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1. For the largest of the numbers to be as large as possible, the other two numbers must be as small as possible, that is 1 and 2.

2.

One million minus one thousand = 1 000 000 − 1000 = 999 000. So one million million minus one thousand million = 999 000 million = 999 000 000 000.

3.

1 x Let the fraction of her lolly that Milly has eaten be x. Then Molly has eaten 2 of her lolly. 1 (1 – x) 2 respectively. This means that the fractions they have left are (1 − x) and 1 4 1– x x= 2 = 3 (1 − x), that is 5x = 4, giving 5. So

4.

Simon needs to buy as many batches of 5 pies as possible. He buys 400 batches of 5, giving him 2000 pies at a cost of £16. The other 4 pies cost 1p each, making a total of £16.04.

5.

Let the weights of squares, triangles and circles be s, t, c respectively. Then c + 3t = 6s; and 4c + 2t = 8s, so 2c + t = 4s. Hence (c + 3t) + (2c + t) = 10s.

6.

From the information given, we can conclude only that Pat is either 23 or 29.

7.

The original height of 29 feet 3 inches is 351 inches. So after the first bounce the ball reaches a height of 234 inches; after the second bounce the height reached is 156 inches and after the third bounce it reaches a height of 104 inches, i.e. 8 feet 8 inches.

Latymer

1

that is 1 hour 20 minutes. 12. A x c m x c m C D E 9 c m 1 2 B c m ∠ ACB + ∠ ACE + ∠ DCE = 180° (angles on a straight line). Let the small circles have radius r. The hexagonal face has 6 vertices and each of these must be connected to at least one other vertex in a different plane from that of the hexagonal face. 9. There are eight 2-digit numbers which satisfy the required condition (12. 23. The unshaded area is 2 2 2 2 7πr . 6789) and one 5-digit number (12345). 11. So the required ratio is 7 : 2. 10. in the form of a pyramid on a hexagonal base. We now need to consider if such a polyhedron with 12 edges exists. ∠ CDE + ∠ CED + ∠ DCE = 180° (angle sum of a triangle). Hence x = 15. It does. Also. So ∠ CED = 90° − ∠ DCE Therefore ∠ ACB= ∠ CED and we can deduce that ABC triangles and CDE are congruent since they have two pairs of equal angles and one pair of equal sides (AC = CE). while the shaded area is π(3r) − 7πr = 2πr . . So BC has length 2 2 2 9 cm and we use Pythagoras’ Theorem to see that x = 12 + 9 = 225. six 4-digit numbers (1234. … . 234. 1 1 1 3 + + = In one hour the fraction of lawn which has been mowed is 3 4 6 4 . seven 3digit numbers (123. So this requires at least 6 edges. 2345. 789). So ∠ ACB = 90° − ∠ DCE. so the smallest number of edges the polyhedron could have is indeed 12. … . Also the hexagonal face itself contributes 6 edges to the polyhedron so the polyhedron has a minimum of 12 edges.8. Then the large circle has radius 3r. 89). So the time taken to 4 mow the lawn is 3 hours. … .

1 = 1 and 2004 the last digit of 5 is 5. is 1 and the last digit of (9 ) . 2004 2 1002 2004 2004 that is of 7 . together with the midpoints of three other edges of the cube. Let the side of the cube be of length 2.4 . (Alternatively. Assuming that the trunk is cylindrical. hence 2 with sides √2. as is the last digit of 7 and the 4 4 13. Then QT = (17 − r) cm and PU = (15 − r) cm. So the last digit of (3 ) . are the vertices of a regular hexagon. But. that is 9. So the units digit of the expression is 1 + 1 + 5 + 1 + 1. Thus cos∠ NLM = ∠ NLM = 30° = ∠ MNL. 2 2 2 2 2 Then LM = MN = 1 + 1 = 2 . The core of the trunk occupies 81% of the volume of the trunk. 14. this means that 81% of the cross-sectional area of the trunk is occupied by the core. Now √0. Similarly. √2. Latymer 3 .81 = 0. by Pythagoras’ Theorem: 2 2 (17 + 15)(17 – 15) QP = 17 – 15 cm = cm = 8 cm So 32 − 2r = 8. So the time taken to mow the lawn is 3 2 The last digit of 3 is 1. that is r = 12. LN = 1 + 1 + 2 = √6. so the diameter of the core is 90% of the diameter of the trunk. √6. it may be shown that L. that is 2 cm.9. that is 36 cm. so QP = (17 − r + 15 − r)cm = (32 − 2r)cm.) 15. So∠ LMN may be shown to be 120°. Now QS = QT (radii of arc ST) and PS = PU (radii of arc SU). So LMN is an isosceles triangle 6/2 3 = 2 . 16. 4 501 2004 4 501 last digit of 9 . is 1. is 1. that is of 9 . the last digit of (7 ) . Furthermore. that is of 3 . M and N. So ∠ LMN = 120°. Hence the thickness of the bark is 4 cm ÷ 2. Q T S P U r c m R r c m Let the radius of the arc with centre R be r cm.

