Exam Name___________________________________

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Acetic acid CH 3COOH, has an acid dissociation constant of 1.8 ˛ 10-5. What is the conjugate base of acetic acid and what is its base dissociation constant? A) CH3CO 2 - , 5.6 ˛ 10-10 B) CH3 C(OH)2+, 5.6 ˛ 10-10 C) CH3COOH, 5.6 ˛ 10-10 D) CH3 C(OH)2+, 5.6 ˛ 104 2) 1)

2) What is the selenide ion concentration [Se2-] for a 0.200 M H2 Se solution that has the stepwise dissociation constants of Ka1 = 1.3 ˛ 10-4 and Ka2 = 1.0 ˛ 10-11 ? A) 1.0 ˛ 10-11 M B) 1.3 ˛ 10-4 M C) 2.6 ˛ 10-5 M D) 5.1 ˛ 10-3 M

In the following reaction the unshaded spheres represent H atoms.

3) Identify the BrMnsted-Lowry acid/base conjugate pairs. A) (1)/(4) and (2)/(3) 4) Identify the BrMnsted-Lowry bases. A) (2) and (3) B) (2) and (4) C) (1) and (3) D) (1) and (4) B) (1)/(3) and (2)/(4) C) (1)/(2) and (3)/(4)

3)

4)

5) A solution with a hydrogen ion concentration of 3.25 ˛ 10-5 M is ________ and has a hydroxide ion concentration of ________. A) acidic, 3.08 ˛ 10-10 M B) acidic, 3.08 ˛ 10-9 M C) basic, 3.08 ˛ 10-9 M D) basic, 3.08 ˛ 10-10 M

5)

6) Which BrMnsted-Lowry acid has the strongest conjugate base? A) HBr B) HF C) HI D) HClO4

6)

7) Calculate the pH of a 0.100 M CH3 NH3 Cl solution. K b for methylamine, CH3 NH2 , is 3.7 ˛ 10-4. A) 5.78 B) 8.22 C) 11.78 D) 2.22

7)

1

8) Methylamine CH3 NH2 , has a base dissociation constant of 3.7 ˛ 10-4. What is the conjugate acid of methylamine and what is its acid dissociation constant? A) CH3NH 3 +, 2.7 ˛ 10-11 B) CH3 NH2 - , 2.7 ˛ 10-11 C) CH3NH 3 +, 3.7 ˛ 10-4 D) CH3 NH3 +, 2.7 ˛ 103

8)

9) Which one of the following salts, when dissolved in water, produces the solution with the lowest pH? A) NaI B) AlI3 C) KI D) MgI2

9)

10) Indicate all the BrMnsted-Lowry acids in the following chemical reaction HCl(aq) + H2 O(aq) Ì H3 O+(aq) + Cl- (aq). A) HCl, H3 O+ C) HCl, H2 O, H 3O+ B) HCl, H2 O D) HCl, Cl -

10)

11) Ammonia NH3, has a base dissociation constant of 1.8 ˛ 10-5. What is the conjugate acid of ammonia and what is its acid dissociation constant? A) NH2 - , 5.6 ˛ 10-10 B) NH 4+, 1.8 ˛ 10-5 C) NH4 +, 1.9 ˛ 109 D) NH 4+, 5.6 ˛ 10-10

11)

12) Aniline, (C6H5 NH2 , Kb = 4.3 ˛ 10-10 at 25e C) is an industrially important amine used in the making of dyes. Determine the pH of an aniline solution made by dissolving 6.90 g of aniline in enough water to make 100 mL of solution. A) 9.50 B) 9.25 C) 4.75 D) 10.50

12)

13) What is the strongest base among the following? A) ClO2 B) ClO4-

13) C) ClO3 D) ClO-

The following pictures represent equal volumes of aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X, Y, or Z); water molecules have been omitted for clarity.

14) Arrange the acids in order of increasing value of Ka . A) Ka (HZ) < Ka (HY) < Ka (HX) C) Ka (HX) < Ka (HZ) < Ka (HY) B) Ka (HY) < Ka (HZ) < Ka (HX) D) Ka (HZ) < Ka (HX) < Ka (HY)

14)

2

15) Determine the acid dissociation constant for a 0.10 M acetic acid solution that has a pH of 2.87. Acetic acid is a weak monoprotic acid and the equilibrium equation of interest is CH3 COOH(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + CH3 CO 2 -(aq). A) 1.3 ˛ 10-2 B) 1.8 ˛ 10-6 C) 1.3 ˛ 10-3 D) 1.8 ˛ 10-5

15)

16) A solution with a hydroxide ion concentration of 4.15 ˛ 10-4 M is ________ and has a hydrogen ion concentration of ________. A) acidic, 2.41 ˛ 10-10 M B) basic, 2.41 ˛ 10-11 M C) acidic, 2.41 ˛ 10-11 M D) basic, 2.41 ˛ 10-10 M

16)

The following pictures represent solutions of three salts MA; water molecules have been omitted for clarity. Dotted spheres represent Ay- ions; gray spheres represent Mx+ ions; black spheres represent oxygen atoms; and unshaded spheres represent hydrogen atoms.

17) Which picture represents a neutral salt? A) (1) C) (3) 18) What is the pH of a 0.020 M Ba(OH)2 solution? A) 1.40 B) 12.60 C) 12.30 D) 1.70 B) (2) D) none of the above

17)

18)

19) When dissolved in water, which of the following compounds is an Arrhenius acid? A) NaF B) HCN C) NaOH D) CH3 CH2 OH

19)

20) From the following chemical reactions determine the relative BrMnsted-Lowry base strengths (strongest to weakest). HNO3 (aq) + H2 O(l) ¬ H3 O+(aq) + NO3 - (aq) HF(aq) + H2O(l) Ì H3O+(aq) + F- (aq) A) F- > H2 O > NO 3C) HNO3 > H3O+ > HF B) F- > NO3 - > H2 O D) NO3 - > H2 O > F-

20)

21) What is the hydronium ion concentration of an acid rain sample that has a pH of 3.35? A) 4.47 ˛ 10-4 M B) 3.35 M C) 2.24 ˛ 10-11 M D) 10.65 M

21)

3

8-6.17 D) 10.0 .2-4.4 M pyridine solution that has Kb = 1.0 27) 4 . A) 100.7.4 4.0 HIn π Inred-yellow red-yellow yellow-blue colorless-pink B) 6. decrease B) 100. decrease 23) 24) Which one of the following can behave either as a BrMnsted-Lowry acid or a BrMnsted-Lowry base in an aqueous solution reaction? A) H3 PO4 B) HI C) HSO3 D) NH 3 25) What is the pH of a 2.2 . where X = A.6 8.0 C) 3. B.4.0 6.6 pH range 3. H2X or HX. or D? A) A B) B C) C D) D 22) 23) The percent dissociation of acetic acid changes as the concentration of the acid decreases.9 ˛ 10-9? The equation for the dissociation of pyridine is C5 H5N(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì C5 H5 NH +(aq) + OH-(aq).2 .4 Solution X yellow yellow green colorless D) 8.83 C) 4.22) Of the elements indicated on the periodic table shown above. A) 8. increase D) 10.2-10. which forms the weakest binary acid.10. increase C) 10.72 B) 9.8 . C. A 100-fold decrease in acetic acid concentration results in a ________ fold ________ in the percent dissociation.0-7.6.83 24) 25) 26) What is the conjugate base of the BrMnsted-Lowry acid HPO4 2-? A) HPO4 2B) H3PO4 C) PO43D) H2 PO4 - 26) 27) What is the approximate pH of a solution X that gives the following responses with the indicators shown? Indicators methyl orange methyl red bromthymol blue phenolphthalein A) 4.

