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in 1066, that any nation has made a successful conquest of the indomitable British, a fierce and resolute mixture of Germanic, Keltic and pre-Indo-Europeans white peoples. The Spanish Armada, Napoleon and Hitler all failed to subdue what Shakespeare (perhaps in reality Edward de Vere?) called “the Sceptered Isle.” But back in October of 1066, seven thousand Vikings, who had become French-speaking, who had superficially adopted Christianity, and were now called “knights,” “noblemen” and “Normans,” massacred ninety percent of the proud and ancient English nobility and their valiant infantry in a fierce, sevenhour battle at Hastings on the southern English coast, right after their king, Harold Godwinson, had taken an arrow in the eye around dusk. The exhausted English had just rusehd south from defeating another Viking invasion further north at Stamford Bridge. The Battle of Hastings on October 14, 1066 meant what Palestinians would call a nakba, a catastrophe. It was the end of Anglo-Saxon England. It was the end of its original Germanic language, of its Germanic culture and mindset, and of England's isolation from the eternal wars of the Continent. Ever since that dark October day in 1066, Norman Britain – having brought in Jewish immigrants from Rouen, Normandy as its tax collectors and moneylenders – has been a European and then a global power, spreading their Norman English language and ways also via Britain's offshoot, the United States. Have these Normans and their Jewish financiers proved a blessing or a curse to England and to the world? John de Nugent, a frequent TBR writer (of remote distant Norman ancestry himself) tackles this thorny “Norman question.” By John de Nugent “[Previously free countries] will never allow the memory of their former liberties to fade; so the safest method is to destroy them, or settle among them.” --Niccolo Macchiavelli, The Prince, chapter V, “Concerning The Way To Govern Cities Or Principalities Which Lived Under Their Own Laws Before They Were Annexed” “Nice guys finish last.” –Brooklyn Dodgers coach Leo Durocher Why the English hate the Normans – and the French Nick Griffin, an acquaintance of nearly three decades, is chairman of the nationalist British National Party, which wants to protect the white people of Britain for being inundated by Third World foreigners. A few years ago I wrote to him to congratulate him on his electoral successes (which in 2009 have been even better). I mentioned that I had English ancestors on both sides, from both the English common folk through my mother,
Constance Angell Coldwell, and from the Norman aristocrats who ruled England through my father, James Nugent. Nick Griffin's reply surprised me, and made me realize that the English have not grown very fond of their overlords: “Normans, eh? I guess we can forgive you for that.” My first very naïve reaction was that Griffin must be influenced by the mythical tales of Robin Hood. As we Americans also know, the legendary English hero had led the band of commoners and “merry men” from Sherwood Forest in robbing the cruel Normans, especially the usurper Prince John, while his good brother, King Richard the LionHearted, was away on the Crusades (and was later held for a literal “king's ransom”). But after all, these were stories..... But then I read about the shocking and true “Harrowing of the North” (the north of England) by William the Conqueror, and that he also was known as William the Bastard. I learned that the new king, crowned on Christmas Day, 1066, in London, acted so cruelly that a justified revolt arose against the foreign invader – and that William then ad ordered the utter scorched-earth devastation of every village, barn, and cottage in that very Yorkshire region where my mother's father, John Thomas Coldwell, had been born. He had ordered the killing of every Northumbrian man, woman, child, pig, sheep and cow his thugs could get their hands on. (By the way, my proud Yorkshire ancestors long served in the Coldstream Guards, who, in their tall black fur hats, famously guard Buckingham Palace when not being rotated into very real combat.) One hundred thousand innocent Yorkshire men and women perished from my mother's Anglo-Saxon ancestors, and ironically it was due to my father's Norman ancestors. Even the pope, who had supported Duke William of Normandy's claim to the English throne in 1066, expressed disgust and horror at the genocide of the Northumbria area to William in a letter, hinting even at excommunication. This was a man he had already excommunicated once, for marrying his own cousin. And the Anglo-Saxons' last champion, Hereward (the English had only first names; the Normans introduced “last names” as a tax ID and to identify rebels), a fiery noble who had fought the Normans for years from his inland swampy bastion called the Isle of Ely, was likely murdered by Norman nobles after he had honorably surrendered. I began to understand why Griffin said maybe I could be forgiven for being a Norman.....Frankly, I had never understood how the English and their ruling class could be so different; my English grandfather, born in the town of Goole near the North Sea, was in every inch a true English gentleman of common stock, with a little colonel's mustache, John Thomas Coldwell was a man of honor, respected by all who knew him in the American region to which he moved as a boy, called fittingly “New England.”
John Thomas Col(d)well, my maternal grandfather from Goole, England and his wife, my grandmother, Elizabeth Angell. She was descended from an early father of Rhode Island colony, Thomas Angell.
Nor did the Anglo-Saxon kings have a heavy tax system. because no one was building castles with moats. as King Alfred the Great did in 877 against the invading Vikings. and they lost it.help. And northern England was barely under the control of any king. there was only one castle in all of Anglo-Saxon England. The dialect of Yorkshire 4 . they came running to. all professional soldiers. It was a big mistake in a psychopathic world to be so unarmed. because castles were meant to control a hostile and enslaved population. was even more rich in Nordic genes than the south. England was then a freedom-loving country. In this England was unlike the Vikings from Denmark. Austonley. having been settled heavily by both northern German Saxons and by the Danes. nor were they paying for a standing. and when they called for volunteers. they did not fear them. or the French Viking heavy cavalry that were the Normans. a proud and free Germanic folk that certainly was not interested in being forced to learn French or become any Frenchmen's serfs. In fact. Freedom wasn't free.Coldwell farm. professional army. Northern England. Then they really paid the price. Yorkshire The Normans “Harrow” Yorkshire One reason why Hereward had risen up against the Normans was the atrocious “Harrowing of the North” of England in 1069-70. But English kings respected their own people.
and the whole north was heavily influenced by Danish. Hundreds of the most basic English words are actually Danish. “By” is still today the Danish word for a village. (They finally began paying Danegeld. The Northumbrians of the year 1066 were just as brave as the men of Maldon 75 years before. Thus the meaning of the English word “by-laws” is “village laws. bask. One can hear a northern English dialect -. were Danes. This is the very area that William the Bastard had genocided nine hundred years ago. In 1916 Rudyard Kipling penned a notable. The region was called the Danelaw.very hard for Americans to understand. They were icy – willing to wait. so-called “English” place names that end in -thorpe. bawl.” (written by Simon Beaufoy – as Norman a name as you can get). Many nobles. 5 . It depicts six very desperate unemployed ex-steel mill workers in Sheffield who resort very bashfully to a striptease as a fundraiser to get money to pay their back bills and their child support. 75 years before. build. even jarring poem that expressed the Saxon hated of oppression: When the Saxon Begins to Hate It was not part of their blood. anger. their brave Saxon brothers in southern England had already fought honorably to the death rather than pay any tribute to Viking marauders. skin.” In fact.” hence one never hears of federal or state “by-laws”but only those of towns. sky. they. Hornby and Frisbee or Albee all come from the Danish. It came to them very late. bet. or local clubs and associations. he. the the doughty Yorkshiremen up north told William in no uncertain terms that he was not welcome as their new master when they saw him enslaving the south. They were not easily moved. At the legendary Battle of Maldon. so much so that the Londoners down south could barely understand it. in fact. because our accent is from southern England -.in the unique and touching 1997 English comedy film “The Full Monty. blunder. Given both their Scandinavian and Saxon heritages. such as take. With long arrears to make good When the Saxon began to hate. and historians today call the Northumbria of that era “AngloScandinavia.” only after their annihilation at Maldon). crash. “money for the Danes. -borough. crazy and other vigorous and basic “English” words. such as Bixby. -wick or -by.
Possibly Byrhtnoth felt that paying Danegeld would be morally irresponsible. Unfortunately. It will not swiftly abate. seeking victory – or death with honor. No. (The first line. the first and last pages of “The Battle of Maldon. There was neither sign nor show When the Saxon began to hate. 991. Their voices were even and low. Through the chilled years ahead When time shall count from the date That the Saxon began to hate.” which starts with Byrhtnoth responding to the Viking demand for tribute/bribe money.. Their eyes were level and straight. ===sidebar =The Battle of Maldon: not one penny for Viking tribute!====== On August 10. Although this poem was composed during World War One. then the marauders merely would have sailed further up the coast to victimize yet other English villages. Sweyn Forkbeard) so they would go away and leave them and their coastal English villages in peace. Byrhtnoth believed in confronting the foe for all England. No man spoke it aloud When the Saxon began to hate It was not suddenly bred. it reveals a fundamental mindset: We don't seek quarrels. “tribute”) to a large party of raiding Vikings (probably led by their king. It was not preached to the crows. were burned in a fire in 1731.Till every count should be proved Ere the Saxon began to hate. but we intend to finish them. It was not taught by the state. the Anglo-Saxons under Byrhtnoth (= “Bright Courage”) categorically refused to pay a bribe (that is.” written by a now unknown Anglo-Saxon. but the 325 lines that remain are very stirring. in 6 . Here are some excerpts from this great Anglo-Saxon “battle poem. A. for if they submitted to the extortion of the “sea-pirates” (as they aptly called the Vikings).D. when Kipling had just lost his son at the front fighting the Germans.
and the second is in Modern English)." getting such war-gear. lethal spearpoints. The style is highly poetic and filled with imagery..bold.. as Byrhtnoth defies the Vikings by offering not a bribe but spears: “Gehyrst þu sæliða. the Viking enemy had to be engaged right then and there. is in the original Anglo-Saxon. you by battle will not profit. But others believe Byrhtnoth's reasoning was impeccably practical as well as chivalrous." As the poem then relates. ond ealde swurd. and time-tested swords. seafarer. The heavily-armored Vikings were simply not going to be willing to stand and fight in the seawater-y mud of the causeway. þa heregeatu þe eow æt hilde ne deah. the Viking "slaughter-wolves" (a typical Germanic word picture) then crossed a muddy tidal causeway.. what this [my] folk sayeth? Hi willað eow to gafole garas syllan. If Byrhtnoth wanted to spare all England further attacks. so the battle could finally begin. No one wanted to fight on the causeway mud. because the Anglo-Saxons ended up defeated by giving battle. 7 . They will to you a spear-tribute give. ættrynne ord. actually by Byrhtnoth's chivalrous permission.. rather than sink in the mud they would have instead set sail and gone ravaging elsewhere. and that meant granting their request for safe passage first over the causeway. hwæt þis folc segeð? “Hearest thou.. Some armchair generals say his decision to let the Danes cross the causeway was foolish.
those who go down fighting 8 . Fighting over their lord Byrhtnoth's body. their flagging courage is rejuvenated by the words of his comrade Byrhtwold (= “Bright Forest” in Saxon). mod sceal þe mare.co.htm] [Paul: first photo] Caption: The causeway the Vikings advanced along as they headed toward the volunteer forces of Anglo-Saxon leader Byrhtnoth. hearts yet keener.[source: http://www. as our body strength becomes less!" It is a “triumph of the will” – and military defeat becomes the inspiration for future valor and victories. heorte þe cenre. and the flight of some of the peasant soldiers before the professional and terrifying “sea-scavengers. "[Our] thoughts shall become harder..wuffings.. i. words that start with the same sound) finally falls at the hands of three fierce Vikings. awaiting their “corpse harvest” – and then the blow-by-blow battle account begins.e. Battling Byrhtnoth (Germanic poetry loves alliteration..uk/WuffSites/Maldon.” The poem ends with the immortal last stand of several Englishmen who refuse to yield though all is now lost. "Fighting mood more shall become þe ure mægen lytlað. The poem relates typically that the hungry ravens wheeled overhead. who summons their willpower just as their exhausted bodies falter in famous words: "Hige sceal þe heardra.. As Carl von Clausewitz wrote in his On War.
he wrote in his Latin chronicle Gesta Normannorum Ducum [“Deeds of the Norman Dukes”] of his horror as a believing Christian at the Normans' merciless scorched-earth policy toward the North. On 25th December. with substantial social. cultural. ravaging the once beautiful green English countryside. page XX[Paul. Londoners refused to submit to William so he turned away and marched through Surrey. He later became a monk in Normandy. He was an Anglo-Norman chaplain to Roger de Montgomery. By the end of the year the people of London. William and his army had marched about southern England. he resolved to also slaughter their helpless civilians and annihilate the beautiful north English countryside. Orderic Vitalis (1075-1142) had a strong opinion of William's reaction. 1066. for four seemingly unending years. (Sherman. as in Field Marshal Montgomery of WWII). Archbishop of York. William's rampaging. and economic damage. almost two decades later. a key friend and war companion of William (yes. sadistic Normans burnt whole villages to the ground and killed the unarmed civilians of northern England – an especially brave and blondish folk – like helpless sheep. See sidebar on Norman names. a fact to which the Domesday Book. surrounded by devastated lands. readily attests in 1086. is a classic Norman. ============end of sidebar================== But William the Bastard had no respect for the Anglo-Saxons as brave and honorable foemen in war. After massacring the Saxon soldiers. from 1066 to 1070. not Saxon name. provide]) From the Humber River to the Tees. much of the land was laid waste and depopulated. William's great tax and inventory list of all the properties in England.as heroes plant the seeds for the nation's rebirth in a future generation. at Westminster Abbey. The death toll is believed to have been 150. which was far worse even than the “March to the Sea” through Georgia in 1864 by Union troops under General William Tecumseh Sherman. submitted to this man who can only be called a terrorist. on Dover and on Canterbury before arriving on the outskirts of London. Due to the scorched earth policy.000. He met resistance in Southwark and in an act of revenge set fire to the area. William was crowned king of England by Aldred. Hampshire and Berkshire. But then the uncowed north revolted. And it provoked as much bitterness and hatred of the Normans as Sherman's march through Georgia and the burning of Atlanta (memorably depicted later in the 1939 film 9 . by the way. Already after the battle of Hastings. and was normally an open admirer of Duke William for skill and bravery as soldier and ruler. However.
and cracking open the skulls of the dead to devour their brains. The deliberate annihilation of all foodstocks and livestock – like Stalin'. wretched survivors – with their immune systems weakened by hunger. unequaled until the bombing of Dresden in 1945.“Gone with the Wind”) did among all Southerners. The Anglo-Saxons preferred to fight on foot. 10 . Saxon villagers in Yorkshire stood of course no chance against the armored Norman cavalry burning their cottages with firebrands and stabbing and slashing at all that moved.s “Holodomor” in the Ukraine in the 1930s – meant that anyone who survived the initial Norman massacres would still die of starvation over the winter. a plague followed. a Norman knight. This is a chapter of British history of unparallelled darkness. physical abuse (including rape) and emotional trauma. Unsurprisingly. just around the time both sides wold have quit fighting. Below. Orderic was otherwise an admirer of William – the wretched survivors were reduced literally to the horrors of cannibalism and necrophagy: killing and eating their dying family members. The land was even salted just as the Romans had done with Carthage so as to destroy its fertility for decades forward. and were very effective against both the Vikings at Stamford Bridge and at the battle of Hastings against the mounted Normans – until King Harold took an arrow in the eye at dusk. and it explains the Pope's threat of excommunication. among the starved. As the monk Orderic relates – and again.
he became very fat. It brought war and enslavement to the vast majority of the people. your pride. still what the “Battle of Maldon” poem called the Vikings: “pirates. of the winner. like the pope. in his definition of pleasure: The greatest happiness is to scatter your enemy. they were still merely Viking marauders. this four-year “harrowing of the North” was just the beginning of a new. as discussed later. a Norman will take it – your land. but I can say nothing good about this brutal slaughter. in his later years his wife died. and absolutely and “utterly alone. Nowhere else had he shown such cruelty. After capturing and setting fire to Mantes. and if possible your wife's or daughter's virtue. He ordered that crops and herds. and died after three weeks of agony from a ruptured groin. In some ways it was akin to the nightmare of the Bolshevik Revolution.” as Orderic notes. William's own son Robert Curthose revolted against him. Scots and the Irish. ravaging his Norman domain. could find no sincere way to defend this unparalleled holocaust: The King stopped at nothing to hunt his enemies. A furious William then mounted an attack on the king's territory. of the crushing of ancient freedoms for the English and soon after for the Welsh. To his shame he made no effort to control his fury.” For all the British peoples. landed on the metal pommel of his saddle.” “scavengers” and 'slaughter-wolves. to drive him before you.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/Norman-knight-inheavy-mail-armor. he was thrown half off his horse. In fact. He cut down many people and destroyed their homes and land. tools and food should be burned to ashes. God will punish him. to 12 . and he punished the innocent with the guilty.000 people perished of hunger. long dark age of Norman oppression. It reminds me of what the psychopathic mongol Genghis Khan said boastfully. Interestingly.jpg] Orderic. though half-Norman himself and a supporter. your crops.[source: http://johndenugent. More than 100. friendless. I have often praised William in this book. if you make it. And from this “harrowing” we can see that although the Normans had picked up the French language. and in 1087 he was told that King Philip of France had described him as looking like a pregnant woman.
PhD.see his cities reduced to ashes. I showed that we can now look back on seventy years of hard medical case studies of psychopaths by top doctors and scientists such as Hervey Cleckley of Oxford. indicating that a shocking four percent or more of the general population may be psychopathic. and I defined that term. as the “Harrowing of the North” and many subsequent misdeeds showed. available for $10)) they were most often not related by blood or ethnicity to the people they were slaughtering. As for the Bolsheviks. I showed the latest scientific research on psychopaths. Many of these brain scans have been analyzed by Adrian Raine. but many of them. and Robert Hare of the University of British Columbia. Martha Stout of Harvard. Psychopaths in Power In the Barnes Review of January-February 2007 my article “Psychopaths in History” discussed the phenomenon of the large role played by psychopaths in world history. acted in a manner that was psychopathic. as Alexander Solzhenitsyn's book Two Hundred Years Together shows (discussed in a special issue of TBR. Receiving his BS degree in experimental psychology 13 . the Normans were of the same Germanic blood as the English. but they were often Jews. However. to ride his horses. and to gather into your bosom his wives and daughters. Georgians or even Latvians. Raine is noted for his research on the neurobiological causes of antisocial and violent behavior in children and adults. to see those who love him shrouded in tears. Their victims were Slavs (Russians and Ukrainians). And their therapeutic findings have been buttressed since the 1990s by extensive physical brain cans of the cerebral tissue of certified psychopaths. an Oxford graduate who was a full professor at the University of Southern California 1994-2007 and is now a professor of criminology and psychiatry at the Ivy League's University of Pennsylvania. August 2008.
or thefts. or performing a secret act of kindness for a charity. by religious repentance or making different friends – but instead they seem cursed with the gravest and most dangerous physical birth defect possible: They are born monsters. and thus the ability to experience any stimulation from the simple and decent pleasures which normal persons enjoy such as: a beautiful sunset. but instead a staggering four percent or more of the population. Wright Professor of Psychology. In 2007. and even more. only the most intense. So a small city such as Pittsburgh.000 population. petting a dog. they have no conscience. the ultimate high is the organized mass murder called “war. These reports and these brain scans show that some monstrous individuals are born not with a bad attitude – which could be changed by therapy.from Oxford in 1977. he made the move to serve as Richard Perry University Professor of Criminology & Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. No. vengeance. these psychopaths are not. appearing nightly on TV twisting the news. and in 1999 was given the endowed chair of Robert G. as the expression goes. He became the associate chair of the Psychology Department in 1990. Raine emigrated to the US in 1987 to teach psychology at the University of Southern California.” as rare as a Ted Bundy (the infamous Florida serial killer of college women). In 1994 he was promoted to professor of psychology. All this recalls Nietzsche's too-little known quotation: “The most underrated factor in 14 . hatred. could be infested with as many as twelve thousand full-bore psychopaths. the old or very young. with a 300. and any other intense emotional “trip” that involves taboos. And according to Stout. animalistic and visceral thrills bring psychopaths to life. making a friend feel better by a compliment. Raine spent four years in two high-security prisons in England as a prison psychologist.” This is the reason why Martha Stout's 2005 bestseller is called “The Sociopath Next Door” – because psychopaths are not all locked up in prison. “one in a million. he earned his PhD in psychology in 1982 from York University (in that very Yorkshire that William had holocausted). He also serves as the University's fourth Penn Integrates Knowledge professor. and they can derive no happiness from helping others. they cannot feel shame no matter what depths of evil they plumb. Some scientists speculate that psychopaths lack proper levels of dopamine. but instead roaming the halls of power. But what “turns them on” is power. And the breaking of every moral taboo – such as assaulting the weak. For the politically “gifted” among them. sadistic power. or wreaking havoc in the families around us. rapes. arson and murder– are ultra-intense events that stimulate the dopaminestarved brain.
com/2008/07/apocalypse-now_01. many psychopaths.jpg (Among the Jews of Poland in the 1600s. who insolently preached “redemption through sin.” According to French author Hervé Ryssen.”) Even worse. exerting godlike power from the sky as villagers run: what's not to like for a psychopath? http://pigscantfly. there arose a false messiah called Sabbatai Zevi.wordpress. are talented liars. never the shameless -and are gifted manipulators. never blush even when caught – only the ashamed blush. in his Psychanalyse du Judaisme.” And it recalls the colonel Kilgore played by Robert Duvall in the movie “Apocalypse Now”: “I live the smell of napalm in the morning. by virtue of being absolutely shameless.files. 15 .” He also reveled in being hailed as the Anointed One -. Sabbateans are still a highly influential secret movement within Judaism. interestingly.human history is people fleeing boredom. As Yiddish novelist Isaac Bashevis Singer admits in his 1958 novel The Destruction of Kreshev.” Terror. still popular for their diabolical doctrine of “redemption through sin. Sabbatai Zevi preached the “practice of every sort of abomination.then treacherously converted in public from Judaism to Islam under the Turkish sultan's threat of decapitation. which shocked his followers all over Europe. roasting people with jellied gasoline.
” “If these liars have a 14 percent reduction in gray matter. It is certainly more difficult than telling the truth. charming. You also have to suppress your emotions or regulate them because you don't want to appear nervous. the more the person has an upper hand in lying. self-worshiping.” 16 . Having more gray matter would keep a check on these activities. There's quite a lot to do there. Some people have a biological advantage in lying. Their verbal skills are higher.” “Lying is cognitively complex. they differ in their talents as much as do normal persons.” “White matter [as opposed to gray matter in the brain] may provide liars with the tools necessary to master the complex art of deceit. They almost have a natural advantage. In the language of traditional religion. You've got to suppress the truth. they are evil. utterly ruthless and profoundly and proudly dedicated to deceit on a grand scale and tyrannical evil. megalomanic. Of course he appears as “an angel of light. They are very brazen in terms of their manner. become either brilliant mass showmen (as seen in some tele-evangelists) or crafty behind-the-scenes conspirators (such as Joseph Stalin).. They are manipulative and they admit they prey on people. It is not easy to lie. Some stay merely as low-level con-men.” “Lying takes a lot of effort.” *** Because psychopaths count in the millions around the world. but others. that means that they are less likely to care about moral issues or are less likely to be able to process moral issues. but very cool when talking about this.*** Quotes from Adrian Raine: “Pathological liars can't always tell truth from falsehood and contradict themselves in an interview. . cheat and deceive as a group.” “Our argument is that the more networking there is in the prefrontal cortex. the Antichrist in the Book of Revelation is basically a grand psychopath. It gives them a slight edge. it is the first imaging study [brain scan experiment] on people who lie.. You have to be able to understand the mindset of the other person. for whom the word “mattoid” (unfortunately rarely used) is appropriate.” “To our knowledge.
was filmed as a powerful segment of the heartily recommended Hallmark television movie “Johnson County War” (2001) with Tom Berenger. the elegant “Cheyenne Club. Rachel Ward and Burt Reynolds.This topic of psychopaths was also at the core of my fiancée Margaret Huffstickler's cover story in the September-October 2006 Barnes Review. Canadian immigrants)and then had the ranchers lynch this pair. or actually two: his fraudulent oil drilling and absconding with investors' money. who while strung up with their hands not even tied behind their backs took ten agonizing. brought them up by train.” This saga. who kept a moving diary of his feelings.”The Truth About Cattle Kate. They even hired 50 Texas gunslingers. as well as a member of the Republican “country club” in the Wyoming capital. an Albert Bothwell.” There was just this one little matter of murder. as far away as the Chicago Sun Times and the New York Times. Several Hollywood movies have dealt with this infamous “Cattle Kate” lynching. All the murderers “walked” (although most later fled the state. which deals with both “Cattle Kate” – mostly unfairly – and the aftermath.” (The siege of a homesteader ranch owned by the heroic Nate Champion. taking their money with them). and a judge linked to the defense lawyer refused to recuse himself. Wyoming history’s Forbidden Subject. In April 1892 the impunity of the crime motivated other cattle barons to organize a true invasion so as to crush the rest of Wyoming's small homesteaders. charm and energy. the judicial inquest was subverted. endless minutes to slowly die as they clawed for air. Then as Bothwell had arranged. lying newspaper defamations of the couple were printed and spread. and rode with this army into the newly organized counties of northern Wyoming in a conflict labeled the “Wyoming Civil War” or “the Powder River War. What strikes the reader is how “respectable” the lead cattle baron. an Albert Bothwell. including to visiting clergymen. hope and despair before he was shot. political favors were called in. Luke Perry. the “Wyoming Civil War. Bothwell by all accounts was a man of great ability. which outraged and divided Wyomingites for decades.”) 17 . got several other ranchers drunk during the annual roundup. seemed to others. in a concerted media campaign. lied to them that “rustlers” (hated in the West) were taking over the state. the forebear of many a Hollywood western about ruthless cattle barons trying to drive out small homesteaders. was the (non-fictional and utterly true) horror story of how one cattle rancher in July 1889. defamed as criminal cattle rustlers a perfectly innocent couple of settlers who held a perfect legal claim to land he wanted (James Averill and Ellen Watson.
some kind of searing abuse or trauma. including selling federal land to “suckers” as his own. which may apply to many of us) – not fully an unfeeling monster but partly so.. The public never bought this defamatory claim. people (or animals) who are not born vicious but become vicious – yet only after suffering severe abuse themselves that scars their nervous systems and brain tissue (as cortisol. can do).” Christian martyrology is full of stories of Romans who while decapitating Christians or feeding them to the lions. some extremely brutal and shocking event was inflicted on these individuals. which is why most of the guilty ranchers except Bothwell fled the state of Wyoming. It means that something happened. and this made them psychopathic (perhaps already having latent psychopathic tendencies. movies and newspapers still repeat the murderer Albert Bothwell's vicious claim that “Cattle Kate” had made her money not as a homesteader but as a “fence” for stolen (rustled) calves and as a part-time prostitute. the stress hormone. fit neatly into the same Bothwellian category of brutal and scheming mattoids. as their later behavior in England would show. who also kept pet wolves to intimidate visitors.It must shock any investigator of this criminal lynching that many books. reviled and hated. That is. But the vengeful Bothwell. The Normans. become so shaken with remorse by their steadfast faith and even forgiveness for their torturers that they embrace the faith and values of their victims. The excruciating scenes in Mel Gibson's The Passion show a Roman army at its 18 . One subject I did not delve into in my TBR study on psychopaths was what are euphemistically called “disadvantaged” psychopaths. risking the extreme sanction for themselves as a result. men who might not otherwise have become brutal will do so. unlike the born psychopaths. The phenomenon is called “disadvantaged psychopaths” or to be less politically correct.. settled down to enjoyed the new location and water rights forthcoming from his sadistic. albeit one must qualify the situation and see its Dark Ages content. having divorced his wife and married his mistress after his lawyer had saved him from federal prison for egregious land fraud. they may have “some” conscience or feel “some” regret if they have done something sadistic and low-down toward another. planned-out double murder and theft. What the euphemism “disadvantaged” means is that the individual was not born psychopathic. especially if taken to task by someone meaningful to them. rolled it onto the very site of Cattle Kate's house (which had been dragged away and turned into an ice housee). And some of these abused psychopaths seem capable of recovery. as in torturing animals and being a little terror right from the womb. In a brutal age. who are listed by all psychiatrists as “untreatable and incurable. crucifying or burning them alive. sadistically put his own house up on rollers. and died a wealthy man in the 1920s in Los Angeles..
