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The

Water
Therapy
Manual
by VANCE FERRELL

Chapter One: The healing power of water - Basic principles when us-
ing it - Important cautions.
Chapter Two: Over 100 different ways to give water treatments -
Step-by-step explanations and diagrams. 124 pages.
Chapter Three: How water treatments have been given for thousands
of years - The complete Kellogg remedies - Dozens of single and
combination water therapies - 74 pages of formulas.
Chapter Four: Temperature tables - Other helpful information - Bibli-
ography of 132 professional books and research articles on water
therapy, written by physicians, nurses, and medical school instruc-
tors, including 121 written in the 20th century.
Indexes: Five complete indexes: Disease, Therapy, Principles, Caution,
Illustration. 19 pages of indexes.

Remarkably complete. The water therapies in chapter two


are catagorized and placed in step-by-step outline form, so
they can be easily understood and followed.

$10.95 from your bookseller, or you can order from the pub-
lisher: $12.95 postpaid.
PILGRIMS BOOKS - BEERSHEBA SPRINGS, TN 37305
HB-261

THE WATER THERAPY MANUAL by Vance Ferrell

Pilgrims’ Books Altamont, TN 37301 USA

Printed in the United States of America

Cover Painting: John Steel

Cover and Text @ 1986 by Vance Ferrell

“TWO MIRACLE FLUIDS”-IN THIS FIRST CHAPTER you will obtain a glimpse of the won-
ders that water can perform in bringing healing to your body. And you will al so learn basic
principles and cautions that you will need in order to use it to best advantage.
“THE WATER THERAPIES”-IN THIS SECOND CHAPTER you will learn over one hundred
different ways to give water treatments to your loved ones. It is all explained in a step-by-step
format. One hundred and twenty-four pages of water therapies are given here.
“THE KELLOGG REMEDIES”-IN THIS THIRD CHAPTER you will discover how water treat-
ments have been used for thousands of years all over the world. And then you will be given
dozens of single and combination water therapies for many different physical problems. Sev-
enty-four pages of formulas are given here. (not in this E-BOOK)
“SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT”-IN THIS FINAL CHAPTER you will find information on tempera-
ture tables, other helpful information, and a large bibliography of 132 professional books and
research articles written by physicians, nurses, and medical school instructors on this impor-
tant topic.(not in this E-BOOK)
INDEXES-Five complete indexes, covering nineteen pages are given at the back of this book
to help you quickly find information on diseases, therapies, principles, cautions, illustrations,-
and more.

