UMTS Technology

Training Course

February 2008

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The content of this manual is provided for information only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Actix. Actix assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that appear in this documentation. Copyright © Actix 2008. All rights reserved. All trademarks are hereby acknowledged.

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Contents
1 CONFIGURING CELL SITES .............................................................................5
1.1 IMPORTING NETWORK DATA ................................................................................. 5 1.1.1 Obtaining Site Data in tabular format ........................................................ 5 1.1.2 Guidelines for formatting tabular data ....................................................... 7 1.1.3 Obtaining the file to be populated with formatted data ................................ 7 1.1.4 Importing the data ................................................................................. 8 1.2 UPDATING CELL SITE DATA ................................................................................ 13 1.2.1 Automatic import of Cell Site Data .......................................................... 13

2 CONFIGURING ANALYZER ............................................................................ 15
2.1 SETTING THE TOOLBAR SIZE ............................................................................... 15 2.2 MAP SCALE AND COORDINATES ........................................................................... 15 2.3 LOADING CELL SITE DATA ................................................................................. 15 2.4 DISPLAYING SITE LABELS .................................................................................. 16

3 EXPLORING THE WORKSPACE ........................................................................ 18
3.1 LOADING DATA FILES ....................................................................................... 18 3.1.1 Examining UMTS Handset Data .............................................................. 18 3.1.2 Examining technology-independent data ................................................. 21 3.1.3 Examining UMTS scanner data ............................................................... 21 3.2 THE FAVORITES GROUP ..................................................................................... 23 3.2.1 Sharing favorites .................................................................................. 24

4 VIEWING DATA ......................................................................................... 25
4.1.1 Modifying legend ranges ........................................................................ 25 4.1.2 More range display options .................................................................... 26 4.1.3 The Map Offset tool .............................................................................. 26 4.1.4 Adding annotations to a map ................................................................. 27 4.1.5 Formatting data labels on a map ............................................................ 28 4.1.6 The Drive Test Direction button .............................................................. 28 4.2 VIEWING DATA ON CHARTS................................................................................. 29 4.2.1 Modifying chart properties ..................................................................... 30 4.3 VIEWING DATA IN TABLES .................................................................................. 31 4.4 VIEWING DATA IN THE MESSAGE BROWSER ............................................................. 32 4.5 VIEWING DATA IN THE PROTOCOL STACK BROWSER ................................................... 34 4.6 VIEWING DATA IN WORKBOOKS ........................................................................... 35 4.7 VIEWING DATA IN STATE FORMS .......................................................................... 36 4.7.1 Using preconfigured StateForms ............................................................. 36 4.7.2 Viewing custom forms with the StateForms Editor .................................... 40 4.7.3 Modifying an existing StateForms file ...................................................... 40 4.7.4 Creating your own StateForms file .......................................................... 42

5 REPORTING UMTS NETWORK PERFORMANCE ..................................................... 45
5.1 APPLICATION PACKAGES.................................................................................... 45 5.1.1 Running Application Packs ..................................................................... 46 5.1.2 UMTS Drive Test Summary .................................................................... 47 5.1.3 UMTS CPICH Level Analysis ................................................................... 47 5.1.4 UMTS Call Statistics .............................................................................. 48
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.............. 70 6........................8 Running a Pre-Defined Report ..................................................................................5......1 EVENT DATA – CALL EVENTS .5.....1............................ 62 6....................5 UMTS Call Setup Analysis .............3.... 69 6.......................... 53 6 PERFORMING CUSTOM ANALYSIS ................ 90 7..................................................................... 48 5............... 82 7 SCANNER-BASED NETWORK ROLLOUT ANALYSES ..................3 BINNED QUERY ANALYSIS ... 57 6........................................................................................................................................5................................2 FILTER ANALYSIS .....................6................................ 82 6............................................................2 ServingCellDistance in Miles Histogram query .........................2 PRINT USING MAP LAYOUT DESIGNER ...................................................... 95 8...............................1......................................... 95 8............................................................2 Display the Crosstab query results...............5.........................1..................... 75 6...... 51 5.........................................................................................................2 EVENT DATA – RRC EVENTS .......................................................................4 SIMULATED ACTIVE SET .......................... 85 7..................................................................................................................................................3 Filter the Crosstab query results .1 ServingCellDistance in Miles Statistic Query ................2 Creating a custom filter ................. 63 6.....................5 CROSSTAB QUERY ANALYSIS .....1 Sort by Site and Sector Crosstab Query . 58 6..............4............1 ABOUT QUERIES ......5 EVENT DATA – HANDOFF EVENTS ..................2....... 85 7... 97 9............... 101 9............. 52 5....................2 Scanner Pilot Pollution Query .............. 62 6.1.......5.................6 UMTS Handoff Analysis ...... 48 5............5 EXPORT INDIVIDUAL MAP LAYERS TO MAPINFO ..3 Additional Binned Queries ............................. 58 6............ 48 5........................4 Additional Crosstab queries ................................................................................3 HANDOFF ANALYSIS .........................4 HISTOGRAM AND STATISTIC QUERY ANALYSIS .......................................................2................... 93 8 PRINTING MAPS ............. 78 6....................................3.................................................. 96 8.................................... 73 6.....................2.....................................................................................1 Creating a custom report ........ 95 8......................................................................................................................4 EVENT DATA – COVERAGE EVENTS .........7 UMTS Quality Analysis ............................2 CUSTOM REPORTS ................................................1 Displaying Event Queries ...................................3 Modifying a custom report ............................ 65 6....1 QUICK PRINT...................2............................2...3 COPY TO CLIPBOARD ..................................................................... 96 9 APPENDIX A – UMTS EVENT DEFINITIONS ............... 100 9......................................2 Running your report with new data ......................................................................................3................................................. 87 7............ 101 9......................... 60 6.........................................................2 Additional Event Queries .... 103 www............1 ServingCellDistance in Miles .........................4 EXPORT MAP TO A DIFFERENT FILE FORMAT .................................................. 75 6................. 51 5.................... 73 6...................................................................6........................4...................................................................... 57 6............ 96 8..................................................1 Working with pre-configured Filters ..............2 CPICH POLLUTION ANALYSIS ...................................................... 49 5............2. 57 6.......................................com ...............................actix.. 76 6.............................6 EVENT QUERY ANALYSIS ............................................. 69 6.......................................................3 EVENT DATA – RAB EVENTS ........1 NEIGHBOR LIST ANALYSIS . 97 9...................3 Additional custom filters ................

The data may come from a network database or a planning tool configuration file. Analyzer‟s Network Explorer allows you to import network element data. 1. Sector-specific information useful for display on maps (can be alpha or numeric) www. and how to configure the Automatic Import tool. the parameters listed in bold in the table on the following page are REQUIRED for cell data to function with logged data in the main workspace.txt.Actix UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Cell Sites 5 1 Configuring Cell Sites Before you can begin analyzing data. Numeric identifier for the site. As long as the data is in a tabular format with one row for each sector. Locates site icons on map. UMTS Cell Site Parameters for Import: Parameter Actix Group Actix Name Purpose Site Name Site Number Latitude Longitude Sector Number WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Cell SiteName SiteID Latitude Longitude Sector ID Text description of the site for display on map. This section describes how to import delimited data. A blank file. To provide your logfiles with geographical reference points. there are several system settings to configure. to be populated with formatted data.1 Importing Network Data The important thing to remember about the network data import process is that the process requires two files: A delimited text file that contains unformatted data arranged in tabular form. also known as a “cellrefs” file.actix. Locates site icons on map. you will need to obtain a delimited text file containing the data listed in the table below.com . To maximize the benefit your Actix Software can bring to UMTS network analysis. creating a cell plan file called cellrefs. It also lets you browse and edit this network information once it has been loaded. 1. applicable cell site database.1 Obtaining Site Data in tabular format In order to import cell site data from your own network. The Automatic Import feature provides an automated method of updating cell site information as changes are made to the network. All other parameters are optional. you will be able to import the data. with one row for each individual sector in a network.1. you will need to load some MapInfo maps and point the software to a valid. containing only Actix header information.

Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Cell Sites 6 Parameter Actix Group Actix Name Purpose Azimuth Beamwidth WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell Azimuth Beamwidth Orients the sector icons on the map. Governs the shape of the sector ‘wedge’ icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the site.actix.com . Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. Used during neighbor list recommendations analysis. Scrambling Code EIRP WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell SC EIRP Mobile Country Code Mobile Network Code Location Area Code Cell Identity BSIC Neighbor List WCDMA_Cell MCC WCDMA_Cell MNC WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell LAC WCDMA_CI BSIC WCDMANeighborList www. Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power – for informational purposes only Mobile Country Code – for informational purposes only National Domain Code – for informational purposes only Location Area Code – for informational purposes only Cell Identity – for informational purposes only Legacy parameter – unused Used to define a pre-defined neighbor list for each cell.

entries that have multiple sets of latitudes and longitudes for the same Site ID. the figure shows all of the REQUIRED fields. following these guidelines will provide the best results: 1 The Site ID field must contain a unique value for each site location.1. A valid cell site database is a text file in which the first line contains the text below: . Beware of nonunique Site IDs . the Excel spreadsheet must be saved as a TEXT file for import. Sites will appear skewed on the map if the latitude and longitude fields are transposed. as should latitudes with a 'South' notation. Longitudes that have a 'West' notation should be represented as a negative decimal. #NetworkData – datafile www. Though the columns can be in any order for import. 2 1. Position information must be accurate to display sites in the correct location on the map.3 Obtaining the file to be populated with formatted data Before importing new cells. Figure 1 .UMTS Cell Site Data Spreadsheet 1.they are used for labeling purposes only. Non-unique Site IDs will result in site markers appearing on the map without sector wedges.1.2 Guidelines for formatting tabular data Although cell-site data fields do not need to be listed in a particular order.com . ensure that your Actix Software is pointing to a valid cell site database.that is.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Cell Sites 7 The figure below is an example of a delimited UMTS file that could be used to import a site list. Site Names need not be unique .actix. Additionally.

1.1. Import From New Template to open the Select the appropriate network data file and click Open to display the Import Settings dialog. If you have referenced a cellrefs file containing only header information. The right panel shows details about relevant parameters for the current selection. you will not see any cell site data at this time. Figure 2. 2 3 From the toolbar. The left panel contains a tree view of the network element data.com . See the section on Loading Cell Site Data for more details. use the File Location line in the Tools Preferences dialog.actix. 1 To access the Network Explorer.4 Importing the data Once you have obtained your cell site database in delimited format and have referenced a valid cellrefs file.txt”.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Cell Sites 8 Every installation comes with a clean file called cellrefs. We recommend renaming this file with a meaningful name in order to prevent the file from being overwritten during reinstallation. you are ready to open the Network Explorer and import the site information. www. To point your Actix Software to the file that you wish to populate with the new cell site data. select Tools Network Explorer. select Import Import dialog.Network Explorer Window The Network Explorer display consists of two panels.txt located in the folder: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs The file to be populated need not be named “cellrefs.

the default information under the General Settings and Coordinate Information headers will apply.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Cell Sites 9 Figure 3.com . Click Next. In most cases. Adjust these settings if necessary. Check the appropriate Delimiter.Import Settings Dialog (Step 1 of 2) 4 5 6 7 Give the Template a meaningful Template Name.actix. www.

Repeat for each of the required fields in the WCDMA_Site data node. and this field must be unique for each site in the database.Settings (Step 2 of 2) – Assign WCDMA_Site Data 8 Expand the WCDMA_Site data node.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Cell Sites 10 Figure 4 .com . Required. Click in the Column field next to the Site_Name parameter.actix. but this field is frequently used for the site label. Required Required www. based on the table below: Field Site_Name SiteID Latitude Longitude Mapping required for proper operation? Optional. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Site_Name parameter.

Column Settings (Step 2 of 2) – Assign WCDMA_Cell Data 9 Expand the WCDMA_Cell data node. based on the table below: Field Sector_ID Azimuth Beamwidth EIRP SC MCC MNC Required for proper operation? Required Required Required Optional Required Optional Optional www.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Cell Sites 11 Figure 5 . Repeat for each of the required fields in the WCDMA_Cell data node. Click in the Column field next to the Sector_ID parameter.com .actix. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Sector_ID parameter.