This was easily the most powerful Lassie movie I have seen. As I point out later in this piece. 19 . and committed his soul into his hands. or that vets of Iraq and Afghanistan receive today. as did many other marines. in this fourth film. he exclaimed. The movie ends with a lawyer teaching the judge and attendees poignantly that the public must not expect anyone -man or dog -. but instead a vicious human-biter and animal-killer whom the authorities finally seize to destroy as a danger to society and livestock. security and love. conscience-free psychopath with no feeling at all for others – in a brain colored largely with blue die. altruistic person – full of red-die areas indicating activity – and that of a full-blown. pleasantly so. seems greatly to have affected the Roman centurion (captain) who commanded the cru8cifixion detail. sailors and airmen.torture-loving worst. the brain scans of these abused or disadvantaged psychopaths evince a pattern that is clearly halfway between that of normal. soldiers.” it is revealed by finding dog tags that Lassie. But when Taylor's distraught character demands a hearing before the dog is “put down. 'This man was indeed God's Son. and was socially useful in 1946. had ended up serving in the British Army in WWII in heavy frontline combat. Lassie. And thus Lassie's life is spared and she will be helped to readjust to a life with Miss Taylor of home. showing lack of any activity in compassion centers of brain tissue. my own father came back from both WWII and then Korea profoundly affected. and unfortunately the movie was true to that Roman reality. The confidence with which Christ had openly addressed God as his Father. even while watching a scene that would cause grief in any normal person. this understanding that a dog received was more care than many human vets of WWII received. during the years she had been missing. really enjoying the whipping and impaling of a victim. in this context to see the 1946 MGM film “The Courage of Lassie” featuring of course the famous Scottish dog and also a young Elizabeth Taylor.to be the same peaceful being right after suffering the unspeakable horrors of war. Mark 15: 39 reports: “And when the centurion who stood in front of the cross saw that He was dead.'" Indeed. I was very surprised. is no longer a loving four-legged friend and rescuer of others. Sadly. seen horrors and death and suffered severe shocks from artillery.
========in color [source: http://johndenugent. the large light areas reflect normal feelings of compassion. the large dark areas reflect a lack of feeling in various emotion centers of the brain while viewing the same photo of the fatal car wreck and the dead mother and children.jpg] Non-psychopath brain PET scan in B&W.jpg] Psychopath brain PET scan in B&W. shock and disgust in various emotion centers of the brain while the subject views a photo of a true fatal car wreck with a dead mother and children. Oxford. [black-and-white version] [source: http://johndenugent. Photos by Adrian Raine.[black-and-white version] [source: http://johndenugent. a criminal psychologist. who have active feelings of compassion. sadness. The brain scans of “disadvantaged” or “abused” psychopaths show more feeling than those of full psychopaths but less than those of normal persons.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/NGRI_PET_scanBW. When Raine first showed such photos to a neurologist. PhD. the colleague joked nervously: “Are those brain scans of a Martian?” He had never seen such patterns.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/NGRI_PET_scan20 .com/blog/wpcontent/uploads/2009/09/Non_NGR_PET_scan-BW. currently serving as a full professor at the University of Southern California.
leaving over 1. casting votes against “discrimination” and for desegregation from 1951-59. The one who had escaped was caught and beheaded.com/blog/wpcontent/uploads/2009/09/Non_NGR_PET_scan-11. currently serving as a full professor at the University of Southern California. one of the highest Navy medals.wikimedia. Authorities cold-bloodedly decided to skirt the island and push on westward toward Tokyo. after rebuilding the island's defenses against their fellow Americans. Oxford. the large blue and black areas reflect a lack of feeling in various emotion centers of the brain while viewing the same photo of the fatal car wreck and the dead mother and children. an impetuous military hero and royal favorite of Elizabeth I (played with impetuous dash by Errol Flynn in the 1939 21 . shock and disgust in various emotion centers of the brain while viewing a photo of a true fatal car wreck with a dead mother and children.000 had been put in Japanese prison camps and 98. Rather than send in the Marines to liberate the island and rescue its XX Marines and XX American civilians. and Devereux a famous one in English nobility.org/wikipedia/commons/6/62/James_Patrick_Sinnott_Devereux . he was a liberal Republican and a Maryland congressman.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/Robert_Devereux %2C_2nd_Earl_of_Essex. The brain scans of “disadvantaged” or “abused” psychopaths show more feeling than those of full psychopaths but less than those of normal persons. Photos by Adrian Raine. [source: http://johndenugent.000 Americans to their fate. Power was not handed over to the Americans until September 7. 1945.S. 2nd Earl of Essex (1565-1601). Marine Corps major who heroically defended Wake Island and for it won the Navy Cross. U. [source: http://upload.jpg] James Patrick Sinnott Devereux. When Raine first showed such photos to a neurologist.jpg] Caption: Robert Devereux. The History Channel recently had a program on Wake Island in the Pacific during World War Two. PhD. [source: http://upload. had been mowed down on a beach by machine gun.11. the colleague joked nervously: “Are those brain scans of a Martian?” He had never seen such patterns. who have active feelings of compassion. a criminal psychologist.wikimedia. It was learned after the war that 1. sadness. All four names of his names are Norman. After the war.jpg] Psychopath brain PET scan in color.jpg] Non-psychopath brain PET scan in color: the large warm-colored areas reflect normal feelings of compassion.
saw his own beloved father Germanicus probably poisoned by his great-grandfather. unfortunately. was born a Spenser. before he became a psychopathic emperor (AD 36-40). Following a poor campaign against the Irish. The vet seems to be stuck in the jungle.) This doctor said that all one hundred men had been “severely abused” as children. I saw an interview with the psychiatrist at Canada's only “super-max” prison.” (The late Princess of Wales. and the decision to become a predator himself. all men. We have bad tempers. his two brothers murdered. (Ninety percent of psychopaths. Anything can make us just go off. which contains the 100 worst criminal fiends in Canada. that some abusive horror causes on a deep brain level a new world view to arise: this world is a jungle. Snorri Sturluson.film The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex). Let us then recall the shock to the northern peoples of the entire Saxon aristocracy being mass-murdered by Charlemagne. In fact. Emperor Tiberius. his mother arrested and himself kept as the emperor's prisoner at his palace for six year. but one can assume that it is a reaction to the most primitive part of the brain's “decision” that the world is ruled by “the survival of the fittest. for whom estimates exist that ten percent of them (let us emphasize only ten percent) become molesters themselves. to put it unscientifically but perhaps accurately. Often these disadvantaged psychopaths grew up in an abusive home or setting. Korea.) One example of this phenomenon would be molested children. One said: “Most of us have PTSD [post-traumatic stress syndrome]. Vietnam. It seems. Gulf and Iraq vets can testify to this side effect: brutal words or even brutal deeds. Not enough is known about why certain abuse victims themselves become killers. Five Americans who returned to Wake for the filming of this documentary discussed their feelings about the four years they spent in emotional and physical hell.” or as Herbert Spencer (Norman name) once famously described nature. he failed in a coup against the Queen and was beheaded for treason. directly states that the massacre at Verden was the key 22 . and in it you are either predator or prey. Lady Diana. surviving only by acting as if he dearly loved the tyrant. The abused psychopath is one who draws this drastic conclusion. “red in tooth and claw.” Many children of American WWII. This may recall to us that a very young Caligula. are male. the Christian monk from Iceland of the 12th century.
six miles one-way.jpg William was called “the Bastard” because he literally was illegitimate. It is said that when the Visigoths cut the aqueduct into Rome.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/William1. no cash. overnight hundreds of thousands of Romans had to flee to the countryside to become instant slaves of any landowner who would accept them as his serfs. washing clothes by a stream. Harleva.incident that triggered the Viking Age. Herluin de Conteville. schools and law and literacy were neglected. Duke Robert the Magnificent. (I have a neighbor here in Pennsylvania who told me that even in the late 1940s. 23 .wikimedia. and roads and bridges. saw a beautiful peasant girl. he married her to another nobleman. William became duke of Normandy on the death of his father at the ripe old age of eight. men would walk out of the nearby town to his farm. to work hard all day just for three meals. His father. were in a sense one long trauma for all European mankind. Certainly the Dark Ages – that long period after the fall of Rome – say 450-1100 – when the European population was far below what it had once been. found her ravishing and basically ravished her. When she was pregnant with William. to work for him for water and food.) William's childhood from hell http://upload.
the young duke and the king crushed the rebel Normans at the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes in 1047. the woman he had gone to that part of Belgium to court. when she was acting as Regent for William in England while he was busy suppressing more revolts in Normandy. Cinglais). who refused her advances. William was nineteen. She was so impressed that she married him. He fled at night on horseback and was hosted by Hubert de Ryes who escorted him under heavy protection to Falaise. There were rumors that Matilda had been in love with the English ambassador to Flanders. she used her authority to confiscate Brihtric's lands and throw him into a hellish dungeon where he died. Adding to these traumatic events was the scourge of famine. Tolkien on the Normans and their usurious “friends” 24 . William narrowly escaped an assassination attempt. traditionally unruly and hostile to the policy of assimilation pursued by the Viking-blooded dukes. William lost three of his guardians or protectors by murder: the Seneschal Osbern de Crepon. he was now the target of an assassination. This was the founding family of Norman Britain. were apparently involved in these murders. Cotentin. a cousin. a Saxon named Brihtric. For the first time. 1025-1069).His illegitimacy and boyhood provided two pretexts for the major barons of Normandy to flout his ducal authority. She had given him the brush-off in public. In 1046. Years later. which lasted seven long years in Normandy. With the aid of King Henry I of France.. William may already have had a violent nature. Of course. later accompanied by a very deadly epidemic. Some of the lords formed a coalition to depose William for Guy de Brionne (c. but surely the incredible stress and danger of his childhood would have encouraged him to see life as truly a jungle. One could tell many more tales of William's ruthlessness. but the most telling is how he publicly slugged Matilda of Flanders. the Richardides. and assassins tried constantly to kill various members of his entourage. so he simply decked her – she was also the niece of King Henri I of France – in the presence of his own and her entourage. The Duchy of Normandy then traversed a decade of serious unrest. The rebellion gathered most of the "old Norman" west side of the duchy (Bessin. In Valognes. Gilbert de Brionne and Alain III of Brittany.. as a descendant of the Vikings.. The descendants of the ancient (pre-Viking) dukes. Wars broke out between the main families and with the Duke.
just like William of Orange 600 years later. the ruthless Normans brought in Jews as their even more ruthless money men. Although highly sympathetic with the heroic values of ancient heathen Northern Europe.R. and a fervent admirer of the heritage of all northern Europe (including especially Finland. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973). he was also a close friend of Christian novelist C. Lewis (Christianity. enslaved by wicked warlords intent on gaining all the world's GOLD. a dozen a minute. And I do believe that the "Hobbits" of J. if you want to crush a people.” “antisemitism. when the Normans. He later wrote: “Junior officers were being killed off.” Tolkien was a professor of Anglo-Saxon language and literature at Oxford from 1925 to 1945. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings saga were meant to symbolize the innocent but brave Anglo-Saxons. what is especially unique about England was that these brilliant. which always go on the attack charging opponents with “hatred. Nevertheless. the Northmen. England was a nightmare for centuries for the common man. He became invaldid from disease in the trenches.” “Neo-Nazism” and “white supremacism. Tolkien was honored by the Queen on 28 March 1972 with an appointment as a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. which he had sought via his writings to preserve." is that.” They make good evil assistants.. being opposed to usury as well as all cruelty). And I say this as a descendant of this ruthless conquering group. a common if often insincere strategem used both then and now to deflect attacks by Jewish groups. a non-Germanic but very white Nordic country). Jews are happy to assist you in crushing them because of their rancor against all “gentiles. What happened after 1066.. a heritage-conscious Anglo-Saxon. on paper. nota bene. to Christianity -.” “disloyalty.” “bigotry. his public utterances at least were anti-German and anti-Hitler. a distinguished professor of ancient linguistics at Oxford University.. brave but psychopathic French-speaking former Vikings – barely converted. and he and Lewis were members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. And as Stalin also realized.We Aryans must admit that we have our own psychopaths too. the Khazars (Ashkenazi Jews) are not the only ones. A turning point in his life was the carnage of World War One.. No.joined with Jews to transform England into their slave colony.S. that is. into which he had volunteered as an artillery. was every inch an Englishman.. Parting from my wife 25 ... who were French-speaking former Vikings who had "adopted Christianity. and of English language and literature from 1945 to 1959.
what did the evil golden ring signify – with the mysterious foreign writing on its inside – the gold ring that tempts wicked men with its power? 26 .” which fittingly means “bold” in German. (The dialect of Lower Saxony. His ancestors had migrated from Lower Saxony.) Thus the Tolkiens were just one more little wave of Lower Saxon emigration to the cousin-land of the Anglo-Saxons.then .. By 1918 all but one of my close friends were dead. (The first Saxon settlement of Britain had come in the 400s as the Roman Empire was collapsing due to the Asiatic Hun invasions. Germany to England in the 1600s.) [source: http://upload. Before. is very similar to that of Old Anglo-Saxon English..jpg] According to Tolkien's private papers.” The name “Tolkien” – for an Englishman – had always puzzled me until I researched further..wikimedia. it was like a death.org/wikipedia/en/d/d7/Jrrt_1972_pipe.. their name had been “Tollkühn.. unsurprisingly.
In 2002. Fascists hijack Lord of the Rings By Sophie Blakemore. a Jewish professor sought to combat the enthusiasm of white preservationist groups worldwide for The Lord of the Rings.turned Anglo-Saxon England into an aggressive. 27 .And who did the Hobbits signify? How did the Norman Conquest affect England -and the whole planet? The Normans -. ruthless sea-roving power.co.uk/0100ne. a Midland academic has expressed concerns that neo-Nazi groups are interpreting the Birmingham author's epic for their own ends..icnetwork. The Two Towers. comes out on general release today.ll&siteid=50002] As the second film of the trilogy.French-speaking Vikings -.. Birmingham Post Dec 18 2002 [source: http://icbirmingham.
"For today's film fans. I wonder whether it's something to do with trying to make sense of the world around us. The Lord of the Rings was voted readers' "favorite book of all time. While many aficionados are content to treat The Lord of the Rings as an epic fantasy.com/0208-sg.jpg] Dr Shapiro said [however that] the trilogy of Middle Earth mythology [in fact did] represent [Tolkien's and other white Britons'] anxieties about immigration. and [he] thought his story-cycle would recreate the world of pre-invasion Britain.html) According to a survey by the Folio Society in 1997. In June 1997. [source: http://www2. commented:‘It's astonishing that The Lord of the Rings has this impact. "Tolkien wrote The Lord of the Rings because he believed England's original culture and mythology was destroyed by the Norman invasion. some have detected an underlying repugnance for the industrialisation of the countryside and the damage of total war. Dr Stephen Shapiro.] Shapiro. The idea of a parallel world.uk/fac/cross_fac/capital/about/people/194-2-1711_small.. as well as a poll by Waterstone's." The recent filming of the book has popularised it once more. said the adoption of the literary masterpiece by far right groups was worrying. an English expert at the University of Warwick. The distinguished white South Africa patriot Stephen Goodson wrote the below: (from http://www. chief executive of the Library Association. [He then claims Tolkien would not approve of the “far right” which wanted to keep a White Britain.’ 28 . and stimulated speculation as to what fuelled this extraordinary work. in January of that year.. this older racial anxiety fuses with a current fear and hatred of Islam that supports a crusading war in the Middle East. the booksellers. center. which it claims promote white supremacy over ethnic minorities living in the West.warwick. Ross Shimmon.One Internet website urges "every white nationalist" to watch the films.spearhead.ac." He added that the books should not be used to incite racial hatred but to look at the modern state of race relations in the UK and further afield.
page 44) Tolkien was disillusioned about the effectiveness of modern democracy. had earlier edited Oswald Mosley's publications in the 'Thirties. In 1997. Chesterton assumed the role of leader. a cousin of G. K. In 1973. ‘Self-government does not mean democracy . of which he had previously been Deputy Editor. Chesterton. and considered both the media and high finance to be inimical to its success:‘The concentration of the power of the Press has long since made a mockery of whatever degree of informed democracy we may have once known. In 1954 he established the League of Empire Loyalists. African hegemony would lead to the suicide of the White community in East and Central Africa and to the ruin of African hopes of sustained progress. may well provide some clues as to what were Tolkien's innermost thoughts. whose antics and interventions at Tory meetings proved to be a constant source of irritation and embarrassment to both Eden and Macmillan.’ 29 .Candour reader A 20-year subscription to the patriotic journal Candour and a faithful preservation of its 24 volumes.’ (10 February 1956.Liberia and Abyssinia are two warning lights. Candour was founded by A.. Chesterton.. with the Greater Britain Movement joining the merger a short time later. I inherited these newsletters from Chesterton's secretary Moyna Traill-Smith. which would have permanent negative consequences for its indigenous populations:‘Africa is not peopled by Black Europeans. Tolkien's copies of Candour were sold out of his estate for £10. Chesterton. ideas and beliefs. a distinguished veteran of two world wars. as a successor to Truth magazine. In 1967 the League merged with the old British National Party (not to be confused with the present party of the same name) and the Racial Preservation Society to form the National Front.’ (3/10 August 1956. K. page 50) ‘The true equation is ‘democracy’ = government by world financiers. but it is a continent full of tribes mentally and morally at the dawn of history. Empire tragedy The dissolution of the British Empire was viewed by Tolkien as a tragedy. The quotations from Candour which follow have all been underlined by Tolkien with a red [ballpoint pen].
In other words. With their unlimited financial power.. de facto any more than de jure. in a manner without parallel in all past. We see the politician and not his backer. page 12) Monetary reformer It was in the field of monetary reform that Tolkien displayed his most passionate concern. the banker of the backer. Eventually good prevails over evil and the Ringwraiths.. still less the backer of the backer.‘The main mark of modern governments is that we do not know who governs. page 48) Utilizing the above background.the creation of money out of nothing and then lending it out at interest . and one to rule and bind them all in darkness and slavery forever. Background So who was John Ronald Reuel Tolkien? Did he support the NF? Probably not in any meaningful way.’ (3/10 August 1956. who has enslaved the people of Middle Earth through the rings of power. the Orcs and Uruk Hai monsters are defeated. they are able to control the mass media and spellbind the general public with their propaganda. There are seven rings for the dwarf lords. The center of all evil is the Dark Lord Sauron.’ (13 July 1956. ‘Throned above all.is reflected repeatedly:‘There should only be one source of money: one fountainhead from which flows the nation's blood to vitalize commerce and industry. what is most important of all. a brief exegesis of The Lord of the Rings may be attempted. ensure economic equity and justice and safeguard the welfare of the people. five for the elven kings. but indisputably he was sympathetic to its anti-immigration and antiCommon Market [now “European Union”] policies. or. having endorsed Chesterton's views over two decades. nine for mortal men. 30 . His indignation about the evil of usury . These gold rings were ‘forged’ in the fires of Mount Doom and are symbolic of the central banks and their monopolistic powers. swaying all men living by a sort of magic. which enable them to create money out of nothing and lend it out at interest to the gullible people. and delivering oracles in a language not understood of the people. it has always been and still is our contention that the prerogative of creating and issuing the money of the nation should be restored to the State. is the veiled prophet of finance.
And that's why you like brandy and champagne. Blodgett. By employing a powerful allegory. Disney. New Zealand and white South African) society that. and provide a secure basis for a future of progress and prosperity. but a medium for the exchange of goods and services. go straight back in the male line to the Norman Conquest of 1066. Beckwith. not Budweiser. and your great-great-great (and so forth) grandpappy decided to try conquering England at the Battle of Hastings. Drury or Dillon. He sought social justice through the adoption of an honest money system. debt and destruction. Lindsay. and that his conviction that the civilizing effects of the British Empire were a blessing to be enjoyed by all has been proven correct. bears regrettable testimony to that fact. Pierce. if published. you have a Norman swinging from it: 31 .”=== If your name is Allison. it would in all likelihood have achieved only a limited circulation. Curtis. Murdoch or Quincey -. Angel.” Here are some truly common if prominent names in Anglo-American (and Canadian. and being Vikings. and. Davison. Gibbs or Goddard – or Pinkerton. Chase. Duke. You might be descended from some French-screaming Scandinavians – who got bored in 1066 after one hundred years ruling Normandy. swilling hard cider. Grant. Nugent or Tiffany -. Doggett. Fitzwater. The torment of death. he has subconsciously embraced and influenced the minds of untold millions with his mythos. Australian. to name just a few surnames – or Chamberlain. which would distribute the benefits of the technological age to all mankind. with their French original spellings in parentheses.or Dawes. Piper. See the sidebar “Names of the French “Northmen. He understood that money is not a form of wealth. Welsh. and if any of these names is in your family tree. =Sidebar===Think you're English. Above everything else Tolkien may be judged as an ardent supporter of monetary reform.you might not be quite as “English” as you think. and grabbing for French wenches washing clothes in the crique (like William the Conqueror's mother). Tolkien could have written a treatise on political economy. which Africa has subsequently endured.There is little doubt that Tolkien was a patriot. Scottish or Irish? Try instead “Norman. your ancestors succeeded.
com/images/original/bruyeres-vue-depuis-l-avisonvisoterra-28450. Normandy). Bailey (Bailli). Curtis (de Curteis). Chamberlain.. Davison (d'Avison)..groundspeak..visoterra.org/wiki/File:Schlo%C3%9FEu.” designed to lighten the Versailles Treaty for Germany in the 1920s). Rogers.” as in the Massachusetts town where the Salem Witchcraft Trial was actually held )... Dewey (from d'Eu. Daltrey (d'Altrey.. d'Alterive = “of the higher river bank”).jpg] Caption: Chateau d'Eu.jpg] Caption: Bruyères from the Avison Tower.. [source: http://www.Dawes (as in the “Dawes Plan. Crocker (le Crochère).jpg] Duke (le Duc). Chase (de Chancey). Danvers (d'Anvers. Eliot or Elliott or Ellis (from d'Alis. Tiffany or Tiffin (from Théophanie). Driver (as in actress Minny Driver of the film “Good Will Hunting. Beacham (Beauchamp).wikipedia.jpg] Caption: Near Alis.com/1973508-Pont_de_lArche-Pont_de_lArche.com/waymarking/display/d0459101-b1db-4a57-9499f918ba958d12.Douglas (not a French name at all.JPG] Caption: La Tour d'Avison ….. Boyle (Boelles or – if Norman-Scottish --from the family name de Boyville). “of Antwerp.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/Norman-knight-inheavy-mail-armor. when the name “Davison” [source: http://img...virtualtourist. but a Scottish place and manor acquired by the Norman Fleming family in 1147).” from de Rivère). Beamis (Beaumis). Pont de l'Arche 32 . [source: http://en. a major Norman family that spread throughout England). [source: http://cache. Normandy …..[source: http://johndenugent. near Pont de l'Arche. Lyons.
Richmond.Farmer (Fermor). Blanchard. FOX News Channel …. Everett. Dyson... home of the lords d'Isigny. as in the cigarettes (d'Oisnel). Dillon (de Lion). a companion of the Conqueror). Cheney (de Chesne = “of the oak”). Barrett.jpg ] Caption: Walt Disney. Fairfield (Fierville.com/2008/07/waltdisney3. DeLay.” not the Anglo-Saxon word “field. Dingell (D'Angell). East.Ducie/Doocy [source: http://upload. Montgomery. an important family). The d'Isigny family settled in the English village now known as Norton Disney.uk/_db/_images/LaFerteBernard.Day (de Dai).JPG] Caption: Steve Doocy. Faussett. as in the roast-beef chain (d'Arby). Pierce (from Pierres. and later moved to Ireland. …. “FOX and Friends” morning show. [source: http://www. Devine. south of the city of Lincoln.” ville meaning “large town or city” in French). Dunhill. Denny (as in the restaurant chain) or Dench (actress Judy Dench). 1901-1966.org/wikipedia/commons/3/34/Steve_Doocy_Interview_FOX_ %26_Friends. Blanchett. host.wordpress. Faraday as in Michael F. the great chemist (from de la Ferté. a latinate noble 33 .com/les %20monuments/imagesmonuments/isignyx2. a few miles from “Omaha Beach” (D-Day 1944) and the manor of the family now known as Disney in America [source:http://motivationalspeaker1. Dennis (as in white nationalist author Lawrence Dennis) (from le Danois = the French word for “the Dane”) Quincy or Quincey (as in US President John Quincy Adams). Faulkner (Falconarius. Agnew (Agneau). Beckett. as in Davey. Denton (d'Eudon. as in the chicken-processing giant in Arkansas (Tesson). most “Something-fields” come from something”-ville. a direct descendant of Hughes d'Isigny. Cushing (Cuchon). a name that no longer exists in France).Arby.wikimedia. as in the late U. Dwight (de Doito).files.. Julien before the city la Ferté ….jpg] Caption: Porte St.jpg] Caption: Church at Isigny-sur-mer (“Isigny [pronounced “Ee-see -nyee”] on the sea”). who settled in England with William the Conqueror in 1066.frenchconnections. Edmonds. Dyer (d'Iore). [source: http://www. Landry (Dallas Cowboys coach). Disney (d'Isigny). senator and patriot from South Carolina) (d'Est).S.. Dorset.normandie44lamemoire. Fawkes (Vaux).co. Crockett..