INTRODUCTION

What is it about water that can make man whole? Let me illustrate with a story from America’s
past:
On May 2, 1803, Napoleon’s Minister of Finance, Marquis Francois de Barbe-Marbois, and
the U.S. envoys, Robert Livingston and James Monroe, signed the Louisiana Purchase Agree-
ment in Paris. For $15 million, the United States had purchased 830,000 square miles-and had
doubled in size.
President Thomas Jefferson immediately arranged an expedition to explore this vast new
area to the west. On May 14, 1804, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark set sail up the Missouri
River. Six months later, after barely avoiding a fatal battle with the Sioux, winter forced them to
halt in what is now North Dakota. Next spring, they pushed on into the uncharted wilderness,
and narrowly escaped death from an attacking bear, a capsized boat, and a charging bear. Then
they rescued one of their number nearly fallen over a precipice, and climbed, what one of them
later described as “the most terrible mountains I ever beheld.”
Following the Snake and Columbia Rivers, they finally reached the Pacific Coast on Novem-
ber 1805-and then barely escaped drowning in the Pacific On March 23, 1806, the explorers
turned their faces homeward. Back east, President Jefferson had heard rumors that they had
been shot, tomahawked, or worse. Mean- and-cold treatment. Again, the simple therapy
while, as Jefferson conferred with his advi- did its work—and did it well. After three treat-
sors about this, Lewis and Clark and their ments the invalid chief could move his legs
expedition were portaging the waterfalls of and wiggle his toes and use his arms and
the Columbia, and encountering a wild In- hands. On May 29, Lewis wrote, “He washed
dian in the Northwest who was bent on kill- his face himself today, which [he] has been
ing some of them. On April 27 the voyagers unable to do.”
reached the land of the Wallawalla Indians, And then the next day: “ . . We gave the
and then headed into the Nez Perce country sick Chief a severe sweat today, shortly after
of Idaho. By that time William Bratton, one which he could move one of his legs and thyes
of the men in the party, was experiencing such [thighs] and work his toes pretty well, the
intense pelvic pain that he could go no far- other leg he can move a little; his fingers and
ther. arms seem to be almost entirely restored.”-
Captain Clark was a physician, but none From the journal of Captain Meriwether
of his medicines seemed to help. Then Pvt. Lewis, May 30, 1806, near Kamiah, Idaho.
John Shields, told them what to do: While It took men to conquer the great wilder-
the party pitched camp, Shields dug a hole ness, but simple water treatments helped
in the ground. It was three feet across and them do it. History has many such incidents.
four feet deep. Lining it with rocks, he kindled The hot vapor quickened the blood circu-
a fire in the bottom to heat the stones. As lation and brought it in fresh, healing quan-
soon as they were hot, the fire was extin- tities to where it was needed. The brief cold
guished, and Bratton, naked, was carefully water caused a powerful reaction that deep-
lowered into a seat they had suspended in ened the initial effects. Repeated several
the hole. times, the beneficial results became still more
Over him, the men quickly arched willow evident. In addition, the sweating was decid-
poles, covering them with blankets to hold edly helpful also.
in the heat. Then Bratton poured water anta God has placed in the simple things of na-
the stones. Clouds of steam billowed around ture-such things as water, non-poisonous
him. After twenty minutes of this treatment, herbs, rest, nourishing food, sunlight, fresh
Bratton was taken out and “suddenly plunged air, and moderate exercise,—the elements
in cold water twise [twice] and was then im- needed to bring health to our human bodies.
mediately returned to the sweat hole.”-from Let us thank Him for these simple methods
the Journal of Captain Lewis, May 1806. and use them carefully and wisely. Let us
There the man stayed for another forty-five dedicate our lives to Him and ever obey His
minutes, drinking copious amounts of mint laws of health, for He has given us these bless-
tea throughout his time in the hole. ings because He loves us. - Vance Ferrell
Finally he was “taken out covered up in
several blankets and suffered to cool gradu-
ally.” What the medicines could not do, the
water therapy had accomplished. The next
day Bratton was walking about, nearly free
of pain, well on his way to recovery. The wa-
ter treatment had worked so well that Lewis
and Clark decided to try it on a nearby Nez TABLE OF CONTENTS
Perce chief who had been unable to move ei-
ther his arms or his legs for three years. The TWO MIRACLE FLUIDS 9
men heated the rocks again, lowered him into 1 - The Living Stream 9
the hole, and gave him the hot-and-cold, hot- 2 - Principles and Cautions 13
THE WATER THERAPIES 38 tices; Charcoal as a non-poultice) 86
1 - Twenty-one Basic Purposes 38 6-LOCAL AND LARGER HOT 90
2 - Cloth and Blanket Applications 44 1 - Full Hot-Blanket Pack 91
(Therapy index: pages 275-280) 2 - Hot Trunk Pack 94
1 - LOCAL COLD 45 3 - Hot Hip-and-Leg Pack 95
1 - Cold Compress 45 4 - Hot Leg Pack 96
2 - Ice Pack 46 5 - Hot Packs with Ice Bags 96
3 - Ice Cravat 47 7 - TONIC FRICTIONS 97
4 - Ice Bag (Ice Cap) 49 1 - Wet Hand Rub 99
5 - Proximal Compress 50 2 - Cold Mitten Friction 99
2 - COLD-TO-HEATING 51 3 - Cold Towel Rub 101
1 - Heating Throat Compress (and Dry 4 - Wet Sheet Rub 101
Throat 5 - Dripping Sheet Rub 103
Compress) 51 6 - Ice Rub 104
2 - Heating Joint Compress (and Dry Joint 7 - Salt Glow 104
Compress) 53 8 - SPONGING 106
3 - Moist Abdominal Bandage (and Par- 1 - Fever Sponges (including Hot, Cold,
tial Tepid, and
Abdominal Bandage, Protected Joint Ban- Neutral Sponge) 106
dage, 3 - Direct Water Applications 109
Wet Girdle) 54 (Therapy Index: 275-280;
4 - Heating Chest Pack 56 Disease Index: 281-290)
5 - Partial Chest Pack 59 9 - PAIL POURS
6 - Dry Chest Pack 60 1 - General Pail Pour 109
7 - Wet-Sheet Pack (including Stage One: 2 - Local Pail Pours (including Local Hot,
Cooling Wet-Sheet Pack, Neutral, Cold, Alternate Hot and Cold Pail
Stage Two: Neutral-Wet Sheet Pack, Pours, and Special Applications) 110
Stage Three: Heating Wet-Sheet Pack, 10 - PARTIAL BATHS
Stage Four: Sweating Wet-Sheet Pack) 61 1 - CONTRAST BATHS (including Con-
3 - LOCAL HOT AND COLD 64 trast Bath to the Hand or Arm, Feet, Legs,
1 - Alternate Compress 64 and Special Applications) 112
2 - Revulsive Compress 65 2 - Hot Foot Bath 115
3 - Alternate Hot and Cold to the Head 66 3 - (Shallow) Cold Footbath 117
4 - Simultaneous Hot and Cold to the Head 4 - Sitz Baths (including Cold, Cold Rub-
67 bing, Prolonged Cold, Neutral, Very Hot, and
5 - Alternate Hot and Cold to the Spine 68 Revulsive Sitz Baths) 118
5 - LOCAL HOT 69 11 - FULL BATHS 121 1 - Hot Tub Bath
1 - Fomentations 69 (Hot Full Bath) (and Moderate Hot Bath) 121
2 - Hot Gauze Compress 75 2 - Neutral Bath (Neutral Full Bath) (and
3 - Hot Water Bottle 76 Continuous Bath) 122
4 - Paraffin Bath (and Hot Paraffin Pack, 3 - Cold Tub Bath (Cold Full bath) (and
Hot Paraffin Dressing, Hot Paraffin Wrap) 78 Cold Rubbing Bath) 124
5 - Kidney Stone Pack 82 4 - Cold Shallow Bath (Cold Shallow Rub-
6 - Sinus Pack 83 bing Bath) 125
7 - Heat Lamp 84 5 - Plunge Bath 126
8 - Poultices (including Charcoal, Clay and 6 - Graduated Bath 126
Glycerine, Clay, Flaxseed, Garlic, Comfrey 12 - SHOWER BATHS 127
and Smartweed, Hops, and Mustard Poul- 1 - Hot Shower 127
2 - Continuous Hot Shower 128 1 - General Index 271
3 - Cold or Cool Shower 128 2 - Illustration Index 272
4 - Neutral Shower 129 3 - Principles Index 273
5 - Graduated Shower 129 4 - Therapy Index 275
6 - Revulsive Shower 129 5 - Disease Index 281
7 - Alternate Hot and Cold Shower 130 (Far additional study: 37, 49, 291 onward)
13 - MISCELLANEOUS BATHS 131
1 - Steam Baths (including Russian Bath, IMPORTANT
Sauna) 131
2 - Steam Chair (Steam Sweat) 135 The material in this Water Therapy Manual
3 - Vapor Inhalation (Steam Inhalation) is written by a reporter, not by a trained physi-
136 cian, as source material for those who enjoy
4 - Radiant Heat Bath (Electric Light Bath) reading historical monographs in the medi-
138 5 - Oatmeal Bath 141 cal Field It has also been prepared for use in
6 - Soda Alkaline Bath 142 your own home, under the direction of a
7 - Starch Alkaline Bath 142 qualified physician (or his nurse or physical
8 - Sun Bath 143 therapist) in one of the following ways: (1) as
9 - Sea Bathing 144 emergency therapy during an acute attack;
10 - Sun, Air, and Water Bath 144 (2) as more prolonged therapy in a chronic
11 - Wet Grass Walk 145 condition, whether temporary or permanent;
12 - Summer Spray 145 (3) as convalescent therapy following a pe-
14 -IRRIGATIONS 145 riod of sickness; and (4) as tonic applications
1 - Enemas (including Hot, Warm, Tepid, to rebuild strength and vitality, both in those
and Cold Enemas) 146 who are convalescing and those who are well.
2 - Colonics 149 This Manual will provide you with
3 - Other Irrigations (Including Irrigation information as to the manner in which cer-
of the Ear, tain qualified physicians, nurses, and phys-
Nose, Eye, and Throat) 150 iotherapists use water applications. And it
15 - DOUCHES (Hand Held Sprays) 152 will also provide you with warnings, cautions,
1 - The Five Basic Douches Oncluding Hot, and contraindications that these experts in
Neutral, Cold, Revulsive, and Alternate Hot this field have expressed in regard to various
and Cold Douche) 155 hydrotherapy applications and complicating
2 - The Thirteen Local Douches (Includ- conditions and situations.
ing Ascending, Head, Spinal (Dorsal), Lum- Everything in this Manual, with the excep-
bar, Shoulder, Thoracic, Epigastric, Hypogas- tion of several Biblical and historical quota-
tric, Abdominal, Foot, Plantar, Perineal, and tions, is based on the writings of twentieth
Anal Douches) 158 century medical personnel qualified in the
3 - (The Twelve Reflexive Douches) 168 field of physiotherapy (the modern name for
THE KELLOGG WATER REMEDIES 170 hydrotherapy, or the giving of water treat-
1 - Historical Background 170 ments).
2 - The Kellogg Formulas 178 This Manual is based on writings of the
(Disease Index: 281-290) following thirteen authorities: George Knapp
SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT 253 Abbott, M.D.; Clarence W. Dail, M.D.;
1 - Temperature Tables 253 Kathryn lo Jensen-Nelson, R.N., M.A.;
2 - How to Make Your Own Colonic Board John Harvey Kellogg, M.D.; Ethel M. Manwell,
257 8.S., RN., A.R.P.T.; J. Wayne McFarland, M.D.;
3 - Bibliography 262 Gertrude Muench, R.N., R.P.T.; Fred 8. Moor,
INDEXES 270 M.D.; Mary C. Noble, 8.S., R.N.; Stella C.
Peterson, R.N., B.S.N.E.; Charles S. Thomas, Within the Sacred Scriptures is to be
Ph.D.; Agatha M. Thrash, M.D.; Calvin L. found one of the most basic laws of the hu-
Thrash, M.D. Most, and probably all, of the man body:
above medical authorities were, at the time “For the life of the flesh is in the blood.” -
of their writing, either teachers in medical Leviticus 17: 11.
schools, or directors of physical therapy de- What is it that makes you alive? Accord-
partments in leading hospitals or sanitari- ing to the Bible, it is the blood flowing through
ums. your body. Your brain and nerves, glands, and
The sources used in the preparation of internal organs, are all very important. But
this present Manual are the first eight vol- there is no “Life” intrinsically in any of them.
umes listed in the Bibliography that begins They are only alive because living blood is
on page 262. Over 2700 pages of informa- flowing through them every moment, bath-
tion is included within those valuable books. ing and nourishing their every fiber, tissue,
For additional information, you will want to and cell.
refer to the entire Bibliography, with its 132 The life is not in your heart, for it is only a
entries. fluid pump. Neither is it in your body secre-
You have a right to care for sickness within tions, limbs, Lymphatic tissue, eyes, or nerve
your home, but you should realize that it is cells. The only life in your body—which im-
current medical opinion that anything you do parts life to all your body by a continual
to regain or improve your health should be drenching process—is in your blood:
done under the direction of a qualified phy- “Flesh with the life thereof, shall ye not
sician. eat.”—Genesis 9:4. “Be sure that ye eat not
As stated above, this Manual is here pro- the blood: for the blood is the life; and thou
vided to be used in your home, under the di- mayest not eat the life with the flesh.”-Deuter-
rection of the physician of your choice. If dif- onomy 12: 23.
ficulties of any kind develop, immediately How does healing come to afflicted parts
contact him. Treatments carried on without of your body? Your internal organs, especially
his aid or counsel are treatments carried on your liver, are very important. So also is your
at your own risk. -Vance Ferrell brain. But it is the blood that brings the heal-
ing to your body. Not only does it contain life,
Only four of the above-mentioned eight it is also the only means of bringing vital nu-
books are currently in print. Information re- trition from your digested food to all of your
garding where to obtain them will be found body parts. And it also brings that spark of
on page 49. life, precious oxygen, without which you
would quickly die.
PILGRIMS’ BOOKS ALTAMONT, TN It is because the life is in the blood that
37301 USA Christ had to die for our sins. Only our God
could pay the ransom far our souls, and
Jesus laid down His life on our behalf, and
shed His blood far us, -that we might have
forgiveness of sin and be enabled by His grace
to obey His Moral Law of Ten Command-
TWO MIRACLE FLUIDS ments -to live clean, Godly lives now, and
dwell forever with Him in the earth made new.
PART ONE “Without shedding of blood is no remis-
sion [of sin] .”-Hebrews 9:22. “For the life of
THE LIVING STREAM the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to
you upon the altar to make an atonement for
your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain
atonement for the soul.” - Leviticus 17: 11. mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.”-
“The blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanseth Hebrews 4:14-16. (Also read Hebrews 10: 16-
us from all sin.”-1 John 1:7. “Whosoever 17, 19-22; Exodus 20:1-17.) “Now the God
committeth sin transgresseth also the law: of peace, that brought again from the dead
for sin is the transgression of the law. And ye our lord Jesus, that Great Shepherd of the
know that He was manifested to take away sheep, through the Blood of the Everlasting
our sins; and in Him is no sin.”-1 John 3:4- Covenant; make you perfect in every good
5.” Unto Him that loved us, and washed us work to do His will, working in you that which
from our sins in His own blood.”-Revelation is well-pleasing in His sight, through Jesus
1 :5. “And she shall bring forth a Son, and Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever.
thou shalt call His name Jesus: for He shall Amen.”-Hebrews 13:20-21.
save His people from their sins.”-Matthew But more: Blood, as it rapidly moves
1:21. “One of the soldiers with a spear pierced through your body, not only brings food and
His side, and forthwith carne there our blood oxygen; it also carries away waste products
and water.”-John 19:34. “For even hereunto from each cell in your body. Thus, the blood
were ye called: because Christ also suffered not only imparts life; it also heals and re-
for us, leaving us an example, that ye should stores. And it does this continually. Your
follow His steps; who did no sin, neither was blood pump (the heart) need only skip one
guile found in His mouth . . who His own self beat and you may not recover; two beats
bare our sins in His own body on the tree, skipped and you are dead. That is how im-
that we, being dead to sins, should live unto portant the flow of blood is within your body.
righteousness, by whose stripes ye were Every day, your heart pumps an amazing
healed,”-1 Peter 2:21-22,24. “For this is My quantity of blood throughout your body. But
blood of the new testament, which is shed without it you would die. For flowing from
for many for the remission of sins.” -Matthew your heart-issuing from it -is your very life.
26:28. “[He] is able to keep you from falling, “Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out
and to present you faultless before the pres- of it are the issues of life [for, flowing from it,
ence of His glory with exceeding joy.”-Jude is the life] .”-Proverbs 4:23. What does water
24. “Whom God hath set forth to be a propi- therapy do? It is the most powerful, natural,
tiation through faith in His blood.”-Romans non-poisonous means of quickly moving the
3:25. “Seek ye first the kingdom of God, and nourishing, healing blood into and out of af-
His righteousness; and all these things shall flicted, diseased body parts. Let us now turn
be added unto you . . Be ye therefore perfect, our attention to how and why water therapy
even as your Father which is in heaven is per- can do this so well:
fect.”-Matthew 6:33; 5:48. “In whom we have First, jet us take a brief look at two of the
redemption through His blood.”-Ephesians many important things that are in the blood.
1:7; Colossians 1:14. “Wherefore He is able This miraculous fluid contains several differ-
also to save them to the uttermost that come ent types of cells. One is the Red Blood Cell
unto God by Him, seeing He ever liveth to (RBC). This cell, which is the red color of the
make intercession for them.”-Hebrews 7:25. blood, is the carrier of nutrition and oxygen
“Seeing then that we have a great High Priest, to every tissue and fiber of your body. And it
that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son al so takes away carbon dioxide and other
of God, let us hold fast our profession. For waste products. Thus it both nourishes and
we have not an High Priest which cannot be cleanses. RBC’s are so tiny that 3,000 of them
touched with the feeling of our infirmities; could lie side by side in a distance of but one
but was in all points tempted like as we are, inch. In an amount of blood smaller than a
yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly tiny drop (one cubic millimeter), there are
about 4% to 5 million RBC’s. Then there are quarts of blood are in the lungs, being re-
the White Blood Cells (WBC). These color- freshed there.
less micro-dots protect the body against tox- (2) The blood has a tendency to congest,
ins, disease organisms and various irritants. or pool, in a damaged or infected part of your
Our heavenly Father gave us the RBC’s to body. The result is a clogging up of too much
bring nourishment to the entire system; and blood in one place. The blood circulation to
He gave us the WBC’s to attack and destroy that part has slowed and the pooled blood
disease wherever it may be found through- has less ability to nourish and heal.
out the body. When a person is well, there So, we need to bring larger quantities of
are normally about 7,000 to 9,000 WBC’s in blood to the afflicted areas, and we need to
every tiny blood drop. But when infection is move it in and out again more rapidly. We
present, this increases to 15,000 to 25,000. need to loosen up, speed up, and equalize
There are many types of cells and factors the blood circulation. We do not want it pool-
in the blood, but we will not mention them ing in one area; we want it moving back and
here, even though they are al so important. forth through the body at a good pace, for
All in all, there are about 25 trillion blood this is what keeps the blood healthy, and full
cells in your body. Laid end-to-end, they of fresh oxygen from the lungs, and abun-
would reach to nearly four times around the dant nourishment from the liver and portal
earth. vein.
As the healing, life-giving blood enters the And, interestingly enough, as the blood
injured or infected area, it brings nourish- quickens in healthy activity, the bone mar-
ment and oxygen. It also brings phagocytes row begins to make more blood than it nor-
(another name for the White Blood Cells), mally would!
which literally gobble up the infection and God has provided that carefully-given ap-
foreign substances. And the blood also pro- plications of hot and cold to the body will
vides the materials with which the body can provide the needed help. But what shall we
rebuild the torn, diseased structures in the use to place this hot and cold in contact with
body. the body? The answer, in large measure, is
But there are two limitations to the blood: water-the most abundant, natural source of
(1) There really is not enough of it. Your hot and cold to be found on our planet. Wa-
heart would have to be several times larger ter: the substance that can retain heat and
than it is, in order to provide you with all the cold better than any other common element
blood you need. This is why you should not around us. Water: the substance that can
swim for thirty minutes after a meal: there is cleanse better than anything else in the world.
not enough blood to care for initial digestion Water, like blood is a very special gift of
and muscle activity at the same time. It is the God to mankind.
same when there is a problem in part of your You, yourself, are about 65 percent water,
body: You need more blood-or a quicker flow and this wonderful liquid is a continual ne-
of blood-than normal in order to bring heal- cessity to your existence both within your
ing. In connection with this, keep in mind body and outside of it.
that, at any given time, at least one quarter of Fortunately, water is one of the most com-
all the blood in your body is in your lungs. mon substances on Planet Earth. It covers
And what is it doing there? It is rapidly mov- more than 70 percent of the earth’s surface,
ing past the 1,200 square yards of lung sur- and fills the oceans, rivers, and lakes, and is
face area in order to receive a fresh supply of in the ground and the air we breathe.
air. Every second 2 trillion blood cells pass
by the air chambers of the lungs. But it still PART TWO
means that one-fourth of your body’s five Principles and Cautions
In order to make the best use of water series of tonic treatments must be attributed
therapy, we need to understand a number to an entirely different mechanism, and can
of principles-and cautions. In this present scarcely be explained in any other way, than
section, we will provide you with an over- by the stimulation of the blood-forming or-
view of these basic principles and cautions. gans.”
Hot and cold water can powerful help to “The earlier experiments done by the
bring healing to your body. The following Winternitz school [of water therapy studies]
statement by medical and nursing authori- indicated a rather notable increase in the
ties in the field, although written in some- completeness of absorption of nitrogenous
what technical language, will give you an idea food and the hastening of nitrogenous catabo-
of the effective help that water therapy can lism, as shown by the lessening of nitrogen
bring you in your own home. Here are some in the feces on days when tonic cold baths
of the effects of water when applied to your were given, and an increase in the percent of
body: nitrogen in the urine at the same time. On
“Following all sorts of cold procedures as- these treatment days the excretion of urea was
sociated with mechanical stimulation, and increased about 20 percent and uric acid
after hot baths or douches when they are fol- about 30 percent. The excretion of ammonia
lowed by cold applications, there is a decided was increased as much as 50 percent, and
increase in the number of [blood] cells in the the alkaline phosphates 25-30 percent. After
peripheral circulation. This increase often the bath period the more completely burned
amounts to from 20 to 35 percent in the red nitrogenous extractives of the urine sank as
corpuscles [RBC’s] and from 200 to 300 per- low as 0.5 or 1.0 percent of the total nitrogen
cent in the white corpuscles [WBC’s]; the he- excreted, whereas the extractives usually take
moglobin also shows an increase of 5 per- up from 3 to 4 percent of the total nitrogen.
cent or more. With hot treatment these changes were very
“Not only does the activity of the periph- slight unless it was much prolonged or fre-
eral blood vessels keep the blood cells evenly quently repeated.”
distributed, but the normal movements of the “In one experiment the middle finger was
spleen, ie., its alternate dilation and contrac- able before complete fatigue to execute work
tion, are also a factor in distributing the white equal to 5.139 kilogram-meters (a kilogram-
blood cells evenly throughout the body. Vari- meter is equal to 1/75 of a horsepower). Af-
ous applications to the abdomen and over ter a cold bath at 500 F. for fifteen seconds,
the spleen stimulate this organ to increased the same muscles were able to do work
activity. The splenic douche, alternate hot and equivalent to 9.126 kg-m. before complete
cold applications, and cold friction to the fatigue. . Even after the muscles have been
abdomen are especially efficient in this res- fatigued by active work and are able to work
pect. but a very short time longer, the giving of cold
“Another factor in changes in blood counts treatment restores them to their usual capac-
is the increase of blood volume (fluid) found ity for work, or the working ability may even
to occur with applications of heat, so that heat be increased over the normal.”
alone may result in a relative lowering of the “Hot baths have the opposite effect; i.e.,
hemoglobin and the red cells. Strange as it the muscles become more quickly fatigued
may seem, both hot and cold baths cause an and are able to do less work. On an average,
absolute increase in the white blood cells. But various cold treatments, increase the work-
in induced fever therapy the white cells in ing ability about 30 percent, and hot treat-
the periphery increase up to 10,000 or ments decrease muscular capacity to the
15,000. The more or less permanent in- same extent. When, however, a hot douche [a
creases in these elements after a course or very brief hot application] is given, the work-
ing capacity is increased, but to a lesser ex- not promote normal rest, but only deaden
tent than by cold treatment. The mechanical the nerve centers so that there is not a true
stimulus of the percussion [hitting of the appreciation of the worn-out condition of the
water on the skin by the douche] is respon- body. For this reason, the body when under
sible for this difference between a hot bath the influence of tea or coffee (caffeine), goes
and a hot douche. For this reason the alter- on working when it should rest, and hence
nate hot and cold percussion douche is a to its own damage. A warm bath, however,
most efficient means of relieving muscular gives no such false sense of energy, but is con-
fatigue. For this purpose the hot should be of ducive to the perfect relaxation and quiet
brief duration, just sufficiently long to pre- which normal rest and sleep require in or-
pare the body for the cold.” der that the powers of the body may be recu-
“All alternate hot and [then] cold applica- perated.”-G.K. Abbott, M.D., F.B. Moor, M.D.,
tions have the same effect in varying degree, K.L. Jensen-Nelson, R.N., “Physical Therapy
according to the nature of each treatment. in Nursing Cure, “ pages 52-53,50-51,54-
General cold treatments, such as the cold- 55,55-56.
mitten friction, cold-towel rub, wet-sheet rub, We mentioned, earlier, that there were two
cold shallow bath, pail pour, cold percussion problems about the blood: (1) There may not
douche, and even the salt glow, are powerful be enough of it for emergency needs, and, (2)
means of restoring the muscles to conditions it has a tendency to congest, or pool, in in-
for renewed activity. fected or damaged areas. But water therapy
“Sugar from foods is the source of muscle can help provide solutions to both of these
energy. In muscular activity it is changed to situations. For water treatments can speed
lactic acid, the accumulation of which pro- up the circulation of the blood, bring it more
duces fatigue. But increased circulation car- powerfully into and out of the afflicted area,
rying plenty of oxygen quickly changes the and, over a period of time, even increase the
lactic acid back into a source of energy. Tea total amount of blood in the body. Water
and coffee, while acting as muscle stimulants, therapy brings the blood where it is most
add a fatigue poison, which is not easily or needed. But when a congestion of blood has
quickly got rid of, thus lengthening the re- occurred, the skillful use of water applica-
covery time, lessening the work done, and tions drains away the congestion and brings
decreasing endurance. a refreshing quantity of fresh newly-circulat-
“Mechanical effects alone, such as mas- ing blood to the area needing it. In addition,
sage, also raise the working capacity of the there is the “peripheral heart” factor. The
muscles, but to a lesser degree than hydriatic heart, itself, pumps the blood all over the
[water therapy] procedures. Cold applications body. But in the more distant parts, the
should be properly graduated to suit the pumping action of the heart cannot send the
needs and reactive ability of each individual blood along very fast. But the blood vessels,
case. themselves, have the ability to dilate (enlarge)
“These beneficial effects cannot be pro- and contract (reduce) in size-and thus pump
duced by any medicinal stimulus reputed to the blood along also. Oh, how wondrously
possess the power of increasing working ca- our God has made us! This is called the “pe-
pacity. The effects of strychnine [for example] ripheral circulation.” And in reaction to hot
are irregular and transient. It is a whip only, or cold water applications, this peripheral
and in no sense a real tonic, since it does not circulation really jumps into high gear. This
tend to restore to a normal condition. pumping action of the heart, which normally
“On the other hand, those drugs which are occurs four or five times a minute, power-
used to give relief from fatigue, such as the fully increases under many different water
coal-tar products, bromides, caffeine, etc., do treatments.
Here are a few additional principles that ing blood in the arm will be powerful. This is
will help you to better understand some of “thermic impression,” and it is important,-
the effects of hot, cold and neutral (lukewarm) for you do not have to cool the body with
water on the human body: lengthy cold in order to have it react strongly
1-lt is the heat and cold of the water that to that cold.
produces the results. Neutral temperatures 6- In the Cold Mitten Friction, the impres-
are quite relaxing, but they do not produce sion of cold from the brief application of wa-
the other-the powerful-effects that hot and ter is combined with the mechanical stimu-
cold can give. lus of “friction” (the rubbing of the cloth on
2-Heat is measured in degrees by a ther- the arm). Both acting together produce a
mometer. In this present water therapy much greater effect on the body than either
manual, we will only use Fahrenheit. Scien- alone. The same is true of sprayed water and
tists may prefer centigrade, but your home .. pail pours. The water “hits” the skin (there
and my home only has Fahrenheit thermom- is “percussion” on the skin) and deepened
eters, so that is what we will use. On this the reaction of the body to the cold.
scale, normal body temperature taken by the 7 -Water is the world’s greatest solvent.
mouth is 98.6 º F. Temperature is important As a result it can cleanse better than anything
in water therapy, and so we have provided else. It can remove wastes. But it can also
you with so me very helpful temperature in- hold nutrients placed within it for the body
formation on pages 253-256. to absorb. Keep this in mind: many of the
3-Water is capable of absorbing and stor- diseases of mankind would not exist if people
ing a larger amount of heat than nearly any drank an adequate amount of water.
other substance. (It has high “specific heat.”) 8 -When the body remains in contact with
This means that when water is applied to the cold for a long time, its real effects are seen:
body (in a cloth, bath, shower, etc.), it will Body functions are slowed or depressed; the
impart more heat (or cold) than any other respiration and pulse are less rapid; the cir-
substance at the same temperature. Because culation slows; sense of touch is blunted;
water stores so much heat and gives it off so muscles move sluggishly and clumsily; diges-
readily, it will seem to the body to be hotter tion is retarded or stopped. These are the
or colder than other substances. (Example: effects of long-continued cold,-but in water
Step from a room at 75º F. into a bathtub at therapy we rarely give a “long cold” to the
the same temperature!) One substance has a body. (Dangerously-high fevers are among the
higher specific heat at body temperature-and only exception.).
that is paraffin (see page 78). 4-Without go- 9-Moderate heat stimulates the life pro-
ing into the technical details, ice is, in its ef- cesses: It quickens the circulation, pulse rate,
fects, far colder than its temperature of 32º respiration, digestion, and makes the muscles
F., and steam is far hotter than 212º F. This more active, and skin sensations more sen-
is known as “latent heat.” This gives water a sitive. Many water treatments consist of mod-
very wide heat and cold range. (In connec- erate heat.
tion with this, keep in mind that steam can 10-Brief cold has dramatic, powerful ef-
burn!) fects, and is one of the primary types- of wa-
5- Water must be in contact with the body ter treatment. These effects are caused by
for awhile to impart heat or cold. But it only “reaction.” The body received only a quick
need contact it for a moment to give a “ther- cold application that made the body react to
mic impression” that can be quite strong. For the “thermic impression.” Recognizing cold
example, plunge your arm for only a moment as a depressing agent, the body reacts in sev-
into a pail of very cold water. It was only there eral ways: The heart beats more rapidly and
for a moment, but the effect on the circulat- forcibly; the circulation is quickened; the
nerves tingle with new life; breathing becomes thing! First, warm him up with a hot applica-
at first rapid, then slow and deeper; muscles tion, and then give another, less severe, brief
are energized and have new power for work. cold. Or, give no cold at all. Quickly dry him
11-A prolonged hot application to the body and put him into a warm bed in a warm room
will, eventuality, depress all body processes. free from drafts. (Normally, if healthy and
Therefore, we only apply a very hot applica- having had a good reaction, he will dry, dress,
tion for a fairly short period of time, and we and then exercise.)
generally conclude it with a brief cold appli- 13-A set of two or three cycles of hot and
cation to strengthen the body and equalize cold may be given. This is called “repeated
its circulation. reactions.” But after two or three, give no
12-When giving a brief cold application,- more immediately. Note that in order to main-
be sure the one receiving it has a good reac- tain or increase the height of reaction, the
tion. This will be shown by the reddening of second and third applications of hot and cold
the skin, the increase of body heat, and the must either be more intense than the first,
tingling of the nerves to new life. An “incom- or friction or percussion must be added.
plete reaction” will result in duskiness of the 14-Sometimes it is best to “suppress the
skin, goose flesh, chilliness or shivering, cold reaction.” This is frequently done in local
feet or hands, a feeling of fullness in the head applications of intense cold, such as an ice
or faintness. At this.. immediately do some- bag. Sometimes overactivity in an area, be-
cause of infection or inflammation, requires cold is applied. Exercise, friction, percussion
a cooling effect. Perhaps an ice pack or ice all help bring a good reaction. Hot given be-
bag may be used, or a cold cloth frequently forehand to warm the body also aids it.
renewed may be applied. When this is done (Remember: the body should always be warm
the usual changes produced by reaction do before the cold is briefly applied, or there will
not occur, simply because the cold has been not be a good reaction. The skin should be
so long continued. warm, and, very important, the feet should
15-lf it is desired to suppress or prevent be warm.) He should receive the cold in a
a reaction following the removal of a pro- room with warm air and no drafts, and he
longed application, a brief application of heat should remain in a warm room without drafts
may be given immediately after the cold is until the desired reaction occurs.
removed. 18-Another excellent help is to apply hot
16-Neither infants nor aged persons bear to the feet before the cold is given, and-if
cold treatment well. Some people chill after needed-after the cold is given. After the cold
almost any kind of cold application. Remem- is given, it may be necessary to provide him
ber: they are only being helped if they react with additional covering (either bedding or
well to the cold application. If they don’t, then clothing) in order to secure the full reaction.
they are not being helped! Conditions which 19- The colder the water, the greater the
do not always react well to cold would in- reaction. The reaction will come more quickly
clude anemia, emaciation, asthenia, extreme if the cold is accompanied by friction (rub-
thinness, etc. If they cannot be benefited by bing) or percussion (the splashing, pouring,
cold, then apply mild heat alone. or spraying sensation of the water on the
17- The body should be warm before the skin). The larger the cold application or the
more general the surface treated, the less room ready for him. This requires planning
promptly will the reaction appear. A “combi- ahead! Carelessness after the cold can undo
nation treatment” is the keeping of hot on part all the value that could have been gained from
of the body at the same time that the cold is it.
given for purposes of reaction. This will help 21-By alternating the hot and cold appli-
the reaction. (Example: Continue to keep hot cations, the beneficial properties of both hot
applications, such as a hot foot bath and fo- and cold may be obtained without many of
mentations, in place while a cold mitten fric- the disadvantages of either. Thus, the con-
tion is given.) gestion that tends to come with the applica-
20- The cold treatment should be given tion of heat is overcome by the cold applica-
quickly. As soon as it is completed, quickly tion following it. The depressant effect of the
dry him. Friction with the dry hand or the cold is counter-balanced by the heat preced-
rubbing of a rough towel following the dry- ing it (and following it, if a series is given).
ing, will help the developing reaction to be a The reaction will stimulate metabolism, and
good one. Percussion (light slapping on the thus increase circulation, oxidation of toxins,
skin) has the same effect. He must be dried enzyme action, and nerve tone. One example
very quickly-and well. If moisture is left on is the contrast bath (hot and cold bath to a
the surface, the resulting evaporation will cool limb) as an aid in the healing of fractures:
his body, delay the reaction and make it less Heat alone may hinder the calcification pro-
complete. Dry him in a warm room near the cess, and even induce decalcification. But hot
place where the last application of cold wa- and cold together speeds up the formation of
ter was given. Have his clothes all ready for new bone. Another example is alternate hot
him to put on, or have a warm bed in a warm and cold applications in conquering infec-
tions in the extremities. A powerful new surge body part (usually the legs and/or feet-best
of blood is brought to the infected hand, arm, both). This is called “derivation” and is fre-
foot, or leg, as it is alternately plunged into quently done at the same time that an applica-
the hot pail of water and then into the cold. A tion is made just above the internal organ (or
more speedy recovery is the result. to a reflex area connected to it by nerves) is
22-As you become acquainted with the given to also pull blood away from that con-
many water therapies given in this manual gested organ. See page 95 for one of the best
(pages 44-169), you will notice that they tend therapies for “derivative treatments.” (5) A
to do one or more of six things: (1) Bring “proximal compress,” consisting of a cold ap-
blood to an afflicted part. Frequently, this will plication, may be placed on an extremity. Here
be an area that is closer to the surface and is how this works: Place an ice bag on your
outside of the trunk. (2) Pull blood from a upper forearm, and you will lessen the amount
deeper internal organ to the skin just above of blood supplied to everything below it (the
it. This deeper, congested area is often in the lower arm and the hand). Place an ice com-
trunk, and the hot application (or a cold-to- press around the neck, and you will greatly
heating application) was placed on the skin reduce the amount of blood flowing into the
just above that organ. head. For more information on “proximal com-
(3) Draw blood away from a deeper con- presses, see pages 50-51. (6) A sixth pattern
gested organ, by placing the application, not that may be mentioned is a full application to
on the skin just above the internal organ,- most of the body to relieve congestion, equal-
but on a reflex area somewhere else on the ize the circulation, and bring warmth from that
body. We will discuss this more below. (4) Pull
blood from the internal organ to a distant
application (a hot pack - applying heat) or by on lower back], to the pelvic organs (uterus,
reaction to it (a heating compress - applying ovaries, bladder, and rectum). 12. The epi-
cold for the body to heat). gastrium [see “stomach” on chart] , to the
REFLEXIVE AND DERIVATION EF- stomach. 13. The skin of the entire abdomen,
FECTS COMBINED especially that of the umbilical [naval] region,
Ice Bag over lower abdomen reflexly is reflexly related to the intestines. The fact
draws blood from congested uterus; Hot Hip that the pain of colic, appendicitis, etc., is
and Leg Pack draws it by derivation. referred to the region of the umbilicus [na-
23-We will now consider the principle of val], is an evidence of a similar nervous
“reflex areas.” Internal organs are connected connection. 14. The lower abdomen, includ-
by reflex nerves to various surface portions ing the groin, and the upper inner surfaces
of the body. In most instances, the area they of the thighs, are reflexly related to the pelvic
are connected with is the skin surface directly organs. 15. The saddle-shaped area covered
above that organ. But it has long been known by a sitz bath [page 118-121] is in reflex rela-
that there are certain other, special reflex ar- tion with the prostate and seminal vesicles.
eas. These exceptions are primarily the brain, 16. The skin of the feet and legs is reflexly
the mucous membrane of the upper respira- related to the brain, the lungs, and the pelvic
tory tract, and the organs within the pelvis. organs. 17. The breasts are reflexly related
But before describing them, here is an ex- to the pelvic organs.” -G.K. Abbott, M.D.,
ample of reflex nerve action: Place the left F.A.c.S., F.B. Moor, M.D., K.L. Jensen-Nelson,
hand in hot water, and the right hand (as well R.N., M.A., “Physical Therapy in Nursing
as the left) will quicken in its blood flow; place Care,” page 60-61. As the above three medi-
either hand in cold water, and the circulation cal authorities tell us: “When an application
of blood will lessen in both hands. to the skin affects a part through nerve
MAJOR BODY REFLEX AREAS connection, it is said to produce a reflex ef-
24- The special reflex areas normally used fect. A reflex effect is, then, an indirect effect
are shown on the chart on page 24. Here is a produced through nerve connection.” (Ibid,
brief description of them: page 60.) In some instances, heat to a reflex
“1. The skin areas of the face, scalp, and area will produce a different response than
back of the neck are reflexly related to the cold that area: Heat to the thighs has little
brain. 2. The skin of .the neck is reflexly re- influence on gastrointestinal action, but cold
lated to the pharynx and larynx. 3. The back to the same area will cause vigorous move-
of the neck is reflexly, related to the mucous ment of the stomach, with little or none in
membrane of the nose. 4. The skin of the the small or large intestines. Cold to the thighs
chest (front, back, and sides), dorsal region, will decidedly increase stomach acidity in
and shoulders has reflex relations with the most people.
lungs. 5. The precordia [see chart] is in very There are a number of CAUTIONS that
perfect reflex relation with the heart through should be observed in giving hydrotherapy
its accelerator nerves (sympathetic). 6. The treatments. The next several paragraphs
hands are reflexly related to the brain and (paragraphs 25-35) will provide you with far
the nasal mucous membrane. 7. The skin more general cautions than you will find in
over the lower right chest, to the liver. 8. The many modern textbooks on hydrotherapy. (In
skin over the lower left chest, to the spleen. addition, many cautions relating to specific
9. Lower dorsal and lumbar spine, to the kid- therapies and diseases will be found later in
neys and intestines. 10. The skin of the cen- this Manual.)
tral abdomen from the naval to the pubes is 25-Always keep the feet warm. In case of
in reflex relation with kidneys and ureters. any kind of heart problem, keep cold over
11. The lower lumbar and sacral spine [both the heart. It is often necessary to keep cold
to the forehead and back of the neck. Too or chronic rheumatism with painful joints.
lengthy a water treatment may cause “hydro- Some, such as those with painful neuritis,
therapy headache” for a while afterward. Dry cannot take any cold. Those that can only take
him quickly and well. He should be kept a very brief cold should first receive a hot
warm after that for a time. Here are three application. This would also apply to those
things that could cause this headache: (1) who are very sensitive, timid, or hypochon-
Applications that are too long, an incomplete driac in temperament. In connection with
or an excessive reaction, or insufficient time this, be sure to always explain what you are
in bed afterward to obtain the needed reac- going to do next.
tion. (2) Failure to place a cold compress on 29- Only give mild cold to those with a
the head or neck, when giving a heating treat- weak heart, organic heart disease, Bright’s
ment. Any time the body temperature goes disease and other forms of kidney disease,
over 1000 F., a cool washcloth should be laid diabetes, or to children under seven. Avoid
on the forehead and the face and neck should cold baths during menstruation, pregnancy,
be sponged occasionally. Do this for all kinds and old age (especially if the aged have arte-
of elevated temperatures: fevers as well as riosclerosis and similar degeneration, cardiac
water treatment induced. weakness, emphysema, or bronchits). Those
26-The lower the temperature, the shorter with aneurism of the aorta, advanced arte-
should be the application: only 1-5 seconds riosclerosis, or a tendency to apoplexy should
for very cold applications. Neutral and warm also avoid it.
applications can be continued for quite some 30-Very hot applications should be
time, Very hot applications should rarely be avoided in such conditions as cardiac dis-
more than a minute in length. When used to ease, aneurism of the aorta, advanced arter-
reduce fevers, cool applications, without per- iosclerosis, apoplexic tendency, or aortic
cussion or friction, can be prolonged to 15- stenosis. For such, non-percussion applica-
20 minutes. The neutral bath can continue tions of moderate temperature applications
for any length of time. It has been used for should be used. In giving hot applications,
months on people afflicted with insanity. But keep in mind that you should never apply
in such instances, the temperature was care- heat, at a temperature higher than 102.104º
fully watched so that there would be no reac- F., to the feet of an Insulin-dependent diabetic.
tion or chilling. Normally, from 30 minutes This is because, not sensing heat as well in
to 1-2 hours is the usual time for a neutral their extremities, they can be more easily
bath. burned. Do not apply heat to an abscess in a
27- Try to train him to progressively react closed space. An example of this would be
to the coldest applications. The best and most an inflamed appendix. Heat over it can cause
durable effects come from short cold appli- the appendix to swell and burst. Contrari-
cations, frequently repeated. Few people are wise, moist heat over a boil will soften it, bring
helped by long cold; remember that. Exer- it to a head better, and help the pus to come
cise before and after a cold treatment is good, up and out.
but not always feasible. 31-Regarding ability to give a good reac-
28-Here is a list of the people that per- tion to cold water, we have already discussed
haps should not receive certain water treat- this, but will here mention that very fleshy
ments: Those who are anemic, very thin, persons do not at first react so well as lean
overly feeble, neurasthenics, chronic inebri- people, but they bear prolonged application
ates, hysterical, or exhausted by loss of sleep much better, due to their large heat-making
or other causes should only receive short cold resources. Lean folk react well, but their pow-
treatments. This would also include those ers of reaction are very quickly exhausted;
with neuralgia, myalgia, painful congestions, hence more likely to suffer from secondary
chill, etc. Thick-skinned people of calm tem- and blight his prospects for recovery. (In his
perament readily tolerate very cold and ap- writings, Kellogg tells of the time when the
plied with strong pressure in the stream of famed Bavarian water therapist, Joseph
water; that is, if no other negative symptom Kneipp, was called to the Vatican to treat an
is present (such as heart disease, etc.). aged pope who had chronic rheumatism.
32-0n the topic of hot and cold precau- Upon his arrival, he was received with great
tions, here is some additional counsel from honors; but the first cold bath given to the
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg: aged prelate, entirely unaccustomed to such
“Precautions: 1. When fatigued as the re- heroic treatment, caused the pope to quickly
sult of the loss of sleep or severe muscular send Kneipp back home.) Instead, begin with
exercise, a cold application should be pre- mild cold applications, while his feet are in a
ceded by a hot douche or immersion bath hot foot bath. The impression of heat on his
for 3 to 7 minutes. 2. If but slightly fatigued, feet helps him take the cold elsewhere. And/
a short cool or tepid douche, or cold friction or prepare him for the cold by giving him a
may be substituted for the cold bath. 3. A very hot spray or shower (110-1200 F.) for 1-
very cold bath should always be short, and 3 minutes beforehand. This hot application
should never be administered when the body should be of gradually increasing tempera-
surface is cold or chilly. The hot bath carried ture, then turned off and the cold applied.
to the point of gentle perspiration is an ex- 34-Be on guard to avoid the cold douche
cellent preparation for a cold application. 4. (cold hand-held spray) with strong pressure
The temperature of the air of the room in to the upper part of the chest. The effect on
which cold bath is taken should always be the respiratory nerve centers can cause tem-
higher than that of the bath. 5. Avoid frequent porary coughing and a sense of distress. Also
hot baths at all seasons, and especially in avoid the cold douche over the stomach, loins,
winter, as they are depressing, and lessen vi- and abdomen in cases of hyperpepsia, ulcer-
tal resistance to cold and other disturbing ation of the stomach, hemorrhage from the
influences. The best time for hot or warm bowels, or any form of uterine hemorrhage,
bath in cold weather is just before retiring.”- as menorrhagia or metrorrhagia. (Obviously,
J.H. Kellogg, M.D., “Rational Hydrotherapy,” because it would increase blood circulation,
page 396. and hence internal bleeding, in the afflicted
33-Here are still more cautions in regard part.) Again, care must be taken to avoid the
to cold applications, whether for tonic or re- abdomen, the chest, and particularly the re-
covery purposes: Extremely feeble persons gion of the heart in nervous cases, especially
are the ones most needing tonic treatment, those in which hysteria, heart disease or
but those who have the least tolerance for cold asthma is a well known symptom.
water. Therefore, begin with very gentle mea- 35-In certain instances, one water appli-
sures, such as the Cold Wet Hand Rub, Salt cation can nullify the effect of another. Kellogg
Glow, Cold Mitten Friction, Alternate Hot and was a master in the field of water treatments,
Cold to the spine, etc. Confine the first appli- so we will let him give us the following cau-
cations to small areas, rubbing each, drying tions:
it well, then passing on to the next. Do this “Hydriatic Incompatibilities: Wise discre-
symmetrically: right arm and hand and then tion must be used In the combination of pro-
left arm and hand, etc. Feeble people often cedures, lest one measure shall undo the
experience a very unpleasant and discourag- therapeutic work accomplished by another.
ing sense of fatigue after tonic applications, The combination of hydriatic processes in
especially when the course of treatments first such a manner as to enable one procedure to
begin. So use great care to avoid exhausting intensify or to prolong the effect of another is
him with much cold. This will discourage him perhaps the best test of a physician’s experi-
ence and skill. The following meager sugges- Kellogg’s “Comparative Summary of the Chief
tions barely touch the surface of the subject: Effects of Cold and Heat.” It is taken from
“1. Tonic procedures [quick cold and/or pages 188-189 of his book, “Rational Hydro-
rubbing] must be carefully avoided when a therapy.”
sedative effect is desired, such as cold and
neutral baths or other measures. The tonic COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF THE
application may be accidental. The contact CHIEF EFFECTS OF COLD AND HEAT.
with pure cold air after a neutral bath, or of COLD.
the feet with a cold floor, may destroy the General.
sedative effect of the bath altogether. Primary, depressant.
“2. Sedative [relaxing, sleep-inducing] Short, excitant by tonic reaction.
measures must be as carefully suppressed COLD.
when tonic procedures are employed for their Prolonged, depressant.
specific effects. When a hot bath precedes a Special,
cold bath, if too prolonged, or if the cold ap- Skin: Action, diminished activity.
plication is too short, or if the patient is ex- Reaction, increased activity.
posed to an overheated atmosphere after the Diminished sensibility.
bath, the tonic effect will be lost. Heart: First quickened, then slowed.
“3. In the use of antipyretic measures, the Increased force.
procedures must be so managed that heat Vessels: Action, contraction.
production will not be increased so much as Reaction, dilatation.
to more than counterbalance the increase in Increased tone and activity.
heat elimination; hence.. short cold or cool Local anemia, collateral hyperemia,
applications may be injurious [by making him With reaction, local hyperemia, collateral
hotter] . Cool sponging often raises the tem- anemia.
perature by increasing heat production.”- Short, reflex dilatation of visceral vessels.
Kellogg, “Rational Hydrotherapy,” pages 978- Nerves: Benumbs and paralyzes. Excites
979, by tonic reaction.
To conclude this chapter of basic prin- Muscles: Snort, increased excitability and
ciples, we will give you several water therapy capacity.
CLASSIFICATIONS that may help you more Prolonged, lessened excitability and capac-
clearly obtain a broad view of the general cat- ity.
egories they fall into and their relationships Lungs: Slows and deepens respiration.
to one another. Increased amount of respired air. In-
36-Scientists have discovered that water creased CO..
therapy can help the human body in so many Increased respiratory quotient. Stomach:
ways. For example, Crawford was the first to Increased HCl and motor activity.
observe that brief cold applications will in- Kidneys: Congests and excites.
crease the difference in color between arte- Animal Heat: Short, increased heat pro-
rial and venous blood. This is the result of duction.
increased oxidation. Liebig discovered that Prolonged, diminished heat production.
cold air, cold water, and exercise, habitually Blood: Increased blood count, especially
employed, are the most powerful of all means leucocytes.
of stimulating tissue activity. And Strasser has Metabolism: Increased CO2.
shown that general cold applications increase Increased urea, and improved oxidation.
the alkalinity of the blood, the reduction in TONIC REACTION.
acid phosphate amounting sometimes to fifty 1. Vasodilatation.
percent. Beginning just below is Dr. J.H. 2. Skin red.
3. Pulse slowed. Metabolism: Decreased CO.. Increased
4. Arterial tension increased. urea and general proteid waste.
5. Skin action increased. ATONIC REACTION.
6. Temperature lowered. I. Vasoconstriction.
7. Feeling of invigoration. 2. Skin pale.
8. Muscular capacity increased. 3. Pulse rate increased.
9. Amount of respired air in. creased. 4. Arterial tension diminished. 5. Skin
10. Heat production increased. action decreased.
HEAT. 6. Temperature lowered.
General. 7. Languor.
primary, excitant. 8. Muscular capacity decreased.
Short, depressant by atonic reaction. 9. Amount of respired air decreased.
HEAT. 10. Heat production decreased.
Prolonged, mixed, excitant, and depres-
sant.
Special. 37-Charles S. Thomas has, for years,
Skin: Action, increased activity. made a careful study of the field of hydro-
Reaction, diminished activity. therapy. As a university professor teaching
Diminished sensibility. the subject, he is uniquely qualified to speak.
Heart: First slowed, then quickened. Here, slightly adapted, is his classification of
Decreased force. the water therapies by their effects.
Vessels: Action, contraction, then dilata- SHORT COLD and CONTRASTS: The
tion. predominate effect is that of a reaction
Reaction, contraction. General applications that give a tonic ef-
Lowered tone-paralysis. Local hyperemia, fect: Tonic sprays; tonic frictions; hot and
collateral anemia. cold and revulsive compresses. pail pours,
With action, local anemia, collateral hy- plunges, cold shallow bath.
peremia. Local applications that give a stimulating
Short, reflex fluxion and derivative effects, effect: Contrast baths, hot and cold and
Nerves: Excites. refulsive compresess, contrast douches and
Depresses by atonic reaction. local sprays, local tonic frictions.
Muscles: Short. lessening fatigue effects. Reflex applications that give a tonic effect:
Prolonged, diminished capacity and excit- Contrast baths, hot and cold and revulsive
ability. compresses, contrast douches and local
Lungs: Quickens and facilitates respira- sprays, local tonic frictions.
tion. PROLONGED COLD: The predominate
Diminished am’t of respired air. Decreased effect is that of intrinsic action
CO.. General applications that give an anti-
Diminished respiratory quotient. pyretic (fever-reducing effect: Graduated
Stomach: Decreased HCI and motor ac- spray and bath, sponges, ice pack and rub,
tivity. enemas and colonies, wet sheet pack, expo-
Kidneys: renders anemic and lessens ac- sure to air, fanning.
tivity. Local applications that give a deconges-
Animal Heat: Short, diminished heat pro- tive and depressant effect: Ice pack, ice bag,
duction. cold local bath, cold compress. direct ice
Prolonged, increased heat production. application.
Blood: Decrease in number of red cells. Reflex applications that give a constriction
increase in number of leucocytes. (lessening of blood) effect: lee pack, ice bag,
cold local bath, cold compress, direct ice the various physiologic or therapeutic effects
application. of water. The definitions given should be stud-
MILD HEATING (without perspiration): ied thoroughly and memorized.
The predominate effect is that of a reaction “1. TONIC-A tonic effect is one in which
General applications that give a sedation vital activities are increased so as to restore
(sleep-inducing effect: Continuous flowing the body to a normal tone or condition. The
bath, wet sheet pack, local warm bath, fo- nutrition, circulation, and other body func-
mentations. tions are promoted.
Reflex applications that give a relaxing ef- “2. PURE STIMULANT -A stimulant
fect: Heating compresses, Kenny packs, mild arouses the body to unusual activities. It may
fomentations, warm bath. be compared to a whip, and is used chiefly in
MODERATE HEATING (with only a mod- emergencies. Like a tonic it increases vital
erate rise in body temperature): The predomi- activities, but. to a much greater degree. Be-
nate effect is that of a reaction—General ap- tween a pure stimulant and a tomc there are
plications that give a diaphoresis (increase various graduations which might be desig-
of sweating) effect: Hot bath (partial and gen- nated as mild stimulant, extreme tonic, etc.