/H2 O and H 3O+/SO4 2D) HSO4 .2 ˛ 10-3 M C) 4.0% C) 0. the K a = 1.and H3O+/H2O 30) The following pictures represent solutions of three salts MA.3 ˛ 10-2 M 28) 29) Vinegar is a 5. A) 1.44 B) 5.00 ˛ 10-10 M 33) 34) 5 .89 32) 33) What is the hydroxide ion concentration of a lye solution that has a pH of 11.10 M H 2Se solution that has the stepwise dissociation constants Ka1 = 1.3 ˛ 10-3 M B) 4.28) What is the hydronium ion concentration of a 0.5% 29) 30) Identify the conjugate acid/base pairs present in an aqueous solution of hydrogen sulfate ion.47% D) 1.ions. black spheres represent oxygen atoms.0% solution by weight of acetic acid (CH3 COOH) in water. HSO4 -./H2 O and H2 SO4 /OHB) HSO4 .80 M C) 6. 31) Which picture represents a basic salt? A) (1) C) (3) B) (2) D) none of the above 31) 32) What is the pH of a 0.0 ˛ 10-11 ? A) 2.58 ˛ 10-3 M B) 2. A) H2 SO4 /HSO4 .00 ˛ 10-12 M B) 5.31 ˛ 10-12 M D) 11.50 ˛ 10-3 M in hydroxide ion? A) 4.20? A) 1.2 ˛ 10-2 M D) 1. gray spheres represent Mx+ ions.8 ˛ 10-5? The equation for the dissociation of acetic acid is: CH3 CO 2H(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + CH3 CO 2 .00 g/cm3 .100 M acetic acid solution with a Ka = 1./SO4 2.50 C) 4.00 ˛ 10-11 M D) 4.41. water molecules have been omitted for clarity.00 ˛ 10-12 M C) 4. and unshaded spheres represent hydrogen atoms.(aq).20 M 34) Calculate the hydronium ion concentration in an aqueous solution that contains 2.89 D) 3. Dotted spheres represent Ay.and H2 O/OHC) HSO4.0% B) 5.3 ˛ 10-4 and K a2 = 1.8 ˛ 10-5 and assuming the density of vinegar to be 1. what is the percent dissociation of acetic acid in vinegar? A) 4. Given that the pH for acetic acid is 2.

A) 0.3 ˛ 10-4 M 35) 36) What is the pH of a solution prepared by mixing 100.3 ˛ 10-7 and K a2 = 5.0 ˛ 10-4 B) 5.41 ˛ 10-11 M C) acidic.15 ˛ 10-4 M is ________ and has a hydrogen ion concentration of ________. 2.78 D) 0.41 ˛ 10-11 M 40) 41) Determine the acid dissociation constant for a 0. A) 4. C.0 ˛ 10-4 C) 8.010 M nitrous acid solution that has a pH of 2.41 ˛ 10-10 M D) basic.41 ˛ 10-10 M B) acidic.(aq) ¬ Fe(CN)6 3-(aq) + 6 H2 O(l). HCO3 -.10 M HCl? Assume that the volumes are additive. B.70. A) Fe(H2 O)6 3+ B) H2O C) CND) Fe3+ 39) 40) A solution with a hydroxide ion concentration of 4.0 ˛ 10-3 D) 2.(aq).00 mL of 0.00 mL of 0. A) basic. Nitrous acid is a weak monoprotic acid and the equilibrium equation of interest is HNO2 (aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + NO2 .040 M H 2 CO 3 solution that has the stepwise dissociation constants K a1 = 4.70 C) 0.6 ˛ 10-11 .0 ˛ 10-3 41) 6 . 2.20 M HCl with 50. in a 0. 2. where X = A.35) Calculate the concentration of bicarbonate ion. or D? A) A B) B C) C D) D 38) 39) Identify the Lewis acid that acts as a reactant in the following reaction Fe(H2 O) 63+(aq) + 6 CN. A) 4. which forms the weakest oxoacid acid with the formula H2 XO3 or HXO3.52 36) 37) Which one of the following species acts as an acid in water? A) NaH B) NH4 + C) C6 H6 37) D) CH3 NH 2 38) Of the elements indicated on the periodic table shown above.3 ˛ 10-7 M B) 1. 2.7 ˛ 10-8 M C) 5.15 B) 1.6 ˛ 10-11 M D) 1.

) A) picture (a) B) picture (b) C) picture (c) D) picture (d) 42) 43) What is the strongest acid among the following? A) H2 O B) HF C) H2 S D) HCl 43) 7 .42) Which of the above pictures represents a solution of a weak diprotic acid H2A for which Ka1 >> Ka2? (Water molecules have been omitted for clarity.

3.30 D) 2.18 B) 6. C) accept a proton.82 D) 6. CH3 CO 2 H.67 ˛ 10-11 M.50 ˛ 10-4 M? A) 6. is 1.44) Which of the above pictures represents a solution of a diprotic acid H2 A for which Ka1 = « and Ka2 is exceptionally small. Ka for acetic acid.67 ˛ 10-10 M.60 C) 11.28 C) 2.00 mL of 0. 9. B) donate a proton.67 ˛ 10-10 M.) A) picture (a) B) picture (b) C) picture (c) D) picture (d) 44) 45) What is the hydroxide ion concentration and the pH for a hydrochloric acid solution that has a hydronium ion concentration of 1. (Water molecules have been omitted for clarity.98 B) 11. D) donate a hydroxide ion.200 M NaCH3 CO 2 solution. A) 4.67 ˛ 10-11 M. 10.020 M Ba(OH)2 with enough water to produce a total volume of 250.00 mL? A) 2. 4.70 46) 47) A BrMnsted-Lowry acid is best defined as a substance that can A) accept a hydroxide ion.18 45) 46) What is the pH of a solution prepared by diluting 25.8 ˛ 10-5. 47) 48) Calculate the pH of a 0.72 D) 9.40 B) 11.82 C) 6.02 48) 8 .