Foreman (Farman) not to imply that boxer George Foreman is a Norman. Fitzwilliam (a county in Virginia).france-voyage. British ruler of Boston in the American Revolution (from de Gaugi) [source: http://upload. Walshes and others bearing Norman names are not of Norman descent at all. as in General Thomas Gage. Ferry. and Foster.com/en/] Caption: Church in Fay. but not most.” “forest” being a French word) or Forrester.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/ThomasGageByCopley. an English actor who starred as an SS commandant in “Schindler's List”). in the 1400s Britain began forcing the Irish to adopt English-sounding names. also. Forrest (de Foreste = “ of the forest. Roaches. from which the Kennedy boys were descended via their mother Rose Fitzgerald of Boston). [source: http://upload. Picardy. Franklin (le Fraunclein = tenant of the lower nobility who owes a lord military service).Fenner (from Fenarius. Fountain. Fitzwater (as in Marlin Fitzwater.. French. but he may have one in the woodpile. Fletcher (le Flechier = “the arrow maker”). an important family from La Folie.name from France meaning “hunter with falcons”).jpg] Thomas Foley as Speaker of the House 1989-1994. France ….wikimedia. Fox (translation of Reinard). in the second “Terminator” movie (from Forlon). Fitzgerald (a very powerful family from Aquitaine. and as in Merrill Lynch Pierce Fenner and Smith. Foley (de la Folie. Fingerhut. Flowers (de Flore). Fraser (Frezel. [source (top photo): http://www. Freeman (some.jpg] 34 . Ronald Reagan's press secretary). Fawn (Vanne). but descended from the retainers of Normans. Ferris (Ferrers). Flood (Flote). …. from the Latin name that means “fish”). Fish. come from “Fremont” as in the great Californian discoverer). Francis. near Bayeux). Fay.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2a/SpeakerFoley. Gage. as in the bank security company (from Vingraut). Fiennes (as in Ralph F. Fitch (from Fitz = Fils = “illegitimate son of a noble”). a once famous Wall Streetttttttttttttttt brokerage). some Irish Foleys. as in the great patriotic NY congressman (de Piscis. but many are pure Scots descended from retainers of the Frezels). as in the young actor Edward F. Forster. Foley was later ambassador to Japan and chairman of the North American branch of the Trilateral Commission. Boyles. Gagan (Gacon). Furlong.
as in Howard Jarvis. anti-FDR author and journalist. but ruled by the de Tankarville family. is an example of a Norman family that dropped its name for its new manor location in England or Scotland). from Giffard). as in Peter Grace.. He was called by libertarian Ludwig von Mises a writer of “keen penetration and forceful. direct language. Gulliver (de Gulafre). as in Arthur G. the tiremaker (from Godier). of Pennsylvania stock. Greeley. as in the NY Giants quarterback. and also some Gibsons (from Curbizon. Gill (Gille). Gossett. this. the old Washington Times. . ordered raids on Lexington and Concord that triggered the Minuteman confrontations ….org/images4/garrett1925. whether for or against the Establishment. American industrialist. Ginn (Guinee). as in the vice president under Bill Clinton (Goher). Royal Military Governor of Massachusetts at the outbreak of the American Revolution. ruled by the Branche family). reporter for the NY Times. CBS radio and TV personality (Godefroy). 1878-1954. Grenfell." Here again we see prominent people of Norman ancestry.Gascoyne. Gilbert (Gilbart). a very high noble family under the king of France). Geary (le Gere). Giles (de Gueilles). Grange. Goodyear. (de Chavigny). coming from Le Grand = the tall one. Gaffney. general and president Ulysses S. Gibbons.. [source: http://mises. California tax revolt leader in the 1980s. but from “de Gray de Flévy” or “de Gray de Malmédy”). may have been English). who edited the National Geographic magazine form 1899-1969. Germain. Garrett. Godfrey. from de Grelly). Gresham or Grisham (English place name. Granville.” not a Scottish Grant.unsurpassed by any author. Normandy). Gooch (le Goche. young man. as in Garet G. the Wall Street Journal.Caption: General Thomas Gage. Graves (de la Grave). Futrell (Vautrel). as in a well-known neo-conservative Frank G. as in Horace Greeley (“Go west . Curbison. …. Granger. as in the author of The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire (from Gibon). Jarvis. go west!”.jpg] Garet (really Peter] Garrett. as in the American silverware maker (from Brittany). Goddard (American rocket builder). Garlick (Gerloch). Grace. Gifford. Gray (not an English name at all. and opponent of the wars of Wilson and Roosevelt. Gibbs (de Wibo). Gerrard. Grenville. Gouche). Grosvenor (“Big Hunter”) as in Melville Bell Grosvenor and his father. American imperialism and New Deal economics. Gay (de Gay). Gower (Guer). Greenlees (de Gringelai). like Douglas. Graham (from a thoroughly English place name in Lincoln. Gore. Grant (if and English Grant.. Gunn (de Gons). Gorham. Grant. Gervis. Gilpin (Galopin). Garland (de Garlande. 35 . Gibb. Greenfield (from Granville).
Hatherill.. his fierce saying was that after WWII the Japanese language would be spoken only in hell. 'the Royal Hunter”).S. Normandy). Irby (the de Amondevilles). Normandy). Hollings (de Holene). as in John H. Irons (d'Airan. Hewitt (from Huet. Haddon (de Hadon). legendary radio commentator. Jewett (anti-abortion bomber at the Atlanta Olympics). Hayes. Hackett. famous Canadian psychopathologist (le Hare). father by a Scottish lord from Grange (Norman name in Ayrshire. Hudson (Heudescent). US admiral. Haliday. Hewett. Jenner (Gaynar). as in the underwear manufacturer (de [from] Haisne. and advocate of a private central bank (from the English place name of the manor of the Norman family de Blossevilles). Innes. officer and later Secretary of the Treasury under Washington. Harrah (Arras). . Hoyle (de Hoel). as in two U. Holmes (du Holme.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/W_Halsey. …. Jekyll (Jackel). Kain. as in the poet (de Catot). Gurney. as in the current governor of Virginia (de Cahaigne). as in Paul H. a very Norwegian name).. as in David H. not English but Norman. Vietnam war hero and military expert... Keney (de 36 . very wealthy Massachusetts signer of the American Declaration of Independence (from the English place name “Encot” of the Norman de Sprenchaux family). Keates. Haines. Kemp (de Campe). Humphrey (Homfray). Harcourt. from the Egmont family of Flanders). Hampton (de Hantona. Hardy. a place near Arras. Howley (de Houlie).Harvey. Normandy). Hunter (Anglo-Normoans often translated their name le Venur. Hatcher (Achard). Harrell. as in Robert H. Harrison. Normandy). Hyatte and Hoyt (Hoyte).wikimedia. presidents (from Heriçon). Hovell (all from de Hauteville.. Helm (de Helme).. as in author Thomas Hardy (from le Hardi = “the bold”). Scotland). one of the most warlike Norman families). Hare. Halsey (American admiral in WWII and fierce opponent of the Japanese). Hewlett (as in Hewlett-Packard computers). Ingall (de l'Angle). Joyce. Harbin (de Harpin). Hancock. as in Humphrey Ireland. Hay (de la Haye). as in Alexander. Hamlin (Hamelin. Hoare (de Aure).. Normandy).. Herbert (Harbard). Normandy. de Conteville). [source: http://upload. Hogg (de Hoga). Honeywell (probably de Handeville). Huntley (the Fitzbaderon family). as in the captain of the USS Liberty. Hawley (de la Haulle).jpg] Caption: William F. Janes (Genes). still a prominent English noble family (de Gournay). Hooker (Huchier). Jocelyn. as in the ABC news anchoir Peter Jennings (Genon). Hillary (de Saint Hilary.. Jennett (Genet). Jennings. as in Harcourt Brace publishers.Gunnell (de Gondeville. author of The Disposssessed Majority. “Bull” Halsey. Harris (from both de Heriz and from de Harace). Handley (d'Andelys). the city where the British landed in 1944). Hawfield.Hamilton. Harbourt (Harbord). Hickey (Hequet). Hutton (the de Percy family). Housman (de Housemaine). Ireland.
Maitland (Maltalent).wikimedia. Lake (du Lac). Liddell. Lindsay (de Limesay. Levison (de Levasson). from “de St._Patton_-_France_-_1918. Murdoch (from Meurdrac. from de la Mare). Palmer.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/da/George_S. Ledger. as in several great British prime minsters who battled the French (Peet. Brittany and the Channel Islands of Jersey and Guernsey) [source: http://upload. Denis and Meurdraquiere.. Plunkett (de Plugener). Barons “of St.Neal (de Neel). Pointer (Pontier). from Macy. Piper d). Lambert. de Luches). Patry or Patrick de la Lande was from la Lande. as in the famous baseball slugger (de Montellis). Potter (Potier) 37 . Padgett (Pachet). Phelps (Phylippus). or Massey. Montgomery (de Monte Goumeril. Laurel (Lorel). Patton became. Lilly. Ouen near Caen. Kerr (the family d'Espec). Lilley. King (le Roy was a very common noble Norman name. Mercer (Mercier).jpg] Caption: Captain._Patton__France_-_1918. Leger).. Pette. Peter (de Petra). as in the famous Massachusetts senatorial family (de Loge). Kenyon (the Banastre family. Marley (de Merlai). Macy. Patton of Virginia. Owen (in some.” Normandy. Patrick (“This great Norman house.jpg/757px-George_S. Kinsey (de Canci). as in actor William M. Normandy). Porter (Portarius). whence Bannister). of the movie “Fargo”(from Macey. or Macey. Pet. Lodge. as in the recently expired Australian actor Heath Ledger (de St. [source: http://upload. Pinkerton (Punchardon or Pont Cardou). Larkin (Largen). in WWI. not all cases. Lawson (Loison). as in the great American WWII general (Patin).” from St. Normandy). Liggett. Lockhart (Locard). Pickett (Picot). not far inland from Saint-Malo. Mason (le Mazon). Lind (de la Lynde).Kaigny). ironically. North (Norreys or Norensis). Lemmoni (Lemon).wikimedia. from the Germanic Gomerik = “Man power. near Caen).org/wikipedia/en/4/48/KeithMurdoch. Mantle. as in the creator of the “Star Wars” films (from de Lukes. Long (de Longa). Knapp (de Kenappeville). Lacey (de Lacey. anti-Jewish and pro-German in 1945 after helping the former and smashing the latter. translated as 'the king”). a great family that fought at Hastings and spread all over England and Ireland).jpg] Caption: Sir Keith Murdoch. Lechmere (strangely. Pierce (de Piris). Kirk (de Quercu). Lucas. Lattimer. later General George S. Oake (de Quercu). Maynard (Mainard or Mainart). Peel (Pele). Pepper (Peppard or Pipard). Pitt. father of mysterious media billionaire Rupert Murdoch . Patton. formerly the royal house of Norway). as in the great golfer (le Paumier). Normandy). Laver (Lavarde).” “-rik” being relate to the political word “Reich”). Lear (de Lyre. Pite). Ouen” or “Audoen.
Vance (Vaux). Petersburg. died in Croatia.ncarchitects. White (translation of “le Blanc”). Maur. Thalebot). 1777. meaning “from Germany”). Ballynacor. It has a French tower roof. And that is just a short list of the Normans' names. Seymour (St. as in the famous Confederate raider (from Canterell or Quinterell). Russell (de Rosel). near Caen).. Sayles (de Sella). Purcell (Porcel). in Maine. Quincey (a baronial family from Quince. Aubain). Reuilly. West (de Gaste). Wheeler (Huielor. built of stone. a French province). In researching my own Norman family tree – there are 13 villages or cities called Nogent in northern France (in Roman times Noguntiac-um) – I found that some de Nugents crossed the Channel. Ross (de Ros. Waroc). Loup). Rowley (from Roelly. Reynold (Renoldus). [source: www.org/wiki/File:Nugent. Wilde (translation of de Sauvage). near Evreux. Vickers (Vacarius). such as Count Francis Maurice von Lacey (1725-1801) an Austrian field marshal born in St. Quantrell. Normandy. from Ros [now Rots]. near Avranches. Willard (de Guillart). Tory (de Tury. Maur. Ralph de Roileio coming over with William the Conqueror). Rooney (Roenai). Thorne (Taurne). near Caen. Roper (de Rupierre). from St.). Weaver (de Wevre. Turi or Turri) Travers (de Trevieres). Jouvin). Shore (d'Escures). or from the English occupation).Power (Pohier. translation of Latin Dulcis). Huelier). Austro-Hungarian Empire. 1862 as an Austrian field marshal. others stayed back in France after England was conquered and opened up in 1066. Ray (de Rea). Ward (Gar or Garde). Warwick (Warrok. Sweet (English. Sowter (Sutor). Rankin (Roncin). Normandy).com/company-awards. Young (from Juven. a Norman predilection as opposed to building in wood. Juvenis. Wolfe (Lu. whose father Peter was a Russian field marshal. Sawyer (from de Sahurs. Pratt (Pratum). Tyson (Tyson or Tisson). plus Germanic half-timber designs that are not 38 .. Wade (de Vado). [source: http://en. Randolf (Randulf or Ranulf). Sharpe (translation of Poignant).jpg] Laval Graf [Count] Nugent von Westmeath (b. Talebot. or Roilly.wikipedia. Irland. Rodney (de Reyney). or from the English occupation of a man who saws). Talbot (Talbot.aspx ] Town Hall in the rural Anglo-Norman villa style in my home town. Many other Irish Normans who stayed Catholic rose to the highest ranks in the armies of non-Protestant powers.. Sherman. as in the famous Union general (from Sire-horne). Rivers (de la Riviere). Temple (from Temple. Rawlins (Roillon). for prestige and for fire-proofing. as in my father's divorce lawyer. Ullman (d'Allemagne. Tobin (St.. Sloane (de Sellant). Poher or Poncaer. Barrington RI. Normandy). and still others ended up in Austrian military service in Croatia.
from Latin filius).just Anglo-Saxon.354. Thus many of the Founding Fathers were descended from the Anglo-Norman aristocracy or the “gentry” (lower nobility). as in the middle name of President John Kennedy. Two examples are Fitzhugh and Fitzgerald. 1914 a Felix Henri Marie Richard de Nugent died of his wounds as a volunteer for France at the very beginning of World War One. (Many of the Spanish conquistadors of the 1500s were also younger sons who had needed to make their fortune in war. It was not terribly shameful among the domineering Normans to have a mistress. they routinely praised Washington's personal character and his qualities as a military commander. one of the first of the 1. “according to Danish mores. many younger sons of Anglo-Norman aristocrats likewise left England for Virginia in the American colonies to become plantation founders and owners in that hot but beautiful state. The process of subduing the Anglo-Saxons was long and difficult (as the Robin Hood saga indicates). but also popular in Normandy (Frankish-settled) and all Germanic part of Europe. because it was not broken up among all the children.) Other “Normans” were actually the illegitimate sons of noblemen. There were no “trust funds” back then as with the modern Kennedys and Bushes. winked at what it delicately called relationships de more danico. many French 39 . Historians believe that many penniless second and third sons came over at that time. George Washington in particular exemplified an aristocratic English bearing. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries. which was glad simply that the Normans were no longer pillaging monasteries. as in Stratford-on-Avon.” and related to Modern French fils. England. they had had concubines in their old pagan days in Scandinavia as Vikings.782 Frenchmen who died bravely in combat in that unfortunately useless WWI carnage. and William the Conqueror appealed to many members of the French nobility – not just from Normandy – but from all over France and Belgium to come over and join him to hold down the new realm and in cementing French aristocratic rule. young adventurers who stood to inherit nothing from their father but their noble name. but it was brutal for young male children who had grown up wealthy but at their father's death suddenly became penniless when the older brother inherited everything but the cash on hand. However. and although British newspapers denounced the American Congress as treasonous. and the Church. The law of primogeniture was good for the property of a deceased lord.” So England began to fill up with knights “de” this name or that. and were named “Fitz”-something (“Fitz” being Old French for “son of. On August 30.
wikipedia. But suddenly there they are in Greattt Britain in 1181. So very many Norman families dropped the “de” after 1430. Normandy. all Catholic Normans who did not convert to the Church of England faced trouble from the Crown. and many left Ireland. When the Anglo-Normans' efforts to keep their vast territories in France failed and the long struggle had been abandoned. De Lacy. he became Justiciar of Ireland 11301176. It would appear from research that the “de Nugents” did NOT come over with William the Conqueror in 1066. Hugh de Lacy (ca. we are not typical “Irish” but rather Protestant Anglo-Normans residing in Ireland. when the bitter One Hundred Years War (as in Joan of Arc) was finally lost. who led the Norman invasion of Ireland in 1170.org/wiki/File:IMG_DelvinCastle1779c. Lord of Leinster. was the great-grandson of Walter de Lacy. in Delvin. a Norman ruler from Wales. Ireland and the liberal Kennedy phenomenon======== It was Richard de Clare. After helping Strongbow subdue Ireland. fair man with a deep voice and wise counsel.or Norman families that had moved to England after 1066 finally dropped the prefix “de” (meaning in French “from”) after 1430. a tall. central Ireland.) Suddenly they have their own rather massive castle in Delvin. Since our family is Protestant. After the Protestant Reformation. loss of nobility. when the Irish Republic was founded. whose family hailed from the town of Lassy in Calvados. many British aristocrats felt their “de” prefix was too obvious a reminder of their French origin and of a France they now wished to forget – except as an enemy. and then built a castle for his in-laws. The nightmare did not end until 1921. Known as Strongbow. property and even life. 1135–1186) came with him. he then saw King Henry II of England elbow him aside and assume the main control of Ireland himself (as much as that was possible) rather than see an independent and even rival Norman kingdom arise next to his own under Strongbow. which England joined under Henry VIII.jpg] Caption: Castle Nugent or Castle Delvin. 2nd Earl of Pembroke. the Nugents (my ancestors). Hugh de Lacey. (There are thirteen towns or cities named Nogent in France. like the family of George Bernard Shaw. 40 . built by a brother-in-law. he received County Meath in Ireland as his fief from Henry II. [source: http://en. 1181. probably having come from Nogent-le-Rotrou. Son of Gilbert de Clare and Isabel de Beaumont. combatant alongside William the Conqueror at Hastings. =====sidebar ====Anglo-Normans vs.
He was a half-brother through his mother of adventurer Sir Walter Raleigh. but that Catholic Spain. Canada. against England. both names being classic Norman names. have the heads brought to his camp in the evening. One of the pioneers of English colonization. i. exploration and ruthless subjugation.including women and children . no rivers to drown them and not enough dirt to bury them.Anglo-Norman control of unruly Keltic Ireland waxed and waned until the Tudors in the 1500s. a major sea power and one brimming with South American gold. he incarnated the Viking/Norman love of adventure. (John Perrot.e. downtrodden by Protestant London. meant “Why Not?” and “I spurn change and fear.' Gilbert's attitude toward the Irish is shown in one letter from him. perhaps. with bit in the teeth.” Serving the crown during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. along which supplicants would have to walk in the presence of their late fathers.which explains. 41 .org/wikipedia/commons/2/2e/SirGilbertHumphrey. His atrocities against the Irish became legendary. all enemies were treated without quarter and put to the sword . 1539 –1583. he arranged a gruesome spectacle: after a day's killing he would order the scattered corpses decapitated. in Latin. he also claimed what is thought to be the first English property in North America." In order to terrorize local supporters of the rebels. His two mottoes. with money. and if they feel the curb loosed but one link they will. One of his lieutenants bemoaned of a certain rocky area of Ireland that it had 'no trees to hang the Irish. in one month run further out of the career of good order than they will be brought back in three months. [source: http://upload.wikimedia. The Protestant Tudors Henry VIII and especially Elizabeth I were terrified. and ordered them arrayed in two parallel rows. making a pathway to the flaps of his tent. dated November 13. the mother. 1569: "These people are headstrong. not that anyone would remain Catholic in their heart. brothers and sons.jpg] Caption: Sir Humphrey Gilbert. from which the American Kennedy family is descended via Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy. The Tudors then gave military orders that sank to new levels of ruthlessness in crushing the Irish. During the three weeks of his 1569 campaign. the swiftness with which forty castles were abandoned to Gilbert's army. employed the same atrocious practice at Kilmallock a few years later). now in Newfoundland. and his combat with the Fitzgeralds. another Norman. would ally with Catholic Ireland.
happy where they could find them. and Munster was "planted" with English colonists following the parliamentary arrangements of 1585. as that any stony heart would have rued the same. they spoke like ghosts. Plague broke out in Cork City. the English broke the momentum of the second and final Desmond Rebellion by mid-1581. full of corn and cattle. The second is from the View of the Present State of Ireland. After three years of scorched-earth warfare. for their legs could not bear them. was suffered to remain one surface of weeds and waste… At this period it was commonly said that the lowing of a cow. written by English poet Edmund Spenser (Norman). In a short space there were none almost left. who. yea. author of The Faerie Queen. Sir Warham St. not just a poet. yet ere one year and a half they were brought to such wretchedness. Although English control over the country was still uneven. yet not able long to continue therewithal. Two famous accounts tell us of the devastation of Munster after the Desmond rebellion. and if they found a plot of watercresses or shamrocks. Desmond's head was sent to Queen Elizabeth and his body triumphantly nailed onto the walls of Cork.000 people had died of starvation in the previous half year. to which the country folk had fled to avoid the fighting. and a most populous and plentiful country suddenly left devoid of man or beast. also fought in the Irish campaign: In those late wars in Munster. crying out of their graves. The wars of the 1570s and 1580s marked a watershed in Ireland.The thousands of English soldiers and administrators imported to deal with the rebellion were given land in Desmond's 42 . they looked anatomies of death. insomuch as the very carcasses they spared not to scrape out of their graves. that you would have thought they could have been able to stand long. and one another soon after [cannibalism]. In April 1582 the provost marshal of Munster. Out of every corner of the wood and glens they came creeping forth upon their hands. and it is estimated that by 1589 a third of the province's population had died.By relentless scorched-earth tactics. famine hit the Irish city of Munster. the FitzGerald (“Geraldine”) axis of power had been annihilated. they did eat of the carrions [rotting corpses]. Leger (another Norman) estimated that 30. and from Cnamhchoill to the county of Kilkenny. People continued to die of famine and plague long after the war had ended. The first is from the Gaelic Annals of the Four Masters: The whole tract of country from Waterford to Lothra. there they flocked as to a feast for the time. or the whistle of the plowboy could scarcely be heard from Dun-Caoin to Cashel in Munster. notwithstanding that the same was a most rich and plentiful country.
com: I met the late Wilmot Robertson (or Humphrey Ireland) in 1990 in his home in the North Carolina mountains and found him a sterling gentleman. idealistic and compassionate. all around the world the Irish element roots for "underdogs. Let me say as a person proud of my Irish and Keltic genes that I think his critique of the Irish-American role in the Left (partly illustrated by the Kennedy family) was fair and accurate. How the Normans made the Irish liberals The Irish were one of the very few European peoples to accept Christianity without major resistance. 43 . If they fight. Humphrey Gilbert returned to England. thinking especially of the Kennedy clan. When not enjoying a good fight (as the joke goes. usually there is some moral principle involved or claimed." whether it be the Blacks in America. the Squirrel. the Irish are basically kind-hearted. author Wilmot Robertson (whose real name was Humphrey Ireland. Elizabeth's subjugation of the Emerald Isle was completed after the subsequent Nine Years War of 1595-1603 in Ulster (northern Ireland) and the extension of plantation policy to other parts of the green island. won a seat in Parliament and then with crews full of misfits. along with the Irish-Keltic proclivity for an impractical idealism. or can anyone join in?”). In his great book on the white situation in North America. The Dispossessed Majority. the Aborigines in Australia. and their soldiers were as white as they were (the white English). The Irish have become such rooters for the "underdog" that they often have been at the forefront of supporting Blacks. and aiding in its dispossession. took off with a fleet to reach Newfoundland and claim it for England in 1583. Jews and others against the white majority. criminals and pirates. and whose descent was likely Norman) wrote about Irish political support in America for ultraliberal and anti-white causes.confiscated estates. an Irishmen sees a brawl and asks “Is this a private fight. His ship. poetic. In fact. As I wrote in a review of his book for Amazon. for our own people whose backs are now to the wall. This. has led the Irish to feel very little sense of racial solidarity with other Whites. But the Norman psychopaths of London who crucified the Irish people for 900 long years. went down in a storm and he perhaps to hell. or the Muslims in England (whose cities are full of the Irish as well). in my view. It is urgent that Irish-Americans realize that it is we Whites who are now "the underdog" and our compassion must flow now for them.
Whenever a white nationalist event is held anywhere in public in the white, Englishspeaking world, a leftist mob will form to stop our freedom of speech. And one can be sure that in addition to the usual blacks, lesbians, Hispanics and Jews, one will always find, among the main agitators, some red-haired Irishmen, often of excellent racial stock.