eral), blanket pack, wet sheet pack, fomen- “3. SEDATIVE-A sedative or calmative
tations. agent is one which lessens vital activity and
MARKED HEATING: The predominant is conducive to relaxation and rest.
effect is that of a reaction with a marked in- “4. ANTISPASMODIC-The relaxing of
trinsic action spasm or relieving of convulsions.
General applications that give a periph- “5. DEPRESSANT -A depressant effect is
eral vasodilation (enlargement of blood ves- one in which heightened or normal body ac-
sels distant from the heart) effect: Warm full tivities are decreased to a marked degree.
bath, hot local bath. blanket pack, wet sheet Such an effect is desirable only in cases in
pack, steam bath, fomentations. which a function is greatly overactive.
General applications that give a stimula- “6. ANODYNE-An anodyne effect refers to
tion of blood circulation and body metabo- the relief of pain.
lism: Hot full bath, steam bath, fever cabinet “7. SPOLlATIVE-A spoliative treatment is
(for fever therapy), insulating blanket. one which increases the oxidation and break-
Local applications that give a stimulation ing down (catabolism) of tissue, which tends
of circulation and metabolism: Whirlpool (cir- to reduce weight.
culating) partial bath, Fomentations, Kenny “8. DIAPHORESIS-The production of
packs (5 minutes), hot water bottle, paraffin sweating. An agent that produces sweating is
bath, thermal mud baths, heating appliances, said to have a diaphoretic or sudorific effect.
hot air applications. “9. DIURESIS-Increasing the excretion of
Reflex applications that give a relaxation urine.
and counter-irritation effect: same as those “10. ELIMINATIVE-An eliminative effect
listed immediately above. consists in promoting and hastening excre-
Adapted from “Simple Water Treatments tion from the kidneys (diuresis), the skin (dia-
for the Home,” by Charles Thomas, Ph.D., phoresis), and the lungs.
Loma Linda, California, 1983 Revision, pages “11. DEPLETION-Depletion is the lessen-
100:47-48. ing of the amount of blood in a given part.
38-Water, applied to the body, can do sev- Practically, it is the reduction of congestion.
enteen different things. Dr. Abbott called them “12. DERIVATIVE-Derivation is the draw-
the “remedial properties” of water. Here they ing of blood or lymph from one part of the
are: “Remedial Properties of Water-The terms body by increasing the amount in another
listed below are commonly used to designate part. The term “depletion” is also applied to
this process, but refers particularly to the tinually studying your patient, noting his
result produced. [The blood was pulled away words, feelings and actions. Are the applica-
by derivation; the result was depletion, or less tions helping him or not? Why? Make the
blood in the congested part.] changes quickly. Be neat and pick up, clean
“13. FLUXION-Fluxion consists in greatly up, as you work. Use both time and materi-
increasing the rapidity of the blood current als carefully and economically, and put ev-
in a particular part. It is the production of erything away when finished.
active or arterial hyperemia. Know when to talk and when to keep quiet.
“14. ANTIPYRETIC-The lowering of body Talking and extra noise wearies the sick. But
temperature in fever. do keep a cheerful outlook and express cheer-
“15. REFRIGERANT -Relieving of thirst ful, hopeful comments from time to time. Pray
and restoring the alkalinity of the blood by with and for the one you are helping. Bring
such means as free water drinking and the him to God; there he will find the strength
use of fruit juices. and courage that he needs.
“16. REVULSIVE-A term used to designate 40-Helping him is what it is all about: He
a treatment consisting of a single prolonged must be warm before you begin. Apply a cold
application of heat followed by a single very compress to the head or neck when giving a
brief application of cold. This meaning is not heating application. Do not unnecessarily
strictly adhered to, as the term is also used expose him,-but rather only the part under
where three applications of such proportion- immediate treatment. He should be comfort-
ate duration are made. able at all times. Protect him from falling,
“17. ALTERNATE-The expression “alter- burns, chilling, and uncomfortable positions.
nate hot and cold” is used in this text to de- He should not be chilled or sweating when
scribe treatments in which the duration of the treatment ends, but should be warm and
the cold application is from one-fourth to one dry. When cold is given, he must have a good
half that of the heat {in a few cases equal to reaction or you must do something to restore
it}, and in which three or more changes from proper warmth to his body. If necessary, put
heat to cold are made.-G. K. Abbott, FB. Moor, him in a warm bed in a warm room for 30-
K.L. Jensen-Nelson, “Physical Therapy in 60 minutes.
Nursing Care,” pages 70-72. 41-Here are some basic nursing observa-
39- Throughout the treatment, give him tions that you should keep in mind: Note
the best of care: The room should be warm, signs and symptoms without his realizing it,
free of drafts, and with no bright lights shin- otherwise he will tend to exaggerate every little
ing in his eyes. Avoid possible water damage ache and pain. It is equally important to note
by covering bedding, rugs, furniture, etc., the symptoms and signs that are not present.
Avoid distracting noise (such as overly-talk- The general appearance of his face, skin, ex-
ative people, radios, etc.) where the treatment pression, movements, along with what he
is being given. Plan ahead in the giving of each says will tell you a lot. Keep in mind that
treatment; this will help everything go symptoms can point to a number of different
smoothly and will eliminate undue delays that things, so do not quickly jump to conclusions.
might overheat or chill the one you are work- (Indicators of a common cold, such as runny
ing with. This includes assembling everything nose, sneezing, coughing, hoarseness, diffi-
you need ahead of time. Briefly explain be- culty in breathing, and sore throat - can be
fore-hand what you are going to do. Stay with symptoms of other conditions also).
him or within easy-calling-distance through- Here are additional things to watch for:
out the treatment. Quietly tell him at each Skin-Any discoloration, itching, swelling,
step what is coming next and the effect de- rash, etc.? Mouth-Are the gums pink and
sired. While not too talkative, you are con- firm? How about the tongue? Voice-Anything
unusual about it? Appetite-Any loss of appe- shower (optional), pail pour, enema, vaginal
tite? Weight-Unusual weight changes? Contin- irrigation. Materials [needed to give the treat-
ued loss or gain? Sleep-easy or difficult to ments}: Blankets, old blanket that may be
obtain? General fatigue indicators-and why? cut up (part woo!), hand towels, Turkish tow-
Fever -Is the skin moist or dry? cool or hot, els, sheets, old sheet that may be cut up,
or alternating cool and hot? newspapers, hot water bottle, ice bag, bath-
Take his temperature (1) when he com- tub, shower (optional), pails, wash tub, small
plains of feeling ill or shows signs of it, (2) basins, enema can and tube with rectal and
once or twice daily during illness, (3) when vaginal tips, ice, hot and cold water.”
there is a sudden change in his condition - Fred B. Moor, M.D., Clarence W. Dail,
(chills, restlessness, pain, etc.), or (4), when M.D., J. Wayne McFarland, M.D., “Hydro-
he has a headache, chest or abdominal pain, therapy,” 1980, page 2829. (This book is a
sore throat, chills, vomiting, diarrhea, or skin partial reprint of their medical college text-
rash. A fever in addition to the above signs book, “Physical Therapy, Textbook for Med-
indicates a significant illness or condition ical Students and Practitioners of Medicine,
demanding immediate attention. “ 1944.)
Pulse and respiration-Is it different than WRITE-IN MATERIAL AVAILABLE
normal for him? Pain-Another warning Indi- We did not have space in this present
cator. Pain in the abdomen should be relieved Manual for four significant sets of material:
quickly by rest, drinking charcoal in water, (1) Fever Therapy, (2) The Kenny Packs for
and skipping a meal; if not-call a physician. Polio, (3) The Kellogg Reflex Douches, and
Nausea and Vomiting-What is the color, gen- (4) The Kellogg formulas for Typhoid Fever
eral appearance and amount of material vom- and Malaria.
ited? Bowel Movements-Note number, fre- A copy of this information may be obtained
quency, color and consistency. Urinary prob- by sending $3.00 to the address given below.
lems- Is there inability to urinate, pain or Along with that information, we will send you
burning sensation, incontinence, presence of a copy of one of our most Interesting publi-
blood? Are they too frequent? cations: “Beyond Pitcairn.”
42- In the next chapter we shall discuss a The Kenny Packs must be applied imme-
large number of practical water therapy ap- diately upon onset of the disease; even a few
plications. But just before concluding this hours delay can cause irreparable nerve dam-
present chapter, we shall let three experts in age. The Fever Therapy information is help-
the field tell us how useful such simple water ful in a wide variety of infections and
treatments can be in the home: inflammations. A brief explanation of the
“Hydrotherapy may be given with very nature of the Kellogg Douches is given on page
meager facilities. The procedures are not so 168. The fourth topic is the Kellogg remedies
difficult but that a layman of average intelli- for Typhoid Fever and Malaria. Dr. J.H.
gence may be taught how to give them with a Kellogg considered these two infections as
little practical instruction. Reference to Table “models” of hydrotherapy treatment, and so
10 will show that with the materials avail- he wrote fifteen pages of Information about
able in the home all the effects of hy- them! There are nineteen subsections under
drotherapy may be accomplished. Malaria, and sixty-six under Typhoid!
“Table 10: Procedures: Fomentations, PILGRIMS’ BOOKS - ALTAMONT. TN
compresses, hotwater bottle, ice bag, heat- 37301
ing compress, cold mitten friction, cold hand THE WATER THERAPIES
and towel rubs, sponging, alcohol rub, par- PART ONE
tial bath, sitz bath, hot half bath, full immer- 21 BASIC PRINCIPLES
sion bath, hot blanket pack, wet sheet pack, In the preceding chapter, we learned the
great importance of blood, and of the careful and the cold bath should be avoided. This
use of water in aiding the blood to bring both one is also arranged in a list from the most
restoration and increased physical capacity. to the least powerful:
And we learned many basic facts about how Hot bath for 2-3 minutes followed by a
to apply neutral, hot and cold to the human cold bath with friction for 1 minute. Hot blan-
body. ket pack. Hot evaporating sheet. Hot sponge
In this present chapter, we shall consider bath. Fomentation to the back. Fomentation
over a hundred different water therapy ap- to the abdomen, followed by the cold enema.
plications, under fifteen major categories. In Fomentation to the back, followed by a cold
preparing this list of the water therapies, as wet sheet pack. Hot blanket pack, followed
in the rest of this Manual, we have tried to by graduated bath. Hot blanket pack followed
combine simplicity with thoroughness, clar- by prolonged tepid bath. Hot blanket pack
ity with cautions. We hope that we have suc- followed by cold friction. Dry friction (rub-
ceeded. This entire Manual is the result of a bing the skin with a dry cloth). Cold friction.
careful study of over 2700 pages of hydro- WATER THERAPIES WHICH ENCOUR-
therapy material. Extracting the best and AGE THE DESTRUCTION OF TOXINS-These
making it as simple and usable as possible are procedures which encourage vital resis-
was the objective of the present writer. tance to disease, white at the same time
But before turning to the individual water encouraging the destruction of toxins by
therapy applications, let us stand back for a stimulating the toxin-destroying cells of the
moment and obtain a wide-angle view of them thyroid, liver, spleen, lymphatics, and other
all-in relation to the major ways in which they tissues. (From this point forward, the listings
can be of help to us in our own homes. The will not be in order of decreasing strength,
following section is summarized from pages unless otherwise stated.) Hepatic douche.
327-329, 968-978, and 194-200 of Kellogg’s Splenic douche. General cold douche.
1193-page, “Rational Hydrotherapy”: WATER THERAPIES WHICH ENCOUR-
AGE THE ELIMINATION OF TOXINS-”In ob-
WATER THERAPIES WHICH INCREASE servations made upon rabbits some seven or
BOTH HEAT PRODUCTION AND HEAT eight years ago, the writer demonstrated that
ELIMINATION-This listing is arranged in or- the perspiration of the ordinary healthy man
der from the most to the least powerful, and contains toxic Substances in such quantity
is primarily composed of tonic and fever-re- that from 100 to 200 c.c. of the Liquid col-
ducing applications: lected from the surface of a sweating man,
Graduated bath. Cooling wet sheet pack is, when Injected intravenously, capable of
Cold friction bath. Prolonged tepid full bath killing a rabbit weighing one kilogram.”-
at 88º F. Cold full bath followed by a short Kellogg, page 970.
hot full bath, pail pour, or sprinkling Radiant Heat Bath. Sweating wet sheet
(shower). Tepid pail pour. Cold pail pour. pack. Steam bath
Cold compress. Graduated compress. Evapo- WATER THERAPIES WHICH GREATLY
rating sheet. Cold to head and neck. Cold to INCREASE LEUCOCYTIC ACTION-The fol-
spine. Cold to abdomen. Cold over heart. lowing applications help increase white blood
.Cold colonic. Tepid or cold enema. Cold cell formation. WBC’s, as you know, are a
water drinking, a measure that should be primary body fighter against toxins and bac-
combined with all the others named above. terial infection. General cold bath. Heating
Cold air bath. compress frequently renewed. Alternate heat-
WATER THERAPIES WHICH INCREASE ing compress. Revulsive douche. Alternate
THE ELIMINATION OF HEAT-These are the douche.
best methods to use when a fever is present WATER THERAPIES WHICH GREATLY
ENCOURAGE ELIMINATION OF BACTERIA with a very short general cold application.
BY THE SKIN AND KIDNEYS-Especially: WATER THERAPIES WHICH EXCITE
Steam bath. Sweating wet sheet pack. Pro- THE CENTRAL NERVE GANGLIA-The follow-
longed neutral bath. Also good: Sweating ing are especially helpful in adynamic fevers,
baths. Copious water drinking. -Each of these many neurasthenic conditions, cardiac fail-
should be followed by a cold mitten friction, ure (Kellogg says), hypopepsia, kidney insuf-
cold towel rub, or some other cold procedure. ficiency, and various visceral congestions, and
WATER THERAPIES WHICH INCREASE are primarily very hot followed by very cold
OXIDATION Cold baths increase the absorp- applications. But, of course, much of the time
tion of oxygen, the elimination of carbon di- you will have to gradually work up to “very”
oxide, and the oxidation of fat and carbohy- hot and “very” cold. Alternate general douche.
drates. Thus, all cold applications will tend Percussion spinal douche. Alternate spinal
to do this, but here are some of the best: douche. Alternate spinal sponging. Alternate
More prolonged cold baths, such as: Drip- spinal compresses. Alternate full bath, fol-
ping sheet rub. Rubbing shallow bath. Cold lowed by various forms of cold. Alternate lo-
full bath. Plunge (quick dip into a bath tub of calized compresses.
cold water). Cooling wet sheet pack. WATER THERAPIES WHICH ENCOUR-
WATER THERAPIES WHICH ARE THE AGE METABOLIC PROCESSES-In most
MOST EFFICIENT MEANS OF STIMULAT- forms of chronic disease, there is 8 grave dis-
ING NITROGEN OXIDATION-Hot applica- turbance of the general nutrition, arising from
tions are what are needed for this, and here failure of the tissues to maintain normal
are Kellogg’s top recommendations: metabolism. The most permanent effects to-
Hot full bath. Heating wet sheet pack. Dry ward improving the metabolism, either locally
pack. Steam bath. Hot air. Sun bath. Radi- or generally, come from somewhat prolonged
ant Heat Bath. (We should here mention that hot applications followed by a brief cold ap-
Kellogg called this the “electric-light bath,” a plication. Here are the most effective:
device he invented consisting of a boxful of Apply one or more of the following to the
incandescent bulbs for heating purposes. We skin area affecting the body part{s) you wish
have changed it to “Radiant Heat Bath,” with to help: Short cold douche with strong pres-
the thought in mind that electric space heat- sure. Alternate douche. Alternate or heating
ers, or something similar, could be used in compress.
your home for this same purpose.)-In each WATER THERAPIES WHICH INCREASE
case, follow these general hot applications BLOOD FORMATION -General cold applica-
tions, whether mild or more severe, are the tense (and sometimes prolonged) this impres-
best hydriatic means of promoting the pro- sion, the greater the desired effect. The most
cesses of blood formation. The metabolic intense effects are produced by prolonging
applications listed, just above, also increase the application until the temperature of the
blood formation and glandular activity, but body has been slightly lowered. But if the cold
the following ones are especially helpful for is greatly prolonged, or is repeated at short
anemia: Short general cold baths are the best: intervals, the heat-rise effect fails.
the lower the temperature, the better, but the WATER THERAPIES WHICH INCREASE
applications must be very short. The cold THE ELIMINATION OF HEAT-Nearly all types
mitten friction and the cold towel rub applied of fever cases need an increase of heat elimi-
2-3 times daily are especially valuable for this nation. Elevation of temperature in fever is
purpose. For those trained to react ‘well to it, due less to increased heat production than
the cold douche is especially good. to decreased heat elimination.
WATER THERAPIES WHICH INCREASE Vigorous rubbing in a cold full or shallow
GENERAL BLOOD MOVEMENT AND LOCAL bath. Wet sheet rub. Wet sheet pack. Very
BLOOD SUPPLY-Both in providing nutrition short hot applications followed by short cold
and oxygen, carrying away wastes and tox- to the surface. Cold friction bath. Cold towel
ins, and in fighting disease,-the ability to move rub. Cold water drinking. Cold enema. Cold
fresh vitalized blood into and out of key ar- applications to the spine. In certain cases,
eas is very important. Here are some sugges- the hot blanket pack, evaporating wet sheet
tions: pack, and similar measures may also be used.
Cold applications to the surface of the WATER THERAPIES WHICH RELIEVE
body: excite the heart, increase blood pres- PAIN AND NERVOUS IRRITABILITY-Hydro-
sure, and increase blood and lymph move- therapy applications can greatly help in this
ment throughout the body. All tonic measures area also.
may be used for this purpose. The cold com- The general neutral bath, and the neutral
press over the heart area can be used in many douche are very effective in relieving nervous
cases, when general cold applications are irritability, inducing sleep, in insomnia, de-
ruled out. In cases of fever, or heart or kid- lirium, and even acute fevers. Moist abdomi-
ney disease, or in neurasthenia with general nal bandage. Cool head cap. Heating spinal
feebleness, and in chronic tuberculosis and compress, in certain cases. For relieving lo-
other wasting diseases, the cold mitten fric- calized pain and irritability, the hot fo -
tion and the cold towel rub are especially mentation and the heating compress are both
useful in reinforcing the energy of the heart good. The cold compress and ice compress
and strengthening the circulation. are both valuable in those instances in which
General hot applications are not helpful the pain is in superficial (near the surface)
here. They ultimately lower the blood pres- parts and the applications can be made di-
sure, diminish heart energy, and lessen blood rectly to the area of pain.
flow. So avoid them. If a hot application must WATER THERAPIES WHICH COMBAT
be made, guard against heart failure by ap- BACTERIAL DEVELOPMENT -This is done
plying a cold compress T’lt the heart area by increasing blood movement through the
while the hot application is being given. IS infected parts, while at the same time increas-
especially applies to steam baths and hot full ing white blood cell activity.
baths. Prolonged applications of cold, when it can
WATER THERAPIES WHICH INCREASE be applied directly to the parts involved. For
HEAT PRODUCTION-It is the impression of deeper areas of infection, it is best to increase
cold on the thermic nerves of the skin that blood alkalinity by means of general cold ap-
best increases heat production. The more in- plications, and by measures for increasing
local leucocytic action, such as the frequently to discourage the elimination of heat by the
renewed heating compress, and the alternate body. But fainting is an exception.
compress. These help prevent excessive heat loss:
WATER THERAPIES WHICH CONTROL Dry pack. Hot blanket pack. Hot enema. Hot
BLOOD MOVEMENT AND VOLUME-The water drinking. Avoid exposing him to cold
slowing of blood and lymph encourages mor- while changing applications. It is wise to al-
bid processes as waste and toxic materials ternate the hot application by a short cold
accumulate in the tissues. application, such as: vigorous cold wet hand
Apply to inflamed or congested parts the rubbing, and cold mitten friction.
measures (mentioned earlier) which encour- WATER THERAPIES WHICH DIMINISH
age leucocytic (white blood cell) activity. Also GENERAL METABOLIC ACTIVITY-Above all,
helpful: Derivative measures (such as hot leg maintain absolute rest in bed. Also good is
and foot pack, hot foot bath, etc.). Cold com- the neutral bath. Diminishing activity of an
press over the affected part. Revulsive overexcited gland (such as in hypopepsia (in-
douche. Revulsive measures of all sorts. adequate stomach HCL] or catarrh of the in-
WATER THERAPIES WHICH LESSEN testines or uterus) may be lessened by vari-
HEAT PRODUCTION-Heat production must ous derivative measures (leg and foot baths,
be discouraged in fever cases, and it is best etc.) which will draw blood away from the
inhibited by short hot applications to the sur- part.
face, and by prolonged or frequently repeated WATER THERAPIES WHICH CONTROL
cold applications. BLEEDING Hemostatic (stopping of bleeding)
The best heat applications for this pur- effects may be obtained either directly by ap-
pose would be: short hot full bath. Hot blan- plication to the bleeding area, or indirectly
ket pack. Fomentations to the spine. Hot through applications to a reflex area.
evaporating sheet. The best cold applications To obtain direct effects, either very hot
would be: Graduated bath. Prolonged tepid (110-115º F.) or very cold (32-40º F.) applica-
bath. Cooling wet sheet pack. tions must be used. The most valuable hot
WATER THERAPIES WHICH LESSEN applications are the hot douche and hot com-
HEAT ELIMINATION-It is seldom necessary
press. A jet of hot vapor has also been used “home remedies” or “water treatments,” be-
successfully. Here are some examples of hot came known in the early and mid-nineteenth
applications: Hot nasal douche and spong- century as “water cure,” as Drs. Thatcher
ing the face with very hot water for nose bleed; Trail and James Jackson helped thousands
hot vaginal douche for menorrhagia; hot uter- in their “water-cure institutes.” By the begin-
ine irrigation in metrorrhagia and post- ning of the twentieth century, it gained the
partum hemorrhage. title of “hydrotherapy” and “hydriatics,” and,
The most convenient cold applications are for several decades now, it has been called
ice, and ice compresses. These should be “physical therapy” or “physiotherapy” by the
applied directly to the bleeding area, or (as a medical world.
proximal compress) across the trunk of a We will here give it the humble title of “wa-
main artery supplying the bleeding part. An ter therapy.” Yet whatever name you care to
example of this would be an ice collar (ice give it,-it is still a most wonderful blessing of
cravat) for nosebleed. God to mankind.
Here are some indirect or reflex applica- Here, now, is the first of the two sections
tions: Cold applications to the upper spine that will explain to you over one hundred
are a most excellent measure for checking water therapies:
nosebleed. Placing the hands in ice-water, SECTION ONE LOCAL COLD
while applying ice to the base of the cranium WHAT THEY ARE-These are localized ap-
(lower back of head) and to upper part of the plications of cold water, which means that
spine. Placing the feet in cold water will also they are applied only to smaller parts of the
help stop nosebleed. For hemorrhage of the body.
lungs, place cold compresses over the chest These cold applications can also be used
and very hot fomentations between the shoul- as a “proximal compress” (pages 23-24, 50-
ders and over back of the neck and upper 51) to reduce blood flow to a limb.
spine. Ice applied to the nostrils will also con- 1 - COLD COMPRESS
tract the blood vessels in the lungs. For stom- WHAT IT IS-A Cold Compress is a local
ach hemorrhage, swallow lumps of ice, and application of cold given by means of a cloth
place ice compresses over the reflex area that wrung out of cold water. Either hand towels
affects the stomach (see reflex chart on page or cotton cloths may be used.
24). In apoplexy, the ice cap and ice-cold com- HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Cold Com-
presses to the head, face, and neck are very press is very helpful in cases of fever, pain
helpful. due to edema or trauma (such as sprains).
And they are used for congestion in the si-
PART TWO nuses and for congestive headaches (for both
CLOTH AND BLANKET APPLICATIONS of these, use a Cold Compress along with a
That which in centuries past was called
Hot Foot Bath (page 115). In addition, they acute infectious arthritis, bursitis, and burns.
are helpful for tachycardia (heartbeat over a (In hospitals, it has been used successfully
100 per minute). to slow the heart and limit thermic reaction
HOW TO APPLY IT following surgical operations for exphthalmic
1-Use Turkish towels to protect the bed- goiter.)
ding, as well as his clothing, from becoming HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page
wet. 47.)
2-Fold the towels (or cloth) to a desired 1-Pound ice into snowy bits and pieces,
size, then dip into cold water and wring them or use snow itself.
out - but only enough to prevent dripping. 2-Wrap the body part in flannel (to keep it
(Better: take the wet cloths off a block of ice from freezing).
and quickly apply them. In this way the com- 3-Pack the snow or pounded ice very
presses will be far colder.) closely around it, until the pack is about one
3-Lay them on the afflicted part. inch thick.
4-Change the compress for a fresh cold 4-Wrap a large flannel cloth over it all to
one every 1-5 minutes. A set of two com- keep everything in place. Pin it together.
presses will be needed so they can be con- 5- Interrupt the ice pack frequently in or-
tinually alternated. If this is not done, the der to prevent freezing. Rub the part with
compress quickly warms up. The thicker the snow, or apply a hot fomentation over the
compress, the less often will it have to be body part to bring an a local heating reac-
changed for a new one. tion.
5-Cold compresses can be placed on the
head, neck, over the heart or lungs, and to 3 -ICE CRAVAT
the abdomen, spine, etc. When applied to the WHAT IT IS- The Ice Cravat is basically
head, they need to be pressed down firmly - the same as the Ice Pack, described just
especially over the forehead and temporal above. Instead of being laid around part of
arteries (these arteries are to the right and the body and then wrapped, the snow or
left of the front forehead, just above and to crushed ice is placed inside a towel and then
the front of the ears). The compresses can be wrapped around the neck or another joint
placed over the abdomen in typhoid fever. area of the body. The Ice Cravat is thus easier
ADDITIONAL POINTS-Unless the applica- to work with than is the Ice Pack.
tion is quite thick, and always when it is left
on too long (over 3-5 minutes), the applica- ICE PACK and ICE CRAVAT
tion changes from a cold compress to a heat- When wrapped around the neck, the Ice
ing compress. And when you are applying a Cravat becomes an Ice Collar (ice neck pack).
Cold Compress, you do not want it to turn But it can also be laid around a shoulder,
into a Heating Compress! (For more informa- elbow, knee, or ankle.
tion on Heating Compresses, see pages 51- The effect is that of a proximal applica-
59.) tion (Proximal Compresses are explained on
2 - ICE PACK pages 23-24, 50-51), for the carotid arteries
WHAT IT IS -Although not given that name, in the neck, and the vertebral arteries by the
this is actually an ice compress, and it will spine that go into the head, along with their
always produce a stronger cold effect than small branch arteries, are all contracted.
cold cloths wrung out of water. Thus the blood supply to the brain and the
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-It can be used head is lessened.
over the heart and chest to slow the heart. It HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Ice Cravat is
has been used for sprains or torn ligaments, frequently used in fever, congestive headache,
acute joint inflammation, in rheumatic fever, acute epidemic meningitis, sunstroke, and
whenever prolonged sweating treatments are ral gum rubber, and all come with screw caps.
given, as in eclampsia and uremia. Contrac-
tion of the blood vessels slows down the ooz- BOOKS ON HYDROTHERAPY
ing of blood into the injured tissues; thus Four of the eight books used as sources
edema is prevented. It can also help prevent for this present Manual are still in print. You
black-and-blue and swelling when tissue has may wish to purchase a copy of one or sev-
been injured (by sprains, contusions, etc.). eral of them for your home: “Home Rem-
In addition, it is used for rheumatoid arthri- edies,” by Agatha M. Thrash, M.D., and Calvin
tis, acute infectious arthritis, and the acute L. Thrash, M.D. Published by Yuchi Pines
joint inflammation of rheumatic fever. Institute, Health Education Department,
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page Seale, Alabama 36875. This 174-page book
47.) contains a wide range of hydrotherapy infor-
1-Crush ice and place it in a towel. (In- mation, plus other natural healing data.
stead of placing snow or crushed ice inside “Hydrotherapy in the Home,” by Stella C.
of a dry towel, you can, instead, wring the Petterson, R.N., B.S.N.E. Published by Eden
towel from cold water - without putting ice Valley Institute Press, Loveland, Colorado
or snow inside it. But this will not be as cold 80537. This 49-page booklet is simple and
and must be changed much more frequently.) to the point.
2-Fold the towel until it is about 3 inches wide, “Manual of Hydrotherapy and Massage,”
and long enough to encircle the neck. by Fred B. Moor, B.A., M.D., Stella C.
3-Put it in place around the neck. Petterson, B.S., R.N., A.R.P.T., Ethel M.
4- lf, instead of being applied to the neck, Manwell, B.S., R.N., A.R.P.T., Mary C. Noble,
it is to be placed on a different body joint B.S., R.N., A.R.P.T., and Gertrude Muench,
area: Use a piece of flannel that is at least 12 R.N., R.P.T. Published by Pacific Press Pub-
by 12 inches - for the shoulders and knees; lishing Association, Nampa, Idaho, 83651.
and 8 by 9 inches - for the elbow or ankle. This 169-page book was written for use by
4 - ICE BAG (ICE CAP) physiotherapists, and is the official hydro-
WHAT IT IS-Ice bags and ice caps can be therapy textbook at Lorna Linda University,
purchased or ordered from your local drug Lorna Linda, California 92350.
store. Ice bags come in various shapes and “Simple Water Treatments for the Home,”
sizes. (One example is the spinal ice bag, by Charles S. Thomas, Ph.D. Published by
which is about 3 inches wide by 7-10 inches Lorna Linda University Press, Lorna Linda,
long.) The best ones are made of pure natu- California 92354. This 371-page book was
prepared for laymen.
All of the above books, except the third HOW TO APPLY IT - (More data on pages
one, have very helpful illustrations that make 23-24,50.51.)
the text much easier to follow. 1-A Cold Compress (page 45) is wrung out
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Ice Bag (or of water (60-70º F.) and then placed over the
Ice Cap) prevents or reduces swelling, relieves artery supplying the afflicted part. Instead of
pain, checks bleeding, and reduces conges- a Cold Compress, an Ice Bag (page 49), filled
tion and inflammation. with ice or ice-water, can be used.
A second value lies in their reflex effects: 2- The compress must be frequently
They can relieve congestion and inflamma- changed in order to maintain the cold effect.
tion of deeper, internal organs, such as in WHERE TO APPLY IT-What one needs to
appendicitis and salpingitis. For this purpose, know is where to apply the cold Proximal
the application must be placed over the re- Compress. Here are the most useful places
flex area that affects that deeper organ. (See to put it - and the corresponding areas in
pages 24-26 for additional information on which the temperature and blood supply will
reflex effects.) be reduced:
A third use is to strengthen and slow the 1- To the knee and the calf of the leg (to
activity of the heart when the pulse is rapid affect the foot).
and weak. 2- To the femoral artery on the inside of
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See pictures on pages the leg, or to the whole thigh, or an ice bag to
22 and 77.) the back side of the knee (to affect the por-
1-Fill the icecap or ice bag about one-half tion of the leg below the knee).
full with finely chopped ice. Press it down to 3-An ice bag to the groin (to affect the
expel the air, and then screw the cap on tightly. whole leg).
Dry it and test for leaks. 4-A cold compress around the elbow joint
2-Cover it with a flannel or hand towel, (to affect the hand).
and apply it where needed. Never apply an 5- To the whole upper arm (to affect the
ice bag or ice cap directly to the skin; always forearm).
place a cloth over the body part first. 6-An ice bag to the arm pit (to affect the
3-Continually watch to see that there is whole arm).
no danger of injuring the skin through frost- 7-An ice bag at the bend of the elbow (to
bite. affect the hand).
4-When the ice melts, refill it with more 8-An ice collar or cold, wet towel, around
ground ice. the neck (to affect the brain). This applica-
SPECIAL POINTS-Choose a bag that is tion helps reduce congestion in the brain,
light in weight, and if it is used continually reduce laryngeal inflammation, and aids in
(especially on the abdomen or chest), you may meningitis.
want to suspend it in a cradle, to take off part 9- Over the carotid arteries, which are lo-
of the weight. When it is filled, if all the air is cated on both sides of the neck (to affect the
not expelled, the ice will melt more rapidly. brain).
5 - PROXIMAL COMPRESS
WHAT IT IS-A Proximal Compress is any SECTION TWO COLD-TO-HEATING
type of cold compress, ice bag, etc., that is WHAT IT IS- These are applications of cold
placed over a large artery in order to reduce cloths, covered with flannel, to a body area.
blood circulation in the part of the body or The body reacts and heats up the pack and
limb served by that artery. It is not always the result is improved circulation and a bet-
convenient to apply a wet cloth to an afflicted ter flow of healing blood in and out of the
part. This is especially true with open afflicted area.
wounds, which need to be kept very clean. 1 - HEATING THROAT COMPRESS AND
DRY THROAT COMPRESS ner as the regular Heating Throat Compress,
WHAT IT IS-This is a cold compress that but without being first wrung out of cold wa-
is so covered up that warming soon takes ter.
place. The effect produced is that of a mild, 2-ln giving a regular Heating Throat Com-
prolonged application of moist heat. press, wring the cotton cloth from cold water
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Gradually, over and place it around the neck. This should be
several hours. a throat compress can reduce about 2-3 thicknesses about the neck.
inflammation and bring healing to a body 3-Cover it well with the flannel (single or
part. A cold, wet cloth is placed about the double thick, de. pending on the weight of
throat, then covered with dry flannel to pre- the material). Fit the flannel snugly but not
vent air circulation, thus increasing body heat too tightly that it will be uncomfortable. Pin
in that area. Mothers will often place a heat- it securely.
ing compress on a child with a sore throat in 4- In tonsillitis, quinsy, and inflammation
the evening and take it off the next morning. of the eustachian tube, the compress should
The compress should be dry by then. extend upward about the lower part of the
PROBLEMS IT CAN HELP SOLVE-The ear. You may need to hold up this part of the
Throat Compress is a very common house- compress (that is by the lower part of the ear)
hold remedy for sore throat, hoarseness, ton- with a bandage that is fastened to it and goes
sillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, quinsy, and over the top part of the head and back down
eustachian tube inflammation. to it on the other side.
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-2 or 3 thick- 5-Remove it the next morning. It should
nesses of ordinary cotton cloth about 3 inches be entirely dry. When first put on, it can be
wide and long enough to encircle the neck quite wet but should not drip. But the next
twice. Two thicknesses of flannel not less than morning it must be dry.
4 inches wide. Safely pins. Possibly a piece 6-As soon as you have removed the com-
of bandage. press, rub the neck with a cloth wrung out of
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page cold water.
52.)
1-Prepare your materials for the neck 2 - HEATING JOINT COMPRESS AND
compress. If it is to go on one who is too frail DRY JOINT COMPRESS
to warm it up, then use a Dry Throat Com- WHAT IT IS- This compress is quite simi-
press, which is prepared in the same man- lar to the Heating Throat Compress, de-
scribed above. The primary difference lies in a three-inch roller bandage (obtainable from
the fact that this heating compress is applied a drug store) or with a broad flannel cloth.
to one of the joints (foot, ankle, knee, elbow, 3 - MOIST ABDOMINAL BANDAGE
hand, or wrist) instead of to the neck. AND
PROBLEMS IT CAN HELP SOLVE-The PARTIAL ABDOMINAL BANDAGE
Heating Joint Compress is most frequently PROTECTED JOINT BANDAGE
used in cases of rheumatism and rheumatic WET GIRDLE
fever. But there are other painful joint condi- WHAT IT IS-This is a heating compress
tions that it may also alleviate. (page 51) applied
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page over the stomach and intestinal area. It is
52.) an application of cold, wet sheeting, covered
1- You will need similar materials to those up with dry flannel, which the body then
listed above under the Heating Throat Com- warms up into a very helpful heating pack.
press. If the one it is to be placed upon is too This Moist Abdominal “Bandage” is also
weak or frail to heat up a wet compress, it called a “binder,” “girdle,” or “pack.” When
may be best to make it a Dry Joint Compress only the front part is moistened, it is called a
(several layers of flannel, with or without dry Partial Abdominal Bandage.
cotton beneath it). HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Moist Ab-
2- You may wish to place solution (such dominal Bandage (or Binder) is one of the
as oil of wintergreen, camphorated oil, men- most useful of the heating compresses. It is
thol, mustard water, etc.) on the cotton be- recommended in nearly all forms of atonic
fore it is wrapped around the joint. This helps indigestion, neurasthenia, anemia of the liver,
relieve pain, and by its counterirritant action insomnia, catarrhal jaundice, constipation,
enhances the heating effect by increasing the and similar conditions. For these purposes,
blood circulation at the painful joint. it is generally worn only at night.
3- Two thicknesses of cotton cloth are With a hot-water bottle (page 76) placed
wrapped around the afflicted joint(s). Some- over the stomach, it is also useful in milder
times gauze is used, but cotton will enable cases of nausea and vomiting. If plastic is
you to bring the material closer to the skin placed over the flannel to prevent the cotton
surface.) This is then held in place either with from drying out, it is called a Protected
Binder, and is used for hyperacidity, and also from cold water, is placed over it.
to obtain relaxation in the abdominal organs. 4- The one not feeling well now lies back
A protected binder, by keeping the cotton on the bandage. The lower edge of the cloth
from drying out, will induce a stronger per- and flannel should touch below his hipbones
spiration than would otherwise occur. (below the iliac crests).
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-One thickness of 5-Pull each end of the wet cloth tightly over
cotton sheeting or linen, or 3-4 thicknesses his abdomen and tuck them under the oppo-
of gauze. It should be 8-9 inches wide, no site side.
matter what this material is made of, and a 6-Cover quickly and snugly with both ends
little longer than 1% times around the body. of the flannel, and securely fasten the ends
Over this will go an outer flannel covering that with safety pins. Also pin darts at each side
is about 12 inches wide and about the same to make the binder fit better. The flannel piece
length as the linen, or slightly longer. Safety should project 1 1/2 -2 inches beyond the wet
pins, and possibly plastic, will also be needed. gauze or linen.
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page 7-(lf plastic is now placed over the flannel
54.) 1-Prepare the sheeting for a Moist Ab- to keep it from drying out (for hyperacidity),
dominal Bandage by dipping it into cold wa- it now becomes a Protected Bandage, -but
ter. understand that this is not the usual way of
2-(lf the one receiving the treatment is too preparing Moist Abdominal Bandages.
frail to warm up the large wet surface of the 8-A hot-water bottle is sometimes placed,
cotton wrapping, give him a Partial Abdomi- outside the flannel, over the stomach area.
nal Bandage: Only wet that portion of the cloth 9-When you later remove the binder, wash
that is over the front (over the abdomen). Or, the area with cold water and dry thoroughly.
only place a smaller, wet cloth over the abdo- THE WET GIRDLE-The Moist Abdominal
men, and let the rest of the encircling cover- Bandage is a heating compress over the front
ing be flannel alone. These two variations of of the abdominal area. Kellogg frequently
the Partial Abdominal Bandage are milder made use of the “Wet Girdle.” This is a wrap-
forms of the Moist Abdominal Bandage.) around Moist Abdominal Bandage, in that it
3- The dry flannel is placed across a table, covers both the front, sides and back of the
and the linen (or gauze), wrung nearly dry lower trunk. “The region to which it is ap-
plied is bounded by the nipple line above and Pack is the most powerful (but not as imme-
the hip joints below.”-Kellogg. In nearly every diately powerful as Fomentations to the chest:
instance in which “Hot Abdominal Pack” is see page 69); the Partial Chest Pack has far
given in the Kellogg Water Remedies section less strength; the Dry Chest Pack is the mild-
of this Manual, the “Wet Girdle” is the applica- est.
tion referred to. (See pictures on pages 22 PROBLEMS IT CAN HELP SOLVE-Here
and 59.) are some of the conditions the Chest Pack is
4 - HEATING CHEST PACK used for: Bronchial and respiratory colds that
hang on. Influenza of the respiratory type.
WHAT IT IS- The Heating Chest Pack is Pneumonia: Only use a Dry Chest Pack dur-
similar in some respects to a fomentation over ing the acute stage of pneumonia; only use a
the chest. The difference lies in the fact that, Heating or Partial Chest Pack during later
instead of continually applying and changing convalescence from it. During pneumonia, the
fomentation cloths, a piece of wet cotton skin does not have its normal ability to ad-
sheeting is wrapped around the chest and just to changes in outside temperature. Pleu-
then covered. Thus, a slow build-up of heat risy: When treating this condition, if he is ro-
occurs over a longer period of time. bust, use the heating pack immediately after
One alternative is the Partial Chest Pack an application of heat, such as a Fomenta-
(page 59), in which a wet cloth is placed only tion (page 69); but if he has lessened vitality,
over the chest. This is used when the person only use a Dry Chest Pack, with a hot-water
would be too frail to heat up the full wet pack. bottle applied outside the pack. These chest
Another alternative is the Dry Chest Pack packs are also helpful for whooping cough,
(page 60), which has no moist compress croup, asthma, and similar conditions.
within it, and is especially helpful between WHAT YOU WILL NEED-The chest pack
other treatments, and for those who are thin, can be made in several ways, but, since you
aged, do not react well to cold applications, will be using it many times on the same per-
and those in the early stages of pneumonia. son, we will here describe the simplest: the
HOW IT WORKS-These chest packs gradu- fitted chest pack.
ally build up heat in the skin above the chest, Take flannel material and cut it with scis-
and thus aid in relieving various congestions sors into two fitted pieces; one will go over
in the chest and lungs. his chest, upper shoulders and sides; the
Of the above packs, the Heating ‘Chest other will cover his back and lower shoul-
ders and side. Allow for overlapping under HOW TO APPLY IT
the arms and on the shoulders. This will be 1- The cotton covering for the partial pack
pinned together each time it is used. can be cut to any desired shape, since it will
You will also need a cotton cloth (such as only go over part of the chest.
old sheeting material) if a wet cloth (inside a 2-Wring it out wet and apply it over the
regular Heating or Partial Chest Pack) is to chest.
be used. You will not need it if a Dry Chest 3-Cover it with the flannel.
Pack is being applied. Since most of the chest is covered with
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page dry material, this pack is quite similar in ef-
57.) 7-Warm up his chest with fomentations, fect to the Dry Chest Pack. CAUTION-Only
or a heat lamp over his chest. use the Dry Chest Pack during the acute stage
2-lf a moist cloth is to be applied, wring it of pneumonia; only use a Heating or Partial
thoroughly from tap water and place it on Chest Pack during later convalescence from
his chest (Partial Pack), or wrap it about his it.
chest and upper back (Heating Pack). 6 - DRY CHEST PACK
3-(At this point, you may wish to put warm WHAT IT IS-The Dry Chest Pack is also
camphorated oil, or something similar, on the like the Heating Chest Pack, with one primary
wet sheeting over his chest.) exception: It does not have any wet cloth be-
4-(If you wish to increase the sweating, tween the skin and the blanket.
place plastic over the moistened cloth.) HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This pack is es-
5-Cover quickly with the fitted flannel (that pecially helpful between other water treat-
you earlier cut our for this purpose). He ments. It is also well adapted to the special
should be covered well, but not too tightly. needs of the thin and the aged who are not
Pin securely. able to react and heat up the moist cloth used
CAUTIONS- The wet compress should be in the Heating Chest Pack. The dry pack is
wrung our thoroughly, and then covered well also the best method for the early stages of
to avoid chilling and to aid in a prompt reac- pneumonia.
tion. The pack must be snugly applied at all HOW TO APPLY IT
places, but not so tight as to restrict the move- 1-Only the flannel is used, and should be
ments of the chest in breathing. The pack applied over a thin undergarment that he is
should be comfortable and should feel warm wearing.
in a very short time. If not, remove it and The dry Pack is necessary for thin, weak
apply a milder pack (a Partial or Dry Chest people, because it is almost impossible to pin
Pack). Use a Dry Chest Pack (not a Heating the wet pack tightly enough to prevent air
Chest Pack) during the acute stages of pneu- from circulating under the edges of the pack
monia. When caring for pleurisy, it is best to - and yet be loose enough to be comfortable
only use the Dry Chest Pack. Both the Partial and not restrict the breathing.
and Dry Chest Pack are described just be- CAUTION-Only use the Dry Chest Pack
low: during the acute stage of pneumonia; only use
5 - PARTIAL CHEST PACK a Heating or Partial Chest Pack during later
WHAT IT IS- The Partial Chest Pack is convalescence from it.
identical to the Heating Chest Pack, described
just above, with the exception that the wet SECTION THREE LARGER COLD-TO-
cloth is only placed over the chest. HEATING
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This pack can
enable you to give a heating-type chest pack 1 - WET SHEET PACK
to one would be too frail to warm up the full AND
wet pack (the Heating Chest Pack). STAGE ONE: COOLING WET-SHEET
PACK give him a 10-minute Hot Foot Bath (page
STAGE TWO: NEUTRAL WET-SHEET 115), with a Cold Compress (page 45) to
PACK his head,-for the entire body should be
STAGE THREE: HEATING WET-SHEET warm before beginning the Wet. Sheet Pack.
PACK If not, precede it with a Hot Full (tub) Bath
STAGE FOUR: SWEATING WET-SHEET 2-Place a plastic or rubber sheet on the
PACK bed. Over it, place a double blanket, folded
WHAT IT IS- This is a bed sheet wrung lengthwise, with the edge of the far side
out of cold water, and then Quickly draped hanging longer than the near edge. The
around a person, who is then covered with a upper end of the blanket should cover the
blanket or two. The body, in reaction, quickly lower half of the pillow.
begins warming-up the sheet,-and fairly soon 3- Take the wet sheet from the cold
turns it into a moist heat heating pack. water and wring it as dry as possible. Place
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-According to how it on the blanket, with the upper end a little
long it is left on, the Wet-Sheet Pack has one below the top of the blanket.
or more of four different effects. This is due 4-Now help him lie on his back on the
to the fact that, according to the degree of sheet, with his shoulders 3-4 inches below
warming that it undergoes, the Wet-Sheet the upper edge of the sheet.
Pack passes through four stages: (1) the Cool- 5-As his arms are held up, you quickly
ing Stage, (2) the Neutral Stage, (3) the Heat- wrap the short side of the sheet around
ing Stage, and (4) the Sweating Stage. The his trunk, and also around his nearest leg.
stage that you stop at-or prolong-is deter- 6-Draw the sheet smoothly in contact
mined by the effect that you wish to produce. with the skin in all places. Tuck it under
We will conclude this explanation of the Wet on the opposite side.
Sheet Pack with a careful look at each of these 7-Lower his arms, and then wrap the
four stages. other side of the sheet smoothly over his
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page arms, trunk, and his farther leg. Fold the
61.) sheet over his shoulders, and across his
1-Having all the materials ready, explain neck. Tuck it in. Important: Wrap him in
the treatment to him. An enema (page 145) the sheet quickly. The wet sheet must come
or colonic (page 149) is considered to be an in close contact with the skin at all points.
important preliminary step. Also, if needed, 8-Wrap the narrower edge of the blan-
ket around his body and tuck it in. Do the lower a high temperature, and is especially
same on the opposite edge, pulling it snugly useful in typhoid fever and other continued
around him. A t this point, pull the remain- fevers.
der of the blanket over and tuck it also un- 2-Neutral Wet-Sheet Pack: This begins
der his body and under his feet. Important: when the temperature of the pack reaches or
Wrap him in the blanket quickly. The dry slightly exceeds skin temperature. After body
blanket must prevent circulating air or he warming has well begun, this second stage
may become chilled. Warming up should be- can be prolonged by removing all but one or
gin immediately. two dry coverings over the wet sheet. But the
9- It may be best to now cover him with a body must continue to be evenly warm, with
second blanket. Additional blankets may be no circulating air reaching it.
laid over him and tucked in on the sides and This neutral pack is excellent for insom-
about the feet, if needed. nia, and helps put the sleepless to sleep. It is
10-Place a Turkish towel around his neck also used for mania, alcoholic delirium, and
to protect him from the blanket and to keep restlessness. A neutral bath will accomplish
out the air. Put the hot water bottle to his feet the same purpose as a neutral pack-and prob-
to hasten warming. ably do it better.
11-Sponge his face with a Cold Compress 3-Heating Wet-Sheet Pack: This begins
(page 45) at the beginning of the pack, and when the warming pack has raised the body
also after the first 10 minutes when the reac- temperature slightly above its usual degree;
tion begins (when he begins sweating). and it ends when general perspiration begins.
12-His feet must be kept warm at all times. Once achieved, this should, for best results,
Take his temperature before and after the be continued for about 20 minutes.
pack is given. This heating pack helps warm the body,
13-When the pack is removed, give a Cool and lessens localized congestions wherever
Sponge (page 100), with brisk drying to the they may be in the body.
body. 4-Sweating Wet-Sheet Pack: This last stage
14-Repeat with another Wet-Sheet Pack begins with the onset of general sweating. The
later that day, or give it daily until the fever sweating may be increased or prolonged by
comes down. Duration of each Wet-Sheet additional coverings, hot-water bottles be-
Pack: 15-20 minutes. Have him rest after- tween blanket layers, or by drinking hot wa-
ward. Liquid nourishment is best. ter or lemonade. The cold compresses on the
FOUR TYPES OF WET-SHEET PACK-As head should not be very cold or renewed too
mentioned at the beginning of this section, frequently.
there are four stages to the Wet Sheet Pack. This sweating pack is excellent for child-
The stage you bring him up to and stop at-or hood fevers, capillary bronchitis, colds, and
prolong-will determine the objectives you are also for obesity and obese rheumatism.
going to achieve: Heating and sweating packs are also used
1-Cooling Wet-Sheet Pack: This is the first for alcoholism, gout, influenza, and the elimi-
stage of the pack before the sheet has been nation of nicotine from the body (which less-
warmed to the temperature of the body. 5-12 ens the physical craving for more tobacco).
minutes is needed to reach this stage. At the One of the most useful treatments for the
end of this time the effect can be intensified fevers of early childhood is this: Give him a
by removing the sheet and applying another Full Hot Tub Bath (page 121), followed by a
(wet, cold) sheet; or by folding back the blan- cold Wet-Sheet Pack, as described above. The
ket and sprinkling cold water on the wet sheet child, so exhausted by the fever on his body
that covers him. and head, will often fall into a quiet sleep af-
This cooling pack is a powerful way to ter the pack reaches the heating stage.
SECTION FOUR LOCAL HOT AND COLD opium poisoning to which he was called in
consultation some twenty-five years ago, in
1 - ALTERNATE COMPRESS which a patient’s pulse was reduced to less
WHAT IT IS- This is an application of very than twenty, and respiration to four per
hot and very cold compresses in alternation minute. Thoroughgoing hot and cold appli-
(one following the other). cations to the spine quickly brought the pulse
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-There is prob- to a nearly normal count, the respiration be-
ably no other procedure which is capable of came twelve per minute within five minutes,
so intensely and rapidly exciting the flow of and the change in the entire aspect of the case
blood in various parts of the body. Thus it was so marvelous as to seem little short of a
helps to eliminate pus formation, avoid bed miracle to the by-standers, who had never
sores (which are so likely to appear in typhoid before witnessed the powerful stimulating
fever, tuberculosis, and other wasting dis- effects of thermic applications properly man-
eases). It can also be applied to paralyzed aged.” -Kellogg.
limbs, to parts affected by chilblains, and as HOW TO APPLY IT
a means of stimulating absorption in dropsy 1- This is a Fomentation application (page
of the abdomen, dropsy of the chest, and in 69), with the addition of a Cold Compress
chronic pleurisy and pneumonia, in which (page 45) after it: When the fomentation cloth
the parts damaged by the acute inflamma- is removed, a hand towel, wrung from cold
tory process have not been fully restored. water or ice water is placed on the body part.
Alternate Compresses to the spine are a The cold application will need to be renewed
very effective means of arousing one from frequently in order to keep it cold, but it may
morphine-derivative poisoning, alcoholic in- be left on nearly as long, or as long as the hot
toxication, and similar problems. application (but never longer). 2- Then it is
“The author recalls very vividly a case of removed and the surface dried well. Another
fomentation is then applied. Three changes
from hot to cold are usually given. The pro-
cedure must always begin with a hot applica-
tion and end with a cold one.
2 - REVULSIVE COMPRESS
WHAT IT IS- This hot and cold applica-
tion differs from the Alternate Comp\ess, de-
scribed just above, only in the different tim-
ing of the heat and cold. In the Alternate Com-
press, the applications are of equal time, or
at least the hot application does not exceed
the cold. In the Revulsive Compress, the hot
application is decidedly longer.
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This compress
is very helpful in relieving pain in many, many
physical problems. (Neuralgia is but one ex-
ample.)
(It should be understood that pain is
sometimes best relieved by very hot applica-
tions, in others by cold ones, and in still oth-
ers by alternate hot and cold. But in many
instances, pain is increased as the affected
nerves are excited (especially when inflam-
mation is present). At such times, alternate bowl of ice water and a pail of boiling water.
hot and cold will best help reduce the pain.) HOW TO APPLY IT
The Revulsive Compress is also a power- 1-Place the hot-water bottle crosswise over
ful aid in reducing congestion, such as gas- the back of the neck, bringing it well up un-
tric congestion, gastritis, enteralgia, acute der the back of the head and over the neck.
sciatica, neuritis, painful affections of the eye, 2-Wring the toweling compress out, lightly,
and spinal irritation. It often affords imme- from ice water and then apply it to the face.
diate relief from the heavy pain of toothache. It should cover the face, top of the head, and
HOW TO APPLY IT the ears. Press down firmly over the forehead
1-Follow the directions for giving a Fomen- and the temporal arteries (these arteries are
tation (page 69). But when each hot applica- just above and in front of the ears).
tion has been lifted off, place a hand towel, 3-Renew this compress every minute.
wrung from cold water or ice water (accord- 4-After three minutes, remove the hot-
ing to his ability to react to cold) on the sur- water bottle and put two cloth-cover ice bags
face. Let it remain there a few seconds, then where it had been. And also replace the cold
turn it over to remain a few seconds more. compress over the face by another wrung
2- The skin is now dried and the next fo- quite dry from hot water. Follow the cautions
mentation is applied. Three changes of hot listed under “cautions,” below, in applying hot
and three of cold are usually given. cloths to the face.) Renew this hot compress
3 - ALTERNATE HOT AND COLD TO THE every minute.
HEAD TWO DIFFERENT TREATMENTS- 5-In another three minutes begin the cycle
There two totally different hot and cold over again: Replace with the first applications
application to the head. We are placing them of hot-water bottle to the back of the neck
here together, one right after the other, so that and the cold compress to the face.
you will make no mistake regarding which 6- Continue these alternations for three
one to use. First, we shall describe the Alter- complete sets. Then cool all the parts by wip-
nate Hot and Cold to the Head: ing off with a cold compress and dry thor-
WHAT IT IS-This is an alternation of hot oughly, especially the hair.
and cold to the head, which means that first CAUTIONS-The bed should be protected
you place hot to the head, and then cold; and with plastic sheeting. The hot compress
then hot and then cold again, for three com- should not be pressed to the face. The eyes
plete sets or cycles. should be protected from the heat with a thick
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This set of appli- compress or towel.
cations causes fluxion, or an increase of 4 - SIMULTANEOUS HOT AND COLD TO
blood, to the afflicted area. Thus it can work HEAD