Drill into the WCDMA Cell Elements folder and examine the values corresponding to each sector. The Name. 15 Close the Network Explorer by clicking the “X” in the top right hand corner. 16 After closing the Network Explorer. you will be asked whether you want to remove existing data before importing new data. Display www. 11 If any errors occur during the import. 14 To save the formatted site information. Select Yes to overwrite existing data. as well as a folder containing WCDMA Cell Elements. 13 Double-click on any site name in the right hand pane. Select No to append to existing data. Location and ID of the site will appear.actix. select the Save button.log 12 Inspect the cell data in the Network Explorer by expanding the All_WCDMA_Site_Elements folder in the left-hand pane of the Network Explorer. The error log specifies the cause of each error encountered and can be found in: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\ImportErrors.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Cell Sites 12 Field LAC WCDMA_CI BSIC WCDMANeighborList Required for proper operation? Optional Optional Unused Optional 10 Click Finish when all the columns have been assigned. a pop-up message will indicate that an error log has been created. If the current workspace contains existing site data.com . view a new map by selecting View New Map.

1 Automatic import of Cell Site Data The Automatic Import feature detects changes to cell plan data and updates the configured site data every time you open your Actix Software.actix. Expand the Automatic Import option under Cellrefs and select the Enable Automatic Import option. Be sure to close the map with the “X” at the upper right hand corner to save all changes to the map view. Be sure to save the modifications before exiting the Network Explorer! If the cellplan file is updated (multiple sites added.com .2 Updating Cell Site Data There are two convenient ways to update cell plan information: Minor cell plan changes (a few azimuths. SCs.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Cell Sites 13 Figure 6 . use the Automatic Import feature to detect changes to an existing cell plan and import the updated cell site file. 1. Instructions for using the Automatic Import feature follow. To use the Automatic Import feature 1 2 From the main menu. Simply browse to find the site and sector of interest and double click on a single parameter to activate the text. Select Zoom to Layer to zoom the map to the appropriate location. complete frequency retune). etc.Use Zoom to Layer to Locate Cells on Map 17 If cell icons do not appear on the map. 1. select Tools → Preferences. right click on the WCDMA_Cell layer in the map legend at the left hand side of the map window. www.2.) can be modified directly from the Network Explorer.

com . and will be changed accordingly in your cell site file each time you start your Actix Software. any changes to the Automatic Import Input File will be detected. copy the template of interest from this folder: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\Templates to the same directory on your machine.actix. Once a template has been created. To use a template created on another computer. This text file contains your delimited site data. Figure 7 . a new workspace must be started in order for that template to appear in this list.Automatic Import Setup Once Automatic Import is configured. A message will appear that Automatic Import has been enabled and that your currently loaded cellrefs will be overwritten the next time you restart your Actix Software. www. Select the Automatic Import Template. 5 Click OK to exit the Change Preferences dialog.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Cell Sites 14 3 4 Select the Automatic Import Input File.

1 2 3 From the main menu.3 Loading Cell Site Data In order to display cell sites and integrate cell site data with real-time measurements. This will ensure that. we will point the software to a pre-formatted cellrefs file. double-click on the name of the current cellrefs file. this file is the „Cellrefs‟ file. the latitude and longitude coordinates of the cursor can be displayed. The cell information is loaded when the software starts up or on starting a new workspace. and then display the sites on the map. In Actix Software. In the Change Preferences dialog. Scroll down to the General Settings section and ensure that the Use Small Toolbars box is empty. Display New Map. the cell sites 6 www. 2. In the Open dialog. on the File Location line.2 Map Scale and Coordinates By default.txt’ which has been installed in the following location: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs 4 5 Click OK to close the Preferences dialog. there is no need to save the current workspace.actix.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Analyzer 15 2 Configuring Analyzer 2. To turn on or off the scale. For now. 2. At this point. a formatted cell site database must exist. By default. A message box will be displayed saying that the new Cellrefs file takes effect when a new workspace is loaded. In class the file we will use is called ‘Training UMTS Cellrefs. you can switch Small Toolbars back on to increase your available screen space. we will show you how to format your own data for recognition by Actix Software. select Tools Preferences. This file contains location and configuration data for each cell site. In addition. choose File New Workspace to create a new workspace. Click OK to close the message box. Later in the course. the map scale will appear in the lower left corner of the map window. When you become more comfortable with the interface. In the new workspace. right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Lat/Long. although in practice this file can have any name. to make them easier to identify. navigate to the cellrefs file you would like to use and select Open. To show or hide the cursor coordinates.com . click View are now visible. right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Scale. all buttons will also have their names underneath them. From the Main Menu.1 Setting the toolbar size 1 2 Select Tools Preferences.

site labels and cell labels will be displayed on the map.actix. “sectors” are called “cells” based on the European GSM standards terminology. The Key Field label shows only the site ID. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Analyzer 16 2. there are two formats of labels from which to choose: The Site Name (default) shows only the site name. Currently. as it allows you to quickly identify each sector. www.4 Displaying Site Labels By default. All WCDMA_Cell parameters are available as options for labeling. The Site Labels have now been formatted. The following instructions specify first site labeling. The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. modify the way they are displayed. or turn them off entirely. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. This allows you to display of Site Name or Site ID in addition to or instead of SC. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 11 In the Label Properties box. select the cell layer (named WCDMA_CellBeamwidth-SC) Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display. You can leave the labels as they are. format the Cell Labels: 8 9 In the Layer Control dialog box. The site labels are displayed independently of cell labels. Next. If you wish to change the font of the labels. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog. SC is a popular labeling option. press the Labels button 10 The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display.com . In Actix Software. 12 If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. 5 6 7 If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. or Beamwidth. press the Labels button. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. Azimuth. then cell labeling: 1 2 3 In the Layer Control dialog box. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 4 In the Label Properties box. select the site layer (named WCDMA_SiteSite_Name) Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog.

Figure 8 .com .Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Configuring Analyzer 17 13 If you wish to change the font of the labels.Labeled Sites and Sectors in a map window www. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog.actix. and then OK in the Layers dialog to apply the labels. 14 Click OK in the Label Properties dialog.

1.com .1 Examining UMTS Handset Data 1 2 Expand the UMTS Voice 1 file tree in the Attribute Explorer.Expanded handset stream showing radio groups and parameters www.dt1 UMTS Data 1.1 Loading Data Files Now that you are more familiar with the working environment.actix. we will move on to opening logfiles and examining the type of information available from these files. then expand the UMTS node and examine each data group and parameter. Figure 9 . Data files from any supported collection equipment can be opened and displayed in the same workspace.SD5 Agilent Scanner 1.mdb A „+‟ sign will appear next to the Loaded Data Files folder in the Attribute Explorer once files have been loaded. Click on the „+‟ to expand the folder and view the loaded files. 3. as shown the figure below.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Exploring the Workspace 18 3 Exploring the Workspace 3. Notice that all of the files were loaded into this workspace. Expand the layers under the handset data stream labeled Nemo3GPP (0). These files are located in the folder: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles UMTS Voice 1. Load the following drive test files by selecting File Open Logfile icon: Open Logfile or by clicking the .

as shown the figure below. If an event is not present in the tree. Uu_RRC – Radio Resource Control is the protocol layer governing air interface communication within the UMTS network. Vendor Specific – This group contains parameters unique to a specific type of data collection equipment. note that several data groups are created.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Exploring the Workspace 19 Upon loading a UMTS handset file. The following data groups are created under the UMTS node: Downlink Measurements – This group contains Uu interface measurements reported by the mobile. Rake Finger Measurements (Qualcomm chipset handsets only) .actix. regardless of data collection vendor. Expand the layers under the Samsung 3GPP (3) stream. it did not occur in the file. Statistics Data – This group contains statistics calculated based on UMTS protocol messaging. Examine each group and parameter. Additional parameters are available for UMTS files containing wireless data activity: 3 4 Expand the UMTS Data 1 file tree in the Attribute Explorer. Parameters associated with protocol messaging can be found in this group. These data groups are common to all UMTS handset files. Dedicated Radio Link – Once a call has been established. Event Data – Call events triggered by the current state of the UMTS mobile. This group also contains events with user-definable thresholds. such as Handoff State. The thresholds for these events can be modified under the Tools → Thresholds menu. Pilot Measurements – This group contains signal strength measurements for individual SCs detected within the logfile. parameters that are associated with the SCs serving the call. Each group will appear as long as at least one parameter within that group was collected by the device. 5 www. are contained here.Provides individual finger measurements. and notice how the UMTS radio network metrics are organized the same way as in the UMTS Voice 1 file. including Call Duration and timing components of Call Setup Time.com . such as Uu_PilotPollution and Uu_CoverageLimited. including multipath measurements for the same SC. Expand the layers under the Data (2) and expand the Data Testing node.

Task Summary – This group contains application level parameters summarizing the entire task.Expanded handset stream showing Data Testing node The Data Testing node in a UMTS handset stream provides data parameters that are not specific to a single wireless technology. Under the Data Testing node. TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) establishes a virtual connection between a source and a destination in a data network. to be delivered in a packet-switched data network. PPP.actix. Application Statistics – This group contains the number of bytes transmitted by the data application.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Exploring the Workspace 20 Figure 10 . Connection – This group contains details for data connections activated within the logfile. or datagrams. Ping Statistics – This group contains metrics for any ping session within the logfile. www. RLP2 information is provided in some drive-test formats to represent the physical connection between the mobile and the test system. the following groups may be found: Application Measurements – Find the instantaneous application layer throughput here. Protocol Measurements – This group contains throughput values for each layer in the IP stack. control and informational messages within the data network. This value most closely approximates to the end user‟s experience. TCP. Task Settings – This group contains task identifiers including Task_Id and Task_Name. This group contains statistics for the IP.com . ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) supports error. IP (Internet Protocol) provides a connectionless addressing scheme of packets. PPP (Point to Point Protocol) serves primarily to provide some security to datagrams in the IP network. ICMP and RLP2 layers.

expand the Independent folder to look at technology-independent parameters that have been decoded. Message Info – The date and time for the start of the data stream can be found in this group.2 Examining technology-independent data Under the UMTS Voice 1 → Nemo3GPP (0) handset stream. This information is useful when building report templates. scanner data is an invaluable tool for detecting problems in the network. to non-primary serving sectors File Info – In this node find label and timestamp information for the logfile under investigation. device-specific data. in meters. Because SCs are reused across a UMTS network with a much lower frequency than in an FDMA/TDMA network. and internal Actix messages.3 Examining UMTS scanner data Due to the nature of the coding scheme in a UMTS system. In addition to GPS measurements.1. 3. In either case. latitude. in meters. Vendor Specific – Vendor-specific measurements may be grouped here. to the serving sector NeighborCellDistance–distance.mdb file already opened in the workspace contains SC scanner data in the E6455C (IMT2000 Receiver)-E6455C (IMT2000 Receiver) 2132.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Exploring the Workspace 21 HTTP Statistics – This group contains metrics for any HTTP session within the logfile. find the following groups here: GPS Data – This group contains mobile longitude. each SC scan can be directly linked to a particular site or sector in the network. www. or under the UMTS node.1. Site Data Node – If a cell site database is being used. 3. this group provides measurements specific to the particular collection device used.com . Some of the measurements contained here are: ServingCellDistance–distance. Device Info – This group contains settings for the mobile device on which data is logged. and speed. The Agilent Scanner 1.600MHz (1) stream. distance traveled.actix. the software will automatically calculate these measurements that take both the drive and the cell site information into account.

Within each group. SC and PathLoss. For each scanner stream. Chip Offset. Monitored Set – This group contains simulated Monitored Set measurements based on scanner data and the user-defined WCDMA settings in the Tools → Preferences dialog. RSCP – This group contains the Received Signal Code Power organized by various dimensions. CPICH_Scan_EcIo_SortedBy_EcNo_0 gives the strongest EcNo of all SCs scanned. RSCP. Pilot Measurements – Find the CPICH PathLoss for each SC in this group.actix. Delay – Find the CPICH Scan Delay Spread for each SC in this group.com . Nth Best – This node contains ranked measurements for EcNo. For example.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Exploring the Workspace 22 Expand the scanner stream to reveal the contents: Figure 11 – UMTS scanner stream expanded to show its contents Note that under the UMTS data group. Ec/Io – This group contains the interference-to-chip-energy measurements organized by various dimensions. www. several groups have been created to help you easily drill down into the data. Carrier Error and the Scan Code Group. Active Set – This group contains simulated Active Set measurements based on scanner data and the user-defined WCDMA settings in the Tools → Preferences dialog. the “0” element contains the best performing data. the following nodes are available: Other – This group contains scanner measurements concerning RSSI.

find Uu_UE_HandoffState and add it to Favorites.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Exploring the Workspace 23 Event Data – Events in this group are based on the simulated Active Set and Monitored Set SCs based on scanner data and user defined thresholds set under WCDMA in the Tools → Preferences dialog.com . Also add the UE_TxPow parameter to Favorites. find Uu_PilotPollution and Uu_CoverageLimited and add them to Favorites. You can easily move between All and Favorites as necessary. Under Dedicated Radio Link. and place them in the Favorites Group. find Uu_CallDropped and Uu_OutgoingCallSetupFail and add them to Favorites. Under the Event Data Call group.2 The Favorites group You may find that having access to all of the parameters within a logfile in the Attribute Explorer is not necessary and that it makes finding the key parameters more difficult. Right-click on the parameter and choose Remove Favorite. as well as for any new files opened that contain the specified parameters. You can identify a subset of parameters that you need to access. 2 3 4 5 Figure 12 – Attribute Explorer showing the Favorites parameters displayed 6 To remove a parameter from your favorites. A tree view of the items you added is displayed. This group can be viewed by clicking on the Favorites tab in the Attribute Explorer. The parameters that you define as Favorites will be available on the Favorites tab for any data file open in the workspace that contains those parameters. then right-click on it and choose Add to Favorites from the pop-up menu.actix. select the parameter. Try setting the following favorites for UMTS radio parameters based on the UMTS Voice 1 data file: 1 In the Attribute Explorer. 3. www. click on the Favorites tab. click to select the UMTS Downlink Measurements UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi parameter. In the Attribute Explorer. Under the Event Data Coverage group.

Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Exploring the Workspace 24 3.1 Sharing favorites Favorites can be shared among users.dat file located in the folder: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\XMLFiles To share Favorites with another user. copy the favorites.dat file to the same directory on the desired machine. The user of that machine will then have access to those favorites each time your Actix Software is launched.com . www.2. Favorites are saved in the favorites.actix.

right-click on Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo and select Modify Ranges to change the ranges displayed.Modify Ranges dialog box 2 Remove any unwanted ranges by highlighting the range and selecting Remove. tables. you can change the color assigned to each of your new ranges. Note that ranges must be removed one at a time. With the range highlighted. click on the Selected Button in the Set Colors section. The recommended approach to modifying legend ranges is to start with the minimum value ranges and work your way toward the maximum. Enter the maximum and minimum value for each range and click Update to modify an existing range. 3 4 www. display the UMTS → Downlink Measurements → Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo parameter on a map and try the following: 1 In the legend.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 25 4 Viewing data Data can be viewed in a variety of ways to facilitate easy analysis.1. click on the Default button in the Set Colors section. and display them on charts.1 Modifying legend ranges From the handset stream of the UMTS Voice 1 file. and in workbooks. or Add to add a new range. 4. Within the Modify Ranges dialog. To set all of the ranges to default colors.com . Figure 13 . Use the Below and Above buttons to specify “edge” ranges.actix. and the last two ranges cannot be removed. You can plot parameters on maps.

To maximize the utility of this feature. Click the mouse once to accept the modified position. regardless of value. and click on Reset. Type 0 for both the X and Y offset to return the offset trail to its original position. size and shape of the data trail. These parameters affect all data points for this parameter.3 The Map Offset tool Offsetting of a data trail on the map may be achieved by manually offsetting the data on the map. If you wish to specify a specific offset distance. give each legend configuration for a parameter a unique name and set the preferred configuration to be the default. select Offset. The Copy Legend to Clipboard and Export to File options let you create an image of the legend for use in other Windows programs. To remove the offset. or by specifying a numeric distance to offset the trail in the x and y directions. Change the style of an individual range without re-entering the Modify Ranges dialog by right clicking on the range and selecting Selected Range’s Style.1. Changes to legend settings are automatically saved in XML files. 4. All range and color settings are automatically saved with the Modify Ranges dialog is closed. Style Setting lets you decide whether to indicate a parameter‟s value range changes by color. type the distance in the X and Y text boxes in the Offset Layers dialog.1.com . select the offset layer in the Map Layers dialog. size. or shape. In the Map Layers dialog. highlight the layer you wish to offset and then select Offset Offset Tool.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 26 5 Press Close to close the Modify Ranges dialog and return to the workspace. To use the Offset Tool to offset a trail 1 2 3 4 5 View UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi on the map in addition to Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0 by dragging UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi onto the existing map. The default legend settings will always be used upon entering a new workspace. The files are saved in the folder: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\FormatGroups\UserSettings After legends have been modified and saved as desired on one computer. The Set Legend To menu item allows you to maintain multiple legend configurations for a single parameter. one for each parameter.actix. 4. Note: Use the Cancel button to back out of any changes you do not want to keep.2 More range display options Right-click on the stream in the legend for more legend options: Select Attribute Style to change the color. you can transfer these files to the same location on another computer to share legend settings between users. Move the Offset Tool cursor to determine how much to offset the trails. The distance units for offset are based www.

4 Adding annotations to a map Annotations are a means of adding text and simple shapes to your map. Close the Layer Control dialog. You can use these to indicate trouble spots or point out features of interest in your network. Clicking the Annotations button again will hide the toolbar.RSSI and EcNo_0 on the Same Map 4. www. click on the Layers button to show the Layer Control dialog. Select the Annotations layer and use the Reorder the top. 1 2 3 From the map window.actix. 8 9 To edit the text. Return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking the Select button.1. The annotations toolbar appears on the map. Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo _0 UTRA_UE_CarrierR ssi Figure 14 . right clicking and selecting Tool Feature Style. Up button to move it to 4 Select the Annotations button from the map toolbar.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 27 on the setting found by right-clicking on the map and selecting Map Units Distance. Change the style or font by selecting the text with the Select tool. select the text using the Edit Text button . 5 6 7 Click the Text button . The cursor will change to insert text mode.com . Click on the map to place the text and add the desired text.

Highlight the UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU layer and select the Labels button. select Allow overlapped text or Hide adjacent duplicate text. select the text box using the Select tool and press the delete key.actix.6 The Drive Test Direction button The Direction button on the Map toolbar lets you display directional arrows on any drivetest map.1. From the map window. These arrows show the direction of the drive during the collection of the initial data. while displaying other measurements on the map. Select Show to show the values at each data point. click on the Layers button to show the Layer Control dialog. The UMTS parameter UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU provides a very useful example of text labeling on the map: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 From the UMTS → Pilot Measurements group.5 Formatting data labels on a map Labels can be displayed for any parameter you display on a map. Exit the Label Properties dialog and the Layer Control dialog.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 28 10 To remove text. reorder the layers so that the Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER parameter is beneath UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU. Drag the UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU parameter onto the same map. Labeling this parameter.1. Direction button Direction arrow Figure 15: Map with Directional Arrows displayed www. This can be used to show exact values of any parameter at each point. In the Layer Control dialog box. The UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU parameter contains the labels for each scrambling code in the active set at each active set update. provides insight into the handoff implementation in the UMTS network.com . 4. display the Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER parameter on the map. If desired. 4.

Notice that a chart appears with a throughput value at each data point. You may wish to examine an area with particularly high or low throughput in detail. click and drag a rectangle. Your chart should look like the figure below. Click on the Histogram button to view the data as a distribution. To demonstrate some of the chart‟s capabilities. we will create a Time Series chart containing wireless data parameters. 1 2 In the UMTS Data 1 file in the Attribute Explorer.actix.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 29 4. click and drag a rectangle moving from lower right to upper left. Right-click on App_Throughput_DL and choose Display on Chart from the pop-up menu. There are two ways to view data on charts: To view any parameter on a new chart Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Attribute Explorer and select Display on Chart. To view a parameter on a chart already open in the workspace Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a chart already open in the workspace.com .2 Viewing data on charts You can create a variety of charts for the analysis and inspection of data. The ranges that appear are the same ranges that were set for this parameter on the map legend. To zoom in on a section of the chart. Drag and drop App_Throughput_UL onto the chart. 3 4 5 Click on the Series button to return the chart to a time series chart. Drag and drop Task_Time_Elapsed onto the chart. To return to the previous zoomed view. expand Data (2) → Data Testing → Application Measurements and select App_Throughput_DL. moving from upper left to lower right. 6 7 www.

2. www. Still on the Chart Series page. labels. all of the vendors have a series of predefined tasks and some allow users to define custom tasks of their own. This also affects their position in the legend. modify the fonts and colors. 8 Drag and drop the Event_Task_Start and Event_Task_End events (from the Event Data group) onto this chart. use the up and down arrows to change the order in which the parameters are plotted. The events will appear on the chart as vertical lines. On the Chart Series page. such as an FTP file download. 4. which operates over a well-defined period of time (that is. Rightclick on the chart and choose Chart Properties from the menu. so they appear on separate axes.actix. it has a start and a stop).Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 30 Figure 16 – App_Throughput_DL. redefine the style for the axis. or a web page download. and ticks. On the Chart Axis page.1 Modifying chart properties 1 2 Many chart properties can be customized through the Properties dialog. Reposition the Properties Dialog so that you can see the chart with the dialog open. the chart is automatically updated. As you change the properties of the chart. click the Title button to change the title of one of the series. a PING command. On the Chart Legend page. In the case of drive tests.com 3 4 5 6 . App_Throughput_UL and Task_Time_Elapsed on a chart Note that throughput and task time are measured in different units. A Task defines a single user-defined process.

actix. Paste to paste your chart into that 10 In Word or PowerPoint.3 Viewing data in tables Tables provide a quick view of numeric data for a selected parameter. 4. histogram distribution information. or the time series data for the parameter displayed on a spreadsheet. Click on the Copy icon to place a copy of your chart on the clipboard. To demonstrate the functionality of tables in network optimization applications. You can look at statistics. Make sure that the Select tool is activated on the map. There are two ways to view data on tables: To view any parameter on a new table Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Attribute Explorer and select Display on Table.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 31 7 8 9 Create a three-dimensional chart using the options on the Chart 3D page. select Data (2) → Data Testing → App_Throughput_DL. www. A trouble area that is identified quickly on a map using visual inspection can then be examined more closely on a table by looking at exact numerical values of key parameters. 1 Display App_Throughput_DL from the Data (2) stream of UMTS Data 1 on a table. such as mean. To view a parameter on a table already open in the workspace Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a table already open in the workspace. then right-click and select Display on Table. 11 With the chart still open. create a map displaying the same data. Click to select data on either the map or the chart and notice that the views are synchronized. minimum. Tables can be synchronized with maps to provide an integrated view of network data. we will create a new table containing some parameters related to wireless data network analysis. and maximum.com . To do this. click Edit application. Click Close to close the Properties dialog when you are satisfied with the formatting you have done.

Use the drop-down list at the bottom to switch between histogram values for the different parameters. Use the stream selection box to look at new handset data in the same table configuration without having to repeat the work you did to set up the original table. Tile 4 5 6 7 8 With the table and chart visible in the workspace. Click on the Series tab to return to that view. Click on the Histogram tab and notice the ranges and counts.actix. and that the throughput and round trip time values are now visible. Open another UMTS data file in the current workspace. right-click on the handset stream under the UMTS Voice 1 file and choose Display Message Browser from the pop-up menu. correlating the parameters using multiple views provides insight into the amount of data downloaded during the application for which instantaneous throughput values are available. The histogram ranges correspond to the map legend ranges set for the last parameter displayed on the table. The Message Browser also includes events derived from the Layer 3 messaging and searching and filtering operations on the data. 1 To open the Message Browser. www. select any point on the chart. Notice that the table synchronizes to the same point. The Message Browser can play an integral part in a problem-area investigation when it is used in conjunction with the map and table.com . Tile the table and the chart in the workspace by selecting Window Horizontally from the main menu. Then drag the Task_App_Bytes_DL and Task_App_Bytes_UL parameters onto the same table. Display Task_App_Bytes_DL and Task_App_Bytes_UL on a new chart in the workspace. Click on the Statistics tab and notice the automatically calculated statistics for all parameters displayed on the table. In this case. 9 4.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 32 Stream Selection Box Histogram tab parameter selector Figure 17– App_Throughput_DL displayed on a Table 2 3 Drag App_Throughput_UL onto the same table to view the values side-by-side.4 Viewing data in the Message Browser The Message Browser allows you to analyze the messaging reported by the logging device.

Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 33 Figure 18 . 5 6 www. Watch as the Messaging Window synchronizes to display the messaging information corresponding to the event you selected.Messaging Displayed in the Message Browser 2 Click on an event in the Event Panel. Open Microsoft Word and click Edit Paste to paste the text into the current document. The search function can be used to locate a particular parameter in the messaging. click on the Message Format tab and click the Change button modify the font for the Message Browser. The Soft Handover message immediately following the Active Set Complete message indicates which SCs have been added to or removed from the Active Set during the procedure. uncheck All Message Types and check UMTS RRC Messages to show only messaging associated with the UMTS Radio Resource Control layer. and only those messages associated with those events are of interest. This allows a quick view of the specific messaging associated with a particular event. Continue the search by clicking the Find Next icon to find each subsequent occurrence of the string. On the Message Filtering tab of the Properties dialog. 3 4 Right-click on the message area and choose Properties from the pop-up menu.com . The Active Set Update Complete message signifies a change to the active set. The message filtering capability is useful when investigating specific events. type ‘ActiveSetUpdateComplete’. In the Search box. even if the message name is unknown. then click the Find Next button to find the next occurrence of this text string in the file. Select a section of text in the Message Browser and click on Copy icon.actix. In the Properties dialog.

and Layer 3 messaging. Figure 19 – UMTS Radio Interface view for the Protocol Stack Browser www.com . Drive test files that contain UMTS and GSM / GPRS data will also have the following Protocol Stack Browser views available: GSM Layer 3 – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages / message direction. RRC messaging represents communication between the mobile and Node B. GPRS Events – Message pane displays messages signifying GPRS events. Other UMTS views include: UMTS Radio Interface and Protocol Signaling UMTS Signaling and IP Messaging UMTS UTRAN Protocol Signaling UMTS networks are backwards compatible with and can hand off to GSM networks.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 34 4.actix. and GPRS RLC and MAC messages. GPRS RLC / MAC – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. The following Protocol Stack Browser view is available for UMTS drive test data: UMTS Radio Interface – The message pane displays Radio Resource Control (RRC) messaging. while Layer 3 messaging represents communication between the mobile and 3G MSC. GSM Layer 3 Signaling – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages only. RRC message cause values.5 Viewing data in the Protocol Stack Browser The Protocol Stack Browser allows the user to browse quickly through messages by examining the header only. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser.

View the Uu_UE_HandoffState parameter from the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream on a workbook: 1 Select Dedicated Radio Link Display on Workbook. and longitude. This format allows data to be searched. and printed through Microsoft Excel. formatted. To view a parameter on a workbook that has already been opened Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Attribute Explorer and select Display on Workbook (active). Uu_UE_HandoffState.com . filtered.actix.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 35 4. The workbook feature provides a more flexible method for detailed analysis of trouble areas. Close the workbook without saving changes. it will appear under the Workbook menu in any subsequent new workspace. Figure 20– Uu_UE_HandoffState displayed in a workbook 2 3 4 Click on the Histogram tab and notice the ranges and counts. sorted. then right-click and select Notice the series data is displayed in Excel with time. www. There are two ways to view data on workbooks: To view any parameter on a new workbook Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Attribute Explorer and select Display on Workbook. latitude. If you save the workbook in the Workbooks folder of the User Data Area.6 Viewing data in workbooks In some cases. tables may not provide enough flexibility for viewing data. Click on the Statistics tab and notice the automatically calculated statistics.

1 Using preconfigured StateForms A number of preconfigured UMTS StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. Used in conjunction with the Replay tool.7 Viewing data in State Forms Actix State Forms allow you to view multiple performance metrics simultaneously. 4. Figure 21 – UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set Form 2 In general. 3 www. maps. and charts. verify that the right data stream is selected. If you are not seeing information in the forms. If the Stream Selector is not visible. Forms can also be selected from the View → Forms option on the main menu. View the UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set form for the UMTS Voice 1 sample file: 1 Right-click on the stream name Nemo 3GPP (0) in the Attribute Explorer and choose Display Form → UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set.actix. For example. when selecting a form. make sure that the form that you have selected applies to the type of data you want to analyze. you can quickly ascertain the values of several optimization parameters for problem identification. tables. do not select the UMTS Data form for a logfile containing voice calls. The Stream Selector drop-down will appear.7.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 36 4. right-click on the form and select Stream Selector. Use the drop-down list to select the stream that you wish to view.com .

Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 37 Figure 22 .Select UMTS Active+Monitored Set form www.actix.com .

you can adjust the top and right-hand borders to allow for more viewing space in the platform.actix. www.com . as seen in the figure below. Figure 23 – UMTS Active+Monitored Set Form docked in the workspace To dock a form on the left side of the workspace.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 38 4 Forms with measurement views such as the UMTS Active+Monitored Set Form or the UMTS Data Session Form are best viewed when docked with the Replay Tool at the side of the screen. Click the gray horizontal line at the top of the form. and release. bring up the form and click the docking button (to the left of the minimize button) . Once docked like in the view above. drag it over to the bottom section of the Attribute Explorer.

Preconfigured forms can be edited to meet your individual analysis needs. Once docked like in the view above.actix.com . bring up the form and use the docking button (to the left of the minimize button) to dock it next to the Attribute Explorer.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 39 Forms with chart views like the UMTS Voice Event Navigator or the UMTS Data Event Navigator may be best viewed when docked at the bottom of the screen as shown below. Then. www. Figure 24 – UMTS Voice Event Navigator Form Docked in Workspace To dock a form at the bottom of the workspace. you can adjust the top border to allow for more viewing space in the platform. drag the thin gray line of the form to the bottom right side of the screen so that it is completely on the left half of the viewing platform. and the creation of new forms from scratch using the State Forms Editor. The following sections describe the modification of existing forms. making sure that the right border of the form does not stretch past the midpoint of the entire workspace.

The components of the StateForms Editor window are shown in the figure below. table or Message Browser). and build new forms from scratch.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 40 4. make sure a stream is selected in the StateForms stream selection box.The StateForms Editor 1 2 From the Tools menu. Position your mouse cursor over the empty StateForms Editor box that is launched.7. Once loaded.3 Modifying an existing StateForms file You can use an existing StateForms file as it is.7. To add handoff state to the StateForms display: 1 If the StateForms file is not already displayed. Verify that the stream selector in the StateForms window is showing the same stream with which you are trying to synch. or you can make modifications to it. but that you are also interested in the handoff state. Suppose the UMTS Handset file has almost everything you would like to see. select StateForms Editor.2 Viewing custom forms with the StateForms Editor The StateForms Editor allows you to view custom forms. click Tools Display StateForms. right-click and select “Open File”. chart. chart. The stream selection box will appear. or 2 www.com . right-click on the state form box and select Stream Selector. on the StateForms tool bar. Stream selection box StateForms toolbar Parameter value Parameter value Figure 25 . If the stream selection box is not visible. 3 4 5 Select any point on a map. modify existing forms. Browse to the C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Stateforms directory and open the file called UMTS Handset. 4.axl. The selected stream must correspond to data currently displayed on another data view (map. Click on the Toggle Design Mode button right-click and select Design Mode. Click Open File and choose the UMTS Handset file.actix. or table and notice that the contents of the form will update to reflect the state of the network at the point you selected.

Copy – To copy an object to the clipboard. Group Box – Used to clarify which attributes on your form belong together. Time Chart – Click and drag to define the area for a time series chart for the form. Using the delete key on your keyboard will not work. Array Attribute Value – Click and drag to define a table. Attribute Value – Click and drag a rectangle then choose an attribute from the list. Delete. Delete – Removes an object from the form. Array Attribute Value. Select – To put the cursor into select mode to allow you to select an object on the form. Toggle Design Mode. click the Toggle Design Mode button. Label – Click and drag a rectangle. Paste.StateForms Window in Design Mode The buttons on the StateForms tool bar are. In the attribute window. Paste – Use this button to insert a copied object onto the form. Use the chart control in the Attribute Window to add data ranges and otherwise edit the Time Chart. select it and click the Copy button. Cut. www. The value of that attribute will be displayed in the rectangle you defined. click and drag to define a rectangle. Scan Chart and Group Box. then type your text into the Caption field in the attribute window.com . Select. Cut – Removes an object from the form and puts it on the clipboard. Time Chart. Use the chart control in the Attribute Window to add data ranges and otherwise edit the Scan Chart. Label. Copy.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 41 The StateForms window now shows the design view: StateForms toolbar Attribute window Figure 26 . specify the number of rows and columns your table will have. from left to right. Attribute Value. Toggle Design Mode – To exit the Design Mode and return to the View mode. Scan Chart – Click and drag to define the area for a scanner chart for the form.actix.

click the Attribute Value button then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the CarrierRssi label. The finished form will look like this: Figure 27 .4 Creating your own StateForms file Several sample state forms are provided by Actix. To display the value for UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi. click the New File button.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 42 4. To begin adding objects to the StateForms sheet.Completed StateForms file If you do not have the StateForms window open. Alternatively rightclick on the form and select New File. Add the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi label by clicking the Label Button. Select the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi Attribute Value object and make the following modifications: Specify Min+Max: True Bar Range Min: 0 Bar Range Max: 0 Attribute: UMTS Downlink Measurements UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi Show Value Change: True Font Auto Size: False Font Size: 10 www. You can do this by creating a new StateForms file or by adding a new sheet to a current file.com . setting the caption to „Uu_Pilot_Downlink_BER‟.7. Click and drag the rectangle. To start a new StateForms file. We will create a new file for this example. You can also design your own forms from scratch. click Tools 1 2 3 4 Display StateForms.actix. Select the label object and make these modifications in the Attribute Window: Caption: UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi Font Auto Size: False Font Size: 10 5 6 7 Repeat steps 3 and 4 for the BER label. click the Toggle Design Mode button to open the sheet in Design Mode.

To create the Attribute Bar for RSSI. click on the Attribute Value button then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi attribute value object. 12 Select the BER Attribute Bar object and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: Specify Min+Max: True Bar Range Min: 0 Bar Range Max: 100 Bar Color: Dark Blue Attribute: UMTS Pilot Measurements Uu_Pilot_Downlink_BER Show Value Text: False Show Min Text: True Show Max Text: True Show Minor Ticks: True Show Major Ticks: True Font Auto Size: False Font Size: 10 13 To add the Group Box object.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 43 8 9 Repeat steps 6 and 7 for the BER Attribute Value.com . the Attribute Value button. setting the attribute to Uu_Pilot_Downlink_BER (found in the Pilot Measurements group).actix. then click and drag a rectangle around all of the items on your form. then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the BER attribute value object. click on the Group Box button. 10 Select the Carrier RSSI Attribute Bar and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: Specify Min+Max: True Bar Range Min: -110 Bar Range Max: -45 Bar Color: Turquoise Attribute: UMTS Downlink Measurements UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi Show Value Text: False Show Min Text: True Show Max Text: True Show Minor Ticks: True Show Major Ticks: True Font Auto Size: False Font Size: 10 11 To create the BER attribute bar. 14 Select the Group Box object and make the following modification in the Attribute Window: Caption: Network Parameters Fore Color: Blue www.

actix.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Viewing data 44 Font Auto Size: False Font Size: 12 Default Font: False Font Bold: True 15 Click the Save As button and save the StateForms file in the State Forms directory and call it UMTS Network Parameters.axl. Click on any point on the map. Make sure that the handset stream is selected in the StateForms stream selector box. www. 17 Test your new form by displaying a parameter from the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream on a map. 16 Return to the View Mode by clicking on the Toggle Design Mode button. and see the parameter values for Carrier RSSI and Pilot Downlink BER appear on your StateForm.com .

and creating custom Reports. each focusing on a particular aspect of mobile network optimization. Application Packs are typically used to obtain a high-level overview of call statistics. allow for formatted outputs of multiple streams of data. Reports are user-definable formatted outputs that make use of integration with Microsoft Excel. and when you want to design a custom formatted template from scratch. Two different mechanisms exist for creating for producing integrated. but are not always included. running pre-defined Reports. Use Reports when generating outputs for multiple streams of data. formatted output is required. Reports may be included with an installation (such as the UMTS Training Materials).1 Application Packages Your Actix Solution will contain Application Packages specific to UMTS.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 45 5 Reporting UMTS network performance The reporting features allow you to create high-level management reports based on your data. The Application Packs are a series of reports. including running Application Packs. They can be used when a professional. 5.actix. This section describes the use of both reporting mechanisms. polished reports that can be used to analyze high-level network statistics or communicate test results in a professional format: Application Packages are a technology-specific series of reports that are installed automatically with every Actix Software installation. unlike Application Packs. The Application Packs currently available for analysis of UMTS handset data are: UMTS Drive Test Summary UMTS CPICH Level Analysis UMTS Call Statistics UMTS Call Setup Analysis UMTS Handoff Analysis UMTS Quality Analysis An Application Pack is currently available for analysis of UMTS scanner data: UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout www. but time constraints do not allow for the creation of a custom template.com . Reports.