[source: http://timesonline.typepad.com/photos/uncategorized/2008/01/28/kennedy.jpg] Caption: The Kennedy family in the 1930s. Joseph, the patriarch, a blond, blue-eyed Irish-American who graduated from Harvard, was strongly anti-Jewish as a result of his business experiences but also anti-White Anglo-Saxon Protestant due to Irish bitterness over what Norman England had done to the land of his ancestors. His two sons John and Robert promoted the black “civil rights” agenda, and his son Edward, as a U.S. Senator, sponsored the cataclysmic 1965 “Immigration Reform Act,” possibly the most dangerous law in U.S. history, which allowed millions of Third Worlders into America. Those of us of Irish or part-Irish blood need to understand psychopaths and that the vicious English white psychopaths who crushed Ireland are NOT typical white people or even typical Englishmen. In fact, the English common man himself has lived in misery ever since the Norman Conquest, and his valor as a warrior has been misused over and over and over -- by his Norman and Jewish ruling class -- against not just the Irish but against many good people. (The common English people, by the way, are probably 50% Keltic genetically, according to Wikipedia.) And this is my appeal: that if the Irish wish to root for the underdog, then our white race is now the underdog, being exterminated by psychopaths, humiliated, and enslaved everywhere just as the Irish were. ===============================
Guillaume-Conquérant-2.jpg] Caption: The author in Caen in 2004 before the church “Abbey of the Men,” built by William the Conqueror ===========”The Theory of Just War”============== Medieval thinking on war, including that of Saint Thomas Aquinas, was based on St Augustine's theory of the just war as laid out in De Civitate Dei (“On the City of God”) (5th century AD), written around the time the Roman Empire was falling and the Dark Ages were beginning. The population of Europe was about to fall by about 50 percent, and education, law and order, courts, police, an the maintenance of roads, bridges and aqueducts all collapsed when Rome was shattered. If a just war is lost, then anarchy and “mega-death” loom. By the time of Augustine, the Roman Empire had Christian emperors and so he believed that Rome's cause was now just. Christians were no longer being ripped apart by lions in the Flavian Amphitheater, which we know as the Colosseum. They were in the Roman legions on the battlefield, trying to rip apart pagans. St. Augustine saw war as a means to punish sin and stop evil, as a judicial action to right wrongs. As Augustine put it in Latin, “Justa bella ulciscuntur injurias" (just wars avenge injuries). That meant also that those waging war were God's scourge and thereby expressing God's justice and love, in fact benefiting the evildoer who was being destroyed. The Augustinian attitude was that war was a mass death penalty for people who had earned it. According to Augustine, you could take up the sword only if you were the injured party, or you perceived an injustice needing redress (such as the Muslims occupying the Holy Land). And ever since Augustine, aggressors claim they were injured. In the fourteenth century, Christian writers like John Gower and Philippe de Mezieres were not impressed by the dynastic justifications for the Hundred Years War offered by England and France. The warring parties even tried to recast their actions as a crusade, not concerned with how the war was being waged but whether it was justified in the first place. Shakespeare's (Edward de Vere)'s play Henry V shows this concern, but also shows “King Hal” speaking of rape and pillage. Medieval war extended well beyond the battlefield. Assassination was widely practiced and not felt to be dastardly. As St Augustine wrote, "all homicide is not murder." St Thomas Aquinas, the 13th century authority on theology, gave three criteria for a just War: 1) It must "right a wrong" 2) It must be winnable. Fighting hopelessly against an evil despot was not justified.
According to medieval thinking. This was particularly true of the Norman-English. That probably was caused in part by the plague. In fact. but the war between the English and French king was fought in such a way that everyone suffered except the two kings. Thus there was the prevalence of offering quarter and taking ransom instead of the opponent's life. thought nothing amiss when he took a break from combat to participate in a great tournament/pageant staged by René of Anjou in 1446. who probably would be at home in Bosnia or Somalia today as a warlord. Seeing themselves as a better sort of people. the Black Prince. a professional soldier and mercenary. Depopulation of towns and villages in France was noted in a lot of the sources. Thus you see figures like Sir John Hawkwood. John Winter and Nicholas Molyneux. Poton de Xaintrailles. during the Middle Ages war between the international nobility was something between a game and a career path. was praised as a pious and gallant knight.. but not in terms of sparing the innocents. their ransoms) and invest them at home. apparently afraid they would rise up while he was hard pressed. In 1421 two English squires. entered into a solemn agreement to fight together in France and then to pool their winnings (i. This noble age had an enormous propensity to accept cruelty and barbarity as a fact of life.e. and Sir John Knollys (another mercenary commander and self-made man). Attending tournaments with your enemies added social acceptability and class solidarity to the profession of arms. but chivalry as it was actually practiced and an essential part of a military career. rather than for king and country. The great Italian Renaissance scholar Petrarch visited Paris in the 1360s and reported wolves running in the streets and whole surrounding villages empty. The third point was oft quoted to justify assassination. Du Guesclin. being praised in the 15th century as a chivalrous and noble knight who deserved to be remembered alongside Edward III.3) The suffering caused by the war had to be less than the suffering caused by leaving the evil in place. These fellows were definitely not going off to do Gods work. where people went to war for reasons of personal profit and social advancement. There was a chivalrous side to all this. who served with mercenary captains in Spain before going on to become Constable of France.) The nobles fighting in the Hundred Years War showed little regard to the damage they caused. For example. one of these two kings was "wicked" but neither suffered much. the nobles found it convenient to treat each other charitably in combat. But this ran up against the class consciousness of the nobility. This was not hypocrisy. (This it was very shocking when Henry V began slaughtering his captured French prisoners at Agincourt. 47 .
rape.” This is a rather large hint.C. but are related to the Bonham-Carter family.” In other words. Judging by the features. dark-complected British aristocracy that hardly resembles the French-screaming Scandinavians who triumphed at Hastings. of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS). in 1930.jpg] Caption: “Montagu Norman.” Governor of the Bank of England 1920-1944. a Georgetown professor who mentored a young Bill Clinton in the 1960s in globalism. along with the Bank of England's Montagu Norman. Tragedy and Hope: A History of the World in Our Time (New York: MacMillan Company. 1966). Hélène Fould-Springer. and Marie Cecile von Springer (whose father was the industrialist Baron Gustav Springer). The infamous pro-Rockefeller historian Carroll Quigley. and the torturing of priests so they would reveal where the silver was hidden. these “Normans” are a mixture of Jews and various European aristocrats. This system was to be controlled in a feudalistic fashion by the central banks 48 . so he tended to gloss over the massacre of peasants.. that the BIS was scheme to establish a dictatorship over world finance: The powers of financial capital had another far-reaching aim. pillage. the wife of Baron Elie de Rothschild. Jean Froissart. nothing less than to create a world system of financial control in private hands.jpg] The “Norman banking family.The great chronicler of chivalry. is this is really a Scandinavian-descended “Norman” or something rather different that would be most comfortable under a yarmulke? [source: http://thepeerage. Hjalmar Schacht was the architect. is “not descended from the dukes of Rutland.com/120136_001. D. Bonham Carter's Jewish maternal grandmother. genuinely believed in chivalry. for Wikipedia then informs us this of “Helena BonhamCarter. was the daughter of Baron Eugène FouldSpringer (a French-born banker).org/wikipedia/en/2/2f/Time-magazine-cover-montagunorman. wrote in his book. Hélène Fould-Springer's sister was the French philanthropist Liliane de Rothschild (1916–2003).wikimedia. ======Sidebar=====Norman Jews============= [source: http://upload.. Bankers' Fascism By all historical accounts. able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole. and served as a diplomat and former Minister-Counsellor at the Spanish Embassy in Washington.” a current Anglo-Hollywood starlet: her mother's father was of “half Spanish and half Jewish ancestry.” as the always truthful Wikipedia informs us. like much of the modern.
He had no use for governments and feared democracy. Bank of England Governor Norman. Each central bank. and to influence cooperative politicians by subsequent economic rewards in the business world. he viewed his life as a kind of cloak-anddagger struggle with the forces of unsound money which were in league with anarchy and communism." Quigley reported. The apex of the system was to be the Bank for International Settlements in Basel. who headed the privately-owned British institution for an unprecedented 24 years (1920-44). Wikipedia continues: Quigley highlighted the role of Schacht's closest ally in the BIS scheme. which were themselves private corporations. and ruthless." The Wikipedia article on the Bank for International Settlements states baldly: “The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is an international organization of central banks which "fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks." It is not accountable to any national government. a private bank owned and controlled by the world's central banks. to influence the level of economic activity in the country. Both of these seemed to him to be threats to private banking. sought to dominate its [respective] government by its ability to control treasury loans. and Hjalmar Schacht of the [German] Reichsbank. Charles Rist of the Bank of France. tireless. by secret agreements arrived at in frequent private meetings and conferences.org/wikipedia/commons/9/96/BankIntZahlungsausgle 49 .wikimedia. Switzerland. Strong-willed. "whose mental outlook was one of successfully suppressed hysteria or even paranoia. [source: http://upload. and thus to all that was proper and precious in human life. Benjamin Strong of the New York Federal Reserve Bank.of the world acting in concert. "Norman was a strange man. in the hands of men like Montagu Norman of the Bank of England. to manipulate foreign exchanges.
Switzerland ==Sidebar===Novelist Ian Fleming: a Norman antisemite?===== source: http://www.jpg] http://i187.” a triple Norman name. Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars. won alongside and got their plunder from the Norman William the Bastard.000 invading knights and warlords at Hastings in October 1066 was French. from Keltic Brittany (a French peninsula of pink granite cliffs peopled by descendants of Welshmen and Cornish who had fled the Anglo-Saxons centuries before) and there were many Flemings (from what is now the northern and Dutch-speaking part of Belgium. Italy and much of Spain. Valentine Fleming.ich. “a descendant of William the Conqueror. 50 .solarnavigator. and his father. king of the Franks and of most of France. says Wikipedia directly.jpg Getty Images Caption: Ian Lancaster Fleming (1908-1964) The “Normans” were French nobility that were not just from Normandy. Valentine Fleming joined "C" Squadron. was. and the common language of the 7.com/albums/x46/mugworticus/IanFleming.photobucket. rising to the rank of major. called Flanders). fought under.in the one sense that they came over with. Often adventuresome (or desperate) second and third sons who stood to inherit nothing under the feudal laws of primogeniture that had been instituted by Charlemagne. Germany. Croix Rose.” In 1914. Ian Fleming's mother was “Evelyn St. the invaders of 1066 also came from other parts of France. And that is why people named “Fleming” are called “Normans” -.net/images/ian_flemming.jpg] Caption: The hideous-looking BIS headquarters in Basel.
in/light/files/Daniel-Craig1.From combat in France he wrote about the horrors of World War I to his close friend and fellow Norman.. doing all the right things for his career. stretching from the Channel to the German frontier near Basel. as we Americans would say. Valentine was posthumously awarded the DSO.. the inventors of that hybrid vegetable. However. in Picardy. making her very wealthy. widow Evelyn inherited his large estate in trust.” tut-tut. the Distinguished Service Order. ten miles or so in width. Robert and Jackie Kennedy and also the Italian Broccoli family.topnews. the trust stipulated that she would be cut off should she ever re-marry – which virtually guaranteed that she would remain forever Valentine's widow.e. his obituary written by his chum Churchill. John. is “blond-haired.”) [source: http://www. (Some other Jewish-influenced media mocked the fair-haired Craig as “James Blond. This was a man who. These fascinated. until the money began rolling in. Jewish reporter Robert F. BBC English. of course. among millions of others. 2006). which is positively littered with the bodies of men…in which farms.” i. was “stamping his ticket. German and Russian as well as.jpg] Caption: Daniel Craig outraged Jewish Hollywood. The following is an excerpt: Imagine a broad belt [of land]. and thereafter began writing espionage novels for a character he called “James Bond. In “Bond’s Semitic Villains” (November 24. that same year. 1917. France on May 20. Fleming was killed by German shelling in the Gillemont Farm area. as “James Blond. yes.” Moss then launches his exposé of the long-dead closet antisemite Ian Fleming: “Most of the 13 original Bond books made a point of disparaging Jews. He learned to speak fluent French. in which fields. For his service. Winston Spencer Churchill. regardless of other loves (and she had them) or circumstances (which did stay affluent). After Valentine's death.” Bond being yet another Norman name. a feature 51 . Daniel Craig. who became in the 1960s the producers of the James Bond films. He then had both a military and intelligence career in WWII. Moss first notes that the newest actor playing the James Bond character. Was this upper-cruster Fleming also a closet antisemite? The major New York Jewish newspaper Forwards thought so. and cottages are shapeless heaps of blackened masonry. Son Ian attended the upper-class school Eton and then the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst. villages. roads and trees are pitted and torn and twisted by [artillery] shells.
.” published in 1953. Fleming’s Jewish men are always repellent. that every James Bond novel may be an Ian Fleming antisemitic fantasy: Aryan superman saves world by taking out Jewish mega-billionaires.] Both white nationalist writer David Duke (perhaps via Scotland from the Norman family Le Duc) and former Marine Corps major William Fox (another Norman name. among them a grotesque criminal nemesis for 007. a translation of Reinard) have opined.. selfless civil servants like Bond.] Ernst Stavro Blofeld (“On Her Majesty’s Secret Service”) was supposedly baptized. Like all Fleming villains. they are barred [in Fleming 007 novels] from medicine. but his fierce obsession with gold pretty much erases any doubt.. [Jamaica is where Fleming spent his final years.” a character who clearly speaks for Fleming sums up Jamaica’s 450year-old Portuguese-Jewish community as an enclave of rich. kicked off the Bond series.. Except for the kindly Dr.. In “Dr.” Jewish women are almost completely omitted.. frivolous snobs who “spend too much of their fortune on… fine houses” and “fill the social column in The Gleaner. but he has a Semitic-sounding name and a set of those telltale “enlarged lobes. Stengel (in “Thunderball”). “Casino Royale. ==sidebar =======That “James Bond accent”========== I recall an article in the Washington Post years ago noting that a K Street law firm would be sure to hire any attractive woman as a receptionist – provided she had an upper-class 52 . No. they are confined to only a few avarice-driven professions. That would mean real Normans zapping the “Norman banking family”.” the monster is Le Chiffre. In “Casino Royale.. like banking and diamond dealing. indicating some Jewish blood. [Editor: as does the name. he is a racial hybrid. a major Soviet operative. fat creatures with “black hairy bodies... possibly Fleming’s most famous villain.. proceeding from Moss' exposé...” Goldfinger. to say nothing of the fraternity of valiant. law and journalism.” which is Jamaica’s leading newspaper. is only suspected of having Jewish ancestry.that was purged from the film versions. a German Jewish refugee. science.” and has “large lobes. establishing most of Fleming’s trademark devices. Physically. “a mixture of Mediterranean with Prussian or Polish strains.” Even when Fleming’s Jews are not sinister or demonic.
The British accent is another aspect of upper-class style that sounds. He also let the entire British Expeditionary Force (100. and it reflects the overthrow of the gaudier French style of men's attire in favor of the understated British elegance.. drank tea..” Both refer to a matchless. (.British accent. and was exemplified by Roger Moore. While it was Louis XIV. secretly gave his hearty blessing to Rudolf Hess' perilous peace mission to Britain in 1941. named "Foxy. if they gave comeback speeches in 2009. adopted and adored an English terrier that had crossed the lines..000 men) escape at Dunkirk in 1940 and.) [source: http://www. The Puritans themselves were often descendants of second and third sons of the Norman aristocracy... it has not changed much in 90 years. to the toothbrush style).fpp. The men's suit today is defined by London's Savile Row tailors.. named for Queen Victoria's son and heir to the throne.) And I recall a Jewish expression: “think Yiddish and dress British.co. would still be dressed properly today in their wardrobes of then. called gentry (a kind of lower nobility) if they kept their fortunes.” Men's suits have barely changed since the 1930s. the baritone-voiced British actor who played James Bond in the 1970s. pants and vests instead of cloaks and pantaloons. But it was the English Civil War and the victor of “off-with-his-royal-head” Cromwell and his dour Puritans that sealed the victory of the gentleman who put gaudy things behind him. confident. It went so well with the fox-hunting scenes on the wall. (Hitler adored Edwardian “double-breasted” jackets. although pronounced English-style like “saddle. first began promoting the wearing of coats. the French “Sun King” himself. who during his 72year reign and while building the Palace of Versailles. King Edward VII. and “Savile” is also Norman. “tailor” being a Norman word (tailleur in Modern French).” not the French “Sah-VEEL. aristocratic British style that forces admiration and fascination even from real anglophobes. (My English grandfather John Thomas Coldwell had his British accent beaten out of him – as a “Little Lord Fauntleroy” accent 53 .. typically.uk/shop/Ealing/photos_misc/gallery_1/images/Hitler_children. both insufferably haughty and amazingly elegant.not so well with the various Goldbergs and Silversteins working there. and wore Edwardian jackets on all purely social occasions." grew a wide English-style mustache (which he later on trimmed back. and banished gay colors to the women's wardrobe. The modern men's suit is British. many say including Leon Degrelle.jpg] Caption: Adolf Hitler in World War One admired the British while fighting them. Hitler and Roosevelt. 1901-1910.. which he denounced after it failed. unfortunately.
and the British Broadcasting Corporation (the BBC).” So if you heard an impeccable British accent on the radio during the war. by royal fiat many sounds then in use were banned. it has spread around the world as a symbol of “Rule. but find their accent – which remains somewhat stuck in the 1600s – somewhat peasant-ish.the term “BBC English.. and only in the “British accent. bizarre and medieval-sounding. but via James Bond films and the Queen herself. The aristocracy and then the French middle class. as their country cousins. being social climbers. that is. using both Germans and the pro-German Briton William Joyce (whom the BBC ridiculously and unfairly called “Lord Haw Haw”). Oxford and Cambridge. the tendency has been to see the accent as overly “stuffed shirt” (as we Americans would say) and regional accents are heard constantly on radio and TV these days. which today we would call “Parisian. it was during WWII that the BBC first began scaling back its use of the Received Pronunciation. In reality. and thus. The Germans were making skilled propaganda broadcasts to England during the war.by the American boys when he arrived in Rhode Island. Their Anglo-Canadian compatriots in turn often exclaim. after hearing Parisian French 54 . America in the early 1900s. it developed in the later 1800s (thus. the bourgeoisie.” Ironically. and an imitation of their stylistic obsessions. the first general manager of the BBC. In the 1600s the Académie Française had resolved to “clean up“ the pronunciation of French at the court of Versailles. It was based on the local accents of the south-east Midlands.” The French like the Quebeckers very much. Britannia. Eton.” Lord Reith. and using more of the regional accents.) Called properly the Received Pronunciation. London. well after American had separated from England in 1776) at upper-class boarding schools such as Winchester. which by the way also dropped the “r's”. the king approving.” However. since the prime ministership of Yorkshireman Harold Wilson (1964-70 and 1974-76). however. then copied the new-and-improved and truly more elegant pronunciation. and at the great universities of Oxford and Cambridge. the accent is artificial. From then on he had an also attractive “Yankee” accent. especially certain nasal and short vowels. and in my opinion as a linguist may well reflect the British aristocracy's millennial hate-love-contempt-admiration for the French.-. adopted it in 1922 as a broadcasting standard . only about two percent of the residents of the United Kingdom speak this way. Harrow and Rugby. Actually. it was probably the supposedly dreadful “Nazis.” (These sounds live on. to make it more elegant. in Canadian “Quebec French. in New England.
======sidebar ======Sidebar====Ian Fleming: Norman Antisemite?=========== source: http://www.jpg Getty Images Caption: Ian Lancaster Fleming (1908 .solarnavigator. very few Brits use this accent. Washington. they speak medieval French. they do.” It is the broadcasting standard heard in news anchors from Mobile. may well represent a discreet desire by the Anglo-Norman aristocracy to copy France – the ancient and resented homeland – by having a truly prestigious and also unified.or Sean Connery. (It is. Alabama to Boston. Pierce Brosnan or Daniel Craig. Massachusetts and Seattle. and in fact shortly after the Napoleonic period. and is called “General American Pronunciation. It is the French and the British themselves that have moved on. one goal of the British Received Pronunciation (the “RP”) was to be so standardized that no one could tell from what part of England one hails. from Keltic Brittany (a French peninsula of pink granite cliffs peopled by descendants of Welshmen and Cornish who had fled the AngloSaxons centuries before) and there were many Flemings (from what is now the northern and Dutch-speaking part of Belgium.com/albums/x46/mugworticus/IanFleming.) The Received Pronunciation that evolved in the 1800s.net/images/ian_flemming. national.photobucket. 55 .1964) The “Normans” were French nobility that were not just from Normandy.and then what the Quebeckers speak: “The Quebeckers don't even speak real French!” Actually. the Los Angeles television broadcasting accent that fills the role of highprestige accent here in the United States. standardized accent.) In fact. Roger Moore. and what it now means is not standardization. called Flanders). strangely and yet logically. inventing new and more elegant accents for their upper classes. Often adventuresome (or desperate) second and third sons who stood to inherit nothing under the feudal laws of primogeniture instituted by Charlemagne. just as Americans speak an offshoot of medieval English. they also came from other parts of France.jpg] source: http://i187. but that one is an upper-class Brit -. Unfortunately.
Ian Fleming learned fluent French. Most of the 13 original Bond books made a point of disparaging Jews. however. stretching from the Channel to the German frontier near Basel. Ian Fleming. Valentine Fleming.” In 1914. a triple Norman name. regardless of other loves or circumstances. Both James Bond. and won alongside the Norman William the Bastard. Daniel Craig. Was Fleming also a closet antisemite? The major New York Jewish newspaper Forwards thought so. ten miles or so in width. 2006). Picardy. villages. However. Ian Fleming's mother was Evelyn St Croix Rose. Fleming was killed by German bombing in Gillemont Farm area. a feature that was purged from 56 . and cottages are shapeless heaps of blackened masonry. Moss notes that the new actor playing James Bond. and began writing espionage novels for James Bond (another Norman name) which fascinated among others. roads and trees are pitted and torn and twisted by [artillery] shells. The following is an excerpt: Imagine a broad belt [of land].” perhaps disapprovingly. making her very wealthy. in which fields.. is “blond-haired. Valentine Fleming joined "C" Squadron.”) Moss scolds: “The notion of a Jew with a license to kill. which is positively littered with the bodies of men…in which farms.And that is why people named “Fleming” are “Normans” --. 1917. then the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.” a descendant of William the Conqueror. most likely would have aroused little enthusiasm in either Bond or his maker. Russian and German. Robert and Jackie Kennedy and the Broccoli family. and the author Ian Fleming went through the elite career path: Eton. who a century before had actually first bred that hybrid vegetable and in the 1960s became the producers of the James Bond films. Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars rising to the rank of Major. all speaking French. After Valentine's death in action in May 1917. In “Bond’s Semitic Villains” (Nov 24. says Wikipedia directly. Evelyn inherited his large estate in trust. reporter Robert F. the fictional character. he wrote to his close friend and fellow Norman Winston Churchill in 1914. For his service. Valentine was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Order. John. was. and his father.in the sense that they came over with. fought under.. France on May 20. the trust cut her out should she ever re-marry – which virtually guaranteed that she would remain forever Valentine's widow. Ian Fleming had both a military and intelligence career in WWII. During World War I. (Some media mocked Craig as “James Blond. His obituary was written by Churchill.
” Would a real Norman like Bond. to say nothing of the fraternity of valiant. In “Casino Royale. [Editor: as does the name.” published in 1953.e..” Even when Fleming’s Jews are not sinister or demonic. among them a grotesque criminal nemesis for 007. Pitt. [Jamaica is where Fleming spent his final years. he “takes them out.” Goldfinger. Parliament). kicked off the Bond series. i. he is a racial hybrid. like banking and diamond dealing. and Admiral Nelson stopping Napoleon).” Jewish women are almost completely omitted. statecraft (Magna Charta. or Fleming. Elizabeth I. former Marine Corps major William Fox. “a mixture of Mediterranean with Prussian or Polish strains.” the monster is Le Chiffre.] A fellow writer. then bump off the “Norman banking family”? ====Indians! British Army pays well for white scalps============ Since the Norman Conquest of 1066. exploration (Captain Cook) and military valor (Sir Francis Drake defeating the Spanish Armada. has opined that every James Bond film is a Fleming fantasy about an Aryan superman who saves the world by “direct action” against Jewish billionaires. but his fierce obsession with gold pretty much erases any doubt. fat creatures with “black hairy bodies. selfless civil servants like Bond. England has been a land of incredible culture (Shakespeare/de Vere). is only suspected of having Jewish ancestry. science.the film versions. But its government has at times showed extraordinary cruelty and treachery toward its 57 . Fleming’s Jewish men are always repellent. establishing most of Fleming’s trademark devices.. law and journalism.” and has “large lobes. but he has a Semitic-sounding name and a set of those telltale “enlarged lobes. Physically. No..] Ernst Stavro Blofeld (“On Her Majesty’s Secret Service”) was supposedly baptized. Except for kindly Dr. frivolous snobs who “spend too much of their fortune on… fine houses” and “fill the social column in the Gleaner. they are barred from medicine. a German Jewish refugee. a major Soviet operative.. they are confined to only a few avarice-driven professions. “Casino Royale. possibly Fleming’s most famous villain.” which is Jamaica’s leading newspaper.” a character who clearly speaks for Fleming sums up Jamaica’s 450-year-old Portuguese-Jewish community as an enclave of rich. indicating some Jewish blood. In “Dr. Like all Fleming villains. science (Newton. Stengel (“Thunderball”). Faraday).
that their representatives in Philadelphia decided to break entirely away from the mother country.for his electrifying 1997 exposé. Massachusetts. more than a year of fighting later. a 214-page book with many photos and drawings. the most heinous thing the ruling class in England ever did to the American colonists was unleashing the Amerindians on the white settlers. as Thomas Paine wrote.in this "politically correct" age -. and it sent its lads to subdue their very kindred in America. to crush the white Afrikaners in death camps. DeMay (an overtly Norman name) of Pennsylvania could find no major publisher -. And they did so because the British ruling class had made clear that it expected Americans to give up their freedoms. prohibit any industry. have the Bank of England control and harm their economy. betrayed Cossack men desperately trying to kill themselves before Stalin's psychopaths got to them. and it bombed their distant blood relatives of Germany in the atrocity that was Dresden and many other carpet bombings of German civilians. It was dedicated for centuries to annihilating the white Irish (1500-1850) by war and famine. It was not until July of 1776. with no ethnic solidarity or compassion for their supposed fellow countrymen. From my perspective as a proud British American. not acting on their own but under government orders. consisted merely of the descendants of “Duke William and his captains. forcibly turned the anti-communist Cossacks of Russia over to Stalin's murderers in Austria in 1945 after after having given “their word of honor” not to. it aided the Soviet Bolsheviks (1940-45) in their hour of greatest peril. the Americans still were not seeking independence. I cannot imagine how those British lads must have felt watching the brave.very own people and toward white unity in general. I haste to add as a born New Englander that even after open military conflict began between the colonists and London on April 19. 1775 at Lexington and Concord. It was just the kind of thing that ruthless psychopaths would do whose only goal was to win. and submit to an aristocracy that. entitled Settler Forts of Western Pennsylvania. have no representatives in Parliament but pay heavy new taxes. There is hardly any more heinous act of treachery than when British army officers. prevent any white settlement beyond the Appalachian mountains.” The late lawyer and author John A. 58 .
humiliating sexual mutilations and amputations. for searing days on end. women and children.who as George Kadar's article "The Last Survivors" in a 2003 Barnes Review proves likely also killed off the original white Solutreans from Europe ten thousand years ago – reveled in passing days at a time after each successful battle in acts of sickening torture of helpless prisoners. Oriental atrocities which the "Noble Red Man" loved to commit. These Mongoloid descendants of ancient immigrants from Siberia -.The reason for this blacklisting is that DeMay told the unvarnished truth about the Indian varmints and the barbaric. scalpings and literal cannibalism on their prisoners whenever they got 59 . against both his own Indian kind and against white settlers -.men.