00 C) [H3 O+] < 1 ˛ 10-7 M.30 C) 1.10 M HNO3 . pH > 7.00 D) [H3 O+] < 1 ˛ 10-7 M. A) HZ < HX < HY B) HY < HZ < HX C) HX < HZ < HY D) HZ < HY < HX 49) 50) What is the hydronium ion concentration of an acid rain sample that has a pH of 3. A) [H3 O+] > 1 ˛ 10-7 M.85 M 51) What is the pH of a solution made by mixing 100.10 B) 0. where X = A. or D? A) A B) B C) C D) D 53) 9 . Y. pH > 7. water molecules have been omitted for clarity. 50.20 M HCl. which forms the strongest oxoacid acid with the formula H2 XO3 or HXO3.0 mL of 0. 49) Arrange the acids in order of increasing value of percent dissociation.0 mL of 0.00 B) [H3 O+] > 1 ˛ 10-7 M.00 52) 53) Of the elements indicated on the periodic table shown above. and 100. or Z).00 D) 0. B.08 ˛ 10-4 M C) 1. pH < 7.0 mL of water? Assume that the volumes are additive.15 M B) 7.41 ˛ 10-11 M D) 10. A) 1.15? A) 3. pH < 7.The following pictures represent equal volumes of aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X.82 50) 51) 52) An acidic solution at 25e C will have a hydronium ion concentration ________ and a pH value ________. C.

water molecules have been omitted for clarity.32 10 . HClO4 (sol) + CH3 COOH(l) ¬ CH3 C2 (OH)2 +(sol) + ClO4.52 B) 1. Y. or Z).20 M H2 SO3 solution that has the stepwise dissociation constants Ka1 = 1. 54) 55) From the following chemical reactions determine the relative BrMnsted-Lowry acid strengths (strongest to weakest).5 ˛ 57) 10-2 and K a2 = 6.3 ˛ 10-8. A) 2. 54) Which acid has the smallest value of Ka ? A) HZ C) HX B) HY D) All have the same Ka value.82 C) 1.(aq) H2SO4(sol) + CH3 COOH(l) Ì CH3 C(OH)2 +(sol) + HSO4 -(sol) A) HClO4 > H2 SO4 > CH3 C(OH)2 + C) HClO4 > CH3 COOH > H2SO4 56) What is the strongest acid among the following? A) H2 SO4 B) H2SO3 C) H2 SeO4 D) H2 SeO3 B) HClO4 > H2SO4 > CH3 COOH D) HClO4 > CH3 C(OH)2 + > H2 SO4 55) 56) 57) Calculate the pH of a 0.26 D) 1.The following pictures represent aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X.

03 C) 1.37 60) 61) What is the pH of a solution prepared by mixing 100.6 ˛ 10-11 .30 M pyridine solution that has a Kb = 1.5 M B) 3.55 M 62) 63) What is the hydronium ion concentration of a 0. The equation for the dissociation of NH3 (Kb = 1.00 mL of 0.020 M Ca(OH)2 with 50.25 B) 4.38 C) 8.25 C) 12.50.62 B) 10. H2O.00 mL of 0.9 ˛ 10-4 M C) 5. H2 CO 3(aq).7 ˛ 10-3 M D) 0.70 D) 6. 100 M NaOH? Assume that the volumes are additive.100 M hypochlorous acid solution with Ka = 3. A) D < C < B < A B) D < A < C < B C) D < C < A < B D) D < B < A < C 58) 59) What are the BrMnsted-Lowry bases in the following chemical reaction C5 H5N(aq) + H 2 O(l) Ì C5 H5 NH+(aq) + OH-(aq)? A) C5 H5 N. that has the stepwise dissociation constants Ka1 = 4.The following pictures represent aqueous solutions of binary acids of the type HA where the water molecules have been omitted for clarity.3 ˛ 10-7 and Ka2 = 5.(aq) A) 2.8 ˛ 10-5) is NH 3(aq) + H2O(l) Ì NH4 +(aq) + OH.9 ˛ 10-5 M B) 1.72 D) 9. OH- 59) 60) Calculate the pH of a 0.78 B) 13.2 ˛ 10-3 M C) 5.38 64) 11 . 58) Arrange the acids in order of increasing acid strength.9 ˛ 10-5 M 63) 64) What is the pH of a 0.95 D) 12.9 ˛ 10-4 M D) 1.9 ˛ 10-9 ? The equation for the dissociation of pyridine is C5 H5N(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì C5 H5 NH +(aq) + OH-(aq)? A) 4. A) 10. OHD) C5 H5 N.67 61) 62) Determine the ammonia concentration of an aqueous solution that has a pH of 11.020 M carbonic acid solution. C 5 H5 NH + B) C5 H5 N. H2 O C) C5 H5 N. A) 5.5 ˛ 10-8? The equation for the dissociation of hypochlorous acid is: HOCl(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + OCl-(aq). A) 12.

CO2 is the Lewis acid and H2 O is the Lewis base. which will behave as a Lewis acid toward OH. KBr. CO2 is the Lewis acid and H2 O is the Lewis base. what is the Lewis acid and the Lewis base? 70) A) Picture (2) is correct.in water? A) only CO2 C) Cu2+ and CO2 B) only Cu2+ D) neither Cu2+ nor CO2 68) D) Fe 69) 70) CO 2 reacts with H2O to form HCO3. produces the solution with the highest pH? A) NaHSO4 B) MgO C) LiClO4 D) CH3 NH 3I 67) 68) Which one of the following is expected to be the strongest Lewis acid? A) Fe+ B) Fe3+ C) Fe2+ 69) For Cu2+ and CO2 . C) Picture (1) is correct.65) Arrange the following 0. when dissolved in water. HBr. HBr B) HBr. 12 .and H+. NaOH 65) 66) The compound BF3 can be described as a(n) ________. NH4 Br. A) Lewis base C) Lewis acid B) Arrhenius acid D) BrMnsted-Lowry acid 66) 67) Which one of the following salts. HBr C) NaOH. KBr. KBr. NaCH 3 CO 2 . A) NaOH. D) Picture (2) is correct. NH4 Br. NaCH3 CO 2 . NaCH 3 CO 2 . Which picture below correctly represents the curved arrow notation for the initial Lewis acid-Lewis base interaction in this reaction. NaOH D) HBr. NH4 Br. NH4 Br. NH4 Br.10 M aqueous solutions in order of increasing pH NaOH. NaCH3 CO 2 . H2 O is the Lewis acid and CO2 is the Lewis base. H2 O is the Lewis acid and CO2 is the Lewis base. KBr. NaCH3 CO 2 . KBr. B) Picture (1) is correct.