By right-clicking on the stream name in the Attribute Explorer Once you have selected one of the Application Packs from the menu.com . Summary by site selection Available reports Figure 28 – UMTS Drive Test Summary Application Pack www. printed.actix. and shown in their raw form in Microsoft Excel. Double-click on any of the available reports to run the report. the results of the reports can be saved.1. Once a data file is loaded. the Application Packages can be accessed in one of two ways: Through the Analysis menu on the main menu.1 Running Application Packs Note: Application Packs require the Actix Software to be pointing to a valid cellrefs file in order to function properly. The top panel contains a summary of major call events and statistics for the selected stream.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 46 5. organized by serving site and sector. The bottom pane contains a list of available reports associated with the selected Application Pack. Once executed. an Application Pack window will appear. The window is divided into two panes.

www. The Coverage Summary report is shown below: Figure 29 – UMTS Coverage Summary Report 5. CPICH during Call – This report provides mean CPICH performance metrics during each call in the logfile. Coverage Summary – This report summarizes the strongest EcNo and the strongest RSCP in the Active Set.2 UMTS Drive Test Summary This application pack contains the following reports: File Summary – This report provides information about the drive route. calls made and received.1.actix.com . providing statistics and distribution information for each metric.3 UMTS CPICH Level Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: CPICH b4 RRC Con Req – This report shows CPICH measurements for the active and monitored sets in a five-second window leading up to each RRC connection request in the logfile.1.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 47 5. CPICH after Call End or Drop – This report shows CPICH measurements for the active and monitored sets in a ten-second window following each successfully completed or dropped call. coverage and quality in the logfile.

including actual vs. Call Sustainability – This report provides call duration statistics and is particularly useful for analyzing the sustainability for long-call testing configurations. goal metrics for target percent of drive in soft handoff. 5.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 48 CPICH before Call End or Drop . 5.1. and successful call rate. BLER per Call – This report provides block error rate statistics on a per call basis. removals (Event 1b) and replacements (Event 1c) within the logfile. BLER During SHO – This report provides BLER statistics during soft handover. minimum BLER and mean BLER. 5.7 UMTS Quality Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: Overall BLER – This report provides statistics and distribution information for the block error rate for the downlink transport channel. Timing analysis statistics include time between setup messages.1. Statistics are calculated during the period from each RRC Active Set Update message until each Update Complete message. 5. dropped call rate. Call Sequence Outcome – This report provides a listing of which call sequence messages have been seen for each call in the logfile. failed attempts.actix. including the access failure rate.6 UMTS Handoff Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: Handoff Breakdown Analysis – This report provides handoff state statistics. SHO per Event 1a 1b 1c – This report breaks down the number of Active Set Update additions (Event 1a). including successful attempts.1. maximum BLER.This report shows CPICH measurements for the active and monitored sets in a five-second window before the end of each call in the logfile.1.com . Statistics provided include call duration. Call Timing Analysis – This report provides time-based statistics for each call recorded in the logfile. average time between measurement reports and Active Set Updates.5 UMTS Call Setup Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: Call Setup Status – This report provides a breakdown of call setup attempts. average time between Active Set Update messages. www. and call duration. and failed attempt causes.4 UMTS Call Statistics This application pack contains the following reports: Call Statistics – This report provides call setup and termination statistics.

com . Reports from multiple measurement sources allow you to compare data collected simultaneously or look at your network before and after making a change. select Workbook Open Workbook/Report. the report will be generated within Microsoft Excel.8 Running a Pre-Defined Report Since Application Packs are pre-configured.actix.xls. Reports allow you to create custom reports using Microsoft Excel. In this section.sd5 and click OK. select the handset stream from EGPRS Drive Test 1. When this process is complete. and those reports may include data from multiple streams. Navigate to C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Reports and open the report called UMTS – GPRS Throughput Report. Additionally. In the next section. you will create a custom report from scratch. Select a data stream to replace the EGPRS stream.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 49 Figure 30 . After a few moments. 3 4 5 www.BLER During SHO REPORT 5. you will populate a pre-defined report template that contains multiple data streams.dt1 (in the C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer directory) and click OK. in this case.1. click on the Report tab in the Excel workbook and examine the formatted report. To run the pre-defined report 1 2 From the Analyzer main menu. they may not exactly meet your team‟s reporting requirements. Now select a UMTS data stream: select the Data (2) stream from UMTS Data 1. App Packs can only be run on a single stream of data.

The following table describes each report and indicates what type of data each report should be run with.xls Run on Data Stream type UMTS Data Logfile Report Sheet Description Provides statistics and distribution information for downlink Application Throughput Provides distribution comparison via pie chart of coverage for an E/GPRS drive and a UMTS drive Compares throughput statistics for an E/GPRS network and a UMTS network E/GPRS Data Logfile UMTS Data Logfile E/GPRS Logfile UMTS Data Logfile www.com .actix.xls UMTS – GPRS Coverage Report.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 50 The output of the report will look like this: Figure 31 . Report Name Application Throughput Report.xls UMTS – GPRS Throughput Report.Results of the CDMA Handset Comparison Final Summary Report Your UMTS Training Materials come with several pre-defined reports for UMTS voice and data calls that can be run according to the steps above.

com . including the column headers. which can be accessed by clicking on the corresponding tab at the bottom sheet window. View the data you require on a workbook. to display a histogram distribution and statistics for Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg. Right-click on it and choose Display on Workbook.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 51 5. Since BLER is a parameter that can be used to estimate the integrity of the air interface. Select the chart icon from the top menu bar of Excel: . like the one shown below.actix. Figure 32 – BLER Histogram and Statistics Report To create this report 1 2 Ensure that the UMTS Voice 1. The Workbook contains three sheets. the value of this parameter throughout a network is of great importance. Click on the Histogram Formatted Data tab.2 Custom reports 5. www. Select the parameter Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg from UMTS Downlink Measurements. 3 4 5 Click on any blank sheet in the workbook and rename the sheet “Report”.2. The objective of this section is to create a simple report. Click and drag to define a window around the data set. and then format the report page using Excel. Excel now starts.dt1 file is loaded.1 Creating a custom report Creating your own formatted report template is easy.

12 Close the Excel workbook. Click the Finish button in the chart wizard and a basic chart will be created. 5.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 52 The chart wizard will open: Figure 33 . To place the mean and standard deviation statistics in the table in your report.dt1 file is loaded. Save the file in the C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Reports and name it BLER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report. Press Enter after selecting that cell to create the reference.com . Select Workbook Open Workbook to open the BLER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report saved previously to the folder: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Reports www. type “=” in the cell you would like to hold the value on the Report sheet.2.2 Running your report with new data 1 2 Ensure that the UMTS Voice 2.actix. Then switch to the Statistic Formatted Data tab and select the cell containing the data you wish to add to your report. 11 From the Microsoft Excel main menu. format a table around the statistics and add any other desired formatting. select File folder: Save.Chart Wizard in Excel 6 7 8 9 Select a simple column chart and follow the Wizard prompts and instructions. position the histogram on the page. 10 Add a title to the worksheet. Cut and paste the new chart onto the “Report” sheet in the workbook or choose to have the chart inserted as an object on the Report sheet.

Save the file. Some suggestions for upgrading existing reports: Add Additional Parameters to the Report .actix.Running the BLER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report on new data 4 Select the UMTS Voice 2 handset stream and watch the formatted report regenerate for the new data.2.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 53 3 A dialog will appear that prompts you to select a data stream(s): Figure 34 . To modify an existing report: 1 2 Run the report through the Workbook any modifications.Add to the existing report different parameters from the same data stream using the Display on Workbook (Active) command. 5. 3 Note that making modifications to a report by opening the Excel file in Windows will cause the report to become corrupt. including adding additional parameters from the same data stream. or making cosmetic adjustments. adding the same parameters from different data stream.com . Open Workbook menu before making Make modifications to the existing report. Update the Report page to show results for all parameters included. www. Create a Comparison Report – Add to the existing report the same parameter from a different data stream using the Display on Workbook (Active) command. Update the Report page to show results for both data sets.3 Modifying a custom report Reports can be upgraded or modified at any time.

Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 54 Figure 35 .com .Comparison Report Provide Histogram Results as a Percentage – Histogram results expressed as a percentage may provide a more meaningful comparison than results expressed as a count. Figure 36 . Update the Source Data for the histogram chart to reflect the new display method.actix. Create an Intermediate sheet in Excel to convert the histogram values into percentages.Intermediate sheet for calculating PDF values www.

X Bin Size = 200 meters. 5 www. Open two logfiles which contain common data points. The UMTS_CarrierRSSI_Delta_Report provides an example of a report containing an Excel macro.com . Use the File → Import Text File option to import the data. Once the data is imported. The Create Table button invokes a macro that looks for matching locations in the two logfiles.actix. Y Bin Size = 200 meters. To generate results from the report 1 2 3 4 For the best results. set the workspace binning to Location Binned.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 55 Figure 37 . save the resulting table as a delimited text file. Run the UMTS_CarrierRSSI_Delta_Report on the two logfiles.Comparison Report with PDF Embed an Excel Macro in a Report – Any Excel format or technique may be applied to a report. including macros which automate specific tasks within Microsoft Excel. and populates the table with the CarrierRSSI values at those data points. This report provides a comparison of the UTRA_UE_CarrierRSSI parameter at common locations in two different logfiles. To map the Carrier RSSI Delta values. the parameters may be viewed using all standard viewing mechanisms. On the Report sheet. click the Create Table button.

UMTS_CarrierRSSI_Delta_Report results www.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Reporting UMTS network performance 56 Figure 38 .com .actix.

6. Your customized analysis. select the Existing Analysis tab Select any queries that you wish to save and click the Export button Browse to a folder where you want to save your query.actix. a number of these analyses are used for examining various aspects of voice and data networks. Queries operate on binned data and are written using Boolean expressions and arithmetic operations containing data parameters from one or more data streams. or test for common symptoms of bad radio link quality in order to speed up the analysis of data.aqf file in which you saved your queries. Analyzer‟s default structure provides the following folder in which to store queries: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Queries 5 6 Name the *. Browse to find the *.aqf file Training_Class_Queries. To import the queries into a new worksession. accessed. and edited in the workspace through the Analysis Manager. 6. All queries created during training may be stored in the same file. can be saved in a workspace and reused for future drive data.2 Filter analysis Sometimes it is desirable to examine only a subset of the data points collected in a logfile. www. correction. go to the Existing Analysis tab of the Analysis Manager and select the Import button. Individual queries can be created. All custom analyses can be saved for future use through the Analysis Manager: 1 2 3 4 Select Tools Analysis Manager In the Analysis Manager. called a query.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 57 6 Performing custom analysis You can create a wide variety of customized analyses. In this section. possibly to highlight potential voice or data problem areas. and presentation of network problems.com . This provides the engineer with a quick way to identify trouble areas in which to focus optimization efforts. The following types of queries are supported: Filter Analysis Binned Query Analysis Cross Tab Query Analysis Event Query Statistic Analysis Histogram Analysis Queries assist in the detection. We can use a filter to look only at those data points of interest to us.1 About queries Queries are a means of searching and filtering data based on events and thresholds you define. A filter analysis tests data on a single criterion and displays the data only if the criterion is met.

For the Filter Name.actix. In this case.2. www. All views will update to show only data points that meet the filter criteria. Use the attribute chooser to select Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg from the UMTS Downlink Measurements group. The And and Or options on the filter menu designate the method for combining multiple filters. we will filter all points with high traffic channel downlink BLER. Multiple filters may be selected at once. For the Threshold. then the filtered name. choose >=. chart.2. map. These are: Poor Mobile Receive Power – Uu_ActiveSet_RSCP[0] < -95 dBm High Mobile Transmit Power – UE_TxPow > 0 dBm Low Mobile Transmit Power – UE_TxPow < -30 dBm High Mobile Receive Power – Uu_ActiveSet_RSCP[0] > -80 dBm Poor Ec/No – Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0] < -15 dBm Good Ec/No – Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0] > -8 dBm To activate these pre-configured UMTS filters 1 2 3 4 Display any parameter of interest in the workspace (i. enter ‘10’.com . Select the Filter icon in the dialog and click on New. and use the results to pinpoint where quality problems are occurring and try to determine what is causing them. 6. For the operation.2 Creating a custom filter Filters can be used to quickly identify areas with poor network performance. select Tools Analysis Manager.e.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 58 6. enter „Traffic Channel BLER‟.1 Working with pre-configured Filters You have a set of UMTS filters installed in the workspace. table. 1 2 3 4 5 6 From the main menu. message browser). Right-click on the stream name and select Filter. You can create a filter query which highlights those points which have Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg > 10% to identify all the locations on the drive with poor quality of service.

actix. and ensuring that the High Traffic Channel BLER filter does not have a check mark against it. The filter can be reapplied at any time. From the Existing Analyses tab. 11 Remove the filter from the map by right clicking on the handset data stream. selecting Filter.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 59 Figure 39 . The High Traffic Channel BLER filter will be listed under the Filters category.aqf file. www.com . EcNo. Notice that only points with BER exceeding the defined threshold appear on the map. The filter has provided a quick way of illuminating trouble spots and focusing optimization efforts. Apply the filter by right-clicking on the stream name in the Attribute Explorer and selecting Filter → High Traffic Channel BLER. RSSI. Multiple queries may be saved in one *. save the High Traffic Channel BLER Filter to the Training_Class_Queries.aqf file by selecting it and using the Export button. Confirm that the query was created by clicking on the Existing Analyses tab in the Analysis Manager. 9 10 Display any parameter (i.Filter Wizard 7 8 Click OK to create the filter.e. Uu_ActiveSet_SC_0) on the map.