I think I speak the sentiments of America. This was one of the most outraging deeds ever by the British Crown. One main reason is that these acts of cruelty were not the work of deranged and psychopathic loners among the Amerindians. rather than acting in accordance with the purported concept of the white “mother country” that was bringing back its wayward children to the Empire.hungry on the march and wanted a protein snack. He composed these words found in the “Declaration of Independence”: “He [King George III] has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers the merciless Indian savages. They were an Indian custom. dear sir: there is not in the British Empire a man who more cordially loves a union with Great Britain than I do. whose known rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages. And when the Americans revolted. and in this. and wrote a British friend on November 29. 1775: Believe me. The British Virginian Thomas Jefferson was of Scottish. In fact. But. sexes and conditions. Thus the British attitude was that any settler beyond the Allegheny River caused his own 60 . and one of the most immediate triggers of the American Revolution.” and even the Indian squaws and children participated in these gorefests that surpassed the imagination of any modern horror film. And the British Army. they were a thoroughly accepted part of the “Indian way of life” and Indian “culture. the British Crown had its officers pay the Indians by the scalp to do these unspeakable atrocities to their fellow Whites. Welsh and English ancestry. I will cease to exist before I yield to a connection on such terms as the British Parliament propose. instead hired the frontier Indians and paid these Mongoloids to horrifically kill white American frontier families. once the American Revolution broke out.” In British policy even before the Revolution. Such indescribable and ghoulish deeds are now being suppressed from our politically correct school textbooks. his heart had changed. the Crown offered little protection to American settlers. by the God that made me. it promised the Amerindians – without consulting the Americans – that Whites would never pass the Allegheny/Appalachian mountain range. But by July of 1776.
p103 But once Amherst finally gave the signal. At the beginning of the French and Indian War the British had defeated the French up in Quebec fairly quickly. who assists a knight in peace or in battle.scalping.) Captain Ecuyer saved Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) in1763 from the horrors of surrender to the torturing Indians by both combat and.” from Escuyer. This one “gift” to the Indians while Ecuyer said he would consider surrender may have saved thousands of white settler and soldier lives.” A squire was an apprentice knight. the overall British military commander. William R.) At the beginning of the French and Indian War of 1754-1763. and meant in Old French “Squire. and with ruthlessness. Sir Jeffrey Amherst had only six battalions of British soldiers (around 1. who were allied with France and were also ruled by members of the Bourbon dynasty. (New York: Praeger. Sir Jeffrey Amherst. Johnson: “I cannot think the Indians have it in their power to execute anything serious against us while we continue to be on our guard. because it infected and killed hundreds of Indian braves up and down the embattled frontier. /Middle English “Equerry. the British Army's redcoats fought the Indians like lions. who literally sold arms to Indians but tried to prevent Whites from getting any. (This was also the attitude of the leftist Quakers in the provincial government of Philadelphia.800 men) to suppress a general uprising that covered thousands of square miles of New York and Pennsylvania. consistently scoffed at reports of massacres of whites by Indians that were happening up and down the frontier. biological warfare: he finally gave two emissaries of the besieging Indians blankets infected with smallpox from the soldiers who had just died of that disease in the fort. commanding officer at Fort Pitt (now Pittsburgh). 2000).” [footnote: Nester. the first capital of Pennsylvania. Haughty conquerors: Amherst and the great Indian uprising of 1763. holding his shield and caring for his horse while learning the techniques and values of knighthood. and wrote his Indian Superintendent. 61 . in the end. (His name Ecuyer was of course Norman. but not suspecting an Indian uprising had then transferred the men quickly southward to the Caribbean to fight off the Spanish. age 14 or older. One example of that determination to win by any means was in the actions of Captain Simon Ecuyer.
So the “mother country” had not protected the Americans very well in the French and Indian War. yet after it was concluded began levying heavy taxes on the Americans. 62 .
more than the British custom of paying the hated and feared Indians to gruesomely massacre white settler families. arms. DeMay's book relates. The use of Indians against whites was one of the “last straws” for frontier Americans in their feelings toward Britain.But when the Revolution began in 1775-76. James.. The parts that remained were hanging on a pole. The fire was yet burning. who had been very ambivalent about independence. and in practicing cruelties on everything that chanced to fall into his hands which was susceptible of pain. E. a typical Indian massacre of whites in Pennsylvania...” patrolling the frontier and killing any male Indian warriors they encountered (but certainly not squaws and children. legs and other fragments of the bodies of some white people who had just been burned. or bring your wife and children along with his to a nearby fort. She describes her second husband. and prided himself upon his 63 . where I saw a number of heads. p56] [Mary had been] traded to the Senecas and she pent the rest of her life with them. This will be followed by an incident from pp 69-71 of DeMay's book where the British unleashed these very same Indians on the Americans deliberately during the Revolution: “[An] aspect of Indian nature that was abhorrent to the white settlers was their love of torture.” and his ability at torture in these words: “In early life he showed signs of thirst for blood ." 35 [from Seaver. which was supported at each end by a crotch stuck in the ground. and never using torture).: Zebrowski Historical Service and Publications Company. there was nothing that enraged and alienated the majority of white Americans. Mary Jemison describes her observations at a Shawnee town: “On the way we passed a Shawnee town. and the whole appearance afforded a spectacle so shocking that even to this day the blood almost curdles in my veins when I think of them. The routine on the frontier was for a rotation system where men and older boys would take six month turns as “rangers. 1991. The Life of Mary Jemison. Jersey Shore. on pages 49-53. and were roasted or burnt black as a coal. where the British Crown failed to protect settlers despite levying taxes. “Hickatoo. They Indians seemed to revel in it and 'stayed up nights' [literally] devising new ways of making their prisoners suffer. Pa. When several prisoners were captured the war party would drop off one or two at each [Indian] village through which it passed on the way home for the purpose of torture. It was a flagrant breach of racial solidarity in a zone where being a good neighbor was defined as someone who would rush to your farm with his rifle to save your life... He could inflict the most excruciating tortures upon his enemies.
footnote36. He became a leader of the Seneca and led many of their raids against the frontier settlements and undoubtedly practiced his tortures on white men. women and children who fell into his hands.fortitude. pp185-186] This man was clearly a monster but Mary tells us he was a nice person at home.. having performed the most barbarous ceremonies and tortures without the least degree of pity or remorse." [footnote: Ibid. She had several children by him. 64 .
from DeMay. frontispiece 65 . Settler Forts.
so that in a few minutes nearly one hundred charges of powder had been shot into his body. I might tell of Lt. *** The terrible scene had now lasted more than two hours. and reading them can help us appreciate some of the horror of frontier life. and throw them upon his body. and rifles loaded with powder only. The squaws would rake up a quantity of coals and hot ashes. so that in a few minutes. unknown white woman. [Ed. but they represent a reality that the settlers had to live with. so we will leave it. one end of which was fastened to the ligature. between his wrists. and continuing to his neck. **** The [Indian] warriors shot charges of gunpowder into his naked body.the well-know death of Colonel Crawford. and the torture of John Turner. he was promptly met at every turn by others with burning poles. and the other tied to the bottom of the stake. he had nothing but fire to walk upon.The stories of the tortures inflicted by these Indians are as numerous as the stories of their killings of women and children and for the same reason – [this Indian practice] was so common. Knight (who was told the same thing would be done to him the next day). commencing with the calves of his legs. red-hot irons. The death of Colonel Crawford was witnessed by Dr.] The boys snatched burning hickory poles and applied them to his flesh. the killing of a poor. Only three such stores will be related here -. and Crawford had become much 66 . a strong rope was produced. which had become black and blistered in a dreadful manner.. These store are ugly in their details.--Gunpowder shot at skin causes terrible burns. The rope was long enough to permit him to walk around the stake several time and then return. Col. Crawford's hands were then tied behind his back. Knight tells us: "In a few minutes a large stake was fixed in the ground .. **** His ears had been cut off and the blood was streaming down his face. Boyd but his death was so horrible it even shocked the hardened frontiersmen. As fast as he ran around the stake to avoid one party of tormentors.
and at a late hour in the night. Mary Jemison. and poured them upon the crown of his head.D.) pp214-215] Dr. Allan Nevins." [footnote: Rupp. I. Famous artists of the West such as Thomas Hart Benton and Frederic Remington illustrated Parkman's books. Pa. In the villages torture was always a community affair.. and lay motionless. originally published in 1846 in Harrisburg.. Mary Jemison tells us that "it was one of the highest kinds of frolics ever celebrated in their tribe. The Colonel groaned deeply. from a distinguished old New England family and a Harvard graduate. ===sidebar==Francis Parkman: America's Greatest Historian of the Frontier====== Francis Parkman (1823-1893). Participating in this torture [of Colonel Crawford] were 30 warriors and about 60 women and boys. and. now laid bare to the bone. Knight had seen all that he wanted to see . arose and again walked slowly around the stake.. tore the scalp off with both hands. he was released by death from the hands of his tormentors. Despite the political incorrectness today of his views then of race and especially of the Amerindians. Early History of Western Pennsylvania (Lewisburg. when a withered hag approached with a board full of burning embers. and Samuel Eliot Morrison. As you can see. Scarcely had this been done. **** At length he sunk in a fainting fit upon his face. 1995. his work has been praised by Pulitzer Prize winners C. Instantly an Indian sprung upon his back . clapping the knife between his teeth. Vann Woodward.: Wennawoods Publishing.both men and women .the next day he escaped. and by Sir John Keegan and Mark Van Doren. p99] That this was a long-standing practice is obvious from a story told by [historian] Francis Parkman about the torture of some Algonquin Indians . Pa.exhausted. it was a community affair.at an Iroquois village [reported by French Jesuits]. 67 . made a circular incision with his knife upon the crown of his head. But why continue a description so horrible? Nature at length could endure no more." 38 [footnote: Seaver. has been hailed as one of America's greatest historians and as a master of narration.
the momentum and the color of the first volumes of Parkman’s narrative are among the most brilliant achievements of the writing of history as an art.jpg] Caption: Francis Parkman wrote his seven-volume France and England in North America while going almost completely blind.” 68 .[source: http://upload.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Francis_Parkman.wikimedia. his assistants read to him and he dictated text to them as he “wrote.” The great American writer and literary critic Edmund Wilson described Parkman’s masterpiece thus: “The clarity.
in the sight of the whole population. It was a gala day. as John DeMay relates: "[The Alqonquin prisoners] were placed on a large scaffold. applied fire to the feet of the prisoners between the crevices. Young and old were gathered from far and near.=====end of Parkman sidebar============= Parkman wrote.: Croner House Publishers. Mass. (Williamstown. 69 . and scorched them with torches and firebrands while the children standing beneath the bark platform.Marie Le Roy [a Norman name] and Barbara Leninger [possibly German] were forced to watch the torture of some unknown white woman who had tried to escape and was recaptured. Some mounted the scaffold. Francis. The Jesuits in North America." 39 [footnote: Parkman. 1980) p345 (originally published in 1867)] At Kittanning [30 miles northeast of Pittsburgh on the Allegheny River] two captured white women -.
edited by John W. and then they cut off her ears and fingers.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/Indians-withcaptives. p54-55]: "First. 1938. Harpster. forcing them into her mouth so that she had to swallow them.Indians with white female captives source:http://johndenugent. Amidst such torments this woman lived from nine o'clock in the morning 70 . next they laid burning splinters of wood here and there upon her body. they scalped her.jpg [This was related in Pen Pictures of Early Western Pennsylvania. University of Pittsburgh Press.
leaving a barren wasteland in their wake. and let her lie there until the dogs came and devoured her. ridable. had no money to purchase farmland back east." He had no supply lines. When she was dead. As a matter of fact. and especially not the accord of the Germans and the Scotch-Irish. the Indians chopped her in two through the middle. . the Indians were now bored with the whole thing. had a simple motto: "Let war feed on war. had ordered the Delaware Indians out of the young English colony of Delaware (de la Warre being a Norman name. or female. Be it eatable. a French soldier traveling with the Indians couldn't stand it any longer and had shot the woman in the head to put her out of her misery. they just helped themselves and killed anyone who got in the way. an agreement made by the English king without the Americans' consent. and the Frenchman saw a chance to end this melancholy affair. Most likely the woman had stopped screaming. Protestant or Catholic. crossing the Allegheny River. no supply trains. Wallenstein's armies were like a horde of fire ants swarming over the countryside and stripping away everything.. by the way.until toward sunset.] Another such hideous death was that of John Turner – who was tortured in front of his wife and children.[footnote: Ed. [footnote: Ed. shootable. no problem with paying his soldiers--he and his armies simply took anything they wanted from any locality they passed through. many of whom were bitterly poor. London's deal with the Iroquois was that no white man would ever cross the Allegheny River or the Appalachian Mountain Range. drinkable. The German general Wallenstein. whether torture or other. spendable. under a deal with the British Crown. the Indians didn't tolerate this kind of interference in their ways. This also happened at Kittanning at the hands of the Delaware Indians. not at all an Indian toponym) and had commanded the Delawares to move into western Pennsylvania. In so doing that French soldier risked his own life. which was to be the white-red racial boundary. and were frustrated at the way the Indian 71 .--None of this means that psychopathy was restricted to the British ruling class or to Amerindians.-The mighty Iroquois Confederation. during the genocidal Thirty Years War of 1618-1648.
Boston: Little. Wilderness Empire. two. but these splinters would then be set afire. Following this his scalp was torn off. These would be soaked in turpentine or pitch and them stuck into the naked body of a bound captive at random until he might take on the appearance of a pin cushion. and testicles. Brown & Co. Then some men cut off his fingers. the third aspect of Indian life that made white people very uncomfortable was cannibalism." 42 [footnote: Eckert. 1969) pp406-407] We are also told that: A common torture of the Iroquois Indians was to prepare a great quantity of wooden splinters about the thickness of a pencil at one end and tapering to a sharp point at the other. Allan W. Finally.. Everyone who came into contact with the woodland Indians observed it.braves. each about five inches long. Turner was still not dead. footnote 137)] Enough of this. p452. Some victims were able to remain alive in such condition for three hours or more. At last John Turner died. to the laughter and approving cries of the crowd. commented on it. penis. Squaws did very little farming. so a six-year-old boy was given a tomahawk and lifted up by his father so that he could pound on Turner's skull.] red-hot in a fire and rammed them into his body. All of this was done in a leisurely manner. they thought that by eating some portion of his body they would gain his fighting spirit and strength. They inspired the flames of hatred by the white people and kept the fires roaring. they were hungry. if the man had been a brave enemy. 72 . A woman then sliced off his ears and ate them. Wilderness Empire. The pain of the turpentine or pitch in the wounds alone was excruciating. 41 [footnote: Eckert.] First several Delaware warriors heated their musket barrels [sold to them by white traitors—Ed. who lived only to hunt.. and hated it. They did nothing to encourage good relations between the Indians and the white settlers. were neglecting some of the finest topsoil in the world. finally caving it in. The Indians ate human flesh for two reasons: one. mostly subsistence farming. make war or torture. Suffice it to say that these tortures were routine in Indian life and they were all bad.
tells story after story thereof in his books. pp183. and a man possessing an encyclopedic knowledge of the Indians. the captors (Iroquois) took the infants from their mothers.. that Pontiac. mentions this trait in his classic The Jesuits in North America several times. [footnote: Eckert. and also in his  Montcalm and Wolfe. had wandered north to Ohio] killed ten French traders and then simply ate them. tied them to wooden spits. Wilderness Empire. mentions Indian cannibalism as do many other observer-authors. the great Ottawa chief. Part I. and feasted upon them before the eyes of the agonized mothers .. Allan Eckert. who served for years in North America and was the French commander at Ft. p343] The French captain Pouchot. We read that that some Miami Indians [Ed. 185. principally in his Wilderness Empire.. placed them to die slowly before a fire. "43 [footnote: Parkman. being nomads like many Amerindians. and a group of his followers boiled and ate the bodies of three enemy Indians and a European trader. Allan w. 188. Jesuits. Niagara. 189] 73 . Francis Parkman. including this story: "At a first halt. cut out the heart of a Indian trader and ate it.--the Miami Indians of southern Florida. the great writer about America's colonial days.The great historian.
--a Norman name. during the Revolution. and afterward. 74 .com/images/16500000/16509864. The gruesome details are given in Eckert's Wilderness Empire for those who are interested. ==sidebar==French world explorer disgusted at Amerindians============== Louis-Antoine. some Ottawas captured Mary Francis [Ed. After British general Braddock's defeat at Pittsburgh [where a Virginian named George Washington also fought]. the Iroquois slaughter white settlers. btw. would use the Indian tribes as wartime allies against their fellow whites. like the British. the discoverer and popularizer of the hammock – and a French military officer during the French & Indian War in North America in the 1754-1760 period.) Bougainville learned to hate the Indians for their atrocities and to regret the way the French monarchy. (He was later both a field marshal and an admiral.] and five other white women along with seven white men. On the way to their villages the Indians became quite hungry and proceeded to dismember Mary Francis and two of the men and boiled and ate them. Count de Bougainville (1729-1811) was a French world explorer. the discoverer in Brazil of the gorgeous flowering vine now called Bougainvillea.[source: http://images.JPG] Caption: In the French and Indian War. the author of a book on calculus. especially in Latin America and the Pacific.barnesandnoble. but it is they who lose in the end.
This victory saved George Washington's force at Yorktown. an extremely popular garden plant named after the great French explorer of the Pacific [source: http://upload. Virginia and led to the surrender of Lord Cornwallis' entire army. at the Battle of the Chesapeake in 1781. He also wrote a description of tropical Tahiti as a Pacific paradise of non-prudery. De Bougainville later served as a naval officer and ally of the Americans in the American Revolution.barnesandnoble.com/images/16500000/16509864. published 2002 [source:http://upload. a Jeanne Baret (whence our Norman-English name Barrett). a marvelous safety record.jpg] Bougainville later circumnavigated the globe.[source: http://images.wikimedia. which won the Revolutionary War for the United States. and he discovered to his amusement that the “valet” of the male botanist he had taken along was actually a woman in love with that man. and the first woman to circumnavigate the globe. losing only seven of 200 men.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5c/Bouganvelia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4f/Bougainvillea_San_Diego.JPG] Caption: Bougainvillea.JPG] Wilderness Empire.wikimedia. when the French Navy under Admiral de Grasse defeated the Royal Navy under Admiral Thomas Graves. Baret became thus the first woman ever on any warship. 75 .
" 47 [footnote: ibid. Niagara in war parties large and small): 76 . Adventure in the wilderness: the American journals of Louis Antoine de Bougainville. we see the British ruling class at its absolutely very worst."[“The Beautiful River” was how the French justly designated the Allegheny River]. their fellow Britons – as contemptuously as it viewed the Scots or Irish back home. p150] Our local [= Pittsburgh-area] Indians shared in these activities. viewing the American settlers – their fellow whites. De Bougainville goes on: "The Delawares and Shawnees have made many prisoners . It is impossible to stop them.. The very air we breathe is contagious of insensibility and hardness.. Louis-Antoine de. drank its blood.But returning to the French and Indian War. a British officer described the work of his Huron. 1964). John DeMay writes: During the Revolution. with victory for the ruling class justifying any atrocity." As John DeMay further relates: [De Bougainville] cites instance after instance of [the Indians] eating prisoners: "They put three prisoners in the pot and ate them. Such cruelties are frequent enough among the Indians of La Belle Rivière. and put its pieces in the kettle.. 48 [footnote: ibid. p143." 46[footnote: ibid.. " . Ottawa."45 [footnote: Bougainville. They crowded around it with loud cries. p146] "An English corpse came floating by the Indian's camp.. p114] =============end of Bougainville sidebar============= And now. on pages 69-70.. translated and edited by Edward P. they devoured one of them up at this camp... and Iroquois allies (some 2.300 who had struck out from Ft. They have eaten an English officer whose pallor and plumpness tempted them. a horrible spectacle to European eyes. Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. 1756-1760.. Hamilton (Norman [yes]. in DeMay's courageous book The Settlers' Forts of Western Pennsylvania. the Count de Bougainville wrote in his journal: "It is an abominable kind of war.. in 1778.
General Burgoyne (a Norman name.The Indians of the Six Nations and those from the westward have exerted themselves in laying waste the [American frontier] country most exposed to them.the rabble . footnote 38] That is all of southwestern Pennsylvania of which he is speaking. saying of the Americans. Major General. Wisc. dismayed all the many sincere Loyalists. giving them their greatest victory to date. Reuben and Kellogg.. Then during a dispute between two warriors. pp173-174.. such of those miserable people as have escaped have taken refuge in small forts." 10 [footnote: Thwaites. which they do not understand" and that ".jpg] Baronet John Burgoyne. 1912). of course) did not punish the guilty Indians for fear of breaking the alliance with that tribe... had failed to order British General Howe to come to Burgoyne's aid.800 to the Americans at Fort Ticonderoga. Viscount Sackville. the Loyalist American fiancée of a soldier serving with British General John “Gentleman Johnny” Burgoyne's army..] ===sidebar===The Scalping of Jane McCrea======== In 1777. An extent of many hundred miles is now nothing but an heap of ashes." 11 [footnote: ibid. Louise Phelps. Lord George Germain (also Norman). Frontier Defense on the Upper Ohio 1777-1778 (Madison. and bringing France into the war." This decision enraged local Americans.: Wisconsin Historical Society.. from the east branch of the Susquehanna to the Kiskiminitas Creek upon the Ohio [=Allegheny]. and thence down [the Ohio] to Kanawha River [starting in West Virginia]. was captured by Indians allied to the British. [source: http://johndenugent.these country clowns cannot whip us. and 77 . Jane McCrea. a successful playwright and sometimes gifted general who however on October 17. Jane – the American Loyalist to the British Crown – was scalped and killed. One commentator remarked "Under these circumstances it seems remarkable that any settlements were maintained west of the Allegheny Mountains during the years of the Revolution. Gold.. ". 1777 surrendered his entire army of 5. ought not trouble themselves with politics and government.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/John-BurgoyneByReynolds.
they run up to him. Native American tribes used scalping to persuade Americans from abandoning the idea of taking their land. cut around the skin of the head and pull the whole piece away. they sought to tell us that the fate which had overtaken our unfortunate companions not only awaited us. as if determined to strike. Thomas Gist witnessed this while he was being held prisoner.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/Death-of-JaneMcCrea. were scalped and the scalps. flourishing their knives around our heads as though intending to take our scalps. by John Vanderlyn. was unlucky enough to captured by the Comanche tribe. seize a tuft of hair in one hand and. 1804 The scalp was usually taken from a dead enemy. being scalped alive was not always fatal. All the dead. with their knife in the other. and eventual death if the bone of the skull was left exposed.more American men streamed into the armies of Washington. thrust their knee in between his shoulder blades. So far as I could understand their infernal shouts and pantomime. They would rush toward us with uplifted tomahawks. But a full scalping would often lead to serious medical complications. After the battle had finished the warrior would clean and dry the scalp. through Norman arrogance. And so the horrible death of Jane McCrea. An American. This involved making a knife incision around the scalp lock and pulling the hair back very quickly. The French engineer and captain Pierre Pouchot saw English soldiers being scalped by Amerindians in about 1760: "As soon as the man is felled. without exception. Although extremely painful. eight years before America's second war with Britain in 1812. New York at the hands of Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain boys from Vermont. The Death of Jane McCrea. they resorted to every hideous device to inspire us with terror. greatly aided the revolutionary cause and contributed to the defeat of Burgoyne's army at Saratoga. by John Vanderlyn's painting." Some warriors gained status by scalping a man during combat. "During all the time they were thus exhibiting the result of their savage work.JPG] The Death of Jane McCrea. stained with blood. were dangling from their belts. still fresh. but likewise the whole race of the hated white man. [source: http://johndenugent. Death could also occur from septicemia. "The men began to scrape the flesh and 78 . This included profuse bleeding. The incident became a major propaganda piece against the English and the story was immortalized 27 years later. in 1804. meningitis or necrosis of the skull. infection. or grasp us by the hair. Nelson Lee. a Loyalist.
And now DeMay. There were a total of 1. Containing 43 scalps of Congress soldiers. dried. and is a letter of transmittal accompanying eight bundles of scalps taken by Seneca Indians. a large white circle with a little round mark on it for the sun. after which they dressed them with feathers and painted them. killed in different skirmishes. western New York. [Ed. of which the following is invoice and explanation: No. He writes: There is a certain letter uncovered by the great frontier historian Allan Eckert and set forth in his recent book. signifying their being killed with that weapon. I herewith send to your Excellency. hoops red. to show they were killed in the fields. That Dark and Bloody River (p. hooped and painted with the Indian triumphal marks. the hoops painted red. to show it was in the daytime. January 3rd. and dry them by the fire. then tied them on white. 3.blood from the scalps. and those scalps would have been taken during raids in this area and northern West Virginia. and a black hatchet in the middle. figure of a hoe to mark their profession. on pp69-71. and black poles". Containing 98 of farmers killed in their houses. red.--The Indians relished the details of how each victim was killed. a little red foot to show they stood upon their defense. At the request of the Seneca Chiefs. No. under the care of James Boyd. comes to an item that surpasses even the most jaded imagination. hoops green. New York to the British Royal Governor in Montreal [Frederick Halimand]. cured. 62 of farmers killed in their homes. these are stretched on black hoops 4 inches in diameter. 310) which demonstrates the horror of those days. the inside of the skin painted with a small black spot to note their being killed by bullets. Containing 97 of farmers.060. 2. the skin painted brown. eight packages of scalps.006 scalps for which the British government would have paid $10. and marked with a hoe. Also. 1782 May it please your Excellency. great white circle and sun to show they were surprised in the daytime. a dark circle all around to indicate their being surprised at night. 79 . 1.] No. Those Indians lived in northwestern Pennsylvania. equaling only William the Bastard's “Harrowing of the North”. It is from the British Secretary of Indian Affairs in Albany. and died fighting for their lives and families.