A) 1.2 g/mol)is one of the most commonly used acids for standardizing solutions containing bases.00 mL? A) 2.80 g of KHP is dissolved in enough water to produce 25.8 ˛ 10-2 M B) 0.30 75) 13 .00 mL of 0. A) HY < HZ < HX B) HZ < HY < HX C) HZ < HX < HY D) HX < HZ < HY 71) 72) Potassium hydrogen phthalate (molar mass = 204. A) 5. or Z).(aq).60 D) 3.00 D) 1. 71) Arrange the three acids in order of increasing acid strength. KHP is a monoprotic weak acid with Ka = 3. when dissolved in water.95 C) 4. The equation for the dissociation of NH3 (Kb = 1.055 M C) 1. Y.00.41 B) 1.0 M 73) 74) Which one of the following salts. Calculate the pH of the solution that results when 0.91 ˛ 10-6.00 B) 2.60 C) 1. produces the solution with the highest pH? A) MgO B) CH3 NH3 I C) LiClO4 D) NaHSO4 74) 75) What is the pH of a solution prepared by diluting 50.8 ˛ 10-5) is NH3 (aq) + H2 O(l) Ì NH4 +(aq) + OH.0 ˛ 10-3 M D) 3.11 72) 73) Determine the ammonia concentration of an aqueous solution that has a pH of 11. water molecules have been omitted for clarity.0 mL of solution.10 M HCl with enough water to produce a total volume of 100.The following pictures represent aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X.

Y.> NH3 > OH- 76) The following pictures represent aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X.> OH.> NH3 > HC) H.> NH3 B) OH.> H. 78) Identify the BrMnsted-Lowry acids.> NH3 D) H. or Z). A) (2) and (3) B) (1) and (4) C) (1) and (3) D) (2) and (4) 78) 14 .(aq) A) OH. 2 NaH(s) + H2 O(l) ¬ 2 NaOH + H2 (g) NH3 (aq) + H2 O(l) Ì NH4 +(aq) + OH. 77) Which acid solution has the lowest pH? A) HX C) HY B) HZ D) All have the same pH.76) From the following chemical reactions determine the relative BrMnsted-Lowry base strengths (strongest to weakest). 77) In the following reaction the unshaded spheres represent H atoms. water molecules have been omitted for clarity.

8 ˛ 10-5? The equation for the dissociation of acetic acid is: CH3 CO 2H(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + CH3 CO 2 . A) 1.2 ˛ 10-3 M C) 1.11 B) 2.40 M H2 SO3 .51 ˛ 10-3 M.5 ˛ 10-2 and Ka2 = 6. which forms the strongest binary acid. C.82 D) 1. solution that has the stepwise dissociation constants Ka1 = 1. or D? A) A B) B C) C D) D 86) 15 . where X = A. What are the values of [H3 O+] and [OH-] in the solution? A) 3.200 M acetic acid solution with K a = 1.51 ˛ 10-3 M. when dissolved in water. A) 2.51 ˛ 10-3 M B) 2. the pH of a vinegar solution is 2.19 83) 84) Calculate the pH of a 0.3 ˛ 10-8.100 M solution of benzoic acid if K a = 6.(aq).5 ˛ 10-5 and the equilibrium equation of interest is HBz(aq) + H2O(l) Ì H3O+(aq) + Bz. 11. 11.79) What is the strongest acid among the following? A) Cl3 CCOOH B) CH3 COOH C) Cl2 CHCOOH D) ClCH2COOH 79) 80) Which one of the following salts.60.2 ˛ 10-2 M B) 4. B.(aq). H2 X or HX. 3.90 ˛ 10-2 M 81) 82) At 25eC. 2.40 M D) 2.99 ˛ 10-12 M C) 2.00? A) NaHSO4 B) NH4 Cl C) RbI D) BaO 80) 81) What is the hydronium ion concentration of a 0. produces the solution with a pH closest to 7.19 C) 1. A) 4.99 ˛ 10-12 M.59 B) 5.00 D) 4.60 M.15 84) 85) Which one of the following is least able to behave as a Lewis base? A) CH3NH 2 B) (CH3 )3NH + C) (CH3 )3 N 85) D) (CH3 )2 NH 86) Of the elements indicated on the periodic table shown above.40 M 82) 83) Benzoic acid (C6 H5COOH = HBz) solutions are sometimes used in experiments to determine the molarity of basic solution of unknown concentration. What is the pH of a 0.22 C) 1.90 ˛ 10-3 M D) 1.

87) Calculate the pH of a 0. A) 6.03 D) 10. produces the solution with the highest pH? A) KCl B) KBr C) KI D) KF 91) 92) Dihydrogen phosphate H2PO4 -. has an acid dissociation constant of 6. when dissolved in water.0 ˛ 10-9.100 M KBrO solution.25 87) The following pictures represent aqueous solutions of binary acids of the type HA where the water molecules have been omitted for clarity. 88) Determine the strongest acid of the set.85 93) 16 . HCl(aq) + H2 O(l) ¬ H3 O+(aq) + Cl-(aq) HCN(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + CN. Ka for hypobromousacid.6 ˛ 10-11 . 1.37 B) 1.020 M carbonic acid solution.and what is its base dissociation constant? A) HPO4 2-. which compound is generally considered to be an Arrhenius acid? A) K CN B) NaOH C) CH3 OH D) H2 CO 3 90) 91) Which one of the following salts. A) 9.15 C) 4.6 ˛ 10-8 D) H3 PO4 . What is the conjugate base of H2 PO4 .85 D) 10.6 ˛ 106 C) HPO4 2-. H2 CO 3(aq).(aq) A) HCl > H3 O+ > HCN C) H3 O+ > HCl > HCN B) HCl > HCN > H3O+ D) HCN > H3 O+ > HCl 89) 90) When dissolved in water. HBrO. 1. is 2. A) A B) B C) C D) D 88) 89) From the following chemical reactions determine the relative BrMnsted-Lowry acid strengths (strongest to weakest). 1.6 ˛ 10-8 B) H3 PO4 .2 ˛ 10-7.3 ˛ 10-7 and Ka2 = 5.70 C) 4. that has the stepwise dissociation constants Ka1 = 4.6 ˛ 106 92) 93) Calculate the pH of a of 0. 1.15 B) 3.

NH3 .00 L of aqueous Ca(OH)2 (limewater)? CaO(s) + H2 O(l) ¬ Ca2+(aq) + 2 OH. CH3 C(OH)2+ 95) Identify the set of Lewis acids.87 C) 2. CO2 C) H3 PO4. OH . or Z). PO4 3B) HBr.3 ˛ 10-5 M C) 1.83 B) 1. is a strong acid? A) All are strong acids. C) HX and HZ B) HY D) None are strong acids.13 98) 17 .0 ˛ 10-11 ? A) 1..(aq) A) 11. BF3. H2PO4 -.75 grams of solid CaO (lime) in enough water to make 2. BrC) CH3COOH. if any. HPO4 2-.94) What are the BrMnsted-Lowry acids in the following chemical reaction HBr(sol) + CH3COOH(sol) Ì CH3 C(OH)2 +(sol) + Br-(sol)? A) CH3COOH. A) BH3 . CH 3 COOH 94) 95) B) CH3 . 97) 98) What is the pH of a solution prepared by dissolving 0. OH .6 ˛ 10-3 M The following pictures represent aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X. water molecules have been omitted for clarity..3 ˛ 10-4 M D) 3. H2 O 96) 96) What is the selenide ion concentration [Se2-] for a 0.. Cu 2+. 97) Which acid.. NH2.3 ˛ 10-4 and Ka2 = 1.0 ˛ 10-11 M B) 1. CH 3 C(OH)2 + D) HBr. Y.100 M H2 Se solution that has the stepwise dissociation constants of Ka1 = 1.17 D) 12. FD) Cl..