2. which filters on data points where UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi is greater than –85 dBm. and are described here: The High Drive Test Speed filter shows data points at which the drive test vehicle was traveling at speeds greater than 60 kilometers per hour.Map of Data Filtered Using the High Traffic Channel BLER Filter In UMTS networks.3 Additional custom filters Filters may be created on any parameter in the Attribute Explorer. in your Training_Class_Queries. and make sure that the AND operator is selected with a bullet. 12 Create a new filter called Strong Carrier RSSI. What do the data points remaining on the map at this point indicate? Be sure to save the Strong Carrier RSSI filter. making sure to select all of the filters and queries.com .Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 60 Figure 40 . right click on the handset stream. areas with interference may be identified as those locations experiencing poor BLER but strong Carrier RSSI. Some additional filter ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries. select Filter. in addition to the other queries you‟ve created. 15 Returning to the Filter menu. 6.aqf file that is installed with the training materials.dt1. 14 With the High Traffic Channel BLER filter applied. 13 Apply the filter to the handset stream of UMTS Voice 1.aqf file. apply the Strong Carrier RSSI filter in addition to the High Traffic Channel BLER filter. This query may be modified for different speeds. Filters may be combined using Boolean operations to look at more than one condition at each data point. This query will be valid for files containing the SpeedKph parameter in the Independent → GPS Data group. www. or to work with the SpeedMph parameter when relevant.actix.

For example. it may be useful to map the UU_UE_HandoffState parameter and apply this filter to show the Handoff State only when the mobile is in a call. this filter may be applied to any parameter displayed. Figure 42 – Wizard for Distant Server Filter The Mobile Not In Idle State filter shows data points where the Uu_CallState parameter is not equal to 1 (Idle).Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 61 Figure 41 – Wizard for High Drive Test Speed Filter The Distant Server filter shows data points at which the serving cell is more than 6 kilometers from the data point.com . www.actix. This query is based on the ServingCellDistance parameter. which is present in the Attribute Explorer when the Actix Software is pointing to a valid cell site file. As with all filters.

the serving cell distance is displayed in meters.actix. it is necessary to type a „1‟ in the text box – selecting „1=idle‟ from the drop down list will corrupt the filter Figure 43 . www. using functions and inequalities.3.com . or workbook. A simple.1 ServingCellDistance in Miles By default.3 Binned Query analysis The Binned Query allows you to define a new parameter based on existing parameters. In this case. 6. For the Description. enter „ServingCellDistance in Miles‟.Wizard for Mobile Not In Idle State Filter 6. yet very useful example of a binned query is the conversion of the serving cell distance from meters to miles. Create the ServingCellDistance in Miles query using the Analysis Manager: 1 2 3 Select Tools Analysis Manager.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 62 Note: When entering a threshold for a parameter with discrete values. chart. it is necessary to type the enumerated value of the choice you wish to select. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. table. The results of a binned query can be displayed on a map.

Click OK to create the query. The easiest way to do this is to select the Format drop down dialog and start typing Float in the window. The query returns a „1‟ when the Pilot Pollution criteria are met and a „0‟ when they are not. the CPICH_Scan_EcIo_For_SC data set is an array that contains Ec/Io data for all SCs measured at each data point. At the end of the text in the Expression Builder. Click OK again to close the Analysis Manager. where each vendor has their own definition for the analysis. expand the Queries Binned Queries group. find the serving cell distance under Independent Data Node ServingCellDistance and double-click on it to add it to the expression. This is useful for adding non-standard analyses. Under the handset stream. The query will appear in the Queries group under every data stream in the Attribute Explorer. based on existing parameters. www. type in ‘/1609.344’.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 63 Figure 44 .2 Scanner Pilot Pollution Query The Binned Query analysis allows you to create a new expression. as a parameter. like pilot pollution based on UMTS scanner data. Note that the legend ranges must be modified to provide a more meaningful view of the data. 10 Right-click on the ServingCellDistance in Miles query and choose Display on Table to display the query results on a table.Creating the ServingCellDistance in Miles query 4 In the parameters box.com . The array_count function counts the number of SCs in this array which have an Ec/Io > -15 dB.actix.3. Mathematically speaking. Drag the original ServingCellDistance parameter onto the same table to verify the results. 6. 11 Right-click on the ServingCellDistance in Miles query and choose Display on Map to display the query results on a map. Site 5 6 7 8 9 Set the Format to Float.

www. While still in the Analysis Manager. enter „ >= 4‟. Figure 45 . In the lower left hand window.«operation». select „array_count‟ from the list of functions. this query finds all bins where there were more than four servers above -15 dB. no dominant server. Double-click the attribute to add it to the expression.com . This query should be used to analyze Scanner data only. «expr») 5 Highlight the <<attribute[]>> parameter. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. enter „Scanner Pilot Pollution‟. Click OK to finish creating the binned query.Binned Query Wizard Expression Builder We will create a custom parameter that counts the number of SCs above –15 dB at each point on the drive. take the opportunity to save the query to the Training_Class_Queries.actix. and/or poor signal quality. The expression window now contains: array_count(«attribute[]». and returns a value of „True‟ if it exceeds 3. >. step through the UMTS EcIo group to find the attribute CPICH_Scan_EcIo_for_SC.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 64 In terms of the network. enter „>’and ‘-15‟.aqf file. The Expression is: array_count(CPICH_Scan_EcIo_For_SC[]. Thus. -15) >= 4 4 In the lower right hand window. In the format drop-down list. For the Description. Double-click on the „array_count‟ function to add it to the expression. <<expr>>. To create the Scanner Pilot Pollution query using the Analysis Manager 1 2 3 Select Tools Analysis Manager. Notice the pop-up description for each function. After the closing parenthesis. set the Format to Boolean. 6 7 8 9 10 Click OK to close the Analysis Manager. this query detects areas where there are multiple servers. In place of <<operation>>.

The Format for this expression is Count.3 Additional Binned Queries Binned queries may include any expression or combination of parameters from the workspace. which provides the scanned EcIo values in order from strongest to weakest. You may be interested in looking at the number of SCs above the threshold at each location. will show up on the map as a Boolean 1. www. or to create a custom StateForm for viewing the levels of the Top N SCs.actix. including the strongest SC.com . and are described here: The Number of SCs Within 3 dB of the Strongest Server query provides the number of SCs at each data point. To determine which SCs contribute to the condition. How could you modify the Pilot Pollution Identification query you just created to give the number of SCs above –15 dB at each data point? Figure 46 .Map Displaying the Results of the Pilot Pollution Query The results of the Scanner Pilot Pollution query indicate where the Pilot Pollution condition exists. Some additional binned query ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries. measured within 3 dB of the strongest server. it may be useful to display the EcIo values for each SC on a table.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 65 Look at the results of the query for a UMTS scanner on the map.3. The expression uses the UMTS scanner parameter CPICH_Scan_EcIo_SortedBy_EcIo. Points with Pilot Pollution. as opposed to a Boolean value that designates data points where more than four SCs are above that threshold.aqf file that is installed with the training materials. The array_max function is used to ensure that the strongest EcIo value is selected for comparison purposes. 6. as defined by the expression. Points with no Pilot Pollution will show up as a 0.

are collected infrequently. The threshold in this expression can be modified as required. The Uu_CallState Last Valid Value query demonstrates the use of the state function to hold the last valid value for Uu_CallState. so that the query will return a „True‟ or „False‟ result depending upon whether the high active set count condition is met.Expression Builder for High Active Set Count Query Some parameters. providing a solid data trail for that parameter. Figure 48 . The Format for this expression is Boolean. www. the state function may be used to hold the last valid value of the parameter and provide a solid data trail. In such cases. and may appear sporadically when displayed on any data view.com .actix. such as Uu_CallState.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 66 Figure 47 – Expression Builder for Number of SCs Within 3 dB Query The High Active Set Count query indicates data points where there are three or more SCs in the Active Set.

Expression Builder for Uu_CallState Last Valid Value It may be desirable to find the strongest SC. for a user-defined list.Expression Builder for Scanner Strongest SC . 12.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 67 Figure 49 . The Scanner Strongest SC .com .User Defined www. or the EcIo of the strongest SC.actix. Figure 50 . 13 and 14. The “subarray” function types allow the user to find the nth strongest/weakest element in a list specified by the user. The list may be modified for the SCs of interest.User Defined List queries return the strongest SC/EcIo for SCs 11.User Defined List and Scanner Strongest EcIo .

The Filter Wizard for this analysis is shown below: Figure 52 . This technique is used in the Display SysInfo Messages filter.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 68 Figure 51 .User Defined It is possible to filter on the results of a binned query expression.actix.com .Filter Wizard for Display SysInfo Messages Filter www. It shows only data points at which these messages were received.Expression Builder for Scanner Strongest EcIo .

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The Message Type Filter expression was created to specify the messages to include in the filter:

Figure 53 - Message Type Filter Expression

The expression uses the Boolean AND („&&‟) operator to specify Uu_RRC_MsgType numbers that indicate SysInfo messages (1100 – 3600). The expression returns a “true” value if the current Uu_RRC_MsgType falls within this range. The filter is set up to include only those data points where this expression evaluates to “true”. When entering a threshold for a parameter with discrete values, it is necessary to type the enumerated value of the choice you wish to select. In this case, it is necessary to type a „1‟ in the text box – selecting „1 = true‟ from the drop down list will corrupt the filter.

6.4 Histogram and Statistic Query analysis
Serving cell distance is an important parameter to consider when diagnosing network problems. Knowing the average serving cell distance throughout a logfile or the number of data points at which the distance is high may indicate whether the data network is performing properly. Histogram and Statistic Queries are available to provide these analysis formats for custom expressions. Since the serving cell distance in miles is not available as a standard parameter, it is necessary to use the Histogram and Statistic Query formats to provide results for this type of analysis.

6.4.1 ServingCellDistance in Miles Statistic Query
This section describes the creation of a Statistic Query for the ServingCellDistance in Miles custom expression. 1 2 Create a new Binned Query to provide the ServingCellDistance in Miles. Refer to the previous section if you have not already created this query. Display the ServingCellDistance in Miles binned query results for UMTS Voice 1 on a chart to verify that the query is working properly.

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3

From the Analysis Manager, create a new Statistic Query to provide statistics for the new ServingCellDistance in Miles expression: Query Name: ServingCellDistance In Miles Statistics Expression: Use the button to select the ServingCellDistance In Miles expression created in Step 1. Choose not to exclude data from the calculation.

Figure 54 - Statistic Wizard for the ServingCellDistance In Miles Statistics query

4

Statistic query results can be found in the Queries → Statistics group under each data stream in your file. Display the ServingCellDistance In Miles Statistics query results for UMTS Voice 1 on a table. Select the Statistics tab on the table.

What is the mean serving cell distance in miles for this file? What is the maximum serving cell distance in miles for this file?

6.4.2 ServingCellDistance in Miles Histogram query
This section describes the creation of a Histogram query for the ServingCellDistance in Miles custom expression. 1 From the Analysis Manager, create a new Histogram Query to provide a distribution plot for the ServingCellDistance In Miles parameter: Query Name: ServingCellDistance In Miles Distribution Expression: Use the button to select the ServingCellDistance In Miles expression created in Step 1. Select the option to “Specify ranges for my histogram bars”. Set the following ranges: ≥ 0 and < 0.5 ≥ 0.5 and < 1 ≥ 1 and < 2 ≥ 2 and < 5 ≥5 Click OK to exit the Histogram Wizard.

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2

Save this query, in addition to the other queries you‟ve created, in your Training_Class_Queries.aqf file, making sure to include all of the previously created queries and filters.

Figure 55 - Histogram Wizard for the ServingCellDistance In Miles Distribution Query

3

Histogram query results can be found in the Queries → Histograms group under each data stream in your Attribute Explorer. Display the ServingCellDistance In Miles Distribution results on a chart.

In what range did most ServingCellDistance In Miles values fall for this file? A histogram query may be used to the view the distribution for any parameter consisting of different data ranges than the defaults. The figure below is a histogram for the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi parameter. Notice that the ranges on the X-axis are different from the default ranges provided when mapping this parameter. Histogram Query results may be embedded in a report to provide specialized ranges that are different from those used for mapping in the workspace.

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Histogram Chart with different ranges for UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi www.actix.com .Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 72 Figure 56 .