. Charles. to show they were knocked down dead. Most of the farmers appear.. hoops blue. only marked with a little yellow flame. roundish rock affixed to the end of a stout stick (or of a rock swung at the end of a buffalo nerve).” that they afterward died. ed. which made the service more essential. no marks by the short club or casse-tête. struck them all so violently on the head with the clubs. in French literally “headbreakers. No. p260] 80 . Charles Scribner's Sons: 1913). by way of triumph. in going off. except for a lad that was only hurt in the shoulder. during a rescue attempt by their friends were assaulted by the Indians using their casse-têtes. to mark their being killed by these instruments. mentions white captives of the Indians who.” These were war clubs consisting of a large.black bullet mark on some. there being but 67 very gray heads among them all. but the Indians. plain brown color. all of them. and hatchet on others. to be young or middle-aged men. =sidebar ====La casse-tête (“headbreaker”)============= A 1695 New England account. No. but if the doctors closed up the wounds on their heads they would grow light-headed and faint and sick and could not bear it. Containing 102 of farmers. mixed of several of the marks above. The [white] captain retook [liberated] all of the captives. Containing 88 scalps of women. black hoops. Narrative of the Indian Wars 1675-1699. 17 others. the tears of grief occasioned to their relations.[footnote: Lincoln. Narratives of the Indian War 1675-1699 (New York. which I remember a French historian somewhere calls by the frightful name of “headbreakers. to denote their being prisoners burnt alive after being scalped. and some of them for more than a whole year. very gray. their nails pulled out by the roots. Some of them lingered for half a year. 5. and other torments.4. H. by the hair. his hand being fixed to the hoop of the scalp. a black scalping knife or hatchet at the bottom. skin yellow. So at last they died. one of those latter was supposed to be an American clergyman. ground with little red tadpoles to represent. hair braided in the Indian fashion to show that they were mothers. or had their brains beat out.
scalping knife.[source: http://www. white ground. who may have invented or embellished it. knife. Containing 211 girls . or club as their death happened. This package is a mixture of all the varieties above mentioned." *** John DeMay concludes this litany of British horror: Albany. to the number of 122. New York was not the only scalp "collection point. Pennsylvania] and Fort Niagara." The biggest one was at Detroit and others were at Presque Isle [near Erie. small white hoops. hatchet. the “Captain Samuel Gerrish” who supposedly wrote this letter has not been 81 . 6. small green hoops. Containing 193 boy's scalps of various ages.snyderstreasures. to show they were ripped out of their mothers' bellies. No. No. small green hoops. hatchet. white ground. and black marks. In fact. with a birch box containing 29 little infant scalps of various sizes. or possibly got the letter from famed Indian fighter and patriot George Rogers Clark. tears. etc. I am aware of the contention put forth that Benjamin Franklin invented this letter in 1782.8. Franklin conceded in a letter to John Adams that the letter might lack “veracity” but contained “substance. no tears.” First.JPG] Caption: Amerindian casse-tête (“headbreaker”) ====end of sidebar casse-têtes============== No. scalps of various ages.. 7. club.com/eBay/Images/2009/07112009/AMER020F. and only a little black knife in the middle. with red tears in the middle.. whitish ground on the skin.
as a Puritan matron named “Silence Dogood” (and he pulled similar hijinks as a publisher in Philadelphia). young Ben had written a series of “hit” letters to a newspaper masquerading. a diplomatic and public-relations war against Britain's image to influence the American Congress. Every remark had repercussions. The British had been highly aware for decades of the gigantic consequences for their future as a world power of losing the vast and fertile continent of North America. whatever its origin. and the horrors a callous London might yet have in store for the Americans if it tricked them into gradual reincorporation into its empire. Franklin was ready to write under pseudonyms to make his points. but certainly he was not fabricating a different reality. America was not “out of the woods” at all after the 1781 victory at Yorktown. The purpose of such a letter. where he was posted as ambassador. At that Congress' request he was in the midst of negotiating with the now rather hated British the issues of total or partial independence from England. as were many others in that era. was to forcefully remind American readers why they had cast off the “mother country” in the first place. Franklin was opposed to anything short of total independence. Second. In fact. or passing on that of Georgee Rogers Clark.” Back in Franklin's early days in Boston. Franklin was then waging from Paris. and was faced with a British diplomatic counter-offensive which involved offering the Americans a kind of “joint government. So it is possible that Franklin was indulging in poetic license. at age 14.identified. but the British rulers just 15 years later were also paying Indians for white scalps in the American Revolution. One must also remember that there was no absolute freedom of speech in colonial times. certainly not under the British monarchy or its royal governors. and were thus furiously 82 . and the public enjoyed guessing who was wielding the honeyed or poisoned pen under discussion. whether to the hated French or to their own despised colonists. It must be admitted with shame that not only the French monarchy had paid Indians for white British scalps in the French and Indian War. amusingly. But from the American viewpoint the “mother country's” action was far more reprehensible. Writing under a pseudonym was in fact an accepted custom of those times.
he was therefore a French agent. Once London 83 .making new offers of “joint government” to the victorious but exhausted Americans. Army and Navy for a time.” (After Franklin's parents had both died. the British were apparently floating a notion in 1782 that because Franklin was the toast of Paris. and did not have America's interests at heart. he stowed aboard a ship bound for Philadelphia. and the young nation's capital was burned in a dynamic British offensive that threw back the US Marines. The other notion was that England had mellowed and was ready to renounce its role as “parent” to America and instead wished to serve as merely an “older brother” within a fiftyfifty government.) As for British war conduct. in 1812. He wrote that a proposal of joint government might have seemed acceptable in 1775. one in mostly British Capetown and the other in Afrikaner Pretoria. but considering him a tyrant. was pleading with London at that very time to stop trying to enslave the free Englishmen who had been building America) such a joint-government proposal would surely have avoided the Revolution. Franklin was surely correct that had this proposal been proffered in 1775 and with evident sincerity (and the great English conservative of Norman descent. with the “bad cop” implication in the background that the war on America could always be renewed by the world's most powerful navy and its formidable army. and became his own master at seventeen.) Franklin. (And so the war was renewed. but instead was making America a tool of France's anti-British hatred. a kind of “good cop” position. in this way starkly proclaiming the reality of power-sharing. young Ben of Boston had himself come under the domination of an older brother. Edmund Burke. In fact. but that too many horrors – such as the scalping campaign – had happened to ever heal the relationship. since most Americans were very proud to be British. by publishing this 'scalping invoice. (It is interesting that 120 years later the British Empire allowed white South Africa to have two capitals.) But Franklin felt in his gut that there had been too many massacres and horrors committed during the war to ever wish to live under the “older brother.' was proving his adamancy that the British ruling class was never to be trusted. Mel Gibson's movie “The Patriot” dramatizes not unjustly the horrors of the Norman-British campaign in the southern colonies.
where General George Washington allowed an entire British army to peacefully leave Boston in 1776 for England on their honorable promise never to return. Michael gets the best of the Devil in a farmland deal and when he objects (during a rich meal being drowned in hard Norman cider)... across the whole bay and into the face of a cliff. and thus the vastness and riches of North America.jpg] caption: Etretat is the French area of white cliffs opposite the White Cliffs of Dover on the other side of the Channel. and.” which incarnates the Norman spirit of shrewd business and vigorous violence. “the white gloves came off” in both the South and on the Indian frontier. In his “The Legend of Mont SaintMichael. Guy de Maupassant grew up here in the 1800s and became the originator of the modern short story...photobucket.) [source: http://i300.com/albums/nn3/JohndeNugent/JohnEtretat2004. but a stronger emotion is the hatred of losing. the warrior archangel chases him with a cudgel from tower to tower on Mont Saint-Michel and from gargoyle to gargoyle. William the Conqueror set out from near here toward the south of England. where the mark at which his horns gashed the granite is still to be seen today. cornering Le Diable at the edge of the last terrace. The somewhat gentlemanly conduct ended in a hail of gore and tears that had initially been seen in the New England campaign. he boots him with a vicious kick through the sky. As I have written earlier. the Normans like to be gentlemen.A typically Norman story of a saint! 84 .realized that it stood real danger of losing the war.
supported him during his wars and is depicted on the Bayeux Tapestry.jpg Caption: The monastery of Mont Saint-Michel.wikimedia. Bishop Albert refused to build a church there to Saint Michael until the saint himself appeared and with his finger burned a hole into his skull. The urban geography of many parts of England was radically changed between the Norman Conquest and the mid 13th century by the foundation of several hundred new towns or enlargement of existing villages. It was the last bastion of ancient Roman power. According to legend. not falling to the Franks until around 708. honoring the warrior archangel Michael. was annexed to Normandy by William the Bastard/Conqueror.Source: http://upload.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ee/Mont_SaintMichel_France. These were places given a charter from the 85 .
mondes-normands. Privileges were granted to the leading citizens.caen. and set end-on to the street so as to give as many residents as possible access to the frontage where each house would have a shop. Individual building plots were long and narrow. especially oak. The citizens might also be allowed to collect their own taxes and pass them directly to the crown without the lord's interference. however.king.htm 86 . broad street. for example. (Burgess is an Anglo-Norman word from the French word “bourgeois” meaning a wealthy but nonnoble person who lived in a town. New towns were usually laid out to promote economic activity with a central market place in the form of square or a long. Most English houses had always been made of wood. Windsor and Ludlow) or abbey (St Albans). and in the Welsh border. as at Ludlow.g. a leading baron. The plots were let for money rents rather than rents in kind. there were numerous failed boroughs which never became more than villages. Not all new towns flourished. Many new towns were located outside gates of their lord's castle (e. At the same time a town's founder was able to raise much more rent from his wealthy urban tenants than from peasants on his rural manors.” not a “peasant” [an unfree farmer].fr/angleterre/cultures/GB_FR/4/pic4-4a. a much more French style. were enlarged by means of a simple grid of streets attached to the original market place.) These burgs or towns had the right to hold markets and levy tolls to those passing through. thereby providing customers for the town market. http://www. There is evidence that both England and Normandy were benefiting from a rising level of long-distance trade (especially in high-value goods such as silk and wine). Some foundations were immediately successful and. but the Normans built in stone. a “burg. carried out by merchants in great port cities such as London on the Thames and Rouen on the Seine. bishop or monastic house which conferred on them the legal status of a borough. or burgesses. also more prestigious – and more fire-proof.
The Jew's House.not really such a bad synthesis of the two cultures. Amusingly.Ottaway ===============================Is Warfare “Normal”? In 2004 I visited Strasbourg. home of Johann Guttenberg. literally in the basement of the magnificent Rohan Palace. and totally renovated in 1992. who recovered Alsace after WWII. Lincoln (mid-late 12th century). have painted the panels of the sober half-timbered (Stratford-on-Avon style) German houses in gay Latin colors -. who invented the printing press. the French. But I really gasped at the Archeological Museum of Strasbourg (in French Musée Archéologique de Strasbourg ) just a few blocks south of it. Steep Hill. 87 . Photo : P. I also gasped at the awe-inspiring and gothic Strasbourg Cathedral. a still rather Germanic city in the east of France.
wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/56/Cathedrale-de-StrasbourgIMG_1331.[source: http://upload. It revealed to me several things: 1) that Alsace (in German Elsass) has had a relatively large population for a very long time. since it was the result of many archeological “digs” into the ground.jpg] Caption: View from the Strasbourg Cathedral's steeple of the palace (1742) of the mighty Rohan family This small but extraordinary museum is fittingly underground. who were early modern Europeans. for the last five hundred thousand years. running from homo erectus to the Neanderthals and to our ancestors. 88 . the Cro-Magnons.
scientists believe. clothes-makes and child-rearers. bears. lightweight lance) or of course arrows were much safer and better for hunting animals. In the late Stone Age. and swords -. which made our brains grow. But it was only in the Bronze Age – when new. with lots of friendly but not extremely hot sunshine. occurring in Europe between 2000 and 1. and make Europeans live in daily fear of other humans beings. 3) Most surprisingly to me. and between that fact and many archeological discoveries of skeletons and artifacts (tools.000-year-long history and its size. especially large and dangerous ones. and there was no “warrior aristocracy. Until the Bronze Age – the time celebrated by Homer in his Trojan War saga. No one used a sword to kill a mammoth or wild horse (back in the Ice Age) or a bear! A lance (a long. hunters. of course. jewelry. warfare was not exactly “normal” or frequent for humans until the Bronze Age. a relatively very recent event. Still. Only then did. wild horses. so there was more crowding and more friction.2) France. human populations began to grow. as big as Texas) than in any other country on earth except China. etc. which has supported such a large population (except during the worst of the ice ages). the Iliad. used for a heavy stab) or a spear (a throwable. stout pole with a sharp blade at the tip. some experts now believe that more individuals (both humans and pre-humans) have lived and died in the region that now is called France (given its 500.000 BC. hard and far more lethal weapons and body armor were made by smelting copper with tin – that plus the very important use of the horse on flat ground to pull a war chariot from which an archer could stand and fire arrows – that warlords and warfare began to dominate life. geese and other animals. once called “Gaul” (perhaps coming from the word “Kelt”) has always had a very hospitable climate. weapons. Men were killers all along. as stated. slaying them not out of hatred or lust for conquests but only for their needs in food and especially protein. pottery. but unless attacked they were killers only of animals: deer. That was the message at least of this museum. when agriculture began. with Achilles and Paris -.used only for protecting oneself while killing other humans. rabbits. but Europe was still basically an empty continent of vast forests and plains with perhaps a population of ten million. compared to 500 million today. toward the end of the 89 . we do find some archeological ruins of fortified walls in the late Stone Age indicating that some communities feared marauders.most Europeans were anything but warriors.). then. body armor come into being. and it has always had fertile soil. ducks.” They were hunters and gatherers. who perhaps were only hungry and desperate. while women were gatherers. that is.
by the way. I was raised to see war as a truly unfortunate. they killed to feed their families. when men were forced to kill each other for the entertainment of others. suffering PTSD (post-traumatic stress syndrome) – and certainly none of our hunting ancestors ever came back traumatized from killing deer.Stone Age (the “New” Stone Age or in Greek. Neither party was evil. He then saw the Vietnam War break out and then the two wars with Iraq. growers of crops.) 4) The idea that warfare had NOT “always been with us” started a major revolution in my thinking. and later served as a Marine officer against the Chinese in the Korean War. He once sighed to me: “Every generation has its war. In fact. (This custom.” Again. that war is a basic part of human society. Being a second-generation Marine. enslavement of all victims who surrendered. 90 . If a fellow hunter was killed by a bear. and they did so with a perfect conscience and manly pride. the pretention that war is “normal” or “engrained in human nature” is very much in dispute by scientists. this is not to say there were never conflicts. well. There were perhaps ten million people in all of Europe. even ghastly but inevitable “part of life. It would be utopian. who had fought as an enlisted Marine at Iwo Jima against the Japanese in WWII. But I was not aware of this in effect prehistoric anti-war reality. I assumed as we all do. like the USA back in the 1750s. I have met so many men who. We assume from all this indoctrination that planned human-onhuman violence has always been prevalent. to think we ever could get rid of it. I also realized that my own experience also gainsaid this notion. compared to five hundred million living today. he died trying to feed his kin and the bear was just defending himself. but necessary – nevertheless. peaceful people who lived in peaceful villages along rivers on an underpopulated continent. German and English) that stared at me shocked me: “Warfare came to Gaul [ancient France] in the Bronze Age with the invading Kelts [who were Indo-Europeans]. but there is a difference between hungry tribes fighting over food or hunting grounds – and a brutal society like Rome that was based on military invasion. like my father. it was considered overly brutal by the Greek and other civilizations. came back from the war deeply troubled if not seriously traumatized.” at best a necessary evil. They hunted to eat. I recall my father.” We also may think of those old cartoons of a Neanderthal with a huge club dragging “his woman” into the cave. So the inscription on the wall of the museum in Strasbourg (printed in French. and especially the atrocity that was gladiator combat. shocked other peoples of antiquity. the Neolithic).
such as her bestselling Clan of the Cave Bear.... All these things kept populations down. I decided I needed to read some serious academic literature on the subject of “Is warfare part of human nature?” I then went to the academic (university) bookstore in the city in south of France where I was staying.Ironically. 3) to die of a hunting injury from an animal. and only 250 years ago even most white American children died of disease before age five. 2) to die of an accident. infection and disease – before the invention of soap. There I consulted five different massive scholarly books by anthropologists on white European prehistory. I met a French girl who was avidly reading (in translation) the prehistorical docu-novels written by the bestselling Finnish-American author Jean Auel. it was also in France that I encountered an American novel about this topic. the main threats to survival were not from each other but 1) not enough game animals. Because.. 2) a changing climate. 91 . and her novels showed that human-on-human killing was of course not unknown but in fact quite rare in the Stone Age.) This French girl told me that Auel had been praised for doing massive research on the Stone Age.000 BC with a tiny population and room for many more people. After getting an earful about how wonderful Jean Auel's novels were. in Aix-en-Provence. or 4) to die of dirt. as stated above. Europe was a big and empty continent in 30. (This was later made into a movie about CroMagnon/Neanderthal interaction starring actress Darryl Hannah.
jpg] Caption: The south of France was an excellent place for me to ponder prehistoric humans.. Some of the most famous caves of Neanderthal.culture. We know they were killed by the cuts on their ribs and bashed-in skulls.ch/blog/images/uploads_img/lascaux_2. but rather a mysterious mass execution pit into which several hundred apparently executed people in ancient Stone Age Gaul or France were thrown. Solutrean and Magdalenian history are found there.. rape and enslavement – began in Europe only in the Bronze Age. Was perhaps a tribe of nomadic criminals or thieves being wiped out by a lawabiding tribe? Nothing wrong with that. in a dry Mediterranean climate that like Egypt or Syria has preserved artifacts very well.000 major archeological “digs” around the world. each a good thousand pages in length (I still remember the height of the stack when the reference expert wheeled them out on a cart).xml These scientific books. there is only one from the period of the whole Stone Age period which preceded the Bronze Age that gives any clear evidence of humans deliberately killing other humans in any kind of warfare.” In fact. 92 . one book said that of 10..fr/#/en/00. Cro-Magnon.lascaux. all said the same thing to me as the Archeological Museum of Strasbourg and the novels of Jean Auel: “Warfare as a planned and regular activity – for conquest.then or now.[source: http://ursispaltenstein.. And even this is not a battle site. Here is a website “tour” of the Lascaux cave paintings of eighteen thousand years ago: http://www.
when iron and steel began to dominate tool-making and weaponry) – these last few thousand years have not made us into different creatures. But this is not warfare. exacting. and each has gone through his own hell. So it would seem there were at least some 'bad guys” – or perhaps just hungry and desperate people out there.. creating the first stage of a criminal ethnic group. you have a class of criminals under no one's control but their own. elders or government. others have psychological harm caused to them. I found literature subsequently in English saying there were Stone Age “forts” in both prehistoric Germany and also in the Middle East with palisades (tree poles) and even sharpened poles sticking outward – likely to keep other determined people out. “War is part of life. It was interesting to have a Marine vet of heavy combat in two wars as a father. who is still living. I should add that my father James Nugent. Some come back just fine (…. I had to then think about my own father's life and what I knew about so many other returning American combat veterans. Basically. although mostly positive. the scenario may have been that depicted in the Discovery Channel video “Ice Age Columbus.” If a group of expellees find each other in the woods and band together for survival. has the personality type of a classic Marine: stern. In effect.Somewhat contradicting all this. until they start drinking or showing a temper). antithesis and synthesis.. precise and duty-bound. “No. these would be psychopaths. 500. founding an antisocial gang. then you have some bad genes indeed that are reproducing. others come back with physical wounds (my father was in a coma for three days from being hit by Chinese mortar fire).” a rather yang view. people are naturally peaceful” – a very yin concept. What is the synthesis of these opposite claims? The key thing to remember is that human nature has been formed during hundreds of thousands of years of the Stone Age. If they took women by force and bred with them.” where a tribe has expelled antisocial elements. then you have highwaymen (forest robbers) and marauders. perhaps attackers.at least on the surface. If there were villains.000 years at least. Each man is different. and the brief Bronze Age and now our own Iron age (in which we have lived since around 200 BC.. making them into “exiles.. I tried to put all this together as the German philosopher Hegel would have with his famous thesis. nor are these soldiers or warriors acting under the orders of any normal tribal chieftain. 93 .
. The second half. like so many sons of warriors. plus some nice North Korean atrocities on captured Marines.” And occasionally he would mention his i best friend. WWII and Korea. For over a decade. it would not truly traumatize us. killed in Korea.is a very bad thing. A lot of good men get killed. seeing as did many others the US flag proudly raised on top of Mount Suribashi as he was down in the gray volcanic sand on the beaches.” like sickness... a fellow Marine lieutenant. and the youngest president ever in the 1960s of an American Rotary Club. He had had such terrible nightmares from the horrors of both those wars. it was a ghastly and savage business. it's 94 . son. my father told me something that had planted a seed of doubt in me about the normality of war. though of course he has mellowed. He has never changed in the 55 years I have known him. romantic heartbreak. In the early 1950s he re-entered the Marines. War. I had noticed my father was never eager to talk about the war.” He landed on the beaches and fought the battles of the islands of Tinian. with neither side taking many or even any prisoners. Actually.He had joined the Navy while still under-age in WWII and eventually switched to the Marines. he was tight-lipped. genuinely tough. Marines are not the troops you find in the rear. the trench half.) Now if war really were “just part of life. (He told me that about 50% of his officer class was killed or wounded. Then in February 1945 he fought at the famous battle of Iwo Jima.) But in 2003 he told me something else that gave me real pause. aging. or being widowed. They are at the front. Ed Flanagan. a born warrior and leader. and on the Philippines. avid like many others after Pearl Harbor and the Bataan Death March to “kill Japs. even vitamins.. Saipan. under general Harry Schmidt. And no “normal part of life” ever would have been able to traumatize a man such as my father: rugged. masculine. the pain of childbirth for a woman. this time as an officer. self-made millionaire businessman. was just about as pleasant as World War One trench warfare had been – artillery barrages. although we all know he has terrible ringing in his ears (tinnitus) from the Korean War causing damage to his ear drums. and my father is the last kind of man to either run to a “shrink” or even go to a regular doctor. mortars and assaults day and night. But even before I moved to France in 2004 and ran into the museum in Strasbourg and the girl there who was reading the American Ice Age Europe novels. He hates pills. and after training at the Quantico officer school he fought Chinese human-wave attacks in the trenches in the second half of the Korean War. (The first half had been a war of tremendous movement up and down the peninsula. and just would say “It was no picnic. My father is a profoundly “yang” man. it would not cause men to awaken screaming with nightmares. that he – like so many other Marines – had needed to consult a Navy psychiatrist. and never complains.
Some examples of traumatic events are a natural disaster. later.. rape. People with PTSD have trouble coping with and getting over traumatic events and often feel the effects for months afterward. or even years. post-traumatic stress syndrome. which in WWI was called “shell shock.. It can develop after your safety or life is threatened. Your symptoms may include: • Having flashbacks. far worse. reliving the horror. as tough as they come – if even HE found war highly traumatizing.” The Pentagon now estimates that as many as 25% of US troops returning from Iraq or Afghanistan have PTSD. In fact. a severe car crash or fighting in a war. (He told me once about discovering a crucified Marine lieutenant the North Koreans had nailed to a cross and sickeningly mutilated.. bad memories or hallucinations • Trying not to think about the trauma or staying away from people who remind you of it • Not being able to recall parts of the event • Feeling emotionally numb or detached from others 95 . he had to see a psychiatrist for six months for the nightmares.) Now if a man like my father. the event makes you feel very afraid or helpless. PTSD has been described thus in the Journal of Traumatic Stress (from Wikipedia): “Veterans who screened positive for PTSD were four times more likely to report suiciderelated thoughts relative to veterans without the mental disorder. nightmares. Usually. or after you experience or see a traumatic event. They also cause PTSD.been worsening now to a steady roar. You can have symptoms right after the trauma or they can develop months.” and in WWII and Korea the “thousand-yard stare. then how “normal” could war be? War often causes nightmares. which are not remembering but. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of anxiety problem.
happy and strong. the mere act of killing does not cause this. fruit and roots than they were later on.com/blog/wpcontent/uploads/2009/08/exhaustedUSsoldierafghanistanphotoo. The average height of men shrank by a whopping five inches. Hunting animals. The New Stone Age meant agriculture and sedentary villages. 96 . by itself. taken September 16. and deeply satisfying to many men. an age of hunting for meat and the gathering of berries (rich in antioxidants). and many skeletons and teeth of New Stone Age humans exhibit signs of malnutrition.http://johndenugent. 2007 Clearly. The studies of the skeletons of prehistoric Europeans show that humans were much healthier in the Old Stone Age. and can be wholesome. but all these grains led to a sudden drop in protein. is both very absorbing and then exciting. Afghanistan. Hunting brought home the “bacon” and the meat that made the family healthy.jpg World Press Photo of the Year 2007: an American soldier resting at a bunker in Korengal Valley. useful and even humane if it culls the herd and prevents animals from dying of starvation.
