under the sinter bed. Burn through should be achieved but must not occur too soon after the ignition hood. The draught on the strand is maintained at a preset value by controlling the main fan louvers from pressure measurements in the wind main. This governs the point at which burn through occurs. Sinter handling After the end of the strand, the sinter passes through a spiked roll crusher and the hot screens to the rotating circular cooler. A number of fans are usually used for cooling, and the speed of the cooler is determined by:

Strand speed Bed depth

The fines removed by the hot screens are conveyed to the return fines bin. After cooling, the sinter is passed into the discharge bunker. At this stage, the level is controlled by varying the outlet feed rate (usually vibros). The sinter then passes to the cold screening area, where it is passed through crushers and screens to produce particles in a specific size range. Sinter below the required size passes over a belt weigher and returns with the hot fines to the return fines bin. Sinter produced by the both the plant are hundred per cent utilized by the blast furnace 1 and blast furnace.

4.1.6 BLAST FURNACE 1 & 2

BLAST FURNACE 1 CAPACITY MAKE HOT BLAST AIR AUTOMATION NO OF TAPPINGS INPUT : 440 M3 : CERIS, CHAINA : 75000 NM3/HR AT 950-1050C : S7 400 SIMENS WITH REDENDENCY SYSTEM : 10 TIMES /DAY : SINTER, COKE, IRON ORE, DOLAMITE, LIMESTONE, EOF SLAG, PC OUTPUT : HOT METAL

BLAST FURNACE 2 CAPACITY HOT BLAST AIR AUTOMATION NO OF TAPPINGS INPUT : 550 M3 : 75000 NM3/HR AT 950-1050C : ALLEN BRADLEY ROCKWELL AUTOMATION : 10 TIMES /DAY : SINTER, COKE, IRON ORE, DOLAMITE, LIMESTONE, EOF SLAG OUTPUT : HOT METAL

4.1.6.1 BASIC PROCESS IN BLAST FURNACE


The iron ore, coke and sinter are reduced which simply means the oxygen in the iron oxides is removed by a series of chemical reactions. These reactions occur as follows:
1)

3 Fe2O3 + CO = CO2 + 2 Fe3O4

Begins at 450 C Begins at 600 C Begins at 700 C

2) 2) Fe3O4 + CO = CO2 + 3 Fe O 3) 3) FeO + CO = CO2 + Fe

At the same time the iron oxides are going through these purifying reactions, they are also beginning to soften then melt and finally trickle as liquid iron through the coke to the bottom of the furnace. The coke descends to the bottom of the furnace to the level where the preheated air or hot blast enters the blast furnace. The coke is ignited by this hot blast and immediately reacts to generate heat as follows: C + O2 = CO2 + Heat Since the reaction takes place in the presence of excess carbon at a high temperature the carbon dioxide is reduced to carbon monoxide as follows: CO2+ C = 2CO The product of this reaction, carbon monoxide, is necessary to reduce the iron ore as seen in the previous iron oxide reactions. The limestone descends in the blast furnace and remains a solid while going through it s first reaction as follows: CaCO3 = CaO + CO2 This reaction requires energy and starts at about 875C. The CaO formed from this reaction is used to remove sulphur from the iron which is necessary before the hot metal becomes steel. This sulphur removing reaction is: FeS + CaO + C = CaS + FeO + CO

The CAS becomes part of the slag. The slag is also formed from any remaining Silica (SiO2), Alumina (Al2O3), Magnesia (MgO) or Calcia (CaO) that entered with the iron ore, pellets, sinter or coke. The liquid slag then trickles through the coke bed to the bottom of the furnace where it floats on top of the liquid iron since it is less dense. Another product of the iron making process, in addition to molten iron and slag, is hot dirty gases. These gases exit the top of the blast furnace and proceed through gas cleaning equipment where particulate matter is removed from the gas and the gas is cooled. This gas has a considerable energy value so it is burned as a fuel in the "hot blast stoves" which are used to preheat the air entering the blast furnace to become "hot blast". Any of the gas not burned in the stoves is sent to the boiler house and is used to generate steam which turns a turbo blower that generates the compressed air known as "cold blast" that comes to the stoves.