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6.5 Crosstab Query Analysis
The Crosstab query is used to group data and display statistics for each group. The groups can be sorted, and a query can contain several options for grouping data.

6.5.1 Sort by Site and Sector Crosstab Query
The Crosstab query may be used to group UMTS data by serving site and sector. This example will have the Serving Site and Serving Sector as the grouping options, and the mean RSSI, maximum number of SCs in the active set, and number of dropped calls as the statistics to display for each group. When the query is completed and the results are displayed on the Statistics Explorer, it will look like this:

Figure 57 - Results of Crosstab Query on the Statistics Explorer

To Create the Crosstab Query
1 2 3 4 Select Tools Analysis Manager. Select the Crosstab Query icon and click on New. Name the query “Sort by Site and Sector”. Click on the New Dimension button. The query dimension allows you to group and order your results using the attribute you select. Use the attribute chooser to select Independent Site Data Node ServingCellID to add the serving site as the first dimension.
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Use the attribute chooser again to select Independent Site Data Node ServingSectorID to add the serving sector as the second dimension. The query statistics are the results that you would like to include for each dimension. The parameters that you choose will be displayed as the columns in the Statistics Explorer. The statistics that we will include in this query are the mean RSSI, maximum number of SCs in the active set, and the number of dropped calls. All of these statistics will be available for the complete drive, for each serving site and sector. Specific parameters relating to each statistic are included in the table below. 5 Click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic Window. Enter the Statistic name. Use the attribute chooser to select the statistic of interest.

Select the method to use to calculate the statistic. Click OK when finished with the Statistic Window.

Statistic Name Mean RSSI Max Active Set Count # Dropped Calls

Expression UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi Uu_ActiveSet_Count Uu_CallDropped (Note: it is necessary to change the format group of this parameter to ‘Count’. To do this, ‘Edit’ the expression and type ‘count’ in the format group drop down.

Method of Calculation Mean Max Count

6 7

Once completed, click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query. Save the Sort by Site and Sector Crosstab query, in addition to the other queries you‟ve created, in your Training_Class_Queries.aqf file.

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Figure 58 - Specifying the Dimensions and Statistics for the Crosstab Query

6.5.2 Display the Crosstab query results
Once created, the Crosstab query results can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right clicking on the query in the Attribute Explorer, and selecting Display in Statistics Explorer. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed, sorted by Serving Cell ID or Serving Sector ID. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. Run the Crosstab query on the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream.

6.5.3 Filter the Crosstab query results
The Filter button on the Statistics Explorer may be used to quickly filter query results in the Stats Explorer and in any other data view. In this case, it may be useful to view data for only one serving site, such as Site 109. 1 2 3 4 View Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0 from the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream on a map. Display the Uu_CallDropped event on the same map. Tile the map and the Statistics Explorer vertically in the workspace by selecting Window Tile Vertically. In the Statistics Explorer, select the row for Site 109. With the row for Site 109 selected, press the Filter button in the Statistics Explorer. Notice that only data points served by this site remain in the Statistics Explorer and on the map. To remove filtering, click the Filter button again. The filter will be unapplied from both the map and the Statistics Explorer.

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aqf file that is installed with the training materials. though the results are sorted by the strongest Active SC. throughputs. Figure 59 . www. and are described here: The Sort by Strongest Active SC query provides the same statistics as the Sort by Site and Sector query. and elapsed time for each task.com . round trip time values. The statistics provided include the Task Name for each task.Sort by Strongest Active SC Query Wizard The Sort by Data Task ID query provides statistics for a UMTS data log sorted by the unique ID assigned to each task in the file.actix. instead of building each statistic from scratch.4 Additional Crosstab queries Crosstab queries may be used to sort statistics by any relevant dimension. Some additional Crosstab query ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries. The Copy From button in the Crosstab query wizard may be used to copy the stats from the Sort by Site and Sector.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 76 6.5.

The Task Name is not necessarily unique within a logfile. defined as follows: Statistic Name Call Duration (minutes) Call Setup Time (ms) Expression Uu_CallDuration/60000 Uu_TimeBetweenRRC_REQandCallStart Method of Calculation Maximum Value Maximum Value Format Group Float Time www. so results may group several tasks which have the same name.Sort by Data Task Name query results The Sort by Call ID query provides statistics for each call in the logfile.actix. The Statistics for this query make use of expressions. and may be obtained by using the Copy From button. The Dimension for this query is the Uu_Call_ID parameter.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 77 Figure 60 . The statistics provided are similar to those included in the Sort by Data Task ID query. instead of recreating the statistic from scratch. Figure 61 .com .Sort Data Statistics by Task ID query The Sort by Data Task Name query provides statistics for a UMTS data log sorted by the each task name in the file.

Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 78 Statistic Name # Dropped Calls # Call Setup Failures % Bad Quality Expression Uu_CallDropped default(Uu_IncomingCallSetupFail*1. The query results can be displayed on the Statistics Explorer as in the figure below: Figure 63 .Uu_OutgoingCallS etupFail*1) Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER >= 10 Method of Calculation Count Count Percentage Format Group Count Count Percent True The Sort by Call ID query will look like this when displayed on the Statistics Explorer: Figure 62 .Dropped Call Window Results To create the Dropped Call Window Event Query 1 2 Select Tools Analysis Manager.com .actix. such as multiple drops in an area due to low coverage. Viewing the window surrounding an event can provide insight into whether a pattern exists among undesirable events. We will create an Event Query to return statistics for a five-second window for each dropped call in the file.6 Event Query Analysis The Event Query allows you to extract key performance statistics for a user-defined time or message window before or after a defined event like a handover failure or dropped call. www.Sort by Call ID Query Results 6. Select the Event Query icon in the dialog and click on New.

For the name of the query. The parameter will show up in the triggering window. use the attribute picker to select UMTS Event Data Uu_CallDropped.Setting up the Event Query 5 6 Click Next.com . enter „Dropped Call Window‟. Figure 64 .000 milliseconds before the event and 0 milliseconds after the event.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 79 3 4 For the Trigger Selection. choose Time Based and set the window to 5.actix. For the Window Range. www.

actix. For the name. www. Figure 66 . To define a statistic to be displayed in the event window. Dimensions.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 80 Figure 65 .Choose a Calculation Method for the Event Query 10 Choose the Edit button below the line that reads “Enter the expression that should be calculated in your statistic:”. In this case.Defining the Name. the query dimension is set by default to be the EventTime. we will use the default dimension.com . enter „Site ID‟. and Statistics for the Query 7 8 9 In an Event Query. click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic window.

Click OK when finished with the Statistic window.e.com . The statistics that require the use of the State() function or that access an individual element of an array (i. Inside the top portion of the window. 13 Click OK to exit the Expression Builder. 12 Click inside the parentheses of the State() function. In this case. In the Parameters area of the Expression Builder. select the method to calculate the statistic. type State(). select Last Value. expand the Independent Site Data Node tree. Double-click on the ServingCellId parameter to insert it into the expression. Uu_UE_HandoffState UTRA_UE_CarrierRSSI UE_TxPow Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER Uu_ActiveSet_SC[0] Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0] www. 15 Repeat steps 7 through 14 above to define the following statistics (choose an appropriate name for each one). This State() function is required to ensure that the last valid value of the parameter persists. All other statistics may \be picked using the Attribute Chooser Expression State(ServingSectorID) State(Uu_Call_ID) Method to Calculate Last Value Last Value Last Value Mean Mean Mean Last Value Mean . Figure 67 .Expression Builder for the Event Query 14 In the Statistic window.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 81 11 The Expression Builder will launch. Uu_ActiveSet_SC[0]) must be specified using the Expression Builder.actix.

sorted by the time of the event (in milliseconds). 6. and the time between the current and previous Active Set Updates. in your Training_Class_Queries. Some additional Event Query ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks.6.1 Displaying Event Queries Once created.2 Additional Event Queries Event Queries may be developed to analyze any event within a logfile. click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query. making sure to include all of the filters and queries. in addition to the other queries you‟ve created.aqf file.6.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 82 16 Once completed.aqf file that is installed with the training materials. 6. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed.com . www. and selecting Display the Statistics Explorer. Run the event query on the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream. the event query can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right clicking on the query in the Attribute Explorer. including the SCs in the Active Set at the Update. the Active Set Size at the Update. and are described here: The Active Set Update Summary Event Query provides statistics at each Active Set Update in a logfile.Displaying the Results Of the Event Query Be sure to save the Dropped Call Window event query. How many dropped calls occurred in this file? What appears to be the primary reason for the dropped call(s)? Figure 68 .actix.

The Analyze button is active in the Statistics Explorer when the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query is displayed. this query appears to be very similar to the Sort by Call ID Query. Figure 70 . When displayed on the Statistics Explorer.Active Set Update Summary Query Results The Event Query can serve as a mechanism for extracting individual calls as separate streams in the Attribute Explorer. Selecting any Call ID in the Statistics Explorer and clicking the Analyze button will cause a new substream containing data from www. This technique is illustrated in the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Event Query.UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query Results There are two primary differences between the results of the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query and the Sort by Call ID Query: The UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query contains an extra statistic.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 83 Figure 69 .actix. in that Call ID is included as the last statistic.com .

com . Figure 71 – Substreams from the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query The UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query is an Event Query set up as follows: Trigger Selection: state(Uu_Call_ID)>0 Messages Before Event: 0 Messages After Event: 0 Discriminator: state(Uu_Call_ID) Dimension: state(Uu_Call_ID) (remove the default EventTime dimension) Statistics: Same as the statistics for the Sort by Call ID Query.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Performing custom analysis 84 that call to be extracted in the Attribute Explorer. with the addition of the Call ID statistic (last value of state(Uu_Call_ID)) www.actix. Data can be displayed and analyzed from any substream in the same way for any standard stream.

but not the matrix.actix. the results are compared against actual neighbor lists contained in the network element database and the following are calculated: A list of sector IDs included in the matrix. At each point along the drive test. User definable binning is used to reduce the number of measurement points in each bin to create one value per bin – optionally. Integration with Network Element Database to audit existing neighbor lists and suggest changes.com . and to correlate non-unique measured data attributes such as Scrambling Code with unique identifiers such as Sector ID. Using the geographic information in the log file and the SC. A list of sector IDs included in the actual list. the network element database is searched to identify the Sector and Cell IDs of the SC. www. but not the actual neighbor list. Once all the bins in the log file have been compiled into the symmetrical matrix. The Neighbor List Module implements the following algorithm: Ec/Io measurements below a noise floor are filtered out of the data set before analysis. a list of prospective neighbors is accumulated. then it is considered as a potential neighbor. The key components of the neighbor list module are: Generation of recommendations for optimal neighbor list settings based on UMTS/WCDMA scanner drive test data.1 Neighbor List Analysis The Neighbor List Analysis provides an automated approach for generating optimal neighbor lists and overcoming major service degrading problems such as missing neighbors. If a neighbor signal is within a user-definable threshold of the best server in the active set.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 85 7 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 7. no binning at all can be applied and the analysis will run on the full data set.

and so are counted as potential neighbors of A. From the main menu. using sector IDs A. so the test areas should be carefully considered before removing any Sectors from the neighbor lists.com . The configuration preferences include the reporting range. C and D: A A B C D N/A 10 2 15 B 10 N/A 40 0 C 2 40 N/A 12 D 15 0 12 N/A The limitations of this algorithm are: Results are only produced in areas that have been tested. B.Neighbor List Analysis Example In the figure above. To access the Neighbor List Recommendations report 1 2 Ensure that a suitable UMTS scanner file and the corresponding Network Element Database is loaded. Cell D is not within the required threshold and so is not counted as a prospective neighbor. addition and removal thresholds and minimum number of samples to include a server in the analysis. however. Here is a sample symmetric prospective neighbor array.actix. walk tests and in-building test may be included in the analysis as desired. 3 4 www. Configuration parameters for this analysis can be set by selecting Tools → Preferences → WCDMA Neighbor List. Cells B and C are within a user-specified threshold of Cell A's are Ec/Io.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 86 C Neighbour 2 Figure 72 . nor is Cell E which did not have a measurable signal contribution at this point in the drive test. select Analysis → UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout. Cell A is the best server by CPICH Ec/Io. Double-click on the Neighbor List Recommendations report icon in the lower pane of the Application Pack. maximum list size. Drive test do not necessarily emulate the radio environment encountered by pedestrian and in-building users.