But war is very different: it is a ghastly kind of hunting. or see him slay your friend.traumatic stress syndrome. But to slay deliberately another human being. and it certainly did not cause post. ordering the brave young Gaulish hero Vercingetorix.. the return from a successful hunt was an occasion for joy and the celebration of courage and skill. states in its article on “Prehistoric Warfare: The most common weapons used by early man were simple in form and easy to produce. are visibly descended from hunter-killers.. confirming what I have said above. to rape his women and see their tears. This joy too is depicted in the brilliant Discovery Channel video “Ice Age Columbus. or gathering berries. but swiftly and effectively. The great American Confederate general Robert E. such weaponry consisted of clubs and spears. defeated defender of his invaded country. cities. building sturdy homes. Lee once said: “It is well that war is so terrible. or growing wheat or apples. To conquer another man's village without any reason. and nations. The genes of bad hunters died out. to put your neighbor in chains and sell him or her as a slave. These 97 . Wikipedia.” It is certainly “exciting” – but it destroys psyches. or bring home enough good for the offspring. Those men who could not hunt simply did not reproduce and become our ancestors.. just as the animals themselves hunt and kill each other – was a normal event. musculature and hormones. making tools and clothes and benefiting life. else we should come to enjoy it. to break up families and send them apart to be worked to death in a salt or copper mine – that is a very different “activity” indeed compared to hunting for food. a healthy event. a daily event in good weather.to do as Julius Caesar did.Humans thrived on meat – and all men by definition. They did not attract a wife. So clearly the killing of animals – not cruelly or sadistically. to be strangled after seven miserable years down in a Roman dungeon is a horrifying act of sadism. In fact.” The whole clan rejoices at a horse meat feast and thanks the clan chieftain and his men as they return weary but happy to the encampment of very hungry Ice Age Solutreans. A good young hunter could thereby impress a nice young potential mate with his prowess. Originally.
Approximately 34 people were bound and predominantly killed by a blow to the left temple. just before the Bronze Age: Compared to the subsequent Bronze and Iron Ages.000 BC). Even a rather militaristic article by Arthur Ferrill in MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History concedes: “There is no evidence for the practice of war before the late Paleolithic Age (35. Wikipedia on the Neolithic (New Stone Age). The first archeological record of what could be a prehistoric battle is on the Nile near the Egypt-Sudan border. and this could be a very profitable business for such skilled knights as William Marshal. and may even be evidence of the murder of trespassers rather than actual battles. Germany where archaeologists believe a massacre of a rival tribe was conducted approximately 7500 years ago. Towns are generally unfortified and built in areas difficult to defend. Skeletal and burial remains do not generally indicate the presence of warfare. Known as Cemetery 117. many with arrowheads embedded in their skeletons. stone versus metal technology. war was actually considered “fun. either divided into two sides or fighting as a free-for-all. Further evidence of Neolithic warfare is evident in the Talheim Death Pit in Talheim. the Neolithic is characterized by small towns. but there is little evidence that there was much of what we would consider war in that era. tournaments often contained a mêlée consisting of knights fighting one another on foot or while mounted..” Here is an excerpt from Wikipedia's article on “Melee”: During the Middle Ages. and this fact also causes some to question the argument for large-scale warfare. which indicates that they may have been the casualties of a battle. There was a tournament ground covering several square miles in northern France to which knights came from all over Europe to prove themselves in 98 .C.000 to 12. There is no known archaeological evidence of large-scale fighting during this period of social evolution. Some question this conclusion by arguing that the bodies may have accumulated over many decades. Nearly half of the bodies are female.were heavily used for hunting as early as 35. Neckar. Of the many cave paintings from this period. none depict people attacking other people. and a lack of social hierarchy.000 B. It contains a large number of bodies. The object was to capture opposing knights so that they could be ransomed. it is at least seven thousand years old.” But by the year AD 1100. The Talheim site is one of the earliest indications of warfare in Neolithic Europe.
quite real combat. This was, in fact, the original form of tournaments and the most popular between the twelfth and thirteenth centuries— jousting being a later development, and one that did not completely displace the mêlée until many more centuries had passed. The original mêlée was engaged with normal weapons and fraught with as much danger as a normal battle. Rules slowly tempered the danger, but at all times the mêlée was more dangerous than the joust. In other words, this was a voluntary gladiator match and needless to say fought only among “aristocrats.” I believe that technology caused the Bronze Age to become a nightmarish turning point in human history. It marked the rise of the slave-taker, the slave-maker, the warlord and oppressor. It became the end of human freedom for most of the population. It was the takeover of the human race by its psychopaths, who then bred with many women polygamously, thus increasing the percentage of psychopaths in the population. Remember that there was no tyranny when every man was under arms. As Stuart Piggott's magnificent Ancient Europe from the Beginnings of Agriculture to Classical Antiquity (Edinburgh University Press, Scotland, 1965) points out, white tribes consisted of an elected chief or king, selected often from the best of a royal family (but not fatherto-son) by all the hunters, that is by all men. This elected chief was limited in his powers by tradition and by the observations and advice of a council of tribal elders, who also of course were as armed as was the king. There were no slaves and no masters, no bowing and no scraping. Every man was able at every instant to defend his honor, and tyranny was thus impossible for hundreds of thousands of years. It was during this vast Stone Age that our character – freedom-loving male hunters and peaceful female gatherers, nurturers and clothes-makers – was deeply and permanently formed. But the Bronze Age technologies began to change us just as we were changing and shaping the copper and tin into bronze. (In our own time, the Internet is also changing us as we it.) Piggott's Ancient Europe states:
The heroes [of Homer's Iliad] remain, despite the poetic talents of Homer, stubbornly of another, a primitive and barbaric world. It has never been stressed enough that characteristic traits of the Homeric world are the same as those of the Irish sagas [such as the Ulster Cycle], [the Anglo-Saxon] Beowulf or [the Norse] Sagas, [Ed.--elsewhere, the author adds, “and of the Mahabharata in [Aryan] India”] and that they are the common possession of the lost, orally passed-on literature of the barbarian age of Europe. 99
“The noblest behaved like wild beasts in combat”; emotionally overwrought, “the male warriors cried a lot and in public”; the seizure of women was a “completely approved activity and the main prize of combat”, as was the destruction of cities, the killing or enslavement of men and children and the rape of maidens; “piracy, highway robbery on a large scale, seeking both human and material booty, is a completely honorable activity” (as the Greek historian Thucydides thought); and “theft and oath-breaking were admired if successful.” Agamemnon systematically strips his foes of their armor after killing them.....the atmosphere of the Iliad is amazingly similar to that of a cowboy movie.”
And who can forget the vengeful Achilles dragging the body of the fallen Hector behind his chariot after slaying the brave warrior? Wikipedia on Hector:
Homer places Hector as the very noblest of all the heroes in the Iliad: he is both peaceloving and brave, thoughtful as well as bold, a good son, husband and father, and totally without darker motives.
Wikipedia on Achilles' action:
Wanting to go down fighting, [Hector] charged at Achilles with his only weapon, his sword, but missed. Accepting his fate, Hector begged Achilles – not to spare his life, but to treat his body with respect after killing him. Achilles told Hector it was hopeless to expect that of him, declaring that "my rage, my fury would drive me now to hack your flesh away and eat you raw — such agonies you have caused me". Achilles then got his vengeance, killing Hector with a single blow to the neck and tying the Trojan's body to his chariot, dragging it around the battlefield for nine days.
Njall's Saga (called also, ominously, Burnt Njáll) is one of the longest and finest of the Icelandic sagas, presenting a comprehensive picture of Icelandic life in the “heroic age” and featuring many complex, realistic but tragic characters. It is definitely based at least partly on fact, and the foundation of Njall's burned farmhouse has been unearthed, and discusses the Battle of Clontarf in Ireland in 1014, when the great Irish king Brian Boru fell fighting other Irish and the Norse who had settled in Ireland. The work has two Icelandic heroes—Gunnar (Gunther) and Njáll (whose name is borrowed from the Irish name “Neil”). Gunnar is a brave, guileless, generous youth like Sigurd (Siegfried) of the heroic legends; Njáll is a wise and prudent man endowed with prophetic gifts. Both are men of peace, but in a society in which the ties of blood impose obligations that cannot be escaped and past injuries must be avenged, neither Gunnar’s goodwill nor Njáll’s wisdom can save them from their fate.
and the board was cleared. and I call God and all good men to witness. and said "Thou art the greatest hell-hag. he was slain in it." Flosi. "and the death of my wife and of all my sons." says Njal." Flosi threw the cloak off him and hurled it into her lap. is why I grieve. refuses him a strand of her hair to string his bow as his enemies storm in. [The custom for avoiding a feud was to pay money to the victim's family. "They will have hard work to go against thy good fortune. and the gore rattled down all over him. and then she took out the cloak. to take vengeance for all those wounds which he had on his dead body.Gunnar meets death at the hands of his enemies when his wife. for thou wilt be more than a match for all of them. and now I will give it back to thee." This one thing touched Njal so nearly that he could never speak of it without shedding tears. his foster-father.] But 'women's counsel is ever cruel'. Hildigunna threw the cloak over Flosi. Flosi." said [another]. "There is no good in mincing the matter. or else to be called every man's dastard. in retaliation for a slap he once gave her in anger. Flos sighs as he realizes that this will end badly for all. Flosi had just then eaten his full. Njáll is drawn into a blood feud through his headstrong sons. she went up silently to Flosi. that I adjure thee. the beautiful but capricious Hallgerd. She plays every card to get vengeance. by all the might of thy Christ. that sometimes he was blood red in the face. who slay Hauskuld. and there she had kept it. and in it Hauskuld had been slain. that I know better than thou what will come after."My death. and his death is a great grief to all men. and thou wishest that we should take that course which will be the worst for all of us. "no less than old age. blood and all. Then Hildigunna went back into the hall and unlocked her chest. “the Priest of Whiteness. No one thinks it so much a loss as Njal.” their father's own stepson. "But this. thou gavest to Hauskuld." "What dost thou foretell for me?" says Kari. Then she went back into the sitting room with the cloak. 102 . and sometimes blue as death. and by thy manhood and bravery. his widow." says Njal."What will come after?" [asks his son] Skarphedinn. and sometimes ashy pale as withered grass." Flosi was so stirred at this. Flosi's gift. "but we must say outright that he has been slain for less than no cause. a kinsman of the late Hauskuld encounters Hildigunna. Then she spoke and said "This cloak.
literally hundreds of thousands of men were forced to kill each other for the crowds' entertainment. the sole survivor of the family. for centuries on end (AD 80-c. 103 . such as the people of Pontus in Asia Minor after their kingdom became a Roman province. Perhaps the most famous and shocking organized expression of this barbarism was the Colosseum in Rome. and beg for help. Ye may make up your minds. and even women and old people captured in war or arrested for their religion were eaten alive by lions." He accepts stoically that his fate has come in a powerful scene in which he and his family are burned to death in their home by a reluctant enemy.435). What help shall I have from thee. Njál's fiery death is avenged by his son-in-law Kári. still they are men of so great worth.I see this clearly. and so it shall be now and hereafter. the first gladiatorial arena was put up and the stabbings began. that though we slay Njal or his sons. ere we get an atonement and find our way out of this strait. that there will be such a blood feud and hue and cry after them. their king having died childless. In the final part of the saga." says Asgrim. where for mere sport. Was this “considered normal back then”? No. but some of you will lose both goods and life. that we will both of us have the same fate. that many will become poor who before had great goods. Gizur stood up to meet them." Njal's sons go about demanding support from their relatives: They went to the booth of Gizur the white and inside it. and bade them sit down and drink. who slays another Icelander he had tracked down to Wales." said Gizur. that we shall have to fall on our knees before many a man. and not mutter and mouth about it. "tends our way. and we will speak our errand out loud. "would wish that I should not shrink from standing by thee. for other ancient peoples found it appalling. "Not thitherward. and of such good family. whose honor demanded they wreak vengeance. then. as thou art my kinsman?" "Jorunn my sister.
Suddenly there were “war gods.” of course blessed the hunt.The Flavian Amphitheater..” and the archeologists found less and less figurines of goddesses. It likely also became a world of increasing polygamy. a war-man's world. then hardy bronze. It honored the victory by Titus and his father. and then harsh iron. toward the earliest layers. 104 . In the upper layers the archeologists found metal weapons suddenly appearing – copper. The “gods. Emperor Vespasian. the more they found a culture with an equal number of figures of male and females gods. where violent men simply attacked villages – as the Romans did with the Sabines in the 752 BC – and took and bred with as many women as they could – with some very unhappy captives. a “world of warcraft” (to borrow the name of a new video game).. fertility and crops. It had become a man's world only. called for its size the Colosseum. and everything else changed as well. I remember a BBC report on excavations in Central Asia of an ancient Persian city.. in the year AD 70 over the revolting Jews. But those were just the earliest layers of the city. The deeper the archeologists dug. and the “goddesses” health.
Rape of the Sabines. Romulus invited neighboring tribes to a festival and then treacherously seized their young women. Romulus slew him and annexed his kingdom. by Cortona.jpg 105 . 1627.org/wiki/File:Cortona_Rape_of_the_Sabine_Women_01. http://en. When a neighboring king invaded.wikipedia.
. I now believe that the percentage of psychopaths has been increasing steadily ever since the Bronze Age. England before the Normans was a nontyrannical kingdom that minded its own business. Sir Francis Drake. the Emir of Tunisia. or Germany. (From 1068 to 1091 Roger Guiscard and his Norman mercenaries conquered the island. Euphemius however rose up. a knight in shining armor. when the manly art of hunting turned into the savage hunting of men and the raping and impregnating of their defenseless women. Sicily's history would have changed since both Arabs. joined by his cousin. Berbers. he in turn was defeated and driven out to [Arab-conquered] North Africa. Euphemius.If these warlords had psychopathic tendencies in their genes. We read in Wikipedia concerning Sicily: By 826.or sell opium to the Chinese or spread negroes all over North America.) The application to the Normans is obvious. an 106 . Emperor Michael II caught wind of the matter and ordered that his general Constantine end the marriage and cut off Euphemius' head.All of Sicily was eventually conquered by Arabs in 965. in return for safety and a position as a general. or Holland. Such women found themselves the mothers not of a Prince Charming. Queen Elizabeth I ordered Sir John Hawkins in 1652 to begin the slave trade and. killed Constantine and then occupied Syracuse. The British Crown then forced all American colonies to accept slaves – and hired Sephardic Jews to run the trade. South Carolina – the home of Freemasonry. the Crown also overruled Georgia. and his Hauteville dynasty ruled for a hundred years until a daughter married a German emperor and the isle came under the Holy Roman Empire. He [treacherously] offered the rule of Sicily to Ziyadat Allah. England's history could be said to have genetically changed since the Norman Conquest. then this forced breeding would result over time in an ominous phenomenon that is central to my beliefs ever since I read Martha Stout's The Sociopath Next Door in 2006.. also – and from Newport in my home state of Rhode Island. or France. or anywhere else -. which from 1735 to 1751 had banned slavery as a moral evil. or Ireland. In this way.. which they did Charleston. but the psychopathic spawn of a human monster. or Scotland. and then Normans conquered that island. Spaniards (Spain then being under Islamic control) Cretans and Persians was sent. or a mighty hunter who well fed his family. who were polygamists. did not invade Wales. a Muslim army of Arabs. they began bringing negroes from Africa to the New World. the commander of the Byzantine [imperial forces ruling Sicily] killed his wife and forced a nun to marry him.
economic blow to the white working class, and a security threat, given the danger of slave uprisings, especially with Spanish Florida next door. The Jewish author Marc Raphael, in his 1983 book Jews and Judaism in the United States (New York: Behrman House) wrote that just as Jews ran the slave trade for Portugal and Spain they did also for the British Crown: “This was just as true in the territories of North America in the 1700s when Jews participated in the triangular trade which brought slaves from western Africa, exchanged them for cane sugar molasses, and traded that for rum in New England [Newport, Rhode Island]. Isaac da Costa in Charleston [S.C.] in the 1750s, David Franks of Philadelphia in the 1760s and Aaron Lopez of Newport at the end of the 1760s and the early 1770s dominated the slave trade on the American continent.” And who was their partner in this moral and economic crime of slavery? A crime that would put a curse on America, of which Thomas Jefferson said in 1820: “We have the wolf by the ear, and we can neither hold him, nor safely let him go”? The Norman ruling class of England, which ordered that slavery not be abolished in the colonies. King George III in council, on Dec. 10, 1770, issued an instruction, under his own hand, commanding the governor of Virginia, " upon pain of the highest displeasure, to assent to no law by which the importation of slaves should be in any respect prohibited or obstructed." In 1772 the Virginia Assembly earnestly discussed the question, " How shall we get rid of the great evil?" Jefferson, Henry, Lee, and other leading men anxiously desired to rid the colony of it. " The interest of the country," it was said, " manifestly requires the total expulsion of them." The Assembly finally resolved to address the King himself on the subject, who, in council, had compelled the toleration of the traffic. They pleaded with him to remove all restraints upon their efforts to stop the importation of slaves, which they called " a very pernicious commerce." In this matter Virginia represented the sentiments of all the colonies, and the King knew it; but the monarch " stood in the path of humanity and made himself the pillar of the colonial slave-trade." Ashamed to reject the earnest and solemn appeal of the Virginians, he evaded a reply. The conduct of the King caused Jefferson to write as follows in his first draft of the Declaration of Independence:
"He has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of 107
life and liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, capturing and carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere, or to incur a miserable death in their transportation thither. This piratical warfare, the opprobrium of infidel powers [that is, the Muslim Barbary pirates and Turks were doing this], is the warfare of the Christian King of Great Britain. Determined to keep open a market where men should be bought and sold, he has prostituted his negative [his right of veto] for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or to restrain this execrable commerce."
This paragraph was unfortunately stricken out of the Declaration of Independence before the committee submitted it to a vote of the Congress. The British had been a relatively peaceful people before the Normans. In fact, it was the Romans under Julius Caesar and then under Emperor Claudius who unprovoked invaded Britain, finally slaying the heroic Queen Boadicea. Later, Anglo-Saxons from Germany, then Vikings, then the French-speaking, converted Vikings called Normans, who attacked Britain. Britain was never an attacker of other nations before the Norman Conquest, but after that the Norman ruling class began attacking literally all points of the compass.
===========”The Theory of Just War”============== Medieval thinking on war, including that of Saint Thomas Aquinas, was based on St Augustine's theory of the just war as laid out in De Civitate Dei (“On the City of God”) (5th century AD), written around the time the Roman Empire was falling and the Dark Ages were beginning. The fact is that the population of Europe fell by about 50 percent, and education, law and order, courts, police, an the maintenance of roads, bridges and aqueducts all collapsed. By the time of Augustine, the Roman Empire had Christian emperors and so he believed that Rome's cause was now just. Christians were no longer being ripped apart by lions in the Flavian Amphitheater, which we know as the Colosseum. They were in the Roman legions on the battlefield ripping apart pagans, or trying to. St. Augustine saw war as a means to punish sin and stop evil, as a judicial action to right a wrong. As Augustine put it in Latin, “Justa bella ulciscuntur injurias" (just wars avenge injuries). That meant also that those waging war were God's scourge and, by were expressing God's love, in fact benefiting the evildoer being destroyed. The
Augustinian attitude was that war was a mass death penalty for people who had earned it. According to Augustine, you could take up the sword only if you were the injured party, or you perceived an injustice needing redress (such as the Muslims occupying the Holy Land). And ever since Augustine, aggressors claim they were injured. In the fourteenth century, Christian writers like John Gower and Philippe de Mezieres were not impressed by the dynastic justifications for the Hundred Years War offered by England and France. The warring parties even tried to recast their actions as a crusade, not concerned with how the war was being waged but whether it was justified in the first place. Shakespeare's (Edward de Vere)'s play Henry V shows this concern, but also shows “King Hal” speaking of rape and pillage. Medieval war extended well beyond the battlefield. Assassination was widely practiced and not felt to be dastardly. As St Augustine wrote, "all homicide is not murder." St Thomas Aquinas, the 13th century authority on theology, gave three criteria for a just War: 1- It must "right a wrong" 2- It must be winnable. Fighting hopelessly against an evil despot was not justified. 3- The suffering caused by the war had to be less than the suffering caused by leaving the evil in place. The third point was oft quoted to justify assassination. But this ran up against the class consciousness of the nobility. Seeing themselves as a better sort of people, the nobles found it convenient to treat each other charitably in combat. Thus there was the prevalence of offering quarter and taking ransom instead of the opponent's life. (This it was very shocking when Henry V began slaughtering his captured French prisoners at Agincourt, apparently afraid they would rise up while he was hard pressed.) The nobles fighting in the Hundred Years War showed little regard to the damage they caused. This was particularly true of the Norman-English. Depopulation of towns and villages in France was noted in a lot of the sources. The great Italian Renaissance scholar Petrarch visited Paris in the 1360s and reported wolves running in the streets and whole surrounding villages empty. That probably was caused in part by the plague, but the war between the English and French king was fought in such a way that everyone suffered except the two kings. According to medieval thinking, one of these two kings was "wicked" but neither suffered much.
was praised as a pious and gallant knight. and Jewish critics praise. a professor at New York University of history. the works of Jewish authors. Thus you see figures like Sir John Hawkwood. Cantor (nomen est omen. genuinely believed in chivalry. and the torturing of priests so they would reveal where the silver was hidden.e. Norman F. entered into a solemn agreement to fight together in France and then to pool their winnings (i. but chivalry as it was actually practiced and an essential part of a military career. Jean Froissart. One famous Jewish scholar. view the Normans as a kind of holocaust. Cantor (1929-2004). Du Guesclin. eulogizes in a whole chapter “The Anglo-Norman Monarchy and the Emergence of the Bureaucratic State. but not in terms of sparing the innocents.. There was a chivalrous side to all this. New York: HarperCollins. The Civilization of the Middle Ages.In fact. who served with mercenary captains in Spain before going on to become Constable of France. John Winter and Nicholas Molyneux. The great chronicler of chivalry.” and accuses the Anglo-Saxons of “political 110 . rather than for king and country. their ransoms) and invest them at home. rape.” Norman F. if only because Jewish publishers publish. is predictably impressed with them. of genuine English stock. ========================= It is instructive to read various scholars about the Normans. thought nothing amiss when he took a break from combat to participate in a great tournament/pageant staged by René of Anjou in 1446. sociology and literature. Poton de Xaintrailles. These fellows were definitely not going off to do Gods work. where people went to war for reasons of personal profit and social advancement. being praised in the 15th century as a chivalrous and noble knight who deserved to be remembered alongside Edward III. pillage. Attending tournaments with your enemies added social acceptability and class solidarity to the profession of arms. 1963. This was not hypocrisy. His The Civilization of the Middle Ages[footnote:Cantor.” Other historians. Norman F.. For example. and Sir John Knollys (another mercenary commander and self-made man). so he tended to gloss over the massacre of peasants. a professional soldier and mercenary. they “send them the elevator. a “catastrophe. during the Middle Ages war between the international nobility was something between a game and a career path. or as the French say. as the Palestinians would say. who probably would be at home in Bosnia or Somalia today as a warlord. the Romans would remark of such a first name. This noble age had an enormous propensity to accept cruelty and barbarity as a fact of life. “the name is an omen”). a Nakbah. 1993] is a standard work. In 1421 two English squires. the Black Prince.
and it was revived in literary form only in the fourteenth century. Serves them right to be enslaved for not having a large “defense establishment. defeating the previously invincible Norwegian king Harald Hardrade who previously had conquered Sicily and Norway. interfering in French affairs.” The Anglo-Saxons fought like lions and very successfully at Stamford Bridge.” And thus in both WWI and WWII the British ruling class felt zero kinship for their Saxons cousin in Germany. The Anglo-Saxon language became a peasant dialect. and massacred all his enemies) and slaying him with an arrow to the neck.that right-wing conservatives are “afraid of change. both peasants and nobility.” Well. “the complete feudalization of the realm was undertaken by the Conqueror” and “[this] allowed allowed England to participate in the thriving intellectual. unless one sees things from a Norman or Jewish viewpoint: “In spite of the losses to native vernacular literature and art. having been sent [prior to the Nakbah] as gifts to rulers or churchmen across the Channel. “bound in any case to lose their independence. [It was by then much changed. During this period some of the greatest works of AngloSaxon art were probably destroyed. an “efficient tax system. and a knower of English history (just three successful invasions in two thousand years: the Roman. which in any case was bound to lose its independence. Cantor's rhetoric is part of that same liberal line we hear today -. and thus was a woman wearing “men's garments. What more proof does one need?) Then Cantor concludes with a non-sequitur. quote.” Later.” and that “progress” and “multiculturalism” and the “blending of cultures” and “diversity” are “inevitable. The cosmopolitan [Norman] French nobility spoke French and were representatives of French language and culture. and laced with French words.” He adds one paragraph (p280-81) that got my English blood steaming: “For four decades after the Conquest the Normans exhibited an unmitigated contempt for all Anglo-Saxon culture.--Ed].” and “military weakness” because they fought on foot. religious and artistic life of eleventh.. and burning Joan of Arc alive as a witch. we read in the good Cantor. she wore armor. I can think of few peoples braver. or prouder – or less. as a descendant of Englishmen. ” and thus a witch.backwardness” for not having a centralized government. (After all. Anglo-Saxon and Norman). England was culturally a province of France.and twelfth-century 111 . For at least a century and a half after the Norman Conquest. the Norman Conquest was a great benefit to England. and they spent the flower of English youth and all those efficient taxes on the English folk a Hundred Year's War. sturdier. and without knights on horseback. some of the best Anglo-Saxon illustrated manuscripts survived only in Continental libraries.
some went on for months and … cost literally millions of ducats. a horror depicted jarringly in the opening scenes of Mel Gibson's magnificent film Braveheart. because the other noble. the nobility controlled the countryside.France.” [Otherwise] “it would have been cut off from these achievements. These fortifications held reserve supplies of food and large numbers of troops.. From these bases.com/books/history/Medi0000. Here is an account of sieges in the Middle Ages (from http://www. Sieges were the most common form of large-scale combat in the Middle Ages. and as a peasant see your bride taken away to the Norman castle on her wedding night. would tend to resist. monks pray and nobles fight. rather than do something productive. pay taxes to a Jewish tax collector. you were noble. paying taxes and doing backbreaking unpaid work to build a castle so foreign lords can dominate you. the good life. The usual hope was that a friendly army would come up and chase the besiegers away. The surrounding countryside was often stripped bare of food at the approach of an enemy army. money. So you are a noble and you want to take something. All right. The larger force outside often had more serious food problems than the besieged.htm) . Sieges took time.. live as a serf (oh glorious feudalism) or a debt slave. But the defender could not always depend on the besieger giving up because he was hungry. Since these places were built to resist being taken. from whom you proposed to take his city. This often resulted in a battle as a means to determine of the siege would continue or not. eat your meat that you raised and butchered while you get only bread. Political control in medieval times depended on who held the numerous castles and walled cities that dotted the countryside. You needed lots of money to take it – and he needed lots to defend himself from you. then your job was to wage war and take from the peasants. not make something like the peasants and workers. A famous stained glass says farmers work. honor or life.” Ah. 112 . a siege was the usual result. =====sidebar====Why Lords Needed Jews======== If. If you wished to "conquer" an area you had to take the fortified places away from whoever currently held them.. Then you needed lots of money.hyw.