STOCK T GAS CLEANIG PLANT

HOT STOVES

4.1.7 BLAST FURNACE


STEEL MELTING SHOP Steel melting shop integrates the following plant, 1. Energy optimizing furnace I & II 2. Ladel refining furnace I,II,III,IV 3. VD Boiler I & II 4. Continuous casting machine I,II ENERGY OPTIMISING FURNACE (EOF)

The specialty of Salem steel work is it holds the name that it is the only plant having the world second largest energy optimizing plant. Capacity EOF - 1 45Ton/Heat EOF 2 65Ton/Heat Mixture of Material Hot Metal 80% (Supplied from BF1&2) Solid Scrap 20% ( from Scrap Yard)

TOTAL FURNACE MELTING CAPACITY Hot Metal For 65T For 45T 60T 40T Solid Scrap 15T 12T Total 75T 52T

Addition of Lime

60 to 65 Kg/Ton of steel 60 to 65 Nm3/Ton of steel

Addition of Oxygen

There are two plants are available. EOF 1 Capacity 45 Ton supplied by TATA KORF, Kolkata EOF 2 Capacity 60 Ton Supplied by Minutes, Italy.

Step By Step Process Of Eof

Operating Procedure The entire process work carried out by operation department Solid metal Scarp charged from the top of the furnace by scrap charging crane. After the molten metal has been poured into the furnace through hot metal launder, the quantity will be by shift-in-charge. Now the total metal was melted by oxygen blowing through different kinds of equipments like, Super Sonic velocity Lances, Tuyeres on two directions and oxygen Injectors. By blowing the oxygen into the metal the carbon percentage (Initially in pig iron 4%) will starts to reduced. The carbon percentage reduced up to desired grade. For controlling the other factors the limestone, DRI also added with the hot metal for achieving the required grade of steel. After blowing of oxygen, the carbon percentage and temperature of the molten steel was measured for ensuring the grade. Later, the molten metal has taped through steel launder to the ladle. Finally the ladle addition material is added with hot metal. And that molten steel has transfer through a car to Ladle furnace for fine tuning the metallurgical properties of the steel

4.1.8 LADLE REFINERY FURNACE

Molten steel in the ladle treated by the electric arc use of three phase graphite electrode is called ladle refining furnace. FOUR LADLE FURNACES, Capacity 1. Ladle furnace-1: 45 ton/heat 2. Ladle furtnace-2:65 ton /heat 3. Ladle furnace-3:65 ton /heat 4. Ladle furnace-4:65 ton /heat

Additive alloys 1. Lime; 2. 2.FeSi; 3 3. .SiMn; 4. 4.HCFeCr; 5. 5.HCFeMn

The ladle bottom has a porous refractory plug, which is connected to the argon supply pipe at the Ladle Furnace stand. The LF stand is also equipped with an addition hopper mounted on the cover and a lance for injection of desulfurizing agents Fumes formed during the operation are extracted through the cover. Molten steel treated in Ladle Furnace is covered by a layer of desulfuring slag. The graphite electrodes are submerged into the slag, which protects the ladle lining from overheating produced by the electric arcs. The ladle is perfectly earthed; the potential difference between the electrodes and the ladle creates the electric arc. The electrode regulation is done by means of arc impedance feedback which is calculated from the primary& secondary current and voltages of the furnace transformer. The electrode regulation system controls the power consumption of the furnace, which make s the electrode up and down movement when the electrode touches the molten steel(arc impedance varies). During the treatment process argon is blown through the bottom porous plug providing continuous metal stirring. Stirring results in distribution of heat produced by the arcs, chemical homogenization and desulfurization of the steel by the slag.

4.1.8.1 BENEFITS OF LADLE FURNACE (LF)


Deep sulfur removal (desulfurization); Controllable reheating by electric power; Alloying; Temperature and chemical homogenizing; Non-metallic inclusions removal. Ladle Furnace process is used for refining a wide variety of steels. Hydrogen removal is not done

4.1.9 VACUUM DEGASSING UNIT


In the Tank Degassing method the ladle with molten steel is placed into a vacuum chamber, which removes the unwanted gases from the molten metal. There are two vacuum degassing units in Salem plant, which has capable of 65 ton as well as 45 ton ladles. The vacuum is created in the chamber by means of jet type steam ejector system. Ejector system which consists of nozzle and diffuser unit, in that nozzle is used to increase the velocity and decrease the pressure near the vacuum unit and the diffuser used to increase the pressure and decrease the velocity after the nozzle unit.

The ladle is equipped with a porous refractory plug mounted in the ladle bottom. Through the plug argon is supplied during vacuum treatment. The reaction [C] + [O] = {CO} starting in the steel under vacuum conditions causes stirring, which is additionally intensified by argon blown through the bottom porous plug. Argon and CO bubbles also favor the process of floating and removal of nitride inclusions and gaseous nitrogen.