H3 PO4 C) carbonic acid .H2CO 3 .H2 SO3 B) hydrocyanic acid .2 g/mol) is one of the most commonly used acids for standardizing solutions containing bases.H2SO4. OHB) NH 3. NH4 + and H2 O.44 B) 5.HCOOH.0 mL of solution. NH4 + D) NH 3.and H2 O. acetic acid .CH3 COOH D) formic acid . sulfurous acid . A) (1) and (3) B) (2) and (3) C) (2) and (4) D) (1) and (4) 100) 101) What are the conjugate acid-base pairs in the following chemical reaction NH3 (aq) + H2 O(l) Ì NH4 +(aq) + OH.91 ˛ 10-6.3 ˛ 10-4 and K a2 = 1. OH .H2 S. A) 2.H2CO 3 .99) Which of the following are weak diprotic acids? A) carbonic acid .H2 C2 O4 . phosphoric acid .30 C) 2.50 ˛ 10-3 M in hydronium ion.89 D) 3. sulfuric acid . 99) 100) Identify the BrMnsted-Lowry acids.40 g of KHP is dissolved in enough water to produce 25. Calculate the pH of the solution that results when 0.41 102) 103) What statement is most consistent for an acid with a pH = 3? A) half a strong as an acid with a pH = 5 B) one hundred times as strong as an acid with a pH = 5 C) twice as strong as an acid with a pH of 5 D) one one-hundredth as strong as an acid with a pH of 5 104) Calculate the hydroxide ion concentration in an aqueous solution that contains 3.26 B) 4. A) 3. benzoic acid C6 H5 COOH In the following reaction the unshaded spheres represent H atoms.86 ˛ 10-12 M B) 2.86 ˛ 10-4 M C) 3. KHP is a monoprotic weak acid with Ka = 3.89 103) 104) 105) 18 . oxalic acid .50 C) 4.0 ˛ 10-11 ? A) 2.10 M H2Se solution that has the stepwise dissociation constants Ka1 = 1. OH - 101) 102) Potassium hydrogen phthalate (molar mass = 204. hydrosulfuric acid .50 ˛ 10-12 M D) 2. acetic acid CH3 COOH.86 ˛ 10-11 M 105) What is the pH of a 0. H2O and NH4 +.10 D) 5.HCN.(aq)? A) NH3 and NH4 + C) NH3 .

water molecules have been omitted for clarity.00 mL? A) 2.00 106) 107) If the ionization constant of water. Kw.71 ˛ 10-7 M C) [H3 O+] > 1.25 ˛ 10-2 M is ________ and has a hydroxide concentration of ________.60 C) 3. at 40eC is 2.92 ˛ 10-14 then what is the hydronium ion concentration for a neutral solution? A) [H3 O+] < 1. or Z). 3.106) What is the pH of a solution prepared by diluting 25.20 D) 1.71 ˛ 10-7 M 107) 108) What is the relationship between Ka and Kb at 25e C for a conjugate acid base pair? A) Kb/Ka = 1 ˛ 10-14 C) Ka ˛ Kb = 1 ˛ 10-14 B) Ka /Kb = 1 ˛ 10-14 D) Ka + Kb = 1 ˛ 10-14 108) The following pictures represent aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X. 109) Which acid has the lowest percent dissociation? A) HZ C) HX B) HY D) All have the same percent dissociation. 3.71 ˛ 10-7 M B) [H3 O+] > 1.00 ˛ 10-7 M D) [H3 O+] = 1. 3.08 ˛ 10-12 M 110) 19 .08 ˛ 10-12 M B) acidic. 109) 110) A solution with a hydrogen ion concentration of 3.00 mL of 0. 3.00 B) 1.08 ˛ 10-13 M D) basic.08 ˛ 10-13 M C) basic. A) acidic. Y.10 M HCl with enough water to produce a total volume of 100.

50% C) 3. Y-.15 ˛ 10-4 M hydroxide ion.65 ˛ 10-12 113) The following pictures represent equal volumes of aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X.59? The acid dissociation constant for this monoprotic acid is 6. Dotted spheres represent Ay. A) 2. 111) Which picture represents an acidic salt? A) (1) C) (3) B) (2) D) none of the above 111) 112) What is the percent dissociation of a benzoic acid solution with pH = 2. or Z. gray spheres represent Mx+ ions. A) Z.< YD) Y .65 ˛ 10-11 B) 2.5% D) 1. water molecules have been omitted for clarity. 114) Arrange the conjugate bases (A..The following pictures represent solutions of three salts MA. black spheres represent oxygen atoms.ions.< X. 114) 115) 116) Calculate the pH for an aqueous solution of pyridine that contains 2.15 ˛ 10-4 C) 10.< YC) Z.15 ˛ 10-3 M hydronium ion.) in order of increasing base strength. A) 2.33 C) 2.15 ˛ 10-3 D) 4.67 116) 20 .< Y.< Z. or Z).< X115) What is the strongest acid of the following? A) HOBr C) HOCl B) HOI D) All are equivalent. A) 4.67 B) 11.< XB) X.5 ˛ 10-5.5% 112) 113) Calculate the pH for an aqueous solution of acetic acid that contains 2. water molecules have been omitted for clarity. and unshaded spheres represent hydrogen atoms.33 D) 3.= X.< Z. Y.5% B) 0.

010 M H2 CO 3 solution that has the stepwise dissociation constants K a1 = 4. 117) B) [H3 O+] < 1 ˛ 10-7 M > [OH.6 ˛ 10-11 .6 ˛ 10-5 M D) 4. C) [H3 O+] > 1 ˛ 10-7 M > [OH.3 ˛ 10-7 M C) 6.]. D) [H3 O+] > [OH.57 B) 11. 121) What is the pH of a solution prepared by dissolving 0.] > 1 ˛ 10-7 M.87 120) 121) 21 .3 ˛ 10-7 and K a2 = 5.13 D) 2.(aq) A) 2. is the resulting solution acidic. or neutral? A) neutral B) basic C) acidic D) There is insufficient information provided to answer this question.15 gram of solid CaO (lime) in enough water to make 2. A) 5.43 C) 11.00 L of aqueous Ca(OH)2 (limewater)? CaO(s) + H2 O(l) ¬ Ca2+(aq) + 2 OH. basic. in a 0.117) An acidic solution at 25e C has A) [H3 O+] = [OH-] > 1 ˛ 10-7 M. HCO3 -.].6 ˛ 10-11 M B) 4. 118) D) F119) 118) Which BrMnsted-Lowry base has the strongest conjugate acid? A) CNB) CH3 CO 2C) NO3 - 119) Calculate the concentration of bicarbonate ion.3 ˛ 10-9 M 120) If an equal number of moles of the weak acid CH3 CO 2 H and the strong base KOH are added to water.