to improve the circulation of blood within the WHAT IT IS-Again, hot and cold are placed
head, and relieve an anemic headache (a to the head, but instead of alternating back
headache caused by a lack of blood in the and forth (first hot and then cold) to those
brain). It is also helpful in remitting passive places,-the hot is kept on certain areas and
congestion and cold in the head. the cold is kept on others. A primary differ-
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Two pieces of ence is that the cold application is placed over
Turkish toweling or thick hand towels (about a reflex area of a deeper part, or over a large
12 inches square) for wet compresses. Two artery supplying blood to it. This produces
ice bags, filled with finely chopped ice and depletion, or a removal of blood from the
then covered with a thin cotton cloth (or head. Thus, the effect produced is the exact
cheesecloth). A hot-water bottle, partly filled opposite of that produced by alternate hot
with hot water and then covered either with and cold to the head.
a dry fomentation cloth or with a towel. A HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This treatment
is very effective in reducing congestion in the water on the feet.
head and relieving congestive headache (head- 5 - ALTERNATE HOT AND COLD TO
ache caused by an excess of blood in the THE SPINE
brain). WHAT IT IS- This is a Revulsive Com-
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Essentially the press (described just above), except that
same articles are needed for this, the Simul- instead of the cold compress, a small piece
taneous Hot and Cold, as were used for the of ice is rubbed over the part. Thus, it is a
Alternate Hot and Cold, described just above. regular set of Fomentation applications
HOW TO APPLY IT (page 69), plus the use of ice in between each
1-Place an ice bag to the base of the brain hot application.
(the back of the neck), and a second ice bag HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This alternate
(or better, an ice cap [both are obtainable at hot and cold application to the spine acts
your local drug store]) to the top of the head. as a strong stimulant and tonic, and is used
A cold, wet towel on the hair will intensify in a large number of conditions which are
the cold application to the top of the head helped by such a general treatment. It im-
(do this instead of wetting the hair). proves the circulation, increases muscular
2-Also place ice bags or ice compresses tone, and stimulates vasomotor nerve ac-
(ice inside a folded towel) over the carotids. tion.
(The carotid arteries are on both sides of the HOW TO APPLY IT
neck, and are the arteries near the surface 1- The Revulsive Compress is described
that bring blood to the brain.) immediately above, and is a variation of the
3- Then apply a Fomentation (page 69) to standard Fomentation (page 69). Give Al-
the face, covering the ears and forehead. Cot- ternate Hot and Cold to the Spine in the
ton sheeting material (or gauze or cheese- same manner as the Revulsive Compress,
cloth) should be used under the fomentation with the following exception:
when it is applied to the face. The nose should 2-When each fomentation is removed, in-
not be covered by the fomentation, for it is stead of briefly placing a cold compress on
better that he be able to breathe cooler air. the part, as is done in the Revulsive Com-
4-Conclude the treatment by first pour- press, a small piece of ice is quickly rubbed
ing hot, and then cold, water onto the feet. back and forth over the area, making three
Keep a cold neck and head compress (cold, to five or more to-and-fro movements. The
damp toweling) on him while pouring the part is then dried and another fomentation
is placed there. (In making these applica- sweating, thus increasing the elimination of
tions, it IS important that the next fomenta- toxins. And it either stimulates or relaxes, ac-
tion be ready before the ice is applied.) cording to the temperature of the application.
Fomentations are excellent for chest conges-
SECTION FIVE LOCAL HOT tion due to colds, bronchitis, or pleurisy.
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-You will need a
1 - FOMENTATIONS kettle of boiling water (or a steamer), at least
WHAT IT IS -A Fomentation is an appli- four fomentation cloths, one or two Turkish
cation of moist heat to part of the body. The towels, a washcloth, and a basin of cold wa-
moist heat is produced by cloths wrung from ter. Here is how to make your own fomenta-
hot water and then laid upon the afflicted tion cloths: The material can be cut from blan-
part. Of all methods of applying heat to the kets or purchased especially for this purpose.
body, there is no more effective or simpler The size should be 30-36 inches square, so
method than the use of cloths wrung out of four cloths can be cut from one regular-sized
very hot water. blanket. It is best when it is part wool and
Heat can be applied as dry heat or moist never all cotton. In fact, it is ideal when it is
heat, but moist heat is the more powerful of 50% wool (to retain heat) and 50% cotton (to
the two. When given to relieve pain, this heat retain moisture). Some folk use quilted 36-
is best given locally, that is, to only part of inch-square cloths made of 50-50 wool and
the body. A fomentation is one of the sim- cotton. These are considered best if a steamer
plest and most effective means of applying is used to heat the cloths, yet, ultimately, they
moist heat to various parts of the body. are somewhat less effective than the single
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-A fomentation folded cloths (cut from blankets) wrung out
can relieve pain, but (if the heat is more mod- of boiling water.
erate and the application more prolonged (If the cloths are placed in a steamer to
before being renewed) it can also relax and heat up, instead of being wrung out of a pot
enable a person to go to sleep. It also in- of boiling water, there is also more danger of
creases the circulation of white blood cells burns, since steam is so much hotter than
and the flow of blood to the skin, thus re- boiling water. With all this in mind, we will
lieving internal congestion. It relieves muscle only describe below the boiling water, not the
tension and spasms, and pain in muscle steamer-method,)
joints and internal organs. It promotes HOW TO APPLY IT - (See pictures on pages
21, 70, 72-73.) 1-The room should be warm move pain, milder heat should be applied,
(75-80º F.) with no drafts, and the water an and for a longer time (6-10 minutes), -and it
the stove should be boiling. Fold one fomen- is best placed over the spine or, if there is
tation cloth into about three thicknesses. 2- spasticity of the bowel, over the abdomen.
Grasp the ends and partially twist them. Now 8-Have another fomentation ready to re-
immerse all but the ends you are holding - place the one being removed. 8e sure and
into the boiling water. Lift out and twist tightly, quickly wipe the moisture from the skin be-
as you hold the dry ends. Stretch or pull the fore applying the next application. Work
twisted fomentation to wring it as dry as pos- quickly to expose the area as little as pos-
sible. Then untwist it quickly (by dropping sible.
one end while holding the other end) and 9-Usually three successive applications
wrap it in a dry fomentation cloth. For mod- are made. When the last fomentation is re-
erate heat, use only one wrung-out cloth in- moved, cool the area with a washcloth wrung
side the dry one; for stranger moist heat, from cold water (or a wet-hand rub, a cold
place two inside the dry fomentation cloth. compress, or a rub with a cold, wet towel),
3-With the hot, moist fomentation quickly and then dry thoroughly, and cover at once
placed inside it, quickly fold over the dry fo- to prevent chilling.
mentation cloth onto itself, and carry it to IMPORTANT POINTS-It is important that
the bedside. the room be warm. Be especially careful when
4-Unfold and place the inner side of the working with thin or aged persons, or with
dry cloth on the area to be treated. (The moist children. Avoid chilling him during or after
ones are still inside it.) Cover with a towel. A the treatment. Keep his feet warm. Wipe mois-
fomentation should be large enough to cover ture from the skin before applying each fo-
a much larger area than the afflicted part of mentation (it is moisture on the skin that can
the body. cause burns). All changes should be made
4-(1f the treatment is to be given at some quickly. A cool cloth on the forehead or neck
distance from the stove, three sets of fomen- may be necessary. Keep the head cool. In fo-
tation cloths may be wrung out and placed in mentations to the face or other sensitive
the bottom of a pail lined with large, dry fo- parts, first apply gauze next to the skin. If
mentation cloths. They will preserve their perspiration continues after the treatment is
heat for 30 minutes or longer. If thought nec- ended, give a general cold friction, wet-hand
essary, a hot-water bottle can be placed at rub, or wet-towel rub. Sensitive surfaces,
the bottom of the pail, and a second one at especially bony prominences (and also scars
the top, over the three cloth sets.) and metal implants) should be protected by
5-If the fomentation is unbearably hot to extra coverings of flannel or Turkish towel. If
the one it is placed upon, rub underneath it he is liable to congestion in the head, and
until it can be tolerated. Always ask if the always in case of fever or general perspira-
fomentation is burning him. If it is too hot, tion, lay cold compresses (cloths wrung out
place another towel (best a rough or Turkish from cold water) on his head and neck. In
towel) between him and the fomentation. case of heart disease, usually in fever, and
6- The outer, dry, fomentation cloth should with rapid pulse from any cause, place an ice
lie in close contact with the skin and should bag over the heart. Where there is extreme
be changed every 3-5 minutes, unless a re- pain, have the fomentation as hot as can be
laxing effect is all that is desired (see next tolerated. Omit the cold afterward in extreme
paragraph). In case of pain, very hot applica- pain, as in pleurisy, kidney pain, and dys-
tions should be used, and changed as soon menorrhea. In such cases, at the end of the
as they begin feeling comfortable. fomentations, the part is dried-without the
7-(When given for insomnia or only to re- cold application-and immediately covered
with flannel or other dry covering. place hot of any kind directly on an eyeball.
STEAMER METHOD-An alternate method 2 - HOT GAUZE COMPRESS
is the use of a steamer. This is also a good WHAT IT IS-This is an application of heat
method and is often easier to do, but one to a small and delicate part of the body, such
must remember that the cloths have been as an eye, or a fresh wound.
taken out of a steamer pot and therefore are And for both, sterile (perfectly clean)
much hotter than the regular method. Be dressings should be used. This small heat-
careful not to burn yourself or the one re- ing compress of gauze has an effect similar
ceiving the Fomentation! Here is how it is to that of a Fomentation (pages 69-75).
done: Sprinkle the fomentation cloths (the HOW IT CAN HELP YOU- These small
cut-up blankets) as you would do to clothes compresses are most generally used to re-
you are about to iron. Then place them in lieve localized congestion and inflammation,
the steamer. (This is the type of steamer, or and to stimulate circulation in the afflicted
canner, used to cook jars of fruit or vegetables part.
for canning. It should have a second bottom HOW TO APPLY IT
in it (above the floor of the steamer) with ap- 1-Dip the gauze into boiling water and then
proximately 3-inch diameter holes in it. Be- wring it out.
low this second bottom is water in the bot- This is done in a manner similar to that
tom of the steamer.) After sprinkling, roll up of Fomentations (page 69), in which the ends
the cloths and stack them in the steamer ver- are kept dry and the boiling hot center part
tically. Cover and let it steam for 20 minutes. is twisted. Care must be taken not to apply
Then remove and proceed as normally, ex- too hot a compress. For this purpose, a
cept that you need not now wring out excess temperature of 120º F. is best.
moisture. 2-Be very careful to place no pressure on
CAUTIONS -Do not give fomentations the cloth, for you do not want it to touch the
when the sick person is unconscious, has eyeball. While one eye is being treated, the
paralyzed body parts, malignancy, tendency other should be protected with a clean, dry
to bleed (hemorrhage), or stomach or bowel dressing or with a shield of some kind.
ulcers. 0,0 not place fomentations on the legs 3- The eye should be dried well before the
or feet of a diabetic, or on the legs or feet of next hot compress is applied, in order that
one with edema, varicose veins, or advanced burning will not occur. Because the compress
vascular disease in these extremities. Never is usually quite small, and uncovered, it cools
quickly, and must be changed about once a and from the pitcher fill the hot water bottle
minute. 10-15 minutes of such compress a third to half full. Place the bottle on its side,
changes will usually bring the desired results. tip up its mouth, and press lightly until the
4- The treatment should be concluded by water comes up to the top; this expels the air
cooling the body part with a cool cloth, then within it. (Expelling the air from the bottle
drying thoroughly and covering it to keep it enables it to lie flat, be less bulky and diffi-
warm. cult to use, and thus provide the most heat.)
CAUTION-Memorize this sentence: No hot Then close it tightly and test for leaks. Cover
cloth should ever touch an eyeball. the bottle with a flannel cover or a Turkish
3 - HOT WATER BOTTLE towel. (It is best to sew a cover with a button
WHAT IT IS-This is a soft rubber bag filled flap for the bottle, instead of wrapping it in a
with hot water that is laid on or beside a body towel. For movement can cause it to become
part. Most people are well acquainted with separated from the towel and possibly burn
hot water bottles, but many do not realize him.)
the several precautions that should accom- 2- The value of a hot water bottle is in the
pany their use. temperature of the water within it. Therefore
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The hot water you will need to refill it regularly during the
bottle provides localized heat just where it is time it is being used.
needed, and it does it with relatively little ef- 3-Later, store the hot water bottle by hang-
fort. A hot water bottle can be used to relieve ing it up, bottom up, with the stopper out.
pain and congestion, provide relaxation and ADDITIONAL POlNTS- The hot water
rest (if prolonged), and reinforce or prolong bottle can be wrapped in a moist cloth, which
the effect of Fomentations (pages 69-75). is then covered by a dry one. This will give
WHAT YOU Will NEED-A hot water bottle the effect of a mild Fomentation (page xxx).
(obtainable at your local drug store), a flan- And Fomentations, themselves, may be rein-
nel cover or a Turkish (rough surface) towel, forced or prolonged by the use of hot water
a pitcher or jar with water (at 115-125º F.), bottles placed outside of them.
and a bath thermometer if you need to test CAUTIONS- The hot water bottle should
its temperature. only be partly filled with water; never fully.
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on this Test the water temperature in some way (ther-
page.) mometer is best), so that you are not placing
1-Fill the pitcher with water (115-125º F.), water that is too hot inside it. Water tempera-
ture is especially important if the bottle will or any injury. Paraffin does not lose heat by
be warming a dazed, unconscious, or overly- evaporation or by convection once it is hard-
weak person. Be very careful about placing a ened. Last but not least, it has a “latent heat”
bottle by a paralyzed or diabetic person, lest of 35 calories, and water has no latent heat
he be burned. Always test the bottle for leaks, so near to body temperature.
and always cover it with flannel or toweling. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU- The Paraffin
Watch the position of the bottle, for, if he is Bath is used for painful, arthritic-type joints
restless, it may be moved and burn him. in the arms or the legs. Most often it is used
Avoid unnecessary weight on him. Never leave on the hand. It soothingly relieves pain as it
the hot water bottle doubled on itself or in greatly increases the blood circulation to the
contact with anything oily (oil rots rubber). afflicted body part. Even the smallest blood
4 - PARAFFIN BATH AND HOT PARAFFIN vessels become dilated as the nourishing,
PACK healing blood courses through the painful
HOT PARAFFIN DRESSING extremity. In addition, the temperature of the
HOT PARAFFIN WRAP surrounding areas are elevated, thus helping
WHAT IT IS- This is a warm bath for an them to resist the disease.
extremity (often an arthritic hand). It is es- The Paraffin Bath (or Paraffin Pack, Dress-
pecially helpful because of certain properties ing, and Wrap) can help in conditions of ar-
of paraffin, described just below. thritis, gout, and sciatica. It is also helpful
PARAFFIN AND HEAT-Paraffin is a waxy, for stiff joints, tendon repair, sprains and
white, tasteless, odorless substance that can strains, tenosynovitis, old burns, skin grafts,
be a real blessing in your home. One of the following fractures. -But do not use it if there
important properties of water is its high heat are open sores or lesions on the area to be
conduction. This means that it can quickly treated. Those with diabetes, or any tendency
transfer heat to something else. But paraffin to lessened skin sensibility, must use it with
has a low heat conduction. This means that caution.
it can be used to apply heat for a longer pe- WHAT YOU WILL NEED-2-4 pounds of
riod of time to a local area. Paraffin will hold paraffin wax and 4 tablespoons mineral oil.
heat longer than water, because it has a heat Double boiler. Bath towel. Piece of oiled silk.
capacity of .62 as compared with 1.0 for wa- Thermometer.
ter. Thus it is about half that of water. But its Paraffin wax which is used in household
heat-retaining qualities are greatly increased preserving can be used. It is best to add some
by the fact that it solidifies only a few degrees mineral oil to it so that the solid paraffin is
above tolerable temperature. Therefore if you less brittle and melts more easily. The added
place your hand in paraffin just above the oil also helps the tissues to be softened pre-
melting point, a solid layer, or glove, of par- paratory for later massage. Use 1 pint min-
affin quickly coats the skin, and just as eral oil to 5 pounds of paraffin.
quickly becomes a temperature that is not HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page
too hot. But all the rest of the paraffin in the 79.) (1) THE PARAFFIN BATH
bowl will continue to be too hot for your hand- 1-Melt the paraffin in a double boiler or
but the hand will continue to feel nicely warm, crock pot, and let it cool until a thin film be-
and for quite some time to come. This is due gins to form on top.
to the low heat conductivity of the paraffin 2-Examine the skin for open sores, le-
and the absence of convection currents next sions, unhealed scars, and skin infections.
to the skin. Also, because the covering of par- Never use the paraffin bath if there are sores,
affin will not permit the coated skin to sweat, open wounds, etc. Hairy areas on the part to
-the actual skin temperature can be hotter receive the paraffin should previously be
than otherwise possible without burning, pain clipped, shaved, or oiled. Now wash and dry
very carefully the hand (hands, foot, etc.) to a rack in tank so their fingers do not touch
be treated. (We will here assume that only the bottom. Read all of the directions below
one hand is be treated.) in order to learn additional variations.
3-Dip the hand quickly into the paraffin, 6-Leaving the hand in the paraffin bath
keeping the fingers separate. If the wrist needs does not macerate the skin as might happen
to be coated also (because it also is in pain), if it were left in water for the same amount of
the container should be deep enough for this time.
to be done. (Or paint the paraffin with a brush 7-When finished, remove the wax by peel-
over the parts that cannot be dipped.) If both ing off the “glove,” and put the glove back into
hands are to be treated, then dip one hand in the pot of paraffin.
first, remove and wrap it in plastic while the 8-Massage and exercise can now be given
other hand is being coated. The effect is pro- to the hand; this will help it retain the better
longed by treating the opposite hand also. blood circulation that it received during the
Instruct him to hold the fingers or toes in a bath. For exercise, squeeze and mold a piece
relaxed position without moving - in order to of warm paraffin in the hand.
avoid cracks in the paraffin “glove.” 9-While the paraffin was on the hand, it
4-Remove the hand until the paraffin hard- absorbed some of the acids in the hand. You
ens; then dip it again. Repeat this (10 times) can clean this “glove” by placing it in a differ-
until a thick glove forms. ent pot, if you wish, and then heating it to the
5-When the glove is thick enough, immerse boiling point, then removing from the fire.
the hand into the paraffin in the pot for 10- The acids and other wastes quickly boiled
15, or up to 30 minutes or longer. (or wrap off. When cold, place the chunk of paraffin
the hand in plastic, towel, and wool fo- back into the regular paraffin pot. When not
mentation cloth and leave for 15 minutes). in use, keep this pot covered at all times.
Be careful with elderly or weak people. Have (2) HOT PARAFFIN PACK
1-Heat the paraffin in the double boiler tation and should be applied quickly, while
(or any double container with water in the the heat is still almost unbearable. The elec-
lower pot and the paraffin in the upper one). tric heating pad will keep it hot.
Again, add some oil. 2-Position the sufferer on the bed so that
2-By means of a soft paint brush, about 3 his painful kidney is centered over this fo-
inches wide, the paraffin is applied to the area mentation. Bring up the sheet on each side
in successive coats, each of which is allowed and pin it snugly around the body, to help
to harden enough so that the next one can be hold the pack in place.
put on. Usually about ten coats are sufficient. 3-Plug a radio into the same electrical
You have now made a “hot Paraffin Pack” on outlet that the heating pad is connected to.
the afflicted part. It will remain warm for Tune the dial to an area of no radio recep-
about an hour. tion, and then turn the volume to high. (If
(3) HOT PARAFFIN DRESSING moisture accidentally gets on the electrical
1- This is similar to the Pack, except that units of the heating pad, the short will cause
the layers of paraffin are alternated with a static on the radio, thus alerting you.)
gauze bandage. Such dressings are applied 4 -Keep the head cool with cold com-
to arthritic joints which are acutely inflamed, presses.
for they furnish both heat and immobiliza- 5 -Conclude the application when the
tion. 2- This Dressing may be kept on over- stone passes or the pain ceases. Then keep
night. him covered and warm. It is well to let him
(4) HOT PARAFFIN WRAP sleep awhile afterward.
1- This is yet another variation that is es- 6 - SINUS PACK
pecially helpful for sciatica. The paraffin is WHAT IT IS- This is a combined set of
applied rapidly with a brush, 10-12 coats, applications applied simultaneously to re-
then covered with oiled silk or wax paper, duce sinus pain.
then a towel or flannel. It may be kept warm HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-These applica-
with a heat lamp for 10-30 minutes. tions can help relieve the pain of a sinus at-
5 - KIDNEY STONE PACK tack.
WHAT IT IS- This is a hot application over WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Fomentation
a painful kidney when sharp pains from a cloths. Two trays of ice cubes. Two small dry
kidney stone are felt. towels. Hot foot bath. Hot spinal fomentation.
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-A Kidney Stone HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on this
Pack is placed over the painful kidney area page.)
at a time of a kidney stone attack (sharp pain 1 -Put one end of the bed (or treatment
from the stone). The pack, renewed as fre- table) against the wall. Then place a set of
quently as needed, is kept on for hours until three hot fomentations to the chest (3 min-
the stone passes or the pain stops. utes hot, with 30 second cold applications
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Heating pad. between them). There should be no delay
Plastic square or garbage bag. Hot fomenta- between the removal of the hot fomentation
tion pack. Towel. Sheet. Blankets. Cold com- and the placement of the cold compress on
presses. Radio. the chest. Leave it there a full thirty seconds.
HOW TO APPLY IT The third fomentation should remain on the
1-Spread a half-sheet across the middle chest throughout the remainder of the treat-
of the bed. Over this place a heating pad ment.
turned up high, with a plastic square or gar- 2-Put one tray of ice cubes in a small dry
bage bag over it. On top of this, place a hot towel; fold it over to a 5 x10-inch size. Then
pack (see Fomentation on page xxx), with a make a second ice pack in the same manner.
towel over it. This is a large, very hot fomen- 3-Place one ice pack under the back of
the neck, centered over the lower edge of but we highly recommend that, in most cases,
the skull. Wet the top of the head slightly you use an incandescent and not an infrared
and then place the second ice pack on the lamp (and never an ultraviolet lamp for this
top of the head. Hold the pack in place with purpose).
a pillow. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU- Some conditions
4-Fold a small towel lengthwise, and, are best cared for with a heat lamp. An out-
holding it in its center edge with one hand, standing example is its use in clearing out
fold the ends down 900 from the central stuffy, swollen nasal passages. Another ex-
point (see picture on page 83). ample would be earaches. It can also be used
5-Place it on the face for protection (es- for other local heating applications, such as
pecially to protect the eyes), leaving the nose limbs, perineal care, etc.
exposed through the opening made in the WHAT YOU WILL NEED-The simplest and
middle (see picture). least expensive is a shop lamp with a wire
6-Using a single hot fomentation, fold it screen over it. Screwed into this is a regular
as the towel was folded, and place it over incandescent light bulb. Different size watt-
the towel on the face for exactly three min- ages may be used for different heating effects,
utes. Then remove both the fomentation and but, normally, a 100-watt bulb will suffice for
the towel beneath it. most purposes. The shop lamp should have
7-Wring another small towel from ice wa- a clamp attached to it, or should be attached
ter and place it on the face over the reddened to a clamp. This clamp can then be attached
area. Make this change quickly and leave it to a bed head-board, chair, or some other
on for a full thirty seconds. bracket above the bed.
8-End by drying briskly, -and then repeat An infrared bulb can also be used. But
steps 4 through 7 three times. Conclude with this is more expensive and actually somewhat
a cold mitten friction, beginning with the less useful over an extended period of time,
face. A hot and cold shower can be taken due to its intense heat. (Be very careful to
instead of the mitten friction. follow the directions on the package.) But in
7 - HEAT LAMP certain situations an infrared lamp can be
WHAT IT IS-This is an ordinary incan- helpful in the house.
descent light (or an infrared heat lamp, if (Do NOT use an ultraviolet lamp as a heat
you prefer), used as a local hot application.
Either way, we will here call it a “heat lamp,”
lamp! It can cause severe sunburn and per- HOPS POULTICE
manently damage the eyesight. Ultraviolet MUSTARD POULTICE
rays are powerful, and intended only for sun CHARCOAL AS A NON-POULTICE
bathing purposes in wintertime. When used WHAT IT 1S- This is a salve of one or sev-
(if at all), they should only be turned on for a eral things combined with a little hot water,
few moments and at a distance from the which is then spread on a damp cloth and
body.) placed over an infection which is generally,
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on this but not always, on or just below the surface
page.) 1-Firmly set the incandescent heat of the skin.
lamp over the part to be treated. The lamp HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Poultices can
can be clamped either to the bed head-board, help in a number of ways in dealing with prob-
or to a temporary arm or bracket. lems in local, surface portions of the body.
2-A folded, wet facial tissue or thin cotton Here are some of them: (1) To reduce
cloth should be laid over the part to be heated inflammation. (2) To relieve pain and con-
with the lamp. If he is laying down in bed, gestion and act as a counterirritant. (3) To
the rest of his body should be covered and absorb poison (one of its outstanding advan-
kept warm. tages!) (4) To adsorb and thus neutralize
3- The average timing is 20-30 minutes, chemical toxins, and insect bites and stings.
but in certain conditions, such as earache, it (5) To hasten the formation of a head in an
might be used for several hours so that he abscess or boil. (6) to reduce swelling and
can obtain rest. tension. (7) To deodorize in the best way: by
SPECIAL APPLICATIONS -Here are sev- eliminating the cause of the odor. (8) To help
eral specialized uses for a heat lamp: treat wounds. (9) Because of the above help,
1-Opening nasal passages-Place a 100- to act as an effective and safe antiseptic and
watt (incandescent) shop lamp about 2 inches disinfectant.
from the nose. Two small squares of moist- WHAT YOU WILL NEED-You will need
ened tissue can be placed over the eyes to warm water, a bowel, a spoon, clean muslin
protect them. The heat wonderfully opens up sheeting or flannel, wool cloth, piece of plas-
the stuffed nose and lets it drain. (Be sure tic, pin or tape, ice or a cold wet cloth. You
that enough water is drunk: this alone will will also need the ingredients of the salve to
open up many stuffed noses!) be used in this poultice. This may include
2-Earache-Again, use a 100-watt regular one or more of the following: charcoal; clay
light bulb. Even children and small babies and glycerine; flaxseed; comfrey and smart-
will lie still as they quickly feel the relief from weed; hops; mustard; garlic.
the pain. HOW TO APPLY IT - (See pictures on this
3-Postpartum perineal care-Following a page.) 1-Assemble everything and prepare the
childbirth, pain from damaged tissue can be poultice in a warm room. 2-(Several poultice
relieved during the healing process by occa- formulas are given below.) 3-Place the salve
sional use of the lamp. No assistance is on a damp cloth; then place that on the area
needed for it is simple to use. The lamp is to be treated. Cover with the plastic, and then
also helpful and soothing after a hot sitz bath. with the wool cloth over that. Pin or tape it in
place. Leave it on overnight.
8-POULTICES INCLUDING 4-When removing it, be careful not to spill
CHARCOAL POULTICE charcoal, etc., on the floor. Rub the part with
CLAY AND GLYCERINE POULTICE ice, or with a very cold, wet washcloth. You
CLAY POULTICE FLAXSEED POULTICE may wish to renew the poultice with fresh
GARLIC POULTICE salve and clean cloths.
COMFREY AND SMARTWEED POULTICE POULTICE FORMULAS-A number of dif-
ferent mixtures can be prepared for use in as described above, under “How to Apply
poultices. Here are several of the more com- It.”
mon ones: 2-Clay and Glycerine Poultice-Dig up
1-Charcoal Poultice-Charcoal has an some good-quality clay from several inches
amazing absorptive (adsorptive, the experts below the surface. It should be fine and with
call it) ability to pull into itself toxins and no pebbles, etc., in it. Heat and sterilize it
poisons, thus neutralizing them. This is due in the oven at 350º F. Add some water to
to its large chemical surface and the fact that moisten it again; add several tablespoons
charcoal is pure carbon. The carbon hungrily glycerin. It is best to use this only once,
unites with other substances. Poisons, gases, after which renewing the poultice with a
chemicals, toxins, bee and insect stings and fresh mixture. Clay also absorbs. It is the
bites,-all can be adsorbed by charcoal. Char- primary ingredient in mud baths for arthri-
coal can also be placed in a poultice and tis.
placed over the abdomen, in instances of di- 3-Clay Poultice-Prepare the clay as de-
arrhea and similar intestinal problems (see scribed above, but do not mix with glycer-
“Charcoal as a non-poultice,” below). Char- ine. Cover and keep moist with frequent
coal can adsorb far more than its own weight. applications of water (because no glycer-
A cube that is 2/5 of one inch square can ad- ine was used as a moisturizer).
sorb 33 square yards of poison! Most of the 4-Flaxseed Poultice-Obtainable from a
major poisons known to mankind can be health food store, one tablespoon of flax-
adsorbed, and thus neutralized, by charcoal. seed should be ground up and mixed with
With a spoon in a bowl, mix equal parts a cup of water brought to a boil. This yields
of powdered charcoal and ground flaxseed. enough paste to cover the front of the ab-
Add enough hot water to make a paste. domen. Spread the mixture on a strip of
Quickly place this salve on a piece of warm, dampened, wrung out, old sheet, or directly
damp cloth before it cools. Spread it to the on skin. Cover with a larger piece of plas-
desired size, and place the cloth on the af- tic; hold in place with a 50-60 inch strip of
flicted area. Follow the remaining directions
cloth (or an ace bandage, obtainable at the health food store.
drug store). Leave it on for 30 minutes or 8-Mustard Plaster-Mix 1 tablespoon dry
longer (even overnight). Remove it, wash the mustard to 4 tablespoons wheat flour (for a
area with a washcloth, then give a cold mit- child: 1 to 8; for an infant: 1 to 12). Add
ten friction to it. Shower if necessary. Dry enough lukewarm water to make a thin paste
thoroughly. that is not runny. Spread it on a cloth that is
5-Garlic Poultice-This is a powerful way on a dinner plate. Place one thin cotton cloth
to neutralize certain poisons. It can help re- over the affected part (use a mustard plaster
duce abscesses, fungus skin infections, ec- for arthritic joint pain, backache, and to im-
zema, dermatitis, boils, and is used to prove circulation). Put on the poultice, and
neutralyze the acids in arthritis and similar over it place a large piece of plastic and then
conditions. Make a pulp of raw garlic and a towel. Over this a fomentation can be ap-
place it on a cloth and then over the affected plied to increase the heat. Do not leave the
part. This is not a painless remedy, but the plaster on for more than 20 minutes. Remove
results are usually well worth the effort. it earlier if it is burning or stinging, or the
6-Comfrey and Smartweed Poultice-Fresh skin has become well-reddened. Wipe the area
or dried leaves of comfrey and smartweed are with a cloth or paper tissue dipped in veg-
whizzed in a blender with a little water and etable oil-to remove all mustard traces! Cover
then spread on the area needing attention. the area with a warm blanket; pin in place
Apply as for Flaxseed poultice, above. and leave on overnight.
7-Hops Poultice-Using the same methods CAUTIONS-Certain poultices (especially
as for Comfrey and Smartweed Poultice, and mustard) can cause blistering. Especially use
Flaxseed Poultice, above, apply the hops poul- mustard with caution, and be ready to re-
tice. Hops is a plant, the dried, powdered move it as soon as needed. A poultice ap-
leaves of which are obtainable from your plied after pus develops is sometimes a det-
riment, for the salve can cause bacterial de- Pack is a vigorous sweating measure, and also
velopment. Do not use poultices over active is very helpful in drawing blood away from
superation (pussing). Keep in mind that the congested internal organs. (The congested in-
heat in the poultice is often as important as ternal organs are generally the ones beneath
the poultice-so keep it warm. In pneumonia, where the Hot. Blanket Pack is placed.) Any
peritonitis, and other deeper inflammations, sweating treatment reduces internal conges-
the poultice should be large enough to cover tion, but this application is much more effec-
a surface area as large as the organ being tive when the wet blanket is placed next to
treated. The poultice should be covered with the skin. In those instances in which the con-
plastic, and removed if it becomes cold. A gestion is not localized in some particular
cold poultice or an old poultice, do not ac- part, but consists of a general internal con-
complish much. gestion, a general sweating treatment is usu-
CHARCOAL AS A NON-POULTICE-Char- ally sufficient for its relief. And this is espe-
coal can also be used without being placed in cially true in the first stages of many fevers,
a poultice. Here are two of the ways: (1) In in colds, grippe, etc.
case of stomach or small intestinal upset, Thus, the Hot-Blanket Pack helps in two
obtain five (or so) charcoal tablets and a glass- ways: (1) induce vigorous sweating, and (2)
ful of water. Chew up the first tablet in some reduce congestion.
of the water and swallow it. Repeat this with
the remaining tablets. Be sure and include at HOT BLANKET PACK
least 3/4’s of a glassful of water-for it is the This is a “cutaway view” showing the vari-
water that carries the charcoal to the stom- ous layers, towels, fomentations, plastic
ach and intestines. (2) In case of diarrhea, sheeting and blankets. An ice bag is on his
drink one tablespoon (or 12 tablets) of char- head and a helper is taking the pulse at the
coal powder to one glass hot water, twice a temple.
day. An alternate method is to mix the char- PROBLEMS IT CAN HELP SOLVE- The
coal in olive oil, and take it 3 times a day. strong sweating effect of the Hot-Blanket Pack
When the stomach or bowels are very tender is a decided help in uremia, eclampsia, acute
and irritated: some let the charcoal stand in Bright’s disease, kidney insufficiency and con-
2 quarts of water, and only use the water off gestion, pneumonia, and sometimes typhoid
the top. This, of course, will not provide as fever. It is especially helpful for kidney and
powerful a mixture. See your doctor if the gallstone pain.
diarrhea is not promptly stopped. This will help illustrate how hot-blanket
packs work: When there is congestion and
SECTION SIX LOCAL AND LARGER HOT high blood pressure in the kidney, a Hot-Blan-
WHAT IT IS-Hot blankets are wrapped ket Pack laid over it will reduce both of these
around part of the body in order to impart problems. And with the alleviation of these
heat to it. There are several types of Hot-Blan- two conditions, the kidney will soon be able
ket Packs. We will here describe each of the to function again.
important ones. WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Two double blan-
“HOT ABDOMINAL PACK”- That which is kets or one single and one double blanket.
listed in the Kellogg Water Remedies (pages Four hot-water bottles half filled with hot
178.252) as “Hot Abdominal Pack” should water (160º F.). A pail, bowel or washbasin
read “Wet Girdle.” The Wet Girdle (a heating of ice water. Compresses for the head, neck,
trunk pack) is described on page 56 of this and heart (see Cold Compresses, page 45).
Manual. Also needed are two Turkish towels, a tum-
1 - FULL HOT-BLANKET PACK bler, drinking tube, and a pitcher of hot wa-
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Hot-Blanket ter for drinking.
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page 4-Quickly unfold and spread out the moist
91.) blanket over the dry blanket on the table.
1-Give a Hot Foot Bath (page 115), and 5-Help him to lie on the hot blanket. If he
have him drink hot water. is too weak, you may need to lift him onto it.
2-Spread a double blanket on a table or As quickly as possible (or as rapidly as he
bed. Place a Cold Compress (page 45) to his can bear it), cover the entire body (except the
head, while his feet are still in in the Hot Foot head) in the hot blanket. The wet blanket
Bath. should come in contact with the body over
3-Fold the single blanket (or another its entire surface, so that no air spaces will
double blanket - for holding the heat longer) be left.
lengthwise in a convenient width for wring- 6-Place a hot-water between the legs with
ing them (either by hand or through a one thickness of dry blanket between it and
wringer). the moist blanket. Place a second hot-water
3-Dip the center of the folded blanket in bottle at the feet. The other two hotwater
boiling water, and then wring it by twisting. bottles should be placed along the sides of
(See pages 71-73 of “Fomentation” for how to the trunk. Each one should have the dry flan-
do this.) Too much water left in the pack will nel between it and the moist flannel. Fomen-
make it feel very hot at first, but it will then tations (page 69) may be used to reinforce
cool much more rapidly than if it had been the pack instead of hot-water bottles. If used,
wrung nearly dry. Therefore, wring it as dry the fomentations should be changed for fresh
as possible. (For alternate, non-wringing, ones about every 10 minutes. If there is not
method, see “Fomentation, Steamer Method” enough covering between the hot-water bottles
on pages 71 and 75.) and the skin, there is danger of burns. If he
complains, immediately place more covers for 20-30 minutes, or until it ceases to have
between the bottles and his body. 7- Tuck in a heating effect. (If only given to tone up the
the wet blanket well, and then the dry blan- body-for tonic effect, -the pack should only
ket over it. Be sure both are tucked in well last 5-10 minutes.)
about the feet, shoulders and neck. 13-When finished, remove one part of the
8-Place Cold Compresses (page 45) about blanket at a time and give that body part a
the head and neck, and protect the chin from Cold Mitten Friction page 99), or a Cold Towel
touching them with a soft, dry towel. Change Rub (page 101). Then recover it with a dry
the compresses to fresh ones before they are blanket or bedding.
warmed very much. 14-Remove the blanket from another body
9-(lf the pulse becomes too rapid, also part and repeat the process. Best: begin with
place a Cold Compress or an Ice Bag (page the arms, then chest and abdomen, then legs.
49) to the heart.) Entirely remove the wet blanket and do his
10-General, free perspiration should be back last of all.
induced by the pack. Important: long-contin- CAUTIONS- Be careful that you not burn
ued heat without perspiration is not good for him with a blanket, initially too hot, next to
him. For general sweating purposes, a dry his skin. Be equally watchful of the hot-water
blanket may be placed between him and the bottles. Give attention to his pulse, and ap-
wet blanket. But for stronger effects, the wet ply cold to his heart if necessary. He must
blanket should be next to the skin. begin perspiring within 10 minutes!
11-He should begin perspiring very soon- When giving packs to those having para-
within 10 minutes. If not, give hot water to lyzed sensations, or who are unconscious, or
drink, or a Hot Foot Bath, or both. In giving in diabetes, or dropsy, it is safer if a thick-
the Hot Foot Bath, the blankets should hang ness of dry blanket intervene between the
down over the legs to keep air from circula- person and the wet blanket. Hot-water bottles
ting inside. should be more thoroughly covered, and
12-For sweating effects, continue the pack should contain water at a lower temperature.
page 23.)
2 - HOT TRUNK PACK 1- The hot, wet blanket, and the dry blan-
WHAT IT IS-The Hot Trunk Pack is a Hot- ket over it, should reach from slightly above
Blanket Pack applied only to the trunk of the the top of the hipbone (the crests of the iliac)
body, and not to the limbs. on down to the full covering of the feet.
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Its general effects 2- One hot-water bottle should be placed
are similar to those of the Full Hot-Blanket at the feet, within the folds of the dry blan-
Pack, described above. It is especially help- ket, and another one between the legs.
ful in digestive disturbances, and relieving 3- In order to powerfully increase the deri-
kidney, bile, and intestinal pain. vation effects, place an ice bag over the con-
HOW TO APPLY IT gested part. The pack draws the blood away
1-Begin with a Hot Foot Bath, both before from this congested part (derivation), and the
and during the time that the pack is given. ice bag drives it away (depletion).
2- The hot, wet blanket should cover the 4-Conclude with a Cold Mitten Friction,
body from the arm pits down to the bottom applying it to one limb at a time. This will
of the pelvis. It should not cover the arms or help retain the blood in the legs The Water
legs. Under it should be a large dry Fomenta- Therapy Manual after the treatment is ended.
tion cloth (see page 69 for details on these 5-For much more detail on Hot-Blanket
cloths.) Packs, see page 91, above.
3- The outside dry blanket should cover
the whole body, but this is only to provide 4 - HOT LEG PACK
the protection of uniform warmth, so it WHAT IT IS-The Hot Leg Pack includes
should not be wrapped tightly about the arms the feet, legs, and half or more of the thighs.
and legs. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This pack is given
4-Place one hot-water bottle over the ab- for the same purposes as the Hot Hip-and-
domen between the folds of the dry blanket. Leg Pack, above, yet it is less efficient than
Put two more on either side of the trunk. the Hip-and-Leg Pack. Why then is it used? It
5- The Hot Trunk Pack should last 20-30 is used when it is undesirable to move the
minutes, and should normally close with a pelvis.
cold friction treatment. But if the pack is given HOW TO APPLY IT
for the relief of pain, omit the cold friction. 1- It is given in the same manner as the
6-For many more details on the giving of Hot Hip-and-Leg Pack, above. You will also
Hot-Blanket Packs, see Full Hot-Blanket Pack, want to read Full Hot-Blanket Pack (on page
above, on page 91. 91) for much more complete details. 2-Ex-
3 - HOT HIP-AND-LEG PACK cept for the smaller coverage (the hips are
WHAT IT IS-This is a Hot-Blanket Pack not included), the application of the moist
that is applied to a number of problems in blanket, dry blanket, hot water bottles, and
the pelvis, legs, and feet. It is also one of the concluding cold friction are all the same.
most efficient derivative measures used in 3-A large Fomentation (page 69) may be
water therapy. used over the front and sides of the pelvis at
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Not only is the the same time that the pack is given. In this
Hot Hip-and-Leg Pack useful for a number of way, almost as much surface is covered as in
lower body conditions, but it is extremely the Hot Hip-and-Leg Pack.
helpful in derivation: the application of heat 5 - HOT PACKS WITH ICE BAGS
to one area in order to draw blood from a WHAT IT IS-This is the most powerful and
congested area somewhere else. For more on efficient means of derivation known to hydro-
“derivation,” see pages 22-23. therapy. Blood can so concentrate in a state
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See Illustration on of congestion in a deep organ within the body,
that it is difficult to restore a normal flow of structions given under each one, while add-
blood in and out of that organ. “Derivation” ing the ice bag over the congested area.
does it by pulling the excess blood away from 2-Do remember that it is best to use the
the congested part. Hot Packs with Ice Bags only in the acute stage
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU- These packs are of the infection.
especially helpful in reducing internal con- EXAMPLES OF HOW IT CAN BE USED-
gestions, reducing or terminating local inflam- Here are but a few of the many ways in which
mation of deep parts, and relieving the pain Hot Packs with Ice Bags can be employed to
that accompanies the inflammation. For all reduce inflammation: 1-Mastoiditis: Hot Hip-
of these purposes, these packs are used only and-leg Pack, or a Full Blanket Pack lice Cra-
in the acute stage of the inflammatory pro- vat (page 47) or Ice Bag (page 49) over the
cess. carotid artery (slightly to the right and above
PROBLEMS IT CAN HELP SOLVE-The hot each ear), plus Ice Cap (page 49) to the head,
pack draws the blood away from the con- and Fomentations (page 69) to the mastoid
gested area that is choked with an excess of (just below the ear).
blood. You can call this a “pull effect.” The 2-Alveolar Abscess: Same treatment as for
ice bag drives the blood away from the af- Mastoiditis, except that you give a Fomenta-
flicted area by reflexively contracting its deep tion to the jaw.
blood vessels. This is a “push effect.” The 3-Kidney Congestion: Hot Trunk Pack or
Cold Mitten Friction, given at the close, causes Full Blanket Pack lice Bag to lower third of
the extremity where the packs were placed - sternum.
to hold the excess blood longer than they oth- 4-Peritonitis: Hot Hip-and-leg Pack, or leg
erwise would - thus helping the body to main- Pack only / ice compress (see Ice Pack, page
tain the restored organic circulation for a 46) or Ice cap to abdomen.
longer period of time. 5-Appendicitis: Hot Hip-and-leg Pack lice
HOW TO APPLY IT Bag to the appendicial region.
1-This water therapy can be used with any 6-Puerperal Infections and Acute Salpin-
of the three Hot-Blanket Packs, described gitis: Full Hot Blanket Pack, or Hip-and-leg
above (pages 91-94). Simply follow the in-
Pack lice to pelvis (over pubic area). enough, and depending on the treatment
given, will require several of the following:
SECTION SEVEN TONIC FRICTIONS A washbasin or small tub of water. 1-3
WHAT THEY ARE-These are applications pails. Cold water, or ice water for a more vig-
of cold water that are given with friction (vig- orous effect. Possibly ice, snow or salt. 1-3
orous rubbing of the body) in order to in- sheets. 1-2 small washcloths, or one or two
crease body circulation and heat. From the “friction mitts” made of rough Turkish tow-
mildest to the most vigorous, these applica- eling. (If used frequently, the mitts are well
tions are: (1) the Wet-hand Rub, (2) the Cold worth sewing together, for they are so much
Mitten Friction, (3) the Cold-towel Rub, (4) easier to use than hand-held washcloths.)
the Wet-sheet Rub, (5) the Dripping-sheet Plastic sheeting and towels for the bed and
Rub, and “(G) the Ice Rub. In addition to this, bedding, if the friction is given to one who is
the Salt Glow is often used on those who have in bed. A warm, dry towel to dry him with
a difficult time reacting well to the Cold Mit- afterward.
ten Friction. Here are the seven types of tonic frictions:
One or more of the first four frictions listed 1 - WET-HAND RUB
above, are often given in an advancing pat- WHAT IT IS- This is the mildest of the fric-
tern aimed at building up the body. When it tions and is only given to those who are too
is able to react with sufficent heat to one tonic weak or infirm for a more vigorous tonic fric-
measure, one may wish to begin treatments tion.
with the next one that is more severe. HOW TO APPLY IT
HOW THEY CAN HELP YOU-Each of these 1-The Wet-Hand Rub should be given in
water treatments can produce a vigorous the same order and manner as the Cold Mit-
stimulation of the whole body, depending ten Friction (explained just below), with the
upon: (1) which tonic friction is used, (2) the following exceptions:
amount of “vigor” you put into it as you give 2- The Body should only be rubbed with
it, and (3) the body’s general reaction to the a wet hand, dipped several times in cold wa-
vigorous cold rub. With this in mind, these ter. Only one part is exposed for rubbing at a
tonic frictions can provide a wholesome and time; it is rubbed, then dried, then briskly
vigorous circulation; stimulate blood-vessel rubbed with the dry towel and with the hands
activity and circulation; heighten muscular 2 - COLD MITTEN FRICTION
tone and activity; increase nerve tone and WHAT IT IS- This is the most commonly-
sensibility; stimulate muscular, glandular and used tonic friction, and is applied with a
metabolic activities of internal organs; in- washcloth or two friction mitts, rubbed on
crease heat production and oxidation; in- the skin.
crease phagocytosis and bactericidal-anti- WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Pail or wash bowl
body production in infectious fevers; increase at 50-60ºF. or ice water. A sheet and three
oxidation and elimination of bacterial toxins Turkish towels. Two friction mitts or two
in infectious fevers. washcloths. Compresses (wet cloths) for the
But, more commonly, they are used to head and neck. if he is ill or infirm. Protec-
build up general body resistance, improve tive bed coverings, such as plastic sheeting
sluggish circulation, overcome generalized is laid down (or special blankets that will later
weakness, lack of endurance, and low blood be dried out).
pressure, and strengthen one who has fre- How to make your own friction mitts: The
quent colds. Cold Mitten Friction is such an invaluable
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-The articles help, to be used so frequently, that you will
needed for all of the tonic frictions are simple
want to make your own mitts, since they are [1] Arm and forearm: rub vigorously until
so much easier to work with then a hand- the skin is pink. This should require only a
held washcloth. Have someone handy with a few seconds. Then dry them thoroughly and
sewing machine make you some mittens out cover them well.
of rough (Turkish-type) toweling material. [2] The other arm and forearm: Dip and
Simply cut apart an old pair of mittens and wring the cloths and do the other arm and
use it for a pattern. forearm; dry thoroughly and cover with bed
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page covers.
100.) [3] Chest: Repeat the dipping, wringing,
1- The room should be warm and without rubbing, drying, and covering.
drafts. If he is ill, first bathe his face and neck [4] Trunk, thighs, and then legs.
with cold water, or apply cold cloths to the (When giving the treatment to one with
head and neck. If he has valvular heart dis- heart disease, some prefer to begin with the
ease, place an ice bag over the heart before chest, instead of with the arms.)
beginning the tonic friction. (If the person is 3- The entire tonic rub must be given rap-
feeling better, the friction can be given to him idly, especially during the time that the part
as he stands. Many people give it to them- is barred and the cloth or mitten is in con-
selves each morning.) tact with the skin.
2-Wring the washcloths or mitts from cold ADDITIONAL POINTS- The severity and
water, so that they are as dry as possible. tonic effect can be varied by the temperature
Then begin quickly rubbing, drying, re-dip- of the water, frequency of dipping, amount of
ping, wringing, etc. Here is the order to fol- water left in the cloth after wringing, and the
low: vigor with which the skin is rubbed.
3 - COLD TOWEL RUB 1- The room should be warm, without
WHAT IT IS- This is the third most vigor- drafts. The one receiving the Wet Sheet Rub
ous friction, but is not used as often as the should come to the room with a good circu-
Cold Mitten Friction, described above, or the lation and feeling warm. Otherwise the treat-
Wet-Sheet Rub, described below, or the Salt ment should not be given.
Glow (page 105.) 2-He should stand in the foot tub of hot
HOW TO APPLY IT water, and a cold compress should be put on
1-Give the Cold Towel Rub in the same his head and neck. Lightly wring a sheet out
manner as the Cold Mitten Friction, described of the cold water (60-70º F.), and quickly wrap
just above, with the exception that a plain it about him in the following manner: 3-As
hand-towel is used instead of the washcloth he holds up both arms (or someone holds
or mitts. them up for him), the upper left-hand corner
4 - WET SHEET RUB of the sheet is placed under his right arm. He
WHAT IT IS- This is a vigorous tonic, that, then lowers the right arm, thus holding the
used in a continuing build-up with the other sheet in place.
frictions, will help improve one’s overall 4-Pass the sheet quickly across the front
health. of his body and then under his right arm. He
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Three sheets. then lowers his right arm, thus holding the
Foot-tub of hot water at 105º F. Pail of water sheet in place.
at 60-70º F. Two compress cloths (light hand 5-Pass the sheet quickly across the front
towels). Pail of ice water. Turkish towel. of his body, and under his left arm, which is
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on this then lowered to hold it.
page.) 6- The sheet is then carried across his
back (behind him), and then up and over his SPECIAL POINTS-Obviously, this and the
right shoulder. From there it goes across his next friction are the most severe, so, when
chest, around his neck, and over his left given as a tonic measure, they should only
shoulder. The corner is then tucked under be given to those who have shown themselves
the edge of the sheet toward the back. able to react with sufficient heat in response
7- Then tuck the sheet between his legs, to milder cold friction treatments. (Do un-
thus bringing the wet sheet in close contact derstand that the Dripping Sheet Rub is as
with every part of his body. strong a tonic as you will normally give. The
8-Rub vigorously and give percussion Ice Rub, below, is generally used, not as a
(slight slapping) over the sheet. But note: do tonic treatment, but to bring down fevers.)
not rub him with the sheet, but over the sheet.
Work quickly, covering the whole surface as 6-ICE RUB
quickly as possible. WHAT IT IS- This is a rub that uses a piece
9- The sheet should quickly become warm. of ice, instead of a wet hand or cold mitten.
When the treatment is finished. follow it by HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Ice Rub is
drying him thoroughly with a dry sheet and not used very often for general tonic purposes.
towels. Its value lies in its powerful fever-reducing
SPECIAL POINTS-He must be warm be- ability. When given to lower a fever, each part
fore it begins, and should previously have should be rubbed for some time and then
shown a good ability to react to cold towel dried without friction or percussion with the
rubs, pail pours, or cold percussion sprays. hands. Its prolonged application to the spine
Do not expose him any more than necessary, is more powerfully antipyretic (fever reduc-
but work quickly to avoid chilling him. If he ing) than the same length of ice rub elsewhere
does not obtain a decidedly warm reaction, on the body.
and soon, the value of the treatment is lost. HOW TO APPLY IT- .
Two helpers are needed to give the best re- 1- The Ice Rub is given in about the same
sults in wet-sheet rubs. manner as the Wet-hand Rub (page 99) and
5 - DRIPPING SHEET RUB Cold Mitten Friction (page 99). But the Ice
WHAT IT IS-This is a Wet Sheet Rub, with Rub will require much more careful covering
the addition of a second and third pail pour. of the bedding with plastic and towels. Tuck
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-3 pails of cold Turkish towels about each part so that the
water (70º, 65º, and 60º F., respectively), in water will be absorbed as it runs off the skin.
addition to what you would use for a Wet The cake of ice may be held in the hand, but
Sheet Rub (described just above), it is better if wrapped in a thickness or two
HOW TO APPLY IT of gauze.
1-Follow the same procedure as with the CAUTIONS-Cold compresses (hand tow-
Wet Sheet Rub, described just above, but with els wrung out from cold water) should be
the following exceptions: applied to the head and the neck, and also to
2-Use the water from the 70º pail to wring the heart, if necessary. In cases of typhoid
the sheet from. Give the Wet Sheet Rub treat- fever, do not apply the cold treatment to the
ment (as explained above), and after he and abdomen.
the sheet are warmed by rubbing and per-
cussion,-then, without removing the sheet, 7 - SALT GLOW
pour the second pail of water (65º) over his WHAT IT IS- This is a tonic friction that
shoulders, and again rub vigorously until he has the same general mildness as a Cold Mit-
is warm. Then pour over him the coldest pail ten Friction in its effect,-but less body heat
(60º) and again rub till warm. reaction is needed to favorably respond to it.
3-Conclude with the usual drying. The Cold Mitten Friction is somewhat
easier to use, and is more often used by more tub. Next apply some of the wet salt, spread-
people. But for those who have a difficult time ing it evenly over the skin. With one hand on
reacting to cold, the Salt Glow is ideal. each side of the arm, rub with back-and-forth
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Since no great motions until the skin is in a glow. Use less
amount of cold water is applied to the body, friction if his skin is sensitive.
the Salt Glow does not require as much abil- 4- Then do the next body part, in this or-
ity to react to cold. This is what makes it so der: right arm, left arm, right leg, left leg, front
