A DICTIONARY OF ISLAMIC TERMS

English - Arabic

and
Arabic - English

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ali Alkhuli

INTRODUCTION
I felt the need for a dictionary of Islamic terms while I was writing some English books on Islam to introduce the Islamic religion to non-Muslims. I also found that many Arab writers of such English books have the same feeling about the need for such a dictionary because ~slanlicterms are available in Arabic, to begin with. Therefore, I developed the intention to compile a bilingual Arabic-English dictionary and an English-Arabic dictionary on Islamic terms. The result of this intention has been this dictionary.
This dictionary contains the terms related to the Holy Quran, the Sunna, worship, transactions, manners, penal laws, the permitted, the prohibited, marriage, divorce, waiting period, inheritance, jurisprudence, pillars of Islam, God's names, Prophets' names, names of the Quranic chapters, many terms that may come under the umbrella of "Islamic terms9', and terms needed in comparative religious studies.
To facilitate using this dictionary, I would like to mention the following:
1. In Arabic entries, the verb appears in the past form. 2. In English entries, the verb appears in the infinitive form.

3 . In Arabic entries, the definitive a1 is omitted whenever necessary. It only appears when it is an inseparable part of the noun.
4. Arabic words are almost completely vocalized in both dictionaries to make it easier for the reader and more accurate for the researcher. 5. In cases of English multiple synonyms of an Arabic entry or cases of Arabic multiple synonyms of an English entry, priority has been given to the most frequent and most suitable synonym.

6. No explanation of terms has been given in this dictionary o n the assumption that the user must know what the term refers to and that the sole objective of this dictionary i s , t o give the synonym in the other language.
7. Minimal explanation of some terms has been given in cases of semantic ambiguity or semantic multiplicity.

8. If an entry has several synonymous words, these words appear unnumbered one under the other.
9. If an entry has several unsynonymous equivalents, they appear one under the other with a serial number before each.

10. If a word,of an Arabic origin appears in English orthography, it is written in italics.

I do ask God, the Most High, the Most Able, t o guide us to the
aight way. Amen.
Dr. Muhammad Ali Abdul Marim Alkhuli

the posterity of Jacob favors gifts chiefs of unfaith enjoiner of good believe amen gold vessels silver vessels Signs of Allah allegorical verses

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entrust be entrusted sinful the sinful the Last the Hereafter the End and the Beginning Adam Azar the Approaching Day corruptible usurer

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verse of inheritance the Greatest Sign verse of inheritance foster father originate creation create and restore

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the family of Abraham the family of Imran Pharaoh's people Moses' family Aaron's faniily

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decency modesty monopoly monopolize wet dream have a wet dream the One the One and Only one of the two fixed terms one of the best two bodily discharging consecration on-pilgrimage state Confederates, the the doing of good good-will do good the best of moulds best guidance
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consummation of ma t.:.iage row completion false accusation retrospective effect
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reveal and conceal the righteous

great reward unfailing reward great reward generous reward disciplinary act judicial proceedings criminality
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sin guilt wrongdoing great sin

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manifest sin Twelvers sinful
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appointed time fixed time consensus consensus of opinions consensus of the Companions consensus of jurists
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pass urine, stool, or wind

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wicked fulfill his invocation
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exercise of judgment exercise of exercise of exercise of grandparents reward
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judgment in legislation

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judgment in a juristic system

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blood relatives the Most Merciful of the Merciful old geriatric age feeblest old age the meanest jointly-owned land the Holy Land breast-feeding suckle ( v t . ) give suck the pillars of Islam pillars of faith articles of faith widow below-waist cloth arrows abuse of honor prisoners of war tales of the ancients myths of the ancients old-world fables the Tribes
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night and day difference of schools intermingle (vi.) defecation give undue measure fall short in the balance sincerity sincerity in worship morals moralities Islamic morals
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guard her chastity

perform prayer perform umra claim allegation Idrees adopted sons mischief call to prayer prayer call first call first call to prayer call to prayer call to prayer Seats of Dignity the Divine Will free will want it crooked lords apostasy the riding of two revert from crime commission commit a crime

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(2) end consecration
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good manners gracious manners Brethren of Purity brethren in faith brotherhood fraternity the good ones loan payment oath-taking
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seminal emission using a toothbrush clean one's private parts wash one's nose drawing lots
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enslave
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perform ablution perfectly
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the Most Beautiful Names of Allah Isma'il Isma'ilism transmitted chain excellent example good example captive prisoner of war stipulate insolent evil-doers the bad ones

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ask for water invoking God for rain be martyred deduction

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for public good seek food of God gift revocation revocation of a gift seek refuge with Allah seek God's protection appeal for refuge
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associate partners with God join partrers with God call God t o witness the makers of the pit the Companions of the Wood
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conceal and reveal

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waste be extravagant the lowest of the low dropping the punishment intoxicate Islam
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rectitude face the Ka'ba face the Qibla be arrogant seek clothing of God discharge of semen

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ask one t o take a n oath

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invoking G o d for guidance ;jL&! inferrence

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bestow depart pour water the Onrush from Arafat proceeding from Arafat prayer commencement ransom ransom oneself ransoming ransom invent a lie against God invent a falsehood against God presumption of death forge it isolated pilgrimage single ritual propagate greetings propagation of greetings
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manumit seclusion seclusion at mosque

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confine oneself in a mosque&\ seclude oneself in a mosque perform umra

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the Companions of the Garden the People of Paradise the Companions of the Rass the Companions of the Inscription

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embrace Islam non-Arabs capital punishment execution desertion

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origins of law
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the Companions of &I the Blazing Fire Quranic heirs the Companions of the Elephant the Companions of the City the Companions of the Cave the Companions of the Left Hand

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the weakest of faith medleys of dreams mislead lead astray feel at ease in sitting feel at ease in prostration stages transgress moderation confession confess holding fast to hold fast to

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genitals mountains

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publicity of marriage reveal Do right.