4.1.9.1 BENEFITS OF LADLE DEGASSING (VD, Tank Degassing) -Hydrogen removal (degassing) -Oxygen removal (deoxidation) -Deep sulfur removal (desulfurization) -Carbon removal (decarburization)

VACUUM DEGASSING UNITS

4.1.9.2 FUNCTIONS OF VD

1) To remove N2 from steel, so that the formability is not affected. 2) To remove H2 from steel ,so that the prolonged annealing treatment is not required and also to prevent hair line cracking. 3) To improve cleanliness by removing O2 in the form of CO. 4) To produce steel of very low C content by transferring part of the refining from furnace to the degassing unit. 5) Homogenization of the bath. 6) Better chemical composition as per the customer requirement.

4.1.9.3 PROCEDURE OF VD

The following procedure is commencing during treatment of ladle in degassing unit:

1) The ladle is transferred to vacuum unit and lowered into the tank. And the Argon line is connected. 2) When the flow is adjusted it must be visually confirmed that the porous plug has a good performance. 3) The tank is closed and the vacuum pumps are started .During pump down the behavior of the melt surface is to be observed through the sight port. 4) When the melt or slag starts boil up to the ladle lip , the vacuum pressure in the tank has to be increased a little by opening the flooding valve. 5) When the boil stops , the valve is closed and the pump down is continued. 6) The amount of pressure can be reduced with the help of 8 Steam ejectors and 3 Condensers. 7) When the melt or slag starts boil up to the ladle lip, the vacuum pressure in the tank has to be increased a little by opening the flooding valve. 8) When the boil stops , the valve is closed and the pump down is continued. 9) During vacuum treatment harmful gases such as hydrogen or nitrogen dissolved in the melt are pumped off. 10) The degassing time depends on the necessary time for removal of nitrogen or carbon to the required low content. 11) Based on a sample taken before or after degassing , further deoxidant and ferroalloys are added for final adjustment of analysis . 12) When the treatment is completed, the Steam ejectors are shut down in a safe , controlled manner. 13) Argon is disconnected and the cover is lifted and the tank or cover is moved into the position. 14) The ladle is taken out of the tank and it can be sent to ladle furnace to compensate the temperature loss during VD. 15) Finally it is transferred to the Continuous casting. hydrogen,

4.1.10 LECO OXYGEN AND NITROGEN ANALYSER


Analysis begins by placing an empty Graphite crucible on the lower electrode and pressing the loader button. The electrodes close and atom is purged from the crucible . High current passes through the crucible generating heat which drive off gases trapped in the graphite. This process is called out gassing.

Now the sample to be tested in dropped in to the crucible & a high current is again passed through the crucible driving off gases in the sample. The o2 released from the sample combines with carbon from the crucible to form CO & (small Co2). Any CO formed in this fusion is first passed through heated Copper oxide, which converts CO to Co2 which is then measured by the IR cell. Self calibration using International Standards. Because of its close association with the monitoring of deoxidant additions and the level of inclusions remaining in the steel product, Oxygen analysis is of considerable importance. Methods have been devised which require a sample to be taken followed by instrumental determination of Oxygen but the need for speedy and convenient method has lead to the development of electrochemical sensors which can be inserted into the melt

4.1.10.1 SAMPLING Particular care has to be taken when sampling for Oxygen, because the Oxygen present in the steel is not in the form of dissolved gases when the material is solid but occurs as oxides of Aluminum or as iron manganese oxide and Manganese chromium spinels.Care has to be taken that the total concentration of Oxygen in the form of this oxides are spinels in the sample is representative of the solidified melt. 4.1.10.2 DETERMINATION OF OXYGEN IN A SAMPLE The following possibility exists for the determination of Oxygen 1. 2. 3. 4. Vacuum fusion with reduction. Fusion under carrier gas with reduction. Neutron activation. Measurement of electromotive4 force which is in the melt.

For the first three of this a sample is required. 4.1.10.3 VACUUM FUSION WITH REDUCTION The classical method for the determination of Oxygen is fusion with reduction under vacuum. The method comprises the use of an oil diffusion pump and a high speed gas collecting pump to maintain the vacuum, coupled with devices for loading individual samples through a lock. The mass of hydrogen produced from the reduction is obtained by changes in the thermal conductivity in the gases given off by the melt and the Carbon monoxide is detected by infra-red absorption. 4.1.10.4 FUSION WITH REDUCTION UNDER CARRIER GAS A large crucible is moved up into an induction furnace through which purging gas phases. The carbon monoxide generated is purged from the furnace with argon and oxidized with Schutze reagrent to carbon dioxide. This is in turn determined by automatic colometric titration in a new development the carbon monoxide is measured by infra-red absorption in the gas mixture (immediately after leaving the furnace) and is traced on a recorder.