helpful. It is useful in building up general body and back of trunk (both done at once), sides
resistance, improving sluggish circulation, of trunk and hips, front and back of hips (he
low blood pressure, and helping those with must stand while his hips are done).
generalized weakness, low endurance, and 5-Conclude with a shower or a dip in the
frequent colds. bathtub to thoroughly wash off the salt. Then
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Two pounds of dry him with Turkish towels, rubbing briskly.
salt {best if it is coarse salt). Foot tub of wa-
ter at 105º F. Two Turkish Towel Washcloth. SECTION EIGHT SPONGING
Shower cap. One sheet. 1 - FEVER SPONGES INCLUDING HOT
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on this SPONGE
page.) COLD SPONGE
1-Make sure the room is definitely warm, TEPID SPONGE
without drafts. NEUTRAL SPONGE
Moisten the salt with cold water. (Moisten WHAT IT IS-Sponging a person when in
it just enough that it will cling to the skin fever is an oldtime remedial help that has
when applied. If it is too wet, it will not pro- been forgotten by many in our modern gen-
duce the needed friction. This is important, eration. For this purpose, a wet washcloth is
so test it out on your own arm ahead of time normally used instead of a “sponge.”
so you will know how moist to make it.) HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Sponging greatly
2- The one receiving the Salt Glow can helps to reduce fevers,-and we all know how
stand or sit on a stool. Either way, his feet dangerous they can be if body temperatures
should be in a tub of hot water. go too high. It is important to keep in mind
3-Standing by his side, begin with his arm: that a person with a fever may (1) have a hot,
Wet the entire skin surface of the shoulder, dry skin (because his body is not giving off
arm, and hand with hot water from the foot heat as rapidly as it is being produced), or
(2) he may have cold, clammy skin (because ter a Cold Sponge. As when giving any sponge,
his temperature-regulating mechanism is not always do it in the following order: arms,
working properly, due to the infection). The chest, abdomen, legs, thighs, back. Bare one
sponging will be different for hot, dry skin part at a time; then dry thoroughly and cover
than it will be for cold, clammy skin. And before doing the next. For the Hot Sponge,
always remember: When in a fever, a person the cloth should be dipped several times for
needs water to drink. As in burning build- each part.
ings, water helps put out the fire. Cold Sponge: (70-80º F.) This is the spong-
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-You will need a ing temperature most frequently used when
blanket or extra sheet, a basin of water, two the skin is hot and dry and there is no ten-
or three Turkish (rough) towels, one or two dency to chilliness. Each part should be gone
washcoths (or a soft sea sponge), a hotwater over several times, and/or the entire process
bottle, and a bath thermometer. can be repeated until the desired effect is
HOW TO APPLY IT- (See picture on this obtained. The temperature of the water and
page.) (-Cover him with a cotton blanket, in- the duration of the treatment will determine
stead of the regular bed covers (so they will the results.
not become wet). Protect the bed with towels A cold compress or washcloth may be
as each part is sponged. placed on the forehead or in the armpit. Fric-
2-Sponge one part at a time, in this or- tion (rubbing) is used to bring blood to the
der: arms, chest, abdomen, legs, feet, and fi- surface and to increase the rate of circula-
nally the back. tion to hasten the cooling process.
3-Sponge (each part with no rubbing or Tepid Sponge (80-92º F.) and Neutral
friction. (The water left on the skin will evapo- Sponge (94-98º F.): Both of these are given to
rate, taking heat from the fevered body.) rest, relax, and help him to go to sleep. The
4-When you have completed sponging each effects are those of the Neutral Bath (see page
part, cover it with a dry towel and dry it lightly. 122). Sometimes these two sponges are used
The skin may be left slightly moist, unless he to reduce fever, but they are not very effective
shows a tendency to chill. Be sure he is dry for that purpose. Their primary value lies in
before his bedclothes are put on again. bringing relaxation to one who is unable to
5-Be certain that there are no drafts in go to sleep.
the room during or after the sponging, and As you apply either of these two sponges,
watch for a tendency for him to chill. dry the skin gently, with as little rubbing as
6-A hot-water bottle may be placed at his possible. To cool him, the treatment may be
feet if he is likely to chill easily afterward. prolonged to allow for more evaporation.
Take his temperature about 30 minutes later. Then, quietly cover and let him go to sleep.
FOUR TYPES OF SPONGES-Here are the
four basic types of fever sponges: Hot Sponge: PART THREE
The water should be as hot as he can toler- DIRECT WATER APPLICATIONS
ate. The Hot Sponge relaxes and helps one SECTION NINE
go to sleep. But it is primarily used to reduce PAIL POURS
fever in those instances in which chilliness WHAT IT IS-This is the pouring of water
exists. And if he is chilling, also give him a from a pail over part of the body or all of it.
Hot Foot Bath (page 115) or Fomentations Quick and relatively easy to do, the Pail Pour
(page 69) to help him perspire and increase is often used with other water therapies, of-
the blood supply to the skin. ten to conclude them.
When the Hot Sponge is continued for 40- HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Pail Pour (to-
45 minutes, his temperature will not rise as day termed “Affusions” by the professionals)
rapidly afterward, as it would have done af- can produce an effect unequaled by that of
any other water therapy. It is a flow of a con- WHAT IT IS- These are “water pours”
siderable amount of water over part or all of upon only part of the body.
the body, and no other application has ex- HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-These are simple,
actly this effect. Also, it is easily used in any brief water applications that are used in a
home. number of situations. Primary among these
1 - GENERAL PAIL POUR is (1) A cold pail pour to the hips after a hot
WHAT IT IS-This is a Pail Pour to the en- half (shallow) bath, and after a Hot Sitz Bath
tire body. (page 118). In both instances, this pail pour
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The General Pail is given to balance the circulation in the pel-
Pour is normally used as a tonic measure to vis, which could afterward become chilled.
strengthen the body. For this purpose, over a (2) Smaller or larger pours to local body ar-
period of time, these pail pours may be given eas for specific physical problems. These
at gradually lowered water temperatures. special applications are discussed just below:
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page HOW TO APPLY IT - (See pictures on the
111.) next page.) (In giving local pours, the water
1- This may follow or conclude another should fall a distance of at least 3-4 inches,
water therapy, or it may be the entire treat- on up to 1-2 feet, before it strikes the body
ment. If is often used after a Full Bath (page part The condition of the part and the effect
121), Salt Glow (page 104), etc. See the Tonic desired will determine this distance.)
Frictions for more information on many of Local Hot Pour: Relieves pain, wherever
these tonic applications: pages 97-106.) applied. Because the hot is so quickly given,
2-He should be warm beforehand. If given the prompt after effect is tonic and strength-
in a bathtub, he may sit or stand. If standing, ening.
his feet should be in a tub of hot water. Ei- Local Neutral Pour: This is relaxing, and,
ther way, a Cold Compress (page 45) should especially when applied to the spine, helps
be placed on his head. relax nerves and induce sound sleep.
3-Prepare three pails of water, each at a Local Cold Pour: If very brief, is stimulat-
different temperature, according to the effect ing and tonic in effect; but if prolonged, it
you wish to obtain. reduces congestion and inflammation, and
4-For the first pour, use pails of water at encourages white-blood cell activity in over-
100º, 90º, and 85º or 80º F., respectively. This coming disease. A long, cold pour to the head
will provide a mild tonic effect. (If he has just is strongly fever-reducing.
come from a warm bath, a lower tempera- Local Alternate Hot and Cold Pour: This
ture may be used for each of the three pails, is a powerful tonic and stimulant. It produces
or only two pails may be used.) fluxion (an increase of blood) in the part
5- in succeeding pail pours, lower the tem- treated, and derivation (drawing of blood)
perature of the pails until the third pail is from other parts. It also increases white-
50-60º F. blood cell activity. Thus, it is very helpful in
6-Each time, after the last pail is poured, treating an infected body part, when it is im-
rub him vigorously, and dry him well with a possible or impractical to immerse the part
sheet and towels. in water (as in boils or carbuncles about the
2 - LOCAL PAIL POURS INCLUDING trunk or thighs).
LOCAL HOT POUR
LOCAL NEUTRAL POUR PAIL POUR
LOCAL COLD POUR SPECIAL APPLICATIONS: Here are sev-
LOCAL ALTERNATE HOT AND COLD eral special uses for these localized water
POUR pours: 1-Local Pour to the Arm, Hand, Foot,
SPECIAL APPLICATIONS etc.: Hold the body part over a small tub while
the water is poured from a pail or large con- lation. For the particular body area being
tainer. 2-Local Pour to the Spine: Let him sit treated, it removes waste products, greatly
on the edge of a bathtub, or on a stool in the improves rapidity of blood flow, and thus in-
bathtub. Then pour the water Over the af- creases the quantity of fresh oxygen, nutri-
fected part. 3-Local Pour to the Head: He ments, and white and red blood cells.
should lie down on a bed or table, with his Contrast Baths to the hands, feet, arms,
head resting over the end and a tub under- or legs, are very helpful for fractures, arthri-
neath. You may want to place a hand beneath tis (both rheumatoid and osteoarthritis), con-
his head to help support it. gestive headaches, edema, sprains, strains,
trauma (after 24 hours), infections, lymphan-
SECTION TEN PARTIAL BATHS gitis (2-3 times a day), impaired venous cir-
culation, and indolent ulcers.
1 - CONTRAST BATHS INCLUDING CON- WHAT YOU WILL NEED-For a contrast
TRAST BATH TO THE HAND OR ARM CON- bath, you will need two containers large
TRAST BATH TO THE FEET CONTRAST enough for the water in them to come up over
BATH TO THE LEGS the extremities to be treated. If necessary,
SPECIAL APPLICATIONS thoroughly cleaned buckets can be used.
WHAT IT IS-This is the immersion of the Medical personnel recommend that an anti-
hand, or arm and hand, or the foot, or leg septic be placed in the water if there are open
and foot, into a basin or tub of water. It is wounds. You will also need a bath thermom-
both simple and effective. eter and a bath towel. You may also need a
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-A Contrast Bath pitcher to add more hot water from time to
(also known as Alternate Hot and Cold) is an time, and ice cubes for the cold water bucket.
alternating plunge of part of the body into Sometimes a cold compress (hand towel
hot water and then into cold, and back again. wrung from cold water) or ice bag is also
This results in a powerful alternate contrac- needed.
tion and then dilatation of the blood vessels, HOW TO APPLY IT - (See pictures on this
and a general improvement of body circu-
page.) and neck) at the same time. It is also used in
1-Place the limb in the hot water (105-110º treating infections of the foot, Charcot’s joint
F.) for 3-4 minutes. Then put it into the cold at the ankle, tuberculosis of the ankle or
(cold tap water or ice water) for one-half to bones of the foot, and in gangrene (to hasten
one minute. the formation of the line of demarcation).
2-Begin with the hot water and end with Contrast Bath to the Legs: This is an al-
the cold. Change from one temperature to the ternate hot and cold leg bath, and requires
other 6-8 times (34 complete cycles). Time two tubs deep enough to immerse the legs to
spans are generally 34 minutes in the hot, the knees, or deeper. (Galvanized garbage
and then one-half to one minute in the cold. cans, thoroughly cleaned, can be used.) Cold
Begin hot immersion at lower temperature head and neck compresses will be needed,
limits, increasing the temperature as you con- and perhaps an ice bag over the heart. 2-3
tinue on through the treatment Add hot wa- minutes in the hot followed by 20-30 seconds
ter by pouring it over your own hand, and in the cold, for 5-30 minutes. (When used for
add it while the limb is in the cold water. A varicose ulcer, the hot should only be one
cold compress (hand towel wrung out of cold minute in length-or the ulcer will become
water) or ice bag may be needed on the head worse!) This contrast bath is especially use-
or back of neck-if a large part of the body is ful in treating edema of the legs. After 2-3
being treated, and always if he feels faint. treatments, pieces of ice may be added to the
Place an ice bag to the heart if his pulse is cold water. The treatment may be concluded
over 80 beats per minute. (In serious cases, with heavy friction to the feet and legs.
it is best to check his pulse every 5 minutes FIVE SPECIAL APPLICATIONS FOR CON-
during treatment) TRAST BATHS-Here is information you may
3-End by drying the limb thoroughly. Have be able to use:
him rest a halfhour afterward. . 1-Arthritis (osteo-arthritis): Begin with a
ADDITIONAL POINTS-Do not normally temperature of 110º F., and then after four
use hot water temperatures above 1100 F., minutes, change to tap water for one minute.
and do not go over 105º F. in blood vessel Change back and forth 4-6 times, and end
disease of the legs and feet. Extremes of hot with the hot water. The hot water should
and cold should not be used in diabetes or in gradually be raised to 115-120º F., and the
peripheral vascular disease. When working tap water gradually lowered to that of ice
with rheumatoid arthritis, end with the hot water. Give this treatment once or twice a day.
instead of the cold. 2-Infections and cellulitis: The contrast of
THREE SPECIAL CONTRAST BATHS- (difference between) the hot and cold should
Here are three special Contrast Baths which be as great as can be tolerated. Begin with
may prove to be of help to you: 110º F., and increase temperature to toler-
Contrast Bath to the Hand or Arm: Two ance. One can usually start with ice water.
very deep pails may be used. Use the proce- End with ice water. Change 5 to 6 times. Give
dure described above. The hot water should 2-3 times daily.
be as hot as can be borne. This bath is very 3-Poor circulation caused by blood vessel
helpful for blood poisoning in an infected arm disease: 105º F. for 3 minutes; change to cold
or hand. It is also of value in controlling nose- for one-half minute.
bleed. 4-Sprained ankle: 110º F. hot water; ice
Contrast Bath to the Feet: This bath, con- water for the cold application. End with ice
sisting of alternate hot and cold to the feet water. (Note that an alternation of hot and
(using two tubs), is especially helpful in con- cold is here used. When cold water alone is
gestive headache, in which case it is well to used, both the pain and recovery time is
apply a cold compress to the head (or head lengthened.)
5-Weak- pronated feet: Use the same treat- HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page
ment as for arthritis. 118.)
1- The room should be warm with no
2 - HOT FOOT BATH drafts. Place the plastic, with towel over it,
WHAT IT IS-This is not a contrast bath on the floor under the feet. Fill the foot tub
for the feet, as described in the previous with water (about 104º F.) so that the ankles
therapy (“Contrasts Baths”), but a continu- are fully covered. Test with the thermometer
ous bath in hot water. or your elbow.
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-When the feet are 2- Instruct him beforehand as to what you
placed in hot water, the excess blood which are going to do. Place his feet in the tub and
is congesting other parts of the body is cover him with the blanket. (If he is sitting
brought to the legs and feet. This helps the up, wrap him well.) If he is lying down, do
entire blood circulation in the body, and re- not let the calf of his leg touch the foot tub.
lieves congestion in the brain, lungs, abdomi- 3-Slowly add hot water to increase the
nal and pelvic organs. The blood is shifted temperature up to 112º or 115º F. Pour the
from one part of the body to another, and the water against the inside of the tub, with your
entire body is helped. hand between the flowing water and his feet,
The Hot Foot Bath also helps to ward off stirring the water as it is added.
infection and sickness in cold weather, when 4-Continue the bath for 10-30 minutes,
one is beginning to catch a cold, sore throat, depending on the effect desired. Keep his head
etc. The body has become chilled, and a hot cool with a cold compress. A cold head com-
foot bath warms the entire body and stimu- press is especially important if the foot bath
lates the circulation. is continued for any length of time, or if he is
Lastly, when an individual is nervously fa- in a sitting position, and always if there is a
tigued, the feet are generally cold and the tendency to faintness.
blood circulation is poor and unequal. A hot 5-When the feet are removed from the hot
foot bath will relieve the nervous tension, water, pour a dash of cold water over them
lessen congestion in the brain, and balance quickly. This cold water should come in con-
the circulation. tact with both the dorsal (side) and plantar
Thus, the Hot Foot Bath can prevent or (bottom) surfaces of the feet. In some cases,
shorten colds, relieve headaches, stimulate the cold water is omitted.
the circulation when the feet are cold, relieve 6-Quickly place the feet on the towel and
pelvic cramps and chest and pelvic conges- remove the foot tub. Dry the feet well, espe-
tion, stop nosebleed, aid relaxation, and pre- cially between the toes. If he is perspiring,
pare one for a cold water treatment (such as dry him thoroughly with a towel. CAUTION-
a cold shower, etc.) Do not give a Hot Foot Bath to one who has
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-A foot tub or hardening of the arteries of the feet, or if there
similar container large enough and deep is a loss of skin sensation (no sense of feel-
enough,-such as a five-gallon can, large ing) in the feet.
mouthed bucket, or deep dishpan. Thermom- 3 - (SHALLOW) COLD FOOT BATH
eter to test the water, or test it with your el- WHAT IT IS- This is a foot bath in a tub of
bow (103-110º F.). Bath towel. Teakettle or shallow cold water.
pan for boiling water. Basin of cold water. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The shallow Cold
Pitcher or dipper to add hot water. Two blan- Foot Bath causes reflex contraction of the
kets to wrap about him. Cold compress (hand blood vessels of the brain, pelvic organs, and
towel wrung out of cold water), if needed for liver. It also contracts the muscles of the uter-
the neck. Floor or bedding protection (rub- us, bladder, stomach, and intestines.
ber sheeting, plastic, or newspaper). HOW TO APPLY IT
1- This foot bath is given in practically the (Technically, this latter is called a Hot Half
same way, with the same equipment, as for Bath, not a Sitz Bath, but the effects are pretty
the Hot Foot Bath. much the same.)
2- The water should only be about 2-4 HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page
inches deep, and its temperature should be 118.)
about 45-60º F. The temperature of the water changes the
3-Everything should be ready beforehand. effect of the sitz Bath. First, we will explain
His feet should be previously warmed. Dur- how to give a Sitz Bath; then we will tell you
ing the bath the feet should be rubbed with about the five types of Sitz Baths and how
the hands or one foot against the other. they can help in time of need.
4- The bath should last from 1-5 minutes. 1-Help him into the tub and protect him
When completed, dry the feet well, and make from contact with it by placing towels behind
sure that they are warm afterward. his back and under his knees. Then cover
CAUTION-The Cold Foot Bath should not him with a blanket, arranging it so that it will
be given during the menstrual period or in not become wet. Sufficient water should be
case of acute pulmonary, abdominal, or pel- used to cover the hips and reach to the abdo-
vic inflammation. men- The temperature of the foot bath (see
4 - SITZ BATHS page 115 for Foot Baths) should be several
INCLUDING COLD SITZ BATH degrees hotter than that of the Sitz Bath.
COLD RUBBING SITZ BATH 2- The duration of the Sitz Bath depends
PROLONGED COLD SITZ BATH on the temperature used and the effect de-
NEUTRAL SITZ BATH sired. It is most often 3-8 minutes.
VERY HOT SITZ BATH 3-Friction (rubbing) can be used with the
REVULSIVE SITZ BATH Cold Sitz Bath if he feels chilly, or to inten-
ALTERNATE HOT AND COLD SITZ sify the effect. Hot Sitz Baths may be con-
BATH cluded by cooling the water to neutral for a
WHAT IT IS-”Sitz” comes from the Ger- minute or two, or by pouring cold water over
man word, “sitzen,” and means to sit. Sitting the hips and thighs. Cold compresses (hand
in water is taking a sitz, or sitting, bath. towels wrung out of cold water) to the head
Priessnitz, the Austrian who used water as a and neck must be used with the Hot Sitz.
curative remedy, used the Sitz Bath in treat- FIVE DIFFERENT SITZ BATHS-Here are
ing constipation and other abdominal and the five primary ways in which Sitz Baths are
pelvic conditions. given:
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Sitz Bath is Cold Sitz Bath: 55-75º F. (The foot bath is
very helpful for many different pelvic prob- 105-110º F,) Time: 1-8 minutes. Enough wa-
lems. These are more fully described below ter should be used to cover the hips and come
under “Five Different Sitz Baths.” up on the abdomen. Rub the hips to promote
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Natural therapy circulation. Friction mitts may be used. If the
hospitals (they are called “sanitariums”) use water is kept circulating (moving) in the tub,
special sitz tubs (with a second foot bath tub the effect will be heightened. If it is only 2-4
beside it), but you can use an ordinary wash- minutes In length, the Cold Sitz Bath greatly
tub. It should be slightly tipped and set up stimulates pelvic circulation and the muscles
with blocks of wood to make it immovable. A of the bowels, bladder, and uterus. These ef-
smaller tub or bath pan may be used to give fects are intensified if the water is 55-65º F.
the foot bath (which should always be given and vigorous friction (rubbing) is given. This
with the Sitz Bath). An ordinary bathtub can makes it the Cold Rubbing Sitz Bath, which
be used for a Hot Sitz Bath, but the water is very helpful in constipation, sub-involution,
should be deep enough to reach to the navel. and hastening the absorption of residual
thickening after pelvic inflammations. SECTION ELEVEN FULL BATHS
If it is 15-40 minutes in length, the Cold
Sitz Bath is called the Prolonged Cold Sitz WHAT IT IS-Full Tub Baths (also called
Bath. This sitz bath is 70-85º F. and the foot Full Immersion Baths) just tub baths, with
bath is 105-110º F., but it may be started at a most of the body immersed in the water. The
higher temperature and slowly lowered to that difference between these and regular tub
point. This bath should not at any time cause baths lies in the careful control of the water
chilliness, and rubbing is not desirable. If temperature, and a careful observation to see
needed to give a sensation of warmth, a fo- that the desired effects are obtained.
mentation or wrapped hot-water bottle can Many different kinds of full immersion
be placed to the spine. This Prolonged Cold baths can be used, but there are only six that
Sitz Bath causes powerful and lasting con- you will probably need in your home. Here
traction of the pelvic blood vessels and of the they are:
muscular wall of the uterus. It is used in sub- 1 - HOT TUB BATH (HOT FULL BATH)
involution. AND
Neutral Sitz Bath: 92-97º F. (with 102-106º MODERATE HOT BATH
F. for the foot bath). This bath is 20 minutes HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The temperature
to 1-2 hours in length. It relaxes and helps and duration of the tub bath will determine
one go to sleep. the effect produced. The temperature of this
Very Hot Sitz: Begin at 100º and rapidly bath is generally 100-106º F. The time is usu-
go up to 1061150 F. (Foot bath: 110-120º F. ally 2-30 minutes. It may be used as a prepa-
As usual, always keep the foot bath two de- ration for a cold treatment. If it is much pro-
grees hotter than the Sitz bath it accom- longed (or the temperature is quite high),
panies). 3-8 minutes is the normal length. profuse sweating will be produced.
Keep the head cool. End by cooling the bath The Hot Bath can induce perspiration; re-
to neutral for 1-3 minutes. If sweating has lieve the pain of muscular rheumatism; re-
been produced, pour cold water over the duce the muscular spasm of arthritis and its
shoulders and chest. Very helpful for dysmen- pain as well; help induce mild fever effects
orrhea and pelvic pain from various causes. when needed, as in undulant fever. It can also
In dysmenorrhea the bath should not be help increase metabolism and peripheral cir-
cooled. culation. It can elevate body temperature, and
Revulsive Sitz Bath: Begin at 100º and in- relieve pain, fatigue, and congestion of the
crease rapidly to 106-115º F. (Foot bath: 110- internal organs.
120º F.), for 3-8 minutes. Keep the head cool If it is only a Moderate Hot Bath (100-102º
with cold cloths over the forehead or around F.), it will be helpful in relieving opisthotonos
the back of the neck. Finish with a cold (55- in tuberculosis meningitis, and also be ben-
65º F.) pail pour on the hips. The Revulsive eficial in other diseases associated with
Sitz is a powerful help in Heating chronic in- spasticity of the muscles.
flammatory pelvic problems (salpingitis,
parametritis, cellulitis, prostatic hypertrophic HOW TO APPLY IT
nocturia, etc.) 1-Place him in a full hot bath at about 98º
Alternate Hot and Cold Sitz Bath: For this F., and then gradually raise it to 100-106º F.
bath you will need two sitz tubs, side by side. The bath should normally continue for two
Fill one with hot (106-115º F.) water, and the minutes onward, and not over 20 minutes.
other with cold (55-65º F.) water. (Foot baths Give him cold water to drink freely and keep
for both: 105-115º F.) Apply cold compresses his head cool. You may need to apply an ice
to the head and neck. bag to the heart and the back of the neck.
Watch him closely.
2- The bath may be finished by gradually tion and thus reducing the amount of blood
cooling it, or by a cold pour (if he is vigorous in the brain and spinal chord. When used
enough for it) or a shower immediately after for insomnia, give it just before retiring for
he rises from the bath. the night.
CAUTIONS-Do not give this bath where It is also excellent for relaxing nervous
there is heart and valvular diseases, diabe- tension. Try it on yourself when you are
tes, vascular disorders, high blood pressure, full of nervous tension and see how nicely
or malignancies. it relaxes you!
2 - NEUTRAL BATH (NEUTRAL FULL The Neutral Tub Bath is also used for
BATH) AND CONTINUOUS BATH HOW IT anxiety, chronic diarrhea, multiple neuri-
CAN HELP YOU-The Neutral Bath (94-97º F.) tis, burns (only the area burned need be in
is given to relax people and help them go to the water), nervous exhaustion or irritabil-
sleep. It does this by equalizing the circula- ity, and diseases of the blood and blood
vessels (when more extreme hot or cold can- et. al.
not be used, as in diabetes and arterioscle- HOW TO APPLY IT
rosis). 1-Place him in a full bath tub with the
Last but not least, the Neutral Tub Bath water temperature at 94-97º F. The water
has been successfully used by experts in treat- should, if possible, cover his shoulders. Place
ing insanity. In this condition, there is an ex- a folded towel on the edge of the bathtub un-
cess of blood in the brain (because of the der his head for a pillow, and cover his body
highly tense and excited state of the mind). with a bath towel. Keep his face cool, and
The Neutral Bath quietly but inexorably evenly maintain the temperature of the bath
equalizes the blood circulation throughout water. Wet his forehead and face in cool wa-
the body. Experts have placed a person in a ter.
Neutral Tub for days at a time. Proper circu- 2- The bath is usually 15-30 minutes in
lation removes the fevered state of the brain length, but it can go on for 34 hours.
and brings better nourishment to it, thus 3-End the bath by cooling the water 2-3º
helping to restore him to a normal condition. F. at the close. Dry him with no unnecessary
“As this bath is used chiefly in maniacal rubbing, and avoid unnecessary conversation.
cases, the patient must be watched constantly. Dim the lights, if possible, and help him into
Very excited or violent patients should be bed so that he can go to sleep.
wrapped in a sheet or blanket pack, which ADDITIONAL POINTS-A bath thermom-
must be securely pinned about them, before eter is needed to keep the temperature con-
they are placed in the tub. The duration of stant. He should be warm before beginning,
the bath depends upon the degree of seda- and should be warm during the bath and af-
tive [quieting] effect obtained. It [the neutral terward. If necessary, give a Hot Foot Bath
bath) may last for hours or days. In the latter (page 115) before the Neutral Tub Bath be-
case the patient must be removed once or gins. He should be comfortable in the tub.
twice in the twenty-four hours, the bowels An invalid rubber ring may be placed under
given proper attention, and the skin anointed his buttocks if he is very thin. A rolled bath
with oil to prevent too great maceration. The towel under his knees is also helpful. And be
continuous-flowing bath is perhaps the most sure to place the folded towel on the edge of
useful treatment in excited cases of insanity. the bathtub under his head.
It, together with the wet-sheet pack, has revo- CAUTIONS-Certain cases of eczema, and
lutionized the treatment of mania.”-Abbott, great weakness of the heart should not re-
ceive Neutral Tub Baths. it.
CONTINUOUS BATH-Here is some addi- The Continuous Bath has been success-
tional information on the Neutral Bath, when fully used to aid in very difficult problems,
it is continued for a lengthy period of time: such as extensive burns, pain, paresthesias,
Suspend a hammock or sheet within the bath spasms, itching, pemphigus, extensive gan-
tub. It should not touch the bottom when a grene, profuse or offensive pus from various
person is in it. Place a rubber pillow beneath open abscesses, foul-smelling fistulas, and to
the head and heels. Some authorities recom- bring quiet and rest to agitated mental prob-
mend keeping the feet out of the water. lems, mania, or alcoholic delirium tremens.
Once a day, help him out of the tub and 3 - COLD TUB BATH (COLD FULL BATH)
give him a cleansing bath with soap, and soft AND COLD RUBBING BATH
brush or cloth. He should then exercise some- HOW IT CAN HElP YOU-When given for
what, to be followed by having Vaseline or only a few minutes, the Cold Tub Bath is a
lanolin rubbed on him. During the time out stimulant and tonic. But when it is used for
of the continuous tub, it should be cleaned a longer time, it becomes antipyretic (fever
with soap and water. Some suggest placing reducing). And, thirdly, when it is given as a
an antiseptic on it also if infection is a prob- Cold Rubbing Bath, it becomes a most excel-
lem. After thorough (thorough!) rinsing, fresh
water is run into the tub and he again enters
lent method of treating typhoid fever. can be repeated once or twice, as desired.
This bath is most frequently used for 3- It should last from 24 minutes, and he
colds, flu, and fevers. should leave the tub with a definite glow to his
HOW TO APPLY IT skin. -If not, the desired effect has not been
1- The temperature of the water will be obtained. He should be warm afterward, with
55-90º F., and the length of time will be a no tendency to chilliness.
plunge only, on up to 20 minutes or more
(depending on the temperature, the effect 5 - PLUNGE BATH
desired, and the robustness of the one re- WHAT IT IS- This is a quick dip into a bath-
ceiving it). tub of cold water. It can be a shallow or full tub
2-His face should be bathed in cold water of water. In some respects, the shallow tub is
before he enters the bath, and his skin must better for most people, for it involves more
be warm before it begins. splashing and less actual coldness on the body.
3- Throughout this tub bath, it will be nec- But those built up to it may desire a fuller tub
essary to rub him constantly or at frequent of water.
intervals. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The effects of the
CAUTION-He must be warm before the Plunge Bath would be those of any of the other
bath begins. Test by feeling the warmth of his tonic baths and frictions. Actually, this bath is
skin. Afterward, place him in bed and make very similar to the Cold Shallow Bath (page
sure he is warm. The short cold bath is very 125). The primary difference is that the Plunge
helpful in cases of diabetes, obesity, skin dis- Bath is more of a quick-in-and-quick-out, and
eases, infections, chronic diseases where the thus a less powerful tonic than the Cold Shal-
body functions are below normal, scarlet fe- low Bath.
ver, and poor blood circulation.
But the short cold bath should not be used 6- GRADUATED BATH
on those who are cold, or have excessive fa- WHAT IT IS-This is a prolonged bath that
tigue, poor kidney function, heart or blood begins with warm water that is gradually low-
vessel disease, or hyperthyroidism (overac- ered to a fairly cool temperature.
tive thyroid). HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Graduated
Bath is especially designed to lower fever tem-
4 - COLD SHALLOW BATH (COLD SHAL- perature in a manner that is easier to take
LOW RUBBING BATH) than a prolonged cool bath would be. Most
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Cold Shal- often used to lower fevers, such as in typhoid,
low Bath is one of the most powerful tonics this bath can also be used for tonic purposes
used in water therapy. on someone who is well.
HOW TO APPLY IT HOW TO APPLY IT
1-Fill the tub only 4-6 inches deep with 1- The initial temperature of the tub wa-
water at 65-75º F. ter should be about 98º F., or higher. His body
His feet should be warm before entering temperature will determine this. The water
the tub, and his head should be kept warm temperature should be about 3-5 degrees
by cold wet towels. lower than his mouth temperature. His skin
2-He sits down in the cold water and rubs should be warm before the bath is begun.
his arms, legs, and chest vigorously while you 2-Help him into the tub, where he can be
rub his hips and back. Cold water dipped laid on an airpillow and a hammock (made
from the tub is splashed over his shoulders by tying a sheet across the tub, and then fas-
and back, and they are rubbed again. Then tening the corners and sides underneath).
he lies down in the tub and rubs his chest 3-Apply cold compresses (cloths wrung
and abdomen while you rub his legs. This out of cold water) to his head. Begin to re-
duce the bath temerature. Gradually lower it WHAT IT IS-Special showers are used in
to about 85º F. natural-healing sanitariums, but the shower
4-When it is below 90º F., or as soon as he in the average home can give similar results.
feels chilly or shows goose flesh, he should 1 - HOT SHOWER
be rubbed constantly to keep the blood in HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Hot Shower
the skin. This will prevent or overcome chill- is mainly used as a preparation for a Cold
ing. A spine bag (a long-narrow hot-water bot- Shower (page 128), or a Cold spray Douche
tle) may be laid along his spine for the same (page 156).
purpose. Both his pulse and temperature HOW TO APPLY IT
should be closely watched throughout the 1-Begin the Hot Shower with very warm
bath. His temperature should be taken every water (100-105º F.), and gradually raise the
12-15 minutes. temperature to 110-115º F., or slightly higher.
5-As soon as he is taken out of the bath, Time: thirty seconds to two minutes. 2-A Cold
wrap him in a sheet and dry him briskly. If Compress (page 45) to the head may be
there is any tendency to goose flesh or chilli- needed during the shower.
ness, rub him briskly with your hands until 3-1f no other treatment is to follow the
the blood returns to the skin. If he very cyan- Hot Shower, then conclude by rapidly cool-
otic (bluish), put him into a Hot-Blanket Pack ing the water to 90º or 85º F.
(page 91) for a few minutes, and then, upon 4-Dry quickly with towels and a sheet. You
removing it, give him a Cold Mitten Friction may wish to finish by fanning the patient cool
(page 99). with a dry sheet.
2 - CONTINUOUS HOT SHOWER
SECTION TWELVE SHOWER BATHS WHAT IT IS- This is a continuous fine
stream of hot water for several hours to a temperature rapidly from hot to as much cold
body part. as he can take. This will be about 70-90º F.
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU- This shower is for a cool shower, and 55-70º F. for a cold
used for sciatica, brachial neuritis, refractory one.
lumbago, and similar conditions. It is also SPECIAL POINTS-A series of cool or cold
used with good success on limbs that have showers are often given. When this is done,
painful edema. It does not matter if open ul- the first one should only be cool, and then,
cers and unhealed wounds are present. in subsequent showers, gradually lower the
HOW TO APPLY IT final temperature.
1-Make him comfortable on a chair, couch 4 - NEUTRAL SHOWER
or mat. Over it, a special shower head pro- HOW IT CAN HELP YOU- This shower is
duces a fine (not course) stream of water. given at a lukewarm temperature, and is
Special precautions must be taken that the chiefly used to calm, relax, and help one go
water will not appreciably change in tempera- to sleep.
ture throughout the shower (particularly that HOW TO APPLY IT
it cannot burn him). 1-Begin the shower at 100º F., and very
2- The temperature is kept at the upper slowly lower it to 97 to 94º F.
limit of comfort, and the shower will continue 2- The shower should normally last about
for 24 hours. 3-5 minutes.
3-Conclude by drying him. Sometimes a 3-Dry him quickly, without any percussion
dash of cold water from the shower is used or unnecessary friction. You may then wish
before drying. to place him in a warm bed so that he can go
3 - COLD OR COOL SHOWER to sleep.
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU- This shower is 5 - GRADUATED SHOWER
used for its tonic effect of strengthening the WHAT IT IS- This is a shower bath that
body. employs a greater variety of temperature
HOW TO APPLY IT changes.
1-Give him a Hot Shower (page 127). HOW IT CAN HELP YOU- The objective is
When he is sufficiently warmed, lower the
to gradually lower the temperature of the of the Revulsive Shower should become
body, with as little shock effect as possible. longer.
HOW TO APPLY IT 7 - ALTERNATE HOT AND COLD
1-Give a prolonged or vigorous sweating WHAT IT IS-Abrupt changes back and
bath. Place a Cold Compress (page 45) on forth from hot to cold.
his head before he leaves. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This is a vigor-
2-Begin the Graduated Shower with very ous tonic and physical stimulant. It should
warm water (108-110º F.), and then quickly not be taken without much preliminary tak-
raise it to a hot shower (115-118º F.). ing of less intense showers.
3-Maintain this temperature until he feels HOW TO APPLY IT
warm and is ready for the cold. Then, slowly 1-Begin with the hot water at a tempera-
lower the temperature until it is fairly cool ture of 106-110º F., then quickly raise the
(80-90º F.) temperature to the upper limit of tolerance.
4-Conclude the shower in 2-6 minutes, Hold it there about one minute.
and then quickly dry with sheets and towels. 2- Turn the valve quickly to full cold. Hold
5-Do not let him be exposed to cold air or it there for 15-30 seconds.
drafts for at least one hour afterward. 3-Reverse again to hot for about one
6 - REVULSIVE SHOWER minute; then back to cold for 15-30 seconds
WHAT IT IS- This shower is like the again.
Graduated Shower, described just above, in 4-Do three complete cycles of hot and cold,
that the water temperature is first raised and finishing with the cold.
then lowered. It is different, in that the tem- 5-Dry well with sheet and towels, and fan
perature IS not slowly, but quickly, lowered dry with a sheet.
to cold.
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The purpose is SECTION THIRTEEN MISCELLANEOUS
to cool and stimulate the body. Thus, a mild BATHS
tonic effect is the result. The Revulsive
Shower is also used in order to build up the 1 - STEAM BATHS INCLUDING RUSSIAN
body so that it can take an alternate hot and BATH SAUNA
cold shower, in order to help build resistance. WHAT IT IS-This is an application of hot
HOW TO APPLY IT water vapor to the skin. It is not an applica-
1-Begin the shower at 105-108º F. Then tion of steam, for the temperature of steam
gradually raise it to 110-115º F., or slightly is so high that it would immediately cause
higher. Continue at this temperature for two severe burns.
minutes. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The so-called
2-When he is fully warm, turn the valve “steam” bath produces vigorous sweating.
quickly to a cold temperature of about 60- This greatly increases the breakdown of ex-
85º F. cess fats and carbohydrates-and thus aids in
3-After 5-10 seconds, turn the mixer valve taking off extra weight. Thus, the Steam Bath
back to the earlier temperature (110-115º F.) is very helpful in obesity. But it is also used
for 1-2 minutes. in chronic rheumatism with obesity, gout,
4-Do this cycle three complete times (three Bright’s disease, chronic alcoholism, tobacco
complete changes from hot to cold). 5-Dry addictions, and in arteriosclerosis unless that
quickly with sheets and towels. SPECIAL condition is extreme.
POINTS-As a preparation for beginning to CAUTIONS-Unless enough water is drunk
take Alternate Hot and Cold Showers, one before, during and afterward, there is a
should become accustomed to Revulsive “washed out” effect that can cause a feeling
Showers first. And, gradually, the cold part of weakness. It should be noted that a 20-
minute steam bath will raise the body tem- steam units. Therefore, we will here give di-
perature about two degrees F., and produce rections for steam baths. These directions can
a definite rise in blood pressure. be used for a steam cabinet, or in a steam
Do not use the Steam Bath in diabetes, room with a small window in it for the head.
valvular heart disease, extreme arterioscle- 1-Give a preliminary Hot Foot Bath (page
rosis, and all conditions associated with ema- 115) as he drinks several glasses of water.
ciation. RUSSIAN (STEAM) BATH
HOW TO MAKE YOUR OWN-Most homes 2- The steam room or cabinet should be
do not have access to steam-bath rooms, but warm and ready for usage. If it is a steam
it is possible to make your own: room and the bench is not warm, throw sev-
1-A room can be made for this purpose. eral pails of hot water on it. Warm the room
The walls should be of non-porous material, to about 1000 F., and cover the bench with a
with wooden benches and a floor drain. A folded cotton sheet.
source of heat should be provided outside 3-Assist him to the bench and help him
the room. In addition, a shower or bathtub lie on his back, with his head on an air pil-
should be an adjacent room. low just outside the opening.
2-A small, but very functional, steam bath 4- The head opening is lowered, and a
can be made out of second-hand sheet metal. towel wrung from ice water is placed about
An arc welder and some welding skill can turn the neck, or hung across the end of the neck
it out in a day or two. If you are a handyman, window and tucked about the neck.
you will have no trouble with it. 5-A second cold, wet cloth is placed to the
3-Set an old chair on the floor. Have the head, covering the temporal arteries (which
one needing a steam bath sit on it. Place a are slightly in front of and above the ears). A
heavy blanket around him, that should cover third one should be placed above the heart.
him from the neck on down to the floor. Un- (Sometimes an ice bag over the heart is nec-
der the chair, place an electric tea kettle. It essary).
should be three-quarter’s full of hot water and 6- Turn on the heated vapor, gradually
already steaming. Place a cold cloth to the raising the temperature to 115-120º F. A small
head and put the feet in hot water. End about amount of vapor must constantly escape to
20-30 minutes later with a cold friction (page maintain this high temperature.
99) or a cold shower. Be sure that the spout 7-Closely watch him, and frequently
of the tea kettle is turned toward back of chair. change the cold, wet cloths on the head and
Always stay by a person receiving a steam neck. Keep him drinking water before, and
bath. frequently during, the steam bath.
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See pictures on pages 8-The steam bath should continue for 10-
132, 133.) 30 minutes. A fresh ice-water cloth should
1-Give a preliminary Hot Foot Bath (page be placed on his head just before he rises.
115) as he drinks several glasses of water. 9-End with a Graduated Shower: Begin
2- The steam room should be ready for with a warm shower (108-119º F.), quickly
usage. If the bench is not warm, throw sev- raising it to a hot one (115.118º F.). When he
eral pails of hot water on it. Warm the room feels warm and is ready for the cold, gradu-
to about 100º F., and cover the bench with a ally lower the temperature till it is quite cool
folded cotton sheet. (80-90º F.). This shower should be located
3-Help him lie down on the bench on his close to the steam bath and should take about
back 2-6 minutes.
Many homes do not have facilities for DEFINING TERMS-What is a “Russian
steam baths. But some will have home-made Bath” and what is a “Sauna,” and are they
steam cabinets, steam rooms, or sheet-metal the same? To take a Sauna, one sits on a
bench in a room containing hot water vapor WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Hot plate. Kettle
(“steam”). His entire body is in that room. or pot filled with hot water. Sheet or blanket.
For a Russian Bath, he instead lays on a three towels. Ice bag. Cup of hot water (for
wooden “slab” or bench, with his head pro- drinking). Basin for hot foot bath. If medi-
truding from a small opening in the side of cated steam bath: Oil of eucalyptus or mint.
the room. In this way, his body receives the HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page
benefit of the hot vapor, but his head can re- 132.)
main outside. Obviously, since the Russian 1-Set the chair in position where you want
Bath keeps the head cooler and the lungs it (not far from an electric outlet for the hot
filled with fresher air, it has definite advan- plate, and arranged so no one will trip over
tages over the Sauna. A Chair Steam Bath the cord and spill the hot water under the
(Chair Sweat) combines some of both advan- chair). Place the hot plate under the chair and
tages. The head is vertical and outside the carefully put the kettle or pot on it. The spout
area of vapor, and in addition, the entire unit should face toward the rear; neither the pot
is both inexpensive and portable. nor hot plate should be able to burn him or
2 - STEAM CHAIR (STEAM SWEAT) set the blanket on fire. The water in the kettle
WHAT IT IS-This is a steam bath “in a should already be boiling hot. Fold a towel
chair.” As such, it is probably the simplest and place it on the seat of the chair. Set a
way of giving a “steam bath” to a person. And basin or tub of hot water in place for the hot
it has the advantage of keeping his head out foot bath. (If medication is added to the kettle
of the hot vapor, which a sauna-type steam water: add about 1 teaspoon of Eucalyptus
bath cannot do. oil, or 2 tablespoons of dried mint leaves, to
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This is a simply- each potful of water.)
erected, very portable steam bath that can 2-Wrap the second towel as a turbine
provide the help of a regular steam bath. See around the head of the one to receive the
“Steam Bath, How It Can Help You” on page steam bath. Undressed, he should now be
131 for further information on these benefits. seated on the chair and begin the hot foot
bath.
3-Wrap the blanket or sheet (a blanket to one who is basically healthy, and not feeble
would be best) around him. Do this by wrap- or debilitated.
ping it about his back and shoulders, cover- 3 - VAPOR INHALATION (STEAM INHA-
ing his body below the neck to the floor. LATION)
Fold a towel lengthwise and place it as a WHAT IT IS- This is a means of supplying
snug collar about his neck, thus holding the warm, moist air to the congested membranes
blanket or sheet in place. When he begins to of the nose and sinuses during a head cold.
sweat or his oral temperature goes past 100º HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-After being
F., apply the cold compress (cold, wet cloth) chilled, the temperature of the respiratory
to his head. You will need to keep renewing tract is lowered. A cold in the head is the re-
the cold cloth, and adding hot water to the sult, that soon may go into bronchitis or chest
hot foot bath (instructions under “Hot Foot cold with its harsh, dry cough.
Bath” [page 115} will explain how to add this Vapor inhalation warms and soothes the
water without burning him). respiratory tract, relieves inflammation and
4-Every 5-10 minutes he should be en- congestion in nasal membranes, relieves
couraged to drink some of the hot water. Of- “throat tickle” by moistening the air, loosens
fer it to him in a cup or glass with a flexible secretions and stimulates expectoration (spit-
straw in it. ting)-although water drinking will help solve
5-A very frequent check on temperature this problem, relieve spasmodic breathing,
and pulse is crucial. Oral (mouth) tempera- lessen coughing by relaxing the affected
ture should be kept under 104º F. Check it muscles, increase blood flow to this area, and
every 10 minutes until it is above 103º F, and prevent excessive dryness of the mucous
then every 5 minutes until it is again below membranes.
103º F. Pulse should be checked at the large WHAT YOU WILL NEED-A vaporizer or a
artery in his temple or the one at the front kettle with a spout. Boiling water. A chair or
side of the neck, and should not go over 140. bedside stand. Hot plate (if continuous inha-
Air temperature inside the “tent” should be lation is desired). An umbrella. A newspaper
kept between 120-130º F. until his oral tem- rolled into a cone-shape. Medication, such
perature goes up to 102-104º F., at which as Oil of eucalyptus (1 teaspoon to a pint of
point the tent temperature should be brought water), Vick’s VapoRub, Oil of Wintergreen,
down to 105-110º F. etc. Some use 1-2 tablespoons of fresh or
6-At the conclusion of the steam bath, dried mint leaves per pint of water.
carefully remove the basin, kettle, and hot HOW TO APPLY IT - (See pictures on page
plate. Then dry the feet. If it seems best to 137.)
prolong the effects, place him in bed with the 1-Fill the vaporizer or kettle with the boil-
tent blanket or sheet still wrapped about him. ing water. Add the Eucalyptus oil, etc., either
He should be covered well to continue the to the kettle water - or to the newspaper of
sweating. the cone (to avoid putting the heavy odor of
7-. Finally, terminate the treatment with a the oil into the kettle). Place it on the stand
shower or cold mitten friction. Then place by the bed, or on the floor (according to the
him in bed for 30-60 minutes so that he will arrangement which works best for you).
have enough time to react well to the con- 4 - RADIANT HEAT BATH (ELECTRIC
cluding cold tonic. If he sweats during this LIGHT BATH)
time, give him an ordinary shower when he 2-Arrange an umbrella on the bed, cov-
leaves the bed. He should receive large ered partly with a sheet, Place the paper cone
amounts of water during the treatment-and over the kettle spout, with its upper, narrower
afterward. opening, into the umbrella in such a manner
CAUTION-Only give this chair steam bath that it will not point into the face. (See pic-
ture on page 139.) Understand that this pro- to construct a cabinet with these dimensions:
cedure may work best for you with the kettle 5 x 5 feet square x about 4% feet high. This
on a nightstand without the cone, or on the will hold 80 bare-filament incandescent light
floor or low chair with it. Or, in a smaller bulbs of about 60-100 watts each. These are
room, the kettle can be placed on the floor arranged in four vertical strips, one on each
without the cone. corner of the cabinet. The four strips are de-
3-Lying on one side of the bed, he can signed on several different switches. In this
place his head into the “tent” and breathe the way a varying amount of heat can be provided,
vapors. according to how many are switched on. Six
CAUTIONS-Check the water level in the switches are recommended. (Avoid circuit
kettle frequently. Avoid all possibility of burn- overload by placing half the bulbs on one cir-
ing him. Avoid drafts in the room while the cuit and the other half on a different one.
vaporizer is operating. Be especially careful One vertical side of the box is missing.
when children are receiving the treatment. Be This is the “door” to the cabinet. After enter-
on guard lest they knock over the kettle and ing and being seated in a chair, a blanket,
burn themselves. Do not let the hot plate (elec- canvas or heavy sheet is placed over the door-
tric burner) come in contact with the bed- way. At the top, there are two small hinged
ding, cone, etc., and start a fire. Individuals “doors” with semicircular openings in them.
with cardiovascular or heart problems may These are now folded down, thus providing a
find difficulty in breathing amid the vapors. circular opening in the middle, for the head
to project through.
WHAT IT IS- This is a heating of the body, HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page
not with an immersion bath in water, but an 139.)
immersion in radiant heat. The heat source 1-After entering the cabinet and seating
can be electric space heaters, but the origi- himself, the front and top is closed and a
nal Kellogg arrangement was a box with in- towel is placed about his neck. Be certain that
candescent bulbs. the bulbs cannot touch him, lest he be
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Kellogg found burned.
that these radiant heat baths could provide 2- The light switches are turned on and
an intensity of dry heat not to be obtained in the air in the cabinet will go from about 70º
any other way. F. to 125-130º F. within a few minutes. Why
The Electric Light Cabinet is a very effi- so high? -Because the body can tolerate a
cient way to treat acute or chronic conditions higher dry heat temperature than it can a
requiring fever therapy. (Fever therapy is an vapor or water temperature. The body tem-
artificial raising of body temperature in or- perature will rise to 101-102º F. in approxi-
der to increase white blood cell action, and mately 20 minutes. This artificial fever effect
eliminate toxins and bacteria.) A person with will help increase white blood cell number
an inflammation, or already with a fever, will and activity, thus hastening the elimination
have a temperature drop of 1-2º F. within 15 of bacteria and toxins.
minutes or so after the bath is completed. 3-Sweating will begin in 5-8 minutes, at
Thus, the use of this cabinet is very helpful which time facial sponging with a cool, wet
in mild fevers, inflammations, colds, flu, or cloth should begin. Lay a cold, wet cloth over
any condition in which sweating is helpful. It the forehead, eyes, nose and checks.
helps in withdrawal from addicting drugs (in- 4-Always know how he is feeling. Control
cluding tobacco and alcohol), and will lower the heat with the switches. Conclude the bath
blood pressure. either when the desired temperature is
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-In order to achieved, or after a total of 10-20 minutes.
achieve the full effects of this, you would need 5-Follow up with a Cold Mitten Friction,
or cool shower. commercial grade sodium bicarbonate.
HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page
5 - OATMEAL BATH 141.)
WHAT IT IT- This is a full warm tub bath 1-Fill a bath tub with water at 95-980 F.
with oatmeal liquid in it. Add about a cup of baking soda (or an equiva-
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The oatmeal bath lent amount of sodium bicarbonate).
can help reduce the itching and burning from 2-Sitting in the tub, he should dip and
skin rashes of various kinds. pour the alkaline water onto his body, con-
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Three bath tow- tinually covering it. After 30-60 minutes, he
els. Washcloth. Cloth for head compress. Bath stands in the tub and partially “drips dry,”
mat. Basin of cool water for the compress. and then pats the skin dry.
Shower cap to keep the hair dry. 1-2 pounds 7 - STARCH ALKALINE BATH
of quick-cooking oatmeal. WHAT IT IS- This is shallow tub bath with
HOW TO DO IT - (See picture on this a solution of corn starch in it.
page.) HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This is another
1-Put the oatmeal in a thin cloth bag, and type of alkaline bath, and is used for the same
then place it in the tub so that the inflowing purposes as the Soda Bath, described just
water will run over the bag into the tub. Fill above. Many may prefer the starch bath, since
the tub about two-thirds full with water at it is even more of a natural substance on the
96º F. The water should be the correct temper- skin than is baking soda.
ature and not too warm or too cool. The wa- WHAT YOU Will NEED-Dry starch, such
ter should be deep enough for the one taking as corn starch.
the bath to be immersed to the neck. When HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page
full, squeeze the oatmeal bag into the water. 141.)
The water should by now be milky and very 1-Into a shallow tub of water (at 95-98º
soft. F.) add about one cup of a dry starch.
2-Help him into the tub (and out again 2- The remainder of the directions are the
afterward). This is because the oatmeal wa- same as for the Soda Bath, above. Length of
ter is slippery. Make him comfortable with a time in the bath can be 20-35 minutes or
folded towel under his neck. The wash. cloth longer.
can be used to bath the parts not immersed.
3-When finished, help him out of the tub 8 - SUN BATH
and dry him by patting (do not rub). WHAT IT IS- This is simply exposing part
CAUTION-Some types of skin conditions or all of the body to the sunlight.
are made worse by water. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Direct sunlight
has a wide range of wave energies, among
6 - SODA ALKALINE BATH which the ultraviolet are the most important
WHAT IT IS- This is a full bath to which for both healing and maintaining good health.
baking soda has been added. The longer heat waves (infrared) are also help-
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU- The partially ful for their heating effect
anesthetic aspect of baking soda, when ap- Ultraviolet rays stimulate various life pro-
plied to the skin, provides help in dealing with cesses, destroy bacteria, and aid in the manu-
poison ivy, itching, hives, heat rash, sun- facture of Vitamin D by the body. Ergosterol
burns, eczema, drug reaction rashes, ant and is a fat found in the skin that has the capa-
bee stings, and plant sensitivity. The alkaline city for absorbing certain ultra-violet radia-
factor helps to counteract acidity in the tions,-and in the process, becoming changed
rashes, stings, poison ivy, etc. into Vitamin D. Without adequate Vitamin D,
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Baking soda or the human body cannot utilize calcium in the
diet to make strong bones. ders the values of sun bathing.
It has been found that the treatment of HOW TO APPLY IT
pulmonary tuberculosis has been greatly 1-At a mountain altitude, 7-10 days of rest
helped by extensive sun bathing. And it has may be needed to adjust to the physical ad-
been discovered that sun bathing at higher aptation needed at higher altitudes. At lower
altitudes (in mountain country) greatly im- altitudes (3,000 feet or below) this is not nec-
proves the likelihood of healing from this dis- essary.
ease. These “higher altitudes” need be only 2-For normal people, begin with 5 min-
1,000 feet above sea level, but can be as high utes of sunlight a day, and increase 5 min-
as 6,000 feet. utes each day. In hotter climates, only in-
In addition to pulmonary tuberculosis, crease 2-3 minutes a day. For invalids, begin
sun baths are also of great help in tuberculo- with the feet, and give them 5 minutes a day,
sis of the bones and joints, and in Pott’s dis- and gradually increase the exposure and the
ease (tuberculosis of the spine). amount of the body exposed.
Both the red blood cells and blood hemo- 3-Ultimately, never go beyond 3-4 hours a