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backbite taking a bath

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take a bath after spermat ism rape give wealth

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slave woman abstinence from food
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(2) give up fasting

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One God kinship Allah God deity Elias Elisha cause death

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liar (n.) slander obvious lie invented falsehood male relations

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enjoining what is right dJ94 >i

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in-laws implement the penalty the second call reduced call the Copts paternity confession dual ritual pilgrimage- umra corn bination send greetings to kindred confess religious minority give satisfaction

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grant death deaden prayer leader leader the awaited leader a guide and a mercy leadership prayer leadership trusts (1) honesty

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thrice-divorced woman refrain from evil-doing immovable properties movable properties foster-mother abortion by beating

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sinners assuming ihram assume ihram desires vain desires commandments injunctions perform one rak'a

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revenge retribution
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lead the prayer the Mother of Cities

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the Lord of Forgiveness i$l,

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bestow Grace on bestow upon war spoils separation of powers

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expiry of idda
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the Mother of believers foster-mother say amen discharge semen emit semen the dead orphans' wealth maternity the Umayyads Faithful the Leader of the Faithful repent repentence remorse stories of the Unseen

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the Gospel

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conducting marriage the liars idolators the Memebers of the Family People of the House

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the Book of Jesus the Gospel of Luke the Gospel of Mark

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perform one prayer unit reveal inspire will bequeath bequeath in favor of fulfill one's covenant fulfill His covenant fulfill one's vow give just measure give just measure give just weight pregnant women merge (vt.1 merge night into ,@I 1&j!

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the Gospel of John immorality
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the Lord of the Righteous people of Par-adise enemy at war the covenanted people under protection people of opinion wicked people

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equals equals to God make a vow righteous man if God wills expansion of the
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chest erected posts the Supporters the Helpers Supporter Helper

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suicide dissemination of Islam disperse through the land

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the People of the Book +E$! the People of the Scripture the People of the Two Scriptures

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belief in the Unknown faith in the Unseen belief in angels detailed expression of
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day of physical needs

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blood-relatives men of understanding possessors of determination protectors

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severe poverty under compulsion marriage the gate of

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faith sheltering criminals days of tashreeq Days of Ignorance fixed number of days appointed days

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tender-hearted the First former peoples paying zakat offer vow of continence oath of desertion faith belief in God
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interpretation the door of the exercise of judgment the Originator the Evolver the Inventor the Soul-Creator the Maker God bless you.

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(2) ex-married woman

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the Generous Provider fondle her falsehood (n.) void (adj.) wrongfully

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after Hijra A.H. without measure

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blessing grace headcloak unripe dates enlarge provision glad tidings good news glad tidings good news bringer of glad tidings glad-tidings bearer the All-Seeing courtiers of the ruler exult the Mighty Onslaught expiration of ablution resurrect (vt.) raise up resurrection after death mission of

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the Clear Message h @JI l &*I the Clear Proclamation

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reach full age come of age proclaim the Message puberty marriage two-year she-camel cooperative bank the children of Israel the children of Adam Adam's children cemented structure falsehood slander false accusation a great lie
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invented heresy sacrificed camel

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seller and buyer
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a dazzling display
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symbolic interpetation become a widow

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invocation of the name of Allah straightening rows legislation Divine legislation legislative bearing witness
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prayer Islamic education

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the teachings of Islam @ rI l I;JG ,L Y -, Quranic teachings d~$l hastening fast-breaking polyandry polytheism polygamy attestation
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birth-control freeing a slave ransom of a slave freeing of a slave arbitration legalization making lawful praising Allah palatalization turning greeting
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miseducation arrangement of chapters slow recitation of the Quran purify oneself remarry her forgery glorification of Allah screen oneself from people registration of marriage take the pre-dawn meal concubinage prayer-end greeting
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declaration of eligibility discretionary punishment fanaticism modesty suspension of divorce seek refuge with Allah seeking refuge with Allah taking refuge with Allah compensation exile banishment fury make room make room in the &I assemblies

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one's cloak inside out

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blessed greeting the two salutations punishment mutual estrangement desert one another

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gift delivcry mentioning the Name of Allah

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see evil omen in things oppress one another Exalted be Allah

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religiosity Godliness

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tara weeh prayer

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The Book of Moses the Law wealth distribution perform ablution trust trust in Allah turn back commissioning of a guardian the Oft-Returning sand ablution purification with sand purification with earth using the right hand right-handedness starting form the right side start from the right side
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smuggling of drugs
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interpretation of the Quran bankruptcy

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saying there is no god but Allah humility modesty repentance monotheism
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debt demanding measure
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nail clipping piety righteousness right conduct

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