> Z- B) X. or Z-).> Y- C) Z. water molecules and Na + ions have been omitted for clarity.> XZ- D) Y .122) The following pictures represent solutions of three salts NaA (A.86 ˛ 10-12 M 125) What is the strongest acid among the following? A) HBr B) HF C) HCl D) HI 124) 125) 22 .> X123) 123) From the following chemical reactions determine the relative BrMnsted-Lowry acid strengths (strongest to weakest)..50 ˛ 10-12 M D) 2. 122) A) X..(aq) HNO2 (aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + NO2 .86 ˛ 10-4 M B) 2.> Y.> Z.(aq) A) H3 O+ > HNO2 > HClO4 C) H3 O+ > HClO4 > HNO2 B) HClO4 > H3O+ > HNO2 D) HClO4 > HNO2 > H3 O+ 124) Calculate the hydroxide ion concentration in an aqueous solution that contains 3.> Y.86 ˛ 10-11 M C) 3. Y. HClO4 (aq) + H2 O(l) ¬ H3O+(aq) + ClO4 .> Z.= X.ions in order of decreasing base strength. Arrange the three A.50 ˛ 10-3 M in hydronium ion? A) 2.

126) Arrange the acids in order of increasing acid strength. Y. H2 O is the Lewis acid and SO3 is the Lewis base.100 M hypochlorous acid solution with Ka = 3. SO3 is the Lewis acid and H2 O is the Lewis base. B) Picture (2) is correct.7 ˛ 10-4.9 ˛ 10-5 B) 1. A) HZ < HY < HX B) HZ < HX < HY C) HY < HZ < HX D) HX < HZ < HY 126) 127) What is the hydronium ion concentration of a 0. A) 5.22 130) D) CH4 129) 130) Which acid of the following set has the strongest conjugate base? A) HF B) NH3 C) H2 O 23 . A) 1. water molecules have been omitted for clarity.100 M CH3 NH3 Cl solution.9 ˛ 10-4 C) 5.9 ˛ 10-5 D) 5.The following pictures represent equal volumes of aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X.22 D) 2.78 C) 8. CH3 NH2 . 129) Calculate the pH of a 0. SO3 is the Lewis acid and H2 O is the Lewis base. what is the Lewis acid and the Lewis base? 128) A) Picture (2) is correct. C) Picture (1) is correct. H2 O is the Lewis acid and SO3 is the Lewis base. is 3. or Z).9 ˛ 10-4 127) 128) SO3 reacts with H2 O to form H2 SO4 . K b for methylamine.78 B) 11.5 ˛ 10-8? The equation for the dissociation of hypochlorous acid is: HOCl(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + OCl-(aq). Which picture below correctly represents the curved arrow notation for the initial Lewis acid-Lewis base interaction in this reaction. D) Picture (1) is correct.

) in order of increasing value of K b. p-H 2 NC6H4 (COOH). is used in some sunscreens and hair conditioning products.(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì SO4 2-(aq) + H3 O+(aq) D) HSO4.in water.) < Kb(X.25 B) 12. A) 13.) < Kb(Z.2 ˛ 10-5..020 M Ca(OH)2 with 50.) < K b(X-) < Kb(Y.52 C) 4.030 M and Ka = 2.) 138) What is the strongest acid among the following? A) H2 O B) H2Te 24 C) H2 S D) H2 Se B) Kb(Y.131) Para-Aminobenzoic acid (PABA). 137) Arrange the conjugate bases (A. A) Kb(X.(aq) B) HSO4.) < Kb(Y. or Z.])/([H3 PO4 ]) 136) The following pictures represent equal volumes of aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X.) < K b(Z-) < Kb(Y.100 M NaOH? Assume that the volumes are additive. Y-.= X.18 B) 1.00 mL of 0.) C) Kb(Z.95 D) 12.) D) Kb(Z.09 131) 132) Which of the following BrMnsted-Lowry acids does not behave as a strong acid when it is dissolved in water? A) HBr B) HCl C) HClO4 D) HNO2 132) 133) Write a balanced equation for the dissociation of the BrMnsted-Lowry acid HSO4 .(aq) 134) What is the pH of a solution prepared by mixing 100.(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì SO3 2-(aq) + OH. water molecules have been omitted for clarity. A) HSO4. or Z).) < Kb(X.) 137) 138) .66 D) 3.(aq) + H2 O(l) C) HSO4.00 mL of 0. Calculate the pH of an aqueous solution with [PABA] = 0. A) 6. Y.(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì SO3 (g) + OH.(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H2 SO4 (aq) + OH.78 C) 12.]) C) Ka2 = ([H3O+]2[HPO4 2-])/([H3 PO4 ]) B) Ka2 = ([H3 O+]3[PO43-])/([H3PO4 ]) D) Ka2 = ([H3 O+][H 2 PO4.67 133) 134) 135) What is the weakest acid among the following? A) H2 S B) HCl C) SiH 4 D) PH3 135) 136) What is the second stepwise equilibrium constant expression for phosphoric acid H3 PO4? A) Ka2 = ([H3O+][HPO4 2-])/([H2 PO4.

139) What is the hydronium ion concentration and the pH for an aqueous solution of NH3 that has a hydroxide ion concentration of 2. 11.44 ˛ 10-11 M.65 B) 4. or Z).44 ˛ 10-12 M. Which picture below correctly represents the curved arrow notation for the initial Lewis acid-Lewis base interaction in this reaction.25 ˛ 10-3 M? A) 4.35 D) 4. 10. Y. NH3 is the Lewis acid and BF3 is the Lewis base. NH3 is the Lewis acid and BF3 is the Lewis base. 3. 2. BF3 is the Lewis acid and NH3 is the Lewis base. A) HY < HZ < HX B) HZ < HY < HX C) HX < HZ < HY D) HZ < HX < HY 140) 141) BF3 and NH3 undergo a Lewis acid-base reaction forming an adduct.44 ˛ 10-11 M. water molecules have been omitted for clarity. 25 .65 C) 4. B) Picture (1) is correct. C) Picture (4) is correct. 140) Arrange the acids in order of increasing pH.35 139) The following pictures represent equal volumes of aqueous solutions of three acids HA (A = X.44 ˛ 10-12 M. BF3 is the Lewis acid and NH3 is the Lewis base. D) Picture (3) is correct. what is the Lewis acid and the Lewis base? 141) A) Picture (2) is correct.