The deflections are continuously integrated and converted digitally Oxygen content. The Oxygen value is available 40s after the introduction of the sample with a total analysis time of 2 minutes. 4.1.10.5 NEUTRON ACTIVATION The principle of this elegant method is as follows .Neutrons from either a neutron generator or a californium source are thermalized and used to irradiate a sample several grams in weight for 1 minute. The irradiate samples are then passed to a counting system where gamma rays produced by the following reaction are observed in the naturally decaying unstable isotopes.

4.1.11 CONTINUOUS CASTING MACHINE


The hot metal whose composition corrected in LRF is brought to the concast machine known as billet caster and bloom caster through ladles whose capacity is 45 T for billet and 65 T for bloom caster. Ladle is placed on the turret which has two arms the motion of the turret is controlled by PLC. Molten steel is poured continuously through a water cooled mould from a tundish via a control `valve' to regulate the flow, and then through a ceramic submerged entry nozzle into the mould. The outside of the steel starts solidifying in the mould. Water sprays further cool the steel `strand' as it leaves the mould. As shown in the diagram the strand is curved via a series of rollers through 90 and emerges as a horizontal slab. As it leaves the machine at this point it is now solid, and is cut by the LPG cutting system which is also controlled by the PLC. Different size of the billet caster 1. 2. 3. 100 X 100 MM 130X130MM 160X160M The length of the billets varies from 8.7 m to 7m

4.1.12 DIFFERENT SIZE OF THE BLOOM CASTER

4.1.12.1 BARS 1. 160 MM 2. 200MM 3. 310MM 4. 250MM

4.1.12.2 BAR AND ROD MILL The billet and bloom casted in CCM is sent to BRM for scaling. The capacity of the furnace is 40 T/hr. The furnace comprises of three zones 1. Pre heating 2. Heating 3. Soaking In Pre heating section the temperature of the furnace is raised to 1009C. The fuel used for the preheating is furnace oil. In heating zone the temperature of the furnace is raised to 1208C. Here the blast furnace gas is used as a fuel. In soaking zone the cast metal is heated to 1237C. Inside the furnace five hearth areas arranged. Two movable are placed between three fixed hearths. The movable hearth can move in up, down, front, back. Totally 70 billets can be heated in the furnace .From the point of charging to point of rolling one hour is required for the heating After heating the billet is taken from the furnace and brought to rolling mill. As per the customer requirement the billet is converted to following final products Flat 1. 80X76 2. 80X76 Round bar 32mm , 40mm , 50mm , 55mm & 36mm In wire rolling mill coils are produce in the range of 5.5mm to 16mm

4.1.13 PROCESS FLOW

Hot Charging (Hot Billets from CCM)

Low Noise Billet Entry (Cold Billets from

Furnace (Heated to 1200 deg C)

TRIO (160*160 mm Sq Billet reduces to 100*100 mm Sq Billet)

MILL (Stand 1, Stand 2 & Stand 3)

WRM (Wire Rod Mill) Coil Dia is 5.5 mm to 16 mm

Cooling Bed (Flats & Round Bars)

Garret Coiler (dia 16 mm to 60 mm)

CAPTIVE POWER

CPP 1 Capacity Fuel : : 7.5 MW furnace oil, BF gas Turbine speed: 3000 RPM TG : 1 X 9.7 MVA, 11 KV

CPP 2 Capacity Fuel : : 60 MW furnace oil, BF gas, coke oven waste heat, coal Turbine speed: 3000 RPM TG : 2 X 30 MW, 11 KV

In CPP 2 unit 2 is coal fire boiler is used. The main advantage of cpp2 is with help of coal fired boiler we supply the steam to both the unit when ever bf gas coke oven waste heat is not available. Cpp2 start up power is fed from LBDS in cpp1. Unit 1 integrates three waste heat recovery boiler to produce the steam required for the unit 1 30 MW turbo generator. Both the power plant runs always in parallel with the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (i.e. synchronized) . Depending on the demand of the company the power exported and imported. The power export and import is managed and controlled by the Main receiving substation (MRSS). MRSS is a centralized control station for the whole plant.