Multiplying the equation S + M × C = 64 by S gives S + S × M × C = 64S. Therefore the lowest positive 2 integer by which it must be multiplied to make a perfect cube is 2 × 3 × 11 . since LM = LN. or the reflection of this portion in the x-axis. Expressed as the product of prime factors. Also. If M = 40 then S × C = 6. so C = 40 / 60 or 40 / 4. that is (S − 60)(S − 4) = 0.17. If M = 6 then S × C = 40. 396 = 2 × 3 × 11. Multiplying the equation S × C + M = 46 by 2 2 M gives M × S × C + M = 46M. then o o ∠ LNM = ∠ LMN = θ . M = 6. so the number of different graphs of y = f(x) which would give this graph of f (x) y= is 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 is that is 16. 2 2 20. Hence the only whole number solutions of the equations are S = 4. The same is true for the other three portions. A y D B O C x Consider the four portions AB. OC and CD of the graph shown. that is (M − 40) (M − 6) = 0. so o o o ∠ LRP = ∠ LMN −∠ RNM = θ − (180 − 2θ) = (3θ − 180) 19. neither of which is a whole number. 18. So ∠ RNM = (180 − 2θ) (angles on a straight line). The graph of y = f(x) contains either portion AB as shown. so C = 6 / 60 or 6 / 4. 2 2 . So M = 40 or M = 6. Using the alternate segment theorem: ∠ LMN = ∠ PNL = θ°. So S = 60 or S = 4. Therefore 240 + M = 46M. C = 10. Now ∠ LMN = ∠ RNM + ∠ LRP (exterior angle theorem). BO. Therefore S + 240 = 64S. that is 726.

Applying a similar argument to triangles BYE and BCD. as is the 2004-digit number 222…229 since it differs from 222…222 by 7. So the length XY is 9 cm. Note. Triangles ABE and CDE are similar since ∠ ABE = ∠ CDE (alternate angles) and ∠ AEB = ∠ CED (vertically opposite angles). Furthermore. So any number in which all the digits are the same is divisible by 7 if the number of digits is a multiple of 6.5 cm also.21. 11111 are not divisible by 7 but that 111111 = 15873 × 7.5 cm. First note that 1. that ∠ PRQ = ∠ RPQ = 45 . hence XE = 4. 1111. the 2004-digit number 222…22n is not a multiple of 7 if n is 2004 any digit other than 2 or 9. Latymer 5 . o o o o and to ΔSPQ: RS SP o = sin 30 o . SQ RS o Applying the Sine Rule to: ΔSRQ : sin 60 = sin 45 SQ SP o = o sin 30 sin 45 . Therefore the 2004-digit number 888…888 is a multiple of 7. Triangles AXE and ADC are similar since ∠ XAE is the same angle as ∠ DAC XE AE 1 = = and ∠ AXE = ∠ ADC (corresponding angles). 11. 23. we find that YE = 4. so RS : SP = sin60o : sin30o = √3 : 1. ∠ RQS = 60 . A X 6 c m B Y E 1 8 c m D C Let the vertices of the trapezium be A. C. the 2004digit number 222…222 is a multiple of 7. D and let AC meet BD at E. Hence sin 60 22. by a similar argument. as shown. BD = 4BE. B. from the information given. So DC AC 4 . Now N = 222…22n × 10 + 888…888. so if N is divisible by 7 then 222…22n is divisible by 7 and we deduce that n = 2 or 9. So CE CD 18 = = =3 AE AB 6 . Similarly. ∠ PQS = 30 . 111. Hence AC = 4AE and.

AC = 105 + 14 = 119 – CD = 14 + r. Then AB = 105. (105 + r) = 105 + (42 − r) . . Let the radius of this circle be r. This leads to the equation 2 294r = 42 . B the point where the two large circles touch.e. So BD = 42 − r. AD = 105 + r. C the centre of the small circle and D the centre of the largest circle which can be placed in the shaded region. that is r = 6. 2 2 2 Similarly. the circle which touches all three of the given circles. Applying Pythagoras’ Theorem to triangle ABC we find that 2 2 BC = 119 – 105 = 224 × 14 = 56 . i.24. B 1 0 1 0 5 A 5r + 1 1 9 D 1 4 r + C Let A be the centre of one of the large circles.

2 x2 – 1 y 4 . We now need to confirm that 1 1 2+ 7 – 2– 7 2 2 does indeed equal 1 rather than –1. So y must be 1 less than a multiple of 4. 2 that is 2x − 1 = 2 1 y Therefore 4x − 4x + 1 = 4 (x − 4 ). 2 2 1 1 1 y – 2 x2 – y + x – y =1 4 2 Therefore x + 2 . which we are able to do since it is clear that 2+ 1 7 2 is greater than 2– 1 7 2 . satisfy the second equation in the above solution. Of the values offered. Latymer 7 . This gives x = 2.25. y = 7. that is y = 4x − 1. the only possibility is 7. It is not difficult to show that x = 2. but it is necessary to check that these values are solutions of the original equation since they were derived from an argument which involved squaring equations. x+ 1 1 y – x– y = 1.

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