CONCEPT 18: Tobacco and Nicotine


Tobacco and its smoke contain over 400 noxious chemicals, including, 200 known poisons and 50 carcinogens.

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Nicotine is the addictive component of tobacco. Smokeless chewing tobacco is as addictive (and maybe more so) as smoking and produces the same kind of withdrawal symptoms on quitting.

The Health and Economic Costs of Tobacco Tobacco use affects all organs of the body and is the most preventable cause of death in our society.
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#1 cause of preventable mortality in the U.S. 44.5 million adults smoke Causes 88 million days of sickness per year

Smoking has tremendous economic costs.

$157 billion in annual health-related economic losses
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$75 billion in direct medical costs $81 billion in lost production Millions in neonatal care


Individual financial costs
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Increased taxes on tobacco products If smoke 1 pack/day for 10 yrs à $18,250

Health effects about smoking:

Increased risk for cancer

asbestos)  Cigar and pipe smokers have lower death rates than cigarette smokers but still are at great risk. the greater the health risk.g.) Depth of inhalation Amount of exposure to other lung-damaging substances (e. o o o o Increased risk of heart disease Increased risk of cancer Increased risk of emphysema Mainstream smoke . o Several factors determine the dosage      # of cigarettes smoked Length of time one has been smoking Strength (amount of tar.  Secondhand smoke poses a significant health risk..  o 87% of all lung cancers 30% of all other cancers Increased risk of CHD (2x risk if 1 pack/day)   Increased atherosclerosis Increased blood pressure o o o  Increased risk of ulcers Increased risk of emphysema Increased risk of bronchitis The health risks from tobacco are directly related to overall exposure. nicotine. o The more you use the product (the more doses). etc.

Most tobacco users begin "using" during adolescence and find it hard to quit. larynx.  Public policy can affect tobacco use.  The health risks of smokeless tobacco are similar to those of other forms of tobacco. The media play a role in promoting and preventing tobacco use. smoking was an accepted part of our culture. o Smoke that is inhaled and exhaled Sidestream smoke   Unfiltered smoke from burning tip of cigarette Contains nicotine and 20-100x carcinogens as mainstream smoke  Women and children are especially susceptible to the negative effects of secondhand smoke. o o Increased taxes Public relations campaigns . throat. esophagus) o o Increased blood pressure Unhealthy teeth and gums The Facts about Tobacco Usage At one time.      The prevalence of smoking is higher in Europe and is especially high in China. Legal claims against the tobacco industry have aided in antismoking campaigns. but the social norm has changed. o Increased risk of cancer (mouth.

and hard drugs.  The addictive nature of nicotine makes it difficult to quit using tobacco. People who smoke cigarettes tend to also use alcohol.    Exercising can also help you quit. Various factors influence a person's decision to begin or quit smoking. The good news is that. . Strategies for Action: The Facts About Quitting Some techniques and strategies increase the probability of breaking the nicotine addiction. 4 states have aggressive anti-tobacco campaignsà43% decrease in tobacco use o Indoor smoking bans     6 states in 2005 Bans only on workplace smoking Smoking bans that include all public facilities Washington state – most restrictive ban    Tobacco companies are finding new ways to recruit smokers. when you quit. marijuana. you may feel better right away and your body will eventually heal most of the damage.

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