globin increase in sun bathing, and the in- day. Blonde people especially lack the “sun-
crease is proportional to the altitude. In the screen” factor in the skin, and therefore must
higher Alps and on Pikes Peak, this amounts be more careful.
to a 30-40 percent increase in both of these 4-The sun bath should produce a feeling
very important blood factors. Mountain sun of warmth, but should be given in relatively
bathing also increases lymphocytes, blood cool surroundings, for a heat bath is depress-
alkalinity, respiratory volume, energy and a ing.
feeling of well-being. It also lowers blood pres- 9 - SEA BATHING
sure, significantly increases muscular WHAT IT IS-This is bathing in the ocean.
strength, and definitely improves the feeling HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Sea bathing
of hope, courage and cheerfulness. All these strengthens and builds the body in several
effects will, to a lesser extent, be achieved by ways: The percussion of the moving, cool
sun baths at lower altitudes or at sea level. water invigorates the body, and the ocean
Smog in the air at lower altitudes greatly hin- water contains trace minerals that are needed
by the body. The eating of Nova Scotia Dulse sea water has 10 percent.)
or Norwegian Kelp can help to supply these
trace minerals, but sea bathing is also help- 10 - SUN, AIR, AND WATER BATH
ful. WHAT IT IS-In northern Mexico, there are
(It is interesting to note that if all the wa- natural healing centers which have shallow
ter in your body could somehow be squeezed out-of-door depressions with water in them.
out, there would be about 11 gallons of sea Patients sit or lay in them and splash the
water. For the mixture would be found to con- water over their bodies. The effect of the com-
tain the same salts that are dissolved in the bined sunlight, fresh air, and water upon the
ocean, and in almost the same proportions skin provides a pleasant tonic to the body.
(about 80 percent sodium, 4 percent calcium, Try it in your own back yard on a warm sum-
4 percent potassium, etc. The exception is mer day. Use a galvanized or plastic tub, or
that blood has 2 percent magnesium, while something similar.
11 - WET GRASS WALK der, skin, and lungs. When a person is ill, he
WHAT IT IS-This early-morning tonic is has far more toxic waste than normal, and
to be found in some natural healing centers. the kidneys (cleansed by drinking pure wa-
Try it in the privacy of your own back yard: ter), the bowel (cleansed by enemas or colo-
Walk barefoot on the lawn in the early morn- nies), the skin (cleansed by bathing), and the
ing while the dew is still on the grass. This is lungs (cleansed by fresh air) are very impor-
such a nice tonic, that you will thoroughly tant in the disposing of that waste matter. Of
enjoy it. One of the effects, of course, is a these, the largest amount of wastes will be
strengthening of the feet. discharged through the urine (kidneys and
12 - SUMMER SPRAY bladder) and feces (bowel, or large intestine).
WHAT IT IS-Children enjoy it every sum- An enema or colonic can be of great help in
mer; why not join them? Go out in your back aiding the body in throwing off these excess
yard on a hot summer day and turn the wa- body wastes.
ter hose on each other. The water percussion, 1 - ENEMAS INCLUDING: HOT, WARM,
cool water on a warm day, the air upon the TEPID, and COLD WHAT YOU WILL NEED-
skin, and the light exercise will all combine In order to give an enema, you will need the
to bring a vigorous tonic effect to your body. following items: A bedpan and cover (if the
one who is ill cannot easily leave the bed). An
SECTION FOURTEEN IRRIGATIONS enema bag, hardrubber or plastic enema tip
WHAT IS AN IRRIGATION?-In hydro- (small rectal tube). Lubricant (such as
therapy, an “irrigation” is when we put water vasoline), toilet paper, and newspapers or
onto or into the body through a tube. There plastic sheeting.
are irrigations of the ear, nose, eye, throat, HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page
etc., but the most common is the rectal irri- 147.)
gation: the enema and the colonic. We will 1-Place the enema bag under the faucet
give the most attention to enemas and and pour into it water that is lukewarm or
colonics, but in the third sub-section will dis- slightly cool to the touch. Fill it to the top,
cuss several other types of irrigations (pages press down to expel air, and then screw on
150-152). the cap (which is attached to about 5-6 feet
WHAT IS AN ENEMA AND A COLONIC? - of tubing).
Water is placed in the large bowel (the large 2-(ln the following directions we will as-
intestine) in order to remove impacted wastes sume that the one receiving the enema is in
and toxic substances. Either an enema bag bed. If he is able to receive the enema in the
or a colonic apparatus can be used for this bathroom, the entire procedure will, under-
purpose. standably, be much simpler.)
WHAT YOU WILL NEED-An enema bag is 3-Set up the equipment so that is ready
a hot-water bottle with rubber tube and plas- to flow. Fold the bed covers back and cover
tic tip, that is obtainable at your local drug him with a cotton blanket. He should be warm
store. For more thorough cleansing and re- throughout the treatment, especially his feet.
moval of toxic substances from the bowel, a All clothing that is not removed should be
colonic is given. Whereas an enema bag can loose. He can lay on his back, on his side
provide cleansing for a minute or two, before with knees partially or fully raised, or he can
renewal, a colonic can do it for twenty min- sit up during the treatment.
utes or more. Directions for making your own 4-Place a rubber or plastic sheet (or news-
colonic apparatus will be found on pages papers) on the bed under him. Turn him on
256,261. his left side, with knees flexed. Allow the so-
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The body prima- lution to flow through the tubing so that it
rily eliminates waste through the bowel, blad- just begins to come out, and then pinch it
off. This removes the air from the tubing. all at once.
5-Release the cut-off clamp and let same 8-1f possible, he should retain the water
of the water flow until the stream is the same a few minutes before expelling it. Place him
temperature as that in the bag. Close the cut- on the bedpan and stay within call. If he is
off and place a little lubricant (Vaseline, etc.) unable to relax enough to take sufficient fluid,
on the tip (which you have earlier cleaned), instruct him to breathe deeply or to bring his
and then let him insert the tip; or, if he is knees upward. Stay with him if he is very ill
unable to, gently do it for him. so that you can assist him. Note his condi-
6- Instruct him to take as much water as tion and the results of the enema.
possible. To make it easier to do this, stop 9-Remove the bed protector, replace the
the flow by pinching the tube two or three bed covers, and make him comfortable. Then
times during the taking of the enema. Ask clean all the equipment well and put it away.
him if it is coming in too fast; if so, lower the WATER TEMPERATURE: What should be
enema bag or pinch off the tube more fre- the temperature of the water? 104º F. is fre-
quently. quently recommended, but other tempera-
7-Give the solution slowly, and pinch it tures can also be used, and, actually, a
off for a few seconds when asked. (If he can- temperature of 96-100º F. (just below body
not retain the solution, place him on the bed- temperature) is the ideal, as you will see be-
pan while giving it.) When he feels that it is low.
time to terminate the enema, close the tub- Hot Enema: (103-110º F.) The tempera-
ing clamp, remove the tip gently and wrap it ture will vary according to his condition and
in toilet tissue. Small amounts of water given the desired results. The Hot Enema helps
several times, are better than a large amount relieve irritation, the pain of inflammation in
the rectum or prostate, and pain of hemor- repeated, it is useful in shrinking hemor-
rhoids. It also aids in expelling gas, and helps rhoids. It may also be used in fever, but for
to check diarrhea by decreasing rectal tenes- this purpose a prolonged colonic would be
mus. It may be used as a prelimary measure much more convenient and effective.
in the treatment of dysmenorrhea. It is also 2 - COLONICS
used to warm and stimulate the body in WHAT IT IS-A colonic apparatus is an ar-
shock. rangement for taking water into colon, expel-
Warm Enema and Tepid Enema: (95-100º ling it into a toilet, taking in more and expel-
F.) The Warm Enema is the ordinary enema ling it, for about twenty minutes or so. It is
for cleansing purposes. It is at, or slightly much more practical and helpful than an
below, body temperature. If slightly less, it enema bag.
helps facilitate bowel action during the en- WHAT YOU WILL NEED-Fairly complete
ema. But if the enema is prolonged, or re- information on how to prepare a colonic
peated frequently, it is better to use a still board, colonic tip, and tubing for a colonic
cooler enema,-the Tepid Enema (80-92º F.), arrangement for your own home, will be
to avoid the relaxing effects that the warm found on pages 256-261 of this book.
water has. (For when the bowel becomes too HOW TO APPLY IT - (See picture on page
relaxed, it does not want to move. And thus 258.)
can begin, what is called the “enema habit”) 1-Set up the colonic board so that its head
Cold Enema: (55-80º F.) 55-70º F. is con- rests on a chair, and its foot rests over a toi-
sidered cold, whereas 70-80º F. is considered let bowl (with the toilet lid raised). Over the
cool. The Cold Enema is a powerful stimu- board, place a folded blanket wrapped in
lant to bowel movements, and should be more ‘plastic (or two black-plastic garbage can bags:
generally used for this purpose instead of the one covering each end and thus overlapping
warm enema. It is thus the best for overcom- each other in the middle). Above this blan-
ing both the enema habit and the cathartic ket, at the head place a pillow and at the foot
habit. If retained 10-15 minutes or frequently place a bath towel, laid crosswise, and then
tucked underneath on each side. IRRIGATION OF THE EAR
2-Set up the colonic bucket near the toi- NASAL IRRIGATION
let. (The ideal height for it would be: bottom IRRIGATION OF THE EYE
of the bucket about 15-20 inches above the THROAT IRRIGATION
tip.) Connect all the plastic and metal tubing WHAT IT IS-Both enemas and colonies are
together, so that water from the bucket can methods of bringing water into the body
flow through the tubing to the colonic tip. through a tube. In hydrotherapy, these are
Snap the tube clamp closed. classified as “irrigations.” There are several
3-Fill the bucket with warm water and other types of irrigations used in water
open the clamp. As soon as the water begins therapy. While not taking the space to explain
to come out, snap the clamp closed. Make them in detail, we will here briefly consider
sure the room is warm, and have a bath towel several of them:
and a blanket or two ready. 1-Irrigation of the Ear: A clean rubber tube
4-Help the one about to receive the colonic is used to gently (gently!) introduce a flow of
to the board, and assist him in lying down water onto the outer ear. The water is never
on it, with his head on the pillow and his feet applied with any pressure! It flows to the ear,
flexed and straddling the opening at foot of and thence out, to the side. The temperature
the board that is just above the mouth of the may be from 100º to 120º F., depending upon
toilet. the effect desired. The source of water should
5-He should be suitably clothed with both be on a level with the top of the head. Never
tops and bottoms, and you now drape the use force, because perforation of the ear of-
bath towel crosswise over his lower pelvic and ten exists, and serious injury could result
pubic area, and then cover him with the blan- from introduction of water into the middle
ket (unless he is warm enough without it). ear with any degree of force. The head should
You may need an electric space heater in the be inclined to the side as the water is applied.
bathroom to provide additional heat. The canal of the ear should afterward be
6-Lubricate the colonic tip and, if neces- carefully dried and covered with a napkin or
sary, assist him in inserting it. Then, loosen a warm hand for a few minutes. In cold
the clamp and let the water begin flowing. Ask weather, the ear should not be exposed out-
him whether it is too warm or too cool. (It is of-doors for at least an hour after warm ear
best if he is able to take it very slightly on the irrigation is applied, and even after that a
cool side.) small piece of cotton should be placed in the
7-Either remain nearby or give him a bell outer passageway.
to ring (and have tested it to be certain you “This measure affords great relief in the
can hear it where you are elsewhere in the pain of acute otitis media, and earache due
home). If it is a one-gallon bucket, you will to other causes. In chronic suppurative dis-
want to check it about every 10 minutes (it is ease of the ear, this measure is indispens-
best not refill it more than twice at the most). able as a means of cleansing and disinfec-
If it is a five-gallon bucket, place about 3 1/2 tion.”-Kellogg.
gallons in it and you will probably not need 2-Nasal Irrigation: An ordinary hard-rub-
to refill it. ber syringe is attached to a rubber tube which
8-When he is finished, clamp off the tub- has been carefully inserted into one nostril.
ing, and remove towel and blanket. Help him The water is allowed to gentle flow into one
arise, and into the shower or bath. and out the other, as the head is held for-
9-Clean up everything and put all the ward. Kellogg says that he has concluded that
equipment away. it is best NOT to use the Nasal irrigation, be-
3 - OTHER IRRIGATIONS cause it might cause ear problems (through
INCLUDING the eustachian tubes). He suggests using va-
porizers or atomizers instead. tern.
3-Irrigation of the Eye: For this, the eyes You may be able to substitute a good gar-
are closed, and water is allowed to fall on the den hose changeable nozzle for the first two
lids, and also the forehead above the brow. of the above three nozzles. Other equipment
Kellogg considers the hot eye irrigation to be needed for the douches is a stool with an open
“very valuable in cases of chronic inflamma- seat (similar to a toilet seat).
tion of the mucous lining of the eyelids.” But HOW TO APPLY IT - (Picture of another
he does not tell us what temperature to use. douche: p. 153.) The Jet Nozzle: When per-
Obviously, you would want to proceed with cussion (a definite hitting or. the skin) is
caution in irrigating over the closed eye. wanted, the jet nozzle is used. Both cold wa-
“Hot irrigation of the eye has been proved ter, and percussion impact on the skin, pro-
to be more useful as a means of relieving even duce a strong thermic reaction in the body.
acute inflammatory troubles of the eye than This increases the vigor and permanency of
cold applications.”-Kellogg. entire circulatory reaction. The Spray Nozzle:
4- Throat Irrigation: This is the same as This nozzle is used whenever percussion is
“gargling.” not wanted. It can apply hot and cold to body
“The application of very hot water by this parts just as well as the jet nozzle, but it does
means may be recommended in cases of it without percussion.
chronic pharyngitis with tickling of the mu- The Fan Nozzle: This produces the light-
cous membrane and dryness of the throat, est striking effect on the skin. It is best-used
irritation, hacking cough, and rawness, giv- when the tonic effects of the hot or cold wa-
ing rise to frequent clearing of the throat or a ter are not wanted. For example: when ap-
tickling cough.”-Kellogg. plying very cold water to sensitive surfaces,
In each of the above irrigations, it is im- over painful nerves, and painful, inflamed
portant that it be done with great care,-espe- body parts. A spray nozzle, turned on very
cially as hotter water is used. low, would come the nearest to approximat-
ing the fan nozzle.
SECTION FIFTEEN DOUCHES (HAND- 1-Have everything ready before bringing
HELD SPRAYS) the ill person to the shower area. When he
WHAT IT IS- This is a spray or jet of wa- first arrives, have him dip his hands in cold
ter coming out of a flexible hose. Body parts water and bathe his face with his wet hands.
needing a water therapy treatment are SUGGESTED DOUCHE TEMPERATURE
sprayed with water by another person who is CHANGES
standing nearby. The person receiving them
must be ambulatory (able to walk about). 1-Always begin and end a douche by spray-
EQUIPMENT NEEDED-There are three ing the feet. This helps equalize the blood cir-
types of professional spray nozzles: culation in the head.
1- The Jet Douche: A straight (or jet) 3-Give the douche in a clearly-understood
nozzle lets the water flow out in a hard, solid pattern, and only deviate from it because of
jet of water. There is no spray to it. special problems or needs of the one receiv-
2- The Spray Douche: This nozzle is round ing it. As you give it, keep the index (first)
like the sprinkler on a garden watering pot. finger of the hand holding the nozzle - in touch
It produces a circular spray of water that is with the water. This is done so you will al-
similar to the shower-head in your bathroom ways know what temperature of water is com-
shower. ing out. You must be careful that you not burn
3- The Fan Douche: This nozzle also him. Practice giving a douche to a well per-
sprays, but because it has a flattened head, son before you give it to one who is ill or in-
the spray comes out in a fan, or linear, pat- firm.
TYPES OF DOUCHES-There are three cold), it is given for about 2-5 minutes, at
ways to classify a douche: (1) The type of 105-125º F.
nozzle that is used. The three types of nozzles 2-Conclude it with a very brief application
have been described, above. (2) The pattern of cold (60-90º F.) for 5-15 seconds (just long
of hot and/or cold that is applied. This will enough to remove the heat from the skin,
be described next. (3) The body part that is placed there by the Hot Douche).
being treated. This will be described last. 2 - NEUTRAL DOUCHE
DOUCHES: PART ONE HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This is used to
THE FIVE BASIC DOUCHES There are relax and prepare for sleep. When sprayed
five basic ways to give the hand-held sprays. onto the spine, this effect is intensified the
These are the Basic Douches, and are five most. Percussion should not be used.
different water-temperature patterns. These HOW TO APPLY IT - (Picture of another
five are used to give thirteen Localized douche: p. 153.) 1-Give it with a spray or fan
Douches, and twelve Reflexive Douches. First, jet at 94-97º F. for 3-6 minutes. He should sit
we shall discuss the five Basic Douches; then on a stool with his back to the spray.
we shall learn how to use the Localized 3 - COLD DOUCHE
Douches. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-This produces
(In order to avoid making this section on vigorous fluxion (an increase of blood) in the
Douches too long, we have decided not to in- body part receiving it. At the same time, by
clude the twelve Reflexive Douches Those derivation, blood will be pulled from distant
wishing facsimile copies of ten pages by J. H. congested organs.
Kellogg M.D., describing these twelve HOW TO APPLY IT - (Picture of another
Douches, may write this publisher for a copy. douche: p. 153.) 1-In most cases, the Cold
For information on the cost of this write-in Douche is not given alone. But when it is given
offer, and all that you will receive in it, please alone (55-70º F.), to produce the fluxion de-
turn to page 37.) scribed above, it is given with a jet nozzle for
Here are the five Basic Douches: [1] Hot percussion.
Douche, [2] Neutral (lukewarm) Douche, [3] 4 - REVULSIVE DOUCHE
Cold Douche, [4] Revulsive (hot and very brief HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The effect is a
cold) Douche, and [5] Alternate Hot and Cold quickening of the blood circulation, and thus
(hot and longer cold) Douche. gives a strong tonic effect. Interestingly
1 - HOT DOUCHE enough, experts recommend that no percus-
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-When applied to sion be used in order to give this tonic effect
a larger area of the body, the Hot Douche can in a Revulsive Douche.
produce derivation-or pull blood away-from The Revulsive Douche is different than the
a congested organ. When applied to a small Alternate Hot and Cold Douche (described
area, the Hot Douche reflexively relieves the just below), in that it makes use of a very
congestion of the deeper organ beneath the brief cold application (5-10 seconds) in rela-
surface-by bringing blood to the surface. Per- tion to the length of the hot (30 seconds to 2
cussion, when it can be applied, intensifies minutes). This is what produces the very
this reflex effect of pulling blood to the sur- strong circulatory increase.
face. This douche is especially used on the
The Hot Douche relieves pain, neuralgia, chest, abdomen, and over the liver and
sciatica, and similar conditions. But for this, spleen; also to the spine, pelvis, and peri-
you would not want percussion. neum.
HOW TO APPLY IT - (Picture of another HOW TO APPLY IT - (Picture of another
douche: p. 153.) douche: p. 153.) 1- The Revulsive Douche is
1-When used alone (without any cool or comprised of three quick change cycles from
hot to cold: First, hot (112-115º F.) for 30 the thirteen Localized Douches: [1] Ascend-
seconds to 2 minutes; then, cold (55-70º F.) ing Douche (perineum and anal - to affect
for 5-10 seconds. Each temperature change pelvic organs), [2] Head Douche, [3] Spinal
is abrupt, not gradual. or Dorsal Douche (upper back - to affect up-
5 - ALTERNATE HOT AND COLD per trunk organs), [4] Lumbar Douche (lower
DOUCHE back - to affect lower trunk organs), [5] Shoul-
WHAT IT IS- The same in every way to the der (shoulder - to affect shoulder joints), [6]
Revulsive Douche (described just above), ex- Thoracic Douche (upper front and back trunk
cept that, since the cold application is longer - to affect upper trunk organs), [7] Epigastric
and percussion is used, the effects are slight- Douche (stomach area - to affect stomach),
ly different. [8] Hypogastric Douche (lower front and back
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Very strong flux- trunk - to affect lower trunk organs), [9] Ab-
ion (increase in blood) occurs in the area re- dominal Douche (lower front trunk - to affect
ceiving this douche. This makes it excellent lower frontal organs), [10] Foot Douche (top
for derivation: pulling blood from a distant of feet - to affect feet and brain), [11] Plantar
congestion. But when percussion is also used Douche (soles of feet - to affect head, feet,
(via a jet nozzle), the reflex effects are stron- and certain pelvic organs), [12] Perineal
ger: so that the jet applied to an area above Douche (pereneum - to affect certain pelvic
the deeper organ, will bring blood from that organs), [13] Anal Douche (anus - to affect
organ to the surface. hemorrhoids).
When applied to the feet: powerful deri- 1 - ASCENDING DOUCHE INCLUDING:
vation takes place from distant organs. (Pre- COLD, SHORT COLD, WARM, HOT, ALTER-
cede this with a Hot Foot Bath.) When ap- NATE, and REVULSIVE
plied to the spine and legs: powerful tonic WHAT IT IS- This is a jet or spray directed
and stimulant effects result. upward, and is applied to the soles (plantar
HOW TO APPLY IT - (Picture of another surface) of the feet, the perineum, and the
douche: p. 153.) anal region.
1-Give three cycles (or sets) of three abrupt HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Ascending
hot and cold applications. The cold applica- Douche is used for several conditions: Cold
tions should last from one-third the length Ascending Douche: Give it for atony of the
of the hot, on up to being equal with it. Thus, bladder, or genital weakness where there is
when the hot is given for one minute, the cold no irritation or pain. Also use it for hemor-
will last 20 seconds to one minute. (The du- rhoids, constipation, and uterine and rectal
ration of the cold is dependent upon how well prolapse.
the one receiving it can tolerate cold.) Per- Short Cold Ascending Douche: Rectal pro-
cussion (via the jet nozzle) increases the vigor lapse, anal insufficiency, and flatulence due
and permanency of the reaction. to constipation. Warm Ascending Douche:
DOUCHES: PART TWO THE THIRTEEN Relieving the pain of anal fissure and irritable
LOCAL DOUCHES The above five Basic rectum.
Douches taught us the basic patterns of wa- Hot Ascending Douche: One of the best
ter temperature needed to give the various helps for pruritus ani and pruritus vulva. The
types of douches. Now we shall look at the temperature should be as hot as can be borne.
thirteen Localized Douches. The Localized Alternate (hot and cold)
Douches are applications of water to one sur- Ascending Douche: Vesical paresis,
face area in order to affect a deeper organ; chronic hypertrophy of the prostate, inflam-
the Reflexive Douches are applications to sev- mation of the testicles.
eral surfaces areas in order to more fully af- Revulsive Ascending Douche: most affec-
fect a deeper organ. Here, we shall learn about tions of the genitourinary organs and rectum-
whenever accompanied by pain. nence (bed-wetting) or retention (unable to
HOW TO APPLY IT-The information given urinate), nervous vomiting, diminished kid-
on pages 152-758 will explain how to apply ney activity, melancholia. Very helpful for
each of the above douches. chronic neurasthenia.
2 - HEAD DOUCHE INCLUDING: COLD HOW TO APPLY IT -Information on how
and NEUTRAL to give douches is to be found on pages 152-
WHAT IT IS- This is a hand-held spray of 158.
water to the head or part of the head. Cold Spinal Douche CAUTIONS-Do not
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Here are the vari- use it in cases of insanity of organic origin,
ous types of Head Douche: Cold Head or for all forms of structural disease of the
Douche: There is some value to this, but only spine (such as injured vertebra). Avoid over-
if given very, very briefly. Because of the dan- doing each application: the result of doing so
gers of mental depression, we suggest you use will be headache, depression, and nervous-
the Pail Pour (page 109), an ice compress (Ice ness following an initial feeling of buoyancy.
Bag [page 49]), or an evaporating Cold Com- “The daily application of this procedure. . [will
press (page 45) for melancholia, cerebral result in] his mental and nervous tone im-
anemia, and sunstroke with pallor. proving, the trembling, languor, mental con-
Neutral Fan Douche to the occipital region fusion, and indecision disappearing; indeed,
(the bump on the back of your head) and the the effect of a single application is . . pro-
back of the neck: A remarkably useful mea- nounced.”-Kellogg.
sure in procuring sleep in insomnia. Very Hot Spinal Douche: for gastralgia
HOW TO APPLY IT -How to give douches (with a hot douche to the hypogastrium).
is explained on pages 152-158. Warm Spinal Douche: (92-98º F.) for lo-
3 - SPINAL (DORSAL) DOUCHE INCLUD- comotor ataxia with lightning pains, and in
ING: TEPID and COLD WHAT IT IS-This is a spinal sclerosis.
hand-held hosing of water to the dorsal (up- Revulsive Douche (page 157) to the spine:
per and central) part of the spine. Either the for lumbago, diabetes insipidus, kidney neu-
jet, spray or fan nozzles may be used. The ralgia. HOW TO APPLY IT -Basic information
skin of the back is less sensitive than most on how to apply the various types of douches
other portions of the body, so more intense is given on pages 152-158.
applications can be made to it. 4 - LUMBAR DOUCHE
SPECIAL POINTS- The stream of water INCLUDING: COLD and REVULSIVE
should be allowed to play rapidly up and WHAT IT IS-A hand-held douche (jet, fan
down over a surface extending 3-4 inches on or spray) to the lower spinal area of the back.
either side of the spinal column. Normally, If there is no pain present, full pressure may
give as much pressure as he can bear. The be used.
jet nozzle is best for this purpose. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Lumbar
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Here are the Douche produces powerful reflex effects upon
most useful Spinal Douches: the organs of the lower abdomen, pelvic vis-
Tepid (lukewarm) Spinal Douche: calms cera, and lower extremities. Cold Lumbar
nervous excitability of spinal origin, as in Douche: constipation, motor insufficiency of
hysteria, spinal irritation, irritability of the the bladder resulting in incontinence or re-
bladder (when of spinal origin), irritability of tention, in amenorrhea, renal insufficiency,
the genito-urinary center, and relieves incon- infantile uterus, delayed development of the
tinence (bed-wetting) in children. pelvic viscera or functions. This douche
Cold Spinal Douche: spinal anemia, func- should be given with considerable pressure,
tional locomotor ataxia, motor insufficiency at a low temperature, and be very short.
of the bladder resulting in urinary inconti- Revulsive Douche (page 157) to lumbar:
“[It is] a most excellent remedy in neuraligia and tops of the shoulders.
of the uterus and ovaries, in renal [kidney] HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Here are five
congestion, in urinary retention due to spasm ways to apply the Thoracic Douche: Short
of the neck of the bladder, and especially in Cold Thoracic Douche: Given with high pres-
lumbago. It is a sovereign remedy also for sure (use the jet for this), to increase the
the backache so common in women suffer- amount of blood in the skin, lungs, and
ing from pelvic displacements, although of pleura. Prolonged Cold Thoracic Douche: 65-
course in these cases its effects are chiefly 80º F., given with little pressure, to contract
palliative [pain removing] .”Kellogg. When giv- the blood vessels, and thus lessen the amount
ing the Revulsive Lumbar Douche, also give of blood in the lungs and other chest organs.
revulsive (hot, then very brief cold) sprays to Short, Very Cold Thoracic Douche: given to
the feet and legs. Sometimes a better effect is the breasts to stimulate the blood circulation
obtained by giving the Revulsive -Douche to in the pelvic organs, also to cause contrac-
the shoulders and upper part of the back. tion of the uterine muscle seconds).
HOW TO APPLY IT-Information on how to Prolonged Cold Thoracic Douche: given to
give revulsive, and other douches will be the breasts with little pressure to cause con-
found on pages 152-158. 5 – traction of the blood vessels of the uterus,
SHOULDER DOUCHE and thus relieve uterine congestion (75-65º
INCLUDING: SHORT COLD, HOT, and F., 1-3 minutes). Given to the lower third of
REVULSIVE the sternum, causes contraction of the ves-
WHAT IT IS-A full or jet spray to the shoul- sels of the kidney, and increases the flow of
ders. urine. Applied over the heart, the douche
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-It has two spe- powerfully excites cardiac activity. (Be cau-
cial usages: Short Cold Shoulder Douche: tious about the use of this last application.)
This should be very short, and given to the Prolonged cold, with little pressure, to the
shoulders and arms, followed by a hot appli- heart will slow and energize it.
cation (113-120º F.) to them. This powerfully Tepid (lukewarm) Thoracic Douche: given
draws blood from congestions in the pelvic without pressure, it relieves nervous asthma
organs. Use a jet nozzle. when applied to the back and sides of the
Hot or Revulsive Shoulder Douche: Given chest, and quiets palpitation from irritability
with a fan, either the Hot Douche or the Re- of the heart when applied over the cardiac
vulsive Douche will bring prompt relief in region. Gradually lower the temperature of
cases of rheumatic pains in the shoulder the water in later applications, if he is able to
joints, tolerate colder water.
HOW TO APPLY IT-Information on how to Revulsive Thoracic Douche: to relieve in-
give the various douches will be found on tercostal neuraligia, pleurodynia from chronic
pages 152-158. pleuritic adhesions, brachial neuralgia, and
6 - THORACIC DOUCHE INCLUDING: reflex irritations arise from hyperesthesia of
SHORT COLD, PROLONGED COLD, SHORT the solar plexus.
VERY COLD, PROLONGED COLD, TEPID, HOW TO APPLY IT -Information on how
and REVULSIVE to give douches is to be found on pages 152-
WHAT IT IS-This is a hand-held spraying 158.
(only with spray or fan nozzles) to the front 7 - EPIGASTRIC DOUCHE INCLUDING:
and back of the upper trunk (that portion COLD, VERY HOT, and REVULSIVE
that is above the diaphragm, thus equaling WHAT IT IS-A hand-held spray of water
the area over the ribs, sternum, and verte- to the stomach area. Only the spray or fan
brae. The portion sprayed is the front, sides nozzle should be used; not the jet nozzle.
and back of the chest, and also the throat HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Here are several
helpful applications of the Epigastric Douche: pelvis, and especially the bladder, uterus, and
Cold Epigastric Douche: “The cold epigastric ovaries.
douche is of the greatest value in treating Cold Hypogastric Douche: with little pres-
hypopepsia, apepsia, gastroptosis, dilatation sure, and continued for one-half to one
and atony of the stomach, and in gastric flatu- minute, causes contraction of the bladder and
lence. It stimulates both the glandular and the uterus, the vessels of all the pelvic or-
the muscular activities of the stomach.”- gans. Hence, this douche greatly helps reduce
Kellogg. active and passive congestion in these organs,
Very Hot Epigastric Douche: (115-122º F.) such as chronic inflammation of the uterus,
for hyperpepsia, gastrorhea, gastric crises, endometritis, etc. It is also helpful in subin-
gastralgia, subacute gastritis, gastro-duodeni- volution, displacements, atony of the blad-
tis (or gastric and duodenal catarrh), infec- der, and enteroptosis due to abdominal
tious jaundice, and the pain accompanying muscle weakness.
chronic stomach ulcer. Revulsive Hypogastric Douche: bring
Revulsive Epigastric Douche: helpful in all prompt relief in neuralgia of the uterus, the
painful stomach problems (“marvelous re- bladder, or the ovaries, in uterine pain due
lief,” says Kellogg). The hot applications to contraction of the cervix, in vaginismus,
should be at as high a temperature as can be and vesicle tenesmus.
borne (120-125º F.), and the cold application HOW TO APPLY IT -Information on how
should be very cold (50-60º) and very short to give the various types of douches will be
(6-12 seconds). If the touch of the hand upon found on pages 152-158.
the skin above stomach causes pain, then give 9 - ABDOMINAL DOUCHE INCLUDING:
this douche with the least pressure possible. COLD, WARM or HOT, and REVULSIVE
Also use this douche for hyperesthesia of the WHAT IT IS- This is a spray to the front
solar plexus (a fundamental cause of inter- of the abdomen only. It does not include both
costal neuralgia), pain between the shoulders, the front and back, as does the Hypogastric
spinal irritation, so-called painful dyspepsia, Douche, above.
and nervous asthma. HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The frontal or-
HOW TO APPLY IT -Information on how gans of the pelvic are affected by this douche.
to give revulsive and other douches will be These are, especially, the small intestines, the
found on pages 152-158. colon, and the lumbar ganglia of the abdomi-
8 - HYPOGRASTRIC DOUCHE INCLUD- nal sympathetic nerves.
ING: COLD and REVULSIVE Cold Abdominal Douche: applied to the
WHAT IT IS- The “epigastric” area (for the abdomen is highly useful in constipation,
treatments, described above) is the skin especially when it is due to dilatation of the
above the pit of the stomach; but the “hypo- colon, and enteroptosis. It is also helpful in
gastric” area is the body surface that is above atony of the bladder, in interoptosis due to
the lower middle of the abdomen. It is below relaxation of the abdominal muscles, and in
the navel and between the right and left in- pelvic displacements due to atony, when not
guinal regions. accompanied by uterine or ovarian conges-
The “hypogastric douche” is a hand-held tions.
spray to both the front and back of the lower Warm or Hot Abdominal Douche: for pain
trunk; whereas the “abdominal douche,” (de- or irritability in the bladder, uterus, ovaries,
scribed after this one) is a spray to the front or other pelvic viscera.
of the lower trunk only. Revulsive Abdominal Douche: especially
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-Douches to this helpful for relief of pain due to irritation of
area can, through reflex effects, powerfully the splanchnic nerves, or of the lumbar gan-
effect the organs of the lower abdomen and glia of the abdominal sympathetic nerves. It
is also useful in chronic diarrhea, chronic tain other pelvic organs. Cold Plantar Douche:
dysentery, and enteralgia. continued for one-half to 2 minutes, or until
HOW TO APPLY IT-Information on how to a strong reaction occurs, will produce a pow-
give the various douches will be found on erful effect upon the abdominal and pelvic
pages 152-158. organs. Both the blood vessels and muscu-
10 - FOOT DOUCHE lar walls of the hollow organs of the pelvis
INCLUDING: PROLONGED COLD, RE- and abdomen are brought into strong con-
VULSIVE, and VERY HOT traction by this procedure. This douche will
WHAT IT IS- This is a stream of water to also contract blood vessels in the brain, thus
the feet. For this purpose, the spray nozzle is greatly helping in chronic congestive head-
best used since the fleshy covering of the feet ache. (For this purpose, only give the cold for
is so thin. Direct the spray toward the feet 1 ½ -2 minutes.). It will also relieve brain
and ankles as he sits in such a way that you anemia (give the cold only 4-10 seconds), and
can easily spray their largest surface. is one of the best means of overcoming ha-
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-In the informa- bitual coldness of the feet when due to cer-
tion given at the beginning of this section on tain pelvic problems. (It will not remove this
douches, we mentioned that it is best to al- coldness when an overall feebleness of the
ways give a cold douche to the feet at the be- circulation is the problem. In such cases, use
ginning and end of each douche treatment. general cold Frictions (pages 97-106) and the
With those that are more delicate (including general Revulsive Douche (157), The Cold
those with cerebral hyperemia, nervous Plantar Douche is also helpful in hematuria,
asthma, palpitation of the heart of sympa- atony of the bladder, in incontinence of urine
thetic origin, pulmonary congestion, exoph- in old men, spermatorrhea from relaxation
thalmic goiter, and chronic migraine),-it is of the ejaculatory ducts, in neurasthenia re-
best to begin douches by giving cold to the sulting from excessive cerebral activity, in
feet only, and then stopping. This will help cases in which the urinary secretion is scanty,
prepare them for more general douche treat- and in chronic epistaxis (nosebleed) not due
ments later. to nasal mucous membrane ulceration.
Prolonged Cold Foot Douche: When pro- HOW TO APPLY IT-Information on how to
longed until the skin is reddened, this douche give the various douches will be found on
will produce contraction of the cerebral ves- pages 152-158.
sels (drain blood from the head) and thus 12 - PERINEAL DOUCHE INCLUDING:
exert a most useful derivative effect in cere- VERY COLD and VERY HOT
bral hyperemia. WHAT IT IS- This is a spray of water to
Revulsive Foot Douche, and Very Hot Foot the perineum. The perineum is that portion
Douche: to relieve cerebral congestion. of the body that lies between the anus and
HOW TO APPLY IT-Information on how to the genital organs. In modern hydrotherapy,
give these various douches will be found on this, along with certain similar douches, is
pages 152-158. called an “up spray.”
11- PLANTAR DOUCHE INCLUDING: HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The purpose of
COLD this douche is to affect the organs of the pel-
WHAT IT IS- This is a spray of water, un- vis, especially the rectum, prostate, vesicu-
der strong pressure, to the soles of the feet. lae seminales, deep urethra, ejaculatory
Use either the jet or spray douche for the ducts, testicles, and bladder in men; and the
purpose. rectum, uterus, ovaries, Fallopian tubes, and
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-The Plantar bladder in women. As much pressure is used
Douche, as you will see below, is primarily as is possible without causing pain.
used to affect the head, feet, bladder, and cer- Very Cold Perineal Douche: in constipa-
tion, atony of the bladder, chronic urethritis, become lost by neglect to answer promptly
prostatorrhea, prostatitis, hypertrophy of the the urge to defecate; also helpful to strengthen
prostate in induration, spermatorrhea with anal muscles that have been weakened (or
atony of the ejaculatory ducts, and especially almost entirely cut away) by unwise surgical
the diurnal (daily) form of the disease, inflam- operations. This douche can also be used for
mation of the uterus, subinvolution of the inflamed and prolapsed internal hemor-
uterus, and displacements, as well as other rhoids.
chronic disorders of the pelvic region. Dura- Very Cold Anal Douche: will contract hem-
tion: 2-3 minutes. orrhoids to such an extent that they may be
Very Cold Perineal Douche CAUTIONS- easily replaced.
Never give the Very Cold Perineal Douche Very Hat Anal Douche: in rectal ulcer and
when there is a significant amount of pain. fissure, vaginismus, and spasm of the sphinc-
This is because the powerful thermic reac- ter muscles. But do not use it in cases of ova-
tion may temporarily increase that pain. Also rian neuralgia, enteralgia, vesical irritability,
do not use it for vessical, rectal, or vaginal and other painful pelvic and abdominal prob-
tenesmus. lems.
Very Hot Perineal Douche: for most con-
ditions of the prostate, rectum, uterus, blad- DOUCHES: PART THREE
der, and associated organs. Itis especially THE TWELVE REFLEXIVE DOUCHES
helpful in cases of spermatorrhea when there We have considered the five Basic Douches
is great irritability of the deep urethra and (which explain the five basic temperature pat-
related hyperesthesia. It should be noted that terns to use), and the thirteen Localized
this douche is also useful in relaxing a rigid Douches (which concern douches applied to
perineum in preparation for childbirth - when a single area in order to affect an internal
rigidity of the perineum is known to be organ). In addition, there are also twelve Re-
present. Little pressure should be applied in flexive Douches, which are hand-held sprays
such cases. Use this douche with moderate of water applied to several surface areas in
pressure for vaginal, rectal, and vesical tenes- order to affect certain internal organs.
mus. The Very Hot Perineal Douche should The Reflexive Douche “operates through
be 1-3 minutes hot (115-122º F.), concluded the sympathetic or vasomotor centers and
with cold for 2-3 seconds. nerves upon internal associate organs. There
HOW TO APPLY IT-The basic principles are good grounds for believing that in many
for the giving of douches is explained an pages instances the good effects experienced are the
152-158. result of a collateral anemia or hyperemia
13 - ANAL DOUCHE INCLUDING: COLD, produced in the affected parts by retrostasis
VERY COLD, and VERY HOT or the opposite as, as the case may be. The
WHAT IT IS- This is the “up spray” ap- active fluxion in internal parts set up by ex-
plied not to the perineum, but to the anus citing applications of the douche upon the
(the rectal opening). surface is also a powerful factor in the thera-
HOW IT CAN HELP YOU-It is very helpful peutic results produced by these simple but
for hemorrhoids, especially external hemor- wonderfully potent procedures.” -Kellogg.
rhoids but also the mixed variety, in which In order not to make this section on
both internal and external structures are in- Douches too large and unwieldy, we are not
volved. including the twelve Reflexive Douches in this
Cold Anal Douche: very helpful in consti- book. But a facsimile copy of ten pages de-
pation by reflexively exciting normal peristal- scribing them, written by John Harvey Kellogg
tic movements; especially useful in restoring M.D., may be obtained from the publisher of
normal sensibility of the rectum which has this present Manual. For information on how
to obtain this material, please turn to page
37.
Here are the twelve Reflexive Douches: [1]
Cerebral (frontal brain) Douche, [2] Cere-
brospinal (brain and spine) Douche, [3] Pul-
monary (lung) Douche, [4] Cardiac (heart)
Douche, [5] Gastric (stomach) Douche, [6]
Enteric (small intestines) Douche, [7] Hepatic
(Liver) Douche, [8] Splenic (spleen) Douche,
[9] Renal (kidney) Douche, [10] Genitourinary
(bladder and genital organs), Douche, [11]
Articular (body joints) Douche, and [12]
Muscle (body muscles) Douche.
INDEXES
These Water Therapy Manual indexes have been designed to make this book far more
helpful than it otherwise could have been. For this reason you will find that even the arrange-
ment of some of the indexes are different than that of others. In addition, the two that will be
the most frequently used (the Therapy Index and the Disease Index) have been placed in a
larger type face.
One very unusual feature of these indexes is that when two or more references to the same
item appear on a page, this is indicated in the more important indexes (Principles, Therapy,
and Disease). Regular indexes provide only one listing to a page, and the reader finding the
first one may think there are no more on that page. But because the indexes are so important
in this Manual, we want you to be able to locate every reference. An example of this would be
“Brain, reduce blood in, 51, 51.” Turn to page 51 and you will quickly see why we have listed
page 51 twice. Another example would be “Fever, childhood, 64, 64.” The second reference
provides valuable information you would have overlooked if you had stopped at the first
reference. Yet a third example: “Pneumonia, 60, 60, 60.” The first reference to pneumonia on
page 60 is to the Partial Chest Pack, but the second two (which might otherwise have been
overlooked) are to the Dry Chest Pack.
Here are the five indexes to this Manual:
First is the GENERAL INDEX. Covering topics not found in the other indexes, this small
index primarily deals with names and places. Second is the ILLUSTRATION INDEX, which
locates every picture and illustration found in the Manual. Third is the PRINCIPLES INDEX.
This very helpful index will help you find all of the basic principles that the use of water
treatments is based upon. Fourth is the THERAPY INDEX. This is an index to the water
treatment explanations, and is multi-referenced. Thus, you will find “Cold Mitten Friction”
indexed under “Cold,” “Mitten,” and “Friction.” This was done so that you might have no
difficulty in quickly locating any particular water therapy. In certain instances, the Kellogg
Remedies section (pages 178-252) used terms that need “translating” to the therapy names
used in this present Manual. We have indicated this, and certain other information, within
parentheses in the Therapy Index.
Fifth and last, is the DISEASE INDEX. This very important index should be used in close
conjunction with the Therapy Index. Some special features are to be found in the Disease
Index that you will appreciate. These are discussed at the beginning of the Disease Index.
GENERAL INDEX Winternitz, 173
Write-in material available, 37, (252),
back pages of book
Abbott, George Knapp, 16,25, 33,34,123
Advertisements, 37 (252),49, (also back page ads)
American Medical Association, 170,174 ILLUSTRATIONS INDEX
Arabic, 172
Asclepiades, 172 Arm
Assyrians, 171 Bath,113
Barra, 172 Compress, 52
Bernardino, 172 Bath
Battle Creek Sanitarium, 173, 174,175 Arm, 113
Bibliography, 262 Continuous, 123
Celsius, 172 Electric Light, 139
Centigrade, 177,253 Foot, 118
Chardin, 172 Hand, 113
Chinese, 171 Leg, 113
Colonic board, 149,257 Medicinal,141
Crawford, 30 Neutral,123
Egyptians, 171 Oatmeal,141
Dail, Clarence W., 37 Paraffin, 79
Fahrenheit, 17, 177,253 Russian, 132, 133
Floyer, 172 Sauna, 132
Greeks, 171 Sitz, 118
Hancock,172 Soda, 141
Hebrews, 171 Starch,141
Herman, 172 Steam, 132
Hindus, 171 Body reflex areas, 24
Hippocrates, 170-171 Charcoal Poultice, 87
Jackson, James, 44 Chest Pack
Jensen-Nelson, Kathryn L., 16, 25,34 Dry, 58
Kellogg, John Harvey, 28, 30, 30,38,56,65,151,152, Heating, 57, 58
171,173,174,254,255, 256 Roller, 58
Kneipp, Joseph, 29 Square, 58
Lanzani, 172 Cold
Liebig, 30 Compress, 21, 45
McFarland, J. Wayne, 37 Mitten friction, 100
Michigan, 173 Towel Rub, 101
Moqr, Fred B., 16,25,34,37 Colonic Board, 258.259
Names for water therapy, 44 Compress
Near East, 172 Arm, 52
Persians, 171 Cold, 21, 45
Pliny the Elder, 172 Joint, 52
Priessnitz, 173 Knee, 52
Paulson, David, 174 Throat, 52
Romans, 172 Congestion,
Roosevelt, Theodore, 175 deeper, 22
Septala, 172 surface, 21
Shaefer, Richard A., 174 Continuous Bath, 123
Sinclair, 172 Contrast Baths, 113
Thomas, Charles S., 32, 33 Derivation effects, 23
Tokyo, 171 Dripping Wet Sheet Rub, 101
Trail, Thatcher, 44 Douches, 152, 153, 154, 155
Temperature, 17, 177,253 Dry Chest Pack, 58
Temperature tables, 253-256 Ear Irrigation, 147
Wesley, John, 172-173 Electric Light Bath, 139
White, Ellen G., 173-174 Enema, 147
Fomentations 21, 70, 72-73 Vapor Inhalation, 137
Friction, Cold Mitten, 100 Wet
Foot Bath, 118 Dripping Wet Sheet, 101
Hand Bath, 113 Girdle, 22, 59
Heat Lamp, 85 Sheet Pack, 61
Heating Sheet Rub, 102
Chest Pack, 57, 58
Trunk Pack (Wet Girdle) 59, 22
Hot Blanket Pack, 91
PRINCIPLES INDEX
Water Bottle, 22, 77
Ice Aged people and treatments, 19
Bar, 48 Alternate, 34
Cap, 77 Antipyretic (antifever) effect of water, 34
Cravat, 47 Antispasmodic (antispasm) effect of water, 33
Pack,47 Anodyne (pain.relieving) effect of water, 34
Irrigations, 147 Bacteria eliminative treatments, 40,42,98
Joint Compress, 52 Bleeding, treatments to stop, 43.44
Knee Compress, 52 Blood,
Leg Bath, 113 alkalinity, increasing, 143
Medicinal Baths, 141 congestive tendency of, 12, 16
Moist Abdominal Bandage, 54 movement treatments, 42-43 life is in the, 9.11
Mouth Irrigation, 147 Neutral Bath, 123 movement of, 175
Oatmeal Bath, 141 pressure, lower 98, 105, 140, 140, 143
Pack
Dry Chest, 58 Body
Heating Chest, 57, 58 resistance, improve, 98
Hot Blanket, 91 temperatures, 17, 256 (see Temperature)
Roller, 58 Catabolism effect of water, 34
Sinus, 83 Cautions, list of, 26-30
Square, 58 Classifications of therapies, 30-34, 39.44
Pail Pour, 111
Paraffin Bath, 79 Cold
Poultices, 87 applications, effects of,14.15
Pour, Pail, 111 brief, 18,32
Reflex areas, 24 chest douche, 29 precautions, 26-30
prolonged, 18,32
Reflexive effects, 23 to head, 26, 35
Roller Chest Pack, 58 to heart, 26
Rub when to shorten or avoid, 27
Cold Towel, 101 combination treatment, 20
Dripping Wet Sheet, 101 Congestions,
Wet Sheet Rub, 102 deeper, 22
Russian Bath, 132, 133 surface, 21
Salt Glow, 105 Deeper congestions, 22
Sauna, 132 Depletion, 34, 68,95
Sinus Pack, 83 Depressant effect of water, 34
Sitz Bath, 118 Derivation and derivative treat. ments, 23, 34, 95,
Soda Bath, 141 96.97, 111,157,157,157,158, 166,176
Sponge, 107 Diaphoressis (sweating) effect of water, 34
Square Chest Pack, 58 Drawing blood from an area, 22.23
Eliminative effect of water, 34
Starch Bath, 141 Equalize the circulation, importance of, 12-13
Steam Fahrenheit scale, 17,253-254
Bath, 132, 133 Fatigue, 28
(Vapor) Inhalation, 137 Feet warm, keep, 26
Thermometer Scales (F. & C.) 254 Fluxion, 34, 111
Throat Compress, 52 Friction, 17-18
Heat, Reflex
elimination treatments, 39, 42 areas, 24-25
increases blood volume, 14 effects, 23, 24-26, 50, 97
marked (very hod, 33 (see also Hot) special applications, 43-44
moderate, 18, 32-33 Refrigerant (water-supplying) effect of water, 34
production, increase, 39, 42, 43,98 Remedial properties of water, 33-34
Heating compress, principles of, 46 Repeated reaction, 19
Hot, applications, effects of, 14-15 Revulsive, 34
followed by cold, 14-15, 18, Room temperature, 28
frequent, 28 Sedative effect of water, 33
in winter, 28 Solvent qualities of water, 13, 18
precautions, 26-30 Specific heat, 17
prolonged, 18 Spoliative (oxidative and catabolic) effect of water, 34
(also see Head when to avoid, 27 Stimulant, water as, 33
“Hydrotherapy headache,” 26 Stimulants, effects of harmful, 15-16
Incomplete reaction, 19 Suppressed reaction, 19
Infants and treatments, 19 Surface congestion, 21
Latent heat, 17
Life is in the blood, 9-11 Sweating effect of water, 34
Materials needed, basic, 34-35 Temperature,
Massage, effects of, 15 Metabolism, aspects and principles, 17, 36, 253-256
improvement treatments, 41, 98 -duration ratio, 26
reduction treatments, 43 estimating, 253-256
muscular toning, 98 Thermic impression, 17, 18
Narcotics, effects of, 16 Tonic, 33, 175
Nerve Toxins, Treatments which eliminate, 39
central, excitation treatments, 40 Treatments which destroy, 39
reflex effects (see Reflex effects) Water, properties of, 13, 18 (and entire chapter)
Neutral temperature, effects of 17 White blood cells, treatments which increase, 39-40
Nullifying applications, 29-30
Nursing observations 35-36
Oxidation,
THERAPY INDEX
effects of water on, 34
increase, 98, 112 To aid in the use of this Therapy Index, here are the
Oxidative treatments, 40, 41 locations of the fifteen Water Therapy sections in this
Pain indicators, 36 book:
Pain-relieving, PART ONE
effect of water, 34 CLOTH AND BLANKET
treatments, 42
Paraffin, principles underlying use of, 17,78
THERAPIES
Patient care, 35-36 1--Local Cold Therapies, 45-51
People who do not react well (to cold), 19,27,27-28,28 2--Cold-to-Heating Therapies, 51-60
Percussion, 18 3—Larger Cold-to-Heating Therapies, 60-64
Peripheral circulation, 16 4--Local Hot and Cold Therapies, 64-69
heart, 16 5--Local Hot Therapies, 69-90
Phagocytosis, (WaC’s), how to increase, 98, 111, 112 6--Local andLargerHot Therapies, 90-97
Poisons, effects of, 15-16 7--Tonic Friction Therapies, 97-106
Powerful effects, only from hot and cold, 17 8--Sponging Therapies, 106-109
Procedure, basic treatments, 35-36
Proximal compress, 23, 48, 50-51 PART TWO
Pulse, 36 Reaction, 18, 18-19,26-27, 27-28,28-29 DIRECT WATER THERAPIES
Incomplete, 19
Precautions, 19-20 9--Pail Pour Therapies, 109-112
Problems, 19,26-27,27-28, 28-29 10--Partial Bath Therapies, 112-121
Progressive, 26-27 11--Full Bath Therapies, 121-127
Repeated,19 12--Shower Bath Therapies, 127-130
Suppressed,19 13--Miscelaneous Bath Therapies, 131-145
14-lrrigation Therapy, 145-152
15-Douche Therapy, 152-169 BATHS,
Contrast, 112
ABDOMINAL BANDAGE, Full (section), 121-127
Moist, 54 Medicinal. 141-145
Partial,54 Miscellaneous (section), 131-145 .
(“Abdominal Compress” -see Abdominal Bandage, Partial (section) 112-121
Moist) (“ Affusion” -see Pail Pour) ALKALINE BATH, Shower (section), 127-130
Starch,142 Sitz,118
Soda, 142 Alternate Compress, 64 (“Binder”-see Bandage)
Charcoal Poultice, 86
ALTERNATE HOT AND COLD Charcoal as non-poultice, 86
Shower, 130
Sitz Bath, 118 CHEST PACK,
to Head, 66 Dry, 60
to Spine, 68 Heating, 56
BANDAGE, Partial, 59 (“Chest Pack” -see Chest Pack, Heating)
Moist Abdominal, 54 Clay
Partial Abdominal, 54 Poultice, 86
Protected Joint, 54 and Glycerine Poultice, 86
Cloth and Blanket Applications (section),109-169
BATH,
Alternate Hot and Cold COLD
Sitz, 118 Compress, 45
Cold Full Tub, 124 Full Tub Bath, 124
Cold Rubbing, 124 Mitten Friction, 99
Cold Rubbing Sitz, 118 or Cool Shower, 127
C’old Shallow, 125 Rubbing Bath, 124
Cold Shallow Rubbing, 125 Rubbing Sitz, 118
Cold Sitz, 118 Shallow, 125
Continuous (Neutral), 122 Shallow Foot Bath, 107
Contrast, to Feet, 112 Shallow Rubbing, 125
Contrast, to Hand or Arm, 112 Sitz, 118
Contrast, to Legs, 112 Sitz, Prolonged,118
Electric Light, 138 Sponge, 106
Graduated,126 -to-Heating Applications (section) 51-60
Hot Foot,115 Towel Rub, 101
Hot Full Tub, 121 (“Cold Friction” in Kellogg = Cold Mitten Friction, or
Moderate Hot Tub, 121 one of the other tonic frictions on pages 97-106)
Neutral Full, 122 (“Coloclyster” -see Colonic) Colonies, 45,149
Neutral Sitz,118 Comfrey and Smartweed Poultice, 86
Oatmeal,141
Paraffin, 78 COMPRESS
Plunge, 126 Alternate, 64
Prolonged Sitz, 118 Cold,45
Radiant Heat, 138 . Dry Joint, 53
Revulsive Sitz, 118 Dry Throat, 51
Russian, 131 Heating Joint, 53
Sauna,131 Heating Throat, 51
Shallow Cold Foot, 117 Hot Gauze, 75 Prolonged,50
Soda Alkaline, 142 Revulsive, 65
Starch Alkaline, 142 (“Compress, Hot and Cold” in Kellogg = simultaneous
Steam, 131 (not alternate) hot and cold) (“Compress,lce”-see Ice
Sun, 143 Pack) Continuous
Sun, Air and Water, 144 Hot Shower, 127
Bathing, Sea, 144 (Neutral) Bath, 122
CONTRAST BATH, Revulsive, 161
Arthritis, 115
Feet, 112 PERINEAL DOUCHE,
Hand or Arm, 112 Very Cold, 167
Legs, 112 Very Hot, 167
Infection and Cellulitis, 115
Poor circulation, 115 PLANTAR DOUCHE,
Sprained ankle, 115 Cold,166
Weak feet, 115
Contrast Baths, 112 (REFLEXIVE DOUCHES,
Cool Shower, Coli! or, 128 These twelve douches are mentioned on pages 168169
and 252, and are available only on a writein basis)
DOUCHE
(Note: Douches [handheld sprays] can duplicate many SHOULDER DOUCHE,
other water therapies, but most people do not use Hot, 162
them, therefore they are only listed in this one place in Revulsive, 162
the Therapy Index:) Applications (section), 162-169 Short Cold, 162
Basic Douches, 156-159
Alternate Ascending, 159
Alternate Hot and Cold, 157
SPINAL (Dorsal) DOUCHE,
Ascending, 159 Cold,156 Cold,160
Cold Ascending, 159 Tepid,160
Cold Head, 159
Head,159 THORACIC DOUCHE,
Hot, 156 Prolonged Cold, 162
Hot Ascending, 159 Prolonged Very Cold, 162
Neutral, 156 Revulsive, 162
Neutral Head, 159 Short Cold, 162
Short Very Cold, 162
ABDOMINAL DOUCHE, Tepid,162
Cold,165
Hot, 165 DRY
Revulsive, 165 Chest Pack, 60
Warm, 165 Joint Compress, 53
Throat Compress, 51
ANAL DOUCHE, Direct Water Applications (section), 109-169
(“Douches”-AII douches are listed separately at the
168 Cold,168 end of this Therapy Index)
Very Cold, 168 Dripping Sheet Rub, 103
Very Hot, 168 Dressing, Hot Paraffin, 78
Electric Light Bath, 138
Enemas, 145, 146
EPIGASTRIC DOUCHE, Fever Sponges, 106
Cold,163 Flaxseed Poultice, 86
Revulsive, 163 Fomentations, 69
Very Cold, 163
FOOT BATH,
FOOT DOUCHE, Hot, 115
Prolonged Cold, 165 Revulsive, 165 Shallow Cold, 117 Friction, Cold Mitten, 99 FULL
Very Hot, 165 Bath, Neutral, 122
Bath Applications (section) 121-127
HYPOGASTRIC DOUCHE, Hot Blanket Pack, 91 Tub Bath, Cold, 124
Cold,164 Tub Bath. Hot 121
Revulsive, 164 Garlic Poultice, 86
Gauze Compress, Hot, 75 Girdle, Wet, 54
LUMBAR DOUCHE,
Cold,161
GRADUATED COMPRESS,
Heating, 53
Bath,126 Dry, 53
Shower, 129 Kidney Stone Pack, 82
Hand Rub, Wet, 99 lamp, Heat, 84
larger Cold-to-Heating Applications (section). 60-64
HEAT, leg Pack, Hot, 96
Bath, Radiant, 138 Light Bath, Electric, 138
Lamp, 84
LOCAL
HEATING Alternate Hot and Cold Pour,110
Chest Pack, 56 and large Hot Applications (section). 90-97
Joint Compress, 53 Cold Applications (section), 45-51
Throat Compress, 51 Cold Pour, 110 Hot Applications (section). 69-90
Hip-and-Leg Pack, Hot, 95 Hot Pour, 110
Hops Poultice, 86 Hot and Cold Applications (section). 64-69
Neutral Pour, 110 to Arm, Hand, Foot, 112 to Spine,
HOT 112 to Head,112
Applications, Local {section),69-90 Medicinal Baths. 141-143
Applications, Local and Larger (section), 90-97 Miscellaneous Bath Applications (section), 145-152
Mitten Friction, Cold, 99
Moist Abdominal Bandage, 54
BLANKET (Note: “Moist Abdominal Bandage” in the Kellogg
Pack, Full, 91 Remedies” [pages 178-252] is the Wet Girdle [page 54]
Dressing, 78 ) Mustard Poultice, 86
Wrap, 78
Foot Bath, 115
Full Tub Bath, 121
NEUTRAL
Hip-and-Leg Pack, 95 Full Bath, 122
Gauze Compress, 75 Shower, 129
Leg Pack, 96 Sitz Bath,118
Moderate, Tub Bath, 121 Sponge, 106
Packs with Ice Bags, 96 Oatmeal Bath, 141
Paraffin Pack, 78
Shower, 127 PACK,
Shower, Continuous, 127 Cooling Wet Sheet, 61 Dry, 60
Sponge, 106 Full Hot Blanket Pack, 91
Trunk Pack, 94 Heating Chest, 56
Water Bottle, 76 Heating Wet Sheet, 61
Hot Hip-and-leg, 95
HOT AND COLD Hot leg, 96
Applications, Local (section),64-69 Hot Paraffin, 78
Shower, Alternate, 130 Hot Trunk, 94
to Head, Alternate, 66 Hot, with Ice Bags, 96
to Head, Simultaneous, 67 to Spine, Alternate, 68 Kidney Stone, 82
Neutral Wet Sheet Pack, 61
Partial Chest, 59
ICE Sheet, Wet, 61
Bag (Cap), 49 Sinus, 83
Bag, Hot Packs with, 96 Cravat, 47 Sweating Wet Sheet, 61
Pack,46
Rub,103
(“Ice Cap” -see Ice Bag)
PAIL POUR,
(“Ice Compress” -see Ice Pack) General, 109
local,110
JOINT PAIL POUR, LOCAL,110
Bandage, Protected, 54 Alternate Hot and Cold, 110
Cold,110
Neutral, 110 (2) Neutral, 61
Hot,110 to Arm, Hand, Foot, 112 to Head,112 (3) Heating, 61
to Spine, 112 (4) Sweating, 61 SHOWER,
Paraffin Bath, 78 Alternate Hot and Cold, 130 Bath Applications
(section), 127-130
PARTIAL Cold or Cool, 128 Continuous Hot, 128 Continuous
Abdominal Bandage, 54 Hot, 128
Chest Pack, 59 Hot, 127
Bath Applications (section), 112-121 Graduated,129
Plunge Bath, 126 Neutral, 129
Revulsive, 129 Simultaneous Hot and Cold to Head,
POULTICES, 67 Sinus Pack, 83 SlTl BATH, Alternate Hotand Cold,
Charcoal, 86 118 Cold,118
Charcoal (non-poultice). 86 Cold Rubbing, 118 Neutral, 118
Clay, 86 Prolonged Cold, 118 Revulsive, 118
Clay and Glycerin, 86 Very Hot, 118
Comfrey and Smartweed 86 Sitz Baths, 118-121 Smartweed and Comfrey
Flaxseed,86
Garlic, 86 Poultice, 86
Hops, 86 Soda Alkaline Bath, 142 Sponging Applications
Mustard,86 (section), 106-109