4.1.14 INFRASTRUCTURE AND RAW MATERIALS


IRON ORE Our manufacturing facilities are located near the iron ore belt, which enables us to source low cost iron ore. Our iron ore requirements are partly met from our associate company VMPL and balance from NMDC and other suppliers having mining rights.

COAL To ensure a regular and reliable supply of coal, we have entered into strategic sourcing of coal through reputed traders / overseas mine owners based in Australia and China mainly on annual price contracts. We have also optimized the use of coal used in the Corex, coke oven and blast furnace plants thereby utilizing the coal and the fines completely . ZINC We are sourcing zinc from domestic supplier for manufacturing of value added galvanized products. The pricing of Zinc is highly correlated with international USD prices on London Metal Exchange.

LIMESTONE We use a blend of imported and indigenous limestone for steel making. Low silica limestone which is used for steel making is imported from UAE/ Iran. High silica limestone used in Corex is sourced indigenously.

DOLOMITE AND STEEL SCRAP The other raw materials used in steel making are dolomite and steel scrap. The entire requirement of dolomite is sourced indigenously. Dolomite deposits (equivalent to 20 years) are located in Lokapur (Karnataka) and Rayalachervy and Dronachalam (Andhra Pradesh) which are about 150-200 kms from the plant. The sourcing from these two locations ensures consistent supplies at any given point of time. Strategic tie-ups with key suppliers with yearly renewable option ensure reliable and consistent supply of dolomite. Scrap requirement is Met by recycling of scrap generated in house as well as by imports.

REFRACTORIES All refractoriness for Iron and Steel making are outsourced to the refractory manufacturers on a total management concept which includes quality, specifications, supply, inventory management, relining and repairs. We also have strategic tie-ups with key suppliers to handle the refractory matters of cast house, steel ladle, converter, slide gate and tundish areas.

POWER As on September 2005, our total power requirement at upstream facility was 183 MW. There will be an incremental requirement of 40 MW for the ongoing steel expansion project and another 30 MW for the proposed 62CRM complex. Our power requirement of 183 MW is currently being met partly out of our captive power plant and balance from JSWEL. We are in the midst of ramping up the capacity of 2nd captive power plant of 130 MW that is expected to be fully operational by March 2006. Thus, significant portion of power requirement will be met from captive sources and balance requirement, if any, will be met from JSWEL. At downstream facility, power is taken from MSEB and captive DG sets. We have2 DG sets of 3750 kw capacity each at Tarapur and Vasind.

WATER Water requirements of around 20 million gallon per day (MGD) for the proposed expansion of steel manufacturing capacity from 2.5 Mtpa to 3.8 Mtpa over the period of time is already been sourced from Tungabhadra Dam in Karnataka. The existing plant make-up and drinking water network have been considered as the source of water for the proposed CRM project. The water requirement will mostly be for cooling purposes with a minor part of the requirement being for drinking and other process needs. To minimize fresh water withdrawal from the source, recirculation systems have been envisaged for the various units. The treated make up and drinking water requirement for the proposed CRM project is estimated to be 145 m3/h.

COMPRESSED AIR Our requirement of compressed air for the proposed CRM project has been estimated at 86 Nm3/h. To meet this requirement, a compressor station would be provided where two units of water cooled rotary screw compressors Each of 45 Nm3/min at a discharge pressure of 7 kg/cm2

(g) will be installed first and the third one would be installed in future. One air receiver of adequate water holding capacity will be installed at compressor air station to cater to system surge.

NITROGEN, HYDROGEN AND COREX GAS Our nitrogen gas requirement of 1,510 m3/hr for purging in the bell-annealing furnace would be met from the existing nitrogen supply system. The necessary piping network will be installed for supplying nitrogen from existing network to the consumers after required pressure boosting. Bell annealing furnaces have been planned based on 100% H2 as protective atmosphere for ultra clean and bright CR strip. For this purpose, one hydrogen generation plant of about 400m3/h capacity having ability to produce99.9% purity H2 has been planned by us based on water electrolysis process. Cortex gas generated in the existing Cortex modules will be used for firing in the bell annealing furnaces and boilers. Suitable system for sourcing the Cortex gas from the existing gas holder will be provided.

LOGISTICS The manufacturing units are strategically located with respect to established ports well connected by rail and road networks. Imported raw materials for the upstream unit are transported in bulk in large sized vessels to Goa and Chennai seaports. Indigenous raw materials, for upstream and downstream units are transported by road and rail to the plants. Export of finished goods from upstream unit is done in bulk and break-bulk containers out of Goa and Chennai ports and from Mumbai and JNPT ports for downstream unit We follow a policy of outsourcing some of the key functions for greater efficiency and to lower the cost. The water management system for the whole plant, roll shop management system, bearing bank facility and lubrication system for the pellet plant have been outsourced.