58 ˛ 10-4 M B) 6.44 ˛ 10-11 M and 3.25 ˛ 10-3 M? A) 4. when dissolved in water.35 142) 143) 144) 145) Which one of the following salts.20 M HCl with 50.78 B) 1.142) What is the hydronium ion concentration and the pH for an aqueous solution of NH3 that has a hydroxide ion concentration of 2.(aq).70 C) 0. A) NH3 B) Co(H 2 O)6 3+ C) Co3+ D) H2 O B) 4.00? A) NH4 I B) CsCl C) Na2 O D) KHCO3 145) 146) Which one of the following is not considered to be a Lewis base? A) NH3 B) NH4 + C) H2 O 146) D) Cl147) 147) What is the geometric shape of the hydrated proton. 144) Identify the Lewis acid that acts as a reactant in the following reaction Co(H 2 O)6 3+(aq) + 6 NH3 (aq) ¬ Co(NH 3)6 3+(aq) + 6 H2 O(l).00 mL of 0. produces the solution with a pH closest to 7. when dissolved in water.]) D) Ka = ([H3O+][CN. produces the solution with the lowest pH? A) MgCl 2 B) NH4 Cl C) AlCl3 D) NaCl 148) 149) What is the hydroxide ion concentration of a lye solution that has a pH of 10.80 M 150) What is the equilibrium constant expression (Ka ) for the acid dissociation of hydrocyanic acid HCN? The equation of interest is HCN(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + CN.44 ˛ 10-12 M and 2.15 D) 0.00 mL of 0.65 143) An Arrhenius base is best defined as a A) substance that dissociates in water to produce aqueous hydroxide ions. A) Ka = ([HCN][H2 O])/([H3 O+][CN -]) C) Ka = ([H3 O+][CN -])/([HCN][H 2 O]) B) Ka = ([HCN])/([H3O+][CN. the hydronium ion H3 O+? A) angular B) tetrahedral C) trigonal planar D) pyramidal 148) Which one of the following salts. B) hydroxide acceptor. D) proton donor.44 ˛ 10-11 M and 10.])/([HCN]) 149) 150) 151) What is the pH of a solution made by mixing 100. A) 0.20 M D) 3.52 151) 26 .20? A) 1.65 D) 4.44 ˛ 10-12 M and 11. that is.31 ˛ 10-11 M C) 10. C) substance that dissociates in water to produce aqueous hydrogen ions.10 M HCl? Assume that the volumes are additive.35 C) 4.

(aq).17 B) 6.8 ˛ 10-3 B) 1.82 D) 6.13 B) 1.100 M KBrO solution.15 ˛ 10-3 M hydronium ion.67 ˛ 10-8 M.15 ˛ 10-3 M D) 2.0 ˛ 10-9. AlCl3 B) NaCH 3CO 2 .8 ˛ 10-5 ? The equation for the dissociation of NH3 is NH 3(aq) + H2O(l) Ì NH4 +(aq) + OH.67 ˛ 10-8 M. KCl C) NH4 Cl.13 D) 2.87 157) 158) What is the hydroxide ion concentration and the pH for a hydrochloric acid solution that has a hydronium ion concentration of 1. A) 2. is 2. is the resulting solution acidic.67 ˛ 10-9 M.(aq). HBrO. NaCl.18 158) 159) Determine the acid dissociation constant for a 0. CuCl2 .152) Which of the following salts are acidic? A) LiCl.85 D) 9.100 M NH3 solution that has Kb = 1. or neutral? A) neutral B) acidic C) basic D) There is insufficient information provided to answer this question. 156) Calculate the pH of a 0.38 154) In the following chemical equation indicate the reactant that is a BrMnsted-Lowry acid HCN(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + CN.15 C) 10.41 ˛ 10-12 M B) 11. Na2 CO 3 152) 153) Calculate the pH for an aqueous solution of acetic acid that contains 4. NH 4 Cl.020 M formic acid solution that has a pH of 2. A) 4. A) 1.15 155) 156) 157) What is the pH of a 0.6 ˛ 10-4 159) 27 . 6.50 ˛ 10-6 M? A) 6. RbCH3 CO 2 D) NaCl. KCH3 CO 2 . 5.67 ˛ 10-9 M.74.87 C) 11.(aq)? A) 12.8 ˛ 10-4 C) 3.82 C) 6. K a for hypobromous acid.62 C) 4. 8. A) HCN B) H3O+ C) CND) H2 O 153) 154) 155) If an equal number of moles of the weak acid HCN and the strong base KOH are added to water. 7. basic.6 ˛ 10-5 D) 3. Formic acid is a weak monoprotic acid and the equilibrium equation of interest is HCOOH(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + HCO2.85 B) 3.

00 g/cm3 .10 M HCN (Ka = 4.00 C) 2. A) (1)/(3) and (2)/(4) B) (1)/(4) and (2)/(3) C) (1)/(2) and (3)/(4) 165) 28 . basic. Given that Ka = 1. A) (2) and (4) B) (2) and (3) C) (1) and (3) D) (1) and (4) 160) 161) What is the pH of a 0.040 M HClO4 solution? A) 0. 165) Identify the BrMnsted-Lowry acid/base conjugate pairs.0% solution by weight of acetic acid (CH3 COOH) in water.9 ˛ 10-10 ) are mixed together.60 161) 162) Equal volumes of 0.In the following reaction the unshaded spheres represent H atoms.40 D) 12. 160) Identify the BrMnsted-Lowry bases.8 ˛ 10-5) and 0.87 D) 4.74 164) In the following reaction the unshaded spheres represent H atoms.040 C) 1. what is the pH of this vinegar solution? A) 2.080 B) 0. Will the resulting solution be acidic.8 ˛ 10-5 for acetic acid and assuming the density of vinegar to be 1.41 B) 2.10 M NH3 (K b = 1. or neutral? A) basic C) neutral B) acidic D) insufficient information to solve 162) 163) Which BrMnsted-Lowry acid is not considered to be a strong acid in water? A) HBr B) H ClO4 C) HCl D) H NO2 163) 164) Vinegar is a 5.