POUR, SPONGE,
General Pail, 109 Cold, 106
local Pail, 110 Fever, 106
Prolonged Cold Sitl Bath, 118 Hot, 106
Protected Joint Bandage, 54 Proximal Compress, 50 Neutral, 106
Radiant Heat Bath, 138 Tepid,106
Starch Alkaline Bath, 142
Summer Spray, 145
REVULSIVE Sun, Air and Water Bath, 144
Compress, 65 Sun Bath, 143
Shower, 129 Tepid Sponge, 106
Sitl Bath, 118
THROAT COMPRESS,
RUB, Dry, 51
Cold Towel, 101 Heating, 51
Dripping Sheet, 103 Tonic Friction Appications (section), 97.106
Ice, 103 Towel Rub, Cold, 101
Wet Hand, 99 Trunk Pack, Hot, 94
Wet Sheet, 101
Rubbing Bath, Cold, 124 Russian Bath, 131
Sauna, 131
TUB BATH,
Sea Bathing, 144 Cold Full, 124
Hot Full, 121
Moderate Hot, 121
SHALLOW COLD Vapor (“steam”) Inhalation, 136
Bath,125 Very HotSitz Bath,118
Foot Bath, 117 Water Bottle, Hot, 76
Rubbing Bath, 125
WET
SHEET RUB, Girdle, 54
Dripping, 103 Grass Walk, 145
Wet, 101 Hand Rub, 99