4.1.15 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (R & D)


Developed innovative technique to remove accretion in blast without using explosive. Elimination of lump in iron bearing materials to improve raw mix feeding at Sinter Plant and to reduce impurities fed into blast furnace by introducing screening system. In order to reduce the burning loss of hot coke while travelling towards quenching tower, an innovative mobile quenching facility was installed in the quenching car itself. This reduces ash formation and yield. By introducing oven door with auxiliary locking system, the cycle time of the quenching car was reduced. The coal throughput per oven was increased by charging optimum coal size and bulk density of coal and the cooking time. This resulted in enhanced coke production and improvement in yield besides reduction in coke breeze generation. Container shipment of wire rod to reach customer site with better shape and quick delivery.

FINANCE DEPARTMENT

4.2 FINANCE DEPARTMENT

4.2.1 FINANCIAL RESULTS

PARTICULARS

F.Y. 2009-10

F.Y. 2008-09

Net Turnover Other Income Total Revenue Profit before Interest, Depreciation, & Taxation (EBIDTA) Interest Depreciation Profit before Taxation & Exceptional Items Exceptional Items Profit before Taxation (PBT) Tax including Deferred Tax Profit after Taxation but before minority interest and share of profit of Associates Share of Losses of Minority Share of Profit of Associates (Net) Profit after Taxation (PAT) Profit brought forward from earlier year Amount available for Appropriation Appropriations Transferred (to) / from Debenture Redemption Reserve Transferred to Redemption Reserve Dividend on Preference capital

18,202.48 532.84 18,735.32

14,001.25 259.56 14,260.81

4,805.74 862.68 1,123.41 2,819.65

3,092.67 797.25 827.66 1,467.76

2,819.65 796.91 2,022.74

790.13 677.63 219.13 458.50

2,022.74 3,883.15

458.50 3,505.86

5,905.89 125.00

3,964.36 20.45

(9.90)

(28.92)

(28.99)

Proposed Final Dividend on Equity Shares Corporate Dividend Tax Transfer to General Reserve Total Balance carried to Balance Sheet

(177.70) (34.31) (202.28) (578.11) 5,327.78

(18.71) (8.11) (45.85) (81.21) 3,883.15

4.2.2 DIVIDEND
The Board has, subject to the approval of the Members at the ensuing Annual General Meeting, recommended dividend at the stipulated rate of Re. 1.00 per Share on the 27,90,34,907, 10% Cumulative Redeemable Preference Shares of Rs.10 each of the Company for the year ended 31 March 2010.

The Board had also vide a Circular Resolution passed by it on 17 February 2010, approved the Redemption of the Companys 99,00,000 11% Cumulative Redeemable Preference Shares of Rs.10 each on 8 March 2010, along with dividend due thereon for the Financial year 2009-10 upto the date of redemption, at the stipulated rate of 11% per annum. The Board considering the Companys performance and financial position for the year under review, also recommended payment of dividend of Rs. 9.50 per Equity Share on the 18, 70,48,682 Equity Shares of Rs. 10 each of the Company, for the year ended 31 March 2010, subject to the approval of the Members at the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

Together with Corporate Tax on dividend, the total outflow on account of Equity dividend will be Rs. 207.21 crores, vis--vis Rs. 21.89 crores paid for fiscal 2008-09.

4.2.3 SUBSIDIARY, JOINT VENTURE AND ASSOCIATE COMPANIES


A. Indian Subsidiaries 1. JSW Bengal Steel Limited (JSW Bengal), its Subsidiary Barbiln Beneficiation Company Limited and Associate JSW Energy (Bengal) Limited (JSWEBL)

2. JSW Jharkhand Steel Limited 3. JSW Steel Processing Centres Limited (JSWSPCL) 4. JSW Building Systems Limited (JSWBSL) B. Overseas Subsidiaries 1. JSW Steel (Netherlands) B.V. (JSW Netherlands) (a) JSW Steel Holding (USA) Inc. and its Subsidiary JSW Steel (USA) Inc.