100 M concentration? A) hypochlorous acid with K a = 3.13 C) 1.8 ˛ 10-8 D) hydrofluoric acid with K a = 3.57 B) 3.166) What is the pH of a 0. A) 5. Given that Ka = 3.87 B) 8.5 ˛ 10-4 174) 29 .8 ˛ 10-5? The equation for the dissociation of NH3 is NH 3 (aq) + H2 O(l) Ì NH4 +(aq) + OH.13 168) 169) A tablet containing 500.08 D) 2.5 ˛ 10-8 B) benzoic acid with Ka = 6. Ka for acetic acid.50 ˛ 10-4 M in hydroxide ion.100 M NaCH3 CO 2 solution.8 ˛ 10-5. A) 2.87 166) 167) What is the conjugate acid of the BrMnsted-Lowry base HAsO4 2-? A) H2 O B) H2AsO4 C) AsO43D) H3 O+ 167) 168) Calculate the pH of a 0.5 ˛ 10-5 C) acetic acid with Ka = 1. CH3 CO 2 H.(aq). what is the pH of the solution? A) 1.00 ˛ 10-11 M B) 4.00 ˛ 10-10 M C) 4.87 D) 2.52 C) 5.00 ˛ 10-9 M 173) What is the strongest acid among the following? A) HIO4 B) HIO C) HIO3 D) HIO2 172) 173) 174) What is the strongest monoprotic acid of the following set if all the acids are at 0.13 D) 11.0 mg of aspirin (acetylsalicyclic acid or HC9 H7O4 ) was dissolved in enough water to make 100 mL of solution. is 1. when dissolved in water. produces the solution with the highest pH? A) KI B) KF C) KCl D) KBr 171) 172) Calculate the hydronium ion concentration in an aqueous solution that contains 2.87 C) 5.54 169) 170) What is the strongest BrMnsted-Lowry acid in the chemical reaction shown below? 2 HNO3 (aq) + Ba(OH)2 (aq) ¬ Ba(NO3)2 (aq) + 2 H2 O(l) A) Ba(OH)2 B) HNO3 C) H2 O D) Ba(NO3 )2 170) 171) Which one of the following salts.100 M NH3 solution that has Kb = 1.13 B) 11. A) 12.0 ˛ 10-4 for aspirin.00 ˛ 10-11 M D) 4.

8-6.15 ˛ 10-4 M hydroxide ion.00 mL? A) 11.0 pH range 3.63 ˛ 10-11 D) 6. A) 10.6 .175) What is the approximate pH of a solution X that gives the following responses with the indicators shown? Indicators methyl orange methyl red bromthymol blue phenolphthalein A) 6.8.7.6 8.2 .0 Solution X yellow yellow green colorless D) 7.60 180) 30 .10.0 pH range 3.00 mL of 0.0 . 178) What is the equilibrium constant expression (Ka ) for the acid dissociation of nitrous acid HNO2 ? The equation of interest is HNO2 (aq) + H2 O(l) Ì H3 O+(aq) + NO2 .])/([HNO2 ][H 2 O]) D) Ka = ([HNO2 ][H 2O])/([H3 O+][NO 2.10 D) 11.2-4.020 M Ba(OH)2 with enough water to produce a total volume of 250.2 .]) 176) 177) 178) 179) What is the approximate pH of a solution X that gives the following responses with the indicators shown? Indicators methyl orange methyl red bromthymol blue phenolphthalein A) 6.6.(aq).0-7.0 6.6 HIn π Inred-yellow red-yellow yellow-blue colorless-pink B) 8.7.2-10.2 179) 180) What is the pH of a solution prepared by diluting 50.6 8.8 .4 Solution X yellow yellow green colorless D) 4.2 .0 C) 3.2-10.4. D) substance that dissociates in water to produce aqueous hydroxide ions.21 C) 1.4 4.2-4.8 .79 B) 3.0 175) 176) Calculate the pH for an aqueous solution of pyridine that contains 6.15 ˛ 10-4 177) An Arrhenius acid is best defined as a A) proton acceptor.0 C) 4. A) Ka = ([H3 O+][NO 2 -])/([HNO2]) C) Ka = ([HNO2 ])/([H3 O+][NO 2 -]) B) Ka = ([H3O+][NO2 .4 4.0 6.6 HIn π Inred-yellow red-yellow yellow-blue colorless-pink B) 8.0-7. B) substance that dissociates in water to produce aqueous hydrogen ions.0 .6.40 C) 2.10.8-6.90 B) 2. C) hydroxide donor.

87 C) 10.40 C) 13.13 B) 4.040 M Ba(OH)2 solution? A) 12.90 D) 1.3 ˛ 10-10 at 25e C) is an industrially important amine used in the making of dyes.9 ˛ 10-9 and the equation of interest is C5 H5N(aq) + H2 O(l) Ì C5 H5 NH +(aq) + OH-(aq).60 B) 1.42 g C) 0.30 C) 1. (C6H5 NH2 . A) 9.9 g B) 0. Kb = 4. A) 7.70 D) 0.79 g 182) 183) What is the pH of a 0.020 B) 12.181) What is the pH of a 0.90 g of aniline in enough water to make 100 mL of solution.10 183) 184) Aniline.74 184) 31 .020 M HClO4 solution? A) 0.040 181) 182) How many grams of pyridine are there in 100 mL of an aqueous solution that has a pH of 9.74 D) 9.00? The Kb for pyridine is 1. Determine the pH of an aniline solution made by dissolving 3.053 g D) 0.

TST 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 25) 26) 27) 28) 29) 30) 31) 32) 33) 34) 35) 36) 37) 38) 39) 40) 41) 42) 43) 44) 45) 46) 47) 48) 49) 50) A A B A A B A A B A D B D B D B C B B A A A C C B C A A C D A A A A D C B C D D B C D B B B B D B B 1 .Answer Key Testname: CHEM 1B_CH15_PT.

Answer Key Testname: CHEM 1B_CH15_PT.TST 51) 52) 53) 54) 55) 56) 57) 58) 59) 60) 61) 62) 63) 64) 65) 66) 67) 68) 69) 70) 71) 72) 73) 74) 75) 76) 77) 78) 79) 80) 81) 82) 83) 84) 85) 86) 87) 88) 89) 90) 91) 92) 93) 94) 95) 96) 97) 98) 99) 100) A B B C D A D B B B A D A D B C B B C B D D B A D C C A A C C B A D B D C B A D D C D B A A B D A D 2 .

Answer Key Testname: CHEM 1B_CH15_PT.TST 101) 102) 103) 104) 105) 106) 107) 108) 109) 110) 111) 112) 113) 114) 115) 116) 117) 118) 119) 120) 121) 122) 123) 124) 125) 126) 127) 128) 129) 130) 131) 132) 133) 134) 135) 136) 137) 138) 139) 140) 141) 142) 143) 144) 145) 146) 147) 148) 149) 150) C A B A A B D C C B B A A B C C C C C B B B B D D C C A A D D D C B C A A B B C A A A C B B D C A D 3 .

TST 151) 152) 153) 154) 155) 156) 157) 158) 159) 160) 161) 162) 163) 164) 165) 166) 167) 168) 169) 170) 171) 172) 173) 174) 175) 176) 177) 178) 179) 180) 181) 182) 183) 184) A C D A C C C B B D C A D A A B B B D B B C A D A A B A D A C B C A 4 .Answer Key Testname: CHEM 1B_CH15_PT.

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