SHEET PACK, WET SHEET PACK, 61


Wet, 61 (1) Cooling, 61
(1) Cooling, 61
(2) Neutral, 61 bring healing and restoration to your body,
(3) Heating, 61 mind and soul. Come to Him in faith. Con-
(4) Sweating, 61
Wet Sheet Rub, 101
fess your sins and ask His forgiveness. Think
through your life situation and decide that
you will make the necessary changes needed
DISEASE INDEX for better, healthier living. Determine that
God will henceforth be the center of your
Indexes life. Immediately begin a life of prayer and
thankfulness, and, during and after conva-
HOW TO USE THIS DISEASE INDEX lescence, begin a regular schedule of morn-
This Disease Index covers all references ing and evening prayer and study of the Bible.
to disease in the entire Manual. We seriously In all things, pray: “Thy will be done,”
considered preparing two disease indexes, and yield your life to Him. If He sees that it
but instead have placed everything in one is best to grant you partial or complete heal-
index, while indicating both aspects: ing, so that your life is lengthened, then
ST = SINGLE WATER THERAPY-Each gratefully dedicate the remainder of your
page number that comes after this code (ST) days on earth to His service.
is where you will find a single water therapy And if, at any time, you fall from your
that may help alleviate the particular physi- dedication, come back with tears and in His
cal problem listed under that index head- strength begin again. He loves you and wants
ing. The single therapies will be found pri- you to come.
marily in the Water Therapy chapter (pages Remember: The closer you stay to Jesus,
45-169). the brighter will be your future. And that is
MT = MULTI-THERAPY-Each page num- what you really want, is it not: the best life
ber that follows this code (MT) refers you to you can have-and this is it-a life with Christ!
several water therapies to be used separately Begin reading the first part of this book
Or in combination to help lessen the spe- (“The Ministry of Healing”). You will find that
cific problem referenced there. These groups which can lead you into a better, happier
of therapies will be found in the Kellogg Rem- life.
edies sections of this book (pages 39-44 and
178-252). -A-A-A
Please remember that many physical Abdominal
problems cannot be solved with water congestion, ST 115, (157)
muscle weakness, MT 186
therapy alone; nutritional and other changes Abscess, ST 86, 89, 124/ MT 198
are also necessary. For example, a chronic Absorption, stimulate, ST 64
or repetitive problem is signalling you to Albuminuria, MT 198, 251
change your way of life. Alcoholic delerium, ST 63
Before using the water therapies in this Alcoholic intoxication, ST 65
Alcoholism, ST 64, 124, 131, 139/ MT *191, 211
book, you should first read the basic prin- Alveolar Abscess, ST 97
ciples and cautions given on pages 9-37. And Amenorrhea, ST (161)
before using a specific therapy, you should Anal
read all that is written in that section about insufficiency, ST (159, 168)
it, including the cautions. Frequently, the fissure, ST (159)
spasm, MT 209
therapies just before and after it are similar Anema, MT *178, 183, 221, 221
and are used for similar purposes. You may Angina pectoris, MT 202
decide to check on them also. And, of course, Ankle, sprained, ST 115
see your doctor. Antiseptic, ST 17
God is the Great Physician; only He can Anorexia, MT 193,208,230, 246
Anxiety, 8T 122 reduce blood in, ST 51,51
‘!\pepsia, ST (163) Breast inflammation, 225
Aphonia, MT 209 Bright’s disease, 5T 92, 131/ MT *214 (see Kidney)
Apoplexy, MT *179 Bronchial colds, 8T 57
Appendicitis, 8T 50,97 Bronchitis, ST 70 acute,MT*180, 182, 189, 221
Arm, reduce blood in, 8T 51 capillary, 5T 64/ MT 218
Arteriosclerosis, 8T 131 chronic, MT *180
Arthritic acids, Broncho-pneumonia, MT *182, 197,221
neutralize, 8T 89 Burns, 5T 46, 122/ MT 242
joints, 8T 79,81,89,115 extensive, ST 124
spasm and pain, 8T 121 old, ST 79
Arthritis, MT 197 Bursitis, 5T 46
acute infections, ST 46, 48, 112
deformans, MT *179 -C-C-C
rheumatoid, 8T 48, 79,112 Carbuncles, 5T 111 (see Boils) Cardiac
Asthma, ST (163, 164) / MT 181,194,202 dilatation, ST 189
nocturnal, MT *180 failure, threatened, MT 206
Ataxic movements, MT 219 weakness, MT 185, 192, 214,217,232
Autointoxication, MT 183, 220, Cellulitis, 8T 115, 120 / MT *234
Cerebral congestion, MT 218,
-B-B-B 248 (also see Head; Congestion, head)
Backache, ST 89, (161) / MT 230 Charcot’s joint, ST 114/ MT 219
Bacteria, elimination of, MT 40, 42,98 Chest congestion, 8T 70, 116,
Bed sores, avoid, 8T 64 157 Chilblains, 8T 64/MT 242
Bedwetting, ST (160, 160, t61) Childbirth, 8T (168)
Bee stings (see Insects) Chlorosis, MT *183
Bile, 8T 94 Cholera, MT *183
Black-and-blue, prevent, ST 48 infantum, MT *200
Bladder atony,8T(159,165) morbus, MT *184
inflammation, MT 180 Chorea, MT *185, 241
irritable, MT *180 Chronic diseases, 5T 125
insufficiency, 8T (160) Circulation,
paresis, MT 219 improve, 8T 69, 70, 89, 98, 105,112,116,125
problems, (164-165, 165) of limbs (peripheral), improve,ST 112,115,121
retention, ST (161, 161) (also see Incontinence) Cirrhosis of liver, MT *185, 189
Bleeding, stop, 8T 50 / MT 4344 Cocaine habit, MT 20
Blood circulation, Coffee, withdrawal from, MT *192
improve, 8T 69, 70, 89, 116 Cold extremities, MT 193, 230 Colds, ST 64,
increase movement of, MT 4243 91,116,139 prevent, ST 98, 105
in extremities, ST 112, 115, 121 Colic, MT 210
in extremities, reduce (prox biliary,MT*180
imal compress), 8T 51 Collapse, MT 184, 185, 190
(also see 23,48) Colon, 5T (165,165)
Blood pressure, Colitis,
lower, MT 221 acute, MT *192
poisoning, 8T 114 chronic, MT *193
raise, 8T 98, 105, 140, 143 dilatation, MT 186
Blood-making, increase, MT 178 Coma, MT 190, 208, 252
Blood supply, Congestion, 8T 50, 76, 86
increase, ST 64/ MT 41,41 in head, 5T 66, 68, 116
reduce, 8T 48 (also see Cerebral)
vessel diseases, 8T 122 Congestions,
Boils, 8T 86,89, 111/ MT 189 chest, 8T 70
Bowel problems (see Intestinal catarrh[212-213); lessen internal, ST 70, 91, 121
Constipation) lessen local, 8T 64
Brachial neuralgia, 5T (163) Constipation, 8T 55, 120, (159,
Brain congestion, 8T 116 159,161,165,167,168) /
MT186, 189, 199,201 Erythema, M1 242
Contusions, 8T 48 Erythro melalgia, M1 228
Convulsions, MT 198, 208, *210,224,240,252 Eustachian tube inflammation, S1 52, 53
Cough, MT 181 [six on 181] , 208,217,246 Eye, S1 151 inflammation, M1 *196,210
Cramps, MT 184 painful afflictions in, S1 66,
muscular, MT 179 75 Exhaustion, S1 220, 228
Croup, 8T 58/ MT *187, 191 Extremities, cold, S1 193,230
Curvature of spine, MT *244
Cyanosis (Blueness), MT 184, 218 -F-F-F
Cystitis, MT *180 Fallopian tubes, S1 167
Feet, numbness, M1 179
-D-D-D- sweating, MT 243
Delerium, MT 183, 198,218, 241,248 weak, pronated, S1 115
tremens, ST 124/ MT 191 Fever.
Dermatitis, 8T 89 childhood, S1 64, 64
Diabetes, S1 125, (161) / M1 *188 diseases, acute and complications M1 *197
Diarrhea, S1 148/ M1 182, induce,S1 121,139
184,184,192,210,*212, mild,S1139
217,224,238,240 reduce, S1 48, 63, 64, 91, 104,106,149/ M1 179,
Diarrhea, chronic, S1 122, (165) 190,210,237,237
Digestion, painful, M1 207 (also see Stomach; Gastr-) septic, M1 235
Diphtheria, M1 *190 Fidgets (restlessness), MT 212, 230
Disinfectant, S1 86 Fistules, S1 124
Dreams, M1 230 Flatulence, S1 (159,163) /
Dropsy. M1 185, 214 M1 207 (also see Stomach;
Dropsy Gastric
of abdomen, S1 64 Flu, S1 139
of chest, S1 64 Forearm, reduce blood in, 51
Drug [medicinal] reaction rashes, S1 142 Foot,
Drug [narcotic] withdrawal, S1 139/ M1 *191 infections, S1 114
Duodenitis, ST (164) reduce blood in, S1 51, 125
Dysentery, acute, MT *192 Fractures, ST 112
chronic, S1 (165) / M1 *193 Fungus skin infections, ST 89
Dysmenorrhea, S1 120,148
Dyspepsia, S1 (164) / M1 247 -G-G-G
nervous, M1 *193 Gas, aid in expelling, S1 148
Gastralgia, S1 (161, 163) / M1 228,239
-E-E-E Gastric catarrh, acute, M1 *198, 200
Earache, S1 84, 86 flatulence, S1 (163)
Ear problems, S1 151/ M1 *194,210,221,224 Gastritis, S1 16, 66, 163
Eclampsia, S1 48, 92 acute, M1 197,219,225
Eczema, S1 89, 142/ M1 189 chronic, M1 *199
Edema,S145,48, 112, 128/ M1 189, 198 Gastro-duodenitis, M1 217
Emaciation, M1 188, *194, 200 Gastrointestinal
Emphysema, M1 181 catarrh, M1 *200
Enema habit, overcome, S1 149 disturbance, M1 201
Endocarditis, M1 185, 197, *233,238,241 Gastrorhea, S1 (163)
Endurance, increase, S1 98, 105 Gallstone, S1 92/ M1 *180
Enteralgia, S1 66, (165) / M1 228 Gangrene, S1 114, 124/ M1 189,198
Entercolitis, M1 197 Genital organs, S1 (159,160)
Enteritis, M1 241 weakness, S1 (159)
Enteroptosis, S1 (165) /183, 186 Gout, S1 64, 79, 131/ M1 *2011
Epilepsy, M1 *195 acute, M1 *201
Epistaxis, S1 114, 116, (167) (also see Nosebleed) chronic, M1 *201
Eructations, M1 193, 199 Gravel, M1 201 Grippe, S1 91
Eruptions, M1 242, 243
Erysipelas, M1 *196 -H-H-H
Itching,ST124, 131, 142
Hand, Intercostal neuralgia, ST (163, 164) (also see Neural-
neuralgia, M1 179 gia)
numbness, M1 179 Internal organ, pain in, ST 10
reduce blood in, S1 51 strengthen, ST 98
Head, (cerebral) congestion, M1 218,248 Interoptosis, ST (165)
reducing blood to, S1 48 Intestinal cattarrh, MT 195, *212 (also see Gas-
Headaches, S1 116/ M1 *202-205,229 (several) trointestinal) pain, ST 94
anemic, S1 66 upset, ST 90
congestive, S1 45, 48,68,
11_114,(16_16_ -J-J-J
Jlundice, MT 185, *213, 211, 242,252
Heart, S1 (163, 163) catarrhal, ST 55
burn, M1 193 infectious, ST (164)
failure, M1 184 membranes (see Endocarditis; Joint inflammation, acute, ST 46
Pericarditis) palpitation, S1 122 deformities, MT 119, 238
slow, S1 46, 46 pain, ST 53/ MT 119,201, 216,237
strengthen and slow (when rapid, weak pulse), S1 50 stiff, ST 79/ MT 216, 239
swelling, MT 201, 216, 239
Heat
eliminating, M1 39,42 -K-K-K
exhaustion, M1 *206 Kidney
production, increase, S1 98/ M1 39,42,43,98 action, improve, M1 251 congestion, S1 91, (161)
rash, S1 142 neuraligia, ST (161) pain, S1 75, 82 problems, S1
stroke, M1 *206 92, 92, 94, (160,161,163,161)
Hematuria, S1 16/ M1 *167 Kidney infection, acute, M1 *213
Hemorrhoids, S1 148, 149, (159,168,168) / M1 186, chronic, M1 *214
201,206 pain (renal colic), M1 *215
Hepatic (see liver)
Herpes zoster, M1 228 -L-L-L
Hiccough, M1 209 La grippe, M1 *210 Laryngitis,M1 181-188, 191,
Hives, S1142 *215
Hoarseness, S1 52 Larynx, acute catarrh, M1 *181
Hydrochloric acid, Legs,
lack of, MT 195, *207, 247 (see Hypopepsia) pain in, M1 248
excess, M1 *207 (see Hyperpepsia) reduce blood in lower, S1 51
Hyperesthesia, M1 183,209, 224 Leucorrhea, M1 223
Hyperidrosis, M1 243 Ligament, torn, S1 46
Hyperpepsia, M1 *207 Lightning, struck by, S1 112
Hypopepsia, S1 (163) / MT 195,*207,247 Lithemia, M1 *215
Hysteria, ST (160) / MT *208 Liver, ST 151
anemia of, S1 55
-1-1-1 pain,MT185
Indigestion, atonic, ST 55 problems (hepatitis), M1 185-186,200,201,241
Infections, S1113, 115, 125 Lobar pneumonia, M1 *216, 221 (also see Pneumo-
Inflammation, reduce, S1 50, 50,86,139 nia)
Incontinence, urinary, ST (160, 161,167) / MT 209, Locomotor ataxia, S1 (160, 161) / M1 *218
*248 Lumbago, S1 128, (161,161)
(see urin-) Lung congestion, S1 115/ M1 *219 (also see Pneu-
Influenza, ST 64/ MT *210 monia)
respiratory, ST 51 problems, S1 (162, 162)
Irritability, mental end nervous, MT 221, *249 Lymphangitis, S1 113
Insanities, MT *211
Insanity,ST 122-123, 124 -M-M-M
Insect bites, ST 86, 88, 142 Male organs, S1 16
Insomnia, ST 55, 63,10,14, 108,111, (160) / MT Mania, S1 63, 124/ M1 183, *220 (also see Insani-
185, 189,191,192,*211,218, 241 ties)
Mastoiditis, S1 91 Epistaxis)
Measles, M1 *221 Numbness, MT 179 -0-0-0
Meningitis, Obesity,ST 64,125, 131/M1 188,231
acute epidemic, S1 48 Opisthotonos, ST 121
cerebral spinal, M1 *182 Opium, SI 65/ MI *191
Melancholia, S1 16/ M1 202, 221,*160 Osteitis, MI 239
Menstruation, Osteoarthritis, SI 112, 114 (also see Arthritis)
lack of, M1 *222 Ovaries, ST (161,164-165,165, 167) (also see Ovari-
painful, *222 tis)
Mental depression, MT 230 Ovaritis, MT *232
problems, ST 124 Oxidative treatments, MT 40, 40
Metabolism,
improving, M1 41, 98 -P-P-P
reducing, MI 43 Paralyzed limbs, stimulate healing of, ST 64
Metritis, M1 *223 Paralysis, MT 190, 198
Migraine, MI 201, *223 Parametritis, ST 120
Morphine-derivative poisoning, S165 Paresis of bladder, MT 219
Motor paralysis, M1 209 Paresthesia, SI 124/ MT 209
Mumps, MI *224 Pain, relieving, ST 50, 70, 74, 75,76,86,110,121,124,
Muscular 056) I MT 42
cramps, MT 179 Pelvic congestion, M1 *223
joint pains, S1 70 cramps, ST 116
paralysis, MT 208 organ congestion, S1 115, 116,120,057,162)
spasm, MT 183, 225 pain, MT *232
spasticity, ST 121 problems, ST (162, 164, 165, 165, 166)
tension, SI 70 viscera, delayed development orfunction, ST (161)
tone, improve, SI 69,98, 144 Pemphigus, ST 124
weakness, MT 230 Pericarditis, ST 97 / MT 197, 241, *233, *238 (also
Myelitis, see Heard
acute, MI *225 Perineal care, ST 84, 86, 157
chronic, MT *226 Periostitis, MT 239
Myocarditis, MT 233 Peristalsis, excessive, MT 194
Peritonitis, ST 97 / MT 197 acute, MT *233
-N-N-N chronic, MT *234
Narcotic poisoning, SI 65 pelvic, MT *234
Nasal catarrh (congestion), MT *226 Perspiration,
passages, ST 84, 85, 151 excess, MT 237
Nausea, ST 55 induce (see Sweating)
Nephritis, MT 198, 241 (see Urine) Phagocytosis, ST 98, 111
Nervous agitation, MI 241 Pharyngitis, ST 52, 152/ MT *235,240
excitability, SI (160) Phlebitis, MT 197, 238
exhaustion, ST 122/ M1 *228 Plant sensitivity, ST 142
irritability, ST 122 Pleura problems, ST (162, 162)
Nervousness, MT 192 Pleurisy, ST 57-58, 64, 70, 75/ 197,*235,241
Neuraligia, SI 65, (156, 161, Pleurodynia, ST (163)
163, 163, 164) / MT 179, Pneumonia, ST 57,59,60,60, 64,92
*227 bronchial, MT *182, 221 lobar, *216, 221
Neurasthenia, ST 55, (160-161, Poison, absorb, 86, 88
166) / MT *228 Poison Ivy, 142
Neuritis, SI 66/ MT 191,230 Postpartum perineal care, ST 86 (also see Perineal)
brachial, ST 128 Pott’s disease, ST 143
multiple, SI 122/ MI *231 Prostate, ST 148, (159, 167 [several on 167]),168)
Nicotine, eliminating, S1 64 irritable, MT 244
Night sweats, MI 247 Pruritis ani, MT *159
Nocturea, ST 120 vulva, MT *159
Nodosities, MI 238 (see Arthritis) Puerperal infection, ST 97
Nosebleed, SI 114,116, (167) / MT 218, 224 (see Pus, ST 124
Somnolence, MT 189
-R-R-R Sore throat, ST 52, 116, 152
Rectal Spasms,
fissure, ST (168) inflammation, ST 148, (159, muscular, MT 183
167,168) relieve, ST 70, 124
irritation, ST (159) vasomotor, MT 183
Rheumatic Spermatorrhea, ST (167, 167, 168) / MT *244
fever, ST 46, 48,53 Sphincter spasm, ST (168)
gout, ST *179 Spinal curvature, MT *244 (also see Sclerosis)
Rheumatism, ST 53, (162) irritation, ST 66, (160, 164)
articular, MT *236 / MT 193, 209
chronic, MT *240 Spine, ST (157)
muscular, ST 121/ MT *239 Splanchnic nerves, ST (165)
obese, ST 64 Spleen, ST (157)
Rheumatoid enlarged, MT 241
influenza, MT 210 Sprains,ST 45,46,48, 79,112, 115
pains, MT 188 Sterility in women, MT *245
problems, MT 187, 187, 187,206,219 Stings, ST 86, 88
prolapse, ST (159, 159) Stomach
tenesmus, ST 148 congestion, ST 66 enlarged, MT 245
ulcer, ST (168) pain, MT 200
Rectum, insensitive, ST (168) problems, ST (163-164) (several on 163-164) ulcers,
Regurgitation of food, MT 193 ST (164)
Relaxation, induce, ST 70, 76, 108,111,116,124, upset, ST 70
(156) Renal (see Kidney) Respiratory Strains, ST 79,112
colds, ST 57 Subinvolution, ST 120
influenze, ST 57 Suffocation, ST 172
volume, increase, ST 143 Sun burn, ST 142
Restlessness, ST 63 Sunstroke, ST 48/ MT *206
Sweating, induce, ST 48, 64,70, 91,92,121,139
-S-S-S Sweats, night, MT 247 (also see
Salpingitis, ST 50,97, 120 / MT *232 (Perspiration, excess, MT 237)
Scarlet fever, ST 125/ MT *240 Swelling, prevent in injured tissue,
Sciatica, ST 66,79,82,126, 128, (156) / MT 188 ST 48,50
Sclerosis of spine, ST (161) / MT 244, *244-245 reduce, ST 86
Scrofula (lymph TBI. MT *247 Syncope, MT 209
Sexual impotence, MT *242
Shoulders, pain between, ST (164) -T-T-T
Shock, ST 148 Tea, withdrawal from, MT *192
Sinus congestion, ST 45, 83 Tachycardia (rapid pulse) ST 45 / MT 238
Skin Temperature,
diseases, ST 125, 131 too high (see Fever)
dry, MT 240, 243 subnormal, MT 218
grafts, ST 79 Tendon repair, ST 79
inactive, MT 180 Tenosynovitis, ST 79
increase, activity and tone, Testicle inflammation, ST (159) / MT 225, *246
Thermic Fever (heat stroke, etc.), MT *206
MT 226 Throat
problems, MT *242 inflammation, ST 52
rashes, ST 131 sore, ST 52, 116, 152
scaling, MT 241 Tingling, MT 179
Sleep, inducing, ST 70, 74, 108, 111,(160) Tobacco addiction,ST 131, 139/ MT *192
Sleeplessness;MI *211 (see Insomnia) Tonic effects, obtaining, ST 69,
Smallpox, MT *243 98,109,125,126,130,143,
Solar plexus 144,144,145,145,145
hyperesthesia, ST (163, 164) Tonsilitis, ST 52,53/ MT *189, *235
irritation, MT 193,212,229 Toothache, ST 66
Trauma,ST45,112-1123 182,184,191,192,199,
Toxemia, MT 190,207,219, 227 199,208,224,248,251
Toxins,
adsorb, ST 86,88 -W-W-W
eliminate, ST 39,70 Warm up body, ST 63-64
destroy, ST39 Waste products, remove, ST 112
Tubercular Weakness, overcome generalized, ST 98, 105
meningitis, ST 121 White blood cells, increase, ST 98,111/ MT 39-40
pleurisy, MT 236 Whooping cough, ST 58/ MT *250
Tuberculosis Wounds, ST 86 fresh, ST 75
of ankle, ST 114
of bones and joints, ST 143 -Y- Y - Y
of lungs, MT *246 Yellow Fever, MT *251
of lymph glands, MT *247
of spine, ST 143
Tympanites (gaseous distention of abdomen). MT
199,217
Typoid fever, ST 46,63,92, 125, 126 (additional
information is available: see page 37 or 257)
Typhus fever, MT 247

-U-U-U
Ulcer, gastric, MT 195,248 (also see Stomach; Gastr-)
Ulcers, indolent, ST 113
Undulant fever, ST 121 Uremia, MT 211
Urethra (Urethritis). MT *167, *167 *168
irritable,’MT 244
Uremia, ST 48, 92
Uric acid diathesis, MT *215
Urinary organs, ST (159, 160, 163)
Urine,
albumin in, MT 233
incontinence, MT 209, *248, *249
retention, ST 161/ MT 209
scanty, MT 184, 201 suppressed (nephritis) MT
209,241
too acid, MT 249 Urticaria, MT 239
Uterine bleeding, MT *249
problems,ST117-118,120, (161,163,163,164165,
165,167,167,168)
prolapse, ST (159)
Uterus, infantile, ST (161)

-V-V-V
Vagismus, ST (168)
Varicose veins, ST 115
Vasomotor
nerve action, ST 69
spasm, MT 183
Venous circulation, impaired, ST 113 (also see Blood;
Circulation)
Vertigo, MT 230
Vesical
paresis, ST (159) seminales, ST (167)
Visceral congestion, ST 184, 247
neuralgia, ST 209 (also see Neuralgia)
Vomiting, ST 55, (160) / MT