(b) JSW Steel (UK) Limited and its Subsidiaries namely Argent Independent Steel (Holdings) Limited and JSW Steel Service Centre (UK) Limited

(c) JSW Panama Holdings Corporation and Chilean subsidiaries namely Inversiones Limitada, Santa Fe Mining and Santa Fe Puerto S.A

Eurosh

2. JSW Natural Resources Limited (JSWNRL) and its Subsidiary JSW Natural Resources Mozambique Lda (JSWNRML C. Joint Venture Companies

1. Geo Steel LLC 2. Rohne Coal Company Private Limited 3. MJSJ Coal Limited 4. Gourangdih Coal Limited 5. Toshiba JSW Turbine and Generator Private Limited

6. Vijayanagar Minerals Private Limited (VMPL) 7. JSW Severfield Structures Limited (JSSL) and its Subsidiary JSW Structural Metal Decking Limited (JSWSMD) d. associate companies

Jindal Praxair Oxygen Company Private Limited (JPOCL) and JSW Energy (Bengal) Limited.

4.2.4 BANKERS
Allahabad Bank Bank of Baroda Bank of India ICICI Bank Limited IDBI Bank Limited Indian Bank Indian Overseas Bank Punjab National Bank State Bank of India State Bank of Indore State Bank of Mysore State Bank of Patiala Union Bank of India Vijaya Bank

4.2.5 SUBSIDIARIES
i. JSW Steel (Netherlands) B.V. ii. JSW Steel (UK) Limited Iii. Argent Independent Steel (Holdings) Limited iv. JSW Steel Service Centre (UK) Limited v. JSW Steel Holding (USA) Inc. vi. JSW Steel (USA) Inc. vii. JSW Panama Holdings Corporation Viii. Inversiones Eroush Limitada ix. Santa Fe Mining x. Santa Fe Puerto S.A. xi. JSW Natural Resources Limited xii. JSW Natural Resources Mozambique Limitada xiii. JSW Steel Processing Centres Limited xiv. JSW Bengal Steel Limited xv. Barbil Beneficiation Company Limited xvi. JSW Jharkhand Steel Limited xvii. JSW Building Systems Limited

4.2.6 JOINT VENTURE


i. Vijayanagar Minerals Private Limited ii. Rhone Coal Company Private Limited iii. Geo Steel LLC iv. JSW Severfield Structures Limited v. Gourangdih Coal Limited

MARKETING DEPARTMENT

4.3 MARKETING DEPARTMENT


Indian Steel demand continued to follow the footsteps of the Indian Economy, growing by7.6% (prov.) while the Global steel demand witnessed an unprecedented fall of 6.7%. JSW Steel with its core-understanding of the economic under-currents went all out to capitalize the expanding domestic opportunities with its domestic sales for 2009-10 outperforming by 96% to 4.8 Mn tones coupled with increasing its domestic dependency to 84% from 72% on the overall expanded tonnage of 5.7 Mn tones. Value added flat includes CR and Coated Steel products.

4.3.1 MARKETING STRATEGY IN JSW STEEEL LTD 2010-11 4.3.1.1 DOMESTIC MARKETS
I. Focus - Value Addition Through increasing the sales of Value added Products as well as by developing new products conforming to higher end specifications and grades. Value added product sales up by 55%. II. Enhancing Global Competitiveness of Value-Chain partners By making steel available at globally competitive proposition. III. Thrust - Import Substitution Expanded domestic share from 72% in 2008-09 to84%. IV. Expanding distribution network To capitalize the spread-out demand opportunities as well as for the betterment of timely delivery concept. JSW Shoppe continues to expand from 50 in 2008-09 to 174 as on March'10 with Shoppe sales up by 114%to 0.64 million tones, leveraging the demand of the Semi-Urban and Rural India as well. Additionally, JSW has been expanding its Distribution Points on a PanIndia basis as well.

V. Increasing Domestic presence for Flat Steel Domestic sales up by 59% to3.04 million tones with domestic market share increasing to approx. 13% from 9% in the previous year. VI. Efforts onto Brand Building Focus on leveraging brand-recall and brand-value adopting multi-fold brand-building techniques viz. Introduced innovative concept of "Shoppe-On-Wheel" in the Rural India, Wall-Paintings, Pro-Active participation in relevant exhibitions, Print-Media Advertisements, etc., leveraged sales of branded products by 64% of domestic sales.