The typical siege consisted of throwing a cordon of troops around the fortified place and then building rock (or fire) throwing catapults to attack the troops on the walls. The custom was that if the city surrendered without a fight. or series of duels. say by tunneling which caused the wall to collapse. In many cases. Moreover. time was on the side of the besieged. the defenders might well have had a better supply of food and water than the besiegers. 113 . The defender had to calculate whether he could fight off enough assaults so that the attacker ran out of men or enthusiasm for the task. Negotiations were usually underway from the very beginning (or even before. but for different reasons. and battering rams to demolish walls or gateways. Catapults throwing fire balls into the city or castle might start fires that would also encourage a surrender. But the typical activity was the threat of an attack. the commander of the defenders had more than his honor at stake. tunnels to collapse the walls. this might give the defender sufficient reason to surrender without an assault. after successfully storming the place. Armies took siege technicians with them on campaign. the yeomen were also more skilled at the more mundane aspects of siege work. as this would get a lot of his troops killed and it might not work. just to enliven what was otherwise a very tedious process. the besieger was usually after permanent possession of the place and didn't want to be stuck with the damage his angry troops would inflict if. Moreover. Both sides preferred to end the matter through negotiation and this was basically a war of nerves. Of course. These were usually carpenters and miners. as the advancing army sent forward Heralds to try and convince the commander of the castle or town that it was never too early to surrender). The besieger didn't really want to attack. at least not the first time. The English had an advantage in sieges for most of the war (until the French developed superior cannon) because their yeomen were more effective at siege warfare. perhaps) if the fortified place was lost without every possible action being taken to avoid such a loss. with a little knightly combat thrown in to keep the warriors from getting bored. to be arranged between the knights on both sides. If the attacker could make a breach in the wall with. Being well paid mercenaries. It was not uncommon for an impromptu tournament. If careful preparations were made. His boss might punish him quite severely (unto death. they pillaged it (thus wrecked everything in sight and killed off a fair percentage of the population). the yeomen went about the digging and building that comprised most siege work in more professional manner than their French counterparts.Sieges themselves were largely a matter of engineering work. scaling ladders and movable towers to allow troops to go over the walls. plus master siege artisans who had years of experience in the techniques of siege warfare. it would not be pillaged by the enemy troops. The defender didn't want to risk an assault either. there might be a relief army on the way. In addition to being able to sweep defenders from castle walls with their accurate and long range archery.
undertaken when there was a lot of wealth concentrated in one place and the nobles wanted to make sure they got their cut. costing the attacker. These were usually locals. It would take several weeks to invest the place. pillage was encouraged. there would be loot inside the castle. such as flour mills or buildings. leaving you defenseless in hostile territory. This was organized pillage. full or part time soldiers on the regular payroll of the local lord.There was also the question of cost.000 men approached. That pillage would going to cost the local lord tens of thousands of lost taxes in the future. Unpaid troops tended to drift away. there were no doubt many other valuable items. Towns and castles were the most likely places to find plunder. Your typical fortress or castle (the former had fewer towers and less comfortable living accommodations) had a garrison of 100-300 men. By this time the cost would already be up to half a million ducats.000 ducats a week to maintain. We may not think of Medieval warlords as accountants. as anyone with wealth would look to such heavily fortified places as a safe location to park their money and valuables. on average. 170. But a share of the plunder could make even a common soldier rich beyond his fondest dreams. just traveling around with a large bunch of armed men presented new opportunities to enrich oneself. This not only demoralized the enemies population.) There was a lottery aspect to this. build siege engines (catapults. because rich opportunities did not always present themselves during a campaign. ============The psychopathic destruction and greed of war===============Pillage. and start digging tunnels. etc. and perhaps some gold or silver objects. it was expected that the troops would "live off the land. Plunder and Ransom Even if the agreed upon pay were not forthcoming on a regular basis. and some of the damage would be to things the lord owned. Everything from captured weapons and tools. it would be costing the besieger a lot more than it would be costing the defender. mercenaries. A more accurate term would be "live off any unarmed locals. too. If the place is taken by negotiation. Taking walled towns or castles was no easy 114 . It wasn't all adventure and glory. In addition to at least several thousand ducats in cash. Say an army of 1." It meant that any food or other valuables encountered as the troops moved along was free for the taking. the troops could be kept loyal with sufficient opportunities to pillage the countryside and plunder particularly rich places (like towns. but it made your troops happy and gave you the opportunity to skip a pay day and get away with it. A lot of Medieval warfare was the headaches delivered via a clerk's report on your current cash position.). But the besieger had to decide when to stop throwing good money after bad. Plunder was another matter. Nevertheless." Once on the lands of the enemy. with less than a hundred thousand gained from pillaging the surrounding countryside. The nobles leading the army would discourage the troops from pillaging while in friendly territory. but they had to pay their bills. which was why everyone was eager to "take the war to the enemy. Even without hitting the jackpot." Living off the land did not mean that they would go hunting and live off nuts and berries from the forest. In most medieval armies.
000 ducats. to a certain extent. Any big treasures had to be shared with the head of the army. Sometimes the besieging general would refuse to accept a surrender unless his troops were allowed to do some looting anyway. would usually run for cover at the first opportunity. cuddly creatures. In an age when the average working stiff was living well on an annual income of 3. and were usually found easier to kill than take prisoner. win and survive a battle. you had to fight. =========================== 115 .task. English armies of the 14th century had ample opportunities to defeat French armies. to come by. if possible. to take a captive. Armies were never friendly. Towns and castles often yielded tens of millions of ducats worth of coin and treasure.000 ducats were not uncommon. Not being allowed to plunder a town was a big disappointment to the troops. The captives family would willingly pay a ransom to get their man back. The problem was. While the troops would not be allowed to loot the place. and riskier. The fellow was usually quick to surrender at that point. The custom of the period was to take nobles and knights (anyone in a good set of armor) alive. The amount of the ransom depended on the wealth of the family and was. knowing their probable fate if their side lost. the commoner soldier would have indeed hit the jackpot. as it usually involved a long and costly siege. this was good money indeed. the yeoman might bring in one of his own nobles to help with the negotiations. Anywhere from 50 to 90 percent of a Medieval army consisted of commoners. Not an easy task when everyone was armed in the same fashion and fought the same way. and the people in the towns and castles well knew it. Commoner soldiers. Ransom was a little harder. the terms usually included the payment of a large sum of money. For the English yeomen infantry. This attitude was known by those within and without the walls and often led to a rapid surrender of a town or castle. in general. there were splendid opportunities to take French nobles captive and many a yeoman family became rich in the process. The captives were not that difficult to take alive. who were often 70 percent or more of these armies. What kept troop morale up during this dreary and dangerous process was the prospect of looting the town or castle. and disarm him. And then there was all that opportunity to abuse [rape] the local women. only a small portion of most medieval armies consisted of knights and nobles. there was still enough left for each soldier to pick up a few thousand ducats. In any event. enjoy themselves for a few days. and with the nobles taking at least half of this. Ransoms of over 100. they would get a portion of this payment. For an army of a few thousand men. If the town surrendered before an actual assault took place. pile on. Moreover. These folks didn't rate a ransom. but the common soldiers were customarily allowed to grab anything else and. The alternative was grim if the defender guessed wrong about his chances of keeping the besiegers out. It all depended on what shape his soldiers morale was in. negotiable. All that armor protected the wearer from a lot of battlefield damage and often all you had to do was knock him down. For a particularly high ranking noble.
English radicals like Tom Paine were to ask the question: “What are the aristocracy?' and to answer. as Edward's successor... the “barons.. entitled The Horizon Concise History of England. and thus a nation of free villagers was transformed into a nation of serfs. The Horizon Concise History of England.The duke of Normandy was making good his claim that the throne had been promised to him by his cousin.] Quoth he: “The Norman Conquest of England has been called the greatest takeover in the history of western Europe. there was a wholesale depression of the laboring classes. In fact. nomen est omen) . [Paul: the following might be a perfect quote for the center of the page] “After the Conquest..”[footnote: p7] “Thus was created the aristocracy of medieval England.. and at the time of the Confessor's death. “They found themselves doing the work of slaves.. all classes of the native population were downgraded by the Conquest but the lowest class naturally felt the weight of depression most because its members were at the bottom of the heap. and for the mass of Englishmen. although learned men have often tried to minimize it.In stark contrast to Cantor's approval of Normanism stands R.. his colonels. New York: American Heritage Publishing. Earl of Wessex.. being elective. the Norman Conquest was a tragedy. the Witan [Council of Wise Men] had chosen Harold..Centuries later. majors and captains. was not Edward's to give..” a class of military men. Generations passed before they recovered the status enjoyed by the Saxon freemen... For a time. the childless King Edward the Confessor (1042-66) [but] the crown. White's book (again.J..”[footnotep32] ==============sidebar=========== Medieval Historians Speak Out 116 . “William the Conqueror. 1971..[footnote: White.J. R.
. hunting and hawking. nor did any man dare kill another. ======================Freedom Fighters English history after the Conquest contains several real outlaws. Among other things. and stern beyond measure to all who resisted his will. especially relating to the romance of Robin Hood and Maid Marian.... he was gentle to good men who love God... and very powerful.. written between the 800s and the 1200s: “This King William of whom we speak was a very wise man. Certainly in his time there was much oppression.. which added a nice French and heterosexual note to this story of men out in the woods... [William] was sunk in greed and utterly given to avarice. half-Norman historian of the same period: “When under the rule of a strong master the Normans are the most valiant of peoples. but all of them fierce resisters of the king's rule or rules. beautiful clothes. But in other circumstances they rend each other to bits.. many French stories crossed the Channel and merged with the English. Because the Normans spoke French... we should not forget the real security he made in this country so that any honest man could travel around his kingdom with his gold. and bring ruin on themselves...” The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.. Hereward 117 ..The delights of the Normans are arms and hunting.. excelling all others in the skill with which they meet difficulties and strive to conquer every enemy..” Orderic Vitalis. a half-English. none of them angels.. an Italian historian of the 1200s: “The Normans are a cunning and vengeful people..Geoffrey Malaterra. but on pressing occasions they can endure with incredible patience the inclemency of any climate and the toil and abstinence of military life..
and of them some saw Normans actually marry some of their friends' widows. and unaccustomed to losing. being systematic Scandinavians.” as in Modern German).” a very Latin or Keltic attitude that means: “If it's not true. bribed the monks to reveal a secret path in. and today 40% of all the world's cognac is a result of one aristocrat going into French exile. but being heavy armored chaps on even heavier armored horses. because its aroma.”) Robin Hood Robin Hood was a popular hero then and now because he robbed the rich to give to the poor.” meaning noble” as in the German “Adel” – “Adolf” comes from Adelwolf and means Noble Wolf) fled to France. from the old Germanic word “Heer” (meaning “army. Some nobles fought the Normans to the end. he became a mercenary in the French Army of Louis XV of France. they began sinking into the ooze.) The Normans. Many Anglo-Saxon ethelings (blue-bloods.)[footnote: One of my clients in 1999 in American accent was a French engineer who visited Cognac. a plot of land in northern England containing a monastery and located in the middle of a lakelike swamp. from the word “ethel. (It is now all filled-in solid land. Did he ever exist? The Italians would say “Si non e vero. or maybe he met a nice French girl and settled down. he vowed to me that some day he would return and buy their $600 bottle. At this point. then settled down in the town of Cognac to make guess-what. fought the Conqueror fiercely and eventually retreated to the Isle of Ely.” Whenever the pompous get their comeuppance.Hereward was an Anglo-Saxon noble who lost everything in the Conquest. it's still a good story. Hereward retreats through the fens. (A Catholic. built a causeway of boards all the way through the swamp to get at the Anglo-Saxon diehards. not honor. probably to disappear into history or flee to the Continent like so many of the true English. James Hennessy of Ireland. And rich meant then the Normans and poor meant the afflicted native AngloSaxons. always fixated on money. it is satisfying. “is that divine. and “ward” as in guard or to ward off attack. Hereward. others meekly became lowly serfs. he said. Hereward may have been murdered by vengeful Normans once in France. Flanders or Germany to work as warriors. 118 . At that point the Normans. as did another aristocrat the Anglo-Normans did not like 700 years later. e ben trovato. Hennessy began exporting his Irish-French miracle drink to America in 1794.
his outlaw flourishes over. Godberd settled in Sherwood Forest. the busy Godberd was eventually sent to the Tower of London. Obviously not every single member of such a nation goes to work every day with the idea of setting a great foreign policy goal. Longshanks. Sheriff of Nottingham. Godberd was a Norman officer under Simon de Montfort and other barons.Fulke FitzWin was a famous woodland outlaw. after all. the time when a man whose birth and death dates we do not know did tings of note). but was outlawed in 1265 for fighting against King Henry III in the Battle of Evesham. He flourished around 1260-1274 (floruit in Medieval Latin meaning. Roger Godberd headed back to his farm for the rest of his days. and in times of despair desperately need. in about 1446. Roger and Robin and with last names like Hood were also outlaws who hid out in the woods. Let no one fancy. written in 1927 and never published. that a world empire can ever be forged without a clear will thereto. usefully. Walter Bower claimed that Robin Hood also became an outlaw as a result of this battle. just as the great Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) wrote in his 1841 masterpiece Heroes and Hero Worship. but in a completely natural way even an entire Folk will be gripped by such a goal so that even the unconscious acts of individuals 119 . (This treatise on the power of the mythos of the hero became the most important book in young Adolf Hitler's life. and it determined him to fight until the end and die rather than be captured and subjected to a show trial. pardoned him. After more exciting escapes and dismal captures. (Nearly two centuries later. where the famous Edward I. their heroic resistance leaders. Glad of it. all people need.: That England has a clear foreign policy goal is proved by the fact of the existence and therewith of the rise of this giant empire. living there for four years and defying the authorities with up to 100 men. white people. but Roger Godberd may have been the main historical basis behind the legend of Robin Hood. Several other men with names like Robert. What the rise of the Robin Hood legend means is clear: English people. ==========Hitler's Unrequited Love: Britain from his Second Book. and he re-read it again at the end in the bunker in Berlin. returning in 1274 from the Eighth Crusade. some of whom may have been merry.) In October 1267. But he was caught in 1272 by Reginald de Grey.
120 . The opinion that a world empire owes its rise to chance. A world empire does not come into being by means of a sentimental or purely theoretical policy. but who also take all possibilities by the forelock. and the pride of the present-day Englishman is no different from the pride of the former Romans. and really strike with them. Since God is just as much on the side of the stronger and the more determined. To be sure. Ancient Rome owed its greatness. world Jewry just as surely will neglect nothing to keep the old enmities alive so as to prevent a pacification of Europe from materializing. Indeed the general political goal will slowly stamp itself on the very character of such a Folk. at least. yet another important factor emerges in regard to England's attitude toward Germany: the decisive influence world Jewry also possesses in England. as well as preferably on the side of those who are cleverer. and thereby enable it to set its Bolshevist destructive tendencies into motion amid the confusion of a general unrest. is always the result of a marriage between the highest race value and the clearest political aim. or that. Therefore I will deal especially with this problem further in this book. or of present day Great Britain. to the soundness of Moltke's assertion that in the long run luck is always with the fit. is false. the events which conditioned its establishment were accidental historical processes which always turned out luckily for a nation. A world empire of the size of ancient Rome. We cannot discuss world policy without taking this most terrible power into account. exactly as does present-day England. he manifestly refused to inflict this punishment. This fitness of a Folk in no way lies only in racial value. Herein lies the superiority of English statesmanship [:] that country is not ruled by such smart-alecks who can never brace themselves for an action. but by men who think naturally and for whom politics most surely is an art of the possible. Hence the sober perception of British interests will be determining for English foreign policy in the future too. There is no foreign policy leadership at all which is less determined by doctrines that bear no relation to life's realities than the English. Just as surely as Anglosaxonism itself can overcome its war psychosis vis-à-vis Germany. This accumulated hatred was discharged in the typically bourgeois national fulmination and battle cry: God Punish England.nevertheless lie in the general line of the aim that has been set and actually benefit it. but also in the ability and skill with which these values are applied.
” (One of the advantages of introducing girls to such schools in recent decades has been to reduce this problem. pretense.yet I usually do not find this trait among the British or American white working class. and especially since the unforgettable novels of Charles Dickens about cruelty to children began appearing in the 1800s. with their special band of “cant” and the “mother country” has passed this on to America. My English grandfather was certainly free of it.) In a supposedly Christian and civilized nation some truly appalling cruelty. One of them them referred with contempt for “upper-class ponces” and my friend asked what that term “ponce” meant. humbug. goodness.” And this AngloAmerican cant is one of the many things that alienates other Europeans about “the British” and “the Americans” -. an American friend of mine visited England and spoke with some white nationalist working class activists.” but instead their “richers” and their “users. The British ruling class has replaced these old Germanic traits. I would not say. He said: “That's what you Americans call 'queers. which in England strangely (since the public cannot afford them) are called “public schools. these buggers.====sidebar====“The Fine British Art of Cant”============== The Irish had an expression about “three things you cannot trust. or Great Expectations. Synonyms: hypocrisy. charred body parts unless it is for their own “freedom.' The privileged class is full of these fairy boys. misery and neglect have been experienced by the children of the British working class in their horrid slums – at the hands of. and masculine forthrightness.” In line with this.” The dictionary defines this word “cant” thus: “the insincere. a “close 121 . a chief characteristic of this British plutocrat class is simply “lying” about one's true motives. however. sham. and they all have several traits in common. especially conventional expression of enthusiasm for high ideals.” The British ruling class has been infamous for generations also for the practice of homosexuality and bisexuality at their private boys' schools. We have seen this cant for centuries in Britain.” In World War Two the Third Reich put out a brochure called “The Fine British Art of Cant. One of them is direct frankness. or piety. (We all remember Bob Cratchit and Tiny Tim. their “betters. an almost tactless honesty. poverty.” (A well-known example of this even in WN circles was Martin Webster. where we never bomb anyone into tiny.” and one of them was “the smile of a British officer. I have had many dealings with different northern European peoples of Germanic or Scandinavian stock.) Still.
html#featuredEntry] 122 .” The headlines in both Britain and Australia have now been discussing the latest chapter in the on-going saga of the horrific abuse of working-class (mostly Saxon.acquaintance” of many WN leaders in Britain.” Another trait lined to it is effeminate and high-pitched speech.spiegel. with no exaggeration. They are absolutely ruthless to win and to get what they want by any means whatsoever.000 British children from disadvantaged families were shipped to faraway Australia from Britain from 1930 to 1967 using the rankest of lies – and then put in “homes” that were. Approximately 7.de/external/ShowTopicAlbumBackground/a5535/l0/l0/F. scenes of pure and psychopathic horror. Getty Images [source: http://einestages. The anonymous writer posted: “One should never be taken in by that high-pitched and almost effeminate way some Brits have. but also Scottish and Welsh) British children.org) located on Malta (an ancient and fascinating island south of Sicily.) This is indeed a very dark side of the British upper class and “aristocracy. about which I read on a WN discussion forum (VivaMalta. and a British colony for generations before its independence).
56. Pancras train station to “Oz. they were punished by having their faces scrubbed until bloody. they got to play with their gifts for four hours. just move it on). in various “homes. 123 . John or Frank. When they had wet their bed. These British children were told they were going on a “holiday adventure. As punishment. and the girls were often impregnated. then had to give them back. No one told them they would never see their parents again or return from their “holiday adventure.” Lie Number One – they were never coming back. They were tortured. Even at Christmas. They were kept under staircases and had food scraps thrown at them like animals.Off to Australia: One morning in February 1951 these boys began their long trip from London's St.” The British wanted to get rid of their welfare cases (and certainly not end their poverty. and the Australians at first were delighted to get the white newcomers. If they were lucky. They were forced to lick up their own vomit and excrement from the floor. they were allowed to keep their names. they had their feet stuck in boiling water. and humiliated for decades in both state and church orphanages. but often they only got one number: 23.” in schools. 2 – instead of Anne. both boys and girls.” their joyful anticipation of a happier life is visible on their faces. living as they did and do on the southern edge of a Pacific Ocean teeming with yellowand brown-skinned Asians. raped. They were used as cheap and hard labor. or among so-called foster parents across Australia.
Instead they were worked.Getty Images http://einestages. the parents were told their children had been adopted. and ended up at the Fairbridge Farm School at Molong in the Australian state of New South Wales: "I was working in the 124 . Once there. and raped. Often without parental consent.html#featuredEntry English children on December 18. Bashed with a hockey stick Ron Simpson grew up in the slums of Newcastle. 1948 joyfully ready to ship out to the sunny Down Under. dysfunctional working-class situations toward a "better life" promised them Down Under. they had been shipped from the most impoverished.spiegel.de/external/ShowTopicAlbumBackground/a5535/l3/l0/F. they were told their parents had died. Here are three of around 7.000 British children who were shipped from 1920 to 1967 by special agencies from Britain to the Fifth Continent. tortured.
punishment . At 14 months she was separated from her parents and seven siblings.. both alcoholics. "I had to say hello to them. "Welcome to Australia. physically punished. Their foster parents.." she recalls. The children were beaten and whipped like slaves.kitchen when my boss pushed me into the toilet and there he raped me. At 15 as put out on the street to fend for herself. they had raped. When he overslept one morning. to put it back into a new home. His spine has not recovered to this day. We need you to preserve the white race.." the Archbishop of Perth had told them. says the now older gentleman. kiss them and sit with them in the garden. the teacher beat him senseless with a hockey stick. 125 . neglect. "I can not recall ever being held. had tried to drown her in the bathroom. who went to six different Australian institutions. Caroline Carroll also went through this hell. they pulled out of sleep. he met one of her brothers and her parents. John Hennessy was ten years old when he was shipped in 1947. Later. but for me they had become completely alien. At night.with their seventh birthday Caroline knew them all already. together with 146 other UK children from Bristol in western England to Australia. They put in a home of the "Christian Brothers" where he had to work from sunrise to sunset. he inflicted a painful examination on her." he told the London Telegraph decades later. The perverse game types of abuse. loved or even liked. At age nine she had her first gynecological exam and was called “a whore who spreads s her legs wide for everyone." she told the Sydney Morning Herald. Each time she got a new name or just a number. But only as a white slave." When she insulted the doctor.
now president of the Alliance of the Forgotten Australians. told their children would be adopted. Kevin Rudd. Whether the apology late today adult victims still help? Caroline Carroll. 24 years after the program ended. was happy to be rid of social cases. has followed suit. But it was not only the martyrdom of some 7. these "forgotten children" were cheap labor. "This is an ugly story.” which they mostly were. "Yes.000 children who were abused from 1930 to 1970 in Australia's foster homes and orphanages." she says. while the children were lied to that they were going on an exciting journey. and immigrants from "good white stock.AP/National Archives of Australia Children at work in the garden of Melrose House. Many were later lied to that their parents had died." Rudd said in November to roughly a thousand surviving victims in Australia's capital of Canberra.000 children who had been abducted from England to the other end of the world. but any "Sorry" from the British PM Gordon Brown is still pending. many people." is a grandmother and lives with the trauma. "This is an ugly story" The first to apologize to the "forgotten children" was the Roman Catholic Church in Australia. Recently the Australian prime minister. in the year 2001. 1953 For the Australian government (whose upper class then spoke only with the British accent). The raven-mother country. Britain. 126 . I am hopeful that this apology will be beneficial for many. Not until 1967 did this program end. The parents were lied to. but also a total of 500.
The supreme fact of world politics today is that the Jews want no nationalism but their very own.e. from which he broadcast the truth about the British plutocracy and Germany's values and its views of the war. often alongside activist leader Oswald Mosley.I hope and believe that when the flames of war have been traversed. the BBC smeared him as “Lord Haw-Haw” for no discernible reason. fearing arrest by Churchill (with excellent justification). and the sacrifices of the British military forces all play their part today.. In 1939. but it is to lose sight of the greatest and most fundamental change that has come upon the human race since the Renaissance or the fall of Rome [i.. but probably to try to put a dent in his very high listenership by the British of all classes.. They took their own lives -.For hundreds among the “forgotten Australians” official remorse has however come too late. Churchill in fact lost office immediately after the war ended.the greatness of Adolf Hitler and the greater glory of Almighty God. . (Ludicrously. *** William Joyce was a Norman-Irish-American-Briton – born actually in New York – who fought for white Britain in the 1930s in the streets. the ordinary people of England will know their soul again and will seek in National Socialism to advance along the way of human progress with their brothers of German blood. It is well to realize that Jewish finance is as bent on the enslavement of the British people as of the German. That this hope and this belief shall not prove vain there are two guarantees.” This noble Norman-Briton wrote prophetically in his 1940 Twilight Over England: To view [this] war as a mere combat between Germany. the spurious jingoism engendered by the Jewish need for military defenders. who were skeptical of Churchill as a stooge of the rich. and the British upper ruling class among the very worst? 127 .and the Allies is natural from the pragmatic military point of view.) After WWII Joyce was arrested in occupied Germany by a British Jew in a British uniform and was brutally hanged for “treason. he fled to the German Reich. Who can gainsay that the British people are among the very finest... The military power of England. the appearance of the National Socialist Third Reich]...unable to bear any longer the horror of their childhood. But in the event of British victory all this synthesized nationalism will be destroyed in a few months.
exactly as predicted by George Orwell in his prophetic novel 1984. The very last words he left the white world that would come after Germany's defeat were: “Guard the bloodlines of the white race -. That ruling class is a mixture of Jews. true leaders.. Cornish and Irish stock.and fight the International Jew. Welsh.Conclusion Britain today is becoming a non-white country and the reason is not its people but its traitorous ruling class.” --30-- 128 . There must be a purge of all the psychopaths out of British society. must arise and harken to what Hitler said at the very end of his Political Testament on April 30. or Britannia will have nothing of its former glory. 1945. New leaders. Normans and various upwardly mobile people of Saxon. Scottish. but become a police state and Pakistani-Chinese-African mega-slum that for White Britons will be a living hell.
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