no binning at all can be applied and the analysis will run on the full data set. “Site” and “Action” columns will be invalid. the network element database is searched to identify the Sector and Cell IDs of the SC. the report will work. Please see the Simulated Active Set section for more details on how the Active Set is estimated based on WCDMA scanner measurements.2 CPICH Pollution Analysis The CPICH or Pilot Pollution Analysis uses an Simulated Active Set to estimate which pilots would have been actively demodulated by the UE.Neighbor List Recommendations Report Output 7.actix. Figure 73 . or if the current cell site database does not contain neighbor list information. and have a CPICH Ec/Io within a user specified pollution threshold of the strongest CPICH Ec/Io in the Active Set. The Pollution Set consists of all SCs that are not in the Active Set. and then detects other pilots above a user-definable threshold that cause excessive interference. www. Using the geographic information in the log file and the SC.com . At each point along the drive test. The pilot pollution algorithm has these components: Ec/Io measurements below a noise floor are filtered out of the data set prior to analysis. though the results in the “Cell”. CPICH Ec/Io data for each Scrambling Code is used to assign SCs to an Active Set or a Pollution Set (please see the Simulated Active Set section for more details).Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 87 5 If there is no cell site database corresponding to the current dataset. User-definable binning is used to reduce the number of measurement points in each bin to create one value per bin – optionally.

as determined by the Simulated Active Set module. Cells A. and so is counted as a contributor to pilot pollution at this point in the drive test. In addition. A Active Set Figure 74 . B and C are part of the Active Set. www.actix. Pilot Pollution may be geographically analyzed for each SC by accessing the Pollution_for_SC attribute in the Attribute Explorer.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 88 A pollution array is created in memory which records the number of times each sector ID is seen as a source of pilot pollution. Double-click on the Pilot Pollution Analysis report icon in the lower pane of the Application Pack. All bins in the log file are then processed into the pollution matrix. B. To access the Pilot Pollution Analysis report 1 2 3 Ensure that a suitable UMTS scanner file and corresponding Network Element Database are loaded in the workspace. C and D: Sector ID A B C D Pollution Count 0 150 45 12 Results are presented in the Pilot Pollution Analysis application report. Cell D has a CPICH Ec/Io within a user-specified pollution threshold of the Active Set‟s best server Ec/Io. select Analysis → UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout. From the main menu. In the example below.CPICH Pollution Analysis Example Shown below is a sample pollution array indicating the number of points at which each sector caused pilot pollution for sector IDs A.com . Cell E has a CPICH Ec/Io that is not within this threshold and so is not a pollution source.

Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 89 4 Enter the Pilot Pollution Margin (dB).Pilot Pollution Analysis Report Output www.actix. This margin is used to determine which pilots in the monitored set are within close proximity to the strongest pilot in the active set.com . Shown below. the Pilot Pollution Analysis Report indicates the worst interferers sorted by Scrambling Code: Figure 75.

Reports showing the percentage of handoff state for each sector and for the total drive test may then be calculated. Handoff state is calculated by determining the configuration of the sectors in the Active Set. Statistics on handoff state may then be calculated and presented in a report format. www. the network element database is searched to identify the Sector and Cell IDs of the SC. Using the geographic information in the log file and the SC.3 Handoff Analysis The Handoff Analysis module uses the Simulated Active Set to determine the handoff state at each point along a drive test. Please see the Simulated Active Set section for more details on how the Active Set is estimated based on WCDMA scanner measurements.com . Excessive handoff state reduces capacity and increases infrastructure costs for a given traffic level. The handoff state algorithm has the following components: The Active Set of pilots is determined using the Simulated Active Set module.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 90 7.actix. All bins in the log file are then processed into the handoff state matrix.

www.Handoff State descriptions To access the Handoff Analysis report 1 2 3 Ensure that a suitable UMTS scanner file and the corresponding Network Element Database are loaded. based on UMTS scanner data: Figure 76.actix. select Analysis → UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout. From the main menu.com . Double-click on the Handoff Analysis report icon in the lower pane of the Application Pack.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 91 The Handoff State Analysis examines Sector IDs involved in call at a given drive test point and determines which of the above states applies.

actix.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 92 The populated Handoff Analysis report will look like this: Figure 77 .Handoff Analysis Report Output www.com .

are in the Tools → Preferences dialog under WCDMA. available for modification by the user. The Simulated Active Set module implements the 3GPP handoff algorithm and uses scanner Ec/Io measurements in conjunction with user-specified 3GPP handoff thresholds to emulate the Active Set at each point along a drive test.Simulated Active Set settings www. which is determined by the Simulated Active Set Module. The attributes available for modification are listed in the figure below.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 93 7.4 Simulated Active Set The CPICH Pollution Analysis and Handoff Analysis reports are both based on a calculated Active Set. as indicated in the 3GPP specifications: Figure 78 .com . These thresholds.actix.

actix. Figure 79 .com . and may be displayed on any standard data view. Below is a sample set of scanner data for three individual SCs with color and vertical lines indicating transitions of pilots into and out of the Active Set. the Simulated Active set parameters are specified as attributes for UMTS scanner data.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Scanner-Based Network Rollout Analyses 94 As well as being used in reports.Simulated Active Set Measurements and Transitions www.

Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Printing Maps 95 8 Printing Maps These methods allow you to obtain printable map outputs: Print using “Quick Print” Print using Map Layout Designer Copy to Clipboard Export Map to a different file format Export individual map layers to Map Info 8. page orientation. 6 7 8 www. Select Print when the map layout is arranged to your satisfaction. Move the label box and the map so that they are not overlapping. Select the Layout button from the toolbar. In the Print Setup dialog. add a title. select OK to print the map. and preview the output. Select the Print button from the map toolbar. and margin sizes. Move the legend so that it is not overlapping the map trail. legend visibility.actix. To print a map using the Quick Print option (recommended) 1 2 3 4 5 Display data on a map in the workspace. The Quick Print option allows you to bypass the Map Layout Designer and print the map with a legend in a fixed position. Close Print Preview to make any modifications necessary. choose Properties from the Toolbar to change the label font. 8. Select the paper source. Resize the legend as necessary.2 Print using Map Layout Designer The Map Layout Designer may be used to arrange the map and legend on the page. With the Label Box selected. Double-click on the Label box to change the title of the map. To print your map using the Map Layout Designer 1 2 3 4 5 Open a map with data in the workspace. content. Select Print Preview from the Toolbar to determine what the printed page will look like. and scale.com . Use the Options button in the lower left hand corner of the Print Setup dialog to adjust map size. Resize the text box as necessary. Choose the page layout for the map and select OK to bring up the Map Layout Designer.1 Quick Print The recommended method is the “Quick Print”.

com . Paste the map into another application and use that application‟s print function to print the map. Click OK. TIF. and PSD. GIF. Browse to the appropriate destination folder. www.4 Export map to a different file format A fourth option is to convert the map to a different file format and use a compatible program to print the output file. PNG. Select Export. You can export to these formats: BMP. To do this: 1 2 3 4 From the map view. Select the desired file format. Choose the layers that you wish to export.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Printing Maps 96 8. JPG. 8. 1 2 Right-click on the map to be copied and select Copy to Clipboard.3 Copy to clipboard You can also print a map by copying it to the clipboard.5 Export individual map layers to MapInfo Finally. 8. click the Layers button to open the Layer Control dialog box. 1 2 Right-click on the map and choose Export Map. WMF. a fifth option is to export individual map layer(s) directly into MapInfo.actix.

com . Setup or Complete) needs to be present to initiate the call setup (*) The messages with the symbol star are usually present but not mandatory www.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions 97 9 Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions 9.actix.1 Event Data – Call Events Call Event Name Uu_OutgoingCallOK Triggering Sequence Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request (1) with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *RRC_OriginatingConversationalCall *RRC_OriginatingStreamingCall *RRC_OriginatingInteractiveCall *RRC_OriginatingBackgroundCall *RRC_OriginatingSubscribedTrafficCall *RRC_Registration Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup (1) (1) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM CM Service Request GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Request Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Command Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Complete GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Setup (*) (*) (*) (*) (*) (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Response GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Call Proceeding Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Connect (*) (*) (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup Complete GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Alerting OR CC Connect Acknowledge (1) At least one of those messages (RRC Connection Request.

Setup or Complete) needs to be present to initiate the call setup (*) The messages with the symbol star are usually present but not mandatory www. Paging type 1 message is required for an incoming call.com . Setup or Complete) needs to be present to initiate the call setup. (1) At least one of those messages (RRC Connection Request.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions 98 Call Event Name Uu_IncomingCallOK Triggering Sequence Uu_RRC_MsgType == PagingType1 with Uu_RRC_PagingRecord_cn_Identity_pagingCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request (2) with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup (2) (2) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete GSM_Um_Msg_Type == RR Paging response GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Request Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Command Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Complete GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Setup (*) (*) (*) (*) (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Response GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Call Proceeding (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Connect (*) (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup Complete (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Alerting OR CC Connect Acknowledge (2) At least one of those messages (RRC Connection Request.actix.

you get one of the following messages: *GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Disconnect or *GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release Complete or *GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release And any of the above messages with a normal cause for ending the call (CauseCodeCC is equal or less than 31) www.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions 99 Call Event Name Uu_OutgoingCallSetupFail Triggering Sequence Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *RRC_OriginatingConversationalCall *RRC_OriginatingStreamingCall *RRC_OriginatingInteractiveCall *RRC_OriginatingBackgroundCall *RRC_OriginatingSubscribedTrafficCall *RRC_Registration Then any of the following options: *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Reject or *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Release or *Any BCCH messages during the call setup Uu_IncomingCallSetupFail Uu_RRC_MsgType == PagingType1 with Uu_RRC_PagingRecord_cn_Identity_pagingCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Then any of the following options: *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Reject or *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Release or *Any BCCH messages during the call setup Uu_CallCompleted When in Call (Outgoing Call Ok or Incoming Call Ok).com .actix.

actix.com .Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions 100 Call Event Name Uu_CallDropped Triggering Sequence When in Call (Outgoing Call Ok or Incoming Call Ok).2 Event Data – RRC Events RRC Event Name Uu_OutgoingRRC_ConnectionOK Triggering Sequence Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishment Cause equals any of the following: *RRC_OriginatingConversationalCall *RRC_OriginatingStreamingCall *RRC_OriginatingInteractiveCall *RRC_OriginatingBackgroundCall *RRC_OriginatingSubscribedTrafficCall *RRC_Registration Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete www. you get any of the following options: Any BCCH Message or Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Release AND Release Cause is not Normal or One of the following messages: *(GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Disconnect) OR *(GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release Complete) OR *(GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release) *AND any of the above messages with NOT a normal cause for ending the call (CauseCodeCC is greater than 31) Uu_LocationUpdateOK GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Request GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Accept Uu_LocationUpdateFail GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Request GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Reject 9.

Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions 101 RRC Event Name Uu_IncomingRRC_ConnectionOK Triggering Sequence Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishment Cause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete 9. threshold X is set by the user as Uu_TooManyServersThreshold Uu_TooManyServers www.com . Coverage Event Name Uu_PilotPollution Triggering Condition(s) 4 or more pilots detected above Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold 4 or more pilots are detected within X dB of the server.3 Event Data – RAB Events RAB Event Name Uu_RadioBearerSetupOK Triggering Sequence RAB Setup message Followed by RAB Setup Complete Uu_RadioBearerSetupFail RAB Setup message Followed by RAB Setup Failure Uu_RadioBearerReleaseOK RAB Release message Followed by RAB Release Complete Uu_RadioBearerReleaseFail RAB Release message Followed by RAB Release Failure 9.actix.4 Event Data – Coverage Events All Coverage Events which make use of thresholds may be customized by the user in the Tools → Display Thresholds menu.

com .actix. SC in Active Set after drop is not in Active Set before drop and SC in Active Set after drop is not in Neighbor List before drop Uu_MissingNeighbor www. The Uu_HandoverProblem event is pegged if the Monitored Set SCs are stronger than the Active Set SCs more often than the Active Set SCs are stronger than the Monited Set SCs.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions 102 Coverage Event Name Uu_System_Interference Triggering Condition(s) CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold Uu_Coverage_Limited CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and UeTransmittedPower > Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold Uu_PoorDL_Coverage CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNo_Threshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and UeTransmittedPower < Uu_LowUE_TxPower_Threhold Uu_PoorUL_Coverage CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and UeTransmittedPower > Uu_HighUE_TxPower_Threshold Uu_HandoverProblem This event monitors the Ec/No of Monitored Set SCs with the Ec/No of Active Set SCs in an 8 second window prior to each dropped call.

com .actix.5 Event Data – Handoff Events Handoff Event Name Uu_HandoffOK Triggering Sequence ActiveSetUpdate message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdate) ActiveSetUpdateComplete message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdateComplete) Uu_HandoffFail ActiveSetUpdate message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdate) ActiveSetUpdateFailure message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdateFailure) www.Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions 103 9.

com .Actix Analyzer UMTS Technology Training Course February 2008 Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions 104 www.actix.