4.3.1.2 INTERNATIONAL MARKETS


The Company has been maintaining a strategic presence in the international market.2009-10 proved a boon in disguise which led us explore and partially shift our focus from the conventional advanced markets, adversely impacted by the global economic crisis, toothier promising economies. I. Shift of Focus by exploring the world While the demand in conventional coated export markets of North America and the Europe suffocated, JSW strategically shifted and consolidated its presence in other promising geographies including South America, CIS, Africa and Asia and capitalized the demand II. Expand into Logistics-Advantage zone Increased our presence for other Semis, Flats and Wire Rods into the economies having logistics advantage including South& Far East Asia, Rest of Asia, Middle East and Africa, especially, while the prices were touching the bottoms. III. Enhance Customer base In order to maximize tonnages coupled with Price-Advantage, JSW judiciously expanded its customer base, meeting the challenges of small order lots with high degree of customization

demanding a fast-track delivery schedules. For the coated products, 96 new customers were added accounting for approx. 13%of export sales. The Company successfully paved its way through the trying times of 2009-10 and further sharpened its focus and efficiency across the domestic and international markets, harnessing and nurturing its relationship with its valued business partners (customers)which would enable its journey ahead more effective while taking the challenges of expanding product range with an expanded tonnage intensity.

4.3.2 BRANDING
JSW's branding strategy is aimed at nurturing the JSW brand and managing stakeholders perception to maximize business value. Branding has an integrated marketing approach with business solutions which create a uniform message for all stakeholders.

4.3.3 CUSTOMERS

DOMESTIC CUSTOMERS
HP HERO CYCLES BLUE STAR GODEJ LG ELECTRONICS VIDEOCON TUBE PRODUCT OF INDIA BRAKES INDIA ELECTROLUX WHEELS INDIA LIMITED IFB INDUSTRY

INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS
STANDEX DUFERCO NOBLE RESOURECES CLARK (STEEL FARMING SYSTEM) SOS (METALS INC) CORUS STEMCOR SOUTH MARK ( METAIL MPG &CO) ARCELOR

4.3.4 COMPETITORS
TATA STEEL LIMITED STEEL AUTHOTIRY OF INDIA. (SAIL) VIZAG STEEL PLANT.

HR DEPARTMENT

4.4 HR \ PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT


Employee Development is the prime objective of our Human Resources function. The HR function, social in nature, strives for cohesion, consultation and cooperation. We strongly believe that a streamlined Employee Development Programmed for our employees will help them achieve their professional goals. Our PPRD (Performance Plan, Review & Development) programmed is a key component of our human resource strategy, which supports our results- based management approach.

4.4.1 PERFORMANCE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING


Employee Performance Development Planning helps improve your performance through honest feedback and creating an individual Development Plan for you. The process also ensures your targets are aligned to business strategy. Following the goal setting process, you will have a midterm and yearly performance review with your functional manager to examine your KPAs and Competencies. But ultimately you'll be responsible for your own development and will need to be proactive in securing development opportunities. To ensure continuous improvement you should also set and review your own objectives and seek feedback on your performance.

4.4.2 TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT

At JSW, HR focuses on three core elements with regards to training and development:

1. The Job 2. Training 3. Personal Development

4.4.3 CAREER PRINCIPLES of JSW:


Be proactive and responsible for their career Be self aware and honest with themselves about strengths and weaknesses Make plans for self-development and professional growth Build their networks and listen to advice Make clear, well-considered and timely choices about their careers Be driven by both ambition and a sound grasp of reality Personal and organizational growth goes hand in hand, so JSW is committed to creating a culture that gives employees the space to explore and fulfill your potential. A place, where employee can express freely, learn from the best and make a real impact. Greater self-awareness will significantly enhance ability to secure their ideal job.

SWOT ANALYSIS

5.0 SWOT ANALYSIS


INTERNAL FACTORS The strengths and weaknesses internal to the organization. EXTERNAL FACTORS The opportunities and threats pre-sented by the external environment. STRENGTHS The largest private sector steel maker in the country by capacity. Conversion cost is amongst the lowest in the country. Increasing backward integration. Use of superior manufacturing technologies to improve quality and profitability. Availability of iron ore and coal Low labour wage rates Abundance of skilled labour Mature production base

WEAKNESSES Very high leverage levels. No backward integration for coaking coal is operational to date. Underperforming us subsidiaries. Unscientific mining Coking coal import dependence Low R&D investments High cost of debt inadequate infrastructure

OPPORTUNITIES Unexplored rural market Growing domestic demand Exports Consolidation Retail Outlets across the country to tap the rural and semi-urban markets. Increased proportion of value-added products to result in higher price realization. The government's infrastructure plans provide great scope for expansion.

THREATS Drop in steel prices may inhibit top-line growth. Dumping of steel by Russian and Chinese mills. Longer-than-expected credit crunch may subdue company's expansion plans. China becoming net exporter Protectionism in the west

SUGGESTIONS & FINDINGS

CONCLUSION